North Carolina Newspapers

    PUBLISHED WEEKLY.^
ROBERT P. W\RI\(i, Editor.
A FAMILY PAPER-DEVOTED TO POLITICS, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, MININS, AND NEWS.
; PRICE $2 PER YE AR-In Advance.
Itatfs—Distinrt nH 3oil!ora, but onf ns tljr |rn.'
RIFCS H. HERBON, PuMisher.
VOL. 3.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY 310Ri\lNG, MARCH 23, 1855.
NO. 35.
9oii3iiif53 Cnt•^l3, ^c.
s. P. WISH MS,
»ttloriiey at Law,
>in L'^ucr^nn's lii i>k litnlling, ^yuljloor,
tllARLDTTK, N. C.
THOMAS TROTTER & S0\
T r A \ Ij just :i t-|il('nilid stofk of A'I'CIIKS
I 1 J!;\vi;f,i{Y, siLvi:u platkd wark
Mil FA,\( V UiKtDS (.r :,|| kinds. C7" No. r,. (iran-
Mc Row. O. t. 27, |4lf
J. B. r. BOONE,
\vn(>rj;.sALH and Kin ait. I)j:a?,i:i{ in
WjO'n !k nmm,
i.§:.iTiu:n, f .im’ snt.vs^
IJMXfJ A\I> l{l\l)l\(; SKIXS,
isiKfi-: OF i-:\J':kv djvscuii'mow,
i h-.l lutJ.i y (J-
OrA.W. l^r)4. Iv
ULMS \ JOilNSON.
) orHardln;^ and
.NO. n» v-;M)ri-: iia.xci:,
( )l AKi.k: -TuN, S. t .
V\'. \V. JOIIXSOX.
.lunc 2M, ’f) 1. d''>r,
R. HAMILTON,
t'uiiiri v! Hf/i'tsilam ‘iiiil It.iKiii. Strriln,
('»Lr.Mi;iA, s. r.
Jiitif* 0 1 *-Cl 1 V
V)RKM vv S T K MLR
■W'li-olojHin.lo cfe* XLot«,±l
0// 71 0 n 7/ ,1 hi jn n
ill Xx U XI xk A { A 0
Til\l)l-: Sl'KI-.KT,
Nearly i .lms A Groroiy.
ciiAiiLt)J 11:, \.
D.r 15 2(}if
CSfiliiCT'a' .V
FACTORS .'k- CJMMIS2I0N MERGHANTS,
I ^111 L ~ A'li-. !■ li h'Hjy
!'iiA:n,i;.sTux. s. r.
P'T* j.il)T tl ;pi\m;itin (\ii;sij:nr.if‘iit.
1 il! lilmii ; Vi II to I Ic (if 1' !■ .11 r, Cor II,
. ,ui i 11 ^ I ‘J I 1 "It \ j). ri. iic.' ill liiu i;u ss, t
;>•. I ■ ii.;i-i ..t '1. '^iviii- ^
Hotel,
CUKSTEii, s. c.
By J. R. NICHOLSON.
'J'll K siiliscriber rt-spfctfiilly itiloriiip his friends
and llic pulilic gon(;rally, that his lionse, kiio»\n
•as tlie “ Kuiiroud Hotel,” opposite the t htslcr
Depot, is fc’ill open for the rcccpt^^.ot re^ulur and
traii.sicnt hoarders and the travtllii^^^;>uhlic ; and that
he is making every exertion to dtstivc atid sccwru u
continuance of the !ind and liber:i! pntr'innge whicli
has hithfno ht» ri extended to hi.n. lie flatters himself
that oveiy needed arr:iii^enicnt his been made to pro- |
mote tlie eomfurt of »I! who stop w itli liiin ;—hi? rooms
are airy and wt ll-lurnished, hi.‘; servantu are attentivo
and cibi'dient, arid his table con.stantly Mipplied with the
best ol tbe srasjn, so tliat his .'riends will not want any
attentioi necessary to make their sojourn pleasant and
affruenble. His stables are lurnished with good liosl-
Ii iM mid an .iliijiidanee of prov* rider, am! he Is prepared
at a m'linenrs notice to supply his customers with pri.
vale Lonv( yai>c( s of every soit, to any part of the sur-
roniidinji: c*untry.
Hr defiir* s to return his acknowledgenicnts to tlie
5>;jbli: for pi>>.t I'.ivors, and solieitM Ibr the I'uturc an
eiu.i!!v IiIk r.il share of jiatronaj^ •.
A.iJ L>0,l"o\. r.tf JOHN R NiniOLSON.
Charlotte Marble Yard.
nAVI\(] dispos(d of our entire interest in tiic M«r-
l)i- \'ard lo .Messrs. V\'m. 'I’iddy &: Sjn, we ricom-
mi'iul iheui to our t‘rienls.
S'l’uwH ri:c;RAM.
September 2(i, l
I'lI [] subscribers having bouj^ht out the interest cl
•M' ssrs. Stowe A: Pefrrarn in the ('hnrlotte Marble
Var(|, resjii ctfully tender their si rvicc s lo tlie people of
(.’li.irliill'- :;iid the country iierally in this line ot busi-
M. ss. They are fully i>ri p:ired lo turnisli
Monuments, Gravestones, Marble
.Steps, Table Slabs,
ind i.tlier p.itti’rns cut (rom .Marble, accordiiiff lo the
ni-)st .ppr \ (I t.isto aiul styles, and upon I lie most ac-
C'liiniiodiit in;r terms (veroll'ert d in the S.uithern coun
try. Tlie \'ard is hituated (,n the North West cornir of
llie t'harl'itte Depot Yard, where the subscribers, or
their a-rents, may alw ays ht found.
VVM. TIUDY SON.
September 2G, Ifttf
\| .
I'-',. 1.
l>ry ill Ct'irle.sto:?, Bo. Ca.
z'AHi'iV a \in A. i.s:ii i \,
/'.//’(!c /■/./.’.y c ■■ ih: i (;i)t ns,
N\v '3 ini.u Jll I, I 'ti. . t, . ; I iier of M Irk01''tre11.
v-IlARi l ( >X, S.
Pi I lit it i-i'i ’A .>'ib-n«, Ul.iiik'ts, A'^ ('irpetii.^'s and
^'ii (1.11II M .! I -1 i .! , S:.; 1 i If II h I *•• '   iiMie - , t 'Iu;i ks.
M i lit I il . s m l S 'i ' v. U. T. I III i Cash. One I*nee  )ii! \ .
M . , h 17, I> .. I I 1 I-
BY JENNINGS B. KERR.
( hcri^tUt, .1*. ( .
I mi I rv ■J''. I "■I'-i. C*;; I
WILKINSON’S
DAiU KliKim taUERY.
7
Tin ■' suliPiTilier !i:;vintr pt rmanentlv lucated in C.mr-
1 lotle, respectfiliy invites
and CL'Ullemen to hi*; snpi-riot
n /(I 77 7) 71 Ti
U X V xi Xi 5
and v.ouhl respectfully say that he is now takin:: D;i-
;;ucrieot3 pt s upon an improved plan, which v^'ill nol
only add to the
'BJS-Mi TY KLEWAACE
cl till P:etnrt , but will rentier it
DURABLE ANO BRILLIANT FDR AGES.
lie W'Milij iilsii re.^pi'ctfully invito stran;rers visiting
('harh'tli’ to call and e.xamino hi.s specimens, us he is {
ill ti riiiiiied they shall comp ire I’avorablv with any that
ean 1)'' taken North or South,
Rooms, 'I’hird Story, (iranitc Range, immediately
uv r Tn.tter it Son's Jewelry Store.
DT.-^ InstructiouH, thorough .'uid practical, given in
this he:iuti!ul art, and all w.aterials furnished.
JSKAL WILKINSON,
January 2t), 1 p/ij, 9T-tf
WINDOW SHADER,
V Ml
r (^iciiA'i h.ua.f^iNs. ®
f I ’ 111! ;'i l)s.-i i.er lia.' I ii s ; I liis’iwn mum I'lc'u; e
i ind I ro |'‘irl.i Ill'll i. II t iiiir:iiuu> ^t e!% o! \*Ls|)(»\\
.l\llKS, (iill ' ri.H' 1’ p> r II > 1!LM .M.itiasses,
h liiiK-, l'iii:.-.‘.' I. an I Mu !in Cm t I ins,
r I , I .I'Oj^ , .V e. \ i ' I. ■ h ■ re i i'V r' d j t pr K'l s
lii.it are a ]>|ir ^ Il 'y I* ,i\t j aji;: ;'-onoii lea 1
h ■ ’ si t - K 1 pt r s.
1\. W . KL\>M.\!n. ITV •‘t,
M.ir ‘Jl, '.’>4 1\ I' ha 1 ; .s!i>ii, iS. (J.
n R J>S1’1X’T1T lil. Y informs his friends and tlie 1
HR public ijenerally, that he c irrie-s.on tin: 'rililoi’-
T f i till and is prepared to e.xeeutc or- j
•lei'' III the neatist and iin st fashionable style. j
(.';i rnif Ills will lie matic to ordi r, in strict con form i*,y j
uitli the [irisint prevailintf fish''iii-»iiuiid stales of the i
(!.iy. NV'.irr.ints his work to fit, and well made. [
S|i,,pin No -I, Springs’ riuihiing, Rj;biuson’s old stand, j
’li ir!o)te, I' c b 2 2btf I
Mrs. Shaw
*• .Mininir
I M)KM''ll 1 i \1P', l,i;ti:.j; ai. l rumi.g, Cornish
V : lutiiers, Stamp.-. Me.ini 1 I. ‘iiies. and ;ieiieral
M .iuii^ \s iirk, iiia U by the .-iil''-ei .1mm at siiort notice.
I.am: {'(KiK vV CO..
U'id'.Mi .^J.ll•hino \\’oi\«.
Refer to II 1 on. N. V.
.la-1. J. R • FN |.. N \v-V irk.
"iiie I I -J.'j-V
l!l’(.S leave rr s(;tetfnlly to announce
to tile L.idies i.f Charlctte and its viciiiity
-Si- tli.it she has opeiit d a l-i rtre assort men t of iie w
X^x*ozo.ol:i
eon-iistinif of the lutest styles ut'
lioxxi'/ls, I’Ar.S. AXI) III'AU LJKE.-^SKS,
ami a \\ elI se!i cted stock of
Dress Trimmings and Paterns.
Shi; also continues to carry on the DR KSS-.M A K I N( J
lU SINI.SS, and teels she can give satislaction in bolli
hiaiii.hes. No painai v\ ill oe spared to please.
J i’ t'rders pr nnptly attended to.
Oet 1-,, 1^51 I3tf
3Sro3.-:?’ir-j
A ■. , /'(/. //.
'j' “.K -> iihs,'r I ie r-, ii .li.nl.i'-ttire Nl:i;ii.:r M.ieliinery, as
I I 1 .w^.y r: - t uI’i 'mmn.. I'ni.ivk. hii;h
u i ! ! w 1 e Pu;; i',!.!', >fan:piit'. and llo'stini;
. \i I'n , N! ; Ci-i:msu Pi >1 Vs, S r a \i i'-‘. C k 1 sn f:i:s.
\V I' il I : \ 1 ' ■>■ ,vS. Pi I.i.v vs ol a 1 v;and »■ \ er J’
Va... > ol M,!>';,,11.| y J;il ,\11111 n il p'.i I ji-.e s .
Til: '.\! \S. L'uiiJjOX Ov W i:s i’.
J i; II >■ . I s 1 1.1 -1 V
MF.DTCAL NOTICE.
Ufl. P C. C.\ I. I>\\ t’l. I, has as'iiei ; t'(I his son. Dr.
.1 ■ J." I; P11 W . (’ A L 1 > W 1 !1.1It li him in the Prac-
ti. s .it Medit'iiie. Oil’iee, 2nd sti.ry in l]]ni?'’ new brii k
biiildin/, n- .u tli' ' -urlhjuse.
:\Lar. :l, l^.il. 3o-tf
cfc; CO.,
( liEMISTS & DRlCiCilSTS.
(LATH FLsillCli HHl.MTrfll.)
c'HAKi.oTn;, X. c.
RK."'PHCTKC’LKV inform the inhabitants of Char
l'.«te!u’.d vicinity, thal they have just received a .
(resh siipjdy of M F.I) 1( M N I-'.S, \v tiich are olfered with '
coiili.ienee to their approval, regard having been |iaid ^
more to the purity ai.d strength of the Drugs, than to i
the price. j
A full stock of the various Proprietary Medicines '
constantly on hand.
Uraiiily; Port, Slierry, Madeira and Malaga Wines,!
wi‘lj*?t. d fui Atetticinal purposes. |
”aintS; Varnishes, Fluid, l antphene, &c. j
Landreth's Garden S«eds.
V\,b 10, 18:..-).
30-tf
N. P,.—\1I p, rr>,iiis inde’.ited to me by accounts a. i
fiu- -ti d t.i SI tile ti*: s..me at .in e.irlv day.
.\l.u -Jl I’. ('. (’.\LiV‘. I'J.L.
Tin: Am:iiu \\ iioti:l,
I l!AlU>t) i'Ti:, iX. c.
.inn-'iniee to my rionds.the publie.and pres-
ent pitr>ns ol the above II..ti!, that 1 havelcastd the
i*.inii; ii = r a term ol years Iroin tlie 1st ol j uui irv next.
A't- r which time, the i nlire property will be ihor.High
ly ri ;ij*-ed and reiio\.it. d, and the house kept in first
rlii,;:vh . '1‘uis II itil is ne.u tlie IKpot.a uj pleasant
1■'ituat.. il, rendering it a desirajle house fort:ave!lers
aud fa.iiilits.
Drc ItJ, ('• \f AY.
1IK»'hl,i;MU l!« HOI SK,
BY S. Xi.
MIIA\ 1.N(> purchased the builuing on the cor
ner, a few doors norlh-i ast ol Kerr's Hutef, and
rejiaired and lilted il up in first-rati st\ le, 1 would
rcxpndtiily inform the Ir.ivelling public that it is now
•'pen lor the reception of reifiilar and transicr.t boarders.
Drovers will finJ ample aeeomniodations at mv house i
12. 25-ly S. h: RKA.
A. BETHUNE, ‘
No. 5, Spiini;s' Kovv,
■1 Doons EAST OK TUK CU.VIfLOTTK D.\.>K,
('HARLO ITE, n. c.
1'.:. 10, 1-55 ■
"W3E33L5X-. I30ISr3Z:,
Oi:* iN'o JE^ex-STm
THU undersigned respectfully informs tl;c pub-
f lie, that he has o[>ened Ji Ilf. A(.'KS.MITH SHOP
V^^‘>n i ollege etrctt, opposite the ('harlotte & S. C. |
Railroad Depot, where he is (irejiared toe.xecute all kinds '
of 1 I leksimthing. Horse Shoeing, Repairing Boilers,
m.iking Mill Irons, iVc. ;
.\ll orders to J. R. Hand or !Messrs. Irwin, Hugginp ’
or myself will be speedily attended lo. ReJ’er t > ,'\Ir. '■
^ . Daviw, on tlie North (.Carolina liailroad, and Wm. ^
tilaze I.V. Co., PuliULtto i'ouudry, Columbia, S. C'. i
S. J. I'ERRY. I
march 2, 1 r'.'ij 32 Cm j
w7s.Tawton &~co., ^
Factors, Forwarding aud i'oiumission
SoLTH An.Avric Wuark,
I’HAKLKS'rON, s. c.
w. s. LAWTON. TIIOS. ALEXANUER.
I>r- DFl. 3VI. ^Tox-iMLejixt:
l-.SPEl'TFL’LLV otlers his prof*ssional services to
\ the citizens of Charlotte and surrotnding country.
He hopes by devoting his entire attention to the duties
of hix prolession to merit patronage. He may be found
at all hours, at his ofTice opposite the American Hotel,
when not professionally engaged.
niiireh 2, IS.'S. 32tf
."FI-0130.1-
J) W. BIX'KVV'irH has removed his Jevveiry Store
I l« to No. 2, Johnston’s Row, three doors South of
Kerr’s Hotel.
Feb 16, is:5. 30-lv
Siiiokiii;; Son?.
Floating away like the fountain’s spray,
Or the snow-white plutne of a maiden.
Our smoke-wreaths rise to the star-lit skitB,
With blissful fragrance laden.
Chorits—Then smoke away, till a golden ray
Lights up the dawn of the morrow,
For a cheerful cigar, like a shield, will bear
The blows ot earc and sorrow.
The leaf burns bright, like the gems of light
That flash in the braids of beauty ;
It nerves cach heart lutr the iitru s part,
On the battle plain of duty.
Then smoke away, &,c.
In the thoughtfuj gloom of his darkened room
Sits the child of song and storv.
But his heart is light, for !iis pipe beams briglit,
And his dreams arc all of glory.
I’hen smoke away, v5k:c.
By the blazing fire sits the gray-haired sire.
And infant arms surround him,
And he smiles on all in that quaint old hall,
W hile the snioke-curls fioat around him.
Then smoke awa}’, i!tc.
In the forests grand of our native land,
When the savage conflict's ended,
The pipe ot peace brmight a sweet release
From toil and terror blendtd.
TU';n smoke away, &c.
I'he dark-eyed train of the maids of Spain
’Neath their arbor shades trip lightly.
And a gleaming cif_ar, like a new.born star,
In the clasp of tl.'cir 'ij)s bum briglitly.
'I'hen smoke away, itc.
If w.irms the soul, like the blushing bowl.
With its jio.se-red burden streaming,
It drowns in its bliss, like the first warm kiss,
Itoiu the lips .vith love-buds teeming.
'i'hen smoke away, till a golden ray
L ghts up the dawn of the morrow,
Kji- a cheerful Cigar, like a shield will bear
'I’lie blows oi Care and sorro\\'.
A Fliif.
A lady Avliose bearing, more gay than discreet,
Knchanted a beau whom hhe happened t ) meet,
(irew wroth at the freedom her manner invited,
And with vii luous scorn his advances rt,»]uited.
“(ii.od h'dy,” he ai;;*v.ercd, most hu.nble ai.d meek,
Wiiile a genuine'blush stole over his cheek —
“Of my obvious fault I’ve the painfullest sense,
And deeply regret that I gave you ofience ;
But then—for your own and li>r gtnllemen’s sakes,
To prevent in the future sjich awkward mistakes—
'I’his bit of advice don’t iniprrtinent deem :
Pray seem what you arc, or bo « hat ywu seem.”
Woik for niarrlB.
Com planting wil! occupy the att"ution of ihe
fanner for ihi; tirst p:irl of this tnoiiih. 'J'his crop
iJis[)ostd of, the plows are cngaoed in
BKDDir.G COTTO.N LAM>.
There is quite n cliirerence among ftlaiiters nboiit
ihe distance which should be given to cotton rows.
Ol course we can prescribe no particular distance
ns the best, because that must be regulated by ihe
Cjuality of the latid, the tiistanco being increased
111 prnporiion tu the strength of the soil. 'I'he
6tsi geiKTiil rule which can be laid down, is ;h:it
the roivs should be at such a distance, as to olitrw
the branches just to interlock, when the crop is
giown. 'I’his matter beitig deiermit.ed, Uio rows
should be laid oil' with a scoo:er plow, und il
manure is lo be applied in the drill, a round sliovel
shoulij lollow’ the scoolfT, tipeniiig a wide furrow,
into which the mtinure should be strewn. If no
111 inure IS to be applied,llu* bed may be cominenced
on the scooter iurrow. Jn stiff s^ils, tlie prepara-
iion Would be more thorough, fo run a coulter alter
(he scooter, and the first Iurrow, on each side of
tlie row, should also be* run with a scooter, fnl-
lowed by a coulter. In light lands this is urinecps-
.«ary. We are in the habit of making our cotton
beds with tlie common turf-, shovel, and all things
considered, '»e prefer it lor that purpose to any
other plow. It is chcaper than the Dagon or Allen
plow, does quite as good work, though not quite
so easy to tlie hand, and is, in our judgment, al
together superior, f(»r general use, *.j the Blue or
Yiiukee turn plow, 'i'here is n great difference,
liGwevt r, ill the turn shovels made by difTerent
smiths. The point of the plow should be slopi d
sulhcii ntly to take the c'round well, l!tjt,at the same
time, il ollowed to be too pointed, it is sure to cheat
in the woik it does—covering the earth without
breaking it. ] he lap of the plow should not be
too n.uch bent, or it will carry the dirt before it,
making the draught too heavy". The wind shoulti
?iave such a set as will roll the dirt ofF well irom
the plow. When properly made, we want no belter
turn plow.
It the land which is to he bedded i.s rongb, or
has much turf upon I*, we would bed it out'as we
went ; but il it is clean and mellow, we would
simply list it, and break otf the balunce of the bed
just before planting. ’I'oo high a bed is an injury
to ihe crop, and nilords no advanlaire lo workint^
it. II the soil is high and dry, a very slight bed”
just sufHcie::l to enable the hands to work the
young cotton to advantage, is all that is required ;
il the soil is low and damp, a higher bed is neces
sary.
Those who were eaily in planting their corn
crops, il the seasons have been propitious, may
find an interval between the preparatiim of the
Colton land, and the [iluniingol cotton, to give tlie
FIRST WORKING 01' CORN.
In our opinion this is the most impor.'ant working
that is given to the corn crop, and it should be
given with a great den! of care. I'he plow which
we regard most suited to this working, is the square
pointed scooter, which should be run close to the
corn and very deep. Undoubtedly the best plan,
is to plow out the entire row with a plow, hut as
that will consume a great deal of time, and as it
is hard tn make cotion phin'ers believe that time
.'pent 111 workinir corn is not t!ir(;wn awav, w-^
would sugijesl that this pinw shuuM, at least, he
run twice on each siil*- of the corn, and the rc-
niainder oj the middles nia; be plowed out with
the round shovel. A sir a 11 hoard mav be fn.stencd
on the side ot' ihe plow stock to prevtni the voorff
\ crop frv)in being covered up, which there is dnnger
i of doing even with the scuotf r plow, in running
as close as we r» commend. '1 he hoe should fol
low the ploughs, cleaning the row entirely, re
lieving the blades of the plant where they have
hern covered by the plows, and replanting the
missing hills. No more dirt should be [lut to the
corn at this wfirking, than is taken away from it
in cleaning. 7'he practice of hanking up earth
ai und the corn, at the early stage ol its growth,
i$junreasonable and iiijorious.
We dare say some ol our readers may com-
mt'nce cotton ]ilanling before the close of this
month, but as we consider them out ol season, we
shall riefer what we have to siy on that suijfct till
the ides of April.
4^ «-
luiporlaiit Bill.
The /(i!lo« ing is the liotinty-Land Bill which
passed both Houses ol Congress, and has been
signed by the President:
Be it oiacted the Scticde and Home of Be-
pie^enUitives of rhe Umtid Sfcdrs ol America in
Congress ussiuibled, That each of the surviving
commissioned und non-commissioned officers, mu
sicians, and privntcs, whether of regulars, volun
teers, ranger!«, or militia, who were regularly
nuistered into the .serv ice o! the United Slates, and
every officer, commissioned and non-commis
sioned, seaman, ordinary seaman, marine, clerk,
and landsman in the nuvy, in any of the wars in
H hich this country has been engaged since seven
teen hundred and ninety, and each of the survivors
of the militia, or volunteers, or State troops of any
Slate or rerritory, called into military service,
, and regularly mustered therein, and whoso services
j have been paid by the Lnited States, shall bo
eniitled lo receive a cerlificftte or warrant from
the I.)i partmen? of the Interifir for one huiulrtil
and sixty acres of Innd ; and w here any of those
who hnve been so n.ustered into service and paid
^hall have received a certificite or warrant, he
shall be entitled to a certificate or warrai’t for
such quantity ol lands as will make, in the whole,
wiih what he may have heretofore received, one
hundred and sixty acres to each such person
having served as ak^resaid: Provided, 'I'he person
so having been in service shall not receive said
land warrant il it shall appear by the muster rolls
of his regim('nt or corps that he deserted, or was
dishonorably discharged from service :
Provided, further, 'I’hat the benefits of this
section shall be held to i xiend to wagon masters
and leumsters who may have been employed, under
the direction of competent authority in time ol
war, in the transportation of military stores und
supplies.
>Sf C. 2. And be it further enacied. That in ca?c I
ol the death ot any person who, if living, would ;
be entitled to a certificate or warrant as aforesaid '
utider this net, leaving a widow, or, if ra widow, ,
a minor cliild or children, such widow, or, if no |
widow, such minor child or childien, shall be cn-
titled to receive a certificate or warrant for the j
sane quantity ol land tha' such deceased person
would be entitle d to receive under the provisions
ol this act if now living; Provided, Tliat a sub-'
sequent marriage shall not impair the right of :
■tny such widow lo sueli warrant if she be a ^
widow nt the t:* ip of making her application ; And ^
provided, luri'ier, That those shall be considered i
minors who ore so at the lime this act shall take i
pfft C’.
Sec. 3. And be il further enacted, That in no
case shall any such c> ruficate cr warrant be
issued lor any service less than fourteen day.«, ex
cept where the person shall actually have been
engaged in b ittle, and unless the party claiming
Mjch certificate or warrant shnll establish his or
her right thereto by recorded evidence of said
e;rvice.
Sec. 4. And be il further enacted. That said
certificates or warrants may be assigned, trans-
lerred, and located by the warrantees, or their
h:*!rs-at-law, according to the provisions of existing
laws regulating ihe as.signnu iit, transfer, and loca
tion of ()ounty-land warrants.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, 'Phat no
warrant issued under the [irovisons of this act shall
^ be located on any public lands, except such as
I shall at the time be subject to sale at either the
minimum or graduated prices,
j Sec. 6. A:id be il /urt''er enacted, That the
j Registers and receivers of the several land offices
I shall be sevf rally authorisrd to charge and ^» -
\ ceive for their services in locating all warrants
j under the provisions of this net the same compen-
I nation or per-centnge to which they are entitled
, by law' lor sales of the public Innds, for cash, at
tho rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per
acre. 'I'he said compensation to be paid bv the
I assignees or holders ol such warrants,
j Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the !
I provisions of this act, and nil the bounty land i
j iitws heretofore passed by Congress, shall be ex- j
I lend d to [ndians, in the same manner and to 1
I the same exltnt os if the taiu Indians had been j
i while men. j
j Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That the j
I  flicers and soldiers of the revolutionary war, or i
i their widows or minor childien, shall be entitled to !
the benefits of this act. i
j Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the (
I bonefit.s of this act shall tie applied to and embrace •
those who served as volunteers at the invasion of^
Plattsburg, in Sep'etnher. eighteen hundred and !
fourteen ; also at the battle of King’s .Mountain, in j
the revolutionary war, and the battle ol \ickajack ;
, against the confederated savages of the South. :
j Sec. 10. And be it further enacied, 7’hat the*
provisions of this act shall apply to the chaplains '
I w ho served with the urmy in the several wars of;
; the country. j
j Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, 'Phat the.
[irovisions of this act be applied to fl itilla-men
j and to ihoso wJio served as volunteers at the:
; atti;ck on Lewistoivn, in Del iware, by the British
^ llt ei, in the war of eighteen hundred and twelve
I —filieen.
The ]Vew Bonnlj* Lttntl Law.
The commissioners of Pensions has issued the
following instructions for carrying into effect the
new Bounty Land Law :
Where the service lias been rendered by a sub
stitute, he is the person entitled lo ihu benefit of
ihis ad, and not his employer.
In the event of the denih of any person who, if
living, would be entitled to a certificate or
warrant as foresaid, leaving a widow, or if no
widow, a minor child or children, is entitled ton
certi/icate or warrant for the same quantity of
land under ihe provisions of said act, if now
living.
A subsequent marriage will not impair the
right of any such widow to such warranl if she
be a widow at the time of her application. Per
sons wi bin the age of 21 years on the 3d day of
March, 1S55, are deemed minors within the intent
and meaning of said act.
To obtain ths benefits of thi'^ net, the claimant
must make declarntion, under oath, substantially,
according to the lorrns hereto annexed. The sig
nature ol the applicant must be allested, and his
or her personal idcniity established by the tiffida-
vits of two witnessps, whose residences must be
given, and w hose credibility must be sustained by
Dvatli or tlie Emperor Nlcliiolas,
Although we might indulge in endless specula*
lion as lo the consequences of this event, still of
what value would they be. Cui Bono? It is
but speculation at last. The future alone can de
termine its character; t)u( as our readers may
feel curious lo know the vaticinationB of the gen*
eraliy best informed minds, we make the suk*
joined extract from the National Intelligencer:
“ We suppose that Ihe first effect of this nev/s
on every mind' is, that it must be favorable to
peace; that, like the death of a party to a civil
suit, the action must necessarily abate. Such
was the first impression produced on our own
niitids, and such must be the hope of every phi
lanthropist. But this cheering view is shaken by
further reflection. What may be the charncter 6f
the new Emperor, Alkx.\nder the second, now
thirty-seven years of age, wp are not well advised;
but doubtless, like that of his younger brothers
'vho have served in the Crimea, it has been ren-
c ered as military as circumstancf j and his nature
would admit; and we much fear that, instead of
being inclined to peace by his bereavement, the
son of Nicholas will consider the war bequeathed
to him as a sacred duty, lo be prosecuted with re*
doubl' d vigor and to th*.* last extremity, lie will,
llio cerlificule of Ihe magislrHte before whoiil llie I regard il .i» demari'led by rever-
uMplicaiii is verified. I ''I'* “ J^dgiiicnt, chnracler, and
ipplicat
No certificates will be deemed sufficient in any
case unless ihe facts are certified to be within the
personal knowledge of the magistrate or other offi
cer who shall sigri the eerlificate, or the names
and residence ol the witness by whom the facts
are authenticated, be appended to the certificate.
honor, to listen to no terms of nccominodatinn
short of those which Nicholas whould have ex
acted. Ill ihis course the naiional spirit and sen
timent will probably second and aliiiuilaie the new
Emperor, and w iih an enthusiasm .ind unaniinity
even greater t/ian that which supported his father.
It may happen, however, that the withdrawal of
Tlie offici,! charncter an.Uisnaiure ofihe m»g. | ,|,e si,„„g'w,H'a„d slron's hand of .he laleKmpe.
istrate who rrav admMiisrer ihe calh musl he cer-I :.u .... ,,,„b„l.la de«.-lopinenl of iiilerilal
tified by the clerk of the proper court ol record of
his county, under tho seal of the C'jtirt. ^^’hen-
ever the certificate of the officer who authenticates
the signature of the magistrate is not written on
the same sheet of paper w hich contains the signa
ture to be authenticHted, the certificate must be at
tached to said paper by a piece of tape ribbon, the
ends of which must pass under the official seal, so
as to prevent any paper from being improperly at-
taclied to the certificaie.
Applications in behalf of minors should be
mude in their names by their guardian or next
Irif nd. VVhere there are several minors entitled
to the same gratuity, one may make the declara
tion. 'I'he warrant will be ;s.«ued to all jointly.—
In addition to proof of service, as in other cases,
the minor must prove the death of Us father, that
no w'Uj'ow survives him and lhat he and iliose ho
represents are the only minor children of the de-
cen.«:ed.
If a party die before the issue of a warrant to
which he would bo entitled, if living, the right to
said warrant dies with him. In such cases the
warrant b» comes void, and should be canceled,
and the party next entitled in right of the service
claimcd should make an application ; and if there
be no euch party, the grant lapses under the limi
tation of the benificiaries to the bounty. If the
claimant die after the issue of the warrant, the
tit!" thereto vests in his heirs at law in the same |
manner as real estate in the place of the domicile
of the deceased, and can only be assigned or lo
cated by said heirs.
Applications made by Indi.ins must be authen-
t.cated according to the regulations to be prescri
bed by the commissioner ol Indian affairs.
Accompanying the ?bove instruciions are the
necessary forms and declaration, together with an
oflicial copy ol the law.
'PEuiunLE fire in the Pineries of Carolina.
—'Phe passengers on tho Wilmington and Man
chester railroad, in the northern part of South ^
Carolina, enjoyed, on Friday night last, the ex- |
citing aud magnificent spectacle of a fire in the i
woods, extending over a distance of ten miles, and ■
showing first one side, then on the other, and '
frequently on both sides of the road. A passenger {
writes : I
•‘Occasionally the scene rose to tho dignity of!
subl'tniiy. Many a tall yellow pine was on fire
to tho very top, waving in the strong wind like a !
vast plume of flame. Now the flames would crawl ^
up and lick the wheels of the locomotive, rendering '
the air near tho windows too hot to be endured, '
ror, with the
parlies in Russia, may lead to an early pacifica
tion.
The Emperor NtciioLAs may be regarded, per
haps, as the greatest Sovereign of modern times,
and few- have filled a wider space in the history
of the world. VViih an empire extending from
the Baltic to Behring’s Straits, he •'uled two-lhirds
of the circumference of the tiabitable globe, and
over all those vast territories and races he wa«
known and felt. Throughoui that immense re
gion he might be said to be, “the State.” lie was
identified with all its in'eresis, moral, social, poli
tical, and religious. * He knew every thing, con-
trfl'edand superintended every thing, military,
civil, ecclesiastical. It is not to be wondered at
that, ID such a labor of thirty years’ duration, even
hi.s colossal frame nnd strong brain should at last
yield nnd succumb. With the genius of the great
Frederick in administrative capacity, he had al
most the genius of Napoleon lor war. Ilis moral
and conscienlious qualities tiurjiasstd those of
either.
The sudden death of such a man, even in a
time of universal peace, might well produce astir
among the crowned heads of Europe. How much
greater then must be ihe dread, the uncertainly of
what may be the consequences under existing cir
cumstances !
Enslaiid Coiiiitiiipr tlie Coiit.
Mr. Bright, a clear-headed merchant of Eng
land, nnd a member (*f Parliament, has been figur
ing up one year's cost ol the war. lie calculates
(lie British are paying one hundred and fifty mil
lions of dollars uiore fof food on account of tho
war, while the government are spending one hun
dred millions of dollars extra on the same account;
and what is there obtained in return ? VVheat is
selling in England for 73s. Id. a quarter, or Is.
Gd. higher than tho highest price ever known
since 1819. Yet the harvest of 1S54 in England
was the most productive ever known. He gives
it as his solemn belief, that if the foreign policy
keeps food up so hiirh, six million quarters of corn
being kept out of the country by the war, before
two years are over the government will shoot I'^n-
glisi.imen in the streets. Hundreds of sailing ves
sels, and sixty or seventy of the largest steamers,
if'S'.“ad of carrying passengers and manufactures
fo all parts ot the world, are now employed moat
unproductively in carry ing soldiers, horses, sfcres,
shot, and shell to the (’rimea. In the trade of
the Baltic there is a falling off of 5,000 vessels,
about 50 per c( nt. in the English, and nearly 90
per cent, in the Russian. The vessels of Ihe
and filling the cars with suffocating smoke; and vessels ot me
Ihen, os we passed rapidly on, long wavering lines : ''“vu also sulfered a |.roporuonale di.
of fire would be seen sweenins on lo allack some I •'“S s.u(Tered shghliy; SwedeO
sweeping on lo attack some
new and unburnt field. Now and then we would
pass a large field which had been cultivated, but
upon which great numbers of old stumps were
standing—these, although not blazing freely, were
still all on fire, the glo^'ing coals standing out in
the darkness like millions of colored lamp;*! Great
showers of sparks would sail over us, gliliering
and dancing about like a cloud of fire flies. Some
times a light-wood knot would ignite perhaps fifty
feet Irom the ground—a gigantic torch in the dark
green of the evergreen pine. Long reaches of
fences were on fire, and once or twice wo saw the
bright embers remaining after ihe fences were
forms tho only exception.
A Formidarle U.NDEKTAKiNG..—A cotempo-
rary puts the lobacco question into the following
shape : “ Suppose a tobacco chewer is addicted to
the habit of chewing tobacco filty years of his
life, nnd that each day of that iim§ ho consumes
two inches ol solid plug, it amoimts to six thous
and four hundred and seventy-five feet, making
nearly one mile and a quarter in length of solid
tobacco, half an iftch thick and two inchcs broad.
Now, what would the young beginner think if ho
had the whole amour.c stretched out before him.
consumed—an endless serpent of living conls. j chew it would be one of the
Phis fire had commenced burnitig about ten or ■
twelve hours previousJ>ut so dry was the material
that it had extended for miles when we passed,
and the alarm in the vicinity was general a‘nd ex-;
treme. Farmers were out with iheir hands to I
protect their buildings and produce, and large I
numbers of men were watching the railroad, but ;
it was generally thought some considerable portions !
of it must be burned. An immense amount of' milted to set
damage must have resulted, a? there are large tur
pentine phuitations in the neighborhood. Tiie
scene was one of the most thrilling and sublime I
have ever witnessed, and will never be fergotlen
by those who witnessed it.”
exercises of his life, and also thal it would tax
his income to the amount of two (housand and
ninety-four dollars !”— Life lUuslraled.
Professor Phoenix is said to be the first
author of the famous toast—“'Phe American
Eagle, may we never be wi.hout one in our
pociieis.”
I Railroai» iron Works.—I'herc are it appears,
j three irc>n mills in Virginia, engaged in the manu- j
, fncture of l aiiroad iron, an^ it is estimated they
! will produce this yerir 1 ."j OPO rnnc uf iron. Irj
i Penn.s\ Ivfinia there are nine, wiiich will produce
j nhuut ‘JN.OOO t>;i;s. af;d in .Maryland one, wh ch
I will turn out 12,000 ton->.
I Hon. A. C. Dod^e, the new .Minis'er to Spain
i will bttii Irom New York in >.bout two weeks. ;
Courting is an irregular, active, transitive
verb, indicative mood, present tense, third per
son, singular number, end agrets with all the
giiU III tuun.
The New Postage Law.—T.ie Posfrnaster
General gives nonce th it the new postage act re
quiring prepayment of letter p'.atag.*, wiH go into
tlFecl on thw 1st of April.
l^ucout
As an evidence of what girls can do, if they
have a mind, a Cincinnati press states that three
years ago a poor orphan girl applied and waa-ad-
lype for that papej. She worked
j two years, during which time she earned besides
! her board, about two hundred dollars; and avail-
j ing herself of the f.icijiiics which the printing of-
: fice aff..)rdi;d, acquired a good education. She is
! n«iW an associaiy editress of a popular paper, and
I IS engaged to one of the smartest lawyers in Ohio.
Such a girl is bound to shine, and eclipse tens of
thousands who are educated in the lap of luxury,
and taught all tbe “accomplishments'* of a board
ing school. Such a wife will be a jewel to her
husband, an ornament to society, and an honor
to her »fx and lo her country.
A Knotty Problem.—The Chinese are said to
have labored lor centuries under great embarras*.
meni, tr »in not knowing how to make a barrel.
1 hey couid. without arjy iMficuliy, make the staves,
set them up, and hooptbenj in ; and, indeed wiih
the hulpof a nnn inside, they could put the second
head on ; but tiow to g'I the m:in out after tiio bar
rel w as he:HeJ—tliat wa.s the question.
    

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