CHARLOTTE, 1ST. C, J?BIi333IFL-CJjL8L"3r 3, 18S3.
HOLTOW & WILLIAMSON,
KUITOKS AND I'ROI'UIETOHS.
Tl.n North-, iiriunii v mg wui im -
. .. ... - Mi t . IT .
ltrrZ?, i'a lis an I) i'li 1 V t KN'l'S if '..
lu. ,i,!ovi't for tlirco month, ami THUKE
U.ii.I.AKi at the. end of the year.
i,u, riisriiirtiUiiiii rtccUtOiif Dollar pcyiquarc
... . . e .i... c. .... :.,..,..
(hi limn orlcn, tm "" l"'' 1
I ... - 1 i;....i.nri f Vttirt ml.
t,,,M, and VM conn mr i "
Y,,u mcnt niul ShcriU aic i.. I,
,,i i,lo from tlio ri-uular prieca, for advertiacni hy
iV yesr. Ailvertiaemcnia inw rtcd mcintlily or
t . - J - i: ,.l, t
riy, nt i prr ikiimi
monthly i. cenm ir oui
j .- i c(t'T on business mm he directed to
tl- K.litorM. I.rttcm iiitut Im ni.t..iid or thyr
no! lu nltcmt. d tm
J7V;uiciiU ciin be made to cither.
' J " turn uteri arc lutlinrizrd lo net aa accnta.
JuR TilK .voitTII r'.trd.IXA W1IIO.
To M absent.
(Hi ! aliM-nt one when thou art mar,
S'i llreaiu of auillir lower.
All lliint' tli.it olliirwue were drear
Arc i h. i rful a the flower.
Ji'.ir tune, nor t"ii(;ii: ci f'1' unfold
The aliL'Ui'li '' "in
'flint arlinir word and aijrlia haic told
To tny al.M lit forlorn hi art.
llow lontr Oil ! "out wilt tlimi ! crushed
II. nci. Hi thia w. H'ht of (jro 1 !
Or when will aluu nt irll tw Imahci!,
W In n come my aoiiTa r lift '
tlh! K.iie rein i thy atcru dueri-r,
nlnle in pity bend,
Watt waft, yc hmvjr lionr from mc
And liin.ii r inoiiunts . in!.
Why wilt tiioti !i! niy mul'i deaire,
Prolong tlieae gloomy lioura '
Why longer tuirn with aliamce'a t re
Aiilitijution'a oontra '
Tin ";'a not a -"-rutin u phyr hrrne,
Tii-'l f i. my lonely l.rnw.
Put liii-era to my mill of tlice,
liai Ii nolit : ry imw.
Tlort'a no nil lieu r of wakeful d..v,
.Nor dn aounr lll;lit tlmt In-,
lint finer wre il'.i. a aoiof m i.liful lay
That rrata it lhoiii;lits on tiw-c
Tlo rt' not a In (-r-'!' '' '
I!. In .til the Uilii I lee
l! it iii iu lim-a or fr.nr.-ii:ce U IU
A mli nt Ule of line.
Y- . l''eac arc t.nt I'eli-.ieon all.
Tl.i v )e hl no renl ) y,
T'i. V Jrc hut I'.iiirie.l .l,.il tom'a llif ill
'I he f.irlorn h'-urt lo 'i-'V.
l! '. V, lo re tin ii i nn h T oie. diiip In ll!
ri hv alon mr'i sliii'
ilm lo In .il Pie no irl
And Coiiaefitloii linn- ?
No oilier Ii ho. hut II i i' turn
Cm lu-il tlu ue.liily
( Mi ' ;!t tloitl haaleii then to turn
Thv fiM.I-tii" li.niiew.ird the '
I In ri ,.'i"i i'Ul'L'l, Jilnuuijl J1 1
THE TWIN. FLOW KKS,
AX AMKIHCAS STOltY.
' Will you buy my fi mtrs V said a m-at-lnokiiiit
girl addressing herself to a young
lady iu Chestnut street, and holding out at
tin.-" same time a small basket containing
-.mie beautiful roses ; ' they are newly blown
innl fics'i. I'.uy a red rose f..r your hair,
nils-. Mere's one that will l-ok delightful
twin, d among tho-v prettv lucks.'
N ,t a ro-e, my child, said the oung lady ;
t!iire are thorns union;; them ; but I II lake
tills pretty flower, it looks so lively and sweet. !
t di, ii 's n f irget-nii'-iiot.'
' I'aidon me, miss,' replied the child ; ;
' tlmt flower is engaged.'
' To hotn !'
' To Master Charles Leland '
'thiirh Lelai.d. indeed'' said the lady:
' H, but In re's another; what a beautiful !
' I hey are Iwin-floivers they are both for
that gentleman,' replied the little girl.
4 fo' him,' said the young lady,
b it an i.rc'.i smile played upon her cheek
a-i she said it, and something sparkled in
her beautiful dark eye that told a tale her
lip rcfu'ed to utter, while the ingeniously
marked both the favorite flowers, and re
turned tin in to tlio basket; then
a Utile hunch of roses, she
leaving t In- flower-girl to visit the rest ol
le r cu-toiin -m.
Love is impatient, and Harriet counted
the tedious minutes n she sat at her win-
'low ami listened for the well known rap.
The clock struck nine, ant yet Leland did
tut appear; she thought he had been neg- I III the hrst place, .lane, imagine yoursclt tll -AUI ,J t their own prices. No rail
1' 'tfulof late, hut then the flowers he knew 'm an old-fashioned, wood -colored building, ! roa,j jH )l0 p,uit ;,,; tl,n n,' ,,f the
tin y were favorites of hers, and she thought (the house is well enough' tis not of this I j jVs y0UK and ruimins parallel with it for
receive th from his hand ; ami to hear w nild speak, ) that stands far back from the mill., -pho contractors give a mortgage
''i'M say ' Harriet, forget me not,' would ' main road ay a mile or so. There's nt' tm, b-,ls as security, and are to keep
'' a sweet atonement for many little past another dwelling within a mile of it school- tm, wprt;S j j rfeet repair for the period
'dh nees. Hut urn e the thought stole to her ! house, two miles off village, four stores, I y)- ,.ear ; J.,,is leyioWn ,(.
''-'oil perhaps they are ucsiiiieu lor ainun-
v Mie bains hed it with a sigh, nmi it hail
hardly c'canud her ere Charles Lelatnl i n-
"'' d She rose to receive him, and he gent- j
b' to-ilt her by the hand.
'Accept,' said he, 'my humble offering,
and forget iiie'
Harriet iiiierriioiiol him us he atteiiiiited
t ' place a single flower iu her bosoin.
'Where is the other';' said she, as (he,
I'oiyfully put back his hand
moment's silence ensued ; Charles ap
peared embarrassed, and Harriet, ricollect
bi herself, blushed deeply, ami turned it
ell; but the llower was not offered again,
and (diaries had only said forget me.
I his could not have been all lie intended to
fi:,y, but mutual reserve rendered the remain
der of the evening cold, formal and insipid,
i"id when Leland took his leave, Harriet felt
'""re than ever dissatisfied. As it wai not
Jet lato in the evening, she resolved to dis
sipate, (he melancholy that thi little inter
v" in spite of all her efforts to laugh at it,
h It ou her miud, by spending a few minutes
! at a nciglihor'n whose three daughters were
her uiost intimate companions.
Tlio youngest of these, ladies was a gay
I and interesting girl, and was the first to meet
and welcome her young friend ; but, uh bite
. . . . . P ' 1
ll(,i,i out i.er hand, Harriet discovered
little flower in it ; it wan a forgct-n.o-not,
She examined it it was one of Leland ;
the mark hhe had made upou it, when she
took it from the hand of the flower-girl, was
. . .... . . i
there, i Ins was, at mo moment, an unior- -
. . ... . . .
tuuato discovery. Mic had heard that
tllliatO discovery. MiO
, freim..it1v visited this familv. nti.1
that he even paid attention to Jane j but
t),e had never believed it, and now she shud-
clcreu al mo mea oi aumiiung mac ior once
' rumor told tlio truth.
MVhero did you jet tl:i pretty fiuwer,
' June!' fiuid (jhc '
Vt'h, from a beau, to bo sure,' paid Jane,
arehlv : dWt oi we. forL'et-me-iioi V and
she took back the flower; 1 hhould not like
to t.-ll you where I got it ; I'll wear it iu my
bosr.m, though. Come, fcim:
! I'll dearly ..c thi. prrtty flower, ,
ake whu Iwitr me kve it .
j I'll ui it in my li'iaoui'a '
' IIu.-h Jane.'haid Harriet, interrupting
her ; 1 my head aches, aud your singiin; did-
; ' Ah, it'f your heart,' faid Jane, ' or you
would not look so dull.'
' Well, if it is my heart,' said Harriet, as
i.he turned to conceal her tears, ' it does not
It-come a friend to trille with it.'
j She intended to convey a double meaning
in this reply, hut it was not taken, and as
soon rn pov.iblo, she returned home.
! A sleepless niirht followed ; Harriet felt
that she was injured, and the more, she
thought about it, the more sho felt. She had
engaged her hand to Leland ix months bf-
f ire; the time appointed for tin ir union was
approaching tat, ami lie acted thus . It
he wauti to be freed from hi engagement,'
she said to herself, ' I will give him no
trouble;' and she sat down and wrot, re-(jue-ting
hi in to discontinue his visits. She
I wept over it a flood if tears, but he was
resolute, until she had despatched the note
to his residence. Then she. r, p nted of it,
and then again reasoned herself into the be
lief that she had acted ri.'lit. She waited
f,r r..nlt ii. .t sit limit Hum nlivi 1 v
cherished 'l.o,'.,., that he would call for an
illation, liut she only leaned that the
1. te was t'i livereil 11. to bis hands, ami uPout
! a month afterwards, he sailed for England,
j This was an end to the matter. Charles
; went into business in Liverpool, but never
; married, and llarriit reniaim d single, de
j voting her life 1 1 the care of her aged 1110th
cr, iwd n.ini-ti ring to the wants of the pour
j an 1 distressed around her.
I Ahot'l f.-ltv Hkr after Kiluiii left 1'hib
ladelphia. llarriit paid a visit to New York,
and dining iu a large company one day, an
old gciitL'inali, who, it seemed, w a- a baehe
1 1 or, being called upon to defend the Crater
! nity to which he belonged, frntu the nspi r
isioiis of sou,,- of the younger and more lor
jtunate Jiart of the company, told a story a
I bout l'hiladelphi.i, and an engagement which
j he alleged was broken oil' by his capricious
in.istrc-s, for no other reason than his ufh-r-jing
her a sweet, new -blown forget-me-not,
six weeks Pt 1 .ru she wa.- to have Peeti maile
'Hut was there no other c.ni-o asked
Harriet, who eat m arly oppn-ite the stran
ger, and eyed him with intense curiosity.
' None t i my knowledge, as Heaven is
my w it tn -ss.'
'Then what did ou do with the other
flower '" .-aid I larrii t.
The stranger gazed with astonishment.
It was Leland hi'es-lf, and he recognized
his Harriet, though almost half a century
h:.d p issed since they bad met ; and before
thev parted, the mischief made by the twin-
itlowers was all explained away, and might
I luve been forty years before, had Charles
! said he had lo-t one of the f. rget -me-nots,
1 . , -ii l 1 . 1 . M-l
r h.'ni Jane saii sh: hau louii'i it. J lie
old couple never married, but they corres
ponded constantly afterwards, am!
always observed that Harriet looked
after this meeting than she ever lo
fore. CI:. it't 's .!'. r'tnnij.
I roin ti.e t ir ii.-tn-i:!i ti li.into r.
Till' l-AIiMKK'S WIFE.
V. M'.l.l. 'Mil Tinvnnli.
llippv, Im i y f.riinr'a wife.
Y'.M r tree (lie lO'lii W.ll.t htrile.'
That's false, .lane ; farmer's wives have
the most care, and not unlreqiieiitly a good
portion of strife. Young, romantic city
things, like yourself, know nothing of life,
i iiist nothing. Kvery prettv saying you read
or hear, you treasure it up, ami take u ior
I granted that it is so. Vou are greatly de-
ceived in many things, and I am bound to
j undeceive you iu your thoughts upon the
happiness of farmer's wives, so here goes
'a description of farmer's wives.'
' Whv. Nellie, I thought all farmers lived
close to the village, like Mr. Thorndike,
No doubt, but let ine proceed. In this
building, termed a ' farm-house,' there d wells
an old. or rather aged man, and a beautiful
vouuiT female, whom he calls his wile. She
was formerly from the city, but having got
her head as yours is crammed full of
pleasing notions respecting a romantic emm
try life, and being urged by her speculative
parents, she accepted the lot of a farmer's
wife. Her husband was rich, and she thought
that she would have servants to go and come
at her bidding. She had not seen her future
plaeo of residence, and nothing had been
said about it; there, she still indulged her
romantic dreams of a beautiful white cottage,
with green blinds, piazzas and arbors cov
ered w ith jessamine, honeysuckle and rood
l,jnn rb.gatit parterres ami all such fine
iking-' that you read and hear about. You
can "then readily imagine her surprise upon
being, tecurted to her country home, llow
different did everything appear than whatl
elie Lad previously anticipated ! An old
wood-colored building, &c. ! The inside of i
the dwelling contained one solitary domestic,
an old housekeeper, which the economical '
husband at once discharged upon the install-1
ment of the new one his bride.
irs. was uissatislieil. Jlcr bright;
dreams ot happiness had ned ; the btein re-!
alities of lifo were before her. Her usually I
...I. :.- I-., .1 i i . '
"" ui uuuseu 10 tanor, nan lo periorui
.1. l . . - 1 I . f .. . ..... I
me aruuous laooroi a tanner wile ; dairy I
Work, washing, makino. liiendini-. cookinir
all(1 ironing, had all to be performed by her
hands. Slio was bo far from everybody that
nuo "ukhhiu tmuu, v nih oui iroiu society ,
a"J, w aravati. ..cr Mic fl:ids
th;. Jier roty-cheeked farmer husband is a
moderate drinker, and has been so for some
4oan years. She (iuU his celliw-.
Btored full of choice w;..cs and other ardcnt
"Writs, and iu thei-e cold water days, tool
l,ur kvart grows sick, yet she must endure,
patiently endure all endure cold and even
,ar- 1 "eat .ieui irom uis nanus, lor 1,0 IS
hat think you now, Jane, of a farmer's
"'eT Are you meliiied to think as favora-
bly of the life bhc leads as before my narra-1
' No, Nellie, no but all farmers arc not
Ff ""d all are not moderate drinkers, for
Mr. Thondike is not,' j
True, Jane, Mr. T. is not, and many are :
"t like the person described, yet there are
'"t a few instances of the like portrayed.
'' here is Mrs. , and Mrs. , and
Mrs. , what unhappy lives they lead,
411,1 they are farmer's wives,
J''t J dee your sentimental notions, as
regards the happiness of farmer's wives'
I'cgiu to ebb, and 1 will eea.se. j
MM l m , :
siNnrLAii ikfot;mity and sruci-
A young woman from Kentucky, near
Maysville, came to this city some days since
for profesi nal relief from a very reinaika
blc deformity, with which she was bom, and
which has since rapidity increased in tize.
11 -jiii one hand projected an enormous
growth, apparently heterogi neous in its
C.I tirai'ter, a
about the size ot an adult loot.
"I'aI'ld what like, but larger than a
Florence flask with a part of the neck bro
ken off, ou the end of which was a hail a
beuit twice as large as that of the great toe.
I bis mass occupied the position, aud seem
ed to substitute the middle and ring lingers,
crowding the little and fore tingi rs and
thumb, from their natural position-, and al
together disabling them; eMending in the
palm of the baud up to, and on the hack of
the ham! really up to the wri-' ' From the
other hand extended two similar tumors,
reaching t i the wri.t, of live or six pounds
weight, the little lingi r and thumb only be
ing pre-ent, but u-i I -ss in consequence of
the encroachment of the growths. Tiny
constituted cumbrous masses, rendering the
... r..Jr ii.e
epul.-iv e to look up-
' v -V
and a source
. to the per-u
I'pi'li consulting Dr. linxley, Professor
of Su-gery, in the Medical College of Ohio,
he adi-cd their removal ; and on Saturday
la-t at the C'Onmtreial Ho-pital, we saw
that gentleman, in the presence of a large
number of phyciaii- and students, operate
upon one of the limbs, in sin-h manner as to
remove completely the deformity, and yet
preserve the cxi-ting two lingers and the
thumb, for future Use. The patient was
made i u sensible by chloroform bef-re being
carried into the operating theatre, and hav
ing been returned to the ward before the ef
fect passed oil, w a- ignorant of the performance-
of the operation, or of her having been
out of her room.
In consequence of con-titutional feeble-II1--,
it was di tilled prudent by Prof, liaxh y
Pit t i perpetuate the effect of chloroform
too buig ; , j, c the operation upon the other
haul has been iletVred until a future day,
when, we have not a doubt, it will be equal
ly as successfully performed. '1 he applica
tion of surgery to this case, is a happy a
( hievfinent of science and skill, and is ivi 11
calculated t ) command for the Professor of
Surgery the highest re-pi ot and confidence
of the public -('l"! til. 'it'll ( miiiiii i t ill.
A F.iG TRANSACTION'.
A bill is before the Iowa Legislature au
thorizing the commissioners nl'thr Des Mo.
ins improvements t contract with Page
and Ihieou, of St. Louis, for the completion
of the works on the Des Moines river. Iy
the terms of this contract, the State conveys
absolutely to Page and liaeon the remain,
ing lands belonging to the improvement,
amounting to nearly !H'lt,IMMI acres. Page
and liaeon to pay for those lands ,I,:iimi(.
IMin, (!fil,0(iO each year for tive years,) at
which time the entire work to Fort Des Moi
ties is to be completed. They are to reeiive
the toils, water rents, e., for '-'o years, and
the Absolute right of the lands, to he gran-
AN' EXTUAOUDINAHY LAMP.
Among the number of patents recently ta
ken out in Kiiglaml is one by K. W hide, for
a candle lamp of very novel character. The
lamp has a dial or clock face, aud, as the
candle burns, the hands mark thc hour sand
minutes correet'y, and a hammer strikes the
time. Asa chamber-light for a sick room,
it marks the time, ami can be set to strike
at any given periods, when the patient re
quires attention. As a night light, it marks
the time on a transparent dial, and rings an
alarm at any stated period, and iu ten min
utes afterward extinguishes the candle, or
will continue to strike every second until
the party gets out of bed and stops it; and
if a very heavy sleeper requires to bo rous
ed, it will fire off a percussion cap. As a
table lamp it marks the time ami strikes
thi hours and has a regulator and index,
by which may be ascertained the amount
of light and economy of consumption of the
various caudles of different makers.
FRO 1 YVAXV.
The New York Journal of Commerce has
Lima dates to the V-Hh ultimo.
Sr. Sa.vz, the 1'eravian Minister Plenipo
tentiary to Ecuador, left, for Guayaquil on
the 21th in the ntca ner of that date.
The Lima Mcnsocro of the 21st contains
a communication f rom the I'eruvian secre
tary of State to the ','nited States Charge d'
Affairs in that capi'J, of which the follow
ing is an extract:
' The attention f this flovcrnment has
becu directed with eat satisfaction to the
terms of the note i ' Mr. Kvkkktt, dated
1 Oth November, t , ismitting to Sr. Omoa
the resolution of ";exccUcncy the l'rusi
ili tii of the I'uited Slates, with a distinct
acknowledgement of our rights to the Lohos
and other islands unrig the coast of l'eru,
of which she is rinarj." poriscssiou.
"liy tliLi declar, m that Government
has only confirmed the high confidence
which the Govertimrat of l'eru has always
reposed in the spirit of justice and friend
ship w ith which tlio Cabinet of 'Washington
has cultivated relalious between the two
llepublics. Jlappih these have never en
countered serious di acuities ; all questions
which have hitherto itisi n having been Set
tled iu a manner th most honorable and
satisfactory to both countries. .Now that u
new proof of these b- norable sentiments on
the part of the, Government of the United
States has given lusH-e to the amicable re
lations before existing, I am bound to ex
press to you the saiisfactiou I feel in the
assurance that this result will strengthen
the bonds of a jicrftet understanding be
tween the two GoverL-acnts in time to come,
and promote a just respect for the honorable
character which distinguishes the high func
tionary who presides over the destinies of
the country of Washington."
llslrticl from a htUr dtitnl Lima, Uccaii
Ur 2o, 1 .V.
The news of the sittlcment of the Lobos
fUC.-tiou has been received with great i satis-
faction. It has been ordered that the ves-
teis -Auicu were eseiii oui 10 loau g
those islands, but Tiieh, previous
arrangement between the I'eruvian
at Washington and the contr;
,i . i n
,o ,.e,gi tu rn recti- iweu.y uonars j.er j
ton, like all other vr-seb coming under the
contract. Ou e'!o.,day, the '-'-(d instant,
a lnagmfieeiit dinner was g.veu at the Fal-,
ace to Mr. Clay, the American Charge d' '
Atlaires, and other rc-uh nt Americans, to-
oeiner nun .'ir. .ihit, me oearcroi ues-
patches from the United States, who has
been treated with much attention by this
FllOM CI: ILL
Dates fr-iut Valparaiso to the Xth Dec-
ember stale toat there was some trouble
there. between the American Consul and
the official authorities relative to the unjust j in the Cabinet- We should imagine that
arrest, as it is alleged, of an American cit-Jthe Ministry is not prepared to isolate itself
izen named Mctraft. ' particulars are j -before its day on one of those crochets
hen. Private letters cf the latest dates which occasionally interfere with the effect
intimate that the matter would be amicably 'of Mr. Gladstone's acknowledged high iib.il
adjusted ; but a blockade of the port was ities ; and therefore we shall not be surpris
ucverthclcss talked of as not an improbable i ed to hear that the new Chancellor of the
event iu ease the authorities refused to dot Kxche.iucr v'll permit his views of - the in
what was right. A let'.r tothe Panama i come as to be revised by the collective
Star, dated at Valparaiso on the loth Dee- judgment of his colleagues. On either side
ember, thus refers to the subject :
" For the last few days the know ing ones
have been looking very mysterious, and
hinting at something that is to take place
relative to a demand made by the United
States Government to the authorities here.
I don't think I can allude t1 it more partic
ularly, but 1 may tell you that the S. Ltw-iriif-
is anxiously expected to support a de
mand made by our Minister to the Govern
IM POUT ANT FROM MF.XICO.
o .leoMo.-i 11 nsiJeiit Antt't tt'll.lmltmrnt nf a
... ,o y v, . ,c,.. iwio ... ..,.,., j,
Xk'.v Out. kans, Jan. I. Hy an arrival
here we have ail vices from tne city ot .Mex
ico to the loth instant.
The revolutionary spirit was spreading
in all directions, and the greatest disorder
General Arista has resigned the Presi
dency of the lb public, ami fled from the
city w hither it was not known for person
il security. His troops had been complete
A temporary government has been cftal
bsheil by ( cvallus, president ol the Supreme
t ourt. the existence ot tins, however, was
by no means certain.
The revolutionists were gathering strength
daily, and became so forniadable that their
progress cannot be checked.
FLORIDA PAINFUL RU.M0H.
The Savannah Couth r of the -Oth instant,
has the following paragraph ;
tin: floiui'a Indians.
We were yesterday shown a letter from
Florida, which stated that P'.',ly Huwlegs
I and his followers, have formally declared
war against the United States; which, we
presume, tiieaus simply that they are deter
mined lint tJ emigrate to the West, the
same letter gave the paiaful rumor that Gen
eral Hopkins and his small force had been
McDON'OUGIl WILL CASK.
The evening edition of the New Orleans
Picayune of Monday bet, has the following
The case of the State of Louisana vs. the
cliies nf Voir (Moans and li.-iltimore. in
which the Statu seeks to get possession of
the MePjnough estate under a clause in the
will, was decided this uiorninsr bv the S i-
prcuie Court, a majority of the Court being
in favor of the cities. The decision was de
livered bv Chief Justice Jiustis in au cs-
ceodimdy well written and able opinion. ' tiec and equuj . I lie questions oi ouuea
Mr. Jiistice Slidell gave au able dissenting tion and legal reform would receive every
opinion in the case. j attention at the bands of the Goverinr.eiit ;
nor would an amendment of the renresen-
Hon. Unfits Choate lias been appointed
Attorney General for the State of Massa-
chusctts, which appointment )i4 has accep
Tilli NKW I'iRITISI! MINLSTUV. I spoken of a conservative form of Govern
A change has lately taken place in the ; ment, bad wondered how bo (Lord Al.er
liritish Ministry the new one is composed jdeen) and his associates would be able to-
Karl Aberdeen, Premier.
Lord Oranswort, Chancellor.
Mr. Gladstone. Cliaiieellor of the Kxchcqucr.
Lord l'almerston, Home Secretary.
Lord Johu Uussell, Secretary of Poreign
Duke of New Castle, Secretary of Colonies.
Sir James Graham, Admiralty.
Karl Granville, President of the Council.
Duko of Argyle, Keeper of Privy Seal.
Sidney Herbert, Secretary of War.
Sir C. Wood, Pres't,.of tlio Indian Hoard.
Sir W. Molesworth, Public Works.
Marquis of Lands.downe, Seal, without office.
Respecting them the Loudon Times says :
The names which appear elsewhere, and
which need not be repeated here, have, on
their very face, an amount of concurrence
aud co-operation such as no Government
has received iu this country for half a cen
tury or more. Kxccpt the one single circum
stance which lnii-t impart tothe Government
an experimental character evcrvthhig n-
i i:i... i i. i. .c .
uuut ii. Licioivcno riruniu tile snenuui oi(tl(. iloie
vitality aud the strength of power. Aber
deen and Lansdowne contribute their long
official experience: Kuscl, Palmer-ton and
Graham, the same quality, combined with
unsurpassed power of debate; Wood, New
castle, Gladstone and Caldwell supply that
mastery of details and that exact exposition
which characterize the younger school of
statement, aud are especially reouiied bv
the increased preponderance on im rcantile I
topics; Argyle and Granville rrpvesent the
risi.Hf .,h. Ti ,,f t!,,. il.iv ..ml M,,l..sn..,tl, '
the more advanced section of the Liberals. 1
.... w.b -- .. ..... .
its theories of Colonial Government ami
practical reform. Aa to the efficacy of the
law ollicers ve presume
there will be no
There are thirteen in the Cabim t Mr.
f'-inlw.-U l'l-esidelit of the H-,r,l h-.vo,,.
n ,,i.,,. :,. :, ,,; . l.ij , ...t ,, .,,.( ,!i
i J ...s in ii , ..... .e.i ... -j..-. v. oi iiiai lax o.i eiiuiiaioe piiueiiics vhmiiu . , , . , , -
ad guano at iviiainent. To Sir. K. Feel's friends are l,e atU,pt. d. '1 he intentions of Lord Ah-' il,".,,t"; ' -
ious to this aifcrcJ the l-.-emieTsbip and four laborious ! ,v,!ecn on education and legal reform were ; flu,'',Cl" .fV ' !' ? 7t f'-
,anM,u,rtfr! departments, which they will Cud quite suf-1 undoubtedly .-ati.faetorv. though his views ' p''""')' ':t wholcsomcy and ben. .cent
actors, had fit.i(;I;t U) sati..f. ,,,;,. kll(,wu Su.,e of arduous I 01l tl. al endun-nt ,-f the r, presentation ' , ,k' wl ,h'U 1,0 ''i"1 ro,'n .," ! .'
f Peril f,t o I ii . , . .... ,i ... that t lero Urn lis niiieh i-.. n 1 t win i il, .
a"u "o'r"''"1 euipioymcui. j lie iiiancci-
or.i,iPj tl0 Foreign tUnee, and the Indian
H-,.ir,ii v ill ,;vc ot1(,r ace ,
iy , lall(jr ,.ro t0 tll(
of less dilhcal-
iv anil ii uir :;re en-.-n to t ie vlo --s. s
usuav haiipen, specialities are not much
CL,;i,.(icll, VC are not aware that Sir C.
Vood ever manifested much desire to frame
n ,,, . ,,t c - Im .. ,.i- i , ,1
la, or that Mr
Willian. Molesworth had Uistuinguished
himself as much in parks, gardens aud
streets, as he has in Colonial reform. Lord
Ju'.rj l!usvl has m ;iulc of toe aceonipii.,ii-
ments specially required for his new Office,
that we can only suppose that he is keeping
''jr a succcseor , most probably Lord Ciar-
endon, who otherwise will imt have a seat
several great names are oiiuttctl an untor-,
tunate necessity of the case. On the w hole, ;
however, it must be acknowledged that a!
very good selection bus been made.
Alter all, no one point can be named on
which there exists any real diib rent e of
opinion between the members of the Ad
ministration. We shall have a good, work
ing, improving Government, and there is
not a man in it who is not anxious to give '
it that character, as well from sheer self'-in-
terest as on public rrmiiids.
The Karl of Aberdeen made his txplana-
tion relative to the policy of the new Gov-;
eminent to the ll."me of Lords oil the L'Ttil
i icceiniier. lie copythe summary ot his
i with that of the reply of Lord Pir-.it
un the Jionuou I lines :
Karl of Aberdeen rose to explain
, i.i ie-
the circumstances which had induced him
to undertake the t.i.-k of forming a new ad
ministration; and said though loth his
tastes ami habits, as well as the re
that he had arrived at the very verg
period usually assigned human life, might '
have rendered lutii reluctant to accept olht e
he hail felt it his duty to-obey the commands
of the lvhieen. lie had been accused, in
deed, of entering into a con-piracy to ovcr-
tj.lJW thc late Government, but he could
only say that his efforts hml bein direeP
towards keeping it, in, and not towards its
destruction; and so far was he from o inspir
ing against the Karl of Derby and his eal
lc agues, that he had actually made arrange
ments for passing the remainder of the in
ter on the shores of the Mediteraneau.
Circumstances, however, had induced
Her Maiesty to rtuuest his advice in bo
st,:, tion, and the Callnt
now being complete, he would proceed to
lay before the House a sketch of its policy.
With regard to foreign powers, it would
adhere to the principle which had been pur
sued lor the last .m years, ami w iiii-n con
sisted in respecting the rights of all itulc-
p ndent States, iu abstaining from interf'i-r-
ence in their internal affairs, w hile nt the
same time we asserted our own rights and
interests, and above all, in an earnest desire
to secure the general peace of Kurope.
Tins policy might be observed without
mi v relaxation of tho-e di tensive measure.-
w hich had been lately undertaken, and had,
perhaps, been too long neglected. At home
the mission of the Government would be to
maintain and extend free trade principles,
ami to pursue, the commercial ami limine
system ot t.ie
ite .Nr nopcrt I cel. , cri-
sis in our tiiianeial arrangements woum
speedily occur by the cessation ot a large
branch of the revenue, and it would tax the
ingenuity ol an eonecrneu to re-aujus, our
nuances aecor.uug to tne principles ot jus.
j ,l '" nruken w ithout haste or
j rashness, be excluded from IU mature con-
The Erl of l'trly, he was informed, had i
carry on the service of the crown ; but the
truth was no Government was proposible at
present except it were com-ervative, nor I
was any tiovcrnment vossible, except it
ere liner.,. r nose terms ...iu e..s.,.
have any dehn.te meaning, except as party j
cries, aud the c nmtry was sick ot tli.-"..
1 I... ....... ... ... 1 . . . p.. I. ..... ..I tl... I . rti'i. rtoii.ii.f
11 I 'IO . I .
i ur iiiuii.-uiin, on iv r.iv, wi i. it ..viv.i....v..t
wuuld be conservative as well as liberal ;
for both were essentially necessary.
The noble Karl, too, had spoken of the
spread of Democratic principles, but he look
ed in vain for any indication of such a state
of things ; ou the contrary, the country at
large was never more tranquil or contented,
and though there luitJit be speculative Dem
ocrat:) among us, those were not the men
who subverted Mates. Final! v, the ieble
Karl expressed his rem t nt the si ir;t of
ty in which Lord Derby had spok
itf the new Government, and concluded bv
moving the adjournment of the House to
I-'riil ay the I t'th of Fel.urary.
The Fail of Dei by said there was so lit
tle to complain of in the programme which
1 iint heard that lie should
have abstained fiom any remarks, had it
not been said that he bad accused the noble
Karl and his colleagues of entering into a
con.-piraey against the late Government.
Now. he denied that he had ever used the
word " conspiracy,'' though he mi-ht h.i.e
said "combination;" and it, alter the nego-
nations -linen ii.oi e"incsse-ui i.ii-eu pi.iee
, . ., , , ,, ,.. ', ,'
betnceii three totallv illllerent parties in
: . .. l :. i. l .. .1 ...e... ...i i .. . ..1 1.. .
,l,L. Lwer House, the conceit w hich had
been arrived at among then, did not consti-
i- .:. '. ..i .
lLm. . euibU ii 1' .1.1111-1, OIL' OUI Llllllll III, I
he was at a lo.-s to understand the lueai.iug
of the Wold.
With regard to the financial measures of
the new Government, he was glad to hear
that si.mc of the ledde Karl's supporters ill
the Lower House had already modified their
extreme opinion-, aud that a re-adjustment
t tliat tax on equitable Principles would
Vere ol oracular aial-iguitv
'j 1. Sol de Karl had lid
uled the notion
of a dangerous democracy, but it remained
to be seen whether an alteration of the ex
isting representative .-ysti m might not throw
too great power into the hands of a lower
and less informed cla.-s of the community.
Per-onally, I.e. had no feeling of hostility
against the m-w Government, hut he had no
great confidence in it; tor he had no concep
tion ol ti.e pri'iei; ie ; on which it waslared.
If however, tne noble Karl conducted his
' a 1
a truly C-m-ervalive pul-
y, Ie- should licuvc ti i evp;t.l,ee
PKUSt t.N'AL FM'LA.N'ATK bS."
In the S.-nate, on Thursday la-t. Gen.
Cas.-, Mr. Downs and Mr. Cha.-e indulged
themselves in a " personal explanation.'
which wa-- meant to implicate most scriou-ly
Mr. Clayton ;.ud e n 'J'aylur's adiuii.istra
tion, but which hi's n e .died mi thcm-i-lvi -.
It seems that in ".I ill V I -oil, the S-. n-ite
ratilied a treaty with liugland re-p.-etin ; a
ship canal betwei u tie- Atlantic and Paci
fic, in which they agreed not to nci-ipy any
part of the Mo-quit i coast, or (Yntr.il A
nicriea. Mr. Ciayt ui and Mr. Ii..! .ur attach
ed t i the treaty n -: -s ,-tating that neither
party ut:tb r-t d this as alii '-ting a .-etth-li.
en' wiiii h Kiiglaml thn had at the 1! 'i.e
and Mr. t'lavt -n infoi iie-il Mr. Ihilwer that
Mr. King, chairman -d' the Foreign commit
tee in the Senate, informed him that the
Senate " perfeetly Ulidrrst-.o.i" thi-.
t hi the publication of the correspondence,
a day or two ago, Mr. t',is4 denied that the
St !;:;tc si nil h r-tood it. and denied ftr Mr.
King that he si uiider-t'i-ol it declaring
that tiie treaty w mid have been rejected if
had been understood.
Well. Mr. Clayton has promptly publish-
ed his letter t Mr. Ku.g. dated .lulv 1, 1 -"Hi,
and Mr. King's reply, fully eonlii ming his
statement to Mr. liulwtr. Mr. King say-,
" The Senate perfectly limit r.-t -! that the
i-etion 'treaty did not include J!:iti-li II oiduras."
of the! The Intelligencer moreover shows that
the fact w as published ofiieially in that paper
at the tune.
There never was a in .re eoiopb-te
than thi- t , Mr. Ca-s ale! Mr. Kin
their l.-.C "l'-ico backers iu the Senate
1 1 K WF.I.L DFSFUVFS IT.
The New York Tribune's French cores
pondent speaking about the preperat'ons
made bv the authorities of the city of Agon
to receivo Louis Napoleon, says :
which th. V Irive
teinpoary structures with
decor:. U d, their city w as
t'a splendid triumphal an-h under which His
was t-i make his eii
.f the arch was the in
d, st rves it," and right
At the top
-eription. - He Will
under, h iogiiig t-i
crow ii. Things ,.'.i.
a rope, w as an imperial
ood thus when the wind
- inn v. hat violently ; but ju-t
I t !'.:-.- hi. ani'. al the wind blew awa the
hanging i row ii. and when the Prince pas-,..!
un.il r the an li, remained a big r-''e ju-t a
bove his lead, with the inscription, "lie
weii dcscr.es it." Gentlemen, this senti
ment so well expressed, 1 fully endorse,
and it prououiii'es, too, my deliberate opin
ion of the man wh , i:i a lew weeks will call
ailed, the Fuiperor of
lloth.-childs, CMisi-ting of Anshm
b-ths.-hild, of Frankfort ; S d uiian
n ..lo.-iohl ,,f Vie tun; .1 aims Mev-
(,r j;th ...child, of Paris, and Charles Mover
i ;.lt;1JL.' ,',,1, ,-,f Naples, have decided, a"t s
)..lH:jv c1(,u.ss. held at Frankfort, to renew
. , -..,,., s,i f r thr.... years.
It is given out that llussia, Austria ami
lr-i.i hnve forwarded l.v their reiiresent:i-
... ... '..
tins at tans credentials to ttie hinii ror
couched iu precisely the same woids, a
hint that the powers agree in their relation
SKKTCH OF A LECTURE.
The Sen and fhe Circulation nf it a w.lrr$.
ItY J.KJT. M. r. MA TRY.
Tfce Fifth Lecture of Tb People s Course
was ilnliicrcd :.t tho Talnrnrln on Tunsid n v
, r ., - N'
. i n . . t . ' no ' .
tioiial (Hiservatorr, Ya-hingtou. The sub-
llf ,,1,,, tu TkSel rt,ltie ei,,
q . bcr,.in he arued
otl,r poiut-H that al.(! fcc.-Bfc C'urrVi.t
. r n
of the Ocean are as perfectly in aefonianeo
with Law an 1 Order as the " Harmony of
the Spheres ;" that the iulf Stream and oth
er Oceanic Currents could not have existed
had the Sea water not been salt ; that a sys
tem of oeeauica, circulation, where the wa
ters were all fresh Would be very feeble;
that shells and marine insects constitute im
portant agents in vegetating and modifying
climates and that they prevent thfl Sea from
.becoming more and more saiinous.
In commencing, he remarked that in treat
ing of the Sea, and the Circulation of iu Wa
ters, he did not expect to have time to em
brace the whole subject as that would be
too great a demand upon the patience of
his audience. And furthermore, were ho
to attempt it. be should fine himself iu the;
rivt-r-i and the clouds, with which the sea
was intimately connected. We know, said
he, that the great l!ivc rj, -wli as the Ama-
I re.', the Mississippi and the St. Lawretieo
,r.iL through channels in the clouds as pal
' pahi." astho.igh channels on the earth. Wo
j ha.,, the highest scientific authority fortius.
I I have always found in my scientific studies,
, . , , - ., ..
thai when I c mid get the bllr to sav auy-
, ., . ., - . ' .
1 BU"Jecl ,11 1,,lwa's au",rJ,'J
i " V" . l". ul,.u.n' n,lul
j otluT round in the ladder by which I could
. s.ih-Iv ascend. Atiplause And the Bible
informs us that ''all rivers run into the sea,"
c,. liut he (the lecturer) did not propose
to go into the Livers, or treat especially of
the Gulf Streams, or of those very large
iulf Currents which exercise such a con
trolling influence upon Navigation Jiut ln
proposed to go into another subject, which
that there was as much regulation in tlm
circulation of the waters of the sea as there
is in the circulation of the blood or the
movements of the planets in the heavens.
If we take a drop of water from the Si a,
and another drop from the Fiver, and ana
lyze them, we shall find that they are near
ly alike; and this provi s that, water in one
part of the ocean to-day will be found in
another mil far di-taut part to-morrow.
'1 his must be carried by these Currents.
'I key in u in tain lim order and picsorva the
harmony which characterizes every depart
ment ot God's handiwoi k. Kvcn drop of
water in the sea is as obedient to Law and
Order as are the star ju the heavens; fur
vheti the morning stars sang t-'gethcr the
waves r-l' thL. sea aNo lifted up their voice ;
of the ocean is iu harmony with the music
f the spheres. Applause We cannot
doubt this for up ui the lied Sea there is
never any rain while upon the Mediterran
can there are rains and many rivers emp
tied into it. et, when we conn; to analyze
the waters of each, they are found to be'al-ino-t
iudeutical. Upon this evidence we
f riii the supposition of a teneial system of
Circulation by which water from one part
of the sea is conveyed into a most remote
part. 'J he chief motive power concerned
in Marine Current- has been generally as
cribed Vji't.it. Until has been found to
be thought the instrumentality of the n inils
ami pit'itln ami titsr. ts ulul tjie force of the
sea. These agents unv the sea great dyn
From this point the lecturer went on to
argue that the same seen t causes which
produce an under-current from the Mediter
rant an and the Head Sea into the Ocean
should also produce an under current from
the North Sea into the Polar regions; ami
iu corroboration of this idea, he cited the
ot Lieutenant Haven, nf the
I i rinnell expedition who, when he was fro
zen up in the ice, o-ojug. toward iiie South
a large iceberg came drftiug up toward
the North and was out of -,;.,(, t in a day.
And he .-aid tnat it w :s to the mini and
geiithi influence of the suits of the sea,
brought through by an under-current, that
Franklin and his companions owe their lives,
if tlny have been able to find the means of
subsistence iu that cold aud barren region.
Here, then, lie said, i the office which the
sea performs iu the economy of the Universe.
The dews, the rains, and the rivers are con
tinually dissolving certain minerals of the
earth, and carrying theiil off to the sea.
-V, '. T. ti'in.f.
We have heretofore published a paragraph
im ir.ioiiing the escape of trench exiles from
Cayenne. A recent, letter fioni Surrinam
sa v s
" A few days since the American brig
Mermaid, fr-un Cayenne for Hoston two,
days out, discovered thro of the expatria
ted Frenchman concealed ou board- The
Mermaid being a regular trailer between
Ho-ton ami Cayenne, the Captain was ap
prehensive of difficulties on his return,
should he take them to the United States,
and therefore put into Suriuaiu, where the
French war steamer Voyaeur was Ring,
and communicated with the United States
Consul, wlm recommended the unfortunate
individuals to remain on Hoard the Mer
maid. The captain of the Voyagt ur then
.demanded of the Captain of the Mermaid
! that they should be delivered up to him,
which was refused ; and he immediately
' sailed for Cayenne, f-r in-ti 'n -ti-uis from
. the Governor. The ste.uier r- t.irncl ou the
'.'-th uiu. when tiie M. nuaid
j and the refuge fa ! left, either in her
some other .ts.-ei, f.-r the Unit. .1 Stat.s.
M U'UY'S WIND AND CUHUKNT
I'll AIM S.
The l.Tds Commissioners of the Trei uirv
i.i ve eiveti au order f -r the free a lints.-j ,u
.- .!..". . ...,.,.l -oris Of., th.. I , .1.1
"i im-sc n t- .....-. o, ...... ,
uoin. a nis lu-iie.i'.es i.i u ine u-.-j:
of oar N
Navy Liedtruint are ai.ir.- r:'e 1 ej
f t'je AtLiUt.C.