CHARLiOTTB, 3X1". G.', SEPTEMBER. 6, 1833,
HOLTON k WILLIAMSON,
Editors and Proi'Metoiis.
The North-Omilina Whig will he .(Torni-d to
.(werilurs ul Tlvl IM'I.I.AfiS in advance, or
VVti DULLAKS AMI 1 U i Y fK.NT.Hir .y.
, . iieuivcd lor three in.ntli. unci TllliKK
DOLLARS at the end uf the year. No puj.er will
be U,6,itnued uiiiii UII urruurjgi are i-un, c-
. . .1 I' ,... l.Mil,.ru
ttpm u, i
Advcriiomciii.,ii.irlaitMiri..i nr ,..u,uC
line, or le, u.d t,, ) .,r tlie li'i'i;'-
........ i n - -
, uii '.i ii'lllri nr ran fill 1 1 Ud t;r. tiiirtau-
vrrtiwuH'iiU and Shinn"' Sl tlmreid Tj r
cent, hiitlicr; nnd adcluLln.il of. -I.'li r cnit. will
Ik- made from the rvfuUt pn., for udv.rtiM r. by
the yir. A.lvfrti-cm. hU iii..ru-.l mouth y r
qu,rter ly. t . 1 "t "I" ' '
J-)- ll I, tier, on bu,cii li.u.t Im: dirtcltd to
the Editor. lUrr mul U pol-paid or thty
will not be alft udLd lo.
IT t'aynicnti can be nude to cither.
j j- Po,tiiinU!ri arc atithorucd lo act a agt nta.
The Dyinj Boy.
Y THE I.ATE 1. Ill ?sTiVfcf o-t IfioiiT, Kq.
It mupt ht wi I ti childhoftd to pur lac k
'I .r iiint to it MjMI, r-M- 0 In-Jit
llatN gruwti fimih ir Willi the p.itti ut mn,
And iii to ydttKr up iU tilti r fruit.
I kntw ii tM'V.wliu!1 intent it t hail tied
I jn Mh bliK'Oiu uf -line ncviii ftrnt.,
And hi n Uii- f't,' canit rriititfj smJ clt'tl him out
'J u fevi-1 in iU lii;ht, hp iurneU -y,
And oiil his i liuititn r to lit- oi n a Uii dir.
"i'w it night ; iu- udniittiit ii hiRdct utin ' CrKnCi
And hi tim m ,ni! bi r lwr lam l-t rejn t :
M-it'ii r, I'm dyu n IHtft
T h rc' a d t j' Riitl fcjtitiii tit itiy hrfaiit.
At if Bufuc hc-ivv 't'hd hiv tiutMi (rf'if,
Ahd on my !ifu I Ii i I tur c Id mul ftiaiii,
SjV mother, in Him df tii
Miin r, v'ir It fii(i !
thtv, iy il on fti) ril.
And pUtC l he other lhu, t i n th niv hud; (
Aiid '', uiolhrr, y, whin I ni (Jtc i
f)ia!l J be iiuptd "
" Nurr 1m in!i' Tour nt?
hhrfii 1 kiM i ! down 1 njghl and pr 'T
N it in tUe iDorinn w ike, &r,d ing the iy 1
oil t lit ht I in'. 1
Oil ! bi thr 1 1 tin of prjyrf,
U hn you hwtk round and l- a vacant ral,
Voit wHl not wilt then tor ty coining tcil
Vou'i! miii nit thTi- !
FdlhiT, I'm C,,inJJ hoinr
Tu tht al noun uu (Kik of, that hit n'd land,
W'htr? I' a tL i out' hri'itt viuiMiM-r, aUn y a hUnd,
Ah t'trltift do iutt comt !
From r..iii(n-Ha jiU trttto pain,
Frotn troithiio, fear, you y I ahdi lv iVrc
That a irknriiH ti net ml r thi re, and w c
St.aiJ intr aain !
" lrt! r, thi lilik- iot
I uU lo call my c-rd n, nrrr Ion; iioura
We've (ujtt' J to wtf-U liic coming hud iittd lion 'ra
I""rL' t it not I
I'llflt ll.rH' Bum Of MIH ,
S"rnt thing l'i .1 in w inU r, a hd w id he
A trrdant o:V ru g l-i my inrnior,
And Cdlt it hum .
Siifrr, thi; voting rof-trpr
Th.it all tiu; ai-mn; Iim ltt n ny d annl rarr,
Juiit itItlug' h-flli it ao rrrii wl.d 1411,
I gic lf thr ;
And whi n i(a roar a hhx'ii!,
alutl l ijfiii: aw.iv -inv inrl curic run
And w ilt ynti n. h-tw j a:n,f mit,
L'kh my tomb ?
Niiw, m tVr, amij the tun?
Y'JU m if I at n i j; hi, t in r . nd in-iat alt t p:
11 h 9 iri K ra'ttd my name Nty do not wcrp.
You'll all cu c aon !
M'trnmu (rt nda t r irth hrf rrry wni.
And th.it met k miff n r, cold and itry p I ,
f.iy nn hm una It Th,r morning air
' ine through thr ti; n wnjiiow , t'rri g t.tt d w ith
Tlie fragfJnt ni!r of lh ly aprmi;.
Il- hrr-thcl it n- t. The Iugii ol pup.-'r-ly
Jjrrrd like a dinmrd tu "jm mourntul nutt ,
Hsjt w?rnnl nut hia aluttilxr. llr wa dtd !
rim. i thr llistnn ftift j'".
Th3 Greised Pole.
SlIOWSNli iV 7.KKE I'lllf.l'OT (llT M'l Kill
IN', AMI HIK.V AUAIV lloV lit UIKN' T.
Klekiel I'hilpot wai born in America,
somewhere near the head waters of the I'e-
nobeot, and when he arrived at the ape of
nineteen, ho had ' got 1,'n growth ' ami cut
his 'eye teeth,' a i-ircuiiiMancc which was
generally admitted by all who knew him.
One bright morning in June, Zeke placed
his long body in a shirt, run Ins long legs
through a lii.iv pair of striped trousers,
wrapped a sj,n m.w -w jait- C about In i
breast, hauled up bis stiff starched cotton
dickey, and tied a check gingham about his
neck, and then donned the .swallow-tailed
coat, the brass button of which looked like
a row or newiy risen stars. ,ckc w as me-
rally a (.ioiiecr in the " liloonier Costiiine,"
at least so one would have thought to have
seen him gs he stood now. I If ilisdrdiied (o
have his trousers" legs dandling iu the mud,
or to have the cuffs ot his coat ilangling in
the wash bowl ; so his blue stockings peep
ed forth from beneath the tops of his cow
hides and looked up full six niches to the
trojscr's bottoms, whilst his bony wrist had perfectly in working plows by steam power,
free scope II im cith.-r shirt-sleeve or cuff. The distinguished F.nglish Agriculturist, Mr.
Zeke's hair, which was of no color in parti- . Mcche, in a late mtiele, says : ''There can
eular, but bore all the lighter shades of the ! be no doubt but that very shortly every ag
vegetable kingdom, was dow n flat with pure J rivulturist must use steam power if be is to
bar's ile, and directly on the top "f his head j stand his ground in the race of agricultural
be put a w hite hat, somew hat resembling ' competition. The w ant of it is already felt ,
uu inverted butter firkin, and after gazing ' if not seen. 1. v those w ho have not the means
at his presentment for four and a half miu
utes, ho was heard to say I
"Thar, Mr. Zeke I'hilpot, if yeou don't
slide on thut, then I guess irnit ain t what,
Zeke was hound for Hosting with a load
ef gencoiue apple sass, and ho expected ere
he returned to make a slight commotion, if
not more, in the great metropolis. 'The old
maro was harnessed, aud in duo course of
time, Zeke and his load arrived safe in Hos
ting, w here the nass was disposed of to good
Rdvantagi., and with evcDty-fivc dollars in
Lin pockit, our hero began to look round to
see the nights.
VcV-low !" exclaimed Zeke, as he stop
ped one morning before a blazing placard.
winch adorned one ot tho brick wall in
j,, A)) wat' tarnation' that? -1
.. P. ,J ,, , , , ,
ofn Laihlrr -a I cut to fortune
oh, turttii, that it a rouit tolorlin.
eke went to decyphcr the readinp be
ath. niitl uraduallv obtained the ilitclli-
ponce that on the Hack liav there was to be a
nee that on the Hack Hay there was to be a
tw,.Ilt.. f,.ct i,;,,! Up,m t,e top of w hieli
. ..:,. -...a a na..., ,iZe f c-.'iKI.
- i - - - i ,
to be retained by any one who could obtain
;t Chances 8:t.
y- jlu,rcj J0UarK is anme nun-
,, . , ,. . i V1, .,,.. .,
, ,.:,. ,eg :u . ,la., j ii :C1). wa;k
Miter that tclkr tew UunUl
r" With this feclinir of cupidity
eJ for the dceiie ot action, ami it wai not
until he had run down a doien apple women
in his course that he reiueiubered his entire
ignorance of where the Hack Hay might be,
and when this information was trained, he
habi.eucd to remi luber that the " old mare"
uadn t been seen to.
Zeke was economical in his burse keep-
Uu hired a hiiipW htall in a Miiall hhtd
liiear the I'l-oiith-uco Lpott ouht hi.-s own
I.av.ai.d cared forhinown animal. Thith
er lie ha-tened Lis st. i a and hav ing watered
hit ben-!, he took fu.m hi waguu box an 1
old wool card, and raked down tlie old mure
iu the n.oht a .roved manner; to he mre
the Meel teeth moved a little more har-hly
over the Loliea than usual, hut then Zeke
Ban ill a hurry, (or that "! hundred ' vra
iu Lii ec
At length, ).y dint of 11.10 h i ;i :irv, Mr.
K iii I J'hil.ot found ou; his way t the
.iot where the n. .'!. had alieady began t )
eoileet around the "tiolden Ladder."
" ' low !" ex. laiiii. d . ke, ut In- eanie
, up, " har s the i hi.pvvhat keep.' thii ere
I ';' ' '
" I iu the man. Brewer.-. the loiricy f. l
:low with a red no.-e mid pin. pled .'nil., h..
!oeeuied a chair near the pole; ' t to
(try a ehanec ? Walk up p-nt!. u. n, aii up
i ut.ly three doihir-t. Who want- t!;e l-.vo
( hundred ; Wh-i '
" II-jIc on, oi l f. liei," int. iriipted Zeke ;
' d. yer mean to yj as heow t tl.L-ie'h t.-w
i hundred dollars iu that ere L.i up l ti
! t-fp o' tha'. J.uie T
' t ei t.in.ly.
" An' if I kin j;it it, it's mine ?"
" Xaetly. W'al, m ow, tin re's your three
dollar-, an' in tjir ht re what roe. slur the
hull lot '
. ke divest.- l bim-eif of hi-, eoat, rolled
up his hhirt i.ieevc., and (;iviliL' a puvviriul
leap, he grasped the pole about ten feet
from the ground. A .ni;lo eeond not
loiiU'er he ftaid there, ami then slid Lack
upon iff hi Jirmn. Zeke l.jkeil ut hi hands
strain, and, rai-ing tuem to his noe, with a
de p Ion;; suit II, seeui'.d to Ml I. is doubt
and .pierieit at ri-st, he uttered
f. Jlr-(ot ' hokrii."
A broad laiiizh fr-un the erowd vein br .'t
Z ke to bin H'li-eii, and con-, ineed him that
he had been inl,l. Hut ere he could rind
hi tongue a-.'sin, an old a!t, about 'three
bhei-tt iu the wind,' paid fir a chanre, and
essayed to climb the pn'e. '1 he aihr hum
ped and tiifced, c- t half way up, and then
Biid. The crowd laughed ajain, but thi
time t'leir attention was turned from Zeke
to tho new aspirant, and alt. r waiting a
moment iu a sort of 'brown study," our he
ro .pii.-tly slipped away, remarking tj the
red nosed man that 'he was -un' to pit
three dollars more, aud then he d be dang
td if he didii t try it aaiu.'
In au hour Z. ke was a.i :i tij ju the
'Neow, old feller,' said he to the man who
took the entrance money, -I want to jn' try
that 'ere tiling once more, an, I want v-vv t'
ui.derstan' at I shall jis' l ike iff my .-hews
this time "
'lot nothing in your stockings!' :it;"s
ted the red no.-ed man.
, 'Nothinp but ni) feet,' return, d Zeke, as he
planted thiiteen iuehes of tle-h aud b ines
into the Inp of the iiucriM.
Zeke paid his thr. e dollar-, and minus
foa, vest and xhews,' be pra-ped the pole.
Slowly, y. t steadily he crept up from the
ground, lie hupg.-d like a bloo ' I - mi ?: r t
the ercav Pole, and by d.-prees he Iieared
the top. Ilis hand was within a few-
ti it ot
the ban of dollars, and he st 'pp.
1 to get
breath. One more lift and tin u
and the prize was within his l'ts-p Zeke
slid to the earth with two hundred dollars 1
" Thar ! 1 know d I could do it 1 I hain't
clutn spruces and white maples all my days
for nothin'! ioo.l by, folks an' f enny "of
yeou ever come down cast, give us a call.'
Zeke left the rrovvd iu wonder, and made
the best of his way to his stable, lie .shut
the door of the siied, and then pulling up
hi,, trousers, he untied from the inside of
each knee one half of the steel toothed
leather of his old horse card !
" Wall, old Iobbin," said Zeke, patting .
the mare attctionately on tlie I'ach, while
be held the pieces of the card leatln r iu
bis hand, the scattering teeth of which had
lien filled sharp, ' rather giirfS I kin ford
to buy yeou a new keard now."'
ST F.AM I'OWF.K ON FA11MS.
The Marquis of Tweedale bus sucee.
or inclination to use it. 1 lie time is ap
proael.iiig w ben a Men.ii engine on a lai n.
will he as common ins ttie urui or uiresn.ug
machine, although, like them, it has to pass
through the ordeal of disbelief, doubt, and
prejudice. A committee of the lloyal Agri
cultural Society give the most extraordinary
accounts of the rapid introduction of farm
locomotive engines during the last three
A vessel arrived nt I'ctroit with 200 tons
of mass) copper from Lake Superior.
Letter ft ornHr. Wiley.
To His V.xt Kt.LEM y, David S. Reiii '
Silt : Since my appointment as (iciicral
Superintendent of (.'on, moil .Schools for the
State. I have occupied mv time iu travclin.',
iu corresponding with ti es friends and sub-
in cort'e.-noniliiiir w it ii tl.u lnenUs ami suo-
. . .
ordinate officers ot the sy.-loin, and in the
btudv of noDular svsti ins of Educatiou in :
other Mates and countries.
1 de.-ire to go into each County in the
'.Stale to examine the records of the Com-
'.., Schools, to see for lnvself what ha- been !
day, I il jes' walk done, what is doing, and what are the oiih- 'generation are total grangers. Men in the ,,onb c'';" highly interesting facts of ,)a
idied, rot uio if I culties iu the ay 'of greuior eucoess ; and j middle and huinbltj .walks, desiring good ' pao bistory that would seem to allord
I while traveling; iV the' different Counties I i education, had to couiend against public them justification for their sclli.-h policy
tiidity, Z,l.c start-! wi.-h to diffuse all the information I can as I opinion, often against parental ni-hes, and n seclusion. We commend .-:he translation
,,J11(, wlllt is doi,, allj ,vlilt aru t1L. riiff,. '
well as to obtain tlie news ot other Hit iris
of the cause. On thi account I have made
an hi i.ointinent to deliver a discourse at!
t Ii j County seat of each County visited ; a
piau w Inch very materially impedes my mo- ,
tion - , but which I nevertheless deem best to
pursue, even if Lut few persons attend my
appointments, und if I should, as I ol ten do,
Iiaw to tioo tn)?-.f a good deal to all :
kiinU of weather to t'uliil engarinciits made
without the t oner of forekuowiui' the eon- I
tiupeiieies of the future.
Mv object, in makitiz tmLlie talks, is to '
diffuse information, correct what I conceive
;e erroneous) opinions
aud to stimulate ,
to renew ed efforts the friends of popular en-'
ht.-iini.nt and improvement; an
f these talus the wi.iest
: ciieulatioii, I have concluded to
th' in to you a- a mark of ri.sp.ct
a.- the olh.-i.i! Il'-a I of tin: .;t;.te
a'- . that V i:r interest in tie- success
of our sv t .tii of Common Sen-
s v,j'; in-
il'i.-e yotl t j . ul j,.ur aid to all . iloit
re. t. '! to it- im r.o. i mi nt. The l.a-t
piaii.tai.ee with human nature t.-aeln-:
tl.at mi ii will not labor Ii f.j ily iu
ilalk ; and eve.i slave", having t. ii.te
in the I i-.-tiit of their labor.-, wiil souii
and j.::t forth but feel le e-serti'.l.s vvh'-n
th.-y cannot see nr know, i:i any way, t!i"
itb-ct -if the blows wl.iihtliey strike. To
know that we ar ' in.-iLini' progress is the
preat stimulus! to human cicrtiou; and j.t.
iu n-L-ar i to the "p- ra'i .lis of o ir s -t.-ui
of Common Hehools we have, fur ten yean
and more been In 1 1 ill profound ignorance.
The ejpi rimei.t b. inp a novel and an ar
duous one meded all the -r.eouraeinei.t
which the fullest light could r.lforl as well
t) stimulate nur wal as to K am us to avoid
err' r-; but the curtain has uot leen onee
lifted to give us even a glimpse of our gen
eral progress. In such a state of tilings it
is but natural that doul t and ini-u-ivin-.'s
should ari-e ; and among any people less
teii.-u-i n of purpose, a system rtijuirinjj o
niueh lip!, t and so inu' h nur-ing care, ou!d
u t have numbered a decade of years, en-
vel-p. I as our- has Lien iu almost t -tal
by the :i
infinite p'e.i-ure t -
I of re
e i . t laws, the veil w
. f the Ur.
id the giMVth and development
it II. qe if the State; and altho'
a-ant defects may be exposed.
the necessary result
f circumstances, I feel
sure that every true fri
iiess wiii be gratified at
of human l.appi-
in au r, ami nt tlie cliecnug pru-pect ot iu
Vi account of the ign -ranee prevailing
iu regard to the L" ln-ral results of our sv--
t.-ui of Common Sch -i.-coti-i
Iclcd it a failure
agreed tiiat our faiiur.
is t ) be attributed to tl
I fed mys,.!f al.K- t.
place, that our system
has not been 1 failure
some p. r-' ns have
and it is generally
if v.e have failed,
- w ant of funds,
prove, iu tic first
f I 'otnmon Schools
and in the s. eon l
place t i demon
is ii 't the true
trat that t!i- cau-e al!ged
c.'ise which has prevented
And I tru-t that if vour
v lew s brought t the
they will be s.-ri oi
ee fit t
attention v read :
f the public,
nil . x.iiiiined
by all interested, whatever side they take ;
that the Juf'x and arguments .vi-luc I will
be well considered, and if found to justify
the conclusions drawn, be generally recor
ded in the minds ,,f the people. I bis is
said to be a sitrrwt: age- it is certainly
not remarkable for its memory of former
mi-fortuiies, lde. seil a it is with so many
.nd plowing with anticipations
of still bitter things iu th" future
In tli-" multiplication of Colleges and A
cadciuies, we have forgotten our former
dearth of Literary I n-tit ution : and hav ill:;
.1 school, not as p rfoi-t as we could wish,
near every man s door, we get easily irrita
ted at littl" difficulties, and talk of falling
back on our subscript n sy-te'ii. as ! we
had. ever enjoyed such a system '.
Sir, although you have re ape. I many pop
ular honors, i' is neither improper nor dis
respectful to call you a comparatively young ,
man; certainly I am one. and cannot we
both ri -collect when there was ti-'t a Sell -vol-
for every twenty miles square of ter-!
ritory in the State T When in the ini-t en
lightened country n.-ighboi ho ids the lead
ing; licads of families co'.ild not succeed of-teii.-r
than once iu tv years in getting
made up a siib-eriptioii school for the three
winter months? And when the "articles"
of the teacher were often written by the
chief men in the neighborhood ; and when
I i rauimar, t Icography, book-keeping, sur
veying, e., ,v.c , were tilings never heard
of beyond the precincts of Colleges and A
cadeuiies! I renumber these things dis
tinctly and 1 distinctly remember that,
though raised iu one of the best educated
country neighborhoods in the State a mor
nl Presbyterian community which has con
tributed a number of distinguished men to
tltt. lefiroe.l tirof'essi.iti-i 1 leid tin. milt.
, , from iut,im.v , o uf .( wien
i ( Lutil at nl Al..,,.lliv of te,,,!;,,,.
just seven short schools of about three
months' duration each, and at two ..f these
I was hoarded out from home. And it was
thought that my neighborhood enjoyed tin-
usual advantages in this respect ; and
fuel my ue.iuaiutiMCO with the progress of
things in this State satisfies, me that, my own
cxperiencf! is a ninth more favorable test
of our obi subscription sytem than that of
large maoonty ofirny cote'i.por.irie.s. I
wan examined to test my qualification to
practice Law with n new distinguished Ed
itor of Raleigh ; I think he told nic he nev
er saw a Grammar before he was a sub-editor,
and in fact be picked up most of Lis
education in a printing oflicc. He is one
of thousand, all perhaps not equally encr
getic; and tho history of a vast majority
of our most rising men would put to utter
shame the present complaint iu reard to :
the facilities of education.
the facilities ot education.
Sir, till it lull the last few years, men in
Poor or moderate circumstances had no
.. .. ....
facilities of education hi North ( arolma ;
a few mighborhoojl es, pted, they had to
shift, and n.-uflle, and work with an econo-
in v of means and time to which the rising
generation are total Mranirers. Men in the
against wiiat wouiu now be considered, in
view of the cost, a hopeless poverty of pe
cuniary resources, i he co-ts were (treat.
lttiiys including loirtl and high tuition, at
jdi-tant Academies; and to raise the moans
by teaching was then much more difficult
Jthan at present as there were few schools
to be taught, and a general aj.athy on the
subject, and little pwnputhy t'clt for dueh ;
This is a verv faint r.ieture of the former !
condition of thinp.s of the Dark Acs in 1
North Carolina, of the Kzvutian toiidaze !
'for a return to which some are cii;hiup.
t-ir, we had
system of subscription
schools, to speak properly five men iu six
could write their own lond, and not one in
fi-.c hundred could under-tan. I (leopraphy,
the prent science of modern times, write a
praimnatical article for a newspaper, survey
a piece of land, or demoiistr; te the simplest
rule in mechanical pcoinetrv. To be able 'j
to read a plain text and write their names b
was the l.i.'hest femahj a.-complishnient cf
the middle classes; the f. male A'-H'chius
were very few and expensive, and the asso
ciation hiphly arist cratie and exelu-ive.
We had a 1'nivc r-ity, modt-rately success
ful and well conducted, but putherinp fonr
iiiths of its pupils from the hiphe-t ari-toc-l
aey, and seudins ofi its best scholars tooth, r
lands; and we had no other mule ("ollep
and the Female Ili.di Seho d at Salem.
a eoriseq-icrice "f this state of things tin
lines in soci.ty wire broadly marked, and
the high aristocracy had hereditary claims
upon all the grer.t offices, distinctions, and
good pecuniary speculations of the State.
No reflection is meant on them ; it was not
their fault which cave them the ascendency
so long, but th
! . lit of
i-i.-tv as rei
1 hey were shrewed, appreciating the ad
vantages of enlightenment, began iu their
t.-uinhes long before ; genius and iiitcrpn
in .the middle ranks would al-o sometimes
break the';.- fett.T; nd climb to the highest
position in the .".ate. Hut ignorance am!
consequent : offering aud social inferiority
were the hereditary doom of the masses;
our van'.'l aud vast resources, needing the
eye of intelligence to detect. wep tiegh eted
and unknown, and every Autun.ii wi'ies.s
ed a flight of cart" and wagons transpor
ting our l.iboiing masses to more hopeful
And now when we began to have kno.vl-
'cdge of the existence of our resources, it
s i m- that we have to borrow th
si ill no-
eissary to develop them to get our en
gineers, teacher-, skilful machinists, ic,
Ac , from other State".
In short, till a T. ry recent period gene
ral education was in an almost hopeless cor
lition in N. Carolina ;
nu.'h so that one
of the Historians of the Statj records the
incorporation of an Academy as an impor
tant incident in our le gislative experience.
And notwithstanding the efforts of reli
gious, societies this backward state of things
remained until a very recent period ; and
then, as I shall show in my lint letter t .
your Fxcellcncy, a general and powerful
movement began, producing in a few years
resu'ts without a parallel in any country.
Of this movement, I do not propose now
to speak at all ; and will conclude this let
ter by a-siiiiiig you that it gives me no
pleasure .o allude to the present ignorance
of our Stat.-, lint I am speaking in the
State and to N. Carolina, aid I hope I am
telling whole-. .me truths, necessary to be
know ii to enable us to choose our course in
tlm future. .
With much respect, i
I am very truly yours.
' C. 11'. WILKV.
' Thr IMitor tn 'mm 1 Miuiir .tinciiii.hed
in liti r tun. i. wt 11 as politic- m uoi ;i aitiyh- in
t.t.trift in In tr.it rmty in tin- Sttr ; I hi I'.. titer
ut nitt'thtr hut link clutr, a clcir, wtor-mi". And
pinIoMiphir.,1 riti r, w.th si id t ut, Mid lh r -tni w ,m
h'it with an ohl llulfniiry wlrnhhi' studs d tit
mid inttTViU, und wisifh (.id the fiund..tim nt'
I his iidv.ihct'mcnl in hit . Them urt- rt ni.irk.thU'
in Mil net p ; but lhtuy-ihiiM -t' othi r ntij-iht Itui-ind
ht'Wiiiii uni.t-r wli- t tii'dUultii. the ikt uuibUi-d
Knowlcd'e 111 thin St .tr.
F.LKCTKICAL FlIFM i.MKN A.
Tho Fitchbur lleveiile, in noticing the
thunder storm .1" Saturday evening, say s :
"l'he atmosphere was so thoroughly eliarged
with eb.ctiieity that every nn taiic Mibstaiiec
was illuminated. -V iVicnd who was dri
ving from West Fitchliurj;, in the liiid-t of
the shoner, inforuis us shat, as he was pas
sing under the rail road bridge in that Mo
tion, he w.n completely surrounded with
electric. d lights, every nail head in the
bridge being brilliantly illuminated, as well
as the buehies ou the hanu-s-. of hi- lior-c,
while the lighti.ini; played silently along
the iron bolts of the bridge, contrasting
most beautiful' with the intense blaek-lies-i
sueeceiliiig each flash. lie experi
enced several slL'ht shocks while passing
A I'll. I. roil TH K DOCTORS.
The celebrated Dr. .1 aincs Johnson, edi
tor of the London Medieo-Chirurgieal Re
view, thus unbosoms himself;
" I declare my e.inseieiitious opinion, f.
in ded on long experience aud reflection, that
if there was not a single physician, surgeon,
apothecary, man -mid wife, chemist, druggist,
nor drug on the face of the earth, then
would be less sickness", and less mortality
thau rjo'v prevail "
1'iniit the Washington ll'-piMiv.
TIIK JAI'AN F.XFKDFITON'.
V e have received from a distinguished
and esteemed correspondent, the lion. 11.
Jj' 'Joins, L .large il Affaires ot the t nited
States at Xajdes, the following translation
" ""l"v' i 11 ""-''on
. c - : i. - .
ul ruociij inierusiiiij arucie, sug-
f-'"lU(l ''y tho Aim-nean expedition to Japan,
.. I I. . . .1 t. . ii .i ,
"lu " "I.'' . " ,v " "K "
j penuanee i-eige, oi Drussei-. oi ine nr.-t
of 'u,y lnt' 1 '"- :i ' tifle is philosophic iu
reasoning, lib. ral in its views, and brings
,for,b c,r,i,i" '''-''b' interesting facts of Ja.
to the attention of our readers, satisfied that,
a perusal will a-i.ply r. pny the time it will ' hell " ihei.is, lve sliouhl vi-it his kingdom I mi di.Lle means of resi?tance. 'J he popula
oecupy : ' they v.ould be treated as ''a n.cl, of heaven,,' tioii is jepre.scnted by travelers of the six-
Tianibiird for ii,- W,;,,f( Itrpuljir. f,m tht ! b'tig a- they conformed to the estiib.'i-heii ' teentli c. ntury to he exceedingly fierce and
. rltiHtt. Hilar, w July 1, K-.'i.'t. ! laws, i inallv, anoihi r Spani-h deputation ! a r like. It w ill not yield to a foreign yoke
J.tt'ANl.-t. CsI'Li tV 1,11 i:.. n f. N or
MKAvr.ni.- j in. ami.khas .v hi i iu. i
It know!, that a wvm Ann vicnn fniri'l-
ron, under Commodore- W-vrv, lia- -.iM tor
laoan, tor tlie purpose ot i-t.eiiin-.' relations
with tlu.t country, which continued to con-
fine itself within an almo-t absolute isolation.
heartily wish that the attempt may be
crowned rith success. V wish it more on
account of the very libel. al instructions given
to the Coinuudore, which enjoin upon him
to seek the opening of the port.-, of Japan,
not only for the citiz- t.- .-f the American
l i.ion, hut for ail eivili.ed nations. We
have thcicfoiu a iiir.it interest in the suc-
ee.-s of the Amei
Ii it th" mo -t unfayora-
reineiul ranees anions tlie Japanese, anu
we tear tliat ti.esc . " mis will ii:mt;,te
much aaiu-.t the Ueg'.-utiuiis of Coiiiinodoi i
l'irry. 'I he poliey of exelu'.inp strangers ha- not
always prevailed at Jap'.n. When that
en-pire was discovered in lol'J by the I' r
tuuese n.ivigatorvMeinler l'into. Kurop.-ans'
wt re at first admirably received. Kv.-ry
part of Japan was open to them ; they could
s freely traffic, and vcli propagate, without
any ob-tacie whatever, their religious taitns
Iu a f. vv y.-ars chri-tianity made prodigious
progress among the Japanese people, and,
at the close of the sixteenth century, the
number of convtits amouiitcd to not less
than tw .. or three millions. St. Francis
Xavier, the mo-.t distingui-hi-d propagator
cf tlie faith in Japan, was enraptured at
such hntpy result.-, and he never could tin I
terms too strong to expre-s I. is admiration
of the good and solid iiua'ii
ties of the Japan-
esc. '" I cannot finish,"' I
speak of this p.-opl, ; the
of my heart. ' Ai.otht
w rote, " w hell I
are the delight
Father Lewis Froi-s, who had resided for a
long period iu Japan, declared that r.o na
tion of Kurope was more highly gifted with
iutelh etual endowments. Li. fortunately, re-.
ligious intolerance and comiiH n ial je-ilousics
soon iiitcrruj't-.-d the harmony which reigned
in the outset between the J ana net' and thi ir
Ktiropern visitors. The i':i.siouaries, who
had so largely profited of the toleration of
the government to introduce ti -ir faith,
manifested the most deplorable intolerance
n'"' soon 3 tlu-y Lad landi-a in the country.
ut contftit with tho Lht rt v gratiU-d tlu-m
of making proM.htis to the r-rvjiuliee of the
ancitMit rt'lijiyus uf their country, thov s-ti m -ulatcl
th -i r i;-o.h tcs to --reut tliu
T riits of Siiit", eIk' national 10-!, ami to do-
l'or sev.ral years the govcrinnciit pan!
no attention to the complaint-, which were
addressed to it a-'"iir.st the Christian mis
sionaries. "We have," responded the Km
peror Taico-sprna, to tho.-c who iaiiirnud
the progress of the new worship, "thirty
four sects iu Japan, cxclu-ive of the state
religion; why nut permit a thirty-fifth';"
It was only wh-'ii the complaints against the
toleration of the Cbri-tiai
this same sovereign decide
to direct rcpro
seiitations to fhe uii-sionanes.
In lo-ti he sent two i n - j erial commissioner--
to the Fat tier Cil. lh Vice I'r av ineial
of the l'oitu-juese, to impure of him
1st. Why he and his associates impo-ed
their rcliocoii upon his subject-? "-'.1. U by
they excited their prusclyics to oveitiiru
the national temples. HI. Why they per
secuted the native priest-. 4th. Why'
they adopted for food tlo- tlc-h of animals
Useful to man, such as the i-s and the c.-w ?
The Vice 1'rovincial defended himself in a
lengthy meliiorial before the commi-sioiicrs.
He pretended that the missionaries did not
impose their faith, and that they employed
only persuasion for its propagation ; and
thai, if Christians had p.Tse.-uicd Japanese
p'ir-ts and ruined their temples a charge
which the provincial did not deny it ..
done without the cognizance ot the mis
sionaries. As to the law against eating the
flesh of the ox and. cow, they ii id tiaii--1
gre-scd from ignorance ol its exi-tenee.
1 These explanations do not appear to have
satisfied the commissioners, an.t perhaps not
t without reason, tor, at thi-. same epoch, the
missionaries commended i u the w a rim -t terms
a feudatory I'rinee of liungo. of the bab-
ti-uial name ot I-rai.eis tiiau,, .t.-r having
icvih-d to the earth three th uisand temple.-.
and inona-terics l.el'.iigiiig to the hoiue-,
(prii-ts of the country ) The practice ot
tlie Chri-tiaii r.-'i. i-oi vv a- prohibited tl-.roii-h-out
Japan, and th.- nu--.ona rii s v , re or
dered t-1 have the country within twenty
dais. Thi- first edict . how e . r. aain-t the
Christians did not :;o ii.t . i i cut! oi, and a
second i-di. t i-sucit rive years 1
u. r 1 1 !'.'
w as likew i-e not et.f u eel . ait leoi -h n.-vv pro
testations more or b -s founded, were rai-ed
aoainst the p.-rseeutiii-' bigotry of foreign
priests and their e-oiv cits.
The moiiopoii.-.iiig spirit of Fnropcaii mer
chants was t xhibited in an cpially disust
im' form a- the int dirauce .-t the inis-ioiia-rii
s. The Spaniards intiigucd t. obtain the
dismissal of their I'ortiigue-e lival-, and
both united to seek the rx pub-ion of the
Dutch, who had the tnpl
" heretics," very enterprising traders, and
rrK,.U to the Si.imi-h crow ii. The Japanese
I'overnmciit coii tintly rituscd, with the
uio-t li.ud'ible firmiiess, tossti-fy th.-sc aw
ri.-iouj bats?.'.'. Tl'.e F:"rvrr.'i-c:h .-; - -
ma, rij-lied emphatically to a deputation of
Spaniards who tent:, ikI. U the ex.-lu-ioii of
the Dutch as rebellious MiLjccts of Spain :
" that he would not permit any gov.-i nmeiit
to dictate to him the policy he should pur
sue toward., the .-tranters visiting hi- m
pile ; that tie did hot believe it wie in cc-sa-rv
for him lo meddle in any manner with
the rilalioii.s existing between the people of
Europe ; that ail his i ffoi ts iv. re cons, crated
to the promotion of the happiness of hi- peo-
to the promotion t the happiness ot l,i
. . . .
pU. .Ul, the preserv atian ot domestic tr.m-
nuilit v ; that so Ion.' as forei;M,crs eontrihu-
. ' "
ted by a legitimate comim ree to the pr
perity or his .subjects, it iniporteil to huu
Very little to know to what nation they be
longed, and of what stveroiti of the West
they were nominally subject.'' As the pe
titioners, despite ot this peremptory reply
iiisiste.l upon their demands,
ignominious, y .li.-n.i-scd them
bement deel.iratioii that, if "the devils ofiluu. il,uu Clnua, possesses much more for-
lia iiir nrirut'd that tin: !titc!i Luii uit t!i
i.crinisM' n ft iluii -'-MMt i ai to it -nl' iu
J;ii;tn, t!ie KihimT"!- 1 1 - in Ir- t).tiii ;i
with the n.,d.Io declaration that ""! vas
tin it: illl,,I for tltC iin ihl- ot till nations
C. rtainly, if we compare the religious and
commercial policy of the Japanese of the
tilt. -ei th century with that "f the Kiiropeans
ol the .same age, the superiority will be
found to lie with the loini' i-, and the civili
zation of Kurope to be decidedly iu the
rc.ii". ."s'uch al.-o w as the ..pinion of Kur i-p.-ans
them-. 1 v es, wh) Htr-' a-touud.-d at
the spectacle of the sivarmilitT population
s ii -1 marvelous wealth of that powerful em
pire, and inn. h more at the spirit of equity
,V)d modi-ration of its i-.J.-rs.
Jtown t) lU-'l? the au'lioi itii-s of Japan
had ti"t change 1 th' ir l.j.-j itable and liber
al comlu'-t t I.'.,. r, I s -.ur"iieiins. tint al-out
tliat j'crioil the governor
i sent to
pan an t mlei-sy coiep-
of 1-1 anei-ea n
ks.who s. t tin rii-1 Iv.-s topnachiiig in the
cts of Miaco, one of the imperial capital-,
ill .iefifinc" of the
tie-. Iu vain the'
"llil.iliolls of the
w . re or b. red t-j
;u:t Ii u i
country ; they ..p. n'y rctu.s. d
t-i ol.ey, ami
itc.l the "iiri-tiaii- to
volt. J l.e I'uteli,
in their ti.au.pii nml'l ha'.e 1'ieiita-
biy hi. mght a diciie of ixpulsioi:. suiniiit-t.-il
to the in-;. i . ti .ii ..f the authorities the
correspoii'lence by which the mi iotiaries
in . ite-l the Kuro can govei nn cut- to unite
with the i.ati-.e hii-ti.in- to ttUit the cou-
I'i.-st f the country.
I In? J a pa iii-sc g
riiim iit t.ovv
patience, and its policy
hii-aiiie as restrictive as
il had hithi rto been
liberal. All the Kuropcin residt nt.-, w ith
ti.e ixc.ptioii ot the Putelt. were obliged t-j
leave Japan. A fearful persecution com
menced against the Chri-tiuns, Thousands
of scaffolds were erected hi every
the empire, and the new t.uth was
ill Mood. It was nrohibited. under in :i in of
i.'.-ath, to Japanese, suijects to .put the na
tional territory , , r to return a, ter having
cn.i.rateij. 'I I.e city of Naiignski. on the
small island of l,'.-. ina. vr.i- -i--iii.ed t" t');
I'utch as tin ir l.n-i ot rc-i l.-nce, and the
ino-t rijoro is reguh.ti -in- were adopted to
prevent them from int. i fci ing w ith the pop
ulation. The coimaei':.. hieh it vva- per
mitted tliciu to eairv on was also limited.
Henceforward they were Hot allowed t send
tn i-rv than two ve-.-. ls a year to Japan, and
the total value of the two cargoes could not
exceed two mil'.i n- of (Van?. Th- Spani-h
and l'urtugue-e historians add that the
I'utch navigators were ordered, upon their
ni rival at N-iinjaski, to trcid under foot the
image of Christ an-l the irgiu Mary ; but
this e.i t mi, if it e.i-:iil, is i, longer ob
served. The I'utch arc only bound, says
Mr. T. 1'iuiidall. editor of Memorials ot thr
I'm) iir i;t' Jtijhi,', to be the Lcvv--inongi I"
of the Japanese g .-. eriimti.t. "All that
you shall learn that is new among the na
tions with whom vou are in iiitercuir-c, we
1-t you to
imniuiiicato t . the Lr"Virnor of
Such is the recommendation
that is made ts. the I'utch residents every
time tie y are auth--ri."d to eoniuiuiiicatc
with the Comt -d J.-ddo. Mr. Iluiidall is
gr.-:ti!:.-d t. be able to niio-iik tl.iit the
l'-.it h have ncu r abused t sn ir position to
create di-tru-t ui. on th. toirt of the Jaiian-
cs'e i.'ov eriimcnt
rain.-t ut In
Thus, then, for n. arly a century from
lo!'-, to lti:ti Japan was freely opened to
Kuroi ciins ; and from lf.M? to the present
that is to say, for more than two centuries.
This deplorable change of policy i- rather
t" be imputed to Furopeaiis than t" the Ja
panese them-elv cs. 'I he latter repelled the
lorun-r only when their independence wa
nt stake. Their conduct since the decree of
expulsion proves that th.-y are ii"t animated
by a blind and brutal hatred aoain-t stran
gers. Thu-, w hen the 1 'iiteli -t abii-hed at
I'e-cina were cut i ll fr on all c ouu.ui.ica
ti"ii with Kui'"pe in i-oli-i .Ueuee . f the con
tinclit.al war. the Japanc-i- g. ml .-u-ly siip
pln .1 tin-in with means until (lie r. t-.irn of
p. a i'c
'ii differ, nt occasions Knji-h and
Aimrtcaii ves-els, whi
Naiiaski. for rev h-;i;a
plied w it'll J r -V i-i -lis
"tu. tin. I--, evil:, pi ov
id -lied them gi-ati-. S
the Saiinlra'C". of 'he
. h have !
i-i -ii- I.av e l i ell f ir
ue h v :.s the ea-c v. ';n
F:uHsh liav v , w hieh.
I'li lil , r
'I lie i .'lull
-co pt i ui t: in
,(- ei.ll.i- I t"
i-laii.l in the
j r o i.-i li- fur-
in; it s
t 011 a s
naski t ,:
a - nn nt
-ii iiat it
c-t..! 1 1-ti
us -.i, t'.e .' .ipat.c-c
w as. not their eis
oii t'n ir v i-it o-s.
have .Lo. e nothing
n which th. v lett
udvin for ici-.-i
tjm to receive in
a ", Ir-.
m-v i r.
ti c the
behind them at J-ipan. Mr. Rundall allud.-s
t three . irciim-t.aiices in which thi y hive
not conducted tl'.'-ui-ehcs in such a manner
as t., jrivo the Jiipatii'sc a very hi.h idea of
their civilization. In lt, for example.
be1 t'ount Kesauofl'. K'isian envoy, entered up-
on negotiations with the authontie
, ...iski. to obtain the opening of th
Japan. These nt
otiatiop? which at tir-t i
; prcssnted every prsspc. t of !'icee;s. hav
' c:i i--rrupi l y nxiTtA ta- !":s?
qu.-ttc, a Rus.-ian flotilla made a decent tip-
uii one ot the Kuril Mauds and covered it
with blood. In the tame year an English
.-hip brutally, and iu violation of the laws
of nations, seized and carried off two Dutch
sailors fium oil board a Japanese -.es.-cl.
In l-:i7 tht: American vessel Morrison ea.-t
anchor in the bay of Jcdd-., at a little (iis-
taiiee from the imperial residence, in iol,
tioli of the the orders of the Japanese au
thorities. Driven off by caution shot, the
. . i i
-Morrison pcrsi.-tcu nevei Unless, in remain,
ins for some time in the maritime rei-iou iu-
tcrdicted to foreigners.
'I he.-e affronts are not forgotten at Japan,
and they will not facilitate the success of
the ini--ioii of C.iiimodore I'erry. Un
doubtedly, if negoeiatii.il fails, the Ameii-
Mt t. tln ir cannon, alter tho
the Emperor example of the Kuglish in China, lint Ja
with the VI-. pan. althoUL'h less extensive and less poiiti-
itliout nu ;ittt lui.t at Mclt-dctmro. 1 li-i
.Vinci u aii. the uilivr hand, nro much
less intcre-ted in opening Japan than tho
Kngli-li in oi.ei.ing China. J'he Chinese
are the principal eoiisuiners of opium, the
uilip..'ly of which constitutes one of tho
principal resources of the Ka-t India Com
pany ; th.-y furnish also to Kurope tea, an
article the consumption of which every day
b. conies more general. Japan, ou the con
trary, requires from abroad only a few wo
ven slufl- ; also cotton, wool, and silk are
among its products and are manufactured
at a very low cost; and there is barely any
production to fiirni-h in exchange. In tho
sixteenth aud seventeenth centuries the n
turns of Japan ejiei-ti-d almost entirely of
pr. cious nictals, and at that epoch its ti I iff u -cii-rs
were not, as it appears, more enlight
ened than their '.imfrrrts of Kurope, as tin y
complained bitterly that strangers exhausted
the country of its specie. Now the produc
tion of -.old is too abundant iu California
and Au.-tialia to render it advantageous to
seel; it in Japan. It is evident, in fine, that
the Amciicaiis are but indifferently interes
ted to engage in war with the Japanese, be-eaii-e
that war, which moreover would le
in c 'l.H-et with all the rub s of tLe law of
nations, ennot fail to le one of great ix
petise. and u iihotit indemnifying advantages.
' We hope that Commodore 1'ciry may ful
fil Lis mission without resorting to arms
The American .-quadioii will give to the Ja-
pat, esc the novel .-peitac'.i- for thi in of loeo-
.motion by steam, and the r.ppaiatus ncees-
Si.ry io me esiauiisumeni oi au eieciiie io
egraph. These admirable inventions, which
give to our civilization such an imposing
character of superiority, cannot fail to mako
a .strong impression upon tho imagination of
the Japanese people. They will prove ill a,
part of ' convincing mtmncr that they have some
rowiicd thiuii in future to gain fr un contact with
-ur nv ihzat
i 1 1 oiiiiiioi. oi e j err v . Louo!
e aPle, at the same tunc, to ocmoiistrnte ti
the Japanese go ci liuient that Christian
plies!-, who-c ii.toluai t ,-pirit und thii.-t for
domiiiatioii lion-lit about the decree of ex
pulsion of lfillT, are nut in the nineteenth
i-tntury what they were in the sixteenth cen
tury ; that they are animated by more en
larged sentiments ; that they detest Monop
oly, wne it even profitable to them; that
they avoid with the greatest care all that
has tin! sv ml.d a nee of temperal power; final
ly, that th.-y hare the ino.-t profound abhor
rai.ee of political intrigues. If, wo say,
Commodore Ferry could on these points re
move the prejudices of the Japanese author
ities, his mi.ssiuu would -Mcjuestiohably ob
tain the most auspicious chances of Fiieces-i.
Iu every event, be the issuo what it may,
we must thank the Americans for having
made this nciv i nort to cite ltd the domain
We are further informed that it gives the
nio-t unbounded si.titfaction to AmericaiH
iu Kurope to hear that the linij'in'j San
Jacinto, who.-c engine-, break down every
trip, is ordered home; aud that our nation
al pride will be saved from further humilia
tion on that account.
" I liiveisal sympathy," says our corres
pondent, " is cxpre-sed in .Naples for our
vcm l.iblc and highly-, spceted Consul, Alex.
Ilaniniett, who after t uty-three years and
tu. .re of hard service, iu his old age is left
without any means of support, liy the late
circlar of the Secretary of State, transfer
ring the isi: of passports to the legation,
the income of his post is reduced so low that
it will not yield enough to pay the rent ot
bis otiicc, which by the way he is ordered
to keep opi n from 'J to o Tho duties of
Consul at Naples are very vexatious as Weil
as important, aud it is tolly to expect any
man to discharge them for the .'loiox". Cer
tainly Mr. II. should ltccivo a fair salary,
or rather Uic ns'S should be returned to
him. as I see the consuls any where else but
at Koine and Naples are expressly author
ized to demand two dollars for the same.
There is not an Americau traveler or naval
otKeer who lias ever known Mr. llimnic't
but will su-taiii me in the declaration that
he is one of the nu-t honorable, f.i'uhfal, ef
ficient and valuable men that evi r represent
ed hi- country abroad, and that his resigna
tion or removal would be a seriois) public
1 iss, 11.- i nj .vs ti.e highest c-'ii-idcrati ou
hi re. a-id
and de-i r
. i liu.ei.t vv
'uvcrsaut w it!
at.'l ianjuae ol tlie country.
- bitter treatment from a tio.
:. . he has M rved for in arly h.i.f
with Hit a dollar of pccuLiary
A C.i'.if 'rni;i
and iucidciits, one of which Is a-
bout a rich
u:ig man having to turn na-h-I
have met a v..-:iug man wlij
at home moved in the best Circles ot -
rv nml i-i ..nflen.an evll'V ilicil him
io.i i n,:.V.' v thin in tin" mines, went in
to a ci i tain tow n, .in i a.
in-:, an-l cleans, d t.-r 1
liiiiv tooK in wasu
s I read, the filthy
armciits i f th '.-
h.i, at hoiiie, ho would
wledgc as aeipiaiiitauecs. it was
- rather nn amusing
iniii.-ing -.iut to see nun ai uic
wash-tub, soaking aud scrubbing tlie uirty
(' i,i motley patrons, swi.-rmg at uu
ij.'.y aint up!
ihr.aidiDs ai luck.
X7 K ;-jaofw-X-t