CKAHIjOTTE, O., DECEMBER G, 1853,
HOLT ON &. WILLIAMSON,
EDITORS AMI PllOlTUETOIlb.
T El IMS:
The North-Ctrolina W'liijf will tie afforded to
nibacribera at TWO DOl.l.A list in advance, or
TWO DOLLARS AND HKTY CUNTS if pay.
Hu nt be ill luyed tor three iiioiiths, and Tllli I V.
lOl..AKM at the end t' the year. No paper will
be discontinued unli! all arrcaragea are paid, fx-t-cpt
at the option of the Editora.
Advcrtiecmatita ineerlod at One Dollar -r square
,lti Intel nr liaa, thia ei7ajd type; for the firat inser
tion, und Uo ecltta tor caoh continuanie. (4urt ad
tcrtiaciiK'ula and NktiIV'b Sale, charged Ui per
c lit. higher; ami deduction of 33 per mil. w ill
be made from the regular prte.ee, for adverlnu-ra by
the. year. Advcrtiaeincute meerted monthly or
quarterly, at II per cU..re for each timr. Semi,
inontlily 75 c ntiuer square for each time.
Jl r All lettcre on bueineea moat Ik directed to
the Kditora. Letter, inuat be poat-paid or the
w ill not be altcnil'U to.'
ir rayinrnla ean be Made t cither.
1 1" 1'oiiliiii.alerp arc authorized to art a. amenta.
AKOI.I A INN.
BY JKNNINUS U. KKHK,
1 1nitial tr, .I.!'.
y,h,uy is ic..3. 3 r
It V W.M. II. (.K A VT.
iiHCohitotfy ,1 4"., SHU Open.
f'T havmtf h-rn riorit d to pome fxUnt m Un
urrou.Hl 11 rtintie. lh( h ftJH.t- rffttilh
tit. tit m clo it, ; aiiU no it u'l t v (dinf la-ftti f
rt.S'af-lrf Jlh" iltrftl rf lirfffor lititt!" t Im iltrl l
n-s ff (iHorin nf I ' f-mn 'initu V ! ''g" "t'l ti
ff nf ut r-pff! t t m. ''hrk Ml Wtrrn'ti!
lor il fton w it it f i p-ri'-nr- 01 in'tn' I r ti
)f-ir in ih tHiin- h sfil ii ii'
I sirrtftfiti I.Vr;g ialn'y Ir hi !tJ im( mi of ntl
Utii il.ittrnt, f I ftMlirgd iH-tt ll'ft Urlll
rnU not Iravff fli4tinti'i ,
1? S Jf (HN.-O.V. I
ih.xj 111" tlifoflftit hit III tvia
utd ihe jniM.r f riMTn't, thai h
f,- fi-p-n-'y f-ft d riir.. H fur
tni!Hnf t.n V y Mn "r-fi. in 'hr m ,
p-K.fluM . i Win lirn'-i't, of tl Mt(tv
V . ' If t.tf r :bf If pf t J mn iliio.iw ftt
tFf.titfn lo hi Hutif!- t rrni'rr Hie rat dU li o' all
hfl ff t ti'tt rNiniftir tifhtr1 tiJ Pfj'f. ab . 11".
ana trafetl njf m 'In iit-.(tin, und .lii"f io
M-nd ft trw r!ii;. rfl, nr ritnntit, to 'hr pit tun!
ilh(e of Lenoir, i4 hi hoy a jh4iit
f 1 rtlj 0J' a
a. K. HAiLi:i:.
h 4 I-'-!
en ii'..n vv'.v, s. c.
K M!ff'ff (f" Ff',p' I'll' T l It
riif.tlit he hi UkMt l temoi inn a
b"V MO I f- 1. inilihwHl' Kn or the
rt r-j! tnn f.f H'"rii attfi !ralera (lwfii lh
2Vft tfia .nl an I this tat pilnn!"'f. "I iti lun a
tU!ihrd an 1 nr!l fcnon IIuuim. haa ii-nlrroiiP
th'iroogh alt rjttnit ti fiii jj'huii, unit fifntaliid wrh
hew ami !t,j -Hl-lff fotiniuf, and heui a'lua'rd
m tha rooir- nf huainf and in lii" ni't Uh on
aN'a part of ihe nty, aohci'a a rati from tier nnoia
roo trit.ili ti.t! I on i uir p4tr4n ot the llour ; a-.d
itl in miit'ii mn, 'tO'liinf wi.l in ftH iindone
pin hr part to i.k a ttietu . t"nrthla mU'.U in lte
MBS. A. J. KKNNHUV.
FMl'IK Hranrrt nT Ilt Mid Hank hae hern re
ft intifd Irnin r imt' II iihimf lo thf 'Hi e un
liiu earner l lr AhnM'a Int. M tn etre.-t
T1IOS. W. hKWKY, (nhier.
'1 I f f I.I, pr' ti- e mi tera Ih hiifg and I'ta and ;
WW aifjinitnf t tMinti and prftwpro'e II "in. j
f l.ind ad -on 1 tim. tfi Joho-ton
h i k tfuihli g hrtwren K'Ti llilfj iitd toe feci
tifTi-m, itfi al-ir
January IH X f'2- j
F II K eiHrnir Mop td I'm A, 1 ":rfeH ia ihta
m ila dtadtfrd i"il-ual rnnenl, AM ti
anii liiH 'hl'-d to the iatf fi,in e nqoeted to ni tk' ,
Kiunriii ite ae'tli'iti' nt nli tha iihm r itwr, who a
one ia anthorix d lo Mtule ilia aame
C. J. FOX.
September I, I.i3 3 ill
'I ol ami t Ikm .
g IIILWINi; Tolme.o of the mo.t ii run
; brnil U t in the St.ite. f'i(.ir. unpilir.
I' i ii. I'nr .le !
rui i rii aui k '.j.iwi:i.i
7iin luna V ''i'ri:i,'.
Ottnhrr H, l-O.'t.
Bio.m ti.wh. i t;iil'i oi.i.Aii.s t iiinn: ;
i.fl" , I'.iilniileeiri'., Vt, II iMrikarebiel.ia,
the tirgn4 Rl)t fieiat "lnek in iba St.ie.
IltWIN, llt'tHJINS X. CO. j
llittiiplon'a Va-ti'llibl' Tiiu liirt'.
nHK,Vi;il.V Krleln-a'ed fur lt wiuii!nrlii
tT i-1, in tbe iB'p i-t Srfof.ilo in rfi't an . ami
H I nimiitiea ol' ib MI'M.d, j i-l fe eived a- il 'or
b PKI IVIlAkli ,V l .M.liVV Kl.l .
M IN B7if
1 "Mini". VcBt'iiiblf I.OhroiilriplH'.
' Mil: (rr.in.t nietl Cue it the at" fur ae!
ami irhrr da aa of Ihe oriii.iy orKn-.
1 y it, anj yon tlt n .e ln .itboii' it. r'nr -ale
i'lil li llAUD .V CAI.IIWKI.I,.
U 1 P R'
I R. Him; Kits' Liverwort, Tar St Chauelial-i.
inii, Cur Ibr euro nf ( 'onaiiniptmii, nroiit-hi.
'', r,,U,,,, ,,1,1., & r-i , ., H,r ..Ii- by
I'hy.ici.ina A Driit'L'iita.
1 , 1 "1 -l.-tt'
PASS THIS OVER, !
HAM) ITTO VOMl Ni: I (.11 no its,
LKT .very on. know, Ih.i Ft'LI.INCS CO.
will have a neat STORK athernar they go,
id not only thai. Ibav Hl-.l.l, (sOOl)S very LOW,
and every one ia .aii-fied hal Ihi. i. jtut .; an,
now kind reader, a. we've had a Intle bnw. ! ihink
I'll quil and (ii in work, fur thai I've gut lo d.i, b
c.u a we hav. been moving iiiio our
mil dimr ! Sd!e''a Srm li-t-ct, whera we have a
rid a la'fa (win, a fins tin k of
compriiitig eieryitiin. Hiat I. to b. loui.d in a
Genlemen'i Furnishing House,
id wtiteti we wooUt invite y our altenilon bafere
&cll &ooh Job),
would h lel'mg ) on n m ra than tFTar? one
knuwa. Hu ill ana h it- iff at Mot k
v r I vn rv r hid. at tric m low th I i i tioi
Nil lo pr0 i-vftty our nl in ciifluiion we ivilf
ay lo you. oi.e d nil. liat ihm-k sou ftt
your p I "in a jf ttlnrirn nmtnej upon m hho
v(i U-ett with yu ; und if fmr nd hinmfnbia
tirnhf't;, lo pf if anfl good gai(la. will i.itrc ft
rnniinu'": of th- arn-. il ul bo dou it if to
inatinituih !gn at
11 LUNGS A CO.
Aug'i.t, IC, 'j'i !
iioit aii eV nuins
5N Y t '!( H H e pnhiic kcio rail, , tuat the) ate aiiii
c' r in? ffi h
s a tlirir c ii a'trrl, one Hour No. IN ul ih- .!). whfrp
ihi y arr fr-tafd i rit-ru'r ah ofrtern in ilirir line
at ihe li -ft eat no f-o. T'tfT hae on hand
Sidrlioaids, Hurcaus, Sofas,
. " 13 .oe 52 D
They I'lli.-m Ihe j. til. nr. ti.ai the have p'irc-batid
1 ha r'g i' ol tnt eooiit r In' nii.ii'-iii'ii'f !e
t mii arc nnw pteaFtd fa lormh ihun n afy nn
Tjit irr(rrijiiif f m ,. 1 -r l ' (t.r o'd -1 y x b-pth
a- rt-pa'di ritn-f ri rl fftri I t in Itrtt f tip at d
il,ki . n. Toe (! a mi a I per-mia limn
li'lMoginp mi 1 In if t'jjht. a Uir will ttrUinly
i f e'lht-ffl nrfaioot aty niir m ho fnav ni m.
I S H ( NS luni'-hfj ( the htifel nutica
i and n the in" eainahl irmia.
I rha-lot a, N. pi4titb. 31 r f
niAMIiEllS, JEFFEItS k CO,
1 1 . i it 1. 1: s to. i , v.
1.4 H r. unrfert, jMif,-) l leiiee lo r.ltirn iMrfc. to
!.5(rnnn;f, a n tj iii'ntm t'ii lhl fhr till rnntiitI3
the (unea ae heretofore and ho'd theniaiT r-a
dr to n theif fftri'dfl and aii who ni.t 'wot
l hfiil w i ' I c-'tia riMiri.tu nf hot oeae to (lie h- at f
fh- r ik'Uaofl ahthtf and that no rff rftou their
pift, Will In- taat-ttr to ij'T" a iat ton.
( IIAMIiKIi., JKFFERS k CO.
Charl. .I..H. .-. I .. J I -J i?:3 l!7lt
RANKIN, PULLIABI k CO.,
IMfdin lilts AV Wllii.KAI.E I'r.Al.K!: IX
Fo.e': et Domestic, Sale & Farcy
,o. i:tl, ,1lt ling SHtet,
i iiAi:l.i in. c.
W. D. Koais of A-iietil;. f.
R W. I i i i i.h 1. 1, of -
P. 1 1 a'lWH I. t.'e Ol ta'Ofg!.
A I' ?MirM i.lr ol Aheille, . ('.
AT . 1 1 .i : ii' mil mo hi:,
m r.xii an n'rv; i.im-mknc,
I'r HH V It V lS IN Kti.l.r.H.
I It (.1 VxUT -i I I Ai I t K VKI.I.OVV
1MM K AMI SAKSAl'll L,
I IT.I.'Jt SAKSI'AlOt.l.A.
WKTKK'il IIM.StM w ll.li II K'i II V.
DM.I.KV'S WM.Ii 'A I. I'AIN rXTKVIOIt,
I U(. Hi Mil- UMA (.r.lt H A.N 1, 1 1 Tr US
I K .i. . . r 1 1 A Ii D A' H K ean
not be.qi.lltd in ihe TM-n.
IKWIN, llLdfilNS i CO ,
tV-, 1, it amie K"W,
3IAKC II fc HLACK
( MIDI I ..! lll.ltt II A I S
COLVMliJA, S. C.
T !,(, 5 i vp thi-ir p rno a Hen ion In the pa se
Y W oft ollmt. Baron, Klniir and Cori', rind wH
mt u atlend to hnv m( anv il arripiin oi Merchand t
n renaonahh leriita, and an t it a thure ot pafon
gm I mtn ( harhj ia a till the urrfointiinp ronn'rv.
T. II MAUl II. J. A. BLA''Kf JK.
RKrt'.Kf ;"X I.H
... J Imali.n. J hn Uelia, VV. W. Klmv
tVonterat r,ipv until loronf.
I I HI.IS l.l.-i Siflc ul
at - -
w aim a . ix -'jj
vn,,l, ( ..oi l. rink a. d oibei 111
Mai. no t "-i.
unviN, im.NiNs k co.
aje 4. t I s 1 1 tt l. ol new ann wen eiennea
ft f IF W II K A I'. l my M'l1' 10 mile. telow
t lioriotie. weiglime "' ' '' poiioila lo
ibebii.lul 'I be V Int. Hie .May and Ihu Wbiio
b.l.l.il W beet pnl.inil I'orwbull Hie l'AII
will le pi'd.
Aii'iinl 3(1. 3,111
F 1 0 K Note, and Arcnnma due the late firm of
1 Vnaa. & t'n . bavn been plaeed in my
hai'de lor eiillei lliio. ami inn.e inilebie.l lo a nd firm
Vtl'S I' not eipnct longer indulgence, a. llt'AN
NOl' be eiteu.
J, P. SMITH,
j Jly IN. H53 '
4 I.I. tl'o.e lliai do not P"T tli'tr Town Tale, by
Ihe I'llh in.tant, will hae l py eoat wiih
out reajwet of iram.
S. A. H fUUq, Til.- Col'o-tnr.
To Exfri.i.KNCT, David S. Rein:
St'r; When tbo ConiBion School ijstern
of North Carolina was first adopted we all
begaD to congratulate ourselves on a bar
gain w hich had not been made, to wit, thit
the State or the law was to take off our
liatidi all the trouble of educating our chil
dren. It wan considered that nobody now bad
an thing to do in the premise ; a machine
: had been invented aud started that would
catch up all the ignorance and manufacture
it into intelligence, would run of it, own ac
cord, keep iUelf regulated, mend itself,
bring the raw article to its doom, put it in
the mills bj its own inherent power, and
regulate its motion and its arrangements
bv its own volition. Wonderful machine!
Such an engine nerer had been seen before,
nor will sjidi a perpetual motion, instinct
with reason, memory and a witc forecast ev
er be invented by man. All his inventions
need his nursing care to make thcni useful;
and of all others this ia most needed by a
system designed to enlighten, to moralize,
aud to fit for the trusts and responsibilities
of men and women the rising generation of
a great Republic.
For one I would not voluntarily live un
der any government that would lake niT my
hands the care of educating my children ;
of the cot, so far as money is to be paid, I
would willingly be relieved, but of the cot
of c.rc and oversight, never would 1 con
sent to be discharged.
A government having such a power would
be an intolerable despotism.
Your F.icelleticy, having much experi
ence of human nature, will doubtless agree
with me in one conclusion, namely, tlmt it is
a liander on our race to ray that the
lo-.e of money is the ruling passion. Coun
ting by heads, few, very lew of the human
family sell themselves to the sordid pas-ion
of gain merely for the sake of gain ; the
great majority are socking cae, pleasure,
to get rid of that doom pronounced on Adam
and every on of his to make tln ir bread by
the sweat of their brow. To be aide to get
relieved of trouble, in s line way, i- the great
aim of a vast majority of mankind ; and in
liming at this goal, or rather at the goal of
happiness, they forget what re;il!y consti
tutes the pleasures of immortal beings.
'iod made liibor our duty, and as he is
all bencliccncc he made our duty o ir happi
ness. F.very trouble he impo.-es on us is
really a blessing; and if our children, like
brutes, could take care of themselves as
s.mr as boru, there would be no such thing
a family tie, filial reverence, frnternal af
fection or conjugal love and iidehty.
Nevertheless, without reasoning on this
sujeet we were disposed to rej dic at the
nu.itakcn idea that the State had taken from
us ail the care of educating our children;
and acting on this fatal notion we were ail iu-di-p'ised
to do any thing to promote the suc
cess of the schools, and deemed it a greit
hatd-l.iji to be called on to act as Committee-men.
When specially required to per
form any duty we murmured, exclaiming
in bitter disappointment, "1 thought the
State bad taken this trouble off tnv hands
it's an outrage to have to le troubled in this
way when others are as much interctcd as
1 am !"
Yes, it was considered an outrage to have
to look after the education of our own chil
dren to have to be troubled with the regu
lating of school", the repair of sehri d-hou-es,
the selection of good teachers, the settling of
di-putes, and the oversight of the schools
where our own precious offspring were be
ing trained aud prepared for honor or infa
tnv ! It was tmbody s but)inc., it was the
State's link-out, ami if itco ild not regulate
these schools it ought to abandon tlietn.
Such was the universal feeling, an 1 the
State not being able to keep vvatrh at every
school house without having the most abso
lute power, and a revenue to spend in this
object, of ten millions a year, the school w ere
lelt to chance.
To do what we nnthoughtedly looked for
to watch vigilantly at the door of every
school-house, see specially to its manage
ment, without the aid of the parents them
selves, would cost more than the whole
amount paid to teachers. Rut is this the
language becoming freemen ! 1 write with
plainness I want people to consider.
What is the fundamental principle of our
government! That nil power is vested in
and derived from the people that the
lVoiiV ore the Llitvrntntciit.
Offices are created that their iincunibetits
may discharge certain duties which the peo
ple can delegate with convenience and safe
ty. You, Sir, perforin certain Kxeutivc du
ties, inconvenient to be petlorined by all the
pcojdc, and that can be safely entrusted to
you for a limited period. 1 act in like man
ner so act the Chairman of the Ccunty
Hoards, ,Vc , Ac, Hut ran you enforce the
law without the help of the pcple T Can
you send agents all over the State, spies in
to every neighborhood to take up criminals
for trial! The people, through their grand
juries, presentthem, the people must, through
the law, and by the aid of law officers, all
established by themselves, regulate their
own affairs. :
So with the schools the State can regu
late the general system, afford information
ami statistics, pass laws and establish of
ficers to execute them, &e., Ac, but still the
people must every where assist, must as
sume trouble, and must bring to bear, on
the officers of each school-house, an active,
wholesome public opinion. j
This cry about trouble is unworthy cf us I
a American citizens, unworthy of us as
men, unworthy of us as immortal and ac-:
We had our choice when erecting a form
of government; Ktirope afforded various
models, most of which relieved the people
of all public cares. We chose a new kind
of one, involving a perpetual series of
troubles to each citizen.
L'vrry four years we choose io be troub
led with the election of our hitfhnt magis
trate, the President of t!i whole country,
and in tick time and anxiety does it cost us
itji'tii tut no. jet tho. r'iit t.-.u'i ; every
i six yean our representatives, chosen by us,
I select our Senator?; every two yearti we
i are in great trouble to get the right man to
represent us in the popular branch of Con
gress ; every two yemra we have to listen to
speeches, aud read circulars, and go to
Rarbecues, and putt for them, to secure the
proper meu to act it our places iu the State
Legislature; every two years we take much
pains to find out anl have elected a good
lioveruor; every folr years wo overhaul our
Clerks ; every two years bring our Sheriffs
to a ircneral rerkonmi; before all the ceonle :'
and every year pa ou the Constables.
Then we all wlo read very properly
take the political pipers to see what our of -
. . .
Cccrs are about aud we discuss all public
matters and quarrjl over them from youth I inglorious ease ! This march at true ii.de
to age. Now weji.o.ld bav.e selected a form pendence ia somewhat toilsome ; there must
of government involving Done of thti trou
tle; we could have taken, lor instance, a
government like that of Russia, a country
which is just now attracting much attention.'
The people there are never troubled with
public matters; the entire responsibility of
affairs is throw, on a miserable beine called
the Czar or K.iperor, and a few unhappy
friuuls who institute the nobility. The
people have tninterrupted, profound, eter-
nal peace from Public quarrels and po-
public quarrels ami po
litieal squabiles ; and so careful is the gov
eminent of .heir ease that if any one, for
getful of hi comfort, in a fit of dyspepsia or
excitementof any kind, utters eveu a whis-
per, in bis chimney comer, concerning the
troubles o'the Slate or the condition of pub-
lie affairs, he is immediately dragged from
his faint y and beat to death with'rods or
i . i .ii- . I. . r .re:
bena, U cool and congeal in that purgatory
Thus careful is the government of thc
ease o the reonle : and it troes even farther.
i n . n. .1 '!.,. ..I 1..1 :.l.
n 1111 H 1 I III II I, I III W lilt III LI UL' 1HIUU1I-U II I
. ,, u-..: . .t.. ...
an co icauon at an, nor io ui uise iijoir uraitis
with atudy or burden their minds with idea..
No, thev, the people, are in the happy con
dition of our mules und horses, having no
thing to do but to work and eat coarse food,
to IL'iit and be .vntra.
v . .1 t : i,.
e thoti'lit this was not the highest con-
I . i.,i :.,
c i 1 1 iod ot bunian uaptJiuess; we selected, iu
preference, a form of rrovernnicnt involving
, r V ... .. i .-
on each citizen, the perpetual series of trou
bles before alluded to; and he is unworthy
to enjoy the privileges of that government
and unt.t to be one of its free citizens, who
will net cheerfully assume all its troubles,
i.:..i:..i ,i.. .,1 ,;..,AS .ti.n-. it,-,,.
III U(l 1 1'liC j a oi'iL.-iiii'i unit-, faiu'i mau
, f . , r re
submit to the uiUimou.s ease of a serf ot
And chiefest of its responsibilities, the
. ... ,. i.ii . ,-,;iv. .n
greatest in its resilts. and the least difficult,
" , it- j .i
so far as mere labor u concerned, is the
, , e ..ii
rroptr eouratioa a training ot our chil-
drei, ; this is thc imtur .mu,i,an, the one
thing upon which the maintenance aud use-
fulness of our free irstitutions depends more
than on all our other public burdens and
troubles put together. If the men and wo
men of the State ire enlightened and noble
minded it makes icry little difference what
party succeeds, oi who is ejected, the State
will be happy, j ru-perous und powerful ; if
all the men and w omen grow up in igno
rance, vice and idleness, elections and par
ties wiil be powerless for good, and the rc
public will decny md give way to despotism.
If we cannot sint and uphold a system
of Common Sehotls, could we have begun
and maintained a Republic as our fathers
did ! The whole world was against them
they were a few feeble colonists, with no
name or influence among mankind, and sur
rounded with ouo universal night of despot
ic pow- i, vigilart, aggressive and threaten
ing. And when l lie y began the experiment of
a common government, for t lie
good, to be adninistercd by the people, ten
thousand new and -tartlingdilbculties sprung
up in their path, unseen before
th.'re be a unaniiaitv of opinion on any sub
ject, while even the father of his country
himself, the ineonparable Washington, was
often oppo-ed in opinion by his L'i;hLst offi
cers, lhd they Jo as some propose to do
with our Common Schools because there are
difficulties and disputes and various opin
ions' Hid they, iu a pet or in a it of un
inanlv and uiireptibliean timidity, declare
they ought to giie up the government and
(all back ou a King! I hat government
has descended to us. now powerful, re-pect-
ed "and feared ; would we have had the
nerve to have imitated, or f unioei and
maintained it, as did the men of If
we believe wc canuot carry on our Common
Schools if, on a.Hount of differences of
opinion or little difficulties, we abandon the
. i - i i . I e... ..1. .. . j I t
unceitakiiig, we declare, tniorc me woriu.,
that we, the people, aro incapable of sell-
government our Declaration of Rights be-
comes a solemn mockery, and our Constitu-
lions unmeaning riddles, since the spirit that
coticeived is no longer here to interpret
In another respect wc also most solemnly
belie ourselves, and are sitting for a most
humiliating picture in history. As politic!-
ans wiiea we wniit to c promoicu we
.us mn a o- ..-.i. .. w...v..v
universally profess unbounded confidence, in
and respect I t the people ; aud iu all polit-
: . -it :.. .1 .... :. .. . t ....
.cm au.i.rs lucre is now n io iu un- anionS
us to see who can say and do most to place
thc government on a pure republican ba.is.
Ail parties claim the honor or l.emg the
people's parties ; and yet, at this very time,
in our acts and words we are, some of n , de
claring the people unfit lo manage! a system
of elementary education, and some even get
tunous and denounce those oi us who insist
tliat the people can, ought to, and niut car
ry on a system of republican or Common
In the language of the politicians might
I not exclaim, "Ob, shame, where is
thy blush!"' Will it be believed, in history,
that any one from the same stump or place
of harancue could proclaim himself a can
didate for popular favor on the ground that
he was a people's man, for letting the peo
ple r ile, ami thru denounce a system of
Common Schools, and declare war on them
because, as they were public Schools, man
aged by the people at large, they never
could prosper or be any thing else but a
nuisance. 1 bat " coum enlarge aim cxpa-.
(into on the I eauties of
a joverinieut a-!
d by th'. po 'pi pi
do all he could to destroy the confidence of French Artillery : One important nn
the people in themselves; aud instead of j na-uvre executed by the French artillery, at
oti.npiirfinfi lliAin ! ..ft,. .4.. a : ...
encouraging them iu their efforts to improve
a system ol common government tor com
mon good, make himself an effective cham
pion of King-craft by helping to confuse,
misrepresent and destroy a people's effort at
common improvement, because administered
by the people ! That he could, from the
same rostrum, still resonant with his loud
protestations of love for the people, make a
deadly and insidious thrust at their most
vital interests niL-e a mortal efT,,rr in
strike them down in the very hour of dcliv-'
"at.ee, by arresting them iu their march
: m the bondage and the flesh-pots of
- I' i i" i .
r'K3pt u' enu tliem nacs to darkness andii'
be se'f-denials and compromises of opinions
there must be watchings and labors, pa-
ticntly performed, and endured by all.
There is a duty for every body dis-
charge-there is a sacrifice that every 0I1C
niust make. Wc n;u-t not ask exemption
from trouble ; the trouble of self-government
"'"1 of popular improvement is a freeman's
pleasure. It is a duty which we owe to the
Spring which we bring into the world ;
and if we refuse to be troubled with eflorts
to start them on a career of virtue and bap
pincss we will have to face them as witness
es against us at that Tribunal before which
every nia" f-'O'c an account of the
done in the body. It is a duty wc
owe to J0d, our beneficent Creator, who
endowed us with reason and immortal
'juls ! w? w"e not made for mere brute in-
rl ill n nnn lint n ft arl u i I Ii f li rvlnrimi.t t'-iiwh!
y of humbly serving the Almighty liuler of
Heaven and f.artl. by acting as builders in
the eternal Temple of Light. If we refuse
so to build, then we scatter with the de-
strover : mid we mnt InrtL- tint for aehilrl'. '
, ....... .. ... .. w , ,
reward and n r.ls,-.. in the Ktl.,'.
-- - i -
oi many matiMons, but lor everlast.og pen- , - h- - t
ance in the realm, of darkness. It is a du-1 ,urn- nJ lh,s to0' 1,1 a rouSb' u,levcD
ty we owe to ourselves and country ; andiroun
while we claim the proud title of freemen it I
is a shame to us to talk of trouble in con- Lor.p I'almlii&ton on National Fasts.
ucction with the education of our children.
, , ,
Our liberties uo not depend on our rulers
. . .
but on ourselves ; it we will assume the
trouble of raising our children right, there ! an imjuiry whether a national fast, on ae
is co earthly potentate or politician we need j count of the visitations of cholera, was to be
to fear; if we allow them to grow up effem- ; appointed. His lordship, aftir referring to
iuate with indulgence, debauched with lux- the laws of nature, concludes, "Lord I'al
urious ease, anJ prizing nothing but money mcrston would, therefore, suggest that the
and pleasure, then the days of our Republic best course which the people of this country
are elided anil we are. its destroyers,
... , ,'
We think if wc can only make money we
will be independent ; and if we would be-
"tow just a trifle of the pains incurred for
, .. .. r
this on the education and training of our
. . '. . .. . .
children, wetuould sooner attain our euu.
' What cnn.titu.e. a State '
... '"'' U-m.nt, or UWed ,iil,
iiuc ; wdiior ino.iea pi.ie ;
Not bays and broad armed ports,
iV lure, l.iuLrhinir at the aforni, rich navica ride :
v. , rf , i j
.Net sl.trri-d and ap inpled courts,
Wh.-re low-bound b1Seur. wifta perfume to
.Nu ! men, high. minded men,
illi kuvitr as fir iihuic Juil hruleg endued
in forest, brake or den,
A-t be.ist excel cold rocks and bratnbhs ruth ;
Ah n, who their iira know,
Hut snow their riiAie, and knowing, dare mtmttatn ,
Trident the lone-aimed blow,
Antl crush thelynnt while thiy rend the chain.
Thmr constitute a Slate ;
And aovereipn h.w, fi Stalr't toUrtted rill.
O'er throiieh and plolns elate
Sits Kiiipress, c.-uwniiig good, repressing ill."
The management of our Common School
system can be carried on as our State is
coveriied. J here can be and oujht to b
single executive head, exercising a general
e- : . SJ s-
supervision, diffusing information, collecting
statistics and making stated reports ot the
progress and condition of the whole system ;
ulld troiii h;m the government should radi
ate down to County officers, to neighbor
c A;c all artiu in concert parts ot the l nion lurnisli iron, but i eiin
.'" ' ,. r- i i. ;.. .1.. !..,. ..,.1
ami under one direction, liut alter a.l lias
been done that can be done in this respect, of specimens. .North Carolina turni-hes
there is a duty for every man to perform, handsome specimens of phosphate; silver
just as he has 'a scries of labors in conncc- res from South America, Mexico, and K.u
tion with the government of thc State. r'"T-"' 1,11 1,01,0 fr tlle States, ex
There must be a healthy state of public 'T' connection with lead. California is
opinion in every neighborhood ; every school- the only State which sends an ore of quick
house must be watched, and every teacher silver,
rewarded by the people themselves. They
mu-t have the Pistricts properly laid off, to
suit the general eotiveni.-nce, and the houses
l,,cated in tl
right places; they must
houses are comfortable to
aud not miserable purgato-
tce t,at these
ri, s calculated to make the tenants hate the
very name of School. They must let the
cI,il',tr-n know th-t they are cared for, and
that the school and teachers to which t: v
art, scnt aro respected bv the parents.
.... . .
bey must also let the teacher know that
p0lJa account of his actions will be looked
f,,r ; anJ tK.j mut ao as they have learned
; f,.0, their lather's to do in respect to the
'government, (lifter about its management,
depute aud contend each one for his own
j wav, but o, iiiirr consider these differ-
om.e, 0f opinion as a reason for giving up
the government or the Coiiiiiiou Schools.
j Kor one I wanour Republic, in its U tter
aua ,,lrlt to stand while tune endure. ; tor
j anil spirir. to sianu wune nine i-uuuec- ; iui
i 01iei I believe its stability depends on the
j intelligence and virtue of the people, and
,lat p0j,Uar intelligence, as tl.e History ot
j n. world shows, can only be fully promoted
),v ( ,, S vVns which throw the bur-!
. . . ... , , . r
',. f education on all according to their-
moaI14, a,,J uke education cheap" to all ex- 1
; cept tlie very rich.
And lasth, I believe no t omiiion .Schools
cari flourish unless the people are willing to
t :l i c trouble on themselves in tins connec-
tiou, and that it is unworthy of freemen to
refuse to be troubled with the training of
their children, the hope of the State, and a
trust thev have as-umed before (iod to man
age with unceasing care.
With much respect,
C. 11 Wll.KY.
Mot sTAeiiKS. A man with a bugo mom
lat he presented himself as a witness before
the ti raud J ury of a county of Illinois. The
foreman was a gentleman of strong preju
dices, and evinced a peculiar antipathy to
such appendages, as he directed the witness
i pass , ouiai - -"... -
"ev ; tn.-n u't-lsr -?V - i tt ' ' - i.: i
1 1. 1.
the eamp of Yincenncs, is thus described
by a millitary correspondent of the London
"The concluding mantmvre was particu
larly important and interesting, being inten
ded to ahow how a division of an army
might be fully protected by its artillery in
case of on impending disa.-tcr, like that of
. "The colonel baring formed the whole of
n'1 e,gnt oaueries in a nouow square, snow
I nmlnotirtn u illun it In m-1
End a certain
- " ' "
itnessing the ma
noeuvre from the redoubt on one sido, the
eye became bewildered at the apparent con
tusion, some of the batteries moving forward.
some backward, dud erosing each other io
" " " , 'V
Prcd most explicable. Hut ,n a few
! "conds the des.gn became apparent, and
811 inr-red.ble short . .pare ot tunc the
"I"'"" for'cd P-rf.-i.-tly. and hre com-
""n ,ro'" ' "j
! ?u ? l',r"k this rniidable square, fillrd
lJ thc tronf.- "1,h !" interval bctw
iTerJ' gun bristling with the bayonets
in.. in,., iiuio.iii unheals. Mii.ti i'ni.u
keeping up an unremitting fire of musketry
and mitraillc ! Jo make held artillurv ri-
val horse artillery in tbo celerity of their
movements, shows a great improvement in
this arm ; but to niaineurre it in large mass
es with the sanii! facility as infantry, is a
new triumph of military science, which re
flects high credit on the officers, as will as
upon the intelligence and diciplinc of the
! " J J - ,
j . ...... .. .......
lions executed with so much precision and
celerity, must bo struck with the difficulty
in preserving, the regular distmees between
! toe guns ana their accompanying ammtim-
.- . n i .
The presbytery of lidinlur? have re-
. , '. , -. . . , , . ,
ceivea with nnnglcu astonishment and grief
i . . fc . .. .
: a letter lrom Jjonl J almerston, in renlv to
can pursue to deserve that the further pro-
1 gaess of the ch dera be staved will be to
employ the interval that will elapse between
the present time and the bcumiim; of the
. , i .
next sprinir in plannmtr and cxerutini: tneas-
. f. . v. . , . . .
: ures by which those portions ot their towns
' nd cities which are inbuLntcd by tue poor-
; est classes, and which, from tl.e nature of
filings, must most neeu piirineniien ana ini-
provement, may be free from those causes
, e ' . - i i - r 1 1 i
and sources of contai-ion which, if allowed
to remain, will infallibly breed pestilence,
j and be fruitful in ue-ith, in spite of all the
prayers and fastings of a united but inact've
nation. When man has done his utmost tor
his own safety, then is the time to invoke
the blessings of Heaven to give effect to his
MlNi-tlALS AT THE CRYSTAL PaI.AiT.
The miner alogical portion of the Crystal
Palace is attracting much attention. The
Journal of Commerce says :
" Ne-.v Hampshire is the only State that
faruishos tin. Cobalt ores and bismuth an:
. , . , , . , .
exhibited from Connecticut, and cobalt from
Maryland; chroni from Pennsylvania and
Maryland, and the new mineral called Nick
el, in the manufacture of German silver,
gives interest to everv discovery of it. All
.""'-' "' "e uu u am. ,..u. ,t
HrNiiAiUANs inn Tcukly Some sixty
Hungarian exiles have held meeting, in
New-Y'ork city, and resolved that political
affairs in Kurope have arrived at a crisis
where the struggle between despotism nvi
freedom is to be recommenced, and decided
with the sword : that they sympathize with
the Turkish nation, whom they term their
kindred iu origin, whose government is the
only one among the powers of Kurope n hoe
n,.ts nr ;,, accordance with humanity and
freedom, and out of gratitude to that p'cople
for t!,fir Lospitality to the Hungarians, three
JC,irs ag0i thev deem it their .fut v, and feel
a trong ; d'esirJ, to offer their military scr-
vjots ; j,, auj They appointed a'eoni-
mittee of six, consisting of Lieutenant teii-
eru)s Mexar.. and Yctter, Messrs. llaznini.
Szereiizi and Miklosv, and Captain liris.a,
to draw up a t c,f those Hungarians iu the
l-,,it0ll ftates who arc ready to serve in the
irkish army, and ti make all neoessv
rv arrntii'1-ni..nt tor To r w a ro i oir I it in -
unteers to Turkey,
e- -- - -- a
HiBKsS AM 1mI'Kh I.MIA I OP lit 1.1. A vr.
Loudon correspondent nf the 1'hiia-
dciphia American sav:
lelphia American says: " 1 he tirst un fling
0f tp,t, ln., n,.,.t l',J0t
ugar v ompativ w as
most ..-itislact .ry
the directors ami
The works, it iip-
few day ago.
was rial from
pear., are all eiccte l and operations have
commenced. The sugar produced is i ro-
' j nounced to be extremely goo I, and thc pri
ces obtained in London, Dublin aud Uelfa-t,
j prove, beyond question, that sugar o! tained
from the beet cm compete, with success,
j against the colonial produce of the cane.
j Ireland is taking thc step in the right direc-
l tion. New looms are fast being mti -hI need ;
land long suffered to be idle is being brought
into cultivation, better wages are being p-ud,
and there is an air of industrial activity pre
vailing, to which Ireland has been quite un
accustomed. What may not five years of
jiersevering enrrtry and proper appmpria
t r '-f e..( i- .1 .. e s t , .. , . r
KAUTTIOUAKK IN CALIFORNIA.
Consiilerable exeitement has been crea
ted in certain parts of the country of late
by the alarming fr-rjueney of the shocks of
earthquakes. It is estimated by a gentle
mau who has kept a record of these events
that an earthquake shock had occurred in
some parts of the State onee a fortnight for
the last year. Some of these have been
very severe. In one of the Southern coun
ties, it will be remembered, a shock took
place n month since wl.ieh caused the cat
tle to bellow wilb fright. In one of the
towns several houses were disturbed to a
degree that it was impossible to close the
doors the next day. The earthquake which
oeeurred in this city on the of June,
l"1-);!, was sufficient it. the present state of
our buildings to do considerable ni-schief.
ticiieral Yaliejo, it is said, has spokeu of
one of these . isitations that tonk p'aCe in .
this city iu IT -13 that would have levelled
a large portion of the city had it been built
at that time. The recent obsctvatioti of
Raroti Turbo, a Ocrtnan geologist have
show n that the ground at the Mi-sion J Mo
res teen raised by some sul terraneous
actiou some eighteen inches within the last
twelve months. Our geologists confirm this
Ftateiiict.t. We are informed that in the
coa-t range of mountains there are tiisures
in the earth to an unfathomable depth
which extend for miles, evidently caused by
earthquakes at no very distant date. What
effect u very severe earthquake would have
in this vicinity it is impos.tibbe to tell. In
addition lo any dama-je to buildings, a re
ry great change would doubtless be effected
in the relations of laud and w ater. It is
supposed by a skilful geologist that the re
sult would be likely to bo a reclamation of
some eight or ten thousand aires of marsh
land, which would be made into good solid
ground iu this county. It is recorded that
at the time of the destruction of C:i!!.io by
an earthq Hike, an immense wave, of the
height ot thirly-scvpti feet, overwhelmod the
city, and extended into the country ninety
miles! That great natural and compara
tively recent changes have taken place in
this State no 0110 van doubt who has iv( !j
the subject the slihtr-t attention. Large
quantities of -.hell-fish and beach-stones are
eon-tanti V beiliir found at the height of two
or three thousand fei t above the level of
the sea, and other indications show such
ch.m.'es I 'Ac r, 'I'hntt.
Siim hiM; AnrtAY One of the ino.-t dis
tressing bgl.ts t: has e.er bceu our duty to
r'-cord, occurred on board the steamboat
Dresden, list Friday, at or near Helena,
Arkansas. Our inloi inati-.n iu regard to
this affray is of this effect: An American
lady and her children had taken deck pas
sage on the Dresden, on their way south.
ihe lady i- not accompanied 1-y a inula
protector. Hi fore she arrived at Helena,
some Irishmen on tiic deck had interfered
with and abu.-ed the lady to uch a decree,
that she found it necessary to complain to
thc pffir-.-rs of the boat. They declined t
pioteet her, end sent her back to the cabin.
Here the Irishmen again insulted the lady,
and finally whipped her children. She
again appealed to the officers of the boat for
protection, telling them t!.-it, alth'-ugh her
necessities had Compelled her to take a deck
pa-sage, yet she wis a respeet.-.ble woman.
Rut the officers agaii. refused to interfero
in her behalf, upon hearing which, n nolle
souied Kentuckian (whom liod preserve)
volunteered to protect her, and accompanied
her to the second cabin. When they ar
rived at the door, he was accosted by an
Iri-hiiuiii who was standing there withau
it-Hi poker in his hand, upraised, and ques
tioned as to his intention to aid the w.imau.
The Kentuckian immediately shot the Irish
man, when the gang rushed upon him. He
killed three o! them, and wounded the fourth,
the ball glanced from bis ribs and killed a
woman in an adjoining berth. The Ken
tNekiai. was rut very bad'y with kuiie-,
and we regret to bear his life- w as despaired
We were on board of the Dresden when
she landed at this port. There was a large
number of passengers on the, boat. It is
astonishing that none of tin in interfered to
save the hie of a felow-n.an .i--:iui:ed i-y a
mob. M' 'i jn'iis Wli .
What Cu'sks tmk Titks. A scientitic
writer in the Washington I'nion thus ili-p-'-ses
of the moon theory in causing the tides
of the ocean : If tin-re are such deep, wide
caverns, many miles, iu length, and s..inc of
them of unknown extent, on the dry por
tions of the earth's surface, there are doubt
less other caverns quite as extensive in the
submerged mountains, plains and valleys
of the ocean. It is our belief that there
are, and hence that in these huge recesses
of the oceanic globe are source ot the rise
and fall of the tides. Into and out of inter
nal depths of the oceans the waters are reg
ularly revolved, and i. either the moon nor
the stars, nor the sun, nor the winds, nor
the clouds, can produce any sensible c licet
What it Costs' What it costs to give
"killing flavor' to our girls may be judged
when we state that the large perfumers of
llras-e. ill France, c onsume anmi-lh' Mi.tHMi
lbs. ol orange hlo-ou.s. tili.iMiti lbs. of e i-sia
fl iwers. o I,, toi lbs. of rose leaves. :t.".omi
ll . oi icssainine biossoiiis, :t."i,Oi Ml il.s. of vi
olet tl-)'wcrs, -.'11,(1(1(1 lbs. of tubcro-c-. I V-tHl
li s. iii ie ll-oi-.i-s, besides rosemary, n-ii't,
lavender, th 1 the, b-nion. orange, and other
odorous plants iu like pi p -ilo-iis. tne wh 'ie
costing out four millions "f IVjiii-". 1 ho
whole ot tln iiniiH-i.-e --mi is spent tor
wh it ! to irritate tie- n -c an 1 gic a sci lit
to U and ki-1 c lot I-,
( ,- j'.n' : a in a recent addres at Con
cert Hail'. I'hi!..de!phii. -p -kc of visiting
" Taylor S 'a-m," when in New ork, and
d-cl ired il the mo-t sp'einil-l of all Saloons
in the wo.-ld, and fin l her .-aid he saw la
dies there, with all the boldness imaginable,
sitting with j.lacs and straws, and, though
thev hvl beiti " weaned " :jt or l- li-jf,
thev io- "ui-hin; st-.ll." " l- i r laughs
.,, 1 ".' ..... ; , ' '. . . - ! I : ' I ' :