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0 / 75
CHARLOTTE, 1ST. C., XX, 1833
liri.fl.f r.1,r t,t...i I . 1 1 .. .. f .1
..n..w niai nai, n liUliJf UI.UUUKC..JUS OI UlC CHAPTER, IT
once recollcctiuwif, .La littki:! ,1,! ''.
, 0 U"""V luiui.mtn , n m open
the narrow secluded street in which th,.
1 T1 Nurlh.Curnliiia WM,.,,, to 3 the IKS L '
1 i,;, iit I.-(.l..cd lor three muntlm, mid 1I1KK1. lu-aits by her gentleness and beauty. Ii 1
I liOld.AliSuttheei.dof thcyeur. No p..p will A. . i.., llu,rtll ,., 1 ... ,1'J1,M! sllu "Ul'ies
1 be discontinued until all urrur iL' ure juid, i. 1,11 1 1 ". . vuu , a carnage draws I
I B, a. .he opiUm of .In. Miter..1, ul'- vcry " '?' ; Louse, and a youn
I Ad.Tii-.uei.t iru-d at One Dollar per ..- "f Lut I'-"" -"'-- 'b '-'"- tiie next instant sin
I in liiMHorU-Hn, tins aia-d type) lor the liii.tnii.ir- "-'i -'N every bodyebe; a rare tiling j 0f l'loruucc.
I;,,,,, nni .'.) ni'iiU tnr cnih coiiiinuaiicu. I uurt ud- wiitreuo many are concerned. I lie li"hts
iiriii-nii' iiu nd SIiitiII'' Sdlfn cliurjci'd & ht are out, and the late lively looms looked fnr-
.i.h.Bi..Ti a,1dad,d,.. tiMof:i.'ll,rcli,t.will J,,,.,, nm, dun.rivd but wholly deserted it
., muii fri.ui the rii'iil..r prices, for udvrrtiarra hy J , , f , 11 . ,, , , ,
v.-.r. Advertiacim-nla itwerfd nw.ill.ly or " ""' lnUu-' Ly a rich tahle loaded
irt' rly. at $1 per anujre for eucli tunc
m.,nilily .5 ccnta per (..pure lor each tuiic.
J T All lettcra 011 'usinumi 11 1 unt lie diri ' ti d to
1!,: Il.iitora. Lcttcra inual be poat-paid or tl.ey
,!t,.lbe attended to.
jy I'y merit "n be nmdf to either.
i- rdstininteri arc outhorittd to ai t m n(;rnt.
i y -r fSf fnp -C
Full THE XiilllU CAUOl.l.N'A Will.).
(Ji t thnu r. nifinl.tr, wt 1 I St, !la, thr it t,
aTv we ld ty tlic tulr ,i tue liiurtnurint;
,u mi luivi ly iourid fi rth uji earli miii.c, nt
.V alii tin- Imlly-ln e buh, wlmte Uv, wi re
fi "retn !
i ! n nu mber the hour, t p-il in ni .ii
II w 1 lie Kindt were o l"W, aim liie Kl! I.
'i'.i-l niulil coytd be heard, g.ne the vui, e ly
with flowers which now looked faded and
dead, stood (iracc and her basom friend,
I'lorence Wyniau ; they stood with arms
round each other, aud their heads slightly
1 Well,' said Grace, after a pause, and
with hly glances at Florence, '1 cbiill Lave
to give up all this hpleudor ; and w hen un
cle William has pone to Knjjland, I hhall
have to earn 111 y bread ; how many of to
night's ft mi life-latiii friends shall I have
then; who will visit the poor dressmaker!
Very few, I am afraid.'
1 Well, we hhall see, Grace, darlinp, you
may be sure that you shall have nil of my
patronage;' and kis-ing ln-r, I'lorence rush
ed down stairs to join her bi jther, who had
been raliini; that the cat riau was waiting
1 Yes,' holiloijuized Grace, as she took a
(audit; and flamed slowly round the room,
as she h it it, ' I shall prove them when 1
have my quiet little room in a secluded t
strict, and do dre-sliiakitiu' ; when this rich ,
satin is changed lor a cheap calico, and my
aims niinii these eems. then i shall sec who !
are mv trietids and who are not;' and bow-
to the ni:iT"r
herself in it. she ex-
Coiideused from Pi deasor Kiniiion', i:e,,rt.
The importance of undcrstandim' the
composition of soils, and the best means of
improving their c pabilities, is a subject
now generally acknowledged to be worthy
of tho attentive eowideration of every far
mer. In every civilized cm,,,, f u
classes of its citizens are alike dependent
on the products of '.110 soil for subsistence;
ami hence everyone fchould feel l,,ter,.t..,l
how by word or hint, where mv fnturr. the promotion of sueciwsfal ...,.:,...li.,,.
homo was to be.' To obtain this diVrablo eu'l Geology and'
Florence smiled. M). did I l.ot know Agricultural CheVi.Hrv len"!l iw v7.ln..t.ln
that my Grace had a pan-ion for narrow al"j indicate tl.i .y;tom, based on sci-
n ami peroxide
. 1 ,
pimnc ein jippreer
s euiiios. as She gazes,
up and stops before the
lady springs out aud
lie is clasped in the arms
I ' Have you found me out already V she
ushcu. Jiove must indued be a diviner
then; for never even to you, darling, did I
nci.l, its proportions being about Til per tion of a good soil one. which is adapted to
cent, of the phosphate, i.nd 1-J per cent, of general cultiv .ition. The sample i.- from
me e.iiimnaie or nine. Jt also enters large- llalilax t o., ot a frown color, and
1.) 11110 mi! composition 01 the covering ol astoiiows; titer, 4 Till or
Mieii-ii-h, corals, hark ol trees, r. From V-.'ii ilex, 74 :) Alumina and
its universal illusion, n is evident, it is one of iron, 1 I. 0(1 1',
'""" '"''" 'ai't elements ot the soil, ante arljonatc of lime, (I. ID .Ma-i.e-
.'iueh uiieertuinty prevails in its uso. Km. sia. (I .')D Pt,l, 11 (.;-..,.) ., i "11.
essential eluiiients are here found in fair
proportions. Aliiuiiua or clay never entei-.-into
the composition of plant-, altim' it is
an essential clement of all soils.
The analysis of a good uintt soil frnni
iVrfjuimonst.'o cipiallin?. in everv respect,
the soils of (leniie-ee Co. in .,'vv V,.rk.'
U:r the heail ol min i Us judicious a. plica
tion will be more particularly pointed out.
! Mao.nk.-ia. This is al-o an alkaline sub
stance existing in soils. It is olteii niain
tained that Magnesia is hurtful to soils.
hen cau.-tie, it is true, it does not bicomo
mild as soon as lime ; and hence is liable ti
absorb the water which is necessary for the P!lv,! tLe follotiiig result : V
And tin j;'lad.
gurehiig ouiida if lieit beautiful
1 be only Miss ( .ray,
1 all, the b.-autilul
throw 11 o
, not a- two
1 ,t 'fineiiib' r ihh word, wh.eh win wh
Vv im'i! liiy in.iil, fairy lund 1 y tr, nit.lir 11,
. 1 in v t II on n; v heart 111 t hi .r 1:. us o. ! th v. ,
J i-c to. vuicea luat ll v l , in ii t 'I 1 10. Vs in
,.rStiM.! tnghl Sulla ! those wurda wire the
I iiil wr.e,j;ht out fur 11. e tne. loni; dr, am of my
-;d tin. word, whl'.ll 1 jH,ke, did Ihry rau-e-thee
T c Ami, la 111 Heaven may witiiesa llmi truth.
vt hour, v,t mi hour, in the hie of a Iwiy,
VV i.'isc l.i)a had b,-.n klirouted 111 pr, mature
B l.u.ra ;
vv em an Anifi-i'irii a'mir, ramc i.iaen w 1111 jov.
1 ii'i' j ... . ... ,. .
in? with meek dignity,
eaiU'bt a rellertioii of
claimed ' Good niht
for to morrow y ou w 1
the d 1 ess-ii.aker, or s.
Two days alter t!i
ho-i-c i- for sale : The hou-e i
in n and tli" rooina lire tbroiiL'ed
days before, with beauty and fashion to
dance and enjoy them-elv c at a. ball, but
mo-tly for t urio-ity to .-. the whole bou.-e.
1 To tii'i-t of the people the drawing-rooms
veie familiar, and t hey dc-ircd to --e it' the
I hoii-e was so elegantly ai. l tn-t-. Lilly fur
nished throughout, .-t iiidiiig in a recess,
pait-y fnri,i-l,ed by curtain-, was Grace,
l'Mikii, vet pale tmt render, d so by lo-t
I of rich.-s. but I y tie'' dread of b-ing friend.
She was dre--ed .la:i.!v, almo-t meanly;
land as she stood there so Very pale, with
: her small whit- hands ( la-ped ti-jhtly to
! ether, her lips sli'ht!y compressed, and
Bfioiud'iiot have fouud you so quickly, had
I not seen you at the window.'
' Well, now that you have fouud me, you
must recommend me to as many of my old
friends as possible aud get me some em
broidering to do ; and you can give me some
yourself, to keep luc from starving.'
1 Do not benlraid, my dear,' she answered,
gaily ; ' I will see that you have plenty to
do. 1 will get some of my friends to come
to-morrow and then you will be able to a.-k
for embroidering, dress-waking or plain
sewing, whichever you fancy you can do
best.' lint Graco w as not particularly cheer
ful; there was a heaviness at her hart she
Could not account for. 'Faking a t-hiir and
drawing it up to a little table, she pro luced
paper and pencil, and began a note to a
dear friend : at lea-t she called hersed' so
whenever they nu t. She commenced sev
eral and was dis-ti-!icd with all ; at last
she blushed the folio win-' :
.1. e . 1.. . ... 1 - .1 . . -, ;
ioiii ui piauis. 1 iiiisjiiihip o .ungttf.U'i
; is a constant clement of wheat, rye, corn
I and also, of all vegetable food. '
t'l iianie matter
umina and iron,
liter, 4. fill
s"'. "ill Al
ii. 1H Ma---
tiou of collegiate dtties he made u rapid
survey of several portions of the State, and
published the results of Lis labors in two!
pamphlet llepoits addressed to the "Hoard
of Agriculture." Tic.-e Reports were lie-
ee.-.-arily imperfect for want of time, yet they !
gave ample proo! ot the variety and impor
tance of our mineral wealth. To the honor
of the good Old North State be it said, this
was the lir.st Geoloel.al .Survey ordered by
public authority iu tin; United States! Since ,
that time, nearly all Df the States, and soy-
eral of the Territories Lave followed le-r ex- '
ample in carrying on similar praise-worthy
Aware of thfi !?rcjt importance of more
AT I,-- Wi f v.. o-Tii 1 lu ! mi i c til v eli 'i Mi re i ,1 i i . . . . ' I 1 1 , .... I
as .-lie ' - -' n I i inv ueveiopin our iiiuueu n-.-oui e.-.-, auu
'of fortune, 1 am ..l.ligcl to ., or do some- I ,lure clearly pointing out to the great mass
thing for my living; and I apply to vou, ! ,,f our citizJiiS thtir u-ciul applications, the
- knowing that you ate veiy charitable, and ! I,t.;i.lature of North Carolina, at its session
j always have something to be embroidered ;.. J,,,,- -.-,1 authorized a Geob.e-ical, Min-
cralo"cal, Uotatiieul :md A''ricultural Sur-
to secure the inot tut i i- li..S , 1 '
It is riot generally kuowii that, about th!r-itilis ...i,. j,, w' t e,,-eatly vMnes'Tn
ty years since, the legislature of North Car- ! (.lla,ltitVj Jtfi proper proportion is about
olina aujhorized a Geological .Survey of the j J)(.,. jj 111XL.,j t.iyi j-
.State. lhe pcrfortLanee of this work was j liarU )Or0. -ty and looseness to the soil, ami
assigned to I'rof. O instead, then attached j icrlits t1(. routs t ,,0nctrate deeply. It
to the State ver ity. Ihiruig the vaea- ill0 n.cssary to the cereals (.rain-) to
nesia, (boa Soluble Silica, 0. 'J'Z I'ota.-h,
V.i!i'".'.'.;'u,1! - ni I'h-..; 001 i.eid. ap
protect tlie straw and kernels aiel give
strength to the whole plant. When the
-.'rains are special objects of culture, potash
and lime are often add.: 1 ti fr-e it !tu it..
insoluble combinations, and prepare it to be
taken up into the tissues ot plants.
Ox I nr. or Iron. It has been proved, by
repeated analyses, that organic bodies con
tain iron. In t'..o-e animal.- which have red
blood it is fully demonstrated that it serves
to maintain the heat of the body. In the
.-oil, however, it is supposed to be concern
ed in developing ammonia. Iron, by itself,
is rarely u-e-1 a- a fertilizer. The oxide
,tly varv'ui'' results. Ami iicrc i mil-
j be remarked that it is not so much tin- ;
Ichemieal as the physical constitution which
I converts a good j;eiieral soil into one adap- j
'ted to a specilie u.-c. The addition of alum- f
I ina or clay i- what makes the dill'eiehee
ialtbo, as previously stated, it is never as
similated in the animal body, or taken 11 j
; by the roots ,.f plants.
I The State ol North Carolina ow n- lar.i.'i
-.tracts of lands in the K astern Counties tin
'--.ii of wbiih is eminently of vegetable' 01 i
j gin. Thu-we Lave '. sot Is at one ex
treme of the varitie.-, and " :' .. at
WINTKi; IN THK ALPS.
Mo-tofoiir reader- are aware tliat the
pa.--ages of the A!; - between Swit.eriaii'l
Savoy tire the mo-t danger.. us in the whole
rani'e of the nafiral '-cloud cap tower;''
and that 011 the .-!ii.t ta'oie land aliorded
011 the l,.p of the Great St. JVrnarrl, an
horj.iee has stood for ires. h j.s siippoited
by the voiuntary c.-nti ibutioi.s ol ull nations.
fatlioli.. and I'i d, --(ant,
Hindoo, ( 'hri-tian and I'a j
a neutral groend (Vr the li'.
ty W llieh liilVeleliee of ere
clime, can n.-y.-r wholly
truly it 1- a noble
h-i.-pilahle monks, tie
.-canty, open their do
that presents him-
T11 'eo.. f lw. t v
Mu--u!nian ;i 1 . I
ui, all lli.-.l h, re
w of that cii.u i
'!, "r race, or
l!i'V up. Ami
iii-titiitioi. t .r the
ih tiieir revenue is
ours to every strantrer
eiils him-eli. And that is bv 1,.,
.1 l.ne oee.n retie, , 1 ,r in ti,...-':.
CI' is often nv.-rl:i!:..i. 1 ".-
in. r in tb" stiu-i.iiie, and the piiu; 1 ti-..;-in!:
.0- appear a- it they were never to
: sullied by the tempest. ( 'n these dread-
tol n-i-a-i-iii, tee storm eoiiiea on ith
the sHltih.vs of li .'Ltliilig ; dlllts of sl.ovv
choke up the roads, aud dreadful avn-
or -ewed. ill ou be
me souiething a- soon 1
note ? My room is iu No
vey of the State. he execution ot tiii
work hasbeen couniii ted to I'rof. Kuin.o'.is,
one of the distinguish:.! Ge-dngi.-ts einploy
e.l, a few Jears since, in the New ork Sur
vey. The result of I'rof Hnimon's labors thus
o kind a to send
you receive thi.-1-,
Having folded the letter up, she took it
down stairs, and knocked at the door of her
hind lady's al.ai tllielil. she asked if her lit
tle boy, a child of twelve years old could ! f-'ir, confined prineipa i v to the F.-teru por
take the note . Mrs. Daniel was a widow, , tien cf the State, is bow before u in a val-
,a smart, bustling little body, with a good ; liable K. port oi l.(
1 natured, fair face, and kind gentle eyes ; deep ii.tcre-t an int
aud she asked Grace to come in and sit j naturally take iu r.
ul.il.. -I.,, u-i-lied .lo .-iihs face and i Illation 011 the extent
Put oil a clean collar and then he might
from the smith's forge, mixed with refuse
matter about the .-hop, has been found to be
highly hem licial to fruit trees.
A.MM11MA. This substance is well known
under the name of "' . hltm i . Iu tin.-state,
hoAcvor, it is led applied to plants. It be-b'li-j-s
both to tie- soil and to the atmo.-pliere.
It i- su io-ed that the -alts of ainiiioiiia are
the m.-aiis throiiL'L which i.itvoge'i gains
access to the grains. Nun, i rons experi
ments have been made which go to prove
is iie-iied to iher. ase the wheat
the other. The Op. 11 Ground
Carteret Co., containing upvvard.
acres, is of this peaty character,
fully c.-tabiisln-tl . that a soil pur
Lie, will not mo. .'iiee thec'-r.-a!
neither will one of pure sand, or j
pro-luce then.. Or-ja nic matter, .-:
and Tunc are all
bv Itself can pr-
iitial, and v
a ri :
must be a mixture of organic
ie matter. One liimdi-od grain
soil only gave by analy-is thie.
inorganic matter ; proving the
It i- now
V veg. ta
( . rail.- ; 1
:.d it. pr. an
.1' this peaty
per eeld. of
H'S -w , ej
, l-V ti."
II to t
l ive ! .-:
Ol th el
cai v nig
u. . it - in' la -ek before tin in.
.s of avvfii! el'ali'ieur t In
.I ing th. -:a red. God
Tin';.' di V "to (In tin-! . ' to
lask of scinching for th -e
it w ho may Lav I en ..v.-r--11
I 1 . 1 1 .-1 oi, 1 ; and they arc.
ti, -e I'hii-tain I'lli.---- by a
- 1 ceuli.ir to the e-tal'li-hlin I.t,
-. h I
T T'uz Arrant full of :ultics
Tlir'turli tht mirn of Suniim-r ami ittov.
I-. ii Ik r ;
,0itt iwtligbl'i iol't Inw Slid hv holly tr t
Ti ih lorg t I all (!, will I vt r r in nitit r.
ill tin- iv tli.it huur, " thr ilr'-nm of a i'iv,
WiH-n Hi tUtk wiuga ot' wm broud iKtr
H it 1. 11 .:, ft Sti ila, ii ! t il n, I wy!
Vi,i tfi' ti bt4ti 011 my p.ith, :r a m r
April Jl, 13. O'i 'l o.
GRACE MARL A ttD;
FRIENDS and FORTUNE.
UV lls J.MMA I. W Il.siiN.
ew would have re
cognised the courted heire-s and bi lie of a
few cveiiiiiL's a, o : or recognizing, cnubl
1 atrovr in thai l,,.p pilling her sad fate. Numerous groups
I r,f , .
t 11., ' " 1' ' 1 '
l- 1 v: 11 i'e.i.ii-le liih.r
iind valu.- of our miu-
iiu c'-llar and then lie migiii g-. e. ... .e.-uu...-, .... 1... j-.-,
m,. 11.,,.;.. 1 II,,, IK- :,i, ,1 ihinl.in-r 1 l-T tlie benefit ot those who may not be in
Grace looked sad, encouragingly, and en- possession of the lie) )it. a condensed .-late-ded.
as the boy went off with the note, and 1 ui.-l.t of its most important di.-covcru.-s and
- . . . 1
it 5it nnv tune she i t one v or tired, she ie- "M1
"v - "v. . ' .. 1 .. ?. ..1 ,.. ..... 1 '!!.,.
I 11 1 1, ,er fin ntt.-r lor , Hell OI no) illll'i i.il sin v..-. i. i.e.
re standing about; some exam
ining the rich lurtiiture and c.-tiy deeora-
ti.His, and others speaking utihe-itatingl y of
Iher pa-t conduit, aud w-u. deling what she
would do now.
I Mrs. Willi- and her daughters -ailed by
, her in all tin- m.ijc-ty of velvets and b;o-
cades, not deigning to notice her, except by
a bold stare and ill r. pres-. d laugh. They
had fawned u her, called ln-r their dear
I M'i-s Marlam I, vi-ited Iu r, ridden in her
I carriage and now passed hi r coldly by
I with only an in-u'iting stare, l ion-ticc lly
! man pa d her by with a cold, though per
tly polite bow, and m-taiitly began ad-
T.pn-ite vase ot poreelaiil wnu n
itile inlaid t-ible. both cf which
Ul. ,l,.,-l-,re, 1. on, she mu-t have. I'oor
i...i 1 .,.' r.,-,i,..r I,-,, v-
an-1 allowed the -uperh
to fall so as almo-t wholly
rt is con ined to tne
of tie Ka-'ti I II
Chatham and Moor
her eves half closed, a- if to shut out the Grace was going, up stairs, by saying that cot:
misery ,.f ln-r feeling
must come mid
ui.!.-), 1 1 r-i,-i-iloiiileil h.-r kindly, and "in
, vi she thon-dit she would like to I t""l '-'' The coal fidds of UockiduLatn
avail her-elf of it, lor Mrs. Daniel was a
woman who hud seen belter days, and even
now, her room .showed evidence of a refined
ta-te, and altogether looked so Very invi
ting that she lain would have sal there
most of her time.
'i'o be Continued.
I HAl'If.ll I.
1 on a
-he declared ah
Grace, ovi riv he!
into the rec,--,
'Why are you so sad, .Mi-s Marlan-l . ,111-giac
asatil Mr. I redeiiek Gray, ol a young and piecemeal.
1" autihil eirl. w ho was I. ailing against the 1 'And ther
window iu a brilliantly lighted b!l-room, w
1 'i.iiig sadly nut at the stars. j h
Mi- Grace M.irl.md was an orphan: her b
f;itlier and mother d ing when she w as about h
'it' -ive y.-ars of age, she w as left in the care
1 Iter maternal uncle, Mr. William Shaw.
v..e was immensely wealthy, having hail a
t "b lclt her by her father's brother, Mr.
I.iiii-s Mnrlatid who died a few years all. 1
I.- I rother. She was just eighteen ; superb
ly handsome, with dark eyes which one
n- iiieiit melted with defiance oil any offi-li-d.
r, but whoso abiding i-xpres-ion was geli-
tlnicss ; hair dark brown, looking black in 1 m,t bear to sec y
tli- shade, and auburn iu the sun ; complex- ' kill yourself. '
111 dazdingly fair, rather pale, but when1 cannot helj
ader any excitement glowing with a rich lavi- me ; I shall
to conceal her.
' O,' she exclaimed, ' I have hoped, even
at this late hour, friends might be found
1 save my home from this dreaded
the ill-grace of Lei 1.
vi I10 w ould
kis been somebody found
will buy it,' said Mr. Gray, stepping to
,i- e. lor she had spok.-n abu
being aware of it.
has taken the wind,
though he do. led
present.' lie -toppe
pale, and following
w a- iu time to sec
' had often see ii as a
hi- eye gbi
' away. Am!
' said, vcrv g
' A strange 1.
h'Hl-e, ju.-t a
intend occupying it at
.1, su ing her grow very
the direction of her eye,
a young man, whom he
i.-itoi th. re, colly lift
., and star.: at lni', and tin 11
turning to Grace, Mr. Gray
nt'v, almost tonicity :
Mi-s Mariand, this is dreadful. I can-
oil s u
liiige of crimson. The lips were the chief . -
' a ut v of the lace ; (hey re-u-sured you.
-I'litly as may blaze tho-e eyes, there is a
Word of charity, tendernes-, forbearance,
"il firmness, upon which you might throw
;. iiirv-lf with ail your sins and sorrows, aud
sure of sympathy, nnd comfort and re-I-'-c.
She was rather tall, but beautifully
proportioned, and eX'pii-itely gracelul.
lb 1 dress of amber colored satin set off her
-'"fill figure to the greatest advantage;
r Iniir, looped Up with a jewelled coliib,
lioHeil the swan-like tliroat enciieled with a
'"'khice of pearl; whose whiteness was ri
1 d"l by the beautiful neck. Such was the
ri,si inlilc of tho owmr of the splendid
it. Inly go
be better soon
not; you hav
A SINGKLAK FAMILY.
In a small village in the Douches du
HL. .no. (J''raiiee) there is a family of three
pei-.ui- hit-hand, wife and daughter
who Lad made a solemn vow to pre-erve
the mo-t profound silence. A traveller
who lately pa.-.-ed tlcir dwelling, finding it
iieces-ary to make some "iinpiii ie.-" respect
ing hi- way, applied to th. e eccentric peo
ple. Not receiving any at."wer to Lis .pn-s-lions,
he reprimanded them, when, to his
great a-totii.-hiuent, they, iu a fit of exa-per-atioii,
seized a cudgel, tongs and turn
spit, and threatened him "ith summary
ca-tigation. This extraordinary conduct i.-
CMdaiiied bv the laet that
lj,J,1'-:,'t b.-eoiiie the du;.. - of a c
wiij had taken advantage 01 ineir 1 rci
ullity by holding out to them the anpii-i-tionof
a great treasure, on condition -d their
maintaining a strict sib nee. 'i bey have
formed the resolution to keep such silence
for the space of nine years, only one
half of which term has yet expired, lint as
so complete an interdiction of the use of i
the tongue could not fail to become iiitol. r- ;
able to the female portion of the family',
the impostor granted iheiu t-. indulge their i
natural propensity any where beyond the
limits of their Commune, lu order to avail
themselves of this privilege the two women
regularly rt 1 air every inarkitday to the
vou will litih. low 11 ol Helfort. where theV enjoy the
conversation of their neighbor.- an 1 mitigate '
away and to seme degree the privation which they 1
voluntarily endure. Con, irr du l'.luls .
; seell too I 'in. j
the parlies had .that, Oxygen, II yi
erieal inipo-ter, aud At.ouonia are
it is, al-
1.011-I, iili-.-rnlv 011 are worn, harras.-ed to
death; you w'aiit sympathy and society, not M;j HAKK1 IIT HF.KCUKU
Solitude. Ion mil-l iviiin in.iiic. "in. "- , CIIM'ITV
my inother expects vou; I came here on! ' '
purp.-e for you; I have brought her car-' There was recently (says the N. Wk
riage to take you back.' ' National Democrat,) a family of l h.ity
-. "-.-.Mi . l..,-.-s in ir-diiia. which the owner ..tiered
.No, HO, II is lllipossi ...... . 1 -'
. i.v.-..; M,-. M.irland 1, nt this is to sell into freedom at a very small price.
rotn inee- vet v' unlike your usual strong Some benevolent parties in I'biladelphia
sense. W hat can you do here! What can undertook to raise the amount by siib
. . .. v .11 ..l.. .... s...;,.tioi. Tim tacts were nresented. bv
,-..ii t.p..l-elir ' .V.1I llll'T. 1 "II Will .no -s- .-, ..eow i . j
,,o-e yourself to needless pain, and perhaps lettter, to Mrs. Sig.mrncy,
... ..? .....mr tin-, tn'itiv iH'oiilt who arc
here to.dav.few appreciate your motive for Mrs. Harriet lic""l,cr Stovve was also writ-
.caking thus, tell to, anil, coei-e r-ue i .--n..i-u
w ho imniediately
enclosed twentv-tive dollars for the object.
remaining, forgive me for sp.
The most in ped'taiitpriiieipl s of Agricul
ture and Geology arc lir.-t j r j.erly int ro
il iced and defined, (m pag'- l:ii, th'- I'rof.
remarks, '' Among ltuiiy point- which have
been established of late vois tin re are
four of very great important c. naimly :
'I'ffit foils ihiiI toiitiiui ii ":'.' fceo-; i,i
crrfiliti iiritiiid: rfiiucnh ; li.-it lit'r (
rntitirc. net '.'.,.'.' tin- !,! '! j I mi ;
tint in Si a i mi lie "v tiil':il a ii'',, ,1 tiii-hi ;
iiinl fi mil'i th'it tin '-ii nrc f.v.v-' ' . tu iiir lijr
ui thf iiiiuiiiil siilsili nn I , g. 'i-Ii'i -In-,:!.
I t follows from these c-tabli-hed point-, that
s.-one at lea -t. of the inp.ortant t ro-iuet- of life
are derived from the soil ; il 1 ing po-sihle
to trace them back fr. m the aniinal, through
the plant, to the soil." The u o-t essential
iletiients of soil are the foil-. wing, nam. ly,
Ixygcti, Hydrogen, Nitroge ii,':ir'..n. 1'h ).--phorie
Acid, Sulpher, Potash. Soda, l.ime,
Magnesia, Oxide of Iron, Soica, Water.
Aiiiinoiii.-i, Chlor'u.e. tnd small .piantities of
I'liioritie. Of these it may 1 e remarked
ro .en, N itr-'gi ti, 'arboti
derived from the atino--
phere as well as Iron, the soil.
TLe Prof, then proceeds to dellne. some
what in detail, the-e. elements. The deiiiii
tions are here briefly eondcu-1. w:'i sueli
additional ex'lanaUotis, for the benefit of
the common reader, as the sitl ject nny
seem to demand.
Pip'si'iioitP- Ann. This sub-tanee in
its separate state is very sour. It readily
bines with Pota-h, Soda, I, line and nth-
tr b"die-. forming with them ncv eon, noun ;s
called j.hm-jihnli .1. Of these, phn-phate of
lime i- the most important ; bong found as
a natural substance in rocks, and in tin an
imal kingdom, principally i.i bones. hen
rocks containing it, as granite, greenstone,
A:,-, deeompo-e, it is mixed wiih the soil, and
thu- ineicasi s it.- fertility. 1 he imp- i tanee of
of this substance may be estimated when it
is known that Indian corn, wheat, rye, oats,
potabH-s, c.e.. all contain it. A sell destitute
of it is totally barren.
Srt.l'lll'tl. This sub-tance is two well
known to need description. It is an iinp r
t nut element in the animal and veg. tal le
kingdoms. It is found iu the atiiunl ti-u.-s:
and al-o in i.eas and clover. Shi'.; L-itit - 1
in.. , cominoiilv cubed gvpsum ami Pbi-t.'f
of Paris, one of our nn.-t useful lutili.o
is a compound of Sulphiaie Acid and hine.
Potash. This alkali is also well known.
It is found in fehl-par, one of the minerals,
forming granite, iu the proportion of about
10 per cent. Owing to its presciie. , gr.n
is subject to decomposition, forming the c
that if it is iie-iied to incr- a
crop, the preceding fertili.'.in-j
uiiif are iueliicielit, uiilc-s they are mixed
with aniiaoiiiaeal compounds.
Wati.U This clemoit, so indi-poiisabie
to the wants of animated Nature, j- the
g'.v:it solvent f the dlileroit inorganic bo
dies previously noticed. Nothing can be
come beneficial b vegetation unless it is
dis-olved in water. It is the medium
through which all the essential sub-tauees
find their way into the animal and vegetable
ti.-sues. t.lu'y a proper (ptantitv. however,
is necessary. -Much water is injurious in
diminishing the temperature of the soil, and
rendering it too compact for cultivation.
Draining Ian. is of supcrll.ious water raises
their temperature several degrees. TLe soil
is thoi ma le w a; la and loj-e conditions
necessary to the growth of the mo.-t impor
I '.viinoNb' Al io The atmosphere is re
garded a- the soaree from which this sub
stance i- chiefly obtained by plants. The
leaves are supposed to ab-orh it from the
atui'.-j'hi i'.', and to reeiive, in this w ay, the
carbon necessary to build up their ,-truc-tmc.
The water in the .-"ii al.-o hold it in
solution, and lanii-hes it to the roots of the
absence of any earthy compound. S'-ils of
this de-erip;iou aie greatly improved by
the application ot lime, and a heavy dres
sing of mud and sand. In Using soil.-, tin re
is added to the Vegetable mould, the ele
ments lieee.-sary tor the pl'.elueti u ol' the
dill'-'M-nt kinds of grain. The physical pio-
i.iiti. s of ,-uil -I. ...In i.c V..-.I nicer
i Ley are
sic OV .
.oW II S
, .-t t!
to (mi cr
. i-a! as that
t in m
-.- ai.ii. ril- i- roi: :; rk-
i i.i T. 1 ' I. 'II, I I'll v ifii
ii 1,'n si arch for the
the sMpciving inliii
,ks to the g.,-'il.-l for
hi in it 1- t hoi t nal
and keen -n i.t of
dogs is called into action,
out in pair-, and thou, h
eg mail be t.venty ha t beneath
.. ii. !le;:ey -d m
in t. a'u liiiii.
t lu ll si t '
i, ! -
A productive- 'il lias usually a du
oi i-oar-i; and
the air and in
line, that c!
may I r irmnn.
i.-ture may j e
i' inii-al acli oi
-COtll--. , tie-
-, and the fiitihzing mat-
Til K VATICAN,
word is often Usui, but
o !.- loi-
.. '.t l.u:
c ivei ing tne
t!."!n has a
t-i which t!
i-k of sj iri
1 another has
J his word is often Usui, but then.' are
in nn v who do not understand it- import.
The term refers to a collection of buieling
oti one of the suv.-n bill- of Hume, which
cover a .-pace of 1 onn feet in length, ami 1 lui.i
feet ill breadth. Il is buiit "II the .-Pot "lice
occupied by the garden of the cruel Nero.
Jl owes it- oiigiii to tli:.' l.i-hop of K nn.' ;
who, in the cany part of the .-ixih c. i.tni y,
erected a humble residence on its-iie. .
bout the year lloi, Pope Kugenius re
built it on a magnilieeiit scale. Innocent,
li, a fe"' years afterward.-, gave it up as
a lodging t Peter 11, King of Arragoii.
lu 1 HIM, Clement V, at tiie instigation ui the
King of l'lanee, r. In 1 the Papal S. e
from Home 'to Av ignon, vv In n the acticau
remained in a comiitioii of obscurity and
neglect for more than 70 years. Il n soon
ait'-r the return of the pontifical court to
Home, an event which Lad been so ,.anie-t-lv
i. raved for bv the poor l'eirarch, and
w hieh linallv took place in
- u li
II- I .-lot,
v. hi:.', -1
a--id o il
til - not
II of ti,
it is not
ally a kind . I
e 1 between the
by the cm .-'in
in. 11 w ith w inch
a chance d' es
i the siiow witli
ar.-e and solemn
;..;s -lei lab.-!,!,
that the .1.. -
' Mil l " .1 ill li i--
tiavclier, one of
round his iu el ,
u ma .' aj-piv l..r
i eloah t .
ov. rial. Partie
ll a ving
so hi.hlv d
. f thi
b'-eii sharpi-m .!
; and expcriene--,
loped, that net u-
and the 111
lice -1 lln - '
net, that i:
C'ni.oKiNn. ( ommon s nt is a combina
tion of soda and thi- sui-'tanee. 1 5 v it-elf,
it is a p uson ; but in combination w ith soda
its is a fertilizer. It' true value, however,
is ted we',! det- i -mined.
IT. l i .11 1 N K.- This substance iu r-oml illa
tion wiih lime, constitutes the mineral call- can was put into astute of r--
ed ''... ,""'. It is toiind iu the or. a me I "f bnged, and it was tiieiicet'orw
tee'tli. in bom--, and in milk. It u-ua',1;' ae- cd as the regular palace and
companies pho-phate of lime, and i- applied the Popes, who one alter tin
when that leitili.er is u-, d. l'resh buildings to it, and gru
The lTregiin.' substances are deteeted it. ed it with anti.piitii-, statues
shes of plants, and are called their in- books, until it became tin: r
1 , . -i - i
eti.ei.t-. w i.ii plants are care- torv in uie woi ....
fully burnt vie iin-l tuat the
p"-ing the iiu-rganic pint pro-
1 .'Cii, the ati-
oiir, again en-
luaily . mieh
ehe-t ib-po i-
ill - :
A - ii.
. i am
el tne si
In to .-crat
.w l',i th
h it. and
: t i i : -1 g .
ilogs i- s
' ni'-l time,
o in t:
given at t no he:
one of the II. :-t
Velit eV r p iss. -
I he organic
part of a plant
skeleton to ti 'J
is that vv hieh is coii-itmcil iluring coinbus
tion, the pr-'liieti being volatile, are all
di i; ated. It forms much the greatest
put of the vegetal le. Its ---nrce is legar
iicd, by biei-'.g, to be the atuio-plieie : but
the soil, si J doubt, furnished it ill the form
of organic soils ju eoii.l inati m with uik.i
llne miitt- i-.-.
It La.-been prei'lou-ly stated that certain
elements are essential to a productive foil.
Ku 'wing be! oe hand what those elements
,i b'.'-li am
.-, i -1 ,-. i . -v . .:
u'iicies com- I he 1. Hilary oi nie v aucuu ia.-i
nt a n tion- d feurteeii hiiiidred years ago.
-ear a- if woven. It tains -M,ona manuscripts, anion.:
ned t serve as a some by l'iiny. St. Tluiiia-, St
1 .'ive it firmness 1..II lOlliet'. Ulnl lliallV llcbrcW
Arabian and .rii":::'..iu lubn
The whole of the iiiitneii-e biiildings
composing the Vatican are tilled with
statues, found beneath the ruins of Ancient
Home; with paintings by the ma-t- !'-, and
with curious medal- and a i.t i-p'.;i ie- of al
most eVel'V desel iptiotl. lit I: it is k'n-wil
that '.hi re have been exh.lined m .re than
"i 11,1100 statues from the ruined t.-inpiis
and pal-ie-.s of ll-'iee, t!.-' read, r cm f.-riil
S' -liie .imi! idea of the lii'u'-s - '. tin alicaii.
I he Valieaii will ever be hei-i in yen. r
ation bv the student, the artist ami lie
tr iv . in
P.. 11, ai
..gs ol Gr -at
of the d..gs
" me vv i, .
1 ..f thi- bii
..r Na; "I - oi it w as
w no el ! th"
an 1 n iv the monks
ire. t 'ii the story e
t .' - r .
1 ai. . it the -.ear 1
l' -rnai -I
t. The sa
f n-die,.', was
i IIS tin cou
lee wars ,.f
known to ail
a.-.-age of ."t.
aro-iiid the ir
i i : .SI 1 '
in ive 1 at
tu .-i'i, lah
'I II - Pie !
to n. ike I
v e ry
i- vv a '
i an in
i - w ;
1 1 1 :
two g ii I
laar K ,i I b:
can be directed with much
. improvement of any given
i is defective in oualitv, and
and Michael Ai
1,1 ! Ult .1 1 i , .
ell. I l via
npt.-l to ri
family . T
each .'t' vv!i .u vv i- a eon. pa
log, of which one was the re
nal ire w h-i-c -ei". ice- had bet ti
t ' m.inkln 1. Pe.-ecii'liug fi"in
they wo-" in an iu-tant ovcr-
iv inaucii ; an I tne same
-1 tin re, an
1 their tin' iie v li
falls short of its former yiebl.it is evident endurable a- tin love of beauty an
thai there is a want of llio.-e elements which in the hearts of their worshippers.
....-.. I ! .il ,.,!
.-t.'.lctiott a.v aitd tli' famiiv
..ing in. t
illlposiliell e-f si
1 a- t,
I ale edike Iniiisu t, vehi, I, we ha vi inlreidii- l...i v. . brave enouell to hear the truth.
"1 our readers, ami the giver of a sj.lcii-1 ' j cannot go without seeing the Louse
hd hall. Well mi.'ht Frederick Gray a-k once more'
)' she looked sad !
' Why, do I look sad?" she repeated;,
"as a toolish fancy,' slie said, smiling,
'iriiiat to look on the festive scene.
Wl" tliinkiii'. wliether. bv nil unfort
' Very will, we will go together. so conic,
take mv arm, and yui shall have your way.
And" so silently and passively, she went
through the Louse. Not a room, not a closet,
not a window that was not dear to her.
a, mv foitiino should be wrested from And vet she neither spoke nor wept as she
"", if half of tliese friends lu re would know passed them by. Pinally they came to the
11.'. 'o .' -I, s.,1.1 l.,.r ,,.',1.. f oil,, ,r i.e. -, e- I...11 ,l.,r nnd til mi III' to M T. G Til V. she fcllitl I
, ......-,..,,,,, - ...... ..j , nun , -
Uicrn aro not more than a dozen people; . )0 not follow nn
" u-, il so many, who would notice me it i 111V f,.,.!;..,. Some tunc you innv
night Le nioro worthy then than now, i,,.., i r,,.,, i.rhais from your l.vlv friend
souliii" a very large amount of money lor ; called kaulin, used iu the manufacture ol
the " glorious purpose." She had ju-t real- 1 porcelain. One of the varieties of mail in
l.ed an imtncn-c ioriuuc uj ma .looiuioui-iu me i-.-utii i niiiiiu - une.i.ii a- .-....
site was just on the eve of starting tor owes its fertilizing ropei ties to potash. I ,i
Kneland, to be fctctl by the Duchess of eonibimitioll witlipeta-h, silex is rciidereel
Sutherland, and caressed" by the hand of soluble, aud taken up into the plant. It im
the iiobilily, and of cour.-e she gave a very paits that firniness and strength to t ie
lar -e sum "to purcLase these tliiity slaves. ' straw of the ditlerciit grains wliieh is neees
No good reader, slie gave not oncceiit. She I snry to enable the plant to stand erect. To
sent a letter back full of sweet sympathy, this substance, more than any other, a-
, a- vv
.noil of the
' an 1 .-aye
l.Pl t r a
Soluble silica. I
li t 1 1 . The eon:!
from the K-tein
.-iiiiilar to the pr
tieieiiiies arc :
..f iron : '-' l.iuu
llr -auic matter.
these soils, " ''' are str
also straw, h aves, eS.e., 1
to be trodden by eatth
ih-.'ii jii-oeceds to
era! kinds ( so-.
..-e w l.lch are i '.
cd w a- ta k' u fr -an
o'.a i I -nitatioii
s 1 1 ally
tie.' f 1 vi ::ig, -ae- n.e
froiii tiie I'at. iit I if.'.ee 1,
We si.j -p..-e il Woiii 1 h
. . .- , ii . .....
in an n'.niai lu-p-u i i y i
i'V( nniiOit, Ul.ie
' On land ow
Williams, an ni 'li gi
vv eight of tvicut v -one I
lai d a turnip vv as grown vvhi
aet'y in -ie t'u' top of a tl
liin.i own.-! and cultivated I
' Mr. Gray Lowed ; Lilt whether in neiiui- s1!(i irob:illy sew articles for friends w
"ci ne, wit 1 Ler remarks, or wlictlier for j lvc Tcnived as guests in this ho
r ouier reason alio could not tell. Mm nvitl.i
. , . c
Knvitirr I IN. S 1C drew IllT Ve'll OVCT IICT 1RCC,
ag'uiu to the window, ami it seemed .,.i .i.,. t.,r.,..,I and pi! swiftly down the ; uur ""J"
I'idf a rdigh. and cate.l up to the 1 7 , ' ' I ej otii J
with the eharitv of ailvioo anl
1 l ... ..,.-.!.. of .ooivA., L.r
if you Lave any regard a .prova., uu v...,.., , , .
ii y. ii u.ivi .i..j. r , t (lf Kl1ln,., . the contoiipllh e
imd " . , , J.-..
part slie is now playing in j-iigiauu oi iorg
in" a State's evidence agaiust her country.
No, she Lad no money for the" poor slaves."
As her eminent friend and co-laborer, Mr.
Aiiiinadab Sleek, would say, " It is uot iu
' Her " mission is to make nioti-j eral kingdom,
nrro j'lilauthrepy, and notyit. LiucJ wi'U j
for I must now earn my own living; uu
owe their value as fertilizers.
Soda. This alkali is more abundant than
potash, and its office is, iu many re.-peits,
similar, ltcds of luti'Ste of soila are found
in climates where no rain falls. The great
source of it is the sea, and bods of rock salt.
Lime. This well known alkaline sub
stance is an abundant ingredient of the min-
In human bones, it is c
f ill- oi in n - ult
uie matter, HM- Silcx.
and peroxide of iron, I .-
f bine, 0.-' Phosphate
viable- M.i,lic-ia (I.I 1
.1 I Potash, .(: So la.
-it',. "i of other sandy s"il
v '..unties was ! ennl to he
ceding. The palpal le tle
l. Alumina, and peroxide
; M. P-'ta-h and ,c!a ; I
I'.-r the improvement of
digi v recoininended ;
hauled to the yards j I' rollout's tre
It.- thi, .n.'th ! 1 circumference
the capital required b be expended in the peel nun.
purchase of guano and other fertilizers is "
givatly diiiiimshcd. In a-bes, we find plnos- We learn from the
pliate ot lime, carbonate ot lnue, iron, pot- that the linlisli ship
ni and cn'tiv ati"! by .P.
VV to tile , il-i'I
l t'u la. ie'
In-W- of til
i In-y a. I p
of t .:- g'
stale It t vv
t'e- i' -'-l. .
be g 111 t '
iii r. ' : ,t
a'l i li
h e. a Cabbage grew
-rowing. PI teet 0 1
'I'h. weight is ii"t ki
real grain-, gr-ov to
twelve P et. ( hie r.
own. 1 in
l height ..'
l-WOO 1 ti'.
ind i- nearly th
l . -f
nt it- loiy
van -as iv
' fr uii six t
v known a
lif'y feet in
i - w a v m' c
ii- cm i's
t il r i
d tin- 1
-,' li.l ot
- t-'W n
found in li
-., 1 I'i
Sava-mh W-yu' icun
I'V'c, ('apt. Sviii.y,
and ma nic-i i : ni all of vt hieh . ..le-ired .it the Custom lbni-e ill teat city oil
substances, these soils aro deficient. TLe Tuesday, for Liverpool, has on board the her ma-t
ground pea. now extensively cultivated in following large and valuab.c cargo, to
-:onie of the Ks-tcrn Counties, is constitution- i it : t.M 10 bales upland cotton, l'-lo bales
lv adapted, like the cunmoii na aud cl-1 Sea Islands aud Ut.tt'. teet ot t. 1. tun- toe
gt in y
-1 it t .
h":ph .rid acid am carl -pie
tit, to an.lv "oil
ill le ili'-tr.l'.tier
' UT '
i p-und.-. T ta! vah.1-
cf crg s '
,bt i tv, ana -llaiii'oil.
"d bi'li 1.'!'
i -, e. : !'. I' was l II On
, .mi;; .. it caruc
gill nil. in very needy cir-uii:-''i
1'. ly gave the -lave
nl his br-itoei to 11;.,, v, iiii
he C-in in, i eial H.i-i'.v ad
'1 r. nl ,s, v o nil '"!')
tw w 4