u3?e ihc io Got io ijoqr otij, fo ijo -Duty."
HOLTON b WILLI A SI SON,
EDITORS AND PROl-BUTOka.
The North-Carolina Whig will be afforded to
.ilneribcr it TWO IHll.I.AIlS in adv..nce, or
J WO DOI.LAK.S AXI) nn yi KNTSii'.
mi ni Iwdehycd fur three months, tmd 'I'll li M:
IlllLI.AItS at the mil l' the ycr. No paper will
be discontinued until all arrearagea .re paid, ci'
eept at the option of thu Editor.
A il t rt ii ui'-n ti inserted at One Dollar per squire
1 6 line cirlrn, tint sired type) lor the first inter,
tiiiti, anil 'J.i cent fur eauh r.nntinu.irice. t'-ourt ad.
vi-rtieuiciiU And rshcrifl' ' Slfn eh..rgcd i!5 per
cent. Iii(lii'r ; and a deilm turn of' per cent, will
be in nit from thi) rriil; r prices, for ..dverttaera by
the year. AJvcrliaeim nta inserted monthly nr
qu irlcrty, at $1 per sqin.rc foretell time. Semi,
munllily 7a cents per Mju.irv liir each time.
I r All k-tter on busiueaa in u it be directed to
the Kditnra. l.elli r. mu.t be post-paid or they
will not lie attended lo. ,
T' Pa jtnenla e.in be made lo either.
J J" Puatinaateri are authorized to act aa agents. '
CJAItOI IA INN.
BY J KN NIX (IS 11 KERK,
inn iiit i, ,y.v
Frhnmy Ifi 3
iinrottttoiiy A 4"M All Open.
It hnz lm rftofid In Ofia aiianl in tha
iirrtru-x tj fi'Hi tlit itte aiM.Vf et'niih
Dp it ( rlo tl. (iimI no u ii 'u fy tiMiia daiiiiiif
cltarirtt-r ) ttlf tilrrit r liifrr'tr lkra Him iiinUi
oJ of tiilurmtnr onuiuiiii y at -rK lh
pf gt nl lid i' c ri i U an. 'I'liaukHil tlirra ura
fal lavou'a if. - i(H.rito at .wiri.iri
yrsf in irm tm n 9 To ait a it a vnaia r
..lrona llifl-g l-ilrly -ill..J kl.d Mnf.-vcl
nsd .iiHPiii f. r-t t-mred th tl h a gut-ata
lt.il not leaf - li-ati. ied
t,(1 ... .it. .ti i. p h '
iMififin I f tfta Iri n- 1
ih'i '-f -tin'iitnn itm 'It- iafif Hnrii
11 n dmf ix. M i' ifatut" o tr-et. in lr ! w . ..t
h -if, ftiifd hv I V mi im'M, ol ll.r
iMry. I In- .!' tt-r h (w y tn a''dil 'i i. j
(million I" dune, i i f M.'rr tit; nmJili n all I
tt h o,i ifh tii'it r..m!"o' t i and ahl-. ;
j.ii IfaT'hfi In ilif in Mini una, and witliM f 0
d a r 0V. Wrt-1 )' n..tth( tn I lt M a-aflt
t:Mge ot f tft.'ir, tii biui li hue a piaaiul
W 4 I" J
cit.wu:sTo, s. c.
ft " r J I. .nn li- r fri-Md- awd (iur!ir grn
n :! fi "'. ' Im na-i of lit a
ff." ft. " r t" 'f "fc 1 win- h ih i I pai or the
rffiiMm i f H -'It nd irlfra t-iiii lha
a.i'h ma'm and ! i-nitif. I in lotf
lab ia-d and wll ano Mwiao. ha u. dat f n a
it.r.Hij'i irfi(in ll.rnjghii', and tmii'hm wrh
n- and laaitiffta'da lurnHU'f, and hnj aitua d
in I hi igt.irf of h'iaiii-a. iid in 1 fu-hion
a m tri of ih rif aoMfi'a a raU tfM h tuniia
ro t- r.i da a d t.f-n-f p trcn f 'H M.hi , "H
iM af in rD'M In ion. huilim wt-l im ivii und'nf
an hr part to link tiirin cuiiilnrlahln wliile in laa
MRS. A. J. KKNNKDY.
Rra ii li ol lha iia Hank Inl fcn re
lnnf-d ?rom ,lm.' II iililn.( lo lb iiffi eon
th eorn.r of lr aiory'. :il. 1-in .ueet
THUS. W. DKWKY, Cothier.
A,n-t 16 Uttf
mm.m m m xim, B IC
Mfl.l. p'riKa in ifai'k UMhiif ( and tha and
I e fli Miitejr i-itiiilir amt fr..airtta H nn.
'f i.nd a d l n mn tuiita. (T- J iIim'oii"
fcf - k Imji!'1!' f luiwr-i!! ivHrr'a lltraiid lh t'uvl
t 'tfi ', up i tira
J iiuary 19 I- 3. I'J - I Y
AH HI. rin i,. - i.,, ut &. j drll ta Ihi-
vi cl4 rtit!i d v " U'mbI ifirnt. AU lr.
ti ind' hi- d t" I tt- lai 6 tu a c rt tpa'trd to n -Hit
tor' I iir wr'tSHtii i.l wrh 'hi tihurilMr, who a
una a'llhoru. d to utle the mmi-
C. J. FOX.
Heiitemher 1. If.'l 31.1
I lib it-i-i iillil I UT-i
tlll'.WINti luhneo nf the lnt lupirinr
j hr.ind in the Xute. t'i(;.ira umur.
p .hind. Kor .!'lr t.v
l'ltlTCIIAUn A CALDWKLL,
I'kjtirunt If Ortiggyf.
Oeial.tt IH, I5..3. 37 tl"
S4VI-N II-W( ruil I ' ill L SK t htin x
iff, IjiMl-'-h rv.-, V t. Hi raar. Iifia ,
Ihe iifjjeni diid fi"1' ' k i'i '
IRWIN, IICGGINS i CO.
JOIL STOVS HOTEL
II iiiiilnti'. V.'u-liil- riinliire.
1 K 'K VKi'l.Y e lahr.inl lf it- ..nH. 'fii
9 . rt I . in li. e i u e nf Se-nf In i. rti'i aa 4inJ
II I 'i.iiMitiea nl 'he Hi. Kid jit i a eived an- inr
I. hv I'lll l IIAbl) t t Al.l'4 t- i.i..
ut 14 ST.'
I iitvitii'. v.'ii lll l.llliroiilrlli4'.
' I 'II K gr,iB t ill .1 ci. e . I tne iti i'iii t; a el
a an.t o hrr d a a- a i f ihe urinary nrir in .
I1; it, m.d jiiu ill n inr h it i it Kor -alo
nil rtiiMii) .v t-Ai.D ki.i..
Oc. 1H 37 f
I All. IHM.I'KS' l.ivi rw. rt, Tjr A f'haurhnli.
P ii, fur the run nf rimnillli'hnn, ilrnlirhi
hi, ( "ouifli-, i 'iiI.Ip, e., A i'.. l.ir a ilr by
IMiyrtici.iiii tV llrtii;iatH.
t higher 18. lh.rS. 3 . tt'
PlSi MUfey T. J. IIOLTOX.
UWO IT TO VUC It rUIGIIUOH,
IKTewrv on knv. tlm Fl Li IMJ8 V O
A avil'havaa li-t 8 r It K w'.rft r li y gn ,
d'tti not onlv Hint, t'fv Kl I, , I rv I.OW
and f-vrry nut, in ph'1 tied lt Itno j M . - an i
ii"- kuiii r tdiT, an eVf hud ('' bow I hnlt
I'M qti( an jfn to mult, fir lha git iu alu, be
en u r huvK i eiMi mo in a. iii'ii uur
N 12 W STOHl,
rx J Mir I" 8rf'e'a New Ittt'al, where r have
fina latgf f"n,, fin ii a if
conipriiMj( vtai yining I at i l bu t tu- d in a
Oenlemen'i Furnlshir.j House,
io which wa wnuM invite "mir lUnulMi befert
would be l-t'itg you iki iiHf lhn vrnry one
know. But wa wilt ay wi hxvo Urg t Sn. k
l i iv rfr hd. at rira mn low Ih I Ha ra. utt
fail la p at fifty anil ii CtMn Iu-mfi we will
my to fun una airf ntl l il Ili4ih ou fnr
your pilntfiag (.fato'ttr twaioa. upon tia v,itrp
wa i' a vc it n iih y'M ; -t d if liiir tid ten. "'
dfailn' 'n tfn-a mil j".d gottd, antt in ir?
etniiu oi iin il ifiill Imj dijtia t Hm
Haiiiiiitili agn o
Aufiat, 16. 63 iM-t
IIOKAII V l l-KltlS
NKl 'K M tle inhi!c tt.it raM , lal itu.7 ait'
catrvinf h he
af tl it rd i-'ar.fl. cic ''. N! t "I ih- w r
I rule ah n-dt re Hi li- ir line
'rifv hic tn (lati'Ta
at lha r h .rtti "
flawa OKlrDOOrUN 1U 11 SIllS, O0lt!!t
t I I 1 . I . LV f ...
CjJljfc (! H i 7 ! 1 t H 2 !S 5
ITt" V "
I I T?''1 ft Tif A'fiY' t1 '
Thf M.ffMiii Hit- (.iirn . h hin piirrl'8id
iha nf h nt Mir rtttint m U' 'ii" i g the
snd ri n- ii'e 'i1 'o l-ifitl-h 'tl t
T!'i- air relljltt v 'a' i-i:.- ' I'"1 o'd
iv r lull
! i i) C"H t'.fl and laei i y :" lu i. V 'U' ii;i Mi d
t kr - n The ai ..n a i .1 if-n- t
li-lni'g tug m -ti I I'hl. a Itte i HI tiftaml
Ke nti.ii-ed rmi'-1 -IIV fe b'i in- tin
N II. ( Ol I-I NS lurni.li.it ! ihr -h"fle-t n-ilio.
ard n Ihe im ira.iit'ftrttr li"ntk.
t'l' h.ie. S- ulriiibi . I 3 1 1 f
Cham i Liis, j i;fi i;i;s & io,
COitHISSIO a DEIICHANTS,
4 it M y. um'err .fit 1 be laave to rrturn thm-aa I"
J. I Ii v t r niltniTiilia Iriiriit. f"f Ol"ir pal tilieral
palronvg, ai'it lO'iifn-. t ieii' lint ihi y t 1 1 . rmitioui
I tha tm.ineii. a. li.rrtoit.ro an.i hold irirmp. ti r. a
Illy lo irtva ttieir Iririd. llH ail wlio tttjr l.vdr
ihem Willi euii.if nineiii. or l.u.i ea lo I'.a o . -.i
ilhrir .ailla.id lnluy and that no ell .it mi iheir
, part, will i" i t" ( io r"" .''lino.
CIIAMHKKS, JKFI K.r.S fc CO.
I'harl-eioM. .. .. J-iy fj3 U"n
RANKIN, PULLIAI1 k CO.,
IMPOiirlllS A -il) WlltI.E!Al. IKAl tllS I.N
Foeltn B. Dcmtiiic, ife k Farcy
.Vo. 131, ,1lvttiug street,
I II tkl.lTo.N. -. f.
W I). PuilN nf A.hetllla. ('.
K W I t-LI UK Ut of
I V .hjM laie of ;.ii( a
II M IT H Ijle nl AhrtiH. N .
.ltll IC ) 4 1,
AT l.ll.'II.K'M DKI U kTOHI:,
VrXl A1 UlI-I .M. I.IM MfM'.
I- l.-li V lnVI'4 VMS Kl' I r,!!.
IK t.l V-mHT.- I X Htl'l F VKI.IOW
lux K M liS K I'll. I. ,
i ri.i.'s inAKsrAHiM.A.
W yvr y h DtlKI ll.t HFNt. V.
Inl l.KVS 1 (il Al. I AIN IXTlUi lllll,
UK. Ii t I. A M'' liKK MAN I.I I I I IIS
. ii. a i k ,!', . f I
JfTSfi J n .t b . q .li.
f II u.ll.V KT. cai
d in 'i.!1 T . -v it.
mna i i at
nnvi.v, llLGCIN.S .V CO.,
N. . I, ( UIIHt! lt'"W.
MAIM II ifc HliACK;
a ikT-uiMi iii:iu II tM'
COLVMIilA, S. C.
WTf.f. f ia Ihrtr p rwtiMt alien lu tha a t
uf 4 ut inn, Ba3n. lour and 'urn, and r
a imitrnd fn huy ins anv dt acripi tin oi M etch and s
ll rri.armar.ir trnitu, ai'd an tint a hare of pairui.
mgn Ir-'i" harlu la and the ut ri'iinritiip mun'r v-
T. II MARTI!. J. A. IlLAt K JR.
W.ii. J hni'i.n. J hi. nrk W. W. Klma
rfnuwrl CMtv un'tl luriiH.
MKI-'ft la'i- S'vIb
llllla nnn a ll. fisria
'...... Si a a d uihe- 4b""
lla' "i" I' i".
unviN, in:r.;ixs co.
III'll -I.S nf new and well elenned
f f V Ilr A I , t inr Mill' l' h'1"
t naiM.iie. urii.ni! not I " thai, .uiv ' ia i.
I... I .mliel 'll.e While the Maylndlliw W lull
'., rd. d W hem prelerr.d For w huh the t'AMI
will 14 pa d
fBillK Null., ami Arci.iiiii.dll.. Ihn lale firm o
nan. Ilinl V t o., haya been plaeed in in
hai.ila Inr eollei iion, and thinM- iiuU-h.e.i lo end lir..-
MI'S I' not erpecl longer indulgi'iiee. a it i A
July IP. IHS3
I.I. thoae ihai do nut piy ihnr I'owo Tae. b
j the Jllth in.tant, will have lo pay coat with
out repet of penon.
8. A. IIAURIS, Tur elector.
PASS THIS OVER
The following is a copy of the Annual
Menage of the President of the United
Stntes, which was on Tueaduy laid before
Loth Houses of Congress :
l-!low-C'ilizeiS nj the Semite
ami of the. House of Urpresetitntiret :
The iutiTuft with which the people of tho
Republic mitieipHte the a.tnil.iin of Con
prean, and the lulliliuent on that occa-ion of
the dut imposed on anew President,! one of
thu best evidence of ihi.ir capauily to realize
the hopes of the foiitnlers ol a political sys
tem at onco complex and ayiiiuietrical
I While thu different branches of the Govern
i uiuut are, to a certain rxtent, independent
of eaci olhrr, Jhe Hiitica til' ui alike have
direct reference to the source of power.
i Fortunately, under this syeteni no ui.in is ao
bipU, and none no humble, in the scalu of
public r-talion, as to e.-cipu from the n;ruti
Siy, or to be exempt from the responsibility,
which all official lunctions imply.
L'pou the ju-ticc and intnlitnoc of tho
niasaes, in a Government thus organized, is
the sole reliance of the Confe.lern-y, and
the only security (or hotn-t and cirm-.'t de
votion to iti iiib-resis, aiiint the u-urpa-tions
and encroaehmetits ot poweron tin-one
hand and the assaults of personal ambii! ;n
on the other.
'1 he interest of which I Lave spfken is in
separable from an imjuii in, srlt-j.inerniiii'
community, but stimulated, doultle-s, at
the present time, by the unsettled, condition
ot our relations itli several tureen 'oners;
by the uew obligations resulting troit a sud
den riliMi-ion of the held of enterprise ; by
the spirit with which thr . held has been en
tired, and tiie amazin. nery with which
it resources for nifc'.i nr ti.u demands of
bunuihiiv hae been developtJ.
Although disea-ie. assuming at One lime
the characteristics of a widespread and de
vastating pestilence, has It-It its had traces
upon some parts of ou? country, we have
still the uio.-t abundant t;iu-t lur reverent
thankfulness to God for an sii.cutiiiiUtioii of
signal mercies, showered upon us as a na
tion. It is wll that a coiisciousif-n.. of rp
id advancvmiiit and inercasing sft.'ii..-th be
habitually associated with an abiding sm-e
of dept nience upon 1 1 1 la w bo ho! 1- in Lis
hands the de-tiny of iih-ii and of nation.
Recognizing tne misloiu of the broad
principle of absolute religious toleration pro
claimed iu our fundament.)! Ian, ami n juic
ing in tho benign t n tl u nee which it ha ex
erted upon oursocial and pnlitieal coieiitiou,
1 should shrink from a cli ar .lutv, did 1 fail
to express my deepest cotnietiuu that we
can place no secuie nliaiicu upou any ap
parent progress, if it be not sustained by
national integrity, resting upon tiiu creat
truths aftinne.l and i.lu-tratrd by Iivme
revelation. In the inid-t uf our sorrow for
the afiliclcJ and sutit ring, it has b-eti eon
soling to see lioiv pr.iiiiptly di-a-t-r iiiade
true neighbors uf district- and eitii-s sepa
rated widely from each other, and elireriu
to wau h the strength of that rouiinon bond
of brotherhood which unites all heail-. iu all
parts of thi" .'tiiun, when Hanger threatens
troin abroad or calamity impends o . . r us
Our diploinatio relations with Foreign
Powers hate undergone tio essential change
nice the adjournment of the la-t Congress.
N i'.h some of iheui ipn-slious of a tlisiurbiu
character are still pending, but there are
good reasons to behove that these may all
be amicably adjusted.
For fome years past Great Rrit.tiu has so
construed the first article of the convention
of the 'i th of April, 1 1 in regard to the
Fisheries on the northeastern coast, as to
exclude our citizens from sonic of the fi-h-ing
ground.-, to w hieh tin y lively resorted
for marly a q.iarli-r of a century subsi ii;eiit
to the date of that treaty. 1 he I'. States
have never a .iiiicsred iu this con ..miction,
but have alw ays claiuied tor their fishermen
all the rights which they had so long en
joyed without molestation. With a view to
remove all difficulties on the subject, to ex
tend the rights of our tishet -men beyond the
limit, tiled by the convention of l'l"', and
to regulate trade between the I niled Mates
and the liriiish North American provinces,
a negotiation has been opened, with a fair
prospect of a taviirable re-lilt. To protect
our fishermen iu the enjoyment ol tluir
right-, and prevent collisions between tin m
and lliili-h u-heim-n, I deemed it expedi
ent to station a naval lotce there uuriiie- the
Kiubai ras-ing questions have also nrisoti
between the two liovernuients iu regard to
Central America. G real JSritnin has t ro-
posed to settle them by an amicable arrange
ment, and our .Minister to London is instruc ted
to enter into negotiations on that subject. '
A commission lor adjusting the claims of
our citizens against Great Britain, mid those
oi Jiritish subjects against the I'tiiletl Slat 's,
organized under the convention of the wtli
of Februa-y la-t, is now sitting iu London
for the transaction of business.
Il is in many re-peets desirable that the
boundary line between the I'nited States and ;
thu rn iiish provinces iu the inn thwe-t ns de
signated in the convention of tho ."th of
June, l-.jli, and especially that part which,
separates the territory of W ashington limn
the liiilish possessions on the north should
be traced and marked. I therefore present
the subject to your notice. j
With France our relations continue on
the most frieu.lly footing. The ei tensive
commerce between the I'nited States and ,
that country inieht, it is couciived, be re- j
leased from some unnecessary restrictions'
to the mutual advantage of both parties
With a view to this object, some progress!
has been made ill negotiating a treaty ot
commerce and navigation.
Independently of our valuable trade with
Spain, we line important political relations
with her, growing out of our neighborhood
to the Islands of Cuba and Potto Rico. 1
am happy to announce that siuee the last
Congress no attempts have been made, by
unauthorized expeditions within the I'nited
States, against either of those colonies.
Should any movement be manifested within
our limits, all the means at my command
will be vigorously exerted to repress it.
Several auuoyiuj eoourreuoe-: have takca
pluce at Havana, or in the vicinity of the
Island of Cuba, between our citizens and
the Spanish aulhoitiiia. Considering tho
proximity of thut I jand to our nhores ly
ing as it does in the track of trade between
Mime of our principal cities and the auspi
cious vigilance wit) which foreign inter
course riw.rticu.larl jr United States, is
there gaurded, a repetition of auch occur
rences may well be aiprchended. As no
diplomatic intercourse i-i allowed between
our Consul at Havans aid the Captain Gen
eral of Cuba, ready txjlanations cannot be
made. All complaint on the part of our
citizens, under tlm (present arrangement,
must be, in the Cr.-tUaee, presented to this
Government and thii referred to Spain.
Spain again refers i'to her local authorities
iu Guba for invest l.!j and postpoucs an
ansvr till 4h ba 'sSitrifuZ ifiofs aiit!:tir
ities. To avoid these it r'.-iing sii'l relations I
delays a proposition !sJeeu made to pro
vide for a direct appeil -J'nr redress to the
Captain General, by ur 'onsul, iu behalf of
our injured fellow citi'.ns. Hitherto the
Government of Spain I-1 declined to enter
into any such arrangme;it. This course
on her part is deeply regretted ; for, without
some arrangement -f 'his kind, the good
understanding bitc':i the two countries
may be exposed to oci a-ional interruption.
Cur Minister at Madrid has been instructed
to renew the proposition, and to pre-s it
again under the coiisid ration of her Catho
lic .Majesty Governmi nt.
For several years Sjain has Leon calling
the attention of this Gi vernment to a claim
lor losses by some of hi r subjects in the case
of the schooner Artui tad. This claim is
believed to rest ou the obligations imposed
by our existing treaty -villi that country.
Its ju-tice was admitud in our diplomatic
coriespotidciice with tie Spanish Govern
ment, as early as March, 117, and one of
my pi i drcessors in hi, annual message of
that year, recommended, that provision
should be made for its payment. In Janu
ary la-t it was again s iiunitted to Congress
by the Hxecutive, It has received a favor
able cou-ideraliou by committees of both
branches, but as yet the'e has been no final
nciion upon it. 1 con cive that good lai'h
rei lires its prompt adjustment, and I pre
sent it toyoureai ly and prompt consi-.lera;ion.
Martin Koszta, a liutigaiiau by birth,
came to this country in 1-."H, u':J declared
his intention, iu due form of law', to become
a citizen of tho U. Stat .m. Alter remaining
here tor ieariy two years, lie visited Turkey.
W hile at Smyrna he w - forcibly seized, ta
ken on board of an Aii-trian brig of war,
tin n lying i.i the hutb. r of that place, and
there cciitine l in irons, til the avowed de
sign to take him into the doi.'n jus of Aus
tria. Our CousmI at Smyrna and Lection
al Constantinople interposed fjr his release,
but their efforts f:, ;n.i'..'a,t W'iiilr.
thus imprisoiied, Couuiainler Ingraham,
with the I'. S. -hip ot wirSt. Loui-, arrived
at Smyrna, and, alter iin lii ing into the cir
eiiinat uiees of the ease, came t) the conclu
sion that Koszta wa entitled to she protec
tion ol this Government and took energetic
measures for his release. I inler an arrange
ment, between the agent- of the I". States
and of Austria, he was. transferred to the
cu-to.iy of the French Consul Genera! at
Smyrna, there to remain until lie .should be
di-posed nf by the mutual agreement of the
Consul, of the respective governments at
that pl. ee. Pursuant so that agreement, he
has been released, and is now on his bonds
to the I'nited 'states, 7he liuiperor of Aus
tria has made the conduit of our officers,
who took part iu this tiaiisietiou, a subject
ol grave complaint. Regarding Ko-zta as
still his subject, ami claiming the rieht to
seize him within the li-ji Its of the Turkish
Kuipile, he has dem.mJcd of this Govern
ment its consent tj thj surrender of the
prisoner, a i'iavovval cf the acts of its a
geiits, and satisfaction 'or the alleged out
rage After a careful consideration of the
case, 1 came to the contlusion that Koszta
was seized without legal authority at Smyr
na; that he wa w rotifjiiily detained on
board of the Austrian 1 rig of war; that,
at the time of Lis seizure, he was clothed
with the nationality of the I nlted States;
and that the acts of out officers, under the
cireuiii-tances of tho cae, w ere justifiable ;
and their conduct has Ken fully approved
by me, and a compliance with the several
demands of the liuiperor of Austria has
bi en declined.
For a more full account of this transac
tion, an.l my views in regard to it, I refer
to the correspondence between the Charge
d Altai res of Au-tlia and the Seeritaty of
State, which is herewith Iraii-mitte.i . The
principles and policy therein maintain" I on
I lie part of the l ulled States will, wi.t . '
a proper occasion occur-, be applied ...i
Tho condition of China, at this time, ren
ders it probable that some important chang
es will occur in that vast Umpire which will
lead to a more unrestricted intercourse with
it. The Commissioner to that country, who
has been recently appointed, is instructed
to avail himself of all occasions to open and
extend our commercial relations, not only
with the Kinpiie uf Cuiua, but with other
In 1."i J an expedition was sent to .lapan,
under the command of Commodore Perry,
for the purpose of opening commercial in
tercourse Willi that Island. Intelligence has
been received of his arrival there, and cf
his having made known to the F.mperor of
Japan the obji ct of bis vi-it; but it is not
yet a-certaiued how far the liuiperor will
in) di-posed to abandon his restrictive poli
cy, and open that populous country to a
commercial intercourse with the I' State.
It has been our earnest desire to maintain
friendly intercourse with the Governments
upon this Continent, and to aid them iu pic
serving good understanding among them
selves, W ith Mexico a dispute ha arisen
as to the true boundary line betweru our
territory of New Mexico and the Mexican
State of Chihuahua. A former Commission
er of the l'. States, employed iu ruuniug
that line, pursuant to the treaty of Gauda
lupe Hidalgo, made a serious mistake in tie
terminitig the iuitial point on the Rio Grande;
but, inasmuch as his decision was clearly a
departure from the directions for tracing
tho boundary contained in that treaty, slid
wm not cot;eurrJ ia tile iijrvoyor ap
pointed on the part of U. .States, whose con
currence waa necessary lo give validity to
that decision, this Government is not con
cluded thereby; but that of Mexico takes a
different view of the subject.
there are also other questions of consid
erable magnitude pending between the two
Republics Our Minister in Mexico has am-'
pie instructions to adjust them. Negotia
tions have been opened, but auflieiciit mo.
gresa lias not been made therein to enable
me to speak cf the probable result. Im
pressed with the importance of maintaining
: amicable relation-, with that republic, and
of yielding with liberality to her just
claims, it is reasonable to expect that tin ar
j raiigcnii nt inulally satisfactorily to both
. couutricj may be concluded, and a lasting
friendship between tW- - r-
j -se1 it a ml. "
I Congrea having provided for a full mis- ,
sion to the States of Central America, a
Minister was sent thither in July last. As
yet lie h-.s bad time to visit only one of
iheae States, (Nicaragua,) where he was re
ceived iu the most friendly relations between
them re-pectively, and between each of them
an 1 tho Cuitcd States.
Consideri.ig the vast legione of t!ii cn
tiueiit, and the number ol States which would
be made accessible by t he flee navigation
of the river Amazon, particular attention has
b-.-cii given to this subject, linizil, through
whose territories into the ocean, has hither
to persisted in a poli.'V so restrictive in it.
gard to the use of this river as to obstruct,
and nearly exclude, foreign commercial in
tercourse with the States, which lie ur-oti its
tributaries and upper branches. Our Min
ister to that country is instructed to obtain
a relaxation of that policy, and to u.-u bis
efforts to iuduce the lirazilian Government
to open to common use, under proper .safe
guards, this great na'.urul highway for in
ternational trade. Several cf the South
American States are deeply interested in
this attempt to secure the free navigation
of the Amazon, and it is reasonable to ex
pect their co-operation in the measure. As
tho advantages of free commercial inter
course among nutions are better understood,
uime libcial views are generally entertained
.vs to t'l.-' "on. linn rights cf all to the free
u-e of 'hose mentis which nature has provi
ded for international communication. To
the-e more liberal and enlightened views it
is hoped that lirazil will conform her policy,
and remove till unnecessary restrictions up
on the free use cf r. river which traverses
eo many States and fo large a portion of
the continent. 1 am happy to inform you
that the Republic of Paraguay ami the Ar
gentine Coiil'i-deration have yvildcd to the
liberal policy still resisted by Rrazil, in re
gard to the iiavigiVie rivers wiihin their
respective territories. Treaties embracing
this aulijeet amoe-r others hav 'i".-ii vrgti.
ated with those Governments, which will be
submitted to the Senate at the present ses
sion. A new branch of commerce, impoi tatit to
the agricultural interests of the I". States,
has, within a few years past, been opened
with Peru. Notwithstanding the iuexhaus
tilie deposits of guano upon the islands of
t'i - -out.try, considerable difficulty is expe
lieneed iu obtaining the requisite sup. ply.
Measures have been taken to remove thc.-e
difficulties, and to i-eeure a more abundant
importation of the article, l ufortunately,
there has been a serious colli-ion between
our citizens who have reported to the Chin
clia islands for it and the Peruvian authori
ties stationed there. Redress for the out
rages committed by the latter was prompt
ly demanded by our Minister ut Lima.
'J his subject is now under a consideration,
and there is reason to believe that Peru is
disposed to offer adequate indemnity to thu
We are thus not only at peace with all for
eign countries, but in regard to political af
fairs, arc exempt from any cause of serious
disquietude iu our domestic relations.
'1 he controversies which have agitated the
country heretofore are pa-sing away with
the cause- which produced them and the
passions which they had a wake tied ; or if
any traces uf their lemains, it may be rea
sonably hoped that it will only be perceived
in the zealous rivalry of all good citizens to
testify their re-peet for the rights of the
States, their devotion to the 1'iiion, an 1 their
common determination that c.-ich one of the
States, its institutions, its welfare, ami its
domestic peace, sluil be held alike secure
under the sacred n'.is of the constitution.
'This new ieaeiie of utility and of mutual
confidence and support, into which the peo
ple of the Republic have entered, happily
affords inducement ami opportunity for the
adoption of a more coiut.rebeii-ive and un
embarrassed line of policy and action as to
the great material interests of the country,
whether regarded in themselves or in con
lieclioti with the powers of the civilized
The I'nited States have continued gradu
ally and steadily to expand, through acqui
sitions of territory, which, how much soever
some uf them may have been que.-tioned, are
now universally seen and admitted to have
been wi-e iu policy, just in character, and a
. great clement in the advancement of our
country, ant, with it, of the human race,
iu freedom, in pro-perity, and in happiness.
I'he thirteen States have grown to be thirty
one, with relations reaching to F.urope on
the one eide, and on the other to the distant
real ins of Asia.
1 am tie. ply sensible of trie immense re
sponsibility which the present magnitude of
the Republic, and the diversity and multi
plicity of its interests, devolves upon me;
: the alleviation of which, so far as relates to
the immediate conduct of the public busi
I ness, is, first, in my reliance on the wisdom
' aud patriotism of the two Houses uf I'on
' gre-s ; and, secondly, in the directions af
forded me by the priuciplct of public policy
' affirmed by our father- of tho epoch ot 1 J
sanctioned by long experience, and coiise
l crated anew by the overw helming voice of
' the people of the I'nited States.
Ileeurrmg to these principles, wlneli con
stitute the organic basis of union, we per
ceive that, vast as are the functions and the
duties of the Federal Government, vested
I in or entrusted to iu three great depart
j merits, the legislative, executive, and judi
cial, yet She subrtecli-d p.'-eer, j f -pular
; force, and the large capacities for social
aud material development exists in the re
spective State", which, nil being of them
selves well constituted Republics, a- they
proceeded, so they alone hre eatable of
maintaining and perpetuating the American
Union. . The Pederal Government has its
appropriate line of action m the specific ami
limited powers conferred on it by the cmi
ttitution, chii lly as those things" in which
the States have a common interest in their
relations to one another and to foreign Government-.
; while the great mn.ss of inli i e.-ta
which belong to the cultivated men, the or
dinary busine s of life, the sprii gs of indus
try, all the diversified personal unit domes
tic affairs of society, rest seeuivlv unon the
gencial reserved powers of the people of the
mocf -v.f the nnti' n. aud ihere the vital
easenec of its being 2nd its greatness.
Of the practical consequence:; which flow'
from thenatuifi of tiie Federal GoverMiieut,
tho primary one is the tiuty of administer
ing; with integiity nd fidelity the high trust
reposed in it by tho Constitution, especially
iu the application of the public funds, as
drawn by taxation from the people, aud ap
propriated to specific objects by Congress, i
Happily I have no ocva.-ii-n to suggest any
radi'-al changes iuthe linaneinl policy of the
ietiiiemeti. I 'urs i- altno-t, if not absolute
ly, the solitary Power of Christendom hav
ing a surplus revenue, drawn immediately
from imposts on commr-ree, and then.loie
measured by thj spontaneous enterprise and
national j.ro-periiy of the eounti v , with -ueii
indirect relation to agriculture, manufac
tures, and the products of the earth and
sea, and to violate no constitutional doe
trine, and vi t vigorou-ly promote the gene
ral Wek 'ire. Neither a.- to the source- of
the public trea-ure, nor us the manner of
keeping and managing it, ib. any grave
controversy now prevail, then in itio u ,,e.
ral acquiescence iu the wisdom of the pres
The report of the- Seen tary nf the Treasu
ry will exhibit ill detail the state of the pub
lic finance-, and the condition of the various
brunches of the public service nuiniui-tcrcd
by that department of tl e Gnu-rumen.
'The revenue ol the country levied :iln,o t
insensibly to the lax payer, goes on from
year to year incrcasinir beyond either the
iutere.-ts or the prospective wants of the
At the close of the fiscal year ending
June Ij i, 1 "."i .', there rem ai tied in the Treasu
ry a balance of SI I. li.'J'J.l Hi. '1 he public
revenue for the fiscal year ending Juiie 30,
1 "'!, amounted to ?"". loll Oo, from cus- !
t iu-, and to ? .'. 1. i)" from public lands
and other miscellaneous s lurees, amounting
together to f;iil,:tli:t7..-7 1 ; while the tniblie
expenditures lor the .-aiuo period, exclusive
of payment. v, re-,.. unit -!' t'".c vi.'i'tic 'ebt,
amounted to II H,.V .."i4, -li- ; leaving a bal
ance if I'-o.i IT of receipts above ex
poT.;!hir"s. Tii1.. fact ' f im rr asingsui p'u- i;i a Treasu
ry became the subject of anxious considera
tion at a very (any period of my Adminis
tration, and the path of duty in regard to it
teemed to me obvious and clear, namely ;
first, so apply the surplus revenue to tiie
di.-charge of the public del t, so far as it
could jiidiriou-ly be done ; and secondly,
to devi-e means for the gradual reduction of
the revenue to the standard of the pu! lie
Of these objects the first ha been iu the
curse of aeeouip'iulimoiit. in a manner and
to a degree highly satisfactory . 1 he amount
of the public delt, nf all ciis-es, was on the
fourth of March, I -."iM. c !l!l,o:!T ; pay
ments on acco i.it of which have been made,
since that period, to the amount of C-l'.',". V'l,-il'-'ll
; leaving unpaid, and in the e-vtin'i-otis
course of liquidation, the sum of --I
-li,'! lis. These payment-, alth i:ih tnai.'o
at the ii'trktt price of tha rc-pcetivc class
es of siocks, hv.c been i ffeeted readily, and
to the general advantage of the Treasury,
and have at the same time proved of sig
nal utility in the relief they have incidental
ly a Horded to the money maiket and to the
industrial and commercial pursuits uf the
count i y.
The second of the above mentioned ob
jects, that of the reduction of the tarrilf. i
of great importance, hud the plan suggested
by the Seeritary of the Treasury, which is
to reduce the duties on certain ai tides, and
to add to the free li-t many aitie'es now
taxed, rind especially such a' enter into
manufactures, and are in t largeiy, or at all,
produced iu the country, 's coininiinlcd to
vour candid and cart ful e jti-ideratioii.
Yon will find iu the n p : t of the Secre
tary of the Tr.-a-ury a!- abiin la-.t proof
of the entire adequacy i f the pre-eul ti-eal
sv-tdii to met I u 1 1 the reiiuirciiictit- ot t'.e
public service, aud that, wniie piop. riy ad
ministered, it operate- to the advantage of
the community in ordinary busine-- relations,
i I rc-pectluily ask your attei.th.ii to sun
ry mi:: -ti m- of impiuvi m. nt- in the set
tlement ot accounts, e-t-.'i-iativ
the large ,-uni- e! 0'.n-t:iii..
to tiie Govi-rii'ueiit. and of other reform-,
in the administrative aelion ot his dc a 1 1 -men!,
which are indicated by the Secret i ry ;
a- also (o tin: pr ogro-s inai.e in the e-'n-
str.ietie.ii nt iii.tnuc hospital-, u-t-Mii-ti
1 a new I. out in 1 :ioi il ia nn.l
office iu thoeiiv ol New l .!., hci'etoioi
ided tor t'V l oi.gn-s; auu a;o t-.' the
tenth- succcs-ful l.r.i -re'ss of the Coast
'Survey and of the Lighthouse Hoard.
' Among the objects i. -i i :v vo.ir :. ve
tl ui w'nl be imp.'itaiit i .-.j.tin-c i: 1 -it; i.- v I
the Secretaries of War and Navy it the
.States i- not iu a e -n i iti--il of stceli.tti
and eiheictiey c. iiiineuoui ate with the liiag-
uitude of our eoimuvreial and other inter
i ests, and commend to your c-peei.il attention
the sugge-tions on thi' sii' ject made by the
j Secretary of the Navy. 1 iv-p. ctl'u.'.y sub
uiit that the army, w hieh, under our system,
must always be regarded w ifh the h;ghc-t
interest, as a nucleus around whi.-hthe voi
' uuteer forces of the nation gather in the
hour of danger, requires augment itton, or
I modification to adapt it to the p.'e-elit ext. n
I ded limits and frontier relations of the coun
try, an.l the condition of tin- In iian tribes
in the interior of the continent ; the neces
sity of which will appear in the communi
cation, of thw Secretaries jf Wtr -itjd .)
In the administration of the Post Office.
Department lor the li-cal year ending Juua
).., 1 so;), the gro.-s expeuuiture was i ,! '.',
;'o ; and the gross receipts, duting the
fame period S"j,u I'i,, y I ; showing that tho
current revenue sailed to meet the currei.t
expenses of the Department by the sn.u of
! :i ''-', '1 he eauts w hieh, under the pre
sent postal sy-ti-m and laws, led inevitably
to this re-ult and fully explained by the re
port of the Po-tiuastcr deiieial; one great
cau.-e being the enormous rates the Depart
ment has b-ieu compelled to pay for mail
service rendered by railroad companies.
'1 hi, exhibit iu tiie repot tot the Pu-tma-ter
Gciicin! of the income and expenditures
ly mail steamers will be louud peculiarly
iiitye.-tinir, and of a character to demand
Numerous aud flagrant lrau'ls npon the'
Pension liureail having been brought to
light within the la.-t vear, and, ill some in
stances, indited pui.i-hmchts inflicted ; bat,
uti'.oi t uuatelv . iu i -ilnT.-. guilty parties have
e-caped, not throti..h the want of sufficient
I'Wtieiice to warrant a conviction, but in con-
sequence of the provisions ot limitation in
the existing law -.
From the nature of thc.-e claims, the re
moteness ol the tribunal to pass upon them,
and the mo'1" in which the proof is, of ne
cessity, fin nished, ti mptati. ns to crime have
been greatly stimulated by the obvious dif
ficulties of detection. 'J he dulec'.s in tho
law up. in this subject are so apparent, and
so l:ital to the -mts uf justice, that your ear
ly action relating to it i- uio-t desirable.
Puling the last li-eal year !,l"ylll
acics of the public lands bine been survey
ed, and I o,:iii;t,- lil acre-brou-ht into mar
ket. Within tiie same pet iod the sales- by
public pui elia-L- and private entry amounted
to ,e -o, 1 :.! Hens ; located under military
bounty land warrant-, 0,1 lj,;'tiit acres; lo
cated under other eertilicate-. M.l'-T acres ;
Ceded to the States :is swamp lends, 10,
ti l.'.'iU r.civs ; selected tor railroad nnd
other ohjt i-t-. under acts of Congress.. 1 ,
l'JT. l.)7 aeies. Total amount of lands dht-po.-i
u i.-f within the li-cal year, vi",3 i'i, 50
seie- ; v hieh i- an increase in qu.uility sold
and bicaud under land warrant- mid grants
of 1 V! ,"J:5 1 ,-1 - aeies over the tiseal yeanim
mcdiately proceeding. 'J he qeautity of
laud sold iltiriiig the second and third quar
t, rs of 1 '."'.' wa .''M,b"l lieu-. 'The
amount n-ei ivo-1 thereof whs ;:ii-o.o7.
'ihe ipiunlity sold the second raid third
quirter- of the year 1 .j."I was 1 ,l, H.M !
acres; and the amount received thercot e-,-a20,..0
'J he whole number of land warrants is
sued under existing laws, pri.ir to the It th
September la.-t. wa- '.'(hi,!! 1 J ; of which there
were o'lt.-tamiii.-g at that date liti,li47. ihe
quantity of iaiol required to sati-ly thesa
Ol't t:.:i.i'i!.g V .tree's in 4,7 7 , 1 -; ,ie.--.--.
Wairants have been issued to . . t ti cf
September l.i-t, tiHib r the aes of the 1 1 1 La
February. 1-17, -..lling 1- r l.',-7o.-'l
acres; iinlir !-- ,, Scpu-mlnr 1 -.in,
ami Ma;cii I -.V.', railing fu- lv..Mi.-.,:i'ivi
acre-; making a t.it.il of .,,;t lii urn -.
K is hi lie veil that speriet.'-e has verified
tho wi-ili.-ui and justice of tin- prccnt sys
tem v it h r.
vo the vnblic
tuo-t c--eiiti,il pai tieulars.
You will pcii-civs; f." tin- report of the
Secntary of the Interior, that opinion
which have often been expressed ill ivlat'on
to the operation of the LhhI system as in t
being a sourre of revenue to the federal
Treasury, were erroiico!!-. The nt pr-.lits
from the sales of tl. j.ul He bin Is to Juno
;i th, I -o-'t, ninouuted to the sum oi 8-7:1. -j-;,-ili-'i.
1 reconinietifl the es.cn-iori cf the l.itjd
system over the Territories of I'tah and
New Mexico, with such moditicatioM as
their peculiarities may require.
Iicgaruing our public domain as chiefly
valuable to pro.i'ic hoines tor the iudutri
oti and cnleipri-itig, I ai n-.t prapared to
reeoninieud any e-ni.tial change in the land
sy-tein, except by inodilication- in favor of
the actual settler, and an ex ten.-tun of the
pre-emption p. itn iple in cer'aln ca-es f r
reasons and on grounds which will be fully
developed in the report- lo be laid before
Congress representing the proprietors of
the territorial domain, and ehieged e-t cej.
ally with power to !i-po-e of territory be
longing to the 1'. States, ha-, for a lone
e eir-,. of years, beginl.itig with the admin-i-tlati
ti of Mr Jelb-r.-oti, exerei-ed the pow
er to c.-ii-truct roads within the Tetrifi ie- ;
autl there are -o many and obvious lii-tlnc-tlou-
betivecn thi.- cM-i.-ise of power am! that
of mwng toads within the States, that the
form has in-ver been e'!;si'ered -uljeitt)
stodi oi-ji ctt .tis as apply to the latte r, att-l
se.-h I;:;.v Is-vv be r.iii-i-lcti'.l the sel'ded
C 'ti-1 r UCtlotl of the i.o-.v.-v of ti.e l--.!vr.il
iiove; lino, i.t upon the sutject.
I e nnmetid to your l .' .-rihie con-. dera
tion the men of genu:- cf'- .-.r ei tintry. who,
by their in .el.tioiis a n 1 u i -e v I'tn s :u s.-i-e:ice
and art. h.ive v lit; ii 'i'. d larg ly t1'
tl:e inii-rov i no i ts ol I ..
many instai.ee-, s-cinug l-.r fli-'insclv-.s
anything iil.c aa ah quale reward. For
lii.iiiV intercst tig ditaii- upon tlu subject,
1 ret" r y ;t t i ti.e appropri ire reports, and
c tu'i i.iiiv ii r -o no. n vourinh att-iiti oi.
ft . v - i : ti, n i ; .y titi oria ;.t
ii- -f i .o ring bi v. - thvr'-'.u ug-
ihe liberal spirit w hieh ha so 1-sng mark
ed the attention of t'o.igivs' in relation t
the I -i r . I, : I (' ' old ; t v-il!. I i
don1 t. Co, .tome tile mai.tfi.-n-d.
'I'I, i-t. i ion an a-yliit'i f-rtl.- ii'-.ne
, f the I'.i.-trict of C.iluni't.ia. -n l ol toe army
and navy e.f the '. Mate-, ha- inn - mt
what retarded by the grest d-iii.ii.d tor ina
t.iiiils and labor .luting the oi- smnincr;
but lull .I-. 1 aratl- a t 'i" 'he r. uprion of
iitieins, 1 i I-'..- the i- on ! il oi. 1- win
ter, i- anticipated : ai-l there isC,e let
r.-as oi to U Ik v - ' 'i'' l,;:,:1 !"' ' '-"'' '"
plated Hii.in.euients winch ha.e been de-vi-cd,
witii tne large exp-. rienee fuiiii.-hed
wtthi.'i the la-t lew yi nr- in r.-Utiou to the
,, ueii''! t-c .li:n l.t 't the iii -es-e, that it
w lii i - 'Ve an -i iM indeed to tuls mo-t
lu-lpie-s ami at: it-U-d ela-s of Mifft-rirs, and
-t.ti.d a- n.'ble monument of wisdom and,
I'll-.r ts avis oi'C n.;rei.-. of A in t ?I,