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0 / 75
.. - It
A, WEEKLY NEWSPAPER -Devoted to Politics, the Markets, Foreign and Domestic Xcw-V Literature, Agriculture, and General Inforuiation TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
BRYAN & YATES, Proprietors.
EAYETTEVILLE, X. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1854.
PRINTED BY WILLIAM J. YATES.
. ROBERT K. BRYAN, Editor.
Terms of Subscription to the Sorth Carolinian t .
For a single copy, if paid in advance, per annum, $2 00
" " " at the end of :i month, 2 .r0
" " at the end of G months, 3 00
" " " at the cud of the year, 3 50
No subscription will be received for a shorter period
than one year unless paid in advance.
With the view of extending the circulation and en
hancing the usefulness of the paper, the proprietors of
fer the following remarkably low
CLUB HATES, IJYVARIABL Y .V A D VAJSTCE:
5 copies of the Carolinian, 1 year, S 00
Tettersoit business connected with the firm must be
addressed to Wr tindersigned, and muxt be post paid.
Rates ef .Idvwtism?:
Sixty cents per square of 16 line for the firt and
thirty centfi for each snlfseqwnt insertion, unless the
advertisement is published, fur mre than two months,
when it will le charged
For three months, ----- $4 00
For six months, 6 00
For twelve months. - - - - - 19 03
&T All advertisements must be handed in by Friday
1 0 o'clock, a. m., to ensure their insertion in the next
day's paper, and should have the desired number of in
Fertionts marked on thera, ortherwise they will be in
ertel till forbid and charged accordingly.
JJUVAN 4. YATES.
m .. . 1 11 '
M AKBLK FACTOR. Y,
15 V GEO. I.AUDEi:.
Nearly oppo-'te to K. W. Winkings' Auction Store.
Oct. 1, 1353.
f ' A 1 1 T 1 1 A f IS HOTEL.
-TT-Tlnj; recently purchased the above establishment
froia Malcoia Kelly. Esq., J am now prepared to enter
tain in a comfortable manner those who may give me a
call. Having maple stable, good hostler and a dis
pomtiou to accouiaiodate. 1 triift I nhall be able to
give entire .'ticrai-ti'a lo tboe who may favor me with
II. C. McT-EAX.
December ?, IS.)?.. 70 tf
f it r. i; x w a v it no. $. v o .
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in Foreign and
Voinestic DRV GOODS.
24 l'ark Tlace a:vl 1 Kan-lay tdreet, X-ir Yoits.
November 7. S-"3 C.m-pd
PLANTATION A NO LAND KOIt SALE.
The subscriber !Fers his Plantation and Land for
n!e. situate! o?i thi Ea it side of Cap Fear liiver.
about four miles from Fayetteville. Therf are about
:;0'.) acres of land. :1 of which ar- cleared and under
cultivation. Vi the premise in a dwelling and all
neci-Hsary out-houses. The soil, for fertility, is not
surpassed by any on Cape Fear Hiver. Perso.is wish
ing to n'irchate will please call and examine the premi
ses. A bargain :dav b- had.
Jan'y 14. 1854 ?.m p i
I It . T. C . II V I. Ij
Has removed to the well known stand of the Drn.
insoa, corner of Green and How ulrecl.
April 25. lS.r)3. tf
Ili3;hly Imporlnnl io llouarkrrprrs.
MATUESSES: M.VTRKSSES: MATKBSSKS !
All competition in the trade defied.
The Mtbwib-ir heg leave to inform the public that
lie has constantly on hand, and is manufacturing to or
der, all kinds and sizes of Matresses, which he intend;
to sell '." percnt cheaper than any similar establish
ment in this place. Having served as an apprentic
to the business in one of the northern cities, he trusts
that he will be able to give the most complete satisfac
tion to his customers. He manufactures hair Matresses.
Matrees with nprings. lire Matresses. and all kinds of
settee bottomings. He floes also all kinds of repairing
and renewing. Persons m want of any article in In
line are requested to call and see specimens of his work
at the Post OiTiee building.
January 21. ISM. 3iu
CLKMENT (1. AVItlOIIT,
Atlornrynt FjrcMevilIe, N. C.
Office at the corner of Bow and Green streets.
Feb'v 3. lh.r.:?.
j. v. uaki;k
Has received from the Norih the largest, finest, and
most careftillv selected stock of ITIvNITUKE ever of
fered i;i this market, consisting of fashionable painted
cottage b.il room furu'ture in setts ; curled-hair and
shuck and cotton Mattresses; Looking Glasses: Willow
Wagons and Cradles; patent self swinging Cradles:
Side Boards : Bureaus: Seretari.-s and Book Cases;
What-Nots; Tables, all sorts; Wash Stands; Candle
Stands; Wardrobes; Picture Frames and Glass: Window
Shades; Cornices; Curtain Bands; Sofas in Mahogany
and Walnut; Tete a Tetes; Ottomans; Divans v Stools:
Chairs of every variety. Fine rosewood Pianos (Ben
net & Co's. of Broa-lwav, New York).
October 2'J, 1S".'5 ' ly p i
THOSE who are indebted to m" by Note or Account
will please settle the same. And all debts due me pri
or to the 1st Jan'y 1 must be settled, as longer in
dulgence cannot be given.
A. A. McK ETHAN.
Oct 1. 18.13. tf
1C. M. iMlltCUISOX,
Commission ixntl Koruardin .llrrcliant)
"Wilmington, N. C
January 7, 185t v
N ) T I C II.
Having purchased the interest of T. R. Underwood
in the firm of G. W. Lawrence & Co., I will continue
business as heretofore at Mary's Gakdkx.
I have from 12 to 15 Cor pers constantly at work
manufacturing SPIRIT 15ARRKLS. at the rate of lot)
to 125 per week; have now on hand 400 Rarrels for
bale, at -. cash at tue shop, or s-1 o tlclivered in
I shall also continue tiic distilling of Turpentine, and
will pay within 15 cents per barrel of the Fayetteville
price iu cash, or goods at cash prices.
Ta r pe n 1 1 n e, IVn nt ed.
I have now in Store a general assortment of Goods,
for sale at fayetteville prices. All kinds of country
produce takeii in exchange for goods. Call and see.
(J. W. LAWREXCK.
Nov 25, 1853 CO-tf
A T T O 11 N E V AT L. A AV,
Favettkvili.k, N". C.
O.lice on Anderson Street.
Octolx r 1, 1853 fim
I have so many calls a'nt Turpentine lands that I
have concluded to offer my services to buy and sell.
Those having lands tor sale will furnish no with plots
and quantity, together with a fair description, and
prXov. 18, IMS. 3-tf. JAMES G. COOK.
NOTICE. 3ITT1.ES VOH SALE.
The subscriliers offer for sale Three Teams of Mules,
Wagon and Harness. Those wanting Mules would do
well to call on the premises.
Also, 20.00 acres turpentine Land for sale. Call and
see J- K. MELVIN.
Cvpross Creek, Bladen Co., W. A. MELVIN.
"December 8, 1853. 71-tf
AND AVI NT Bit
For 1 8 5 3.
The sti1jcTiler has just received and pjened, at his
New Store Oj the Kast side of Green street, a few doors
from the Market House and nearly opposite his Old
Stand, a large Stuck of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods,
Embracing n general assortment of I.tvlies- and Gentle
men's Dress Goods, consisting irt Jiat't of Shawls, Cloaks
and Mantillas, some very fine; and also a good assort
ment of Shoes and Boots, for Ladies, Gentlemen, Girls,
Hoys and Children. And the best nswrttnent of Silk
and other styles of Bonnets he ha ever offered to the
Sugar. Coffee, Tea. Pepper, Sp'ces, and Tobacco, a
fine article. 1. SIIEMWKLL.
October S, 1853.
; CEDAR FALLS Cotton
iners for sale bv
Yarns and Sheet-
. "- . v- -
TROY & -3G-I.SI-.-v
Runaway from the sulscriber, his Negro men, JOHN
and TOBEV. John is alniut 2( years old, C feet 1 inch
high, weighs about lfv") or 100 lbs. Tnbey aged about
22 yearss 5 fc.-t 0 inches high, stout, and weighs 175
lbs. They M ere bought from Mr James Surles. of Cum
berland county, and will probably be lurking in that
neigh lorhood. Tobey has a wife at Mr Uichard Bird's,
in Johnston County. Twenty-Five Dollars for either,
or Kity Dollars for both, will be paid for their appre
hension and delivery to the subscriber, or for their con
finement in any Jail in the State, fo that he can get
them. An additional mini of One Hundred Dollars will
be paid for the conviction of any person of harloring
the abuve Xegro-s.
Fair Buff. Columbus Co. N. C. Oct. 6. CWf
Architect anil RuildVi, Fnycl tcvillr, X. C,
Respectfully informs the public that he is prepared
to execut" PLANS of every description such as State
and Court Honscs, Prisons. Ac. Also. Churches. Cot
tages, and other public and private edifices; Bridges,
Roofs, Ac. &c, all with Specifications and Contracts
made for the rame. He will also superintend all kinds
Orders will receive prompt attention, and Plans
drawn and sent to any part of the country at short
Oct. 1.1, IS5X ly-pd
I ()( ACKBS Ol? I. AN I) VOU SALE.
The subscriber offers for sale twelve hundred acres
of baud, located in the bswer end of UVhmond county.
It is altout mini-distant- frfm Floral College, Lauren
burg High School, and Laurel Hill. The Land is well
adapted to the growth of corn, rottoii, wheat. 5c. It
also offers great inducements to those engaged in the
turpentine and hiiidr business. I have constituted
Alexander McLean. Esq. tuy agent, during my alisencc.
to whom all communications in regard to the matter
may lie addressed pt Gilopolis 1. O.. Robeson county.
Luther Blue, who resides near to the premises, will take
pleasure in exhibiting them to any one who may call
for that purpose. J. G- BLUE.
Oct. 22, 64-tf I
TO MILL OWN EltS.
The subscriber takes this method of informing his
friends and the public that he still continues in the Mill
right business and all its branches, viss: lounttermg.
framing, and erecting Water or Steam Mills upon vari
ous principles, either with simple or complicated ma-
hinerv. He returns His thanks to the rmhlsc tor the
liberal patronage he has received heretofore, and hopes
bv strict attention to "OTiSi.-H.-and. -by givinjr general
satisfaction, to merit a continuance of the same. He
Hatters himself that his work will compete with that of
any other machinist for speed and durability. AH per
sons who want work done in the above line Would do
well to give him a call, as he has several competent
workmen in his employ, and is prepared to execute all
jobs at til" shortest notice and on very reasonable terms.
Orders promptly attended to. For further information
address the subscriber at Joh'.isouvilb. Cumberland
countv. N. C. D. B. JOHNSON.
November IC, 1K.13 y-ipd.
MILL'S NE PLCS TILTH. A BCHKISH.
The Subscriber, a practical Boot-maker of some ex
perience, has for some time lu-en sensible that there is a
Irsitlt ratum to be yet supplied to the public in the way
of" a suitable burnish for boots and shoes. Most of the
irticles now used either injure the leather or fail to
impart that lustre so necessary to give to man's "un
derstanding "' a proper finish. He has therefore, dur
ing the last twelve months, been devoting himself to
the task of preparing an article free from these objec
tions, and has at length after much investigation and
experiment completely succeeded. The result &" (lit'
nt pins ultra Burnish." lie only wishes that it
may be tested in order to establish its superiority
over all others. Call on him at his f-hop opposite Mr
Lauder's Marble Factory, Hay street, and be supplied
with an excellent article at a cheap rate.
Nov 0, 18.13 tf
Ihavealwnvs on hand a full assortment of CRO-
CEUIES. PROVISIONS, and other Goods suitable for
th Fall and Winter Trade, and which I offer for Cash,
or in exchange for Produce of almost any kind.
I have now in Store Flour. Meal. Corn. Rice. P.acon,
Lard. Butter, Cheese. Crackers, Salt, white Clarified
and Brown Sugars. Rio mid Java Coffee, Tea, Molasses,
Vinegar. Fish, Cigars. Tobacco. Snuff. Candles. Soap.
Starch. Spices. Candies. Pepper, Buckets. Brooms,
wrought and cut Nails. Powder. Shot, Percussion Caps,
and a good assortment of Dye Stuff's; with many other
things in the Grocery line.
Also a good assortment of Dry Goods. Boots and
Shoes. Negro Blankets and Kerseys, and a good assort
ment of Readv-made Clothing, (.'all and buv cheap.
W. H. CARVER.
Oetolcr 29. 1853. 765-Cm
jgeaT All persons indebted to me by account
previous to October 1st. 1853. are earnestly requested
to make payment. I am desirous of settling up the
old business. It. K. BRYAN.
February 11. 1854
THE subscriber offers for sale, his LANDS, six miles
North of Fayetteville. and about one mile from the
Fayetteville "and Raleigh Plank Road, consisting of
about twelve hundred and sixty acres of land, suited
to the making of Turp-ntine or Timltcr. There is also
on the premise, a good Saw and Grist Mill, all iu good
repair and now iu operation ; also, a Dwelling, and all
the necessary outhouses, in good repair.
Also, another tract of two hundred and fifty acres, on
the head wat-rs of Carver's Creek, known as the Tarry
Place, on which there isa small Farm, a Dwelling House
and other houses.
On the first named tract, there is cut about twenty
five thousand Turpentine Boxes, from two to four years
All the above lands will be sold on the most accom
modating terms. Persons wishing to purchase, will
please call on the subscriber, who will take pleasure in
showing the above lands.
WM. R. BOLTON.
Oct. 27, IS.",:?. fcvtf
100 Bids, super Northern Yellow, just received, and
for sale by PETER P. JOHNSON.
Feb y 1, 1S54
A new supply, just received.
Jan'y 30, 185 i 79-tf
THE SUBSCRIBERS will receive proposals for 100.
00') Bis. of Cotton Batting or Wadding. Also for
3.0IXL04H) (three millions) of Reeds from 3 to 3 J feet
long, and also, 10.000 (ten thousand) pounds of -ood
clean Corn Shucks, in stated quantities. For further
particulars inquire of R. W. HENRY
Fayetteville, Nov. 14, 1853. C8-tf. J. HENRv!
A. 31. Campbfll,
AUCTIONEER &. COMMISSION MEUCHAST,
East side of Gillespie street,
Fa.teitevii.lk, N. C.
LANDS AND SAW MILLS FOB. SALE.
The health of the suliscriljcr Iwing Mtch Rs to render
a change of business necessary, offers for sale the
And One Saw Mill,
IN GOOD REPAIR,
at Riverside, on Lower Little River, 14 miles- tvertof
Fayetteville, formerly occupied by Col. A. Mnrchison,
containing home 250 acres,- including the dwelling and
all other improvements on the north side of the River.
There are about 50 acres under cultivation, imscepti
ble of a high tate of improvement,, from whiofc, with
ordinary care and industry, can bo raised n sufficiency
of produce for lioth mill and farm. j'
Also, the PRtv mill timber (for 27 rears) on several
hundred acres of land (yet untoucfied) lying on the
nme stream above the mill, joining the lands from
which the mill has been supplied.
4 '. The necessary wagons and teams for carrying on
it .. i i . . , i . - i . .. . r
uur fQminvt! caij r oou.jjim.oi jne sunpcriner. .
Any other information can Ije had of the subscriber
or of D. 1'. McKeithan on the premises.
Riverside, Feb'y 13, 18.14 81-4t pd
WORTH &. TITLE Y
Forwarding and General Commission Merchants,
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
J. A. "Worth. Joseph Utley.
Feb'y 18 1854. 81-tf
SHE M XV ELL HOUSE.
FayeUcrille, X. C.
East side Green Street, a few doors North of the Mar
The subscriber begs leave to announce to
an me Citrzens oi avetteville. and the travelinar
public, tuat he has just finished and opened hi
House, for the reception and entertainment of any who
may wish permanent or transient Board.
His house is large and comfortable, and his table
shall always be furnished with the best the market will
afford. He also has good and trusty Ostlers, who will
attend faithfully to that department of the business.
No pains spared to make those comfortable who may
favor him with their patronage, a share of which is
respectfully solicited. Chorgcs shall be moderate.
P. SH EM WELL.
Feb'elS. 1R.14. Sltf
THOMAS JT. JOHNSON.
Has just received, and offers for sale.
10 Bbls. extra New Orleans Molasses,
5 " " " Svrup.
10 " Mess Pork,
5 Hhds. new crop Molasses.
North Carolina and Western Bacon,
Blacksmiths" Tools, complete,
Together with a varied stock of
GROCERIES, HARDWARE, AND DRY GOODS,
which will be exchanged for country produce, cash, or
Also, a heavy stock of BOOTS AND SHOES, some
Also, fine Dress Coats and Pants, Satin and other
Vests, Shirts. Ac. Ac.
Also, Distillers" Glue, and Seed Oats.
THOS. J. JOHNSON.
Feb'y IS, 185 1. 81-tf
S E C O N r
FALL AM) WiSTER STOCK FOR 1853.
STARR t WILLIAMS are now receiving their se-
cond slock, for this season, of Staple and Fancv Drv
Goods; Hats, Caps, Shoes, Boots; Silk, Satin and Straw
I Bonnets; Umbrellas, and Keadv-niade Clothing; wilh
! a large assortment of Hosierv, (Moves, Silk and Cotton 1
The alwve stock embraces a varity of Seasonable
; Goods not enumerated, comprising one of the largest
1 assortments we have ever offered; and having recently
been purchased by the package, at a reduction from the
! prices of the first of the season, they will be offered to
! wholesale buyers on our usual term.
J. B. STARR.
Oct 3. 1853. J. M. WILLIAMS.
fUItMIASI FOB THIS I'AI.T. (iV
The undersigned would notify their customers and
all others buying in this market, that they are now re
veivinga second Stock of Kail Goods for 1853, selected
by one of the firm personally, consisting of a general
Dry Goods, Hardware, Hats, Caps, Boots and
Also A large addition to their stock of Ready-Made
All of which they offer to the trade upon their usual
Purchasers will find it, to their interest to give our
stock au examination before making their selections.
HALL & SACKETT.
October 8. 1853.
ATTENTION, THE WHOLE I
While you are talking of vour internal improvements.
I forot to call and see
the improvements made
in Onus at M. j. j5aKer s iiiin .uanutcctory, on
Hay street, opposite the Post Oflicc, where he has the
Prussian Needle Gun, Air Guns, and various improved
Pistols, of Colt's Repeater. Allen's, Whitney's arms com
pany with Maynard primers, Armstrong Duelling
Pistols; with a large assortment of double and single
barrel Shot Guns, Game and Shot Bags, Powder
Flasks. Percussion Caps of English and French make,
with a large assortment of gaming fixtures.
Rifles constantly on hand and manufactured to or
der, and warranted to shoot from 100 to 900 yards.
Repairing of every thing in the Gunsmith line will
be done at short notice, in the best manner, and for a
small charge. All ordrrs promptly attended to. All
work warranted. M. A. BAKER,
Sign of the Wooden Gun,
Hay street, opposite the Post Office.
Jan'y 28, 1854. " tf
C U K N
1500 bushels country Corn in store, for sale by
W. II. LUTTERLOII.
January 21, 185 4 tf
Jahkj C Smith. Miles Costix.
JAMES C. SMITH &. CO.,
Have removed their office to the second story of the
building formerly occupied by the Telegraph Company,
where they are prepared to attend to all business in the
All business entrusted to them will be punctually
Wilmington, Jan'y 14, 1854. 76-lr
I am now receiving a much larger stock of
Fancy Dry Goods
than I Tiavc yet offered in Fayetteville, consisting of
Dry Goods of every description. Hats, Boots, Shoes, and
Ready-made Clothing, which will le sold as low as any
goods in the State.
I will be glad to have the ladies call and examine mv
rtock. W- F. MOORE. '
Sc pt. 17. 1853. tf
ConftrlioiiCTy anil Vriely Store, .
Under the Fayetteville Hotel. Hay Street,
Fayetteville, N. C.
December 31, 1853 y
BKOYVN -t OetiOSSET,
DellOSSET &, BROWN,
WILMINGTON, N. C.
General Commission Merchants.
10,000 lbs. Tallow waiiti tl,
For wbieh the highest cash price will be paid.
Oct 8, 1853 A. M. CAMPBELL.
DR. W. F. BASON begs leave to say that he ex
pects to be iu Fayetteville in February, when he hopes
to see and hear from his friends and o'thcrs.
Jan'y 26, 1854 79-tf
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
The steamship Andes, from Liverpool, arrived
at Bostoi on. the 1st inst. We find no news,
politicaror commercial, of marked importance.
The cotton market at Liverpool, was firm, and
the same.remark will apply to tbe breadstuff
market at all important points. . '
The new teformetr bill was introduced ithc
British Horse of Commous otflie IStirof Feb
ruary; by, Lord John Russell, in an able and
effective peech. The details of the bill are
dif51htotheconserTatiycs and extreme
Advices from Constantinople state that the
French a nd English Admirals had fixed the
period of IS days, from the 27th January, for
the llussianfressels to return to their harbors
iu the Blacks Sea.
Up to thf27th, the Russian corps had form
ed a semi-cile, the extent of which was about
35 English iiilcs around the Turkish position
Early on Ihe morning of the 28th, there Mas
a general advance on the part of the Russians,
and on the eiening of the same day the ritrht
wing had left Citale about 1 English milesin
the rear. Te centre; met with considerable
resistance, bot when the infantry came up the
Turks retired to their entrenchments. The left
wing has taktii up a position in the neighbor
hood of Bolesthati.
Dates from , Bucharest, of February 1st, state
that the Russkn; have 60,000 men before Ka
Iafat, and thatshe Emperor has given orders to
drive the Turk. out of Lesser AVallachia, with
out further losaof time.
Vienna, Fkiay Xigiit, Feb. IO.'- Advices
from Bucharestbf the th inst., announce that
800 Turks, with eight gun bouts, and four sail
ing craft, crossed the Danube from Rustzchuk
to Giurgevo, earty on the morning of the 5th.
They landed near the quarantine building, and
arranged themselves iu the line of battle. " They
were received by o battallions of Russians,
with a murderous! fire, which lasted three hours.
The Russians snfijrred severely, and the Turks
finally returned to Rustzchuck.
The following iespateh speaks positively of
a late conflict : '
Belgrade, FeV. 9. A serious fight took
place at Toja nit on the 29th ult., which
attended with groat loss on both skies. The
Turks retreated to Kalafat.
In Lombards, great excitement prevailed,
and Marshal Rudetski had issued a proclama
tion, to the effect that all persons detected in
spreading false reports shall be tried.
Xo License. "We learn from the Patriot
that applications' for license to retail spirituous
liquonrtTeTCTefuseclat Guilford CourHawt week,
by a vote of 1G for and 19 against. A similar
application was refused at November term last,
by seven Magistrates. Salem 1'rcss.
Ranks i.v South Cauoi.ina. The Cheraw
Gazette states that there are sixteen Ranks of
the State which have, accepted the provisions
of the Act of December 18tli, 1S40, and that
a report of their condition shows,
An aggregate capital of
Aggregate circulation of
Aggregate amount of specie
Notes discounted on personal
"Why no Teeth Decay? All the theories
that time and again have been advanced in
answer to this inquiry have long since vanished
before the true doctrine of the action of exter
nal corrosive agents. The great and all-powerful
destoycr of the human teeth is acid, vegeta
ble or mineral; and it matters not whether that
acid is formed in the mouth by the decomposi
tion of particles of food left between and around
the teeth, or whether it is applied directly to
the organs themselves, the result is the same,
enamel is dissolved, corroded, and tiie tooth
destroyed. Much, very much of the decay in
teeth may be attributed to the corrosive effects
of acetic acid, which is not only in common use
as a condiment in the form of vinegar, but it is
generated by the decay and decomposition of
any and every variety of vegetable matter.
When we consider how very few persons, com
paratively, take especial pains to remove every
particle of food from between and around their
teeth immediately after eating, can we wonder
that diseased teeth are so common, and that
their early loss is so frequently deplored.
A letter recently dropped into the office at
Chapel Hill, N. C, bears the following precise
superscription. We give it exactly:
r to Molley Ann 11 s
Miss Tolly II s
Miss Ellin II s
to one or the other of
Comland County Fay.
Kttvill post office
It is inserted as a literan' cariosity for those
who find a pleasure in odd things. As it bears
on its face a .M-direetion so far as " Roily "
and "Ellin" are concerned, there can bono
doubt that "Molley Ann" must have been the
recipient of all the tcealth it might contain, for
doubtless its contents were rich. University
The letter has duly arrived in " Comland
County Fay. Ettvill post office", and awaits its
"Yocxg America." The Lafayette (India
na) Journal tells a good story of a precocious
little fellow who walked into the house of a ci
tizen of that city one day last week, and after
taking a seat by the fire, very coolly informed
the lady of the house that he was on his way
to Chicago, and, if they had no objection, he
would remain over night. The lady, of course
consented, and the little stranger was kindly
cared for. He gave his name as Charlie, and
said he lived in Cleveland. When asked what
he was going to Chicago, for, he answered that
he was travelling for his health." All attempts
to obtain the name of his parents were unavail
ing. He obstinately persisted that he never
CaCTornU CoM Crop.
"We published the other da v a hiirhlv inter
esting letter from California, setting forth Uks j
rapid exhaustion of the gold. Washings of the
caiiiornia placers. Onr 1 corrcsnoiident savs ' 1
that the s best portion of "the diggins" have been j
worked orreveral times that the cream has ! are employed in ttie tramc,) we are indebted to
been skimmed off, and that the mines will soon ! Pr. James Eights of Albany, for the following
be reduced to the blue milk of the wet and the I memoranda. The opportunities for observation
dry diggings. . . In support of these statement! presented by the Expedition- the first Amen,
he refers to the diminished shipments from San cao Exploring Expedition in which he wan
Francisco for the last two or three month, j employed as Naturalist, certainly fnrnishdd am
That fact, of itself, however, signifies nothing. ; l'e cope for judgment on the subject to which
The gold placers during the winter season arf, I Tr- Eights refers :
to a great exteut, covered with snow -mining ' "Much has recently been said," observes Dr.
operations arc proportionally suspended. Rut ; Eights, "and various have been the conjectures
wth -tUfi rains aqd floods of sprinjr, which Mg?pecting the origin of the justly popular raan
mence in : California in February.' we iittJireetracdOnauo bromrfo in..sucb .CitttttittUt
pect a renewal of the work, and new
vies trom the new washings made by
If these fail to bring up each steamer
mum of two millions, we may conclude that the
California loose dust is not inexhaustible. What
will be the consequences if those gold mines
should prove to be nearly worked out? A gen
eral financial explosion like that of 1S.37? Just
so, but upon a larger and grander scale. -V. 1".
Popping the Question.
Mehitable Merit, a young lady of thirty-nine
who had never had a chance to cnange the alht-
erative character of her name, was seated over !
the fire in her little sitting-room, when a knock
was heard, and who should make his appearance
but Solomon Periwinkle.
"Goodness gracious!" thought she, "I won
der what he's come for can it be
But we wont divulge the thought that pass-1
ed through the old maid's mind.
"How do you do, Miss Merit?" said Solomon.
"Pretty well, thank you, Mr Periwinkle.
Not but 1 feel a little lonely now and then."
"You see as I was coming by, I thought I'd
step in and ask you a question about about "
"I suppose," thought Mehitable, "he means
about the state of my heart."
"The fact is," said Solomon, who was rather
bashful, "I feel a little delicate about asking,
but 1 hope you won't think it strange?"
"O no," simpered Mehitable, "I don't think
it at all strange, and in fact, I've been expect
"O," said Solomon, Tathcr surprised, "I be
lieve you have in j our possession something of
"His heart, he means," said Mehitable, aside.
"Well, sir," she continued, aloud, "it may afford
1 At A 1 "
you pleasure loiearn inai you nave nunc in re
turn. It is fully and entirely your own."
"What! I got your umbrella " exclaimed So
loiiion, in amazement. "I think vou must be
and I don't think I'd like to exclianure
mine for it, for mine was given me.'
"I beg j-our pardon," said the discomfited old
maid, "but, I made a mistake. I quite forgot
your umbrella which I borrowed Vome time ago.
Here it is. I was thinking ofsnmethingelse."
"If," aaid Solomon, "there is any thing of
3ours that I have got, I shall be happv to re
turn it "
"Well, no, it's no matter," stammered Me
hitable, coloring. "Good morning."
A Nit for Abolitionism. A bill has re
cently passed the Senate of Va., for the purpose
of allowing certain free negroes in the county
of Nottoway, to enslave themselves. These
negroes had earnestly petitioned to the le gis
lature for this privilege. Mr Campbell, the
able and estimable Senator from the Nottoway
district, in making a statement of facts to the
Senate, said that they had been manumitted by
the will of a gentleman in his district, and that
their desire was to be sold to their late master's
next kin. A large number of respectable citi
zens of Nottoway, feeling an interest iu the ne
groes for their good character, added their re
commendations for the same object. The bill
has passed the Senate, and we have no doubt
will pass the other House.
The lUchmond Dispatch from which paper
we gather the above facts, very truly says this
sample fact a an answer in itself to the thousand
libellous accounts of the horrors of sla very, to
which the prolific imagination of abolit'.onism
every day gives birth.' Daily Despatch.
Ax Eccentric Preacher. Murray's "Hand
book for South Italy" contains some curious
stories respecting Fra Ilocco, the celebrated
Dominican preacher, and the spiritual "Joe
Miller" of Naples. On one occasion, it is re
lated, he preached on the mole a penitential
sermon, and introduced so many illustrations of
terror that he soon brought his hearers to
their knees. While they were thus showing
every sign of contrition, he cried out, "Now,
all of you who sincerely repent of your sins hold
up your hands." Every man in the vast multi
tude immediately stretched out both his hands.
"Holy Archangel Michael," exclaimed Rocco,
"thou, who with thine adamantine sword stand
est at 'the right of the judgment seat of God,
hew me off every hand which has been raised
hypocritically." In an instant every hand
dropped, ami Itoeco, of course, poured a fresh
torrent of eloquent invectives against their sins
and their deceit. He had a great dislike to
tobacco, and when once preaching in a crowd
of Spanish sailors, he astounded them by telling
them that there were no Spanish saints in heaven.
A few, he said, had been admitted, but they
smoked so many cigars that they made the
Holy Virgin sick, and, St. Peter sat his wits to
work to get them out. At length he proehvmed
that a bull fight was to be held outside the
gates of Paradise. Thereupon every Spanish
saint, without exception, ran off to see the fight,
and St. Peter immediately closed the gate, and
took care never to admit another Spaniard.
Texas Courtship. 'Hallo, gal, how's vour
'Habit got none here recVou she' dead bv
this time, too.'
'Well, h.w's your pa?'
'He was hung last Mar.'
'Hump. What are you
'Just looking about.'
'Zaetly what I'm do;nT. S'poscn we hich aud
'Zaetly but who'll pay the Jndge?'
'Guess I'll fodder up one-half of the provender
if yon can go the other beat.'
'Well, but IVe only got a counterfeit note.'
'Jest 'zaetly my own sitavation. Come, if
we can't cheat one judge we can another, so
come on gal, we'll trv.'
From the Albany Cultivator, Dec. 18-4.
Origin of Cnano.
Concerning the extraordinary fertilizer which
is now exciting Wide pprcad interest in the agri
cultural world, faud" we may add, in the com-
merctal World also, peeing that so many vessels
Ilo:n ine numerous jsiar.us ana Headlands ot the
; African and bouth American coasts: but little
nothing of a definite nature has us yet I lc-
; lieve, appeared in print. All writers on the
; subject, however, seem to agree in considering
j it to be the production of some piscivorous birds,
j As much uncertainty seems yet to prevail.
I permit me to cast my faggot on the pile, hy of
j fering to such of your readers whom it may
i concern, the substance of some extracts taken
j from my notes of a voyage, made several yearrt
since to the c-outh Atlantic, Antartic and
Pacific Oceans: and likewise, some remark;
from personal observations of at least one of tho
birds that largely contribute to its formation
Being moored at the Island of St. May's oil
the coas' of Chili, (latitute 87 south,) 1 was at.
an early hour in the morning, called on deck to
witness the flight of "Shags," (PhalacrccuraT .
graculun) on one of their fishing excursions 1
the sea; they appeared in such prodigious num
bers, that the whole surface of the heavens was
almost entirely obliterated from the sight; fly
ing in irregularly formed streams from the mam
land, from the breadth of but a few feet to that,
of more than a mile the whole wnv, extendimr
in a north and south direction along the const
as far as the eye had vision, strikingly bringing;
to my recollection the highty interesting de scription
of Wilson aud Audubon, of the multi
tude of will pigeons in some of our vostern
States. They continued in an almost unceasing
flight from the time they were first observed,
until we were summoned to our mid-way meal,
ifter which time J paid no further attention to
Ihe favorite resting place of these birds were,
the southern headland of the Island, which
arose in a precipitous manner from the waters
of the sea to an elevation of about ninety feet
above its surface, and likewise on the summit;
of the numerous rocky islets which were every .
where scattered about its vicinity. Upon ex
amination, these resting places were found to
be entirely covered by well characterized Guano,
but so firmly compact, and the surface of the
rock so completely besmeared with the sub
stance at their uniting edges, that it was next,
to an impossibility to determine with any d egret?
of accuracy, its relative thickness. v
These birds arc esteemed as a palatiblc food.
and tor the period of three
weeks that We re-
mained at this Island, they
were daily served at
mess for both officers and
crew of the ship.
L jiuii examining me comcnis oi Hie stouiacbs
of several of these birds, we almost invariably
found them distended with the bones and par
tially decomposed relics of a small species of
Clupea (Herring,) which range along this coast."
iu immense shoals from the cold waters in tin?
regions about Cape Horn to the inimedialo
vicinity of the tropical line. These cormorants
dive and swim well, pursuing and securing their
prey while in the water; ascending in the air to
devour it, which they do with the greatest facili
ty, tossing it tip and catching it again as it de
scends, they swallow it almost instant an( onsh"
in a head foremost direction. From their pro
digious numbers, their voracious appetite, and
exceedingly rapid digestion, a very large amount
of these fishes are daily consumed by them.
After having thus gorged themselves with food,
they retire to their usual resting places on .some.
projecting headland or rotky islet in the sea,
where they remain for hours together, with out
spread wings, until digestion has toinpleted it
course, when they again j roceed to sea to r -new
the process. It is at such times that the
Guano is so copiously deposited.
This species of cormorant has a great geo
graphical range, being found along both conti
nents, from the frozen regions of the north, ti
the antartic sea, and of course arc not uncom
mon along cur whole Atlantic board, but in.
co: ' quence of the frequent and copious rain.-
which fall in these latitudes, the guano is unable
to accumulate, being dissolved and washed
away almost as rapidly as it can be produce .
Penguins likewise, have frequently been mei.-'
tioned as contributing largely to the formation
of guano, but from the peculiar habits of tin;
various spceies of these birds it will be readily
seen that but a comparatively small portion T
this substance can justly be attributed to them.
Iu the warm climate of the Pernvian coast when;
tli is manure chiclly abounds, and where rains ar",
seldom, if ever known to fall, these birds ar"
relatively of rave occurrence, but gradually in
crease in number in proceeding to the south,
until the antaric seas are reached, in the cohi
waters of which, they in the greatest profusion
are found, being not unfrequently observer,
covering the surfaces of its numerous icebert '
which are every where to be seen drifting alony
at a rapid rate by the power of the winds and
the velocity of the currents.
The ae birds are also of an aqnati'c nature,
spending the greater portion of their existence.
A 1 . A f 1 1 A I
iu the open sea, visiting the land only lor tin
purposes of molting, hatching and rearing theiT
young, which certainly does not exceed thr
months in the year. In the high latitudes
where Penguins most abound, guano is exceed
From the facts here stated, and the circum
stance that no piscivorous birds arc so numerous
in the regions where guauo is found in the great
est profusion, a th 1'halacrocorar gacvlus, I
consider nivself fully justified in the conclusion,
that it is by these ' birds that this truly valua
ble manure' is almost altogether produced.
Cocncil of State. -There was no quorum of
this body on Thursday last Messrs Lane, Hill,
and Shillings iu attendance. We learn the;
Governor has notified the Council to meet on
the 1 5th of this month Hal. Stand., March 1.
Two galleries in a
Theatre at New Orleam
recently fell, while the house was crowded, kill
wounding several persons