North Carolina Newspapers

IP Q J2 is aB
Spells of Home.
By the Foft grcon Iiht in the woody glade,
On the bnnks of moss where thy childhood play'd,
By tho household tree through which thine eye
First looked in love to the summer fky,
By the dewy gleam, by the very breath
Oftho primrose Juifs in the grass .beneath,
Upon thn heart there is laid a sjc!l.
Holy and preciom oh! guard it wtl !
By the sleepy ripple of the strcnm,
Which has luM-d thee into many a dream;
By the shiver of the icy leaves
To the wind of mom at thy raiment raves
To the bees' dep murmur in the limes
By the music of the Sabbath chimes
By every sound of thy native shade
Stronger and dearer the spell is made . ' .
By the gathering round the winter hi arth,
"Whose twilight called into household mirth,
13y the fairy ta.!e, or the legend old,
In that ring of hnppy (aces told ;
By the quiet hour, when hearts unite
In the parting prayer, ond the kind "good night !,'
By tiia smiling eye, and the loving lone,
Over thy lift; has the FpeN been thrown.
And bless that gill ! it hath genth; might,
A guardian power, and a guiding light ;
It hath led the freeman forth to stand
In the mountain battles of his land;
It hath brought the wanderer u'er the seas,
To lic on the hills of his own fresh breeze;
And back to the gates of his father's hall,
It hath led the weeping prodigal.
Yes ! when the heart in its pride would stray
from the pure first-loves of its youth away ;
When the sullying breath of the world would come
0' r the flowers it brought frum its childhood's home ;
Think then again of the woody glade,
And the sound by the rustling ivy made,
Think of the tree at thy father's door,
And the kindly spc!i shall have power once more.
; From the Alexandria Index.
To the Kcltc.
There is a sonl-iuspiring light
Within thine eye of love,
A star amid the s-tdly night
That glances from above
Then melts within the balmy air
As if thy heart's true love were there.
There is on thy fair check a rose
Of ever radiant hue,
That changes yet still lovelier glows
With tints forever new
; And see thy snow-wh:te maiden brow
Is wearing love's coronal now.
Thy smile, it is a beauteous beam,
Kight eloquent and bland;
A grrmpse of love a midnight dream
Ot the bright lairy land
There is a spell in its mild ray
CluriniiiPjjK eoul fitn earlb uwny.
vnuhalf a ffill and some cold victuals, it you
J ... . a 1 .1 it
will go into tlie back yard ana cm mu
three armfuls of wood, and bring it iuto the
kilchen,here tho scrvaiit3 want to make a
good lire to dry the gentlemen's great coats
when they come, and after you get your vic
tuals, I shall waul you to go away.' He drank
his brandy, went into the woodyard, and soon
cut nnd laid by the kitchen fire, the required
quantity of wood. The landlady placed a
cold luncheon before him, remarking that
there it was. 'And it is almost as cold as
myself,' says he, 'but not half so wet, nor
neither tea nor coffee - to wet it.' 'Beggars
must not be choosers,' said she. 'I am not
be?" ir of you, madam,' said he, 'but have
paid" the full pi ice demanded.' 'I told you'
said she. 'I would give you cold victuals, and
there is cold boiled bam, cold pork and beef,
I'll be off in the course of two or three days.'
The girl returned and faithfully rehearsed the
message, aud added that she believed the old
fellow was druukj or he would not have said,
'as soou as my business is done 1 11 be ofTju
two or three days.
Well, Betty,' says the mistress, 'go back
and when the gentlemen begin to sit down,
do you stand by the head of the table, and
whisper to somegentlentati that I wish a va
cant place left at the head of the table for
Judge Crane, aud then do you hasten back
and see that John has the cider and other
liquors in good order. And Mary do you
fill two more tureens with gravy, and put one
at each end of the table. Aud Martha do
you see that all the clean plates fur a change
arc ready, and that the tarts and pies, &c, are
in good order. Betty again repaired to her
post at the head of the table, and softly in
formed a gen'.leman of the request of ber mis-
.,.u nr.mi(.o r- nnd ifvou want anv lhinr
li,.t. there is mustard nnd pepper, and here is tress. "Certainly,' says the gentleman, and
gOM 1 bread, good butter, and cheese, and all
good enough tor such an old ragamuffin as
you are.' 'It is all very good,' said he, plea
santly, 'but madam, be so good as to let me
warm, right from the
victuals.' The cows
Oil ! there is music in thy words,
Like old Eolia's lute,
At eve when soft winds kiss the clouds,
And the dim earlh is mute
As if a seraph's voice awoke,
Ami oo the ear in "fcidness br&fcev
Art thoCT, bright bird, an Angel sent
From I he c"er sunny sky,
With rich awed charms of beauty blent
To make each bosom sigh?
Oh! thoucan'st nover, never be
A u "hi but a dream of heaven to me.
Anecdote of Judge Crane.
Shortly after the first Republican Constitu
tion of the Slate of New Vol k was framed
and tho Judiciary system was established for
tho civil department, the supreme court, or
that branch of it called the "circuit court,"
was appointed for one of the circuits, in the
county of Dutchess, and the eccentric Judge
Crane was to presrdVr. Judge Crane was
very wealthy and highly respected for his pub
lic and private virtues, especially for his chari
tableness to the poor; but he always dressed
in a plain garb, and would hardly ever wear
any -other coat, whatever ihe weather might
be, an.l it was seldom that he rode when he
went abroad, although he owned many valua
ble horses. On the morning of the day in
which the court was to legf, the judge set
out before day and walked gently on, through
hail, rain, and snow, t the .appointed place.
On arriviug at Poughhccpsie-, eokf aud wef,
he walked to a tavern, where he found the
landlady and her servants were making large
preparations for the entertainment of the
judges, lawyers, and other gentlemen, whom
they expected would attend the circuit court.
The Judge was determined to have some
sport, and in a pleasant tone addressed the
landlady 'I have no money, and was oblig
ed to come to couit, and I have walked
through this dreadful storm 20 miles. I am
wet and cold, dry and hungry. 1 want some
thing to- eat before court begins ;' when the
laudlady put herself in a majestic posture, aud
putting on a countenance of contempt, said
to the judge, 'you say you are wet and cold,
dry aud hot ; how ca all that be!' 'No, my
dear madam,' says the judge, 'I said that I
was wet and cold, and H' yoj hod been out as
long as I have in the storm-, I think you
would likewise be wet and cold. I said that
1 wanted something o driuk aud eat.' But
you have no money you sav,' retorted the
landlady. 'I told you the truth," says the
judge, 'the whole truth, and- nothing but the
truth, but were I a-j rich as Croesus 1 would
be willing to work for something to eat aud
to drink.' 'Crcesus, who is Crcesus?' says
the laudlady. 'I never knew him,' said the
judge, 'but have understood that he was very
rich. I want something to eat and something
to drink, and were 1 as poor as Job in his
utmost calamity, and have my health and
strength as well as I now have, I would will
ingly go to work a little while, if 1 could only
get a good bite of good victuals.' Vell, old
daddy,' says she, 'how much do you want t
have some new milk
cow, to wet this good
are not milked,' says she.
'Then let me have a bowl of cold milk,'
said. he. 'I would not send the servants in
the storm to Ihe spring house to skim it for
you,' said she. 'Dear madam, said he, with
a pleasant smile, 'I have a good wife at home,
older than you are, who would go out in a
worse storm than this, to milk the cows, and
briug tho milk to the poorest man on earth,
at his request, or to bring the milk from the
spring house, c--eam aud all, without shim
ming, to feed tho most abject of the human
race.' You have a very good wife at home,'
says she. 'Indeed I have,' said he, 'and she
keeps my clothes clean aud whole ; and not
withstanding you called me 'an old' ragamuf
fin,' I am not ashamed to appear abroad in
the clothes I wear in any good company.'
'Well, I must confess,' says she, 'that when
you have your broad brimmed hat off, you
look middling well, but I want you to be off,
for we want the fire to dry the gentlemen's
great coats and umbrellas by aud among the
rest we expect judge Crane.' 'Judge Crane,'
says he, 'who is Judge Crane?' 'The circuit
judge,' says the. One of the supreme judges,
you old fool.
'Nell,' says he, I will bet a goose that
Judge Crane has not had, aud will not have
a great coat ou his back, or an umbrella over
his head to-day.' 'You old goose,' said she,
'I care nothiug for your bets. Eat and be
olf, 1 tell you ; Judge Crane is to be here,
and we've no room for you.' 'I don't care,'
said he, 'one rye straw more for Judge Crane,
than I do for myself, and it has got to be so
late, that if he has to come at this time of the
day, he would be more likely to go to the
court house, and stay uutil dinner time. I
know something about the old codger, and
some people say he is a rusty, fusty, crusty,
old fudge.' 'Pretty talk, indeed,' says the
landlady, 'about the supreme judge.' Now, I
eat and be oil.' '1 tell you,' said he, 'Judge
Crane is not the supreme judge, aud if he
tore, Vie is no more tit to be judge than I am.'
'Well, now be off with yourself,' said she.
'Don't be in so great a hurry,' said he mildly.
'I wish to know who is landlord here, and to
know where he i?' 'lie is the high sheriff
of the county, ifcid won't be home till night:
, but if he were here you would not stay long.'
Well, madam,' said he, 'give me a cup of
cider to wet my victuals, if you won't give me
milk.' '.Not a drop,' says her ladyship. The
judge, who had got pretty well warmed and
dried, and wished for his breakfast, put ou a
stern countenance, and positively declared he
would not leave the room and fire until he
pleased. 'But,' added he, 'if you will giant
my request, I will eat and be oil'.' The cider
was immediately brought and the judge par
took heartily of the collation before him, took
his broad brimmed hat, and gcutly walked to
the court house, wheie he found good fires
aud clean floors, and during the court
hours he presided with dignity aud proprie
ty .
When the judge withdrew, the landlady an
xiously looked after him for some time as he
walked steadily on to the court house, suppos
ing him to be some poor man summoned up
to court as a witness, or some vagabond who
might give her further trouble in time of court,
and expressed to her servants a desire that
they would see that he did not disturb ihe
gentlemen and the judges who might put up
there. While some of the girls declared if he
did come, they would use some of his own
present?' asked he. 'Why,' replied she, 'you Anecaoies oi ooks ana rumors.
called him rusty, fusty fudge, and codger, and , latHariieockiukm. marine ock-
said you did'nt care a straw more tor him I burn, wnose poeucai prouueuous procure! ner
than you did for yourself.' And here the I the name of the Scotish Sappho, but who is
wnoie company were in an uproar oi laugnter oeiier kuubu i v yj uu' J'c-
inV and other metaphysical lucubrations,
expressions, which he used respecting Judge
Crane. l,et me see, says one, 'rusty crusty'
yes, aud 'fusty old Judge,' says another.
Y nen dinner was announced, the couit not
being thronged was immediately adjourned,
and the day being stormy and cold, the jud
ges aud lawyers poured into Rio sheriff's
tavern where they were smc of good fires
and good fare, alt except Judge Crane, who
walked to n store and purchased a valuable
shawl, and put it into his pocket on the inside
of his coat; then walked quietly to the tavern.
While he was thus detained, the landlady en
tered the diuing room and earnestly inquired
if Judge Crane had come in. The answer
, , i
was'iioiyei mauam ; anu peinaps no may
uot come.' The landlady, who was anxious
to pay the highest respect to the sujreme judge,
retired to the kitchen, not a little chagrined
or disappointed. In the mean time the judge
arrived, and being at.proper times very socia
ble, and at all times- fond of cheering the
minds of those present, he began to make
some pertinent temarks, and to tell some
lively auccdotes, intended to convey good
morals r which set the whole company iuto a
i oar of laughter. And at this instaut one of
the waiting maids entered the loom to inform
the gentlemen that they might sit down to
dinuer. She did her erraud and hastened
back to her mistress with the tidings that the
old fustv fellow with his broad brimmed hat
on, was right iu among the bare headed gen
tlemen, talking as loud as he could, and all
the judges and lawyers laughing at him.
'Then go,' says she, 'and whisper to tho old
man that I wish him to come into the kitchen.'
The errand was done accoidingly, and the
judge in a low tone of voice said to the girl,
'tell vour mistress I have a little business to
drink?' 'Haifa gill of good braudy, madam I do with some of these lawyers and when done
licllv hastened back to assist John- The
gentlemen now sit dow n to an excellent re
past, and after a short ejsculatory address to
the throne of grace, delivered by Judge Crane,
in which he adored the fruther ot all mercies
for feeding all his creatures throughout the
immensity of space invoked a blessing on
that portion of earthly bounty then before
them, and supplicated divjae mercy through
the merits of our licdeemer ; the
carved aud served round in usual lorm.
But as the Judge was of a singular turu iu
almost every thing, and had takeu a fancy
that if a person cats light food at the same
meal and that w hich is more solid and harder
of disgestiou, that the light food should be
eaten first; he therefore filled his plate with
some pudding made of milk, rico, and eggs,
and placing himself in rather an awkward
situation, w ith his left elbow on the table and
his head near his plate, began to cat accord
ing to his custom, which was very last, though
he was not a great eater. And some of the
gentlemen near the Judge, following his ex
amph, as to partaking of the pudding before
the meat, ot course a large deep vessel which
had contained that article was nearly emptied
when Mary approaching with her two addi
tional tureens of gravy, according to the com
mandment of her mistress, and as she sat
down the last near the Judge, he says to her
iuan austere manner, 'Girl, bring inc a clean
date to caUsorne salad on.' The abrupt man
ner in which he addressed her, aud her dis
gust at seeing him there in that position, so
disconcerted the poor girl that she did not ob
serve that any one execptiug the Judge had
partaken of the pudding, nor did she know
w hat he. meant by salad ; but she observed
that the large pudding pan was nearly empty,
and then hasteued back with the utmost speed
to her mistress, and addressed her with, 'Lord,
madam, that old fellow's there yet, and he is
ccrtaiuly crazy or drunk, for he is down at
the table, and has eaten more than a skipple
of the rice pudding already, and has his nose
right down iu a plate full now, shovelling it
in like a hog ; and told me, as if he was lord
of the manor, to bring him a clean plate to
eat salad on. Bless me, where can we get.
salad at this time of the year? Aud the gen
tlemen have not done carving, and not one
has beiruu to eat meat, much less to eat a tub
of pudding.
'Ave, he'll get a clean plate, says Martha,
'befcre gentlemen want clean plates.' I'll
clear him out,' says the, mistress, and starts
for the dining room, burning with iudigna
The Judge was remarkable for not giving
unnecessary trouble to any body w here he put
up, and generally ate what was set before him
without making any remarks: and seldom
made use of more than one plate at a meal
but at this lime he observed near him a dish
of beautiful raw white cabbage, cut up and
nut into vinegar, (which the low Dutch at
Poughkeepsie call "cold slaw," and which
he called "salad,") and he wished for a sepa
rate plate to - prepare some of it for his own
fancy. Ihe carving and serving were not
yet finished when he expected a clean plate.
and when the landlady arrived at the door of
the dining room, determined to drive htm out
She advanced ivith a firm step to the door,
and fixed her keen eye sternly on the Judge
when he, turning his eye that way and ob
serving her, mildly said, 'landlady, can I have
a clean plate to eat some salad on?' 'A clean
plate and salad!' retorted the landlady indig
nantly. 'I wish you would come into the
kitchen until the gentlemen have dined;
had reserved that seat for Judge Crane.' The
company were struck with astonishment, and
fixed their eyes alternately on the landlady and
on the Judge, and sat or stood in mute sus
pense when the judge gracefully raised him
self up in his chair, carelssly folding his arms
across his breast, then putting his head awk
wardly on one side, 'You reserved this seat
for Judge Crane, did you, landlady?' 'In
deed I did,' says she. 'It was very kind,
says he, in an ironical tone, 'but if you will
step to the door ana see it he is coming, or
send one of the servants to call for him, with
your permission and the approbation of these
gentlemen, with whom I have some business
to do, I will occupy this seat until you shal
find the Judge.' 'Find the Judge,' said she
w ith emphasis, 'go look for him yourself, not
1 w
senu me or my servants. I gave you your
breakfast this morning tor chopping a little
wood, because you said you had no money 5
aud expected you would go away quietly and
keep away, and now you must come here to
disturb gentlemen at dinner.' Here the whole
joke burst upon tho minds of the gentlemen
present, who tell into a loud fit of laughter
After the tumult had a little subsided, the
Judge mildly asked 'did I chop wood to pay
for my breakfast?' 'Iudeed you did,' said
she, 'and said you had no money.' 'I told
you the whole truth,' replied the Judge, 'but
I have a beautiful shawl, worth more than ten
dollars, which I just now bought, aud wil
leave it with you in pawn, if you will only let
me eat uinner wnn tnese gentlemen.' Here
the gentlemen were biting their lips to keep
trom laugnter. 'Mow did you buy a shaw
worth more than ten dollars without money?'
'I bought it on credit,' says he. 'And where
did you fiud credit to that amount?' says she.
'i brougtu it lrom Home,' says he. 'That's
likely story, and something like your abuse
to Judge e,race this morning,' said she
'How could I abuse the Judge if he was not
But as soon as it a little subsided,
one of the irenllemen asked the landlady how
she knew that the eentleman she was ad- was the youngest uaugnier oi captain uawa
dressing was not Judsre Crane. ' He Judire Trotter, a native oi sconana, ana a navai ot-
Crane! He looks more like a snipe than a fleer in the reign of Charles II. On the death
craner ol tier lamer, wuo ieu a vicum 10 me piague
Here the loud laughter burst forth for a third at Scanderoon, she was still a child. She
time. And after a little pause the Judge said, had given early indications of genius, by
I must confess I am not a bird of verv fine some extemporary verses on an accident
feathers, but I assure you that I am a Crane, which, passing in the street, excited her at
ana a crane is ouen a very useful instrument; tentiou oeverai oi uer relations aua irienu
I saw a very useful one in your kitchen this happened to be present on the occasion, among
morning ; ana sometimes an instrument cal- whom was her uncle, a naval commander.
led a crane is of valuable use, madam.' Be- This gentleman, greatly struck by such proof
fore she bad time to reply, some of the gentle- of observation, facility, and talent in a child
men with whom she was acquainted assured observed with what pleasure the father of
her that she was talking with the presiding Catharine, who possessed a peculiar taste for
TvvrDiKrr Mr Snob
n inmnnr'anrft manr Vel Vrttf j&aw fojiaefcer.
Hum! yes mom uurraum,
my gizzard out with stays, nor stick my back
up with bags of meV lUrSj noutuy.v5,
. KxeuAt Mrs. Snob; in a lluffl t y r t 1
judge. Astonished and confounded, she at- poetry, would have witnessed, had he been
tempted some excuse, and hastily asked his living, this unpremeditated effusion. Catha
pardon for her rudeness. - I rine, by application and industry, made her
The Judge had bv this time, unobserved, self mistress of the French language without
taken from his pocket the beautiful shawl and any instructor; she also taught herself to write
folded at length one w ay, nnd iu a nairow In the study of the Latin grammar and logic
form the other, and it being of very fino tex-lshe had some assistance; of the latter she
ture, appeared more like an eJegant sash than she drew up an abstnet for herjown use. Iu
like a valuable shawl. When he arose with J 1693, being then only fourteen years of age,
graceful dignity, and with a half smile, ad- she addressed some lines to Mr Bevu Ilig
vanccd a few steps towards the landlady, say- gius, on his recoveiy from sickness. In her
ing, 'it is not my province to pardon, but it seventeenth year she produced a tragedy, en
is my business to iudge that vou and I shall titled "Agnes de Castro," which was acted
hereafter be friends aud I iudge, also, that with applause at the Theatre Boyal in 1696
ll 1 . a 11 1 1 m
you win, without hesitation, receive this ana published, nut without her name, the lol-
shawl, as a present, if not as a pawn.' So
saying, he gently laid it over her shoulders and
utivao ijii una;?, su uigj 'xunu u, iimucuu,
and do not attempt to return it, for it was pur
chased on purpose for a present for vou.
She hastily retired in confusion, hardly know
ing what she did, and took with her the shawl
worth twelve instead often dollars.
lowing year, with a dedication to the Earl of
Dorset: aud when she wrote her "Defence of
the Essay on the Human Understanding,"
she was no 'more than t wen ty-t.vo years of
age. Mr Jjocke himself was pleased to sav
ot this dclenee, in a letter to the fun author.
"you have hereby, not only vanquished my ad
versary, but reduced me also under your pow
cr, and lett no desire more strong in me, than
Retribution. 'Do you think I'd have a that of meeting with some opportunity to as-
shoe maker or a tailor La me! no, I'd rather sure you with what respect and submission I
live aud die an old maid, than marry a shoe am," xc
maker of a tailor.' "We remember well the Gkotius. Hugo drotius. at the age of
evening that Miss Sally Snipes made the eight years, is said to have composed verses,
above indignant disclaimer. TYe then board- which an old poet would not have disavowed
ed with her mother in an eastern city. Mrs. At the age of fifteen he maintained thesis in
Snipes, the mother of Sally, in her youth, was philosophy, mathematics, and jurisprudence,
unfortunately cursed with a large share of good with great applause. The following year he
looks, aud very little good sense." She had went to Frauce, where he attracted the notice
one idea in her mind, which is explained by of Henry IV. On his return to his own
what the mass of fashionable folks call gentil- country, he pleaded his first cause at the age
ihj. She indulged this one idea to such an J of seventeen, having previously published
extent that it soon left her minus a husband, commentaries on Capella aud Aratus. When
The poor man died of a broken heart, leaving only twenty-four years of age, he was made
Mrs. Sntkcs and an only daughter to cultivate advocate-general of Rotterdam
their notions of gentility as best suited their Cowley. Cowlev, losing his father at an
humor. The evening iu question was a cold early age, was left to the care of his mother
stormy night, and the boarders, six in num- In the window of their apartment lay Spen-
ber, all mechanics, were gathered around the ser's Fairy Queen; iu which he very earlv
stove in conversation, and as Miss Sally hon- took delight to read, till, by feeliug the charms
ed the group with hei presence, love and mat- of verse, he became, as he relates, irrecovera-
rimony contributed to the chit chat of the ev- bly a poet. '"Such," says Dr. Johnson, "arc
ening. None of our company happened to ihe accidents which, sometimes remembered.
be a shoe maker or a tailor, but there was an aud perhaps sometimes forgotten, produce that
excellent young man there, a journeyman hat- particular designation ol mind, aud propensity
ter; it was suspected, aud not without reason, for somecertain science or employment, which
that he entertained a very sly and affectiouate is commonlv called renins." Cowlev mftUir
. . - .1 J : o n
interest in the welfare of Miss Sally; but the be said to "lisp in numbeis and
. . . , 0-.
very moment the words quoted above were early proofs not only of powers of language.
uttered, it was evident a change came over but of the comprehension of things, as, to
the spirit of his dream. About this time a more lardy minds, seems scarcely credible.
spruce young cTanay of slender mind, but am- When only in his thirteenth year, a volume of
pie impudence, respecting whose whereabouts his poems was printed, containing, with other
or means of making a show, no one could poetical compositions, "the Tragical History
guess, paid particular attention to Miss Sally, of Pyramus and Thisbe," written when he
and waited on her w ith great pomposity wher- was ten years otd; and "Constantia and Phi
ever she pleased to go. letus," written two years alter. And while
I our years afterwards, we spent a few weeks still at school,' he produced a comedv of a
in a neighboring city, and having occasion to pastoral kind, called "Lore's Riddle," thonnh
look alter a washerwoman, went to the place it was not published till he had been some time
directed, knocked at a rickety old door in a
back alley, which the hogs of the neighbor
hood had appropriated to themselves as a plea
sant retreat the door was opeued, when lo,
anu nenoiu mere stood uetore us a very anari-
tiou of squalhd wretchedness, with dishevelled
hair, and tattered dress. It was Miss Sally
Snipes that was, but-now Mrs. Fitz Jenkins,
the wife of the cidevant dandy, degraded into
a miserable, broken down gambler and aban
doned drunkard. The words quoted at the
head of this article flashed upon our mind.
Since then, whenever we hear a young lady
speak disrespectfully of mechanics, or talk
about 'setting their caps' for a -rich or fashion
able husband, we mvoluutarily think of uu-
tortunatc Sally Snipes.
The freezing of water, though it is gene
rally allowed to be the effect of cold, and has;
bee'n carefully examined by the most eminent
philosophers, is still involved, says Dr. Claike,
in much mystery. Water, when frozen, be
comes solid, and increases considerably m
bulk. The expansive power in freezing is
so great, that, if water be confined in a gun
barrel, it will split the solid metal throughout
its whole length. Bombshells have been fill
ed with water, and plugged tight, and expos
ed lo cold air, when they have been rent,
though the shell has been nearly two inches
thick. Attempts have been made to to ac
count for this, but they have not, as yet, been
generally successful. Iu the act of, freezing,
wiud or air is necessary ; for it has been ob
served that water which lay low in ponds did
not freeze until some slight current of air fell
on and ruflcd the surface, when it instantly
shot info ice.
Some philosophers suppose that ice is the
re-establishment of water in its natural state;
that the mere absence of fire is suflicie t to
account for this re-establishmeut ; and that
the fluidity is n real fusion, like that of metals
exposed to the action of fire ; and differing
only iu this, that a greater portion of fire is
necessary to one than the other. Ice is there
fore supposed to bo the natural state ot water ;
so in its natural state it is solid, and be
comes fluid only by the action of lire, as solid
bodies are brought into a state of fusion by the
same means.
Ice is lighter than -water, its specific gravity
being to that of water as eight to nine. I hi
rarefaction of ice is owing to the air bubbles
produced iu Water by freezing, ami which be
ing con's itlyrably larger in proportion by the
water frozen, render the body so much spe-
ii i" i. i . i . jl .
ciucauy lighter: nonce ice ai ways uo.u i
water. The air-bubbles, during their produc
tion, acquire a great expansive power, so as
to burst the containing vessels, be they ever
so strong.
at Cambridge.
Dew is a dense moist vapor, found on tho
earth iu spring and summer mornings, in the
form of mizzling rain. Dr I lotion defines it
"a thin, light, insensible mist or rain, des
cending with a slow, motion, and falling while
the sun is below the horizon. It appears to
differ fiom rain as less from more. Its ori
gin and matter are doubtless from the va
pors and exhalations that rise froin the earth
and water." Various experiments have been
instituted to ascertain whether dew arises
from the earth, or descends from the atmos
phere, and those pio aud con have alternate
ly preponderated. The question is not yet
decided, ueither has Dr. Claike's inquiry been
answered " is it water deposited from the at
mosphere, when ihe surface of the groutid is
colder than the air ?"
Poverty.- We always say, "You need
not be ashamed of poverty if is no disgrace,
and most truly have we spoken poverty is no
disgrace; but why do we, who preach, treat it
as if it were a pestilence? shrink from it
proclaim it insult if chastise it betray it
loathe it abandon it? We shame to greet
that "shabby-looking"' man, or bow to that "ill
dressed woman," because wc have not indus
try to separate the chaff from the wheat be
cause we are too prone to honor (he garments
woven by men's hands, rather than the crea
ture stamped iu God's own image -because
we want moral courage to walk erect in the
right path, unless it be the chosen highway of
the great and powerful. The grave is the
poorman's only sanctuary; he can lay him
down there, and neither feel nor fear the dull
ness of the world the earthworm gnaws the
Woman. There is a strength in woman's
weakness before which the proudest spirit
must bov in grateful acknowledgment of su
periority. Meu may talk as they will of bein-g neart that poverty destroyed; but it only takes
the lords of creation, but where is the heart ts portion. Earth has returned to earth the
so callous as not to be softened by woman's spirit is far beyond the reach of povcity.
affection, or so engrossed by self esteem, as
not to feel ennobled by her preference? Well Quirk, upon being asked if he was in favor
miht the poet say, of capital punishment, remarked that he wa
Without the smile from partial beauty w on. autl when e was a boy at school, for trivial
Oil what vvcrt man! a world without a sun:" J. offences, he was 'condemned tosh among the
for darkened indeed must be the spirit over g'rls which he thought was capital puni-di
whii h female loveliness docs not cast its man- menu
tie of light. Its influence may be forgotten
amid tne maddening connicis oi me nattie l should think that an editor would get
held, and may lor a season give place to tho sick and tired pulling so many people," sar
intoxicating allurements"of popular applause, castically remarked a lawyer, whose business
but no sooner does the tempest of passion is chiefly confined to the erirniuul courts, toau
1 .L . . 1- f I. I I .- . . .
subside than its appeals are felt, and
"Tics around the heart are spun
That cannot, w ill not, be undone."
It may be thought lhat, in the midst of polit
ical strife, and engaged as wc are in the wild
roar of adverse opinions, we should find time
to dwell on a topic better suited to the quiet
scenes of the student's chamber or the domes
tic circle, but we are free to confess that to us
no theme is so truly delightful as that which
treats of woman's power. Iu contemplating
the charms of her all subduing loveliness, we
forget the cares of life in the consciousness
that they but serve to excite her sympathies
and give room for the exercise of her endear
ments. The companion of mau, she is to
him a- seeond self, and constitutes his pride
aud ornament. In gazing on her charms he
feels himself her slave, and, happy in the
chains he wears, desires no better freedom.
The world may frown aud poverty may strew
his path with thorns, but should dear woman's
smile illume his path, his cares are all forgot,
and in her love he tas'.es the bliss of paradise.
; JMadisonian '
editor the other day.
"And I should think," retorted him of the
rey goose quill,' "that a lawyer would some
times get sick aud tired of defending so many
thieves and robbers."
II im of the law "looked daggers, but used
K variolation.
Providence has exactly proportioned 'he
acqiufous surface of the earth to the terrene
parts; jjp thafthere shll bean adequate sur
face to produce, by evaporation, moisture suf
lieient to bo treasured no in the atmosphere
for tho irrigation of ihe earlh, so that it may
produce grass for cattle, aud corn for the ser
vice of man. It has been found, b a prcttv
exact calculation, that theacqueous surface of
the globe, is to the terreiie parts as three to
one; or that ihrce-lourths of the surface of tho
globe is water, anJ about one-fourth earth.
And other experiments on evaporation, or tho
quantity of vapors which arise from a given
space in a given time, show that it requires
such a propoition of ucqueous surface to afford
moisture suflicicnl for tho other proportion of
Do not enter a room suddenly, where you
know there it a youug lady aud gentleman
sitting, busily engaged in funning a flame.
If you are but a newly married pair just
caught the diuing room, parlor, or stage
coach, is not a proper place for your billing
and cooing. Jt is very
aggravating to old
Some of the sterner sex, indignant at the
prospective policy of the ladies, avowed in
the popular phrase "total abstinence or no
husbands," have started tho watchword "nat
ural waists or no
Snow is generally defined, a well known
meteor, formed by the freezing oftho vapors
in the atmosphere." We may consider the
formation of snow thus: A cloud of vapors
being condensed into drops, these drops, be
coming too heavy to be suspended in the at
mosphere, descend ; ami, meeting with a cold
legion of the air, they are frozen, each drop
shooting into several points. These still con
tinuing their descent, and meeting with some
intermitting gales of a warmer air, are a little
thawed, blunted, aud again, by fulling into
colder air, frozen iuto clusters, or so entang
led with each other as to fall down in what we
call flakes.
Snow differs from hail aud hoar frost in
being cryslalized. Thl appears on examin
ing a flake of snow with a magnifying glass,
when the whole of it will appear to be com
posed of fine spicula, or points diverging Ijke
rays from a centre. Dr Clarke slates thct ho
has often observed, the particles of snow to
be of a regular figure, for the most part beau
tifulstars of six points, as clear and transpa
rent as ice. On each of these poitits are other
collateral points, set at the same angles as the
main points themselves, though some are ir
regular, the points broken, end some are form
ed of the fragments of other stars. The same
writer has observed snow to fall sometimes
entirely iu the form of separate regular six
pointed stars, without either clusters or flakes,
and each so large as to be an eighth of an
inch iu diameter.
The lightness of snow is owing to the'ex
cess of its surface, when compared with the
matter contained under it. Its whiteness is
owing to the small particles into which it is
divided ; for take ice, opaque almost lo black
ness, and pound it fine, and it becomes as
The immediate cause of the formation of
snow is not well understood. It has been
attributed to electricity; aud bail is supposed
to-owe its more compact form to a more in
tense electricity; which unites the particles of
hail more closely "than the moderate electrici
ty does those of snow. Bui rain, hail, .snow,,
frost, ice, &.c., have all one common origin
they are formed out of the vapors which have'
-beeu exhaled by heat from the surface of the

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