l'p'''wffB----s -iiwuj .
"Je lti& io 6oD, io ijoiit fteii rilrii, U jjoui -Duty.'
HOLT ON & WILLIAMSON,
Hum IKS AND rilOl'ttlETOKS.
Th Nortli.Onrolina Whig will he iiflurdpil to
ml,. ril rs M TWO I I,i,AHS in inlvunto, or
TUO DOLLARS AM) HPiV (KM S if (my.
niiit lie ilct lyi'U lor tlircc nioittim, und '1'IIKI.K
nI,, AltS ut tin i-nd of the -year. No mimt will
Ln- iliHCMitinud until all nrrc.-r .tcn un unit, ex
cfjt at tin; option of Hit! Kditom.
A-hcrUM-im-iiU i inter ted ut One Dollar m r rcjutiri
i j iiitiH or lens, tiitH mzi'd tyi") li.r the tirnt iiihir.
I, on , ii ud 2j cents lir cioh continuance. ( 'uiirl ud
u rtiwiKt iitj and Slicntl 'i Hairs trhurped nr
cut. higher ; and a dciiui tioii of Xlif jkt cent, w ill
be Hindu Ironi the regular urm n, for uihertiwr.. by
tin- ycir. Advertitti-mt-nU inner ted monthly or
ijuartt f I v, at $1 yn-r jhutg for encli tunc Semi
,-! till TJ Vt limHl MlliHM fc. .Jm-
J " All It ttf-m on huMiir mb mint b: ilinTlrd to
die Kdilorri. I-rtlrr must ie pont-paid or they
mil not hi; uttelided to,
3 ' ryniffittf can w in nth to either.
i IoHtiiiat'r are authorized to net an itgentH.
WHAT I LIVE FOR.
BY 0. US Va kasas.
! Iivfi fur those who li-vu lite,
r'or thoift ! kniiH' arc true,
r'or the heaven that aimli -a dIjcjm: hi-,
Aii't awaits my nrit tuo ;
For nil li ii tn iii tic that liinii in-t
fur u: t,ak by -.mi aa-ii-n'tl mi-,
l'i.r the liright linH-a loll Ik litud inrt
Ant I In: I .mi il".
I hm In learn thrir Morv
hr-'ve stifl'f r'il fur my a,ikc,
'I'n niiiil.ite lh-ir clnry,
A ii J 1'illow in tin ir w.ikr;
It mi-, martyr. . Inula aagia,
'!'. nnMe of all ajp ,
h.- .!-. io, crow.l liittury'a a,
AnJ Timt-'ii great voluiii; mukc.
I I n' tn hail thnl waiinn,
lv -mIViI nmiiU f'urft'.ld,
ti. ii mi n ahull hvr ty ri-aaon,
Aiitl ni't iiionr hy t'oli!,
.ifii mun ta in-in uiiilid
A 'ill I I iT V ftfiili tlnnt tirhird,
"J"'..- wli.ilr wo-l.l lull llr I j; .
I. It 11 ci! uhl.
I hv.- to h-i!l riiinimliiM'n
Willi all llul ii ill win,
T' 1 --1 Ihrrr ! a ummi
'Twitt Nsiuri''a licart and nunf ;
To rifi.rii hv tiiiirtuir
Hi '; tnilhii from lii-uU'il Rrtion.
i.ruw Wlrr f'rinii i-oiivu tlnll,
i. I fililil t4i II grral lliaill.
I .vi. fur I how wliii l"'V mf.
r.ir tlioM! mini atwiw m Uur,
1", ,r i'ic In-m n lli.il niiiiii" alxin" nir,
:iii awaits my rjurit 1ik ;
I'.if t" ',iit; ri ill i l'' i',
I r tin- I'liw tli.il lirka aitni' ',
I .r i'ii ttiinff in l',, 'liH'iin'i i
And Uii. u'Hui that 1 can tv.
I'rriin Wilukrrs MilJ'IZUiC.
An am ed ite ju-t now orcur-to us iu which
t1,.- cn-idi rati-. n of " iiorthern folks "' for
l rol .rcd race, as inauifcsted on a certain
. .-ra-i ui, docs not appear to us perfectly
i -.i-i-teut with their ostentatious prnte
f philiiiithropy and universal biotherl
In one of the largest
ami most comiv
'luirehi ill our inodeni Allien the go "!
tv of Rostoil -tln re was, a lew years a
i -mall i-allerv originallv built for
built for the ac-
r linn jdation ol the Llacli ami rolorou pop-
. . . . i i i .
ulat'nui. Either the g.ihcrv was s.
tr-ii ted as to disfigure the general beauty
.f the architecture, or, which is more prob
able, it w as disagreeable to the fashionable,
in Tapanis of the pews below to see the ne
rr., wor-hippiug there, and it was reinov
id. Shortly after its removal, the owner of
one of the best pews upon the bro.id aisle,
having changed his religious opinions, and
desiring to worship elsewhere, applied to the
effi. ers'of tin church lo take back his pew
at a fair valuation ; upon which application
t1 1) nib-rod him a sum for it far below w hat
lie conceived to be its real marketable val
ue. IhngMisted with their parsimony, and
ih ti-rtnined at the same time, in a way c
ipially quiet and emphatic, to show his sense
if it, ho applied to a respectable negro in
I'ornhill Square, who had accumulated a
considerable pripcrty by his industry, and
n-ke I him if he would like to make a little
" Xt', maisa, would like to make money
ia an honest way."
" Well, Sam, I will put you in the way
"f making some, and hoiicsily, too.
lie then narrated to him the cir :.-talicc
ju-t now mentioned, and said :
" Now, Sam, I want you to purchase this
pew. lo you understand me T"
' Yes, massa, I think I do. How much
do yon n sk for the pew, sir ?"
" I will sell it to you, Sam, for three hun
dred dollars. The .dheors of the church
offi n-d me five hundred for it. It cost mo
a thousand. Will three hundred answer
voiir views? Can you raise the money?"
" Yes, massa, upon a pinch I can. 1 have
live hundred dollars, ready money, here in
'"' drawer, and I don'' '.niuk.sir, I can lay
"ut three hundred ol it more advantageous
ly -hail in buying the pew."
" Yf--, ma-sn, I will buy it."
"Come, then, to my house this afternoon,
at live o'clock and bring the money with
V'U, and I will give you a bill of sale, for it
is necessary that you should have legal evi
dence ,,f purchase in your pocket. Five
-'"loi-k, remember, Sam."
" Yes, massa, I will be there, without fail,
at live o'clock precisely.''
" And bring the money with you don't
f Tgct that,"
" I shall not forget, that, sir."
''(ood morning, Sam."
" V very good day to you, massa."
The iicxtSumlay mowing, having procur
f,l Uasuiu from ft livery eUlk-,
i -45-t ,3
with driver ami footman to match, and he
ini dressed in his het Suinlay .suit, and liis
wit'i; and children bcinj; dru.-scd in their Lot
Sunday huit.-', with u little inure finery than
usual, and all being well stowed away in the
carriage, Sam rides in tin! :-lyle of a Iiu.-ton
nitl")b to th(i i-tru t church, und Moiis
in liont of the flight of sti ps that lead up to
the entrance of that veiieralile cdilice. Uuv
inj.' as.-isted his family to alight, he, in the
most ret In n he ttyle, takes the arm of his
wife, and, assisting her up the steps, march
es through the broad aisle up to his pew,
followed by all his family. Having waited
upon thi'iii into it, he takes his scat at the
head of it with all the gravity of a patriarch.
Sum' property was direcllv in front of a
pew occupied oy ono 01 me nlost aristocrat
io funiilicH in Jioston a family w ho eschew
ed all vulgar association, and despised black
people especially. A covert smile might be
m en playing upon Sam's countenance at the
sensation which his occupancy of the pew
evidently occasiuiied among his f;i.-hioii;ibIe
and wealthy neighbors and the worshippers
generally. Ilewnsjut beginning to emu
pose his features to a degree of gravity be
cuining the place and the occasion, w hen ono
of the olhcers of the church, perceiving what
had happened, upproaehed the pew , and the
following brief dialogue, sottu I'y.r, took
place between the parties :
Xtstrifinan. " Sam !''
$n m. "Sir!"
Xmtryman. " Sam, you must get up and
go out of this pew."
Hum. " (io out, sir ?"
Xtstnjnmii. " Yes, immediately, too."
iiiii. " The pew i- mine, sir."
Xi stnjuntn. " Your pew ! W hat do you
Sof(. " I mean that the pew is mine, sir
X t stt ijitunt , This pi-w l.i b -ii-s t i Mr.
," naming the firmer owner ol tin pew.
Sii. " It ilal belutig to him, but 1 have
bought it of him." (Taking the bill of sale
out of his pocket.) " Here "a tl.e bill of salt.,
X'.tii"iii. (Looking very inm-h a-t-m-i-hed
as he examine the document with a
critical eye ) " Yes, I si c you have bought
the pew, then."
$1111. " Yes, sir, and suppose a man has
a right to do what he choo.-ea with Lii own
i l i i.i in ii . " ("i rtaiul v, am, certaiulv.
J, t ;i
If you have bought il, you have a
right to ue it.
Karly on Monday moriiing, Sam heard a
knock at hi- door, and, upon pr uiouiii ing
the word.-, " walk in ' j --
. ,, . i low il ) you do. Sain '
Very well I thank you. I low
udo. sir ?"
r-i i.nuiii. " Much as usual. Sam. How
is our family ?
Sic. " All in good health sir. I hope
Mrs. and all vour cl.ildr n arc wi II, sir."
Xtlrtii tun. "Nothing 1" com. lam of.
S.iiu. Mis. uu lie; clublieii ;re Weil
iim. " Glad to hear it, sir."
Vfii.-ijW'.ii. " How dms the world serve
v ol. Sam '"
X i sti i.nuiii. " I mean hnw are you pros
pering iu your busine-s ? 1 h"pe ou arc
getting along pretty well."
$,iin. Yes, sir, thank you. doing about
as well as mv neighbor-, I l . Ii"1'"
Xt.-li,"i'i'. ' Sam. I havecalled or, m
this moruiiig upon a little business -that
pe v of yours."
$ii m. " What sir !"
X t sti 'ft"'"1 " Would you like l' sell it .
$iii,i. " Not so di-posed, sir. 1 want it
for my own use. I ami my family m"s go
tn church some where, and have bought the
pew for our accommodation."
Xotii'ii""- "Rut I suppose y.ii would
sell the pew if J oil could make s' lui thing
handsome bv it.
$iim. " Possibly. That would depend,
however, upon the amount I should make.
I )u vou w ant to buy the pew ?"
X'tsfriiHHii. " Vi s, Sam, that is my bu
siness hero this morning. I came to make
you an offer for the pew."
$,im. " llow much will you give for it,
Xtstnii " Why, Sam, it seems you
pavu -. three hundred dollars for it,
a week ago."
$itnt. " Yes, sir."
Xrstrimini. " Well, Sam, ill order to do
the handsome thing by )'i. I propo-e to
give you. three hundred and filly !r it.
That will be allowing yu lifty dollars on
the amount of your purchase."
$tt m. " Won t do, sir."
j Ycstrijinnn. "Won't do! Why! Sam,
you are exorbitant. Will four bundled
dollars do ?"
Ski. " No sir."
Vrsti Imini. " Pour hundred and twenty-five?"
I Si " Won't answer, sir."
I i st, i,i hni. ' Pour lifty w ill that do ?"
I $iiiu. " Not a whit better, sir."
I Irslnnnin. "Say four hundred and
'seventy-five, ami close the bargain, Sam."
$,i)ii. "Must bid higher jet. massa.
I want the pew, as I sai l before, for my
own particular use, and don't think I should
An: disposed to part with it at any price
certainly not below its in mat wonn.
YcslDimaii. "You are very exacting,
, i . i . ...
Sam, tins morning, .is a i.isi -.ii.-m.s,,,,.,,,
il will give you a round five hundred for
jt., onormous price lor a pew iu.ii
joii only three hundre'l
Sum " Knnrniou-- price, ina a
I li.-miieii to know that Somri
a thousand dollars for the pew right op
posito to it, ami I iu sure my pen
lis good as his. In fact, massa, M. .
from whom I bought the pew, as you must
know, gave that price for it a thousand
dollars when he bought it. It's one of the
best pews in the cl'iireh."
,. si ri m, in. "That may be; but I am
not authorized to offer you more than five
hundred dollars for it. That, us I said, is
my ultimatum. Will you take live hundred,
and give me a bill of sale ?"
$,im. (Spiaking vry decidedly.) No,
sir. TvU jou, w i UJ jsu Uka, 1 Jou i
want to sell the pew. T want to Worship
' there with my family. I might possibly be
induced to take a thousand dollars for the
pew not a cent less. I shall part with it,
i then, with great reluctance."
I Xrstrijman. " A thousand dollars !
jVhcw! Surely you inu-t be .iv, Sain.
;iiv: three hundred dollars lor tiie pi -i ,
and u-k a thousand for it '. I in astonish
ed nt you, Ham."
$iim. " l'eoile are often astonished at
what happens in this world, mas-a. I may
have lo.-t my wits, as you say, but that's my
price for the pew."
Yr.Ni'7 man. " Well, Sam, we bhall not
trade for the pew to-day, I see."
P-wii. " Not at all sorrv for it, sir."
rstrymutt. --uouu morning. a ill .
Ham. " (iood morning, massa. Jiillv,
run and open the door for siiiire Kandall.''
'n the l-'riday following, the vistrymaii
called again on Sam, having been authoriz
ed to give as high as eight hundred
dollars for the pew, if he could not get
it for less. Accordingly, he o tie red various
intermediate sums between live and eight
hundred dollars, but all to no purpose.
Sam adhered to his original price of a thou
sand dollars with great obstinacy, and the
vestryman hit him in utter despair at effect
ing the negotiation at a less price.
The next Sunday, wishing that as many
of his colored friends, besides his family, as
could be conveniently accommodated in his
pew, s),)U;j enjoy the benefit of divine
service, Sam in v iti-d t lulu to take seats with
him, and his pew, cntiM-ijucntly, w us tilled
to overf living with negroes of both itxes
very mm h to the ili-giist and mortification of
some of tho-e liii mis of the l iaek race,
wh-j ndvueat'' eiii;iity and brotherhood in
t'-' "I'y, hut deny both in practice.
Sam via- nut disturbed on this occasion,
but il was lb t. -rmined, on the s tuc i .' i u ir
Monday, to comply with his terms, ami v'ive
him the price In- :t-kcd. Ai ' oi u: ugh' he
was again waited upon, and ihf"in.fl thai
the I'lhei r- ufthe church had com dude I to
give him hi- pi ice, and pay him dov n a
th'Ui-aud do'ilars t o- his j ,-w. Hot Sam
knew l.i- advantage, as v.ill as the motives
that ilifliii mi d the i.j p'.icati'.ii, and was
di ti-rti.im-d to rise- in his ih-niands.
" A tliou-aiid dollar-, sir! that
was iii price la-t Wie!;. This in i k mv
'ii'-e lor that pew x-tiin lJ,ni-sa ml V
It wa-in vain that the ve-tryinan i x
postitlaf d. an I I urst "'.it itit i :. iamati i
of a-toiiishiiieiit at the enormity of the
deiiiand. In the cour-e of the Week, m-ot-
al interviews t .ok p1
stl einioll-effort we
pi ice -. :uid bef'.-r
rouiid, the two tli.ei
him, and Sam "U-P
ti. i t i '.ui' h. w I:
ace, in w hiel
e made to ill !uet
I ut all in vain.
1 dollar- vor
fr-iu his -.,-vv in
111' !,, it
are not equal belnre (ind, whatever cquali
tv th. y may contend tor before each uth. r.
W e were t-dd this am ci.ite a year or
aL.,i l.y a I! i-t..i gonth .-man, vv ho vouch
ed ? r ti e truth of it, and we tiavv no doubt
that it is substantially true.
(UTICIAR REPORT up THE IEA1
SKA EXPEI'PI TON.
TI flicial report of the Cnited States
p.v" -ditioii to explore the 1'cad Si a and
the River Jordan was published ill part by
ordi r of the Ceit.-d Slate- Senate, but the
manner iu which the work wa executed was
so 1 It lie credit able, lit her t lie, elite l p! i-Oig
iitriei is who had i barge ol it or to the Gov
ernment under w ho-e anthoi ity it was ui:
dcrtakcii, that the late Sei u t.uy of the
Navv. Mr. lirahiim, authorized its publi
cation by Lieut. M. I''. Maury, siipeiinteiideiit
of the .National Ob-, rv atory . ill a un-re ap
propriate stvle. The execution "f the work
was ciitru-t'cd to M.-srs. .bdiu Murphy
A Co., of this city , who have neeiitly issued
it in a verv in-at quarto volume, hand-ouiely
bound and gilt. Tho Report, as published
bv the Senate, ensi-ts only of the narrative
(.ortion "f the Commander of the Expedition,
l.ii-nt. W. P. Lynch; but the ge.d-gieal
portion was Hot included in it, as it was n .t
then finished The volume as published
bv Mi s-i- Murphy Co. contains the largo
and coiiiprelicn-ivc map of the I'ead Sea and
the River Jordan, with the surrounding
country constructed from the joint labors of
Lieutenants l.y mil and Pah-, and Passed
Mid-hipuia'i Auliek, a- well as numerous
plales offoH-H remains found during the gc
ol igical explorations. The book as publish
ed by Mi-.-rs. Murphy A Co. is, without
being siiperlliioiisly extravagant, well titled
for preservation in any library; and the high
ly successful results of the hazardous
; undertaking will long be regarded as a
triumphant evid. nee id the skill and iiidomit.
able pi (severance of the aide and accom
plished officers who so fully and peitectly
( .b toil the h:irdardouscutcrpii.se.--ViV'.
. I mi ri;in.
; CO! IITING IN THE I' RK.
1 A circumstance ec betel two friends of
ours iu liloiu ester, who out one evening at
: tho house of a mutual friend, a young lady
for whom both entertained tender senti
ments. In a spirit of frolic, one of the young
ladies put out the lights ; :,iel the two gen
tlemen judging the moment to bo favorable
for making known th" slate "I their I. clings
to the fair one, changed at the same in-lant
1 ami placed themselves as they supposed at
' the ladv 's side. Each gentleman took as
he fondly supposed, the soil, little hand of
the charmer, and each was enraptured to
find a tender pressure assuming the ehar.ic
I tor of an iiniiiistakcabh.' mutual squeeze.
' Some moments flew in this agrceabio inter
change of sentiments ami it is lair to pm-urnc
:that both heads and hearts wore ' reached
as Mr. Rird would express it, when the la
l,ly ufthe house, becoming suspicious from
the unusual silence of her friends, suddenly
re -lighted the lamp and discovered the two
gentlemen with love and delight beaming
horn their eyes, all absorbed ill the novel
; recreation of squeezing each other's hands.
jThe gentlemen sloped incontinently; and
.one of them confidently remarked to us a
few days afterwards, when the joke got
j -ibroad', ho " tlnm'jlit n't the H u.'c linn
1 ,i, ill's ha ,vl frit J'I"J"V haftt !" 1'tl'h-
THE "OI'KX GROUND PRAIKIK."
We make the following extract from the
II. . T . l.lS . ..
is" :.i.- .
Iil-Iioir. UT rnli'.,iir I-. ill -in ill in s. iil.ilii.d ,,,
'.lion- in ii-iiiii in i l
the "open (irouiid Prairie
(,'ouiity. 'I he Professor':- opinion here giv
en concerning these laims is not as- favora
ble as when he made his first examination :
" The State of Vjrtli Carolina owns large
tracts of land. :.a the Kofctern Counties hor-
, . . ., , . ,
den , ,g the r,a.st, ttoiwil ot which is em.-
I iicntlv ot ieg'etableorii?iii J he tract vv Inch
L am te nuta-e is situate1'' in the County of
( aiteret, and is known i - the Upon (jrouud
Prairie. It is within. .-tp-tT eight miles,
North, of the town uf'lj ""d contains
lieing about twice as lone aij .w- ,u"
cr axis extending K. N'- K. Uii the S. E.
side, several creeks jienel rate into it ; or,
rather, (.'ore Sound sends into it three short
amis, which are known as creeks. Tho 1-t
is Ward's Creek ; -'ml, Willis Creek; :id,
Oy-tor Creek. At the extreme S. K. bor
der is the North river; oppo-ito to which,
on the other side, is Adams Crock, and then
South River. The ci'-eks and livers are
channels which render acee.-s to the Open
(i round more feasible; for it should he
kiiow nthat nature has fcrtilh d these grounds
by thickets of bramble.
Around, anil upon tin- outskirts of the U
pen (iiounds are ridges, w hich seem to have
enclosed, at no distant day, a body of wa
ter, which was prohabl,' shallow and fresh,
and communicated vv itii the Sound. !y the
special direction of I-is Kxcellency, the
Governor, I visited thistract, mainly for the
purpose of deteriuiiilngliow-far il is Mi-c.p.
tibie -.'!' reci.iiiiatioii aiidcuilivatii.ii. In thi
enterprise I was aided iC-ry otlicicntly, and
indeed kindly, by giiitleineu residing at
li'-auiort ; e-peci lily lv I 'r. An ndi-il, Ir.
lleli, n, jiild (.'apt. l-'anvr.
We gained access totiie Prairie through
W ard's Creek, a brauei of the North River.
In our t-oiir.-i- we pa.-.--! over Piney Ridge,
which has a breadth ol'..iie-loiirl ii of a miie,
ami which h is vcgetaii- mould to the depth
of .'ii feet, which rcpo-j- upon clay. Pevoiid
this ridge is a .one oaf. d the Everglades,
which are productive a.'l licli. This soil is
between o and (i f'eet.iiiid lepose-' upon a
sandy clay, and in v It li thure lies buried
an ancient lorest. Smnii ig atvarious jujinls
as we passed over the'iverglado-, we found
bottom at various iicps, varving from to
lo foot, and freom il i ' iiic sound iieiielra-
lu o-trate log, of Clislderahle ,si.e.
in the (Ipil Prairie wi re sulli-
cicutly numerous to ppve a great uniformi
ty in tin envvjing of a, ancient si a bottom,
fresh' v lake or siv.'.l, w hich, by tin- pro
gress of .-light elevat'iis, from time t-itime,
r.ii.-. ..l the bottom tthvo high water mark.
In c 'li-eoiietice of t iia-c c'naliges, vegetables
pci uliar to niar-1
,' Vt riots
l.iii'l-, belong to the
ei'ii-i-t maiuiv of a
v of nio-scs, )nit
I t '
grow i pon tins i.ottoic, articuia-iy l ie nay :
and tin y evidently attincd a large size.
Rut the moss growing .;uri:intly. has final
ly riii-cd the surface iisome t'.aie- Hi loot
up ui the sand. This jiiders the present
surface less suitable fothe growth "t trees.
I he ('ton ti round Praie presents a lev
surface, so far as can L seen
an humble vegetation if set
with here and there a jlitar
... .v. i e.l wii n
e and moss,
pine. Sur- ;
rounding, however, tlnsxti iisivi neiu. inere
are lolly piic. s, inter.-p.sed v it !i a ks and
chine pin. The soundigs prove a field far
more productive in trei than the prc-i nt.
Thi fact, taken by itsel looks favorably to
wards the soil which bis them. In gener
al, however, they wert )t ol aldy bays, and
these are i.''t imlieutiv uf good soil. The
soil 1,1-n brought up - in the lowest points
vv.-iould reach, was, o the eye, c.'iiipo.-i d
of v.-gi table matter, i-h s.. m- sandy soil.
It was found loose t.j-.ul- the sin fare, at
least to the depth of i to -H inehe-. It is
even a sponge, and iml retains water
like .a sponge. The trifiio' argument which
I was 1 1 i . j i ,- -1 to a.h.'Vt Hi-, if this soil Ins
1 n competent to prubieit ices and perfect
- , . , . . . ii .i
seed, capable of repr-llueig spei
be put under success fil cu ure,
i it may
rov ided it
is p"t into a favorable jiiy ica
Still this argument dii r.-t 1
Id good. !
was inclined to adopt i bfore I know the
cxa. t hemic;. 1 compn-rio of the soil. It
is fully established, as lhe had occasion
to say", that a s.jil, pure'y vgct ilde, will ii"t
I'l-oduee the cereals: nutlnr will ope of pure
lime produce tin in. Orgtnie matter is an
essential constituent, "i.i1 : and audibly
and lime, and yit noitln by itself can pio-il.ii-,-
f, i-iii,. s....il 'I'hei-i inu-t be a mixture
of organic and ii. -r.-ani matter. The bit-:
i..i- ,,',,,.1 ,1.., o. .-. ,,f i.vnnil elenicnts. ,
These are important pjicij'les w hich may i
be ai'iilied to the (Hlestili which was to be
settled by this cxamiual 'il. I he charac
teristics uf the vegeta le mateii-il were
found uniform, and bene it did ii"t require
numerous analyses for t ldctcrmino the na
ture of the soil, lb nee ..uly four wi le t.ik
i u for thi- purp '-c.
Those Mimplos were liken from a depth
of eighteen or twenty iuhes. The chemi
cal examination of the sn-cimcns taken, re
sulted, uniformly, iu t s : One bundle I
grains gave three per cot. only of inorgan
ic matter, proving the ntiosttital absence
of any earthy compound the three percent
consisting of the ash of do vegetable mat
ter. Tho ash contained iliea, pho-phatc ot
lime and per oxvdc of i-m, lime, niagu -sia
and potash, or the same ioluct.ts which arc
us.ially found in the ash plants bolon. ing
to marshes. A soil thus constituted i- n
susceptible of a profitabit cultivation ; cer
tainly not competent to produce com and
other cereals, unless it b rice. The ques
tion then conn s up, is tlnre a remedy ? Can
the Open Ground Pr:iiribo brought into a
condition to wnrraut anattempt at cultiva
tion, for a reasonable cxn iise .' It is plain
enough that the first stepts to lay the prai
rie ol poitions of it dry iy draining. This
is feasible, as it is provd by ft competent
engineer, to be sixteen ft t above high wa
ter, mid to be also above the storm tides of
the oust. The ii r.-t efivt of draining will
l.u t.i .t.i.i itws lcv.d ii the lo-nirie about
... . . - i---. . . ,
oigiiLceii iiicues. . ue iu .. , ,.,-.s.
I tlij wbvlo body wiU bcovMvi yru oc-tjiaft
ii htcen inches. 1 he mtace, and, iti'leeU,
jand close, ami tho unchanged organic mat-1
I Kkx w '". '" ,'ll"' decompose. Another cllect
i will be, to raise the temperature o, the soil, '
I. . :.. .1.. 1 1 ... .1 ... e .1.
nnicii is now i-oiisi hi i nciovv inai ui in
,i..,, ,i 1..,:,i f;,.i,io h,,,i, .i r.,,,
w ill promote a vegetation of better kind ; bm
they cannot change materially the composi
tion of tho soil. There is still something
more which must bo done. The method
which has hitherto been purucd with soils
,.( ,1.:.. l ;...! :.. i.i ,...:..!. i: l i...
"i nil, niu.i i i'i iiiin i iiiiu iiuir ..in i . uii'ii i
,,. ;,,,-,,,.; th.lt it ,irolllo,,.s :;10 P,,,(y
dceompo-itioii of the vegetable matter, and
converts it into an element lor jihints. J Ills
practice, however, is not founded upon just
views : it is at lea-t defective, and besides,
it i too cxptrii.-ive. Tho trials, too, of this
'method. !r;vc faV.L'd ; l--t beei ut? Iim- is
llijuilous. n noes hoi, go ,-, , , -
lime, as this a single element. Now, it is
proved, I believe, that these soils are unpro
ductive for the want of inorganic matter;
or, in other words, because the earthy bodies
:ure absent; not because lime is abscntmore
than the other earth, but because they are
j all ab.-dit. It follows, then, if the foregoing
principles are true, that what is reijuir-d, i.
. the addition of soil. Take any of the un
I cultivated soils, marsh mud and sand, anv
i thing of the kind at hand, which consists of
earthy matter, and apply it as a dressing.
Experience proves that the ipiantity reijuir
jedis not large; that what p lanters call a
. heav y dro.--ing. is sufli -i nt. In u-ing soil,
j instead of lime, as a f. . iili.er. there is ad
dled to the vegetable mould the eleini iit-ne-jcessary
for the production of the higher or-
iicr or piaiits, tnc grains or cere a
iron, p ota-h, soda, etc.
with tin; organic mat
c "ii-titnte a go., I foam
i, alumina and
which, togi tin r.
1 1 1 "ii
f..r eulii vation.
method I to-
.-'i:-. which eon-'st. of inai ! y i. me vogi-labb-matter.
Of its succe--. I have no doubt. 1
regard this treatment as nn oxecpti m to the
usual rule, for I regard tho practice of haul
ing clay to ameliorate a sandy soil, or the
hauling of s;,.,J (., aiueli irat" the elav. as
generally too cxpen-iv e. P it in the case of
peats ami peaty soil-, the va-t quantity of
fertilizing inatti r which th. y contain makes
the impiovemciit, permanent, or at least
quite la-ting: the peat, containing in it-elf
time, piio-phate i f lime, potash, -odd. i,r
those el :luei:ls which are t-ssei.ti..! to ai!
plants. 'I In- p,-aty -oiN Cm-i-h many kitols
..-f virith p. ti lin-r up...;; ti:" am . m: of
vegetable matt' r they i tain. Thetlpeu
liiouiuls lie at the extreme, inasmuch as
they coisi-t entirely of this matter, i special
ly near the surface. An addition of ciu-ths
makes the nu-alj-v, 1 . .. ---ol- I. "
tiii; pari, oi
Laniartine's third v
NAPi u; IN.
of the Restoration "1 the M otiari hv in 1
has ::. pcarcd from the J.less of the Harpers.
It opens vith June -I, when l ouche
was a; pointed Pn-.-idci.t of the Proyi.-ional
(i..v..-rii:in :it. W-.- find ourselves in the mi-l-t
o!' the scenes of Na .'coil's n tin Inelit iV .ni
Paris to Malm.-u'soii. and as we lead, wo be
come entranced. Pro-pcrity bad shone up
on him from his cradle, and he had "escap
ed the iheeptions and too chasti-oiiiclils of
destiny." Rut now. iu retirement, he was
brought to a wonderful review. .Mi was
changed. Now came the ii'ie-ti m what he
cemiiit ot this dark and
drawn by Laiiiattilie, is
v. avrior tb -light of com
d was inclined to c 'inc.
ing to Aim-rii
loved Prance. " After all. "said he,
lave 1 to apprehend? It is the. du-
ty ol Trance to protect me. Imt ue was
vacillating, and this exeit. d !' ar b-t ho
shoiiM still create distill bane. . I.tunartilie
-ays that the Emp.-ror " waitel I-t chaise. -and
hoped impossibilities-." lie ivoii wi.-h-ed
to apply for fhe c 'inniand of tie- army,
to tight against the cm mie- uf Prance, and
not to reinstate liinisi If. Ho seemed to thirst
for battle. Rut when In saw that ho could
lead the I'reuch armies pn more, ho said," I
; want nothing ni ne than a good wind and
good fortune; 1 shall go 'o America, w h-ro
thev will give me some land, or el-o I sliail
' pun base it, and v.c -hall c-ntiv at-' il . 1 .-hall
; live "U the produce of my land and ot my
Hocks." When some difficulties in the way
of this project were mentioned, he said,
" Well, tlicii. I .-hall go to Mexico, and put
myself at the head of the Indi pendents. 1
shall no, in short, fr..in shore to shot", from
sea to sea, until I shall find tin asylum a
' gain-t the resentment and persecution of
i'mau." II" docbiied, that although bo would
! willingly die. In- would n.t oominit -iiicidc.
Ille said, " As to me, whatever niav be n.v
destiny, 1 will never ha-un my
bv a single moment.
closing chapters of this v.. linn
the i-ii: illlelilel.t mi St. Ilel-'ti:
tho tempi r of the illu-ti ions pt i-.nu r,
Laniartine's iir-t style of composition.
Laiiiartinc remarks that Prov idenee
ed to Nap do. oi tie; last fav-'r it
upon a great man ati interval
ean bc-t 'W
f -i ace I.'-
twee 'I his
ami hi- e :
iro.'.ted but iltlf
that the cxil
i vor. lie hoi
1 parade than r
ii luet.int t ' a
w i:li more
nt t th
- of sou!.'' We are
d ::; '. picture w Inch
raw- .1 N.
til - in o ai C-.il-
ditl -ll. P. it we i-m-to -Olt' sent. . :
Tiii- luoi:.. login- ' -ix vi al-, whidi In
addressed t the won., rein the summit "f
hi- rock, and the m st ti ivial words ..f which
vv.-re registered by Lis c.c.utior-. t . 1 trar.--
llliitod t" bis mv 11 lidotis lis it go-pi I of J,. il
ly, was ifi'iiiug more than a
io note, devoid of
d faith, a-
hi- parti an-, and sp-.'::!;i'i r ::; tttrt.s t;
,.ii:i.'f of ail the faction- that he vvi-1
nourish with his memory , in-t. ad ! being
tlm disinterested, sincere, and re,i: i.uis ellu
si.m of a sotd which 1 ic nth s w itii its great
ness, its failings, pi tr
ami Us lepen-
ig manner La
to St. Helena,
ui over the is
litude, his de-
ance to the w o Id."
In a most v iv id and cm
marline describes tln-vov
the eager ranging of
land, his love of the
light in the island life while it was new. The
ud i-!iai-"e is then depicted ; lie weariness.
irri'ability, resti voltes.
and eating care.
his, which have becu
. ... v
. . ,
liva u, Laaaruao sh.u omy a J,y,taUv.-a.
" AIwayH an actor, after the drama he still
performs a part when t i . s curtain of the
World is draw n upon him, forge tl in;.' that tin-
only eternal part for man to act is, ni.ni, and
that the only iuimutable greatne-s is truth,
Therefore, these conversations of St. 1 1. le!,.i
lanatici.se, but do not toueli. They afiord
no evidence for hist ry, but little int. re i
for the human uiiiid, and no i motion lor tin-
"Napoleon was drsir.vis of
in, and atte.-ted an authentic, (-i I
speak,) an imperial faith, bv the ceremonial
of his di.ath. Tin- imaeo of Christ living on
the orosi ..v,.s...,l (., I,;. I,,,,,,! I," ,.! ,s..l
the lips of this martvr to ninbiti-.ii.
He awaited his dentl. us ;, exhibh ;o,,. nit,
. t-Miiiposcd his altititd-., -.-'. -. .. -. 4' , ..i,,
hefore the mirror of his fame. The la-t
: words ho staminerc.l out were Arum aiel
' I 'm, I, , t but it could let be a-'c.-rtaine.I
whether it was driain. dcliiiuiii or :.di..."
-N"?' V-'. M--:..:
j From the F';iri. .I.Hi mi t ti. s h is
j Till' JAPAN EXPLPI'I'ION.
.now mat the American expedition sent
, i . , . . 1 .
...ii-i ...ijiiiii is niahiiig its way ae., tiio
, Atlantic in thi- direction, h t u- i-t r. r.ipi 1
glam e at the singular and dillicult lclati nis
whicl, th.. .I-.... I, .,1.1 ..:.!. .1
, Il ' II I M - 'I lll III' M i 1 I I 1 ( I I I
of Europe, or rather with that ,.f lloliand
for no other p,.w,-r than this ha-. , -, ,, .,,:
imitted by tlieGovonimen, ol.leddo.ot, id-
with Japan. As early as ih,. I i,.'. ,i
States of America -cut an embassy to .la pan
, . - . ii i i'ii-
to negotiate lor tiio opening uf riiation.- ..
with American i-'.iniiii ree, but th.- move- . :, ." ".''"
mi nt completely l.,iicl. Ten y -l.,t, i , a "' ; v"-""-'- " :
second mission w ii h the sumo oln.t, l.a.i '"'
the : -aine ri-ult. Th" Ihil'di ,,i, ij,, v , ,., ,
;, i -.- l i i i i . 1. 1 I !. I ': i . i. I -
HI I ' b bK-ni-i; -oil: lit t i o1 ',,,:; a ,,, .....
Iicali -.ti ..f thos" i-. -trietioii- which i.int.
them, were hedged in with dilh-ult'i.-s. I,.,r-
d-ncl with int-derable and vex.,ti..-c...,.!i.
ii'.-.s. and oilcred in return iorc-.nioara,, ,, -
Iy few advantage:. W il!i ,i, Kii.g ..f 1 1, -I-
land, on that ..cca-ion. wr..ie t..i!... .1 ,..... ..
per.;.r tlu.t llali dial reciprocity y. a- i api i .
. IV extending', and that it
... o . i . .
. i i
Jaj.aiiesc commerce could Imt
. i . i . i .... i
uninii j.-nc. 0 l.y the nn -. . nu-i.t. i In l.i.i
pi ror, in thanking- the King ,.;' ,
'':o.t,i, , t .1- hi- ::!;,!,, a-ur.-d him that
the laws of he Empire oi J.i in I., in,- i,,-.
n.utaide, n itiiing coiii. i or w e.id !-, ,
id ironi tim on or ol thin-- tint had -V
ailed from all time pa-t.
At lengtli ti,,: aboan.'ii.g ei-c-v. ii - ,-i
Ir. a-urc .-tin. ,1 up th,. W', -i r, W'..,-,,!, :,:,,1
-, 'i in- i .inuc 1 1 a. 1. . i... : .
th" oi-eovi t v ' til" g-i'.d . f t'.-i'.i! r:.- .
.pi'Hig up in Alle lic. i, had inn. ii is.ii a-. 1
the number 'd' ve-s.-ls tr-piipg '" Pa- ' '
r.nd -i-sing ncif the -!, .: . ,f .1 .-, j.-i n. ':..'
oircn ni-t am e deter mi in 1 tin- A inei ; ., n I . v -eriiiiici.t
to nn- vv to ;!.,-, .sci:,i-ha 1 - ,-i : 1 i : -
M i l,. f,'t -en : i.o t ii
y..ai- rev i ;-i-:y . So, in Aj.nl, I "!, m-
bracing the opportunity .-!' .-. i,di;:g I. ! ,-
.-o'llie shipvvreelod s-.i! th, y s: i.t t , ,1 ,, in
,, , , , ,- ,
a small cxpe"lt..ii eh:,i . d to ,, -- l-,i !.,
conclu -ion of a tr.aty which .-h'-u'ei p, rn.it
Ainerieau ship-to establish .li-j.-.n f.,r e , -l.
an I refitting yards at v : -. i-.u- -tat; n- w . in
the Japanese" t rrlt. ry. Th- r. 'y t t'., ' "
Emperor is still waited !' r. and tie- i i v. r:.- ',
nielit of the l'ni' l States, to ha-t n th--
i-s;le of th-' ;;:i,ir. s. .:f (',;;,.; . , : , ,l
to .l.i; ati v it!i :i -qua ? : : i w l.:. h - h . .. i "
ahio I deinand the c n ' -.-i :.- ;"'!:: i !e
be.-ill. lit ; c 'U: es-i"lis which, in the i-pini . ' ,
el tuo iiovcri.iiietit ut tin- Aiin-rii-'iii i i.: '.
should be made common t the ii e',..' -d '.!..
vv..r!l. Ii outh" Anna "s cut .limn -re.. I.-.! n-
cir. we taKo tho t-n.-.vv.ng r-.-J tiiig ti.-
1 ''itch trade w ith Japan
The eoiunieree that II 'Hand l.a- with
i i . -. ..ii-
.p ni-an I- U"t uovy w nai ii vv a- ai in uogi n
... , , . . i-i',
Ping ot t
-vi nt- i-nth cei.tury, dur!
hi -I. and palmy .lavs ,,f th" P. it.!-. K ,-t
, ,- ,, 1 ' ,.. , . i ,
India' oiui.anv. inee ttteii It has i.ni.-h
, i-i i . .
dt i l eased in v alue. and at pr. s,-i:t scire. ; v
c.v i t'ds annually the vv ,i th uf th
"t francs. Two siiips despatch. I
from li.itavitt to the little i-ia:i I
,.t francs. Two siiips despateh. I every y. ar
tioni li.itavitt to the little i-ia:i I ..;' hocim.i.
!;. ing o if the cm ranee t the put uf Nan
g.-is-hl, suijieo to tr-uisact tin- im-iin-ss ..
the ('on.paiiy, which purvlia- - tie.- in -n-op.'ly
to tho trade for tin .-.nn : i:-v '
ti iin.-s p. anifini .
The I u'Vcrninciit tra-'. ', a--,v,il a- tit:,! . f
piivalo j art!' -, !- v. ry eoiupiie i'--.! in the
Ibitih factory at IVeiiua. Iiowevcr. thi - ht-t
is liinb-r loss restraint thui the f r::i. r. :t't-
thoiigh it is sul j, i t to a tax of '" p. r o. .it.
ll on which G. ye:i:ni"tit spc,-ii!::t; .its are ,
exempt. This di'fereliee a:i-e- from the '
n::t ;!: of the articles iaip .!
W hile the Government semis t - 1-.-iiua 1
,-i:!v it- Col .ni-il pro i;:. !-. and t'n :'
Etigli-h and In iiitti m innfa, ture, pviv tt'
iii.'i -chants ileal in articles of luxury, .-i'
w iiich tile sale off. i s itf! !, larger
The principal at tides of imp : tat: -u art- :
I-t ,.f raw- mat. ri -iU. I : v : -. .. - an 1
ii.itiir.u p: - '..nt t.n. .:.. ihn -.ao
amber. Cajeput oil. red
c.'hoe, j :.o:i oil.
li: 'tr!-:, oiive "il. ui iuni.
s, lopi -t,--,
hi- t ir, V
1 io -. pa: r lur-y.-.g", 1 ngri.i'i.s ! hth -graphs,
tih's, ta'.s, j. vvciiy . hollow wnio in: '.
tin were, lire arnis. cut1,,, ry , gi t-- wire,
sargieal and uptie.-il In-triii tei:'., .'.,'. 'I I,
aiti.l'.s of xp..rt -ti ' "V'. ri.iuei.t :. :-:
c-.n-i-t aluio-t cxc'ti-ive'.y of r; lim-d c p- r
I in Him t , I'.'.iiipi vii ids' of l .o ;; , . , 1
and of camphor.
'I he pivato trad-1 oxp ti- ar-- c.i- i'y -: ..
sii-tV-.l'it'qi'e- r d furniture, p .. ,-, htr -. : ,, ... .
and other .d'j. i is tl.. it b tc . a higiip... ,u
It is ea 'V t 1 pre ii, t t!. ' a:i-v - r wV
will bo obtained I a dciii.'ti-'.f.it: ui ti.:'.
r.-ts on ci l.t antic I -hip- ,-f war- th:t: i
to say : nui1 liti.'-ol'-bat' ,- sh;p, tiir. o -team
frigates an 1 four curve!! -s ; a c 1 : i J 1 t'
eoaippeit soiiuur.oi a.
tirvii g 1. t i: -- ,
than I ' guns.
In like manner as China had tv .speti up;
her trade bif.ro the I ',:. :!i-h euuio. ....
must Jip.m cave in bi lore the t;Tesi-t:o:
,-- s-- . .
Aacrioa wo-iuct, it is truo, baa alvut, , 1
nn rnergy which, at fir-1 glance, apj... i; i
-ligh'ly brutiil, but 1-- s ,, , (i,.. w I,,.,;,.,
than i-- the barbarous u-age oi the-.- t )i iciitais
who pcr-i.-t in inierdictni' wanuciiiig vc.--
si is from aeee.-s t-- 'iieir - hole-, an I eontiiiiu;
t i h old lei' ',; the p' ogr-.-- "I i-!iirop.-,-ins civ ili-
zation fr 'iu thu-e a. I, fertile, and p. pu! o.i-,
i'-wed in thi- light, wo cannot but
jdaud this cmiMi-i.-i.il cr.i-ade en-!. -. t -,
bv tl.e I'nite I Stat !!-.it that Inu-it let
r u - 1 1 . i :n ;' r
f re;. vet, that it "!:!" i-.o d h-.s
i ' ' '', r t "uni.
China, riid ..a Siam ; if th" Aii.crioa',- ai--
. thus forcing them
i J : ! -'in, Pr n e :
eollti U'le- to r-u ll 11 nil. n ( i t r i l : - . , I -. e ':'. i-t
v bn ;h !.;' -e ! v ' ir end t!,.- ,-,.,-1.,!, , x.
t " so :', h.n -'-a cf iWii ! ,f
M' ' -'r '.' i-. c vw ..-.l
: Wl .1, 1. 1 : '.- pAfj'.
' V,',.t:, : :,::,,:, . ;:! :;, :!. .
loie.wii -g i, .ti icio,-. i, tt, i- in ;-, 1:,;; lu ,
Vioibl's I'air at I;.- ' ity ..fN'ev. York. We
e.i!:c! i,t. t , p. .-,:-.. .-nl-ji it in ma-
la-t Ui ek's p-ll.e!-, :::..! V. ,. J 7 , , 1...
so. -I- ! Ill ., ir
' I I .' ' -
",' ..! a g. fitl. Iiii.li a- Mr. Lv'.iani. I he
tl. r i- ii.t, resting aolu- 1 ,r ii.e valarvlde
in. ., i..;:l, oi it - ,;,l..iii- ami ine p...;, , ;. ; ,,.
1 I' ,- . 1 . " . . 1
! "."". 1 ' 'j-o ed el j, . t.. We
;'"' l'-"u "V" l' ,1,H ''"ir '-'V"1' '
?''A v" . n.''' '"'' enii gliteiied c ,.-
I tie- elti.-.en-' r. .-,..:-t,i (
ni.o pun'. u...r'.y to 1 1 1 . -1 - in t,
o v.!.! I - id:- n iii in-
th .Mitr. !:, I-".:!
, ',.".'".':- v'"' ;: ' "'l " !"" "
' " ' " " 'V '. 1 ''. L'"' '"-
ly '' i ! '" " ' '" l" :h,u-
"' , ''' ' '"V " ,' w "il1"
V'' ,''".'..' " ' '.'; w; " 'i
'' ' '. ' '" ' .' '' ' ' " 1 ' ;l!';- any. long
t our St:,;,'
lu-,1 i n,,r-.
, , . , x , . - 1 -, V
' ' : i.i i : : :: I : , , :i - l , ..- v I . io
'- ' - . -. i o,, a - vv e v. i 1 c 1, 1 I,.;,,:,.!!,
f r- !r .., i'.-- !,. ; - Sen,., we had, 5. I
am in! l ii.- -I
' ... ..;i . in. ,n,
'. "' 1 iuii.l :i!.-o Ii-.-i.i this
II' p O'ti 'll o! ll..; ;.:-,
" i-'i '''' articlo for t:.-
t.l , :
:!- :. 1 :' ,
- v.c ;:i.;... d-v i-e means
il'ilnf. N thi':. ha.- be.-ti
St: ;,- ii . m, i'. ing by at -,-
1... i --'I.--. I i : onilt.-es i m
: . -' It ., :-, . i I'll: ,' t t ' Ir-
.. r i : i I r rvl.ii I-
; . . i-;.- ; r n I ; in n.i -i
' 1 ,- - ,, i- , ! , i n - to : , - .
- i , .; t-i :.: ." -: d i--r f .:
'.:!,.- ; .. i; i i . t . ,
i.- :. ami I
: . N.-w Y ;
I v -1, .-. i.:;.
., ''. t ' .'
i ait "i it :i .
' j' . j'
-' 1 1. J .
I - ol
I.:. . t, :
1 :. I ill n- - g
he p,. , :i:,g -h t 1 1 . 1,
::- n,:.v 1 ... :in-l ;tj ;
the P.-': I. t. :.', ! - ':.-'c
r th. Ih-t'.ic. r. .- i-.o s
l ' V --. Y '. ... :::.:' e
th .t vv
In t.t l.a'ui
, I ,-
" " ' '
ty t, ii t i.e.-.
it;, il i i - r. a
:vi-i h h r i'
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