North Carolina Newspapers

CorTV AuRicti-TLRAi. Fair, ov. 22, 1854.
fnllnwin-r list we made up hastily, and
,h,rPmav be some imperfections
We were
i.K.m.l to omit a large mitnoer 01 laucj i we.;,
.. r r . i : ,.1 .. ,.
fruit's shrubbery, jellies, preserves, &c. The
minted to 4 0. e
whole nuiuuui i.
have endeavored to class the articles, but hardly
tliiuk we have done it correctly.
nonfw W recrram one bale cotton and 1
Silas Dou-rlas barrel family Flour;
Mrs Henry Elliott south-down wool and yarn;
f.U Ac . John C Smith corn and Poland
otkp- Mrs Duxton peas and squash: Mrs John
Elliott carpeting; John Elliott bacon ham; E
T, Winslow specimens of oats; J P "Kobiuson
hams-. F Sncars lot corn; A A McKethan
sample corn : Dnncan McArthur lot turnips;
"F n Annstronsr liner cotton: Jonathan Evans
bacon ham: W L. Hall potatoes, Oregon peas,
' 1 . -a - i O I
and turnips: J P Mcl.eaii lot corn; l.eid A.
17 . . . . . i
Thomas 2 boxes tobacco; "Win
McMillan lot
corn: Gen J Winslow corn and fodder
large quantity of hay, fodder, corn, potatoes,
turnips, fowls of all descriptions was exhibited.
Agricultural Implements.
Hugh McLean steel Tioe cultivator and expand
ing'cultivator; Hector McNeill subsoil plough
and turpentine scraper; Sampson Boon 2 scra
pers; Robert Williams colter plough.
Gallic, horses, sheep, hogs, $-c.
Henry Elliott Devon bull and heifer, Suffolk
sow, sheep, lambs; John Waddill sow and 8
pigs', bull, mule; J P McLean Durham bull;
EV Barge 1 colt 3 yrs old; John Elliott 1
boar; Jas S Elliott 2 pigs; Neill McDugald
half blood snap dragon boar; A J O'llaulon
5 year colt; John Gilchrist 1 jack; W II
Gainey 3 year old stallion; John Harrington 2
year old colt: Hugh Graham 1 calf; John
Evans bull and cow; J A Worth 2 cows; Hugh
McLean 3 C'otswold lambs, fowls, &c; James
Mclntyrc 1 stallion; Haywood Gainey 1 boar;
J T Winslow brood mare and colt; W L Hall
1 Durham bull; Neill McDugald 1 milch cow;
Tlios Mints 1 jack; James A Byrne 3 year old
filly and poney; E T McKethan 3 pigs; Win
Cade I bull; Joel Williams 1 boar and 2 pigs;
Hector McLean 1 lilly; Nathan King 3 mules;
A J O 'llanlon match horses.
MeLaurin & Strange spirit barrels; G W
Lawrence truss hoops and spt. barrels; A M
Campbell box candles; A A McKethan 1 close
carriage and top buggy; Pier & Brauniii 1
buggy ffc.Tacob Ottarburg mattress; John Mc
KeiFar' spirits turpentine, rosin, corn; J II & J
Martine turpentine and brandy stills, tin ware;
Mrs Far'q Smith home made blanket and
negro cloth; Mrs W T Smith cloth and coun
terpane; Union .Mill cotton yarn; Miss Mary
McPherson home made cloths; Beaver creek
Co. 2 pieces sheeting; A J Woodward boot
polish; Wm Dettmar 1 rifle; B Kaytou Melo
dian and aceordeon; T II Tillinghast specimen
book-binding; F M James 2 wreaths; David
McD nine plaster parish centre-piece, and slay
bar for securing two story chimneys to the house;
F Shenton garden engine, shower bath, force
pump; Lovet Bell spt.- barrel ; David Murphy
ream printing paper; Clark & Woodward coat
and vest- D C Currie 500 feet pine lumber
31 jv liaKCr riTie ami hit- trim,-
blacking; S D Pipkin turpentine barrels; It B
Smith bbl. spts. turpentine and rope machine.
E J Hale & Son 2 volumes of the Observer;
W J Yates specimen of the North Carolinian
newspaper and plain and fancy printing; J W
Cameron specimen of fancy printing; Arch'd G
Black pleasure boat; David Gee moleskin and
fur hats; John McKellar bbl. spts. turpentine
and rosin; Thos C Fuller waggon and cart;
Overby & Houston double harness, bridle and
martingales; Duncan McNeill two bedsteads.
Ladies' Department Fancy Articles.
Mrs Dr. Hall embroidered cushion; mrs S J
Hinsdale quilt; miss Mary Newby 5 paintings"
on ivory; mrs A C Hall infant sack and slip
pers, embroidered mantilla and infant skirt;
miss C M Ferguson 3 pair under-sleeves; mrs
31 M Starr 1 silk quilt; miss Fanny Starr em
broidered pin cushion; miss Fanny Gilchrist
nnder-sleevcs and collar; miss Alice Campbell
2 pair children's gaiters, and piano cover; miss
Bettic Pipkin 1 pair ottomans; miss Mary J
Thomson table cover; mrs II L Myrover 1 pal
metto basket; miss Rebecca Hodges emb'd bag,
work table, lamp mat, &c; mrs T S Lutterloh
infant's dress; miss Jane Mnnroe toilet cover
and counterpane; miss S A Tillinghast emb'd
vest; miss Kate Williams pair undersleeves
and pine burr basket; mrs T II Pemberton 1
pair bead-worked baskets; miss Fanny Williams
1 pair ottomans; miss I B Evans 1 painting;
mrs Hale 1 counterpane; mrs Wright Huske 3
oil paintings; mrs Hugh Graham 1 toilet cover;
mrs G Deming, jr. emb'd vest; mrs Jas Mc
Kethan side-board cover, bed valance, counter
pane; miss Caroline Nott pine burr bonnett;
miss E Deming infant dress and apron ; miss
Sarah Hale 1 lamp mat; miss Mary Pearce
baby shoes; miss Mary Winslow 1 work box;
miss Minnie Bunting 1 work bag; miss Mary L
Bunting embroidered sleeves; mrs W Huske
emb'd sack: miss Helen Huske loaf bread;
misses S & 11 Johnson piano cover; miss Kate
Montague piano cover; mrs E M Johnson 1
quilt; miss S Lumsden pair socks; mrs T J
llobinsou 1 lady's tap; mrs M Kirkpatriek lot
sewing silk; miss J W Wright 1 piano stool;
mrs Pleasants 1 shirt and 2 quilts; mrs A P
Hurt child's dress; mrs W Wright 1 boquet;
miss 31 A K Rush pin cushion; miss B M
Buie watch case; miss Elizabeth Gillis counter
pane and bed quilt; miss A J McLean 3 paint
ings; miss Mary Hall infant's sack; mrs Julia
E Kyle ottoman and silk quHt.
Sn ndrics.
Mrs W J Anderson jar peppers; Mrs Jno C
Smith blackberry cordial and apple jelly ; mrs A
W Steel transparent preserves; mrs B Rose
nvnniro mid Lemon trees: Dr Robinson oran
ges, &c; mrs T J Robinson apple jelly; mrs C
M Winslow jars peppers, sweetmeats, &c; mrs
Jno li Murchison jar preserves; P M Hale,
orange tree with oranges growing on it; A Al
den coops of fowls; Dr Hall shanghai cock;
Col C Lutterloh green house plants.
Set list of Premiums in another column J
Arctic Expeihtioxs. While a discussion is
pending in Englaud, between Dr. Rae and
some who doubt the correctness of the informa
tion received from the Esquimaux concerning
the fate of Sir John Franklin, we rejoice that
respect for the memory of that iutrepid navi
gator has impelled the British Government to
resolve on a new expedition next spring, for
the purpose of exploring Dease and Simpson's
Straits, and the mouth of the Back River, and
bringing back such remains as can be found
of the late crews of hia two ships, the Erebus
and Terror. This is the least sign of gratitude
that can be shown to the last in the noble suc
cession of those who have sacrificed comfort and
perilled life, in opening the way to wht must
be, eventually, a principal source, of wealth to
both England and America.
Judge Edmonds and Sslritaalfcm.
Judjre Edmonds, of New York, has publish
ed another letter on the subject of spiritualism,
abont which there can scarcely be a diversity
of opinion. He takes the melancholy wreck of
the Arctic as his tnenie; ana tnat ins reason is
a wreck is a conclusion that can scarcely be re
sisted: To the spirit world mankind have look-
ed for unclouded intelligence, but Judge
monds represents disembodied spirits as seek
ing instruction and guidance Horn mute ana
fallible man. He speaks of himself as a medium
between the spirits themselves, who are un
conscious of each other's presence in his com
pany. He writes of the loss of the Arctic, and
says he imbibed the idea that there were present
with him at least a hundred ot the lost passeu-
"ers. out ine names ne rives aim uic cuuci3n
. t 1 ' ,1 11. . -- -. won
tions he details have little relation to mem.
He imagines he saw the spirits and conversed
with them. He says:
X. B. Blunt, late District Attorney, Bishop
Wainwright, Isaac T. Hopper, Dr. Cory, and
others of onr spirit friends, were also present,
and occasionally spoke through, or to some ot
, . . ... . i i i . i-.i.
l plainly saw ine wnoie assciuuiuc,
particularly one of them, with whom I had been
well acquainted. He was laboring under great
meutal excitement. He exclaimed to me,
'Good God, Edmonds. Can this be true? Is
death, after all, what yon sat it waff, aid is
this death ? Can it be possible this is the
change which death makes?'
"I answered, 'You see. You can judge for
yourself. Bring your own clear intellect to bear
upon it, and you -can understand it.'
" 'But,' he said, 'where am I? What must
I do? Where ara I going? Is this to be al
ways so
I told him 'No, by no means is it to be al
ways so. But it will be difficult for me to tell
you what to do, for I cannot know all the cir
cumstances which surround you. But there is
one close at hand who can tell you and who can
assist vou.'
" 'Who is that?' he asked.
"I answered, 'Our old friend. Blunt.'
"He said, 'Nat 1 Is he here? Where? Let
me see him. Let me hear from him where I
am, and what I am to do.'
This conversation had thus far been be
tween me and that spirit direct, and now Mr
Bluut came through my daughter and said:
'Judge, tell him I am near at hand, ready to
assist him, and he has only earnestly to wish it,.
to see me and hear me himself. Now, his mind
is in such uncertainty and confusion that neither
his brother nor I can make ourselves visible to
He describes other spirits as left hovering
near the earth, in a state of amazement, ex
citement, and confusion of mind, and soliciting
from him counsel and direction:
"Auother, whom I had well known, said to
..i i i. i .? .: iT-i-.: 1 1,",l
me, Willi a goou ueai oi euiouon, x i ichu ju
monds, is it true, then, this which I always
thought an illusion of my insane mindf It
truly seems so. 1 know that I have died; but
I know that I seem as much upon earth as
ever, and I talk to thee as plainly as ever I did.
Oh! tell me what all this means, and what am
I to do.'
"I referred him to Father Hopper, who was
present, and who could instruct him better than
I could. He shrank from this, and reminded
me that he and Mr H. had not agreed very well
iinon earth, havimr had some difficulties with
each otner nn meetings mat tn tncir-ctt5m
"Mr Hopper then spoke to me, through Lau
ra, and bade me reassure him that no unpleas
ant recollection of the past dwelt upon his mind;
that he was ready to help him; and he added,
'Tell him, Judge, that I will be just as quick
now to take him in as he was once to turn me
out of meeting. Tell him so, Judge, will you?'
"In reply, I said 'I need not repeat it, for he
hears what you say through the medium. But
your allusion to the old difficulties disturbs him.'
"Tell him,' he answered, 'never mind that; it
is only matter to be laughed at now, and I de
sire niilv to befriend hiin. and sethis mind at
. j ,
"'Vcs' T said, 'old friend, that vou have
already done, for he holds out his hand to you.'
"And they two passed away together
mv view."
Indeed, the remains of earthly passions afflict
them there, and he is intormed that they are
sent to earth to learn how to enter the gates of
eternal life, and hence they sought the medi
inn nn tliis roiitineut. One spirit thus in
vokes him:
"Speak then, Judge, to them. You know
they all can hear, and from your lips they may
thus earlv learn the lesson of the realities before
them, which, sooner or later they must all
learn. Speak plainly, but gently, for oh! you
know not how mueh of sorrow and anxiety there
is in the hearts which you can thus relieve.'
'I accordingly for a few minutes spoke to
them. I reasoned with them of the great doc
trine of progression which is now being revealed
to mau. I reminded them that from birth their
life had been one of progression, and now they
could readily perceive that that life still con
tinued, snd with it must continue the influence
of that law of progression. It was of impor
tance to them to know this, for then, and only
then, could they know Fiow to direct their action
wisely and well. And fortunately for them
they were now in a condition where they could
ascertain, if they would, how true or false this
teaching was.
"So too, if they become satisfied of that, they
could readily learn the law by which that pro
gression could be most advanced or retarded.
That law was love love of God and of one
another, to be manifested not in profession only,
but in "active efforts to do good to one another.
That could be done by them in the spirit life as
well, and even better, than in their mortal ex
istence. "So. too. I told them that they were sur
rounded by bright aud beautified spirits, who
were ready to take them to their arms, to teach
them the holv truths which arc uow also being
revealed to man upon earth, and to point them
the way to happier realms, which they may in
time attain. And I assured them, that they
had but to make themselves accessible to their
spirit friends by earnestly desiring their pres
ence and aid, to enjoy the inestimable assistance
which could soon dispel the gloom of doubt and
uncertainty, and open to their vision a bright
aud holy light from above."
Destructive Fire Hotel Blrxt. New
York, Nov. 20. Judson's magnificent hotel on
Broadway was destroyed by tire at an early
hour this morning. The loss is estimated for
building and furniture at $70,000; and the
losses of the boarders will certainly reach
Master Robinson, son of one of the proprie
tors of the menagerie and circus, while perform
ing in the ring at Cincinnati, a few nights ago,
aecidently fell against the lion's cage, and be
fore he could be rescued, the lioness seized him
by the head and mangled him most dreadfully.
Fortunately, his skull was uninjured, and when
last heard from he was fn a fair way of recovery. :
. Late Sews From Europe. '-l--
Ve published some of the following news last Sa
turday morning. -v.
The steamer Asia arrived onrhursday,JCUf
iust, with news from Liverpool to the 4th. '
Cotton advanced 1-16 penny. Flour dccjT-H
ed a shilling; wheat 3 pence; corn a shilllBsr-T'
The war news is important there has been
some severe lighting both sides claim a Tie-
tor'. At any rate Sebastopol is not yt tafceu
but the English say " the siege is progressing
General Ixtelligexce. Thirty thousand
Russians had attacked and taken the forts of
Balaklava, and a fierce battle ensued, which
ended by the Russians withdrawing aud leavihg
the British in possession of the field. V
The siege of Sebastopol was progresiiog
favorably for the Allies.
Two Russian ships had been sunk in the
harbor, the Quarantine batteries silenced, and
the bastion of Fort Constantine damaged frqm
the explosion of a magazine.
The Very Latest. A dispatch to the En
glish Government from Lord Stuart deRedcliffe
confirms the report relative to the battle at
Balaklava mentioned above, and states that tie
nlKnc! li rwl t-o i ii rl nncei-CcInn nf 1 1 1 111 f 1 1
It appears that the Russians attacked ?tle
forts unexpectedly on te 25th ult., w
Turks inglorionsly fled, npon which the Ktn
seized their guns and turned them on the Allies.
The Scotch regiments present, however remain
pA firm, and reinforcements arriving the Rus
sians were compelled to yield, although they re
mained masters of the two forts, fron which
they fired on the Allies. Three regiments of
English cavalry, which were exposed to a cross
fire, suffered terribly. The French acted with
great bravery. The Russians claim that they
destroyed the French works and spiked the
guns, aud killed 500 of the British cavalry.
On the following day the Allies were attack
lv liv MensehikofFs forces, and
a sortie from the garrison of Sebastopol. The
Russians, however, were driven back with
great loss.
In Sebastopol the loss of life is said to be so
srreat that the atmosphere is tainted with the
effluvia arising from the unburicd corpses.
Lord Raglan prefers a long bombardment to
a sudden assault.
The Russian accounts represent their forces
as having been victorious.
Both armies were being largely reinforced.
Lord Raglan's chief interpreter has been dis
covered to be a Russian Spy.
A Spanish paper sajs that France, England
and Spain, will send a combined fleet to pro
tect Cuba.
Leaksville, Oct. 25.
To his Excellency David S. lleid.
Sin: I have had occasion in my former very
brief essays to refer to the analysis of soils or to
their composition. Now many maintain, with
a show of truth, that the analysis of soils is
useless, because first it is said we cannot deter
mine the exact amount of the essential elements
of nutrition which the soil contains; and in the
i-inl nlacft. that the composition of soils is
position oi un
The latter admitted
inconstant aud variable.
s ,
that the composition of a field is not as constant
as the composition ot a mineral, it is still sum
cieutlv constant for all the pumbses of cultiva-
l "
ridges, oui ii lucousi
would have us believe how happens it
. .
that in
their ordinary cultivation without manures,
there is such a constancy of yield, takiug alter
nate rows of grain in succession. There is a
field of grain, or timothy, or root crops, whose
very appearance tells us that there is no great
difference in the composition of the several
parts of it, because it is very uniform in its as
pects, and when harvested very uniform in the
amounts produced. But again, nature has
wisely provided for an uniformity for which I
contend; for the rocks which produce the soil
contain a very uniform distribution of the most
important elements of nutrition. The granites
contain both potash and phosphoric acid. Iu
the disintegration of this rock these bodies will
be distributed through the soil very evenly.
But to turn to the first objection, the exact
ness and minuteness of analysis. On this point
I maintain that the importance of soil "analysis
turns upon relations. We may uot be able to
say that a soil on one foot deep contains pre
cisely so many acres of potash. But we may
say that a soil after having repeatedly exhaust
ed our skill in analysis, contains only l-50th of
one per cent of potash. Now observation proves
that vvith this small amount of potash wheat is
imperfectly grown, the yield is too small to give
a profit the seed even is not returned. We
see then that it is the relation of au analysis to
the nroihiet that we wish to ascertain; aud this
may always be determined by an accurate chem-
ist. It matters not tien what the exact weight
of fertilizing matter is determined in a given
case of soil analysis, provided we can determine
the relations of the composition to the products.
This I deem to be the correct view we should
take of this kind of investigation. This is what
certaiu chemists have overlooked. They have
not seen what the planter and farmer required.
Wc are to make a general application of this
. . . . ril 1 1 -, 1. 4-
view ot the matter, l ne planter ouseives mat
his soil produces only five bushels of corn to the
acre. The chemist finds that there is only
l-50th of one per cent of potash or phosphoric
acid in the' soil. It follows generally thai when
soils are thus reduced in their important ele
ments, wheat or Indian corn cannot be profita
bly grown. It matters not if there are really
many tons of potash or phosphoric acid in a
given cubic measure. Observation makes it
plain that the plant cannot get enough of this
kind of food under existing conditions. This
is all that is necessary for the plftnter or farmer
to know, and with this information, he may
proceed understaudingly in the cultivation -of
his soil.
Most respectfully your ob't serv't.
Rev. Wm. E. Pell, the beloved Minister of
the Raleigh Station for the past two years, has
beeu sent to Fayetteville. No man ever enjoy
ed more of the confidence and affection of his
Charge than did Mr P. in this City and his
loss is much regretted by our entire community,
with whom he was a general favorite. The
Church at Fayetteville may well congratulate
herself ou having so good and able a mau to
labor for her advancement. Spirit of the Age.
The Quincy (Illinois) Herald says Black
Douglass declares in his speeches that he is
ready to "welcome the bolt whether it come
from heaven or hell, that shall dissolve the
Union!" This is usually the concluding remark
of all his speeches; and as soon as he takes his
seat, an abolitioa whig lnvanaoiy sings oat
"Three cheers for Fred
Douglass !"
jg-The last society spoken of in California,
is the "Pay Nothings." It is said to be alarm
ingly prosperous. The password is, "Jjead me
a dollar," the. response, "liroKe." YVlear
there is a branch being started iu.this towny
A Pleasant Story .
Miss Frederika Bremer communicates the
following story to Sartain's Magazine, for the
truth of which she is ready to vouch:
' In the University of Upsala, in Sweden,
lived a young stndent, a lonely youth, with a
great love for studies, but without means for
pursuing them. He was poor, and without
connexions. Still he studied, living in great
poverty, but keeping a cheerful heart, and try
ing not to look at the future, which looked so
grimly at him. His good humor aud good
qualities made him beloved by his young com
rades. Once he was standing with some of
them in the great square of Upsala, passiug
away an hour of leisure, when the attention of
the young men became arrested by a very young
and elegaut lady, who, at the side of an elderly
one, walked slowly over the place. It was the
(laughter of the governor of Upsala, living in
the city, and the lady with her was the govern
ess. She was generally known for her beauty
aud for her goodness and gentleness of charac
ter, and was looked upon with great admiration
by the students. As the young men now stood
gazing at her as she passed ou iikc a grateiui
vision, one of them exclaimed:
"Well, it would be worth something to have
a kiss from such a mouth!"
The poor student, the hewo of our story, who
was looking intently on that pure and angelic
faee exclaimed, as if by inspiration. "Well, I
think I could have it." -
"What!" cried his companions in a chorus,
"are you crazy? Do you know her:" Jkc.
"Not at all,"- he-answered, "but I think she
would kiss me now, if I asked her."
"What, in this place, before all our eyes?"
"In this place, before your eyes."
"Well, if she will give you a kiss in that
ni:itintr. T will uive vou a thousand dollars, ex-
j -claimed
one of the party.
"And I ! And I !" cried three or tour others:
for it so happened that several rich young men
were iu the group, and bets rati high on so
improbable an event; and the challenge was
made and received in less time than we take to
ri.liitfi it
Our hero (my authority tells not whether
he was handsome or plain. I have my peculiar
rpnenns for believing that he was rather plain
l.nt. sjino-ularlv good-looking at the same time)
onr hero immediately walked off to meet the
voun"-lady, and said: win frolcen,) my fortune
i-; in vour nana, one iooKeu at mui m snai-uinou
ment, but arrested her steps. He proceeded to
state' his name and condition, his aspiration,
and related simply and truly what had just
passed between him and his companions. The
voun- lady listened attentively, aud, when he
J ".. i i -i i i i t i.
ceased to speak,
she said, blushiiu
but with
great sweetness: "li oy so mue a imng so
much good can be effected, it would be foolish
in me to refuse your request;" and she kissed
the young man publicly in the open square.
Next day the student was sent for by the
"ovcrnor. lie wanted to see the man who had
dared to ask a kiss from his daughter in that
way, and whom she had consented to kiss so.
He received him with a severe and scrutinizing
brow but, after an hour's conversation, was so
, leagetl vvith hml that he offered him to dine at
. . , rlnrm2. his studies in Upsala.
Our young friend uow pursued his studies in
a manner which soon caused him to be regard-
r . ... .1. -l i 1. : ..
j ed as the most promising scuoiar ai iub umvci-
i -Jltll Ul 11 ill-)- -ica, u iilii -in. ivi--j-j iiiuii no
i , . . i a.. i.t
l.i . - li r fi r I-'IC-C? ivhon tho -.-.nil.- Tiifin lir.ic
aiioweu lo gie v sclumu one 10 uic uuugntci
of the governor as his intended bride
He became, later, one of the greatest schol
ars in Sweden, as much respected for his learn
ing as for his character. His works will en
dure forever among the works of science; and
from this happy union sprang a family well
known in Sweden in the present day, and whose
wealth of fortune and high position in society
are regarded as small things compared with its
wealth of goodness and love.
Late Texas News. The San Antonia
Ledger, of the 2d, has an account of another
murder and outrage committed by Indians. The
Ledger says:
On last Sunday evening Mr St. Williams,
living on the Medina, about fortcen miles from
this city, was cruelly butchered by a party of
six Indians. It seems that he had gone from
his house for water, and soon after his wife,
hearing him shout for assistance, ran to the
spot and found that the cruel work had been
done her husband was killed. The Indians
then came to the house, robbed it of its con
tents, aud carried off their three children.
They left the house a short distance and set
down to enjoy a feast served up with the most
shocking cruelty. Mrs Williams followed them,
and bv entreaty succeeded in getting from them
her two youngest children. The other a little
girl, thev would uot give up but carried off with
them, and is still a captive among them. They
also drove off the horses of Mr Williams. Mrs
Williams started off for a neighbor's house
almost frantic with grief, scarcely knowing
where or for what she was going. After
wandering about, lost aud bewildered, for the
whole of Sunday night, almost daylight she
came up to the house of Mr Caruthers.
Several citizens of the neighborhood started
off immediately in pursuit. We have uot yet
heard whether or not it is likely that the In
dians would be overtaken, but would rather
think that they will make their escape.
The Sandwich Islands. The Boston Chron
icle publishes the following intelligence from
the Sandwich Islands, as coming from a perfect
ly reliable source:
"By a recent private letter from Honolulu
we learn that a messenger will leave that city
very soon for Washington with a treaty of an
nexation, which has been drawn up in a proper
form, but not yet signed, as Judge Lee, who
was directed by our Government to witness the
signatures of the instrument in question, has
beeu obliged to absent himself from Honolulu on
accouut of ill health, and consequently has not
been able as yet to attend to the duty assigned
to him.
"The Treaty is to be signed by all the Chiefs,
and the7 are each to receive a pension, which
ceases with the death of the recipient, with the
exception of the pension to be paid to the King,
which is to be transferred to Alexander in case
he shall survive his Majesty. It is understood
that the whole amount to be paid in pensions
will be somewhere from three to four hundred
thousand dollars per annum.
"The property belonging to the present
Government of the Island is to be purchased
outright by our Government for a fixed sum.
"The above items of intelligence may be
relied npon as correct, as they come from the
highest authority."
The Know Nothings. Cincinnati, Nov. 14.
It is reported that a National Council of the
Know Nothings will meet here to-morrow, to
nominate candidates for the Presidency. Messrs
Fillmore, Houston and Clayton, are mentioned
as being prominent candidates.
From the Wilmington Journal, " c. 13
The Presidency of the W. & R. Rail Road.
The recent election of a President of the
Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad Company,
having been made the subject of newspaper re
mark, and incidentally of attack upon the State
proxy and the Directory of the Wilmington
aud Manchester Railroad Company, we pro
pose to take some notice of the remarks made,
The Herald's article, of
meuces by
hostility to
"So much
next paragraph
goes into
of parties in relation to internal improvements j
in this State, amounting pretty much
to a re-
hash of the editorials of that paper, pending
any election for Governor, since its establish
nitut, but totally irrelevant to the present issue,
unless its object be, as it evidently is, less the
discussion of the presidency of the Road, and
the incidents connected with the election ot the
officer to occupy that position, than an attempt
to turn the whole aitair into a party channel,
and make political capital out of the manage
ment of a railroad corporation.
A little exercise of memory, stretching back
some eight 3-ears, uUl be sufficient to show fin
-.1 1 1 - . . 1 . . 1 . 1 .1
with how little propriety these long-winded
diatribes can be employed in the case of Mr
A.she. In 184G Mr Ashe was urged to be a
candidate for the Legislature, from this County,
and much ot this urging proceeded from indi
viduals deeply interested iu the road, and of the
opposite political party. In the Legislature of
'467 the question of a foreclosure of the State's
mortgage on the road was agitated m the Le
gislature, and his best exertions were success
fully given to prevent this disastrous consumma
tion. Again, in the Legislature of 1848 'J, at
which time it was felt that the resussitation of
the Road from its terrible depression, could
only be accomplished by having it re-laid with j
T iron, and when the Company was totalW
.without means to do this, application was made
1st for an endorsement by the State, of new
bonds of the Company for the purchase of iron,
and 2nd, as the Legislature would not listen to
that application, that the existing mortgage of
the State should be raised, to give to the new
mortgage a priority, without which the bonds
could not have been negotiated. The hijtory of
the times the records of the Legislature the
memory of members of the Legislature, and of
others in attendance there will supply an abun
dance'of facts going to show mainly instumcn
tal the influence and the untiring exertions of
Mr Ashe and his Democratic colleagues from
this f-ounty were in obtaining the object sought
for, which has resulted in the present prosperity
of the road, which had then never paid a cent
of dividend, and the stock of which had a value
merely nominal, having been sold as low as five
dollars a share; nay, we have heard of a case
where it was said to have been sold for two
dollars. The bonds were negotiated iron was
obtained but to get this iron, duties liad to be
paid, and the funds were not on hand to pay
the duties, nor could bonds have been negotiat
ed for the purpose of obtaining these funds
without submitting to a most ruinous sacrifice,
if then. Mr Ashe in Congress, got a bill through
allowing au extension of time on the payment
L-r tH---.-Jju tills,, iinl it is a lioticoaljjt. fuc-t, that
no similar extension has been granted to any
other road, save the Wilmington and Manches
ter, obtained under the immediate auspices of
Mr Ashe aud Gen. McQueen, the Representa
tive of the district in South Carolina through
which that road runs. How far, let us ask,
does the Herald's long yarn about hostility to
Railroads generally, or this one particular, ap
ply to Mr Ashe? Again, we say, quoting from
the Herald, "so much for so much."
jut tne neraid mounts a nign norse a very
high horse indeed and demands of Mr Kenan
how dare he vote for Air Ashe how dare he
exercise the power entrusted to him, as the
proxy of the State, in the manner which his
own sense of right dictated to him how dare
he vote for the gentleman who stood highest on
the poll before his vote was cast. Perhaps Mr
Kenan did not know the whole weight and
bitterness of the vials of wrath to be poured out
upon him, else he might have stood in a more
becoming awe of the denunciations of the
Herald; we sa y perhaps, but we are inclined to
think that Mr Kenan believed Ashe had claims
to the office, and that he would really make a
good President that he thought he was con
scientiously discharging a trust reposed in him
in a manner best calculated to subserve the
interests of the State aud of the public. He
believed, as Ave have reason to suppose the
Board of Internal Improvement does, that
politics ought not to be brought into railroads,
and that it was rather excluding them than
bringing them in, to allow of the election of
one Democratic President of the road the first
in its whole history. The State is bound to
treat with respect, the views of individuals, but
it is nut bound to simply ratify every movement
made, without exercising any judgment of its
own. If the State proxy is to be a mere
automaton, we see no earthly use in the State
having any proxy at all. The language of the
Herald requires no comment. Mr Kenan
would, we feel pretty certain, dare do the same
thing a dozen times over, if necessary to what
he might consider the proper discharge of his
duty. He is precisely the man to do so, and
if he did otherwise would be totally unfit for
any position.
But why should an attack be made on the
Manchester Road? Are there not in the Direc
tory of that Road geutlemen, residents of Wil
mington, yea, "Wilmington shareholders, who
have as much at heart the interests of the old
road, with which their own is connected, as
any men in Wilmington; men who could not
have been influenced by party considerations,
for the North Carolina Directors in that work
are all, with one exception, Whigs. Yet it is
said that the vote in the Board of Directors
was all but nnauimous for Mr Ashe. Nor need
this action excite so much surprise. That com
pany does not totally forget the advocacy of its
charter in our Legislature by Mr Ashe, nor his
exertions in Congress with refercuce to the
duties on its iron, nor does it find anything in
the record of Mr Ashe's course in Congress or
the Legislature, to weaken its confidence in his i
efficiency and industry as a public officer.
We shall notice some other matters to-morrow,
our present remarks although too brief to em
brace the whole subject, have already overrun
our space.
From the Journal of the Hth.
We think that nothing could more directly
tend to retard, the general diffusion of a spirit
of Internal Improvement in the State, than the
exclusive control of public works by any one
now,. ctV.i:1.: l ;..
Fij, lttuMsu1U- in i.racuce me cumpieie jii-
eligibility of all other persons or parties to any
say in such matters, and this more especially
applies to works for which the aid of the State
has been repeatedly invoked. During the
domihancy of one party in the State, nothing of
importance could be done. One half the people, j
avoidiug, as far as possible, in pursuance ot the ; the rigid exclusiveness which ni i"c
principle we have adopted for our guidance, ! ocrats to look upon Railroads as Whig concern. ,
every expression calculated to increase, or keep i and with that relaxation came a better lei-nup.
alive, any unpleasant feelings in the community. 'The first executive officer of the Centiai ivan-
disavowing any feeling of personal ; in which she has the largest nunt
Mr Ashe. As it says, so say we, as is also the second, .uepeuicu.j Z
for so much." It then, in the j proxy under a Democratic .imi
, and several succeeding ones, j voted tor retaining a " "'P , " V,T
a long recapitulation of the stereotyped j head ot tne ummgiuu u..u ..v..- . t-r'
fr talk- ..hunt tlm rfhltivfi DOSltlOU i but ItOW. it SC'ClllS llUll oceans
the Democrats of the State, felt themselves shut
out and excluded, and naturally siuou aiooi
from works permanently and all but exclusive
ly under the control of the other half. Jims
prejudice grew and increased and harmony was
impossible. A new era conimeuctd with the
Legislature of 1848-9 neither party could
i,Y.., ti.n .-Wwivo -nutrnl- with the tqr.aliza-
tion of political power, came some relaxation ot
lUUglll O-n-iJi-
incut of that
the State proxy, whose
' . . . i
character is auoe i'uji-uvu.uu .
'chooses to cast a vote with which ne i cuuum
ied for a Democrat successor, whom he finds
first on the list willu.vt his vote, an outcry is
'raised -as though some great principle had been
! violated or some great wrong done. No one
I has been proscribed no one turned out. It
! .;m.,i,. lmii,,,.!, that for the first tune in the
history of the road a gentleman who has in his
public" capacitv, worked well and faithfully lor
the interests of internal Improvements in the
State o-enerallv, and for the works entering here
particular to say nothing ol more recent
vices to the commerce of tne town in Con
gress but who is a Democrat, has been placed .
at the head of the Company. I . the bitter
ness exhibited fair or reasonable? Can it uo
good? How many Democratic Presidents of
Banks, Railroads, or anything else could have
been pointed to under Whig Governors of this
State? Nay the time has been when a Demo
cratic employee, in any public institution what
soever, would have been nearly about as great
a curiosity as the State could exhibit. About
the time when the first movements were made
towards getting up the stock of the Wilmington
,and Manchester Railroad, a citizen of Wilming
I ton, who felt a deep interest in the success of
that work, made an effort in Edgecombe county
to obtain subscriptions, and was met by the
reply that they had taken stock in one N lng
concern, and would have nothing to do with
another. Those days, with their feelings, are
past or passing away, and they cannot pass too
soon for the good of the State and the cause of
improvement ; but since the Herald has chosen
to go behind the record, it can do no harm to
revert to facts which exhibit the practical
working of a state of things and feelings which
it seems willing to revive and perpetuate, and
which the election of Mr Ashe is t-o well calcu
lated to put a final stop to. If bitterness, and
party bitterness, too, be not at the bottom of
the Herald's doleful prophecies, where was the
necessity for "lugging" in the names of Messrs.
McKae and Bctteucourt, one of whom has been
for a long time in France and never was in the
Directory, and the other is now a Director,
having been superseded by its much injured
candidate, Mr Wright.
There are those who stand ready to predict
ruin and desolation as the inevitable conse
quence of the election of a Democrat to any
position whatsoever, but, somehow, the world
turns round ou its axis, and "the country is
saved." The same prophecies, with about the
same results, may be expected in. the present
AVe too. feel for once like taking a turn at
the future a hand at the prophetic bellows,
and do therefore foretell that not only the State
proxy but the Directory of the Wilmington and
Manchester Rail Road will survive, and that
events will show the accuracy of their judg
ment, which by another year's time will be sub
stantially endorsed by all concerned.
The Election in Anson. The followin
the vote (savs the Pec Dee Star) cast at
election held in this couutv, on the 14th mst.,
to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resigna
tion of John Broaduwav, Esq.:
W. W. Wilkins, " 414
Col. Wm. C. Smith, 27
11. A. Crawford, 5
Dr.. Ghaham. The Superior Court of New
York has granted a writ of error in the case of
Dr Graham, and the execution is therefore de
layed for the present.
An American writing from St. Petersburg
says that the fall of the Crimea will not end
the war, but will procraet it. He savs that
the stories circulated
poverty and distress in
Emperor's popularity
by the En
lish about
Russia is false
that the
is unbounded among his
Fatal Accident. New London, (Ohio,)
Nov. 18. The tower of the new Congressional
Church fell yesterday. Robert Jones, N. Jones,
and John C. Jones were killed. Ten others
were wounded; one or two fatally.
Bank Rokreuy. IlAim-onn, Nov. 18. The.
Windham County Bank at Hartford, Conn.,
was robbed last night of $25,000 iu gold. The
watchman was knocked down and gagged.
Nov 20 Str Brothers K..irsliiiry in tov c
(Hunk" line), witlj foxl.s uw N Jli-Li':m. & Jii o.H
E J Hale A Son. A 1 Laharlx;. 11 M Un til. K'uf, II -t
Co, I) McCoII, 1) y.mphy, V Smith. E V Willkin,.
Kov It Ihirwell, I l!!uke, Jos Oitarhurg, Jacob Ottar
burg, C littnks, J S Dunks.
Nov l'J Str Sim (Orix-ll's line) with beat Ceo Mc
Neill in tow, aal goods for S J I'iggott, liiaham it
Liltl". W Dranghon, A W Steel. G Ih-unrit. J liramiiii.
F Miller, J N Smith, E J Hale it Son. AV Mclntyrc, J
W Powers, F A Toomer, V It Holt. (; W La vn nc. F
M James, Snow Camp Co, Telegraph. J Hall, Mis-n IJ
Drue, E L & J A I'embertoii, C II Lecte. 1'i-arco A: Fer
guson, 1" Taylor. W II Lutterloh. N Gibson, II L Mv
rover. T S Lutterloh, E S Willkings, J M Dick, It M
Orrell, "Worth A; Utley.
Nov. 20. Steamer Chatham, (Cape. Fear Line.) with
Alamance in tow from Gov Graham below, with goods
for G W Williams it Co, R T Long, J Y Field. .Marshall
t Parker, Elkin Co, Grumpier, York & Hamlin. Worth
it Utley, Dillon, Jobn?on & Co, Tcmlinson, English &
Co, Lehman & liutner, J 'Krower, Murchison, I.'eid it
Co, Tyson. Kelly it Co, W Fulton, Lash it Moore,
Moss t Parker, Barnhardt it Sullivan, W A Lash, F L
OoitpII 1 M Xr 11 C. Ifnril. n 1) MiirT.hv. "Winslow.
Shelly & Patterson, F Miller, J W Hitting. E Delo. J .t
W Perrv & Co. J II Thompson, F K Armstrong. V H
BriUiai'n, Prather &. Smith. Stafford, Clark & Dixon. It
G Lindsay, V & A II Welsh & Co.
Nov 23 Str Flora McDonald (Cape Fear line) with
goods for Jenkins, Koberts & Co. A A McKethnn. T- S
Martin, S Hine t Co, Houston & Overby, W li Wright,
E W Caruthers, S S A rev. J 1! Walton, Meroney it
Durkhead, A Stalker, J B Walton, liauscr & Wilson, D
Keith, M W McNair it Co. Island Ford Co, S Johiv-on.
Gardner fc Co, J 1 Hancock, J Kendall, W i A H
Welch A Co. W Prior. J W bitting. JH Lindsay, orth
.t I tley, J Young. G Prandt. W L Van Eaton. S L
Gilmer, Barnhardt t Sullivan, D Murphy, Stalled.
Clark it Dixon. Sill & Sill, Hanes & lledgecock, M
Hoi ton, W A Lash. J L Kern, King t Ilege. A E
Giersh; G W Williams & Co, II Erambert, J Dawson. G
Hants. Urv A Gilchrist. Mrs M Hooper, C T lhugh,
ra,nnVn i, Vrv w Fulton
Vestal naison,
j iankin fc McLean (i II Lee. J W Thomas, J II ThoiDp-
son, Mason & Ariiifield, Winborn & V uty.
Arrived, Nov 21. Brig Elizti W D.cnton and ScJim
Ilelene and L P Smith from N York. 22d. Schrs J H
Chadbourn and Harriet llallock from N Itork.
si.t...l.w 1i el- r-nm- i i-nn.l tl.n most fxtcUSlVC WOlK 111 UIC OiaiL ami
..4.uv...J .,.., - . ... wi. in-
. 1 1 1 i r'lii i ii .
ll, ......

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