CHARLOTTE, O-, OUL," 20, 1838.
HOLT OK & WILLIAMSON,
ED1TOK8 and I'hopkietors.
The Sorlh.C:.rnli Whig will be afforded to
,!,rriliri it THO mu.LARS in advance, or
two OOLLAUS AM) HI TV CENTS if pay-
.i.. i Tin) i. v
H.I.AKS - Hie c'l ' H'c year. N" l'lM'r
nt lie Uf'1-iyi.'U lor Hirer intuitu, niiu itiin'"
4, r!. iiit iit und .Sin-nil ' S4le r.lwrgU per
ftfi.t. Ingi" : ontl a (Icilueliiuiot' 3:iJ r cunt, will j
, ,.itu lri.ni the rrKuliir priet , fur adv.-rli.eri. Iij-
A.herti.e.n. iils iiim tUiI iiH.i.iniy or
trt.-rly, t l f r Hiure fur taeh tniiu.
fi". ' ' i, i. ......
i , - All lci.n on bui.in.-w ...u.t be dir-rlrrt to
i 1 lit..r Letters n.ul u po.t.paiu or thejr
I I'll n,',t tw ttcmll lo.
-) IT I'lj-mrnti can be ninde l.iciu.cr.
i.i' l'uliiialer aro aullioriicu lo aci n gi-n i.
Tl'crf i itn nef .Irfi.rmitv.
l'..MtbllH-d w:tii ceuiilh jffl.ee,
A. oilpn in !i l.dtr ' n.niii
Aa in l)i Imdi" m fa. t?s.
S,in n-tni.ire lit lor evrry ar;e,
S .nic til lor ii ly jrouth,
Si't e p.-nnir ' I .tn.l ihuucjI,
s un h. mbly ui..-.;i.tn ;
1)1 f..r d i"" "f l'i(1ift f'rfri,
s.ire only fit fr cnl!. ry niaif.
.V. i i I .!.in .'if! c.nini.in,
A:i.l N "in V iMiun.U hut ill,
y. I Ann ;:i . nilurable.
Am! An. ii- m l t! r r II,
'l ie rr (a a Klce n. t. l.m lultc,
la I.I. an or l..l-,
A it g-n. c In IjI 111.
A h .iiL'htiM id K it.-;
A;, i r .h ia ..l..lc and neat,
And Lib u in . i t and awect,
Me .:.! i h.ia ;i ait "ly .. und,
I .t i..r unrw-'a trade,
S.. it. a .a rll. it i. iid If,
And l.atiur a..f.' and ataiti ;
IV. i.tx tli la mat. s n4i.p,
1 . 1 fur .U't ll wear,
l.i c it c, . 'jtUiff, hut or hall,
A naiiwr Uyond ...inpMrri
A.i.l If. . r l'fv I. i.. w will,
I'.nl II. I" y la Jt UrUbii.
Maria i t' I .rw.ii.l,
Ai.d i- rlriid.- u l' eruff.
V. l. t;juii'ti w.tii a pri-lty tacr,
la i r. Lly i.n.i- enough.
.V tUl'H' la f-l; ll.ll,
And 1-aura t.io .a fine,
Ii.it r.iii'lir is re ulil.il,
A id .M .ly la tli. un-,
.M.u I ...'ly au.ia a l.i;h.Uoru d;it.
And l iniiy la ihy name,
II in i n'.i .t ry chmer,
J i.e i blunt ui.d oo'tl.
And M irtlia, a. in hat aoin.w ful, ,
And I. lit y prt.ud and c.-ld ;
Am. ii i b. light and jay,
1 ,1 only for rli't
( ..i .iiut in Vain anti al y.
And I'l- r smart and errt,
I. 'tiit ta tw .tt anti nick,
lljt Ahtr ci.ast an.l meek;
II, met ta cuf,fuin.
And i l ira (.'MM- and nuld,
An J r.m.n ia afl- .-ttt.nau ,
And Jan. t nr. h and Slid i
I 1.. i.e. I" rapr. aa..e.
And '.rare la ..Id anil rarr,
Ami (' t t.ii.nc .irni and dui.fu!,
And M.r,-rtr.t Unt.k and I'.ir.
And lailn l..pe and Charily,
Are heavenly n-.u.t.a tor mater three.
; OF AN INTRUDER.
BY S. W. I.KV. IS.
" I p' ti th.- evening of a beautiful sum
r day, tunny years ago, in a private room
s hotel -landing upon the corner of liroad
J and Chambers street, New York, two
!!: men were seated, engaged in the fas.
I'm came of faro. There was nothing
p cult ir in the appearance ot either, i
t ,i,(Himiii-u un.ii mi orru.....g.. . .... yQU aJ opportunity to rcC0ver your loss , ' "est; minis are pro- many failures happen tothe ver-best modes;
J.it at iht option ol tliu Liiitun. , ..,.,,,...;, n ' , babl v the best in the State of their canaeitii-s il.... il.,..,..l, .1. ;.. . 1,, i
' UIJ'J JUU V-ttlJ HIIJ'1JJ III 4 . I mm, lltun-,11 IIIV.IV 13 Ivv.Klljg 11J ruin 11,
A;U,rUi..M.Ki1ui.iuruJt()iie I)u ' "T' ,;,"re Hoth Mured at him in surprise, as well wllo!c or if ,lieir producing powers in doctrines and facts by writers, Vet there is
"""":';':"":'i!'!"Z!i. .fl?. , !..,..! li.uri.dl' thev iniirht. coiisidcrinif the circumstances. ,I,L" "ggrcgatc are cou.-idered. This view Ii0i, one source of disappoii,mei,t ; there
l!i,o il,,.;, ,lr..a b. toL e ..cd a love of
... f,.-. n,,., r... ot.,.-ea nf '
l hc younger of the two, who m about
e and twenty years of age, did not np
r to be a favorite of fortune, for f'oui
( e t i time his companion would draw :
(i.es no iucoiislderablu sum over i- ...s
the table ; and to judge from the po- :
mile of satisfaction which at such
s a pea red uji n his features, one might
: -ti-pecttd that be was deeply skilled
iu tnekery of gaining, and did not hesi
t 1 use il.
idy had he won eight thousand dol- !
and the I .wr now stakes all upon the
of another deal. His los-es had rcli- '
d him nun h cieited. and he re than I
su-peelml his friend of unfair playing. ;
The cards were dealt and trembling for
f.itt- of hi.. Ct 1 hoits'iiiil the voiini. man
'd f..i ward in breathless anxiety to learn
'I.t heavens ! I am ruined iiow!"nmt
h In a husky voice, as be saw that
' wai still ni.ainst him ; " you have won
4 - rs - 'a
T' rv cent V
l I In- (ith,., itmileil rrriinly. mked the will-
s- Ijs over to I04 idle nnd rt III Ik r k (' 1 1 :
l.'. . .l ...... ,. Ml an..,, ...1 II
u ....no, I .to., ,'JH ,t... r,,.'.. fi. v
' s ; ain : if not of me there are enough
' mi beat !"
win it of you, did fortune deign
upon me !
. " Il'io,, ,,
I fiiinity ;'
I " 1 have lint
"' rciuire if, I will etvc y.'i au op-
n ., lo Irv vou w ith !"
av - ' ' J J
l-miletl the o-er liere. ly. As he ceas. d
f 'ikiii", a he.ivv knock iiiion the the door
leeil n iilil.,. n...t i iit.trrillil...l the
a.,, - 1
: ;lm tha new comer to enter Hi
I. iZh ' i 1 .. ".
,7m Wa" " V""1"'" upon the
"-"hold. Neither ol the gamester had
i '"'W too new comer to .-1111., ...-
tver seen him before, and as a natural con
sequence, were much (surprised at his up
I The stranger saluted them briefly in a
1 ruff voice, und moving forward, drew a
' . f . ft .
i i , , .
cloak ho wore, mid placing It in the hands
' !, ., ,, ..,., I I,,., l i.: i .
" Proceed with tho painc -he lias prom- j
ui fc.u uiuulaj u.i.tot., lit .it.-.j.:i uu ;
j,ut tin; eliler at Icuctli asked
How kne'v you this?''
.... ..i... . ... , ,
ll.V luuill, Him ttv-eiuei.l.lll V uvi'llienru llllll
J . ' . -
ikiate his losses. Havin.r nlents of nmnnv.
Mate Ills losses,
and confideneu in his discretion to use it, I
determined to atd J im !"
" Lut who are vou i"
A grim smile crossed tha lips of tho un-'
known, bu' hu made no reply.
" laet us proceed with our play," said the
younger, I-red , Stanton, to whose heart a
hope had arisen.
" Vou have promised him this chance,
said the stranger sternly interrupting the
remonstrance he was about to make.
This r. mark was greeted with a frown,
for be felt that he could not play unfair
without being detected by the bright, stem
oiiis tiled upon him ; and at leiiL'th mutter
ing a cur.-e upon the evil fortune which had
sent a strange visitor there at such an jn.
opportune inonicnt, he consented to plav,
trusting that his success would continue :
r . . '
but iu this he was destined to be mistaken.
'J he stakes were heavy, for each was de
sirous of learning the final result.
Thrice did J-tai ton win, while, his myste
rious friend stood m ar. carelessly watehitiL'
the game. It progressed, and still was hu
1 ... it. in I b fiv trrinn.tt it. snees-ion V
exclaimed he, as he drew the tilth thousand ;
in ro-s the table. The other set bis teeth
hard toitlier, and made an impatient ges-.
tine for the wtnii. r to proceed.
Stanton lo-t t:? n-xt game, but the sue-1
eeediug ones ,-r. in his favor. In half an
hour ho had won all he had Inst, besides all !
his friend had brought w ilh hint, amounting '
i to twelve thousand dollars, ti lth were lost
in ast'.ui.shuiet.t at such extraordinary suc
cess. " I 11 trouble you for my money," quietly
n marked the unknown, as the lo.-er sank
bark with a curse.
Stanton added a thousand to the purse
1 .I..,.-.! ;,, I. la 1, .....l. -,i tl... il,,,..
CX,.rc-siua his thanks and 'a de-Ire to know .
v.. r ..,. ..I,., i. ...i I,. ,...! .....I t.;,..
! I lit' iiauit. to mi,. f ,.u ututiiivt ...iu t 'J
such an extent.
" Tis unsafe to breathe it here," was the
response, accoiiq.aniea by a smile ol .lei p
meaning. " Fcihaps it will be rcv.-alvd to
you at some future tii. c, but lor the prc- 1
cut, gentlemen, I must bid you adieu ;' and
bowing himself out of the apartment a he
had I'l.a red. I
" "J is Satan Iii ui-tlf ! " whispered the el
der of the gamesters, as he disappeared ;
'aril well armed tit that, f..r I observed
sev ral knives and pistols in his beit as he
removed the folds of bis cloak to replace
the purse, lila-st the luck! 1 am glad he.
has gone ! '
" 1 lu.re is som. thing remarkable in his
manner and appearance, but yet I will not
allow ) i in the honor of being the one you
have named. 1 think I know who he is fur
he answers the description of a noted per
son who js said to be in the city." !
" And he" j
" Is Robert Kidd, the pirate '."
The young man bad spoken truly, though
at random. The next day the city was
.seartlu d by order i f Gov. Rt llinout, but
t.ic pirate had gone, ami was as In e as I no
blue water uur which he was dashing.
MRS HARRIET FF.KCIIKK STOWF. IN
FALLS WoltSF. AND WOIIS!"..
The ref usal of Oueeil ieloria to ad
the authoress of 'Inch; Tom's (.'abin,'' and
the idol of Stafford lloii-e, into the royal
presence appears to have been followed
bv Louis Napoleon in true imperial style.
A certain Mr. , in 1'ari-, thought
proper upon his own responsibility, to lion
ize Mrs. Stowe at his own re-idence ; but,
the dreadful insi euri'y of the one man
power ' litle Al r. r. w as th the act ot ta
km'? our nl.o ttioii heroiiie " out n ridin
the roliee made a descent upon .Mr. I
all the I-rem htiien in his house, and siirs sii-taiu and carry out I lie nomine oi tne
,rr moitir hurried them off to jail. This last communication by a statement of de
otight t.J suggest to the philanthropic lady 1 tails, how old lands should be treated in
th.. i.ronrietv and e snetliciicv of sncedil V order to bring up tilt ir productiveness to a
luittih" Plurope in dis.ni-t. How well it
' . . :n . ' j.
- - - i i - - - - j i j . .
would have been had the I'mfcs-or
hi-promise to return to li.r-tou by tli
to first of
June, briiiL-ing madanie along with him
Had business this, of lionizing among the
socialists and bloody reds of I 'aria, in these
davs. No doubt M rs. St. .we will learn, not-
withstand 1112 the universal disgrace wnu ii
'he has attempted to cast upon the liistitu-
tious of her own country, that after all,
" there h no place liKe liomc. elay
her go ul, am
I all others of the
-X Y. lie, aid.
A CIIOICK OF EVILS.
Two young officers were travelling
f ir West, when they stopped to take supper jur 'd by it ; it is not every Held which re
al a small road side tavern, kept by a very quires lime, und even when it is required
rough Yankee woman. The landlady, i'l a the conditions are not the same. Il the soil
calico sun-bonnet and bate feet, stood at is destitute of organic matter o" quite de
the head of the table to pour out. She in- lit ienl in it, lime, though it may be wanting
quired of her giie-ts "if they chose long iu the soil, still, w ilhout giving also a sup
sweetcningor short sweetening iu their cot- ply of organic mailer, it will be Useless , it.
fee." The first officer, sill. posing that "long will fail, and the planter will be disappo'n.t-
swci teniii"" meaiit a large portion of that
..I...... ii necordiiiidv V h n t u as h is
.1: I uIi. m he Kw tlu iV ho-tess din her
.1. en down into au earthen iar of
hoiiev that stood near her, and then
;,; (the. liiii'cr.l round in tho coflce
11: I....' a...,i.... ibia iic f. rr...l "kh.irt
111a uuiiiiiii.i""! '. , 1 . .. -
. .1 i i,;..i. .1.,. 1
I noli which the woman i.teked
, . . .- 1.. .1..,. 1 ,,. ;,i
l'l'i.t..,'!.f,.o..,.., on 1 he floor beside her. and
j J - p"
1 rcn ten en dispensed with coffee that
. f , ncU,tM 111
Davii'son County, May an, i-f,3.
To 7is J.'mtoicy, iJuviit S. ? :
Silt: In my hist cotiimuuicatioii my re-
marks were confined mo.-tly to the charac-
tor 1,10 better lands and toils of Meek -
intended to express, notwithstanding the
i.iei mai in uiy '..i.uus nicy nuin.-r more
than others which ure much less fertile.
Iiut these lands have not been full v tested.
il. i.ii... l....i i.: i.i j-.-.. ..
though they Uavc hccn cultivated lor more
, t,,nu l,;ilt fntury, perhapi more than a
icentury. 1 hey must have beo.i highly pro-
(luetive when they were first tilled, lint it
"PP'r to me that great proij.ictiveness
does not belong to fir.-t series of years after
tillage begins. It n true that when new
ian-is are cleared oi tin: lorcst tnal tlie nr-t tl-l, ,rt u-e to the membran which con
crops require no fertilizers. The growth is tains it. Again, some supposithat planting
almost spontaneous. The planter sow, and and farming 'may be succcasfuly pro.-eeuted, !
his harvest is sure. Iiut when exuberance on tliu same idan that a cookuakes un her !
of fertilizing matter is nearly exhausted
and the soil begins to flag, it should by no
means be regarded as used up, that it must
be abandoned, and that new fields must be
cleared. Int.-fid of regarding the soil as
having passed its best and most productive
(i.-riod, it should be con-iiiercd as only sub-
""ea anu reauy lor tlie true system ol cul-
,tivat,on. 'J he soils of Knglaud, which have
; l"'c" 't'vtcl cigl.tecn hundred ycars,pro-
.1 1 .. 1. .. . .. . C I .. .
. '-s,.. sysu-moi nus-
duce more by the pre-et.t system of bus-
...... u. j ti.au tutrj .ou... ..u.t.- piratii e. uu-
ring thtir first years of tillage. Fart of
New KiiL'liind and New York yield a great-
cr profit than they did at their first settle-
ment, I mean that they will yield a greater
number of hu-hels of wheat and coi n than
u I...M ii..... tt..r,. ii. .I.i.lr , Ir.rir. k...t.t ll..,,nt
i. .. ...i ..................... i. i . i .
. . , .
-u.. ... ,u .. .
l"e " a ul 11 " , . "rB
woriutess sttouiu uc expioueuauu tue soon-
er this is done the better.
, "n v w .v . .v..-
: - '. moe
''"-' between Concord und ( harIotte-ad
'? ,l,ese u, e UllJoJ t,1' nt l' '"of
1 I'warrc and Caraway I say to apply this
.' . w w PIi
doctrine to these lands, I h. licve that they
are only subdued, and that they are only
jii-t now ready to yield their maximum bar-
'vest. No one, however, should misunder-
stand my views, for I do not mean that by
.... .--..I .... I... ..1.1 ..! i,, j,' . ul, 1 .... inn 1. ,
I ,u .-u ...,. v... ... .. . .. ..wt.
Ueaunig in tic; oit traeK, tear, tnese latins
are capable of producing moie than t f it-v
uow- b',t il .t',iU-"'' b' ,U,t! u? o!'
appliances winch arc truly modern
that the-e results eau be expected. 1 have
no tiouni tuai many plantation wuoscyieiu
of cotton is ordinarily 1 tit M ( lb: may be
made to produce .i,in.u lbs. and t!io-e which
yield M0 lbs. My opinion is based on pre
sent modes and means, or present labor and
present husbandry. 1 f b y a .-light addition
to modes and means, 2,tlt lbs. of cott-m
are produced to the acre, why is it not ra -
tioual to snppo.e that by bringing ail the
present appliances of husbandry to bear
upon tillage that such a re-ult may be re-
alized ? There is no doctrine which is .so
important to be inculcated as the foregoing,
fur so long as planters look upon old soils
and old lands as worthless, so ion theircf-
forts will be deferred, lint w hen once they
are so satisfied of tlie truth that old lauds
are susceptible of improvement, and espeei-
ally, if they can be made to beliete that by
culture, they are cap
1 of pr
bushels and more wci,
oru and cotton
igh tir-t broke
ready for try-
per acre, than w h. ii tin
up the surface, they will
iii better sy-tems and 1 ctter iuo.leot bus- :
baudry. Well, history su-tains this view. I
All history rel iting to agriculture sustains '
it. It is but the experience of the expt ri- i
enced of those who have tested the doc- !
trine. It is true vou will not see it stated
in the words in which I have prescntt d it
now, for with me it is a reduction from his -
tot y. I st,: it in tlie results of Knglisl,
it husbandry, and 1 see it in the results of the
i.e.-1 husbandry both of the south ami mutn
most rcspi etfjily,
Your serv ant,
To I fin n.r-cV.cnc'i, l)an,f S. R( .' :
Sill : The subj. et of improvement of old
lands takes a broad lit Id. It miht be ex-
1 peeled, and perhaps demanded, that I. should
. . ..... .
standard higher than they poaes-eil in the
-i i . - . . - 1 i. n ......
lir-t period- oi cultivation, i sn.ui not at-
tempt, howevt r, to do this with any degree
of tulness, ami helore I touch at all upon
the subject, 1 wish to make a remark ir
two w hich have a general bearing up hi the
whole subject. Iu the tir.-t place, agricul
tural w riters w hi u they propose improve
ments are very apt to u.ake them too sweep
ing. Tin y, for iti-tance, propose deep drain
ing, deep plowing, lime us a fertilizer, etc.,
or some special mode of procedure in order
to obtain a given end. .uiv, general doc
trines are excellent when they are general ;
but it frequently happens that 'there are 1111
nit exceptions. It is not
w..icli iviiuins draining, sonic
may be in-
ed. lie will say to his neighbors that
h ad ti icd line a ml it did 11 good ; he
lost his money anil his labor. Nov:, 110 sen
sible man need be
uclt a result is
' doubly bad. The same may
be said of
; phosphate ol lime and ol guano
' I'liriner or tilanter in unae.iuaintetl with tin'
j . i
1 ,..n.i.;iiii of bis soi : if he is i-'iioraut of
' il,. ,loi ma lo. b art. necessary to insure
L'ood results, there are many chances to one
mode, or in tho use of a good fcrt,li,i r. -
M . ,1 octrine, therefore, is that til geuor..!
1 'j '
doctrines as set forth by writes should bo
reduced to specialities as furas possible ; !
that is, while the doctrines i.-Jsct forth in
general term?, the conditions fhich arc re
quired for their successful wokin should
be laid down also. JSat all tis would re-
,,:, investigation : and ricrhals. more still.
the chemical examination of tl!.oil. Nov?,
: I believe because investigationiv rdpiinil,
j js remaining a want ofexpuiiditw oftbou-ht
upou tlio hul.jccts by tlie larii Innisell.
There arc suine men whom f believe are
. 1 i.. .1... v.l ...,(
' iu-p-'h hi iit- iiuur Jt iji'J.iejr
i . . . ..
than thev are in expenditme ifJhouL'ht:
( though the rule generally h, ,,ri to expand
titlur, especially in husbandry. There is
another ela-s iiuite unlit., ll.e two tor-
mer ; that class who take in ;JI tie doctrines
and digest none whose mind are liken
stuffed tnutago full of meat, thieh is not of
frius and cakes j that is: by tceipts which
tell them how a good crop of om, tobacco,
or wheat may be'rai.sed. Thre is much of
this kind of h- handry everywhere, for if
there is no written form of a receipt, there
i, about the same thing iu th brain ; there
is a routine without thoucht which is car-
ru.,I out in. ehaiucallv. The; is no expen-
ditnre of thought about the conditions of
th-toil, or the climate, or eculiatities of
tl, .-a.-oi,s. J here is no cm loy incut upon
, . , . ... , , .
w lllell I llOUgl. t llllgilt be SO pi obi a Illy CX- ,
prided, as agriculture, dec-pt bought, too ;
but it cannot be given withot elementary i
knowledge. It is true we my think about '
t1L. result of an experiment,, ut of its sue- !
co or failure, we can fori no judgment !
".l ..... r. .1 . I .
n iiuoui iiistruetiou iu me ciuiciiis oi -i"ri-'
. - . ..
ituic. 1 am, !,r, must rcctlully,
lour obedient servat,
Vmiii the Si v Yt
TIIF. MINKS OF HOD HILL.
1 fi0!d Hill, in Rowan rount. North Curo-
ina, iv denominated by that luincnt geolo-
gi-t, Professor C. U. Shcphal, the richest
mineral depos t iu the l'iiited"-tates, unless
perhaps with one single execpou. Theim-
perfect, and inadequate .i, can hitherto em-
.1 .1 :. . ... . l . . . 1. - 3 . . . .1 ..
piij.eu iii wurhiug its ncii, a u apparently
mexhau-tihl.! mines, Willi tie variety ol
h inds among w hich thev have ben divided,
t-) keep the public gnoratit of
-.heir extent and value. A ludcwu plan
lately propuscd by Lr. Daniel isbury, for
concentrating the property ami ureetiom
in a siivjle companv, hr.a for souic'jme re-
etived the attention of a number obur cit
izens, and we understand that measres are
taken to carry it promptly inn eRVt.
j Cold II ill is an eminence with a urface
! somewhat uneven, a mile in length, arl about
j one-third of a mile in breadth. Iconsi.-U
of a mass of chlorite slate r ik, i strata
'nearly vertical, which are cut bycxaetly
j vertical veins, which are rich in go, iron
j and copper, pyrites, luauganc-s, c Owing
. u the invisibility of the gold, and he fact
! th.it but little of the other inctalsiippear
; above the surface, it is only ten yer since
the place was known to be a milling ocalitj.
! Since tin n several shafts have bcl sunk,
; the two tie. pe-t of which were almt 3-1(1
j feet, and another 100; and al out auD.OlKI
worth of gold has been for sew r:i years
, ,ci.t annually to the mint at ( harlot. i
h has long been known thut gob exists
. in the rocks or sands of large tract.- o coun
try on diir.rent -ides of Gold Hill, ai.i it is
now declared by Frofessor Siicphard.whosc
.pinion is su.-t iiucd by most re-peetalle sci
t i.t'illc authority, as veil as by the l.4ief of
practical miners around, that it is thegraud
centre and chit f store-house of gold lespos-
itcs. Ilesavs: i
I 'Other irdd mines present us iiisuch a
! space one or two veins. Here trt nine,
' grouped in close proximity and ptoschting .
su.-h a variety of ores, anJ lixvingstith traits i
I of continuity, direction, size ami geological
character, as to show their c.jnnci luu with
I such extensive u.plies f mineral matter of
I profound deplh-, as to nuke it au enduring
I source ('f wealth to tin country.'
' I have seen no min.s, of any description,
i in our own country, orcven in great Iii ilain,
'which have left so stung ai impression of
ci u prod uc
bv the inspection of. ho mine! of Gold Hill,
iu North Carolina.'
' The scheme propped by IV. A-bury, of
uniting in one grand .hole the separate iu-tcre-ts
of the di Here it parties on the hill,
presents ad vant ages w jic h lur.-l tic out ions
. , , i ..... I
to every one wno givesine suijait tne icat
consideration. A conip-i lieitsivt sy-tcni ot
working can at once be tntered tpon. The
already discovered wealtl can lii'iimi h tv.ore
jdolitably developed, ami new tliscovcrics
will certainly ensue. Fnl'.kc mkt new ad
ventures, the consolidated company will start
upon an absolute certainty. Tiny have not
to lo-e time in creeling m,u iiint ty. iu sink
ing shafts, in exploring ground, iu other
words, in making their mine : this is already
made and speaks with a deeidec. emphasis
for itself, it being called the mot'n t of mines
throughout the region win re il. is situated.
ith the machinery now on the gtouud and
the courses of rich ore now accessible, it
may commence in a day. and yiell from tue
gold alone at the rate of above Sll'o.l'iiO per
annum, with every pro-put ol doubling this
magiiiliceiit revenue at an early dite, simply
011 the introduction of more poii.rlul ma
chinery, the redupiieatit.il of tlf force at
present employed, and the working of cop
per ores from the deep and hithtrto unap
preciated levels of the veins.'
TO KEEP TIRES TIGHT ON THEKLS.
A correspondent of "the Sout'iern Plan.
tcr" gives tin
in. thod for k. 1 p
licfore putting ( n
t with linseed oil,
ing tires tight
011 w heel
the tires, iii i the tell
which is done bv heating the oil i a trom.h
to a boiling heat, and keeping the w
with a stick thro gh the hub, in th
, un hour The wheel ,s t,u:,, u nt.
cvry :VU h- i, k-j-t id th-. ' -W ,1
in the oil for
LATEST FROM CHINA.
The Hong Konir Correspondent of the
London Times, w riting under date of April
5i, furnishes further interesting details from
China. He says : Our laste-st dates from ;
l-'iiglund arc to the ii lth of February. The
the latest mail was uot delivered till - I hours j
after the Steamer's arrival, and when the
outward mail of the 11th had left, disap- 1
it.. r.l..rAf. ..,,1 .rr,e.., il,r,,.
cnt steamer leaves to-day, being five days I'.rd .t,;.U,c Umiou-i authority of the property. I hey were not successlul in their
railier than usual. We hoped, under the ed?Tal '0"r.'''';' pport.on the public objeet
new contract with the l'eninsular and Oricn- "l". r to d.stnbute tbe.r proceeds amongst A nother parly perceives that the South
tal Company, and the powerful Mcamers at th"''y':'al Sll,,? . , ., . , ''!l9 Pra,',"-fl,.v com
present on t"his line, that it would not have ! lhc 1)(7'"c Pr''s' coi.ta-mli. that such n.nn territory ; they know that tin, territory
been considered necessary to give them car- ? spoallion ol tbo public domain is ,,. u ntil, ,u gold ; that it posM-s.es commercial
lier despatch during the southwest monsoon, i",'"1' M,X' furt.h"r tl,at a" aI'pl"'t"' t advaul.'.gcs of an important character
ii,,, .! f,i, it.i, v,,,, ,in n.o, u'11 au appropriation or npportiotnnent up- 1 hey say totho lederal government : " ou
of the rebellion from Shanghai to the iJ'sth
ult. We have now dates to the 1-tli iust.
Frevious to the Kth inst. the success of the
rebel force had been rapid ; the most cur
rent information was that the city of Nan
kin hud full.-u into their hands, and that
Obiukcuugfoo had been taken without op
position. On the -th iut'int, reports reached
of the hostile intentions of tiie rebels against
the foreign community in articular, and
that they intended advancing on Shanghai,
which caused the greatest :ilanii nnd con
fusion, and inhabitants of the city were mov
ing into the country, and the united naval
force and the whole community commenced
to fortify and make preparations for the
defence of lL" liritish settlement. Later
accounts froi i Looehou had been received,
stating that son.: thing had checked the reb
els' approach, and matters were more quiet.
The rebel force had evacuated Chiukeang
foo and were retreating upoti Nankin. This
as been confirmed by advices received from
laoocuou on tue i i in, noiii an enterprising i
. , . f .i i. -.- iri .- .
voluntecr of the Lriti.sh diplomatic depart-
1,11. l l .! ; r
ment who had reached there in disguise
and in s-if, tv
""Tlie Tartar General, I leans Yuen-, with
t i . . .i t .. . . -.
the fraud imncrhil army, was close to Nan- I
kin, and which, it Was generally believed,
he haa taken possession ol. An engage
ment between the two foices were expected
to take place about the 10th itist., and till
the result be known all will be intense auxi
ety and suspense.
There were four steamers of wir and her
Majesty's brig Lilly off Shanghai, and a
..iii t'niv s u'ltj jjiny on tsiiiiiieiini unu a.
British force with guns had been landed, ;
h . . . L i
, i- . i .1- i- I e
aiitl an application to this lor a supply of .
, '.' i i . i .i i
a.ins has been acceeded to by the Oeueral 1
. ' ,
llis Kscellcney, Sir John Ronham, re
turned from Ningpo in her Majesty's steam-
er Hermes, on the -'.id inst., and dates from
' ' '
nee to the loth instant report all was ;
et there. At Fooehowfoo, it is said, I
: ... l ... .i . !.
some iiiuerence existeu uctween tue j ariar
, ,,, . , , .
and ( hiuesu troops. Amoy was not panic-
, , , , , ' , . ,' ,,.
ular y affected by the news of the rebellion.
, . ii
j At Canton all remains quiet.
I Her Majesty s steamer Ra tier went on a
cruise iron, Amoy, ou the lot,,, after the
piiated. , . .
Trade in Canton has been going on in
imports to a large amount, but at reduced ;
prices. Little done in tea, only a small
quantity remaining. At Shanghai business
was suspended. The export from China is
estimated at 4, l('0,(lllO lbs. iu excess of last
year to the same time. The export ot silk
from Shanghai is stated at 2i3,l)OH bales.
The I'nited Slates steamer Mississippi,
Com. Ferry, is to proceed from Macao to
.Shanghai on the V! i th inst.
It is reported that the Feninsular an
Oriental Company have applied to Her
Maje-ty's Government to be relieved from a
portion of their contract, which, we think,
cannot bo intended te relax, and Her Majes
ty's Government should be informed that
whilst the l'eninsular and Oriental Compa
ny are for their interest mo.-t zealous and
active rivals in keeping up tiieir steamers
from Calcutta to this, where there is no con
tract, and opposing the mercantile interest,
they should not be relieved from the public
contract, fur which they are so splendidly
PARSON RROWNI.OW'S OPINION Ol
HARRIET LEECIIER STOWE.
The redoubtable Parson is out upon Har
riet af'er the following fashion :
'This long-tongued visionary woman
ealumuiator of the South, is now in
rope, where she is bcin
lionised by the
haters of American institutions.
publican liberties. She is the daughter of
old Lyiuan licecher, a Prfrsbyterian minis
ter, and has two brothers who are ministers
of the same Church. Her husband is also
a minister, and at present, we believe, is a
Professor in Andover College. They are
ail Abolitionist", both male and female, ami
the lying book styled Cncle Tom's Cabin,
is believed to be the joint production of
the entire family, manufactured for the oc
casion, and us a merns of rai-ing the wind.
Her Ladyship, it is well understood, is the
nio-t talented member of the old Lyman's
family, iiut merciful God ! she presents
to the world the most hid. ous physiognomy
ever gazed upon by the eye of maul She
is as ugly as Original Sin an abomination
i iu the eyes of livilizcl people I A tall,
; cu.ir-c, v ulgar-lookihg woman stoop-shoul-
tiered, with a long, yellow neck, and a
; long peaked nose through w hie h she spi aks
; au abomination in the cars of Southern
negroes, who in-t'uetivt ly turn up their
flat noses at the idea of Using the nasal or
1 gan to aid the oigan of speech. A daguer
! rcotvpe ofher Lidy-hip which we have seen,
! sours the stomach of a Southern getitlc-
man ; but lav aside art and present the real
ity, and a big black negro is allVcled with
itlie mteiist st horror 1 Figein-tocd, knock
I kneed, with a big; foot and ancle, added
' to her long broad sides and flat chest, and
' other personal charms, she may pass through
Southern negro kitchens at an tunes, with
out impressing a rude negro man that he
will offer the indignity sometimes offered
t white women, who travel beyond their
proper limits !"
eutrict nt the N.York custom house.
.ous nei;Hi ti 1 1 .i.c v ij
.etlou. CVC. edtd .?l'l ) ,'('.
Cryst.l Pal oe
From the Republic.
SHALL THF, OLD STATES PAKTICI
FATE IN THK FI'IiLIC LANDS?
We observo that there is a conflict coin?
on between the Whig and Democratic Con-
g'css.ona, canuniaies in .ortn Carolina, m
on the part ol the old States would be tin-
avatling. it is useless to argue the propo- petty into this desirable country. Jt was
sition that all tlie States are entitled t.i tut . not ceded to you under any conditions what
cqual division of the public lands, or tjn-ir ! soever. It is common property. We are
proceeds. It is indisputably true that tthc j desirous to participate iu iu mineral and
present system bestows a partial advance commercial advantages. We demand, there
upon .some States, to the positive prejudice ' fore, that you will so set apart and allot our
of others. It is obvious that the eighty I share of this common territory, that we may
millions of gilt land now in market will su- employ it in constructing a w ay of conimu
persede the sale of an equal quantity of , mention, or iu any other manner we may
land offered by the (joverniiient. It is equal-1 think fit." And tiiis party is lidiculed as a
ly obvious that tho mammoth grants to the. band of " land beggars "
Fiicific and other railroads the ceded swamp' WhiNt however a regard to political con
lands the military land warrants for pa-t. ni-tency restrains the Democratic party in
or future wars the graduation law, an 1 the the South from demanding their share of
homestead system threaten to absorb the 1 the public lands, or requiring that CoitL'ress
demand for public lands for years to come, ' shall employ these lands in the improvc
until the revenue from the land offices be-; ment of the country, Colonel licntoit, a dis
ing unequal ti the expenses, a general re-1 tingui-hed Democrat, a native, we believe,
linqui.sbnient to the laud States will termi-j of North Carolina, openly contends that,
nate i fleclually the connexion between the' Congress has the power to construe' n freat
Government and the public domain.
J hese are results too obvious to be doubt-
tut. i.c n. in- imiir ucen unit; 10 coinnre-
. i . .. . , ,. ,-
ncnu why those who contend for an apr. t-
. , , e , ,. 1 1 , !
cation of the land fund according to the :
. -i ,- t . , i
proportionate contributions of the several i
!'leS' "" "pplica-j
' . ." P'1"'
the original plan of sale and application
hail be. tt pursued, it would have been at ! partial division of the public lands, the
ka.-t just, though perhaps not so judicious j Noith-wv.steni Democrats have no eonstitti
as a more liberal system of alienation. Iiut ' tioual scruples upon the subject. This rcn
w hen the distribution is so unequal, wclionld 1 tiers all M-licnics having for their object the
have thought that the old States would have 1 adv aiicemei t of that section successful,
cither demanded a return to the old plan, i whilst the eoiisi.-tetit opposition of the South-
or tne esiuonsiimenr. oi a new one, tounUetr
- , . ,. ,,. ,
'VT 7' ,0 "i- Wc know no
li ore (ieiiJoral. e n eons, rill. nre n n.i rl v r.li.
"'" t- 'i, I'.oi .tine a coiisei ueiiee Ol Ilinynn-
,- ,- ,, . . 1 . ,
ligations than the position taken by the De-
c .- .
niocranc party ot North ( aro ina in cp-
posing the di tribiiti on of tho proceeds of1
.the public land amongst all the States, in
,fi,,- ,!. I ..., r t - ...
. ., ' .ul 7'K"
U'.t PHllil 'oil I h . .ill.,..., .. ... .....r.l..n ..
( .. w .v..ij.,.i,u. .... j oiiiL'. n i'j iiii'.'liu ii
j ,Ilttrturo t
ces. ion. .
i from tho terms of the deeds ot
i'ery well. The present sy-t'-m
, , ,, - , ,- . , , - -,'
bestows the public lands upon canals, rail-
i , . . , i n .,
roads mad houses, and colleges. 1 is it, ;
1 ' . , ' ., . . K . i
i necessarily happens that these donations
;(,Imre ,0 (ie of p.,rticu,,,r states. !
,,re h M ,, in a ,. i
h j.j. t,,t. vj,a, , ; t. Ij U . of the deeds of ;
cession ctiualitv. Now, if the Soutlu in '
1)ellJ(K.r.lts ;c ,1, ibution because it is
lvV.,.turi, .-. ,om,itios of the ceded I
lands, why do thev not r.rotcst against the
present system as'a glaring departure from S
the same principle ? Why do they not sayj
to Congress, " if you w ill not sell these lands
and pay the proceeds into the common trea-
miry, at least divide then, and as-ign us our
portion. We may then have something to
protect us from any future liabilities that
, 'may fall upon us in consequence of your
d u . ... nf n ....... r..,.l i V... , I
iiaeutous itj-ii- ot a tiu-i ittiiu. ifi iue
Democratic press of North Carolina de
nounce those who would demand an equal
partition of the trust subject as, " land beg
gars." It may be very well to stigmatize
with a contumelious epithet a patriotic de
claration of right. It is the method of the
partisan to enlist all the odium possible
against tne acts 01 his antagonist, nut let three ot I ainpridge, t.tigland ; twoot hdiu-
us consider the que-tioii in a comparative burg, and one of St. Omers.
point of view. At the time of their deaths five were over
I Suppose the Federal Government enacts ninety years of age; seven between eighty
a revenue law which requires the South to and ninety ; eleven between seventy an 1
'contribute more than its proper proportion eighty ; twelve between sixty and seventy ;
. into the common treasury. eleven between fifty and sixty; seven be-
Suppose the federal Government enacts twecn forty and fitly ; one died at the ago
an appropriation law which bestows upon of tweiitv-sevcn, and the age of two it un
' the North a larger share out of the common certain. At the time of signing the Deelara-
treasury ii.,.u it is properly entitled to. tiott. the average age of the members was
i A party is organized wnicli protests vto-
"'"t'y against tins departure from the terms
of the constitutional compact. It demands
equal imposition o. tue i. uiticiis, aim an
(,ll,al apportionment 01 tne advantages 01
the common uovernmeni .
Is this party stigmatized as " revenue
beggars?" On the contrary, are they not
regarded as patriots too sensitive, perhaps
but still vigilant and merit. u iou- in tin
motive so to regulate the common Govern
ment as that it shail show neither partiality
nor prejudice in its legislation.
Now- another party in like manner pro
tests against the misapplication of the lind
fund. It sa s " either ili-pose of this fund
as vou have b.-cu accustomed originally to
do, or divide it amongst us, or set apart our
several shans of the subject, that we may
apply it to our own purpose-." ;
This party goes furtht r. It says : " There
is a great sectional contest. Not th Carolina 1
is endeavoiiug to hold out as great induct.'- ,
incuts to population as Illinois ; yet you:
have taken twenty millions acres of public j
lands in which North Carolina h 'ids au un
tliv idt d int. rest, and best iw it up u Illinois.
With this land Illinois builil- railroads and
establishes schools, by which the value of
her property is so far enli meed as that In r
boti Is have been thereby advance.! greatly 1
North Carolina wi-h,-s aKi t- organize .
similar improvements that she may meet
i Illinois in peaceful competition. She wishes
I to offer to the citizt ns of a common country
the highest indueeineiits which her position
will permit. North Carolina must tax ber
citizens, she must exhort them to take mou- j
ev from other investments. She mils', err-1
ate a State debt to effect that which Illinois
has done by the munificent aid of the Fed
eral Government. We demand all equal
advance on behalf of North Carolina."
And yt t such a party i- stigmatized, as
' land beggars."
We will guc aa t.-.or -e. A pnrty
, . . t- 1 . - n.-i - - - ; - 1 , - , 1,
of the Federal Government in restricting
the right to carry slaves into the land ac
quired by the common resources of all the
This party demands the ri-lit to carry
thtir property into any part of the common
territory which they think proper. Most
Southern men admit that this t.artv assert-
cd a political right, and commend its naiti-
otic demand upon the Federal Government
lor an equal participation
in the eomnion
have refused us the right to currv our pro-
j railway to the Pacific, and to assign anv
'iiiantitv of public lands fur it om-tructiun.
uaior i.iisk, iiKevi-.-, wno claims to be a
i n i, . , ,
Jellet-sonian Democrat, advocated an etiter-
,. , , ' , "..tint.
prise of the same character last winter.
m i . .. ,
Mr. ilotiglas and 31 r. ( ass both advocated
thi j application of public lands to canals
i 101 '"'. inqTOVCincnt or mo
. residuary domain. I'tihappily for au im-
em I 'cmoerats ilctm-s to their own section
. ... , .
j any portteq.auon whatsoever. lul.-t wo
! (lo not. ( en v the i-h. ,1 ol ni.,. , .
not deny the right of any individual or
class to make any sacrifice of tht ir interests
to their opinions, we must say that if in con-
sequence of this attachment to a venerated
abstraction, the Democrats of North Caroli-
I i-.-l J .1 .... . ,.
i l" -eiiium ecu tue just app.
i no...... ..C .1.... .. 1 . . ..... ... . ... .1 !l .1 . .. 1. .1 .
t.ni..ii '-i ton t i i -i i a i . . mi, anu ii iue b liuie
national domain shall be applied to build
tip the powtr ot one great section ot the
- . i .t t ,- i j .1
I iiion. und thus relatively der.re.-s that ol
a . . . i ,, , ...
the other, v e hope to hear nothing hereafter
, ,, v ,, ' , . e ,, ,
of " Northern ci.cr -.ichniciits," or of peder-
al oppression, because one section shall have
af. ilv,, Biia!lI ,, litlc:ll
power from the cNclu-ive employment of a
common property, in which its rival wholly
refuses to participate,
SIGNFRS OF THE DKCLA RATION,
Of the fifty-six signers of the Declaration
of Independence, it is stated that nine were
born in Ma-sachusctts ; eight in Virginia;
five in Maryland ; four in Connecticut; four
in New Jersey ; four in Feiiiisylvania ; four
in South Carolina ; three iu New York ; three
in Delaware ; two in Rhode Island ; one in
M .:. . .1 :.. 1 !....! . ..... - . i -. i ... i .
.'i.i.iic . mice in iiciauu ; iho in r,nioanu -
two iii Scotland ; and one in Wales. Twcntv
i.me were l.iwjt r- ; ten ne' rehi.uis ; four phys
icians ; three farmers ; one clergyman ; ono
printer ; and sixteen were men of fortune.
r.ignt were graduates o Harvard college;
four of ale ; three of New Jersey ; two of
l'hiladclphia ; two of Wi'liam and Mary;
forty tour years, l'hcy lived to the average.
age of more than sixty-five years and ten
months. The youngest member was Edward
llullcdge, of South Carolina, v. ho was in his
twenty-seventh year. Id' lived to the age
of fifty-one. The next youngest member
was Thomas Lynch, of the same State, who
was also in his twenty-seventh year. Hu
w.ts lost at sea in the fall of 177i.
B.'iiivniii Franklin was theoldc-t member.
He was in his seventy-first year when he
signed the Declaration. He lived to IT'.11,
and survived sixteen of his younger breth
ren. Stephens Hopkins, of Rhode Island,
the next oldest member, was born in 1707,
and died in 177?. Charles Carroll attained
the greatest age, dying iu his ninety-sixth
year. William Ellcry, of Rhode Island,
died in his ninety -third year, and John Ad
ams iu his niiiet v -first.
lNAri.TUATl'iV OF THE CRYSTAL
The official programme of the Inaugura
tion of the Crystal Palace appears in the
New Y.n k pap. rs. The arrangements aro
very complete, and such as to secure tho
greatest p --; bio degree of comfort ami
pleasure. The ceremonies will positively
take place ou the I ith inst , and be as fol
1. Opening Prayer by F.ijit Reverend
Ki-hop Wi inwright. '!. Anthem, (composed,
for the occasion,) sung by New Yo. k Sncrc.l
Harmonic Society, accompanied by the Na-
tioual Guard Rand, and
'its of other
Societies, il. Addrc
the Association. I.
guished guests. ".
close with the llalu li
bv the lV-silcnt of
Addresses by distin
i lie ceremonies Wul
Exhibitors will be admitted st " o'clo
and all others cdtitU'd to a lmission, sueii
as invited guest, at 10 o'clock. The cere
, monies w ill coninietice at 1 o'clock.