, Mr ILm'-t,
(J I 1 !
V V. ,t
; an 1
Ir. S '
t..i r, .t.
' 0 ' -III
s ill v. ,
' '.: . r
. i, 1 La'
i - r
t I '
. ! I-I
,- .11 1.
: S . 1.
: . : 1
tnnlgui.t. I do r.ot think that such U reg.
uhr'v or eucraP.v the case, or that it can
i c aiLi'imal a a propoiiion, cither univer-
yj! or with t ut lew exceptions. But even
a .in..- it ti le so. 'J hen the honorable
Sen tor sny-, we come forward not to in
t i . but to ihtereedc for these political
i. upin.tho ground that they are
j 'i ii . i' from moral guilt ; that they are
;' :e p-.tri t who have been condemned to
; i a in I'l i-oiinioiit originally eondemu
i . ; : 1 1". i i t . 1 1-o of lift; for the ui-thargo o!
i i.i ii .u t .if patriotic duty to their country,
it , (ii ii ! lest motives influencing them in
v t tii y have done, and they are not to be
eaa i ie-red as a fleeted with any speck's ol
i..oi ,i I lame. Will now, sir, he it so, as-
la t.K.t it is to in tact, ana that we be-
.. -' it t .i bo so both. How is this trans
it; a viewed by the Hriti-h Governim nt :
:.. t rniuei.t prosecuted these men as
' :' ?-. tor an sitMi!) t tJ overturn the ex
tin ; o. i i: Hi, l.t ot the C cited Kingdom
! llrltaiu an I Inland. l-"jr this oifc'lice
i y vi, vii.icted ; lor this otlenee they
iv-.-d s: i.t, nee ol' death, and that sen-
'( - .a- a.t i -wards commuted to exputri
ti m ,m- i! t an li"iii:iii s Laud.
N..'. -ir. it t.-iiis to me, in the first place
'.. t t'a Mii.ii-h Go-o -rnnient will simccly
Li:,-, , an. ti.. y have rose eiited these nu n
: j i, .file - of this kind, pronounced by
ii ii- t 1 a criminal offence, and at
i t-.-nvi. ti .a and j.id.iuei.t have not tho t
. r t i p ;! ; 'ii the criminal, but have
...it tii..t seiiteiive of death tor banish
.'. i t ir -in the reaiiii ihey will not cousid-;-ta.-.t
ta. y are 1; -iiiorable and noble men,
i.o i.aie i . i n intiiui eed by hii;h and pa
i .:ie ii . .tives in w hat they ha vc done.
if y l-..k i.j-.n them in a far di:Tcrelit lijjht.
i ; -. i . i.i ti.e iae, Mr. l'le-iiiellt, does it
-t . w that we l.aie ivasoil to fear, it
e -. t tiii- ( xaii I '.-, that we sh.ill have it
.1 - e 1 viitii ,1 iLiiltitutie .f miplea-aiit and
ll t. riert-m
. ii law --
1'r, -i lei
w ita tiie aiiuiiiUi-
m a part of the
i. 1 . .-. u;
ar. in t'
1 iv, . s .f ,
t h.i e .
01 as t-... ia!' ton- !
hai it a great deal '
1 lie .sentiment have ,
itate.l the commit- j
li,o-t meat aeitaUil
. of '
n-'ht ami prudent,
xiiuitv of a certain
iii M .Ai s, aii'i the mo
, an i iiiii.it liees that are
l tr. at eie.Tei of CSelte
a little, hi iug ourselves
ti a.i tiirse iii.iiHMtiatc
.apt) mi-lead the judg
lU.e ahead and inquire
iu may ir.t l e di.ue in a
il la r ia I'e-pe t to us.
i.t. 1 t u- sia-po-e ! r one
1 ti., tet-.r- in the Chris-
a.i.u Li.ilty of high
-ie-t' 1 for lii.'h trea-
p .iilical ott. iic-e, we
at i. a treason like
to t.u,. has iKtenes.
. s in r.:i'aaVl'j. e
! v v
i ' War a-
in.' ai l and
i mil j. Now, sir, su.po-e
:. ia which any of tue-e
:"d had 1 ceil declared t.
war agi-iii-t the LmteU
an ae t adopted in con -
; : t pr. -vei.t cMireiy in
( X i-utl
ii of a law of
it was in no ju -iciai seii-o
a. :.i v ot:,. r t..un an at-.-
t... ! of ru-
aa ;. : t 1 tin : :. n y
I ; ray y us, sir. I c-oti-t.
iu tie view of
lii ii 1- o;. ti.e other si;!e
j ri t 1 a '.a-.-, vviih all
i l...- ii a. . 1 alio Senator
, 1m i ..If of t'l. -e Iii-ii i X
i : i.e.; otjlie u.tra, i it tiie
i , or oi it.. i rn-
i.t. or ...t.,i r i --.i-ii-tive us
... r i ic ...f the vvatt-r, r p-
i... of i..o 1. 1 u hu
. . i -. .1 -vn.patiiy with the
i- I,, re. i. v . sir. to -uch
it..' a 1 i t I - would have
i i. !. it i-
; aiai t- ehnieal oftel.ee e.f
- ol the eoui.try ;
'-on aoiini-t tiie
it a .i'-Ia
.a in n ation ol a
la in whit i. prompt-
i . . . : :
t vt ti. -i't-'
i.i .alt sail
a;s, but .
with re- :
tae b. 1.' i.t of
i.ppre ed. t .
-I. r. r- Irom !!:.' '
it. !y i -i-a;
a.-.d : - ' -
t .nt ol
l' arm-. ,
, t i I'.i r -I
. i.- r-
in i itr- ini ly un-
.:.. v. !. n re-ort-
- o . ! - ' f
r . el v. ho w oulii '
:. -an,'- po iti in
i m.' in
fe a r
a -urai.ee- be
1., .1. ., Mr.
s of this kind
i oi l i .v. rn
, . wll , v, r
iriiali.ei.t. i X-
r t.e ir ii
. a. aa 1 tiiink
: :: :.- , at. 1
that it is our
' a i e w; 1 j A; upon
i to tbi - bnni-hment
.' a - me; atoi i jus and
:!:.!. 1 1 1 oar .-ympa-i
a m ol ai LUuie,
;.t o! a ! .r i'n Slut",
bo I- j
y tlx- -nil? mote
JI that e may
i.e. -t puiiidimi nt,
a- oceans in;- the
i re-a; j to m ji al gai.t
.5 tiee i -r.ou iu wLo
.'ioa, rue now offered.
u i t ' s ..' u I
V ri.nt to oij ' tt.
ii iu-j'.h which the 1
I i. LiE I il '' ' I f'n II f, l.i-.io... .. . . ... ,i .i ,. . .. I
- -lament-may be mo itV.fouo up2i hu iT V" 'f ''
I- '- "P "J oi-cu-., re- own showing they are totally unworthy of ,1",,'',;"". J' vvas bl.i. k.-
" '. 1 Vu - '" have them coui- , con-ideratiou ami regard I am not called ; J L"url oeeupied two days with
- ia the kin i of in Jino t find I unon to nronoaiiee . . nu.t ,.f ., , l'"' -''ise i the jury staved out till a, al
i, -in (Mr. Ca-.; l.a i. . eondutt and character of O Brieo, Mitchell, : trial is to be had ; the costs already a
ti.r imwt ia iLU wi vvUm, wU tit tow b U caiaiuiunu mount Xo $300.
' country. I wish npon this subject to prae-
tiee upon the old deliuition of morality of
.doing to others as I would be douel by, I
want no interference of foreign Status and
UoverumeiitK in our internal affairs any
where, and therefore! am not willing to set
the practical example of such interference
ou our bchali with their internal concerns.
I know, Mr. President, that this resolution
spring's from the highest and best motives.
1 know that my honorable friend, who has
modified it, at lca.-t in my judgment, has no
superior in knowledge of the honorable and
elevated sentiments which belong to the hu
man heart. But it was well remarked, as
I think, by Sallu.-t, or some of those old
llonian writers, that Caesar onee said in the
Roman Senate that there was never any
course of measures which had brought ruin
upon a couutry which at their first outset
did not spring trom some good motive, aud
in the initiative were intended to accomplish
some good end. Seeing, then, Mr. Presi
dent, as I think I do, that the ttep which it
is asked of us to take may lead to the un
pleasant and disagreeable consequence to
which I have alluded, I eanuot, for myself,
vote for this resolution.
I beg to say, before going further, that in
the illustration I have selected for the pur-
pose of conveying to the Senate the notion
which I have of the evils to which we may
be subjected, I do not mean at all to inti
mate that those gentlemen to whom this re
solution refers are to be, in any single in
stance, confounded with the Christiana riot
ers that I have mentioned. Par otherwise ;
I intended no such thing. It was an un
pleasant comparison; but I selected it as an
illustration of the principle upon which we
may hereafter be assailed through a pro
ceeding instituted by ourselves.
The honorable Senator from New York,
in the remarks he has submitted to the Sen
ate this morning, after assuring us that
there was no danger that Great Britain
would take any offence at this proceeding,
hieaiue exceedingly bold, and holds in very
slight regard and estimation any offence or
i!i-l.1.;i.iirn nt )m l'.iu.T Wi ll
Mr. President, 1 am not a very valiant mv.i,
ami 1 conless mvselt to have a large share
jf that extreme reluctance a:
s well to cutting
, the throats of other people as to bavin.' mv
i rut. U .l..i-iii,...t..il l.v tt,. wonl
fear" nd I -,- one .t.-n further In
my r- presetitative character, 1 have a great
teal ol tear ot lnvolvin,' tins country in eol-!i-ioiss
with the great Powers of the .artli.
Who should not fear it? Is not war a
dreadful evil ! Is not war w ith the naval
and commercial Puwer upon earth, if in the
latter re-pee t our own e untry should not
1 c exce pted, a fearful evil ? Who docs not
fear such evils T I fear them fir my coun
try ; I fear them for those who mL-ht be
i called upon on such ail oeca-ion to wage the
battles of the country. It ii very easy for
I us particularly tho-e of us who are past
1 that ago when we should be liable to be
eaded into the service of the country '. the,
Til'tisffliti.ni nr finv nt th.-w.. u nr in ul.ti-h
We mi 1 t l.l invnKi.il to f i k li 'lalv al.nnt
i I - -
, tr i. , i i ,.i . . i ,1 ,1
UH4 IIVUHUS, Ullll t.Jiiu -, Ull'l Ul.iHII. : , til" 1
If we know the confii, t is to be waw-.l bv ! ""m'' t,,p dedtlet.ous mad.-, m i I: a -others,
and not I v ours. Ivo. we can he ver'v I dic.nal IH.mt ol V-W, are in the leg!.-. -I
I rave with a very small ruiuuut "f per-oual ;
1 Jiut. sir, I should fear Fnch a result far
mure upon another crouud. I should fear
, that my eoui.try would brinsf upon itself the
iii-jilcasure of other Mates, by goincr out of
us way 10 00 wnat, as a nation, u lias no ,
. ' ,
rijLt to do. I slioulJ tear puttinir ourselves
In the wr-:i', in the out-et, by such a pro-
. . e
cecdin. If we inu-t have a conflict with
1 i rent Britain, or any other nation, let us be
. right in the commencement and in the pro
seiuti in of the whole conflict. And rely
upmi it, sir, when such a conflict comes if
it inu-t, which Hod fort.id those who have
some little salutary tear before hand ol the
cuminj cnif T.-eiicy will not be fgund the
least re-olute t) do what that emergency
liat, Mr. President, I have an objection
to this resolution of another and different
kind from that suge-ted by the honorable
S -nator trom New York. It has 1 een said
1 v tho Sciiat or from Michigan (Mr. Cas)
that lireat IJfit'iin will not .card this iu
tin., light of an official iiifrpo-itioe. with her
, , ..rieerns. We hear from various quarters
taut tiie probability is that the Jinti-h dot-
t tmin nt, aetin.' upon this intimation of the
wi-hes of the American people, may gladly
interpose and discharge these gentlemen
Irom their hard captiv ity. For one, I should
be a little s- rry that that iov rmueiit
should, at our inti rpoition ami as a favor
to u, ii.t rpo-o ami si t these; gentli-men at
liberty. And why? IJi-cau-e -ir.it is very
olavioiis that it places ih under an obliga
tion to the Priti-h liovermm nt. It only en-tlt.-s
them to iiit -rferc by way of interced
ing in behiilf of our p. a-.ple, if any of tliem
-b'.iild be convinced of offences similar to
tint whicli I have referred not only to in
terfere by way of ititi-reedin-r. but to come
vv Ith a elaiit, upon Us that she shall be heard.
1. fir one, am not willing tint this country
-hall lay it-elf under any eu'h obligation
by tie- clemency, courtoy, and kindness of
the British (hii- n.
I do not join in the denunciation which
' tia L moia!.!.. Senator from New Vork has
tin- moriiini' poun d forth upon the conduct
and charae o-r of the British ioverimient, or
tin- (oiidui.t and character of the British
church. But, while I .do not choose to en
P r into such tirade' of condemnation upon
any foreign nation or e-tabli-hmcnt, I iiy-i-i
iIi' !i -h say thi-, that f wi-h to be iiidi bt
c i to tie iii for no -ui-li i.evors as will .ititle
them to interfere in our domestic concerns
in tin; tir-t place without any riht ol
complaint upon our part, and in the next
place ith the ri,'bt of complaint upon theirs,
Jo not treat their inti rpo-ition as fa
voi-ihly as they have treated our-. But,
Mi. I'r'i-ident, if I did pronounce the de
niii.clu'ioii which the honorable Senator has
this morning pronounced upon the Kngli.-ti
iiovcriiine nt and j.eople, I would not make
the di-e laiiitcr which he has made. He
-peaks of In land and the Iri-h as b( in-i
victim-, of the most detestable, barbarous,
and unprincipled oppression and persecut oii
I do not mean to quote- his words, hut
that i the substance of what he has said-
and at the same la; savs he has no nredin-
dices agai.vt the oppressor. I do not un-
der-.tand how a man can extend his nympa-
thy equally to the oj pressor and the op-
nre-.seu. eo jallv it the wron-doer anil the
wronged. If the lint of what he sabl is
correct, it appears to me that be cannot
con-wteutlv do other ue than not merel
to denounce that ijovernment, hut to have, i
if that is the nrorior word, rirriiiilieea niri.f
. r. ------ 1 1 j
laiti-h Ucvrrniuent. or in relnt'mn n h. ;
condition of exiles from their country. It
is sufficient for mo here whatever opinion
as an individual I way eutcrttuu upou this
gubject to soy that, as a Senator of tho
Cuiteu Mates, i cannot consum, iur n.y
part, to support
measure which, whether
it gives offence or U wet by approbation
and accordance upou Uio part ol tue.iMiu n
Government, seems to me to be followed iu
cither case, aud in the latter principally
aud chiefly, with consequences which wo
may sec occasion to regret.
'i'here is one sentiment which was express
ed by the honorable Senator from Michigan
(Mr. Cass) which commands my mo t cor
dial assent. I was struck with it. I felt its
force and propriety, and its applicabiiity to
the question now under con-ineration, and
some kindred subject, which, tliojgli not
now before the Senate, lie upou your table.
It is in these words :
" It is best to let a little common sense
into our diplomatic questions."
I know no case which, according to my
judgment, more requires that we should let
that wholesome, souud propo-ition have due
weight and influence upou us to exercise
little common sense in the regulation of
I our concerns. Let us not be carried away
captive with emotions which are generous
! and noble in themselves, but which do not
furnish a proper guidance for reprcscnta
tive conduct. A nun in the private trans
actions of life maallow a protuse generosi
ty to prevent him from relusing any of the
applications for helji, aud thus cxhau.-t his
purse and beggar hiflt-elf for tifo. Wlieu it
is done, however severely we disapprove,
we are obliged to have a sympathy tor him
w ho, under such impulses, has sacrificed his
own and himself. But those who represent
a nation are bound, iu my judgment, to
have all their sympathies and feelings un
.1 .i. ... .. "i 1. ... . .1
, - , i .( i i-
dilate tin ii'selves hv their undiT-tntidiiio;
let common souse weigh in all their delilier-
tions. They would not be like the geii.-r-
ous man who squanders his own; lor it tiny
yield themselves up to these uiuuoleil im
pulses, they squander what is not their own
the wealth, the power, and the resources
of the State, of wliicl) they are onlv the re-
present at ivos. They eacriiice not themselves
,IU' tl"'lr country. I
! With the kiude-t fvclings and the highest
respect for wy honorable frienels who take
l.. ... ... I ..: ..
i"-eresi in me parage 01 iuis rcsonn'.oii, ,
1 inu-t -ay that tor these reasous 1 cannot
give it my vote in any form.
c J J l
THE A1U KE.NDKI.KD VISHII.E.
The Paris coin sMmdeni of the W'asli-
uigloti uepuidie siys :
l ill.. I-i -f citrii.ir ,f tin- A ,n fl.irne- . , 1" '
j .. . lit :
i iences, a very remarkable paper was ;-
It w.i? presented bv a We ll known '.
engineer, M. Autlraud, w ho has made
nia ii v liulilie- ex lie ri men t son coin ores seel
!iir:is :i slliisf :1 Mti till" r: 1 1 1 vv;i V s I .ia.
V(1 ., r,.sUll ,,. .,ll,.ts'f this ,, ,.
.. ..... . 1 .
. l.T. It w l.Tit.tiil 1- iisf.,iii. ir
; 1 . . :. . ' . 1 .
f . 1.1 I II
i isjiiiuiv ui u.e .iiiimuii-s u; ine ini.--
lit V of the Molecule.-- ot the
degree curious. .M. .inlrau I piovi.
tliat, by a very simple cotitriv.inee, tin
air is rendered v.-ilde. IJv takitig a
l card i.-olo)Til black, and pii-u ihl'
a w in a one rieeei:e, mis inn -re; siingi.a I
-. i i" ii . i
is esiauii.-iieei. ii vi- iikik inroiljll in;
i i , e i
hole on a tine ilav, or at a stioim laiiiii,
, , , '
liaeill'' it uniuilil l.los, lit' se il lliw.l.-
tudeol l.iile tratisjiarent globes moving
Ill the iiiulst id coulL.-eil In buiosiIn.
The se little globe.-, some of whit II are
more tnirisjiarf nt .lam others, are limit -i
iihs of air. Sine ol' tin m an- sin
loutnled with : ind ot h.ilu. The-e
l.iiti r, avs M. inilram!. are 1 In
iiie-nts ol oxvejen, w lnl-l "'I'l'-rs are e h -incuts
of azote. -'Alter eoiititiiaitiL' the
observation ir Kie time, we -li .ll st e
jKunts (It laeh theiiisehi -. and elis. jioi ,,r
in tailing ; these, f.iv M. Andr.iuil, are
slones ot carbon.
The pin nollieiiri iil'vi-iori, it ises.-eti-
tial to iein. ilk, ji;si as Wilh.n llie f e il-
sell"; ihe nioleeuhsol'air nretho-i-w hii h
float in the li.iuid, which oee uj.a s ,!
. i . . i
interior nan oi ton organ, .ve t oriuig
to the Uilthor of tills aer, the- di.-eoverv
is mil trileri't irnr rru-ri le os o nln ik.m.,.
i ra .i t. .
nor i. i ill nav ti- inn in il lo in in nta nt '
pin jm.-es in ineijeiae. Ho says : " The
piiy.-ieian will ori' day make u-e of the
icrose ojie as an isnixirtaiit mean-, of rii
agonis. ertigo, triildiiiess, wliit haie
llie ItirertiniiiTS of iioilexv, will be , -iii-rioiineed
hvthepVrtiiilialioii in the mole
cules under the net ion ol' a magnetic
current, circulaiiaqoti a vertical L'l'mnd
soi ni tunes in Hi'' s'TisC, and so;a -times
in another ; and vv hen tins mnv i -mi
Hi ol L'vr.ilion i)i(oii;( s n. ore preeii:
late, llie patient ex pern nccs I he singula r
s( ii-.atioii ot (until. g, as il were, liH.ti a
wheel ol' iron. J cannot resist ri-mark-aiL'
lhal, in mot eases of opihalial-i, a
piouipl cure iiiiglil I).' ell a ti d hv si i ii
rihL' Ha- eve eoinpletelv ag nn-l cunt a I
vviili tiie extern. d air; liir ii.tlaiiuii..iloii
(which is only at oxvdatioii) is kepi up
hv tin- tisi abuiidanl ahsoi pijoii ol inoii -euli
as of air, which is f-tb'-cted by the
s..e.s of the pr'iuella ; this abs-orjil ion
ociiig prevented, Sue inalael V
in in. ii. i y tiitis, ica.se. ,
i.t I T ti I
I in s i J ii-r eo,t ,,, ,,,-ie- o i ,i .Us o. . I .., 1
I ifill.iuiiiiatioii, t;,r llie air isi.ti e,,e,,t i
owliih the a f Jet ted part must be d,-
priced. " j
Till-; SOVKKKKJNS OF ECI.'OI'K. '
Lighteeii of the f,rly-six sovereigns
ol'lhe (.'ontinent of Kurojw: have no eh-;
-eciidanls who can succeed theni. K-1
i , ..ni tit i t i i
ieven will lie succeeded hv their brolh-1
, rs: tw.sthe K,.,gof nnn.rk and i
the Duke of Miideua bv their uncles, i
and mn l he Eire tor of 1 less ,v his'
e-ousin. Four the jmjK' of Hume, (lie '
Uukes ot Jirunswitk ami Arih.dt Ib rn- 1
burg, and the Landgrave ol II a-s -Hom-burg
have no de.Si emlalil s or e ollad r,,!
stifs wh are
them. Twenty 1 i
heirs presuiiiplive. j
ALL A ISO IT A CALF.
A trial about the right ol property in
a calf, lately tisik place at fciiriingtori, j
l,,W!i. The. .liHi, li- lr,e i il. ........
I ...... 'I't... ir i . i .i . .
. i-.1 i. . i ., . ,
oi mi- i-aii sj inn : me w n.ies-es oi ne
DiKh't and could not iiL'iee. and a new
'Yf.v.ifv f.'ftlnv filllilfY
WEI-NESDAY. lVl.maiy 25,17-52.
Lr Wll.l.M v I II MI sON. in ..ii r a-
-r"i in It ifiiiriMf,-. nii. u'iz-l in ohtiiin advurlnw
ttmO -mil HiiliM-rigji ioha. anil in crHnl ffcf ipis.
TJ E w. t'Att if. Km , ! our (tnt in rhiin.iH.
pi.at, hio horui'ii to filiiniu mlVD.'liM-iiipiiti sti.U irn.
.jiir Mi- gernii iini,
TTV n I'A I M t'il i our millior.ji.d ngml lo re
five ilvprli'iM.-nlii unit mili-rriiio. p nl hip i-ffieri
i II. .i-l oil m York anil l'hilidi.ihn
w iLLiAm A. Gi'iAliAM,
In looking forward to the meeting of the
I 1 onvi iitnm 111 -iuil, w inch is to nonniiaU1
! w la- ''am
liilnte fur (!ovi rnor, it is but too
! palpal ly percept ible that there are breakers
ahead, which threaten to oppose: the sue-
cessful nio.ress o! the W bij partv in N.uth
Carolina. It i
lealed that iiuestionso! State
pu'.iey will ini.-e and be ili ciissed in the
Convention n hieh
will array (lie eastern nor-
' ... . .
...,..t 1. VV ...... m iV
tioii of the State ajainst tho Western. We
"Vg'"- -'- - nTnt uncoutrolla-
ill . '...i..
me iiceessny ior eiiscu-sing mcse qne-tions
of .... reform at this time. That thedis-
... . , , . ,
pIHlol ill flii.iii limv ..'it., v he nri-tmilii'n mi
til other questions of far more importance
questions which affect not only the perma
nent interests of the Whig party of the Slate,
l..,e r .i... i';
shall be definitively
s-ttled. This bint has reference to the iin-
portai.ee ot harmony in the lag parly at
this time in order to -i cure f"r it, a maj..r-
ity in the next Legislature. For it will tie
remembered that the next Legislature -'will
be called upmi to fleet a Senator for six
year to rnii trie t the State for members
ol t'oie. re- and ai o to lay nil the Senato
rial Pl-trlit- am! nppoition the u.enibers of
the I !.i. is... of ('11111.1011 Iur the next twenty
years.' 'there que lions mut be nettled
now. ('lu- tiniis of State reform ntay be
settled hi rea.ter, except that of Tree Suf-i
(Ta,.e wh;t l) j, ,i0W pi UlyHl,, , t.f,m, tl(! pt.0.
pie, and to b.
ilispo-e d of by the next Ing.
Ami s tins l- question winch
no pr.n tii ai t It. ct perecptihle,
no matt.-r how it is decided we think that
;, i i i ... i . .,, i , , ,,i ,. if , .
po by default, rather than that tho-e qm s-
timis w hie h we consider to be of paramount
importance .-bouid be jeoparded by it. Let 1
the irl. iid- of an .,,.- tn, t, d convention r.- I
. , , i i I
men... r tni o.ev , an o..,ai tne co- j
operation oi t'ie We f-rn d. mo- rats, certain j
and iiievi'ibla itet.-at will iitt nil the efforts
l Hia iiti.ii'4 iiieeiioiis ;
the en-uiii.' cam,!iigii ; j
inle t that the I.a. lern j
ol the Whi .- paity
lor it is alo .e v mam:
W hi. will not to lor
We hope that a spirit of harmony, cmiciiia-
tiou aii'l i nil. promise may prevail in the
(.ounril, o( tlt. t.uUveiilion, and thatth.se
' epiestioiis may nil be se ttled amicably and
! to the satisfaction of all Concerned.
In connexion with this subject we arc sor-
ry to say tnai me vv nigs oi .'lechieiiourg I
have taken i.o -ti ps to be represented in the
LW.ei.lion ; nor to express their wi.-hcs in I
,1 tt-i r f i I i -
regard to who shall be the candidate of the
party for ioo rnor. W e w e, from the pa-
1 in the various part, of the
Stat. , that there will he presented to the j
conveiition for its cu-i Irratiou, many !is-
tiit.iii-hcd names. ','e .-hall here take the i
ibility without h iving con-ulted Lou i
wheth, r he was willing to make the i
ii'-cc - -arv -;n ri ' I ct
tiou, .r vi ith any out
ty of (hi- step to a'
a, to the proprie- j
i i c
I to the lot (he name
a e I I .j of tlii i tow II.
We have the jdea.-urcto acknowledge the
rcct ipl of 'the North Carolina t'niversity
Magazine, a clever monthly periodic?.!, ed-
. , . ... lf ... ,. ...., t if
lee-o 1 1 y ? , i". iiai its, i. Mr. uui t-ni, , 11
"". ' ' rmT " e a,m ,v" !
'It- ! I f L 1 1 1 t I I
"niith, students of the University. U is
printed and published at the office of the
" Weekly I'o-t, ' lialeigh, .N. (,'., at g.'.OOper
annum, it hnls lair to he " creditable to i
,iic p'j versify, and acceptable abroad." I
vy, y j, ('.)V
, , ,r, , " , , , ...
Al.-o riie Lancaster Ledger, " devoted to
llU rary- """ Th aprieultural, general
a'"- mtclligence. ruhlisheil al Lan-
caster C. IL, S. upon the usual UrinH,by
It. S. liailcy Kditor and proprietor. Good
luck atrfhd hi-cflorts.
La tly we ha.e rect ived the I'cbrurary
liiin.bcr of the " Herald of the 1'nion." A
iiiaiiiinoiith monthly new -papt r, published in
New Vork by C. Eiiwards Lester, Kditor and
proprietor, at two dollars per annum. An
able advocate of-the Union, tho Compro-
mi-e, and General Cass election to the J'rea.
ST ATI-'. DF.PAIiT.MF.NT,
1 here has been Mich all exlraorelina
ry increase of the i n resjHintlenee of
ihis Jt iar1iiient, ami ihe tellers ri'fcnl
ly have HiureI in r.ipielly, that the
v-fHi-rable Seere lary Hill, wi(h all his
uaUiUig uniuiilry aad attruiiun, Jlidg
! some delay in answering them wnavoid-
'able. He requests us to suite, bowev-
!er, for the inlurmntion of hi9 numerous
. correspondents, ihut he is diligently en-
gtiged in attending to their favors, und
will dispatch the busineia of eneh, in
lie olli. er can ho more faithful and inde-
' . . . , i iff.i..rv imd
fat.guble in his labors. Regular.) n ( 1
rM'i jM tually ns the earth turns UHin its
axis, trom sunrise till 9 o clock ut nigiit,
is lie found at his post, actively and tin-
cieiitly discharging the arduous duties
ft las otlicc. but h another example 01
tidelity and assiduity, we think, will be
hard to find in the public service any
HON. JOHN D. TOOMKU.
The Raleigh Star has nominated fur
(lovtTiKir, the Ilmi. John 1). Toouier
one of the ablest, we quote the lan-
guage ol'the Sttir. and pin est, and best,
lest Whitrs ot the cotinlrv
. . ,v .
inan whose coinmaiKliiiK talents,
suavity of maimers, conservative princi
pies, and dignity and weight of charac
ter, eminently qualify him to adorn the
Chair of State to push forward every
great work of reform and improvement
that may tend to the jierfection of well
regulated sipular government, promote
the prosperity and happiness of the jm-o-
ple, mid give just anil expansive power
i - ii.. . . . .1 . w'.... . 'i-i :.
and iiilluciice to the State." This jHr -
trait of a truly great and good man-is
in no particular overwrought, and we
assure the Sjtar that, if Judge Toomer
shall Ik' the nominee of the Convention,
: he will rcceivcamostheartyniid.il-
i I Ii iiiii -I II kiimuirt In, in nil llii fill. :iliil
, :.i .-', .i-i ' ' . ,-.i ... .
. J,,,,.,.,! VV(, know of no man in I lie whoh-
1 Stole !iir ve iiom our
alfi-i luui limn ihev
jHOple have more
have tir Judi;e
I'H'Un r. lie Has lu eii aillnllgst llii ln
II i.i I'll
.., . . , - . .
inueli ; anil there m a ilaiiv lieauiv in
lite that c harms lliein avv.iv. We
ii-. iii linn .I1HIIII.-.III.1II ii . . ,i
i , ,. . , , , ,
lielleVe that lie Wollhl be tnilllll
1 . 1
fleeted. Stirelv the
. (;arlj,liV woiil.l not se he t
.:i ill pieierei.e e in joiih i. i oeuuer.
I. would be taking a Satyr l'r Hvjm-
.- . ? i... i m- -
rion. YYadcsboro Argus.
HON. WILLIK P. MANCL'M.
We copy from the North Carolina Patriot loi tunc to no man a home ; but, em the con
the following article in relation lo the sclcc- trary, that his measures and hi tru-.'i.des
tiou of a candidate for the office of (iovern- ' had created systems and policies that haJ
or of the Stat.', and Would very cordially eo- ; made the whole country blossom, and that
operate' in the action, if the suggestion made bad brought a auflicieucy aud cont 'lit f 1
should be adopu-d by the Whig Sta'e Con- most every mans door,
vention, and the Hun. Willie P. Manguiu be The President of the t 'nited Sut.-n, with
seleclcd as the Whig nominee. From ex- ' alacrity and delight, ipnt his public duliea
pressioiis which have fallen from him, we to add to the oecasiou the -auction of hi po
know that Mr. Muiigum has long had an sition. No man as more afle-cted than In-,
earnest de-sire to retire from public life. , for no one more appn ciatem the arrvirra of
His health, too, for many months ha been Mr. Clay, or is more devoted to his person,
feeble, for which cause he was detained at , 1 could go on and give you mauy touch-Wa-hington
long after the clo-e of the last ing revnet; but the siek chamber lias iu
session of Congress. Hut we are happy to naiictities, aud I forbear; I will only add I
state that when we last saw hi in in Hill-bo- , fear it is the U-t public speech that Mr.
ro , a -hort time before his return to Wanb- Clay will rver make.
gJn to resume his duties iu the pret-ent A balmier air, am a cheering spring, with
session, his health had considerably improv. iu flowers and fruit-, may prolon hii life
ed ; and as he continues to occupy hisseit aud gently soften its closing tccne : b-it ho
in the Senate, we have rea-ou to hope that himself let-Is vietorioa,. . he. '. .... i
j the improvement H still goinifon, aud that
i ere long ne will again enjoy, to a good de-
I f-'r,'e ''''' -"""cr vigorous health. If this
j siiouiu tic tiie case-, anu he can he prevailed
upou to accept the nomination for tiovern-
i or ,e ,aV). no h.-Mtatiou in expre-wing a be-
lief, participated in by many, that be is Till
M.tN FOR Till! RIsIS. If htsi health would
i'vnuli Lin' ' ca"vl etule, bis clarion
voice wouiJ arou-e the lags to a decree
(,fvuthn,n ,,, , unity of purpose which
have not been often witnessed iu .North Car- ,
olilis. We do not believe the Whig Man-
s ... J ... ii. h. ,i ii lll .-11
-i-,rJ cou-1- '' committed to safer hands,
UAISI.MJ M TI1K 1'. S. STKA.MKU
A letter from (.ib.ahar, wiiitenbv
Jiiliti K. (Joweii, (niifraetor liir raising
the remains of the United States steam
er Missouri, which took fire and sunk
at (iibniltar in t:, ,:ivs that the work
is (.'oing on sticeesstuiiv. v" a series
"I milt-marine explosions- Utah r Various
rtil.-i of the iiim hiliery, lie h;is deejt-
eneti me water lo tnicli an extent that
any vesse l can now fh ;tt over the wreck
VV.th nei h-tt s.:ili'lv. :ilttiiilioti ve li n h..
, .,,.,,. , ,
w.,,i r variou s pirtions ol' the ma-
eliinerv, such as wheels, cranks, shaft,
anil tin: limbe rs of the sunken vessw 1.
-' removi tl nearly all tier liiachiii-
, r.v' is '"'W' rapidly breaking the
lilill (if the Vfsvef I in rm-i fvi fiml u ,,t t.,
it...... t., ... rt . ii
"." " " . - ,er. I.I-
i ill i in HSU III" Sill l inn I in- III i M! ill
, , ,, , .
lie snail eiaiieiv re-more in i
no te-..(igi- of llie steamer nt
There" is tin annlsiiig nne dole re hiteel
of M. Thiers and (he- J'lesiih nt. Il is
said that M. Theirs had written to the
minister of the Interior, savs the Lon-
elon Clobe. i,r leave f, return to Fraia c.
oi;Ting to abstain entirely liuii pohlies..
The minister Went trt Louis N.ijMileein
vv iih llie letter, and desnreil to know
" answer lie W as lo send. I.oins
' "1 ' tn said, "(Jive me the fourth vol-
hin'' of the History of the Itevohition,
by Theirs." The biMik was oiven, aiiel
i v i i "
Louis AaiNileon IKiuitetl to u iiaiige
,l;)(J ,niirke,l, in wlia li Thie rs
rejiroai hes llie KinjM-retr liir not havini
exx lleil Irom t ranee, as a measure til
security, several of his jmlilieal adver
saries. "Copy thi' passage," ha id Louis
Najxileon, "and send it to M. Thiers as
the answer tn his application."
The House of Ueprcsentali ves ofO
i" .i .i i
mo, em tn; nm instant, rciuseel to pay
. 1 . . I.- I , , . s
... , . , , .
the expenses I.M. Kossuth w hile fin his
visit to that State. A resolution direct
ino an appropriation liir this purjsise was
laid on the table ill that bfiefy, Ly a Vole
of ! yeas to 5.".) nays.
Mr. Riviere, a l'arisian lawyer, was
seized and sent to Havre to be embark
ed for Cayenne. Fortunately tin; Cov
erniiient discovered that he was not the
right man, arid by a telegraph despatch
prevented his eiitULrkaUc-o.
A correppondent of the New York "Ex-
press," who was prcocnt at the Modal Pre-
6Cututionin Washington on Monday, makes
the f0iowjg touching allusions to the im-
ivo 8CCIie ,
I k -" nire
-li'-P'y nflccted than annd the aad, ulcnt
I J rf 8ffi,ctionutu au(, devoted .
h0 surrounded Mr. Clay to-day in his sick
c,iauln.r The inU(,ti ious invalid was dress-
ej a su;t 0f j-uu iat.f ,Dj tood towering
,j crcct fts W11CU illuniinatitig the Senate,
but, alas, the tecble though yet sweetly mu
sical voice indicated the prostration ot ener
gy and the decay of life.
lie read his reply to Mr. Oman, Mantl
ing throughout, iu a clear distinct enuncia
tion ; but it evidently required such a mas
tering ol physical efforts as to make the ob
server feel that the great field-days of hU
eloquence were all over, and that never agaiu
should we hear it, as heretofore, hi the enp-
j itol or iu other forums. The uiusi of hi
il words and tho grace of his altitadus were
i.i i.... i:..i,i.,:nj;La fl,.l. ,J i.r
. -'"- -ut "is"
;!cves, and the orzau-pcul ot that mellow
voice, with its rich ami pathetic intonation,
were gone. I lelt !, imleeo, and tiy Mrug-
gle alone, could keep the tears within my
The mind reverted to other scenes and
other doings, especially to the mighty con
test when he, almost alone, rebuking ex
tremists both at the North and South, car
ried through Congress the coiuproini-e hills,
I "d o again saved the country from iJ
civil coiuiiiotion, if not civil war. It was
undoubtedly the most important and the
greatest period of Mr. Clay s life, and all hU
genius and all hit eloquence flashed o.it in
it as iu a last expiring cfloit. Ala-, that
such a patriot ami truly great and goo 1 nun
must en , aud that the earth must douu hide
hi in Irom our sight '
'1 lure was nut a person present today
I who did not profoundly fuel the solemnity
and grandeur of the spectacle. Mr. Clay
i.: if .. . ...i i -i.:-......i i .. .i : .
uii-"i fx-u hiu rmi.-ni..i hi iuii
li..& tiiiii-ltit in..nir I :,1 if I.i- i.rl.
. , ,. -
i ,r","1 a 7 .' '
ri-ni' B ealiiess. ami tUerelore unielli It
throu liout. 'lho warrior .statesman -f "r
his lilo tat been a war with errors and
W roll 's iti.iireciul. il the tnt-oal. rn t! v b,i.
' . . : ." . . 1 J :
; ,c though it be, as the pohiur appreciates
the sword or the .'rov of Honor won on
't he BWeet coii-olatiuti, thotliih, was Mr.
Clays, that, in earning hi medal, he hat
co.t no one a life, or tirourht misery ormi--
almost all the conu-.ts of Lii Ji'.r, though ho
is grasping tw with an atitagoni t t-M mi di-
ty ft be conquered, iud certaiu lo be victor
. in the end.
Ihr rtspomlr lire ot the lia.'timorr jinn.
WASii!MiTo, Feb. II,
Ihr Vfitinrlhfus 'iih-ii Mr Wrl ilrr t Ar.
rititfiiiirtit of Ihr ('uUih ihjjHnlittsV.t.
rijint nl ai t nl Mm t tn the V . Sf t
.Mturt ivuiinl, JlaJrr, a ml Curt on
tlu Ji ith ln! r t mmt Ltttrr Jrum Ijuuu
The 1'rotiM thcus ps.cr wrm romniiini
rated to Congre-w to day, and they show
that the ca.e is adiu-ted iu the nio-"t satis
Imtory manner. AV tint same time, ku
learn that ail ipi. -tioin with Spain growing
out of the Cuban iuvai.ui, are amicably se t
tled ; and John S. ' hra-lier is p.irdoneil ami
rel.-aM-d ; and that the Spanish Consul had
ri turned to New Orleans; and there met a
courteous rece ption. The management of
all these questions by Mr. We bster has been
remarkably discreet, and entirely successful.
I am glad to h am, that, at this lime,
when the Spanish Government ha exhibited
set much moderation. Guy. Hunt of N. Vork,
has been induced to exert the Kxi ciitive
clemency in behalf of a Spanish subject,
Jose Anlonio Lopt-r, who wan convicted uf
murder in that State, and under sciitecpe.
'I ho Spanish ntini-f .-r interposed in his be
half ami visited Gov. Hunt per-nniilly on
the subjeet. 'I he jury, or nuc of them,
alo recommended him to mercy, and I learn
that Gov. Hunt has determined to pardon
Mr. Seward delivered bis views to day in
faveir of filtering the mediation of this tio,--eriiiiient
in i ehaif of Smith I Uriel! and
other I ri -Ii exiles. Mr. Seward went throii.-h
solit.' hi toilful statements lo show that the
Iri h people ha.) -,g ,ecM the victims of
intolerable oppression ami pt rseeuiion and
wcru win thy ol our pympathy. lie dol not
think that l.reat liiitaiu would take nib nee
at thi. intercession and it nhe did the time
had passed when tin, cum, try was afraid of
giving her offence. 1 Iu tboujit that Great
liritaiin would thank us for it.
Mr. badger in r ply, represented the con
servative view id the South on this ques
tion, showing that what wo do to (lav. iuv
be done in n-gard to us lo-inorrow ; and that
intervention on our purl might lead to coun
te r-iuterveiition Ho instanced the eae of
the Christiana rioters. Had they been con
vie te'd of treason, there were thousands t f
people who would have sympathised with
them and their partb tight have been
asked by the Krili-h Government. Mr. Cass
took occasion to deny an allegation made in
the " Republic," in relation to his former
remarks on this subject, that he had used
violent and hostile language against Kng
land. He had said that the Irish had been
badly treated, and that every Englishman
I team that President Fillmore lias re-
ceived an autograph 1 it r from J'tim e: I're-
, - ..w. "ini a. ii., i iiotii m iiuee i re-
LjJent N.poleo,,, announcing that he had
neen cauea v the head ot the Government
by the voice of the people, ami that he de
sired tocultivate frie ndly relations with tho
James Piiiehatian, F.sij., of lVniisyl
vania, reached Riebinoiiil on Wednes
day, iays (he Kichmoml Kmpiirer, In
sp tiil a ti vv days with Judce John V.
Mason, one of his eollcai'tieoin IVcsiileiit