THE NORTH CAROLINIAN, FA YE T T E V I L L E, N. C,
Wealth of Counties.
The recent report of the Comptroller of pub
lic accounts contains some interesting statistics.
From a hasty glance at the document we learn
that the total amount of taxes received for the
year endin?: Oct. 31, 1853, was $1,760,127 72.
The total amount of disbursements of the pub
lic fund during the year was $1,564,474 87.
The receipts of the literary fund were $192,
250 75 the disbursements were $139,865 16.
New Hanover county pays the largest aggregate
tax of all the counties in the State. We sub
join a table showing the aggregate amount of
taxes paid by several of the wealthiest counties:
N. Hanover, $7,667 54 Craven, $5,523 24
"Wake, 7,598 77 Cumberland 5,317 71
Edgecombe, 5,745 34 Granville, 5,160 81
On town property, New Hanover pays the
largest tax, the amount being $891 57. Craven
pays $314 99. Cumberland pays $299 42.
Wake pays $216 74.
The value of lands (not including town pro
perty) in several of the wealthiest counties,, is
respectively as follows: Edgecombe $1,888,
629; Wake $1,632,155; Guilford $1,418,964;
Granville $1,361,202; Cumberland $1,165,679.
The value of town property in those counties
which contain the largest of our towns, is as
follows: X. Hanover 1,580,809, Craven $558,
4S0, Cumberland $530,890, Wake $384,289.
Two counties in the foregoing lists are pecu
liarly distinguished, viz: Edgecombe and New
Hanover the former foremost in agriculture,
is reaping the rich rewards of her industry and
skill in the vastly enhanced value of real estate
the latter foremost in commercial cnterprize,
finds her reward in the great prosperity and in
creased value of the town property of Wilming
ton. It would be well for other counties and
towns to profit by these two notable examples.
Our own county of Cumberland has not been
backward in the race of improvement. Wealth
and population have been rapidly accumulating
for several years past within her limits. In the
next House of Commons she will have three
Commoners instead of the two to which she
has heretofore been entitled. Cumberland pos
sesses great facilities for agriculture. She has
but to improve these to place herself iu the very
front rank of the counties of the State.
Education In Virginia.
Virginia is the most advanced of any of the
Southern States in educational matters. Ac
cording to the Richmond Enquirer, she bag a
"literary fund" for public education, amounting
according to the last report of the auditor to
$1,606,802 73, yielding last year in interest
and dividends an income of $103,627 03, of
which $75,000 was applicable to free schools,
$15,000 to the university, and $1500 to the
military institute. There is also a capitation
tax applicable to free schools amounting to
$60,000. Detroit Free Press.
Virginia may be the most advanced of the
Southern States with regard to education, but
the above figures do by no means prove her to
be ahead of North Carolina.
The late report of the Comptroller of public
accounts shows that $120,545 63 was distributed
among the different comities, during the year
ending Oct. 31st, 1853, for the support of com
mon schools, This is something less than the
amount expended by Virginia for a similar pur
pose. But it must be recollected that our po
pulation is much less, and the number of our
children less than those of Virginia. It must
also be borne in mind that in this estimate is
not included any tax collected in aid of com
mon schools. In some of the counties an
amount of money equal to that derived by the
county from the common school fund, is raised
by taxation. Our common schools are not yet
what they ought to be. But we are not behind
everybody in this great business, and we hope
soon to see the time when, if we are not before
everybody, we shall at least occupy a highly
respectable position among the States in rela
tion to education.
Exports of Wilmington.
The Wilmington Journal of the 13th instant
contains a table of the exports of Wilmington
for the year ending Dec. 31st, 1853, from which
i we learn that during that year were exported
Spirits Turpentine, bbls. 115,174
cans to California, 100
The Seizure of the B!aek Warrior.
The account which we published last week
in relation to the seizure of the steamer Black
Warrior by the Spanish officials at Havana,
has been confirmed by the statement of Messrs
Charles Tyng fc Co., the consignees of the
vessel at that port. This account represents
the affair as a most aggravating insult to our na
tional self-respect. Upon a mere technicality,
without the shadow of justice, and in viola
tion of the rule established by their own pre
vious custom, the Spanish authorities seized the
Black Warrior and confiscated her cargo. The
allcdged reason for this was the falsity of the
manifest of her chargo, she being represented as
in ballast when in fact sue was laden with cotton.
But this cotton was ballast so far as Ilanava
was concerned, as no part of it was destined for
that port. And moreover, it had been the custom
for vessels merely touching at Havana for pas
sengers and mails, and having jio merchandize
for that port, to enter as in ballast. But if this
practice was wrong, the authorities were cer
tainly bound togive to the vessel the benefit of
the rule which allows twelve hours in which to
correct any errors which have occurred in
the manifest. This was refused upon a mere
technicality, viz: because the clearance visit
had been asked for the vessel. This clear
ance visit was asked for before the arrival
of the Black Warrior in port and was intended
to facilitate business by attending to what was
a mere matter of form. As soon as the officers
of the Spanish revenue service took possession
of the vessel and commenced emptying her of
her cargo. Capt. Bullock, who commanded her,
hauled down the American flag, abandoned her
and took passage for this country in the steamer
Fulton. Capt. Bullock and the consignees
were sustained in their course by the American
Consul, by Judge Wright, late Comptroller of
New- York, hy several other distinguished
lawyers of the United States then present in
Havana, and by the merchants geuerally. The
consignees state in their report of the affair that
the Black Warrior had entered the harbor
thirty-six times in the identical way before de
scribed, and that some of the George Law
steamers had done so probably three hundred
times, and no exception to the mode had been
taken by the authorities. These facts give to
the whole affair a very aggravated aspect.
This is not the lirst offence of the kind, but oue
of a series of insults which have been offered
this country by those arrogant officials which
Spain sends out to .misrule and tyranize over
If Spain is really desirous of provoking hosti
lities with this country, we do not think there
will be any great difficulty in bringing the thing
about. True, they have the promised protection
of England and France, whose policy it seems
from the recent declaration of Lord Clarendon
in the British Parliament, is not confiued to the
regulation of affairs on the Eastern Continent,
but extends even to matters on our side of the
world. We think, however, that should things
go ou as they at present promise to do on the
other side of the water, J ohn Bull and Louis
Napoleon will have a plenty of work near their
own doors. There will be quite enough of em
ployment for any extra fleets they may have, in
the waters of the Black Sea and the Baltic. If,
therefore, Spain is determined to have a rupture
with us, now is a capital time for it. We do
not wish to be understood, however, as desiring
war with Spain. We trust that she will make
ample amends for the injury done us, and not
put this country to the disagreeable necessity of
enforcing justice at the cannou s mouth.
We see by the Congressional proceedings that
Mr Dean, in the House, has offered a resolution
to snsnend the neutrality laws with Spain. This
sten would open the door to private enterprise
and give the filibusters a chance for the acqui
sition of Cuba. Oor Government will not, we
believe, act precipitately, but it will act promptly
and in accordance with national honor and the
dictates of an enlightened statesmanship.
Ground Peas, bushels
" rough, bushels,
These estimates, though not official, are, the
Journal thinks, iu the main correct. The three
items of spirits turpentine, rosin, and lumber,
amount iu value to near $4,000,000.
J6SSP The North British Review for February
has been received. It contains a table of con
tents which promises matter of interest. The
article on Arago, the celebrated French savant,
is highly interesting, sketching as it does the
history of one of the most brilliant scientific men
of the 19th ccmury, a man justly renowned
not only for his great attainments, bnt also for
his incorruptible integrity a man without fear
and without reproach. It is indeed a pleasure
to trace the history of such, and when they are
gone, to do honor to their memory.
The London Quarterly for January has also
come to hand. We have not had time to do
more than glance at its rich table of contents.
Blackwood's Magazine for February is bril
liant as usual. The article ou "Macaulay's
speeches," though at times somewhat severe
upon the foibles of the great essayist, seems at
least to aim at a just estimate of the value of
his services. Jon omnia possamus omncs.
Macaulay has won for himself an exalted repu
tation as an essayist and critic, and the public
are confidently looking to him for the comple
tion of a work which will place him in the front
rank of historians. If his book of speeches
should prove a failure (as his critic thinks) he
will still have glory enough left.
Nearly all of the British lleviews contain
articles on the Eastern question. These being
prepared with care and attention, and being free
from the mistakes which unavoidably creep into
the newspapers, will prove of great value to such
as may desire to trace the subject from its first
beginning to that consummation which is as yet
hidden under the veil of the future.
These reviews are republished by L. Scott &
Co, No. 79 Fulton st., N. Y.
"And the public seems to have concurred
with us; for living as we do in a part of the
State strongly democratic, we have always re
ceived a zealous support, whilst no democratic
paper in this town has ever been able to obtain
more than a picayune list of subscribers. !ay.
" I have seen the wicked in great power, and
spreading himself like a green bay tree. 37.
'salm, verse 3o.
The trick of trying to make its patrons en
dorsers of its evil course, seems to betray on the
art of the Observer a solicitude to find others
with whom to divide the responsibility & odium
of that course. The fact that the democratic
press of Faj-etteville has not been well supported
proves nothing. For as it is with men, so it
may be with presses. They may deserve suc
cess without obtaining it. It is well known that
the N. Y. Tribune and Herald (to which the
uoserver alludes,) two of the most infamous
papers in the country, are extremelv profitable.
The Observer would do well to consider wheth
er the prosperity of which it boasts is not at
tributable to some other cause than the one
which it assigns.
Cumberland County. The following Taxes
were assessed by the County Court last week for
county uses for 1854-55:
On the Toll 201 cts.
For Jury 15 "
Thirty-Third Congress First Sewlon.
On Tuesday, March 7, nothing important was
done in either House.
In the Senate on the 8th, the bill to promote
the efficiency of the Army by retiring disabled
officers was taken up and ordered to be engroe
sed. The bill making a grant of public lands to
the several States of the Union for the benefit
of indigent iuagne persons, was passed, yeas 25,
nays 12. This bill provides that there be grant
ed to the several States for the purpose men
tioned, ten millions of acres of land, to be ap
portioned under the direction of the President
of the U. S., in the compound ratio of the geo
graphical area and representation of eaid States
in the House of Representatives, according to
the census of 1850, provided that said appor
tionment shall be made after first alloting to
each State 100,000 acres.
In the House, the bill granting lands to Min
nesota for railroad purposes was discussed.
In the Senate ou Thursday, 9th, the home
stead bill was reported and made the special
order for the 20th.
In theHouse, the Minnesota railroad bill was
taken up, and several amendments acted upon.
The question on the amendment of Mr Kerr, of
N. C, to divide the proceeds of the reserved
sections between those States which had re
ceived no donations of land for internal im
provements, was taken up, and the amendment
adopted by a vote of 85 to 84. Mr Kerr moved
to reconsider the vote by which the amendment
was adopted, and to lay the motion to reconsid
er on the table ; pending which, motions were
made alternately to adjourn and to adjourn
over, and each question decided by yeas and
nays. The House adjourned at six o'clock,
there being no quorum, the motion of Mr Kerr
Friday, March 10, in the Senate a large num
ber of private bills were passed, and the Senate
adjourned over until Monday.
In the House, a motion was adapted request
ing the President to furnish information relative
to the detention of the steamer Black Warrior
at Havana by the Spanish authorities. The
motion of Mr Kerr to lay the motion on the
table to reconsider the vote by which his amend
ment to the Minnesota railroad bill was passed,
was agreed to, and then, by a vote of 120 to 66,
the bill itself was laid upon the table. The
House adjourned till Monday.
On Monday, 13th, Mr Gwin reported to the
Senate a bill in relation to a railroad to the
Pacific, which was made the special order for
the 27th. Remarks were made by Mr Phelps
and by Mr Badger in relation to the right of the
former to a seat in the Senate.
In the House, Mr McDougal introduced a
Pacific railroad bill. A report was laid before
the House relative to the condition of the ocean
mail steamers for being converted into vessels-of-war,
which was referred to the naval com'tee.
Iu the Senate on the 14th, Mr Everett pre
sented a memorial signed by over 3,000 clergy
men of New England, protesting against the
passage of the Nebraska bill. Mr Douglas com
mented in strong terms upon the memorial,
which was laid on the table.
In the House, a bill granting land to Wis
consin for railroad purposes was laid upon the
table by a vote of 97 to 94.
The Public Lands.
"If the General Government, (as it is as
serted) " lose nothing by granting alternate
sections of land to the new States, by doubling
the value of the sections reserved to the Gen
eral Government," the new States are never
theless benefitted at the expense of the old,
the old States having paid dearly for them, and
the new States deriving extra benefits, by Gov
ernment speculations in their favor ! they in
the first place, receiving these grants exclusive
ly, and afterwards coming in for an equal share
of the "gain,, which the General Government,
"as the Rcprerentative of the States," may
have unconstitutionally made by the operation."
For Poor 15
For Asylum 5
For Mutes 1
For the State 20
On S100 real estate 144
" " 8
. . 2
The Court passed an order allowing officers
to charge 50 cents per day for feeding horses
Here we have clearly expressed what we re
gard as one of the true grounds of all the com
plaints uttered by the whig party in regard to
the system of donating alternate sections of the
public lands in the new States in aid of rail
ways. They argue that the new States derive
greater benefits from the system than the old
that they derive "extra lencjits" from it, as the
" Press " has it. Now let us see for a moment
whether there is any force in the objection.
The reader is, we suppose, aware that the
donations by Congress, in aid of internal im
provements, are made in the fixed proportion of
six sections of land for every mile of railroad
running through the public domain. Six sec
tions of land contain 3,840 acres, which, at $1,25
per acre, would be worth $4,800. This, there
fore, is the extent of Government aid. JNow, a
railroad in the Western States, ordinarily well
built, will generally cost upwards of 20,000
per mile. So that the lauds donated by the
Government would, at the Government price,
furnish not more than one-fourth of the means
requisite for building the road. It is true that
these lands thus donated are made to bring a
great deal more than the Government price,
but that is no affair of ours any more than any
other profitable private speculation. The ex
tent to which the Government is ont of pocket
is just $4,800 for every mile of railroad built
through the public domain, and it has been
proved that every dollar of this amount is re
paid to the Treasury in the enhanced value- of
the reserved sections. JSow it the government
loses nothing by this operation, and the land
StatPs nro benefitted bv it. where is the mis
chief? We are told in reply that the new
States derive greater benefits from the system
than the old "extra benefits." Now we should
like to know if it be possible to devise a scheme
of benificence which will bear equally upon all ?
Take the North Carolina Central Railroad for
instance, or the Erie Canal in New York do
those works not confer " extra benefits " upon
the people through whose lands they are locat
ed ? If we can confer a benefit upon our breth
ren ot the Western States without loss or injury
to ourselves, should we for a moment hesitate
to do so because we ourselves will not be bene
fitted a much by the operation as they? And
if we decline to do so upon this ground, will we
not incur the odium of holding to a selfish policy?
Let us put a plain case to the "Press." We
both live in a country of plank roads, and can,
we hope, consider the matter in a practical way.
Suppose that A. owns a track of pine land,
adapted to the production of turpentine, but
too far from market to be available in that way.
Suppose that he values this land at $1,25 per
acre, but cannot sell it for that price, because
other lands more accessible to market can be had
for the same money. Now suppose that B.
comes to A. and proposes to bnild a plank road
through the heart of this unsalable tract of land,
provided A. will give him a title to one half of
it. 2s ow it A. can be satisfied beyond question
that the building of such a road will double the
value of the portion reserved to himself, and
give it a ready sale, would it not be a good
operation for him to make the donation? But
suppose, moreover, that the benefits to be. derived
from enhancing the value of the portion thus
donated, be secured to A's own children, could
he hesitate for a moment to make the deed ?
Not if he was a kind, or even a natnral father.
Just so it is with the General Government.
The new rii&les are the children for whose bene
fit these donations were made. If Congress
can without pecuniary loss benefit them, we say
let it be done.
But we will present another view of this ques
tion. Suppose that a company of energetic
capitalists should project a railroad through some
unsettled portion of the public domain. Sup
pose that in pursuance of this project, they
should enter, all the lauds alonir the contem
plated route at the Government price of $1,25
per acre, fouppose tney should build the road
and sell the lands at such an advance upon the
original cost as would enable thein to reim
burse themselves for the outlay and have some
thing left besides. Would not such a scheme
thus successfully consummated, be regarded as
beneficent in its operation and effects ? Would
the mere circumstance, that the enterprising
projectors of it had realized something from it,
be considered a sufficient sell off against the
untold benefits which result from the opening
up of a vast section of country to the settlement
of an industrious population? And would it
be proper under such circumstances for Con
gress to interfere and put a stop to all future
operations of similar character ? No one could
be found to advocate such a monstrous and in
defensible policy. And yet the results in this case
are almost identically what we sec in the case
of donations of alternate sections. In both
cases the National Treasury would be affected
precisely in the same way and to the same ex
tent. In both cases would "extra-benefits " be
conferred npon the new States. In both cases
would energetic and sagacious capitalists find
their advantage in building up a great public
If it could be demonstrated to ns that the
distribution of the public lands would be a
benefit to the old States, we would most cheer
fully advocate that policy. But when it is
attempted to establish the proposition by refer
ence to the effects of internal improvements in
the new States, the arugmcnt totally fails.
The grants to the new States do net diminish the
revenues of the General Government. But the
distribution of the public lands tccnld necessarily
have this effect. A grant of lands to North
Carolina, for instance, would belong to that re
markable class of charities, which may be fitly
designated as "taking out of one pocket to put
into the other." The people of North Carolina,
like the people of all the other States, must
necessarily bear their proportion of the tariff
taxes in support of the General Government.
If, therefore, the revenues of the General Gov
ernment should be diminished by distributing
the public lands one of the sources of revenue
the deficiency must be made up somewhere else,
and North Carolina must lear her part of the
burden. If the people of our State desire to
tax themselves for the benefit of internal im
provements, or any other laudable object of a
public character, they can do so through their
State Legislature, without the intervention of
Congress. This is the cheaper and by all con
siderations the most desirable method of effect
ing the object.
Small Px tm Pitt County.
The Tarboro Southerner of the 11th says j
"We regret to learn that this dreadful dig
ease has made its appearance in Pitt county,
and is prevailing in several districts to a consid
able extent. It was introduced into the family
of Mrs Brown, living about four miles from
Greenviile on the Williamston road, by a yonng
man recently from New York, and on its first
appearance was treated as measles. From
thence it spread until al.ount seventv ca?e?have
occurred and seven deaths. No case has as yet
appeared in Greenville, but business there is
nearly suspended and the Superior Court,
which was to have been held there this week,
was adjourned by Judge Caldwell without trans
acting any business."
The Commissioners of Tarboro have passed
ordinances designed to secure their Town from
this loathsome disease.
In this town, on Monday the itl hist.. Capt. Samuel
Mabson, aged alxmt (14 years. lie served his count rv
faithfully in the war of 1812, and was in the memorable
battle of New Orleans.
In Mowe county, on the 28th u!t Miss Sophia J.
Phillips, in the 2M year of her age.
In Wilmington, on the 13th inst.. Mrs Mary M.
Wright, wife of Calvin Wright, and daughter of Mr
James T. White, of Beaufort, X. C, aged 24 years.
In Bladen county, on 2d inst, Mrs Ellen Clark, aged
about 70 years. In Wayne county on the ith. Mr Wm
McLeod, aged 41 years.
State at Rrlh Carolinn. Ctiiil,rlil Connty.
Pursuant to a decree made at the last term of the
Court of Equity for the County of Cumberland, the
undersigned will offer for pale, at the Court House in
Fayetteville, on the first Monday of May next, a lot on
Rowan Street. Particular description will be given
at the time of tbe sale.
ARCH 'J) A. T. SMITH, C. M. E.
March 18, 1854. 85-7 1
JAMES T. HOUSTON,
CLOCK AND WATCH MAKER,
Engraver and repairer of Jewelry, Accordeons, &c,
in the best possible manner.
Office on Hay street in the new fire-proof Mutual In
surance Company's Building, opposite the Methodist
Having had near fifteen voars' experience in the
business, he believes he can please all who will favor
him with their patronage.
r ayetteville, March 18, 185 4 85-tf
Observer and Argus copy.
STEAM KR. FAIRY
This new and comfortable PASSENGER BOAT ha
Commenced her regular trips between this place ami
Wilmington. Sliewill leave here every Wednesday
rtnd Saturday at 7 o'clock, A. M., and arrive in Wil"
mington at 7 to 8 P, M. Will leave Wilmington every
Monday and Thursday, at 2 o clock, P. M., and arrive
at Fayetteville next morning early, with passengers
I. Sf. ORRELL, Agent.
March 11, 1S54. 84-tf at Fayetteville.
8,500 BUSHELS Corn for sale by
GEO. W. WILLIAMS & Co.
March JR. 1854.
W. F. BASON, M. D., thankful for former favors,
would respectfully make known that he is again in
Fayetteville, ready to attend the wants of his friends
and others who think proper to faroT him with a timely"
N. B. Those who have, or need Artificial Teeth, are
particularly invited to favor him with nn early call, as
H very decided improvement (iu this branch) has beert
March 11, 1854 84-tf
By virtue of an order, made by liis Honor, R. M.
Saunders, presiding Judge t the present Term of our
Superior Court of Lair, I hereby give public notice that
of said Court will be held for the County of Moore, at
the Court House in Carthage, on the fourth Monday in
May next: when and where all suitors end witnesses on
the Civil Docket are required to attend, by 10 o'clock,
in the forenoon of that day.
Witness, Geo. S. Cole, Clerk of Raid Court, at otf.ee
' the Monday lteforc the last Monday in February, A. 1
1854. ' '
fMfit GEO. S. COLE. C. S. C.
Western llnlli-ond Meeting.
The Annual Meeting of Stockholders in the Western
Railroad Company will take place on Mondav next,
March 20th, at 12 o'clock. M., in the Town Hall, Fay
etteville. 1). G. MACRAE, l'res't,
March 15, 1854. It
The undersigned have in store and for sale cheap,
a general Stock of
GROCERIES, HEAVY HARDWARE,
Ilollovv-wiire, Iron, Steel, Window Glass, Putty,
Blacksmiths' and Turpentine Tools,
Brooms, Buckets. Oils, Paints, Dye Stuffs, and in fact
almost anything that can be mentioned in onr line.
Our friends will do well to give us a cail before pur
chasing. Produce of all kinds taken in exchange for Goods at
JBSgJust received, 10 hhds. new crop Molasses.
G. W. I. GOLDSTOX & CO.
New brick store east side Gillespie street, third door
troiu the Market.
March IS, 1854 tf
BP0urNew York correspondent is inform
ed that Y. I. Palmer is not authorized to trans
act business for us. He formerly acted as an
Agent for ns, and after procuring some fifteen
or twenty dollars worth of advertising through
our columns, suddenly became oblivious as to
any business transactions with us. We have
heretofore and we again, calmly and deliberate
ly, write Mr Yolney Ii. Palmer, the self-styled
Great American .-Newspaper jvgeut, the
Great American jYcwspaper Swindler! Ashville
JUST He served ns the same way. Pass him
around, brethren of the Pess ; many of you no
doubt have been in the like manner cheated by
this wholesale Swindler. Goldsboro Republican,
Gentlemen you are somewhat slow in your
appreciation of this notable character. We
found him out some time ago. We have a
small bill against him now which we would like
to dispose of for 10 per cent on the amount.
The undersigned having, at March Term of Cum
berland C ounty, qualified as Executor of the last Will
and testament ot Mrs K. McRae, dec d, notifies all nev
sons having claims against the Estate to present them
within the time limited by law, otherwise this notice
will be pleaded in bar of recovery. Debtors to the
Estate will please make immediate payment.
JAMES A. McRAE, Executor.
March 18, 1854. 85-tf
30 BAGS GUASO.
Now in Store, 300 bags Peruvian Guano, warranted
pure. For sale by
, C, HALL, Rome,
Mffch 11, 1854 $4-5 1
On the 1st day of January, 1853, I hired ft Boy nnmnt
Robert to- John A. Williams, Esq.; some timeinFeb'y
following he left Mr Williams, and 1 had reason to be-'
lieve was lurking in the Neighborhood of Fayetteville,
but now I lielieve he has been kidnapped or decoded
by feme villain. Saul Boy is of black complexion, is
between 13 and 14 years old, quite an active good look
ing little fellow, and no doubt can tell a very piansiuie
tale. I will give the above reward for his delivery to
me, or confinement in any Jail, so that I get him
gain, ot 30 if arrested ont of the State so that 1 get
him. JAS. EVANS, Guardian.
March 11, 1854. 84-tf
NEW STORE AND NEW GOODS.
PEAllCE fc PEJIBEIITOJI
Arc now receiving a large and well Felccted slock f
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
Dry Goods, Hats, Bonnets, Boots, Shoes,
Ready-made Clothing, c. xc.
The above Stock embraces a variety of SEASON
ABLE GOODS, not enumerated, comprising as good
an assortment as will be ottered in this market. All of
which they offer to the wholesale trade upon accommo
Purchasers will iinrt it to their interest to give our
Stock an examination before making their selections.
B. F. FEARCK.
T. II. FEMBEKTON.
ITay Street, March 8, 1S5I. tf
We have opened our Store in Canipbellton
fer low for cash, Dry Goods and Groceries.
March 0, 1854. 84-tf JESSUP iC O
A good TURPENTINE DISTILLER, who can come
well recommended, for whom a fair price will be paid.
Apply soon to S. E. JOHNSON.
Johnsouville, Cumberland Co. )
March 18, 1854 J 85-3t
NOTICE TO THE T 1 1 A V KM "V Ci PUBLIC.
The Stage leaves Warsaw daily (except Saturday)
at 7 o'clock, p. m., after the arrival of the eveuing
train from the North, and arrives at Fayetteville next
day by G o'clock, a. m., in time for the Stage to Salem;
which" leaves Fayetteville Mondays. AVeduesdays. and
Fridays, at 4 o'clock, p. m.. and arrives at Salem next
day by 2 p. m. Returning, leaves Salem Tucsdas.
Thursdays, and Saturdays, at ' o'clock, p. in., arrives
at Fayetteville next day by 4 p. m., in time for the
Stage to Warsaw; which leaves Fayetteville daily (ex
cept Saturday) at 6 p. m., and arrives at Warsaw next
day by 5 a. m., in time to connect with the train North
or South. ;
Tickets from Warsaw to Salem. $12. From Warsaw
to Fayetteville, $4. To other points on the road in
Fayetteville, March 18, 1854 2t
KS" Argus, Observer, Salem Press, and Salisbury
Banner copy 2 times.
We have received our usual stock of FARMING
IMPLEMENTS, such as Ploughs. Harrows. Cultiv ators.
&c. Ac. J. & T. WADDILL.
A new 2 horse Wagon, complete, for sale.
March 18, 1851 J. & T. W.
Observer and Argus copy
Letters of Administration with the Will annexed
upon the Estate of Robert Strange, dee'd, having issued
to the undersigned, ail persons holdiug claims against
said Estate are hereby notified to present them to either
of the undersigned -within the time prescribed by law.
otherwise this notice will be pleaded iu bar of recovery.
All pei-sons indebted so said Estate arc requested "to
make payment immediately.
GEORGE McNEILL. Fayetteville,
ROBERT S. FRENCH, Lmnberton.
Adni'rs with the Will annexed.
On Friday the 14th of April next, at the late resi
dence of Robert Strange, dee'd, near Fayetteville, we
will offer for sale, on a credit of six months, 25 Slaves,
Household and Kitchen b urn iture, Farming L terisils.
1 new Family Carriage, 1 old one, 1 pair of well broke
Horses, Mules, Wagons, stock of Cattle and Hogs, Law
and Miscellaneous Library. &c. &c.
ROBERT S. FRENCH, j Adm'rs. Ac.
March 18, 1854. 85-4 1
TURPENTINE '. TURPENTINE 1
"We want to buy Turpentine, dcliverc'l ftt our Still in
CainvbclUon. JESSUP & CO.
Maveh 5), 1854 if
STAVES ! STAVES !
We want to buy Spiiit Barrel Staves. Will pay the
highest cash Y'rices.
March 9, 1854 tf JESSUP & CO.
IOST OR MISLAID,
A Due Bill for $30, made to the subscriber by George
T. Barksdale, dated sometime in November. 1851, (the
exact date is not recollected.) All persons aru fere
warned from trading for said lne bill, as it is due apd
payable only to myself, and cannot be collected by any
other person. JAMES ROBESON.
Bladen county, March 8,- 1854 84-,!t
FATETTETIL" E MARKET.
March IS, 1854.
Corrected weekly for the J'orth Carolinian.
Sgy Gen. Dockery has written a letter signi
fying his acceptance of the whig nomination for
figy A shocking mnrder was committed at
Chapel Hill, on Saturday night last, by J
Brockwell, upon Mr James Davis. Brockwell
is a drunken wretch, Davis a highly respectable
mechanic. It seems that Brockwell went to
Davis' house and used language highly offen
sive to Mrs Davis. Davis tried to get him to
go away, and at length took hold of his arm to
lead him oft. Thereupon Brockwell drew a
knife and stabbed Davis so that he died. The
murderer has been committed for trial.
g- The Wilmington Herald of the 11th inst
Mr W J Price, a merchant of this State, had
his vociet picked at the Baltimore Depot, in
Philadelphia on the 9th inst., of twenty-seven
hundred dollars, in hondreds, fifties, twenties.
and tens. priBeipaHy of the Bank of Cape Fear.
There were also gome notes on the Bank of
Vavptteville. and some on tne commercial
Bank- of this town.
Civil Englucei i t-f
The undersigned, a graduate of the Military Acade
my at West Point, having determined to retire from
the army, and scck a home in the vicinity of Wihnmjr-
ton or Fayetterilte, offers his services to tfie citizens of
North Carolina as a civil Engineer and Scientific Ar
Designs for churches, rural cottages, c. &c. will he
made, and all constructions superintended, ifdesired
Letters promptly attended to.
S. L. FRHSIOXT.
March 11. 1 851. 85-3t
ti -la Qri,
1 15 (V
1 (JO (5)
(, o ou.
Gj 1 15
Qtj, 0 00
Broom Com Seed, for sale br
Murch 18, 1854. 85-2f
Jgggr Mr J. S. Davis would respectfully an
nouuee to the citizens of Favetteville and vieinity.
that the Second Term of his SCHOOL will commence
on Monday the 20th intt.
Rates of Tuition.
Primary Geography and Arithmetic, 5JJ
English Grammar, Arithmetic, and History, b
Higher branches. .
... i i tinf;nn bnsincss. TO
iir uavis nopes. y pmci ani-nn"" - -- - ...i
secure a share of patronage. Particular at teiition ill
March IS, 1854.
tf-Sr-l-UH) Suirit Barrel w on hand, made of the
beflraJK and warranted. I would like to make
oest materia w' , Distilleries during the Reason.
SftoTeCwk A Johnson, Fayetteville, or to
Apply to Messrs. uoo LAWRENCE,
March 18, 1S54. 85 3t Mary'8 Garden.
ure a share of patronage. Particular '
paid to the morals a.Kl thorough of
L entrusted to his care. Qnrtcrly Kr-rroi f
.olarship and deportment will fee 8cnt to 1 arcnts or
BACON, y lt, new, 10
BEESWAX, 11 lb, 24
Laguira, l3 (co,
St. Domingo, O Qij,
COTTON, lb 8 (
COTTON BAGGING, ' yard
Dundee, 12 (v,
Burlaps, 10 Of)
COTTON YARN, "J;1 lb, Nos. 5 to 10, IS
DOMESTIC GOODS, y yard
FLOUR, 1? barrel,
FEATHERS. tf lb,
FLAXSEED, "fcl bushel,
HIDES, i lb--
LARD, t lb,
LEAD, V- lb,
SPIRITS. "t gallon
N. C. Whiskey,
TOBACCO, manufactured, lb
Alum, r bushel.
MOLASSES, y. gallon,
Cuba, new crop,
IRON, Tri fh
Sweedes, common bar,
NAILS, cnt. y keg,
, C. B 4
WOOL, y lb,
BEEP, on the hoof, ft lb.
BEEF, bv the quarter or side,
EGGS'. 3 dozen,
POTATOES. Swoet. "t? bushel,
Irish, V. bbl,
REMARKS, There is bnt few changes to note this
week except in Cotton. Sales were made on Wednes
day and Thursday at a decline of one-fourth to ou;-1,-iif
from last week's prices. Principal sales this week
at H and Si ets. The receipts of Corn are large by
thc River, and is sold in large lots at $1 10 at the land
ing (bags' included. Receipt by wagons light, and
saiesatSl 15. Supply of Bacon moderate sales of
new Paeon, hog round, at 10 to 10. Supply of Flour
eofH principal sales at S6 75 to $f! SO. Spirits Tur
pentine 54 to 55 cts per gal. Raw do. $3 50 to $3 75
per bbl. . ,
3 (hi, 4
9 Qij, 10
k (3 10
75 fh, 00
50 (i), CO
40 (t), i ', .
45 ( 5(1 '
8 2) 30
2 00 d, 0 0O
46 0 00
4 fiy 4
5 tij OU
6 (n 00
5 50 C"; 0 W
25 (0), 30
0 00 Oh 1 25
.oo H 1 on-
12 H Off
18 G, 00
i ( 7
C P) CJ
4 ffl 5
5 fry c
15 0), 0O
15 0 Oft
CO ftb 75
4 50 S 00
WILKIXCTOS 3IAEKET, rarer. 16.
About lGOO bbls Turpentine have been disposed of aft
$4.25 to S-V4.30 for yellow dip, $4.3 to $4.44 for virgin
dip, and 52,35 for hmiL Spirits Turpentine C2 cents-
., ... n .-ii . tr-.i ri I l 11
per gallon, lar ,iw is tiij uui.
2 rafts River Lumber were sold at $8,50 for wide
boards, and $12,50- for flooring. Some 9 or 10 rati
Tiwber were tsld at prices ranging from K,75 tt
$11,50 per M. Common Shingles $2.50 per 10C0.
Com 85 cts per bushel. Fayetteville super Fknif
$7,75 per bbl.