O.TI.-e, nr.c ! mm Musk of Sadler's Hon ! -in.oire.
Terms cf Cubncription.
If paM ttricttt insdvsace - . t '
IT va.d within 'tfuci tnontbs y,.r0
Ji j.a.u bi int. ti.l " 1-t ytar. Sjw
N- ulmiijrirn Wiil be received for a shortei per: d than
v"7 Any pc-fin Bentftng bs five new .:b.rriler?, nrroni; n
n.ed ! iii- svuce aubacnetion, receixe the sou Ii
copy ra:u lor MM! yar.
Terms cf Advertising.
A.'vernsrniems willhe iWWtriH 1 prr square (or the first,
and MM Is each I'll pill iBSSIfi A square coi:
H9 t durteen line or km, mm ss- 'dt r.
A reris mV reduction will be made to those who ad vcr
liac liy ihe vear.
Double c'olu.iin advertisement w ill be chary d 25 ier cei.t.
adJi'ional on the nsaal rates.
AsWartisssaasM inserted :mn:h!y or j-ianerly 1 per s jt:aie
lor each insertion. ,
Oo tuarip-, Tnb ite of Respect, ReKgioMi meelinc, and
Itnuvuicnt aoc.e: ics, will be chained halt the Advertasnf
For aano-incinz caud.iiates for office 83 in advaecc.
Pr .iesional and Business Cards not CMHdhgM lines
will Ik- inserted at " a year ; not exceeding a a varc 9
$y ImMMN on buinis nn-t be aildic.-wd to the Iiujirtc
tor, post pititl, to HHMC attention.
83- S sawerifctm and others w ho waif mm to end money
o us, can do so at all times, I ; mail, and at our risk.
The Battle Field of Alma.
From the correspondence of the London Times
wo take the annex td view of tbe modern battle
field of Alma. It alloids not only a sickening
pane ol horror, but proves the utterly demoral
izing edicts of war and the brutalizing tendencies
of u soldiers' life even in this age ol Christianity
and elevating and humanizing intelligence.
Ili.ioiirs of Ai.ma, Sept. 21.
li was a terrible and sickening sight to go over
tiie baiiie field. 'J ib- deprivid of my horse by a
chance shot, 1 rode about to ascertain, as far as
possible, the loss of our friends, and in doing so 1
was otten brought to u stand still by the difficulty
oi veil in v through the piles of Wounded Russians,
ir.uigled loo often with our own poor old;crs. The
bills of Greenwich park in fail tunes are not more
densely covt r d wi ll human beings than were the
height of Aim i with dead and dying. On these
bloodv aaouuda fell 2.196 English officers and
nun, nod upwards of ;i,OUU Russians, while their
western extremity was covered with liie bodies of
1,400 gallant Frenchmen, and u more than 3,000
ol their foes.
When L id Raglan and his staff ond the Duke
of Cambridge rude round to the lop of the hiil the
troops cheered him with a thrilling effect a shout
of victory which never can be forgotten. The
enemy, who were flying in the distance, miht al
most have heard its echoes as it colled among the
hills. Our men, had indeed, doue their work well,
lor the action, which commenced at 1.25 on our
furt, was over about 1 1'. M. In fact, the actual
close continuous fighting did nt l ist two hours !
The Russian regiments engaged against us,
judging Horn the numbers on the caps and buttons
of the dead and wounded, were the 11th, 12th,
1 6th, I?lh, 18tb, 31st, 32d, 3:JJ, and some of the
Imperial Guard. The Russian regiment consists
of lour battalions, and each battalion may be said
to b- OoO strong. The soidries were mostly stout,
strong men. Several of the regiments, 32 d and
16th, for example, wore a black leather helmet,
hands nnely mounted with brass, and h:viug a
brass cone on the ti p, with a hole for the recep
tion of a tuft, feather, or plume; others were sim
ply a white linen foraging cap. They were all
dressed in long dr ib coats with brass buttons,
bearing the number of tbe regiment, These coats
filled closely, Wi re gathered in at the back by a
anil strap and button, descend to the ankles, and
seemed s'out, comfort able garments, though this
cloth Was coarse in texture ; the trousers, of
eo:rsc blue stuff, were ihrust inside a pair of
W ellington hoots, open at the top, to admit of theil
being comfortably tuck d down; the boots were
stout, well made, and serviceable. The knapsacks
astonished our aoldiers,
On opening thens, each w.xs found to contain
lias dress nn.lorm cmice of the man, bine or
grecti, with while lacings, and slashes like our
own, a pair of clean drawers, a clean shirt, a pair
of clean socks, a pair of stout nuts, a case con
taining a good pair of scissors marked "Sapin,"
an excellent penknife, with one large blade, of
Russian manufacture, a ball of twine, a roll of
leather, wax, thread, needles and pms, a hair
brush and comb, a small looking-glass, razor,
strop, and soap, shoe-brushes and blacking. The
g-neral remark of our men was that the Russians
were very "clean soldiers," and certainly the men
on the field h id fair whi'e skins to justify the ex
pression. Hich man had a loaf of dark brown
bread of a sour laMe, and disagreeable odor, in
h.s knapsack, and a linen roil, COC taming a quan
tity of brown coarse stuff, broken up into lumps
and large grains, which is crushed biscuit or hard
granulated bread, prepared with oil.
This, we were told by the- prisoners, wa9 fhe
sole food of the men. They eat the bread with
onions and oil ; the powder is reserve" ration ;
and if they march they may bo for days widiout
food, and remain hungry till they can get fresh
loave and more breadstutF. " It is perfectly as
tounding to ihink they can keep together on such
diet and yet they are strong, muscular men
enough. The surgeons remarked that their tena
city of life was very remarkable. Many of them
lived with wounds calculated to destroy two or
three ordinary men. 1 saw one of the 32.J regi.
ment on the. field just after the fight. He was
ebot right through the head, and the brain pro
truded m large masses at the back of the head
and from the front of the skull. I saw with my
own eyes the wounded man raise his head, wipe
the horrible miss from Ins brow, and proceed to
struggle down the hills towards the water.
H itiy of the Russians were shot in three or
four places few of them h id onlv one wound.
They seemed to have a general idea that they
would be murdered: possibly they had been told
no quarter would be given, and several deplorable
events took place in consequence. As our men
were passing by two or three of them were shot
or stabln'd by men lying on the "round, and th
cry was raised that "the wounded Russians" were
firing on our men. There is a story, indeed, that
one officer was severely injured by a man to
vhom he was in the ver, act of administering
succor as he lay in agony on the field ; be this as
il may, there was al one time a near chance of a
massacre taking place, but the men were soon
controlled, and confined thetnseives to the pillage
which always takes place on a battle fild.
Ooe villain with a red coat on his back, I regret
to ty, I saw go up to a w..ur.ded Russian who
was rolling on the earth in the rear cf the 7th re
giment, snd liefore we could ay a word ho dis-eh-rged
his nfl - right through the wretched crea
eore's brains. Col. fed rode at him to cut him
do wn, but the fellow excused himself bv declaring
fhe Russian was going to shoot him. This was
the single act of inhumanity 1 saw perpetrated by
this army, fijshed with victory r.r.d snimatfd bv
ang-y psioris, ahiiou.'i tt.v woan.ied cnemv had
uuqueatiosnbly endangered their lives by acts of
ferortotis tody. M.nv of the Russians had small
erosiKS n;jd chains fastened round their necks.
Sevoraj LjTPCe found with K rans in their knap.
sacks most probably recruits from the Kansas
Tartars. Many of the ofhceis had portraits of
wives or mistresses, or mother or sisters, inside
The privates wore the liule money they possess
ed in purses fastened below their left knees, and
the men, in their eager search after the money,
often caused the wounded painful apprehensions
that they were about to destroy them. Last night
all these poor wretches lay in their agony ; noth
ing could be done to help them. The groans.'the
yells, the cries of despair and suffering, were a
I - - . . I, K..tlMlifiil ri f I til
: llloUmlUI COIIinieiilury on Mm cawmh" '
victors and on the joy which reigned along the
bivouac fires of our men.
Of the Russians one thing was remarkable.
' The prisoners are generally coarse, sullen ond
i tin intelligent looking men. Death had ennobled
: those who fell, lor the expraion of their faces
was altogether dill- rent. I ne wounded might
have envied those who teem d to have passed
uwav so peacefully.
The soldiers arc all shaven cleanly on the chin
nr.d cheek ; only the moustache is left, and the
Imir is cropped as close to the head ns possible.
The latter is a very convenient mode of wearing
i he hair in those parts of the world. The officers
(those of superior rank excepted) are barely dis
lincuishable from the men, so ar as uniform is
concerned; but the generals wore sashes and
The subalterns wore merely a lace :
shoulderstrap, instead of the cloth one of the pri- i
va'es. Most of them spoke trench, and tne en- ;
treat.es of the wounded to be taken along with us,
as the officers moved up the bill, were touching in
ilia evirenu- Tim nnnr fellow? had a notion that
our men would murder them if the eye of the efti
cer was removed from them.
An old general, who sat smiling and bowing on
a bank with his leg broken by a round shot, seem-
.A n.lnotniillc r-onr-iirnerl lor ihe liJSS of htS Sold
snuffbox. This, I believe, has since been restor- I
ed to him. I he men say they were badly Hand
led, and bad no genera! to direct them. Menhi
koff lost his head in a figurative sense. The offi
cers displayed great gallantry, and the men fought
with a dofot.-u courage characteristic ol me uus
sin a infantry, but they were u'terlv deficient in j
. i , L I I o 1 tin L;ll,.il nnrl
flan and d ish. Uur loss is J,tyo iueo. anu
wounded ; of the French, between 1,300 and I
1 toO The rnctnv have lost upwards ol 6,000. I
i.iou. i ne nrenjmreii i
Had we had but a little brigade of cavalry more, t
elan anu a isn. our nss is ....v,
we might have converted tbe retreat into an utter j ot tne ugm tua-. is auroau, or van, euuugti m
rout, and taken some 5,000 prisoners, guns and ( there is no room for improvement ?
standards as trophies of our victory. The troops J Look abroad at the various counties in our good
bivouckrd on the field, not far from the scene of . o,d gtate where those Societies are established and
l heir triumphs. p ,-lv-, I attended ! What an improvement! Read the
I in; Russian Account. Marshal raskiewitch " '
issued a bulletin on the 3d, a Warsaw, giving the accounts of their Fairs, and say will we in this
Russian version of the battle at the Alma. The j region be behind them? lt us take more inter
loss of the allies is reported to have far exceeded j es( jn our g( c ety, raisea fund, ho'd an annual Fair
that of Prince Menchikoff. The Russian loss is and preroium9thal is the way t0 cxci,e
put down at but 2,000, (the English say it is near- j r ' .
ly 6,000.) and on the w hole the Warsaw despatch " honorable emulation, and the beneficial effects
is made to read pretty much as if the victory was j will be felt not only in increased production, tn
altogether on the side of fhe Russians, instead of i creased comfort, increased respectability, ncrcas
against them. ed wealth, but it will increase the love we have
ine carnage oi i rmce are iciiim..., ,
priviiie t'M ii'HMinciiLr rwan iuih 11 u
together with 50,000f.
Menchikoff fan English account savs) was suf-
i fering severely from illness during the hottest of
the battle so much so that he had to be support
ed. One account says he is badly wounded in the
feet another in the hands.
Among the wounded on the British side was C,
Newton, of the Scotch Fusileer Guards. He was
shot in the leg and fell. When down, the Rus-
I sians are said to have brutally fired upon him, and
beat him on the head whh their muskets, and
nothing would have prevented his brains being
! beaten out on the spot, but the thickness of his
j helmet or cap. He had eleven wounds on his
body, but at last accounts was still living.
From the South Carolinian, (Extra,) Nov. 1.
Arrival or (lie Steamer Pacific
Jour Days Later from Europe.
New Yobk, Oct. 30, 1654.
The steamer Pacific arrived this evening with
Liverpool dates of October IS.
Intelligence from the seat of war were conflict
ing, but up to the ninth the allies had effected no
The siege had been landed and Lord Raglan
expected to open a fire on fhe walls in a few days.
Menchikoff kept the fi.e!d to the north with 30,
000 men, expecting 30,000 more. Large masses
of Russian troops were concentrating on the us
trian frontier. Omar Pasha was preparing for a
vigorous campaign in Bessarabia.
It was rumored that France and England would
reconstruct the kingdom of Poland.
Liverpool, October 18, 1854.
Cotton was stiffer and in better demand, but not
quotably higher. Sales ol the three days 30,000
Flour advanced 3s. Conal 37s., Ohio 39s.
Wheat advanced 6d. Corn Is. White and vel
low 39s. Consols 94 3 a 95.
Arrival of Governor Burt's Remains.
St. Loiis, October 30, 1854.
Gov. Burt's remains have arrived here in charge
of a committee.
LOSS OF THE ISABEL.
New York, October 30, 1854.
The Steamer Empire City has arrived with Ha
vana dates of the 24th. She reports that when
she left two schooners had arrived with the pas
sengers of the Isabel, which had been lost near
Key West. No lives were luit. No further par
ticulars are furnished.
The London Globe says: "A conference is
now assembled on the continent, which is without
a precedent, acting, as it is understood to be under
the directions ol the President of Ihe United States, !
the Ambassadors of that country are assembled
to exchange information, consult and report on
the state affairs on the Continent. American
trade is now carried to every part of the world,
and die conference has in view the due protection
and advancement of those interests in any new
arrangement of treaties that may bo mado in
Mr. Buchanan left London on Saturday, and
has already been met by the American Ministers
to Paris and Madrid.
A national subscription has been set on foot for
the benefit of the wounded in the recent battles.
Sir Gordon Drummond is dead.
One thousand pounds have been subscribed in
Australia towards presenting Wm. Smith O'Brien
a gold vase.
W'e learn that the Proposals for State Stocks,
under the recent advertisement of the Treasurer,
were opened at his office on Friday last, in presence
of the officers ol S;a;e and the President of tha
Bank of tho State ; and that the sales were made
at an averege of a fraction over one an.) a h i per
cent. i nis is na g ou a s ue as coutu nave been
expected, consij. ring the string. ncy in tho money
market. -Kul. UiLird.
FRIDAY MOUSING, November 3, 1854.
Report of ffi flarket.
Charlotte, November 3, 1854.
Cotton. Sales verv heavy this week ; market
buoyant. Extremes range from 7 fo 8 80.
Flour. Best brands 87 to $7$ ; large quan
tities coming in.
Wheat. Demand brisk ; from. 1 to 8 1 25,
according to quality and weight.
Corn. 70 to 75 cents.
Meal. 75 cents, and in demantf.
Bacon. 11 to 12c, and wanted; supply not
Rye. 75 to 50 cents ; and meets with o ready
Trade of all kinds active; a large number of
Western Waggons in this week, and a heavy
wholesale business f ransactitig.
We arc requested to give notice that the next,
annual meeting of the Agricultural Society of this
County, will be held al the Court House in this
toVyn, on the 3rd Thursday proximo, at which
will h elected for the ensuimj vear.
and other business of importance transacted. It
is hoped that there will be a full turn out.
It is too late now to adduce arguments or quote
facts to prove the utility of Agricultural Societies
the age has stamped them with the seal of pro
gression and endorsed them as the only means to
arouse public sentiment to the full importance of
un enlighten d and experimental knowledge of the
various elements that are necessary to constitute
a thrifty and successful farmer. Wi'! Mecklen
burg still slumber on, heedless of the advance-
ment that is going on around her, conteni to ptir-
guo tj0 beaten patn trod by our sires in me goc
oJ(J nncg when ,nok ,o lays to mrike a trip I
. , . .. .
Charleston? Are we too inert to avail ourselvt
Slir me nesten pain irou ny our sires in mc yuou
i . .l.. i i u l:..i.
f homeg BqJ ahar8 anj wi greatr retard
that stream of emigration which is bearing from
us our best and most energetic citizens.
These are objects worthy the patriot's care.
Let us stop wrangling about politics, snd discuss
the best means of improving our cond tion for
" he that makes two blades of grass grew where
only one grew before, is a public benefactor."
ty Such is tho constitution of the mind of man
that it is seldom that any two take tho same view
of any question, or agree precisely in anything.
We have commenced this paragraph with this
sage reflection, for the purpose of exculpating our
self from tho charge of devising " new and un
heard of expedients," in the opinion which we are
about to express. We have been told that the ap
proaching Legislature will be a very important
one to the future destiny of North Carolina. We
have no doubt of it. Old Rip after having slept
quietly such a number of years suddenly awakes
and finds himself wofully behind in all that consti
tutes individual wealth and State grandeur, and
now starts upon his race with the speed of a gimt
but without his strength. His muscles, for the
want of exercise, have not the hardness and rigid
ity that gives them endurance. Now, while we
are thoroughly in favor of Rail Roads we think
the State should go into the various enterprises
with a degree of cauiion that will prevent tho oc
currence of that state of things which we find
to exist in several of the Northern States. Too
many Rail Roads can be built: for they cannot
stimulate the development of resources where
they do not exist. We apprehend that every
section of the State will have its scheme before
the Legislature ; ail of w hich of course cannot be
chartered with an appropriation. Then there will
be dissatisfaction and combining together to defeat
those schemes that are more important as S oto
enterprises ; and e fear from the signs that are
now visible, that either too much appropriation
will be made or not enough. We are decidely in
favor of a general system of chartering so as to
permit each community to build its own local
Road if it is able ; and that the State will adopt
the Tennessee rule of subscribing somuch to pur
chase Iron for all the Roads, after so many miles
of grading have been finished. This will test the
ability of the friends of each scheme, and operate
burly and equally upon all sections. Then those
Roads that can be built will be expedited without
any log-rolling to obtain their charters, or waste
ful appropriations to secure votes.
This plan will we think reconcile all differences,
j as all section? and schemes will stand upon the
same ground. We think, however, that some
discrimination should be made in favor of the
West, as this region of country labors under
greater difficulties from roughnuss of the country
through which the improvements would pass, the
sparseness of the population, and for the greater
reason that the State ought, in common justice,
to equalize the benefits conferred as far as prac
ticable. The West, though locked up from any
communication with the commerce of the world,
has received comparatively no assistance while
the East, with her ocean-bound coast, splendid
bays, and navigablo rivers, has had thousands ex
pended to improve her already enviable position.
These views are thrown out neither with the hope
or desire of influencing beneficially or otherwise
M Old Joe
Will be here on to morrow night, and wherever
he is there is fun and good iru-ie. Old Joe is a
great favorife here and we 'mpe a full house will
greet his re-appearance among us.
Iucomlug Cot! on Crop.
We extract the following from Talcott and
Brother's Circular, forwarded to Liverpool on the
28th bv the Baltic :
With dates from New Orleans of 24th instant,
by telegraph, we have as yet no accounts of killing
front. Our correspondents at New Orleans write
under date of 17th inst., as follows:
"Cotton crop accounts are belter this week ; the
fine weather improves the prospects and checks
the complaints. We have beautiful weaiher, with
no indications yet of early frost. The popular
estimate ol the crop here is 3.000,000 baies,
which will not be large enough unless we have an
early frost. Our present impression about the
crop is, that if" frost keeps off eight or ten days
longer, we shall adopt your figures of 3,100,000
biles; and if it keeps off two or three weeks
j longer, we don't know how much higher we shall
set our mark."
Our estimate of 3,100,000, which we believe
will be realized, was based us we advised, "on a
fair average seaso?, with Lilliig frosts the last,
week in October." If frost holds off until the
12th or 15:h November, we shall feel ourselves
justified in raising your figures ; but at all events,
are satisfied that the short crop estimates recently
indulged in at the South, ranging from 2,700,000
to 2,030,000 bales, must soon be abandoned.
On the 24th inst. at New Orleans, Middling Cot
ton was quoted at H a 9c. ; freights in American
What a migratory people ours must be .' There
are natives of North Carolina in every State and
Territory in the Union, from Maine to Minnesota.
By the census of 1850 it appears that no less than
283,077 natives of North Carolina were living in
oiher States and Territories. They had scattered
themselves as follows ;
In Maine 27
New Hampshire 10
Rhode Island 76
New York 673
New Jersey 08
Dele ware 18
Dist. Columbia 100
In Lousian t 2,923
Texas 5 115
New Mexico 13
What a deal of wealth has our State lost by the
departure of so many of her native born citizens !
How has her improvement been retarded ! How
education obstructed ! How her property depre
ciated ! How her political power curtailed!
But her influence has been we know, happily
felt in other States, especially in Georgia , Alabama,
Mississippi, and Tennessee. Fay. 06s.
The Richmond Enquirer, in some remarks, upon
the recent elections in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and
Indiana, says :
" Fraud und deception many triumph for a mo
ment, but the sober reflection and sagacity of the
masses will speedily restore tbe reign of reason
and right. Know Nothingism, allying itseif to
every element of opposition, ma) achieve a partial
success over the democracy, but the reaction will
surely come, the delusion will be dissipated, and
tho idol be pulled down from its usurped dignitv,
and rolled in the dust amid the hootings of the
The democratic party should not be dismayed.
For ourselves, we mean to abate nothing from the
energy and zeal of our opposition to Know Noth
ingism. We have fought the thing from the start,
and will fight it to the end, not doubting that the
good sense and generous impulses of the people
will ultimately give us the victory."
The Activity of the French Emperor.
The Emperor flies about the Empire with great
rapidity. One day he appears in Bordeaux, the
next finds him here in Paris. One week since
saw him at the theatre applauding Madame Ra
chel, in three days after he manoeuvred a hundred
thousand men at Boulogne, and to-night he has
returned to Paris. That he has at heart the best
interests of France, can hardly be doubted ; at
the same time be is not very popular in Paris, 8o
far as I can judge. There are those who have
not forgotten the coup d'etat and Napoleon's re
peated violations of bis oath; there are those who
do not fancy the censorship of the press, and who
have friends in exile. Some say, very na'urally,
ll we were at war with Russia, why are not
Cavaignac, Changarnier, and our old Generals,
in the East?" Of course everybody knows that
Napoleon fears their influence with the army, und
for that reason keeps them here at home.
Attempts upon tfiu Emperor's life are more fre
quent than people are aware of. Three conspira
cies to blow him up with infernal machines have
been detected within a month, and one scoundrel
took a shot at him with a pistol, without effect.
Tho assassin was killed and planted at once. Na
poleon is a man without fear, notwithstanding
these attempts. He exposes himself freely at the
opera, in tbe streets, and especially at Boulogne.
It is said that he expects to die violently sometime,
and that he has made arrangements to restore
order in case the event shall take place. London
Cor. Lowell Join nal.
Manifesto of the Know-Nothings. The
Grand Council of Know-Nothings of the State ol
New York have published a manifesto, in which
they say their nominations for State officers were
fairly made, and that Mr. Ullman, the nominee
for Governor, is an American and a Protestant.
They also make a strong appeal to the subordinate
councils to contribute money liberally, and remit
it to them immediately, and claim t: be confident,
with the aid of a few thousand dollars, to carry
The Cost of the Reclamation of Anthony
Burns. The proceedings under the fugitive slave
law at Boston, in the case of Anthony Burns, not
long since reclaimed by his master, Captain Suttle,
of Alexandria, Virgmia, cost tbe United States
within a fraction of 827,000 for extra ijoliee and
military force alore. Phis does not cover the
usual ordinary expenses incurred in the case,
such as the fees of the regular officers of the United
States employed in the case. 815,000 of the
above $27;000 were duly paid this morning.
Cam these and Burning Fluids. The Al
bany Journal, in noticing recent camphene acci
dents, says : Ve expect to record frequent aeci.
dents ofthis character during the coming fail and
w inter. . There are a great many beads of families
in our own city who, by permitting ihe use of
camphene, rosin oil, &e., &c, in their households,
are preparing work for the coroner and under
taker. They are doing it so deliberately, and
wilh such evident wilfulness, ihat an imharft.il
jury wimld hardly bold them guiltless of mnn-
s.augo.er, Mioura me almost Inevitable conse
quences ofthis disregard of human life ensuo.
The care with which the Osmanlis have always
kept their wives and daughters apart still prevails
in Constantinople. To ask a Turkish gen leman
alter his wife or his daughters is lo give him a
mortal offence. If he nlmdes to them, he calls
them -the home" or "the house." He will ten
you that the house is well. Also, when he aii
iiounces to his friends the birth of a daughter, he
ay, "a veiled one," or "a stranger has beeagiv
en to me." He is taught by the Koran to honor
bis wiTe, and to believe that she will be, equally
with himself, a participator in heavenly felicity.
The teaching effectually displaces the vulgar error
that declares Mahometans to believe that women
have no souls. Polygamy is allowed to this dny
in Turkey, but it is so surrounded with social and
religious difficuliies that it is rarely practiced.
The Koran allows a Mussulman to uarry four
legitimate wives, but tells him expressly that il is
meritorious to marry only one. In Constantinople,
Ihe id. mas, the great bodies of government offi
cials, the naval and military officers, the trades
man and the workmen, have generally only one
In the provinces, one w ife is even more gener
ally tiie rule. And now, nil the great officers of
State'make a merit of wedding one w ife only, to
show a good example to their countrymen. Nor
is the wife a slave entirely. In her own apartment
she is supreme mistress. She may receive her
female friends and her male relations; she may
go out in the day lime veiled and attended; and
her husband consults her on all his affairs. She
is not the painted doll we have read of. She is
thoroughly domestic, and is effectually protected
by the State from cruel treatment The Mussul
man is bound by to law to maintain her according
to his rank. Il he fails in this she may claim a
divorce. When he marries her, he gives a pres
ent to her relatives, insted of expecting a dower,
as with us. She has the care of the household,
and if he be poor she-employs her leisure time in
spinning. She has the exclusive right by law to
bring up her children the girls until they are
inatried, and the boys until they enter one of ihe
public schools. If the Ottomans have one tender
chord in their bosoms, it is that which is always
awakened within them at the sound of the mater
nal name. Women may even perform the func
tions ol the Iman, recite prayers, and, under ex
tniordinary circumstances, they may be vested
with political powers. Yet, undoubtedly, the
Turkish woman is not yet free. The law allows
her to see her distant relatives only once in each
year, if her husband objects to more frequent
visiting; her relatives are also subjected to lega I
interference. Household Words.
A Roving Elephant. On Wednesday night,
the elephant accompanying the menagerie of Mr.
Batty, which had been exhibiting in this town,
after the performance, was safely lodged in a stable,
near the George Hotel. The keeper, on going to
feed the animal in the morning, found, to his gieal
astonishment, that his charge had absconded.
Riders were sent about in every direction to find
the missing brute, but they returned without any
success. In the forenoon he was discovered lying
fast asleep in the wine cellar of fhe hotel having,
it seems, opened the door of his lodging in the
night, in a roving disposition, and quietly walked
up a long flight of steps to tho George, and after
ward descended to the cellar. Several bottles
were broken, and the contents drank by the ele
phant, till he was satisfied be had enough. When
found he looked the picture ol contentment. This
docs not show that all animals nre disciples of
Father Mathew. Noith Wales Chronicle.
Metheoric Ileujiination. The most brilliant
ppectacle in the line of meteors ever witnessed in
these parts occurred on Friday night last at about
11 o'clock in ihe North by West. The arc des
cribed was extended, tnd such was the brilliancy
displayed that manuscript might have been read
by its light. It shot up lirte lightning, giving a
startling sensation and dimming, for ihe time
being, the stars that might have been seen in that
part of ihe heavens a few moments prev ious.
ChattctTiooga Advert, scr Oct. 14th.
Would Not be Fkbe& The Chicago Times
has a story of a gentleman from Missouri, stop
ping in that city, having with him a slave man.
The anti-slavery folks hearing of the slave, ten
dered him the hospitality of a winter in Canada,
and on his declining fo leave his master, they
proposed to make him free, whether he desired it
or not. A crowd of about five hundred assembled
for this purpose, but the slave proved s'ifl'-necked,
and mounted a store box. made a regular speech,
in which he defined bis position as ngainst abolition
ism, and the crowd left him "alone in his glory,"
free to be a slave.
It is assorted by a late medical writer that soup
with the exception of ihe vegetable mailers and
shreds of mt-at that float in it, is entirely indigesti
ble in the stomach in children. The stomach die-rs's
onlv solid foots, evm nvilfc being coagulated info a
curd to undergo ibis process, and yet there nre
many farmers who have lung since given up the
idea of raising fine calves on hay ten, who give
their children soup for dinner under the idea that
it is very nourishing.
North Carolina Copper Company. The
trustee of the property of the North Carolina Cop
per Company has advertised it for sale on ihe 15;b
November, unless the debts shall be paid by that
time. The first five liars melted, parted and re
fined at the Assay Office in New York city were
delivered last week. They were 995-1 lOOOih fine,
which is a high standard.
Fau Distribution of School Money. We
learn from the Standard that there will be distri
buted for Common School purposes ihe present
Fall, the same amount, ninety thousand four bun
dred and twenty-five dollars nnd four cents, thai
was distributed in the Spring.
Sale of State Bonds. The Register says
"The opening Proposals for the sale of State Bonds
took place on the 20ih inst., as advertised. The
whole of the thirty years Bonds were taken at nn
average premium of from H to 2 per cent. A
portion, only, often years Bonds were taken. All
the bida were from North-Carolina."
(Kr Dr- John P. Tompkins, of Wake, Editor
of the Farmer's Journal, has been appointed As
sistant to Prof. Emmons in the Agricultural and
Ceological Survey of tbe State, now going on.
Dr. T. succeeds Dr. Mcdi-nahun if ri '
....... . wiuuimmhj re
StcRETARY Guthrih, who is on a visit to Lou
isville, met with an accident a few days ago which
detains him in that city. IJiS injuries were slight
at first, hut afterwards became more serious and
required him to remain several days loneer than
he infonrl.i.l tin .1 . M,facr l'an
1st of November; ' re,Ur" a,'lU t,,e
An Irishman being in church where be collec
tion FPrats. reeefisNed , Ui m boXeS, on it
bemg handed to him, whupered in ike carrier's
ear .hat he was not naturalized, end could no
vote. " Inat some" wlub, be among Barnum's
curiosities before he's a month older
From the Country Gentleman
Preservation of Manure
Several articles have been published
r during Ihe current year in reliii Z
servalion of manure from ihe wason-
wind and ram and sun by meariMil m if
coverhvg or shelter. The N. B. Agricuhu
been lately urging the impmtancu of
mode ol management. Amonn other
farmers should bestow more care ihnn lhev
do upon the production and preservalioaU,'l,i,
substances capable of being employed asm 1
some especial stress is laid upon the kettbjt
than usual difficulties are now being (Vij w JS
ing guanos and other portable manures inina1
quan.ities, and at reasonable rates, find,
add, in a condition sufficiently free frotn'tj,e
bility and probability of being fraudulent!.
rioraled or adulterated. As regards the rorf,
of manures, every vegetable or animal pt0Tj
calculated to swell the Manure heap, 1
products are, from their containing a lahp.,
centage of nitrogen, more valuable than pf,f
products. Haece w hilc no vegetable matter V
be allowed to run to waste, all aninnd ina!tfr
nected with the farm, and all that can becJ
obtained, should be carefully collected and ,
to ihe manure heap. Carcases of animal,
die, blood, slaughter-house cleaning, rt,f
fisheries, a t;d anything of like nature, shoguT
added ns there may bo opportunity. Where J!
animal matters can bo obtain d, som drT
matter from ditches, or saw dust, or sund, or tu' j
should be mixed up with it to absorb iht
...,1 .Im Ia I.iiii tlio nmmnnin iL'l.inU
DUl nryit -ti in un- ji t .-c i in mil ui larilMj..
mani.re is mTe common, or at least "orvi..
ble, than neglect in collecting substances tu!0r,
a large manure heap. The yards ore gena,
so arranged as to perrr.it, i;oi only rains, but,ij
the drippings from the roofs of ntljncei;t buildicj
to fall upon ihe manure and wash out of ii run.,
that is valuable. ho so very fortunate a nm'
have seen, either in his own ham-yard or in iIm,
of his neighbors, brown slieams issuing flin:
un. .i-inir nil It ttiAi'VI iti.. fn.ljl i,i tliji (n .
lQII f lllfi "III i in in im ''IVJ iiil. iaiiitr,ii,
in 'i il i. Gitrt'Ml kill rl O. tint I rum I I u iibh.I
III fl ITU, STUII.' II III. I I 1 111 I I Kill III,.. II U (I I "
lil'iiT iiii minim un jiiciruti u l'j IIMKinptti
1 til.' ,. ,.' . .f 1... Il I. t I ill t i .1 tin - 1.'
knrn.vAril nnnpnvp nr ili -fi;in mu if in 1 1
J I W9 ' Ml
I rr,-- I i tiiriA dv tot inir iliitl'ri ilri- in nl ...1
n i.i"ji J i ........ " "i r.ill'
dry mould to absorb it. It should never be fu
gotten, says the N. B. Agriculturist ibftt thf art
of animals is the most valuable part of thtkn
crete, and where not absorbed by the line.
i i.i : .. i. ....I !
Fiiouiu, in some wj ut prcveiuiu irom ecar
Hut fertilizing matter escapes in oilier Mi,3
in the liquid form. "Loss also accrues fn
escape of matter in a gtiseous form." A rnmatii
or hartshorn, which is now generally kimur,,
one of the most valuable as well as oneoffo
most volatile of elements entering into the coup-,
sition of fertilizing mutters, readily paaM b
the expoai d manure in the farm ard. Ml
fermentation rises ' a certain height, ihNant
is constant. To k ep fermentation in chichi
to fix the ammonia for retention, should lei
study of the farmer. H- re dry pent bccomoi
valuable nuxilliary, and also diy mould. &
have ndvoc.ited the adding of gypsum; it ij, U
ever, found in practice no? to ;inswrr die rip.
tations w hich were nt one time formed of it.
better substance bs yet been re CO Htme txied," ap
the N. B. Agriculturist, than dry peat or dry tron
Sawdust, where it can be obtained in surlii
quantities, makes an rxcrlU nt addition or cafM
for the mi. nu re heap-. As a rule, nil bra-n
manure should be applied lo, and mixed tftli
soil as speedily us possible; but during suinw
at least, lliis becomes all bill imprnciicabk V
der such circuinst mcee I hntm mnt )
waste, n leaking way of what rnigh' be cusem
into golden treasure, if the mammi does nmr
some kind of covering, nod be mivfd Ti'rhsw
matters winch w ill absorb the liquids ani (ki
Plantlns Frnif TrcoM.
With this month begins the season for tm
plan: ing. The sooner a fruit free ii planted
now the better. A iree that has not lo sf saw
;ut(J is only removed a short distsnce, BWy k
moved wilfn ut being set back in the least, ht'
musi fie lahen up with c;ire. ns lew rouiscuii
poasilde, and planted with all the latterab lw
ing, just ns tin y naturally grew ; eonsequpmlf
hole for the tree must he cut larger than tbe r
extend. Ii will bo almost impnsible N tdn;
a tree of any size withoui mU'iitittg SOSJISW
roots ; nil mutilated parts should be cut clu,t:
a sharp kuile, and young roodi ta ill spring
the Wounds heal. The young rootlets aft'"
tender, and are to he the feeders yl tbe trees
in ihe formation of wood nd fruit, mid o1 rw
the soil in which they are to wander lorth on
mission of love, must not only be uuTiow, bum1
contain tbe food they s' hk Ii lor. 'l'his is toes'
son why we snv it:z the holes large,"
around with good vegetable mould. nt
never to pl.mt a tree deeper lb"n it 'f-ir'
grew in the soil. There- any many trrtM
deep planting. Plant n tree Gun in lbs gi
once ; some reconimi nd a tree to be pbwM
ly nt first, to give the earth a eftMw'
gradually around the rooia. Tim cliiinf5"
against the life of lre.s thus planted. The
loosen the roots still more by ih ir action I
trunk, arid tho earth can never be rrinde coff
around the roots afterwards. Prune ihe
proportion to the loss of roots, and accord'
the lime the tree has been out of ground. V
reader of this journal should learn ln)0r
a tree, and then plani trees. Soil of the So11
An Irishman w riting from Ohio, say
most illegal place jn the world. 'The'"
three weeks,' he hays, you are boarhH'f
and after t hat you're charged nothing1
Come along, and bring the childer.'
A despatch from New York, dated ihe 2:k
" A Southern gentleman, name n"l ascerljf
seriously stabbed a workman in front of the
York Hotel this morning, nnd then escaped,
man'fl life is despaired ol."
There is a man down enst so tall that be"
liged to get up a ladder to put his hat on;
w hen he goes to bed he is obliged fo shut P
h gs like a pair of pen knife blades.
Vanity is our dearest weakness in mor
than one, a man will sacrifices everyih'"8' ,4
starve out all his other inclinations, to keep'
The people of Knoxville, Tennessee 're j
lo have their grow ing city lighted wi'b fp-"
company has alrrady been organized fsf."
A merchant in New York, named B,,nC.
been bound over in New York in thesum ' J
000, to answer the charge of fitting oU' 1
for the coast of Africa.
M rs. Francis D G"ffe of S'. Louisa
the nddres? bo mr the Washington Cmiri'V I
Agricultural Society last week. This i 1
instance of ihe kind on record.