A. C. WILLIAmSGN, I
CHARLOTTES, 3XT CL, VTJJLS5T 7,1832.
HOLTON & WIILIAKSCN,
T KK MS:
The Norlh Cornlila Whig will be tlTori.'id lu
aul.si rilier. it TWO DDI. I. Alls) in aitvancr, nr
TWO DOLI.AHS AM) rlrTY CMNISil pay.
Writ he dulayrd lur thrto months, end 'i ill; K K
full. I, Alt -S lit the end of llieycar.
Advertisements int. rtrd it One Dollar pi r rquarc
(16 lince or leas, line sized Ij pi ) lot the rtrl inner
tion. end 25 cents for each coiilinuame. Court ad.
eciliselnenl aid tiherifPa Kalis rheiged 25 per
cent, higher i and deduction of 3' J pel cent, will
be inudu Irom the regular prtcca, for adverliacre by
.he year. Advartisrnicnle iieertrd nunl 1. 1 y or
quarterly $1 per ni'iare for each lime eiul. mouth
ly 7j cent a per square for etioii lime.
UTAH loiter relativoto the KJiloriel Deport.
mmit mint be directed In the Editor. And all li t
lira on buinee for Job Work, &-o., must be dure
ted to the P.b.ishnr. All tellers must be poet paid
or they "ill nul he attended In.
. Payments can be made to either.
UPmtuiti rs are author urd to act aa agtnle.
The Exile's Kcturn.
feV YllbUAt MOOtC
Orr arenra of my eliildhoid! d- ar land of my home,
How jrljillv I Uia o'rr Ilia ocean's lnle fuain
II. .w gladly I paaa o'er I lit bait -brarmg w.
for I loi.g lo behold tl.oe, jiacn land of the br.ta !
I have Wan iih ihe (jaul e'er bia vine totertd
I have bwn wilh the iaa in Ina ivy tli'i fanra.
uii tha Swiiier I've climbed o'er bia mountains
of anuK ;
And heard thu dread avalanche thunder ba!ow.
Vrt knrlt by U.e trava of lha inigMy arrrn-d Tall.
I've heard Ibe loud totain chtioa I'olaud'a dfalil-
a aei-n K jaaia'a d'-apil h'a rd acpjtra wave
'I'tien, then did I tinnk of tsee, land of the brava !
lTnheVd I've pteaed o'rr the I'ui me'a b'ack air and,
l'nhredd I've paaacd lliroogh hoi Aral.)' aand,
Uniiiindtul I've pusaad by the (real l'r ihal'a grave,
Bit thou art far doarrr. green land of I lit brave '.
I've Treated in Heria'a magnftrant halla,
I've wanderiid alone ky bet ild waiar falla,
I've aw a the br,(;l,l diamutiijaof Uinar'a green eca.
Bol lha trefoil of r.nn nat daaror to ma
Ak t yea, I have been in the vale of Caahnwra,
Wh.iM oaiere frcaivad a poor nai.doirr'a leer.
Through tt-a wida wand I've weudcred s'et ttiouo
lam and wave
Out oe'ar found Ihy equal, green land of the breve '.
Thai Krifl reaaiva M, a wandering child.
Who fld fretu Ibe hoaa t( his falheraeail'd i
i) frin: receive him, allot In s grave,
1,1 him real in thy boavin, graan land f ihe brave '
fitm Iki FU$ of eur tnian.
The Widow Ilrc.-ini,
OR, AM OaM 1.1 THK DMKRT Of A roOR
f lAMsTRkas's Lin:.
sv a. C WH.TE.
The cold, piercing winds of December
night whiatlrd and moaned armj.id ihe old
Irawe leneuirnl of a poor widow, who resid
ed ia narrow, dark strert of a populous
riiy, whereof one Penn waa Ihe founder.
I he Widow in vain at i. (led the few surplus,
islterrd pieces of hr apsrae wardrolie into
rha fiseures of the shattered door and win
dows, lo exclude ihe nipping breath of " Jack
Froat," as it oozed into her bumble apsrl
ments; for the fierce inter king and in
his enowy train drove furiously through tha
deserved urocta, and in boisterous gee
mocked tha dying rmbeis of lha poor wo
man's fireiido. Upon a small deal table be
fore her, aa she crouched in a low chair be.
tide Ihe expiring fire, dimly burned a lamp,
while Ihe benumbed fmgere of the widow,
uiJod ly her weary ryes, were ply nig o
er half United garment of a cheap tailor
ing establishment. Ever and anon lha poor
woman would caat her eyes towards a large
and ill-accoutered bed, in a corner nf a room,
and aa aha did ao, she Would renew her wast
ed energ es lo complete her task. That
humble couch contained all on earth that
as dear to her her two children slept,
mthing the lese sound because of their
wretched poverty, but slept that sweet and
refreshing alcrp lh.il knilt up the ravelled
i'eee of Care, and falls as gently upon the
beggar in his shed, as the millionaire in his
palace. A sobbing moan escapee lha poor
widow, Irars suffuse her hollow checks.
" I can work no more, my I'ght ia nearly
gone. I'm chilled to Ihe bone. Bui, O,
what will my children do for bread lo mor
row I Thoy almost broke my hearl when I
put Ihem to bed hungry end cold, to-night.
To morrow they'll have nothing no food,
no fire. Uieat God, they must not peroh,
hile I've an eye nr e hand." And ihn
poor woman again plied her needle, nodded,
ohbed, sighed and worked on, uniiil the lasl
mber of her fire waa gone. The light of
the lamp flickered in Ihe socket for a mo
mam ; and (be last alich in the garment was
completed as the faint streaks ol day broke
through lha intoistices of tho windows.
Pale and wan, os if death had already
claimed mi demand, almost as rigid wnh
told, loo, ihe widow arose from her seal,
erosaul to lha bed, gazed upon her still ipiiei
'y sleeping children, and, falling upon her
knees beside lham, ahe prayed prayed
ihtt God would cell them a'l home, as noth
ing but despair and misery seemed before
ihem. But Ihe tun begun lo spread his
hroad rays over Ihe frozen earth, and the
hum and roar of a busy city resounded again
in the streets. The poor woman donned her
P'ain h . tn Ii infill n, kissed her waking chil
dren, and bidding them sleep until she re
turned with wood and fire, she rolled up tho
finished garment and started, through Ihe
deep snow and deep morning air, to ihe lai
It waa one of ihose large depole where
ready made clolhing holds out such great
allurements to Ibe economical wearers of
uch goodsg a long; established end tolerated
ui mi..r nj iivni.fi, tor mo loriurcry. boxes at the gale ami looking anxiously
, of tl.ejKO gioor femulea win, flight to die lubt, Ht tlio chateau. Tha aid de-camp M. de
..r i....j. r .i .
B-.i.-t mxri u.r.nuciiiiMing on us mi ii c ii h ii
era df a wretched exi-lcnce, in da fenco of
Ihrir honest poverty, and a punly ol purpose,
winch, when preserved, arnica attracts a pas
sing ccmmtiitlution; y tt, if Inst, all Ihn world,
Ida liiw ol ihu laud, anil pulpit malevolence,
full not tu scathe lo ihe heart' core lU
iniarry goaded wretch. fclre stood beside
the propni.toi'. counter, while he, Brayed in consul I tried toobtain adirnltaiice inio the
hn flashy wardrobe, and firrinnicnlrd v iih i Court, hut was repulsed at tho pule. wee
aeale, kcja and chain, fumlled over Hit , atked if I had an nppninlmr nt. An appoint-gnimr-nt,
rxaniined tho scaina, leaidl the mem 7 I an appointment I
aurniiih of the tewing;, f.,uid fault of thia, I And wilhnut caaiing even a patting glance
and oljeciud to that; and with al ihe vulvar j at M. do Lacuee, (ho young man again fix
cnarnenea and tyramcal alupidity prcoliar lo ! ad his eerneet gnzi upon tha chateau. Eve
Ihe iihivkh of a " alnpahop," or the debauch-1 ry gieraon arquHimed with.M. da Lacuee
i d manager of a second-rate theaire. Shears, imiat know Dial he delights iti an adventure,
the.girogirietnr, dealt nut his ill knmr I ilia jand lh --i, hh tntitaiu( . '.
half famished, pnlo woman before him. At nance, and voice trembling wnh emolion in
length he contented lo tnk the garment in, apired him at once with interest. Again ap.
half fun. tied as he proclaimed it lo be, and proaching him
aulki'y Ihrew I In) wretchrd tcamslrcaa a "Well, air," said ho 'and uhal do yru
quarter of a dollar upon the counter. Sho want wilh ihe first consul? Ivan convev
giasped it, il ai the link between her and lo him your request, if it ba icasuiiuble. I
dieaoliilinn. Slie stood for a iiioinenl, wail- am Ihe aid de cump tn duty.'
ipg fur more work. " You nr !" cried the young man seizing
"You may go," s?id the proprietor. ! M- de L!cuee's hand, which he tqueeed
"Have you no more work sir?'' j wilh Iraimpoit " ate yr.u ihe ftrtt coimul'a
No ; j ou don't deserve anymore. If J , aid-do-cami ?. Oh! if ytu knew the aer
intcuijeiJ lo givoyoii any more wmk I uluiulil , vice you could render me! l'ray, sir, lalis
liavo niade you woik ihe button hiks of
thai coal agnn."
! Bui, ir, how can I afford In do nentei
j work, on tuch Coarss gaimcnls, at auch a
i rice i " ny i can pet netter woi K
done, hundred v. t I be gUd of Ihe chance lo
..ik at'i t ii
make one of them coota for three fippei ny
"Ah, air, I lia two small children lo
provide biead and fiie for! I work incei
saotly on one of iheae coaia from daybreak
until midnight. I, a "
"Well, well no miller. I've no more
work for you at prrtcnl, anyhow, to j ou
may go along."
And Ihe arbiter nf ihe fate, of ihit woman,
and many others in Ihn earne miserable situ
atiuii Hood i IF loeijiy hi ctjr, while the, what had just passed between him and the
eeamstrres retraced her atepa back lo her yourifer slracgrr.
home (,f fuilom wre'ehedness. As she j " VV bat !" said Junot and Djrnc, " are you
paced along, in a frame of H ind boidering ! going to intioduce ihis young man without
on frantic despair, she paeaed en aput h- even know mg his name ?"' Lacuee confess
ecary's shop. A ttrsngr, mad notion ilsthed ed he had not asked it. Junot then approach
upon her brain ! As if propelled by some in 'edihe youlh ; and observed, lhat although
vieib:e spirit of drsiiuclion, ahe entered the first consul was not difl'n ult of access,
the medicine hop and called for ar. ounce of ei it was necesary he should know why an
laudanum ! The shopman, nf course, hesi. ; interview wiiii bun was required, and more
led not, as wild siul despeiaie as his custo- over, ihn name of Ihe parly ho made such
mcr looked, lo sell her the deadly draught,
and extracting his pay from ihe pour woman's
last, hard-earned coin, he Ihrew her Ihe
change, end she again bent her s:eps towards
her dncllin. The few pennies remaining
u0iuw4i lo buy a aiwa't lonf ai a neighboring
grrery, I Ii i . and some dregs of lea warm
ed over the blaze of a handful of ehavinus
on ihe hearth, provided (or the meagre re- .ceived Iron, him an education adapted lolhe
past of Ihe widtw'a children. I end w Inch both he and I had m view, name-
i After their tuea'e, on some pretence or ly , my admietion lo the Poly technic School.
other the widow sent her children lo a neigh- Judge then, general, of his disappointment
bor'e house, and then drawing ihe vial from and of mine, when, on appearing before Ab
her b isom, ahe prsyrd (iod to be ihe protect- be Bosau. whose duly it is lo decide whether
'nr of her offspring, while ahe sought refuge or not I am qualified, this gentleman re
'from her unhesrab'e burden nf poverty and 1 futea to examine me because I had been
woe, in self destruction. e !Ughl by my father cnly. What mailers
"She's nol desd, sho's warm yet, and j that, (said I,) provided I possess Ihe requisite
breathes," said one. knowledge? But he was inflexible, and no-
" Poof dear soul," sighed another. "She thing could induce him to nil me a single
has looked like death lor a tong lime ; and question.
her liille girl says her mother never went j Bui," said Duroc, in his usual mild and
lo bed last night al all; the poor dearcret- i polite manner, "what can ihe first consul
lure's worn nut a good long aleep will du de in such a case? If lhat be Iho rule, it
her good." must be observed by every candidate; and
"Ay," says ihe firsl speaker, an old wo- ; w hat can you iherefore n quire of him ?''
man, "and she'll aleep a sleep lhat knows I "That he examine me himself," replied
no waking; run quick some of ynu, gel ihe the ourg man, i h the most expressive
doctor, Ihe wornana's taken poison ; look I've ! natvette. "I am sure lhal if be questions
found ihe bottle under her head !" j me, be will deem me worthy of becoming
Some of them cried, snme acrramed and j one of those youths, of w hom he would make
bawled, while none started for Ihe doclor ; officers capable of executing his great con
and amid all Ihe din and wailing, in csme ceptions.
the widow's children, l hough some psns i The three friends smiled at each other
' had been manifested lo keep ihem away from ! Duroc and Junot thought wnh Lacuee, lhal
'the scene. Tho children, supposing I heir ihe presence of I h is young man would be
parent dead, screamed in concert w uh Ihe ' pipasu.g to the first consul ; and Duroc went
neighbors, who had come in upon Ihe first in- to him and stated the circumstance. Napo
lunation from Ihe children, lhal returning ( Icon, will) lhat luminous nnd eweet smile so
home about noon, I hey had f.;i,nd iheir mo- pccuculiar to bun when he wss pleased,
her ao feat aalcep lhal ihry could nol said
.arouse her. j " So he wants ma to examine him dnee
I She awoke; iho din aroused her. Her be? W hat could have suggested such an
jryetwete glassy, her lips parched, but over ,,),. lo bun? Ii is n siaign one! And he
her still pleasant and comely features played j rubbed his chin." How old is he?" resum
a smile. She gazed around her for a mo. ' ej (ne (j,,, consul, alter walking aboul tome
' ment upon the anxious faces ben'ry over I ll1)e , t,aCious silence,
her bed, aha grssped her children lit her I du not know, general, but he appears
breaat, and in a calm sweet voice, spoke : ! ,boui seventeen or eighteen,
i " O, why did you caM mo back from j Let him come in."
heaven!" ! Duroc introduced the youth, the expres.
i "Mother! Molhor !" screamed the chil , Bj0n of w hose countenance was admirable.
dren. j The fulness of his jiv wa vividly and beau-
"My God! My Children!" and with j ,,.u)y pnitrayeil in it. II s look di ted op
Ihe firsl force of resettled consciousness, the . nn (,H , r R consul his whole existence
' widow almost frantically hogged her cnihlren, ,c(.n,p, t bang upon ihu first word Napoleon
and then in Ihe next inetalit bounded i If ihe j ahould u'ler. 1 huve often obseried, bul
bed, b e wonderful effort of mind over mat- cannnl repeal loo nlten, how inconceivably
' ler, flew lo an old chest in an opposite corner, ' different ihe cnunlen uic o! the emperor w ja
'and throwing hack the lid, she analched oul , om itself, when lie had deler mined upon
a much worn quarto Bible, over the haves j,,.Hi,jr. Its beautifully mild expression, at
of which ahe ran her honey fingers, until a tlK., tnno, had an inellahle clnrm.
'certain pag" was found ; learning apart ihe I " W ell, my young inun !" said he, advnn
closely cemented lea 'cs, out llullend a S10U cjnu- with a gracious smile towards ihe young
bank nolo ! : enlhnsinst, "you wish lo bu rxamiiied by
"My dream! My dieam it Irue ! We're ' V'
atved, my children, we're saved !'' I "I'he poor lad wat so overcome wilh joy
The women helped Ihe exhausted seam , ibat lie fun d no! answer. Napoleon liked
I tress lo her lied. A few days sufficed lo ie. l(.jiber insolent assurance, nor pusilunimous
cover her from ihe effects of ihe well atilttl- ! titntality hut he peiceived lhal Ihe ymiih
leraied diug I no weak lo kill. The tlUO .re jlltn WRg si'enl, only because Ihe spiril
liole, placed in Ihe family Bible by her lain :
husband, and tevesled lo her by her opium j
slumber, proved lo be nno of those misieries '
and raro oasis in the deserl of a lone woman j
ho essays, hy her daily toil, lo rear her lit- :
lie one in a populous city. !
STUDENT AND MASTER.
A rvstAOK in tiik Lin: of NAl'ol.KtiTi.
At Ihis period of .he consulate, a certain
Ahhe Bn.au, (I bel.c.e lhal was his name)
examined Ihe young men who weie ... he ,
admitted a sludenla in ihe Polytechnic i
School. Though nol lhe only examiner, his
veto wat all powerful.
One day, when lhe coni.l wnt about lo
start on hunting excursion, Ihe aid-decamp
on duly, a he crossed the court at Malmai
ton, perceivrd a handsome, genllt'inimly
young man, leaning against on of Ihe aenl.
ji..aciieo a ii roo c heu him, and politely uaked
J him if I, a warned any one. Tha your.it man
wiihoul looi ingot the peison who addressed
" Ah! air, I have a wish, which every
one I have consulted lolls me it is impossible
In gratify ; and vet I ahull din if it be riol
accomplished. I warn in em.L ,k. r...
" hal do you want of him.
" 1 must tp'-ak lo In in ! and he added in a
j lower lone of voice, it is a secret."
LncucccoriicrtinVed thevoull fol nelilinn.
er ho ttood uef.we bun with a look ol inlense
j ear-ernes'., ni'i, eziog the hand he held, as
if it were in a vice his bosom p a 1 1 1 1 1 a I i n L'
and Ins respiration oppressed ; but his look
wasputc it evinced u mind of the noblest
" This youlh is not dangerous," thought
Lacuee : and taking his nun, hu led him into
ihe interior court. As they possed tl.e gate,
Djroc accomdumcd by Junoi, arrived Irom
Paris, wither they had gone in Ihe morning.
Biilli were on hoisebsck. They s'opped
sod alighted lotneak to Lacuee, who related
a r quest.
The young man b'ushed.
" True, general," aid be, bowing respect
fully, but with the easa of a gentleman, and
staling his name. (The Dutchess D'Anran-
tea ie nnl certain as In H'B lame. a-hirk ska
believes to be Eugene de Kervalegue.) My
father resides in ihe country. I have re
,K,ke loo loud williui him.
.. 'Poke lime lo recover yourself, my child :
v,,u ste mil calm enough 1) answer me ut
"), moment. ! will attend for a while to
some other busidess, und then wo w ill return
" Dost thou see that young man ? said the
First Consul to Junot .uiking bun into Ihe re-
cess of a window. "If I had a thousand like
bim, ibe conquest of Ihe world wtu'd be but
" uor, made! And he turned his head ...
'k ".' n'an who abso.bed in
--" ". - i"". " l'"' " "
swera In lhe questions winch ho supposed
would be osked him. In aboul hall no hour
Napoleon began Ihe examination, wnh ibe
result of which he was completely sail-fied.
" And you had no other master lhan your
father ?" asked ihe first consul in astonishment.
" No, general g tut he was . tood master,
hecat.se be wa. br.no.ng up a ci.izen .,, be
out in It
Jiiuot lold me that Ihey were all si.ppriaed
at Hie almoft nronhetic lunn wnh u-hixl, i ha
words were utleted. The firet Consul
particular aeemtd much struck by them.-
"I will give you a line, my dear child,
ich ihnll open for you the gate of (he
.o...,u,r ., ,., making ju.iot a sign to
write. Hut suddenly altering his mind, he'
a i ..
um no win wnie vmyseil.
And, faking a pee he wrote a few word
which he idelivaVedJVhe-yMing man, who,
on his arrival afParir, ra to Iti) .Ub! Boa
" What doynu want here?" an'id Ihe lat
ter ; " there ia noihii'g for you." Hut the
youlh held a talisman in his hand, lie rie-
livered it lo the ungraciuus priesf, who read
"M. Boasu will admit M I have my-
self examined him, and consider him quail.
I THE WHIG NOMINEE,
j A i test, the s'rugiilu is over General
: WIN FIELD SCO IT ia the nominee of the
W hig party of iqij Union. This result was
attained on ihe filty-'hird ballot.
The aririouncen.tiit will be received w iih
regiel by many nf the peoplo of Virginia,
who had contracted a very warm admiration
for Mr. Fillmore, or.d earnestly desired Ins
1 re election. They lilt that ho had deserved
i well of ihe whole Republic, and especially
of ihe South. IIj; ihe mni u ny of the Con
vention, wuhout disparageiuenl lo bis merits
have 'deemed another more available lo bear
... ...p uaunir tu victory, co r u oiui.
,a. ,o .ln, ... H..u u, ,,
ever for SKcu.M) terms. The cits are so
much morn numerous lhan the ins, that net
ther parly will any more nominate
denlisl incumbent for re election.
The cer- i
lainty of overwhelming defeat will deler them
from , ,
... . ... ,.U na.iiL.,, , .i'"i""".
in his patriotism, his abi'itics and his virtues,
we will support hint with whatever powers
(Jod has given us. For forty years connect
ed with ihe public service, be has perf umed
for his country more great DEEDi than
any living man. Commissioned by Jelier
' eon, he rushed lo the frontier at ihe fust sig
'nalof war, and was alweya in adtarcein
every enterpriza of difficulty and danger.
'Scott's brigade led, and the enemy retreat
ed before him," are the common phraset
! employe-it hy Ihoow who described the fierce
'fights on i hi Csnauiau rronuer. ne always
too, voLt'MCEBlD he left his own post of
safely, and volunteered lo seek one of danger
and g'ory. By thia means he participated
in all these gallant cot. flic's, which, in 113
and '14, thrilled Ihe hearts of ihe American
people, and revived their drooping spirits.
He led Ihe advanced guard, or forlorn hope,
in the brilliant and successful attack upon
Fori George, lie wat the Hero of Chip
pee, and until twice wounded by British
lead, the hero of Ihe bloody heights of Lun
dy'a Line, or Niagara. He covered the
American name with gloty in every combat
in which he was engaged, He wss promo
led to lha rank of General hy Mr. Madison
he was pronounced by his superior, Gen.
Brown, entitled to Ihe highest honors his
country could bestow. Congress unani
mously voted him a medal for his uniform
good conduct, (the onlv compliment to that
effect, bestowed by Coriiess,) and dia in
guished services. The Legislaluie of Vir
gtnis unanimously voted him a sword, which
ha still wears lo defend the mother who
j The war over, he was sent on a cot fi ten
tial mission lo Europe hy Mr. Madison or
Mr. Monroe for he enjoyed, in sn rmtnenl
degiee. the friendship and confidence of bulb
these illustrious statesmen.
Distinguished as he was at a Captain, he
afterwards became not lest illustrious as a
P.ictfica'or. The delicate and difficult task
of composing the Nullification troubles, was
'commuted to him and happily did he com
pose ihem. Ha saved us from a war with
England about ihe Canadian difficulties, and
again about ihe Mtine boundary proving.
to Ihn satisfaction of all, lhal he was nol less
skilful aa a Negotiator, than heroic as a Ge-
Irom Iheir cherished homes.
He was aenl to the Florida war but be-
f.ue he had much progress, thioiigh the in-
trigues and envy of small politicians al
! W'ashingion, he was re called, and subj-cu d
lo a Court Martial. There, he wis bonora-
His achievements in Mexico, which hav
given him a Eumear repu a'lon, and ex
torted Irom him Ihe highest commendation
from Ihe highest living military authority
('he Duke of Wellington,) are loo recent to
. require notice now. I hose biillianl deed
accomplished in spite of the ifforisol his
own Government lu thwart bun, nnd in Iho
neral. lucre wtti ce many ininos surpriscu, anu
Again, he negotiated a freely wilh ihe 1 many heads i fflicted, lhal his claims should
Norlhoeslern Indians, hy which peace was I have been set nside by the Convention in fa
I restored to that regmn, and an immense ex ! vor of a candidato deemed more available
lent of lerriloiv acquired lo Ihe Union. lhan he. But a statesman reads history lo
For his labors on this occasion, he received I liille purpose w ho Is not prepared for any pn
Ihe highest cnmmendaiinne from the Secre- IuicbI fortune. Cato lost Ihe election of
lary of W'ar (General Cuss.) To him was Prirlor, and lhat of Consul, bul his fame did
entrusted lhe ri fficull and distasteful du'v of j not tuffer by these fui'ures. Nor will il be
lemovmg ibe Cherokee Indians lo ihe West ; less a muiter of more subdued regret of a
of Ihe Mississippi a duly which he execu- perhaps yet larger number, far and near,
ted with ao much judgment onil humanity as; who have obeived Ihe course of the saga
lo exlort tears of gratitude from the poor emus Statesman and iruo man, who so hap
crealures whom he was compelled !o tear , pily Bnd prosperously for his country, und
lace of fearful odds, nre siill fresh in the Nominee must tin regarded as a civil nooor ar(.lr(,,i gr,.B, (,er and i ffu- in e ; but this
minds of tha American people. Bul this is vet greater lhan the laurels which he of late ( w driving home the wedge which bad been
to be a military canvass, and Ihey will bear valiantly won al lhe head of Ihe gallant f ;,,,, d g,,, be-iure. Too Empeior I'm
repililion. The Democrats have put a Ge ' armies of his country. ' .,,., in ihs hi eioiiinL' ol" the I'ounh cro
neral on Ihe course. I he v lugs have anoiii- i utincinsr; u n u nur rt-au.-is v,,.
er. The prrgmnderance ol" glorious deeds Soil ie, and what he hae done lo i-Uce him
will decide iho iaue. ! m his present conspicuous posmon before his
Lei the watchwords of lhe great Conner- 'country, would be nn insult lo Iheir under
vative W hig Party of lhe Union, be " Con- slandiog and lo iheir knowledge of their
cihalion and Compromise every thing for country' history. His world wide renown,
Ihe cause and nothing for men "and we and Ihe oiiiveraal respect and esteem in which
march lo assmed triumph. We have a lead , he is held, would, in ihe absence of any oilier
er. whoao hnbil il ia lo lead hie followers lo knowledge, sufficienlly guaranty lo Ihe Poo-
rlnrv IIm ib tbe r-'PSilAiiiia hern of three
av.r. ...A lun ,.,...h..H h.iil....,..l ihiMniili.
oul hit adventurous and daring career, wassailed.
.... r -,r
mver wo.alrd rxc-pt in a single akirmish,
when aorne No.thern tn.l.t.a. who had bee,
-.pn.re painolsj retused on C0N8TITU.
1IIIMI llriiiiiirli l.i ik. V . .i
ata.a.aure of tl,elr coumrvnien, overpowered
l.u , ,.,. i; '
Victory ia bis by pietcrinlion.
read ihe decrees ol falo in ihe
counlenancea of our Democratic friends f,.r
mure than two moths. 'Ihe ahudder with
w hich the name of Scmt never lulled to in.
apne them, has been lo us an infallible au
gury of the fuiuie. They felt that Scott's
! "ireB "r and len P"ched halites must nut
weign l lerce s lour tumbles fmm horseback.
I ne scowls on their countetiHnce were the
shadowa caai before bv cominn events.
."-.Scott, in ihe daikeal hours of Whii
Lie nev., f.., an, r "'"e and devoted Whig,
confiding in Ihe vtrlue'af lhB'feopld",'ft"B'rtir.;
ii n led the dexponding and encouraged the
j hold. II a now elands before Ihe country aa
the representative of that great party, flu
' has planted himself upon its principles. II
, has signified his entire concurrence in thai
broad Platform, which guaranties Ihe rights
of every section and the happiness and secu
rity of the whole. His election as the expo
nent of Union sentiments, and as the swoin
foe nf all sectional agitation, will tut on end
lo fanaticism and restore lo every portion of
our wide spread country ihe kindly feelings
of brotherhood and nea-je. He, more than
any man living, can achieve these vast result. ne"t is one ol such val importance, tmolv
j Bred under Ihe auspices of Jefferson, Madi-! i"g a i' does so many considerations affecting
'son and Monroe having drunk deeply of 'he presei ; position and future- progress ol
their fervid love j( libeitv and Union, he 1 Catholicism in Nnrlh America, Bnd u.li'i
' more nenrlv than Bnv now uputi the public
singe approaches those greol putrinls who ; country itself, lhat il calls for more than alwben aked for en alms, ' silver end gold
founded und fashioned our infant Repuli'ic. j I assir.g nohce. We tliPiclore deem il tur .have 1 none," and in one of hts epistles ex
ile is the idol of all those grnal States ut the duty to return lo the subject, and ;ioinl oul ,()rts ,he bishops lo " feed the flock of God,
North nnd iho West, where sectional spirit ' in delail Ihe dangerous tendency of ihe prin- ()t tjking ihe care of them for filthy lucre,
i Iiaa tiPPn in ,1, Lou, a Knnihein mn n I ci o'e fi r al b roa c h cd bv A rch bis hr n lluifht'i, : ,ia.itl.r na ht inr- Inrda over God's heritage.
; hy l)irlh fl Nl,rlnern ma"n by residence, and
; a lnln( man hy tP11(nenli hjg Brea, nioia
j nf)ut,licn w stl forever the bitter waiers
(jf gl.clioI)1 co,roveis Richmond Whig,
i I HE WHIG tA.MUDAlbS IN 1 lib
Once again in our lives it devolves upon us
lo present to our Whig friends the candidates
j whom the W ing Party, in National Conven-
nun o.,,iu t.., imai.i.(iiuii ismui io o.ouu-
ard on to victory in the ensuing election of
, President of the United States. The choice
ol Ihe Parly lor that high station has (alien
W INFIELD SCOTT, of New Jer-ev,
who was nominated yesterday in the Con-
..antlnn A, n.ll.n.n-A nn I 1, A ft Ft V ihi.rt fold
'"i ,uo ""J -
Ihe result, after to long a terms of trials,
being finally declared lo be unanimous.
A unanimous nomination by eucb a body
of men than whom a more patriotic and
'distinguished body, of like .number, perhaps,
i nevpr hnfnrn mfml.!pd a hnn v u hrian
deliberations, moreover, were characterized
by a gravity and dignity such as are rarely
found united in popular assemblies whilst it
is an honor not to be declined bv the object
of i, must carry wi'h it lo the People a mo.
ral as well as political force hardly to be
The lime which it has required to deter
mine the choice of the Convention shows
what dilli.-ulties stood in the way ol thede.ja, the present div. Tho woid tnuisl.ted
cision. Nol least of these was lhat of a j church " is " cUIcmb ," and means assem
formal recognition of the Compiomtses of j by or cungregation ; and il bus lhe same
as ivii. uifg aou ui.mjiii upmi uia
friends of the Union all over Ihe Union,
among whom the Whigs at a parly have ever
stood pre eminent. This difficulty was hap
ptly overcome in the declaration of the Con
icmi i ..... u:.j... . I. -
venhon, hy a vols of nearly four to one, af-
fuming in a lucid series of reso'ulions, lhe
principles let us say which this paper has
ever inauiiiiined, and which, going os far
back as President Madison, and coming down j f Christianity. In process of lime, the
lo th days of P-esident Taylor and Fillmore, :cefgv helJ assemblies, or synods; and by a
are auch as not lo fill the beans of ill true j goM of courIesVi ,ie bishops' of the most im
V higs with hope and confidence, beforehand, porianl cje9 ere called lo preside at these
in Ihe success of an Administration which ; conveiitioni, which were always held in such
will stand faithfully upon thai Platform. Icilies. What was at first conceded as a
To the principles (hut affirme.! by tho i couri-.v. BltervvartJa crew into a pretended
Convention, lhe two nlher distinguished cili-i
z-ns voted for, in competition with lhe Norn 1
uiee, were Known 10 do nol only i quaiiy al- prm,Btes and melrnpulitans, ut last pntri- not allow any uuerierence uibi is uo. suoor
iBChed with him, but also lo have taken, in arch,. instead ol" simnle bishops (episkopoO llllla:e lo he' authority. The bishop of each
the coutse of events, a for more active pari w mc, ony IIieant uverseeis, or those who
in advancing and carrying them into execu- I ,valc)ed mcr the flock in fact, pastors
lion than Ihe position of Gen. Scott, at the or shepherds of souls.
beBd of the Army, could have allowed him j T,e next step in the ptogrcss of lhe sptr
lo do. Justly admiring the noble position , j,un hierarchy was Ihe creation of diocesan
taken and maintained, lo ihe extent of his hishons. eivin" them the rule over Ihe cler
; splendid powers, in ihe hour ol Ihe greatest j
! peril, by the giant Statesman of Ihe East, i
I . , ii , . , .. j i
; with to much enviable renown to niniseit, j
: now guides lhe helm of Slate. But, ll" i
President Fillmore, however well he may !
have earned Ihe honor which baa been with-1
held from him lo bestow upon another, rto
regrets need be fell ; for he has wuh.n his
! hie,i-l ihi-.l peace which conscious reclilude
oi purpose comers, aou oi which im, w ao. .i
appreciation of himself by others can ever :
divesi him. We irust lhal he has y el be
lore him many day a of useful aad honoruble
e . . e . - j r .. . u
ith such competitors arrayed will, bun
sell in lhe great l . uncit ol lhe wnigpariv,
ihe preleience nluch has been given lo the
tile hie VerV tufTlCieilt Capacity 10 lli'Chirge
fullv ihe duties lo w hich he is about tuba
, Thus far hod we written when .he Tele
gr.ph.c XZZ , ,e , J ce of
Vice ibidem. '1 he Convemion
ibruii a reresa until about hall past 0 o clock,
re usaembled ol that hour, inn) procerded ti
the election of a Candidate for Ilia Vice Pre
idency, and on tho second trial
WM. A. GRAHAM, of North Carolina.
received two hundred and thirty-two voles,
and then I he entire vote of ihe bdy,tirid wjs
declared ihe unanimous choice of tint Con
vention for the second ulRce of ihe Govern
ment. Nor could II have fallen on a more
worthy gentleman in oil our broad land; a
sialesmun experienced in Ihe Senate nod the
Cabinet, nf high Intelligetane, of ihe moat
'ciupulnus honor, and uiifullied character.
He is the lyperof lha .virtuous and modest
ol stiei'gln there, and wnnrecVBi nis pure
character is or shall he
TEMPORALITIES OF THE CATIIO
We brioflv odverled a few davs Bg"
Ihe Pastoral Letter of Ihe first Council of;
. 'he Catholic Church in Ihe Untied Slates, to
i " Ihe venerable brethren of iho clergy, and
beloved children nf the laiiy ;" but the docu-
' encing, perhaps, the mighty destiny of the
and now so broadly and emphatically Bsserled
. by all the Bishops in Council assembled. It,
is the beginnu gol Ihe end the commence -
ment ot Iho tame spirit ol despotism inai,
1 in Ihe ancient church, began by changing
,,e volunlaiy principle ol Christianity into
' a comnulsorv sornort of the bishons and
c,.rv. who nrnceeded slen bv sleo ti l Ihev
! rasoed not oi.lv church property and tern-
poraliiiea. but ihe whole political power of
n,e mo Human cmpite in ner crcune, unu
f Europe after lha close of that empire,
cnQ even has aimed at the universal doinin-
lun nf ,ie habi'able globe ever since.
j II is curious to trace Ihe rise and progress
. ofthn power of bishops in the history of
t Christianity, Al first, bishops were simply
l , , .1 L L: I. -
pastors ni cnurcnes inai is, eacn oisoop n9
, ,he minister of a congregation, elected by
j ,nB people, and subject lo be deposed by ihe
, uepe for misconduct. He was ind fferently
; oaliBU bi.h..n, " episknpos," or pieabsier
.M,,) ,.',.,," Tho only ether
- j i u i. era
i n. i . t i . i..
of church were the deacons lav-
men answering lo the modern trustees ;
and iheir business vtes lo attend to the tern
poral concerns of the congregation. In these
limes the clergy neither had nor wished U
have the management of .he terrnoraluies.
Each congregation was a dioiinct church, in
dependent of al' external control, and Iheie
wat no such Ihing us an aggregation of
churches being colled a church, lis we find
meaning in Greek profane authors, who ap
plied it lo lhe regularly called meetings of
the people. There is no fact more evident
in Ihe writings of the New Testament, and
from those fragmen's cf lhe history of lhe
primitive churches still preserved, lhan Iho
, independence of each congregation. Such
: waa lhe (jrl,p- democratic republican prin-
cjp!e a( chUrch noveriiment in Ihe liisl d,.n
rjh, ,()e b sho.is of Rome, Amioch,
Constantinople, and Alexandria, wt re calied
y v( a dioeess. Hut even at this lime, the
. noo Qf nn,,,e never Drelended lo or dreartit
r . .
of anv suneriori'v over the bishops of ihe
other cities we havo named, nor ol any J i
- i V . . '
nsdiclion over any cnurcti or insnop oi ine
world. In fact, liie innovation began with
a nol her city, and lhal oolv in the end of the
sixth century. In o?. John of ('unstanti.
nople, lhe auleiype ol John nf New oik,
assumed lhe title nf "Universal Bishop," and
the title was confirmed by a council of that
tune, in ses-ion in said c;'y. I he successor
of J.ihn assumed lhe same lilie. Gregory
took umbrBoe al the boldness of the Bishop
of ConsianimoplH, in assuming a title which.
Ihe Great, w ho was Ihen Isisliop ol Koine,
( (mnl ()f ( c(.l!Pncei bi lunged lo Koine, it
av t,iVi but which his conscience would
n'rm', him to ihk-. Gregory died in
he )pur (ij o!- ,lt! C'ti r isi urn -r a , ai d B
mfBce, hts success )r, n..i only had no sciuple
, . ert . i , B,.Ua:v s,,uoit il fnun
h i- r l,,c,. ,ih . a. privilo.-e .
(- , rahail, j, . , , successors. I he
tj,!,H,e c,peror. In gratilv the ainhilion of
hl ct7Urt s enphaot, depnvrd 'he P. shop ol
(',,siantiin'p!e of Ihe lire, and con ler red it
ni Boniface, iti Ihe yeai
Cifli, al toe same
.., .i,,.!.,.,,., rhurcli .,1 Koine lobe the
hend of all other churches.
Previous lo this, the Bishop of Rome had I
lurr. was Ihe first lo e:ah isli t Iw i'isniiy
as a slate engine, and to nuke it n thin ol
Ihis wor'd. lie succeeded emperor who
persecuted vhe Inilh, which see .1 in 11 mush
lhe more for being oppressed, and In be oi,U
Corrupted Bnd coii'nimoali d by I s contact
, with lhe slate. He gave liberty lu Ins sub
i jct lo make hi quests lo Ihechuich, and so
.....I.. .11- ,..,,. nt t jwoteil Ar.aillBOI.
a liberal example nunst-u.
C ooslaolius sue
, ... .... .... ., ,k i,,,,,!.!." -reded i
him. and not only placed Paganism ou au
t quil footing wilh Chriatianily , but discnur
igud ihe latter in every way. Jovian ne
ceeded Julian in 1)1)3, and enahliahed Chiia
iiamly again ; and from this li.ne P.iganism
appeared io die aay. But w hat the fuilh
of Ihe Nazarine gained in temporal power,
it Inst in pun y end effulgence. At this lime
there was a di cided increase in the influence
of ihe Bishop of Rome. We are informed
by the historian that he surpassed all his
brelRreu in the magnificence and splendor of
the church over which he presided in the
riches of his revenues and posaessions in
Ihe number and variety of bis ministers in
his credit wilh Ihe people, and in hit sump
tuous and splendid manner of living. Thia
led Pr-iexnus, a heathen, who was msgis
t rare. 1 1 1" iho ctH', lo oy, " make me Bishop
of Rome, and 1, Ion, will be a Christian."
Thu the power of th- Biahnp of the Eter-
j authority of " Universal Bishop.
But ambition did not stnpeven here.
nowcr and ii fluence of the
l Bishop went on incieasing, till finally he be
came a Pupo, and the I ope became a lem
pornl soveri ign, w it lding a spiritual powar
which received homage of nearly ihe whole
j world; and was mote like the tmpotlure of
Mahomet than the religion of Jesus of Na
; Zlr,.h. How different the aoveieign pontiff,
claiming lo be " vicbt of Jesua Christ on
Palth." clothed with royal sower, and sur
j rounded wiih all Ihe pump end luxury of re.
al sta e, from tha author of L-hnatianily,
ho had nut w here to lay his head, and from
the fi,herman of Galilee, St. Peter, said to
ke the first Bishop ol Home, who declaied,
,ul as examples to the flock F" Not only do
Blahnpa now claim lo We called lords tempo.
. rs 8nd spiritual, but even monereha.
Of iho very snme tendency rs the charac
ter of the grasping ambition and evarice of
ecclciancs in the United Stales, threaten
ing to ahsoib the properly of the people, and
perhnps to establish a new popedom in our
fnrn,e'rlV acq nred by the clerav in Italy, io
midst. " e know the ex'ent ol me properly
France, in Spain and in Lngland ; and we
know lhat at this moment two thirds of Ihe
real estate of Mexico are in the hands of the
clergy. Hence the political degradation and
misery of that country. Wi'l Ihe Catholic
Lai'y cl" the United Slates permit Ihe earne
bli2hiinc i. fluence lo prostrate Ihem in the
D IS I
(jus( ad lo SBp the veiy Inundations ol re
.ui,can freedom? If thev do not retitt
nr.,V- it ,BV dnVi , e.ha'pe, be necessary
fr,r Congress or the different Stale L'gis'a-
,,,. ,hrn..oh.,..t the ro.inlrv in curb the ram.
.An, mr,, ,.f rhiw .ntritml rfMitntiatw.
which has always sought to put ihe people
and oil cml government beneath its feet.
The P,ilorol Le'U r states thai, in daji
gone by, there has been great " forgetfulnets
of the extent of ihe authority which the
bishops exercise;" and among ihe melan
choly causes f this oblivion, is enumerated
" the attempt lo apply lo ihe Catholic Church,
in iho administration of the temporalities
bi longing lo her, principles and rulea foreign
to her spirit, and irreconcilable with the au
thority of her pastort." W ell, then, let ut
tee what this " authemic declaration " lays :
" Whatever is i ffered to God, and aolemn
ly consccraled to his service, whether it be
the material temple in which worshippers
assemble, or the ground set apart for Ihe
interment of those who repose in God't field,
awaiting ihe promised resuneclion, or pro-
I"'1!'. ,eal or personal, intended for ihe pur
pose if divine ser.ice, or for Ihe educatioo,
support, and maintenance of Ihe clergy ev
ery such tlin.g is sacred, and belongs to the
church, and cannot he withdrawn from lhe
service of Gud auhout the guilt of sacri
lege. The donor or donors of such gifts can
exercise no right of ownership over Ihem.
With these temporal things, ihua separated
fim common purposes, Htid set apart for
,lie service of the sanctuary, the church can-
diocese is Ihe representative and organ of
that authority, and, without his sanction, no
arrangement, howsoever in itself of purely
temporal nature, lhal has reference (o tell
gious worship, has or can have force or va
iuliiv. W henever Ine bishop deem it ad
visbble lo acquiesce in arrangements for Ihe
administration ol church lernpoialilien, which
nave "' originated
authority, or hich may have arisen from
i,,i,ii,uiti-A nf ita riohta as. Icaaa n anirit nf
"I pinion lo them, we declare that auch ar-
iil-"en nave lorce anu irreci in iiieva
ilud c church, in consequence of auch acqui
escence, and not from any other cause or
Thia is pretty p'ain end candid. The
bishops and clergy have not enough of au
thority, and they want more. And this, lhe.
sav, has led, as m'ght be expected, lo Ihe
disturbance of peace od harmony. Nolh.
'"!J can be mure irue. From ihe beg'notng
ol Ihe world ti l 'he present nour, ins cause
ol" nil d'slur bancee, whether in Ihe family
circle, ihe church, nr Ihe Stale, is Ihe love
of power, which grows by what il feed up
on, and ever desires more, more, more.--Nearly
all the intestine wara, and many of
wa'sthat dcu:-:ei the nation
sioco Ihe inlio.li Clio" ol cnrisiiani y, nave
had their oiigui m lhe desiie of ihe rulert
of ihe church to posses more piwer ; nol
Ihul clin unity is the cause, or gives any
wunanl loi Ihis aiuhii mo, bul, on the con
irarv, igoorr il m every doctrine and pre
cept of ihe New Testament.'' " For Ihe pur
l gujrding ngauisl lhe recurrence ol
such vils," Ihe b.h. pssay " they deem II
necessary lo make a pub'le and authentic de
clniHtii'ii ol C.'holic pnocip ee on thi im
poilaot suli' CI." In olher woids, Ihey make
this innovation in lhe isctice ol lhe Calho
tie church in ihe I'nur.l Sia es an lonova
i. n ihalgne ihem emu iii'mj power, and
-tups lhe l,.iiy of every vestige. .. eonliol
over II. e lemp .lalitic ol Ihe churches to
hu b ihey belong ; and, in order lo make il
g !n, they c" " Caih lie principles,"
whuh ihey nuke " u bnilic declare
ijoii." W ho ge Ihem tin mithoiiy
ol.ai nukes iheir diclaraii.ni aulheniic
reu!.'ic ! The modesty ol Ihe aginnans
vuung ...r .....-.
i... !.. ui. i ll ,d w