i VOLUME ..
CHARXjOTTE, 3XT. IDSSOEIXCBHSXl. 13, 133
HOLTON fc WILLIAMSON,
Editor-) AND PltorailTOUri.
Tin North-f-arnlina Whitj will be afforded to
In'iacribera at TWO iMII.F.Alist in advance, or
TWO UOI.LAKS AND r'lr"'Y t'ENTIS if pay.
m.iit be delayed fur tttrce month., nd TIIKKK
frill. I.AK9 it the end of the year. No . r will
I, diei-onlinucd unti! all arrearttgee arc paid, ci.
qit at the option of the Edilora.
A Jvi-rUeci.iei.te married at Due Dollar per equar.
(i J.uca orli-aa, tlua sized type) for the nratinaer.
Iiun, and ilj cciita for eaoh coiiltnu.lirr. Court ad.
tcrtiaeiHenta and Sheriff's Salea charged 25 per
nut. higher i and a deduction of 33 J rier cent, will,
btmade iro n the result r pneea, lor udvertire by
(ht year. Advertisement, inm rtt'il montlily "J
qmrterly, at tl per Kuare for each lime. Semi,
monihly 75 centa per aquara for each tunc.
rr All lettere on btiaiiieae moat he direrted to
Iht Editors, letter n ual ho poat-paid or they
rill nnl be all. nci.J t.
IT PaymeiiWi can be made to either.
IT roatniiatiira are authorited to act aa agi-nte.
JENNINGS B KERR,
F,kry 16. I;i3.
IJV W'M. H. (aKAM't
I l.lAJufllll " I '
, .iniviiiiv..j vw t
. . .. , ,i
nd lo aonie ellenl in t lie
. U..I .1.. ..-.v e.i h
d sin ty aome d.a going
f havinj Wen reMjrt
" J urroutidtrtf rnw
r n i rhinH. (4td
J of inlurmtnr omnium' f i -rj- ihi ins
0' pi nf Hid ' Hft ! m. I htk til Iht f o"
,t''ntu m tlwu llT n.u ana initr n
in4 -tit,nin'. frl w.urtd I?m1 U.t t(-ai
tutil nut Usi ii(li-rtjfti
1! S. JOHNSON.
"; ira a. A"f I C 'CJ ij 6 11
1 llMterf til ll(ftllM f Irt n
t.d '(t i.yM.r rett r.f t v . t It t lit'
! ff . n'lj t h t d t.d i pftit tl lor
I irwii e -tliliMMin lOti. Hi .'' llrirtl
jlui dinf no M l'i. m p'r el. in tie l r.i if la !
Mi'irv. ' h futiM nlirr ii'pi ' J j
ft ...p m no t. -ii rj... .... w Fg-w. - .
ft-., l-aveliti'g in the ittou.ttati.a, and wiwtintf u
. m lew d.va. wrelte. nr Iti.rttlhrt. lo the lilruaant
ee ! Uiitir, may fini bta houee a plraa.nt
A. h. IIAULhll.
CllAULKSTOS, S. C.
JL i. i
I e; eniwrta-r h-g. rr.p l'ul'i to in
.rut K.-r frimda and tna puelie gen
er.ily, th.i .n li.a laaen a f.i' oi toe
toys IH T I., who h she we I pen or Ilia
-.pnon of II .a il-r. .ml I'ravelera i-ieeti the
i'a maiant and the Iat eptrmlier. I ' la lo-te a
l&uehed and aell known Hone, h.a .lo.lrrfe'ttne a
Nnroueh altraitn ihrwtif 'toot, and luroiaiied arn-h
jpie and faatunnahla furuilure, and biii anna'ed
Sis Iha raiilra of huain-a. and in the in -el fa-hum
. pan f li,e rily eflltciia a eaM Oo.n her mime
ffs-i. inenlaa. d foritM-r patror. ol Iha Mu- ; ..d
v .!! .an m in. to ion. noihine will lie I. It und-.tie
- "ti her part to UMka litem comf'rtaile while in ine
MRS. A. J. KENNEDY.
i Aug.i.i lg. 3 -an
'Il'IK Ilr.nt-h of Iha ''la'e Bank haa heen re
1 limv.d front Uma' II .iltling ID III on
S'.B CMri.sr uf .r A.nttry. lot. Vlaitt alre. t
TIM IS. W. DEWEY, d shirr.
II. I. pra.'lli-e it. Vlet h leiiliilrg and Iha and
I- e aril'iiiimg eoU'iln. anil pr..a-eiite Bonn.
It I .ml and iVnoiin ' lei.na. llfliee J.thiieloii'a
'"k huihling helween Kerr'e lli.lul and the foal
Uffi up at4ira
J.nuare lJ I .'.3. .'.2 - I V
UllF' rnpar.nr -in,, ol I'm 4. I .olwell ia thi
ll . rlar doi'tlvd H n ultial ron.enl. Ad pat-
ind' hlt d Li Hie Iat firm a'e riqne'led Ut mke
I nn-nefli ite at-lle.n. nt wi'h 'ha .iibacriber, who a
! e i. aiiilMirKd lo aeitl. the eauif
C. J. FOX.
i Sexlenihei I. I -S3 311
I olt. ami i ijjjirw.
Toliarrn of the nint auperiot
in the Male, f'igara unsur.
wd. Fur le hy
P1UTCHARD A CALDWELL,
Iy.S II WK I tillTt Ol UK l.'hinfB-
ti.ff.l'ni iiir.-, V t.. II it nker. hieian,
'It la'e.i eflil trtek ft l-e X 'e.
IRWIN, HUCG1NS k CO.
ll4Ulpltit'a Vl'. lll' TIi Mll -V.
KK VKl'I.V e. lehra'.d htr it- lid.-'
" If 1 1- in the t M of fr-nf.ileei" d' a-, a i
"' iuntiea ni the Wood, ii I m eivid and
PhTIVIIAhl Il rAl loVM.!..
' 'will'. V Hi luble I.MIirwiilrlllr.
' 'III) grnis i ii, , o.ne 1 1 I ne lur U a. I
ami a'her ilaa..a.f .hettri.iaiy uigui-.
1 'I. ami bii will n ver h. itliou' il r'or .ale
fKirOIIAKU A. CAI.DWKLI..
R' RiKir.ltS1 liverwort, Tr A. ( Ti.-nel.iil u
IlMOVS HOTEL, i
I ' H"i, for the eure id I onaiiinplioi., Broi.elu.
j ''.oh, f..lH, e e., for ado hv
1 PIUTCII ARD k CALDWELL,
I n . , riiya.ciiina A llriiciata.
Oct,,',, j,( ja;.j , 3-lf
PASS THIS OYER.
II AMD IT TO roi it .i:hiiik.:s,
IKT every on know. 'It.' Fl LUNGS IK).
J will have a neat 8 l' H K 'im et tt y tro s
a..tl not only that, tl.rv 1. OA D very 1.1 IW ,
aod eveiy one ie .ed-fied 'hat In i. j-tel aiel
n.i kind reader, aa we've had a little biove, I think
I'll quit an gii l.i work, f o thai I've gut lo d, be
cau-e we he heen moving mm our
mi Jnnr I- Sttd'e-'e New flo'el, where we have a
fine ta.gc eo n,, a fine r'" k nf
CDinpriaioK KveryUiuig t.-al if to be ltU"d in a.
Genlemen'i Furnishing House,
l (Inrl, we would iiinleyour attention bclore
would he lel'mg yon no unite tin every one
koowa. Hut wo ill say we h ue Hie latg.t Sio.k
fail top ease runt one-end in c .tn!u-ioii we will
lai to yon, one end ill mat we iimk on tor
jmir pMiooage heniu'i.re (.ioweil upon un no..e
...-r. ...... p.,...- ... .
w I at o i"i you i il " num.iaiiie
deatitig. low prirea and good j;o'la. will tnaure a
cnnii"Unr!f of Hie aailie il iImII be dune at Ihn
nia.tiitmih aien or
FU LUNGS k CO,
Augnet, !G. '.'.3 2S'l"
noit ah v ii:i:ijis
NFnK M ft. (Mihiir gKiirratlt , 1011 ihtv nc flill
a' ll.rn ii d . 'ne, I
lln-y are prefa'td t. .
at the 'Ii .ileet i... ij
,Ni. In . lln Jil. where
ne.iir ai ornVra in iheir line
I In V h te on hand
Siiii.himnk ri.in.ailS. SofilS.
tMUI'DOnruS, DlirfaUJi, (OldS,
Ix3 , ,., a - -,
tliu . . , . ,,
'I I filKji0, StC.
D fstae L 9
In , mi."' I
4. .lie. reive p-irripa.
in .nil .'luio g Ue
.he righ oi
n i4i" v a- oi i -r 1
.1. r-.- I iin . . y '
I n I l".v ii a
i. i'.g'ne on Ii-1 fL'M a-
K, ei.lMxe -'ii-' tit .! ll'
N II I .FHNS.'iiini-l.t.l -1
and It lh" ii-' a ---I'.l'!. '- in
l l.a lut'e, S. .l' o. b- , I W -3.
o. ..j il.i ...
In h i- t II"
c 1 1 a m 1 1: u , j i: r 1 1: 11 s & o,
CO j niSSIO J KERCHAMI'i,
ii. iici.i: m., v v.
llH-if rxiiiifrfiK if(fii1 f 'f ih tf mt ttiirral
i al rooa gr, mini ilMoriii tUrni I It 1 I h y i ih cn'itit (
lit t-KMirirrt Ha ir-totf0 ! fn'd I'iiia Vt f
iSf in .r thw frrtd aiH all mi? t--nr
thfin ,th CBigfMMil Of t'lJ'I'H-M o M'B i l
tbfi; kil at.ii i-ilnr aiH Itial no ttTut o.i lhMr
' prt, witl I attn f 'o r t-tm imti.
CII VMltEUS, JEl l'ERS X CO.
C'barltaioii. . i .. J tiy W- ie.'3 7n
RAMUM, rULLIAIl CO.,
IVlMiKIKKli AM W IHH. ALK IiKAI.KHS IN
Foelgn It L'oniektic, taple tt Farcy
.Vo. iat, ,Hnliug trrrl,
i ii Atu.Kvr. r.
W. I). It.KEiH of Aal.eville. N f.
H W I cli ln till of"
f V a.iu-ina laie of (J. otgta
A l mil iit-ol A.h'ViH'. ".
Jnl IC mud,
at .ii.i:h'k iki u KToitr,
mix. an iirrMi livi:km,
I' KkV II MsS IMI.N KIM I- It.
I K til Y'n IX II At t K V 1.1 low
I III' K AM) SAIlS ril l.i.
I I l.l.'S Anl'AKI!.I.A.
wrsTfics mi.si ii.i i nr.i;i:Y.
ptl l.iys .it.l Al. I'xlN ixi'tv Hit,
i nr. ii. n iH.am'- a;it ms ii ri i i;s
Ol If .1 - .d II AM A A K r. can
not buiqoiillid to t ne Tuwn.
IRWIN, Ill'GGINS k CO.,
Is... I, t...niif K'w.
31AUi Il ttllLACKj
t o nniitin i i.u 1 1 1 t
A I CTIU. MF.ItS.
CULVMJiJA, S. V.
"m MTII.f. give ih'ir rwin it niien i-n. l-i the
fl (il l fittmi, H(fii, I'lmir and ('tiri, himI m H
I tf i idt ltd in bnyniif aiiv di arri(i'i"H of 1i tf:htiil X
li.ft rp.nminblr iprimi, aid p-Unrv of fpa'uiu
g Ir ni ( huf'u i mid (tie iiiri iihdiii.'rcMti'rv-
' T. H.MARCM. J. A, ULAfK, JR.
R K r.R I N. I.S
W-n J hin. J -hi. Ufl.e, W. F.inia
rriiTl civ I fi''.
1 I- Mt-'t'.-l lal-
I 9 Hula ar.e
.nil l ' it
IRWIN, HUGC.INS A CO.
tai. I I'ti,
1111111' I.S ol in-w iid wi'll i letned
II e A I'. l my Mil's HI ool.-a hrlnw
I i. at ..lie
not I lhai- am i pinii.da to
h l.ii.i.l 'lie VVltile the Vlv ami I Ii
b .rd tl he.il pml-irtd Vt wlm h lite 'A.II
will I e p. d
Angn. I 30
VjllK Noiea and Aroniini. inn- the laie linn o'
tia. Hell V t m, nave wen ptat-. a in ...r
hai'de fur Riillei lion at n tnof inneu ej to mm
rtl'S'l' not eipeel longer inilulgf nee, aa it t A V
Nu,'.g,e.. j.,. SMITH.
July IS. I "S3 I
LI. I''" lhai donoi piy He ir lnwn va "v
m Jim, m.ienl, will nave to py r.t..t. .i...
out repi'Cl nf l-e'eon
S. A. HARRIS, Tim
From the N'orlli.C'rirolina Whip Extra of the 9th.
This body met oo Monday last, the 5th
instant, .nd was duly organized.
In l lie Senate about 43 Scnatots appear
ed. In the House, Linn Boyd, of Kentuc
ky, was elected Speaker aud Mr. Forney,
Clerk. 1 jt L Houses then adjourned.
On Tuesday, President Tierce communi
cated liia first Annual Message, a synopsis
of which we give below :
I Till. Ii.iii; vi'S ni:)ivla
j The following telefuf-l'hiy -kauaci ol the
Prcsidnnt Message is taken from the
Cbarleslon papers of tho ?th illat.
! The first annual message of President
Pierce was delivered lo-day to both Houses
He commence!! by saying that tbe inter
est with which the people look to tho as-
e' - uiuiiiig oi v-oiigrcas, anu tne luiuiiiiein ou
that occasion of the duty imposed ou their
uew J'rcsident, are the best evidences of
i ,:. ... .re J .1 . f.lcl .
their capacity to realize the hopes of the
founders of the government, as the sole re
liance of this Confederacy is ou the justice
and intelligence of the masses.
The country has abundant cause for
thanksgiving to (iod for the many mercies
fhowered upon the nations, thus recognizing
the wisdom ol absolute religious toleration
as uo secure reliance can be placed upon
..IV .lin.....,! h.Airr.E. lllituHH .ll.lui.ibi I. .,
national intemity. restinc upon the truths i
" - w . .
With ri-jjard to our diplomatic relations
with foreign Powers, the President fays
they have undergone no change mice the I
.din, iron, -1,1 ll... !. .,..,.. . u.l il.n.. '
. peudin, of a disturb!,.; character will
uu" peuunig oi a uisiurumg cnaracier will ,
probably be ainical.lv adjusted.
r ,. ' . , ' ,
Respecting the Ii-hery question be fays
that the United States never recognized the
Rritish construction of the Treaty of lsl, '
and that with a new view of extendi..-' the
rights of American fishermen and rt-gula- j
. . . ... .
tilig the trade between the Lulled .Mates
and the liriii-h American Possession, negotiation-
had been opened with a fair pros
pect of a tatorablc result.
I, . , , .
u regard to the controversy upon the af- .
, ' , ,.
fsira in Central America he savs that Great
liiitain ha- proposed at. uniiial'le airange
mi lit, and that our Mini-tt r in i.oii.ioii has
C'lii-eipjent'y been in-tructed to enter into
negotiation'- on the eubj. cl. lie r.-pet-.M-ht-il
a.-. desii-l,p tl.at the liouniiary line le
twei u the I t.ited St.it'S and the liriti-h A
luerican !'o-f-ions iu the l.oilhue-t he
tradud and tnarktitl.
'1 h relations with Fraucc are fiiii.tlly,
an l a treaty of Commerce and Navigation
In regard to Cubs, be says that be is
bappy to aiiuounce that since the last Con
gress no unauthorized expeuitiuiis had been
tilted out from the United State, and that
should any such movements he undertaken,
he will suppress them by all the means iu
He rcfiTs to several ."iinoying occurences
at having taken place at Havana, between
our cilLi-us and Spanish sut.jects, and savs
that prompt redress cm. not be obtained be
cause diplomatic intercom. -e i not allowed
between the American Consul aud Captain
General, to avoid vexation and delays; and
that a proposition bad been u.aue to provide
for a direct appeal for redress lrom the A
ii.erica.t Con-ul to tbe Captain General,
which the Spaui-h Government had hitherto
retused to agree to; but that our Minister
at Madrid bad been instructed to renew the
lie also recommends a prompt adjust
metit with Spaiu t t the claim lor losses iu
tho case of the schooner Aim-tad.
Concerning the ca-e of Martin Ko-yta, he
recapitulates the facts as set foith in Mr.
Marey s U tter, and says that tbe principles
aud policy tin-rein maintained will be en
forced w henever proper occasion may ari-e.
Our Commissioner iu China, he cays, has
beiii instructed to avail bim'cSf of all occa
sions ! extend our commercial relations
with that and other Asiatic nations.
He mentions the arrival of Commodore
Perry's Sijuadron on the coast of Ji.p
but states that ho has not ascertained th
effect of tbe expeditiou ou the Emperor
He refers to the di-pute with Mexico re
garding the Mecilla alley, aud eays that
the former Commissioner of the United
States made an error in running a bounda
ry, which was not binding ou the United
States ; but as Mexico lakes a different vie
of the subject, our Minister to that Court
had been iii-.tn.eted to negotiate upon that
and other questions of magnitude now pen
ding, but what progress has been made iii
the premises he does. not know, but hopes
an arrangement mutually satisfactory will
be made in a spirit of liberality aud friend
ship. Our Minister to Central America has re
ceived a friendly reception at San Juau do
Our Mil. inter to Uiiizil has been instruct
ed to induce that Government to abate its
restrictive policy in regard to tho naviga
tion of the Amazon, as Parn-'ty and the
Argentine Confederation have opened, their
navigable rivers. He says, however, that
treaties on the subject will be submitted to
Measures have been taken, he says, to
remove the difficulty now experienced in
obtitining Guano, and that il is believed
that the Peruvian Government have ma'le
an indemnity for the recent outrage at the
He refers to our territorial extent, and
the increased happiness and pro perily of
our country, and endorses the doctrine of
Statu R'ghtsj and the strict limitation of the
powers of the Federal Government.
The rcveuue of the country be states to
be increasing beyond either the interest or
prospective w ants of the country, it amoun
ting for the year ending June 3t.tb. 1 "".'),
to nearly s.r.ydM.t"'" iron, customs, ami
o ,-,1111,11(111 from ptlbho lands, Ac. Iheexpeli-
iditures, exelit ive of payinant ou account
of public debt, weref t:,-
I . '.i,- nf a:t '..tl IK)0. i
Ot pUlllle OCltl, wcie -,... ',.'', ira.ni
a balance of ed'-'.-JOOHiO, including the ltd
.ti, oo, U
anee for the year ending June 31ltli, 12.
ue recommcnas nut tun surplus revenue
o J" .ii.tiieu to iuu uisenartge oi me pun
lio debt; and secondly, tlr.it means be de
vised to effect a gradual rtduetiou of tbe
rcveuue. Tbe first U already in the course
of accomplishment tbe public debt amoun
ting to $f)0,25j 000.
no recoiumenus secondly that the plan
com -lined in the report of t' Secretary of
, , . ,. , .
the treasury for the reduction of duties ou
certain articles, and adding to the free list
articles entering into manufactories, and not
largely produced in the coitry, be adop-
ted. " J ,
He Buggestg, also, imnroA- --- "
tuodo ' -r1"' wow-up,)- eollvction of
arrears due from public otfifra.
He recommeuds the augtZeutation of the
army and navy expenses.
I he Post Ofl.ee expense, for lie year
were nearly 8",IHM),t)lKl, the receipts nearly
5,U00,IMM1, leaving a deficiency of about
8-',u0u,l)M, principally caused by the cuor-
uious rates paid Railroad Companies for
... it. ii.
He calls attention in this
i . ,:
from the 'transmission by mail steamers,
and demands prompt action thereon.
He alludes to the numerous frauds per-;
pctratcd ou the Pension IWwau, and hopes
that the defects in the law v. til be speedily
He com mends tbe present land sytem,
and stales that the uctt returns from the
j sale of Public Lands up to Jvue 3lth, l"?o.l
' I were $5,0.10,00. He recommends the ex
tension of the Public Laud system over
V'al! ""'I Ncw ?Ie.xi,V Jt some modi-
.....ni,rf i.a ina.i.i in r.,..r ol nflii...l ultl..r.
... ..w.. ... ... ......o,
and that the pre-emption principal be ex
tended. He maintains the power of Congress to
construct roads within the Territories, ami
1 iat f-ran.,s 0 t'-e construe-
of roada -Lould be made under proper
i. i .
iivvm iiiiiiu.i -tat . i;v:itit.iiL uu'4
lQcatioti of he Judicial -ysfcui, as its
'resc'J " ' J -'e'
. . , m
'"'" 4V ",v . r-"'" .
II. .uniiiitiinnild I m iiiiimiriiilu rtriini...
He recommends the immediate organiza
tion of the Smithsonian Institute upon the
1 terms prescribed in the act of Congress.
I He takes strong grounds arainst internal
: t .1. i.. .!. i. .1 i
. 1. 1 ii i ot c.l.i "ins ut'.iii; iini.ie u tne I inciiii
.. . . .r
liovei nniciit, and a.-ks if the policy were
once settled v.-ain-t appropriations by the
Federal Government for local improvements
lor the benefit of Commerce, would not such
localities, by means clearly legitimate and
proper, rai.-e the luiids tor themselves :
lie holies tin
Miit.tir.il o ill V, .l..,il.i.rit.lv
ri-cou-i ieied, and a plan matured to pro
mote the permanent interest. e t-f wan,,
try. He thinks, al-o, where j-instructions
are being made by the General Gov -eminent,
the right to the soil ought to be first obtained,
lb'ti i : iug to the means for affording com.
muiiicatiou between the States along and on
Ihe oppu-ite side of the Rocky MouuUius,
he maintains that the Federal Government
has the power to construct military roads
and protect harbors of refuge. 11c thinks,
however, that it is of doubtful power, and
more than doubtful propriety, for the Gene
ral Government to administer the affairs of
a railroad and canal; and that, therefore,
its connection with such a work should be
incidental rather than primary; and adds
that uo grandeur of enterprise or induce
ments promising popular favor shall lead
him to disregard the light of the Constitu
tion. The President, speaking of the year cigh
teen hundred and hit y, says: "A succc
ful war just terminated, peace brought a vast
augmentation of Territory disturbing ipies
t ions a rose, bearing upon domestic institutions
of one portion of the confederacy, aud involv
ing tho constitutional rights of States, but
notw ithstanding the uilierencis o! opinion
and sentiment which then existed iu relation
to details and specific provisions, the actjities
ceiice of distinguished citizens, whose devo
tion to tbe Union could never be doubted,
has given renewed vigour to our institutions,
and restored sense, repose and security to
the public mind throughout the confederacy,
and that this repose will suffer no shock du
ring my official term, if 1 have power to
avert it. That white men inhibiting differ-
HtVIt Ik. i ll'U Tilllir II I r-II IIIIIAL-ILlll Main I'
eut paits of this vast continent can no more
'' be expected to bold the same opinion or
C cnicr'tain the same sentiment than every
earh.iv of li,i.. or -oil can V,p PTneet,.,!
to furuih the same agricultural product.-;
they can unite iu common objects and sus
tain common principles essential to the main
tenance of that object w hich the gallant men
of tho South aud North could t-tami togeth
er to maintain during the struggle ot tn
Revolution, a more trying pcrrjd than that
which succeeded the clangor of arms ; and
their sons, whose blood so often mingled
since ou some field on foreign soil, will i.ev-
cr permit alienation of fe'eliug to weaken
their miwpr. or internal dissessions rvarah m
the gnat arm of freedom in vindication of
He urges fidelity to the constitutional
rbrtif-t Af the Stntns unti nvoiiliiiier. of ui.ita.
lion, and winds up by a general review of
the past and prospective advances of the
lie urges again a strict adherence to the
constitution, and avoidance of the exerci--
of doubtful powers, as the only means of
maintaining national cohesion.
He advises, also the cultivation of the
cardinal virtues public frugality aud offi
cial integrity and that a wise economy lie
introduced into the administration of uffairs.
He refers appropriately to the death of
Vice President King ; and concludes by
soliciting the firm co-operation of the cordi-
i,..t- l.r... l,..- f lli.t oe-srilllllit
LATE FOREIGN NEWS.
Ry the arrival of tbe Rr. Steamer Euro-;
pa, we have Liverpool dates to tbe ll'tb tilt.'
The Cotton Market remained unchanged.-
The sales of the week amounted to 3t,00ti;
bales, at tbe following tales : fair Orleans.
lijd. ; Fair Uplar. ls 6 ; Fair Mobiles 61 ;
.tliuuiiiig vrieans .-j a v;a.
Viom the srnt nf W'. I'igbting conti
- 1 nucs, but tbe Recounts arc very tbuc aud
contradictory. No general battle had been I
fougut since the sailing of tbe Atlantic
LATER FROM EUROPE
Uy tbe arrival of the steamer Humboldt,
we learn that breadstuff bad further ad
vanced in the foreign market
1 he Cotton
market was steady aud prices were the same
as those reported by tho hurona.
lbc quest.on consists of rumors
about skirmishes, but no decisive battle.
France and England were quiet,
uiroiiTAUT hvum aiu.vioo.
. , t .
TL New 1 oik Tribune has recved pn-
vate advices from .'I .Xico. which stutc tbat
yoo men had landed at La Pas, Lower Cal-
iforlJ; jj takc posses,io of the town
fniX dMil-rd Lower --f'"la independent.
They bad a flag with two stars, which is
suimoscd to mean Lower California and Se-
This news is confirmed by despatches
from Col. jadsdcn, who ordered the S.
troops to suppress the expedition.
This news created great excitement in
Mtx;oo alij it ia tlJOU,,ilt likely that .Santa
, , , , ', . .
Anna may take advantage ol this circum-
stance and of the agitation it causes among
the Mexican peonle to proclaim himself
CharUsion, l-'rc. 7. Sales this day 1700
bales, extremes f to loic with an active
demand since the rcctiptof the Europa's
acouuts, which prosed more favorable than
anticipated. Prices unchanged but holders
Colmitii'.i JJcc. The cotton market
presented no new feature yesterday ; the
ueniatm nan goon aui nit Mipmv o a
tra iiyui i irjt n iiic in u iuus a . t r, i
l,ales changed hands, at prices rai.irii.f from
7J to 10 mo.-t sales -i to 9j. CaruU ,i
WHO WAS T 1 1 E G E N T L EM A N T
" Please, sir, do not push so."
It was in endeavoriti to penetrate the
dense crowd, that nearly filled the entrance
and blocked up the doorway after one of our
popular lectures, that this exclamation nu t
my attention. It proceeded from a little
girl of not more than teu years who.
hemmed up bv the wail on one side, and
, ;. -, .... ,
the crowd on the other, was vau.lv eudeav
oriisg to cxtiicate herself.
The person addre-sed paid no attention
to the entreaties of tLe liltie one, but pushed
on tow ards the door.
" Look here, sir,'' exclaimed a man whose
cnuT'e apparel, sturdy Irau.e and t ul-ein-
t'fned hand, contrasted strai.g.'ly with the
delicately gloved lingers, curling lock- aud
expensive broadcloth of the former. -'Look
Jou here, sir, you re a jamming that little
Pn " bontu't a11 tJ ""as", 'th thcifl elbows
"Can t help that," gruttly replied the in
dividual thus addressed ; " i look to number
" Vou take care of number one, do vou ?
.' .1 . n r . ... ..
ii ai, mats an lair; so do I, replied the
honest countryman; and with the-e words
he took the little girl in bis arms, and pla
cing his broad shoulders against the slight
form of the other, he pushed him through
the crowd, down the steps, landing him with
rather more haste than dignity in the street
The young gentleman picked himself up, ',.
nut ramer intimmaieu ny me sioui list oi
the ctrr.nger, and abashed by the laughter
of the crowd, concluded it w as " about time
or .Lim t0 K borne."
In polite society, the former would be
courted and admired, and the latter over
looked and despi.-ed, but who was the gen
tleman T "
Ou a riw, blustering day, a few days
since, a girl, with a basket on her arm. en
tered one of our stores. After making a
few purcha.-es she turned to leave. Two
stood up in the doorway, whose
appcarauce indicated that they
themselves " considerable, it not
whoso sott, sleek coats and dehcal
were apparently of the same tiuality as their
As they made hot tbe slightest movement
as she approached, the young girl be-itated
a moment, but seeing uo other way, she po
litely reijucsted them to stand a-ide. They
lazily moved a few inches, allowing her
'y T00nt Pa giving her as she did
so- broad s,ar''. that brought the color to
llL'r flaei-k and the tire m her eye.
I stepping upon the icy pavement, her
foot sl''Pd, and in endeavoring to save
herself, her basket fell ami the wind seat-
u'rcJ "s contents in every direction.
burst into a
l-d laugh, and seemed to c
onsidcr it vast-
Let me assist vou.
" exclaimed a pleas-
ant voice, and a lad ahoi.it sixteen, whose
hands showed that they were accustomed to
labor, and who-e coarse, wcil-patelied coat ili-
voice, and a lad :i
dieated that he was the child of poverty
prang forward, aud gatlnring up the am
ies, presented them with a bow and smile
that would have graced a drawing room.
" h ( tin' nt,', inn n ' "
Roys? you arc all ambition to be con
sidercd gentlemen. This i, all very natural,
but remember that neither your own nor
your parents' position in life, your tailor.
oot-blaeh., or your larber, can make
I you one
I lie true genu em. in is the same
everywhere. Not only at the social party
or ball, but in th. noisy mill, the busy shop,
the crowded as-ciutiiv, at Home, or on tne
.street. Never oppressing the weak, or rili
culing the unfortunate. Respectful and at
!''"livc . to 1,is superiors ; pleasant and afTa-
1.1. ... I.:.. I r..f.il l...,,l..r nf ill.'
,' , , ', , ' ,ll!iv .,:,,.
- ""e ' .. "
t.d, V 1! etllior considers the
r,otr.,l Sit...'r1,e .nml nation urjn earth.
; . vcoim to w hai .
A great deal lias Lcen said and written
about early marriage, and many sensible
ami experienced muniiluaU have warmly
recommended the custom. Jtut, early mar
riages a understood by these persons doi-s
not, wan the marriage of children: a niis-
take into which so many in these d.-tvs fall.
The evils of th-sc premature marrriuges are
lasting and serious. They are well set forth
in an article from the pen of a lady in a re
cent number of the Christian Examiner,
from which we make an extract, for the spe
cial consideration of parents whose children
are approaching a marriageable ag, and
for such young persons as are in fooli-h
uvte to ti,t,:r die huiels f v. , .1 !oc ; ,
'"The other nnestion we would have
ur''jd upon the sex rclut1
i to early mari i.t
ician who, how-
We leave to the phy
icvpf' ,s "ev!r '"-"' i -..,,ectiou with
:sueh events the whole matter ot physical
t.01ist.(1,.n(;e,. j..,, tl. t(.rri;,l,. r,..ut; of a
sure maternal incapacity fur the moral
'training of a child, cannot be exa.'irerated.
Alia who at ei.'liteell would t'e at all iiilali-
licd for the full re-jc li -i t.ili tii-t ot u mother,
would be a more rare phenomenon than any
in the annals of intellectual precocity.
"Repeatedly it has been our experi'iee,
in tracini; out the bi-torv nf . mie fellow
creaturc singularly wayward , w roiig-headed,
find perhaps wrong-ln-artcd, to find this in-
dividual was the child of a child: Th
mother had been married under seventeen
; and tiiis li nd been her fh'.t-lioi u ! Tho iu
i fa lit had come into the world to be almost
(exclusively under the authority and man
agement of one who .still needed several
years of training bi-f'oii she was tit to rule
anywhere. Wholly ignorant of human na
ture, her own elriraeler Ulideveloju'-I, her
temper iiuubduciS, her experience nothing,
her childish dread of thought or care, and
'the love of r-xt-it. nifiit still eliegii-.g to her,
not yet sati-fii i! with t'. I a-ui- s ., mere
girlhood, she had imagined that simply to
be a mother, brought with ii dignity and
knowledge enough for tbe oiVo'i.. She Ir.d
scarcely a vague idea of the s deinu respon
sibilities of her ii'-w oliiee, or a conception
of the cares with which tint miraculous
tljwer. the human soul, should be watched
and tein't.'d in its unfolding. To her the in
i far.t was a chunniiig piny thing, a live doll
to be dres.ed or sometimes :;ii aiHiuvauee
and a burden.
" We feel more on this subjei-t than we
can express. We u-ed to wondi-r as much
as e dared wonder at an thing, why fools
v ere p. rinitt"'! to beeoiti . mothers ;.t ;.!1 ;
till we olisefved how the children of very
intellectual women v.-cre soim-time" misman
aged, while those i.f V.oiihv, ui.t ie. oi :ig.
e tt -1 ' e: '.l':'-t .IL'.' g.-- -n v I., .iir-do.1, ,...u
g.oiint.ss. iJit as li general rule, tarly
marriages naturally and tibviMily mu-t
hriug into the community a si t of beings,
whose whole lives bear rd le-tummy to the
experience, incff.eii-iicy, and fatal lni-takes
of the girl-mother to say nothing ol (he
generally unreasonable, ba-ty, pas-ionatc
severities of the boy-father, elated with be
ing already head of a family !"
A RE A IT III" L
We take the foilowiu
g beautiful passage
lrom anaiHlri-.-s.it 1 lieouore Komey n
nt 1'etroit, before the I. it, rary oeletics of
liege ou "Our country and her
claims " :
" As in the light of cultivated reason you
look abroad, you see a wealth of beauty, a
profusion of goutiness in the works of liiin
who has strew ii flowers iu the wilderness,
ami painted the bird, and enameled the in
sect. Iu the simplest and most universal of
laws vou can read this lesson. Au un
educated man dreams not ot the constitu
ents of th
common sun. lights, which now in
r floods the firmanent and the
cannot comprehend how
much of the loveliness of the world results
from the composite character of light, and
from the refe'cting properties of mo-t phys
ical bodies. If, instead of red, yellow and
blue, which the analysis of the prism ami
the experiments if absnvption have shown
to be its con-titueiits, it bad been homoge
neous, simple white, how changed all would
have been. The growing corn and the ripe
harvest, the blossom and the fruit, the fresh
ot spring, ami autumn's robe ot
s . .,. .
hues of the violet, the lily ,
and the r tse, the silvery foam of the rivulet,
the emerald of the river, and the purple of
the ocean, would have been alike unknown.
The rainbow would li.ivc I oen hut a paler
streak in the gray sky, an I dull vapors
would have canopied the still, instead of the
clouds, which in dyes of flaming brilliancy
curtain hi ri-ing up and going down. Nay,
there would have been no distinction between
the bloom of childhood, the M.i-U of health,
and the paleness of decay, the hectic of
case and the iividne-s of death. There
would have been an unvaried, unmeaning
leaden hue, where we n 'it see th." rhaii'gii. g
anil expressive eo.lliteiianee, the t.nted i urtii
and the gorgeous firmament."
W'llir UK u'vlKs uf Al l. Till; 1
The lliston Atlas gins - tine ii,(
facts in Ifi.iti oi I.) the .it -tl action of
helou-iug to the I J i i : 1 States, ii
from the marine r. p n!s an I other
It at t ears that lor a p.-t;.'d ot c
mo. .th-. ending iu . pi. n.l .-: of ihe i
Near, 10:1 ships and barks, i -I I bii,.-.
;i.'T scliootit is wen- toiaii', lost nt sea.
ring the same period. "'( t s s v hicli
pl'eviil-ly sailed, never he aid fl'UI, Ho"
put into port ill distress, and 10- wricks
were pas,-.!. This i-, sa- the w liter, a to
tal loss for the givtii pcriol, every tweuty-
two hours ;
hours : one
itlit' str,,n, led cVil v forty-tour
abomlo'ied everv sev cut v -ti . e
.1 oltf l.cvt r heiir-l turn everv t. u
by John 0 lit.
of the H .'Use
ion tne w t.ig si ie
t o incal
cii-iiMus ot his tutur
I associ itinis
! have bet n n
The Anti Benton member
istired that W atson, who is Mr
Renfou candidate, lor the
t. Louis Post-
stia!! Lot b-" aj'po: -i
A Null I II CAROLINA INVENTION.
'1 he New York Express has the following
PAf.M Kit S ItnTAKV SEF.t) & ORA1N TIIREStlKR.
We have au opportunity, iu common with
many others, of seeing this machine in ope
ration at the Manufactory, ill til- Water
street, on Saturday la-t. From what we
know of its principle of eou-truetiuu aud
method of working, we are rath-tied that
Mr. Palmer does not overstep the limits of
facts whou he says that it ' cleans the griin
from smut and similar impurities at the
same time it is thre-hed, and a very great
saving of labor is c fleeted by its ute."
. TM action is rattier complicated, but we
u- attempt to describe a unt nr.) eared to
..V i -i . .. .. ; i i- .
us io tie in; more tr'.uuut-iii tinit peeuna.
features of the invention. The horse power
by which the machine is wo.irht, acts im.
mediately on a whirl revolvim' within a
woollen case, which Mr. Palmer calls tho
trough. The wheel is f irni-hed ou its cir
cumference with four cylindrical iron ban,
each about 1 " inches long and one inch and
a q iaitcr in diameter. '1 bese are the flail.
The uuthr. shed grain passes into the trough
from two hoppers, one .!' which is fixed on
each side of the former. Provision, is mado
in the hoppers for the removal of clayey or
other foreign matter from the grain before
it passes into the threshing machine. '1 he
flails revolve between " rubbers" within the
case, which (wo mean the rubbers) can
be adjusted 1 1 suit any kind of grain from
rice to vhe-.t. '1 he Hails carry the grain
around wiih thorn and b. tvveen the rubbers,
totally separating the corn from the straw,
and depositing both on a broad wooden
plane, pla-ed right iu front of the trough,
and pierced within circular holes. '1 his
hoard is ein'losed within a large wooden
frame and i- connected with the threshing
nine bin,', h has a reciprocating rectilinear
motion, by ui'-aus of which the corn, straw,
ami dial! are pitched forward ou it at every
movement. I leh Tin nth the middh of it
there i.- tivl a powerful bl:i-t, which by ac
ting i ii the straw and corn, through the
hs il! the li.-.t moving hoard, completely
diives oii the smut and dust through a Ve
netian ventilator m l in top of tin lr.imu
work, and carries the -e impurities up a fin
led to any hi.ht r-tpiired. The moment unt
that the products of the threshing appaia
t'ls b id br-t Hi-'uirtd from their bsing .-nh-jeete
1 to the a'timi of the fiais, added to
the Dew impetus tiny receive from ibtf un
der I la-t, now drives them still farther on
ward on the moving board.
lint before the materials have proceeded
much farther on it, the entire momentum
has been c.hau-ted, and their carnage to
lit" 'lie r end ef the l.lU-whii" -liis...
tir.-ly on tlie alternate motiou of the board.
This motion i- ciidici.-itt ly throw off the
straw, but the grain and chali being smaller
an 1 heavier, iu pr -portion to their bulk, are
jtrL- ldoviu through the cireatar holes in
the board ilseil', nd received below on a
wire screen. liy a peculiar action of tho
blast the chad is blown off this icrecu to
the extremity of the machine. Here it
meet, with the failing straw, and both drop
on a broad inclined cauvuss belt fitted with
small narrow slins of wood set across it and
toward the surinec at a sharp an
unlike the arrangement iu a chain
I he belt -1 'cos up.mrds from where
it receives the chaff and straw to a height
of some ten or twelve feet. l!y its revolu
tion it bears up tLe-c materials and drops
them into a wagon, Ac, placed underneath
the elevated end. Iu the mean time the
corn, dropping through the wire screen, in
stead of being carried along with the chaff,
is thoroughly wiuuowed ; after being win
nowed it tails into a trough in w hich au end
less screw revolves and by which it is car
ried along under the machine to the side
opposite to that into which it had lal.en.
When conveyed to the other side the grain
's taueti up by a chain ot buckets ami de
posited iu a receptacle at t lie top ot tin!
frame called the receiver. From the re
ceiver it drops into an oblong box under it,
measuring precisely half a hu-hel. As
soon as tin! measure til- it can be emptied
into a saeic, Ac, by removing a slide lid at
its boll in-
Fiom tiiis description an attentive reader
may gather a tolerably accurate ides of
what Mr. Palmer claims as original iu his
machine. Those who wi-h to actprre a mi-
nn'er acipuuiitancc witu it, can see the
mac blue UseiS at -Mr. 1 aimer s m.tuuluct jrv.
I m 1 1 a n Annexation. The Hi lti-h troops
arc not having it all their own way in Ihir-
uiah. 11. e liiinie-e, ill large and
itate to attack
id. If n. pulsed,
t'n'V retire- ill ojii order to tneirow n ipiarters,
whit tl are o well defended that the Ihitish
soldiers hesitate to return tle ir visits. Au
ntie r eampaigu is c.tii-idercd inevitable iu
order to secure the compiest of liurmah.
What a terrible outcry would be raised
nie.:ea,is to upon ' uba I'l l
- ic s reel -civ
the saint! course tiiere that
Rnti-h do in Ibinn
We should lit v -
It. but tuat Wlii'Tl is
d when performed ly
is holiest, saintly aud
uiiucti -1 :il le in .l . hli b
A l' I1' ' n T vi t t . We understand mat
lo-hua lh.tt estp, i f the house of Raring
brothers A t'li, has been selected by tbe
c .u,n,i-si is to act as umpire in the eet-
, ' i. i .. i ... i
ti. no lit ot the e.amis I etvvecil IMlgiaiio .not
the l ulled Mates, aud that he has aeet pte
the el'I'otli'uu lit. It v. iii le -n li t-y a cor-
i e-poiuictice iu aiiotlul'
Van liureti w :t selected
ers, b.it declined the a
was the orii .. ot t in. -t '' .
lh.it Mr. an Hirvi. ii id
the I're.-i lent a niatte
l'l-.-id. ;,t h . 1 ii''oi - n
c luiuii tint .lr.
V the coniUiL-loU-o.ointlll'Ttt.
. si.aiC VI ks I g ',
ecu app-tmteil by
with which the
jo. -U '(.'-'.I
! Pofil Fiebts, it cem,
n a I or vv iv of e oiiiln 'tt.' deviiopemeiit.
eoiistru. ti on d vvoiks l.ns involved
t xpeiiiliture of money, but the prepa
id, it is said, are no t so complete as
.-i-. ..! o'e 'or tic !jv -c: t dcia-v-d-
Aosuat 3 lSi3 J