North Carolina Newspapers

    From California.
New Orleans, March 11. The steamer Da
niel Webster arrived here from San Juan. She
brings one hundred and forty passengers, and
only a small amount of gold. She left San
Juan on the 5th. The steamer Star of the
West sailed from San Juan on the same day for
New York with five hundred passengers, and
one million dollars worth of gold.
The political news from California is unim
portant, and no later than that by the North
Star at New York. Business was dull weath
er favorable.
The North Star reached New York on the
14th inst. She brings California dates to the
16th of February and 330 passengers, but no
specie.
Adventurers were leaving San Francisco for
Sonora ana Lower California. The Mexican
iiunioriucs oi Alazatian were making prepara-
xions to put the coast in a state of defence against
threatened incursions of President Walker.
Troops and vessels are on their way to Mazat
lan, and the inhabitants are eager to beat bjvck
the filibusters.
The U. S. sloop-of-war Portsmouth and steam-,
er Columbus had left San Fraucisco for Lower
California, to act against the filibusters.
Gen. Dockery a Diuoroaxizer. The Fay
etteville Argus dwells at some length upon the
posts which Gen. Dockery has sought and filled,
but very carefully omits to state that the Gen
eral played the disorgauizer in 1845. Shall we
refresh Cameron's mind on the subject t We
know he is growing old, and that his memory is
failing him: and it therefore devolves upon ns
to inform him that his second Washington, Gen.
Dockery, did, in 1845, take his chances for a
nomination before a Whig District Convention,
and failing to get the nomination, he ran against
and defeated the regular nominee, Mr Worth,
of Randolph.
So (Jen. Dockery first showed his face in the
House of Representatives as a disorganizer;
but now, as he is a nominee, he no doubt con
siders Conventions just as fair things as ever
were. llalvigh Sla udard.
Railroad Accident. Albany, March 11.
The boiler of the locomotive attached to a
freight train exploded at Hudson last evening,
by which a fireman and brakeinan, and proba
bly others, were killed. The engineer's life is
also despaired of. It was caused by iusuffieien-
cy of water
in the boiler.
Daring llobbery of the Pittsburg Custom
JIousc. Pittsburjr, March 11. Last night,
about 7 o'clock, John Hastings, collector of the
port, was knocked down in Alleghany, and robb
ed of $250, a gold watch, and the keys of the
custom-house doors and the safe. The robbers
then entered the custom-house and stole a bag
cantaining $10,000 in $20 gold pieces. Mr
Hastings is in a precarious condition.
The .Ycwspapcr Business.
Col. Fuller, editor and proprietor of the New
ork Mirror, one of the best family papers of
the great metropolis, takes occasion, at the
clone of the year, to give us some of his obser
vations, and experiences, after a trial in the
harness editorial of some dozen years, which is
as applicable here as in New York. The Col
onel says:
The newspaper that makes the most money,
often makes the most enemies; and although
the old proverb says, "solid pudding is better
than empty praise," yet between the two we
. should prefer to die from a surfeit of the latter.
It would sound better in a coroner's verdict.
Ours is never a ending, still beginning task.
. If there are brief intervals when the pen may
"rest, the mind cannot; and this constant strain
upon one's mental machinery makes men pre
maturely old. Editor's heads are subject to
early frosts they don't wait for the calendar
or for the ripened grain. Rut the law of com
pensation runs through every department of na
ture and of life. The man who works hardest
for his bread has the best appetite to eat it.
In point of tact, as Mr Micawber would sa
after these ten years of restless toil we have not
succeeded in establishing a business which, to
use a mechanical expression, will run on its own
momentum. It requires a daily winding up,
and a fresh supply of power in order to "yield
iiett result.
There arc many vocations in life that would
yield us more money with less labor than this
Sysiphus task of conducting a daily newspaper.
We work more hours, and sleep less than any
man with whom we are personally acquainted;
and so far as mere money is concerned, we have
not, during a ten years' experience in this city,
.found journalism a particularly profitable or
desirable business. AVe meet men every dav,
who, with but a moderate share of intellectual
capital, have managed to become millionaires
by devoting a few hours a day to mercantile pur
suits ; while the daily revolving of our editorial
treadmill has not yet rolled us into a palace
in the Fifth avenue with "four horses in the sta
ble." The
AVilmington
Journal of the loth
mst.. says :
The following gentlemen were on yesterday,
"I'l'"1"11-11 inspectors tor the next two years :
liMHF.ii Axn Li-muer. Thomas F Roberson
J Alderman, W L Jacobs, J S Melvin Wm
DeWrnier, George McDuffie, L II Rowden
m -w
em L iarK, .Mathews, A E Mott, TD Lo
ve,
fina lioucrirk bhaw.
COMMERCIAL llECORD.
ARRIVED AT FAYETTEVILLE,
March UStr Sun. (Orrell's Line.) with goods for
T C Fuller. V liraiighoiij.Iessup&Co, Hall & Sackett
J & T Waddill. 1 E F Watson, McCulloch M Co W
Taylor, YV Watson, J C Thompson, D A ISocr, AV H
Carver, J Wood, Mrs il Strange, Deubow Kyle & Co.
"U" X Tilliughast. J W San lord, Hall & liolinger, Kin"
& Hedge, J W llick. H Popo. Worth & Utley.
March 11 Str Douglass, (Hank's Liuc.) with goods
for Hall & Sackett, J T Andrews & Co, J S Hanks. J A
Cameron, D Curmichucl, J Hanks & Holt, S H Pago.
O Shaw. E L Wilder.
March 1G Steamer Chatham (C. F. Line,) with boat
Gun. McHae in tow, with goods for Jenkins. Roberts &
Co. M L Holmes, Stedman fc Home, R & A Murphy, J M
Green, Ingram fc Steel, Mos & Parker, John Miller,
Ihirnhurdt &. Sullivan, W G Harris. A G Headen,
Murchison, lleid & Co, Thompson & Haines, II M Tur
ner. Gold Hill Co, Thomas E Hiues. A A McKethan,
AVorth fc Utley, H A Loudon, J A Desosway, E Spear
man, Starr & Williams, 1) A Bovd, F J Kron. Rev. S
D Adams, J E Xettlt -s, H L My rover, G W AVilliains &,
Co, AVorth & Russell, Morrison & Richardson, J M
Morehead. Gray fe Saunders, D fc AV MeLatirin, R G
Lindsay, C F Faucette, Shelly & Field. G C Memlen-
hall, Ja-. Hu.-.ke, lyson Kelly & Co
Marcn u ir oouineruer (oi 1- rank & Jerrv Line )
Sir Southerner (of Frank & Jerry Line,
f! Ch' snuU in tow. and freiirht for Kr,
ua -vm kuiiii, in tow, uau ireigiii ior r.zra.
Hau
tser, Hunt. Adderton fc McRarv.S J lMrgott, Mur
, McRorie & Co, Ppniow, Kvle"& Co. AVr Till
l''y
hast, J M Aioreiieaa, iicuonald & McMaster J Pace
V C Pfohl, F Fries E A Vogler & Co, J W Dick, Cook
&, Johnson. R Michf-Il, McDonald & AVhaley, Hall &
Sackett. M Jfclviunon. Troy & Marsh, A J O'Hanlon
AV Murphy, Worth & Utley. mon'
March 15 Str Hrothers, (Banks's Line.) with boat
Cassiday ia tow, and goods for Hall & Sackett, Kine
liege & Co, E J Hale & Son,, C E Leete, S T Hawley
A; Son, G S Deming, Mclutyre & McMillan, Foulks &
McRa, Baker & Owen.
March If Steamer Evengreen, with goods for mer
chants of this place, and the interior.
.naval Sstokes. I) McMillan, J Rowden P
w y?CT' Vl F Kcitl1' J 1 1JTaTb I' H Hand,
A J 1 rice, D A Lamont, A Alderman, G
Holmes, J C Rowden, and G W Croom
Industry Rewarded.
Nelson P. Liles the advertisement of whose
sale appears in another column of this paper
has been constantly engaged in the mercantile
r . x 4Vvt f iron.
business, at Lilesville, Anson t-ouuij,
ty-eight vears, for twenty-six of which he has
d'iligently discharged the duty of Post Master,
on very poor pay, at the same place.
often been in his Store, and we can testify to
the neatness with which he kept his goods, and
the assiduity with which he served his custom
ers. Admonished, by declining, health, of the
necessity of relaxation, he will retire from busi
ness on the 28th instant, with a handsome com
petency for the remainder of his days. Such
are the rewards of industry and punctuality in
business. He commenced operations with a
small capital.
We call attention to this matter for the pur
pose of making an observation. Mr Liles
writes us that from 1826 to 1837 he purchased
his goods in Fayetteville ; and since 1837 in
New York and that while he purchased his
stocks in Fayetteville, he made money much
faster, according to the amount of capital invest
ed than he has since his purchases have been
' -. - r I ri'k .. -Mint urn Tt'ifli
Z.E iV.'LV" iill. r-Md out
" x
irrpntfr inducements to cuuuirv uierciHints man
greater iuuutuui,ii cW.to f
if. flops at this very time. Larjre stocks ot
choice iroods are offered at prices which cannot
fail to please see our advertising columns
and we are satisfied that it would be to the in
terest of those doing business on small capitals,
as new beginners commonly must, to patronize
this market. The goods are purchased in large
quantities, by experienced dealers, and conse
quently at much lower rates than they can be
bought in the northern markets by persons un
acquainted with the merchants of those cities
and their methods of doing business. Fayette
ville Argus.
How to Ruin a Neighbor's Business.
Some time since (so runs the current narra
tive) the owner of a thriving mutton-pie concern,
which after much difficult' he had succeeded
in establishing with borrowed capital, died be
fore he had well extricated himself from the
responsibilities of debt. The widow carried on
the business after his disease, and throve so
well that a speculating baker, on the opposite
side of the way, made her the offer of his hand.
The lady refused, and the enraged suitor, de
termined on revenge, immediately converted his
bakery into an opposition pie-shop; and, act
ing on the principle universal among London
bakers, of doing buiness for the first month or
two at a loss, made his pies twice as big as he
could honestly afibi-d to make them. The con
sequence was that the widow lost her custom,
and was hastening fast to ruin, when a friend
of her late husband, who was a small creditor,
paid her a visit. She detailed her grievance
to him, and lamented her lost trade and fearful
prospects. "Oh, oh!" said her friend, "that
ere's the move, is it ? Never you mind, my
dear. If I don't git your trade again, there
ain't no snakes, mark me that's all!" So say
ing he took his leave.
About eiht o'clock the same evening, when
the new pie-shop was crammed to overflowing,
and the principal was below, superintending the
woduction of a new batch, in walks the wid-
ows's friend, in the costume of a kneller-raker,
and elbowing his way to the counter, dabs down
upon it a brace of hung dead cats, vociferating
at the same time to the astonished damsel in
attendance : "Tell your master, my dear, as
how them two makes six-and-thirty this week,
and say I'll bring t'other four to-morrer after
noon !" With that he swaggered out, and went
his way. So powerful was the prejudice against
cat-mutton among the population of that neigh
borhood, that the shop was clear in an instant,
and the floor was covered with hastily-abandoned
specimens of every variety of segments of a
circle.
The spirit-shop at the corner of the street ex
perienced an unusually large demand for "goes"
of brandy; and interjectional ejaculations, not
purely gramatical, were not merely audible but
visible too in the district. It is averred that the
ingenious expedient of the widow's friend, founded
as it was upon a profound knowledge of human
prejudices, had the desired effect of restoring the
"balance of trade." The widow recovered her
commerce ; the reseutful baker was done as
brown as if he had been shut up in his own oven ;
and the friend who brought about this measure
of justice, received the hand of the lady as a re
ward for his interference. Curiosities of Lon
don Life
Murders. A few days since a man named
Moses Freeman was killed by his wife. She
stabbed him with a knife causing his death al
most instantly. Freeman lived in Henderson
County. Our informant carried the painful
news to the Mother of the deceased; and the
reply of the poor old woman was, "that she
expected nothing better, for they were both
always drunk."
A young man named Whitaker was committ
ed to jail in this place last week upon suspicion
of having shot Evans Suttles of Henderson
County. It was thought at first that Suttles
would not live, but he has recovered so far, we
understand, as to be able to walk without any
inconvenience. Whitaker is still in jail.
Last week just over the Tennessee line on
Waluut Creek "Stob Rod Shelton" was killed
by a man named Norton. The murderer has
been apprehended and sent to Greenville Tcnn.
jail. The prisoner and the deceased were both
citizens of Madison county.
In all of the above cases, as well as in that
of Gentry mentioned a short time ago, the cause
is found to consist in the diabolical influences of
iutoxieatinp; drink. --AshcvUle Spectator. "
Our citizens were ai-oused about eleven o'clock
night before last by the cry of fire. The dwell
ing house of Murdock McKinnon was discovered
to be burning; and all hands rushed to the
rescue. The flames were speedily extinguished,
and all returned home. In about half an hour
the bells began to ring again, and Captain
Bradford's cannon commenced booming from the
Arsenal. This time the stables in the Wacron
Yard M ere wrapped in flames, and the heavens
were illuminated with the glare. These build
ings burned down but no further damage was
done. We understand that two . negro boys.
one of them the property of Mr McKinnon and
the other a hired boy, have confessed that they
set fire to the house, at the instigation of a free
negro by the name of Booker. They have been
arrested, and the proper officers are in quest of
iooKer. Jotli fires were evidently kindled by
incendiaries. Fay. Argus.
Booker has been arrested and committed for
trial.
fiSSThe necessity of two additional Tutor
ships in the department of Mathematics in the
University being made apparent at the last an
nnai meeting of the' Trustees, Mr S. Pool, of
Elizabeth City, and Mr J. B. Lucas, of Chapel
Hill, were appointed to discharge the duties of
these offices. The College faculty now num
bers sixteen ; consisting of a President, nine
Pofessors, five Tutors, and one Instructor.
Univ. Alflgazim.
THE NORTH CAROLIN IAN,
Indian Corn Sweepstakes. . .
The committee to award premiums tothe
successful competitors in the Indian Corn
Sweepstakes of 1853, have awarded the 1st
premium to J. W. Woodfin, of Buncombe who
raised 109 bushels on an acre; the '2d premium
to J. Cathey of Haywood, who raised 101 bush
els on au acre; and the 3d premium to Sidney
Weller, of Halifax, who raised 73 bushels on an
acre. We present below the reports of Messrs
Woodfin and Cathey, detailing their modes of
cultivation: -
J. W. Woodfin's Report.
I state that the foregoing land was laid off
by the gentlemen whose names appear to the
foregoing certificate, about the 1st of last Feb
ruary, it being a very poor soil, on , the top of
a flat ridge, in an old held. I had never grown
any thing on it, except very poor grass frr 4
years.
My first step was to break the land very deep
and subsoil it, by following immediately after
the turning plough, with a narrow large plough,
(bull-tongue.) By this means I broke to the
depth of near eighteen (18) inches, and pul
verised by cross-ploughing with the same nar-
row plough, dra by two .!, deep u
thev could draw it. in the meantime. 1 re-
j , . .. , ,', - .
moved all obstructions, such as rocks, old roots
T ... j A . , i.
&c. I then covered it over with the black,
rich soil in a deep hollow in the mountain near
by, I suppose an average depth of. 3Lrthcs
makimr about 500 two-horse wasron loads7hiclft
I calculate I placed there at an expense of
twenty-five dollars, ($25.) I then ploughed
aorain as before. I then rjlaced udoh it about
100 two-horse wagon loads of manure, from the
barn yard, mixed with a quantity of coarse
gravel. This manure, I calculated, was worth
twenty-five dollars, ($25.) After the applica
tion of it, I only ploughed and harrowed to
mix well the different kinds of sou and manure
I rolled smoothly the ground, and let it lay til'
I planted, say six weeks or thereabouts from
the time I was done manuring it
I planted it in drills four feet apart, six or
eight inches in the drill, one gram iu a place
ploughed not more than three times, making no
hill to corn at all, and not using a hoe at any
time after it was covered in planting.
I planted two-thirds of the acre 24th April
the remainder the 8th May. The first happened
at an unfortunate time in reference to the
drought: the remainder was more fortunate
and made much the best part of the corn
When I planted, I used a quantity of what I
denominate domestic Guano, which is really the
scrapings from the hen house, mixed with the
top earth about the place and old ashes; this
and its application I estimate at five dollars, ($5.)
I estimate the several ploughings thus : two
mnles to each plough, and two ploughs and a
hand to each, all furnished, $1 each per day
$2. They will go over it twice in three days
The harrowincr. takinjr up rocks, xc, one
hand and mule will do in same time at hal
that snm,
I used a small quantity of plaster of
l'aris, which I estimate at
Total.
9 00
1 00
$10
25
25
5
$65
10
00
00
00
00
00
00
Balance of cultivation and gathering,
I estimate roundly at
Giving me the crop and the ground at
$15 00
This shows my crop in the crib, which is
worth at least $50. My srround is worth $100
being worth nothing at all before. ' Itespee4u!ly
submitted by your most obedient, humble sorvant
J. W. WOODFIN.
James F. Taylor, Sec'y, &c.
Forks of Pigeon, Haywood Co., N. C. )
October 12, 1853
353. j
To the JY. C Agricultural State Society',
Committee of Awards
Gkxti.emex : The follow iug is the mode and
manner of management given to the crop of corn
raised by me on the one acre ot land, nam 3d m
accompanyinir certificates. On the 19th of
March last, I commenced hauling manure on it
and put fifty loads of cow-house and stable
manure on the acre, spread and ploughed it in
nearly as fast as hauled, at the depth of 8 or
10 inches; then harrowed ; I then hauled 60
loads of top soil, ploughed up in a clay lot
where stock had run for several years, and
spread and harrowed it over; I then, about
the 5th of May, ploughed into beds of 3h feet
wide, and opened a furrow on each bed and put
in those furrows 20 loads of yard scrapings
hoor-pen and stable manure mixed with about
100 bushels of leached ashes, on which I plant
ed my corn the 1th of May, put 3 grains at 18
inches distance and thinned out to 2 when the
corn was up 6 or 8 inches high. My seed corn
was of a 1G rowed yellow corn tha t grows with
small and low stock and ripens early, has asmal
cob but rather a deep grain, and shells out wel
from the ear measure; it usually weighs 58 pounds
per bushel, but some years it weighs 60 pounds
when dry. Had the seed corn soaked in the
dippings of stable manure, with copperas and
salt petre dissolved m it. The corn came up
well and grew well, until the 8th or 10th of
July, when the drought, which had lasted then
tor about six weeks, began to atlect it very
much, and the drought continued for 2 weeks
longer, which very much injured it, (I think one
fourth. ) 1 ploughed two times, harrowed twice
and hoed twice. Tne soil was a light poor
sandy quality, and I believe that this dry year,
without manure, it would not have made more
than 8 or 10 bushels of corn. The manure was
hauled on a wagon with 4 good oxen. The
soakinpr of the seed corn, as above, had the
effect, as I believe, to prevent the moles from
eating it, as they rim in the ground considerably
but they never interrupted the corn as I could
see. In planting the corn, I left out from the
edge on one square 18 inches and planted to the
hue on the other squares.
All of which is respectfully submitted
J. CATHEY.
XHE JJEATH OF CAPT. IxUXXISOX. We find
in the Washington papers a letter addressed by
Brigham Young, Governor of Utah, to the
ueicguus iu congress irom that Territory g-iy.
ing an account of the massacre of Capt flnnni
oi. Fair. iuc viuvernor states that
i ue massacre was me result of the murder of
uieuuij iui.iuuvr vrees, by a party
oi emigrants on meir way irom the States to
uamornia. Boon alter tne murder, the oWf.r.f
tne xriDe lniormea tne governor of Utah that
he was unable to control the three sons of the
murdered man. Capt. Gunnison was infnrmofl
of this at Salt Lake city, and expressed strou
indignation against tiie murtierers, but hf i-p.
marked that no difficulty had occurred between
his party and the Indians they had met, and he
manifested much confidence in his ability to
preserve peaceful relations in his future inter
course with the rea men. un mis account he
encamped more with a view to convenience and
good grass than safety. With regard to th
last camp the guide had selected an open spot
some four hundred yards distant from the mas
sacre, where surprise would have been impossi-
Die, out ne was overruled oy tjapt. unnnison.
F AYE TT EVIL L E, N. C
A Beautiful Story.
The most beautiful and affecting incident I
know, associated with a shipwreck, is the ioi-
nwimr: The Uovernor, an nus muioiuou,
homeward bound, goes ashore on the coast ol
Caffraria. -It is resolved that the officers, pas
sengers and crew, in number one hundred and
thirty-five souls, shall endeavor to penetrate on
foot across trackless deserts, infested by wild
hpnst and cruel savages, to the Dutch settle
ments at the Cape of Good hope; with this for-
orn object before them, they finally separate
in two parties never more to meet on earth.
There is a solitary little child among tne pas-
enno-prs a little bov of seven years old. who
has no relation there: and when the first party
is moving away, he cries atter some member oi
it who has been kind to him. The crying of a
child might be supposed to be a little thing to
men in such great extremity, ; but it touches
them, and he is immediately taken iuto that de
tachment, from which time forth this child is
sublimely made a sacred charge; he is pushed
on a little raft across broad rivers by the swim
ming sailors ; they carry him by turns through
the deep sand and long grass, (he patiently
walking at all other times;) they share with
him such putrid flesh as they find to eat; they
he down and wait for him when the rough car
penter, who becomes his especial friend, lags
behind. Hcset by lions and tigers, by savages,
by thirst and hunger, by death in a crowd of
ghastly shapes, they never O Father of all
mankind thy name be blessed lor it ! Torget
this child. The captain stops exhausted, and
his faithful coxswains goes back and is seen to
sit down by his side and neither of the two
shall be any more beheld until the great last
day; but, as the rest go on for their lives, they
take the child with them. The carpenter dies
of poisonous berries eaten in starvation, and the
steward, succeeding to the conmand of the par
ty, succeeds to the sacred guardianship of the
child.
God knows all he does for the poor baby;
how he cheerfully carries him in his arms when
he himself is weak ?nd ill; how he feeds him
when himself is griped with want; how he folds
his ragged jacket rouud him, lays his little worn
face with a woman's tenderness upon his sun
burnt breast, soothes him iu his sufferings, sings
to him as he limps along, unmindful of his own
parched and bleeding feet. Dividing for a few
days from the rest, they dig a grave in the sand
and bury their good friend the cooper these
two companions alone in the wilderness and
then the time comes when both are ill, and beg
their wretched partners in despair, reduced and
few in number now, to wait by them one day,
they wait by them two days. On the morning
of the third they move very softly about, in
making their preparations for the resumption of
their journey; for the child is sleeping by the
fire, and it is agreed with one consent that he
shall not be disturbed until the last moment.
The moment comes, the fire is dying and the
child is dead.
His faithful friend the steward lingers but a
little while behind him. His grief is great, he
staggers on for a few days, lies down in the
desert and dies. But he shall be reunited in his
immortal spirit who can doubt it? with the
child, where he and the poor carpenter shall be
raised up with the words, "Inasmuch asyehave
done it unto the least of these, ye have done it
unto me."
How to be a Good Farmer
Here is the secret of good farming. You
cannot take from the land more than you re
store to it, iu some shape 6r other, without ruin
ing it, and so destroying your capital. Differ
ent soils niay require different modes of treat
ment and cropping, but in every variety of soil
these are the golden rules to be observed: Drain
until you find that the water that falls from
Heaven does not stagnate on the soil, but runs
through it and off it freely. Turn up and till
the land until your foot sinks into a loose pow
dery loam through which the air and heat will
penetrate. Let no weed occupy the place
where a useful plant could possibly grow. Col
lect every particle of manure that can be ob
tained, whether liquid or solid. Let nothing
on the farm go to waste. Put in your crops in
that course which experience has shown to lead
to success in their growth, and to an enrichment
and not impoverishment of the land. Give
every plant room to spread its roots in the soil,
and leaves in the air. And, in all your opera
tions, endeavor to be a little ahead of your
neighbors. Blake's Fvery Day Book.
Reverend Rascal. The Richmond Dispatch
contains a long and interesting account of the
conduct and character of Rev. James Cowper,
calling himself a Methodist preacher, who had
almost succeeded in getting charge of the Clay
Street Chapel in that city. C. is an English
man, who is strongly suspected of having pois
oned his first wife, and is known to have made
divers attempts to secure the affections of young
females, and even of married ladies, to accom
plish their ruin. These attempts, which were
made in the North, were sometimes but too suc
cessful, and he completed his career of iufamy,
by engaging the affections of a young lady,
named Miss Martha Fletcher, in South Groton,
Mass., whom under a false name, he married
and with whom he came to Richmond, on a call
as he said, from the Clay Street Chapel. The
unhappy parents of the girl, learning his char
acter, determined to expose him and save their
daughter, and the uncle of the latter followed
the rascal to Richmond with abundant proof of
his infamy. Miss F. has gone home with her
uncle.
Florida Sugar. The Jaclcscmville JVeics has
peen samples of sugar made on Golf land in
Florida. Forty-five acres of rattoon cane,
much of it of the third year's rattoon, made
eighty-three full hogsheads of one thousand
pounds each, and twenty acres of plant cane
made thirty-seven full hogsheads, besides seed for
thirty acres reserved. This crop was cultivated
by sixteen hands, who were assisted in taking
it off for six weeks by twenty others. The
planter claims that this crop was only one-half
of what the same hands could have cultivated,
with more seed and more open land. From the
same cane seven thousand gallons of molasses
were made. The sugar is a quality equal to
the St. Croix. Of the molasses we have seen
no sample, but it is claimed to be very superior.
Drowxed. A youth named Warren Smith,
ao-ed about 13 or 14 years, was drowned in San
dy Mush Creek a few days since. He had been
from home on business, and on his return found
the creek much swollen by the recent rains.
He was advised by Mr Teague not to attempt
to cross, but was over persuaded by some young
men to make the effort, and it cost him his life.
He was swept down by the angry waters, and
hurried into eternity. The death of this intel
ligent little boy is rendered doubly sorrowful
by the remembrance that he was the only solace
and comfort of a poor deranged mother, to whom
he was ever kind and affectionate. Ashrille
Kews.
Discotkby. The Charleston Standard says
'A friend from Florida assures us that he dis
covered a small guano island upon the western
coast of Florida."
NORTH-CAHOUKriAI?.
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
Saturday, March 18, 1854.
,BgrHon. Wm. S. Ashe has our thanks for a
bound volume of the census report of 1850.
The Wh!g Convention on the Nebraska Question.
When the question has been asked by demo
cratic journals, why the late whig State Con
vention did not take decided aud unequivocal
ground on the Nebraska question, we are point
ed in reply to the 3d resolution of the series
adopted in that Convention. It is as follows :
3 Resolved, That we reaffirm the resolution
of the last whig Convention on the Compromise
Measures of 1850, which declares them a final
settlement in principle and in substance of the
dangerous and exciting subjects to whicn tney
relate, and that we are in favor of the doctrine
of non-intervention by Congress on the subject
of slavery within the territories oftheLnited
States, now held, or hereafter to be acquired.
Note the double aspect which this resolution
wears. If the Nebraska Bill should get through
Congress triumphantly, then the whigs will turn
to their resolution and declare that they helped
to sustain the bill in itsbour of trial by embody
ing its great principle into their platform. If,
however, the bill should fail, then they can turn
to their resolution and saj: "We told you in
that resolution that Congress ought not to in
terfere with slavery in the territories. This
Nebraska Bill was an interference with the
subject by Congress, and that too after the
Compromise of 1850 was declared to be a final
settlement. You would not take it as final,
but must needs be patching up a supplement to
it. Congress has by interfering with this deli
cate subject reopened the slavery agitation, and
the Union is in consequence brought into peril."
Such is the duplicity of aspect which this reso
lution wears. How much more candid would it
have been if its framers had come out fairly and
said whether they were for or against the bill.
It is true that several of their journals were
somewhat committed against it, but Mr Badger,
who is of more weight, and . whose opinion in
this matter was entitled to more consideration
than the whole of them together, was for it.
They owed it to Mr Badger to come out boldly
and openly and endorse his course on the bill.
The Sew Hanover Democracy.
The Wilmington Journal of the 15th, brings
us the published proceedings of a meeting of the
democracy of New Hanover, which took place
on Tuesday last. Resolutions of the true demo
cratic stamp were passed, and the initiatory
steps taken to secure the thorough organization
of the party in the coining comflict. It was
recommended that a convention representing the
different Captains' districts should convene to
nominate candidates for the Legislature. We
doubt not that the tried and true democrats of
New Hanover will follow this recommendation
By so doing they will unite the party aud put
to flight disorganizers. Among the resolutions
we find one nominating S. J. Person, Esq., for
Governor. It is well known that the demo
cracy of Cumberland are deeply committed to
Judge Ellis. Nevertheless, we hazard nothing
in saying that should Col. Person be nominated
by the State Convention, the democrats of
Cumberland would give him a zealous and hearty
support. They know him. They have seen
him battling gallantly for the great cause, and
no one who has witnessed his efforts under such
circumstances can fail to place a very high esti
mate on his services. Possessed of commanding
abilities, courteous and urbane manners, spring
ing from a sincere and kindly heart, a thorough
education, a comprehensive knowledge of politics
and great skill and force as a public debater
there is no doubt in our mind that if Col. Person
be nominated, he will rally the full force o
the democratic party throughout the State.
J66g"" At the.Democratic meeting held in this
town last week the Hon. Lauchlin Bethnne was
appointed president and Samuel E. Johnson was
requested to act as one of the Secretaries. It
is amusing to reflect upon farces of this sort
HTM a x 1 ... . a
x ne country gentlemen entertain the opinion
that they are helping to act for the party, while
everything is cooked up here in town. "What
a dust we raise," as the fly said to the chariot
wheel. Argus.
We were somewhat surprised at the above
article, for it seemed to us to convey a very de
cidedly pointed insinuation against the intelli
gence of the "country gentlemen " who partici
pated in onr democratic meeting, held during
the last County Court week. We can inform
the Argus that the "country gentlemen" who
presided over that meeting, and assisted in re
cording its proceedings, are persons of intelli
gence and position. The Hon. Lauchlin Be
thune, though he be a "country gentleman," is
universally recognized as a man of excellent na
tural ability, improved by considerable experi
ence in public life, and justly entitled by the
qualities of his head and heart to the influence
which he is known to exert. As to Mr Johnson,
to refute the insinuation of the Argus, it is only
necessary to say that he is the author of the
resolution calling a County Convention of the
democracy. If this does not vindicate him from
any insinuation against his intelligence, no
amount of proof can. With regard to the opin
ion of the Argus, that everything " is cooked
up here in town," we have only to say that that
may be the system of whig tactics, but demo
cracy repudiates everything of the kind.
wee- vv e nave received the first number of
the " Asheborongh Journal," published in that
village, by Mr A. J. Hale. It is whig in poli
tics, and promises to be a useful and convenient
paper to the people of the section in which it is
published. It is gratifying thus to witness the
rapid spread of uewspapers throughout the land.
uhio right on the JSebkaska Qukstiox. George
E. Pugh has been elected Uuited States Senator from
Ohio, to succeed Mr Chase, from March 4, 1855. Mr
Pugh is a democrat and is in favor of the Nebraska Bill,
and of the principle of non-intervention which it invol
ves. idis is a gratifying result. Mr P. got 80 out
of 110 votes. The democracy of Ohio is sound on the
question.
The Countr Convention.
The Argus seems very much chagrined at the
prospect of a Democratic Convention to nominate
candidates to represent Cumberland county in
the next General Assembly. Well, this is quite
in accordance with what might be expected
from that quarter. This Convention, the use
of which the Argus cannot possibly see, will
have the effect of uniting the democracy of
Cumberland, and insuring the defeat of any whig
interloper who may attempt to gain a position
iu which he can misrepresent the people of Cum
berland. The Argus says that " the candidates
are already picked out here in Fayetteville."
This is news to us. Perhaps the Argus has
undertaken the friendly office of "picking out"
candidates for the democracy. If so, we fear
the nominations will not prove acceptable.
We take this occasion to say to the democrats
of Cumberland, that this prompt showing of
whig opposition to the County Convention is a
decided indication that it is the very thing pro
per and necessary for the security and welfare
of the democratic party. e say again, let
every District in Cumberland send delegates to
represent the wishes and views of each in the
Convention. If we have all portions of the
County represented, then there will be no dan
ger of any particular locality exerting an undue
influence in making the nominations. Each
district will be heard, and each district will
vote in this matter. Cumberland county is en
titled to one more member in the next Legisla
ture than in the last. This additional member
should by all means be a democrat, vv e have
no doubt there is a crafty scheme on hand to
run in a whig by some legerdemain or other.
hit this project can easily be defeated by the
united action of the democracy
be. done.
Let this thing
J6S5 Our neighbor, the Argus, thinks that
the Report of the Secretary of the Interior is a
blundering" affair. Now, with the greatest
possible delicacy and courtesy we would beg to
sujrjrest to our neighbor that if it would look a
ittle more dispassionately in this matter it
might find the "blundering" a Icclle nearer home.
We think the Argus is fairly in for it about the
19,530 acres of laud in Mississippi, if any per
son doubts it, let him examine the report of the
Secretary of the Interior. We have got the
document, and it is open to public inspection.
But the Argus, commenting on the Secre
tary's report, says further:
"Hut the error exposed is not the only one contained
in this luminous disquisition upon the sulj tt ol' the
public lauds. Take it all togetbi-r it i one of the great
est bungles ever palmed olt upon the easy credulity of
a contiding people. The learned Secretary in forms iih
that the whole 1.5X4,000,000 acres ot public lanUs cost
us (including the expenses ot purveying and celling)
only $88, 00:5,013. These figures may cover the i-adi
paid out on account of our various purchases and ne
gotiations lor tlie public domain, lut wliere are me
millions expended in the prosecution of the Mexican
war the coined moneys actually disbursed in prepara
tion, for equipment, for transportation, for provisions,
and for the sustentatioii of our armies Jiagrtmte bello '(
What does he sav ol the sixtv or eighty millions ot debt
hanging over the nation at the close of that war? AYhat
account does he make of the blood that was shed? of tho
limbs that were kipped otf? of the valuable lives that
were lost? of the L-oues of our citizens now bleaching
upon the hills of Mexico? of the hearts that were broken
and blasted at home? or of the widows' tears and or
phans' cries that went up to heaven in the anguish of
unavailing grief over the desolation of their hearth
stones and the blasted joys of their firesides? The eoi-t
of these lands to the people of this nation no one can
estimate: and to see them juggled away under the liim-
sey pretext of a reservation of alternate sections for
tlie benefit ot tue general treasury, is enough, alnios-t,
to reconcile the people of North Carolina to a difsnlu
tion of the political bonds which bind them to those
States by whom a wrong so outrageous is perpetrated
upon them.1'
Is it possible that the Argns would have had
the Secretary of the Interior to have brought
into his estimates of the cost of the public lands
all these items thus enumerated ? We do not
understand the report as attempting to do more
than present the estimated money cost of tue
public domain. It would hardly be fair, we
think, to put into the estimate the expenses and
woes of the Mexican war. The object of that
war was not the acquisition of territory, but to
vindicate the national honor. True, we received
at its close a cession of Mexican territory, but
this was a consequence and the cause of the war.
The Argus will recollect, no doubt, that all the
most valuable of the public lands, to which our
system has been apjjlied, were ours before the
Mexican war. In estimating the cost of the
public domain, it would be just as correct to in
clude the expenses of the Revolutionary as those
of the Mexican war. Neither can fairly be
brought into the estimate, because not undertak
en for purposes of conquest.
The closing portion of the remarks of the
Argus is worthy of very grave and serious atten
tion. The following is the concluding sentence:
" Let us have our rights at the hands of the Gen
eral Government, or let our bones be buried and oi r
disgrace be hidden beneath the fallen ruins of the
proudest monument ever reared to human liberty by
the hand of man now alas! turned into an engine of
oppression by the unbridled spirit of lust and plunder."
What are we to understand by this passage?
We have read it and re-read it in hopes of find
ing some construction for it which would"palliate
the enormity of what seci.is to be its meaning.
Can it be possible that the Argus presents to its
readers the alternative of distributing the public
lands or of breaking up the Government? AVhat
does the Argus mean by the "fallen ruins of
the proudest monument ever reared to human liber
ty by the hand of man" if not the destruction of
onr national Constitution and Government? We
tell friend Cameron iu all candor, and with the
kindest feelings, that this sentence needs expla
nation. We hope he will be able to give a
satisfactory one, for we cannot suppose that a
gentleman of his intelligence and patriotism
could really desire the alternative of distribution
on the one hand or tho destruction of our na
tional Government on the other, to be present
ed to the people of this country.
Traveling by Telegraph. We learn that a
man on foot, with a pair of leather saddle bags
on his shoulder, passed through town on Satur
day last following the telegraphic wire going
North, climbing fences and passing through en
closures. He was very mysterious in his man
ner, and named Richmond, Va., as his place of
destination. It is shrewdly suspected here that
he is an agent of the Post Office Department
making a quick connection between Charleston
and the North.
    

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