North Carolina Newspapers

    t.
I ENTY SEVENTH CONGRESS.
SECOND SESSION.
Senate, Wednesday, June 15, 1842.
On motion of Mr Benton, the bill to pro
vide for the armed occupatiou end settlement
of the unsettled part of the peninsula of East
Florida, having been correctly engrossed, was
read the third time and passed.
On motion of Mr Berrien, the Senate took
iip the message frorn the House, returning
the bill apportioning Representatives among
the States according to the sixth census, and
giving information that that House had non
concurred with the Seuate in all their amend
ments to said bill.
The question now being on the motion to
, insist on the amendment of the Senate, pro
viding that Such states as have a fraction of
. more than a moiety of the ratio shall be en
titled to an additional Representative, it was
put, and decided in the affirmative yeas 24,
nays IS.
The question va3 then taken on the mo
tion to insist on. the amendment of the Se
nate, increasing the ratio adopted by the
House from 50,179 to 70,680, and decided iu
the affirmative yeas 30, nays 14.
. The other. amendments of the Senate, con
forming the number of Representatives for
each State to the ratio, was also insisted on
and . .
Tbe Secretary was directed to return the
bill to the I louse, and inform it of the action
of the Senate.
On motion of Mr Evans, the Senate re
sumed, as iu committee of the whole, tho con
sideration of the bill making appropriation tor
the naval service for the year 1S42.
House, Wednesday, June 15, 1S42.
On motion of Mr Fillmore, the House re
solved itself 'into Committee of the Whole oh
the state of the Union, (Mr McKcnnan of
Pennsylvania in the chair,) and resumed the
' consideration of the bill to extend for a limit
ed period the present laws for laying and col
lecting duties on import3.
Mr Gamble denied, in reply to some re
marks of the gentleman from Indiana, Mr
White, that the Whig party, at the late Pre
sidential election, contemplated a protective
tariff. It was a doctrine that was new to him,
and it was not heard of at the South ; they
had the principles of the compromise on their
banners, and not protection; and he protested
against having a protective tariff fastened up
on them as a consequence of the victory of
tho Whigs in 1S40.
The question was first taken upon the mo
tion to strike out the proviso to the bill, which
re-enacts the distribution law. This motion
was rejected ayes 102, noes 113.
After several ineffectual attempts had been
made to carry amendments to the bill,
Mr Fillmore moved to strike out the words
"and no longer," and insert: "at which time,
if there shall be theu no further legislation on
the subject, tho laws shall be the same as if
no action had been had." This amendment
was adopted without a count.
The bill having been ordered to its en
grossment, by general consent it was read a
3Ir .Everett moved that tne irtZ
bill, which had been returned from the Se
nate with the adherence of that body to its
'amendments, be now taken up.
Tho motion was agreed to.
Mr Everett moved that the House recede
from its disagreement.
Mr W. C. Johnson hoped the House would
insist on its disagreement.
Mr Wise moved the previous question,
which was sustained by the House.
The first question then taken was. on re
ceding from the disagreement of the House
to the first amendment of the Senate, by which
the ratio of representation was increased from
60,179 to 70,6S0.
' The House refused to recede ayes 104,"
noes 110.
The House also refused to recede on the
other amendment.
An irregular discussion ensued on the form
of proceeding, and Mr W. C. Johnson moved
that the House adhere to the disagreement.
The vote was then taken on adhering to.
the disagreement of the House ; which was
determined in the negative-ayes 80, noes 127.
Mr Black then moved an adjournment ;
which was agreed to. .
Senate, Thursday, June 16, 142.
On motion of Mr Evans, the Senate re
sumed the consideration, as iu committee of
.the whole, of the bill making appropriation
lor tho naval service for the year 1842.
The question immediately pending was on
strikiug out the following proviso of the House
to the clause appropriating $2,335,000 for the
pay of commissioned, warrant, and petty offi
cers, and seamen, as amended by the Senate
to read as follows:
"Provided, That, until otherwise ordered by Con
gress, no part of this, or any future or existing ap
propriation, shall be applied to the payment of any
officer in; the navy appointed after this dtle, beyond
ii r li errn.ua now i BPrmr " .
fr Benton hercvahibited a table showing
the actual stale of thenavy, in point of numP
bers, at the commencement of the years iS41
and 1S42 ; and showed that the increase in
one year was nearly as great, as it had been
in tho previous twenty vears ; and that its
totality at (he latter of these periods was be
tween eleveu and twelve thousand men, all
told. The table was as follows:
INCREASE OF OFFICERS OF THE UNITED
STATES NAVY AND SEAMEN.
Captain?,
Commanders,
I .teu'ena nt,
Surgeons,
1S22.
31
31
196
46
41
1341.
55
55
283
59
IS12.
6S
96
323
69
74
42
10
336
,164
66
64
53
13 24
457,' 533
7,419
9,784
Adsistant-surgyotts and
passed assistant?,
Pursers,
Chaplain?,
Midshipmen and passed
miJshipmen,
P-tty officers, aoamen,
boys, &c. ) '
Mr B. said this table spoke for itself
showed what had been done in one year
the last year, 1841 ; and presumed it would
be harder to justify the increase from 1S22 to
1841, than to justify the return to that point
from the point attained in 1842.
The question was then taken by yeas nnd
nays, on the' motion to strike out the proviso.
ad resulted in the affirmative yeas 23
Mr Preston moved to amend the bill by in
serting the following:
For the transportation, arrangemrnt, and preser
vation of artides brought, and to be brought, by
the exploring- expedit iou, 20,000, if so much be
necessary." . , L ' - :J
Which was concurred in. ,
House, Thursday, June 16, 942. -THE
APPORTIONMENT BlLLi
The motion to reconsider the vote of yes
terday, by which the House had refused to re
cede from its disagreement of the Senate's
amendment increasing the ratio from 50,179
to 70,680, was then carried ayes 101, nays
97.
Mr Botts moved an . adjournme t, decided
in the affirmative.
Senate, Friday, June 17, 1842.
On motion of Mr Evans, the Senate re
sumed the consideration, as in committee of
the whole, of the bill making appropriation
for the naval service for year 1842.
The question pending being the resolution
of Mr Evans to strike out from page 1, line 8,
$335,000, and insert 800,000. It adds
$465,000 for pay of commissioned, warrant,
and' petty officers, and seamen ; making the
appropriation $2,SOO,000, instead of $2,335,
000, foe. that purpose.
"The i.estion was then takeu on the mo
tion to increase the appropriation from $2,-'
350,000 to $2,S00,0,0O, and resulted in the
affirmative yeas 23, nays 19.
The yeas and nays were called, and order
ed, on the amendment, modified as follows:
Provided, That, until otherwise ordered by Con
gress, tlie officers of the navy shall not be increased
beyond the number in the respective grades that
may exist at the end of the present session ol Con
gress ; nor of midshipmen, beyond the number now
in the service. O
z And resulted in the affirmative yeas 27,
nays 17.
The bill was then reported to the Senate,
and the amendments of the committee of the
whole were concurred in, and ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading ; which having
been done, the bill was subsequently read the
third time, and passed.'
House, Friday, June 17, 1S42.
Mr C. J. Ingersoll, from the Committee
on the Judiciary, rose and begged leave to
report a bill for the relief of General Jack
son. There being no objection thereto, he re
ported the bill, and it was read a first and se
cond time. It was a bill to restore the fine
of $1,000 imposed on General Jackson in
1S15.
THE APPORTIONMENT BILL.
The question which was pending at the ad
journment last night was, "Will the House
recede from its disagreement to the amend
ments of the Senate" on which Mr Thomp
son of Indiana had moved the previous ques
tion ; but, before any action was had thereon,
the House adjourned.
Mr Birdseye called for the yeas and nays
on the question of receding, which were or
dered ; and the House determined to recede
from its disagreement to the amendments of
the Senate: yeas 109, nay? 104.
1 he oiiestion then recurred upon aereeins
resulted in Jhe affirm
Alter. some conversation upon pot
order between the Speaker and Mr W. Cost
Johnson, the question was taken upon the
second division of the Senate's amendment,
(i. e. that which admits of the principle of
tractional representation,) and it was agreed
to yeas 111, nays 102.
So the apportionment bill now only needs
the signature of the President to become a
law. The number of the House, according
to the bill, will be 223 members; and the
States are ordered to elect, in all'cases, by
district.
The House resolved ilself into Committee
of the Whole on the tariff bill.
Senate, Saturday, Juue 18, 1842.
Mr Evaus, from the Committee on Fi
nance, to which had been referred House bill
to extend for a limited period the present law3
for laying and collecting duties on imports,
reported the same back without amendment.
Mr E. said he desired to call the attention
of the Senate to this bill at as early a day as
possible.
House, Saturday, June 18, 1842.
On motion of Mr Fillmore, the House took
up the navy appropiiation bill,, with the amend
ments of the Senate thereto ; and, on his
motion, the amendments were ordered to be
printed.
The House resolved itself into a Commit
tee of the Whole (Mr McKennan in the
chair) on the bill "to provide revenue from
imports, and to change and modify regula
tions imposing duties on imports, and for
other purposes."
Mr A. V. Brown addressed the committee
for one hour, in opposition to the increased
rate of duties.
He referred to the remarks made by Mr
Clay, .when, the compromise was entered into.
tie rermtreu tho numerous tollowers ot Mr
Clay of the principles then asserted by that
leader J and said he would hold him and his
party,&ound to carry them out at this time.
The" Senate gallery shouted when the com-
promise was accepted ; tne country shouted;
and he thought every man in the South might
call the 30th of June the happiest day of his
hfe Some of the distinguished men of the
country then anticipated a failure to comply
wnn me provisions ot tne act on tne part ot
some ol the estates. He read from the speech
of Gov. John Davis, then in the Senate, de
claring that it might not be complied with
Henry Clay replied to the objections of Gov
Davis, and asked what man would dare to
statlipand advocate a disturbance of this
great ..guaranty of peace and harmony. He
would not apply the remarks of Mr Clay to
any gentleman who had addressed the House.
They might read the remarks of their leader,
and make the application themselves.
Senate, Monday, June 20, 1S42.
The Presidentpi o. fern, signed the enrolled
bill for the apportionment of Representatives,
among the several States according to the
sixth census, and it was sent to the President
of the United States for his action there
on".
Mr Benton, agreeably t notice introduced
a motion to repeal the Bankrupt law,
The bill regulating arrest on mesne process
twic
in the District of Columbia, was read
and referred to the committee on the Judic
ary. . '
HousE,Monda June 20, 1842
The House weut into Commute of -tife
Whole on the State of the Union, Mr McKeQ
nau of Pennsylvania, in the chair, and43oK up
the tariff.
Senate, Tuesday, June 21, 1S42.V
Engrossed bill to provide for publishing an
account of the discoveries made by the explor
ing expedition, uuder the command of Lieji
(enaut Wilkes of the U. S. navy, was taken
up in its order, read 'the third time and pas
sed. v--1 . . . ir-
Hocse, Tuesday, June 21, 1 842.";
On motion of Mr Fillmore the House re
solved itself into Committee of the Whole
the State of the Union, (Mr McKentraatfbfl
Pennsylvania in the chair,) and resumed jjg
consideration of the bill " to prov ide reyeoe
from imports, and to change and modify exist
ing regulations imposing duties bo imports,
and for oiher purposes." ' ry
After some debate on this bill, the Commit
tee took up a bill making appropriations' for
the current and contingent expenses of the
ndian Department, and for fulfilling treaty
i !.'..!; C. itijA -.,
..ii Minions 101 me year
NORTH-CAROLINIAN.
Wm. II. llaj'ne, Editor and Proprietor."
r. i v m-: t t r:i r : .-
Saturday Morning, June 25,
1842.
DEMOCRATIC JtepUlicai XOMIN ATIOX.
FOR GOVERNOR, a
Louis D. Henry. 'f
Candidates for Cumberland Coitniy?
Senate. David Reid. ?
Commons. John Monroe & B. F. Ancrrrs.
Who tells it t
As reckless as we knew the Observer to be, we
were reaiy not prepared for anj thing like the fol
lowing extract:
Asf to Ihe assertion, that "almost every
man's property was assessed by the Board,
higher than it had been given in by himself,'
we have not examined the record (for we bad
nothing to do with the facts as regarded pri
vate individuals) but from information on
ivhich we rely,we do not hesitate to pronouBce.
it a BAREFACED FALSEHOOD.
The Observer, it will be seen, acknowledges that
he "did not examine the recorrlscr, "on informa
tion pponbiehj he can rely," he pronounces our
statement last wiek "a barefaced falsehood;" and
I that too, alter wej had stated that we did examine
the records, and certainly would not, betore me
world, publish so base a lie as the Observer says we
did.
To settle the matter, we took a friend to the Court
House on Thursday last, and examined the tax list.
Wtook down evr-ry man's name to the end of U t
ter B which could be found on both books, (1836
and '37,) the value of his property as given in by
himself in 1836, and the value put upon it by the
board of valuation in 1837: The result proved 26
names whose property had been raised by the board;
j-'l I whose property had not been raised, and 2 whose
properly had been lowered by the boardIrom the
valuation of 1836. Many person had their proper
ty raised double by the Board, some, half as much
again, and so on. The property on ihe northeast
corner of Maiket square was raised from $1,600 to
$4,n00!
We can get the certificate of the Clerk of the
Court, if neeessary, to prove that we made a
fair examination, and that we state facts as they
appear on the books; we therefore think that we are
justified in hurling back, as we do, the "barefaced
falsehood" into the face of the Editor oftheObser-
Electiou on the first Thursday in August.
The Market.
No alteration whatever in the prices of last week,
except Corn, which is selling at 75 cts., and "if the
market is not soon supplied it will bring $1.
Gov. Moreuead a debtor to the Banks by his
own admission Too many irons in the fire.
In the reat debate between Mr Henry and Gov.
Morchcad, on the 7th inst., Mr Henry asked Gov.
M. if he was not indebted to the banks? After some
writhing and twistine to avoid a direct answer, he at
last admitted that he had been in the habit of selling
drafts or Bills of Exchange, and that the Banks might
hold some of his drafts. Air Henry also asked him
to state, what amount of capital he had invested in
cotton factories, in stores, and gold mines. &c. ' He
admitted that he had capital invested in cotton and
other manufactories, stores, and gold mines; but al
though prepared for a definite answer, would not
ptate the amount, nor the varhits kinds of bianvfacg
lories. r
jus
2 m-.iFi.i e tact is, mat uov. x4aafig-JUi,jHiMi'" 'J.rrl
e auu " T iMiiji in niiil Tun ni " ' n Bg3
1 1 o mi i AdiiM irons in lite nre. uiai unless no' cai- str iu .
r- 1 .1 1- . .. I- " I : i 1 I . . n I-,.
lltS Ot " ' UailK illlU U A ill IU, I1C IS up'ICII.
ver.
The large majority of the property holders were
dishonest, savs the Observer. Ho will find some of
his relations among the dishonest one?. TbeBanks?
says he, did not practice this dishonesty. That's a
"whapper;" for, in IS36, the Cape Fear Bank gave
in a piece of property at $3,000, and the board of
valuation put it up to $3,500! So that in the same
breath that he accuses us of "falsehoods," he is toll
ing them himself.
Breakers ahead !
Gov. McDonald of Georgia, lias declared in a let
ter to one of Georgia's Representatives in Congress,
that he will not convene the General Assembly to
carry into effect the Apportionment Law passed by
Congress, districting the States, because he thinks
the law unconstitutional. He is right; and we hope
every State will follow the example. Congress have
no right to tell the States they shall elect their mem
bcrs thus or thus: the States are sovereign, and
cannot be dictated to by Congress with regard to
the management of (heir domestic affairs.
ICJ2 Without our friend of the Oxford Mercury
will say that he does not believe what we have before
ecil in rro-;iri! In flip n.nplinu hnlivfn tha f:lll!i-
C- " o -
dates, we cannot t' 11 again our opinion as to whelh
er our candidate came off second best or not. " Th
question implies a doubt of the truth of our former
statements.
nsivcynat
his various speculation?, in manufactories, stores
Hmd gold mines, m.iy prove a losingfttsiness . Re
1 nreniber that Gov. Mor- head was a Jackson Elector
in 1S28 and 1S32, and at both periods voted for
Jacks.m for President. In 1823 he voted for Jack
son and Calhoun for President and Vice President:
-in 1832, for Jackson and Van Bureri for Presi
dent and Vice President. All thrse men were open
ly opposed to a U. S. Bank, and to a protective Ta-
ilT, and it is well knorcn that Gov. JJoreheadisid to
electioneer against a U. S. Bank and a Tariff.
Sir.ce that time the Governor has become a Urge
advr n'urer in stores, manufactories of various k hds,
guld mint s, and other speculations, requiring large
moneyed operations to carry them on, and especial
ly, at this time, making the aid of Banks to discount
hi. Is of exchange and furnish other facilities, rery
convenient to him. Money is hard to be mae or
collected at this time, and the outlays for handi'and
raw materials must be large, and make it therJfore
very convenient for him to borrow money frorv his
rich Cousin Jesse Harper, and to sell his bills t the
Banks; to ho, by the way accommodate only bigvien
in hard times. So now, we find the Governojhas
become a violent Bank and Tariff man, just j-ibc
time that it happens to suit his interest. "Helwas
the advocate of the farmers and mechanics in 1823
and 1832, and denounced the Bank and the TariflT,
as grinding oppression upon both; now that'itjs
his interest to borrow of Banks to carry on (irse
large speculation?, and to tax the farmers andrne-
chanies to make his manufactories more profijble,
we find he has made his politics and his inlertt to
chime in with a Banfc and Tariff.
We have always understood, that the most Jan-
gerous form ot borrowing from Banks is by Bib ot
Exchange. The Bank3 will discount Bills llhen
they will not discount Notes, and thus the terpta
tion is presented in critical periods of discounting lo above by the Editor ot the Observer
bills.
rcind bills and race horse
thyBank gets North
protf s'ed, the dtbto
. . .l. . .....
uti. . 7- .
x is in this way, that so many failures have keh
place; and, although we do not pretend to inflate
that Gov. Morehead is in any danger of faIin& or
that he is not in fact a rii-h man, yet tee do say ftely
and fiarlessly, that the vry business he is nowlar
rymg on pla3-ing the part ot merchant, manwe-
turrr, gold miner, selling Bills of Exchange, nd
electioneering too, inclines him to favor Bankslnd
a high Tariff, which is opposed to the intere4 f
the farmers and laboring classes. His inter4 in
the former is too i'.rong, to make him a fallful
ttiend to the latter. In fine, he has too many vis
in the fire; some will, 3'ea, must barn. , J
He is now, whilst he is receiving from the ptplc
a salary of $2,000, to attend to their business aj?a
leigh, neglecting it, and out electioneering fbriis
own interest the Banks and his factories.i 4
J-arj.
Another Confession.
Whig Economy.
In the proceedings of the Senate, we observe some
action upon a resolution to legalize the employment
of a certain subordinate in the Senate. The lion.
Wm. R. King, who has been President pro. tern.,
expressed his ignorance of any such officer, and
asked an explanation. The whis replied that it
had been ihe custom to allow the President such as
sistance, and that it was absolutely necessary, as
bis time was so completely monopolized by his du
ties in the Senate as to give no leisure to attend to
his jcerresponder.ee.
Mr Calhoun, who has bern Vice President of the
U. S. and President of the Senate, said there was
no secretary when he was the presiding officer ot
the Seflate, nor had he any occasion for one; indeed
his principal objection to the office was, that he had
so Lttfe to do".
Now, who do you think filled this office? A son
of Mr Southard, Who has been allowed four dollars
a day for helping his father do nothing.
Owing to the resistance1 of thrf'Peiuocratic Sena
tors, the office is abolished.
The address of the Democratic Convention assem
bled at Salisbury on the 20ih May last, to thlj peo
ple of North Carolina, will be published next week.
I iJ-' The first ripe peaches we have seen were
in market on Thursday. .
foreign News.
The British Steamer Britannia arrived at Boston o
Saturday the ISth.
A special Messenger from the British Govern
ment to Lord Ashburton, with important di spaches
was a passenger.
The principal news is the attempt to shoot the
dueen. A youngman about 21 p aced himsclt near
some palings where the dueen's carriage would
pass in returning from her evening riJe; as the car
riage approached the spot, he drew a pistol and tired,
but missed the objxt; he was arrested immediately.
The foreign markets Feem to be in a favorable
& ....
condition. Rather cheering than otherwise.
Bead
The article on the first page, concerning the
Tariff", which the whig party, under Mr Clay.
. - . .
irj nig io iasien upon tne country. ye are i
ed to Gen. McKay for the document. We
not w ho the author is, but he is able.
Q.uery.
Why couldn't the Observer see in . 1832 lose.
-sirange cannings- mat General Jackson ratified'
Answer : He did not see through Bank faiUU&fcc-
fHf.t tht lima
For the Carolinian.
MrBayne Are you aware that among the sub
jects which render the approaching session of the
General Assembly of North Carolina one of peculiar
interest, is, that it will be one of the duties of that
body to revise cur Criminal Code, so far as capital
punishment is concerned; and to decide whether in
all or any of the instances, in which off nders against
the law now puffer death, some more humane pun
ishment shall in future be adopted? Is it not strange
that this subject seems to have engageij so little at
tention? That the public mind is giving no utter
ance to its opinions? And that the public servant
is likely to enter upon the duties of his station in
the next Assembly, as uninformed as to the wishes
of his constituents, as if this matter were then to be
sprung upon him for the first time? I, fcr one, feel
great solicitude upon this subject. It is one of the
high privileges of the human race, that by forecast
we can make large provisions not only for the com
fort and happiness of the individual but for those
of our great family in the aggregate. W hat is our
privilege is also our duty; and in a matter involving
such t;cmen Jous consequences as the one before us,
woe he unto the man who neglects to exert his fore
cast, and to give to his fellows all that it furnishes.
Human language can by no periphrases express
the vast train of ideas whic'i js let in upon the mind
1 bv the utterance ofthe one sliWt word JDealh! And
nearer to affjrding us an ad-Tuafe conception ofthe
value of life, or the awfu'nesat ot death, and the utter
insignificance of all things t ise, earthly, in compar
ison with them; and indet d he would have but
weakened the force of the impression ev r made up
on the mind by the simplest uttcranee of the words,
or the slightest reference to them. In dealing, then,
with subjects of such ineffable importance, the re
sponsibility of society is superlatively great, and
lhat of every individual member who omits to do
what he can to efFecla right. conclusion,- will be suf
ficient to crush him in the last day, if it were possi
ble for him then to have nothing e!c for which to
answer. Without, then, pretending to any pecu
liar knowledge or wisdom upon this subject, a pain
ful consciousness of my share of the rcsponsibil ty,
though but a' very mite in society, will not suffer me
to remain altogether silent, but impels me to throw
out some suggestions to my fellow citizens.
It is admitted that neither by the laws of God nor
of man, as between individuals, has one human be
ing the right to take away the life of another, save
in the case of necessary self defence, liberally ex
pounded 33 it is, to include one's own p rson and
propert3', and that of hushand, w ife, parent, child,
master and servant-or when it Becomes inevitable in
attempting to pieserve the peace. From whence
does society derive any greater authority? These
great principles are unquestionably accorded to so
ciety; and if there be any other ground upon which
society may presume to take away the life of one of
its members, it must be upon the express command
of God, through the medium of revelation. And in
deed I am not aware that the most strenuous advo
cates for capital punishments have ever justified
them upon any other ground, than their being di
rectly sanctioned by revelation, and the absolute
necessities of society. It follows, then, tiiat if both
these grounds C:in he rendered doubt ful, and espe
cially if ihey can be entirely removed, the hair of eve
ry member of society will rise with horror at the
bareproposal to continue tho srttmr of capital pun
ishment. And it it can be shown that so far from
the necessities ot society calling for the death of an
directly or indirectly. ' . LTender, in any case, the interest of society would
iCF We have cause to be prou J lhat our editor-fl-prornoted in every instance and" in every w ay by
ials are attributed to such a man as Mr Henry, and
we only notice it to shew the public what sort ot a
man the aforesaid Editor is ; that he makes positive
assertions for which ho has no other foundation than
o ani published- by, the leading whg journal of .the
State of New York. It confirms by whig evidence
the charges of the Democratic press, that the log
cabins, Tippecanoe songs, c ider gourds, &c, elected
General Harri-on. R-ad it; it is plain language:
" However little flattering it may be to hu
man nature, I am sure you know it too well to
deny, that Robinson's Caricatures, Tippeca
noe Songs, and Log Cabins, did as much as
the very best orators and essayists, during the
lute Presidential struggle, to produce that over
whelming majority by which the spirit of mis
rule was for a time and alas ! for a time on
ly rebuked and put to silence."
We want the p ublic to know it.
To know what? Why, that the Editor ofthe Ob
server publishes " barefaced falsehoods" in his paper.
Sec the first one:
To the lion. Mr Fillmore i A few days
agj you as Chairman of (he Committee of
Ways and Means for the House of Repre
sentatives, introduced a bill which you called
a Revenue bill," the object of which was,
by raising the Tariff" to increase the revenue.
It is evident that when you introduced that
bill you had not seen Mr Henry's defence
of bimself on this Tariff question, contain
ed in his organ of Saturday last.
See the next:
The defence set up by Mr Henry through
his organ in this town in justification of his
evading ihe payment of three-fifths of the Tax
es to which he was annually subject, is a
most remarkable one.
Docs the Editor ofthe Observer know that the ar
ticles referred to by him were written by Mr Henry '
If he does not know it, ho has laid himself liable to
the charge of publishing "barefaced falsehoods"; and
we take occasion here to say that the articles referred
&re
If the Bill i Said I written by the man whose name is at the head oftbis
rhcrn funds, equal to' kpxZrB1 "1aPer on who now tell the Editor aforesaid that he
r has to pay the interest antidpfo- to!d a laost "barefaced falsehood," when he said to
the contrary, tor Mr rienry Knew noUwng ot them,
vppear in the best possible mode to make an
impression favorable to himself and to divert
the popular mind , from the true issue before
the country it mast be admitted that io case '
Cob Reid bad not been there, and he bad not
been replied to, bis speech was well calculated
to make erroneous impressions. It was long, "
multifarious, and plausible. I shall notice a
few of his points (from memory however)
with the replies of Col. Reid.
On the conclusion of his introductory re
marks, he adverted to the charges against him,
mentioning in the first place that he bad been
charged with extravagance in the construc
tion of ice houses and other improvements
about his lot. He denied the charge, alleging
that the last Legislature had appropriated
$3000 towards the repairing the Governor's
palace and other public property that Col.
Reid himself was the Chairman of the com
mittee that made the estimate and reported
this sum to the House that he (Governor
Morehead) conceiving ibis sum in the high
est decree extravagant had sent up for his
own woikmen, who agreed to take the job for
$1200, and in this way, he had saved for tho
people the sum of $1800. This looks very
fair, but mark the sequel. The Governor in
the next place, in commenting on bis oppo
nent's letter, adverted to - the charge made
against him and his party in North Carolina,
of "proscription" nnd with n great flourish
repelled it. He alluded to individual mstan-
ces, in wnicn ne saia nc ana nis irienas uao
acted upon tbe tolerant principle of Mr Jef
ferson, in making appointments to office
making ihe only test of merit to consist in
honesty aud capability
He next charged upon his opponent that ho
was in favor of a magnificent scheme erf In
ternal Improvements, and that while the at
tempt was now making to. cast odium upon
the Whig party for the course ofthe last Le
gislature in loaning the public money to tbo
Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company, lhat
he, (Mr Henry, and the leading Democrats
in North Carolina,) were in lavor ol loans to
a much greater amount in 1838, to this1 very
same company. These points aud others of
a minor character connected with our btate
politics, the Governor commented on at greiit
length. He next charged Mr Henry of being
a federalist, and that he (Gov. M.) had alwavs
been a strait forward Republican.
Col. Reid rose fo reply. He admitted it
was true that he was the Chairman of the
Committee lhat recommended the appropria
tion of $3000, but proved lhat the Governor
so far from having saved $1S00, had expend
ed $1200 on objects which were never con
templated by the Legislature that the work
marked out by the Legislature and upou
which this $3000 was to have been expended,
was the re-covering the Governor's house and
ether work connected with it. that he had
utterly failed, even to commence this work,
and had applied $1200 of this money for put
poses which no person had ever dreamed ot,
and was now boasting of his administrative
abilities in saving $1800 ! ! He had indeed
saved SISOO by sitting still and neglecting
the public property which was suffering for re
pairs, while he was using Ihe people s moue
agents had never authorized.
a suspicion.
Now let him prove that we speak, false, or else
take the lie and make the best ot it.
It is a question that the Eilitor might very profit
ably moot with himself, whether he ever tells the
truth when a-story would suit him better.
Free Suffrage.
A meeting ofthe citizens of Lenoir County, N.
C, was held at the Court House on the 4th inst., at
which, resolutions declaring ihe property qualifica
tion necessary to a right to vote for Senators in this
State, is anti-Republican, and lhat they will vote
for no man who will not go for having the law abol
ished. Letters have been addressed to the candi
dates for Governor, tor thir opinions.
Wc learn, indirectly, that our friend, Edward
McCallum, of Montgomery, is out &s a Senatorial
candidate for the District of Moore and Montgom
ery. , If8uchis the caseve assure the Democracy
that tbey will find in bim ,i,ie and fearless cham
pion a pure republican, and an ftone.,n
a resort to other modes of punishment, the obliga
tion ofthe Legislature at its next session to set the
chiistian and humane example of abolishing capital
punishment, and adopting some other appropriate
punishment or punishments in their stead, will be
felt by all. BECCARIA.
The Governor at JShepperd's.
For the Carolinian. -Haywood,
June 12th, 1842.
To the Eoitok: Heating that Mr
Morehead was to be at Sbeppherd's in Moore
County ou Friday last, I made it conveni
ent to be there on my way up the country, so
as to witness the discussion." On arriving
on the ground I was somewhat disappointed;
I had expected we should find a ' large audi
ence assembled, but. there were not I - think
more than one hundred arf fifty persons 6n
the ground. A short Jirnebcfoie the discus
sion commenced, Gov.ljcehead was asked
whether he had any objection to being replied
to by Col. David Reid of Fayetteville? The
Governor politely replied in the negative, and
a short time after the discussion commenced.
He is a dextrous debater, an adroit hand to
turn over little thiDgs so as to make them
As to the charge that Mr Henry was in fa
vor of loaning $500,000 Io the Raleigh and
Gaston Railroad Company in 1838, Col.
Reid admitted that the Governor told the truth
so far as he went, but opened the Journal aud
showed lhat he had not told the ichole truth.
He showed that Mr Ileury and others of our
leading Democrats were indeed in favor of
aiding the noble work from Raleigh to the
Roanoke, iu tho manner he had mentioned,
but read a little further and found that the pro
posed loan of $500,000 was required to bo
made if at all, on "good security,'' that it was
not contended lhat ihe security given for its
repayment was not ample, and that therefore
the people were iu no danger of 'using any
thing. Col. Reid then looked jp ihe Jour
nals ofthe last Legislature (here some of tho
belter informed whigs left the immediate
neighborhood of the orator, and it was evident
from the restive aud anxious little squads col
lected on the out skirts of the ground, that
Ihere was an alarm in thir camp.) He proved
that a bill was introduced in the last Legisla
ture to loan the credit of the Stale to tho
tune of $300,000, to the Raleigh and Gaston
ihoad Company, which was rejected. That
then Gov. Morehead .-enl a special message
to the Legislature touching the proposed aid
Io be extended to the road, after xchich his
friends actually passed IUc bill pledging the
credit ofthe people to the amount of $300,000
with that of this .Bankrupt corporation poise
them then fellow citizens (exclaimed Col. K.)
It is charged against Mr Henry thai in '38 he
was in, favor of extending the credit of the
State to this corporation upon good security,
while the same gentleman, it seems who
makes the change, by his influence secured
the passage of a loan bill two years after, when
the Company was notoriouslu hanhnini tn
this very same company for $300,000 with' ?
out any security uhalevcr ! ! ! This part of
Col. Reid's address had a powerful effect upon
Ihe audience. It was peculiarly happy.
The orator next turned to the remarks of
his adversary upon the subject of "proscrip
tion11 for opinions sake referring the people
to the pledge of toleration heretofore made by
the whig party a thousand times over of their
promise to look out for men to fill ihe public
offices who were "honest and capable" with
out distinction of party of their holy horror
in times past at the very name of offico
though it was incontrovertible that the public
business was executed indiscriminately by
both parties. Ha ihen pointed (o facts which
Gov, Morehead in his rejoinder thought pro
per not to allude to, establishing beyond all
question, that in ihe face of these declarations '
and promises made aga:u and again in the
most sol0nn manner, the Whig party was no
sooner in power than it commenced a systenl
of ruthless proscription the like of which
never has been known since the founj
dation of the Government that in the indisf
criminate sweep which was made by theca
same office-holding xchigs, neither the grey
hairs ofthe veteran, maimed and disabled it
the'battles of his country, nor the tears of
less widowhood, could excite in ihe be j ;
of those who had the disposition of thesf JJ.
ces the least lingering sentiments of get;
t
i
    

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