It frfi ill i ii f isi ' (6 Mill n a i I
' ; ' ' . . - f:-'--"; .:.-'; v -..Y;.--f. :- -: . ' ;';.'- ;:'..v' : .; : - - . : ' ..-:. . ' '..''-. -., " . ' t
AVE E KLYNSVSPAPER- -Devoted
to Politics. Hie 3I;irkets, Foreign and Domestic News, Literature. Agriculture, -jftid General Information- TWO T)OLLATlftj.TY AnVAXCE.
J ' m - - , x i . J '
MIYAX.&. YATES, Proprietors, f
FAYETTEYILLE, N. C, SATURDAY, JULY 22,- 1854.
li'l LUMK XV NO. S03.
IMUNTKI) liY WILLIAM
HOW Ivli T Iv. H It YA-X
Terms of-Suhrrfctio.i to (he Sort Carolinian :
le copy, if-paid in ad vancc. p annum,
at the endof months,
" n t tli. end of months,
at the end of t'C year,
For a single coir. ifuaid in :ul vancc. n annum,- S2 00
X mi1)k rintion will .. received for Cfchorter period
tli an n. yar unleH-s paid in julrancc.
"VVita the vi.-w .f rxtndin tbe cir, lf tto'ii and en
hancing the s rulius.s of th aper, th ? proprietor of
fer the following retnarkally lo. : 5
CLUB JL1 TK S, LYV.l liUBLYrJ
. I'ljfi in 'ill . til ii i via j v
- j r
in Li 15 or
T.f tt. rs on'' l.usin cojv.j-h tr.fwith f leiirm- mut
addressed to the undersigned, aivl mis. af''
ttat-s of Advrrtlsto?
Sixty cent, r.-r s'.t tn- V lines 1 wie ium i
, ul.--.juent inser ioi!. miles the
l.r.-h' d for more t! an-two mouths.
vhen'll will I..- t harir-d i
For thr. r inu:ith-. - - - - . 1 00
Koi;.st.v mWnt.hs, v - - - - , 6 00
For tweh.' inciiths. - - . ; - l 0 00
y ;ul'ertis. nieuis mn-t be ham l .;m 'y Friday
in., to . Mitire their-inserl.cn, in uie ik-m
and K.-ald have tiie desiret miniUer ot in-
lied ii them, ortie-rwise
SPUIXG IMPOltTA'l IO.S POH 1854.
in Forein and Domestic
oots, Shoes, Umbrellas, and
j FAYETTEVILUv, X. C,
f their customers, and tho trade
mperior Stoek of
SWUNG AND SUMMER GOODS,
Which tij'v will
II AY STIIKK
invite the atterltio:
enerallv, to a verv
any market South
tit pricen as low as to h found in
Maon and .Dixon s line, to pur
chasers who pay proinptly or ouv tor caMi.
Merchant." will hiid iu this market good stocks, ana
at prices which cannot fa:l to incuse.
ceits p'T so, nan
thirty cents for e.u:!;
dvt'vt.Hetu'nt is iu
day '- . 1 1
st! iic i s e
Sl'TlrJ t-'ll t'oi'oid aiid
1 ley will je I ii
ar,Li''d accordi:!; bri
DIIVA A YATES.
M is n ii i:
i : V V o'n-it''
l . ttv. ill.-. X
F A C T OUT,
:!!lvinfrs' Anetion Store
ins for sale Jy
Nov 12. 1K53
Runaway from ll
and TOUEY. .Toh
high, weighs about
22 yeurss 5 f-t U
l'os. , They w en hou
Iterland eountv, an
in Joh:itoa County
hundred'' Dollars for
hension and deliver
(inenient in a;iv Jail
them. An addition
oe pan! tor tlte conv
the' above Xegi'oes.
Fair Iiufi'. Coluuil
I 'ZOO AC U IS
The subscriber offers for
t ; l i !
v ti i n u:
I i i 1 V liMI (h.t-etl
i ':.! v .
iii i -aet -o:a;ii
jta l r
the abo e feitablishment
I- I . 1 a'ii now piIai-ed to enter
:,..t in- r tliose wh rnaygive uie a
-table, good Ik t Wis and a dis
!at . 1 trust I ; iail be able to
i tn. tho.-v who in; f favor me with
1 )-f i-in 1 r
II. C. CUeLE
of Laud, located in
1 1 is aboii t eiii-ii
tmrg High School,
adapted-to tlte grow
also oilers ureat im
iui e 'iitiiH' and linn
Alexander Ale Lean
to whom all comm
mav be addrrssed at
Euthor Jjlue. who r
pleasure in exhibjti
lor that purpose.
(MIKXT i. AV11IG1 TV
111 ;rnj-j- :t l.a v, - Km yettcviVft V
JTif" ;'t tin1 rV.ruer of I
eb v s:.-:''.."
5ow and Gi t'tl treots.
1 -t -1 11!
I .1.1!! 'i
.1 , . . ,
)- t I. I
l.t vl to me by ' etc or Account
ue.- And all d its due me pri-imi-i
be settlec aa la rger in-
' - ;- -v'.'.
A. A. TcKETHAN.
Dimii isioii net For tv a villi; ..'Icrthn ixt ,
Wir.M! N..T:V ,' X. C. ' i
ci .: ,i I -.'
Ii er .:'
n J.l '.'Ma
.. - !'..r 1.
b-i . n -
V ilMI .
NOT HE. -
le lln'i-' will be - icned daily for
from r. i to 7 o'cloe-, A. M.. eom-
. ITcli ' -
ai''' i.n ii'.'jly for sal
V Co. N'o fee will I
friends and the pu!
right business am
framing, and ereeti
ous iriiieiiles. eitu
ehiuerv. lie retiir
liberal )atronage h
by strict attention t
satisfaction, to met
Hatters himself that
any other machlnis
sons who waiit wr
well to give him a
work men in ins em
jobs--at. the shortest
Orders proinptly att
ad lress the subser
Xoveniber 1G. 1..'
! on 1
l ':, t .
e tle- retjula
at i'ne store ol
Iceejv any ae
Olitslde of the
p;-ie' will be
1 1 i v i
av. n rrntAT
, -iy' i ,, n:i il 'stock of FARM IXG
-.'. !i as i'ioii i'i-. llarn vs, ailtivators
LA T WAD DILL.
.1 - Wauo'i. i-oniptete, f rsiile.
s. l , i .. J. A. T. W.
.Iamks ( Smi:i'. ' - rrjidvS Cusrix.
.j nr.s . smith & jo.,
reuioe-il th- ir oltiee to the sect id Ktory of the
im foriii'-rlv ot-ynpicd by the Tele .raph Company,
where 1 t;--v are prepare-u u aueuu iu in ousieicss iu iuv
i or.'nusion .l'ii,
A!l b, '. .
:i trust--. to theiu will bd, punctually
lan'v 1 1. 1S54.
I i ff
SJA JtEW ARD.
1 X I hit -d i Hoy named
lv-n.f soni" tjnie in Feb'y
On lb- 1st da
Robert i i .i : a a
follow lug he left M:- WtlFanis. and I h I feasoirto b'-li-
e v:- lurking in the X ighborhood iTf ayetteville,
but now. I b -K -ve he has been kidnap iidf or Iecoyed
bv -onie villain. Said lloy is of black COlfiplexion, is
h-tweeii E! and 11 years olj. ipntean a tlVi
iu-r little Ad I
tal-. I will :
in.. or contineia-nt iu any .1 ail, so 1 hat I get him
agaitt.xu saO if arrested out of the Sftteso that 1 get
lihii. ' ' ..VS. EViVX, -Guardian.
March 11. ISA t. M tf
i A 1 1 1 1 1
Hint in" 'loiiut van veu very piansnue
ive th- ahove rewartl forhif didiverv to
FIKl'V !)OLI,VUS ltEAVVRO.
"rh", above reward will be given to n person whH
will deli v-er to me my iiegro woman . ANA. who at
si onded about th- 1 1 th of November ! vstj
eouttu niu'iit ill anv jail, in this State sc'th
Irer a rain. :-Sahl.. .ne'irro t..of bright .mjilalta'conrplox
ion. sp-aks clearly and more roperl;j tian "-negroes
usually do, and is rather b dow ihe meqmn nize.
It is siiiposeil 'that she is lurking aojuti wiy vicmitv
of Favi'itville. aided by the celebrate: Sfion Bhu
,-Mie may aiiem;i t4 pass as a
uu'i.ieroifj free jmlattoes about
ALEX. ?MaMIL LAX.
Dundarroeh, Robeson counly. :it
A m il 26. IS.". I. 1-tt
harbori ng o tor i e.t y .
free personjtmoiig th
J5IIICK MAStN'" AND PLAiTliE It,
l-'ayHUvillr, Ji C. f
I,vr(,. van ting work done in h ? line . will be
promptly attended to by ad.ln-s.dug liin at, the Fayette
'I " "i... ;
1 1 1" 1 O-l ' till v
perience. lias tor soi
-sitlerul "in to be 1
of a suitable buni;
u t elcs now used
impart that lustr-
if i xtHinitti g a pi
in ir the last twelve I
the task of prepai
tioiis, and has at
'"p( runen t conipleti
it ns ultra Hutu
am v be te.-ted in Ji
over all otln rs. (
Lauder's .Marble Fait
with an excellent ait
Nov o. is.":;
1 llr. somen i im"
X4rtB of Fayettev
about twelve hundi
to the making of Tu
mi the liremi'ses. a -
rejiair and now in 4,
the necessary ourno
Also", another trac
the head waters of (
r!a-e. on h!c!i tin
ami 4ther houses.
(h the lust nai.M
five thousand TurpJ
All the above lanfl
please call on the sii
,-howing the above
Force and Suctiin
Fipe, for sale by
F A Y E T T EVILLK, N. C.
tigF The River and TIarbor bill passed the.
House of Representatives on the 13th inst., by
a vote of 06 to 70, with all the various amend
ments. It appropriates about two and a half
millions of dollars for the improvement of rivers
t and harbors generally.
kj$ Cot to n YarfiaPaeref'Shcet-
8 James T. Miller, Esq, has been appoint
ed, by the President, Collector of the Customs
at Wilmington, N. C.vice Win. C. IWt""onrt,
TROY & ALAR SIL
IlIPUeVEMEST OF C1PE FE1II RIVER 'to them, that I have never considered "it an
I onVf'the followin": resol ntion :
Proceedings in the r House of Representatives on
Monday; July 10, 1 854.
' Unsolved, That the" rules of the House be
suspended, and that "the Committee of the Whole
House be discharged from th$ further considera
tion of Senate bill No. 202, making an appro
priation for the removal of obstructions from the
mouth of Cape Fear river.
Mr Cobb. I ask for tellers on that resolu
tion. v:- ;'v;I:-; ' ' ";" : "
. 'Mr Jones, of Tcriuessce. I call for the yeas
'Japanese Civilization and Kuropea TJar-
r baki'.-jm. On the death of Robert Williams, a
marine serving on board the Mississippi, oif the
const "of Janan. Commodore l'errv armlied to
J the authorities of the emnire'for nermissiou to
subscriber, his Xegro men, ,TOIIX ! , ... . . - ,,,, ,- ...
about 2i, years old. 0 t-et I men , J
. 1. n. i -, i . 'n"t:iiit'. o n-ro rn iloi- ritil T 1 1 i ii n I cur r nrro
Ho or lau ins. i ooevageu anoui": fei"""-" " o 1 ' ujs .- " v "l -v o v
hes high, stout, and weighs 175 i invited to land. it proceeded unmolested
L'ht from Mi -Jair.es Surles, of Cum- throiiirh a lanre villaire. and was accomuanied
will probably be linking in that tn Hl ,..,. . : - . vfmofinrsn nf nntivos
has a wile at Mr Kichanl Dir4l s, o" 7, P V " , V
Fifty DoEan- for either, ir ope Mv'io behaved with the utmost decorum and
fioth. will be pa'd for their apju-e- propriety. Contrast this with the conduct of
the like case the
neither of these
sulfered to peform the
rites of Christian burial over their dead in open
day or in large cities. Tiie Protestant dead are
buried at ni-ht and by stealth at Madrid; and
j at Rome, the only Frotestaut chajiel is outside
j the valls, and every now and then, is threatened
! to be shut. Could not a few Japanese be sent
to Spain and Italy to teach the natives of those
regions sense and toleration t -AV 1". Herald.
toth. will be pa d Tor thetr apjre-; propriety, i.onirasi mis wiin
to the subscriber, or for their con-! two European countries iu th(
the State so that he can get ! gt aiJ g n jn
sum of One I"undrel Dollars will ! 1 - . , 1 -
ction ofauv person of harboring countries are Protestants sulfei
s Co. X. C.
assumption of power on the part of the Govern
ment to undertake works national, or, more
properly speaking, -'general In their character.
Your revenue is derivedfrom importations, and,
as long as this U done, so iong is it your duty,
iu -one way or another, to remove such obstruc
tions as necessarily impede or prevent importa
tions. AVI fy-do you have buoys on your rivers;
breakwaters on your bays; beacons and light
houses on your coasts? All of these improve
ments rest upon the same principle, the strength
of which must be acknowledged as long as your
money is collected-from importations. Rut, r
Speaker, another consideration presents itself to
ie lower cr.it oi uictimoiHi couniy.
vn t fnm T-loral C ollegi'. Laureri
nd -Laurel Hill. The Land is well
l of corn, cotton, w heat, A c. It
ueeinents to those Migaged in the
busmos. I hav4! ctnistitutcu
.liiv agent, iluringniy absence.
ilr.cations in regani to rue matter
flilopolis 1. O.. Robeson county.
ides near to the tiremises. will take
them to any one who mav call
J. (J. BLUE.
ies it!s metiiou or miorming ins
that h still continues in the Mill
all its branches, viz: foundering.
Wat r or Steam Mills upon vari
with' simple 4ir eonidicat4,d ma
ins thanks to tin public, for the
nis reeeivc4i iieretoHire. ana hopes
business, ami bv giving geiieral
i continuance of tlie same. He
work w ill compete with that of
torspced and duratnlitv. All per-
done in the above line -wouKl
ill. as he has several competent
(iv. and is preparctl to execut? all
e- and on very reasonable tcn'ns.
tided to. For further information-
iler at Johusir.vn, Moor'1 conutv.
D. R. JOIIX.SOX."
Diamond cit Diamond. A Yankee and a
Southerner were playing poker on a steamboat:
" I haven't seen an ace for sometime," re
narked the Southerner.
" Well, I guess you haint," said the Yankee,"
but-1 can tell you where they are. -One of them
is up your shirt sleeve there, and the other
three are in the top of one of my boots."
The '-Richmond (Virginia) papers state that
there are undoubtedly a few cases of cholera in
The session of this school commenced on the Cth of
Tuition per session of 20 weeks. $20. Board can be
had convcni'nt to the school-room.- No deduction
made for absei.ee. unless iu cases of protracted illness.
WM. B. LYNCH.
JXO. C. SMITH.
WM. T. SMITH.
July loth. ISoJ. 802-2t p.l.
arris, ot nw-rcJ7"tuttppointed
iThe-question was then taken; and the tellers
reported ayes 100, noes 13.
So-the rules were suspended.
Tlie question was then put upon the motion j
to discharge the committer Irom the further
consideration of the bill; and it was agreed to.
"The bijl was then read by its title, as follows:
An act making appropriation for the im
provement of the Cape Fear river, North
Mr Ahe. I move to suspend the rule which
requires ' this bill to be lirst considered in the
Committee of the Whole on the State of the
The question was taken, and (two-thirds
voting in favor thereof) the rule was suspended.
The question recurred on ordering the bill to
a third reading.
Mr Ashe. Mr Speaker, the best return I
can make to the House for the generous vote
they hare given me in taking up this bill, and
in discharging the Committee of the Whole
from its consideration, will be the extreme bre
vity of the remarks I shall submit upon its merits.
I will dispense with the reading of the nicuio
rial of the citizens of Wilmington, presented by
me, under the rule, in the early part of the ses
sion; lut I will read the resolutions unanimous
ly adopted by the largest convention ever as
sembled in that State, representing, as it did,
the chief interest of the State. This conven
tion was presided over by his Excellency, the
Governor of the State, Hon. David S. Reid :
"Resolved, That the General Government,
by the erection of jetties on Oak Island for the
protection of the fortifications there, and the
consequent washing away of the sands upon the
opposite point of Raid Head, and their deposit
upon the main bar of Cape Fear, has been the
cause of great and lasting injury to the commerce
of North Carolina.
"Resolved, therefore, That we may rightly
appeal to the Government, - and we do appeal
to it by all the .claims of magnanimity and jus
tice, to undo what it has done to our injury, and
to restore what it has taken from us.
"Kesolvetl, That, in the judgment of this
ered-'.-.-. 4.J niy niind, which has a strong, 'direct . bearing on
tssrs CliugmatirLi.his ( nneQnt-ltf'al'thlst'' : - The (lovcriimcnt'
nun, Bum luiibeqiiujicr, iiji exclusive
jurisdif ti5n ; of the localities where these im
provements are being established ; and I will
submit, if the federal Government has not the
power to carry them on, who has? The State
of North Carolina has parted with her owner
ship, and, of course, she has no right. For this
purpose she'' could not lay a stone or drive a pile
without being a trespasser upon soil over which
the General Government has exclusive juris
diction. Now, Mr Speaker, 1 will discuss the merits
of the bill, ami, if not much" mistaken, I will
be able to show the Hous?, not only in a finan
cial, but iu a military point of view, its passage
will be highly important. Yes, sir, iu the lan
guage of the Engineer Department, that "the
work is thoroughly national." 1 will read ex
tract from their report, with the letter of
Superintendent Rache, addressed to me upon
this subject :
Engineer Department, Washington, )
February 8, 1854.
Sir; In reply to the letter of Hon. T.J.D.
Fuller, chairman of -Committee on Commerce,
House of Representatives, dated th instant,
referred to this ofiicc for report, I have the
honor to inclose herewith extracts from the let
ters of Captain D. P. Woodbury; Corps .of En
gineers, dated January 21 and February 3,
1854, showingXhe progress made, up to this
time, with the works for the improvement of the
Cape Fear bar, and their present condition.
I regard the proposed improvement as prac
ticable, and as an object of national importance.
Mr Fuller's letter is returned herewith.
- I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
JOS. G ROTTEN R. R RIGHT,
-United States Engineer.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Sccretary of War.
Iv ..iiriuted. ,4i
lig'Htwood, yj u
upon wood ri.
moil fire-pll ai
i ' . ' .
Itleman who ll well acquainted with Liverpool
coal, that itlh J burn twice as long. A ,( u
j comparison 1 , not been made, t iny know
ledge, but t. n the assertion lias much tnim
it, I have ri ?oubt.
"The Do pdtiver coal is, in the first place,
quite free ft i smut; it dors not .soil the lmg'i-4
but in a tri ir degree. Jt burns fn ly,
forms a cok or it undergoes a scirii-fusioii, a ih 1
agglutinate.-; nd forms a partially impervious
hollow cokc, ithin which t ombu.-tioii goer- on
for a long ttiMi AVhen n small pile ol it1
made upon t!i 'ground, it may be ignited m
matcn ftiHl n I w dry iH,i vcs or t-itcks. n
;i7i nf n lamp or cum
t, highly combustible,
s with a bright' (latin
g time. Jt may be !
! may be burnt iti ! '
t. is not a lit tle i f r
gentlemen v i av,; used it for inanj year
a blacksinit t.-' forge", should not have used it in
their parlor jjistead of green black oak.
"This coh ' .adapted to all the purpo.-.-s ('.,;
which the I tluninotH coals arc sp( -ia!ly in
ployed. Tlrv- for the manufacture of the em -burrc.tted
hw mcriMi for ?i-htiii!r streets and
t . X I - J , 4
nouses, mere; no con
I require lesscxienso f(
superior to it.
1 1 : 1 1 1 -1
j require less ex icnsc tor liirnisning n, oei.n.e
it contains stj ittle Milphur, from which .-'ul-phuretted
hytl-ogen informed. So, also, in the
grate, it will f ; far less olleiisivc, for the .-'atne
reason. DutL as it is rich iu bitumen, it will
furnish a largi amount of gas, and that which
is, comparatif ly, pure. This advantage i- om
of great imoitauce. It should also be slated
that it furnish s un excellent coke, which may
be ued for minufaeturiiig jmrpo-es; and as it,
is left very'p ous, it is in a condition to ahx.jl.
a large (piiinji y of the .solution of cyanide of
potassium;! aiil hence, is well adapted tu tin
work ol reduc ig the incbils. It is scarcely
necessary tb ti Id, that, it is admirably aIaptcd
to steaming, i lasmueh as its-liatue is fn-e and
durable, ijor forge use, it is not surpassed ly
any coal inuf;rket; and for jiarhr jj rates, it i .
both pleasanl. .economical, and fn from dirt .
If a chimney as a poor draft , it is liable lotlm
objection coUi'ion to all coals of this kind ih"
escape of sotJt into the room."
Dr. Jaeksi is not less decided in his opinion
as to the vae of these coal fields. He -iy :
"The, imlii .iate .object of this report, i- to
r,i s I'liTJi a Jit irjvisii.
praet.enl iH.ot-mnii! r oi some e.-
linie been sensible tnat then is a
t Miinilied to tlie nuiilie m llie way.
. 11 i A L' A I
4r hoots iino siies. ,i tsi oi iiur
er injure the leather or fail to
u cer-;ii-y in jrive to man .s " un-
per luii.-!i. lie lias inei-4'iore, 4iur-
i4i:itns. heei i Ceyonng inmsi'ir.To
an article free irom these' obiee-
th after raucb investigation and
succeeded. Tiie result is (will's
DISSOLUTION AND NEAV PIIIM.
The lirm of Pearc' Ai Pemberton was dissolved on
the 1st iut.. by mutual consent. And J. B. Ferguson
having purchased the inter st of T. H. I'tmln-rton. the
busiuess will hereafter be conducted under the name
and vie- of
PEAKCK d- FKIKU'SOX.
at the .Store lately oecupietl bv Pearce & Pemberton.
Jalv !.". ls."4." S()2-;it
i.h.'' He 4Hilv wi.-hes that it
ler to esia:i;.;i lis puperiorii y
at M. Fauik's shoj) opposite Mr
orv. llnvstre t. una he .suivtlie4i
e ait a chenp rat'.
rs tor sale. ii;s i,..mi six mnes
and about 4ue mile fi4:n the
ileigh Plank INuL coni.-tiug 4f
I ..and sixty acres of land, nitl
lentiue or limber. I here is also
mI Saw and Crist Mill, all in good
itiou ; also, a Dwelling, and all
is4's. in nooii repair.
f two hundred and fifty acres, on
ver's Crejk. known a the Tarry
:sa small Farm, a Dwidling House
tract, there is cut about twenty-
ltiue Boxes, from two to four years
will Ik- sold on the most aceom
. . , , t
rsoiis we nine; 10 purenase. win
iseriber. who will take pleasure in
LAND FOR SALE.-.
tlu 5th lav 4f Ausrust next. I shall
offer for sale at the Cnirt House in Luinlierton. a
very valuable Tract of LAND, lying on Lumber Kiver
and Bear Swamp, near the line of the contemplated
Uailroaii from (. harlotte to Whitesville. it being the
"tract whereon Alfred Biggs now lives, containing
i'.Vl acres. Title warrantel as to all except 4 1 acres.
A '.so, two w.ll-broke .MILES, a years old., '
Terms : -Credit until 1st Jan'y next, at which time
peissession of tin; land will be given, payment required
and a del ex cuteil. Possession of the Mules will be
given at the time of the sale.
Bonds with good security will be required.
Ii. E. TPiOV, Tntstco.
July !.". 1 824. 8)2-.5t.
W1LMAJI II. MAKSH,
C'omtiiiKsloii niul Forwarding 3Icrrhanf
WILMINGTON, N. C.
I suaL advances made on
Julv la, 1n."U SU2-tf
Those indebted to the subscriber will please call and
srttle. There are a goid many bills for Corn. Ibiy.
&.C.. (which are cash articles.) standing 0:1 Imok.
T1IO. J. JOHXSOX
July lath. 18."t. M12-4t
I'uniiis : Sheet Lead and
C. W. ANDREWS.
These Pills are
moil Kiiperior ?clii-iitu iu th- cure of all Jiiliout 0n-
I'luiHtX, .Vl'l'. tHll h'r
Jnuwliff. Sic': !?rnic!
acoonlin to.tht iliivl
cas of Plies, utter
Tiicj purify tli
I Ion, restore tlie
ttnd ni hix Aiitt-Hiiioiis 1'amily Muiiic-iiic
t'rice -a t-4?utd per U.,.J
Fa yet t e v
lie. Jan'y 2S, ls.'.t
iXSPLCTOli OF TIMBi:itTAXD:LtMBEiL
,t attention to any buae in this line
Will Love Tiroinr
intrusted to ii'ua. lb
- Wilmington. May
solicits a share ot p; Mjc patrona;
:5. 1S.L r 2m-i. '
entirely Vegetn'ble, mill re a.
18 5 4.
SI R ING GOODS.
The undersigned are now receiving, and expect to
have their entire Stock in store by the 13th instant, of
Embracing a great variety of
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
Hats, Caps, Donnets, Umbrellas, Parasols,
Doors ami Shoes,
''Foolscap and Letter Paper,
Blank Dooks, Bolting Cloths, Sic. Sic. &c.
Coast Sikvev Office, -July. 5, 1854.
Dear Sir : 'In reply to your question as to
the danger of postponing action at the Cape
Fear, I have the honor to state, that the main
bar is constantly deteriorating-, and that the
longi-r the work is delayed, the mori; difficult it
convention, uie improvement or tne caper rear, , must be lo retn0vc tlm obstruclion. ' Since the
oy closing oi ine cw unci, is a. woi k nauonai isrvcy ju 1851, the main bar has shoaled nearlv
rtr. I'ljxin it.-un I t'fiireufss. A'rr ivmmatnt.
.S-ril'i:la. Silt h'f'tuui. J-rrrs of all kinds.
Lots of AniM'tiU; Obstraett'.i iitd paivful Mmslrualiim. and all
As triiiHir MriHf'itf tuov act like a charm, nnu wnea taKcn
If inns. tluv upver fail to curj the wori-t
111 other r.'tiiIies f:iit.
lie !Ioo4l. rinalizc tlie elrctila-
Lirrr, Iviliiey, and other ae"
ll Itenlfliv tone and action:
Ihvy have no equal.
With an extensive
R EA D Y- MA J) E
C LO TJ11JVG
And Foreign and Domestic Hardware.
AH 4f which they otter to the trade at LOW PRICES
an i upon accommodating terms.
Purchasers will find it to their interest to give the
above Stcck an examiuation before making their selec-
tU,U" HALL ct SACKETT.
iii its character, constitutionally unobjectionable,
feasible, at a cost far below comparison with
the benefit of its results, of equal importance to
the ship-owner and underwriter of the North,
and the merchant and farmer of.the South, and
of vital necessity to the commercial interests
of this State; ami, moreover, that it would ob
viate, at a great saving of expense to the Gov
ernment, all necessity for completing the plan
already adopted, and as yet but partially ex
ecuted, for the fortification and defense of Cape
I will also mention that, independent of these
highly respectable appeals to the justice of Con
gress iu favor of this work, the last Legislature
of North Carolina unanimously adopted resolu
tions instructing their representatives to urge
upon Congress its execution. These are strong
appals- too strong, I hope, to be disregarded
by this body.. Before 1 more fully enter into
my arguments, I will dispose of one or two pre
liminary objections which may be urged against
the passage of the bill. It will be doubtless in
quired why, if this work is of so much impor
tance, did the Committee on Commerce report
adversely to the passage of the bill? In reply
to this objection, I feel authorized to state that
the adverse report of the committee was not
founded upon any want of merit in the bill, but
upon the fact that the committee had determin
ed to report a general river and harbor bill, and
for that reason a majority of its members thought
it would be incongruous to report a separate
and distinct bill tor any work whatever. ' The
honorable chairman informed me, in the pre
sence of the committee, that this work appeal
ed more strongly to the justice of Congress than
any other they had before them. As evidence
that this was the feeling of the committee, I am
informed that there is a liberal' appropriation
for this very work contained in the general bill
which they have reported.
Jt may be, then, inquired why did I not con
sent to make this a portion of the general bill?
Why make an exception in favor of this work?
If the memorial had been read, the House would
have observed that this work is now being car
ried on by funds raised by private subscriptions.
or quite two feet. The general fact is, that as
the main bar shoals, the western channel and
the new inlet increase in depth, so that the
channel, which it is desired to stop, the new
inlet, increases in depth, (by the bar being
pushed further out to sea,) while the main bar
decreases, making bad worse! Too prompt
measures cannot be taken to remedy this disas
trous state of things. The lotrger it is delayed,
the greater will le the cost ; and there is great
risk that beyond a certain point enterprise mav
be "too late."
Verv respectful I v vours,
A. D. BACIIF.
Hon. W. Ashe, House of Keps.
Another report, from the same source, further
informs us that there was once over twenty
feet water on the Cape Fear bar, where now
only nine or ten Are found. - This is indeed
alarming, and brings immediately to our minds
the question, will not our Government .suffer in
its revenue if these obstacles are allowed to in
crease, or to even remain as they are? A
glance at the situation of that town will offer us
a satisfactory solution of this question. There
are new completed, or in rapid construction,
six hundred miles i of railroad, converging at
Wilmington. In consequence-', of this improve
ment, we find '-'the exports increasing from
$1,200,000 in 1840, to 0,000,000 in '15;
and, sir, the most prudent and sagacious of our
merchants calculate, that in lire years alter the
completion of this improvement,' its exports
annually will amount to 15,000,000; but, of
course, 3lr Speaker, these calculations are
based upon the removal of thise-obstructions
at the bar. If they are allowed '-to 'continue,
the farmers of North Carolina will have to bk
elsewhere for a shipping port, and that city, dis
tinguished as it is for its -.patriotism; and enter
prise, will soon have "its days numbered."
Our products heretofore have been shipped
principally coastwise. Every Atlantic State
participates in our trade. Maine looks to us
for the best-of her shij-building materials; Bos
ton, New York, Philadelphia, and B-ltimore,
are dependent on us for their naval stores. Sir,
neu on oy iuuus ra.seu oy pr aie m, Uf,Crqn. uu. , vigft 0fC ff tCB0 wil0Ut jC.
The former appropriation made by Congress had i ' tf .;,,, iUr. ...t ,.,.r;i,.,tf .,. i.
, . 1 ! 1 . ill nil ill.l iiu iaavt.V'Uv.''iit-ftfl''ii'iiiJ ummv !
been exhausted, ana tne worws, ueing ien in an
i i..,v i VCOX, 1-VIU), KICK.Bn 1 all other
T'.w. C,.,mI,i.i- will ikiv the
i : i i" -v i 'v - ' - i
for Land Warrants.-.'Apply.
It K A NTS.
highest market price
A rtmrrtg fur Coughs. ( '.i.. Catarrh. JSronchitis, (Ymip. Whooping
C'ttifih, Asthma, f "?.-- tmption. JVr?v,i Diseases. J)yprpsia, Cos
tirtnrsf, Krtsijwltts, I H-seaae'if tlte ITeort, hiliamwofinn and JTltin
in Vtf Chi ft. Jjiu-l- v 'it Sids, attil all diseases arising from a de
rnrttfrtl stiilcjsf the ,:rtnch, and to rrlirr. th dix(rss and bad
fctliny .'! ntin tr it hearty food, in weal.' and dyspeptic habits.
WARRANTED TO EE PURELY VEGETABLE.
Tlieie Pills act ExiMVtornnt. Tonic, and Aperient. One
2. ont box posse.v tlii-p times more power to enre diseapea
than a 4m' tlollar butt e f tinv f Oi Syrups. Balwims, or arsnr
Mu;iU Ui;itvi;i'u ever insutoijiud a Auuple trial of only en box.
TEAS ! TEAS ! !
Hyson. Imperial and Black Teas, of superior qiiali-
. just received and for sale by
J. N. SMITH.
J uie-' J I. is.",
the I'ost Olllce.
A School Teachers' Convention will b 2
held at Hiurin-itun's Aea'.lemv. -in the village of C ar
b4nton, 4, n the second Saturday of 'August.-V Uie ob
ject is to form ii Teachers' Assignation for promoting
thee iusc f ' e-dneaTiim in Moore. Spectdies on a;ipro
juiate sub;cct may be 4xpcted. Mr Harrington ir4
poses to give ,u ilfuner on the occasion. All teachers
iu the tmuty. both Male and Female.' are respi-ctfully
invit.Ml to -.ittcnd. Hour of nie.-tinir. 1( o'clock.
A. It. PLAOK,
June -i. yj -7t CYRUS HARRINGTON. ,
lr 1 " in , .iii4( ci
torj- Organs, of
ii"t. xpnthiT r-in.sl
a Kooil, regular
I'rici; i.", ivnt j tr t i
4. all 011 th.- a ri nt.-l
Almnnar onn-, :iviil
U'lth kin 1 of tb
Etprrtoralion, Loosen the
tnv tif Taxmsh ami othrr ecro
all morbid matter, and there is
n tli4 vrl!ol, VIaeri:4 Medioa caPMble of
fur jroiMTi n'. to if 10 l.uusrs nnl t Or-
Tflioy Cure Cnslivfness, produce
Appetite, unci Strengthen tlxe
is. cint:iinin2 25 doM-s 4.f MeJic-inp.
win, s,-ll tlu fills, nml tret the Via nter't
U ftsll i;irtiiMilar! ;m,l i--rtificiites of cures.
tve-,iriiii' 'i lliU an
mid Villwue I it
June 17. 18nt
June 2 J. 1854
MALE AND FEMALE SCHOOL.
CYRUS HARRINGTON, Principal.
Miss Ann Makoaket McEacuix, Teacher in the Fe-
North and Sonth
SAM'L J. HINSDALE and J. N.
F X YET T E V I L L E , N
The Third Session d the School oens July
17th, ;ind closes December 1st.
Reports respecting Scholarship and Deportment will
be sent our scini-annualH', and no student found to be
1, fa bad character will bo permitted to remain iu the
A course of Religious Lectures will be delivered be
fore tin- students.
Hoard from 56 to $7 50 per month. The subscriber
has ample -accommodations, and desires to take all the
Female Hoarders into his own family.
Tuition in both Departments $8, $10. $12 50 to $15
per Session. Extra Music on Piano Forte, with use
of instrument. S20 ; Drawing, Painting, Embroidery
anil French. S,i each.
For further particulars aildres.s the Principal or
either of the Teachers.
Cakisonton, June 24, ISoi. S3-10t
unfinished state, were exposed to daily dest ruc
tion; and, to avoid that misfortune, the patrio
tic and enterprising citizens of Wilmington
raised such an amount of money as the officers
in charge of the work reported was necessary
to continue its execution until the end of the
fiscal year. That time has now elapsed, and
yet this general bill has not been acted upon;
and if this bill is not soon passed, another draft
must be made upon the patriotism and enter
prise of my people. I would submit that in
this there would be neither fairness nor justice.
Hence my unwillingness to defer this measure
until a general bill could be passed. Some of
required? In reply to thisqnestion,'! "will state,
that if there existed any reasonable hope that
Congress would authorize the laying of such
duties for this purpose, I would prefer it; but
vour records will show that 1 have made attempt
after attempt to have this done, but always with
out success. Indeed, I know from experience that
if such amcasurc should pass this House, it w ould
certainly fail in the Senate. Then, this resource
being closed, what other alternative is left to us
but. an appropriation by Congress?
Some of my friends, knowing my strong op
position to any enlargement of the powers of the
Federal Government, may be surprised at my
advocating a bill of this character; but I say
.- - - 13"
the trade of Wilmington to their wealth and
prosperity. These cities arc fully aware of the
importance of this trade, and hence each of
them, I believe, .'expressed its warm solicitude
in favor of these improvements at our bar dur
ing the last session of Congress. 15ut; Mr
Speaker, whatever may have been the-amount
of interest which those cities have had hereto
fore iu our trade, it will be but "us a mote to a
beam" as to its future. In the single article ol
coal, it is calculated that this interest will L.
immeasurably increased. The city of New York
has already invested nearly a half a million ol
dollars in onr coal field. Boston is not much
behind her in this new enterprise. Tins niu-
M l Ml ii.li ifcmtii, i.Miiiliii.n J
manufacturers, and to steam navigat ion, will
be soon poured into their markets in the great
est abundance, of a quality- the very best, and
at a price one half of what it now commands.
I have before me the reports of the most emin
ent geologists, and they are replete with the
evidence of these facts; and if the House will
bear with me a moment, I will have their opin
ion read. I will lirst read from Emmons's re
port, our State geologist :
"The two varieties of coal, the bituminous
and semi-bituminous, passing into anthracite,
are known in this coal field. The bituminous
is scarcely equalled for fineness and excellency
in this country, and it has been said by a gen-
bring distiitcll' into view the importance ol Ih
coal mines 6f' eep Iii ver, which are (lestim ! t
furnish no in onsiderable amount of I'm I I'm
steam navigjif, m, and for various inanr.fuet ur
ing cstablishi: 'nts.
"The exist ' ce of large beds of gomi Lifn
minous coaljii n region accessible to lioat liti
gation, is HAiji'.tter of universal coii;j ra 1 wla I ion ;
and no oncJhV ot first full v appreciate Ihe ml
vantages tfif1 will .ultimately arise from a 1 1
coveryof tbjr kind. North Carolina is there
fore )H.'culiA,. fortunate in po.-M ing -nil
mines, so cdB niently situated.
"The er..'iit bituminous coals of Irp
Hivcr wil,-f; vays comuiaml the hihe-t im .
iu the mafkt , and 1 should ad ise tha t the
best coals out; should be sent to a distant mar
ket, and tlnj poorer finalities be kept on th.
ground, to bd sed for driving the sleaiii-eiigin. -;
of the work., and for local uses at, steam saw
mills and fur;cs, there being a large local de
mand for cht j ; coals."
All who li examined the situation oft!.. .
coal fields, iy ig, as they do, immediately en
the (Jape Feai. river, ayree that coal can be de
livered at th; town of Wilmington, or any
other point , tide wati-r, tit h ss than j ,".0
per ton. ' -
NOW, whjn VC Call tO mind that the ;;ia;'e
price of coat anges from six lo .-even dollar;
ier ton in 6 n northern cities, tln-se e. trai
should satiff- their Iiejin scntalivi s 4, th.
great advan; re the n-moval of the o!,-hiM
tions from utr ,'iver would be to their immedi
ate con. di tut lit';. With :i restoration of twenty
feet water oil;he bar, vessels of such tonnage
could, engage-, our coal trade, which would .-
cheapen its iii- isportat ion, that. IJ0-t4.11, in ihe
way of fuel nl ie, ouhl save annually s Ji o
000; Froviflei , in lihode Island, sKxhhhi
The city of. NiW- 'York save to her con.Mim, 1 ;
one half inilliot of dollars w orth of coal. Hut
however inmornnt this new Mijiply of coal mnv
be to our noitiiern cities, it is not u whit h
so to our XI . vcrnmciit. Independent, of if -forges
and ivt k"-shops, the (iov criimcnt, con
sumes annually thirty thousand tons of ( 0;l , .v
her hteanishlpi, and for which it pays .-even dol
lars as prime Cst. Our coal can and will la
delivered at tlft Uovenmietit depots at two dol
lar per ton, tt-rcby raving every year the :i.M
of $l.r)(),000 to' the Oovcniinciit. In order to
satisfy the Iff-i.-'C I do not exaggerate the
"portance olth'se coal fields, I nil! rmd u p.,r
tion of the aim ml report of .the South Carolina
North Kastyru.Uailroad Company, win. rein Ih.
"We, canirot'dose without brief reft n tn t,
the advantSigt(of a road from Cla raw to
eigh, in North -arolina, so 'deflected' :is t.,-,.,
through the S iluable coal foi mat ions ol t ha t.
State. Our nijuireinciits for coal are daily in
creasing, and vould be iliflicult to (slimate" th.
value of Chairii ;ton as a market to those en -a -cd
in itssuppljr or the Advantages to accrue'to
our road from i s traiisjit.rtation. v UttW
entirely depetnb nt upon foreign markets and th
cities north of ,i for our nij.ply, which rem he
us with all the, 'hargcy nut profits of trm,-. or -tation,
to whic.i must be added the frei.-ht '.nd
expenses incBr'd upon its arrival. Wc are' in
formed that1 a- this moment the fi ht ' j,,Mo
upon u ton of oal from IMiibidelphia r is , .
lent to the cost of transportation from the ,.
fields of North j Carolina to Charleston r! i
article would tbts " e furnished the con.Miii.i-r ..
the cost of mini: , ' 1 1 Ji the single charge of (
trnnsportatio j.' J
"iuTTlRTiien(ient ot the greater cheapne
this coal, another consideration proents it
to iny mind, which I would commend to tin
tention 01 me Jiouse. Uur commercial :
I , A. . .
vai steamers are-now entirely dependent o
foreign or northern markets for their swIr!v
fuel. In case of war with anv maritime l'ov. r
what would be our condition? ,1,,-t mh i..
for a moment the mouth of the Chesapeake and
Delaware blockaded, what possible- iw
you make of your steamers? It is the .iic.
of a wise and prudent forecast, to anticipate : -crisis,
by the establishment of a coal l "f :i'
tort Johnson or rort Caswell. Yu 1
a fcouthem as well as a northern nippb - i:'
of these localities, now belonging to the Go .