North Carolina Newspapers

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A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Devoted to Politics, ihe Markets, Foreign Botzzlt)
Xiiteratnre; Agricnltare, and General Information TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
y ,. 11 - 1 - ' fr-""--- - ' -.. ' ' ":;
WILLIAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor.
DECEMBER 9, . 1854.
CV v. i n ; ; . TV
For a single copy, if paid in advance, pejanaum, $2 00
" " at the end of 3 roOgltaiJ, 2 50
" . " at the end off aont!re, 00
" " " at the end of ibe year, 3 50
No subscription will be received for a shorter period
than one year unless paid in advance.
With the view of extending the circulation and en
hancing the usefulness of the paper, the proprietor of
fer the following remarkably low
5 copies of the Carolinian, 1 year, $8 00
JO 4 " . 15 00
Letters on. business must oc addressed to the under
signed, and mut be postpaid. jHu
Rates f Advertising t
Sixty cents per square of 16 lines for the first and
thirty eenU f cswK tb"
advertisement is published for more than two months,
when it will be charged
For three mouth, ----- $4 00
For six months, ----- 6 00
For twelve month, ----- 10 00
W All advertisements must be handed in by Friday
10 o'clock, a. in., to ensure their insertion in the next
day's paper, and should have the desired number of in
sertions marked on them, ortherwise they will be in
serted till forbid and charged accordingly.
Rai.kiwji Mail, (2 horse coach.)
Due Daily at i a. ru. Close? daily at 3 p. m.
Warsaw Mail (4 horse eoach.)
Doe daily, except Sunday, at 6 o'clock, a. m.
Closes daily, except Saturday, at 3 p. m.
On era w Mail, (Sulkey.)
Due Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday, at 1$ a. in.
Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 12i pJ m.
Wilmington (via Elizabethtowu) Sulkey.
Due Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 1 a. m.
Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 9 p. in.
Salem Mail, on Plauk Road, 2 horse hack.
Due Sunday, Wednesday and Friday, at '6 p. ni.
Clone Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 34 p. m.
Marion C. II. (via Lumbcrton) Sulkey.
Due Tuesday uud Saturday, at 10 . in.
Closes Wednesday and Saturday, at 9 p. m.
Swift Island Mail (via Troy).
Due Tuesday at C p. m. Closes Tuesday at 9 p. m.
Mail to Strickland's Depot.
Dae Taewday at 2 p. m. Closes Tuesday at 2 p. in.
Mail to Elizaretiitow.v (via Terebinth.)
Dae Wednenduy at 7 p. in. Closes Monday at 9 p. m.
J. E. BRYAN, I'. M.
Nearly opposite to E. W. Willkinfja' Auction Store,
Favetteville, N. C. ,
Oct. 1, 1H63. y '
Opposite the Cape Fear Bank.
Have now in Store a larje and handsome Stock of
Selected daring the past month, by one of the firm,
in the New York Market, comprising a large Stock ol
Staple and Fancy J) RY GOOD S,
Hoots, Stipes and Umbrellas,
Together with a large assortment of fine FAMILY
GROCERIES, Confectioneries. A.C., all of which they
ar? prepared to offer to their customers, and all those
winbiug to purchase select goods, at the lowest market
prieeti. yf Produce taken in exebauge for goods.
Sept. It;, y-pd
A. 31. Campbell,
East side of Gillespie street,
Fatkttevili.e, N. C.
October 1, ISM.
The undersigned has now in Store his Fall and Win
ter stock of GOODS, consisting of a general assort
ment of
Hats. Caps, Bonnets, Boots and Shoes. Sattinets, Cas-
Himfrs. Lmsevs. r lannels. Muslin-Ue-l.ains, vipaccas
Shawls, Cravats, Ac. Coffee. Sugar, Molasses, Tobac
co. Ac. Ae. Also, a general and well selected stock
of READY-MADE CLOTHING, consisting of Coats,
Vests. Pants, Shirts aud L nder-slnrts.
Adamantine, speun aud pearl Candles; pepper, spice,
nalaratus, starch, line chewing tobacco, ic.
Produce taken iu exchange for Goods at market
North side of Person St., next door to F. D. Breece.
N. B. -All persons indebted to me by note or ac
count are respectfully requested to cull nnd settle iin
rcdiatelv, as longer indulgence will uot be given.
Oct. 1. 1854 y R- B. D.
Dealer in
.Fog7 of JIaymount, Fayetteville, N. C.
October 1. 154
Fayetteville, K. C.
Persons wanting work done in his line will be
promptly attended to by addressing him at the Fayette
vilie Post Office.
Fayetteville, Jan'y 2S. 1854 ly-pd
Wholesale dealers in Foreign and Domestic
Hats, Gaps, Jioots, Alices., lmbrdlas, and
North side Hay street. Fatetteville, N. C.
Strict attention paid to orders.
' July 15, 1854 J. B. FERGUSON.
Tbe season has now arrivj-d for setting out all kinds
of hardy Plants and Trees, rav stock of which is very
large aud select. The RVEKGREENS include the
new introductions from Japan. China. South America,
that can be procured. I have also, a ehoice and well
grown lot of GREEN HOUSE Plants.
In the way of Fruit Trees my DWARF PEARS
will give entire satisfaction both as to quality and
early bearing, frequently fruiting the second year
after being planted; other kinds of Fruit Trees will be
ready soon.
Catalogues supplied to applicants.
Address C. LUTTERLOU, Nurseryman,
jr A fewbusbelu of Blue Grass Seed just received.
Xav, 2,3, 1854.
Have ow in Store a LARGE STOCK 4QF'
Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoe?, Silk and Straw
Bonnets, Umbrellas, and Keady-inade
Which wHl be eoid to WHOLESALE BUYERS,
The attention of Merchant is particularly invited to
this Stock. Orders solicited ami satisfaction guar
antied. .
Aug. 16, 1854. 807-tf
INS 4-
Our Fall and Winter Stock of x
Bonuets, and
Ib now in Store and ready for inspection, embracing
by far the largest and roost extensive assortment we
have ever offered to the trade, and is well worthy the
examination of every Merchant visiting this place.
Particular attention paid to orders.
August 19, 1854
FALL, 1854.
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter Stock of
Hats, Caps, Bonnets, Umbrellas, Tarasols,
Boots, and Shoes, &c. &e.
With an extensive assortment of Ready-made Clothing.
All of which they offer to purchasers at low prices
and npon accommodating terms.
From long experience, and by strict attention to
business, they hope to nieritasharc ofpublie patronage.
Favetteville. Aug. 17, 18;4.
siiem well & Mcdonald,
(Successors to 1. Sin niwell,)
Dealers in Staple and Fancy
Also a general asfortmeut of Straw fc Silk BONNETS.
In addition to our stock now on hand, which is very
good, we will in a few days receive a new supply of
Which we will sell low for cash or on reasonable time
to punctual customers.
w. b. siiem well,
a. n. Mcdonald.
East r-ide Green Street.
Fayetteville, Sept 23, 1854. y
J A M e s k Y L K
Is now receiving his Fall Supply of
Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, Umbrellas, $-c
Among which are,
French and English Merinos, very cheap,
Muslin deLaius and Alpaccas.
Brocade, plaid aud plain Silks,
Musliu and Bobiuet, Sleeves and Collars.
Merino and other Shawls, long and square,
Calico and Ginghams,
Silk and Cotton Handkerchiefs,
Best made Bolting Cloths,
A large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING.
With many other Goods, all of which being purchased ,
by the package at tne late reauceu prices, win v
offered wholesale or retail at very low prices.
September 15, 1854.
navinn- onened a Store on East side of Gillespie'
street, opposite P. P. Johnson, and one door South of J
W. Drauirhon. I would bee leave to annouuee to the
citizens of Fayetteville and surrounding country, that
I have jufct received my stock ot
Consietiug of
Dry Goods, Dlats, Caps, Boots and Shoes,
Clothing, Sugar and Coffee, &c.,
Which I will sell on accommodating terms.
Sept. 30, 1864. 13-2m
Will return from the North the first of October with a
very large stock of
And the latest style of DRESS TRIMMINGS aud
PATTERNS; Cloth" and Velvet Mautillas, Talmas, and
Cloaks; Collars. Under-Slceves, and inside Capes.
Also a very handsome assortment of HEAD-DRESSES
and CAPS.
She returns thanks for former patronage, and hopes
her patrons and friends will call before purchasing
Fayetteville, Sept. 30, 1S54 13-tf
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter GOODS,
consisting of a large and well selected s-Jock of
Blacksmith & Tur
pentine Tools.
Agricultural Imple-
Boots and Shoes,
Saddlery and Leather,
Heavy articles in the
Drug line,
Ready-made Clothing,
and staple Dry Goods.
This Stock we arc prepared to job or retail.
Fayetteville, Oct. 24, 1854.
We ask the Planters and Turpentine
men to examine our Kerseys, Negro Blaukets,
Hats and Shoes.
On the 12th of June last I miuled a letter at Prospect
TTall P. O.. Bladen county, directed to Mr Joshua
Carman. Favetteville. N. C, containing two one hun
dred dollar notes on the Commercial Bank of Wilming
ton, one numbered 12B2 the other 1895. The letter
also contaiued a blank note signed by John S. Willis
aud Bartram Robeson, aud endorsed by Tbos. J. Role
son. for the purpose of renewing a note held by the
Bank of Cape Fear at Fayetteville. The letter has not
reached its destination. All persons are hereby cau
tioned against using the note, and if the letter and its
contents are returned tome a liberal reward will be
Oct. 28, 1854. 2m
I have a good assortment of
Cooking, Parlor, Box, and a few Coal Stoves.
I will sell very low call and examine at south-east
corner Market Square.
October 2 Ist.
Hyson, Imperial and Oolong, all of first quality
for sale by J- N. SMITH.
. cBT'a.:S. TAftOH.- - .r
Having purchased Mr Wbitafeers int .. '
Fayetteville Book Store, I will eontinue'e. bfcf
in my own name. - - -
I have just received a large assortment otRyJ
muuo. iuun; latvnug uie wikii uwii j
i win endeavor to give satisfaction. All th
publications of the day-Maaazincs. Pcriocah
ot fiction, &c. can be seen unon niv tablc. ha
rangements by wtich any-i book, not alrfiau ;
can be supplied at the ehortefct notice Alt
cnanee to prove my promptus8.
Among my stock may be found larce F-n -t .
from tl 25 to $15 ; Presbyterian. Methoiltet: J.
ist Hymn Books; Episcopal Prayer Books j aa
religious books. - ' i
A good supply of SCHOOL BOOKS
baud, such as Greek and Latin Readers:
English and Latin grammars ; Webster's uhat.r
wiciiouary; various Kinos oi tieojjraplivs. oyX;
authors ;all the different kinds of Arithn-etref .-J
ZJ-. Readers -e- AcjJlL'-klL'i.
Sc3f8,-ri gTafidriFra teifc: lTTact
sohool looks usual'v called for.
all kinds
A' large assortmeut ,t MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS
kept constantly on hand.
STATIONERY. White, blue, ruled and unrnled
Foolscap Paper ; Letter Paper, all sizes and colors;
Note Paper, fancy and plain : Envelopes, large and
small size, self-sealing; BLANK BOOKS of every size,
quality and price; Pass and Time Books ; copy books;
inkstands; Pens and Pencils; slates and slate pencils;
sealing wax. tissue paper, Ac. Ac.
I will sell low by the wholesale, and make a liberal
discount to schools or merchants.
I respectfully ask an examination of my stock. Any
Book not on hand can be procured in a f hort time.
A large lot of Music for Piano and Guitar constant
ly on hand. A large supply of 'klodians, Guitars,
Violins, Claronets, Flageolets, Flutes, Tamborines,
and Instruction Books.
My stock shall be increased with the demand. Coun
try merchants would find it to their advantage to give
me a call, as I think I can give satisfaction.
Opposite new College building.,
Fayetteville, Nov 25, 154. tf
P. S. I have an excellent lot choice SEGARS and
tine chewing Tobacco, for sale cheap.
We dislike to allude to unpleasant subjects during
these hard times, but if our customers whose notes and
accounts have been lying over i'or one and two years,
would call and pay us, we would be thankful. If not
convenient to call in person, remittances will do. We
would almost consent to pav postage for the hake of
the cash. J. & T. WADDILL, Hay street.
December 2d tf
A man with a small family to take charge of my
Plantation near Fayetteville, on the first of January
next, as an Overseer. Evidence of sober and indus
trious habits will be required,
Dec 2d. tf JNO. WADDILL, Jr.
That convenient Residence belonging to Miss E ITy
bart, situated on Masou and Haiforu streets, is now
offered for Rent. For terms apply to
Nov. 24. 1854. 21 tf
BU'fTEK , a new supply.
100 Firkins (Valley Virginia) Butter,
Nov 24.
By virtue of a Decree of the Court of Equity ofCum
berland county, I will proceed to sell, on Tuesday the
9tii day of January next, at Nathan K. McDuftie's store
in said county, at public auction, the following tracts
of" land belonging to the estate of the late Levi West,
dee'd, to-wit :
200 Acres lying on both sides of the Uorse-pen.
220 Acres joining the lauds of Margaret Smith and
75 Acres on the west side of Black Mingo near the
county line.
145 Acres on Black Mingo in Sampson county, near
the line.
The above lands are valuable for timber and turpen
tine, and will be sold on a credit of six months, pur
chasers giving bonds with approved security, bearing
interest from the date of sale.
Nov. 25,1854. 21-Ct Clerk & Master.
Pursuant to a decree of the Court of Equity for the'
county of Cumberland, upon the petition of Duncan K.
Shaw and others, exparte, I will expose to sale at the
Court House in Fayetteville, on Friday the 5th day of
January. 1855, the following tracts of Laud', the pro
perty of the late Charles C. Shaw :
1 tract, about 800 acres, lying on the waters of Big
Rocktii-h aud Nicholson's creek, known as the Mct-'as-kill
land, and adjoining the lands of Neill Campbell
and others.
Also, about COO acres, lying on the waters of Bi
Rock fish, in three different tracts, adjoining the lands
of L. Bethune. Angus Kay and others, known as the
McKainey and McLean lands.
Land sold in quantities to suit purchasers, and lies
within two or three miles of the Centre Plank Boad,
aud is valuable for timber and turpentine.
Terms Nine mouths credit.
W. A. 11 USKE, Clerk A Master.
Nov.25, 1854 21-Ct
The firm of G. W. I. GOLDSTON A CO. is this
day dissolved bv mutual consent.
Nov. 17th. 1854.
THE SUBSCRIBER having purchased the interest
of R. W. Goldston in the late firm of G. W. I. G6TST
ston A Co., will still continue to carry on the
Grocery aud Hardware Business
at the old stand. He invites all his friends to call on
him wheu they come to market, aud he will try to
make himself useful.
Nov. 17th, 1854. 20-tf
Porto Rico, N. Orleans and Havana, Brown, Clarified.
Crushed and Pulverised, for sale at the People's
Store, bv WEBB & BROTHER-
" Nov. 11. -i
Pure Cider
By the gallon or barrel,
Store, bv
Nov. il.
for sale at the People's
&gf- Mackerel, No.
People's Store, bv
Nov. 11.
and 2, for sale at the
E"- Prime Rio and Old Government Java
COFFEE, for sale at the "People's Store " bv -
V few barrels Wetbersfield Onions for sale at the
Poeple:s Store, by WEBB A BROTHER.'
Nov. 11. i
The New York Ink Company's celebrat
ed writing Fluid and black Ink. Mholesale and retail
at the People's Store, by the ageDts.
Nov. 11. . WEBB Jb BROTHER.
Johnson. Rollins fc Co's. Wethers Geld
Oarrlen Seeds, for sale at the People's Store, by their
agents, WEBB & BROTHER.
Nov.' 11. ":
300 sacks SALT, on consignment, by
October 9th. AUG. W. STEEL. U
LJS-- J,'or & Carolinian. -
.;. Urtr ewrt ot ftp9rtce.
lf : BY, W If,'- J.- W. CROWDKR. .
; - peat Jy months of the v past qnarter on
."JXing to and fro with taj books and
V '.iin to those vrho were able' and will
Jurying to others; also receiving
ft: ,s r.ooj a?any for the furtherance of the
VV-Aterery place I was fcinf re
JtCralJy. ou leaving was invited to
socio as I conld and spend longer
Jlnnwiglting families it is eheertflg to
5 iesreased concern with pareat, to
ry locate their children. In manv of
afn determined to educate tny children if 1
never give them a cent besides." As I ap
proaicd the house of a widow, her grand
dangller E. 15 years o!d, ran to me exclaiming
"O Mj C. I am so triad to see vou again that
I may
tell vou how I feel and thank you for
til k to me about my soul and the good
ou gave me when you were here before,
was a wicked' child and shonld have been
lost ff ever if I had died but now 1 feel Jesns ;
precigss to my soul and would not be afraid to
die if it was God s wdi. I want you and
Graiima to help ne praise the Lord."
Oipitbbath morning I visited as unday sclioo!
in a i'Ction where inicp:iity abounded a ft-w years
since! I went in time to witness their entire
and a more interesting scene I have ;
n if ever beheld in my life. The Govern-!
of the Snpt. and the attention and instrnc-
pf the teachers, was of the most pleasant
ffectual character. The children were all
deeply interested in reciting their good
lessdis, and in hearing the explanations given.
I hrfe found 50 of "The Pictorial Tract Pr'tm
meri' in use, aud the Sunt, said "This book is
justjthe right thing for interesting and instruct
ing j-hildren. All are delighted with it." And
a mother here remarked, "So simple, tender aud
toudiing are the answers iu the catechism of the
Trait Primmer that my son John, though not
quiib 6 years old is so delighted with and im
pressed by them that frequently he is affected
to tears while I am teaching him the lesson,
ant) he will then say, "Ala, I must be a good
bof, for the Lord is great and good." Tlis
Sciool has increased from 43 to 87 scholars
sinte its celebration on the 4th of July last.
Oiie of the Supt's plans for increasing his school
is, to give to him or her who brings in a new
scholars a nice picture tractand one to the new
scholar. 'This gets the whole school interested
and at work.
I gave a tract called "The Fool's Pence" to
a moderate driuker 13 mouths ago aud he at
Icnce gave up the use of ardeut spirits and loan-
fj tt 'j twH-ti lilo ticiliVw. , crlicrT'tiail ami cm. vi
ed it again: and in this way it has passed
through" 18 families, and by it 13 persons have
been induced to give up the of alcoholic
liquors as a beverage.
I have been forcibly struck aud greatlv en
couraged by heari tig professors of religion speak
of the happy effects produced on their minds
and hearts from reading the Tract Volumes.
Some have been thoroughly awakened to their
christian duties, and in the performance of duty
they testify that they have enlarged views of
God, new love for Him, and increasing concern
for the spread of the gospel and the conversion
of sinners. Many of them have requested nie
to give them an opportunity to contribute an
nually to the Tract Society, assuring me that
their prayers should ascend daily for God's
blessing to attend all its efforts aud instrumen
talities. A travelling minister recently said.
"I have been through neighborhoods where you
have scattered books and your books are doing
vast good. They are getting people to read
who read not before; and they are getting many
to think and talk in a way they seldom did be
fore; and they are getting light where there
was gross darkness before."
Recently a gentleman came to me in the
street and said, "My heart is Idled with joy to
an over-flowing this morning, and I wish to
speak with you about it. Since I having been
tryiug to serve God my dear wife has strongly
opposed me. But for the last six months she
has received and read a Tract monthly, from,
the "Female Tract Society" which seemed to
make her serious and occasionly she has gone
to church. On last sunday she went to church
twice and at night she was much distressed
and unwilling to retire I asked her to mak
known her mmuanu leeiings to me. one seem
ed to hesitate a moment, aud then said with
streaming eyes, 'Oh I am such an awful sinner!
What shall I dor I have opposed your pray
ing in our family and I have never heard you
pray. 1 uo not want to lie uown to-nignt witis-
outjiearing you pray, and pra' lor me.' 1 at
once-got my family together
and lor the hrst
And iu the dis-
time tried to pray m public.
charge of this duty my soul has been abundant
ly blessed and my wife is yet anxiously inquir
ing for salvation." This lady has since been
hopefully converted to God.
f Most of the last month, November, I was on
a visit to West Tenn. where Colportage lias and
is yet doing great good. I was greatly strength
ened and encouraged by spending a few days
with Bro. T. J. Terry Colp. of Henry Co. May
the Lord long spare his useful life. I also met
with other Colporteurs by the way who suc
ceeded well in getting travellers to take good
books aud tracts to read instead of novels. A
fine looking gentleman came to me on the cars
and purchased some tracts. He seemed un
usually glad to get them and after he had dis
tributed some, he took a seat with me aud
stated that whenever he saw tracts his gratitude
to God was newly stirred, for it was a tract
given him by a Colporteur between Philadelphia
and New York that was instrumental in awak
ing him and bringing him to Christ, the sinner's
friend. May we all take fresh courage in work
ing for God who ever works for us
Yours trulv.
W. J. W. Crowder Colp. of the Araer. Tract
oocieiy, ior vvaee ana Cumberland co's.N. U.
Raleigh, Dee. 1st, 1854.
The number of persons of foreign birth now
in the United States is 2,210,839: the nnmber
of natives, whites, 17,137,58, and of persons
whose - nativity is "unknown," 39,154 Mr
Wise, of Virginia, asks, what are the know
nothings going to do with these 39,154 -
- Jan t Art ' " ..
The interest attaching to the history of this
extraordinary female, to whom-France was so
largely indebted for the preservation of .her
honor, and perhaps her nationality, but who
eimlly, received at the hands of Iier uograteful
conntryiucn, as a consummation of her glory, a
martyr) crowu, prompts as to copy this char
acteristic passage, descriptive of ber yonnji
life: f;:vi .
; "The pensive, and retiring feeanty of Joan,
while it attracted the attention of men, repel-letl-'iBmiHarlty.
Several, nevertheless, pleased
with Her race and modesty, solicited her hand
from her. parents. She persevered in remaining
single and free, possibly through some obscure
presentimeut which warned her that she would
right, swearing before a court of justice that
she was betrothed to hint. The poor girl, abash
ed but indignant, appeared before the judges
at Toul, and contradicted by oath this calumny
of passion. The judges saw through the plot,
aud sent her home free.
While her beauty thus charmed the eye, the
composure of her face, the thoughtfuluess of
her features, the solitude and silence of her life,
astonished her father, her mother, and her bro
thers. The possessed only the grace and at
traction of her sex she had none of its weak
ness Uer face exhibited neither her feelings
nor the emotions of her heart. Its expression,'
concentrated in her eyes, seemed rather that of
meditation than of feeling, yet she was compas
sionate and tender; but her pity and tenderness
extended to something greater and more dis
tant than her immediate horizon. She prayed
unceasingly, spoke little, and avoided t be com
pany of her equals in age. She generally re
tired alone, and plied her needle in a secluded
nook, under a hedge behind the house, from
which she could only see the blue sky, the tow
er of the church, and the distant crest of the
mountains. She seemed to hear voices within
her which the noise of the world would have
She was scarcely eight years of age when
these signs of inspiration began to appear in
her. In this she resembled the Sybils of old,
marked from their infancy with the fatal seal
of sadness, beauty, and solitude, among the
daughters of men instruments of inspiration
reserved for. oracles, and to whom every. other
employment of mind was prohibited. She loved
everything that suffered; particularly animals
those intelligent beings jrifted with love for
us, but deprived of words to convey their fc-l-j
ings. Her compauious say that she was mild
and merciful to birds. She considered them as
creatures condemned by God to live near men,
in a state of transitiou between soul and matter,
and having iu their nature nothing as yet com
plete but the painful faculties of suffering and
love. All that was melancholy and indefinite
in the sounds of nature attracted and absorbed
her. 'She was so fond of the sound of bells,'
says the old Chronicler, 'that she promised the
ringer hanks of wool for the autumn gathering
if he would sound the Amrelus longer in the
But her pity was most strongly excited for
the kingdom of France, and for the young dau
phin motherless, without a country, and with
out a throne. I he ta es she dm v henrrl from
monks, soldiers, rjilsrrims. and beiro-ars the
cottage newsmen of the time filled her heart
with compassion for the voung prince. His
image was associated in her mind with the cala
mities of her fatherlund. It was in him that
she saw it perish; it was through him that she
prayea to Ksoa lor its deliverance. Her spirit
was ceaselessly occupied with this anxiety and
t -r .
sauuess." juamartme.
lm: Iron Mountain-. V bo has not heard
vi uic jiwu .uuuuiaiii ui .AllSSOUri . in tne
.....,,,.r ,.P Of 1?.... . t, 1 " .1 t n
t-wunij ji oi. i' i uuiuis, ami in tue midst ot a
fertile and flourishing agricultural region, some
eiglity miles Irom fct. Louis, and some twenty
eight from the Mississippi, rises this famous emi
nence ot iron. It is thus described by a corres
pondeut of the St Louis Republican:
Hie mountaiu and the mound consist of
masses of iron ore of the richest quality, arrau
ged iy the hand ot JNature in 'ready-made'
lumps, from the size of a pigeon's egg upwards,
mixed witn a small portion of reddish-vellow
clay, which itself contains quite a per-ceutatre of
nuii. a una mr uie wurHiugs mere is no min
ing necessary have been confined to a small
portion of the westerly slope of the mound, the
mountain being held in reserve, I presume, for
the grander operations of future generations.
tew bauds, with little labor or cost, pick out
enough ore to supply the furnaces. The entire
mound, so far as it has been excavated and test
ed, is composed of these lumps of ore, almost as
pure aJTpig metal, easily separated from the
ciay which mis tne interstices, in many places
scarcely anything but lumps of pure ore, with
hardly any admixture, appear. In some part
of the workings the ore taken out requires no
roasting to prepare it for the furnaces; but
generally, it is roasted in immense heaps, which
at this time form a large store for future use.
When this mound, or that portion of it above
the level of the furnaces, is all changed from
its crude state to iron, the company may pro
ceed to excavate below the level, or continue
eastward a few hundred feet, and attack the
mountain itself, which, so far as is known, is but
a vastly-enlarged edition of the same volume.
But at what period will the mound, even, be
exhausted? I have seen ,no calculations and
heard of no estimate of the quantity of ore; but,
for my own satisfaction, assuming the following
data as entirely within reasonable bounds, these
results are obtained:
"Twenty acres, an average depth of fifty feet,
yielding (say) four tons of ore to the cubic
yard, would "produce seventy per cent, as the
net yield of metal, fonr and a half millions of
tons of iron. If this were taken out at the rate
of one hundred thousand tons per annum, it
would occupy forty-five years. Unless, there
fore, a much larger quantity be yearly disposed
of the present generation of workers will not
witness the disappearance of the mound even to
the level of the furnaces. Respecting tbe quan
tity in the mountain, it is enough to say that
it is practically inexhaustible. The line of the
St Louis and Iron Mountain railroad passes im
mediately west of the works, affording easy and
most convenient railroad access to the mound,
the furnaces, and the base of tbje mountain.
rl. v h fl.V fri" irifn ' l"aiTfK vf a r ; i !
ad- trmnbofdness lo claim her love as bfl
Fall aa Wkiter FaihtNM.
Our lady reader will not be displeased to eeo ''." .
some account of the prevailing fashions for the sea
son. We take the following from that'weekly so
noted for its accuracy and taste in this matter,
the Home Journal.
" The new silk dresses manufactured for the
present and coming seasons, include some- of
bright colors; for instance, Isly green and pink,
npou which are printed, in black relief, patterns
consisting of an imitation of guipure flounces.
The patterns are disposed in horizontal rows,
one above the other in the manner of flounce?,
and they generally diminish in depth as they,
ascend upwards. These dresses are intended
for evenirg costume. . One, a dress of pale green
silk, has thelskirt ornamented with five rows ,
ed by ruciie of ganze' ribbon," green striped .
with black. The corsage has a berthe com
posed, of black lace, which opens en coeur in
front and behind, and is headed by a ruche of
ribbon; at the shoulders the berthe is gathered
up in fulness by a bow and long ends formed of
a barbe of olack lace, and in the centre of each
bow is fixed an agraffe of aqua marina. In
the middle of the corsage, between the two
sides of the berthe, three bows of black lace
are placed one above the other. They are
graduated in size, the smallest being the low
est; and in the centre of each is an attache of
aqua marina. The coiure which accompanies
this consists of two bouquets, each of foliage in
tinted velvet, surmounted by a small water lily.
The bouquets arc placed on each pide of the
head, and are united one with the other by a
cordon of aqua marinas, which passes across
the bandeaux of hair. A dress of Isly green
silk, made high to the throat has the front of
the corsage trimmed with three rows of roset
tes, formed of velvet, sarsnet and gauze ribbon
of different tones of green. The velvet ribbon
is the deepest in color, and occupies the under
most part of the rosette. The sarsnet ribbon is
a shade paler, and is placed next to the velvet,
the centre of the rosette being formed of gauze
ribbon of a brighter green thnii the s;irsnet rib
bon. The rosettes arc united one to the other
by a narrow bouillon of the silk composing the
dress, edged on each side by a row of feather
fringe about a half an inch, in width. Rosettes
of pink gauze ribbon have just been employed
to trim a dress of white worked muslin, made in
the peignoir style. Each rosette consists of rib
bon of rive different tones of pink. A single
row of these rosettes ornaments the front of tho
dress which is embroidered in a sprigglcd pat
tern with flowers surrounded by foliaire open
work. A small pelerine of worked muslin is
edged by a deep row of Mechlin lace, which
descends to the waist. The sleeves are trim
med with two rows of lace gathered up in the
inside of the arm by two rosettes of ribbon.
With tins drcjis is now worn a small cap formed
ot tnree bouillons ot tulle over pink ribbon.
Between each bnillon a row of lace, set on in
slight fulness, droops towards the back. Tho
rows ot lace meet at the ears, and are there in
termingled with loops of ribbon in various '
hades of pink. The strings, which are of broad
pink ribbon, edged with lace, flow loosely over
the back of the neck.
Alamanck Sci'erior Coi rt. We learn that
the trial of the negro Wesley, belonging to Mr
Daniel Waggoner, of Alamance, charged with
the murder of Mrs Elizabeth Strader a short
time since, took place last week before J mitre
Bailey at Alamance superior court. Solicitor
RufSn appeared for the State, and J, W. Nor
wood, Esq., for the prisoner. The trial occu
pied but about two hours. The proof was
direct and conclusive, and the negro was found
guilty of the murder. He was sentenced to be
hanged on the loth of December. MlsLoro'
It seems that the Erie troubles are not end
ed. The Plain Dealer of the 1 7th says; "It
seems that our neighbors of the 'Sleepy Boro' "
are preparing for war. The common council of
that city have passed resolutions authorizing
the mayor to direct the high constable to 're
move the railroad track occupying the fctreet,
after one week's notice to the railroad com
pany.' "
A Remarkable Corn.E. A correspondent
of the Maine Farmer, tells of a couple in that
State, who are remnrkable people in their way.
The husband is 63 years old and his wife fix.
These old people by their own labor raised this
year 71 bushels of wheat, 40 bushels of corn,
three or fonr loads of pumpkins, besides pota
toes and other articles. The old liidy worked
in the field with the husband six or eight hours
each day, and prepared all the meals besides.
The wife is the mother of ivertty-three chil
dren, eighteen of whom are now living,
An informal summary of the annual com
merce and navigation report.", has been pre
pared for the usef the Secretary of the Trea
sury, from which it appears that the imports of
foreign merchandise during the fiscal year end
ing June 30, 1854, were a fraction over $300,
000,000. The exports of domestic produce
were between $250,000,000 and $260,000,000.
The exports of brendstuffs and provisions were
somewhat in excess of $50,000,000. The differ
ence between the imports and exports was made;
up in California gold, stocks, and mercantile!
obligations. The revenue from customs, as be
fore stated, was about $05,000,000, aud from
all other sources $8,000,000.
gpeak not Darebly.
Speak not harshly much of care
Every human heart bear;
Enough of shadows darkly lie
Veiled within the sunniest eye.
By thy childhood's gushing tearn,
By thy griefs of after years;
By the anguish thou dost know,
Add not to another's woe.
Speak not so harshly, rnneh of sin
Dwelleth every heart within;
In its closely eovercd cells
Many a wayward passion dwells.
By the many hours misspent,
By the gifts to errors lent,
By the wrong thon didst not shon,
By the good thon has not done,
With a lenient spirit cn,
The weakucBs of t&j fcllov man.

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