ftqc io SoD, io jjoqrCoiinifi'u, fo lion. Sqfij.
charijOtte, 3xr. ov November q, isos.
HOLT ON & WILLIAMSON,
EMTOHS AND PttOFHIETOBS.
The North-Carolina Whip; will be afforded to
tuhscrihrra at TWO lMI.F,ARs) in advance, or
TWO UOLI.AKS ANU FIFTY t'EM'I'S if pay.
unit be delayed liir three niontlii, and 'i'llKKK
DOLLARS at the end ot the year. No paper will
be discontinued until all arrearage) are paid, ex.
oepl at the ujilion of the Kdilors.
Ad verliaei irnts inserted at One Dollar per square
,16 linea or loss, thia sii.u type) lor the Aral inner
tion, and 35 tenia for eaon continuance. Court ad.
vertiaeiiienU and Xheritf'a Sale charged t.5 per
cent, higher i and a deduction or 33 j per cent, will
be nude from the regular pricea, for advertisers by
the year. Advertisement inserted monthly or
quarterly, at tl per squire for each time. Bciui
monthly 75 eats per square for each tune.
IT Ml letters nn buaineaa must be dltectrd to
the Kill tort, Letters must be postpaid or they
will not be attended to. '
I T Payments can be made to either.
I j" Postmasters are autlionted to set us stents.
13 Y JONINi.'S 11 KEK K,
t harlot fr, el. '.
F,,r.ie IS IX.3. 3 f
JiY IV Vi. i, (.'It A .NTs
I htrohifoH, al
I haine fcrn riKrl d lo aotti ritvnl in
HUfrtMiMd nf riiiiittiea. thai thn atMtyv caUMh
fit ni t rtoa d. (rd no d uht by tomi dU atgtiinf
rharariir ) ih itHM-f rr (hrr'ur laaea Una moth
o.i of LiforHiiiiy l 'it oiiitiiuiii'y at l.rgit Itit th
f'gii of Muf t-Mirt m la . THank mI thrfttrm
Utt pa! latwra wit'i nn rioori-iiiK n amm
ffira in I ha lui a '(( h aiil:a olirita a ahra f
fironaf ' vttsjf IjU If fhttd aid nnprnt-ed
iiih turfi. frft'a ufod lint It itata
ahall nut kff t Utaallr.d
15. S. JOHNsiOV.
Jt-t al 'M,d of infofinii.f his friends
n!iii "" l",M-c rrorraill, that he
f'tslrsVlal. I in. ret n f rrh t.d and npee. 4 ffr
lh.tr seroi.inMMta'iiin. h ia.ft Hrick
D ii'd fl on Mo- gantown 'r. et, in the t wu i.f
' ' 1 H . lajiiO'ri, ol ie Happy
V.M-r- ' ',r autwribcr h jwa . , .A .w..--..-
i.iiia.n lo hi. d-i'ir In n ner ma eoi.dun ni' all
. h. 'lip "nth hen con dot .bie and ag'eeabte. Pe.
r r travelhnf In Ihfl niMunlaina. and wiahtng lu
,wliil a lew (law M-rrka. or li.'Olfh, in Ihe filtaaanl
tife ol lrfii-tr, ma hud hia h.u e a ilrasnl
re.Miitf ulai e-
A. E. II AG LK II.
IBIjIBlBjBji m m i
IIIJIlll il.l II W 1 I.I1J,
I'll iin.LSTOS, s. c.
f M f K ailArl-r r( fpl'urt fo in
' h-f f'irnd and te p'mlir ffii
f4ttj. t bat ha Ii4 tnHti a ls-a uf 'hf
mt. IIOTKI h h will 'IHn ur lh
fttntii .f '(rtrr anil 'l'rav!ra imn Hi
"J" mr-M an'l ihr lal cprntr. Thi lonjf a
tatbiii,d and wail known H haa iiM.1frtnft a
tiftrru(fi atltralMn thrniig Hil, and furtnahttd Wl'h
n- aod faatiMtfii'tlw Inrif'ur. and hattif attnt'ed
in I ha fir uf iaina, and in tha HHt faN'Ott
imri of liinrtty, au iciia a rail from Umr iturn
fo'i triaxd id former p iron- of lha liu ; ar-d
ill v hi r-i lit-i.m. n.'hitiT iH h icM iitid'iiit
ncr jiaft io uiaika (Imiu c"Hiurtoe whil in the
MHS. A. J. KENNEDY.
Aiif'tai Id. 3 t-'.m
IK ltr M h ni ih
't- flank haa n tm
H it(ii( in lli ffiv on
lot. Vtit m'rm,-i
ninvrd from Mm a
t-if? corner ! Ir A"hr
TIKIS. V. PKWKY, Ctnhin.
A -if I IC liK.f
aa. .It a M ta' W. m Ce,
M.l. p-anir it, Vtei k lending ami I l.f and
I e 4!ti-iiliit.e enliiiliea anil pum eo'a Hnin.
t I -.n.I iVn mh
t 'IH-:" Jolinftfina
II. and I in' Cuai
F"k t'tiili!,.. h-twaii
' '1 II f all IU
1 1 1 1 K rn i ur sttiii
I t-oi A
ddV d'-'ttv-d h It.lbM
al rinrtit. Ail natr -
Mid' hip. I t lit la if n-n ar nniptrd lomAr
i uMifflt if art Irmt nt wi'h ihit anhftfrrihrr. -hti
aiMimru d to ftlll lb aam
C. J. FOX.
K'litfnil.rr I. III 11
Tolt m i ii iiitil (
g IM1.U 1; T.il.ae.e. of the
' '.r.ii..l l..:t in ihe St 1 1.
,os,.,. j.nr ),,
riUTCHAIU) A CALDWKLL,
'ftenw nine A; i,Hint$l$.
"""W H, Iei3. ' 3.11"
, ir.Ni H.va R. II. Ill I MIX Mils l.hiin.i
: I i.lf . L'.tdeialeaVii. Vd-la. 1 1 I i.l'kari lit lata.
1 la'jn.i nd rii-iii..! -e-k in l,r r.
IKWIN, Hl OCiINS Si CO.
1 1. 1 iiitn'a Y-u-liibli- TturliiK'.
tl--Sr.li VM'I.Y nelrhraii-d li- it, w..ndurlii
i If el. m the i u e i,'' Senif i!o .- di-i a-i a and
" ' "liiil l.ea nf ih lll.nid. 1 i I rr nvrd a. d liir
a a l.y
I'HITl II Villi Sl CAI.IIW Kl.l.
a Ya gvlHblai I.MIiruiilrlli-.
MIK urr.u.i n,ert en 1 1 tne aie fnf hi il
inl u li, r d s a is i.f ihr urinary nrr,n .
' and ywi ill nreer he ilheii' it. Kor al
ewi rv;iiAitt v c.vi.uwki.l.
! ci. 18.
Jyt.ltiK. Kits' Liverwort. Tar . Cliae..-ial ,.
'iii, h.r ihe rUre nf Cnnsunii.tion, Ilronchi
' ' "n',,1"- ''"I"'". .r., f. by
"ni iiAitp jt OALDW KLL,
J'hyaici iiis 4. Pnnrgiats.
3 . tl
w mm miTfi,
PilSS THIS OVER,
IIAI IT TO VOI H KF.IGIIBOim,
IKT every one know. Dial I I LI.INtiS .V ( O.
A will have a neat S I'I lit K wher.ver tin-y rn ;
and not only that, Ihev EI.L (.(KID' very LOW,
and every one is sail, ried 'hat litis is jn-t so; and
nn kind reader, as we've had l liille bmw, I ihink
I'll quit and jfii In work, for thai I've got Io do, be.
eau-a we have been moving inio our
nrn door l Sadie'' New llmel, where we bate
fiue laie Mii, a fine aim k nf
comprising everything Inel la to be niut.d in a
Gentlemen'! Furnishing Bouse,
to whieli we would invite your attention before
purchasing. 1 o ay ae
Sell 6&5 JLcto,
would b tUng you no more fhnft ewtf nn
know. Hut wd wilt ay we htve U'g-tl tSio k
vfl I tvtt rrr Imii, 1 pnr-B nn low tti,l w -:iiul
fad la p-i!i i-viy ohm ihJ im c titrlu-HH, we ill
jy lo jruii. mi dil M, that we Dunk o fur
ymtr piliunift hivto'm hitiowrd upon u tti
t n I aire fnFH with you i.d if lair and liiMKirnnla
dtiatme, low rt.'H and od gotnim. will inanrv a ,
coM'M'UNnri" of I lie aanio. it alull lt dun at Hie
tutiHiiiuit, sign ol
1TLLINGS A CO.
August, 16. '33 2tf
I SWDI.KS iV IIOK All
: V N Ft iR VI the (Mthtic genrrally, thai they i
; Jl carr.mr fn the
- ai Ihnr old atand, one (tr Nuith uf ihc J), wcrc
j i hi v art prepared to rimiic all ordera in ihrtr line
! al i )fe rh irlrai nn'ft. They have un handa
Sideboards, Bureaus, Sofas,
TIipv itifnrm the puhhe. thai ihcy hare pnrrhattd
hc rU ot Iheroutttw fur iiiaiiu'ar iiifii.g Ihe
and are iinw ireperrd le lorni.h lb' in to sny one'
Tlicjf are certain y 'a' .ni' fr lo Hie o'd 'e teiih
s rigaida cofi-f.l and fact i y in beior oui up and
t.keo rtnin. They as fofea'n ail r.-o- trion
irlii"sine on ihei f lafht. aa Ihe law will eerlamly j
Se enftd ai.niitl tty one h'i may do ao.
N- li. I tif'r I Nil lurni-hrd at ihe vhorle.t notice
and -n the iiti lea-ottsMe le'tii.
'ha l..ne, S. (.l.-oilKr, Ih-i.Tb 3 1 f"
niAMIiERSJI'FFERS & CO.,
OdstiataoiJ -a ' XUitVlIa w
4pl.Kanrfera.e1.edhr lea, to r.lorn .hank, lo
I tie r niniivr'i. tiifiiila f.r thfir piat liheral
alror,a(", and int.irili thrni lhal the; alill cnl.tii.HA
II. r iNivinraa aa l.rretuii.fe and hold llirmsfi"vea r-e
t'.y to sriva Iheir I'riei.di and all who may fimir
lltr.n lacli C'H. iinii.-.tila nf till'iea In Ihs h l nl
llinr -k'llaiid alilllly anil that no tfl'irtoil thair
pari, iltl Sn a.1"lii io ee B''l"irline.
CIIAMI5KP.S, JKIT'KHS A CO.
Cliarl. alun. . I .. July W lfo3 Till
RAWKIN. PULLIAPI St CO.,
lMI'dttTr.K.S AND WIO.r..l.r DEAt.EHS IN
Foreign k Domestic, Saple & Farcy
I) H Y C.001IS,
.lb. i:M, .yirrtinz Sli t el,
i M hii:mhn. s. c.
W. t. R.sam of Aai.ril'e, N ('.
K V. I'eniiK lal nf
t. M i San. mm. i s. Is'e of Georgia
a, l Smith Ule ol Ahrille. ra . (.
T ;ii ui it s Diet . sroiti:,
.MI XIiAN Mt'sl vM; I.IVI MKNI',
ri.kKY ivish vws kh i k h.
I'R t.l Yxi i I X l K A i ' I i K YKI.I.OW
IMH K Oh SO.SM II l.i,
I U.l.'si SARSPAKH.I.A.
WKsTKKsi nI.SsVI III' I ! P. R V .
IHI I.IV'I .(. li'AI. I'AI.N t X l'lt '"IOl(,
liH . HiHIH. AMi's (.e.ll iN hi I'THisi
1 In rd ware.
I l .1.4-k i.f II .hleV R K can
l.nl briqiiillirt in i lie T.w n.
nnviN, nrc..iNs i co.,
N.i. I, (iiaiiMe U".
MWli II &; HI.ACK
co.n.msiti 'ii:it ii at.h
COUWIilA, S. C.
'M W rll.l, glue their prramial allrn'mn lo ilr ae
V V nl ( iiilnii, Itai'i.it, Klnur and I 'urn, anil ill
al -it attend In buyilig an y fli seripii..n u.' Men-hand zi
nn reaai.nahle leriea, and an ie:l a share id pa'run
sfn lr.ni ( harlo'ie and Ihe urrenndine nnn'rv.
T. II.MAKI II. J. A. IlLAi K, Jit.
f KRr N( ts.
Win. i .hnsi.m. J hi. Wells, W. W.
I'eiH'irrat rm.e niell (. rSld.
KKKI '.S ian-1 i lie
l I a a ne a li a. j
Wool, l ime). Si a a. d olheiatar
Hals and I ,i.
1UWIX, IH'GC.INS k CO.
14 Pl'SIIKI.S nl ne- ami well eleannl
O f If W II KAT. .1 my MilU III .i.il.-s helnw
( hi iille. wri;lillic not ' sa llian silly pu.ii.ila In
the hii.hei li.e While the May and Ihe Whim
h-ard.d Wheal pielerrrd Kof wllleh the I'AMI
ill he pa d
j WILLIAM JOHNSTON.
Allgnal 311. 3011
T B'""' N""'" Arcuiinlsdun I lie lalp firm of
JL Huh. Ileil A. t o., haye b.rli (ilaeril in my
hands for relleelinn, and iimae iniU'he.l lu a. id firm
Vlt'siT mil ripoct longer indulgence, aa it CA.V ,
NUT I tueii. j
J. r. SMITH. J
July IS, IHJ3 -t I I
a tl.nse ihai dn rrnl iy ihsir Town Tsiaa hy
thr 31 II la instant, mil have lu pay east nh ;
uul rvs.ve.l nf .ereil
S. A. HAUIUS.lVc CWnlnr.
August 3 Ifj3.
DAYS GONE BY.
V ciiari.es SWAIN.
The days gone by 'tis aed y t sweet
To lial tlie "train of purta d luiurs;
To think of those we loved to meet
When children, 'mid a thousand flowers !
The scenes we roved rornnntic lone
Ere yet our he-trts had learned to sigfh-
"The dreamt of fflory once our own
In days gone by in dnys jjonc by !
Tlie days pfine by Oh, i t!u re not
A elinriu a li-eling in thoae word
A music ne'er to be forgo!
Struck out from ineinory's sweeU Ht chords
With rniiny a tne to wake a tear.
And many a thought we fnin would fir ;
O! still to every heart are cieur
The duys gone by (tie days gone by I
The dnys gone by? they hove a spell
To burt the cerements of the gr .e ;
Ami troin Uilivion's ticejicBt ct II,
The tbrnia we loved and IchI lo nave :
Tune limy nut tu(.'e thoae luei- h of lil.l
Still te..utoUH to the nit nt..l eve,
As the fIrl hour they blest t ur fii'l t.
In duya gone by in days gone hj '.
The dojs gone by Man's heft essay
One f.Hhli'PN work to hue bchuu:
lt.'1'ore thtir mirth hiitli pasaed uwuy,
Like du!l UMn the deaTt wind ;
Tlie vory niouiiUiina have grown prev
And st irs have v.-iualiiii fium the sky
The young the f;nr oh ! where (.re tin v ?
jlh duya gone by with days 'ii'' i-y !
'I'he d.-iys gi,ne by from shore to slu re
Their e r h'UL'ltit nine r.lio(iow a sj rt ad,
On on 'till time shall bre.-.the no im-re
And earth its' II Ik with the ileuil ;
K;ich brief iiiiniilireij minute Incurs
The mandate of its (,.d ui high ;
And death and sih nce rr the heira
Of days gone by of days gone by !
JyJYrf! T 1 ii XOII-iiXs '
FROM THE diauv ur A I'lIVM Ian.
" "I'is no use lalkiti" to me mother. I
will go to Mrs. I
S to-ljlrll' 'i 1 ui?
You knows wull as I
i, to i.c ,i,rPi allil
for it. That flat,
do, that Lieut. N
he's going to leave town lo-uiorrow
go to Ureas,
" Charlotte,, wbv w ill you be o obstinate '
ju KTei u(J noonv you iiaveiieeu uu
a week, and !'.- savs late hours
, .1 . ' . ,i ;,. . :.. ,i. .-i'i fr ,. !
are the worst tliimr in the world lor von.
j.shaw ulo,1L.r ; Nouscustt ; all lion-
Such were nearly the words, and such the
manner iu which Mi-s J exprcrd her
determination to act iu defiance of her mo
ther's wishes aud entreaties. She was the
only child of her widowed mother, and had
but a few weeks before completed her twenty-sixth
I l or one or two years she had been an
occasional patient of mine. The settled
pillor, the sallowness of her complexion.
conjointly with other syinptonis, eiinccd the
existence of a liver cmuiilaiiit ; and the List
visits I had paid her were iu consequence
of frequent sensations of oppre-i'Hi and
pain iu the cbet, which clearly indicated
some organic disease of the heart. 1 saw
enough to warrant me in warning her moth
er of the probability of her sudden death
from this cause, and the iiumrmeut peril to
which she exposed herself by dancing;, late
hours. Ac. : but Mrs. s remoiistran-
.1 I -11 .. . .1 -
ccs, penile and anictionatc as tliey nlwavs.
.1 1-1 i .
were were throw n aw a v ui'Oli her heaustl oi
1 It was strikini: eij:l.t by the church clock
when Mi-s J , huiiiiniiii; the words of a
son;, lit her chamber candle by her moth
er's., and withdrew to her room to dress,
soundly rating the servant pirl by the way
for her having starched some in tides or
oilier which she interded to have worn that
evenim;. As her toilet was usually a loiiiX
and laborious business, it did not occasion
much surprise in her mother, who was sit
ting by the lire in their little parlor, uad
i ii if some book of devotion, tiii the church
chimes announced the hist quarter pa-t
nine o clock, without her daughter s making
her appearance. The noise she had made
overhead in walking to and from her drawers,
dressing table, Ac , had censed about half
an hour ago, and her mother supposed she
as theu engaged at her glass, adjusting
her hair, aud preparing her complexion.
" Well, I wonder what can make Char
lotte so very careful about her dress to
night V exclaimed Mrs. J , n moving
her eyes trom the book, and gazing in deep
thought at the tire. "Ol it is because young
Lieut. N is to be there. Well, 1 was
ir . i .. it
vounn tnvsell once, aud its very excusable
...... J . . .
ill Charlotte heighol" She heard the wiud
howling so dismally without, that she drew ,
together the coals of her brisk lire, and w as
lading down the poker when the clock of
church struck the sccoud quarter ,
" Why, what in the world can Charlotte
bo doing all this while ?" sl.u again inquired.
She listened. " I have not heard her mo-
ving about for the last three quarters of an
hour! I'll call the maid and ask.'' She
rung the bell, and the servant appeared.
" Ik-tty, Miss .1 u not gone yi t is j..ovei nmeiit in the nullification proceedings tu,ru ullt;i itH el -e. .1 din A I nns, v, hen
the T Co up to her room, Uetty, und see if uf South Carolina, during the administration ! eni mi.-s iouer to Frai.ee, iu 177!), frequent
she wauls anything, and tell her it's liail'j of tien. Andrew Jackson. It is thus re- ! v fjn:,ks of him in his l'iary, lately publish
past niiiu o'clock," said Mrs. J . j served for Trenton, the battle ground of ,IS ,js associate in l'.iris. I le'returned,
The servant accordingly went up stairs, ,H Revolution, to turn into machinery for j ,oweVcr, to this coiintry in 17-1, and gave
and knocked at the bed-room door once, ; the benefit of mankind the implement in- in lii adherence to the .'ovenimeut. and
twice, thrice but received no answer. There
was a dead silence, except when the wind
shook the window. Could Mis J
have falleu asleep! O impossible! She
knocked again, but unsuccessfully as before.
She became a little flustered, and after a
moment's pause opened the door and en-
lercd. There was Miss J-
, sitting at
tlns rdass. "Why, la, ma'am, commenced
Retty, in a p-.tulant tune, wnlkitig up to her,
" here, have L becu ktloclin? tit Svc Uiitmtcs.
i " hero have I becii knocking fit five uiinutcs,
and " Betty staggered horror-struck to the
ted, and uttering a loud nhriuk, alarmed
IUr. , Viha instantly tottered up
stairs almost palsied with fright. Miss J
tan dead I
I was there within few niinutcn, for my
houwe wu8 not more than two streets distant.
It was a ttormy iiight in March, and the
aooiate aspect ol things without, deserteu i f,)rmatio from IlavaDa, corrohoraliug tlw
blreets, tLe dreary bowling of the wind, and I rulll0M Qf ., arrangement between Knlaiid
, the tucexsaut pattering of the rain, cotitrth- anj spaill for tl. introduction of Africans
. uting to cast a gloom over my mind w hen jllto Cuha, as appremiees, and for the final
. connected with the intelligence of the awful abolition of slavery in Cuba, and for the
.event which had sum moiied me out, which guaranty, by England, of the Spanish do
! was deepened into horror by the fpectacle U1iui0u over Cuba. The Union of this mor
; which I was doomed to witness. (Ju reach- ning eoiifiruis the statement, and it is evi-
I tig the house 1 fr-uulMrg. J in a vi- dent from their remarks that they place en-
olent fit of bvt.' founded by several tire reliance upon the accounts thus recciv-
of her neighbor, ho liad been called to ed of this arrangement,
her B.-i-istanec. I repaired to the scene of Jt js t0 be noticed, that France is named
death, and beheld what I shall never for- as a party to the arrangement. Thus, we
get. The room was occupied by a white have before us the measures which England
curtained bed. There was but one window, and Trance have resorted to as the altcrna
und before it was a table on which stood a live to the Tripartite Treaty, which was
looking glass Imng with a little white dra- proposed to the I'uited Suites' by these two
pcry, ami various paraphernalia of the toi- powers, and which was rejected for the rea
lut lay scattered on the table pins,broehes, ..tins so forcibly stated by Mr. Everett,
curling papers, gloves, &e. An arm chair i The facts stated as to this matter corrt-s.
was dra n to this table, and in it sat Miss pond with the rumors which you received
v Ktorc-icaJ. nor neau rested upon
! her right hand, her elbow supported by
! the table, while her left hung down by
I her side, graspin? a pair of curling irytis.
I Each of her wrists were encircled by a
'showy gilt bracelet. She was dressed in a
w bite muslin frock, with a little bordering
I of blonde. Her face was turned towards
i i i i , , . ,
I the glass, which by the light of the expiring
i candle, reflected with frightful fidelity the
clammy, fixed features, daubed with rouge
I and carmine, the fallen lower jaw, and the
i eyes directed full into the gla, with a cold
I stare that was appalling, tin examining
the countenance more narrowly, I thought I
: detected the traces of a smirk of conceit and
i se'i" co tiplncency, w hich not even the palsy,
i 1 1 sr t'.ueli of death could wholly obliterate,
; The hair of the corpse, all smooth and glos-
i sy, was curled with elaborate precision, and
, the skinny, sallow neck was encircled with
I a string of glitening pearls. The ghastly
I visage of death thus leering through the
! tiuselrv of fashion, the " vain show ' of ar-
titici.il joy, was a horrible mockery of the
fooleries o." life !
Indeed it was a most humiliating and
shocking spectacle. Poor creature '. struck
dead in the very act of sacrilicing at the
su,""? tcmalo vanity. Mie mu.-t have
i i ... ,i j i . -.. .
oeeu ueau 101 some tune, iiei mips i'r iwcn-
l" minutes or half an hour, when I arrived,
for m arly all the animal heat had deserted
the body, w hich was rapidly stitteinng. I
attempted, but ill vain, to draw a little blood
.....l l.... : : . .1 l:..l.. i
fr"m ,1,e r,- Two or tl,ree w'VS"tUet,e'a''
. - uc lJ
" P'P"' of l'''K 11 out-
straii'-e iiassiveues . No r -sistanee offered
to them while straiehteiiiii;. the bent ri'bt Times upou the Coolie project. They treat
arm, and bindiui: the jaws together with a ed it as a project of sickly philanthropy,
faded while libbatnl, which Mis J had accompanied, as we know it was. by heart-
de.-tiiifd for her w:iit tout evening. le.-s cruelty. The loss of life in the traii--
u examiiiinj; of the body, we found that potation of the Coolies was unequalled by
death had been occasioned by disease of the horrors- of the " middle pa-sane," which
the heart, ller life mi-ht have been pro- armed Wilbcrforce with his thunders against
tract-d, jiossibly for yeur, 1K,J -he but ta- the African slave trade,
ken in v ad ice, and that of her mother. I But 1 tind apolo-rists, among our friends
have seen many hundreds of orp-es, as well both here and in England, for the new sys-
iu the calm composure of natural death, as tern which KiiL-'aud and France intend to
man-led and distorted by violence; but impose upon Cuba. They say that if the
neier have I seen so startfinj a sitire upon slave importation be alto-ether stopped and
human vanity, so repulsive, un-ii;htly aud
f iatii-iuiie a spectacle as acoipe (Iresseit
tor a bait
1'LorGlIlNG AND M.VNl'niNG.
At the recent Agricultural Fair at llamp
stead, Long Island, l'rofcssor Ma pea said :
" High farming is not ornamental farm -
: : . i . . ! .. i l : 1 .
lllK , l s neeii iiioul iiill .lie. ineieseu m.-
' 1 , ,
mu m;;. i ins is w oai na s uie ei eai-Tsi pi o-
r - fc
tit. Who ever heard of u crop suffering
from drought in fields well-drained and sub
soiled, say two feet deep! The at m pli re
gives out its inoisMire in sub-soiled land,
and keeps the crops growing. Look at sueh
laud an I ,ce the results, compared w ith
shallowing p'oughing. Many men have a
better farm under the one tin y plough than
that on the surface. Oats never lodge on
land where they can get soluble sib x to
make Mroinr straw. They cannot get it in
shallow ploughed land tbn: has been long
in use. Two dollars an Here will give him
plenty of solulilc silox. No 111atterjwh.it the
su'i-soil is, it will le bcnelitt.'d if it dry by
sub-soiling. Hill tops are beiielittod if it
dry by sub-soiling and draining, for it lets
in the uir. It makes crops earlier, and thus
they escape the frost. The most gravelly
land is benefitted. A sub-soiled meadow
never 1 runs out.' There is no fear of deep
plmi-hii) gravelly lands; manures do not
reach downward; that is a fallacy. To
prove it, dig iu your barnyard, and you will
find it has not made the bard sub-soil rich.
Loot crops are not appropriated as they
should be. Cattle may be fattened on roots
ciican.'r in an you can iccu uieiii tin n-i in
1 ' , , . , , , .
ll... u II.... I.ii. .. i.f.Hirr.iU f...lu-ill.
.i r.. l ,t .... i :..
oats, are worth more than outs for lior-es.
You can raise a thousand bushels of car
rots lo the acre, worth fifty cents a bushel
for feed. Carrots are equal for cow s in win
ter to clover in Ma v.''
Rem OF THE NU.I.IHi'ATION Move-
MENT. Ihe cannons and cannon balls re-
oemly received in Trenton, N.J, from
, South Carolina, are said to have been ca-t
for the purpose of resisting the general
tended t i be used in the tirst act of treason
against the federal Cnion.
FIUE AT PKOYIDENCE.
Raltimoiie, Oct. 27.
The Howard block, w:th many adjoining
building was destroyed by lire last night.
j '' ' estimated at half a million, and
' oul7 a nartial insurance bad been effect" J
' ouly a partial insurance bad been effected
Carrtrpondentt of the ,V. Y. Journal of Commrrct
Washington, Oct. i!.rith.
I mentioned in my letter yesterday that
the Government have received further in-
from Havana three or four months ago.
At that time 1 made inquiry on the matter
in the proper quarter, and ascertained that
the fiovertiment had the same rumors but
no official and authentic ewdeneu of th. ir
lint it seems that tliefioverumcnt has now
rot information of sufficient authenticity on
the subject to create, on its part, a con-id
erable degree of anxiety. I do not see how
the (j oveniinent fin defeat the proposed
measures, but it w ill enter a strong protest
againt tln in.
We have advice-, too, that these meas-
ures will be extremely unacceptable, as a
whole, to the Cuban, and thut they will
probably rebel again-t them. Should the
l.iea.-ure of abolition be considered in Cuba
as one likely to be enforced, it will produce
a revulsion in that '.istrict, leading to its
independence of Spanish dominion. j
The policy of the (ioverninent of the I'ni-
ted States on this subject will be explained
in the 1're.sidcnt's message to the coming
Congress, and the facts concerning it will be
laid betore Congress. I
We may see in this matter, elements of
agitation and confusion in this country.
ur people embrace the expansive policy.
but tin y will he cimtiert upon the fpie-tion
.....!.:., . i , ..;.!. .1 .. i.
oi laniu vuuu, nun ajmvi ui nimumiid-
liov. Roberts of Liberia, made a protest,
nearly six months ai , again-t w nat tie ne-
lieved to be the intention of England to
'l J.ro,n Afriv- or I'P' eiilieea for
., ,, ,. ,. ., , v ,
J be C oohe system la.led. Uu may have
noticed the severe strictures ot the London
it has been stopped as tar as regards Hiazil
ot the treatment of people
devoted to slavery, in Atrica, will be a'-
eravat.'d ; that destruction slaughter
will be the alternative to the selling of
tlave. Further, they say, that if these
people be brought in, as apprentices, it wi.i
tend to the elevation of so many inure of the
Africau race in the scale uf humanity.
C 'MM ANPF.Il INtjUAII AM.
Vi'e copy the subjoined biographical sketch
of Commander Ingraham from the New oik
Times. In doing so we have taken th-."1
liberty to correct an error into which that
paper has fallen, viz: that Captain lugra
ham's ife was the grand-daughter of F..1
ward Kutledge, one of the signers of the
l'eelaratiou of Independence. She Was the
grand daughter of John Kutledge as sta
ted below :
" Commander l'jiican N. Tngraham is
the son of the late Nathaniel Ingraham,
F..-q , of Charleston, South Carolina, and
helo.ced to a family eminently naval in its
character. All of them, with one exception,
were officers in the navy. His father, be
iiiii the nimate friend of Captain 1'aui .lones,
volunteered under his command, when be
left France in the Km llommo Uichard,
in I77II, and fought with hi.u in the battle
with the liritish triirate Sera; is, one of the
most desperate actions iu the annals of naval
warfare. His uncle. C.ipt. Joseph Ingra
ham, Flitted States Navy, was lo-t in the
I'uited States ship Fickeiin.', which went
down at sea, and was never heard oft, at
the beginning of the Century. Hi
William lu graham, v( as killed at tl
twenty, when a
lieutenant m the luit. d
The sole exeep.ion in the family was h'n
uncle, I'aneau Ingraham. Esq., from wh-un
he received his name, lie was one of the
! most accomplished gentlemen of his dav.
Iu,nl, intimate with the leading politic
0llr t. . u,trv. vet. from t ie taste and
: ea.)v x,,lH.iatio!
, At the
on, be was a loyalist i;i his
io oiicnin ot the revolution in
i;"4 w went to Fait'ope, and remained
permitted his f in to enter the Navy the
L cutetiaut illiiiui Ingraliain,
h oui Wc
have mentioned ns being killed in the service.
Captain Ingraham received hi midship
mans warrant at the a.;e of nine year, du
ring the last war with t.reat Rritain. Com
modore Smith, of South Carolina, the inti
mate friend of his father, being about to
sail iu the frigate Congress, requested Mr.
Iii'raham to alio bira to tike lis sou w:tt
' y-J. .. Wc shall prclibly hav. an er.rav
meiit," said he, " and it will do him good."
llu accordingly went to sea at once, at that
tender age, and remained in active service
I lor two years, until the close of the war.
; lie then returned home at the age of eleven,
j and resumed his education at school. Since
! then he has, most of his time, been employed
in active duty. He commauded the ill-fated
Soiik r., in blockade duty, at Vera Cruz
: and other parts of the gulf, during the whole
j of the Mexican war, and being prostrated
: by sickness, was sent home but a short time
j before she was lost. For two year previous
I to his tailing tor the Mediterranean in the
j St. Louis, he was attached to the uavy yard
at Philadelphia, the society of which city
will long remember him aud his accomplish
C'aptiin Ingrahnin married Harriet Rut
ledge Laurens, of South Carolina, a grand
daughter, on the paternal side, of Henry
Liaureus, the president of the first Continen
tal Congress aud who afterw ards w as captur
ed by a British frigate, while on bis way
to I-' ranee as American Commissioner, and
confined for a long time in the Tower of
Luiidun. On the maternal side, she is the
gratid-daugliterof John Kutledge, President
and IMctator of South Carolina during the
lievolutioti. His eldest son, Henry Laurens
Iugrahaui, is now a midshipman atthe Maval
Academy at Annapolis.
Jt is a curious circumstance that, by inter-marriage
with the Aineiiian family, the
Ingralijim blood flows in the veins of semic of
the iiiot distinguished officers in the British
navy. Among these was the. late Captain
Marryatt, C. 15., (the author,) and Sir Ed
ward Belcher, K. C. li., who lately com
manded the exploring expedition round the
world, and who now commands the Arctic
expedition, lately sent out by the Biiti-h
Admiralty iu search of Sir John Franklin.
The grand-mother of both these officers was
an Ingraham, the near relative of Comman
der Ingraham. A; if Yui k 'l'titi s.
LN(iLANl) AM) THK L'N ITF.D STATES'
The Manchester (England) (luardian, of
Oetober the loth, in the course of an able
article on the several relations between th-.se
two countries, used the following language:
An acceptable analysis of popular feeding
betw een the United States and Great Tiritaiu
would be one of the greatest blessings on
civilization and humanity. The maintain
auec of a growing friendship between these
two nations not only concerns, iu the most
vital degree, the welfare of both, but almost
involves the whole question of the crcepti
l.ility of mankind. Never, certainly, have
the two most powerful and self reliant coun
tries of the L ' J each oth-
s-j lies halt so numerous or ii.ui so
Connected as they are, by blood, by pdi
cy, by interest, and by tradition, they can
neither make war, nor condui t the arts of
peace, without the assistance of each other;
and if any train of ( ircuiiistances could p)
sihly sow active dissension between them,
there would be an end to any reliance,
however distantly diferred, upon the c-tab-lishmetit
of permanent peace among the na
tions of the earth. Now, we firmly believe,
(though Americans may feel or offset sur
prise at the establishment) that not only is
this our mutual position, but that a solemn
sense of its leiiiL' so, is the commonest and
strongest feeling tb.it Englishmen of all das.
cs bring to the consideration of foreigu af
fairs. To say that the English people wuubl
be averse to a quarrel with the I'uited
States is not enough ; they scarcely regard
it as possible; and whatever may be the
chief orouud for the sentiment, in the brea-t
of statesmen and philosophical observers,
the masses of tlie people entertain a respect
f r the popularchaiactcr and national repu
tation of America, to w hich nothing in their
feelinus tow ards European nations affords a
Time alone can correct a mistaken im
pression which seems at present to be deep
ly moted in the midst of some Americans.
The true explanation of the attitude which
they so through misapprehend, will have to
be repeated many times before it is believ
ed ; but, in the uiemiwhile, no chiidi-h dis
play of petulance ou the part of any Ameri
can writer, can induce English observers to
abandon a critical habit whieh is essential
to their character, and inseparable from the
mutual relations of the two countries.
That the English pre-s and EiiL'lisli tour
ists soUe with sonic cau". rues- upon the weak
p'ints uf society and of morals in the I i.itcd
Stales with more eagerness, for instance,
than oncorre-p Uidinop culiarili.'S ot l ranee
or haly is not to be denied. The grand
mistake coti-ists is suspecting that this hab
it betrays the working of aniinu-ity or envy.
We would no as far as to say thai il could
it . il co. exist with a hostile or evi-u an indif
ferent state of feeling. It is the con-cious.
ni'-.- of o.ir affinity which leads us to take
an eager interest iu these th'ligs, just as a
man must be very nearly co.iiiieted with
us in some vv.iv or other belore we feel an
noyed by the cat .f his coat or the inaccura
cy of his pronunciation.
AltnlV.W. Or Ot'.U-.ST.M. C I II ! sl Tl ES.
liarque lietijumii. Adam, t'apt. Cornish, ar
rived this in oi-1 . ! i i : trom
the llolv Land.
She biiu.'s quite a number of aitieles iroui
I the citv of Jerusalem ; amongst w Inch are
an Arab d mdi and other agricultural implement-,
which are dc.-tine.l L.r the Crys
tal Palace exhibition. Tin Captain ha- a-moug-t
his collection of e.u io-iiies canes
fnm the bauksof Jordan, four Svii.ui .i-.ii-kevs,
branci.is from the M mi.t of O'iic
and Cellars of Libation, and l.rt, though
not lea.-t. some of the hu-ks. which are sta
ted to be of the kind that the "prodigal
son " would fain have fed up-ni, and no man
eavc untj nun .-
PnPI I.ATIi'N OF Tckkev. The popula
tion of Turkey in Ashi is 1 J.Tt'0,"(U', aud
that of Turkey iu Europe loVVIO.iMltl ma
king a total uf nearly :3!','i(0,OiiO; nearly
equal to the population of France, although
tlie countrv is not so thickly settled. 'I lie
I i ! : .1.. ".).... l.i , .l,.t ,.f
popUiaiSOIl u. Iiu-si.; in.-.ii -t-.m-.v. s.
Oc jfapan (tvpebitioit.
FROM THK JAPAN SQCADRON.
V.'c have much gratification in lajing be
fore our readers the subjoined very interest
ing extracts from a despatch received at
the Navy Department from Coin. M. C.
Perry, eonimaudiug L'ntted States East In
dia squadron, dated at Napa, Island of Lo j
Choo, June 'Jo,
I cannot in the space of a letter give a
full description of the limin Islands, aud
therefore beg to refer to the aceoiupauyiug
extracts from my rough journal.
' Lt'i arts ftin the V.nuli Journal nf Cum-
' motion' JV v.
The Uonin i.dands extend in a direction
nearly north and souih, between the lati
tudes of "tl dcg. 30 min. aud X deg. -1"
mi u. north the centre line of the group be
ing in longitude about 14V. deg. lo min.
The principal i-land-, and indeed, all of
them have been named by lietchey, of Ler
Majesty's ship " IJlossom."
'J he northern clu-ter he called " Parry's
Croup;" to the middle cluster, consisting of
three larger islands, he gave the names res
pectively" of "Peel," " liiickland," and
' Stapleton ;" and the southern cluster he
called " Raily's Islands.''
To the principal port of the island he
gave the name ol '' Lloyd."
The islands are apparently volcanic, the
internal tires being still at work, as Mr. Sa
vory, the oldest surviving settler on the is.
land, informed me that they experienced
two or three tremblings of the earth every
'1 he islands, headlands, and detached
rocks, present the ino-t grotesque forms,
exhibiting the appearances of castles, towers,
animals, and almost every hideous thing
conceivable lo the imagination.
These geological formations must be of
great antiquity, as we noticed numerous
catial-liku passages in the cliffs, as one
might suppose hcwii out by the work of a
chisel, but they have evidently been dykes
produced by the overflowing mid cooling of
the lava, and then smoothed by the abra
siou or attrition of the torrents, whieh are
precipitated in the rainy season down the
sides uf the mountains towards the sea.
These dykes, in many parts of the island,
where the action of the w ater-courses, assis
ted by the atmosphere, has not produced
any material change, still retain their pecu
liar step-like formation, and the observer
might well imagine that he was gazing upon
a series of steps cut by the hand of man in
the solid rock to facilitate his decent and
a-eeiit to and from tnu summits ol the
Indeed, I know of no part of the world
which can offer greater interest to the re
search, 's of the geologist than these islands
present. They are, of course, of trnppean
formation, as naturally connected with their
volcanic origin; but I am not sufficiently
acquainted with niinfra'.ogy to distinguish
the scleral varieties of w hich the masses
are composed, though specimens have been
procured for the examination of the scien
tific. Port Lloyd is situated on the western
side, and nearly in the centre of Pee! is
land. It is ea-y of ingress and egress, and
may be considered a safe and commodious
harbor, though of deep anchorage, ships us
ually r.uchoring iu from 1" to - - fathoms.
The port is laid down in U.'cchey's chart
to be in latitude -7 dog. 5 min. It'i see.
l". th. and I I- deg II min. 3.t sec. cast
longitude. This position is, I e mceivc, er
roneous, as, by two sets uf observations
made by tlie master of the Su-quehauua,
the longitude was found to be 1 1',' dc. Id
min. sec. ca-t, five miles more to the cast
than Rcechey makes it.
The safest anchorage is t be found 83
high up the harbor a a ship can conveni
ently go, having regard to the depth, and
room for swinging and veering cable.
Strangers can ca-ily discover by examina
tion the prop.-r position n which they can
warp their ships.
Reechev's direction for entering the port
siv rutVtci. nt'.y e i ,cit. Ca-tlc island, which
he speaks of, is ea-ily distinguished, and
furnishes a good mark; the starboard shore
or southern head should be kept aboard,
clearing it oue or two cables to avoid a
small lock, lying about loo or '.' u' yards
from the bluff, and having upon it only 8
feet at low water.
1 have caused the letter Si in a circle to
be painted ou the bluff of southern head
to maik the bearing of the rock duo nori'u
from said mark (S).
Wood and water call be obtained in abun
dance, though the former mu-t be cut by
the crew, and, of course, taken on bjard
green. The water is obtained from running
streams, : !i 1 is of goo 1 quality.
The f.-iv settler- still remaining ou Peel
island the other islands being uninhabited
raise consider able qua uti ties of sweet pota
toes, Indian corn, onion-, uro, and a. few
fruits, the most abundant of which arc wa
termelons, bananas, and pine apples ; a few
pig. and .some poultry are also raised. For
these they find ready sale to the whale ships
constantly touching at the port for water
and other supplies, l'uriug the four days
we were at aneliorat Fori Lloyd, three whale
men, two American and one English, com
municated by mean- of their boats wiiii the
si itlemeiit, and carried away many supplies
procured generally in exchange (or articles,
. t whieh ardent spirits arc the most accept
able o many of the setticrs.
Were it not for the seareity of working
hands, a much greater c xlent of land would
be cultivated. At pre-mt there cannot bo
more than 130 acre- under cultivation iu
the whole island, and this in detached spots,
!.-cnerally at the aeawar I lermiuatiou of ra
1 vines f.irnisiiing fresh water, or upon pla
teaus of land near the harbor.
The sod is of excellent quality for culii
vation, verv much resembling that of Ma
deira and "the Canary i-land-, (the latter
heing in lb same parallel of latitude,) aud
consequently is admirably adapted for tha
cultivation of t'au vine, aud of wheat, tolac
' mrar-e-xee. aul nary ctr.tr Ubi