North Carolina Newspapers

    vcsfcrn
omocrat.
CHARLOTTE, IV. C.
Tuesday, July 9, 1S61.
?tate 13onis. The Fayetteville Observer, !
speaking of the action of the State Convention,
s:ijs:
proposition to forbid the payment of interest
,. rue bonds held at the North was, we regret
"v left without final action. If the State 1
Treasurer lias any.. discretion m the matter he
bhc-uld exercise it by refusing to pay interest in
any such case."
The Observer is right, but we regret to learn
that the Treasurer is in favor of paying the inter
est, fearing that the credit of the State would be
scriou-ly injured by a refusal to do so. We have
heard it urged as a reason why the State should
continue to pay the interest on bonds held at the
North, (by a gentleman who said that the matter
was thoroughly investigated) that Northern Banks
were paying dividends to southern stockholders,
and that no northern State or corporation had re
pudiated a southern debt. We don't know how
that is, but we do know that individuals at the
North have refused to pay their debts. A largo
amount of North Carolina bonds are held by Lin
coln' (government in trust for sonic Indian tribes
they t-hould not be paid, for wc have no idea
that Lincoln will use the money, for the benefit of
the Indians. He will use it to carry on the war.
We are opposed to repudiation, but the interest
miht be withheld from northern holders until
the war is ended,
Conttiiul'TIONs. Capt. T. II. Brem requests
us to acknowledge the receipt by him of $50 from
A. I'aviiL-on, $25 from Fullings & Springs, and
."0 through the hands of T. W. Dewey, contribu
ted for the use of his Artillery Company.
Kioht The Secretary of War, Mr Walker,
has addressed a letter through the Richmond
papers, to newspaper correspondents requesting
them to be careful of the intelligence they coin
uiunieute to the public from the different military
camps, lie says the strength or weakness of cer
tain points, or movements of our forces, should not
be made public, as it would afford our enemies
information which they can get in no other way.
The Char. & S. C. Railroad has declared a semi
annual dividend of S2 50 per share.
The Rank of Fa3'ctteville, and the Rank of
Clarendon at Fayetteville, have each declared a
semi-annual dividend of 5 per cent.
The llillsboro Savings Rank has declared a
semiannual dividend of 4 per cent.
The Luthkran Chukcii in North Carolina.
We have received a copy of the Minutes of the
Lutheran Synod of North Carolina convened in
Wilmington on the 2d of May, 1861. From it
we learn that there are thirty-nine Congregations
in the State and 4,083 members.
The annual meeting of the Stockholders of the
North Carolina Rail Road will be held at Salisbury
on Thursday, July 11th. It is understood that
Mr Fisher, the President of the Road, will decline
a re-election, he having enlisted for the war. His
place will be hard to fill.
Ral. and Gaston Railroad. The annual
meeting of the Stockholders of this Road was
he'd in Raleiyh on the 4th inst. All the old offi
cers and Directors were re-elected, except J 1?
Ratchelor was elected Director in place of C L
llinton, declined. A dividend of 3 per cent for
the last six months has been declared.
The annual meeting of the N. C. Life In
surance Company was held in Raleigh on the 1st.
The old officers were re-elected. The Directors
have declared a dividend of twenty per cent, upon
premiums paid during the past year. This
means, we suppose, that 20 per cent will be placed
to the credit of these who are insured in the com
pany. T W Dewey is the agent for the company in
Charlotte. The company pays its losses promptly.
Hon Howoll Cobb is organizing a Regiment in
Georgia, which he will command, to serve during
the war.
The Virginia convention has expelled, as trai
tors, those northwestern members who are aiding
the Washington government.
Aid for tub Soldikks. The ladies of Charlotte have
adopted measures for raising funds to purchase com
forts and necessaries for the soldiers et Yorktown. A
respectable amount was yesterday collected for that
purj ose.
.
Female Schools. It will be seen by advertisement
that exercises in the Charlotte Female Institute will
be resumed on the 12th of September. The Principal,
Rev. R. Burwell. is to veil known in this Slate as one
of the best instructors, that it is unnecessary fur us to
add anything in hi? praise. He has already engaged a
complete corps of assistants.
We also refer to the advertisement of the High Foint
Female School. It is located in one of the healthiest
regions of the State, and Prof. Lander, the Principal.
h;is no superior as an instructor and manager.
We are glad to see that there is a general disposition
on the part of principals to continue their schools, and
hope those who have children to educate will pAtron
ize them.
Deserved Compliment. Wc notice that the Roard of;
Trustees of Madison College, Mississippi, has conferred
the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts upon Maj. James
H. Laue of the 1ft Regiment X. C. Volunteers, now at
Yorktown, and enrolled his name among the honorary
alumni of that institution. We know the Major as a
gentleman every way deserving the high compliment.
" - '
We notice it was conferred, too, before the battle of j
bethel, in which the Major rendered such "valuable and j
gallant service to the cause of the South.
TV , r . j
A terrible fire occurred in Bos- !
Destructive FiRts.
. . a.. rt 1 t . !
ton on the 4th of July, near the wharves, destroying J
warehouses, foundries, machine shops, one hundred
and twelve dwelling houses and five vessels-.
At Albany, r., on tbe eth, a f.re destroyed a whole ' S0Iueti " exhibiting distinct phases; from their previously heard, tnat tbe eeieoratea jacK tiayes,
Square, 50 loaded freight cars, 5 canal boats, and sev- ' increased bri-htnesT as they approach the sun ; with a party of picked men, was on his ay from
Tl Urs- i,fire als(l occ"mI ,at M.ilw"uk5 n and from the known difference in the propctties of California to the Confederate States. Col. Cnt-
ameday. The people in that direction, we expect, . i , 1 n"i. Tlw idea that thev tcnden has resigned his command in New Mexico,
are beginning tJ think that the secessionists are among direct and reflected llh.. 1 he Idea that they uue .native land lie is a
them, but it is likelv these fires jire the work of son are, in reality, 'fiery bodies is unquestionably indmllligMtMaijoTOM "na. ul is a
'f their own starving population , OrrODCOU 4 60,1 f thC Hn- J' J" (-nttCI,dcn'
..... .... . 1 Aniiir i f 1 ft 1 1 11 rrrtriiiiMi
Complaining. Marcus Erwin, Esq., the Sena -
tor from the Buncombe District, publishes a letter
stating that he has resigned his seat in the Senate,
Il tab . nn..:. - A . I. St Till ...
ywluu iu atuw. vjot. x,uis and Adjt.
Genl. Hoke for the manner in which thev have
discharged their duties. The papers, opposed to
the State Administration are giving prominence to
Mr Erwin's epistle for the purpose, we suppose, of
damaging Gov. Ellis and Gen. Hoke in the estima
tion of the people of the State. It is an easy
matter to complain and find fault, but we doubt
t , , , ,
T.C? ,DU?h whether those who
are
inuulginsr
in
this pastime could conduct affairs any better than
! they have been. Mr Erwiri did all he could to
place Gen. Hoke in the position he occupies, but
because he and Gov. Ellis did not act exactly as
he wanted them to do, he attempts to ridicule
them. Gov. Ellis and Gen. Hoke have not. of
course, been- so fortunate as to do everything pre
cisely right and please everybody but we have no
evidence that Mi Erwin and others who are com
plaining could have done better.
Union County. The County. Court of Union
was in session last week. Mr J. E. Irby was
elected Clerk by the Magistrates, in place of Mr
Hough, deceased. '
The people of the county appear to be a good
deal excited in consequence of the killing of Mr
Hough by a pistol shot from the hands of James
Richards, but we have no doubt, after the real cir
cumstances are known, all violent feeling about the
unfortunate occurrence will subside. The state
ment last week," that Richards was arraigned be
fore the intendant, Mr Hayden, just before Hough
was shot, was erroneous, and it docs not appear in
evidence that Richards had any spite against Hough
or Hayden; he never had any difficulty with either
of them and it is believed by those fully acquaint
ed with the evidence, that the shooting of Hough
was purely accidental, although Richards is much
blamed for carelessly hanc'.ling a loaded pistol.
We make this statement as a matter of justice to
all the parties.
Ou Tuesday last an attempt was made to raise a
mob for the purpose of hanging Richards, but it
seems it was by a few persons unacquainted with
the particulars of the occurrence. Sheriff Austin
immediately arrested the ringleaders and prompt
ly suppressed any disturbance of the peace, in
which he was fully sustained by a large number of
citizens present. Squire Covington, Thos. S.
Ashe, Esq., and the Sheriff addressed the people,
opposing mob law and calling upon all good citi
zens to assist in maintaining the laws of the State.
And we are gratified to say that on this occasion
the citizens of Union showed a determination to
sustain the authorities and put down mobs.
Richards was carried before Judge Dick on
Friday last, on a habeas corpus writ, and admitted
to bail in the sum of $1000, which he gave. He
was, however, held in custody on a writ for dama
ges at the suit of Mrs Hough. As soon as he
gives bail in this case we suppose he will be re
leased. A Foreign Patriot. The papers report that
Prince Camille Polignac, a distinguished citizen
and soldier of France, has arrived in Richmond
and offered his services in the cause of the South.
Like Lafayette, he is said to be a man of wealth
and great military experience.
TllK Comet. For some nights past, when clear,
a large comet has been visible. It can be seen
in the north-west just after dark, about 33 degrees
above the horizon. The appearance of this comet,
at this time, was predicted by astronomers last
year, and is said to be the comet of Charles the
Filth; having a tail 130,000,000 miles in length.
No fears need be entertained of a collision with
this fiery visitor, for if it was to start in this direc
tion it would not reach us during the present or
succeeding generations. If it could strike the
Rlack Republican dominions and sweep the Yan
kees from the face of the earth, we should rejoice,
but the probability is very small for such good
results.
Comets were formerly regarded as harbingers
of famine, pestilence, war, and other dire calami
tics. In one or two instances they have excited
serious apprehension that the day of judgment was
at hand ; and that they were the appointed mes
sengers of Divine wrath, hasting apace to burn up
the world. It may be well, therefore, to devote a
paragraph to the question, are comets dangerous
in vtc Solar System? That they are not will be
uvident when we consider, first, that there is
scarcely the remotest probability of a collision be
tween the earth and a comet. It has been deter
mined, upon mathematical principles, and after
the most extended and laborious calculation, that
of 281,000,000 of chances there is only one un
favorable, or that can produce a collision between
the two bodies. The risk therefore, to which the
earth is exposed of being struck by a comet, is
like the chance one would have in a lottery, where
there were 281,000,000 black balls and but one
white one; and where the white ball must be pro
duced at the first drawing to secure a prize.
In the second place, if a comet were to come in
direct collision with the earth, it is not probable
that it would be able even to penetrate our at
mosphere; much less to dash the world in pieces.
Prof. Olmsted remarks that in such an event no:
a particle of the comet would reach the earth
that the portions encountered by her would be
arrested by the atmosphere, and probably inflamed;
and that they would perhaps exhibit on a more
magnificent scale than was ever before observed,
the" phenomena of shooting stars, or meteoric
showers. The idea, therefore, that comets are
dangerous visitants to our pystcm has more sup
port from superstition than from reason or science.
Such is the extreme lightness or tenuity of com
etary bodies, that in all probability the entire mass
of the largest of them, if condensed to a solid
substance, would not amount to more than a few
hundred pounds. Sir Isaac nfewion was oi opinion
that if the tail of the largest comet was compressed
w;,hin tho of a cubic inch, it would not then
wunin tne space oi a cuo
be as dense as atmosph
i as atmospheric air! The comet of
1770 g0t entangled by attraction, among-tho
moons of Juniterl on its way to the sun, and re
mained near them for four months; yet It did not
., , " , . t u:
sensiolv anect J umter or ui3 muuus. tu mia nay
:Ut2 fn smtirtl changed
j That they are in themselves opaque bodies, and
iui. vi yji vuuivto w v - - -j
is evident .from their
WESTJEiiZST DEMOCBAT, CHAELOTTE,
1 Peack Movements. At Dover, Delaware, on
J the 27th of June, a State Convention of the
j friends of peace was held which was immensely
I .. '
attended by the bone and sinew of the State.
Ex-Governor Temple presided, assisted by thirty-
one Vice-Presidents. The first resolution declares
in favor of peace to civil war, and the acknowledg
ment of the independence of the Southern Con
federacy preferable to the attempt to conquer and
hold them as subjugated provinces. Several other
resolutions offered, denouncing Lincoln, and ex
pressing gTateful thanks to Senators Rayard and
Salsbury, were uanimously and enthusiastically
adopted.
On the same day on which the Delaware Con
vention was held, a number of Democratic editors
of the State of New York held a conference in
New York city. Resolutions were passed deplor
ing the condition of the country and declaring
that it was caused by the exercise of unconstitu
tional powers by Lincoln. The third resolution is
as follows : ' . 1
Resolved, That the Republican party has proved that
all the pretensions of devotion to 'freedom, free speech
and free discussion," were simply cloaks to conceal
their real enmity to liberty and the constitutional guar
antees of citizens, and that the attempt to muzzle the
Democratic press by mobs and terrorism, to prevent
citizens from expressing their honest opinions, calls for
and deserves the sternest condemnation of every true
friend of law, order, liberty and the inalienable rights
of man.
Hartford, Conn., July 5. Ex-Gov. Seymour offered
a resolution in the lioufe virtually upholding the
Southern Confederacy, which was supported by eight
teen democrats.
State Troops. Four Regiments of State
troops are now completed, viz : Col. Andersou's,
Col. Mearcs', Col. Tew's and Col.Fisher's.
The 4th Regiment has eleven companies, as
follows : The Iredell Blues, Captain Simonton ;
Rowan Rifie Guard, Captain McNeely; Davie
Sweepstakes, Capt. Kelly; Southern Guard, Capt.
Carter; Saltillo Roys, Capt. Andrews; Scotch Ire
land Grays, Capt. Wood; Iredell Independent
Grays, Captain Osborne; Pamlico Riflemen, Capt.
Marsh; Goldsboro company, Capt Whi taker; Wil
son company, Capt Barnes; Rowan Artillery, Capt
Riley. The field officers of this regiment arc,
Geo. B. Anderson, Colonel; John A Young, Lieut.
Colonel; Bryant Grimes, Major.
6 The Fifth Regiment of N. C. Volunteers
has arrived at Yorktown. . The following are the
field officers and names of companies composing
the Regiment:
ColontI 1Robert M. McKenny.
Lieut. Colonel R. R. Ihrie. . -
Major W. F. Green.
1. Harnett Light Infantry, Capt. Murchison ;
2. Franklin Rifles, capt. Perry;
3. Mountain Boys, capt. Corbett;
4. Ellis Guards, capt. Love;
5. Monroe Light Infantry, cpt. McRae.
6. Northampton Guards, capt. Stanccll;
7. Chatham Rifles, capt. Taylor ;
8. Confederate Guards, capt. Battle;
9. Rocky Mountain L't Inf" try, capt Hammond;
10. Sandy Creek Rough & Rendy's, capt Jackson;
11. Tar River Guards, capt. Perry;
12. Alamance Boys, capt. Stockard.
The regiment numbers 1150 men.
Correspondence of the Democrat.
Yorktown, Vs., July 1st, 1861.
Mr. Editor: Since I last wrote you nothing has tran
spired that would particularly interest your readers.
Lients. CookRoberts, Alexander and Gillespie have re
turned safe and sound to camp, bringing lots of gentle
men who are to serve as soldiers in driving oif from
Virginia's soil the hirelings of the Illinois Ape. What
a pity, that such material must meet in fell encounter,
on equal terms, the ignoble refuse of Northern society!
There is a repert in camp this morning that Col.
Magruder, who has been below for some few days, had
run the Yankees away from Newport News, and broken
up the marauding parties that have, like savages, been
committing crimes shocking to humanity in the eastern
Peninsula
The greater part of our fortifications are completed,
and by consequence we have an easier time of it. Of
course, rest is sweet to the laboring man at any time;
but it is especially so at this particular juncture; for
our good friends at home are constantlj' sending us
boxes of nice things, and we must have time to discuss
their contents. Our excellent Lt. Col., Lee, wittily re
marked the other day that if Lincoln wanted the 1st
N. C. Reg. to disperse, he would have to stop the sup
plies, for if we were to try we could not disperse under
existing circumstances. The contents and arrangement
of many of these boxes bear the unmistakable impress
of the fair hands of our noble-hearted country-women;
and as the boys open their boxes in the middle of their
tents, and with squads of their friends, stretch them
selves around upon the straw, many an otherwise weary
moment passes pleasantly away, as they talk and think
about their sweet-hearts and the loved ones at home.
Noble-fellows! Each man of them deserves well of
those iu whose defense he perils his life!
If w could have had another pop at the Yankees be
fore the meeting of their Congress, it would have gone
far towards bringing the deliberations of that body to
a peateful conclusion ; but there is no telling to what
length of madness unwhipped villainy will go.
We have little now to break the monotony of camp
life. We have been furnished by Mr Crowdcr of Ra
leigh, with many useful tracts, and these are eagerly
read by our men. I trust that when peace again settles
upon our sunny hills and dales, many a sun-burnt
galdicr will have made his peace with God and become
a soldier of the cross.
Col. Hill, in his responsible position, commands the
respect and confidence of all who come in contact with
him. Lt. Colonel Lee and Maj. Lane are excellent offi
oers and very popular with the men sociable and gen
tlemanly in 1 heir intercourse, thy are much beloved.
This is an excellent place to study human nature, and
to observe men as circumstances draw out their real
character.
Inactivity is the bane of the soldier's life. We want
oeace or war. Yours trulr, SOUTHRON.
A correspondent of the State Journal writes from
Yorktown as follows :
General Hill has been appointed to the command at York
town, and 13 pressing his fort irkat ions with untiring industry.
The town has been placed under martial law in consequence
of resident tories and traitors, and a Mr Paine, of the Edge
combe Guards has been appointed Ptovost Marshal.
Two volunteers whose crimes we'e unpardonable, have
been put to death; but their names have been wisely sup
pressed. They did not belong to the first regiment H.V.
volunteers. .... , - , , .
Our "boye" were feasting on the delicacies which had
been abundantly furnished them by the ladies of their respec
tive counties by this amusement, twelve of them made
themselves sick.
We find the following order from Gen Hill published
in some of our exchanges:
Headquarters, Yorktown, Ya., July 1.
Hereafter no citizen or soldier, not on bis way to duty
at this post, will be permitted to land here, without a
pass signed by' the authorities at Richmond.
1 D. FJ. HILL, Com. Post.
RxTCBSiNG. The S O Regiment commanded by Col.
Gregg has been paid off and the members are returning
home from Virginia, the time for which they enlisted
having expired. It is to be regretted that they did not
get a chance at the eneray before returning.
More Help. The New Orleans "Delta" of
Tuesday, states as a fact a report which we had
WAE ITEMS. .
THE FIGHT NEAR MARTINSBURG.
Richmond, July 5. The Winchester correspondent of
the Examiner, under date of July 2. says: Last nisrht
j a large body of the enemy crossed the Potomac, some
aoove and some below Williamsburg, marching six
miles east of Martinsbnrg. Col. J&ekson advanced to
meet them. The vanguard f tb enemy consisted of
a company of 85 men, distributed fifteen in front, thirty
at a distance of 200 yards, forty at a distance of a
quarter of a mile. The first fi ft e'en surrendered with
out a contest; the next thirty fired a few shots and then
surrendered; of the forty remaining four were taken
prisoners, seventeen killed and nineteen wounded. In
the meantime, the main body of the enemy came up.
The battle lasted an hour and a-half, when the enemy
retired. Col. Jackson retired near Slartinsburg. The
Confederates, had eight killed and eleven wounded.
The enemy had seventy killed, ninety wounded, and
fifty taken prisoners."
Passengers from Manassas and the neighborhood of
Winchester report that the Confederates, under John
son, repulsed Patterson and Cadwallader's columns
three times, with considerable slaughter, and drove
them into Martinsburg. Johnson sent word to the au
thorities of Martinsburg to remove the women and child
ren, as he would shell the town. It is belreved that a
sanguinary fight occurred Thursday night and Friday
morning. No statement is given of the killed, wounded
or prisoners on either side. Martinsburg is on the Bal
timore and UI110 liailway.
LATER.
HlCHMOKO. Jblt 6. Pssflfenffeia from Winrhtr tn.riav
deny ihe report brought here yesterday about the battle
with Johnson's and Patterson's forces, near Martinsburg,
on inursaay. senator Mason, who left Johnson's camp
Friday afternoon, at four o'clock, says there has been no
ngnting since Jackson s engagement on Monday or 1 uesday
last.
Passengers who reached here last night, report a ekirmish
near Newport News, on Thursday night. One hundred and
nuy iouiaiamans under i.ieut. Uol. Derusy, were reconnoi
treing and encountered the New York Zouave Rtciment
A biiek tire was kept up for eonie time on both sides. Three
Conkderates were killed, including Derusy, and private
Morgan Kennedy, of New Oileaiw. Tfce number of the
enemy killrd and wounded is yet unknown. Passengers
report heavy firing in the neighborhood of Newport News,
ycsieiuay morning.
. Wamuxoton. July C Patterson's whole force is at Mar
tinsburg- The r'tderal picket fired on each other to-day,
Killing ten. JYicClellaii is reported within two days of Mar
litisburg. Johnston is within three mil s ot Martinsburg,
wun i.uuo iess than me federal lorces. A general federal
movement occurs the coming week.
A dispatch from Louisville, Ky., says that 5,500 men,
from Tennessee, Arkansas and Kentucky, are at Yell
ville, for the purpose of joining a force of 20.000 troops
who intend to narch on the federals. Every able
bodied man in S' utliern Missouri is enrolling himself.
. m
NORTHERN CONGRESS.
Washington, July 5. The Senate was organized.
Etheridge of Tennessee, was elected, clerk. Messrs
Powell and Breckenridge of Kentucky, Polk of Missou
ri, Johnston of Tennessee, and Pearce of Maryland, are
in their seats. The credentials of Messrs. Lane, Pome
roy and Dr. Ewing were presented for the ' long term
from Kansas.
Wilson of Massachusetts, will introduce a bill to
morrow, confirming the acts of the President. Notice
was also given of the introduction of bills to employ
volunteers for enforcing laws; for the increase of the
military establishment; for the better organization of
the military; to promote the efficiency and organization
of the volunteer militia force called the" United States
National Guard.
Dickens (the old Secretary) resigned the Secretary
ship of the Senate. Etheridge was nominated by Mal
lory of Kentucky.
In the House of Representatives, 150 members an
swered. Hickman nominated Blair of Mo., for Speak
er, and some one else nominated Grow of Penn. Ou
the first ballot, there was no choice, and Blair with
drew. On the second ballot, Grow received 08, Blair
11, Crittenden 12.
SUPREME COURT-OPINIONS.
Bv Pearson, C. J. In Jones v. Gcrock. in equity,
from Jones, directing a decree for plaintiff. In Yates
v. Coffield, in equity, from Mrrrtin. decree for defendant.
In McWilliams v. Fanlcon, in equity, from Halifax,
legatee entitled to interest. In Yarborough v. Yar
bocough, in equity, from Franklin, declaring that there
is error in the decretal order. In Brown v. Smith,
from Orange, directing a venire de novo.
By Battle, J. In Moffit v. Burges, from Randolph,
affirming the judgment. In Poole v. N. C. R. R. Co.,
from Wake, affirming the judgment. In Wooten v.
Wood, in equity, from Lenoir. In State v. Pearce, from
Craven, directing a decree for the State. In Ballautyne
v. Turner, in equity, from Wake.
By Manly J. In Jones v. Edwards, from Greene,
affirming the judgment. In Griffin v. Foster, from
Martin, affirming the judgment. In Lloyd v. Slade, in
equity, from Edgecombe. In Adams v. Jones, in equity,
from Wake, directing an account. In Martin v. t ook,
from Wilkes, demurrer sustained, and bill dismissed. ' ,
Fr the Wcttem Democrat.
TRIBUTE OP RESPECT.
MesBOE, N. C., June 25th, 18GJ.
At a large meeting of the citixens of tnion county,
called for the purpose of expressing theirfeelings rela
tive to the sudden and lamentable death, of Joseph F.
Hongh,
Rev. B. G. Jocs was elected chairman, and T. D.
Winchester secretary.
After some appropriate remarks by the Chair ex
planatory of the object of the meeting, the following
gentlemen were appointed a committee to draft resolu
tions appropriate to the occasion, viz: Gen Samuel H
Walkup, CM T .McCauley, F L Wiatt, Dr 11 Chears and
H J Wolfe, who, after a short absence, returned with
the following resolutions, which were unanimously and
feelingly adopted :
Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in the dis
pensation of His Providence to permit the sudden and
unexpected removal of our very highly esteemed friend
and fellow-citizen Joseph F Hough from this life : and
vherea9, no citizen in the county or State was hld in
higher esteem than the deceased, whose kind and
amiable disposition, exemplary christian character and
domestic and public virtue were rarely equalled and
never excelled ; and whereas, the entire public here,
deeply sympathizing with the family and friends of the
deceased, and deeming it their duty to express their
condolence with the bereaved, and their appreciation of
the exalted character and virtues of the deceased by a
publio manifestation for the irreparable loss sustained
by us all. Therefore
Resolved. That in the death of our highly esteemed
and beloved fellow-citizen, Joseph F. Hough, this en
tire community has lost one of its very best and most
worthy citizens, an exceedingly aminblc and much be
loved friend a man of sociable and even temper, of
high and exemplary moral character, a devoted
christian, au honest and noble man a man without an
enemy and without a fault.
Resolved, That this entire community, without a
single exception deeply sympathize with the bereaved
and afflicted family and friends of the deceased, and
with them lament his unnatural and untimely end and
their irreparable loss, and that they emphatically con
cur as to him in tbe sentiment,
"None knew him but to love him,
None named him but to praise."
Resolved, That in his death, which has cast ft feeling
of gloom and sadness npon this entire community each
as it has never before experienced, society has lost one
of its most useful members, and the chnrch one of itf
brightest ornaments.
Resolved, That the loss of thi valuable man to the
county of Union as a clerk of the County Court, in j
which capacity he has served us for several years with (
universal satisfaction, we deeply deplore a.3 public !
calamity, and that the Methodist Episcopal Church, of
which he Was a consistent and worthy member, also has j
c:nise to mourn the loss of a most successful and ehi- '
cient steward. j
Resolved, That we commend tbe bereaved wife and j
children to the care and protection of Him who has
promised to be a father to the fatherless and a husband
to the widow.
Resolved, That the chairman of this meeting be re
requested to present copy of these resolutions to the
family of the deceased, ajtd that the Secretary forward
a copy of the same to the Sooth Carolina Christian
Advocate and tbe Western Democrat for publication.
Upon motion of A. A. Laney, it was
Resolved, That thi meeting hereby express their in
dignation at all the circumstances connected with, and
leading to the death of our departed friend. -
Upon motion of D. A. Covington, it was
Resolved, That we will wear the asual badge of
mourning for thirty days, and that the windows and
door? of the office of the clerk be draped in mourning.
J3. J. JONES, Ch'n,
T. TJ WlNOHrpTEH, Sec'r,
2SJ". C.
LINCOLN'S MESSAGE.
The following ia a synopsis of President Lincoln'!
Message delivered to the Northern Congress oa the 4th
inst. It was telegraphed to the Columbia Carolinian,
from which paper of Sunday we copy it. ' It will be seen
that he is still for war, and that be thinks that the party
which 'bad the power to elect the President ought td
maintain the Union; that is, whip tbe secessionists. In
order to-justify his tyrannical and unconstitutional ac
tion, he falsifies the record and misrepresents public
sentiment at the South.
Washixotox, July 4. The message of Lincoln to the
northern Congress says that at the beginning of the
present Administration, the Government was found to
be suspended in several States, except in regard to its
postal functions. The national property, except Forts
Picke.ns, Taylor, Jefferson and Sumter, had been seized
and put in an offensive position; other forts had been
built, an army organised and being organized with hos
tile intent, and the federal forces iu those Slates be
sieged or menaced. A disproportionate amount ofarnii
and munitions of war had somehow found its way into
the rebellious States; the accumulations of the national
revenues within the rebel borders was seized; the fed
eral navy was scattered, and the federal army andnuvy
officers had resigned in great numbers. Ordinances de
claring their separation from the U. States had been
passed, and these States, under the title of the Confed
erate States were applying to foreign powers for recog
nition and assistance. Tbe incoming Administration
beliered it to be an imperative duty to prevent the
threatened dismemberment of theUuion. In the choice
of means towards this indispensable policy, that method
was chosen which wts indicated in the Inaugural. The
Government had exhausted all peaceful measures be
fore it would resort to coercion. It wasseekingonly to
hold the public places nud property, and to continue
the unrestricted collection of the revenue, relying upon
time, discussion and the ballot box for tbe rest; pro
mising, iu the meantime, the continuance of tbe mails.
Everything was to be forborne compatible with keep
ing the government on foot.
On the 4th of March, a letter was received from Mnj.
Anderson of Fort Sumter, stating that the place could
uot be held. On further consultation, Gen Scott con
sideied that the force at the disposal of the government
was not adequate to the relief of tort Sumter without
immediately victualing it. The. duty of the Adminis
tration was thus reduced to the safe withdrawal of the
garrison. It was believed, however, that the abandon
ment of Sumter would be utterly ruinous; that the ac
tion would be misunderstood, discouraging Ibe friends
of the L ui.on and emboldening its enemies, and encour
aging the recognition of the Confederate States abroad;
that, in fact, it would be national destruction. If this
course was unavoidable previous to Sumter's starvation,
Fort Pickens might be reinforced, thus indicating the
policy of th Administration and preparing the public
unudfor the evacuation of banner as a military neces
sitv. Orders were immediately issued for the reinforce
ment of Pickens, aud us it was impossible to transmit
these orders by land, they were sent by sea. The first
return to this girder was received the week before the
lull of Sumter. The Brooklyn, under Buchanan's quasi
armistice, refused to land troops to reinforce Pickeus
before the crisis should, be relieved at Sumter.
In order to prevent the evacuation of Sumter before
Pickens could be reinforced, the goverumeut planned
an expedition to victual Sumter, to be used or not as
circumstances might require. Contingencies requiring
the consummation of this plan, Gov Pickeus was noti
fied that if the victualing was not resisted no attempt
would he made to throw in men, arms or ammunition
without giving him notice. The fort, however, was
taken without waiting for the victualing expedition;
thus tbe attack on Sumter cannot be said to be in self
defence. The assailants knew that iu no event could
Fort Sumter be mischevious;and they were notified that
feeding hungry men wa3 the only object; that the gov
ernment only wished to maintain nominal possession,
thus preserving the Union from dissolution, trusting to
time and the ballot box for fiual adjustment. The fort
was assailed for one object: to drive out federal a nthor
ity and force immediate dissolution. This the P.xecu
tive understood, and having inaugurated hostilities,
they brought on the conflict by being the aggressors.
President Lincoln took pains to keep this declaration
good in the circumstances surrounding the Sumter
affair. Then theso Confederates began the conflict;
they have forced upon the country the destructive issue
of immediate dissolution, embracing toore than the
fate of the Union, a9 it solves the question whether a
government of the people can maintain tbe integrity
of its territory against domestic foes, and whether a
band of individuals, too few to control the Administra
tion by organized law can break up the Government,
thus ending the fieest Government on earth. It forces
this question, must a government be too strong for the
liberty of a people, or too weak to maintain its own
existence? No choice was left but to call out the war
power of the Government to resist the force employed
for its destruction. The response to the call for troops
surprised the most sanguine expectations, Delaware
alone, however, of all the slave States responding. A
few regiments have been raised in slave States by in
dividual enterprise, and accepted.
The Border States were not uniform in their action.
The course taken by Virginia is the most remarkable
and important. A Convention toconsider this question,
m session when' Fort Sumter fell, with a large Union
majority , went over, and carried the State out of the
Union.- They made extensive military preparations,
seized the Federal property, received Urge bodies of
Confederate troops, entered into a treat with the Con
federate States, sent Representatives to tbe Confederate
Councils, and permitted the insurrectionary Govern
ment to be transferred to the capital of Virginia. The
Government has no choice left in regard to Virginia,
and does so with the less regret from having been called
on to protect loyal citizens there whom it is bound to
sustain.
Other Border States ftvor an armed neutrality; that
is, arming to prevent Union or disunion troops from
occupying their soil. This would be disunion com
plete; figuratively speaking, it would be -building an
impassable wall along the line of separation. This
right, under the guise of neutrality, would tie the
hands of the Unionists and feed the insurrectionist:
taking all the trouble from the secession bands, except
what ari.es from the external blockade. It would give
the malcontents disunion without any struggle of their
own. It recognizes no fidelity to the Constitution, no
obligation to maintain the Union. While many loyal
ists favored it, it is very injurious.
Recurring to the action of tbe Government. It first
called for 75,Qj0 troops, proclaimed a blockade of the
insnrrectionitts, denouueed privateering, and made a
call-for three year's . troops and large additions to tbe
army and navy. These measures were ventured upon
under the popular demand and public necessity, trust
ing to their ratification by Congress. Soon after, it
was considered a duty to authorize the commanding
Generals to suspend ht writ of habtaa corpus where the
public safelv required it. . This was necessary to the
execution of tbe laws. The continuance of the law
made in such extreme tenderness of the liberty of the
citizen, nmcticallr relieved more of tkesruiltv than the
i it ii m hi. a J oiniv luc ijMtriiiirii iniyi. mh w iij . i ii i i
the laws but one to be unexecuted, and the Government
go to pieces lest one be violated ? But it was believed
that ths suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was not
unconstitutional.
The forbearance of the Government had been so ex
traordinary and long continued as to induce foreign
nations to shape their action on the supposition of an
early dissolution. The Administration was concerned
abo:it this, but is now lutppy to state that the sover
eignty of the Union is now everywhere practically re
spected, and a sympathy with the Government mani
fested throughout the world.
The reports of the Secretaries will give detailed
information, and the Executive and departments are
readv to sunhlr nr onoisions necessary to sruide vour
Tt rt.ln . V. . ... a.. ! am m. tVA A 1 J. t 1 v. A . .11
deliberations. I recomriend tbe adoption of measures!
to make tbe contest ebort and decisive, ana tliatyu
place at the Government's disposal at least four hun
dred thousand men and four hundred millions of dol
lar, that number of men being about one-tenth of the
available force in the North, and tbe sum one-twenty-third
of the wealth of the men who seem willing to de
vote their property to that object. The whole six hun
dred millions would involve a less debt per head than
the proportion ii ;be revolutionary war. Sureljr the
motive now is a strong as then, and the result might
be worth to the world ten times the number of men and
the amount of money. Legislative sanction is only ne-
greatest perplexity of tbe Government ia to avoid re
ceiving men faster than it is prepared for them. The
people will then have a government If the Government
does its duty.
While perceptibly there is little difference between
secession and revolution, the movers knew they could
werer raise their treason to reepectability by a name
implving a violation of law ; they could only advance
indirectly in tbe teeth of the noble sentiments of the j
people. i
They commenced with an insidious public sentiment,
and inventtd ingenious sophisms, which, if considered
logically, followed all incidents to the destruction of
the Union. The sophism is legal, peaceful withdrawal,
without tb consent of tbe Union. This angar-coated
rebellion drugged the public mind daring thirty years,
and placed good men ia arms against the Government.
The sophism derives currency from the assumption of
some impotent supremacy pertaining to State, The
States have neither more nor less than reserved power
no one of them being a State of the Union. The
original ones passed into the Union before casting of?
the British colonial dependence, and the new ones cme
in from a condition of dependence. Even if it was
during a temporary independence, it was never designa
ted a State. Tbe words Sovereign State are not in the
Constitution, nor, as it is. believed, in any State Consti
tution. "...
Here follows an elaborate argument against the
right of secession. It is questioned whether the people
of every State except South Carolina, are not in favor
of the Union; the contrary has not been demonstrated,
though our adversaries have adopted it.
Some passages ia the Declaration of Independence,
in which it is said "all men are created equal," are
omitted. Their Constitution, instead of "we the people."
has, '-w e, the depnties of the sovereign and indepen
dent States." Why ignore the rights of men the au
thority of the people? This is essentially tbe people's
contest. I am hsppy to believe the plain common peo
ple appreciate this. It is noteworthy that while in the
nation's trial, officers have resigned, no common sailor
or soldier bas deserted the flag.
It remains to be demonstrated, that those who can
carry an election can also supress a rebellion that
ballots are the right aud peaceful successors.of bullets
and that when ballots have fairly and Constitution
ally decided, there can be be no successful appci.i
back to bullt ts; no appeal except the ballots themselves
at the succeeding election. Such will be the lesson of
peace, teaching men what they cannot take by election
they cannot take by war
Lest there be any uneasiness regarding the coarse of
the Government towards the seceded States, after sup
pressing the rebellion, it is proper to say it will bo
guided by tbe Constitution and laws. The Executive
desires to administer the Government as administered
by the Government makers and as loyal persons every
where have the right to claim. This the North per
ceived. Is there any coercion, subjugation or conquer
ing in these terms? The Constitution guarantees to
each State a representative form of Government. If a
State withdraws, it may change ike form. T prevent
its. going out, is iudespensible to man tain ing the guar
antee. '
With the deepest regret, the Executive employed
the war power for the defence of the Government, but
it was forced upon him. -He conld but perform bis
duty, or surrender the Government. No compromise
in this case could cure, tfot that compromises are not
often proper, but no popular Government can long sur
vive a marked precedent, that those w ho carry au elec
tion can only save the country by giving up the main
point on which the people gave the election. The peo
ple themselves, and not their servants, can reverse the
decision. As a private citizen, the Executive could
not consent that the institutions should perUh, much
less destroy so vaet'and so pat-red a trust as a free peo
ple had confided in htm. He bad no more right to
shrink, nbr count the chances of his own life in what
might follow. In full view of one great responsibility,
he has done what be deemed his doty, as you . know.
According to your own judgment do yours, -fie hopes
your views and actions will po accord with bis as to
assure faithful citizens, disturbed in their rights, of a
speedy restoration of them. Having thus chosen our
course, with a pure motive and purpose, let us renew
onr truM, and go forward without fear aud with manly
hearts.
Cruel. A letter waa received at the Post-office
in Washington recently, addressed as follows :
Fr Hon. Jefferson Pa via, President of the)
Southern Confederacy. Care of Gen. Scott, that
pood old soldier, who is requested to retain it until
Gen. Davis calls for it ia person.
Charlotte JTInrlat, July 8, 1661.
But very little was done in the way of trade the past
week. White Wheat is worth about-90 cents, Red B0
cents. Corn 85 to 8? cents. Flour, $2 50 for extra
and $2 25 for superfine. Uacon 13$ to 14 hog round.
COLUMBIA, Jnly 6. Flour $3 to $3 75 per sack;
Corn 1 20; Bacon 15 to lti hog round. No sales of
cotton, oats or peas.
In Union county, on the 20tb ult, by J. W. Price,
Ur C B. Mclnnis to Miss Martha S., daughter of Joseph
Adams.
In Gaston county, on the 2ith nit. Mr John II. Moore
to Miss F. C. Glenn.
In Salisbury, on the 2d inst, by Rev. J. Rumple, Mi
S. II. Wiley to Miss Miriam, daughter of Wm Murdnt l
On the 26th ult, Henry W. Miller, Jr, of Raleigh,
Miss Lizzie D., daughter of Maj. William F. Collii.? '
Granville county.
Ou the 24th ult,, at the residence of her father on
Clenr Creek, Mecklenburg county. Mis Cynthia K
Pharr, ged24jers, second daughter of Rev. H. N
and A. D. Phorr. Her life, sickness and death evinced
tbe triumph of fahb, patience and christian bope.
In Salisbury, oa the 1st instant, Ms Elizabeth K.
Myers, wife of Mr Ezekiel Myers, aged 35 years.
At Garysburg. on the 28tb nit, Mr David G.Lonp.
a volunteer in the Monroe Light Infantry from Uniou
county, aged 21 years. He was a son of Geo A Long.
In Gaston county, -on the' 26th ult, John Franklin
son of David A. and Lodema Jenkins, acred 13 montl."
In Lancaster District, on tbe 26tb nit, Mrs Rebeccif
K., wife of Capt Jas M Ingraim, aged 30 years.
In YorkviIIeP on tbe 1st inst, Mrs Martha L. White-
sides, wife of J M Whiteside, aged 25 years.
In lork District, on the 20th ult, Mrs C. LoUipa Gar
rison, aged 35 years.
Sc We are authorized to announ'
P. S. WHISXANT as a candidate for tbe office o
perior Court Clerk for Mecklenburg county, at the .
preaching election. July?, 18tfl
H7 The Magistrates of Mecklenburg
County are requested to aieet on Tuesday of CouiHy
Court for the purpose of making an appropriation for
the relief of families of Volunteers in need.
July 9, ISfil 2t
STATE ARMS.
In accordance with au order from Adjutant General,
J. G. Martin, (published in this paper,) all the Arms
belonging to the State, in this county, in possession of
companies or individuals, mnst be delivered to me for
the purpose of having them remodelled.
T. II. BREM,
Jnly 9, 1861 Captain of Artillery.
Charlotte Female Institute,
Charlotte, N. C.
The exercises of this School will be resume! on the
12th of September. A full corps of Intlrartor In all
the branches of a liberal education baa been employed
for the ensuing session.
The Musical Department will be under the direction
of Prof. k. F. Hunt and Miss 11. M. Uammarskold,
graduate of tbe Academy of Music, Stockholm. The
department of Drawing, . Painting nod Modern Lan
guages will be under Prof. Wm. F.Dellaas. -The Prin
cipal considers himself fortunate in baring secured the
services of such able and experienced Teachers in tbe
ornamental branches.
Tiavs :
Hosrd ajid Tuition, including every expense, f 85 00
Tuition for day scholars, $12, (16 nd $18 00
For catalogue, address
REV. B.( BURWELL,
July , 1861 2m Charlotte, N. C.
53? We -are authorized to announce
W. K. REID as a candidate for re-eledloa to the
office of County Court Clerk of Mecklenburg county.
Election on tbe first Thursday ia Augusts
My 7, 1861. te-pd
' 1 i i ' i . i i.i
. S We are requested to announce
J. B. KKRR as a candidate for re-election to tbe office
of Superior Court Clerk of Mecklenburg coaaty.
May 14, 181. -
S3 We are authorized to announce
AVZI FORD for re-election to the office of County
Court Clerk of Gastoa county at the ensuing election.
    

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