North Carolina Newspapers

    i i
V f
-hp
i. «
a r d
tr* r
I
c
U J
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. J>
A FAMILY PAPER--OEVOTED TO POLITICS, LITERATURE, AGRICt»LTURE, MANUFACTURES, MINING, AND NEWS.
 PRICE $2PERYEAR—In Advance.
iiOBEKT Pi AVARL\(i, Editori
vol.. 3.
((
^ije Itutcs—Distinct ns tljt Soiiloui, htit nnr ns tijr |rii.
RFFrS M. HERRON, Publisher.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY MORiVlAG, MAY 18, 1855.
NO. 43.
i'. '/i 1 ii*J !l\J G .
^Ittormy at iAtir,
£ - Jii i-k JlmLling, 2)idjluor.
« riAKLOTl J;, N, c.
J. B. F. BOONE,
\s a.nd ri:tai[-
k SSDS
[trorn Thomas H. Benton’s “ T hirty Years’ View.”] I were some capricious cliai)g»"S ; but !ar mcjrt- in-
Slidell ol Juliii Kuiidolpli, j stancfs of sieufilast adherence. His friendship
j John Randolph died al Phihidelphia in ihcsum- j "'ilh Mr. Macon ivas historic. Tlieir names went
nior of 1S33—the scene of his early and brilliant ! together in life—live togethe.' in d‘iah—iind are
j ftppariiion on the stage of public life, liaving com-
m* need his j)arliaineiitary career in that city, under
llie first :\Ir. Adarns, when Coiij^res.s sat ihere, and
when he was barely of nn age to be udrnitt^d into
the Loily. For more than thirty years he ^^asthe
political meteor of Congress, bluzing with undi-
j miiii'hfd splendor during tlie whole time, and
I)i:aij:r is
LINlXd AND niXDINd FKINS,
11: 'I't -'OI.S OK I'A l-:ilV !)I-!S( 'rvli* I ION, I olt. n appearing as the “ planetary plague” whieh
)a. 20,
('hat lot!'
18.') I.
.V. i'.
ELMS Ac JOHNSON.
Fo:-Hardiii^ aiid l’omnii>sioii }!ercli«^ns.
NO. hi vi:m)1 I-: kangi-:,
riiAUl.L-'ToN, S.
\v. w. i:lm.s. l’. joiixsox.
Jufif I. ‘Hlf.
R. HAMILTON,
€’ 1 n I I«A .11 b: ic bi a t.
(fjiiifr Ilf U ic/iii ri/suii and /jiiiiiel Struts,
'LCMl’lA, S. C.
J ..ill 'J I ‘  1 y
' 111
! shed, not war and pestilence on nations, but agony
ly I and fear on members. Ilis sarcasm was keen,
: refined, withering—with a great tendency to in
honored ingether, most by them who knew them
best. With Mr. Tazewell, his Iriendship was still
longer than ihal with Mr. Macon, commencing in
boyhood, and only ending W'lth life. So of many
others ; and pre-eminently so of his neighbors and
constituents — the people jf his congressiujial di:«
trict—afl'ectionate as wt ll as faithful to him ; elect- j
ing him, us they dil, from boj hood to tfx^ gra\e. I
rSo one felt more lor friends, or was inoiv solici-
lous and anxious at the side of the sick and dviiig |
bed. Love of wine was attributed to him ; and !
duige in it ; but, as he believed, as a lawful par- i "htu "as mental e.xcitement. was referred to deep '
lian.-ntary weapon to eflecl some de^.irable pur-| po'ations. It was a great error. I never saw him !
pose. I’retensions, meanness, vice, demagooism ' I'f^t-cted by vvine—not even lo the slightrst (iepar- ’
were the frcrjuent subj»'Cls of the exercise of his ^ from ihe hahitu d and scrujiuhtus decorum ol ;
laleiit ; and, vhen Citnfiiied to (iiein, he was th^ ! .'ii-inners. Ilis tem{>cr was ii.ilurally gay atui ;
benefactor of ihe House. Wit and genius all al- i social, and so indulged when sutr.Tiitij of mind and i
lowed him; s:igi»ciiy was a quality of his mind
visible to all observers—and which gave him an
iniuitive insight into the effect of measures. Dur
ing the first SIX years of Mr. Jeflerson’s adminis
tration, he was the “ Mural” of his party, brilliant
body pcrmiltfd. Hi' whs il’.echitrmof the ditmt-r I
falilt', uhere iiis cheerful and sparkling wit deligh'.-'
ed every ear, lit up every counteiuuice, aii(j d -
tuified every gu( s'. He waK chariuibic ; but ehose
to conce:il the hand ihnt ministered relief. I have
;v STl'J'LK.
C&3 :FtGtiX±l
 ji f > 7) .n I f J i\( n
m .0 ;i u .a .d x'i x ^ t,
11; Mil; s
\ S;)r;itfs Grocery.
• 11A 1(1/ i l 1 i:. N. c.
I-'.
in the charge, und always ready fur it ; and valu- j ^^t'en him send little children out to give to
ed in the council, as well as in the field. He whs |
long the chairman of the ('ommillee of Way; and ( Iaro;e slaveholders of Virginia, ^
;M cans—a i)lace always of labor and resj)onsibility, ] ins’Hulion, and when let alone
and ol more then than now, when iho elements of e.xtension. Thus, in when as
r*-v»nue were less abundant; and no man could- of the committee which r> pori«d upon
have been placed in that situation dt^'-insr Mr. Jcf- ' Indiana memorial for a lemi orary disp* nsation
Il rson’s time whose known sagacity was not a 'P’*'''‘J*
pledge for the safety of his lead in the most sudden i question upon a statesmati’s ground, '
and critical circumstanees. He was one of tlmse ' reports ng-iinst if, in a brief and comjirehen-
whnrn that eminent statesman habituallv consulted “ryumeii:
B Y
J iii'i 'r
J E fi N I G S
i liurfol't.
2' , ! -r::?.
B . KERR.
c.
2''tf
j during the period of th-ir /rn ndship, and to whom
That the rnpid population of the Stale of Ohio
LAND BILL.
Attorn ^
i.r.
Law,
I, 11.
w
vv. n
;,ji 1 CDi;n^>cilor a
t r:. s Hi 3. o 's': f. i *• ^
r • ' :i r ; iitli ii.li i! to w it!i
; .1 . . i.^ 1 \ - i:i . il.- r Il r to t he l>r).-:( .
. . , I ; t : I . I , . ! I 11 \S ;i 1 r .1 !l' s, il II ll ill lll.l I !■ ms
,,, i I t..'- (.i tirrii! (iuM n.im iil, u:i-
l. iw .Mi.icli f;iv.
I. I i.!;  M'li.i r-, I. I iiii iiiiil
all S .iiii' IS, S.
l!|S, \V III' I i>\ !■ .'1 l \ 1 li i II ii }■
rs III liK li till l iiilt (i St lit s 1 avc In i ii i ii-
. ; .111(1 i.l-i [" .ill  );iiccis and -''.>lil) r>
\ ,ut".i:..ry W’.ir, tiiiir iiml iiiii;*jr
;i iviiiir (-lu h
. III.I V St ciiri
I.
!;■ T l-i
 >ai
i l.iiiiis, !'V prrsi iitiiijx
ill! f.iily
'111li oi S.ujlcr’s Ili.ti l
til''III iiii-
ir fiTtit'i-
ii;u^
?
KfSjHfiruliy \oiir
iiiiii til'd l»ii.siiiiss III I‘nI(.‘li■'r l vV ( :ili!'.Vfll. for
I, i ln'l ll 1>1'I
vs ;1 1.
a.ul sri:
• l.Hi; ti-i il
li III till' ll.lllii.-i 111 • n.l\ IS
11' ht. Tli'/si; iii.;eliii (i lur iluil
■i .it r.iM.r l'_v ■lll^ill;; thfir Ac-
I h.ivr iii^ ri;:lily m^!i I" l’'V,
iii'iHl i-.iiij'.v, IS .1 liiinl tiling' tn
'.Mil I'l’ii\R!> .V (-'ai,1)\vi:ll.
:i-.r
hi- carefully communicated his plans biiore (hey si^fficicntly evinces, in the ojiinion of your e> ,
I wcn‘ given t(i the public. On fns arrival Ji j of ihe slave is U'>l nec> s^ar\
I ^'-'iishiiigton at ihe openi/)g of each sessioiio/ Con- | promote the growth and Sf-tilemen' of colonics
! tjn ss during this period, h>* regularly found wait- j reirion. 'I'ha‘. this labor, dftnonstraiily the '
' iiig l.ir him at liis estahhshed hindgings—then i rest of any, can oi»fy be emjiloyed lo udvanlagt-
I ('raw Icrd's, Cleorgetown — the card of Mr. .Ii fl'cr' ‘ cultivation of pruducls more valuable tlian
. sun, with an invitation for dinner the next day ; a i ^"y that quarter, of ihe United Si:ites ;
' ilionir at which the leading measures of th*ensu- ' 'ommiitt'e d em it higldy dangerous and
! iiig session wt re the princi|)al topic. Mr. Jefferson int'xp' dient to impair a provision wisely calculated ’
d.d not treat in that way a member in whose' prt'fiiote the hap[>iness and prosperity of the;
sagacity he had not confidence. ! North-western country, and to givt* streiigih aiul
It is not just to judge such a man by ordinary J^^^turity to that extensive frontier. In tht siiluiary
rules, iior by detaclud and sejiarate incidents in ''’i'oration of this sagacious nnd benevolent res-
hi- life. 'I'o comjirehend him, he must be jiidired trainl, it is fjelieved that the inhabitanis of Indiana
; MS a whole—physically and mentally and under no very distant day, find ample r.Miiunen-
many aspecls, and for his entire life. He w'ls •* tt niporary privation of labor and emi-
iiev-r well—a chronic victim ol ill health lr*«m the graiion.” |
cradle to the grave. A h-tter Irom hi^ mcjst inti- against slavery ; nnd by his will, both |
m ite iind valued friend, Mr. M;icon, written to me nianumitled and (Movided for the liundreds which
alK r hi-' death, ( xpressi d the belief lhal he had he wns against foreign interference
! nevi r enjoytd during his life one day of perfect rights, his feelings, or his duties; and ^
health—such as well people ^njoy, Such life- failed to resent and rebuke such inlerfer-:
long sutfering must havi! its effect on ihe temper Thus he was one of the most zealous o(
i and (HI ihe njiinl ; and i( had on Ins brifiiiinff (fie oppo.sers of the proposed Missouri restriction ; ;
i t« iii[u i olu n to the ijiieiulous mood, and the State even voted r.”«iii'«i tfi«* divisional line of *• ihir- |
(i| Ills mind sometimes lo the q'iiestion of insanit\; thirty,” In the House, when the term ^
a (jiii ktioii winch hec;ame judicial alter his death, “slave-holder” would be reproachfully used, he'
; whf 11 the validity of his wiil came to be contested'. assume il, ond refer to a member, not in
. 1 hud my opinion on the point, and g ive it rrspon- parliamentary jihrase of colleague, but in the
sihly. in deposition duly taken, lo be read on the complimentary title of “my fellow-slaveholder.’'
I tn.ii of the will; and in which a belief in his in-t when the consignees of his to-
I sanity, at several specified periods, was fully ex- and the slave factors of his father, ur»ed
! |)ress. d — with the reasons for ihe o| ininn. 1 had liljerate his slaves, lie quieted tfieir intrusive
; avt* K/*ir !
III.
' I I
Mill I
li' • 11
. r \ ■
MM lit.
l..tr tl la III
. ,i iP >;i.' Ii.ii.c,- ■ f
1.1 se 11 1' ill!' 111. I ! I
.iiiil, iri' n ij'i’ >t ii t
1?.-
S. W
.1 riii ci;
, i( II,' . I II.' I ;i.
.v
luiih. r Ii.i.ul;
[■i:iril in
•! Iiiji,
lift, il
I t.i ni
sri;i,
mis.
■J I'O.-.IIS .NOUril CFKI -.tu's lluTla..
l.I. 1?- ■-' - (•Ml iliiil III.nil I y till celrliriitei
i I..' 1 I'l, : li.l V\ .1 r !' 1 lll( 1 t'l tit.
od o[)portunitiesi of forming an opinion, living in
til'- sanu! h‘'US" with him si;veral years, hiiving
his confidei.ce, and seeing him at all hours of the
day and night. It also on several (tccasions be-
c line iny iluty to study the (juestion, w ith a view
lo g' Vern my own conduct unci' r cncical c'rcuim-
>!.iiic''.s. J'wiee he nppiieii t'l me to carry ch;il-
h ngc.s for him. Il would have been inhuman to
have gone out with ii man not in his right mind,
ai.'J critical tc» oiicj’s s li, ns anv accident on the
und migh: seriously conipromise the seeond.
■My opiniof) vsas fixed, ol occasional temporary
iileriations cjI mitid ; and dunng such periods In*
vMtuld d') and say strange ihiuiis — but alwa\s in
ins own way — not only meihod, hut genin'* in his
f intasies; nothing lo beoj)eak a had heart, hut only
exaltation and cxcitetnenf. The most brilliant
phdanthrf'py, on ih‘ spot by saying, “ Yes ; you
buy and S(;i free to the amount of the money you
have received from rny father and his estate for
thc'se slave.«, nnd I will set free an equal nuinlier.”
In his yonih and later age, he lought duels ; in
his mi l'ih; life, he was against them ; a:ul, for a
w hiic, would neitfi’T give nor receive a challenge.
He «as under religious convictions to the contra
ry hut finally yielded (as he believed) to an argu- i
ment of his own, that u duel is a private war, and
rested upon the same basis as public war ; and ■
that both were aHowal ' when there was no other
redress lor injuries. That was his argument; but
I thought his re|iip'«e cuoie uiort; from leelii.g than
reason ; and especially from the death of Dccatur, ^
to w h'uii he w i' greatly attached, and whose duel
with Hirron loti.:,’ ;ind greatly excited him. He
had religious impressions, and a vein of piety
A. P.
 r I in lie (1 in
the li.ti st sl\ le i^t
April 2(i, 'l
(lie ' Ii'irtei
:5:iit.
A. DETHUNE,
'I* ^ I 31. O X=5.,
.Ni>. Sj)rni;;‘' Ko'.v,
t 1- ■ ,\'^r or nii; cii.vki.oitk h.\.nk,
CIlAULOino, N. c.
(3. 1-0.") liOtf
^ W. S. LAWTON 8o CO., ^
actors, ror^\arliii" and (ommissiou
ivt3i3i?Loii;-A.2«n:rs,
S," 'II Ari.wnr Wiimif,
'’IjAilLH.STON, S. C.
■ i.AW 1 riiOR. Ar.i:i'.\.M)ER.
• :nlk that I ever heard from him came lorih on
' such occasions—a flow lor hours ( it on»; time I ^'howed iiscll more in private than in exter-
sc veil hours,) of copious witand classic allu'ion—j i“ "hs'rv;ince.'. He w'as hibituil in his rever-
a [lerfi'ct scattering ol the diamonds of tie* mind. •
I 1 heard n friend remark on one ol iIk se occasions, !
I “ lit; has wasted intellectual jewelry enough here |
i ibis evening to equip many speakers for great oru- ;
i Minis.” 1 once sounded him on the delecate point j
j of his own opinion of himself ;—of coursf, when
X>x*. XI..
d" i‘
IML. :]N‘o3:*xi3.oi.iLt
!>■ Ilis (iri'fessioiial scrvioes I
iitte am! siirnn iu!iii;j country
I ) K' I’l'c' l'l'r l.l.Y Ilis pri'fessioiial scrvioes to
j\ t;i'“ cilizfiis s'l Cliarld
• |ii“s liy li'-V'it 111:1 lie; entire attention to the ihi'ies
i h:-; piolf'.v.ion to merit patloiiui'f*. He may be found
■' all lioiii-->, al It IS ot-ficc oppo^iite tlie Auiericaii Hotel,
Aln‘iin'> pinlf'^iitiuilly t;n^aj,ed.
iii.in li is.'.I. 3‘2ti'
o xica. 3 -
I) W. Bl'J ’ K \V ri'H lias removed his Jewelry Store
1 \ t to ?S". ‘.2, Jolinston’s U"\v, three doors South ot
; m's iioti-i.
I'ei) III, IS.V
30-1,
MKChLK.Mtl lUi IIOl Si;,
IB'ST S. H. 3Ft3I!ja..
MII A\1N;; piirclciM'd the bnililin;!  M dll’ cur.
IKT, :i iVwr> ii'uih-iMst I'i Ki rr's lli'tci, and
iTp.iircil and lilt d it uji in t'ir>t-r.ili' stvlc, i would
r -|i'( [Hilly inforiii the tr,.vi llini,r public that it is now
‘ " II lor the r. Ifption ol nmil.ir »nil tr.iiisU'iit hi'iirJcrs.
-''■"wrs wili fi'id ample iiec"imuinLtii ns ,;t inv liousc.
-foi. Ii, I'.-;.'.. -J.'.-iv II.
ho was in a perfert natural state, and when he
had siiid someihing lo per/nil an approach to such
a subiect. It was during his last visit to Wash
ington, two winters before he died. It was in my
room, in the gloom of the evening light, as the day
was *,'oirig c)Ut and tfie lairqis not li'.—no one pres
ent but ourselves — he reclinirg on a so^a, silent
and ihoughtful, speaking but si Idoin, and I only
in reply, I heard him repeat, ns if lo himself, those
lines from Johnson, (which, in fact, I had ofien
heard from him before,) on “Senility and [mhe-
ciliiy,'’ which show us life under iis most melan
choly form :
in life’s last scenes what proiligies surprise,
Fears of the br.ive, and follies of the wise!
From Mai Iboroiiiih’s eyes: he stream;; of dotage flow,
And Swift expires, a driveller and a show.”
U hen he had thus repealed these lines, which
he did with deep feeling, and in flow and meas
ured cadence, 1 deemed it excusable to ii;ake a
remark of a kind w hich 1 hail nevxr ventured on
liefore ; and said: Mr. Randolph, 1 iiave several
tiino.s hoard you repeat these lines, «s if they j j
could have nn afi[)lication to yourself, while no #sicliSOU« upou tlie Bri-^
We have no design lo write out an account of}
the campaign :il New Orleaii!*. Our purpose is j
ntial rrg.ird f.ir (be divinity of our religion ; and
one of Ills b'Muliul expressions was that, ‘-If wo- i
man had lost u.s par^idise she had gained us
heaveti.” The Bible and Shak-fpeare were, in h;s
fitter years, his constant Cuinpanions—travelling
with him on the road — ri'maining with him in the
chamber. 'I'lie last time I saw him (in iha. last
visit to W’ashingion, alter his return from ihe i
Rii^iion mission, and when he was in the lull view
of death,) 1 heard him read the chapter in the
Revelations (ol the opening; of tlie seals) w ith such
power and beauty of voice in d*divery, and such !
dej)th of palhos, that 1 fell as if 1 had never heard
the clMipter read before. Wiien he had gol lo the j
end of the opening of the sixth s*al, he stopped ;
the reading, laid the book (open al the p'a 'e) on i
his breasl, as he lay on his t»ed, and liegaii a dis- \
course upon tiie beauty and subliir.iiy of the ;
Scriptural writings, compared to which he consid- ;
ered all human compositions vain and empty.— i
Going over the images presented by the openin,' .
ol the seah, he averred that their divinity was in
their sublimity — that no human power could take |
the same images, and inspire the same awe and j
terror, and sink ourselves into such noihitigness |
in the presence of the “ w rath of the Lamb”—tliat j
he wanted no prool of their divine urigin but the ,
sublime leeliiios which they inspired. j
person can have less reason lo fear the fate ot
Sivd't. I said this to sound him, and to see what
he tlnuiglit of himself. His answer was:—“I
have lived in dread of insinify.” That answer
w as ilie opening of a sealed book — revealed to me
the source of rt?uch mental agony that 1 had seen
him undergo. 1 did deem him in danger of the
fate of Swilt, and from the snrne cause as judged
lo vindic-'ite the niglil attack c>t Jackson from •’be
curious blunders ihe two An'.encan writers have
made about it. .Mr. Headly, in his rcjinance called
the l.ife of Jackson, speaks ol the nighl attack as
u fiilure, and the auihor of the biography of J ick-
says Jackson was
Tiai:
ciiARi.o'n’i:, N. c.
Ii II t.' iinnonnce to ni}’ Jrienn’s, llic public, :)nd pri ?-
bv his latest and greatest biographer. Sir Waller son in ‘ Harpers Magazine
g , ® ° 'repulsed. It is shamelul hat an Anu-nc .n w riter
"I'i.s pBrli„re.,.;.,rv lif.- r«pl'-nde„t in lalpnt j shoiiUl bHn.y S'jcli -ulp 'M" ig.iorar.ee of ..i.e ol
-elrvLled m .nor..,I »l»^vs movinj! on .I"- ! iho most l.'iil.ai.l and useful deeds of .Vnwncun
lofty line of honor nnci patriotism, and scorning J^rms.
Can tlie writer ol either ot these brilliant
lit :>itri'usol th. above Hotel, that 1 hiivelc.istd the ! evervthltig meiui and selfish. He was the iinlig- ! statement proper conct ption of iht
■r a t nil of y :irs Iroiii the 1st ol J.ina iry next. ■ personal find plunder lerisIation, J«-ct U(torj u hich he was writing ( W hat ^o 1 ar>
Lon,-, the cniir.- property will be thorouirl,- j i,„r,oue and corruption. , authority is there.
A t- r whifh
1> ri[)j--f,l ;,,id reniiviitcd, ami the house kept in t:rst . .
I'nis ll.itcl is lu ar the Depot, I’.id pf asant-1 reverenced an honest man in ..v....-.---, tidrlipr under Jackson at New Or-
'y-It iatcd, rcndcrinjj it a desirable hou.se for Iravcllcis i garb, and scorned the dishonest, though plated , officer nor . . j . l _ r ;i ,,i u;. .
what shade of excuse is in ex-
the humblest islence for such a statemeni? I h-re wa3 not an
tainil:
1'0 n;.
22t
y\. RAY.
vi,hV„l.l. An opinion propigmed ihat he ' leans, lhal suspecl. d .hal he f.iled in his objecl,
!ic!le in lii, fdendsliips. Cer.ainlj- ihcre'orwas repul..:d in ihe least degree on iho n.glii
of the 23d of December, l?i 1. Tiie S^ u h nnd
V'-Vst kept freedom’s vigils on that mouieiitoits
nigh', and they cannot submit to any lu.potaiion
ihuf depreciates the glorious acliievemeni ol that
nighl.
Let us begin at the beginning of it. (ler.eral
.Adair, who had no personal love lor tlcii. Jack
son, made a verbal st.it>’tn' til in this citv respect
ing the inception of the niglit aUnck. He Uxil^d
upon It IIS t>ie salvation of the city. He was din-
iiiiT with Jackson and ot her t flicers, when a youth
dashed into the room and aniifunccd lhal the
Rritish had landed. Jackson had finish'd his
dinner, and was leaning back Irom the table smok
ing a pipe. In an instant he ros-e from his chair,
ar.d, as if by intuition, uttered tlu' seiitencu iliat
saved the city. He did not pa;ise one mi>tncnt—
he asked lui questum td the youth as to t/ie num
bers of the enemy, ’i'he boy’s speech had scarce
ly uttered his news, before J.ickson exclaimed —
“ till? enemy must be flugged belore lo-nmrrow
mofinng.” Ailair, who was as brave a scddier as
ever led lroo[)s, sititi be could scarcely believe his
own hearing when Jackson made this announce
ment. 'J’he military law is imperative that the
commander of a defensive lorce must not attack
an invader until he ascerl^iins the number and
equipments (d his enemy. But Jackson, when he
announced the order for the nighl, he had no idea
whether he was Uf'ino; to attack one or ten thous-
O D
and oi the enemy. Gen. Adair soon found that
Jackson Was terribly in earnest. He said that in
filieeii minutes from (he time (he youth announced
his lidings, there was noihing in the neighboi hood
ot Jiic.;son that was not in motion. Cofffje's and '
('arriiil’s cotninands wero encamped four miles I
aliovf li.e city, but in two hours afier the news of ‘
tht; laivliiig of the enemy reached Jackson, these I
troo|)s ver** marching through the strecds of New !
Orl eans Great calm prevailed in the city, but
J.ickson,at ihe head of his troops, in/used hope j
into ;he »earl.“ ol the citizcfiS, by the announce- j
rnent that itio city should b«! defended. His plans '
werc^ devis'oj with constimmale skill, but in order
to uridersianil him, and the result which he won,
let OS look al (he enemy. 'They had come not
merely lo capture and plunder New Orleans, but
avowc'dly to streteh the lines of tneir power along
the .Mississippi and Ohio rivers, until the line ol
Brlti^h posts on fcrie and Ontario should be inter
sected, nnd thus fofifine the United Stmes mainly
to the c.Id colon'.'boundary. The expedition was
pp'iected on tb's scale, anci the British were under
the illusion tnat the W'est would join them and
assist in this career of conquest. The force con-
si>ted of /()urte*n thousand choice troop.s, the
most of them from NV'elfmglon’s Peninsular army.
I'he firsi disaster which threaleiied Jackson was
the capture of his flotilla of gun boats, destined for
the defence of the lake. But other sources of
anxiety crowded upon him, and these were the
inadeqency oC (.-is o/n r ...... . j • ^
one pom;, to say nothing of his inability to watch
the various avenues i>y which the enem)’ might
march tipon New Orleans. The government was
so shamelully iif'gligent of his little army, that it
cnnimcted with keel boats to carry arms Irom
Fii.'sburg, at fifty cents jier hundred, with the priv-
iledge of trading along the coast, rather than pay
a steamboat seventy-five cents per hundred. But
for Carroll’s provident course in removing some
of those arms from these trading keels, which he
overhauled in his descent of the river, to his own
l>oats, Jackson would have been in a [iitiable con
dition. And had it not been for the friendly dis
position of LaFitte and his pirates, Jackson would .
have been without flints lor his guns. He labored j
under aimosi every possible disadvantage, except j
one, and that was his own invincible resolution, :
nnd his capacity to infu.se it into others. j
In these outward circumstances the enemy land
ed at ('at Island, and on the 23d of December, j
reached the l.atiks ol the .Mi.ssissippi, lour thous- )
and strong, under Cieiw'r'.il Keane;. ^I'here was
i;olhiiiir to [irevent the marcih of the British that
alternoou to ilie city of .New Orleans. A smooth,
level road on the hank ol the river, unobstructed
in every w-ay. ei:lit*r by defences or troops, invited
the march. Another large; force was on a swam
py island b( low the Bayou Bienyeni/e, re-iny to i
co-operate in any forward move m‘-nt. But the'
gilden opportunity passed unimproved, and Jack
son’s “ repulse” sealed th'^ fate of the expedition. ■
II ihi’V had possessed any ol the enterprise which ,
should have characterized Wellington’s veterans, !
the British might have reached New Orleans be- ;
fore their landing was known. j
Jackson, as we have seen, immediately gathered ^
around him such resources as he had, and started j
upon his desperate enterprise. He had thr;e ob
jects in view—first to give bis rnw iroops a taste
of the q lality of the enemy they were about to ;
meet in defence of the city ; second, to produce j
the inqiression on (leneral Keano that he had nn
immense force at his command, and was aclinji; in
conformity to the military law we have moi'lioncd ;
third, to paralyze the enemy by a bold and deter- i
min“d attack, so as lo gain time for the construc-
tiiin of de/enc!S'. and for reinforcements. He was
afti'r a moral effect, by which the ft;elings of his
own troops should be elevated to ihe hiohest pitch,
and those (d' ihe enemv dcpresseij. B it for this
the British would have imrched into New Orleans :
the next morninj;.
Every moment in these cri;ic:il movements was
ol the utmost importance. general ever knew
the value of time better than Jackson, and no one
ever usi d it better. He ordered r'ol. Hayne to!
m'rch with his mounted men to meet the enemy, j
and, if he found them advancing, to eng?»ce them,
so as to retard th“ir m ucli, until h'-, J.tcksoii,
cnuld support him. If the enemy were enc unped,
tin; order was to cover his force in an orange
grove in Larond’s plantation, nnd await ilie co-op-
er ition ol (he forces whicii J icksmi was to hasten
forward, hi less tfian an hour Hayne moved out
of 'ji • city at the he id of Iio9 men. J.tckson push
ed m ifcrs with his usual en'»gy. The ll’h re
giment was on the o|)positc side of the river, and
it was hurried over with the utmo«J celerity.—
.About sunset. Jacks.)n having 3.167 troops, left
ih* city for his m’sht Hitack. (if this number
1.8S1 engaged in the light, 'riiepc were ail r.«w
tro ips, but to show what stuff th^y uere made of,
CoiFee’s brigade, on hearin:: td the jitrii of N -w
Orleans, had marched in the l;isl two days I'^O
miles, through a wticiern« s9 of sw.irnp®, and in
most dreadful weather. We have seen how
promptly thia brigade responds to Jackson’s ord* r
for his night a'tock.
And now let the reader p luse and refUet that]
mo»t ol Jackson’s men were just fresh from their ^
farms and work-sbo[)s, and that they had never
seen a disciplined enemy. But at ihe command
ol their leader t)iey marched with alacrity to meet j
t!i(> best troops o( the British army. Not one of |
them had any idea how strong the enemy might ;
be, and few of them cired. 'I'hey knew iheir
leader, and he knew them. All reliable accounts
sfiow that Ihe British force ?iandled by Jackson
that night was G Ut)0 strong, for li»'avy reinlorce-
ments reached liie enemy during the light.
Jackson marchsd down to the vicinity of the
enemv. whom he found spread over the plain from
the b;*nk of (lie river. He reconncdtered ihe posi
tion and force of the enemy, and. even alter he
found out their lorc;e, his iron will never miailed
for a moment. Havino made his recoiinoisance,
he arranged bis order of baitle. 'I’he enemy w i re
enjoving themselves in a great variety ol ways.—
J.ickson had af'proached them,
“ Stili as the breeze, but terrible as the storm,”
and even the picket qu irds were iunorant ol his
presence. Jackson’s light ll.iiik resled upon ihe
river b.ink, and his line extended across the plain,
nnd Coffee occupied the extreme^ left. he plan
was for Cciffee to turn the right flank and attack in
the rear, w bile Jac-lson moved upon the left flank
und centre his with force. The Caroline was
ordered to drop down the river slowly, to anchor
opposite the enemy, and open a fire upon them as
soon as the land attack commenced, 'i'he Caro
line was challenged, however, and had to precipi
tate her cannonade, which gave the enemy warn
ing that Jackson’s army was upon them. (Jolfee
found his advance checked by a ditch, and was
forced to dismount, and leave a great pait of his
lorce to hold the horses. But though frustrated in
commencing the attack, he d.d his duty nobly.
'I’he cannoniide cjf the Ciiroline produced the
most terrible consternation in the British force,
and lh(*y were convened into a mob for some min
utes. In ihe front ol the lint; commanded by Juek-
son :n person, some derangement took pfice in
consequence of the .misconception of a subaltern
offic er, but nothing could stop the advance of Jack
son. He pushed into the Biitish line, and Gen.
Keane, the Briiing commander, sa)s: “ A more
extraordinary conllict has perhaps never occurred ;
absolutely hand-to-hand, both rdlicers and men.” i
And in this hand-to-hand conflict the raw militia !
of Jackson drove three times their number of the !
veterans of the British army fully a mile from 1
wh«-re the fight commenced. And Colfee’s bri-
gade were rilb's, and therefore had no bayonets to
use. But Coffee drove the enemy before him, and
tliey sought an orange grove for safety. Ilere
Cidfee pressed upon them and drove them from
the grove. 'I’hey retreated to the river^.nnd found
safely in a double embarkment, and Coffee'retired
to join Gen. Jackson.
ish nr/ny no pari of Jackson’s force ever paused
in its advance until il came to the hand-to hand
conflict. 'I'he enemy were driven at all points one
mile from where the fight commenced, and Jack
son’s troops occupied the mile of ground gained.
'I’hey slept upon the field ihus won, and moved off
next morning as orderly as if marching to a fun
eral. Jackson leftlieneral Hinds, with a force ol
three hundred men, in a house within six hundred
yards of the British army, and this force remained
four days after Jackson went up iho river.
Where, then, can an .American w riter find any
sign of a repulse or failure on the pari of Jackson
in any portion of this eventful fight? \V^(h eigh
teen hundred men he had met six thousand of the
veterans of W’ellington, nnd in a hitnd-to-hand con
flict had driven them « mile back from their'ori-
ginnl position. He had tnught his men the truth
of Proctor’s sentiments :
“Courage! — Nothing e’er withstood
Freemen fighting lor their good;
Armed with all their father’s fame,
They will win and wear a name
That shall go to endless glory,
Like the gods of old Greek story.”
It is a species of sacrilege to tear from the he
roes of the night attack on iiie 2Ud of December,
1814, an iota of the glory which they won. 'I’hey
went forth to a night battle, utterly ignorant
whether thev were to meet hundreds or thousands
of the flower of the British army. 'I'hey met i
the peril and conquered it—they drove the enemy i
a mile helore them, and slept on the field they had i
80 nobly A’on. And .American writers, forty years [
after this glorious victory, gravely asseit that these i
heroes were repulsed, and failed in their attempt ! |
'I'his IS too bad, too intolerable. i
\nd what were the consequences of Jackson’s ,
night victory ? He paralyzed the British force, j
He checked all propensity on their part to meet i
him again without large reinforcements, and ■
though numbering more than three to one of J.ick- ;
son’s force, they lay cooped up al the place to j
which Jackson had driven them on this niemora- ;
ble night until P.ickentiam arrived, on the S-iih, ;
with forces that swelled iheir number to fourteen |
thousand troop.s. Jackson had so effectiially whip
ped them in bis n/ght battle that they did not ilis- }
lurb him in his construction of those works which ;
he had gainf d time to make by his nighl attack.
On the m,)rning after his battle h-3 marched about i
two mill s up the river, cut the embankment, and j
let in the river between himself and the enemy.— j
Behind this point he constructed those wori' i Which i
on the 8ih of January conferred irnrnoAaliiy on 1
himself and the troops under his commarfd. j
It is obvious, therefore, that Jackson’s night at- j
tack Sdved New Orlean.s. But for that the enemy
could have marcfied “into the city on the 25th, and
no power could have stayed Ihf.dr pmgresi. .And
shall tlies« men, who undauntedly fought anti
nobly triumphed on such an occision, ana in sucii
circumstances, bo robbed of any portion of the
glory which they earned so hardly ?
We have shown Jackson’? objects in his night
af.ack, and have demonstrated that }ie was per-
fectly siiccesifal in all of them. We have d .vi It
al length up'n S'lme jioints involved in tin ques-
>ions connected with this preud triumph of w-siern
valor, but wh could have jtlaboraied many others
which we have touched but cursorily, iiut the
lame which Jackson won in his defence of New
Orleans is d^^ar to every American citizen, and we
cannot consent to see ihe public mind schooled
into the belief that Jackson was ‘repulsed’ in bis
iiijut attack on the Biitish army. 'i’herH would
be as much truth in the represeniaf.o i th it he was
‘ repuls'd’ on ibe B h of J-inua."}’. I hat wa» n
grt :.t day in Atn^rican history ; ! ut Mr; n*ght of
the 2od t»l Dt c* iiilier was a greater night, and we
are sun that there is no reader of the ‘Courier’
who will not be gratified in perusing the (ads on
the suljt ct which we have given to-day.
Lonisi'ille Daily Courier.
c'l y ol a l*«>oi»Ie on tho Wen-
C'ontiiii‘ut.
A discovery which, even in this tjge of almosl
djily revt laiions of nnliquities and wonders of
rtuioie times and people, must strike the world
with wcmder, has just been made by ihe ofllcers
of the sloop-of-wnr Deciitur.
It will be recoriected lhal the Decatur sailed
from Rio in company with ihe Massachusetts
(propi Her)—that they parted company, and tiint
lor some weeks ihe loss of the Decatur was looked
upon as certain. She was afterwards discovered
by her consort, part way through 'ho Straits of
i\lagellan, and was tow(;d into the racitic by ihe
.MassacliUhetis. 'I'he New C)rloaiis Picayune, of
ibe 1st instant, publi.shes a letter received from O.
II. Green, daietl on board the Decatur, “off tho
^trails of Magellan, February 15,” and which
contains some stateov.-nts so startling that we make
the following e.vtracis. Frotn the apparent re*
speciability of the source, we see no reason for
douhiii.g the narraiive, rtmarkable as il is. Tho
writer says :
'J’liere being no appearance of a change of
weaiher, I oblaiiied leave ol absence for a few
days, and accompanied by my classmate and
chum. Dr. B.iinbrnlge, assistant surgeon, was
buidf il on Terra dt 1 Fngo. W iib'great labor and
dilficulty we scrumbb d up the mountain aides,
which line the whole southeast shore of these
Straits, and alter ascending' U .'>00 feet, we came
upon a plain of supassiiig richnes.s and 6eantv,
lertilt: fi Ids — ihe greatest variety of fruit trees m
full bearing, and signs of civilization and retine-
ment incfcling us on every side. We had never
read any account of these people, and thinking
this island was wholly cieserted, e.xcejit by a ft w
miserable cannibals and wild beasts, we hud como
wt ll armed, .intl you can judge of our surprise.
'I'he inhabitants were utterly astonished al our
appearance, hut exhibited no signs of fear, nor
any uiilriendlim ss. Our dress amused them, anti
being the first white men ever seen by them, they
imagined that we had come from their (iod, the
Sun, on some peculiar errand ol good. 'I'iiey are
the noblest race I ever saw, the men all ranging
from C feet to fij, wc^ll proportioned, very athletic,
and strait as an arrow, 'i’he women were among
the most perfect models of beauty over formed,
averaging 5 feel high, very plump, with small
feet and bands, and with a jet black ej’e which
lakes you by storm. We surrendered at discretion,
and we remained two weeks with this strange
people.
'I'he ship is in sight that will carry this to you,
and I now cltisfj^;^^(^njy_saying that the of!i-
will be filled with the most interesting matter, anil
astonish the .American people, 'I'he vesaci proves
to be the clipper ship (Jreeper, from tho Chinchi
Islands, with guano, for your port, and I will
avail myself ol this opportunity to send yoij n
specimen of painting on porcelean, said to be over
3.000 years old ; and an image, made of gold and
iron, taken in one of their wars many years beforo
the Strait? of Magellan existed.
'I’heir teachers of religion .speak tho Latin I.mi-
giinge. and hiive triiditions from .successive [»rici>ti»,
through hulf a hundred centuries.
They lell us that ihi.s island was once attached
to the main land; that abnui 1,900 years ago, by
their records, their country was vi»ited by a vio
lent earthquake, which occasioned the rent ne w
kmwn as the .‘^traits of Magellan ; that on the top
of the mouniain which lifted its head tt> the sun,
whose base re.sti'd where the waters now flow,
stood their great temple, which, according lo their
description, as compared to the one now existing
we saw, must have been 17,200 feet square, and
big!), bui'l t)f the purest pantile marble.
'I'hey nurnl>er about three thousand men, wo
men and children, and I was assured the [lopuln-
tion has not varied two hundred, as they prove l.y
ibeir triulition.s, for immeniorial ages. A» ihe
aged grow frt ble they are left to d:e, and il ihe
children multiply too rapidly they are sacrific'^d
by the priests. 'I’liis order comprises aboul one-
tenib of the po|uilation, nnd what the ancient
Greeks c>!led “ (JymnoithislN.” 'f'hoy are all of
one [lecuiiar race, neither will they admit a .strari.
ger into their order. 'I’hey lire for the most p'iri,
near the beautilul stream called 'I’anucin, whicli
takes its rise in the mountains, passes through tho
magnificent v illey of Leuvu, und empties into the
Atlantic ut the extreme southwestern point of the
island.
I’his residence is cho«en for the sake of their
f requent purifications. 'I’heir diet consists of rn:Ik,
curdled with sour herbs. They eat apples, nee,
and all Iruils nnd vegetables, -steeming it iho
height of impiety lo taste anything lhal has life.
They live in 1 ttle huts or cottages, each ono by
bimsHlf, avoiding company and discourse, em
ploying all this lime in contemplation and fheir
religious duties. 'I’hey t sieem ihis life but a nr*
cessiry dispensation of Nature, which they vol-
unf’rily un 'ergo as a penance, evidently thrirst-
ing alter the flis-inlution of their bodies, and firm
ly believing ihal the sou/, al death, is released
Irom prison, and launches forth into perfect liber
ty and baiipiness. 'I’berefore, they are always
cheerliilly disposed to die ; bewailing those that
are alive, and celebrating the funeralrof tho dead
with j >y(ul solemnities and triumph.
Ilo;;^ S>i'iiiik.
The .Moblesville (Ind.) Patriot giveg nn amusing
account of the deslrucii'iii of fjve hundred dollars
worih of liq iors by the temperance people. Somo
seventy barrels and kegs were consurnmed. I’ho
I) lyton ale would not burn of course, und tho
Patriot says :
‘ 'i’he next morning, droves of hogs licked th'i
foam of beer, dfiink the half frozen spirits, and
soon .Mr. Poiker began to hang his head an 1 lop
his ears, swinging head towards tail and tail to
wards head, ‘•bowing d»R whiles of his eyo**, nn !
opening his mouth i»s if things di^ln’l feel riyht in
nis iijiern.'il arraiig'-rnenlH. Tht^y soon to.>k «
liu'5 lor the river, itut occupyiug all sides of iha
street—in imitation of nia more nf)bl'» boon com
panion. ihe biped. Didn’t catch them at il t!-.e se-
(>;nl time. They were seen for days alter, stan
ding sullenly and sigaciously beside a knee, look
ing ui if the .Maine !ciw was iti ope.Bti'n.*
AW
    

Page Text

This is the computer-generated OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It may be empty, if no text could be automatically recognized. This data is also available in Plain Text and XML formats.

Return to page view