North Carolina Newspapers

if. ;
Saturday, December 9, 1S54.
The Present's Message.
The Office of Governor.
On Wednesday last Gov. Iteid sent in to the
General Assembly his acceptance of the office
of U. S. Senator, and thereupon a debate
sprang up in the Senate on the resolutions of
Ex-Governor Graham, declaring1 1st, that the
office of Governor had become vacated by Gov.
We are indebted to the Wilmington Daily j Hold's acceptance of the Scnatorship. 2d, that
Journal and Herald for the earliest receipt of j tne 0ffiee of Speaker of the Senate had become
the President's Tnwngc. It came to hand too I vacant by the'snecession of Mr Speaker Wins
late, however, for this week's issue. It shall j iow to tie Gubernatorial chair, and lastly, pro
appear in full next week, meantime we make a ' posinjr to pro into an election for Speaker. The
few notes of its contents. j first resolution was passed. The second also
A lar'se portion of the message is taken up j passed by a vote of 23 to 22, whereupon Mr
with a discussion of our foreign relations. Of j Ashe, of Anson, obtained leave to change his
thi3 we shall attempt no abstract. Proceeding vote from the affirmative to the negative. This
to the consideration of domestic matters, we i produced a, tic the vote being 23 to 23. Mr
learn that the amount of revenue during the J Boyd of Rockingham being in the chair pro tern,
last fiscal year ending June 30th, 1S54, from J jraVe the casting vote' in the negative, and so
all sourt-es was $73,o4H, ;0., and that the ex- Uie resolution was lost. By this vote the Sen
peuditures for the same period, exclusive of j ate have decided that the Speaker of the Sen
payments on account of the public debt, were j ate shall in case of a vacancy in the office of
$5 1, 01 8,24 J. Daring the same period, the j : Governor, " exercise the powers of the Govern
payir.eiitsmade in redemption of the public debt, J or." Mr Window, therefore, is now both
including intercut and premium, amounted to j Speaker of the Senate and the acting Execu
$24,33';,3;0. To the sum total of the receipts I tive of the Senate. After the vote on Mr
of that year is to be added a balance remaining ! Graham's resolutions, Mr Thomas of Hay wood,
in the treasury at the commencement thereof, ! offered a resolution to appoint a Speaker of the
amounting to 21, 942,302; and at the close of j Senate pro. tern., until the 1st of January,
the same year a corresponding balance a mount- j The'Senate adjourned without having taken a
ing to $20. 137,007 of receipts above extendi- vote on the resolution.. It is believed, how
t'.ires :;';.-;o rumiincd in the treasury. It is ever, that it will pass.
thought by the Sec'y of Treasury that the re
ceipts of ( lie current fiscal year are not likely to
efnia! in amount those of the last, vet thev will
undoubtedly exe 1 the expenditures by at least
$K.Mi(j,!)0. The 1 resident has determined,
theivfore. to continue to apply the surplus re
veuue to the reduction of the public debt, so
long as it can be done economically. The
am-onnt of the public debt at the commencement
of thu hi.-a fi :.I year was $07, 340, 628 of which
there lead been paidoa the 20th Nov. 1854, $22,
3!'.f,172, h nvin r a balance of outstanding pub-
8 4 i,'.;75, l.'O. In view of the fact
that the j.
C lVi
.uue so far exceeds the ex-
lif'rf! il fr-i :it." v'tt,"'i llii- f:H'r Viovr: tiivici.iliiur i
The detection
pendituivs, the President reccoimnends a rednc
tio:i of the duties on foreign imports. Tin
See'y of the Treasury has ascertained that at
the four ports of Oswego, Toledo, Sandusky and
Milvvaukie, the treasury had by false entries
dc f
March 3d, 1803, of $198,000
of these frauds was attended
culty by rea.-on of the fact that there is now no
law requiring' (he records of the ofiicts to be
left for the use of successors in office. Conse
quently those records have been claimed as
private property. In view of these difficulties
the President recommends legal enactments to
remedy the evil.
An increase in the Military is recommended
for the protection of our frontier anil of emi-
crants, airainst t !
of the.
e Indians, a in an increase in
i.eers oimeannv. J ;;e rmsinir
of lour new r
A Convention.
Ex-Governor Graham, the Senator from Or
ange, introduced into the Seriate on Friday the
1st inst., "a bill concerning a convention to
amend the constitution of the State," which we
find published in exlenso in the Raleigh Stand
ard. This bill provides for an election by the
people on the first Thursday in August next,
by which flie question of "Convention," or "No
Convention," is to be determined by a majority
of the voters. If a majority are for a conven
tion, then it is made the dutv of the Governor
of the State to issue a writ for the election on
the first Thursday in October, 1855, of dele
gates to the Convention. Each count- will be
entitled to a number of delegates in this con
vention equal to the number of its members in
the House of Commons. The qualified voters
for members of the House of Commons, will be
; entitled to vote for delegates to the Conven
) tion, and persons resident in the State for two
( years preceding the day of election and eligible
; to the House of Commons, will be also eligible
j to a seat in the Convention. The convention
will "have power to consider and propose such
i amendments to the constitution of North Caro
lina as to them shall seem best suited to estab
lish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, and
preserve the blessings of liberty in the present
j condition of the people of the State." It is
I also made the duty of the convention to adopt
j ordinances for submitting such amendments as
j they may propose to the people, and a majority
of votes will determine the question of ra tinea-
iiuun,, una a retired list are! , ... , J 1
iments, two of infantry and two!
"it nmrttiiiin i 1 1 : 1 1 7 1 1 r i . i t 'i . c ri it 1 n r-i n"-f r,t
:"0:!i(H ! bv .-
The President thinks the present size of the
Navy mad.eipjate to the requirements of the)
country.. He endorses the recommendation of j
the See'y of the Navy with regard to the ap
prentice system.
The expenditures of the Post Office Depart
ment for t!ie year ending J uue 30th 1854, were
$8,710,')07. The gross receipts during the same
period were $0,055,580, the expenditures ex- ; dreatnpt of by the whig party until they dis
ceeding the receipts by $1,755,32 L This is less ! covered that Free Suffrage by Legislative cn
than the deiieieney of the year before by $301,- j aetment was likely to prove successful. When
750. Tha increase of the revemm of the Depart- therefore, it became a settled conviction that
mmt for the year ending June 30th 1854, over j this great measure of reform was demandedfby
the preceding, was $07O;3!.t',). From this it is ' the people, our whig friends changed their tune
evident that the revenue of the Post Office somewhat. They began to think that what
Department does not, according to the original j they had contemptuously nicknamed "Reid's
design, equal its expenditures. hobby," was not so very bad after all. And
During the last fiscal vear, 11,070,035 acres i their late candidate for Governor actually went
of the Public lands have been surveyed, and j so far as to claim for himself the merit of being
1'he purpose of its introduction must be ob
vious. The project of a convention was gotten
up some time since by the whig party as a
counter agent to Free Suffrage. They felt that
it would be impossible to thwart that measure
unless it were done through the instrumentality
of some project which promised the same result.
A convention was not thought of, hardly
The tinry Lavs.
The impression has for some time been gain
ing strength among the commercial community
of this country, that all laws made for the pur
pose of restricting the rate of interest on money
loaned, are worse than useless. It is undenia
bly true, that all such laws are evaded by those
who are not scrupulous about their obedience,
to a law which they deem nujust, and this habi
tual evasion of the law, necessarily has . a de
moralizing effect upon all who practice it.
Money is an article of commerce, and as such,
it would seem to us, to be fairly subject to
those laws of trade by which different com
modities fluctuate just in proportion to the sup
ply and demand. The Legislature of onr State,
as well as those of nearly all the other States,
has attempted, however, to fix the value of mon
ey at a uniform rate without the slightest re
gard to those laws. Wherever the attempt
has been made, it has proven a failure. To
illustrate. In New York the legal rate of
interest is 7 per cent, and there are severe
penalties against rsurious contracts. Never
theless we find by Reference to one of the com
mercial papers of the city of New York, that
money was quoted on the 24th Nov. at 15 per
cent. Again, by the law of Maryland 6 per
cent, is lawful interest, and usurious contracts
are void. Nevertheless we find by the Balti-
mojre J3un, tlyxt on first class paper the rate of
interest on the 28th Nov. was 15 to 18 per
cent. In Louisiana the rate of interest is re
stricted to 8 per cent. Yet on the 22d of Nov.,
the rate of interest in New Orleans was from
10 to 15 per cent. These illustrations might
be multiplied but we deem it unnecessary. In
our own State the penalty against usurious con
tracts is quite severe, involving a loss of the
amount loaned upon usur', or if the borrower
chooses, the infliction on the lender of a forfeit
ure equal to douole the amount loaned. No
man, we presume, at all acquainted with af-
lairs, win uouut mat tins law is evaded daily,
and hourly. The fact is that whenever money
is really worth more than the rate of interest
established by law, it will Irins it in some
shape or othc.
Mr Shepherd, one of the members of the
House of Commons from this county, has intro
dnced a bill on this subject, which we find in
the Raleigh Standard of the 2d inst. We copy
it entire as follows :
A IJILL To rcpcil the lth Chap. Iter. Stat.,
entitled "An Act to restrain the taking of exces
sive usury.'
1. Ue it enacted by the General Assembly
of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby
enacted by the authority of the same, That the
Revised Statute, Chap. 117, entitled "An act
for restraining the taking of excessive usury,"
be and the same is hereby repealed.
2. Re it further enacted, That the interest
which it may be lawful to receive upon any
note, bond, bill of exchange or other loan of
money whatsoever or upon a sale of any
goods, chattels, wares and merchandise shall
be six per centum per annum, unless, by a
special contract in writing between the parties,
a higher or lower rate be nxed.
3, Re it .further enacted, That in all suits in
any of the Courts of this State, or before a
justice of the peace, judgment shall be rendered
for the principal money, and the interest due,
according to the rate agreed upon and stipula
ted : Provided however, that such rate shall
and may be reduced to six per centum per an
num upon the special plea of the defendant.
The provisions of this bill down to the latter
clause of the last section seem well calculated
to accomplish a very important and desirable
reform. This last clause does not seem to
have been conceived in exactly the same spirit
of liberality with the foregoing provisions of
the bill We suspect that Mr S. tacked on
this last clause in order to make the bill more
acceptable to a certain class of legislators, who
arc always extremely cautious about innova
tions in the law. We confidently predict how
ever, that if the bill should pass in its present
shape, the very next legislature will annul the
- N. n
ff Lafayette's Warning. In olden times the
8,100,017 brought into market. The number
and the amount re-
a better friend to Free Suffrage than his demo
era tie competitor
of acres sold is
ceived therefor $.),2S5,533. The aggregate ; a foregone conclusion, the question with the
amount of lands sold, located under military i whig party lias been for some time, how they
scrip, and land warrants, selected as swamp : should thwart the Democratic Party in this
lands by States, ami by locating under grants j matter, without incurring the popular odium,
for roads, is upwards of 23,000,000 acres. The j Under these circumstances, it is not at all sur
increase of lauds sold over the previous year is: prising that after the introduction in the Sen
about 0 00;) 000 a;-res. The sales during the j ate of Mr Boyd's bill giving Free Suffrage to
first two quarters of the current year ha ve been
five and a half millions of acres, exceeding by
nearly foar millions of acres the sales of t lie
last provision, and leave money (except in the
Free Suffrage, then, being ! case of Ranks whose charters provide for the
rate of interest they are authorized to take.)
as free as any other article of commerce, free
to go wherever it is most needed, and at what
ever premium the exigencies of trade may fix
coivespoad.n .c quarters of the last year. The
warnini: of t he danuer of makiii
nls of the public lands in aid of
i resnt.Mit .sivci
extra vacant ci'
internal improvements, and recurs with satis
faction to tue action of the last Congress re
fusing to make s-aeh grants, promises to give
ins views on the subject of Internal improve
ment at ieiigtii, in a special message. The mes
sage concludes with a declaration of sentiments
noble and pat riotic in themselves, and eloquent
ly and beautifully expressed. The document
is of moderate length, and we trust that it will
be carefully perused bv all.
S? Wm. K. lb.AKi:, Esq, has been elected
Proussor of Mathematics and Ancient Lan
guages in Greensboro' Female College, in place
of Rev. Turner M. Jones, elected to the Presi
dency of said College to supply the vacancy oc
casioned by the resignation of Rev C F Deems.
Upon Mr Iilake's taking leave of Carolina
Female College, where he formerly held a Pro
fessorship, the young ladies of the Senior Class
presented him with a handsome gold fob chain
and seal, with their names engraved oa the
links, and oa the seal is inscribed the words
"To V. K. lilake, from the Senior Class of C.
F. C. 154." The other classes also made him
handsome presents. This certainly is a gratify
ing evidence of Mr Blake's capability and gen
tlemanly deportment as an instructor. From
our "knowledge of Mr Blake's character, we can
say that Greensboro College has been fortunate
iu securing his services.
' SouciTcii of the 4 Tii Circuit. We stated
last week that Mr Ruffm had been elected Soli
citor for the 4th judicial circuit. This was not
the case at that time. But after several in
effectual ballottings, Mr Rufjiu was elected on
Tuesday last.
the people, a bill introducing a counter project
should be brought forward by the whig leader
in t lie Senate.
We cannot, however, permit ourselves to
doubt of the passage of Free Suffrage through
the present General Assembly. The manoeuvres
of a party now in a minority and sinking in its
fortunes and prospects daily, may momentarily
embarrass the question, but it will be found
that the popular sentiment will act as the
water of a pent upstream. The more obstacles
you throw in its way, the more irresistible will
be the force with which it will ultimately force
its passage.
ITnif rd Slaies Congress.
Washington, Dec. 5. In the Senate to-da'
Mr Bright was elected president, pro tern.
In the House of Representatives the standing
committees were announced and are the same
as at the last session, except in such commit
tees as there were vacancies to be filled.
Mr Phillips offered a resolution instructing
the committee of Ways and Means to bring in
a bid reducing the duty on railroad iron or al
lowing an extended credit on the same.
Mr Jones, of Tennessee, moved to lay the
bill on the table. The motion was lost, and
the resolution was then adopted by a vote of
ayes J7t noes 71.
No other business of importance was trans
acted. 1
upon it.
"The amount of crime committed, it is be
lieved, will compare favorably with that of any
other State." Gov. Reid's Message.
"The Governor's ideas of crime are a little
singular as it seems to us. It ought to be a
matter of felicitation if no crimes at all were
committed within the State: but his Excellency
seems disposed to exult over the abundant har
vest that has blessed his reign." JY. C. Argus.
The Argus clearly puts a wroug construction
on the lansnaire of the Governor a construc
tion notst all warranted by the words themselves.
The Governor does not say there has been
more crime in North Carolina than in other
States. If we take it that there has been less
crime in this than the other States, will not the
truth of his statement be iudicated? will not
the amount of it in North Carolina compare
favorably with, the amount in other States?
We think the Argus hypercritical.
irginia Nominations. The recent Demo
cratic State Convention of Virginia, nominated
for Governor, Hon Henry A Wise. E W Mc
Comas, for Lieut. Governor, and Wfllis P.
Bocock, the present incumbent, for Attorney
General. It will be perceived that our Vir
ginia brethren have not manifested any special
partiality for Know Nothingism, by nominating
Mr Wise, who has lately taken very decided
ground against that secret order. The election
of Mr Wise is confidentlyjredicted:
The Official vote for Governor. The
Committees appointed by the Senate and House
of Commons, met in the Hall of the latter on
Saturday last, and, in the presence of both
branches of the Legislature, compared and
formally announced the vote as follows:
Thomas Bragg, 48,105
Alfred Dockery, 46,644
Mr Bragg's majority. 2,061
The Charlotte & Wilmington R R Company.
lr Steele, of Richmond, we see, has intro
duced in the House of Commons, a bill to in
corporate the "Charlotte and Wilmiiigtou Rail
Road Company." This Bill contemplates a
connection between Wilmington and Charlotte,
via Lumberton, Rockingham, Wadesbjoro', &c.
The capital of the Company is to be $2,400,000;
and when individuals shall have subscribed
$800,000, (one-third,) the State is to endorse
the Bonds of the Company for the remaining two
thirds retaining, as security, a mortgage.npon
all the effects 6f the Coinpanj. WU. lurdJd.
We findf v . be Beanfort Halcyon of the 28th
ult.; the Htwrt of Mpj. Walter Gwynn, on the
Atlantic rtd North Carolina Rail Road. This
road, onr readers will recollect, was chartered
at the lasjcession of the Legislature, and runu-
ing from AlJJdsroro' is to terminate at the most
eligible pout on Beaufort Harbor. We learn
from this Deport that surveys have been made
to severabdiSTerent points on the Harbor, and
the distairces lfom Goldsboro' to- each ascer
tained to i as follows : From G
Gallant'sToint is 99 miles ; to Beanfort 99.6
miles; to Ieiioxville 100 36; to Shepherd's
Point 95.84 miles. The cost of these respec-
tive romteire as follows in the order in which
they are C.eiioned viz : $1,687,890; $1,743,-
690; $1047 and $1,663,118. The line to
Shepherd,! Point is 3.16 miles shorter than the
line to Bcsjofort.nd costs $80,572 less. These
calcnlatiojW are based upon the supposition that
the iroifS'H weigh 60 lbs to the linear yard,
and incla!f warehousts, water stations, rolling
stock of erry description and machine shops at
the termf.' costing $120,000, and are admitt
ed by 57wyn bimself to be very liberal.
Maj.J!ii!:sprts the distances of deep water
from tvuii-Iand , to be as follows : at Shejj
ard's 1- 3200 feet, at the town of Beau
fort fN?' at Gallant's Point 5610 feet.
Iu orif uicentrate the greatest amount of
capital a"Eafeergy upoV'the' foad, he recom
mends the construction of two branch roads viz:
to Shepard's Point and Beanfort, to unite to
gether and form one road. From these, colla
teral branches may be built running to each
desirable poiut oh the harbor and giving all
the different localities the benefit of the road.
If, however, tlie Legislature should not feel
disposed to build all these different branches,
Maj. G, thinks that it would be best to con
struct first the branch to the town of Beaufort.
His reasons for this recommendation are in his
own language as follows : "I recommend this
as the policy best calculated to accomplish the
object in view, or in the language of the Gen
eral Assembly as "the most eligible point in
the harbor" for the reason that while at all
other points, towns and cities exist only in
prospective, there are centered at Beaufort a
population of 1661, engaged chiefly in com
mercial and maritime pursuits, who being pro
vided with dwellings and possessed of wharf
property, would direct the whole of their capi
tal towards extending their business accommo
dations, and placing them on a scale commen
surate with the increase of trade, consequent on
the completion of the railroad. The fact of
there being other localities on the harbor ap
proximating the main channel more nearly, or
that the branch railroad at Beaufort is longer,
and costs more, is not, in my opinion, a suffi
cient argument in favor of constructing the
road, first to those localities, or against making
Beaufort the first depository of the railroad.
For at Beaufort, a& I have before observed,
the outlay has already been made for dwellings,
store houses aud wharf fronts, the only addi-
4-4 ioftijtttlrt y required is for. filling out to the
channel. This would be an inconsiderable en
terprise and a small undertaking for riparian
owners, possessed of dwellings, store houses
and town lots, compared to that which would
be required to induce one to break up his do
micil and encounter in the outset some of the
hardships and inconveniences of the immigrant,
aud the expenditures for a dwelling for his
family1, and the necessary buildings and wharf-
ins for the transaction of business."
The Navy Departmf.nt. No man has ever
held high office in this country with a more
complete exemption from the spirit of popularity-hunting,
than the present Secretary of the
Navy, Mr Dobbin. Personally he has the de
meanor of an unobtrusive gentleman. In his
official conduct he has maintained the same de
meanor. He is neither good-tempered nor bad
tempered; he has neither favoritisms nor hostilities.-
i He is simply a faithful public officer,
devoted to his duties, and who knows but one
rule, Justice to all. By adhering inflexibly to
this, he has made a great and very necessary
reform in the personnel of the Navy.
But Mr Dobbin has also shown that this
severe sense of duty was no offspring of a nar
row mind. He has infused system and efficien
cy into his whole Department, and it is scarcely
extravagant to say that his administration has
been the best which the Navy has ever enjoyed,
and will leave fruits behind it that will make it
memorable in the history of our military marine.
Charleston Mercury.
An old woman was run over in Threadncedle
street, London, and had a leg broken. The
accident happened just in front of a bank, and
a large crowd was soon collected. A person
passing inquired what was the matter. A wag
in the crowd replied that they were making a
run on the bank. This was soon reported, and
XlfrQCaSftJ rushed in to have their notes redeem
edTKiin twenty-four hoars the institution was
obliged to close its doors. , ?
It will not do now to have a leg broken, v or
excitement of any description created in front
of-a bank ; if there is, destruction stares it in
the-face. This the banks understand, as the
maruer in which the "soap man with the stee
ple hat" was treated indicates.
The other day while the Central Bank at
Cleveland was under dnress, the soap man with
the steeple hat planted his stand in front of one
orthe State bauks and began to cry his wares
as usual. A tall director came out of the bank
and quietly called a policeman and requested
him to remove the soap man, as a crowd at
that place might be mistaken for a run on their
peculiar institutions. It was done. Ohio Pa
per : Sale of Bank Stocks. The Newbern News
states that on Tuesday, 14th ult. at a public
sale of stocks. Bank of the State sold for $148
and $149 25; and Merchants' Bauk for
$U5 50.
ladies used to wear a bead-dress of very unsight
ly shape, which they called a "top-knot." The
fashion ran iuto great extravagances, and at
length attracted the attention of the pulpit.
It is related that, on one occasion, a celebrated
preacher denounced these top-knots as prohibit
ed by Scripture, and quoted from one of the
Apostles the command "lop nt, come dovrn?'
He frightened some of the ladies most prodig
iously ; but some of the more curious, referring
to their Bibles, were eased in their consciences
by finding that the whole of the text read, "Let
him who is upon the house-cy not come doicn."
The know-nothings can beat this preacher in
quoting to suit their purpose. They continue
to quote Lafayette as having once declared that
"if ever the liberties of this country are de
stroyed, it will be by Roamish priests." We have
heretofore published the whole of the letter
from Lafayette in which this expression occurs,
yet we see it again used by the know-nothing
organ at Memphis. We therefore remind those
curious in garbled extracts that Lafayette, re
plying to a Protestant, and in substance, "yvr
opinion that if ever the liberties of this country
are destroyed, it will be by Romish priests, is a
This garbling beats that of the preacher.
Can a cause which finds it necessary to resort
to such frauds be worthy of support? JVasArillc
Vegetable Serpent.- According to some
Italian jo'urnals, a new organized being has
been discovered in the interior of Africa, which
seems to form an immediate link between veg
etable and animal life. This singular produc
tion has the -nhaSe of a spotted serpent. It
drags itself along the ground, instead of a head,
has a flower shaped like a bell, which contains
a viscious liquid. Flies and other insects, at
tracted by the smell of the juice, enter into the
flower, and they are caught by the adhesive
matter. The flower then closes and remains
shut till all the prisoners are bruised and trans
formed into chyle. The indigestible serpent
has a skin resembling leaves, white and soft
flesh, and instead of a bony skeleton, a cartila
ginous frame filled with 3'ellovv matter. The
natives consider it delicious food. Ex. Paper.
On Tuesday morning tlie 5th inst., at the resinVnce
of Mr Jarai-9 Vinson, in Johnson county. Col. T. Wad
dill of this place, to Mrs Marsaline Whitley.
In this county, on the 30th ult., Mr Win. W. Johnson
to Miss Mary Wilson. Also, Mr James Night to Miss
Lizr.a Johnson. Also, Mr James Sander ford to Mis
Martha T. Spence.
At SuinnK-riield. Ala., on the 22d ult.. Rev. bishop
Andrew, of the M. E. Church, South, to Mrs Ch'lders.
At Swift Island. Montgomery county, on the 1-lth
ult., Mr William MeRae to Miss Olina Augusta, only
daui-htT of Jas. II. Ueid, formerly of York city.
In Moure county, on the :'.oth ult., Mr William Mc
Neill, of Chatham, to Miss Mahala. daughter of John
Sheppard, Esq.
In New Hanover county, on the 5th inst.. Mr David
E. Bunting to Miss Lucv A. Wiikings.
The following persons have been examined ae Teach
ers in the Common Schools of this county, and have
received certificates :
Examined in August and September.
Mi M L. Cameron, S A Baldwin, John C Lallentine,
Daniel 1 McLean.
Examined November 21lh, 28th and 29A.
John Shaw, James Chason, James Smith, Neill Ifc
Leod, Malcom Smith, Christopher A Cameron, Vison
Ivey. A McK Cameron. Archibald Clark, Allen A
Wade, Miss S J McLauchlin, John A McDonald, Benja
min Harrington, Neill McLeau, D T Averitt, Archi
bald S McLauchlin, Wm L Evans, John A G His, Joel
G Layton, John K Shaw, Peter Patterson, Archibald
Smith. Archibald McFadyen, Gilbert Caruiichael,
Alexander Kay, Archibald Kay, Mrs A A Weathers.
Miss A McCrumiuen. John W King, John L Johnson,
John A Fet rill. O P Dupree, Neill A Clark. D G McKae
from Richmond county.
The Committee are gratified to observe a great im
provement in the Scholarship of those wLo fre now
coming forward as Teachers in the Common Schools.
Testimonials of good character are required iu all
Dec. 1, 1W4. It
The Subscriber offers for sale hi Plantation on
Little Pee Dee. lying in the Couuty of Robeson, N. .'.,
aud Marion District. S. C, containing 1,00(1 Acres;
125 of which are cleared and iu a high state of cultiva
tion embracing boili light and still soils. These Lands
are heavily timbered with Pine and Oak, and admira
bly located for the Lumber, Timltr and Turpentine
business. There is upon the premises a comfortable
Co'tage and all necessary out-buildings, also a Saw
and Grist Mill, all new and located upon a perma
n nt stream, and operating upon the latest and most ap
proved plans. Persons wishing to buy will please call
soon as such a bargain is seldom presented.
Apply to tb fcutci-ilcr poi-KOiially, nfjr Qneens
dale P. O., Kobesorf, or to V. McL. McKar, Fayi tte
ville. Mho can give auy information pertaining to the
Terms will be unusually favorable.
Dec. 9, 1854. 23-3t
Will be sold to the highest bidder, on Saturday the
30th of December, at Floral College, the negroes be
longing to the late Salbe McEachln. in the following
order, viz: PEGGIE and three children, CHAT,
JACK. LOTTIE and LIZA. A credit of month
will be given to purchasers. HEIRS AT LAW.
Dec. 9. 1854. 23 4 1
At Alfordsville, Robeson county, on the 20th ult.,
Barbara Cade, 75 years of age, and for inanj' years a
worthy member of the Presbyterian Chiircl .
At his residence in Raleigh, on the 5th inst., of
Scarlet Fever, Jeremiah Nixon, Esq., aged about 4!)
Iu Wake county, of paralytic stroke. Mrs Dieey,
wife of John Nichols, Esq.. in the 63d year of her age.
She survived only six hours.
Persons indebted to the subscribers by account
must positively pay up. Longer indulgence cannot
be given.
Dec. 9th, 1S54.
By an order granted at the September Term of the
Court of Pleas and (Quarter Sessions, held iu and for
the county of Cumberland, I will sell, on the first
Monday of January, 1855, at 1 o'clock, p. m., the
NEGROES Ephraim, Anderson, and Ben, belonging
to the minor heirs of Jno. G ask ins, for a division, a
part of said heirs having become of full age are now
desirous of receiving their respective shares of the
estates belonging to them, now under the control and
management of their guardian. Alexander D. McLean.
Said heirs could not ascertain their respective shares
without the sale of said negroes.
The said negroes will be sold at my store, 4 miles
above Col. Arch'd McNeill's Ferry, on the north side
of Cape Fear River, and one mile from Miss Mary Mc
Lean's Ferry. Anderson and Ben are number one tur
pentiue hands; Ephraim is a number one turpentine
barrel cooper.
Any information concerning said negroes can be ob
tained by calling on Col. N. King and John Green.
Terms of sale, six months credit, notes and approved
security Notes to be made payable to Gen. A. D.
McLean, guardian.
Dec. 9, 1854 23-4t
Observer and Argus copy 4t.
From the subscriber about fi or 8 weeks ago, 2 BLACK
MULES, thin of flesh, and marked with harness. $5
reward will be givea for their recovery.
Dec. 9, 1854. tf
It being my desire to remove to the West, I will sell
my tract of Laud containing Four Hundred Acres, in
two divisions, about one mile apart, on the west side
of Hog Swamp, adjoining the lands of Messrs J. W.
Powell and Alex. Fulmore, and from live to six miles
from Pope's" Landing on Lumber River. The Land is
well timbered and tine for cultivation. Some of the
land on the Bay will produce fifty bushels of corn to
the acre. Those wishing to purchase will please call
ou the subscriber at his residence.
Dec 9th. 1854 23-3t
Sartlien Ware.
I have now iu Store (received within two weeks
past) the LARGEST STOCK of
ever offered in this Market, comprising a gen
eral assortment of
Dinner, Ten, and Toilet Ware.
These Goods ire re imported to viy own order,
EXiRf-sai.y to sriT the Favetteville Wholksai.e
I have as usual, a good supply of
C 11 1 N A and G L A S S WA 11 E .
JKaT" Okdeks will be carefully filled at the
lowest prices.
Dec. 9, 1S54. 23-tf
Corrected weekly for the North Carolinian.
December 9, 1854.
10 (m il
25 00
12 0 13
13i 00
00 (m 00
74 00
18 00
14 (S 00
10 (hy 12
18 00
40 (d, 50
20 (r, 00
30 (a) 35
74 8
9J 10
8 00 0 00
7 75 .(or) 0 00
7 50 (,y 0 00
45 fj 47
1 00 1 10
The subscriber will offer for sale to the highest
bidder ou the 20th inst., one Tract of LAND contain
ing 242 acres on the Haft Swamp, in Robeson county,
joining the Lands of William McMillan. Samuel Smith
and Arcn'd GfMth. Said Eand is well adapted to the
cultivation of Corn and Cotton. There is one crop of
Turpeutiue Boxes which was tended one year. There
is an abundance of I mi limber ou tue Land. lerms
one-half to be paid at six months, the other half at
twelve months with interest from date, purchaser giv
ing note with approved security.
Dec. 9, 1854. 23-2t-pd.
Dee. 2. Str Fanny, with passengers, aud goods for
mercnants of this place and the interior.
sc. . Strs Mora McDonald and Gov oranam.
wtffi ooats Gen1 Mcliae and Alamance, witn gooas ior
bants of thin nl 3&ea and the interior.
ee 4. Str Fairy, with Lighter Red Fox. with
ior merchants or this place ana me mwnui.
'"V" SALT on oanignmeut, by .
4Slobr 9th. ' AUtr. W. STEEL.
6 CASKS Brvas' London Porter, quarts, and pints.
just received, aud lor sale by the cask or dozen, by
Dec. 6. 1854. 23-4t
The undersigned having obtained Letters of Admin
istration ou the estate of Miss Flora Rolin at Decemlwr
Term, 1854, of Cumberland Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, hereby notifies all persons having claims
against the estate ot his intestate, to present them duly
authenticated within the time prescribed by law, or
this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recoverv
And those indebted to said estate are requested to
make immediate parmeut.
December 9th, 1854 tf
By virtue of a decree of the County Court of Cum
berland, at December Term 1854, the undersigned as
Administrator of Alexander McLeod, will proceed to
sell on the premises. 950 ACRES OF LAND more or
less, situated iu Cumberland County, on the north side
of Cape Fear River, adjoining the land of John A.
Cutts, John Matthews and others. The above lands
are valuable for turpentine, and abound in excellent
timler. and are within six or seven miles of the Cape
Fear River. The sale will be on the 13th day of Janu
ary, 1855, and on a credit of six months, purchasers
civinsr bond and approved security.
b J. Wj McLEOD, Adm'r.
9th, 1854- i-pd
90 1 00
1 25 Cm 0 00
1 25
2 00 0 00
CO 0(j
5i ,
Ci ($,
BACON, per lb.
BEESWAX, per lb.
COFFEE, per lb
St. Domingo,
COTTON, per lb.
Gunny, Dundee,
COTTON YARN, per lb, Kos. 5 to 10, 18
CANDLES, per lb W
Fayetteville mould,
Brown Sheetings,
FLOUR, per barrel
FEATHERS, per lb.
FLAXSEED, per bushel,
GRAIN, per bushel
Corn, Wh'-at,
HIDES, per lb
Dry, Green,
LARD, per lb.
LEAD, per lb.
TOHABOO, manufactured, per lb.
Liverpool, per sack,
Alum, per bushel.
MOLASSES, per gallon,
Cuba, (new crop)
New Orleans,
SUGAR, per lb.
Loaf and crushed,
St Croix, PortoRico, & NOrleans, 7 .
IRON, per lb
Sweedes, common bar,
Do. wide,
SPIRITS, per gallon
Peach Brandy,
Apple do.
N. C. Whiskey,
Rye do.
Northern do.
NAILS, cut. per keg.
LEATHER, sole, p. r lb.
FODDER, per hundred,
IT AY, N. C.
WOOL, per lb.
TALLOW, perlb.
BEEF, on the hoof, per lb.
BEEF, by the quarter or side, per lb.
PORK, per lb.
MUTTON, per lb.
EGGS, per (07.0 n,
BUTTER, per lb.
POTATOES. Sweet, pr-r bnshf 1,
Do. Irish, per bbl.
REMARKS. The receipts of produce are larger,
but owing to the scarcity of money the market for all
kinds is depress.ed.
Some sales of Bacon have been made at 10 cts for
prime N. C. Corn remains about the same SO and C5
cts per bushel from wagons. Receipts of Cotton large
mostly going into store rales of best ranging from
7 and 7i tendency to decline. The quotations of
Flour are not easily obtained, and some eales under
$8 for super.
Spirits Turpentine still continues to decline sales
could not be made at over 40 cts per gallon. Caw
$2 25 to $2 75 per barrel.
Ti RPEXTixE 102 bbls. were sold at $3,50 per bbl
for Y'el low Dipping, $2.80 per bbl for Virgin and $2
per bbl for Hard, and 170 bbls at $3,30 to $3 40
per bbl for Yellow Dip, and $1.75 for Hard. '
Spikits Turpentine. 100 bbls changed hands at
44 cents per gallon.
Rosin. No sales of cither quality that we hear of.
Tak. 16 bbls. were sold at $2,37 "j cts per bbl.
Timber. 1 Raft sold at $fi,50 per M. feet.
Salt. 1,000 bushels Turks Island Salt sold at 50
cents per bushel.
ogx. 900 bushels sold from store at (Mr cts iter
ftushcl. Cotit-
1 00
5 75
J 25
51 O
fi', 0 00
(a 6 00
0 00
1 00

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