x v - fp-'-'i 4- s
-. .""v-: i. -'; !vr.
-.-;. "r. v.-'r
fH;': RIO ill':
i ... l ,.
: ' l.r ,-p
! . : ;'-r- . ' r.
: 'i 1 1 1 -
1" .1 '.
. li ' : :. ' - '. :i vi .l. s f Wako.
TJ o i' ' ' : I . Jr. . ,- :u, t.-l n t!i
; : 1 It, i.'iii .-i r-r ..v. - '.: a;. ! M. y
".i:-,.. r :, s, .,.
fie Vine! t t . ti..- :.vci.t:--ti in
T i . 1 : v i
..,! V . '; : :,t ;. v
'a 1 '.I .-.'I -., b;. t-o- :l; o! .1
:- I . !'. " 1 1 . 1 1
U ! i . 1-
i '.' : i ;
i a :.i. : i.
.1. I I - i ; v
!. 1 . 1 ..
.' II . I.. 1
. '1 !.
J Ins gch'.'ciiian, who is a dative of
I'll, Kv " has. rocentlv return..! from
K:i: where lit- received liisM'diciil Edu-
.... instruction in t ho Natural Svi
i !.!."' Hi- vau cv.iccs t j the Ladie- ami
i m i.t'.ci.icii of Charlotte, and i t vicinity,
: lio will deliver ptthiie iect'li-.s on I'liy.
i :-.y. l'l.r. i,.. .:. r:,;;.Vt: -my, au.l Mc
I'.r.il .lii'-i-j.ni'li'in-i', iii t!ir Curt II. uirc at
i.ij.t- .::;:io r till" ami tin- ,:ext week. Wo
. his name iav T:.! !y noticed in tin' Amer
ican Pl.r. i.-uo.-i.-al .1 uriKil, bo-ides many
. . I
; vivi't'' r--inr.nn e ti..in crtittotiHMi il
it. s in
at! iin::ii i.t
the S 'Uth.
in Ins o.v
y ot all of1
o t . tea.
i a i-!a up . n ;
Hi- let-t:ir,-s v.
1 C fl . L- ..'I
Lit n- hear hi;;i.
n thi- paper In ad oil
Wr thai.k t'i' Hon. T. Ward, of Kcn-
I i:!S sp.-ecll
the H.-ii. (ic
ot i: j
co. T. Daxi-.
i'. r a i.o. y i f bU spiM'ih in reply
i !!. l.anto'.i!, Jr., il. liv. rod in the
It. prcsclitalivcs, March li, ?")!
i Ml -
ij" r. at twei.ty-h.th nun.
.1 .1. i:.
t..'.. :. It an
1:.;r t i ( otiii:".e
t!,- K ':; -rial
v.,::. it- n.
V LV. 1 tit; '. Si:
!e i; i r f i::ni:il, and
. Its firmer Editor
o p- an r.ffct tionato
Edit-.rs offers us a
e-s attvirl it.
The CiiiViua H( jiublican.
1 Kilitvr of tiio Itepublican seeins de
H d to t our lis. He struck us firt,
th'r.k v e ("i.l.t in justice t ) have
t V W-wi!l lit him once more a
i. tie t p. and th.-n ofTer him the hand of,
' -.'. We l;".ve l.;i-I :iJ tli.l la-t Dltllll er
: !.i- p ) r, a:. l ;' rot I. ".',- mo-t of t!ie
:: is .'-! in it. !.': , however, we re
iM i.ii.r, :.!id tli- wo will -in-Wcr, :t I1 then
' ti i-1 . --Mr-'Vi r-y v it!i l.h.i. a? we expect
t . 1 .- . n:.:--d du-.-'t;.' the ren.aii.der ..f tht.-
t ) t:
i u-.-!ri' i....:t. rs nt more im-
The E.lii.::- de-ir.s
.;" t'.:e u.i.trino of
f v! ich
to he t
! .i v r
and his party
. X'dush'c clui:n-
t t, :.'
l.iin oar opii.ion on
t Is, We are in f.i-
t!:" St.ite- P- .! Slif.l
1 i.. t 1 y il.e K. i.t.e y
of K!- and IT!i'.
les, w. stippo-e that
..! 1 -
:.l ..".t a- l....-r- and un
.' j. it as tho-e of the
ir; inia L'-A I it-.tres
to the Pi.-l.-s of the pro.
: : -i of r:,:t-d
Eiit. r of th- K, pub
he i- ill favor of the
:;- ;) th" 'on-t:t'it;on
t :- y v. ' e.'d like him
:;.-l 'ii;'..ri'i them what
liut it sc mi- to be
K. i.t i
1 V i:t
f i -:iv that i
louid be to Illllii
War, . :.' ; i-
, c Jil.illg III')-
.it .1 t t--.
I ' th aiiu.nd
r - th.-.t the
ii h:..! !y it to
the fMalos re
' !':..:. r thi-
: i.,-- j. .:
As t .
v.. I I
; .n, I.
o-U t , tie
i. i.t li.i- I
trii iit--d at:
t 1 e ! n
:t. .n, it c, rt.iihly
t he or. iinai co:i
i : l .ht I'l I .'
l v. r .th- j.artv
1 - 111' -. -II '
'. . . . . t : , "
ii. in the
hr i t up'.
i : i ': . ; i
v, i .1 an
- as a Whig
. -. :.- tie
m rai I.
1 til" (,!.
-: -. v hi. i.
W in li-
,'. i r ' !.' i , a .
, v ii.-ii(-v-r
t it l is i,
M i i . i.l off P
aw., x itii ii
I fi ".! i,g I 1
--.ytfcii i .11, 1,1 u-ffi
I democracy, democracy, whither v. ill ye -fly
m'xt Always progressinc. yet unchanging
i .. i .. . i . . ii
oiith Carolina Slate Convention.
This 1 o:ly assembled in Columbia nt l'-i
o'clock, on Monday the 'Ct!i tilt., underfill!
authority of tlic recent a. t of the Tunisia-
tare of that State, to consider of tht subject
.f separate State secession. The roll of
!itri( t.s 1,-ini calhMl. 117 out of ((! ,ltlo-
-ate.- anMvered to th.ir nan.os. Gov. Moans
pro.'iilo.l over the deliberations of the Con-
v. ntion. A committee of twentv-one. nn
1 pointed for the purpose, reported the fo!-
;, . ., , ,. , . ...
lowing Kesolutioti and (rdinauce, which
w re adopted, May 1st, by a vote of loO
to i: :
Air. Clieves, from the Coinmittce of Twenty-
hie. made the following li. port :
'1 lie Committee of Twctity-t Ine, to whom
W.'lS r.-li ITi'iI 111. .-O't t.l ...-ill. i.l.. f.tf ft... ,.1. ...
lion of il outies to a Southern Confess :ld I ( ir"1"' wl'"e s- ( '"'"-' promptly
the call of a Convention, with iurtructions 'i1 'tuj.port ;id 1'cing ably advocated by
to consider and report thereon, respectfully ' t,1"' "j'"- J- A 1!1:,0,;' w',s .
r..,,..,., 1 1 'l.loi.ted! Siiitt) that time 1 have said but'
That thevhavo considered the subject
referred t . them and have concluded to re-
couimen 1 to the Convention the adoption of
., ,,,...,:, p.. ..i,,,; ..I i i-.i:
,..,,. t. . '
" . '.! cr.t, i,, the ,)!? of SA OW-
,.a, i, C.i-.'-ntw,, ur.Unl, That the fre-
Hint violations of the Constit::tion of the
doted States bv l,e K.-.l-ral t iovernm.-iil
j ami its encroachments upon the reserved
ri-jhts of the sovereign Sti'tes of this I'nioti,
e -pe. iall v in relation to slavery, amply jus
tify this State, so far as any duty or obli
gation to her confederates is involved, in
i 5 im: at oiu-e all political connexion j
with her co-States, an 1 that she forbears,
the exercise of that n:aiiit'c-t ri.'ht of self- j
g n ernnient from considerations of expe
Ail ( )tiliniiii-r to ihriirc tin- rilit of this
S'lite to srrrrtf froDi tlir I 'r lcrttl Y nioii.
We the people of the State of South Ca- j
rolin.i, in Convention assembled, do declare
and ordain, and it is hereby declared and j
'1 hat Smth Carolina, in the exercise of j
her sovt r. igu wiil. as an independent State, I
m c -ded to the Federal Inion, known as the;
I nited States of Aim rif a, and that iu the '
es.-rcise of the same sovereign will, it is her
ri.'lit, without let, hindrance, or molestation
from any power whatsoever, to secede from
tli- said federal I moil ; and tuat for the
suRi. ieiicv of the cau-es which may impel
h, r to su.-h separation, she is responsible
ah.ne, under G..d, to the trii ....a' of t.ublie
opinion ai,.r,2 the nations ,,f tin- earth. 1 t;'1 a c""''etou through 1,-uncssee with
,, ,, ' , ., ., ,. the We.-t, iioitlnvest, and .southwest.
Mo-r-. Max y wr.-gg and li. 1-. Terry, ! , , ' , ,
... , . , . 1 lie citv "t .avautiali is ret 'icing in the
tiiliiotte J c-it rf report-, which appear in , , , . , : . . , ... , .
1 11 coii'.eii.plate.l railroad between K nox ile and
another part of our paper. Lt-xintitoii as ..penins the way to the Ohio
" Mr. Huthr offered a resolution tendering and the Lakes; Virginia, iu the Ea-t Ten-thi-
thanks of the Convention to the 1're-i- nessee iniprovemetits, u- op. niug a " High-'
del. t f.r the able, dignified and courteous way of Na'ions " to Now Orleans, San Fran
niaiiner in which he presided over the deli- ci-eo and the Celestial Empire; while the
b erations of that bodv. Adopted unali- citizens of South Carolina. Tennesee. and
ini Hi-lv. : Kentucky are currently cngaifed iu an ef
The l'lvsid. nt on resiui.ing the Chair ad- fort to build another railroad by way of the
dr.'-s.d the (.',.:i',.;i,;i..n as foll.iws .- 1 Tennessee river and the ' liabun Gap,'
(,''..' mt n of (lir Ciihv i.limi : In re- through a distant corner of our State, and
turn for the v.-ry flattering e-tiieates your one still nearer through the same eoure by
kitolness aud coiut -v has induced you to way of A-hviile and Spartanburg ..r Green
place upon mv imperfect service, I have ille In the inid-t of these noble and soul-iK.tLi.i-;
t i off.r vou but tho tributo f a fl riu eft' rt-, ,Ln . .ice i- braid In Hie '
"I wiil not detain you by pronoun, ing
li" .n the wisdom, or otherwi-e of our pro-
e. etlni.s. i,..r woulij it he becoming in ine,
a- a no n.' er of thi- ( 'oh edition, to do so.
What v.i.- have .loin: cannot be recalled, and
now i-hi-t .ry. We mu-t wait for and abide
by the v. I'.-lii t of po-t.-iity. I!ut I h -jie that I
ii.ay l e pcru.itted to congratulate you and
the coal, try, upon the go.'. 1 feeling, harmo
ny, and singular unanimity, which bine
characterized our proceedings, and to ex-
i.re-s mv ardent h. lies that thev will have
th- fl ct of pouring oil upon the angry wa
t r. that In renfter no party will be known
in our St.it.- but th" South Carolina party,
toiii'y united iu dibi te of tho-e principles
.. ! lJ ertv an 1 ei-i.iiiy whiih belong to us
as o::r I inhri-ii.t. and which gratitude ti
our s'.te. tors, and dutv to our po-P-ritv
iiioe il. uiati'l that e shoul X c, er u. tcnn
at anv and every l.'ard.
' f will detain you no longer. We are
now t nurt: but before we do so, I mu-t
he permitted to tender to vou mv lieZ'ttlelt
tli.ii.k- for the kindness and courtesy you
h.ne i xp nd.-d to ine as tin- j. residing ofh
c. r of tai- Convention. I beg vou on part-
in .'. t ) i i ci pt my 1
-T wi-h.-s tor hai.Time--i
and l.r oi.. nu
Gi-iitl' men I bid ou an
alb . tiotmte farewell."
AlP r which, on motion of Mr. lifdling.T,
it w a- ordered, that w In-n this Coilv.-ntion
adjoiirif it shall adjourn smc rif and be
di-.-olved. (In motion of Mr. Clieves, the
Coh-.ei,tioii then adjourned.
SLAVEHY (l.'ESTH)N IN CAE
are under obligations tj a friend in
i liia for le-gi-lative doeiiii.i-lit- of that
which he has from lime to time been
chough to forward us. Amongst
ricojed v.-st.-rdav, we lind a c py
of the bill entitled an act recommending to
electors to vote for or again-t calling a
Convention, to revi-e aud change the entire
( on-titulion of C.iiifori.i.-i. It pa....-d the
Iloij-e. v,e uhder-tand, by a vote of ol to
., an 1 wa.. sent to the S.-nal" on the .'id of
Mm li. A li. ii writ v, of the A.-einbly, i
pi i--iav ry. uiei .--n r.'av we were fa-.on-d
will, tie- i.-ru-ai of a bto r from one of our
own . iiieii- now in C.i.iioriua. who -t.itos
the I tl li t how being l.ia-l.;
to r. 'id.-r California a Slave State will prove
sue. -e.-ful, and that iu the eM-ntof a failure
it will I..- endeavored to make the Southern
p.. I ti oi i.t all I '.i-hl- slaw.
' .1 u-tii ".' snvs th writer. ' demands one
of t!e--- t .'. o (our-. -. SituaP-d a- we now
..ii-.th" w.-ailh ai.-l im xiino -tilde re-iiirces
-.1 ' .ilf-.ii.i.i an- open t- alliln- world -x-ii
j t ile- onth.-rii .-tit.-.. Any man with
capital .-an inv.--t it iii any way Im- may
deem b st. and reap a rich return f.r lii-
toil, but we of the ,"-outh be au-e our capital
of all the world
deprived of a right, not a privilege,
Ii we should first have enjoyed. Had
.t lien f.r tin: Southern volunteer-,
tori.ia might still have r iii.-iitn d in the
is of the slothful and retrograding Mex
or i-l-e in th" gi,i-p of an unrelenting
ii. l.i.-.aio ( 'hm It tm t 'iint'tt r .
La-t Saturday. May l,was the fir-t titihi
vrsary of the opening of the Crystal I'a
laee, London W hat the fate of this mag-
!.:!- nt edifice v, ill Lt is
a titatt'.r of I
1 Ilia J in
OTmnn un t ca tt o ns
V"R TIIKNOItTII ( AltOl.lNA WMIO.
ATLANTIC, T K X X I.SS K V. AND OHIO
l'olt-li:n.VN K, Caldwell Co., )
April -'I, lo'
eennling to promise I
' now enclose tn you lor publication some of
,lll "rM official a. ts ot loiiiu'ssi-e ami her
1 li,l!z''":'; " tiowi!.j;--t f our Ion-clu-ri.h.Ml
, plan of a Aovt nfunnu conn.i.tioii with
,,,e ,.(;m w,w ,,y r.,iir.lt.
At the Chariotte convention held on the
ami ".'-th f Atuil, lVi, an a lele.'ate
fromt,,i eouliy. I eudeavore.l,
; recollect, to jniss the subject as
as you in ay
one of vital
importance to North and South Carolina.
I pon the inro-liii tion of the resolution in
favor of cxtemiiii the Charlotte and South
Carolina Kailrwd to hanville and Abingdon,
a., and Jone-lioro,' Tennessee, it was pain
ful tj see wilii what characteristic indith r
riice it was received bv ci:ze'is of North
j .!' regard to the I'anvhle l.ratich, :iud
Wl11 not "ow l"'is ,M ,m rlt' 'nlicr than
jt0, t!,;,t tlm' i''v V"t be ,1,-tant
'when it innv ex'ite niiirli mtere-t . A
1 glance at the m,. will show that tue short
I 'illk ,eteeii f.V,ville and Creensboro', and j
! 1"""1,rl fV""' t'l'esterv.lle to Griffin (.a., or
! tU "c:;r'r- from N.lisbury or Charlotte
I ' -rcc..vi;ie. V ., f -Mianta, .a., will ;
complete thf nearest, and.
iu w inter, the
nio.-t pleasant route between the r.a. t.'ni
cities ami Vew Orleans. Thus f irniini-, j
trulv, the 'flic Cucnt Sntiimnl unit l,i-
tcrimtionn ' li.sifiit " so anxiously sought
for by ci'mi Us of Virginia and Tennessee,
and the completion of which would fillee-l
vy Carolina bosom with pride and exulta- '
tii i ii . I
Tl.e connection w ith Jonesboro' or Knox-
ill' is one of more pressing interest at this
time. Although I have cnucaore l in sev
eral communications to hrintr this subject,
before the citizens of our State, -ind our:
county has spoken to the Lc J-lature asking
a survey. So feeble has been the response, ;
and so discouraging the prospect, that we '
had almost givu up the enterprise ; and I(
w as very near leaving about this time with ;
two of our most wealthy and enterprising j
young men, (and men of families,) who will i
take with tliem much of the surplus funds
of this section to seek iu the Far We.-t, the :
benefits of a more liberal policy than they
l''m to iiope f t hi re.
i , hw r-' . Atlantic Mate, from irgn.ia to
, ""'lu-ive, have sought and will oh-
-ortn .. tate . hut cheering sign is
vi-ible .' sine in that spirited little journal,
" i he M 's-enger." which litis had the eour-
age to present every week to its readers
" i Wuilctt'ut Ji'oiii )t iii'lott to flit: 'It urns-
A voice has at la-t appealed to us, how-i-ver.
which I tru-t n til not. rmiunt be dis
regarded. Tenni s. i the only daughter,
nobly and geiicrou-lv extending a In-lping
hsnd to pM.'ry other a Ijoining State, appeals
now, to ii-, to her falii.-rlaii-l, her first ioc.
and in-erihed upon that appeal is. " th
Itittttt riiiifsstt' rtii'l Oltto Wail i tlm! x Hijd
the inv iiati'.n, com.-. Hring w ith vou our
grand sires the obi irginian and oar
gallant warin-heart.d brethren of South
Carolina; when you havo shared our ho pi
tality, and would .-k further r creation,
or ti calm an nngrv, jealous, or troabb I
thought, we will g
win-!, to the utterm
with vou. swiit as the
-t p n ts of our country,
vi-iting the old inei.iti.-rs and the voun er
i-liiidreii of the c-onf. b rasv, and when we
lared n- t with all. we tuav b
nd belt, r content, d. Ye-, -he
a-'-'.-i us to meet her '.' on the l-t of Juiy,
at Eeii,-ir or Mirgaiit iii. Shall they he
in. I at that ti:'-C . What say the el.ti rpri
ing Wilmiiitouian-? What says Charles
ton? What says Norfolk .'
Without any sitt--ii.pt lunher to di-c tss
tin- uii-ritsof our favorite rout", we a-k spe
cial att'-ntion to the no' .s prc-i-nted in the
ploe. edings of the lin-i tin t of stockholders
and citii'ciis of Ea-t Tcniu .--., at Join s
boro', among whom w. re some of the ino-t
influential men of that State, and will sim
ply a-k the question : If, from Siili-bury or
I 'liai lotP- the ' Wat uiga route " is ijiiit.- a
hear to KnowilL. as tile A-hvilie route as
near or ncar. r to L xiiittoii, Ky., and iiiueh
nearer to upper Ea-t T. iiri. --. e, Eastern
Kentucky and Ohio limy he built at much
less co-t, aud g. n.-rally through a better
country, then why should it not be built .'
We cheerfully -uhmit the decision of. the
ipie-tion to tho-e repre-i.iitn.g the greater
interest in thi.i and other States concerned.
Nature has clearly indicated the valley
of the Catii Aba, from tin- neighborhood of
the I -land l ord to the I'.o. k v Ford, as a
link iu eille r c hain, leaving our county and
the eoai, it Ihirke, uitlemt much ground
ol i.-teraiic- for either, ui.l. a more di
re t line, and nearer to I, choir be pi-.-fer.-d.
Ignite as clearlv marked by nature are the
routes from .-"'.di-bury and Charlotte to a
lit hi t inn at or he:
i 1 Ford, or per
il a p-: t In- town of N o w toll, t In - aeeoino dating
the Ciiarie-toii and Norfolk interest, as
well as the int. r. -t of our Stale.
From tin- vicinity of Lenoir or Morgan
ton to the Ti t nessee liailroad, tin re is no
apparent diili'-ultv of magnitude on cither
tin- Watauga .r French llroad routes , ex-
e-ptingthe "ue Kidge. through which, to
obtain an ea-v t-rade, mav r-'iuire a tunn. 1
of J to 1 4 mi!'-- in length. And .hall we
falter becau-e tlnx tt..e ot.-l i.-ie i. b it in our
way T Shall w.- ta:uely live on a- we have
done under the blind dominion of denni
. gogui-s ! Would not every N..i tlA"aro!iuiaii
rejoice to s.e the ears running through thi
mountain'' li.i- "backbone" of the At
lanti.' State, a. tlm crowning point in the
' hi-torv of North Carolina enterpri-e T Who-e
; In art would ie t warm for the "old North
State," wln-11 e,,iitemp!atiiig lo r moral
si 'ft it g a ml i't ii iitleuf he shall also behold
this glorious aehievem. i.t as tie-evidence
4 lv l'lyi:-J. jftCul'iUi I Ttti.'.' Up tin-
subject, Mossr.j. Editors, and let us attend
tho proposed Convention. .Say at Morgau
ton, by way of stirring up soma of the dor
mant capital of that ancient village, for wo
are all oliout right iu our village and coun
ty, aud only waiting for some of our elders
to take the lead.
Again we say, take up the Hiibject. You
can surely discu-s it throughout tho Stato
with nioro j.iolit to Whigs and democrats
than tho-a vexed political issues which are.
j about to bo made.
WM. A. LENOIR.
I From the London Time, April 7.
The W'rtvk of the British Strain Frigute
ISirkriihrail Luwr of l our Hundred and
I l'itli;-l'iiiir Lives Wonderful Disciji-
tui xif tiie British 7 roitis.
j Another terrible disaster lias happened
at sea. At J o clock on the morning of the
: th of February, her Majesty's steamer,
. the lliikeiihead, was wrecked between two
and three miles from tho shore of Southern
j Africa. The exact spot at which the ca-
laniity happened was l'oiut 1 'anger. Off
I this point she struek upon a reef of sunken
I rocks. 'J he ship was steaming eight aud a
hall knots at the tune. 1 he water was
.-month and the sky serene, but the speed at
which the vessel was; passing through the
water proved her destruction. The rock
penetrated through her bottom just aft the j
torema t, and in twenty minutes time there j
w ere a lew lloatiug spars and a few inisera-
ble creatures clinging to them, and this. was j
ail that remained of the liirkcnhcad. Of!
i..'j pel-sous w ho had left Jmiiiou s bay in
the (.'iillant ship, but a few hours before on
ly IM Englishmen have come to so lamen
table an end.
As soon as the vessel struck upon the j
rocks, tiie ru-h of water was so great that
tile men ou the lower troop-deck were j
drowned in their hammocks. Their death i
was less pauitul than with olhtrs who were
fir-t crushed beneath the falling spars and i
funnel, and then swept away to be devoured
by the sharks, who were prowling around
the wreck. From the moment the ship
struck, all appears to have been done that
human courage or coolness could effect.
The soldiers were mustered on the after
deck. The in-tinet of discipline w as strong
er even than instinct of life. The men fell
into place as cooly a.s ou the parade ground
They were told off into reliefs, and sent
some to the chain-pumps some to the pad
dle box boats. Captain Wright, of the Ulst i
regiment, who survives to relute tho dread
ful scene, tells us :
" Every man did as he was directed, and
there was not a cry or a murmur among
them until the vessel made her final plunge.
I could not aame any individual officer who!
did more than another. All received their
orders, and i. ad them curried out as if the !
men Were embarking instead of going to the !
oottom ; there waJOtily this difference that
I never saw any embarkation conducted
with so little noise or confusion."
It is gratifying also, to find that the wo
men and children were all saved. They !
had been quietly e..;L cted under the poop
awning, and w.re. is qui. tly got over the j
ship's -dde, and p:i--ed into the cutter. The I
other ! ..it-. .:- i- usual iu such cases, were
not f..i thi-.'iiiin i in the hour of need. If
the l ip. r-oii. v !io were saved, I Hi made
their -cape in tin- three boats w hi.h suc
ceeded in getting clear of the wreck. An
nexed are the names of the military officers
drow lied : 1
Major caton, l.ieuts. G. W. Itobinsou, A. '
II. Uooth, Ensign I5.. land, En-ign Medfurd,
Ensign Kussrll and Cornet I'.olt.
The following are the nainciof the naval
officers o-t : Mr. it. Salmon.!, ma-t.-r com
maiding ; Mr. W. IJro'i", master; Mr. II.
1. Spe. r, s. coiei niast. r; .r J o l lia.
vri-s, second lua-P r ; Mr W'. Wbyham, chief
engineer; Mr. C. W. Hare, masters assist
ant ; Mr. James M. Clyuioiit, assistant engi
neer ; Mr. D.eb-y. assi-taiit engineer ; Mr..
T. Marti-, hoat-waiu ; Mr. James Huberts, 1
carpeiit. r. '
.Ne.er was de-trm t'on more sudden or
m n- coniphte. Within fifteen minutes af- i
t.-r th.- ii -el -truck, the bow broke short
oii. i i ..- n.inut. s more chips, d, and the
hull of tie- v.-s-el went in two, cro-'ways,
jut ab .it the en Juc room. The stern part
o'. tin- ,...,d immediately surged, filled, and
Wi nt mil ti. 'I he only hope of the survivors
lay in the main topuia.-t and main top-ail
yuri, winch still showed above water.
I h.-re vvcr.- some fragn. .ntsof the forecastle
iii i k -tili Ihe.ting about; there were a few '
-p its, an ; ..r.ftwoo f. About forty-five peo
ple c..iiig to tie- yard, and, after remaining
th I'" tii. tii o i lock the following afternoon,
im re pi.-i.ed oti by the Lioness, a schooner
wi.i. h wa pr-.v i ci.tialiy at hand. Captain
Wright as-erts, that of the sO 1 persons,
lnoie or !.:., who were clinging to the drift
woo i when he got away, nearly every man
hiLl.t have been saved had one of the ship
boats done her duty. Into this boat the
a-.-i-tni.t surgeon had got, with eight wen.
Tiny immediately pulled awat, .nd landed
about miles li'.in the Vessel.
The fact appears to have been that the
poor creatures w..o Were clinging to vie
driftwood, had been carried by the swell iu
the direction of l'oiut Hanger : there they
got entangled iu the seaweed. Captain I
Wright's opinion is that had not the assist- j
ant surgeon carried off the boat, or even
had the boat puiled back to the scene of
the di.a-ter, after landing the medical gen
tleiiian iu safety, the majority of these per
sons might have been picked off the sea- i
weed. It only remains for us to mention '
her. that Captain Saliiiond, who appears to
have done his duty after the vessel struck,
has not survived the calamity.
IM NHATIONS OF THE MISSISSJI'I'I.
The reports in reference to the inunda
tions of the Mi-.-i-sippi have been published.
The principal report, prepared by Charles
r.llet, Jr., traces the increased frequency of;
the inundations to the " cut-offs, ' nud fa- ,
vors two plans of remedying the difficulty: I
fir-t, making additional outlets to the river'
during periods of high water; and second,
a sy-teiii of judiciously arranged dikes or
b vees, or probably a judicious, combination
of both. In order to protect the river coast
b.-low tie- Ued liver, levees averaging eight '
feet high and four loin. Irs-d and fifty miles
long are recommended, involving' an cxpeti- '
diture of not more than Si .', ii(0ull. An
other iiceessory means ,f controlling the
Ho,,. i- nn -i.ti -.ie d as feasible, viz. reservoir-in
tie- mo n,t,,in g,,r .-, n. iir the heads
of th" priii- ipal streams. This, it will be
rceo lei ted, i u favorite plan of Mr. Ellet
to improve the navigation of the Ohio river,
by ili-charging the wnP-rs of these reser
voirs at seasons of low water. Lieut. Abert,
Chief of the Topographical Ihireau, concurs
with Mr. Ellet, in all except the system of
reservoirs, which he thinks would not have
any pr.-vi utivc cffei.ti oa t!c iuuudatious of
tie ti..rs, 1
- -. . 1 1 ....
llKl'lUtl IU' iilA.v.i uiim'",
I ONE OF THE CO.MMITTFK OF TWK.NTV-oNE.
The undersigned, a member of the Coin-
I niittec, to which was referred for cowidcr-
Rtion tho Act of the General Assembly call-
ing together this Cotiveiition, being di - ssatis -
fied with the Heport of the Committee, not
on account of but is contained in it, but of
I what is omit'"d, respectfully asks leave to
I state bis reasons. ,
The position of South Carolina at ii"
no is it most difficult mid embarrassing
Suffering under injuries which render
a continuance iu me presenv i uiu
patiblo with honor or safety ; but deserted
by other States, suffering under the same
injuries, and whose solemn pledges of
resistance gave South I arolina a rigiu 10
expect very different action from them ;-
the eitireus of the State became divided iu
. . . .. . . i . . i. ..
. ' 1 . .
opinion as to the course proper to no laneu.
( no portion of them believed that all hope
being lost of uny other States' seceding from
the l otileucracy ny a conccric.i iiio-cnu-m,
it was necessary for South Carolina to vin-
dicate herself from intolerable wrongs by
seceding alone. Another portion regarded
this course as unwise, and thought it neces-
sary to wait for tho support of other States.
The prospect of such support has grow n
fainter day by day, until it lias receded to
an indefinite distance; and that portion of
our citiuens who have placed their only hope
iu it, now find themselves powerless to effect
their i bject. 'Hut y the popular majority
which they nave exhibited, opposed tii exer-
cising the right of seecssiou at this time,
they have also paralysed the power of their
fellow-citizcus who desired to adopt that
I ndcr these circumstances this I onven-
tion meets, charged with tiie duty of seeing
that the Commonwealth receive no d. tri-
iiicnt. To secede under such circumstances
is impracticable. To obtain the aid .f any
otlicr State ill resisting the aggressions w hich
have been committed by the Northern States
and the Federal Government is hopeless.
Ciilcss some effective mode of action could
be adopted, which, while stopping short of
secession. luif-tit place and preserve the
State in a position of readiness to take ad
vantage of the earliest opportunity for suc
cessful resistance, guarding, as far as prac
ticable, in the mean time, against the many
corrupting influences of a longer connection
with the Government which oppresses us,
nothing remains but submis-iou a submis
sion likely to be fatal. If any such mode
of action could be devised and proposed by
those who are opposed to separate secession,
i. nb! bevo... doubt be seecnted and sun-
ported by those who have been in favor of
The Uenort of tho Colnl.iitte,. is tllisatis-
factory to the under-igm-d, because Jt con
tains no recommendation of any action what
ever beyond jt mere declaration of the right
of secession, aud of the injuries which have
been suffered, justifying iu exercise by S.
If a protestation in favor of our rights,
made at a time when in fact we are deprived
of them, can be of any avail I. wards pre
serving them in recollection and recovering
them at a future day. it is wise and proper
to make such protestation. I5ut actions out
weigh words, and oho step in advance to
wards practical resistance would be worth
more than the strongest declaration. If
the majority of the Committee ha.', devised
any measures with a character of practical
resistance, bowevsr moderate, impressed up
on them, the undersigned would have great
ly preferred, for the sake of that harmony
which is of such high importance if ever the
State is to be rescued from it present condi
tion, P acquiesce iu their Kepurt. He be
lieves that such measures might be devied
by those who hare opposed separate seces
sion, and that, if adopted with unanimity by
the people of the State, they would afford
some reasonable hope of ultimate dcliv er
anee. liut seeing no pro.st.cct that the in
. Cuiivt'iitinn oi ohiii
rrouucuon ot any iucu measure., uuuer ire- . navs eighteen.
sent circumstances, and against the deter- j ' ,f iieg:,ilVc vote aeain-t the .1. . I .
mined opposition of those who have defeat- j ,.rc Southern m.-n, exc.pt Messrs. Sum-,
cd secession, ould result iu any pood to the a, M.. reheat!, f ..f" N. (' ,) and two K u
State, be has,-as a member of the Coniu.it- tu.-kians.
tee, nothing to recommend. Ile is w illlug Among the affn-matire. were M. --r-to
Vote for the declaration of principles con- ',, ,.r , ,, M-.a,.' u., tt-.l Wade and Can.!..
. . i .1 l i I
laiiieu iu ine i.t-soiuiioii alio Bceoiiipanying
Ordinaree ; but he de-ires ut the same lime
to leave on the record of the proceedings of
this Convention his distinct declaration, that
it is not in accordance with his wishes that
nothing more should be done to prevent
detriment to the Commoiiwcallh.
MAXCY GUEGfl. j
HEI'OUT OF II F. I'EIiltY, I
tlV. (if THE MiMMtTTfcK 'K TW ENT V -ll B.
The undersigned, a member of the Com
mittee of Twenty-one, iliff. ring from the
committee in their report on the act refer
red to them, calling this Convention, begs
leave to submit the following I'reamhle and i
Resolutions, as expressing his views in re
gard to the important matters contained in
said report, and as to the true policy to be j
pursued by the State of South Carolina in ;
relation to her difficulties with the Federal '
Government. 15. F. I'EIIKY.
April v!!l, I's.'ig. j
Whernit the Legislature of South Caro- !
lina, in consequence of the aggressions of
Congress and the Northern States on the
domestic institutions of the South, deemed
it necessary to embody the sovereign power
of the State in Convention, in order that the
"commonwealth should suffer no detriment, '
and for "the purose of considering the
proceedings and recommendation of a Con-
gr.ssol the slav.-holiling States: A if I
uiiereas, the other slavi-nopling Mates pave ;
declined meeting South Carolina in a South
ern Cofiglcss, for the purpose of consider
ing the past aggressions of the Federal Gov
ernment on an in-titution in which they nil
have a common and an equal interest : Ami
whereat it would be unwise and imprudent,
and wanting in respect to the other South
ern States, for South Carolina, under exi-ting
circumstances, to take any decisive sep
arate action in a cause which equally be.
longs to th.-m all: Ami itlnrens there have
been recent manifestations on the part of
tin: Federal Government and a large por. '
tion of the Northern people to cease their
aggressions on the institutions of the South,
and carry out in good faith the guarantees
of the Federal Constitution: And it areas
a deep-rooted and long-chcrishcd regard for
the union of these States, as "the palladium
of our independence, "tranquility,' "peace," j
"safety," "prosperity," and "liberty," makes
it right and proper, honorable and patriotic,!
that we sdould "suffer whilst evils are suf- !
f.-rable,' rather "than right ourselves by a-j
polishing tie forms to which wc have been !
Jle it therefore retolved, That this Con
vention will forbear at present to exercise
that highest and niot sacred of all rights
whi'.-li Utt LclVPg Vi a frm wl btro r-eu-
M.ie a rigm secun.-u iu meui ny nature m,,
nature's (iod, ami pai'auiouut to all ..,,..;
I lutions anu political coinpaen or ngreeiiHi,),
j ,u, rilt uio au,v or abolish " their j;l
rrni iit when it becomes destructive oi t,
I m, for which it. was institutiid, an.l .,.,'.;
to protect them in tin; enjoyment of t j,
j "lives, liberty, property, and purmiit
I hr.suveti, That tho I'ni n of the sev, r.,1
j States of this Confederacy was formed f
the purpose of protecting erpinlly the int,.r.
c.-ts of all the Mates ; .tliutr t.ome.-ta-mt;i ,.
, tioiis, property, and industrial pursuit.; at,
tu, existence id' African slavery in t
Southon! j'sftics, at ine lormaiioii .,t .
Federal l-:'ioii, was uoj only recogni-ei
the Constitution, lut gu:u untied, and in-,:
the basis, iu part, rf tlu'ir represciitati.,,,
' .. . 1. 11...
i ti1L. t.mgress ot the l .'"leu maiej.
Hesoretl, That this domestic iustitut;,,-,.
. th,. South is not on'y moral a'd eorii-, tm
. . . . . . . f ...
t. opinion ot this t .invention, Pin a givM
blessing to the African race ; and ab.s iluli.
ly necessary for the continued pence nt,.'
j,ro-penty ol the siaveiioniing r-tates ; ani
j , SUrh will lie forever defended and maiu
' tained by them at any and nil hazards, Mt,-j
j j0 the last extremity of their existence .
HestJred, That South Carolina, throti;.-!.
. Jit,r sovereign Convention, now pledges I,, ,.
ef t0 ,,-r si-t. r Southern States to re-i-t.
; c,,,,,.,;.,, with them, or alone if need h,.
, p,y all tho means which nature and di
l,"avo j-jveti her, any aud every attempt ca
; the part of Congress- tj intorfcr witl-.v,,
i ry j the States, or th" slave trade between
t,e Stat.'s, or to aboli-h slavery in the K,
trict of Coluiiibi.-i without the consent oft!,
t owners, or to exclude slavery from t,
I Siiutliern territories of the Cuite-1 Stat . ...
f,,rt, navy yards, and other
places in the slavelioldin St it.-.s b.
to the Federal iovernin. nt, or ref
admission of a State into the I'niou ,i a
count of slavery, or refu-e to enf .re ;ii
carry out the exi-ting con-tit iTional pr .i
i uis oil the subject of rendition of tuyit.
slaves, or alter or change the Federal C
stitiitii.ii iu any respect torn hing -lav. m
l lii Co n jf r- ion ul CiiiiciiviiIi
itruwiil of fc.mt licril 71. iiibi ii.
The N. Y. Herald of the V!Ist has ;i,,
I following account of the proceedings at tin
late W big ( 'ongr. s-ional ( a ileus. The South
it is evident, will not follow Mr. Maiiguni.
' drum and life, n .r be drilled by t r i. -U
! Sergeant Seward. N"lV.ng is ncccarj t
secure all the South de-ire- (and nil .!.
sires is the same even hah b d iu-tiee w.tj
""" r '. lclerii,nRu .,
.. .- ii. i
r.vch it ciul coinul-. :.
teull, (of which lliert is h
hould be the
' "-' M'ght. sl pr ihalulll ., ti...y Wouttl tctt r
tpoticd t i
as they h i
po-Prity, who, if tiling .,.
b.-.-ii going f.r tl..- lit f. w par-, will !
overwhelmed at the lirt oiin t :
Tin; v iit. i o.,hi.-shu ; i t -i
i.or.i or iii. T..uriKii-r. i.s..i.rri. m-i
I'K.w.Li'f s.( ri.es; si,a. rT.i.
W,siiimitiv, April 7, 1 "..'.
The Whig Coiigressiotiul Cam us a.-.-i,,.
bled to-night iu the s.-tiate Chamber a! -u
clock Judge Mati-guiii pre-idiu ;. 1 1
Btti-ndaiice was rath.-r thin, a nuiiib. r t
Southern meinber- and i - iuc f Mr W. !.
s er tri.-nds being aim nt. Anion? l:i
pics. i.t were Seimt-Ts SH.ith. I i-li. S -via 1,
W ide' an.l Messrs Fowler, Ihigg-, l.r .oh?,
Ilttwc. St.inlv, G.-ntrv, Laielry, uu I Hum
1 lie ciiueiis pave tlxe.l upon l.iitmi. r a.
the pla-e, and th- I '.th of June n, the f
ror ni-ellllg t'.c VV 'ng .ut ., j t I'"., i.ti ii.
Mr. Marshall, i f Kenl iiky, off r. I t .
i.rigin.il c log caucus resolution..
Mr, Stanly, of .N C , ohj, . t-l t , the 'tl is
out of ird. r.
1 he Ch ilnn.iii "ii-tailie I the obj'-.ti n.
ft-r a di eis-in, pripcipally by M. --r
Marshall i.od Manly, tin? ilen.-ioii of t!,.'
tiie .Chair was ni-t.i.ned v rn firtv fi.e-
' . . . '
bell (of Ohio.) S-.t-k.-tt
lool.-rolt i ..
Y Y.,1 and others.
Mr. Mar-hall -aid, n the Chair bad d.ci
di d the c 'liiproini-e prii.eipl. s of the whig
adiiiini-tratioii out of order, this a. n .
i ,,!,. f,,r ,igs to remain, and he then with-
Mr, Gentry, of Temi , with much f . 'ing.
said he would make one more effort to ii
the uhiP-d whig party, and offered a resolu
tion, that, in fixing the tune and place, tie
whig did not commit themselves unli-- tk--coinproiiii-.
s were final. This is as re
A luig delate ar.se in which M.-s-rj.
CiiinpUll, Outlaw, lirooke, (M-j.s ) Sti :ii
cr, Nloore, (La ,) Ewing Cab.-ll, and Clmg
lii a fl participated.
Mr. Outlaw, of N. C, wi-!i.-d to be un
derstood if the "omproinisc re-obiti..;,-wire
to be t li r H -t out of the whig ("iil.-us, ;
was thin-ting him out, and the whigs wb .m
he represent. .. ; and then h" withdrew.
Mr, Moore, of Louisiana, -aid -u. !i a. ti n
ruled the S .iith.-rn whigs out of th" caueu-,
and then be and h:s colleague, Mr. Lan liv
Mr. IJrooke, ..f Miss., would like t.vkie.iv,
' befere he went to the W hig National
v.ntion, what company he was to keep,
. then left. ,
! Mr. Stroth.-r, of Ya., said the whi .
irginia had , in substance, in tru.t. d
to leave the caucus
w a. throw i out. II.:
Mr. Cab.-l, of , said the previous le
vision of the Chair caused many Souther-,
whigs P be absent to-night. He and ..then
came, hoping for the reverse of sin h a do-ci-iou.
The confii illation of the dcei-ioii
Would leave the caucus with only the N r
t In in lin n and eight or t.-n Southern whigs.
lie left with Senator Morton.
Mr. Cliiigmaii, of N. C, after some few
remarks, .-tt also.
Mis-rs. Williams and Gentry, both f
Tennessee, made some iii-linaiit remarks,
and left. Of the Tcmi.'-ee delegation,
there remained in (lie caamb.-r only M.-s-rs
Culloiu and Jones.
The greatest excitement prevailed nt this
accession. I here remained from the South
: only part of the .North Carolina, Kentucky
and Tennessee delegates. All the other
Southern States were wholly unr. presented
Indeed it had become almo-t exclusively a
Mr. Morehead, of N. ('., said he staid
behind only because he hoped the whir
coiiveiiiiou would Bdopt Hie. ipromisi-s,
and it was certain that North Carolina
would vote only for the compromise.
Mr. I'kcry, of N. C, endorsed hii tul
league to the tuliont ciU-nt,
i . . t . i .1 t