CHARLOTTE,M. O., TJZjST 18,1833.
HOLTON & WILLIAMSON,
EDITOR8 AND I'KOrUIETOttS.
m. X' .. . i ; ,. w . ; u.itl w (V. .!...) .
lubsrrihcra at TWO IMII J.AliS in advance, or
TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS it pay.
jin nt bo delayed lr tlire mouth, untl T1IU1.1'
jiol.I.AIW.l II.. .ndofth. year. No paper will
be dic"linued until nil arrearage, arc paid, ex.
Cl-Pt t the option of il.o Editor..
.....ind S5 cent, for h . ... Court d.
I iT .. J .. I.lu 11... u. ...! ( iml Imp I iu lir.l ihiur
c-nt. hiBher i and
-m. ir..,, .K,.,or u...... . .
,.ru-rly. .1 l per I..r each Urn., ...i-
IlIO yOir. AH I TIJ Bfllll IIIBt-rtf:M iiiuiihiij
voir. A flvi-rt fiiifttl! llihcrtctl 1t10111.11 1 v tiai
monthly "j renl per mjiiure for each time.
The Ivy In the Eurgeon.
Br riMRi-i n writAr.
Tlip ivy in iluntfciti t'" w.
t nt'd Iy rain, unclutud ly dew;
I'.i iciLlt I "i,ly Or nik
( "4 vr iiicitur It nl uiifl cdt rs dank.
Hut t1irii(jh tit dunprun crnlirig- high
'I' t t re f II k mi ik-a m limn the sKy :
It sli'l upon the i;rt fill floor
I t itlt-iit gl.diiCit rwrmorc.
Hi? Ivy f''t n trrtrtfr
T: trcuii U its lilr lo th root;
t ( li 1 hi I i,t, it uw ihr r y,
II trovc to Ui)tiui mitt day.
I; grrw, il f rr pi, it pushed, it rhimh
Iiit had tl.e d4ikr h'-rii it h ;
Jtutwclt ;t knew, tlmuh vnlrd m iiiflit.
'I'he goufinfi, htid the jy ol hght.
Ftuchnping ro"l prfw dop nnd ftronp,
Its nli 111 r sitantii-U fn 111 'mi i"H,
,n in thf riifrn.li f tin mr,
t.t t'-ndtr lif.inthm tlourhrtl fur.
It reirliail Ihr bcim it ihnllr!, it rurlrd.
It d thf wiruilii titat chrrr titc fturld ,
It row t'tw-rd tlir dor(ni hirf.
It looked i;"n tlm iuii and ktura.
It felt tlc hfc of harntirp sprlnr;.
It hrsrd I hi- hippy l y I tk ntT-g ;
It ciu;;ht t'"" hrt-jth l mrn and fvn,
And wxx ii tit1 walIMV to lift lcjtts.
T im aim u" hi atiwtnne i,m.
( vr l . out' r M'tlU it prad ;
And m !'' day iM-am mi free.
It grw into a nt'adfaBt trre.
t';mn th t pr.l tary p.!
Ii verduri t t w -i.hirninp prnf ;
'I up malmc bird tnranir t pn-tB,
And iinj; it pra (turn ttuir itB.
Wr.uldl knw the mora! of liinr rhvrne?
It h I i tnr Im iv iily l'j;hl ! ard 1 1 iiih i
'I'-, (v ry dut'ifon I'wiiif a r.ty
tf o4ti in t-. iinmahlr diy.
From thr Snluri'ay HiuiLit.
THE RESCUE !
A Tale of I evolationry Times-
H Y AllTIH.'B K. RAKER.
( tlAI'TK.Il I. THE ATTAi'K.
It was a bright Sunday afternoon, in July,
n;ii, and the inhabitants of It had
" " r- - -
s.ry that we should refer our readers Pack
hat they may know the existing Mate of
.t..,l f,.i ilieinn mor-lnn. 1 1 11 necCH- 1
'Cl. . 1 1 1....., wi.iliti u-ith rrreat fu-
rv. ami ll, littlo settlement of K had !
iwt been exempt from the ravages 01 ine ,
ruthless savages in the employ of the Uritish.
Numerous .tuck, had been made, and sev-
. ral of , inhabitants had been killed ; but
i A 1 1 ii'.Ticrfl on Dutoiieifa uiuai ue uirt;t:u;u to uiuw luul ii k rrrsxi i mnn i ciikI nopniw ni e r.... .i. . . c
. i . i j: .
tl.K Editor.. Utter, murt b. Pot-r.aid or they . Bn ,,'),. I - ' , " irom uiac lime Ml aarK Mate, and u a man of cxcelint character These astnn3ent
will n..t b. attended to. " v ... ' , ' ' , . , not taKen a moment s jest. Most of ttnd worth. s throughout the
rf r.,meU h. m.d. to cither. orrVr?u I let" .nVari..: frHmtT M'n1!? , r ft. -i --v. MJ?lc,;m0 condition fro,,,
IT Po.t,,..tcr. are authorized to aet .. .Sen t. Cl,ced and hard V settlers had left the settle. ! ones ml ,lni nn,lrv n.l.r lift). ' "! f,Urvc' 1 Tloi-c.rpWtO-Wllphttrqt
rl r . . . . I
- - " " HiVllli IV Ull-Ult I 1VM HVII Ul V1IL .UIIIH1Y IUI IJM: II II' I T 1 . I'tii D trit i 1 1 ..
.. I snrnrlun nnd inasnrre had'p'
rr.'. 1 . tr ' .1.' u. a-ill nfl. l.rv '
...iil-j, .11 iroiu ine .-iio . -"'" -" .-. - - -
octllr rvi of II
they were enabled to cn-;
counter thu Indians in their own mudn of
warfare, and were always on their guard.
Having failed in all attempts to surprise
tin settlement, the Indians suddenly disap
peared probably in search of easier prey.
Put there waone amongthem, a young chief,
who was still determined to accompli-h tho
object, and he had greater inducement than
plunder revenge I
Ondega, the chief, loved but with the
wild love of a savage the "brightest and
bet " flower that bloomed in the pretty val-
, v f U . K, fore the war ho bad en
deavored to gain the maiden's consent to be
cotm, bis bride, and bo the mistress of his
forest I o re. Kut the lovely Jenny liirch had
united at bis vivid and glowing representa
tions of hnppiness, and endeavored to teach
hi in that a white maiden could never be hap
py in such a situation. Kut he still persever
ed, and she at last refused him kindly and
Ondega". love was now transformed into
bitter hatred, and with vows of revenge
he disappeared from the settlement and noth
ing moru was heard of him till the breaking
n'it of tho Revolutionary war, when news
was brought by some of the settlers that
Ondega was one of the leaders of the Indi
ans that were continually ravaging the sur
rounding country, and bail led one of the
parties that at one time attacked the settle
ment nnd were repulsed.
When this was communicated to Jenny
liirch, she was very much alarrm;d, for she
remembered tho threat, of Ondega at part
ing, and rightly guessed that he was now
cii'lcavorinir to earrv tho threats into cxe-
cmion ; but, on her making known her fears
10 the settlern, she was assurod that uo haml
should harm her as long as tliere was a man
111 u ihiat could raise a ntlu.
Among the most earnest in their efforts
to quiut her fears was Edwin Pierson, a
young man, just one year the senior of Jen
ny twenty. He was uoble heurted, hand
some, intelligent, brave, and acknowledged
J 1,10 uuhl inaiKsmun in tlie settlement.
There was a similarity of sentiment l.iZ " . '."'V.
Kdwin and Jennv. and thev uk ,K.-.. J
hur ; ch others coninanv
. v " ," , , c0 "Pn,0-
. A we liav taid before, all the Indians
I y" " "e '-uu uc ore, uii tue Indians
, , . , ' "ouega
1 m ill. iviunri. III! I Nil mum t'flf fn tntn
advantage of the fact of the ncttlew Borne-1 tiers were secure bthind the heaw wall- of
!.,.; i..i..-..i :. ...i i . v """ v
! quc.ee of thepparcDt vacation'of thVcoun
t , Indiiii.s to it...l;o 1-u .1...
I v I uvo-
pi rate , (Tort for reDge. All b,s plans were
w w '"Mikv u ia.i aim ut:a
11 i r, J.. :
uuiiureu. arm lie wan rear tn ur bo l.
to aid in the battles for liberty. Little did
i, ' .1 .: f ,i., 'c :: 7 ".u"':" , I'mposea to i,mi to .-ive hisr-;-! through the
they know how much their services werejwkat subsided they as.-i.-ted Jennv in her
needed at ho.nc! kind office, and when ni'htcame on all in-
All the settlers in the village at the time si.-ted that she should take some rest. Hie
wore assembled in the church on the Sab yielded to their desires, but sleep visited
bath. Not one, old or young, but was pres-; her not that night nor were there many
cnt. It was the first time for a loiitr while in that little castlo it did vi.-it.
that flie pi-mlcc was th.irs to ht-iir the!
word of dud spjken to them, and they had
assembled to thank kind Providence, for wore somewhat surprised at this although
preserving their lives amid surrounding dan-' the most experienced backwoodsman pro
cers. j notineed that thev were tire narin'r for a
I Jenny Uircb and her parents were there,
n.,,1 ii... ,.r I.M.. ; !:. .. , . '
"it ni.iv iin; ffuiiii!- i a.ijiii 1 n:i.-uo , uui
Kdwin was not there! lie had accompa-l
me., iuc p.iri wiai nau ie,i me seuiemeiij.
The structure where the se rvices were
held w as a sub.-tantial log building, and for man sharpened well his dirk knife, and a
.. .. r- l. l. .. : .. .1 .. - ..!..! . r... . c l . ii . . iii
afcty from attack, the windows were i.lac-
ed high from the ground and furni-hed with I All was quiet till eleven o'clock, and the Iborhood of the Hoover aid Sawyer mines. I which has often been thrown into her teeth, 'J worl( frr the redemption of our emm
hcavy oak shutters which were controlled settlers began to think the Indians had left 1 He wished to continue for i time in thiscou-j" 'as, for poor North Carolina, she hasno-' lI7. w" ll0P' lia commenced, and if perse
from the intciior of the building. The roof for certain, when the shrill w ar whoop ring- ! nection, that he might make up for lost , thing to sell ," w ill pass nwav. It is n. re- j v,'n'fl '" W(' have "o doubt but that our
was covered with a species of slate. The ing out on the pure air gave warning that time, by which no one slnuld have reason ! markablc fact that the mining lands of this land may yet be reclaimed to its original
building had been made as a place of refuge a terrific struggle was at hand. Instantly to complain that the last ouarter was in- i 'State arc usually as productive and valua- i r''''y virtue. Vcs, we thank heaven
in tune of danger, lie nee the peculiarity,
.ov to return : i
The services had commen vd, nud the
congregation had just finished, singing the
morning hymn, when the shrill war whoop
started them all to their feet, and at the
inonu nt the large' oak door was throw n open,
nnd an Indian with uplifted tomahawk.1
.t. .1. 1. 1 . 1 I' II-
into the church and close behind bun
billowed scores of painted warriors with the
ueaiening war hoop .-till on their j ps.
Mr Hireh was seated behind the door and
as the Indian sprang past him, with the speed
of thought he leaped uj-on blui and pinioned
bis arms behind him. Thi next moment,
iret; remainderof thesavagcscould follow,'
the strong arms of one of the st tilers bad
forced the door shut and tetw itltaii'liiig
with the aid of one or two other-', sueeeeded
ineffectually barring the door, and all sprang
to their anus.
Oil APT til II. TIIK r.F.sri K.
" Ptrmre innti will niVn fnlli-w an abrupt fur-I1""-"
After s short but fi. rce sttuggX Mr. liirch
sueeeeded in securing the savage who had
entered, and now the 'stubborn captive lay
panting on the floor. All was contusion a
niong the women and children ; but in a few
moments, by a little ffort on the part of the
pastor tjuiet was restored.
'1 he Indian c-iptivc was placed in a safe
place, and measures were taken by the set
tlers to render their defence more secure.
Thev were well armed, all having taken
,!.;; w,.n,,os t the church with them, and
there was a store of pniunition and provis-
lions in a vault beneath the church. ;
i i . i ....:.. i. ,l,.fnl.,,l :
in their efforts to enter the church had drawn
off to a short distance. ( Indega was much
chagrined at the failure, and was very ac
tive iu hi" endeavors to plan something that
would effect bis purpose.
lhrectlv after the first assault, Mr. Kirch
liu: riia:, ii ',' l-
and bis son tieorge, a fine lad of eighteen
- " .
had de-cended into the vault of the
. , ,, ... , .,...,! . Joor
V'" ,V ' ! ' iJl- t ' '
"(ieorigc," said Mr. Kirch, "you know
where this leads to-the old oak bv'thccrcck.
It i but a few rods, and when you get there
.,'., .1 1
then raise the sod under the large root, and
''c you g. out, run as fast a ,o cn I
"H as bttlo no.so as poss, b le fl 0
v. 1 :,s-.,., nn,l imid
..1.. . .'. t
jouea jou J -
and pressing his father's hand he entered
Mr. liirch asnlea to tho ehurcn and
stepping to the middle of the room said :
I '. . . . ... , ,
. . .1 t 1 1'
said ,'ir. nircn. iin mt co mui miuinu
the window " '
' Vni'.'Ld better take aloon-holc.Mr. Kirch J
.0.,,.. of ihred-skins will shoot vou." said
Mr Pierson, laying his hand on Mr. Kirch's r lkniJ? Bt the Church and rela
shoublcr, ho be'ing about to mount a bench ting to the listening cl.ild.cn the story of
to look through a window. the struggle and rescue. .
Thank you Mr. Pierson, I forgot myself !" And there are the parents of both Edwin
... 1 i ir" .1. fo. - ,n .. hv.l.,'mr and Jenny; and there is tieorge lurch and
throne), one of the loop-holes. " There is
an indian standing right by the oak, but all
the rest arc on the right of it, and if we can
put that one out of the way. tieorge can get
through, said Mr. Kirch, turning around to
the settlers who wcro awaiting the result of
" Well, "leave that to me ! said a hardy
hack-woodsman. " When you tire a volley
to call the attention of the olirr Indians,
I will lire my volley and call hi attention ! '
This was agreed to, and at the moment
of the simultaneous reports, tho savage by
the oak was seen to fall without uttering a
cry, nnd instantaneously Gorge issued forth
from the passage, and disappeared up the
creek, without being noticed by the sava
ges. The ni"ht came on, and the Indians now
net firo to the deserted dwellings of the set- (
tiers, who were ubligedjto witness the des
truction of their property without the row
er to prevent it; but the sharp'eraek of a
rifle ever and anon, would tell that, tl.nv!
Itvni-A fn u-.t,t. -.I i i
.! . ' , . . . '
1 1 ":. i. -1 ' . ' "P "I-
1 1 v iimpu n 1 ' Tn"1,.'? , """""
iy "ned as such, and seldom did the marks-
man fail. Tim Indian r...
as such, and seldom did the
il. The Indians, too. had ir
, inan tail. The Indians, too, had guns fur-
lin,l...'.,:.i....i .u.. u . ' . ...
lao'ved ta X'ZrrCYr . !
iimiieu mem dv ino Jtntisli
nntiM , 4 I . 1 I . , . ,
I And'wllp . jml. r'u :..
'...i ...i " . , " J , " """-!
a 11 w r. urnii k ma Ainf A t . :-. .
: mcnt of the attack, she had wonderful ,,rc.
' r . i ., . . ..
0. u ,,.,, nsMsieu in sootliiiu' the tears
After the fears of the wornrn had some
Monnhj can.o ami not nn Jndinn wn to
be seen all had (li-ner.-ed ! The settlers
desperate struggle, and that thu settlers
. 1 . 1 f. .1
itiu-i. ui- jiiejiarvu 101 llicill.
.Sentinels were stationed, and meals were
serveu to the weary men. Preparations
were made for dcM,einte defence. Kach
larije ouantitv of bullets were moulded.
every nvin was at his po-t. In a moment
e Indians ru.-hed on the church, and not- i
thstann.Mg tl.e murderous di-chnrge of
e-anns that greeted them, carrying death
to many of their number, commenced a fu-
nous attack oil the door with their hatch-
The settlers continued to pour a galling
... I ,. r
fire on the savages; but after some time a
break was made through the heavy oak
door, sullicient to admit the bodv ol a man,
when a savage leaped through. He was
scarcely in-ide the church w lien his head
was cleft by an nxc in the hand of Mr. l'ier-
The Indians now poured :hrough the a-
pcrture, and although they met with a des-
lifTate .rvi,itii-. isnr"!.. je"mtt)lha
by tho-c w ho had reached the inside, and b
ail rushed meager f.r blood. ljt they
were opposed by men fighting for their loved
one1?, and homes
The settlers no longer used rifles f,ut re-
sorted to their knives and the manner in
which they were ued showed that it was
no new weapon in their hands.
Kut it w as evident that this unequal eon-
test could not last much longer. Although 1 should dwell upon this -uhjeet. I w ill struck the building ; the gutters were filled
none of the settlers had as yet been killed, only add that I believe that icarly a million ou the windward side in a moment, and pour
scarcely one but was (severely wounded, of dollars will be added to tie vork:ii1 cap- ' ed over in an almost unbroken sheet of wa
im .... i .. i.e.. . . .. i :.. . i. i . i . . i : . .i. j - . , i . . -
The savnge? out numbered them two to one.
Seeing the desperate slate of things, Jenny
Birch seized a t imahaw k which had been
thrown down, and rushed into tiie thickest
of the light, and for a moment that t.una-
haw k was su-penueu in I tie air ami w ne u
descended it carried a messenger of death
to a bloody savage whose tomahawk was
pei.u.ng over lier lauier s nea.i. i
J ins was seen PV llie savages, aim lor a
, .... - , , ,
moment lio-tllllles was su-pcil'ien, uu'i
siiuaw ! squaw I bur-t simultaneously from
the lips of caeh one.
At this moment a shout proceeded from
t he ,.r...'L- mill i.ivt-nrii I ler-on si. ran" 10
. t i i . . , I , . -
the rescue with bis bravo fo'lowers. Onde-
g i caught sight of Jenny as she stood with
ii i ... i .. 1. : o :. . 1. . 1 1 1 .. o 1.
piooj v lomanaw k sun in ner naiiu, ,iu.. ......
a fiendish whoop and uplifted tomahawk,
he sprang toward her to strike the deadly
hhw. A rifle shot sped through the fr,
from the unerring rifle of Klward Pierson,
ami timlega was stretciieu un less on ine
floor. His followers, now without a leader,
were easilv conuuercd
r c n u r nl
;;p,ll"; " 0 lUvhnniU cU?
VJ ' - '
good pastor although severely wound
the conflict, knelt down and offered UP
. nnks , or u ,ir ,U.livcram.e. Jen-
ny, who had swooned from over excitement,
was 111 the arms of Edward l'ierson, who at
! l'fe'th sueeeeded iu restoring her to con-
..' , , , - 1 .i
I ' t'.i.o all recovered. Ondega received a
.!........ ..I nu A. il... r..,t nf Ins follow-
n'Aitni .11 Vnril L'ttli I' Pir M II r nl
Tl ... : C 1, .!..,( lo.t., vt'
lage in the year 1T!H stood and old, time
r ' . .
j lie re in Liueeiiiuui an hhu.iihu ...
worn ehurcn. Jt still stood as a moiiumeni.
to th cbravcry of the early settlers.
That noble 'looking- man, with the beauti -
ful woman lenniii" on bis arm. and pretty
- .- . -
children hanging fondly around, is Edward
Person. It is heedless to say that the love -
1 lv woman is Jenny Picrson-not liirch.
hi pretty wile, and all seem so uappy
" Hew beautiful the neciie lo Hire,
Words of nunc ni.iy not till.'
And now kind reader, I bid thee fare
well, and begging your indulgence for hav
ing thus trespassed in laying before you my
simple tale, 1 bid you for the present, good
bye." PEAT1I OF MAJOR MeCLELLAND
Intelligence has reached Charleston, of
the death of Maj. John McClelland, at
Camden, in that State. The deceased ac
ted as Captain with General Winticld Scott
under (icncral Jackson, and was well known
for his services in the American army.
When does a man look like a cannon
ball! When be looks rouud.
PiTAnr-riTTF V 9a 1 erifl
Mollis I'.xcklt.encv, PavuS. Rkid :
s" ' "ve been in thisa.ee one week,
an'' llavc visited the most important point,
0f the Countv I lnva ilivid 1 n,v tin n ho
VounV. na diuuJ my tune be-
Sincel came here Ihvc(,ado arrange-
" K" 1 "ft 10 en88 ,n
tno survey lor three mouths'to rrvs nnr
"I0""1 ,tk' s'!'ne .,onpP."atiO as Pr. Me-,
v 1 1: tin ulian. Dr. Andrews hasdevoted much
. . . . -
oI;n, ..o.J it 1!L T,: . ,T. I.
' ' 'u ivi-auiiea
than anv other inrlivirlmul ;,. .!,
io tin, no t,as not only consented, hut is
anxious lo promots certain object of o,o
work. I wi.-h him to visit tie mountainous
purl of the .Slate with nie in order to furni.-h
illustrations of the scenery cf the countrv.
Besidcs thN, it is quite necessary tlmt I
. l 1.1 r l.i . . "
tin- the drawings of fossils of tin? tortiarv i
iiiin jei.ii.i uiiii lor tne ruroose oi esecu -
and coal formation". Whenever he travels '
in the fctate he is to contribute all the facts j Oypsum is the product formed by this ap
relating to geology for the benefit of the ! plication. In this connection I may he al
survey. I lowed to say that the most important results
I can see no objection to tie arrangements, ' of the internal improvement system, will
as the compensation both of Ir. Andrews ' reach the Planter. It mu-t give him the
and my sou cannot exceed that w hich my fertilizers it will also open the door to tho
: son a one has been entitled to. it U nronor '
' al.-o to state thai, n.v- nn l.i- ,.,;.....
' mostly in the ,tato work up to this time I
... . . ' i
III,. i. now iiiakin.r ,...,n,,ntmnU tl.n n,.iJ, J
complete. Dr. Andrew's term will not be-1
ein, for which he is to receive compensation,
until the middle of August ; but in the mean
time he is to avail himself of all opportn-
nities for furtherin
thering the interests of the !
myself it is proper that I j
at 1 expect to spend much
work. As to
' should fay th
time in tho work of the survey after the
rresent neeuniar v nroi isir.tw ;ir i. v l,.m.. :
and lor wh.ch I have no expectation nor
wi.-h to be competi-ated. The ni.-il.imr nn
of the final report, and collecting the odds
and ends of tho work, will consume at least
si.v months, after w hich the work will be re-
garded as finished. This is not a new vie w,
but one which I took of the subject when 1
first engaged in tho work. I hope now to
ffvf loV dura'-n Ji -.vmr admini-trm, ci
e-sentiaSlv fiui:hcJ, 8 ith'" as" out'-iU.or
work is concerned.
It has been my desire t) promote the in-
tere-ts of the Mate in soiae way or other. ;
And it has appeared to no that a course
and plan which woull br.iig to thc.State
capital, was the plan ay which its interests
and the interests of citizen- would be best
promoted. It is however, tuneeessary that i
iiai in iuc niiiiiiig uia.nei- aim mis
capital will, by no means, bi sunk and lo-t,
and I also f ully believe tint this intere.-t
will be placed on a bi-is Vom w hich the
citizen- will derive a coutiuially increasing
prom , or 3 curs lo come.
, I am sir, your niosj obt scrv t,
o.ii.imiu n i..av
it- tt. t1 i i,
iu iii- j,. r. i.i.r. .'. I , am li' iir.iu ;
' Silt : i am often surpnsel at the amount
of excellent land which I jeet with every
dav. 1 he c ittoti lands nreiiot confined to
1- 1 ... 1. . l' 1. .1 -
I .ii l e. oiiio. . itnwe. ur iAiusie 10 liu:
ea.-teru part ot the Mate ;tic valleys of the
i adkin and t atawba, arc(iially good for
. ........ t- C..r . n ,.,..rt.l ..t 1 1
o.... , ...v , , o-.u. . t ...
the great staples of this latU !c. l'rom the
Jersey Settlement to Salisiry. from Salis- 1
bury to (.harlo.te, and tin .South to the
State hue, excellent and pWtivc lands:
are ucier "ui li sig.ii iu mo iciigui ui 1
time. With attention andfiiltivation : hut
little beyond the ordinarl routine, large
, ..,,,,,,0 fbs. of seed cott, .0 the acre.-
Ais'is the product of the nutation of Mr. i
1. 15. Peebles, of Province di-trict. in
Th xpensc of cul- ;
tiva.ion to produce this res. is by no means
great; 111 this yield ot iceicotton there is
(it'll pounds of lint. Tliisresult appears
" still more remarkable w licit is known that
I there are no natural fertilers : no marks
i ., : i .., . .1.... j. . ,....1.1.1
'H 1 1 II I I II 1' : SI 1 il U NT lilll'J. llt'lLHl L' 1
, , " i
to the oldest cultivated ll.s of the Nate, j
! Inileeil. one IS fllmost llllfed ttl tall into f
. Tl.w lil..-. Ii,,m, i.1 ..lnsi.o
um, . i,,. .........v..
When we find such results y be obtained
..i iv 1 11 -. .. 1 . !. .
wun oriunary skiii in cunannn, or wun
ordinary tillage, we arc ledS surmise what
1 might be effected by addilnal attention
1 and skill, combined with a use of such
I few.iizers as the successiverrops require.
1 These lands are distinguish! from others
. hy their dark brow,, color-jliey are ca lea
mulatto lands. I have sjiken of their
adaptation to cotton. Nowit would not be
right to regard them as adajed only to this
crop, for if there are soils rhich are uni
versal 111 their adaptation, ieso iarK red :
soils of Cabarro.s, Mecklcnlirg and Rowan
are of this description. It isrtie that there
are degrees of excellency wfh those which
bear tlie color I have spokeiof. The Pro
vidence soils are looser thai(hose of some
other tracts, for the latter ire stiftcr and
more liable to bake under tl sun than the
former. It is not, however,!) be concealed
that these red soils are inpatient under
droughts. The crops are liale to fail when
the rains fail in this respect hey rank be
low the sandy soils of I ' nid. The latter
are based upon and derived fcru the slates ;
while the former are based upn and derived
from certain varieties of ranite. Thi
granite contains a large amunt of iron in
the state of a protoxide, whili onc.xpnurc
to tho air becomes a peroxie, which has
the red color of the soil. Tic iron, how-
ever, may be in . combination with sulphur,
which in decomposing passes into a state ol
peroxidation. This latter coudition of the
iron appears from the color of the soil,
w heve t lie roots of the oak arc found, and es
pecially, wl.entlicy are wounded. In this
caso,thegnllic acid exuding from the wound
ed roots finds in the soil sulphate of iron.
Ink will, therefore, be formed by this com
bination, and the purple black streaks w hich
appear in t'le raiiroad cuts are due to for
mations cf ink. Ink soils require for cor
rection hine, inasmuch as any considerable
q".nntity of this astringent salt of iron, is
: T'nous 10 vepeiauoti ; yci mis sau (mii-
1 . i i n
tho soil T sr-ems to net. nnon vLetahles
i "i "
as it acts utioti annua s. v,z : as a tome.-
soils are very common
State. They arc, in this
the great abundance of the
of jrort. which is dissunnna
rocks from which the noils
Wake county is remarkable for astringent
soils. In tlie dry parts of the season the
efflorescence or mis suit it a common oc-
curreuce ; and any one may satisfy himself
' f l'ie 'iiet 'jy tasting the soil ; I have al-
rctuly iai'J that the corrective for such S'
: . T i ...... i
i' - nine, l m uusi uiiee, nowever. i.-
OI, a corrective, hut it becomes, under
t'" -sc circumstances, an active fertiliser.
market ,ci has. nn to the t.resent .hour.
been closed nnon him il i'im, w ,,t fnr
distant when North Carolina will leconis
... . . . .
one of the nrmliwinrf Stntj nnd tl,o t-..,n
hie for plantations as the lands of other
! States. .She has, therefore, a double source
of wealth, rxten.ling over largo tracts of
'country. In other countries riiinin" lands
o mostly poor and unproductive under the , ul"f"J seen, ami while the ti-le is up, it
best systems 0f tillage. I have collected j taken at the flood, will bear us on iis bosom
many "samples of the'soils peculiar to this,'0 I'avcn of our wi-hes. Hut if it is
part of the State and I believe that the
. . . .. .
norieulhirp is eoiiallv inlpp,x.tiTo nitl, il.f
.ot the eastern cart ot the Commonwealth
( 'hedient servant,
THE PA MAGE TO THE PALACE.
AVe nolicr- that, some nf the New York na
repair the damage done to the Crystal Pal
ace uy me storm oi rriilay last, tine ot
the editors of the Tribune, who happened
l'J y- ' viciuuy, ami tooK retuge m the
running uuring tlie storm, says :
"We had scarcely nassed tlu nnrilmrn
'entrance and reached the irallcrv bv the I
nearest fbi-lit of steps, when the torrent if
was not rain, hut an avalanche of water
rer, wi;icu w as in i ven llirougli tne Venetian
blind venfilator, into, and half way across
the northwest gallery, and also through the
upper ventilators, falling upon the main floor
of the north transept. Workmen hastened
to close the blinds, hut thp.t did not prevent
'J'lie tinning of the dome bciti"
unfinished the water came down in showers gnr,s- wtnen f V"ry cask ot his spirits oc
all over the centre, l'or n timn H, ca-'i"",,ls- ,,c ',1,lM rovo!t "'th horror fro,,,
was nearly two inches deep on the gallery I 'l10 fV"'0' 'V"J ovor.v v,,"l,,r T'irit
floor, and poured down the stairs iu minia- j 'T' , r''1n,!,n,,cr ,l,:lt ho '"supplying the
turc cascades. '"ol which keeps alive the flame ; and he h
"A great number of boxes, hale and !
packages of coods lav upon the main floor
nni. - inrr utnr-ii tin n-ii..r 4.
i . . 1 . . ' !
the edge of the gallery floor in destructive
quantities. Eortunately, but few goods
tqieueo . aim were upon tlie tallies, or
the damage would have been irreparable,
As it is, ,vC fear some of the goods are in-
1 .i ... ,.
KoYS. This paragraph is worthy of Ike
Marvel, but we don't' know whos.. it is
,, , ,,
8-?h "' ?P-1"
P011' '" nd.eulous notions they
h ,wlli,t , hiel, iu
" "iSc ui . H.nPe tliemst-lve into
characteristics ! Who remembers when he
would have s-ohl his birthright for a rocking
horse, and his new suit of clothes for a mon
key I Who forgets the sweetfaced cirl ol
der than himself, against whose goiucn nan
he leaned and wept his griefs away? Who
recollects when the thoughts of being a cir-
cuj rmer nppoaroa crcatur than to be the
v Unt ,alll, ,,ow joalou,iv ,,e wat(,,lcd
. ... - .. . ' J . . .
the little fellows that wore spangled jackets
1 ... . 1 1
s" - ";.u
'ic them. If memory preserve not these
capacities, or something similar, the boy is
lost in the man. Happy visions, they come
but once ami go quickly, leaving us ever to
sigh for a return of what can never be again.
HEATH FROM A PINiH'I.AR CAUSE.
Mr. Nathan Holmes, jr, of this town, came
to bis death on Saturday last it. a manner
as singular as it was sudden and unexpect
ed. About two years since, 011 the occasion
of having a tooth extracted, he was taken a
bleeding, not only in the cavity where the
tooth was drawn, but from all bis gums;
and so freely did the blood flow that il was
several days before it could be staunched,
and then only by the difficult and painful
operation of cauterizing Although com
pletely prostrated by the loss of a large
quantity of blood, yet he rapidly recovered,
though he has hail one or two attacks since.
On Friday night last he w as again suddenly
takeu with blooding at the gums, w ithout any
apparent cause, and so profusely did the
blood flow, that all efforts to stop it proved
unavailing, nnd on Saturday ho died from
the effects. He was twenty-two years of age
TVni.igog'tos, preaching liberty, ire gen
Tally the disgui-e.l friends of tyranny.
FOR TUB NOHTII-CAKOI.INA VMl'l,
TEMPER ANCE EKt'OKMATIONV.'
We arc rejoiced to witness the rapid pro
gress in reformation on the habits of intem
perance in our country, and prsy with what
increased rapidity it may spread until the
use of ardent spirits should have been a-
bandoned throughout the land. There is
certainly a visible reformation jroinir on,
which nli are disposed to acknowledge ; ex-
cept those who hate the very appearance of
retorm, and who are determined to convince
the world that no force1 of argument or of
example can affect in the least, their steady
march to destruction, and who still add
drunkenness to thirst and glory in their
shame, accelerating their, mad progress to
irretrievable ruin. i es we are glad to say
that wo lip longer witness daily every old
toper whose legs can carry himitrue to his Uou, tojako an active and zealous part. i
pood Uacchus, bending his way to his temple, Are not the eradication f vice, kitd l.o
where without (ear, without shame, without preservation of the community from its con
remorse, however great his guilt, and with- taminating consequences, two of the lead
out expense, he may offer his daily devo- ing objects of religion T Can such erudi
tions ; and even those pale and haggard ca'ioii he .fleeted without means adapted
faces, which hope seemed to have hit 1' r- to the purpose and skilfully amdied t Now
ever to UarK despair, smile once more thro
tears upon him, in whom she ouee watched
i 1,10 gradual extinctions of all she had ever
loved in the being to whom she must still be
united ; and over who-e degraded brow she
would fondly spread the soft shallow of her
tenderness, that no ray of piercing light
might reach it, to render more con.-piouous
us neiormity ami its shame, and the very
"lr wn nrcaflieu wlneli seeniefl to In- im-
air wn lireathed
'. Prcgnated with the fumes of that Ti mid
! V'v"" comparatively pure and sweet, as
: i- . .. i . t .1 i . i . i . t r i .
i'" exhaled from the vale of Cashmere.
' t'''lt a light once more has beamed upon thu
! la,,,, that the sun of temperance i
! 1'ii'i".-' with bright ctl'ulgeiice. In its ray
tm" horrors of intemperance are clearly an
and while the tide is
! neglected, and
' l .l' l
ulowed tu pass awa v, its ehli
' may hi
itid even tin' star of hope !
that has cheered us i,, our feeble efforts.
may desert us forever. Eet every religious The New Vork ioi respondent of tho
denomination, nnd all other ela-ses of the Charleston Evening News mentions a pro
comniuiiity, who venerate virtue and hold ;j'ft agitated iu the former city, lie says :
vice in abhorrence, join in the w arfare and j The scheme talked of in England for
inn inumpti l J certain. isut tliere is one
wav only bv which this triumph is to b
achieved, and that is by starvation. For
intemperance is a monster which we cannot
you wish to exterminate the poison vou must
eirme at ine root. i nere is nothing Hut a
drought, an universal and everlasting drought
;H .- iriunus nquors unit can dry it up.
mis, ami this only promises success. J,et
' eVrry vender of spirits for-ake
, . , .oi i i , .
Let distilleries be closed lor-
:''v'Lr intemperance i!l bp at an end.
And let distillers remember that they stand
at ine lie.m ot the stream, and let loose the
flood gates to deluge and destroy the world.
Could he but learn the history of a single
barrel of his spirits. Could every drop re
turn to him and give a faithful account ol
the effects it had produced, he would shud
der at the narration. Could he collect be
fore lii til and be enabled to see the crime,
the disease, and death, the poverty and dis
tress, to count the tears, and hear the
,l'1e. ,"e.f',"l',:'r' ho spreads that liquid fire
w "n olvcs 1110 Peace and happiness of
tlm rtroiinc' - ,.ti-,.l.. I. . .1.
circle, the promise of youth.
and the hopes of old age in one general
ruin. Still the vender tells you he frow ns
upon intemperance. So perhaps he does.
After he has produced it, he frowns upon
the wretch whom he has made drunk. Kut
every retailer should remember that the
drunkards by whom be is surrounded are
his own children and apprentices, and that
they afford a living exhibition of the char
acter of his own deeds. When he looks
upon then, ragged and degraded ; when he
hears the noon-day curse, and witiies-es the
drunken revel, he should say here is my
work. It is my trade to malic such men ;
I have spent my life in it ; and if he be a
man of any moral feeling, and duly appre
ciates his guilt, he will raise his hi nds to
heaven and declare beforn hie Oo,t l. i.
will make no more such ; nnd resolve at
once that his occupation shall be something
higher than the mere keeper of a grog-shop,
where every degrading passion is fed, and
where is kept the food tor drunkenness.
Yes, here the temperate drink, and here I 'l behooves our Secretary of the Navy to
they learn to be drunkards. Where were j inquire what is the preseut condition of tlm
the drunkards of our villages formed, but i Cuitcd States Navy,
at the places where ardent spirits are sold ; j
Where is the origin of ail that poverty and SKY!, VUKS
crime, which arc traced ti intemperance, , ,
but at these places of sinful abomination .' ! , A c"''in-v '"'f S ' 'tv-two in num
Where can the wife and the mother fuel that ""r- m' .ro,v,,,. "''!"" ro..i Englnud
fountain of tears, which they arc constrain
ed to shed, but at these fountains of ardent
spirits! It is in the power of the temper
ate to put an end to the intemperance of!
the day. In one year, this may be aeeoai- l
p'ished. And w ho would let rejoice ! Wh.at
benevolent, what chri-tian heart, would pot,
exult! And shall it not be done ; Let j
public sentiment be arrayed again. t it ; let
the -iflic be reprobated by the christian
world, and in a short time it will assume its
proper character, and none w ill engage in '
it but the vile an I abandoned. Let the ;
tempt rate abandon the n-e of ardent spirit
and the trade will soon cease. Let the tem
perate cease to buy, and the intemperate I
will reform from ncr-oiiy ; for no sensible We make me f. Ho wing extract from tin
man would carry spirits through the conn- report of the Newnan ('i.i I M n ket, as en
try for thi' drunkard alone. No man would ! t imed in tlv limner ot tint place :
engage in a trade that none but drunkards
would support. No man could maintain a
business for which drunkards were the only'
custodier. On tho temperate, therefore, i
rests this awful re-pon-ihi!ity. For them it
remains to decide whether this land shall
continue t. suOer all the wretcheduess and
woe which this vice' has caused, or w hether
it shall be relieved from the horrors i in
temperance. For them it remains-tof ay,
whether iutt mpcrance shall end with thu
present gciitratkn of drunkards ; or w heth
er it shall survive to sweep away their chil
dren and their children's children, to the
end of lime. And will they not dceidje this
question? As a community, you haye but
to will a reform and the work in done,' Put
we arc sorry to see so many of the chris-
. tian part of the community, who should bn
' most zealous in the cause, fold their arms
as if they had no duty to perform. In cvo-
ry enterprise undertaken for the benefit of
mankind the elni.-linii public have a part,
and a very important part, to perform ;
but more especially when that cntcpriso
aims attho moral improvement of the world.
When vice is. to be put down, and virtue
promoted, the christian as called upon by a
xor-c winch ne cannot nisregnru, ny the
voice of religion, and by the voice of bin
the way, and the only wav. to bnni-h
jeranee from the land has been rrnini.
cd out, it is the rhri-tian's dutv to ad.rt tli
course, whatever may be the saeriliee. on, I
to disclaim all connexion betwecu rum and
religion. To do good should be the cm.
ploymeiit of his if,.. Uis Master's example
is l.el'ore him, and he is called njion to imi
tale it, and ju-t .-o far as he docs this, he is
entitled to the character which he assumes,
and the maniur bv wiiich he is known. Hut.
ju-t so far as he fails to do this bt. forfeits
. i . i . . i ...
the christian character and disgraces the
christian name. I am fully aware of the
opposition I .-hall be likely to encounter,
sharpened perhap-by a spirit of ccn-ure, on
account of my advocacy of the means to
put down intemperance, but so long as my
present views shall continue with regard to
drunkenness and the so, nee from which it
tni.iiuiie-, , j i-oii-nieraiioii or mat Kind can
. move me irom my course, or make me falti r
iu the pursuit ol it : for nersever:ine.. h-.-
in ine pursuit ol it; lor. perseverance Ik
been my motto through life, nnd shall b
till 1 die. .y J,A1V.
I A HI (.1. MEAMEIl.
the building of a leviathan steamer to ply
between some port ill England or Ireland
and this city, excites attention here, and
rumors are HbX'cCcd al.i)Uk.f.Wlt,Mime..f
tatmg the Engli.-h in this project. Tlit
plan, it is stated, comprehends tlie building
of an enormous vessel, the proportion of
which may be judged of when it is stated
that the propelling eii-ines are to l, ,f il,
I iK'jTei'ate iioin r of li mill 1,.,....... vi .
I r. 1 v leoM.-.-. one is
to le ;iO t Ion.-, (in fe. f ..,,.! I r.
iv leet urailglit ot
water, and he irreat ad.
laiilage which it is claimed will be gained
con-i-ts in this: that whereas a ferry boat
can cross a river or sheltered arm of the
sea without making the motion of the waves
sen-iMy felt ..11 board, so also will .1 vessel
of a siz.' proportioned to the waves of the
ocean (in tlie same manner as the ferrv
boat is proportioned to the waves of a har
bor.) be able to cross the Atlantic without
any motion being felt on board. It would
accordingly appear that the great aim of
the projectors is to save passengers from
sea sickness ; but it is a questiou'vvchether
l,( w-'rth going to so much expense
tor the purpose of doing so little."
NAVIES IN EUROPE.
The English Navy is the largest in tho
world on paper but the French Navy has
probably more vessels than the English, fit
tor prompt service, at the present moment.
lioth nations have greatly improved nnd
extended their navies in the last five years.
The Engli-h have 1 War steamers of all
sizes, and have a number of Frigates. The
French have done the same, and even tho
luteh Government has 11 A been idle. Their
marine has been greatly increased.
The in'xt naval war will be terrific. Tho
model and quality of the great gnus in the
Engli-h and French navies have been great
ly improved. The small arms now in u.-e
iu Uritish ships are all of the new and im
proved description, and the men are regu
larly instructed 111 gunnery, by
Tirn rf' ,il I vl , v . J. . - 4 " ---
111 out 11 , and .MitTord-llaven.
The Kngli.-h are deteiniined, in tho event
of another war, that their navy shall not ho
found deficient citlcr in force, equipment,
or practice. With ail these facts bet re us.
iv a gentleman ot tun citv, an 1 11 Oe:':;te I
on the farm of Samuel Canbv, a out four
miles out of town, with the hope of perpet
uating the species in this country, and thus
adding a songster of much renown to our
forest choir. I'he birds flew from the ptaeir
at whieh thev were roieaed in various di-
I reetions, an i for th" nio-t pirt, in flocks of
j three to twelve, alighting mo-tly within
I sight, upon adjoining farms. Several of
them have been seen within the la-t fu
I days, 011 about two miles from the piint of
I di-persion, rai-ing high in the air, singing;
! as it ascended. limfi'ptnn (r.) 11'-l-
'Lasses. Supply more than adequate to
tho demand. Our market may now be pro
nounced the be-t in the country, for sensible
eh. eii'ii'i,sv ,'et.aii 1 ii'ie.j..inioii!y lovely girl.-;
and thi-e in qie-t if g nd wive.- and aff e
tionate companions, ae invited to visit un I
tx inline .-tx.-k b f to gvfi'el- Vjr:.