A. C. WiLLiAMSOH,(EniTon.
i. j. iiuLiunIi,i",!"
CHARLOTTE, 3XT 0.P FBBntTARY 18, 18S2,
HOLTON k WILLIAMSON,
The North Carolina Wing Be fTirdrl In
mS-iMnr. al TWO DOLI.AKS in advance, or
TWO lK't.I.ANS AN'l) HFIY ( KNISil i av
mm I be delayed Tor lliree nniinh, and HI R sib
DOLLARS at the end of the year.
Advertiirmi ma insr-rted it ( )ne Dollar n r squari
(lb' line, or !, tin uted type) fur the first wir
tinn. and "jaent for erh cmiiniuante. Court id
Vcittiunimla 11 d fclinrifT Salra charged 35 pf
rent hifher ; and a deduction of 3'1 net rent, will
be made from the rrg ular pricra, for iHnnnrr. bt
tfia year. A-dverinu im-rna married m-mtily m
quarterl, 1 pur q lire I. r each itine R.tji-tii.tlt
ly 73 eenta per square for each lime.
IT VI letter relative In lha K litorial I)epri
mint rnual be dirrcird In he fvliinf. And ell l i
ltr nr. nu-ttiaa f(r Job Work, mu.t be d'li c
led to the P ib hdier. All Itinera must be post-paid
crihev "ill not be attended l.
IT Payments ran He made to cither. .
. f'ial.na' ra '! suihaiXid to act ae S(ailB.
.TIi-llonn IiCm INmiic.
nv ii. c ii i r i
Tub heavy Iread of'it hoi! t-chnrd out up
on I he mi , Hi it axli'ary hoi mm rode nlm.g
the Ii nka ul I tin S.ntee river, ami im k tn
iv ir, thei direction of 'h f inn rinu-e nf
Eihu Hiidier. II" was alinif twenty five
year ol ai-, en I ws ttrij in iIib uniform
(if Marion's men. II" rmU a till coil black
gteed, and was comple cly Brmed fur fini
at" nr d friisive i.per tiottt.
Hi. h.nl ev ih'nily brn belated, and was
rm wishing In make up lor lni lime, fur hia
Diihie Bleed was uiged forward m lapid
gallop, and hia eve wanderrd anxtnt sly and
wanlv around him. Suddenly a bright ri d
light bn ke ihrnugh lha fu eil and far down
Ilia atream ho h ihe lurid apaik aarfnd
into lha air, and bflhrld a rril glow painted
upon iha cloud, bv the coi.fl tgrstinn-bcbiw.
Hash V raii.ii g 11 h a at.rrup. he g I rl fr
an tnalant on he teem!, ai J tln n e ic aiin
" Mv fi'id ! it it the h ui of llunir-r !
A ! av !"
(truck hia apura di'P(i into trm au.'e of
hit h ri, who j; n. a ill aniirt aj-d lik
an arrnw fr.'tn pmrerful bu ih!nujh the
tide iif the furea'.
T'. red 1 1 Tie a i f the fiiej can an unearh
ly (lar u ion ihe aurriignd na uljtpla, and
revei'ed mill fivir'ul dialmi lnra th leilure
of a airniig man vli" h'U anierf d frmn the
drpi h of the won'l and ettwid leaning upon ha
r l1 , fi ng at ih gloomy aniara. ILa
tip. qi riri! with amntiiiri, an'l a tffar atari
ad tiivinumari'y to hie y but bruhipjj a
aide Ihla evplfliC" if hie airnkie if vteak
tie. it mee bo ca ld, h alrillKl In arhfrn
Ihe form ( a female lay eireiened a mn ihe
earth, a'id aiipm don h" acriit'rni'l wnh
ore i!ep lung (f'ance, iht pallid Irntmrt
and parir-d lha inn I id hirka frmn hrr p'irv
brow, wl rre lha fatal ininile had frcd ue
rntranc and deprived Inr nf life; and then
railing himc f to tin fu'lrai height, h greap
ad tin r II iti a pinn!ic r'u'Cti, anil
breolherl f.ir:h in firvid luiit a ihe ung'e word
And lumirijr amud, wn abntl' leavmjlha
p 1 1 , aa the aound ul a hurav'a gallop full
upuri hia ear.
P"r Mr D itiald " he muMeriMt ; " he
rcmi'i but mi fi n) hia alTianred bnda'e hnuae
in ruini and her in the haixie uf hia tnnai im
piarab e fne."
Tho ruh nf the a eed ai heard, Ihe un
deranod parted in lera'n, and with bnund a
hireman boiled in from nf the Inirii men.
ainn, and glanced vrilh an unearthly atara
It aa McD.MialrJ ! the ifTunced of Marmn
II iniir !
II i luff brow arat at pallid aa that of the
drad fem! iht lay b n'a h hi hore'a
honf. and hit rho-!, aa pa'" ai Ihe while roa
of Sliarun, while every lunh nf the t nng
mm iraii.bli-d I ke an rn leaf, and hn tu.
t'ni hravrd almit mhiiratmg nti the f in e
of hia emntmn, aa he ahnu'id forth in Ihe
r,( hia hi-arl
" V . Mirmn
irion ! Where arl
"(in ler-k dm fiipmv nf nur Innr!, that tin
win ('ertinn nf Tarletun'a, I'Mrra ie, and ynu
ill find h. r who you eeek," and the hunter
atrndn ti hia a de
" Hirlie, my fi end, huvv long lince thit
deed hppened V
" N it an h ur aince."
" Then, by the a uU of my foref libera,
ah" ahull yet b" m tie !'' and turning hia aieed,
ha da-hed rapidly frnm the epnt, lullo rd by
the burner, after Inking nue liii;r-rii g luuk at
the Irene of ruin Irft behind him.
a a a e
1 he hi' a ma nf the morning aun gilded Ihe
tree inpa and g anceet leilly from hi. I io hill,
a Ce plain Eilerelie and hia part iaau-d from
Ihe blark fureata aad entered upon the nunt
open cnuntrv around it. In Iho centre of ihe
group roils the prieimere end Ihe eve of iha
Oll'iCnr often reeled with gloating admi' alion
upon Ihe fair f-aiuret oC 'he dfenctl-a ta
rimi, aa the ai!ently and with dnwncait eyea
roda along Willi a nurdy Irnnper Upon each
aide, Io prrvenl any audilon ret iIumuii aha
wghl form tneerap. The living on,( night
Iho party hud travelled on wild unwearied
vigilance, and now thai lha terror of Ihe for.
I, known aa lha haunt nf Munon and hia
men. were pna.ed, the t'e plain reaolted lo
haul! In procure anma ri-frrehiiii'ma and from
Ihe ardi'nl glanrea ha hdd an nfien cnal upon
her, M.iriun waa led In bi lieve he nicrii an-d
anna aci of violence lowarda her, and aect'l
ly rcaolved, if any nppnrtuntty presented, lo
The party haulied befote lha gate at
large Tory farm houae, and one of the mon
dninuunled threw it ripen, and the caval
cade entered the rncloaure one after another;
lha apnea nm bing wide enough to admit of
morn than nun going in ai a lime. Their
long ride had ao wearied Ihe mn lhat Ihey
hurried in aa faat aa pneaibte ; and by check
ing the impatience of her liuiae, Murmn re.
mained nuta de until all bul her two guarda
bad paaard in. () .a ol llioao ilien advanced
before her, bidding iha nlher lo remain be
hind her, but at he left her aid-, quick aa
luujght ilia turned the head of krr need, and
pplving her whip lo Ihe flmka nf Ihe apiril
ed animal, he pran! riff in Ihe direction of
Ihe bUrk foreal. A deep curao broke from f
ihe lipa of the remaining guard he wheel
ed hia aieed In follow her, and H drew the)
attention nf ihose inaide, among whom waa
Mount, n en, and follow lie ! a thoiirand dol
lara lu Ihe me who i-rcurea her alive!" l e .limited
in phrenx ed tonea nfmadnetl aa ho haatily mounleij
hi- n it'-ed 'o ruroe.
"(J-nn Mnim !-tn d bhe you fi r a noble girl !
and IM defy tin-vilLnna find ymi again On, nn.
jirll Thee ia hope tiethre, ai.d wnrae than oraih
brhind;" a"d ihe teara of heartfelt j iy p mred over
ihe ch. ak of Hunt' r, aa he gnx-d um ihe ascitmg
Take thai oid gray headrd dog I" the first tree,
and liana- hi.n upi.n the firl h..,b !" wrainfully
. fie4 Kller-lie, a- he ipnrnd h i h.r-e through lha
ta a, aad .nh. d h m lori'd In quirk puruil
Hjire d. t n men rpr n lorwa'd lonv.aud Ihe ,
old man a. reea-d fn.m hi horee but ao i.g had i
l-ii luritw biro cm tnied in ne pneiiiiHi, that he wit
unable la ava il aid In- 41'tu-a. bruiall' aewing him
by rh (r'iy haira of hi- head, drapei-d him forward
to an nek Irar whn h grew in ihe y'd ai d prorur
inr a rnpe, prrparrd IO rarrv into rieeolinn the let
dlahi.ic-l nrdtrel Ha blid llnrr- J l-.iler-h.
In the infaini iie 'lie alaed wlin-u bore 'he limine
Murion, aarpi rap dl onward for the fnnt, and
non dialanrerl all ave the nne onon whirh waa
mnun'rd I ir.lie linn a'f, ai d he a.xin aw that
thr ..d i f i. ii hor.e nii-h H'al .he must inrvi- ;
tnhlv br nv. riaaen ; f I he plird the whip, and they
' flnw' hka ire wind inward the gloomy wood that
loi.iiia'' op befnr- them. It'i' hundred yaid' inti r
vrerd, when, wnh a l ainoniae! Uuh he dashed up
be.ide he', and e. nnif holn ol her bridle rem, by a
powerful eff.it! eh. i kid ihe tii of her horae. and
ty the nine lhi rea. h. d iha edee nf the hlack lor
es , boih rid. r. rame mi halt, a- d 'hr. wing hi left
arm around her, he at'iinl lrd to d'a hrr to him
i The ei.iitmei.i of lie fl f ' h'd hmoghi ihe
warm himl iq her rhek, b..t ih" m-u t he ft fed.
. aenl it ru-hing- hai k. and ri.r a nioiioni ah. bera.oa
a pale eeinirh'e; men ref' V-r.np hr.a -lf, wni one
wild, bra rt rindn g ihrira ihrooBb Mo' an'roun)in(t
. ed, and vi'niy rnd avo'td to hak ft" hia hold
hot ihe r.y i,l di-.palr whuh the-, wi-ni op fro n
the !iHl Or i-j 'ed mi.O -rarp e a" hi aid hv earl ih.lt
thrilte.t with a pnr of nmr'tl ae"nv. aa ii vibraid
up-.n hi aeni, ; ai d tt ai inf hlioa. I' Irom hi eie.
cu'ioai.r. ll.ni.r r-a.y-rl lo monni I lie w.l1 and t! '
In itie rrarua of hia daoghirr. P'J' he t1 rudilv '
huld h.rk hy ihe anna o' iron, i d h i pindinf fell"
aa upon hearta f mirl.lr, oni1 throwing hmiaelf.
bnon Ihe aa'lh, ihe old man grnantd tn angunh,
hrainng rnalrdirlHrn upon lha d alro er of happi
nnid iniiirina- '
1 Itui a unifier b.aidi- her father hetrd that fear'ul
ahriek. a i wvot rr h'.nif il.inir hr 'ore-i ; and oh,
the ihr.ll of h .rror thai t k (o-wo on of In ho
aom io thai la-i rmin of iV-.air ! 'I ha ..am 8-w '
in dri.pa from Ihe b t. nl ft. iill. and a- if cnum mua
of ihe tiiyrnri at th ieran n, he fle rather :han
ran fhrouch 'fre o- d unl.l bn'h he nd h. riiier
arrnird like liiinl- flonf Ihroofh air, raiher II an
ocr-iipaol n' earth. Krool tho t o' ..a aloi Ms
i.nall g t d d-.wn tt.o ro-iii n b.'hn!ri Marmn
iiruprlititf in the arm. of Y In- ie. whn fia dia
nioun'ed. and is n d. av m inr 'o At hrr f.omh.r
irl. lie raoea a oil in hie aiinnp hi broad
tliran t- glitter in iha raya of Ha un and hi
poaerfnl ire r:ng om Ukr a ilion-'ir al in on
toe nn r nrif air, a ha ahouta aiuutl hia we I known
war nv ii mi i ' a b. a-. i
" Vtntk it Ik - Turin .' Mirion, I etmt
The roi.aa..Nie ol l,llei-oe i .1 a he hrarU
the trrriblr --uDd.ai'd ri leaa.nf the form of Marion,
be frenf in li. no -r; Hoi wlien he roar m hta atlr.
rnp hia head waa rl.i lo Ihr ( hin h. a drarrr.d-
ia hio 'rnni M. roiMiit'- iliyoio-r and hr a.nk
lifrie.a tn th-- earth. S.--i . g hu'd nf tf'a rr.na ol
Marion pal'rry, ne luma imu toward, the (arm
hiHiar, and ea i ird haitify on-aard
" U . not (o ih -rr i hundred rid d'aguona are
rt.tmg in .he aid.' 1
' 'I '.air d'iom i aled liattn !" ird a he ermke
t loud vollry ran,! f. r h o;on the bl.at and t' e ihirk
volumea ol in-k rurlrd up abuvl t'ie rtMit of the
hnuae, ai d a food rr.ah of arm reifundd ihrourfi
the yard. Vfc'ion filed an e qiiMtni' glance upon
hrr lovrr, wtm rei. le.l hy m?'v )li.g
l'ia Vl.rionand hia men !'
Ul lha hundred men Hiai wrnt fnrlli with fcl'era.
he n-t una e-cprd ; and imm the terror withwhirh
thttr fate tn.pi-ed iho Tinas the han'e -f 'h t
n.nriin.g wai rail, d by 'heni "MLUo-.ji.u a fill
tvt." ' ;
KOS-rill IN His I It I K ( OI.OKS
r.Tram.r o iTTiti4iv o kuaai nr j
Lair numb a nl the 1 n.il .n ''iioi-a enn
tarn leileralmni Prince Pul INirrhar.y and
Ciiitnl Caaimir Bitihany relative to Ihe
Hung man revnlu' Inn. ami the f ha ader and
r-ooiluri ni' Kmi-nth, ihrrr and tihi"'i;uerrtH ,
Eterh2v wai a pmnuneii! menilier nf the
Hungarian Cihinel, and, like Catnnr Itatthy.
aov, a warm advocate of me popular eaiue,
ajriinat Ih i" d.iniiinii tmi if Aii"lru. Both
bavr an evnle-ii nulii to iiik wnh aillhoi Hr
(in Ihia ul j rl, and Ihr-ir iin.nf nn narchicnl
princ plr, il.nug'i nut C ilculalrd to Commend
Ihem In ihe ailiiiiration nf n puhlirana, futm .
no sulTirii'n! rcam.n fi.r diciritnitig their al
legatmna or ainlrr eainnaiing iheir juifwmi'nl
on Ihe main point al iub. One ihmg, in
deed, give addiiional weight le their letteia, '
and thai I, ihtt ihey d aplay material ditTor
encea in refeirTici' lo cert-tm q ieainn t con
necie.i with paal eveola in Hungary, and thut
furmah an atiticipatnry leluiatton of any al- j
ligation of complicity thai m.iv be made a-!
garnet lllini. I'lie lenera are loo long for.
pub'ic-.liou entire, and we therefore velecl
lhoe pnitiona which relrr directly to Koa
tuth. prein'ving rhel in thua putting nur rea
dera in pneaion of Circunieianrea and npin.
lima which al leatt p a-em hiainricnl ititmeil,
we do not c in m 1 1 nuraelvea favoioblv or un
favorably in reaped io the judgment Ibey '
HvierhaZ refert thua In Koaauih I
" There we' al Ihe head of arveral de
paninrnla, aa I mentioned before, men of
Iruatwoiihy character, who labored under no
iHuaion aa lo Ihe political tendency and Ihe
clandettine plai.a of their collengue, and an.
dcavoied, although unaucceaaful, lo coatiter
"I may diapenae wilh pointing himnuf.
Ilia name ia bul ion much heard in Ivi'aml,'
where Ihe would be f leinla of Hungary have
prepaied for him a fcei'ii .n, ehnwing a
linking conlral to lh evidence of hijh1
Ireaami, and lo the calamine! and mial'oi tui.e j
which, hy aubveruva achemra, be brnughlj
on hia C"Uiilry, well aa l.i Ihe eta e in
I wli'Ch he left II at the ntoiiieni of hia flight. ,
" Ii ia evident that (wo aya wre open In
lha piiriuitnflhi.tr palmitic viewa which he
boaated f. One nl them waa ihe path of le-
galtty, in dev.. ting hia undeniable ahiltly l '
the iak nl rlucmg the menna employed in
tl'oriing Conceaaiuna frnm Ihe crown.
" Bul the arcrel motive which guided him,
hia vanity, and lha pan? lo which he waa
deemed, diova him into Ihe npp u.le path
and following thia direction he brought nn
the ciiaeirnplirp of which hit country hat
been lha iheaire, and waa himaell led lo acta
of Ireaaun, with Iheir juat Conaequencea.
Tint letutt of tit pioccdinf,, of which ha
wet al once the moving power and Ihe mtru
metit, ihe frequent diflerence between his
worila and In- deed-, and hia ri'luclmicn to
act manfully, in caae of nerd, b coinm;pi,ua
ly expim'ng hia life, have fmw, I 'luuk hint
led nut nm. mo the m j irny of the nnn.ui the
iliHii'HtniiH goriH nl hi- ui priipnnm n,fl n-i.ce.
To that the loaf blow w.ia given, when, eee.
iiig the end of hi ephemernl power fat ap
proaching, he rcaiirird io ihe republican
Utopia, inure iuti'inlrd I iippri lieiul, fur ex
piiriHifuri in fn pign nnukrie, than for Ihmhb
Couaiimpl loll in nur on, at. I can linrilly
think In in Capable of inch an cgiegmua nut
tiike at really lu in u'li" in ihe hopr n1 nmk
ing euch a echeme palpnaie to a population
whose geniilt, I r n (I t mno I hia'nry, leelinga
Bud habile, am to emiiienlly rnmiiirchical and
Bitihyariy't letter conlrovcrta a me of Es
lerhezy'e lemniks. ctpeciallv in reference in
Ihe policy -f Ihe liongarinn Cahlnei, in I ?.).
Tin pnilinii it aucceeded by llie fullowitig
emphai.'C cnndenina inn nf the conduct of
Kimxuih in Hungary. It may lie added ih.il
BilihBiiV, the writer, played a priuiiirieiit
part in Ihe revolution, and lung liuied Km
aulh'a exile ir. Kulat a :
" It cannot Im deiuril ili.it there' waa fuc
tinn in the country, and even in the Di"l, that
waa daily lucre. ing in iiuinliera, iid : b 1 1
K'.aauih waa weak i-tmug i to Ciunieiiaiic,
huiij nlj.-ct w lo keep op a petpeiunl Bti
taltnn, n.'t Inr the pur.naea of niHintati ing
the Uwa and liber lie ol Ihe country, but nh
the view of hurrjii.g ihe country i.-mo revo
lulion. Thia facii'ii wa kepi down bv Louts
Brfihvariy to hfiu a he wak able (n fiiHiu
lam hi pnii..n. f, witiioui gelling prei i-e
ly Ihe iippo. liand, thli faritoo fi u'li aim
Ceedi d in epr. adn.g lei r-.r in ihe rai k of all
nlher partie and fmcn g Ihe c n. trv into
eyircme rni'Bure, tl me cly hi-cBU-r it
aa enabled lo (ifiin a fl'in fining lluntigh
ihe policy pur tued by he Austrian l.it'ra.
The urgent neceily nf plncu g li)t iiy in
a atate t f defence aiainl Ihe (iniehinniinti of
Ihe Aua'rin Cabinet, aerved aa a good pre
text I" cloak Ihe iral rieaigns o' the facttnn.
" Cut when the undPthand practices thai
had been enna'ant'y earned nn cnu'd n" Ion-g-r
he concealed when unepee'ed blows
ere deal- lo the dark, iih iIip inteniion of
wearing (Jm garv out, and exh u- n g her
airengih end pa ii-nce in f ui'l' aa I ru'j;le.
then, it waa thai h"-'J'h' lo pi-iil im and
rickleaa irii.per, aid ihe ti herent wehkrteks
of his chaiHCter a- d laxity of pnnciph', pre
doniinaied over bta lietier feelti js. An bi
lion and a hai-kermg alter iin'.irii , end the
vupp'enra Willi winch h'k atwn xirhtnl to
Ihe moat preening and len-l ICU' iilnoa plarprt
him firai tn contradiction witti htuiaelf, and
then involved him and it may be t'lid. a'lto,
lha other monster--).. ao tuConi1eiit m)r
cv, anil fioal'v led linn In ihe aell willed and
aibiilary meauiea which accelerated Ihe
fill of Ihe Bitihvauy m niatrv- I la none
c laarv io cli i te a man with more f i .m'
and foiln, than h- fat hern guilty K1"--auth
ha alreadv ennug't lo nrisiaer tor b-'ture
lie lribuin.1 nf piih ic uptown leaiecling hit
political conduct, which wai uiqu'a wnably
the in ii n cauie of the ruin and dunmall of
I -liciPiil in Ihe knnwledga of ninn and
thing, m the ateHiKnst beaiing, Cool j idg
meni, and cnniniehcriaive m.iiil nf n a'rttes.
ninn, and without ihr firm hand nf a ruler;
Betting nude all aoiind ca'rulauon, whiie l.e
played a gan.e r.f rhanre, and linked the lute
of the Pallor ' ii Ihe cast ol a die eiicoiinier
leg dang, r wi'h hair b'Hi""d tt rrteniy when
diataol, bul ahitnkiiiu Irom t nln'ii iioii
Bated and overbearing in pro-prriiy, anrl
u trr y proa'rate in adveraity wanting III it
tlieigih and mtreperi'iy of rli.rHcin tfiHt
'one coiiitn mil- horn anil i.tedn-iice fiuiii
r.tliert, While he aufr-ied hno-e f In be made
lha lo d of every ininuer he curiie in con
nection with rni-tkiog h a manifold acdm
pliahiticiita and tmiu a' gentui (or an aptitude
lo govern a c titi'rt, in tiinea of irnub e, am!
telling, in Ihe flighla ul fancy, no Imundi to
lha ie. pe of hia ambtlinn Ko.-uih burned
away H e natmn into a chum" nf the ni M
liiipnlutc nieamro, and giasicd tho highest
piwer in the ten in by dubious mi am; Im',
when .rarcely in pnakeaioti of it, full-red it
lo he wrested from his hnr.Jt hv lha inan
whom he had himself most injudiciously
rsncd lo a high Million, and against whom,
tlhoug'i he had teceied repeated w irntns,
aa well aa proofs, of his trenehery and worth,
lean. cm, he never dared openly and boldly to
prnceed bv the man whom he had hoped to
enanaie, while he crouched beneath htm tn
ahjerl fear, but by whom be was fiuully oui
"The generco "n-alhy of th" K'ig'ish
nation cimnnt be quaahed by being told iha'
Austria wat Ihe benefactor of II jngary, while
Ihe Hungarmn D el wai a factious assembly,
and the Htingsnan Minntera a ei of rrhela.
In doing honor lo Knsu'h, the Eugltih peo
pie have shown their awnpaihy fur (hecmse
of an unforiunaie country tlwt ha been he
rested if it chartered right ami liher'ie,
end in fomenting ihi aympaihy, Km-u h h
been nlihed lo psy a iribuie lo Ihe feeling
of legality lha' aninia'ei even the hiinili esi
C'assea in IZo. land, hy lha eschewing in his
tprechet i hn demagogical rmit in which In
hid indu'ged only a wet k before at Maneillea.
The applauae of Ihe K"glnh peop'e wna mil
jiven lo the revolutionary character of ihe
rone, but lo lha able manner in winch he
brought ihe gnevancet of his country before
" Meanwhile, my own oVcided opinion on
ihe aubject i thia lhat Kossuth has tint the
leas' righl lo ael himself up as Ihr vole and
excluaive rr preaenliitive of hia count ry not
Ihe hail in; fit tn remme the liileot Govern
or and he funetwra of dictator, aa he dor in
hia address f:..m Husaa tn Ihe CM Z"ni of 'he
I'niled SlHtea ; snd thai it ia a nwt unwar
raniahle, ai well aa a mnat illogical proceed
ing on hia pari In coniend, aa he due io Ihe
aame document, lhat lb Hungarian nation
could no! legally enter into any enaanrments
or adopt any (neauia 'hat would he 'tirom
pa'tble wnh Ihe act by which he w raieed
lo the dignity nf gnvernor, it heinw obvious,
even if tie had not in-igned .hia dignify, that
when ihe nation waa reconstituted on its fur
mer constitutional baia, in legal representa
tive! in Diet aaaemhled would have the right
to act in whatever way they m ght deem the
moil conducive lo Ihe welfare of ihe country.
I am alio nf opinion that, to far from follow
ing a touiid policy in wishing, aa he does, to
ierm.de! iha lelormed 'constitution of 1849,
and engrsft on it princ iplea of republtcaniim
Bfnl unleavened demi'i racy principles which
aie at v iriHtice wi'li uur national lawa and
ins iiuimns, at well aa with the rummer, cus
toms, ami genitia nf the people he would
h.ive acted mine witrly, awl rendered a more
essential aetvjee ii hia country, if after his
lib' raiinn limn the iheyj'Hmn of detention he
hail pp. 'nod before the world in ihe aitnpie
cIihibc erof ii private iiulividijal.
' The ronspicuoua pari winch he (onlt in
the . (Tors of his country, and his tuh-equeni
inisdo tune, would hyve secured bun gener
al irsperl, while the mod-nv of Ilia demean
or, bv f-flaring fiom he minrla of hit country,
nu ll the .eciil ertton of ihe faults and errors
he committed, and f-rnugh which Hungary
has been brought to hrr present atate of tint
pry and aaivrudcy woud bate given him a
precedence by courtp-y Btiineg his cnttipan
iona in exile, and placd him in a position to
receive thai useful advice and assistance
winch Ihey wnu'd have gliidly offered him,
for Ihe purpose of hereafter repairing, bv 8
course nl' Bound Htid moderate policy, the in
juries inllicled on the lands of their bind.
IJ'ii i siiJ of sciing .n tins manner, he has
eel himself up as tin. -dictator of his cnun' ry
men. I' is, therefore the sncreil duly of
ihoso who, although fir foiti wishing to fel.
ter hit activity, are tint disposed 'o Bdintt his
claims, publicly lo proles' again! his pro
ceedinos, ithnut cleling any longer on
ilie weighty mut.ves for caution which may
be deduced from his past career,! will n.ere
l observe I Im t ha pretensions lo b slill re
garded as govertor is Ihe more barefaced
liorn ihe crcums ances attending his resign
ation. "The rircimntaticPS ere llicse: He was
summoned by Gei.rgey and three members
I the ministry ,o res.g ., H" insian'ly com
plied, ami res.i in d the governorship wi bout
convening tho (,'i uticil of 5 ale ; that he was
hound by law m conilt on every important
occasion. Ho resigned withtut intimating
his intention of doing s.i io the older three
iinnis'era, l,nf wfnrn I wns one,) and who
were, cot. si qupnl'v , quiti1 unaare nf the f.ic'.
He did not resion tna authority into Iho
hands of Ihe mioi-lers al under such Cir
cutiiiianres be was bound to do but into the
hands nf Genrgey. He. even iftves ed (:eor
gey with a powr mid authnrrv wnh which
In' had in-1 beni inve.ed htiii-ell V z : Ihe
ilictatois'-ip llx delegated n power which
hr only lo id linns if i-eraonaMy ', i d, in fact,
provisionally, hy a d-rrct mandate of ihe
D ' I. II" re-igind in ill ' riame of the nun
i-try, which he pad no rtgh' wf.aiever to do.
" A 1 1 h u,h II iiiav be safel affiimed Unit
tie was in a -late nf mo'iil nm) physical co
ercion when he gMve in his les.gnat mn, it
m ii-i he borne in mind ttiat he vn'unlsnlv
cm firmed hit an abac he wus free from all
m-UHio! and could never be pe-auaded lo re
Hsainne hi ahandoned power, neilher at
Logos, in the iti! 'st ul Gen. Hem's army, nor
sir. mienilv in Mehadu, w hen Bern urgent.
K requ.sird htm to dnso, Bid !ry the Insl
chance leal remained of .uccea ; to which
request he again reiurni.) i negative answer
in writing. By thus nrtii g he abandoned
Hungary to hrr fa e, nnd nX)sed a'l those
who had tsken a part in li e war lo the yen
geance of Austria.
"He coi fit med his nvnr. crl infenltcnnrre
tiring into p tvaie life, la crosstnj the frntt
tier and eii'eruig the Ts'kish dominions be
fore he capitulation nf a'o could posst
blv be kn wo to htm, p.l hil there were
slill lu,ties-ea and afinirs in Hungary, by
which the national cai- could have been
iilnined. In hia letter b' re'iisg! to General
Bern, hp, in fan, auggptd the expediency
nl Callioo lnp;her unme eminent men, in or
der I i form a provtsionnl gnveirmenl. On
his arrival at W iddtn, l" aga'o eiliiicly de
clared fin a 'etter since j nh'tshed) hi r-o.
lulion nf relirtnrr into pav-te life B rpsot-j
nun which for a shnrf tttie he ac'ed upon."
CIRCULAR LKT'I tK OF HON. JO
The AVps! is furttishtig qui'e a tirge rrfi
igra mn to Oiegnn, the .lumber last aeaion
being hi thp iiPiubborhiod of ten thousand.
At ih" last at'Conn'a mist of tho emigrants
had at rived lor the yetr,ar: I the families bad
'iifT-red but litilp from tit knesa, tfomjli ma
ny had hist properly fr.m Ind an thelis, and
a few lives had hepri lakitt hy the savages,
Ore gon is des'iiipil lo become an important
Slate in the Cniori, end B e Htle of em:g ral ion
thither will bo annnallj increased Those
who have beer: longest in the Territory wrile
the most tltittrriti" letters if their success,
and all concur in representing it a healthy,
prodtict ve, and growmjr country. For the
information of such as ste looking for a atiH
to Iher Wet, we lav bfne them the recent
circular nf Hon. J ispph.Lane, congi esstonal
delegate from O r gon.'in reference to the
setilempn'. Soil and climate of Oregon Ter
riioiy. The informann, given is just the
thing warned. Si-into (iizette.
W ABIIIM.'tOTI J in. 1, 1 !;)'.'.
The great number ci1 liners I am constant
ly receiving, m .king irqui'tetin reference to
ihe Territory nl Oregon, has induced me to
embody in the lotm of tc.rcnlar such infor
mation aa is iisus'lv desired, that I mav Ihu
he enabled In furnish it more promptly and
more in detail than a due attention lo my
other pnbl c riuttea wouljallow me, were I to
endeavor lo given wriiten answer loe.rh.
I hope this rourao wi'l npl he considered dis
coiirte. ti (n my rorrearmtidenls ; for, in pur
suing tl, I will more efTfrloally and a-itslac
lorilv serve Ihem. which, is my chief desire.
Oregon is a nioutila nous cnuntrv, inter-per-ed
wnh manv extensive, i ich, and beau
nful valleys, watered bv cool, pure slieams,
having their sources among Ha snow clad
ni lint a ins. It is evreeil ugly healthy ; no cnun
Uy is mora to. Thn atmosphere is pure and
Ihe climate delightful, especially during Ihe
su mer. From April lo November there is
bul little rain, but a cool gentle hre.ie b'nws
'Imml perpetually from ike north. The
winter ata rainy, bul mild; for dining this
aeaaon warm south wind constantly prevail.
The country ia well watered, and thn soil
yeiy ferulv, indwell adapted to ihe growth
of all the small grains, grasses, potatoes, and
ether culinary vegetables all yielding most
abundantly, except Indian corn, which is nm
regarddd at a Bticceisful err p. Many of the
hills and mountains are covered with itiPX
hatist ble (uresis nf fine timber, unneraliy fir
and cedar. The 'oresta frequently sktrt the
valleys and streams.
As ia well known, the Columbia it the nn
ly gri-ai rivei on the Pacifir slope, and stretch
ea from Ihe geaconsi to the R..i k mom tains
Frnm its mouth to the Cascades, a distance
of about one hundred and hfly miles, there i
an uninterrupted navigation for vessels of I lie
The Wi liamnie empiies in'o the Colum
bia ahout moeiy miles from in mnuih. Th s
river is also navigable for the largest vessels
Io Poitland fi teen miles from its noulh.atid
many havu ascendud aa high at ,l ,'wai.kie
seven miles further.
At the risk of some little repetition, il may
not be deemed improper or unnecessary lo
give a more detailed and minute description
r f the vallev of this and some of the other
stteams i f Oregon.
W illianielte Valley is bnur.ded by the Coast
mountains on the et, and ihe Cascade
range nn the east. Ti-e 8o. is excellent, and
Is nor surpassed, if equalled, by any portion : seres, arid to a married man thiee hundred
of If i- continent in its adaptation lo the growth j anp twenty one half in his own right, and the
of win al, rye, and ohis Potatoes are pro. other half to his wife in her own right, upon
ducrd in great abundance, and arc i fa Mipe-t condition, lhat Ihey will live upon andculli
riot quality ; hile beat is invariably u cer- i vntr it for four years.
lain crop, subject to none of the disease and The pr.nulaiion is of a substantial charge-
nncerlaiiities peculiar lo it in the Stales J il
maturet slowly, hence the grHtn is always lull
and plump, and he sfraw unusually solid and
elastic, and not subject to fall. In consc
quence of the cool dry summers, and lie en
fre absence of rain during lie harvest eB.
eon, the farmer it inabledto gather to his
gram wiihnul wastp,
This valley is about one hundred end fifiy
miles in lengih, and thirty fue in or. adih,
and is sparsely settled ihronglmut its whole
extent. Many fine loculiunt are yet uunccu-!
pied, w htch nl richly repay the labor nf she
thrifty husbandman. Natural meadows, as
yet uii'oui lieti by the band of cultivation, af
ford abundant and rich pasturage fur immense
hem's of calf e. 1 lie valley is un ally prairie,
skirted by beautiful groves of timber, while succeeded in their latiiiab'e effort. The In
Ihrnugh its centre run-the Vv idiainelte river, atnute at Sa'em, nnrier the pitror.ngo of the
The Unipqua vi Hey ditianl frr m Iho f.leihndi' Episcopal Cimttli, and ihe A'-m!
Wiliametie about twelve miles, and is sepa- 1 emv nl Tinltiiin P ains, vvArt the cml n I ol
ra'ed fiom it by II. e Caiapooe innuiilain. It tin, Pie-bv terian. ate excollei.t and 11 iurih
is about ninety miles in length, and varii-a'mg institution. There eio a'o Iwn femu'e
from five lo thirty five iinleg n width. Il is uisiitu is in O'egon Citv. Portland. Lifay
made up of a lucceision nf hills and dales, e te, and other sma l towns have good sclmn's.
furnishes bul I it i It? limber, yel abounds in a I dcnl, thev ate comuirin in tin1 country
natural luxu'ionl growth nf the richest grass.
North and South Unipqua rivers run thro'
this Valley, and form a junction about forty
milea from the bav nf the eai e name. The
en trance lo this biy is found ! he practice
ble, as many sloops and steamers have cross
ed Ihe bar al its m- uih, finding from three to
three and a half falhi rn nf watpr upon it,
without the aid of pilots, buoys, or hgh' hous
es. A few sltiht accidema, however, have
ocruried fur the want of such improvements,
A port nf et tr has been established here,
and appropriations have been mude for 8 light-
houses ami fog tignale.
Thia bay is destined lo be an important
point to the southern porfion n! Oregon. Here
will be the cutlet of the produce of the L'mp-
qua valley ; and here, consequently, will be
lis commercial city. Many pack trams are
already pmpinved in the transportation o(
good's and pmvi-tons from this pom1 in ihe
gold digjjtngs" on R igue, Chasia. and Scttil
Rogue river alev, which lake its name
'mm Ihe river which pBssng through it, is a-
binjt seventy miles by the main travelled rou'e
from the Unipqua. The valley is watered
by never fa ling stream ; the toil is general-
ly good, and :t is skirted and in'erai-crsed
with jrrovesol fine timber. As it holders tip
on a rich gold region, n must eentuai:y bo-
come densely populated. Asyet, however,
it contains no w hue settlement, butts orcu
pied h the Rogue river Indians, w ho have
rendered il the seat of much trouble and suf-
fering from their depredations.
There is no portion of l!i Territory, and
indeed I may bIiih si add ol the world, bet ei
adapted tu giaztng than this vallsy . In ex-
tent it is (about fifty by thirty imlcs. Sur
rounded bv tiiountiiirs. Ihe eye seldom res's
unon a more beau'il'ul. nici urei-oue. and to-
mantle spot. Il ex ends to wnhin a lew miles
of lha boundary bet we in Oregon nndCulitor-
uio. These valleys nil lie wesi ol the Cas-
cade mnuntatns, and south if Columbia.
There are also imny small valleys, neb
and fertile, in this part of the Territory , af
fording good indiiceineiita lo settlers, and
which no doubt will be speedily occupied a
soon as suitable protection cau be txttnded
over them by the government.
A very interest. ng portion of Oregon lies
north ol" th- Co'umb a, and is being rapidly
settled. The Cowlitz, h c'u in the
Cascade tm.ut. tains, north of the Columbia,
tuns through a large IracI of line, arable
land, entering the Columbia aunie forty or
filly miles hoin its mnuih.
1 A French-eiilemer.t of many years' grow tit
C leiu cs near Ihis river, about thirty miles
; from i's mouth, and now embrace some large
and a uiuie larnis. atnericatis aisonavr,
wi ' hit) the. last six years, settled between H
and ihe Cahalcs, and are doing well. The
country is level ami ferli'e, and beautifully
interspersed wi'li pt&mes B.id in.ihi'fs.
The va'ley of the Cahalet is also Ic-'.ile,
and well adapted to cultivation. Betwten it
and Pugel Sound the cuun ry is level ami
well timbered, wil'i occasional small pniines.
This Sound is one of ihe safe' "i d best har
bors in I ha wnrd. Il iitlorils flue ship nuvi
gs ioii into an important pail nl lha It into
ry. Surrounded by a large ii, strict ot cou i
try, rich in soil, with immense (orestsof the
fiaeat liuiher in Ihe world, and combining
man advanlagea, agncultuial nd commer
cial, il is deslined lo be, at no distant dav
one ol the most important points on ihe t'a- 1
cific coast. A low pass in ihe Cascaite niouu- j
India ' 11"'! a mum for a good road from the
Sound to Fort W allawalla, on tho Columbia.
Such a rt'ftd wculd be purlanl for nnliiaiy i
purooses, and would al-o be a great saving nl
dialanca and Inyo to emigrnuis going io the
Cahalet river, Pngel'a Sound, nr io any other
point of Columbia. At present emigrants
are compelled io lake Ihe road acrost Ihe Cus.
cade mouutaiht, tvutb f Culuab.t, to Oio -
gon city, from whence il is as far, by fl road
nlmost in pi'sab'e, In Puget Sound 8 it would
be from V allawalla bv the road suggested.
There are also easi of the Cascade range,
norlh and aoti'h r,f lha Columbia, now in pos
sesstnn of ihe lodiniw, large distnclt (.( coun
ts finely ad iiited to vmtug, wnii nrcavinnal
gond true s nf farming land, w inch will no
doubt pip . ng b-ecctipted hy the white. I
O pgnti City is situated at the G real Falls j
nf lie W tlliitne'le. S eanibciits run daily,
Imm this p ace In Portland, and ihose of a
mall clafa also run daily up t'ue liver above j
ihe Fdlla. from thirty to fifty im'ea, and in j
somi instances recnllv, as I nm mlotinen,
thru have even gone up one hundred and fifty
miles. A small judicious expenditure wuuld
tender the river constantly navigable fot such
boats that distance.
The population of Oregon, including the
1 immigration of thn last season, is nrobablv
twenty ihnusand. The immigration is rapid-
y increasing, owing not only to ihe naiuial
advantages of the cnuntrv, Lul lo the liberal
prnviior s r.firie for aclual setic is hv a ate
aw of Congress. By lhat la w liberal dona I ions
of land are ma-le tn all w ho will et tie upon
llo in 1 eviotis t-i,l Ii r first day of December,
lcyll; to a sinnle man one hundred and nx'v
ter, much better than is nsual'y found in new 1
countries. The per p'e ate enterprising, in
dusirn'.u, frugal, and orrierly. Many of Ihe
early settlers have large and well-cultivated
firms; indeed agriculture everywhere in the '
'Territory may be said to he in a II lurishmg ,
. mndiijon, rema'kablv so for a new country.'
j California nnd ihe Sandwich Islands ntr.td
uia-kels and cf"d prices for all cur surplus
products, ai.cl will undoubtedly for jcarslo
'come. ' ,
nf the various religious denomina
tion have established churches in tbeTerri-tn-y,
lo some onenf which trie majority nf Ihe
settlers belong. Grrat interest has b'sd been
rnani'ested by ihe people in the establishment
nf L'or.il at hm s anil niini'rnbU have they
wherever Iho population will jos'ify Ihem.
A g-ant ol" land -,is made by llm Ins' ten
greas for the endowment f a tiniverstiv, the '
me nf w liicti I as been fixed by the territorial
ltnila'tire at Mnrvrvillr.
The Iz-dians irnrnedi-iie'v hnrderit.r; on or
near the set lempnts a re perfect v frn-nd'y and '
well disposed. Settlers have nottiin to fear
from them. Those upon Roua river are
triiubleson.e lo itios- pnssn g through their
country, ur.dwiH prnbab'v continue si until
a garrison shall he established lo overaw e and
keep them in subjection. This I nope will
S'1, be done ; for the depredations upon irnv-
eib rg have already caused much trouble and
sufTennjr. They are upn the great trior-
cng i (are from Origin io California ; a folk
of which leads to Foil Hall, being the road
fn q ierniv travelled hy enngrati's from that
point to On g n.
Emigrants have for ti e past yprtr sfi'-red
consnieiBhly from the Snake Indians, who
infested the great n ail westol Fort H ill, and
who are sca'tered over a 'arte extent of ter-
rttorv ihinugh which the road pas-es. The,
istnb'i-hnunt of n garnson in their cnuntrv 1
is essentially necessary to the maintenance eft
peace, and the protection of the liv and j
property ol persorts p.is-ing to r.nrl fri m Ore- ;
A nutiiher of emtgrants have, during!
the past season been rmudrred by Ihe Indians, I
and ma. v of their ani'iials and niter property ;
stolen fiom them. Emigrants should exer j
Cise great care and prudence in pissirgj
thrrngh the distnct ol country, and they
shou d remember that it is essential to their
sa'ety, upon all part of this road, that in no
ca-n should they ufT r themselves lo be la-
k' u by surprise, or liie least ndvaniae had
of them by the Indians; for the leis; care-
lesnes or wntil of" proper prec ititton often
senotislv endrtceers the safely not only ol
their proppr'y, but then lives. j
Those hIio cntiteti plate emigrating to O'-
P?"n shou d Le iraily to leave c-t. j.-sepn, on
the Missouri river, with a proper out til, hv
the li-st day of Mtv ; m teams much to b-
pre ern d. Pro isions for the ti ip, and sufli
ciem blankcls for ihe bedding, w; b such tool,
as n;e necessary to repair a wsgon, should be
ttikcn. Every man should 'ake his gun and
plenty nf ammtitiit ion. The journey is a long
and tedious one, and all who undertake il musi i
expect to endure fatigue, privutions, and hard- j
sl tjis 1 wou d adv ise every person, at least
every company, to procure Palniiir'a Emi-
gram's Guttle. It correctly lay s down the t
lords actoss llie streams, lue camping grounds j
and also the paces whete grass, w nnd, and j
water can be f. uml. No atti lo rot necetss- j
ry for the journey shou d be taken, at there;
is great danger i f uv ei loading and bt caking (
iwii i itiiii-
J)iy good-, gri-ceiies, I'urniuire, and farpi :
ing uii iisils of a i kit ds ate abundant in Ote j
eon, nnd tn one sliuii'd think of Inking such
things with them. It must tint, however, be 1
supposed lhat no menu umenccs ate to be cx j
periei.cid l y m griuits after they strive j
tiiete. These are Rl w ay s met. lent lo the set
tleirent i f new c util' tes, rpecia'!y fur the '
first year, hit thev Bie lewer in Oregon than i
are usual ill the selll t'g of a new terntnrv. j
Ji'i-F.l'll LANE. 1
MISSISSIPPI SENATOR. !
Tl'.e New Oilcans Bulletin say s thai the
St-nate ol ihe State of Mississippi has refused j
to j itn the House ol Represenla'ives in elect
in" a L nieil Sutea Senator. The reason is I
l,nt in ihe II u-e Iheie is an oer w uemnpg ;
nisj inty ol Fnion nu n, ho can control th. I
election, whilst ihe Secessionist have a pre j
pondeiance in the Senate, in eutiscq ittnca ol
a majo1 it v of i s n embers having been elrc
ed in IS t i), upon quesfiona thai had no r f
er'.-iK-f. to t ii grest
issue wi ich was made at
I the election in November last. This docs
net accord very well with their professions nl
; being al H limes ri'dy 10 svibinil lo the ex
' prtttcd will of the t-ecj'e.
From ihe National InleHigrt cer.
COAL FIELDS or NORTH CAROLIN A.
Tne ii any works recernly published on tho
subject of cnal have made the world latiulnr
with its value as a mineral fuel. et unl.l
lately very little was known of the local lies
lu winch it was found, and stiii Ii ss i i t ho
many uses lo which it line' I Lu appl.ed. I ho
vast coal fi-Ida west of Ihe A h gii.ni.s we.(.
little Va'ued twenty five years mice, and 'im
anthraciiet of Penniv Ivaiua ec m , ,r.ii.
S.iicb thai lime, however, ihe ninO'i" Au
reus, tteam, l as needed Us assis ui ce lo k-t-p
i s hundred bauds at work. Io the I i Med
States il is bt coining a vast trade, and the do
tnbtid, especially for lulun.ini us coal, is con
tinually, greater than ihe supply. lis value
to England is well known: ihr quantity an
nually produced from her c. el fittattliim b - a
computed to be wotth fii'y in li on tt 1 t
Ihe ininos, nnd from seventy five tu ot e I .-
dred unllinna at itie places of conmn pt: -n ;
indeed it is to tins mineral that she isch.r By
indebted for supremacy us a cniii en-t il ar i
inamifacturii g nation. 'I he celehrntt d ilng 'I
M lier, perhaiH the ino-t m . rn-m g.-oi. gi-; i
Iviropent the present day, having visit, r! ti.o
disirict in winch Ihe central coal lieol. H
Eng'and lie, is attut k with rs stz", c.'ii.p" -cd
w ith the niinhly n fljenre it h . had i n I l.e
destinies of England. Unsays: "It-area
is only thit ty imli s long and eight l;r ud !
And yet hnw many sK ain rug i ts lias t! set
in motion ? IIow mnry railway irai. s has it
propelled, nnd hnw many miiltut s nf '. r.s ot
iron has it raised to the surface, mi "It-"-d nnd
hammered?'' It is also known that m f-'Jtl
only 305 lont of aii'hraciie were nm ' 0 in
Pennsylvania. In 1517, ipwan-'s if fur
millions of tons w."rc brought to market,
worth twenty millmn dollars, lljting tt.a
dl-cti'sinn of the tar .tf of 110 one of I he Sen
Btors nf Petinsy Ivania slated lhat her coal at
lhat tune pmpinved 1 .000 ships if 1")0 ton
burden each ; Ihu tirn.ht'ig a nur-i ry f r
the training of (i,(H)0 seiimen ; g-.ytng cucul-i.
lion to fifty mifions capital, cmplm men' tn
15 000 miners, and support to a min-r.g ' '
ulafinu nf 70 000 soiOs, who cnit-u i i d ' " "
millions worth of agriculliiia! proriijc's a'-.d
three and a ba'f mi'lion f merrhand -e. .
I'mt, thntigh those (hc s lire known, wi' i1- obi
.f 1 1 lie g lie rally known t hit send I .r u. 1 1 1 . - u
mine pv tensive than that of Cei-tia' 11' gl.-it.il
,'as Hesci ibeti by Miller) exi.-ts in Nnrih C.r
ilina, from which have been already rot-' it -s
line BnihracilP as any in lVnnsy U at. ta . r: 1
better bituminous cnal ih-in was ever I !' "
rxhibocd in the New York rnarkn ; -"i soi'h
is ui questions! b'y ti e case. It i-w p in ot
nur pit sent pui pose In Cong ra 'til- l" l a' a n
on il good fmlune in pnseirg -ucl- s. urres
i f wealth, or ' he Sou'h on havti-g wtiint's
bosom ibis iiiiiispen-alile n quci'e '" micci
in the direct inten ( ur-e with E m pe bv
stPan.ets. lecrnily prt j- cteij, t or to si.i ek !
i'e ines'imih'e alue ni lie ci'a-ti" lint?
of the entire Sotrhero roti' im ni. Il.e t ; . . . . t t
Ihe West Indu Isla'iis, u r il . i:tj..o b' , i e
advantage ll.is Sora ttv u ti-l i inr i if i. e
cral fl-lifs of ihe North duni g li-.i-l t
least of the year in winch ice i r.ir., - - ton
canals 'fading from them in ' i!e wa'er. LI ,'
we do intend to call Ihe public a' en n n :
Ihis district as presenticg -dia 'a.e- in m,
ing atld taking tii market llie fnte-i I., no ti
cus coal at lea- expense and w tt n great. -r it r .
lainty of profit than any other in ihe I loud
As we have remarked that lii'V is I tan
of this formation, vve take ieave to stnte t ut
though ci al wat d-coie red on Deep iivi r iti
Clialham Cuuiitv, No th C .rol tn, nn-.-e ti.r.n
seventy y ea r s since, v et it h as ot.lv Ii tio rtL'
ihe improvement n Ih- navigattiti ol ' t
stream thai it has been traced lor n: n, v un-i s
bu b above and l.rl the point of i s li-c-
eiv. Duni'g the anluo n of 1 ioO a c. ti tn,' y
of Northern gentlemen purchase.! n lam. c
tan it g about ihrce I undn-d t en s to .' r i i
w ith coal. The services of Prole;-; ! a' ' r
R. Johnson, nf ashiiigton, wre f . r f i j i . i
by the cotniuuv in exiinme nnd n n Tt u-- i
the geological and mineral c-iarECt-r t f thn
formation, wnh a view to future npctat m-.s,
should his report j'istifv them. The char if -ter
of this gent'enian was sucli as m e v. c. -ery
assurance of an able and l ii h'u1 ' p ".
He had published an elaborate wink in " A
merican Coals," as a'so on the "Co.. I m o
ol Rrilih America," which had iccived t:
mversal comniendaf inn, aid t t.ntn! it'ed, o
iloiibt noi, to elevate him lo ihe h'gh p.'-t'i in
he occupies in the National I r-st I u'e. I n
inonfbs of November aid December. 1 -Co',
he visi ed the lands of t hts company ; w o h
order to ascertain w bether t he usual rr"''
it y observed in other coal distnc s e.-.i-te l
there, beex ended hiaobservatn ns a ong tn
range of the sandstone f. in ' n tt wi'tt-n
the coal is found, and t! us explnnd tnit.v
miles above and bvlow their posessi.'in, nt.J
made sn elabutate repoil on " l he situ i1 n n
of the miiiiiig distnci ; Ihe gutlogtc i at-i
mineral character ol the for imti ni ; the aq
uation (f the Coal in respect t water lev,-';
the PMititiun of ihe seams and their ini''.ii--lion;
their thickness; ihe character ol -'
coal found at dilicrent poin ; patttcular char
acter of thai found on the lands of tt.e com
pany and its vicieily ; aatl the cost ol mining
and delivering on boatd 'he harg-snn i tra- .
porting to market ; and, fi i;,lly , llie advan.
lagrg of the locality in reapi et In climate,
health, and means of sul si-ieiice fur a mn.ir 4
population." Weare linn par. icu ar in 1 , . -log
the tnpict rmbraced m ihe repoit, th .t u
mav ba at-en how full is the informal 00 a
furnis'.iCs, and to put at rest a I d uu til re
gard to the va'ue i f these coal fie its i t ths
certain y of pn fit lo tuoe who may ct e 'g
in mining t hen'.
A very ft w extracts from th rrpmt ml' c T i
the opinion! entertained hy tnr 1'rr't s-i-r of 1
qnsttty ef lha coal, tne Ihn knrts nl-'.lie er.-na .-r
vo a, at d the cost ot tratiaporl 10 t.ds j'. r.
V t h bituiinnous cai lie s.. . : ' It h.ii-;ot . 1
of M) per enl. rf carbon, and eT.-porj . -. r M ot
s'e.iili lo ona ol coal ; t' u ? s'uiw nf 11 a t n" .1 tr a-
lijptatton to a earn -ea " " it t t ,lvan-
lagn ol a b.-ita and briiiisr.l lu.ntiu-! o .. riiuUniii.'
il a most dea..-at.'r fuii tnr ;.u r it.'t., il. t
nio-ei.ver. an cxr lnt c.u' l.r - 11' ' s' t ' , o-' - '
It lakes tira prun.ptiy, awtlla .itt'.'-i'li'-V, ai:u n "
natr Its inas.fi Iffcouiur ao .n oi grm a j-imd lio:
h w tir. " I ii au.i'util ol m pi. sir i no', aucii s-
lo pr vent r ii-.,' 1 '.- tn tiia avli''8 n' ' 1 r t
inrrr-rre well it. pr, servali.n either ott v ij- -
or on shcre " W rui h r remark that 1 a '
poit ny ti.r three or of iha anove nain-i c- rii'-.ny
lo ihe ottk' e iiva tin pven icr ty "' tree on. .-..i
an v tutiaiiteralile (juanti y nf aa ' p j- a r .; r--. m
vi Itie utmost inipotlam-o in v-.-w yt t.- r.. .
aa'vua wftch have oceurr.d tu to., K. :s,-. s 4
A.r.lMcaB l.-"i. wl'icsi ts a 1.1 , -