ME NORTH CAROLINIAj T? AY JTTE YI LL E, N. C
"The establishment of a scientific
school is a subject of importance to winch 1
bc.r leave to call the attention of the Central
Assembly " Gov. Itcid recent biennial Message.
m the aoove
f P.ov. Reid's message,
bumble estimation a good and wise one. 1
onlv regret that the subject has not been placed
more fully before the public, that it has not en
listed the attention of our journalists and pub
lic mon throughout the State, and provoked an
amount of discussion calculated to place it in j he tax Hgts
NORTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURE.
Tuesday, Nov. 28, 1854.
Senate. The Report of Messrs B. F. Moore
and Asa Bijres, Commissioners to revise the
Statutes, was laid before the Senate, and read,
and sent to the House with a proposition to
refer the same togetherwith the documents &c.,
accoiiiDanvinsr. to the loint tommiuee on me
is in my . ,
- ill' v i . mm
Mr Ilayner, from the Gth Senatorial District,
appeared "jiroduced his credentials, was qualified,
and took his seat
The hour having arrived for entering on the j r
election of Judge for the fifth judicial circuity !
the House proceeded to vote, llefore the
anuouueement of the vote the house &feQ$t&
JLYiday, Ueclst, 185V
Senate. The Speaker Jaid before the Senate
a statement from the President of the Bank ?
Fayetteville. - . kJ
Mr Haughton presented a memorial f rom l,!,
stockholders of the Cape Fear Nav. Co.; which)
was ordered to be printed. :''".
Mr Mitchell introduced a resolution, direct
inrr tho I ,nm Oil the Judiciary to inquire int-
"n vtiv. - - . v
it a true liht before the people. A military
school of the first grade is what our State now
greatly wants. She wants a school where her
sons may learn all that may be necessary for a
well educated citizen to know, where the mind
and the body may be developed. For after
neh attention to the subject, I am thoroughly
convinced that one of the great defects in the I
present system of educating males, is the want
of physical training and developement. A mili
tary school will necessarily be conducted with
some attention to this end, and its details may
be arranged so as fully to accomplish the ol
ject. Perhaps it may be said that our State TJni
xuv v; fully equal to the task of educating
our youF".- - r w .
the usetulness ot that excellent institution
have no doubt that in the matter of? ancient,
languages, and in those studies pursued with
more particular reference to the learned profes
sions it full' subserves its purpose. But we want
an institution in our midst where all the attention
now given to the dead languages at cur colleges
i..i ;,,milnppil n bill allowing com
pensation to those Justices of the Peace who take) the expediency of requiring by law Exectfto'
ieUU IIIC 111 UNIC Uliu Jjei-i5vu
nniv be devoted to mutt. ant tactics and
studies upon which it is based as well as to
tific pursuits generally. I have no objection j t.li,jc
On motion of Mr Jones, the committee ou
Educatiou, &c, were instructed to inquire into
the expediency of amending the commou school
law, so as to authorize a poll to be opened. to
ascertain the wishes of the people in regard to
an increase of the common school fund by
Mr Coleman introduced a bill, incorporating
the French Broad railroad company, which
uassed its first reading and was referred to the
I committee on Internal Improvements. This
! bill incorporates a company consisting of eiti
! wns of Tennessee. North Carolina and South
1 Carolina, under the sanction of the Legislatures
i of those States, to build a road from some
I eligible point in South Carolina, aloi"g t,ie
I ginia and Tenn. railroad, in east Tennesfcee.-
Mr Graves, from the committee appointed to
j superintend the election of Comptroller, re
ported that jeorge . Jirooks having received
a majority of the whole number of votes cast,
was duly elected; report concurred in.
Mr Thomas, of Davidson, introduced a bill to
incorporate the Yadkin Plank Road Company,
which was read and on his motion laid on the
to t ie ueau lamrua-res oeinir iaurhr. out it is i
-.veil known that in our colleges and high schools
they take up a vast deal of the student's lime.
Now I entirely concede that those of our young !
men who desire to pursue this course of study, j
fhould have the proper facilities, lhcseare
furnished at our high schools and colleges. But
nowhere in the State can a young man enjoy j
the facilities of a good Knglish, Scientific, Mili- i
tary and Physical education. Ought not this
desideratum to lie supplied? I put the question j
to the people and to the Legislature. Is it not I
the true policy of the State to train her sons in i
the art of war? It will no doubt be objected j
by many, that there is no necessity for this j
since there is no prospect of war. To such I j
suggest that no one can foresee the future. 1
sincerely trust that war is far distant from us,
but there is no reason why we should not pre
pare for every emergency. The propt r time for
this is when we are at peace. It is always well
to be in such a condition that we may "go forth
to meet the shadowy future without fear, and
with a manly heart."
But a military school is not calculated to
educate our youth for war alone. In such an
institution. Civil Engineering, Agricultural
Chemistry and the Modern Languages should
be taught. We should then be able to build
our railroads without importing engineers from
the North. Agricultural pursuits would be
more respected, because they would enlist a '
greater amount of intelligence, and perhaps,
North Carolina might then cease importing
Northern hay. As to the modern languages
they might be studied by young men who might
design traveling abroad, or by such as rniht
have the means and the leisure to perfect them
selves in this branch of polite learning. The
fact that our government finds it necessary to
get foreigners to fill our diplomatic ollices on
account of the scarcity of native citizens who
understand the modern languages, and the fact
that three fourths of our native citizens who go
abroad in a diplomatic capacity, know but lit
tle, or perhaps not hing of the language of the
countries where they are sent, ought to be an
argument in favor ofgiving increased attention to
these . studies in our schools. The French,
Spanish, Italian and German ought to be taught
in some one or more of our first class seminaries.
If this were done it would, in my opinion, place
our educated young men upon a high vantage
ground and would ultimately go far towards
giving the sons of North Carolina a proud
position in the councils of the nation.
. The Hon. Caleb dishing, Attorney General
of the United States, is noted for his proficiency
in the modern languages. On one occasion a
cabinet meeting was held to consider and dis
cuss certain diplomatic papers in theSpanish lan
guage. These papers had been translated by a
clerk and copies together with the original
. documents were on hand. In the translation
it appeared that language of an improper char
acter had been used towards the government
of this country by a minister of a foreign gov
ernment, and the cabinet were brought together
to consult upon the proper action to be taken
in the premises. Mr Cushing earefull v read
the translated paper containing the alledged
insult, and then called for the original document.
This he read and translated as he went until he I
came to the offensive language. A smile was
seen to pass over his countenance at this mo
ment. "Why gentlemen'' said he, "our transla
tion is at fault. The word to which he attaches
an offensive meaning has properly no such
signification. It is rather ct.mpliment.ary than
otherwise." And so ended the difficulty. This
anecdote is merely told to illustrate the fact
that our public men, and our aspiring youth
would find it no disadvantage to cultivate the
languages of Europe.
But my communication is growing too long.
I will therefore close b quoting from the late
annual message of the Governor of one of our
nearest sister States, a paragraph calculated to
give us some insight as to the effects an institu
tion of the kind I advocate:
"Each year convinces us of the wisdom which
dictated the establishment of the Arsenal
and Citadel Academies. They have afforded a
practical education to the youth who have been
placed there, the effects of which are more
sensibly felt each day throughout the State.
Their knowledge of tactics acquired during the
academic term, i ; plainly perceptible in improve
ment in the drill of a large portion of the Mili
tia; and their attainments in engineering and
surveying, is fast supplying,, and will soon sup
ply altogether the demand for that kind of
knowledge in the State. I have no hesitation
' in expressing the opinion that more benefit has
arisen from the few thousand dollars expended
annually upon these schools for ten years past,
than has accrued to the State from the applica
tion of the free school appropriations for thirty
Shape Trees ox Railroads. It has often
occurred to us that railroad companies would
gain much by planting the waste land on each
side of the track with trees. The locust for in
stance, will grow in any soil, requires no atten
tion and is of rapid growth. The advantages
would be, first, a refreshing shade. Second, a
protection from the dust by retaining the mois
ture. Third, strength of embankments, and
fourth, sufficient timber, and superior to any
other for all the ties on the road; a tree will
grow sufficiently large in ten or fifteen years.
Mr uhristian introduced a oil!, witn a me
morial) concerning the Fayetteville and Centre
Plank Itoad Company, which was read, passed
and referred to the committee on Internal Im
provements. House of Commons. Mr Settle introduced
a series of resolutions approving the course of
Congress in relation to the Nebraska and
Kansas bill, which were read, and on motion
laid on the table and ordered to be printed.
Mr J. M. Leach moved that a message be
sent to the Senate proposing to raise a joint
select committee to be called the committee
upon Federal relations.
Messrs T. II. Williams and Jordan opposed
the committe on the ground that no good ever
resulted from the introduction of federal politics
in the State legislature as tending to fritter
away their energies in useless discussions.
After some debate, in which Messrs Steele,
Barringer and Settle took part, the resolution
was withdrawn by Mr Leach at the request of
Mr McKesson introduced a bill toMncorpor
ate a western rail road company; read the first
time ami referred to the committee on Internal
Mr Carmichael introduced a bill to distribute !
the Common Scheol Fund according to the
white polls; read and referred to the committee
on Education. j
Mr Steele introduced a bill incorporating the !
Wilmington and Charlotte Railroad company;!
read the first time and referre d to the committee
on internal Improvement, and printed.
Mr J. II. lleaden introduced a bill to incor
porate the Chatham Railroad company;' read
the first time and referred to the committee on
Mr Hill, from committee on superintending
election of Comptroller, reported Mr Brooks
elected; report concurred in.
A message from the Senate to raise a joint
select committe upon Banking, was concurred in.
Wednesday, Nov. 29, 1854.
Senate. Mr Boyd introduced a bill to in
corporate "Danville and (J reensborongh Rail
road Company," which was read, and on motion
referred to the committee on Internal Improve
ments. Mr Hoke introduced a resolution in favor of
David A. Ray 4t Co. which was read and re
ferred to the committee on claims.
Received a message from the House of Com
mons, concurring in the proposition to raise a
committee on Banking, and announcing as their
branch of the same, Messrs Cansler, Steele,
Myers, Green, of Craven, and Caldwell of
Guilford ; whereupon the speaker announced the
Senate branch of said committee to be Messrs
Wilder, Fisher, Cherry, Gilmer and McDowell.
Mr McDowell, from the committee appointed
to superintend the election of Judge, reported
that the Hon. S. J. Person having received a
majority 145 votes, (scattering 8) was duly
On motion of Mr Biggs the Senate then ad
journed until Friday morning, 10 o'clock.
House of Commons. The House met at 10
Mr Williams, of Green, presented a memorial
praying the passage of a prohibitory liquor law,
which on motion was read.
Mr Singletary was in favor of amending the
present law, but opposed to what was under-
j stood as the Maine liquor law. Mr S. moved
to lay t..e memorial on tha table.
A division being called for the motion was
rejected Ayes 36, Noes 75.
On motion of Mr Williams it was referred to
the committee on Propositions n&d Grievances.
Mr Wangh, from the Committee on Proposi
tions and Grievances, reported a memorial from
certain citizens of Alamance in favor of a pro
hibitory liquor law, asking leave to be discharg
ed from its further consideration.
Mr G. M. White, from the same committee,
could not approve of the report, as there was
much difference of opinion among the members
of the committee, and though opposed to pro
hibition he wished the memoralists to be treat
ed with every respect.
Mr Patterson wished to make some remarks
on the memorial from Alamance. He was not
j in favor of a Maine liquor law, but as the right
ot petition was one of the most sacred privileges
of the people. he trusted the memorial would
be treated with dignified respect, and moved
that the House would lay the report upon the
Mr Mann requested Mr Patterson to with
draw his motion; and while utterly opposed to
coercive measures, and a decided anti-Maine law
man, he was in favor of enquiry, and wished to
have the memorials upon temperance referred
to a joint select committee to thoroughly in
vestigate the subject.
Mr Shepherd concurred with the two last
speakers, and as it was most likely a large
number of memorials on the subject of temper
ance would be presented, he approved of raising
a joint select committee, but thought laying
the report on the table would not be treating
the memorialists with disrespect.
Mr Barringer moved that the memorial be
recommitted to the committee on Propositions
and Grievances, as he was opposed to raising
joint select committees on every subject.
Mr Martin moved the report and memorial
be laid on the table.
A division being called for the House voted,
Ayes 55, Noes 41.
to ffive bonds, &c.
Mr Graham, a Bill concerning a Convents
to amend the Constitution of the State, wf,
was read the first time and passed; on mf
ordered to be printed, "and made the 8
order of the day for Thursday next, at I5S.J
' Mr Mills introduced a bill to establish, t
county of Polk; which passed its first read"
and was referred to the committee on Protf
tions and Grievances.
Mr Biggs introduced a resolution" dir-eel
the committee on Banking to inquire into
expediency of providing in all bank charte
be hereinafter granted, a clause requiring-
to make monthly statements, which was'
Mr Bigsrs introduced a bill regulating
ef banks upon their dissolutioi
passed its first VeaAn;,--tttaJfragtf!
committee ou Banking.
The following bills were read the secontime:
and referred to appropriate committee The
bill allowing Justices of the Peace compensa
tion for taking tax lists; the bill repeiing the
act establishing the office of Superintident of
Common Schools; and the bill to incorporate
the Yadkin plank road company. . j
House of Commons. Mr Shepherqpresent
ed a memorial from Cumberland to eiiincipate
Betty, a slave. Referred to the comnittee on
private claims. 1 '
Mr Yaucy, of Madison, presented a memori
al in favor of a prohibitory liquor law.l Refer
red to committee on propositions and grievan
ces, r ;
Mr T II Williams, of New Ilanover.breseut
ed a memorial in favor of a prohibitory liquor
law. Referred to committee on propositions
and grievances. j
Mr S B Jarvis, of Currituck, introlueed a
bill for the preservation of wild fowls, in the
county of Currituck. Head the first
Mr Jordan moved the rules be sufoended
that the bill might pass immediate7. ) State
ments were made to Inm by the membg" Iroro
Currituck which proved the measure abiolutely
necessary. Yankee vessels eouinped for the
purpose had killed and carried off wild ducks,
geese and swans in thousauds, and he (trusted
the House would show its patriotism bj pass
ing this bill for the protection ot our ow peo
ple against Yankee intruders who were iiaking
thousands of dollars by the sale of the game iu
Mr Dargan spoke in favor of the bill is cal
culated to protect the rights ot onr own citi
zens and put an end to the wholesale slaughter
of our game, which if unchecked would drive
them from our coast, besides he thought, it a
most important matter to give the Yankees a
lesson in me um and tuum.
Mr Mann in advocating the passage of the
bill stated the shooting of the wild fowls in the
uncultivated portions ot Curritnck support
Road Cfol 'which was referred to the
Committee. l '' ?
p bill allowing compensation to Justices of
ace for taking the Tax lists, was read the
Stime and passed, and ordered to be eu
JcsE. Mr Wftngh presented a report from
Rank of Favetteville. The reading being
jTnsed with it wis laid on the table and or
1 to be printed.
f'JPorteU iatrodnced a bill to amend the
'stitntion of the State by having the J udges
Jed for a term of years.
'fr Shepherd introduced a bill to amend an
of 1852; respecting civil process oeioic i
slices of the Peace. Read the first time. I
Mr C&Seld introduced a bill to pay jurors m
, LETTER FROM DR. T03IPSLWS.
.Jackson, Northampton Co., N. C. )
. November, 23, 1854. J
is Excellency, David lietd:
w. Accord in r to the directions oi I rot.
Sons, the State Geologist, I have been Jn
eounty for several days examining soils
-io o n.l tat-innr snpeimoiis for analvsis.
V v I
Be Pnnr'.nal la all Things.
It is astonishing bow many people there are
who neglect punctuality. Thouands have failed
in life from this cause alone. It is not only a
serious vice in itself, but it is the fruitful parent
of numerous other vices, so that he who be
comes the victim of it gets involved in toils
V . ' from which it is almost impossible to escape.
ItmaKes me mercuant iisuiuivi mm.
the business reputation of the lawyer and it
injures the prospects of mechanics, who might
otherwise rise to fortune: in a word, there is
not a profession or a
tation in life, which is not
liable to the canker of this destructive habit.
It is a fact not always remembered, that
Napoleon's great victories were won by infusing
into his subordinates the necessity of punctuali
ty t,- t!,o minute. Tt was his plan to manceu-
A Better Prospect Ahead. The Philadel
phia correspondent of the Charleston Courier,
is of opinion that the period of greatest diffi
culty in money matters has already pnssid, and
sums up the favorable indications as follows:
The business prospect is brightening. Anion"- .
the indications noticed, the following may be
1. Foreign Exchange has now (alien to such
an extent, that it is believed that very little
i further specie will be exported,
i 2 Monetary affairs are improveing in the
i 3 The receipt of gold from California by the
(George Law, was considerably .large r than was
4. The Atlantic, from Liverpool, took out
great nnmtici of Wmr -o zti.zr.i.u
rights ought to be protected. Maryland
her oyster law to protect them from the depre
dations of the Pennsylvania's, and North Car
olina ought to have a law to protect her wild
fowls from destruction by strangers.
The rules were suspended and the bill passed
its second and third reading.
Mr Mears, of Brunswick, introduced a bill to
incorporate the Cape Fear and Wacamaw Canal
and Lumber company in Brunswick county.
Referred to committee on internal improve
Mr T II Williams introduced a bill to alter
the time of holding Superior Courts in Cumber
land and New Hanover. Referred to committee
on private bills. -
Mr Green, of Craven, introduced a bill to
incorporate a Bank in Newbern. Referred to
committee upon Banking.
Mr A II Caldwell introduced a bill to incor
norute a Bank in Salisbury. Read the first
time and referred to the committee on Banking
Saturday, Dec. 2, 1854
Senate. The hour uuder the joint order for
counting and comparing the votes for Governor
having arrived, the Senate proceeded to the
House of Commons, for that purpose. At half
past 12 o'clock, the speaker and senators re
turned to their chamber, when the reading of
the bill coneernimr Appeals was resumed and
0 - 1 1
finished, and the same passed.
IToi se of Commons. J G Bynum, of Ruth
erford, presented a memorial praying for a law
to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors.
Referred to committee on propositions and
The joint committee to superintend the elec
tion of Judge for the fifth Judicial Circuit, re-
norted thnt S J Person havinsr received a ma-
ioritv of the votes was duly elected.
Mr Steel, from the committee on official sal
aries, presented a report accompanied by a bill
with a recommendation that it pass.
The bill was then read the first time: it pro-
posed to increase the salary oi uovernor to
S3000; that of Public Treasurer to $2000. his
Clerk to $150; the Comptroller to $1,500. and
the Secretary of State to $1,200
After some debate, on motion of Mr Barrin
ger the bill and report were laid on the' table.
Mr Bynum, of Rutherford, presented a reso
lution that the committee on the judiciary en
quire into the expediency of dividing the Supe
rior Courts of the State into ten Judicial Cir
cuits. Read the first time and referred to the
committee on the judiciary.
Mr Bynum moved to reconsider the motion
which sent the resolution respecting the ten
Judicial Circuits to the committee on the judi
ciary, which being agreed to he moved that the
resolution lie on the table and be printed.
Mr Gentry introduced a bill to lay off a new
County to be called Alleghany county. Read
the first time and referred to the committee on
propositions and grievances.
Mr Shepherd introduced a bill to amend the
act incorporating the Fayetteville and "Western
Plank Road Company. Read the first time.
Mr Shepherd moved that the rules be sus
pended in order that the second reading of the
Fayetteville and Northern Plank Rsd bill
might take place; stated it was to amend their
charter to enable them to charge toll oh per
sons crossing a bridge which they had purchased
at an expense of $15,000. Read the second
time. "V J
Mr McDuffie, of Cumberland, introdeced a
bill to emancipate Betty, a slave, and moved it
be referred to the committee on private bills.
Agreed to. '
Monday, Dec. 4, 1854.
Sexate. Mr Bower, a bill to increase the
capital stock of the Fayetteville and estern
such practical facts in Agricul-
as mav oe inieresiiui; io mu Kiuunn u
tate. My attention was tirst uirecieu io
osit of shell marl, upon the land of Capt.
- Rari.pg situated in the north-eastern
ft of the"c6unty7 on TvctWs Creek, wlnqji is
a tributary of the Meherrin River. Ihis de
posit of marl has been known to Capt. Barnes
many j'ears, for he made an application of it to
small field about twenty-five years since,
which is I think the first marling that was ever
done in this State, and it will not be out ot
place" to state here that this was done at the
instance of a gentleman from Petersburg, Va.,
who was near Capt. Barnes' at that time work
ing a, Cotton Seed Oil Factory, and suggested
the use of the marl for the reason that he was
aware of the great success which had attended
the marling of Mr Edmund Ruffin, of Prince
George County, va This field was so poor
that it would not, before it was marled, pro
duce more than a barrel of corn per acre; but
although it has been cultivated twelve years
out of the twenty-live since it was marled, with
out any other means of improving it save the
resting it every other year it has averaged
this present jTear four barrels of corn per acre,
which is of most excellent quality, very large
and well filled, I next visited the farm of Mr
James B. Barnes upon which there is a very
valuable deposit of shell marl about a mile
from the Meherrin river, which can be obtained
at a small expense. After visiting these two
farms I next went to several others immediately
on the Meherrin river, upon all of which I
found extensive deposits of blue and red marl,
both of which may possess other elements of
fertility besides the carbonate of lime, for which
the shell marl is considered valuable, besides
which there is the phosphate of lime which ex
ists in the heart of the shell. These marls upon
the Meherrin have been known to exist, for
years, and some few successful experiments have
been made with them, and still those who have
them have made but little use of them. One
experiment made by John T. Branch, Esq.,
upon his farm near the river 1 deem ot impor
tance and worthy ot mention. Jle took posses-
sion ot nis tarm anout eignx years smce, m i
which time he cultivated a certain field of one J
hundred acres, upon which he made 120. barrels'.
a(lTDr C6m. "l ife second year fiom t in".-r Unit -5tc ;
cultivated the same held again m corn and made i
127 barrels. He then marled thirty-five acres J
of it with the bine marl at the rate of 230
bushels per acre, and last year he cultivated the j
same Geld in corn without any other means of
improvement and he gathered from it 4S0 bar-i
rels of good corn. This experiment together
with that of Capt. Barnes affords still more j
testimony to the fact that lime is the basis of;
agricultural improvement. If the soil upon j
which we propose to use lime be already highly ;
calcareous it would be evident to the practical ;
farmer that its use would only serve as a poison i
to plants, and if there do s not exist much j
vegetable matter in the soil for its action it j
should be used only in a small quantity. !
I found the blue marl as high up the river as j
the farm of Joseph M. Rogers, Fsq., upon
which there is to be found large quantities of;
muck besides, of the best quality. It is proper !
to state here that these marl deposits on tin
Meherrin are to be found principally upon the
left or south bank of the river. The lands upon
the Meherrin have I think been greatly under
valued heretofore; but if those who own them
will avail themselves of the marl and muck
which they have in such great abundance, they
can soon have their farms to produce the maxi
ver large spaces of country, so as to render the! only !522J,000 m specie.
enemv uncertain where he was about to strike f. The general imports continue to diminish,
the blow and then suddenly to concentrate his; and the orders for the Spring are quite moder-fvvo-.
on.'l f;.ll with irresistabie force on some j ate.
week point of the extended lines of the foe. j G. The drain of specie from England
The execution of this system demanded that j Indies is stopped, and it is beginning to
each devision of the army should arrive at the j in laru' amounts.
same specified spot punctually; for, if any parti 7. The Indiana Bank excitement has
failed to come up, the battle'was lost. It was '.led, and the Auditor at Indianapolis
by imitating this plan that the allies hnallv about y:0,000 in bank bibs per
lionus are given in exchange,
circulation of the Banks
cnpcppi ci in o ei nil o liiir iuc iui niui. am.
whole Waterloo campaign turned on these gate
tactics. At Mount St. Jean, Blucher was i $4,000,000.
nm.Mn-i! while Gonehv was not: and the result! S. The
was that Napoleon fell and Wellington tri-!
VitneTrantile affairs, punctuality is as impor
tant as in military. Many are tlie instances in1
j which the neglect to renew an insurance punctu
j ally has led to a serious loss. Hundreds of city
! merchants are now suffering in consequence of
i the want of punctuality among their western
customers in paying up accounts. With sound
policy do the bnnks insist undtr the penalty of
i a orotest. on the punctual payment of notes;
for, were they to do otherwise, commercial
transactions would fall into inextricable confu
sion. Many and many a time has the failure
of one man to meet his obligations brought on
I the ruin of a score of others, just as the top-
inlinir down, in a line of bricks, ot the master
brick, causes the lull ot all the
Perhaps there is nooue
punctual than mechanics.
o that tiie nggre
is now less than
S. The Banks of most of the leading Atlantic
cities have contracted their loans sufficiently,
and will now be able to act upon a more liberal
9. Tl new cfidton croyjs coming in, and the
prospect is favorable.
10. The recent rains have swollen the streams,
and thus enabled manv mills to go into action.
by the lo:
that had been compelled
1 i. The New York Rail Road Journal says
that various new roads, the aggregate cost of
which has been something like 00,000, (00,
which will be
12. The cholera and yellow fever
peared from t lit Southern and Wc:
and activity and cheerfulness have
places of despondency and gloom.
These are certainly gratifying
rendered available next year,
s may soon be expected upon
have di sap
upholsterer? He rarely comes when he agrees.
So with carpenters, painters, and nearly ail ;
others. Tailors and shoemakers often do not
have their -articles home in time. The conse
quence is that thousands remain poor all their
lives, who, if they were more faithful in their
word, would secure a large run of custom, and
so make their fortunes. What would become
of the Delta if it was not punctual in going to
and are adverted lo
more courage, ami a little more
all will soon lie well again.
ieasure. A little
press? or if our
al in delivering paper
were not punctual in
it vou won
kers were not punctu-
or it our compositors
coining to work. Be
succeed. Xcw Urlea ns
n"M. ..-...i,;r.,.i ctiMW'turp noiv mniroachin'T
A lil.l : I 1 tiV. i. u hi. n.. ...... - --
!,it:,i.i -in t!ir. ciwiim1 -.f ;t-lth street !imi
completion, on the corner oi oith street
Fifth avenue, for Dr S Townsend, of sar
rilhi. memory, excites almost as much of won
derment and curiosity as did ever its more pre
tending contemporary, the Crystal Palace.
Though having a very imposing exterior of
handsomely wrought brown stone, an observer
i would scarcely suspect it of surpassing in costly
elegence any private mansion iu the New World,
and vicing with the most renowned mansions
and lull of the Old. A brief discription will
convey some idea ot tnls new ciuimcmt to tho
attention of wonder seekers and letter writers.
The building is GO by o(i feet, and occupies
five lots of ground, in an elevated position,
which cost $42,000. Its general appearance is
of the rich, mas;
Serpent Fascination. A few weeks since a
little boy who was known to be frequently ab
sent from school, was noticed in the neighbor
hood f Privet by a shepherd in the employ of
Martineau, Esq.. to be very busily engag
ed in the road. lie approached nearer, and
was surpriseel to see him feeding two adeleis!
The bov having crumbled ihe bread in his sach
' el, spread it out in his pinafore, and the adders
; came and cat the food from his lap, picking up
the crumbs with great dexterity. After fecd
! ing them, he lay on the ground and played with
'them, all three seiuiing to enjoy the. -port.
' But if the little urchin rejoiced in their cm-
e shepherd did not, fur with much difii-
ie killed the adders, to the great distress
! i - 1 1 .1 i 4 . n ln tv.iit l.'tti rl v 'it
! till t v
of their little phi vitiate,
their dcstnietiem. - t iltshire Jum
i On I'vrson
LOOK AT Til IS.
Sttctt. C doors ttal of Ci pc I'tur IJuiil.-.
ve character common lo nrsi-
class houses, though internally the arrange
ments have the claim of originalif'. It has
been remarked, however, by those who have
visited the European continent, that the house
has some resemblance to the resident of the late
Duke of Parma. Upon entering-, the visitor
finds himself at the threshhoid of a grand hall,
Hanked ou either side by tiers of galleries and
columns, which extend upward to the roof,
where they terminate under a gorgeous dome.
The galleries, walls and columns are ail decor
ated in the richest manner, with fresco-painting,
gilding and elaborate mouldings. The prevail
ing color employed in decorating the
! liesivjctfullv return thanks to the c;t. lis of I r.vit
! -ilfe ami hum.iiiplitige-ociitry for the liberal j airei:: ;-e
i tS'y Li.n' iri itil. u;n! iije I V i-lrlt ( :.:hiiin to
; business to in r;t a eniitiutamie el ihe Misne.
They have o:i hand the fe-Uowiiip; :.rt'.ch.. viz. :
Saddles of different kinds, Buggy and Carriage
; Harness of different qualities, Iload Wagon
': Harness, such as breeching, ic.
taunle J 'HZ
assortment of Jiuj
wairei! whins ol' u
. ...i -, . i-.
mum crops oi our country. here la net winch
requires lime can be marled or limed at an ex
pense of ten dollars per acre, I do not hesitate
to say that it will pay, and with the marl beds
on and near the Meherrin the means of getting
shells up the Roanoke and from Norfolk, the
farmers nearly all over the county of Northamp
ton can make an application of ime to their
lands with profit. Those lands of the county
situated upon the Roanoke are in their primi
tive state highly fertile, though such as are
called first low grounds are subject to be over
flowed by freshets, which of course must eletract
from their value. The lands called second low
grounds are considered to be the most valua
ble because they are not subject to Vie overflow
ed. There is the same fault exisiting in the
farming of this county which is common with
the eutire eas;ern part of the State great
imperfection in the drainage of land which
diminishes the crops ami prevents the thorough
action of fertilizers. Through the kindness of
several gentlemen I have been furnished with
a variety of specimens of bones anel shells ta
ken from marl-pits which will be of advantage
in the survey. Among other things which I
have obtained is a tooth taken from the marl
pit of John T. Branch, Esq., which weighs one
pound and ten ounces and measures ten inches
in circumference. This tooth from appearances
belongs to one of that class of animals called
mammalia. From the quality of the lands the
means for improving them and the advantages
for trasportation of produce, with a proper de
gree of energy and intelligence, I can see no
reason why the farming interests of Northamp
ton may not compare favorably with any part
of the State.
Most respectfully, yours,
J. F. TOMPKINS,
Assistant State Geologist.
A Forthcoming Wonder. According to a
correspondent of Harpeth's Journal, steam pow
er is to be snperseeleel by "Poulson's Patent
Pendulum T-Lever," which will be brought be
fore the public in about a month. Two men
in a sitting position will be able with ease to
propel a railway engine of 25 horse-power,
with its full complement of carriages, at a ny
speed to be attained by steam power. The
tenders and boilers of the present engines will
be no longer requireel, and the new engines
will be constructed - of about one-fourth the
will be available for the new one?.
beine blue, relieved with gold, these are pre-1
' sented most prominently to the eye, but the effect ;
of the whole, when first beheld, is to bewilder
with a sense of magnificence. i
The columns supporting the galleries through :
the several stories are sixty in number, ot the!
I Corinthian style, which are sustained at the j
j base, on the first story, by piUasters of scaglio-1
! la. Passing to the rear, in one corner of the j
edifice, is a grand spiral staircase, having a j
j diameter of about twenty feet, and terminating j
i in the highest story, beneath a rich dome. ;
Niches at the sides arc to be filled with appro- !
priate pieces of statuary, and decorations in (
plaster. Fresco, gold and carveei wood are j
introduced at the discretion of the artist The ;
cost of this stairway will not be far from $3,000 j
The chambers anel other apartments above ;
are all finished in the same supurb style. The j
fresco-paintings upon the walls generally rep-.;
resent scenes in Italy, though there are many
figures, scrolls, &c, purely fanciful ; other por-1
tions, such as are designed for the picture gal-
lery and library, are classic; the bathing rooms j
are furnished with nymphs and Juvenile angels, j
r.'" ,.c .1.,. n,..T-: r,'r ;r. .1... ,.l ,.,. .
VC one in ine tin lu.iiuo i d iiic.v n'i
religious worship, which occupies a portion of j
the 3d and -1th stories. The apartment is 33 '
;! i Lg brinies ol' d i iii r n 1 r Irs :;in j i j
s. 1 hi tiers a i;l Halter I. ruiii.--; a lure
y hiis: also ilroxi i 's. iiay ::i;l
oo! article: wugnu I rinhs. ( nlhira
aatl llarne.-.s oi the; very o si n ; 1 1 -i'i; 1 ni.n Wnrkiii!;ii
ship Carpet Jag, Trunks. ISuasdo and litar . U.i.s !.r
sii'li'I..' and trunk covers, finite bhu.l.cts, r.;.d a jM-eil
many oilier articles.
Tin y will warrant all wea k to he of -;od v. o! Un.aii
slii and material.
'1 liose wi.'-liin-to jnirt l;ae artiehs in nr l-i.ci.le
request! d lo call and examine lir iieck hcltac pur
chasing el.M In-i e.
Fayeit-ville. Di e. 2, I'm'
1'. Sf We particularly request ail fLc.M' in-d'-hted
to us to co:;a' loruaid and mi le , ;.-v.i are in
need ol'inoncv and must have it.
lim sTox a. ovi:i-:i;v.
AVe have imw on hand
Harness, which took the
Fair, which v.u would .-i 11
December 2, lS.Vt
a superior nil
pi t li.ium al t he
a I r
e ( '.
at i 1:
T -i1 y
N F G B O i: S
The Suh.-crihcr will ofiri
day ol January next, at
count v, TYVFNTY FfVK
at public sale.
A ' rasl oi o'.
on the l (.tli
( 'l.inh. i lard
Uld h l iilj i ll,
UliObS. emisiMiu'j; ot .Men. Women
lloys and Cirls. ail oung anil bkely.
At the same time and place, several Mil
and Wa-rsioiis will he sold: ai.d sewia! .'
lor 12 months.
Terms. Six an.' twelve month-, noies made tiej
bleat either of the Dunks at J-ay.-ttcv:lic.
All per.-ous ind'. Med lo the sul.i-crilx r l y note
count or otherwise are requested to tali and : til
ame l.v da v of sale. lb M- 'it tt-'t
Dec. 2, ls.Vl. 22-:Jt
es. lol so,
The apartment is
by lt feet, finished in the Cothic style, ami is
to be provided with a superb alterpiece to rep
resent the baptism of the redeemer. The re
quisite amount of "dim, religious light," pro
perly colored, enters through a single circular
window of stained glass. There is also a gym
nasium, with suitable apparatus for physical
exercise, and a bowling saloon. The upper
floors being too loftv to receive water from the
public works, a tank is prov.ded, into which
water for the baths, .tc, will be forced by a
pump. The picture gallery is 28 by -4 bet,
and it is said that twenty pictures for ,t are in
course of preparation in Italy, by the best hv-in-r
masters at an avarage cost of $1,000 each.
Some of the apartments are provided with very
costly fire-places. We noticed one of beautiful
Italian marble, which cost $400. The eutire
cost of the building and ground is estimated at
$20,000; the contract for stone is about $30,- j
000; fresco painting $0,000; plastering, from j
$8,000 to $10,000, and the carpenters' contract j
is about $30,000. Such in brief, is the last and j
the greatest of the great "up-town" houses. j
A". 1'. Jour. Com.
All persons indebted to me, cither 1 y rot" or ac
count, are re-ipiested lo tali and settle 1 y U.e I t: t of
January: otherwise they v. ill lu.d their accounts iu an
Oliver s hand-.
W. S. I'OWI.KhS.
December 2, 1S."4 ".m
reccit ing a larj
:e and well
I Has just received and is
selected .Stock of
j ;T GOODS,
CJroeerlcx llanluare nml Cutlet-)',
I White b'jad. Putty, Cooper' Tools, Truss Ilnoj s.
;' Trunks ,V Carpet bags. A line lot of Dress, I- rock and
1 Over Coats, l'ant- und Vests. Abo a heavy Stock of
! lioots and Shoes. Dlankets. Ker-eys. Wool liats. &c.
Those indebted to me will please call and let rr:c
know when it will he convenient for th.-ni to set lie.
A line New Close Carriage, to time jnn chaser,
1 gentle Harness Horse, price $17.").
THUS. J. JOHNHON.
Dec. 2, 22-tf
TllKES ASD PIASJTJ.
I am now receiving a consideral le addition to try
slock of choice articles in the nurserj- line, ami shall
he happy to 1.11 orders.
Dackfnji carefully done.
Catalogues supplied to applicant..
Address C. LUTIKULOll, Nurserymen.
Dec. 2, It
It is said that Mr Dobbin, the Secretary of;
the Navy is well satislietl that the six new j
frisates ordered bv Contrress at its last session, j
Debts due the estate of Judge Strange (on account of
the late sales) will he put in the hands of an cfht ir for
coll-ctioii. unless fettled bv the 1st Jan "v next.
Nov i. 21-tf GEO. McNElLL. Adm'r.
form a nucleus only, for the American Navy asj
it should be. lie will present, in the strongest'
light, the eminent necessity for a very large
increase in this branch of the service, and not
111 ILC wv. ... . .
eight, and at one-sixth or one-eighth the cost, improbably urge the immediate construction 01
he wheels and frames of the present engines at least a dozen additional Steamers of the
first class. Char. Courier.
Ka j et t evllle Bank Check,
Just printed in elegant style, on superior paper, for
sale at this Ofliee.
5 bbls. superior Scuppcrnong Wine for sale bv
S. II. STELL.
Nov. 21, 1831. 21-3t