CHARIjOTTE, O-, 0"XJISrES 3., 1853.
HOLtfON & WILLIAMSON,
Editors ash l'ltoriutTOHs.
The Nurth-Carolinu Whiif will be afforded to
iuliamlKTi tt TWO llOl.l.AlllS in uiiv..iiic, i,r
TWO tiol.l.AKS AND J-'lr'TY t'KNTS il pi.y.
incut bu Uel..ycu for three moiitlm, ami TIII.I.K
I.AKS l Ihe ciiil ul' the year. No i.dpiT will
bo uiauiiiiUnucil until ul I urrcrujji -a uru p.-iaJ,ij.
'i it ul the option ul' thu KaJitora.
Ailvirtim-ii.t-nU iimertid at One Dollar per aqu..re
linra or li , this nixed typi ) lor the lirl inrr.
tiun, mill u'.i cciilH for ciioh colli i ii uii in c. Court ual
TrrtiM'iiii'nU awl Sin-rill''" N.ila chargi-d -'5 cr
cent. Iiidlior ; aind a drum t.a.ni.1' 33J per cant, will
hi' made from the ra-igul.r priceu, liir jalviTtimra liy
tin- year. Advcrtmciiii'iiU inncrled iimi.thly or
quarterly, nt $1 par aaiuari! for cnth tiiim. Semi
inoiitlily 75 eci.U per iuare lor each time.
IT All letter, on buiuni-aa muni lie directed to
the Kililom. Letter", iiumt be ot.iicl or tin y
will not lie attended to.
01" ifaymentii can be mndr to either.
1 j t'oaUnuntcra are aullioriied lo act aa agent..
4.1 or irn.
Take Wo Homa-
( ih t ikr tnr ho in- lo die !
Vnr I rnnot breuth vur nir;
I drt Jim Hyi; ut" mjr JJwo! ri.t,
Aiii ihc jfrc ii tre-. wmf; Iherc.
lii my f.tlhrf'ii hrow t t.h.n)r,
Aim! my Mitht-r'i tUrk rvn eJiru, I
Win n a I'-nr m goiif fruin Itio liimwrhuld bnnd,
C'nautitinjr thu n-jj-r liyrnu. :
Oh ! brar me hnmr to die ! j
I woulil U-r bt'tit..Ul tlif Bltniip j
Of the ro-tlti'j; h tinit Ni-un'd like fri' ruN,
Wht n 1 bci(alli tliLin jl j y tl.
0!i ! tw.ir rue to tlum now, I
I.t t me ht.r Ihe S t wind nioin, j
Thr-iii(jti trie Jfjfy ainU i of the ('(.r it gtv n, (
V;Ui jd projJu Uc t'liit.
I wnuld h-ar the wati ri fa, !
From mir own nmmm tnxrti ri rnrk :
Y'iu Ircain rlw cirar u-r tltrir prbhly iKiJf,'
Hut tn y ny Nil Urkri mork.
Oh ! hi' me hnir to dir.
Kr I w.!thl in rt hiin,
I.t t rot :,y praytr be vain J
F'r my weary hpiirt "trinjN hrr:ik.
And &ni of Uh run h-w ;
Hit! tt riir lok ujMiii thf tfti,
0.i-c tuurr, Ik lure 1 go ! Moms 4.
In our daily intereoura with those we
live in our family relations as husbaiials
and wive-, psm-nt and a hlblrcn, brothers
and Msti'M a constant watehfulnass ought
to be maintained ova-r our worls anal ac
ti in, in ordi-r to avoid inflia ting uuna'ces-a-ry
pain. Ilow freajui. nt'y does it occur, that
a word unkindly done to tho-e We once
loveil, but who have bea n since removed by
the hand of death, will haunt o ir memory
1 ng afterwards, like an avenging demon,
( :iu-ing us p -'ilgnant and vain rcprcta !
cars after the circuinMaiire has passed out
nf our own minds and the mind of the fria nd
- inny have gria vcal or wronged, if S'Oiii;
fjMeu calamity bi fa'" him, or souk- um x-pi-eted
omiriioh- calls him away from earth
an I ra iiiovc-s him from the scope of our
al ility to make redress, will the awakem d
memory of the unkind act or word cloud
the iiiilaiieholy ra-fleetions, when we have
partial in uiikindnes-i Iroui some one con
nected with us by tin: teuderest tics ; and
th. n no opportunity occurs to t fleet a re
cutia ilialion, the pa rs on we have, injureal is
ri nioveil from us suildenly by death. Then
eon."s the period of vain regra ts and un
availing self-ri proaeh. What would w c ii ve
f ir a moment, of time to ask and obtain aim:
word of forgiva ness from that loved one we
l.ave wronged! but, alas! too late! too
Tin: experience of an acipiaintanee, re
1 nta 1 by himself not lung ano, illustrates
j 'a i-t f.ireildy the above paisition. lie bad
lie. ii living, be said, away from home for
i veral months, and was on a visit of a week
i or two, nt Ins father's houe. The fatba-r
j as a iniiii of the ino-t uiii'omproinisiug in
; tegrity, ami cherished strong, though honest
; pri-iinlKu: against all li-lit or transient
1 eniscment. I f o hail never alloweal his
' rhihlrcn, while under bis control, to attend
dana-iiig partiais or shows, or to mingle iu the
( "ports which most men regard as uuol.jee
: tioii.ilile, or at least not altogether to be con
j inni'd. Thai conseiii'na e w -, that the
i rliil lren, as is usii il undiT similar cireuui-
''aii.es, vaerc foml of indulging iu the iu
' ta-nlietcil ph asura's, and witc apt, when an
0I P' rt n ni ay did occur, t carry tha'tii too
f-T. They felt that tha-ir father was prompt-
"I by a sinccro convieti n of, ami a alcsira:
; 1 ' 'hsi luirge the alutieaof a parent who feels
i Hie Wright of his responsibility tolioil ; but
; "ey hit, nlso ho was unnecessarily
I "riiigi-nt iu his interpretation of what lie
,l1ii-iileri'd right or wroug. As a rouse
'flue, thpy not hesitate, when circuui
i ".nia-es favored it, to cvaale thadr fatha r's
' ""'elates upon the subja'i't, ami even, whi'ii
. tin y alitrcd, to set them at ilclianec
; " I shall never forget," naial thu narrator,
'or cca.se to regret the ini'ialciits f my l ist
j '-it lionie during uiy father's life. There
j to hat a ball at a iia'ij-hboriug tavern,
i J " meaiis a ra'putabln pdaee, and it was
j''1 ran,,,. f t, ,.v,.jj, ha-forc I was to re
i ' um to my employment in a distant town
j leading iny,.I cmani'ipateil from paternal
;l ,,,tro, (for 1 hml jit reached iny uiajori-
;o nun prilling mysadf upon the nlea that
as n,,w muster of my own actions, I
''s'ailicd my intention to be present. My
t 'ilier, as usual, forbaalu my attendance. I
j ansr,.n. j t IT( ; mintr, Ktating that his au
;'""rity over ino was henceforth ended ; that
j"'' had treated inn like a boy, ami I had
: 'usi-ttted like a boy until now ; but eiuug
I had reached the age at which the law
permitted 111c to think and act for myself, I
was determined to assert my lights. I even
went ho fur, and w as so unjust to my father,
as to intimate that a desire existed on hi
part to tyrannise over us, from a love of
paternal authority, lie was a man of strong
and naturally irritahle feelings, hut his mo
tives were always of the purest kind ; und
my conscience tmotc me a. I uttered the
Heiitiinent which my pride would not permit
mc to recall.
nance at suel, an unusual reception of hisi
cointnandH,but he checked himself iiistauta
lieously und answered with unusual mild
ness : ' Charles, I may have erred in many ! ,ai,'"(-'. '1"-' 'Suly hc lll""os ot' Maximi
points toui hing the covcrnment of my chil- j "us' I'10th'tian, and Cuii-tantine. Jiy this,
dren, hut I have endeavored to do my duty 1 t'!"-lorc, we have a clue to their date. U ho
as a parent and as a man. The time may i tLc M'""""" was, we are not able to do
coino when vou will be sorry for what you I 'riullR' as thcre werc "lul,y Kinperors of
have utt4riJ to-day!1
"And that time did como more pprodil
than even ho anticipated, 'l in y were pro
phetic words, and even ut thi.s late day they
haunt mc in my dreams.
i went to tho hull, lut I did not enjoy
myKelf; I w as jovial, and full of ejec ; uty
its, but it was all frined and hollow-heart- i
associates thought mc in unusual pooiipir
ca as a sepulchre. I liarles, tlic tune may .
come when you will be borry for what you j
have utt. red to-day . run-in n.y ears. I
' nr mor !,. me pany
broke up and I returm-.l home, jaded in
ypint, eihau-ted in physical encry, and
won, . ,,, w,tb excitement. 1 went to bed
Hid fell into a troubled slrep, which lasted
till near noon When I aro-c a liiie - -
and pain in the h, ad ineapactatcd me from
iiM-ntal ex.;,t,ii, sdll I ball revdved ere I
L I Ul.Ki II. tka nll..KHr... a., a-
fault to mv father. I met him at the din
lier table, but no allusion was made by
either of us to the incident of the previous
day i and when we arose, from the table, it
was near the hour nt which it was necessa
ry fir me to take the roach. I followed my
father into our little parlor, whither he had
jfone as if desiroun ol n Sordini; me an op
portunity to hpcnk with bim alone; but I
was ashamed to confess that I was wron-,
and merely .aid I must bid him good bye, '
as the coach wa- conm,-. !
' llavcyounothingmoretosay.diarlca? j
"No I answered, and we parted. I took '
tho coach for the scene of my labors, dis-
pleased and n?ry with myself but now
.eiH.. ii. , mm i,r s ari't siieee..ui,L. nai
in.iustnoi.siy cmp!----: ... my vocation, ha-;
ving allowed the unpleasant circumstance
to pass out of my mind, when an express
came rcapimug my immediate presence at
home, for it was stated that my lather, in a
slate of perfect and florid health had been
strieken down by an apopl -rt.c lit. '
" Although still alive w ha-n the m' s,:nga r
left, he was insensible, and was not expect-
cal to survive. Then indeed , I felt the full
force of tin: ominous prealiclion, 'the time
may couie when you will be sorry for what
you have uttereal to-day. 1 hastened home
lull of anxia'ty and grief, only to find my
fatha r at the point of death, lie never
pave a token of recognition of mv presince,
ami resigned his spirit into the haiels of
doil, amid the grief of a sorrowing hotie
h"ld, of whom mine w :i inhiiitel v tha1 mo-t
hitler. (Iin a indeed, before 11 1 v arrival, hi'
rallied sulhcii iitly to iniuira' if I had come,
and on In ing answereal iu th" m-galive, re
lapsed into a state nf iiiseiisil,ility , and licva r
spoke again. As I Mood besiile his bed,
and gaied up -n the lifeless features of one
of the best of fathers, whose every com
mand it was mv aliity to have obeyeal, (anal
which as a general thing I alial obey,) the
thought nf the last act of iliobei!i.nec and
uiikinalness torturaal mo like an avenging
bend ; ami I felt as if a word of forgiveness
Iron, tho-e cold lips would have been re-
caived more joyfully than a welcome ad
mission to the bliss ait heavt-ii.
I A S1IAUP GIBL.
I A fa w years ago, ama.ng the r- igniug ba-lla s
in New Orb-ans, was a young lady from up
the river, who was universally known by the
not n r fcmiiiiiia- nami! of, I he ire it U a s
tern." (hi. fair lu-roine was as remarkable
for her witty and cullivata-al conversation,
j as she was lor her very great personal at
tractions. I One evening, when she was standing in a
ball-room, surroumla d by a bevy of admir
ing ba'aux. un inipeltim nt scion of chivalry
ilom (t 1 speak a la Willis) a.skeal her very
I ' I 'ray. Miss
' (ireat est. in
Wll- are '" " '
1 " lia allv, sir," was the ready and caustic
' ra ply, " I cannot tell, unless it is because 1
have so many Hats in tow!''
I It is needless to say that the inquiring
youth was not the only ii-tiiu hit by this,
I I pon another occasion, the same lady nu t
I at the foot of the Mairs, as she was return-
; ing from a walk, a person who had just b. en
sne w as v no means auecieu.
"'"'' M',S : T',- t'x':hl!" ' . r'
gr.'tso much that I did not tind you at home
I left my card however.
H will .10 jusi as w. 11, s.r, was ,.: very
expected answer which he received.
MEN OF THE BEVOLUTION.
fien. (irea-ne, in his despata-hes, nftcr the
battle of Eutaw, snys: " Hundreds of my
-.. were naka-al as tl.a-y wa-re born." .lualge
Johnson, in bis life of ireein-, says: " I'os-
ta-rity will scarcely believe that the hare loius was (10 obligation of an oath, and where he
of many men who carried death into the en-. noubl go if he told a lie. lie said he sup
a'li.y's ranks, nt the Eutaw, were palled by! -,M.t he would go where all the lawyers
their cartoiia li l.oxes, w h.le a tohl al a rag or
a tuft of moss protected the shoulder from
tin' same injury from the musket." Can.
Creeiin says, in his letters to the Secretary
nf War. " We have three hundred iin u with
out arms, and more than one hundred so:
naked that they can be put am duty only on j
cases of a desperate nature. ( ur difficulties,
are ho numerous, and out wants ho pressing, 1
.!... 1 l...n not a moments relief from the
most painful anxieties. 1 have ir -.-re embar
rassment than it is proper to disclose to the
INTERESTING DISCOVK11V AT OLD
1 A NAM A OK COINS NEARLY lOOo
YE ARS OLD.
It will be remembered that in tho Daily
Echo of March 9, a short paragraph an
nounecd the discovery of an earlhcnwara.
vessel containing copper coins, at Old 1'an
aiu:i. Yesterday we were favored with a
r .i : . . p . , . , .
carciui inspection 01 mese relics ot old times
l'J J""- Au'hcineith, of this city, into whoso
possession they have now come.
Not professing to be a nusitnatoloLdst. wo
rn ?' co'irse unable to read and interpret
the inscriptions, but it is evident that they
are mini lioman origin, many ol them eon-
that Li unif In liic ihiru ui.u fourth et .iiui ;
but from being associated with the coins
of Diocletian, it is perhaps po.vibl; that In;
was the one who ruled jointly with that Km
peror between the years A. I. " 4 and iino.
nioeletian is well known a.s one of the mo.-t
violent persecutors of the early Christians.
Iim kttu!i' fu ry KWord
Wo'l"';'ri1;7y 08 "'c l,l!1,l'-''"e : ll"'n w" Alt
Kntl ind's lirst martyr."
Constantino is remarkable as having beon
proclaimed Kmperor at York in 3.0, by
., X im j,, 5rit.lia . ,, tIl011 ,, ,
UU lille tta ,;r,t COIlirillj to ,, j
,.,.,, ; fu aufhoritv ol.,.r ,;au, Spain
; , IJrjt.liu Mm
; ot),r B..lirailn fr the tin one, he at last he-I
' calHC so!u Kmp-ror of the Itoman Umpire, 1
, ,, j l.llbra(.(!1 Hiritianitv, and re- I
We, tle ,,at 0f .ovcinmuit from limine to 1
.. . ,
1 he coins of these three Kiiipcrors are:
well known to antiquarians m hunpo, and
arc constantly found at all the old Roman
Matimis, and sometimes in ron.-iilerablo
uaiititiea. The nio-t interesting ipn-.-tiou
is, how tliey found their way to (ihl I'ana
ma ? 1'crhaps some adventiiri-r from Spain
brought them over with him some old an-
,;,,,.; u , rnrr;f.,i ;,i1 !,;, ,n ,l.
worl(1 1(.s(. n,lics of tll(. oU j.j ,,,' v
er f;lll illt0 the ,lal,(!s o( lle bua-t-aiti.-a.-i
wllQj filidi th(,m to lc Ill,u,a.r or
,lire,T t,,m aay j,, j;, ; or M
the owner, v:,'uin-tin m more thru the rich-
tl,at s,.rr0un.led him, hid them in the
.rull,l from the i;ra.-p of the plunderers?
Tlll.e ....estioiis must, we fear, remain for-
Tllu?e ar,.t we l,,;,., the Gist Roman
c,-,ills ,.ver discovered upon the continent of
America, and as such, and from the locality
; tll(.y h.lvl, b,,L.n lroU;.lt to JT
tll(,y wiU (loul,tlcss possess much interest iu
ti, (.y,.s f thol, t-tlri--i in sneh matter.,
althoh their intrinsic value i- probably
,,, w,,, lllf)ru tl,au tll.,t of tU(. oill r
tin y c rl.iiu
POLIT 1'NKS, BETWEEN BU'lTHEES
By en h-avoruig to ae(uirc a habit of po-lita-iiess,
it will soon bi-coma. familiar, and
sit on you with ease, if lnt with adegance.
Let it never be forgotten that gi-nuine poiite-hes-,
is a great fo-terer of family love ; it
allays iii'i'idental irritation, by preventing
liar I. retorts and ritdcftitraali.-ti"h; it sof
tens th. boisterous, and by (..inning a habit
of i-on-idi. ration for others, harmonizes the
whole. Politeness begets politeie'-s, and
brothers may easily be won by it to 1. aw
olf the rude way tiiev, bring home from sadtool
or college. Sisters ought neva r to rn-eive
any little attention without thanking them
for it, never to a-k a f ivr of tlum but i "i
courteous terms, never to re; ly to their
aiiiestiotis in monosylbibb's, and thevwill
1,0 a;1,a"""1 l" 'lj ,l'';"c
.s, t, s. J.l t, .II,., , ., .ll.'l' V'Ullfc I',
be laid under contribution, to conv ince tin 111
1 that no one can have really good manners
, abroad w ho is not habitually petite at home.
A MOUSE STOllY.
A correspondent sends us the foiiovvinj:
Hanging from the centre of the (-idling in
my shaqiing npai tmeiit, is a cage with sev
a ral Canary birds in it. A string was ut
taa l.ed from the corin r of the cage to the
dour liulcl near the top to keep it from vi
brating or turning around. On several oc-a-a.-ious
in the 11. on. ing I found this string
cut, goi.a-r.iHy about six in. n's from tha
cage, which i could not account for, but sup
plied its phice with a in vv and stroii-. r .me.
This was cut the en,ui..g evening iu the same
manner. I then replai-ca! it with wire, and
during the next night while partly ah'ep,
111 y atti'iitiou was attraeta'il to the cage by
the tHaii.ing of the win1, ami as tho nionii
shone through the window, 1 s nv a mou-e
walking unili-rneath the horizontal wire,
uuil.tr i'.iliinn Tiii u ftriif t : a- Tins tliell wus
()(, sout;,m pt . IM..v,,rv ()f t. strn.g cut-
,;,,. . il,llm.lUat).v it the lamp and' look-
(i( c.v, ,,',,.,.. W!H . .1S
,u . catil ,H.,0(1 ,, rllM . . ( .v.
, ,,,,, ,j ,t j ,v ,1:,. ,0 j,,,,,,,,.,! , ,
he floor. He had got'to the mrol.j alimb-
in vcr eont lU that wore hanging
I there. I do not, of course, know what idea
, , , ,rI1!will,r ,e string oil. but no doubt.
be inteiiilcd to h't tin' cage fall. This you
cati assure your readers is perfectly true.
SH VUP WIT.
An Indian paper says, that during atrial
in Lawrence court, a young lad who was call
ed as a witness, wus iiskeal if lie khevv what
A GOOD REGULATION,
since the disaster at . jv.valk, all the
trains are required to make a fan I stop on
approaching any of the drawbrialg. s upon
the route of the New Haven road. After ull
the suggestions about Paf. ty-sigi.ab, tiirn-
tables, ami closed gates, the ahove regulation
are the simplest, and the 01 ly a ertainsecurity
against tho train being pitched through an
From the Kew York Repress.
The nmoui't of money in ull the Sub
treasuries May 1st Wit' r.l ,?(!!) ,(101 ; and in
York, ou Saturu y last, was
It will tlius bo scenlhat the aopumulation
of ,-,,1,1 in l, .,.:....
I I... r.. 1 . 1
" " v v v t -u 1 V. 'J It LI II tit;. "t i Ul
irge, with but lilt 0 prospects of li.inr ili
iiiinished until the 1st of July, when about
8'i,l00,(M) of the LViteJ States five per
cent, stock becomes redeemable, and will be
1'" ' ' 011 ngri'cnuie ti,a notice already
published by the lie.- ury Department.
Upwards of ?I,0()(l,()(',i fr the semi-aunual
interest on the public eht will also be pay
able in this city at th vime time, and near
ly as much mora? for t,i samo object at
liostou, rhiladelihia ..u other points. A
considerable portiot'1 't. .. above five per
cent.;, nr-'owu-jd A ,.', nd a lare
-hare of the July dividend that is payable
here is also for Kuropenn account ; and the
remittances for both of these objects will no
doubt have the c fleet of advsncini; the rate
of exchange, especially as tt that period
the supply of Southern Kuror.uan bills will
have been pretty nearly cxhaa-ted.
'Ihe present Secretary of tie Treasury,
it is understood, intends to tdhcre to the
plan of making all transfers of public funds
at the expense ami risk of the Treasury, by
the actual transmission of (oiu to those
points where it may be required for public
'1 his is not only in opposition to the mode
:id..t "d under the Subtrcaury law by all
his predecessors, ineliiding r. Walker, but
is ci'iaily in oppo.-ition t.j the views and
opinions of our host informed and mo.-t ex
perienced financial and banking houses, and,
we may add, of the entire commercial com
munity. I lie Subtreasury systcu, when there is a
. ' '
lar'e balance on hand, works a
verselv to i
i no i ireresr ni in iiumnu , .-
we consider it not onlv Kistitinl,!,. loo' also i
as tin: actual duty of ti,t' Treasure I), part- 1,lllv",U1,lI, nrc employed for tho transfer of
n.cnt, to relieve the public from the onerous 'umls "r",u ,lie 1 n,t,'d f;tatos a,'u employed,
pressure of the xv-tem. when-vcr it can be flk',-v llI'0U tmr 0K" Ton-A security,
done legitimately "and with perfect safety to i lur,J"?h ' '"fdium of bills of exchange
the Treasury. purchased from tlicni by the Treasury and
The views of Mr. Guthri- on this aubi.ct ' otl"'r 1,lT"r " ol" the (iovernmciit, and
(ana! his practice thus far ias been in con- j or t!lC Pt,llctll!il pajuieut of which bills the
l.irmitv) are, that when ilk' Treasury re- I Go ''crl'"ie"t lias "a security but the re
a,.iires funds at New Orleans, St. Louis or ' SI01'' a,tacI""S t0 tha capital and
at other points, and it if. neossary to trans- of tljc '!rawt:rs. We can sec noobli-
fer the amount from the Subtreasury at f-':l,lons ""posed by the Subtreesury law as
Bo.-ton or New York, the only legitimate i ,0 t!' m,'ie of trans'''-'"'inJf pubbc funds to
and legal mode of doing it is "to p ,.k the I m0(, Mia fsptuditurcs, from New York
coin in l,n.. nr l-e..s !,,, i , . or Boston to M. Louis or New Orleans.
charge of a clerk of th'e Department or some !
othiT inalivialu-il. as:he Pluv ial ai'erit of the
Treasury, to the designated point, without
any regard to the wants of commerce, even
if the rate of ry li:i".. at the -iiue time is
such that individual are, from the high
piciiiium fill bills, .-.bilged twill ...bl from
the same point bai l to liot m or New York,
and when probably the identical coin thus
tr. nsferred by t!ie (loverimieiit at a heavy
expense and no little ri-k would be immedi
..te!y retiiriii il by i'elividuuls to the same
point li en wlieh it had be. -i 1 . riui-ht.
An ii.-tanco of this kind has but recently
occurred, wl.a-re thu Tre.is.iry has sent from
this city to St. Louis goll ..'"nil p. gold, at
an cxjieii-e, as was stated by one of our
coiitcinporaria-s, of $i',-o!l, at'the very mo
m. iit whan the nieri'liaiits ..' St. Louis, iu
c.ii-equence of the aiarcity of lv-teril cx
a bange and the premium iiju it, Wore ship
ping gold to New York to pay lor their new
piiri hasesi or to liqu.alate th.ir previous in
debtedness. llow mui h more advaiitageov.j would it
have lia-en to the Iroasurv and the
nity hail this a.nou.it 1
han-ls of a capitalist or
:ie. ;I i:i the
a iik r of this eity
1 1 have made the transfer through the ordi
nary channels of busi,vs '.' This'they would
have done by directing th ir c-irr.-sjoiideiits
at St. La. lis to draw upon N-w York for the
needful amount, by vhia-h the merchants
of that place would have born supji'dcd
with A.V.iO.iHMI of East rn exchange at a re
duced premium, or perhaps at par ; the
p..UO,(i((,l of pobl witldrawu here from the
Subtreasury would have at once gone into
the channels of trade, affording increased
pecuniary f-i..-i'.iti.'s to the bu-incss commu
nity of this city; no m necessary movement
of coin woubl have taken ph.ee ; all parties
would have been benefitted, none woulil
have been injureal, and the transaction would
have been n.ore aalvantageous as well as
safer for the Treasury, for the parties who
might have been employed would have de-po-itcal
United States or other equally good
stoa k with the Depart-.. lent as collateral se
cuiity, until the whole amount was paid ;
go. to the Subtreasury nt St. Louis, and
his ivccipt produced therefor. '
As tho case now Man-Is, this Sot)i,ll(Hi in
gold has lia-eii sent from New York, where
it is wanted, to St. Louis, where it is not
requira il by the wants of commerce, and it
w as probably crossed on the way by an equal
amount sent by the m. -radiants ol St. Louis
to New Ya.rk, when, by the other and com- i
niuu-sei.se moile of making tha-se transfers, I
tho practical lvsult would have been that :
the SoOilt(HK of gold belonging to ti.e nier-
chants of St. Louis would have been paial I
into the Subtreasury tln'ro iu exchange for 1
an equal amount withdrawn from the Sub- I
treasury at New York, and not a dollar nf:
coin Waiiibl have bea n moved from cither
city, and tha- mercantile interests of both j
places would have ba'en facilitata d and be- !
iicfittea', iusta-aal of, as is now the case, be
ing ciiii.arrasseil by tuc operation.
'J'he Secretary, it is i-aid, avers that he ;
has no legal authority to place the public
funds in the hands of individuals to be thus 1
transferred to other places; but when lie
appoints a clerk of the Department, or any
other individual, to take charge of u trans-
fcr in con, or coufida's it to one of the Ex-
prcss houses tor transportation, aloes he not
iilaa-e puldiu funds in the hands of iiniiv idil-
als, and trust to their honesty lor the sal
...1 .... 1 ...... i..M,nt... a ... . .....
alelivery T When he give one of these
parties tho draft of the Treasurer of the
Unit-d States upon the Subtreasurcr at N.
York for $10,1,0,10, or 8"lH,0ai(, or Sl,OI.O,.
00,i, what is to prevent such party, after
drawing the mom y, from appropriating it
to hi- own use, if lie I e ali-lionest'.y inclined,
aud IcviLUag it by a dopirhi:g slU"
nier for Europe? And what remedy and
what security would the Depurti.ieiit have
if he did ho ? Would it not be equally
within both the letter and spirit of the Sub
treasury law for the Secretary to appoint
as tho agent of t!ie Treasury an individual
of known capital and of high credit and
standing, all ot which would be pledge
f .. .1 i 1 .
iw me lailhlul
performance of the dutv.
and who, in addition, would deposito with
the Treasurer the full amount entrusted to
him in stocks of the United States, so as to
guard against any possible and remote con
tingency of loss; and when, in addition to
all this, the Treasury would besides avoid
thu expa nse of transporting the (xold, and,
what is Mill more important, the risk of
losing the w hole amount by robbery, explo
sions, lire, snags, and sawyers.
It ma v w-H happen that, in the many
millions which tho Treasury is auuually o
bliged io transfer betneeii dhlcr-nt p untH,
one of these transfers in coin for half a
million or a million of dollars may be lost
from some one of the above causes, in which
case the Secretary would probably find it
rather difficult to convince the public that
ho had ado. ted the most safe and advisable
plan for making such transfers, particularly
as it was in opposition to the mode which
had been invariably followed under the
Subtreasury law by all his predecessors,
Democrats as well as Whigs.
Iiut if the Secretary is correct in his in
terpretation of the Subtreasury law in this
respect, why does he not carry out the prin
ciple to its full extent? Why does he not
pack up coin in kegs, and thip it to the
-Mediterranean for the needful expenditure
of our squadron in that sea ? Why aloes he
not adopt the same mode for the expense
of the squadron on the Drazil station and
in the I'acilie ? Why does he not send an
ai'ent with gold coin to the bankers of the
il'ltiteil Slntev !. 1 n. 1, ,,-l., 11
, ,. , "'
i ue aiipiomaiic agents ot the I luteal States
'" Furope are paid
In all the above cases ,
'iv1 wiU .not l'TlalIy an-1 as forcibly ap-
ply iu making transfers for the same purpose
from New York to the Mediterranean, Kio
ale Jaili'irO- Y.-ll-mri-s., nr l.r,r.r!nn- .(! If
the foriin r, in or.ler to comply with the law, '
requires the actual transfer of com under
the special care of a Treasury ..ficnt, and
at the risk and umler a heavy expense to
the Treasury, so does the latter; and the
State, Treasury, and Navy Departments
should at oiia-e aliscontinue the purchase of
bills of exchange, by which they make an
actual ndvani e of public money 1 0 individu
als on nothing but personal security, and
beforo tha'y aleposite the amount with the
iovernini'iit agents abroad, and should re
sort to the present Treasury mode of pack
ing the actual coin iu kegs, and shipping it
umler the charge of a special agent by the
mail steamers to Liverpool, and by national
or merchant vessels to the Mediterranean,
Bio do Janeiro, Valpariso, Japan, and
Let the Government nt least act consis
tently on the subject, and not adopt such a
one-sided and incomplete mode, by making,
so far as domestic transfers are concerneal,
ifr onerous pnrth-n of the Subtreasurv svs-ti-m
still more so upon the whole of the bu
siness community, and rcfusiiw the relief
o,,, (n,. t .1... it :. I .....1
a ; ra ais 0 f I, ! " w , e'
leeitiinat, iv evf...l,.,l W it.tnr... I
vvhil-t for the forei 'ii cvi.ei.ditiires ilirect.lv
the opposite course is ndonted. and o.,..
which the same parties assumed to be ille-
gal as regards home transactions.
We advocate no plan which would be nt- I
tended with the b ast risk to tho public
money; but, on the contrary, we contend
that, no matter what may be the capital,
credit, resources, or stamJuijr ot the parties
who might be employed in making transfers,
they shoubl in all cases be required to ale
posite security in the form of United States
or other stocks, t.v the satisfaction of the
Treasury Department, to an amount which
would at all times product; in twi-iitv-four
hours the full sum in gold which may have
been entrusted to them, so that in no pro-
linl. e i-oiitiiicrencv the. 1v.1s1.rv rm. Id surfer.
The mode at present adopted by the Sec
retary for making these transfers is uni
versally disapproved of by all the commu
nity; and we cannot but hope that, for the '
convenience of commerce as well as tor the haj, sol,i llis copIer miIle t0 a Nc w-York com
adv antage of the public interest, on further y for 51; 5 0t.ll reserving also an interest
reflection, Mr. Cuthno may be induced to ; f : .- : tI ronertvT Dr. Tallaf. rra.
jronc more at length into this
anie 1mp011a1.ee .0 uie uusiu.-ss comiuumiy,
and one in which a great
dlPI 1, 111. lill 111
taTa'St Is felt.
The Washington correspondent of the
Journal of Commerce makes the following
remarks en the sunn subject :
' The Treasury gies on bravely with the
new mode of making transfers of the public
niaii.ev. A regular Civrps of agents has been
established for the purpose of escoriing the
moi. a y from place to place.
"The obi gentleman who has one of the
iol.s hoaste.l at St. Louis that he was paving
't10 ( ;0Veriinient a vast deal of money, and
; preventing the bankers and brokers from
j ,.,;;;, ny thing; out of the (iovcrnmcnt.
j a.(.m-iling"ti- hisaceount he took five hun-
; dred thousand dollars from New 1 ork,
' i,.,. rl-. al 1'iiiteil States muskets.
St. JiOUis, Htm nt a very
pense, whiio any i.anKcr would nave mane
the transfer free of expense to the Govern
ment, and evn have allowed the Govern
ment some premium for the job. The same
Cerberus, with his musket-marked boxes,
is to take a large sum down to N. Orleans.
" The impracticability of the strict eoa-
StractjaD cf tho
sul.jeet than we otlierw.s... shoupi have done, I imj,ar interest of oiiceigbth. The opera
as we consider it a matter of very consialer- ,jou , ))l0 m;n,,s hve thus far given prom-
bo demonstrated, and the next Congress : MlifJICALSOCIfiTYOFTIlE STATE OF
will aH'ord a remedy, by modifying the act, j X UlTH CAROLINA,
according to the recommendations maile j This body which convened in this tow n
some time ago by Mi H. J. Walker, and 0n Tua-sday last, adjourned after an intcres
rcsista'd by the Whigs, on the cround that'tim? and harmonious session of two da vs. A
they would prevent the repeal of the Sub- j
treasury act and force the Government to ;
resort to a National liitnk."
THE CHINESE REBELLION'.
The extraordinary events now occurring
iu China give cause to much speculation in
the iircss of EiiL'land. Accordin-r to the
China Mail, of the 'Joth of February, the I
rebels were threatening Shanghai with a Anions; other contrii.utions we are m
forcc of ftO,0(H) men. Sha-Kwyng-Tsin, in 'formed that excellent reports wa re made of
command of tho imperial troopsf' had at-! " and diseases, by Drs. Owen llaalley,
tacked the rebel army, been worsted and f Uiehmoml county, W. II. McKee, of Hal
killed some say fallen by his own band. j'''gh, and Lewis L. Holmes, of Chatham
The young Emperor was energetic in en- J county.
deavors to meet the emergency, and had1 J'r. JamcH H. Dickson dadivered a loam
issued aa edict culling ipon the people to CJ. Ad draws on Hospiratiou, at the Baptist
unite in his behalf, and detailing the milita- U'iniiili ou Wednesday. The fhiirc. i.s
ry defensive operation to be pursued; fun! crowded by an intellectual audience of la
he had levied a tax on opium, to replenish amI K' l'tlcma n. The address will be
the treasury, and promised favors and re- publi-hed, and will no doubt add to the high
ward to those who should aid him with mo- reputation of this distinguished Physician,
ncy to supply-the sinews of war. The Friend 'he following members Were elected a
of China urges that it is for the interest of officer of the Society for the ensuing year,
Kiirniinnii nnwniu . pnui.t trt flin rf4eiin nf 12 !
the Emperor. It is urged that were the
present dynasty subverted, and a ftate of
anarchy to ensue, tho preservation of quiet
on her frontier would afford Russia plausi
ble grounds for interference, if not for an
nexation. Forty thousand Russian troops
could probably hold China Proper more
easily than the same number of English
hold lliudostan. The London Times thinks
no European intervention is desirable to
maintain the Emperor, inasmuch as no
change of dynasty at Nankin could affect
the commercial relations of China ami Eu
rope. The political design of the rebellion
is involved iu obscurity. The ab'throiie
ment of the rcii'iiinf Emncror. howi'ver. is
, w vs..- .w. .
now :he avowed obicct. He helomra to the
.Mantehoo J artan dynasty, which subdued
the Chinese two hundred years ago, and has
held the throne ever since. Some pretend
er who or what he is, aloes not appear is
among the insurgents, and he is to be made
king, not emperor, in case of success.
DIRECT FOREIGN COTTON TRADE.
We have been shown an importaut letter
addressed to C. Ci. Baylor, Esq , Into U. S.
Consul at Amstcrda 11, and Editor of the
Cotton Plant, by the President of a power-
ful and wealthy European Company. This
letter is in conclusion of a corresponda'iicc
which has been going on for some time be-
tweeu Mr. Baylor and European influences
111 regard to the importance ot a l.ontinrn-
iJrjwl for cotton
rroui the language
and tone of the h ttter before us the most
favorable disposition is manifested, and the Hie uledictory Address ol' the late
President lias notified Mr. Baylor that one President, Dr. James E. Williamson, of
of the company was to sail for America in Caswell, on having the Chair, was very ini
time to be at the Mcmphit Convention. pressive and eloajua'ht, and highly ciedita
At Memphis the plan of a tour will be agreed bio t' the head and heart of that able phy
upon. His tour is to enable this gentleman, sician and excellent man.
as the confidential friend and agent of the The next meeting of the Society will bo
European Company, to inform them of tho held at Baleigh on the second Tuesday in
condition of the cotton-growers, and their May, lro.'l. i'aycttcrilk Utseivcr.
disposition to participate in any general!
movement such as is contemplated5 by irc:t I". ?. LTflUT ARTILLERY.
trade. The object will also be to give cer-1 The St. Louis Ka publican of the 14th iu
tain assurances to the planters of the deter-; stant, says : Yesterday a number of gen
mination of European capital to co-operate tlctnen from this city had the pleasure of
in the formation of a Continental Depot of , witnessing the exercise of target shooting.
Cotton. This tour must prove interesting, at Jefferson Barracks, by Captain Brown's
not only on account of the opportunity it company of Light Artillery. It was a test
will give intelligent European society to of w hat is called, iu the army service, the
judge of our Southern friends, but also in " spherical eased shot," an improvement up-ra-gard
to a change in the destination of on '' t'chrspucH's" enseal .-hot. The prinei
that portion of the cotton crop which now pie is this : An iron case like a bombshell,
goes circuitously to the manufacturers of is loadea with mu.-ket b.ilU, aid ju-t suffi
the continent. Sational Intelligencer. Jcietit powder in the sha ll to ex). lode it The
j aperture is closed by a metallic fuse, which
A CORRECT IDEA OF LIBERTY
Burke's idea of liberty is capital. lie
"Men arc qualified for civil liberty in
exact proportion to their disposition to put
cnains upon iueir own appeiues, 111 propor-
'10" as t'l,'ir lov ot J'lM"-'L' ls atl0ve tl,cir
rapacity ; iu proportion as their soundness
aJ sobri.'ty of understanding is above their
vanity and presumption; iu proportion as
.1 .1: 1 - r. i.
",v "lu """" ul'l"'":u lu -"'"".enemy. Mien the sln-il exploited, it would
counsels 01 me wise ana goou, iu preiercnce
to the flattery of knaves. Society cannot
cxisi unless couiroiiiig power aq.011 aaic v.111
and appetite is placed somewhere, and the
less ot it thcre is within, the more there
must be of it without. It is ordained, in the
! et.'inal constitution of things, that meu ofitant arm of the serv
intemperate minds cannot be free. Passious ' ere Inve undcr t,
! lorget their letters.
SALE OF VIRGINIA COPPER MINES,
We learn from the Warr.'titon (Ya.) Flag
ili.it. Mr TlnmiasS Hall, of I'anouier county.
w ho owns a copper miue 011 contiguous laud,
! ,:,.,. ...ii f,,P ss nlll. r' ,,..;,, ,
; ;s0 of rith yiollls auJ proUt;il.lo results.
, . ,. e
- L'.1,R .V , , .
i , 1 1. 1 ' : - 1 v v 1
olulu, l ebruary l-, arrived at New o
yesterday having made the passage in scv-
cnty-nine days, the shortest on record. I he
Bird, which arrived at
New London Feb. "J t 111 alc the passage in
ill days, the shortest, up to that time, ever
known ; but the Sovcreigu of the Seas has
made it iu 1 days less time. What renders
her passage more remarkable are tho facts,
that she is the largest clipper ship now a
float, and had a crew of ouly 31 hands, all
told, though her complement outward bound
H Wa-S lb t-eeilis in aa-a.ia.n , . .-,...
1 . 1.1s. T ;.......,.!,, al.nl m cl...
larger than a first class frigate, and sprcail
ing nearly as much canvass as a line-of-bat-tle
ship, shoubl have made such an extraor
dinary passage, with so few men. Boston
Atlus, 13th. "
Now many sons has the mother of pearl!
Jem and Ruby are all we know at pros-
very respectable number of Physicians wa
in atteudanec from different p'arts of the
State. Some tlinty or more manners and
delegates from the different county auxil
iary societies attended. Valuable commu
nications, oral and written, were submitted i
and scientific discussions of a practical
a harai'ter occupied a large portion of the
l"f f mel tings
Dr. James II. Diokson, of Wilmington,
For Yice Presidents: Drs. N. T. Pittnian,
of Edgecombe, J. B. Jones, of Chapel Hill,
J. ii. Ii. Myers, of Washington, and Wil
liam G. Hill, of Baleigh.
For Coi rcspoiiiling and Recording Secre
tary : Dr. S. S. Satcliwell, of New Hanover.
Fair Treasurer : Dr. Daniel Dul'rc, of
Dr. J. B. Jor.cs, of Chapel Hill, was elec
ted as Orator for the next annual meeting.
Committees wa-ra. appointed, con.-i.-ting of
Physicians in various portions of the State,
to report at the next meet ing, on Surgery,
Practice of Medicine, Obstetrics, and Epi
demics of North Carolina.
The proceedings will be published in
pnmphli t form, and will no dubt a.bl much
to the interest of tin' Profession, and ho aal
vantageous to the cause of Medical Science.
The Society numbers eighty permanent
members, anal is in a prosperous conditiou.
This was the fourth annual meeting.
I The Society has done much good already,
and T.rouiisi's to do much mere. It shoubl re-
ccive the warm support of every physician,
and the encouragement of every good citi-
zen. Its objects are explaim'd in the iol-
lowing extract from the Constitution, viz :
" The Obja cts of this Socia ty shall be the
advancement of medical knowledge, the el-
evation of prajfa-ssional character, and the
promotion of ull measures of a professional
nature that are aalapteal to the relict ot suf-
fermg human. tv, and to improve the health
and protect the lives of the comiiinnity.''
is sograaical that it may no in.i.le tocxplo le
at any given time, from the instant of tiriug
the canuon. Wha n it exploda-s, the projec
tile force canics the balls within it one and
two hundred yards further, almost in a hor-
iZOntal line, and with a force equal to tho
discharge from a musket. To illustrate
, If the artillery werc a mile in front of au cu-
eniV) tlll.y woul(i ,iirow spherical shot,
i ca'clllatiU;; the time and distance, so that it
, woj!ll c.x,,l0Je fitty yards in front of the
1 !,.. ....
; scnd ln,-,re nju,k,.t halls through the enemy a
; r;uij;s tiau a whole company of infantry
wolli,i do, ami with an ciiual or greater
frce. lt is a death-dealing iuventiou, and
i vCIl hrou-ht to more experienced use will
m..k the Lioht Artillery the most imnor-
ice. The experiments
:ie surpervision of Col.
Bragg, and witnessc'l by a number of offi
cers of the army. The shots were fired
from a howitzer ami from a six pounder,
at the several distances of toO, 7"-0 and Soil
yards, at a comparatively small target, and
it was completely ri IJIed by the musket
It was a most gratifying exhibition
accuracy with which the artillery
guns can be directed. Capt. Brown's com
pany is now full, ami the army cannot, we
presume, boast of a more efficient ami bet
ter disciplined commmd.
From the Mchnnn,! Whip.
I v asil.llltotl eoi I sa-.-o-ieiaa. a.i a.ue.scw-
t -...!.: - 1 ... r .u . v
Vork Courier transmits by telegraph the fol-
I lowing iton :
s,luWkh Ma.N, lying in the track of
, . (,;(U; ,r,lia l-h-a ,,, A,lstra.
. .. , , . ,
' . , , ,n . '
macv. aa. is ues.i;iicu apiHtui a comuiif-
si ma r ot aiistuiction ami aMI.ty to these is.
la. nis, w ith instructions not to re false tli-j offer
of cession which was made to Presi.ii ut Fill
more, if that offer should be rcp-jtcd. In
short, the acquisition of these i-iau Is will be
one of the measure of the a l.iiini-tration.
Mr. Angel, of New-York, his been appointed.
Consul ti the principal port ot tue group.
GEN. HARRISON'S TOMB.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati Times
gives tho following melancholy account of
the desecration of the de.i patriot of Nortli
Bend : The evergreens are often broken ami
carried off, the toc.b defaced, card-playing
and ilauciiig are carr'n-d on within the enclo
sure, and even the very doors of the yauh
'fcaJ iMTn bWicu dcvii.'