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0 / 75
rx.Al... j.t-.A -
c o n
FayteTre andntrc Flank R
. ytfi Yates :
AVill tills improvement benefit
This qnestiou has been pro-;
pounded manv times in regard 10 me venire
I'lank Koa, "unl the answer has often been in
the negative. I for one, sir, have heretofore
considered this a work ot minor importance
comparatively, but having occasion to visit
within a few days past the fection through
which it runs, and having conversed with
several gentlemen and some of the best of
farmers in regard to it, my mind has undergone
a great change. It is unquestionably a work
of almost vital importance to Fayetteville.
The farmers arc anxious to make our Town
their market, and for the best of reasons, which
Ihey expressed unhesitatingly to me, viz: because
our's is the best market and a North Carolina
Town. I admire the State pride that burns in
the bosoms of the farmers of the counties bene
fitted bv this work, and look forward with
encouragement to the day when we will eniov j
the whole trade of that section.
Ear the Carolinian.
Mr 32ditp.: I notice that in the Report
lately made by Mr Gwyun, the Engineer of
the Goldsboro' fc Beaufort Railroad, he is em
barrassed with the old question of the "Eastern
Terminus, a question which has already been
a good deal discussed, and which I fear has
originated a great deal. of unpleasant feeling.
Those interested in each different point on
Beaufort Harbor claiming consideration as the
terminus of the projected railroad, are of course
anxious to have their particular site selected.
But this will hardly be done. The Legislature
might feel authorized to aid largely in the con
struction of a trunk railroad to Beaufort Ilar
bor.'but they would scarcely be willing to build
a branch road to every point on the Harbor
which the owner might fancy the most eligible
i's the site of a future city. And wherever the
proposed road may terminate, one thing is in
my judgment pretty certain under present cir
cumstances, viz: that the great and immediate
benefit will accrue to individuals those per
f ons who happen to own property in that vici
nity. I do not object to this 7?" rtial distribution
of benefit, provided it is the best thf.t can be
done under the circumstances. But since the
Htote is to bear the great burden and expense
of the building of the road, is there no plan by
which this expense can be fairly diminished ?
To speak plainly, would there be any impropri
ety in the State's becoming interested in some
one of the points on the Harbor and making
thai the. terminus of the projected road. Sup
pose for instance that the Gov. of the State
were authorized to fix upon any point in his
iudirment suitable and proper, whenever the
riparian proprietor should convey to the State
a specified number of acres adjacent to the
water; or lie might be authorized to give the
terminus to the locality offering the best bid in
real estate. The building of the road would of
course enhance the value of the land enormous
ly, and if my suggestions were adopted, the pro
ceeds from the sales of town lots might be
either appropriated to paying off the State
debt contracted for the building of the road, or
else it might go into the Literary Fund to help
to support our Common Schools. But I hear
an objection from some one, that this would
be a speculating project, and that the State
ought never to condescend to anything of the
Join. Snpjio.se, however, the Legistatnre have
improper to secure a conveyance of land tothc
State to reimburse her in part for the necessary
expenditure in building this road ? If this be
objectionable as a speculating project, would
not the same objection apply to the draining of
Swamp Lauds, which the Literary Board is
now by law authorized to do, and arc doing ?
In both cases the State would make the invest
ment to develope t bo resources of the State.
In both cases the State would be partly reim
bursed for t lie expenditure by a sale of the
property, and I believe that in both cases the
public goad would be subserved.
I make these 'suggestions crudely and with
out much consideration. Perhaps they may be
found to contain the germ of something useful
to the State. If so I shall be abundantly
gratified and rewarded.
.11 r StUN-,' Resolutions.
We publish below the Resolutions on Slavery,
introduced into the House of Commons of this
State a few days since, by Mr Settle, of Rock
1. Resolved, That the Act passed at the last
session of Congress, providing territorial gov
ernments for Nebraska and Kansas, embraces
t ue true principle in relation to the power of
the Federal Government, on the subject of
slavery in the Territories.
2. Ixesolrcd, That the principle asserted in
said Act, on the question of slavery, is a sub
ject of vital importance, upon which all South
ern men ought to unite.
3. Resolved, That the attempt on the part of
some of the States of the North, to interfere
with slavery in the South, is a flagrant viola
tion of the Constitution of the United States,
and fraught with incalculable mischief to the
people of this State.
4. Resolved, That the preservation of the
rights of this State, in the. peaceful enjoyment
of the domestic institution of slavery, is a para
5. Resolved, That much praise is due to the
patriotic men who have boldly maintained the
compromises of the Constitution in the midst of
the infuriated fanaticism of the North.
G. Resolved, That this State is detprm inpl
to resist any further encroachments upon her
t. Resolved, That in the event the Federal
Government repeal or impair the efficiency of
the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Law, or
refuse to enforce its execution in good faith,
that it will amount to a virtual dissolution of
the Union; and that it will become the duty of
this Mate to take such measures as may be re
quired for her safety and security.
S. Jlcsidred, That if either of the contingen
cies contemplated in the foregoing resolution,
should arise during the recess of the General
Assembly, that the Governor be requested to
convene that body, to the end that the rights
of the State may be maintained.
9. Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions
be transmitted by the Executive to each of the
Senators and Representatives in Congress from
this State, to be laid before their respective
Houses; and also a copy to the Governors of
the respective States of the Union.
These Resolutions are explicit, brief, practi
cal. Less could not have well been said more
would have been useless They go at once to
the great points involved in this vital question;
and the fanatics of the free States and those
States themselves are told in solemn and em
phatic terms, that North Carolina will resist
any farther encroachments on her Constitution
al rights, let the consequences be what they
may. Sla nda rd.
rit.MCATioss. I T T
I m I
v m - i h
1 M IB
I till Seihte, a rel
On Tjliurslay thl 14th
salutionfrequfcing sl railrf
l. Sj.- x-U.1 . . r-i
niaKe reports ioiue vx
adopted. Mr Gilmer addressed the Senate in
favor of Mr Graham's bill calling a Conver
tion to amend the Constitution of the State.
In the House, Mr Norment, among others,
presented a memorial on the subject of a prohibi
tory liquor law. Div-s resowjDf Justices
of the Peace were receiveci-MH. Ileaden
introduced a bill to tax Billiard Tables $500
instead of $100. A bill to incorporate the
Cape Fear and Waccamaw canal lumber com
pany passed 2d reading.
On the 15th, Nathan Winslow, senator from
Fasouotank ana I'erqnimons, appeared, was
qualified and took his seat. Rather late.
John G. Bynum was elected a Trustee of the
TTniversitv. Messrs. Hoke -and Thomas ad-
the Senate in opposition to the bill
calling a Convention. Mr Fisher introduced
bill concerning the salaries of certain officers,
which was referred to the committee on Propo
sitions and Grievances. It fixes the salary of
the Governor at $3,000 per annum, that of the
Treasurer at $2,000, of the Comptroller at
$1,5Q0, of the Judges of the Superior Courts
at $2,000 - ' '
In the House, the Committee on Education
reported unfavorably on the bill to distribute
the School Fund according to white population
The same committee reported favorably on a
resolution to loan money to the Laurinburgh
Academy. A bill to incorporate the Bank of
Pittsboro' was introduced. Mr Lancaster in
troduced a bill to exempt females from appear
ing in Courts as witnesses providing for taking
their depositions before magistrates. Mr 51c
Pufiic introduced a bill to regulate the Regis
tration fees in Cumberland count'.
On Saturday, the 16th, the Senate transact
ed no business of special importance. Air
Hanghton spoke in favor of substituting Mr
Graham's Convention bill for the Free Suffrage
bill now before the Senate.
In the House, the committee on constitution
al reform reported on the bill to elect the
Judges by the people for a term of years, with
some amendments, which was laid on the table
and ordered to be printed. The bill proposes
ten years for Judges of the Supreme court and
8 vears for Superior court Judges. A resolu
tion was offered directing the Judiciary commit
tee to report a bill that 110 person convicted of
murder shall inherit the property of the person
murdered. An ineffectual ballot took place for
three Trustees of the University W W Holdcu
and Thos I Faison being added to the previous
nominations. The use of the Hall was granted
to Gov. Swain on Monday evening to address
the General Assembly on the history of the
University of North Carolina.
On Monday, Dec. 18th, in the Senate, on
motion of Mr Fennel the bill to incorporate the
Bank of Wilmington was withdrawn. On mo
tion of Mr Graham a resolution wis adopted
into the expediency of dividing the State into
eight judicial circuits. Mr Thomas introduced
a bill to require railroad companies to fence
their tracks. A bill to emancipate John Good
passed Sd reading, also to emancipate Jerry.
In the House, Mr Patterson introduced a bill
to incorporate the Atlantic, Ohio aud Tennes
see railroad. A resolution from the Senate au
thorizing the Public Treasurer to pay over to
the treasurer of the N. C. Railroad the balance
of the State's subscription to that work, passed
its 2d reading. A bill providing for giving
widows one-half of the estate in case of the hus
band dying without making a will and without
having issue, passed its 2d reading. The House
branch of the committee on judicial circuits
consists of Messrs Shepherd, Baxter, Jordan,
Leach of Davidson, and Waugh.
Raleigh, Dec. 20, 1854.
In the Senate, yesterday, (Tuesday) Mr
Fisher spoke in opposition to the Convention
bill, and Mr Thomas, of Davidson, replied.
In the House, Mr Shepherd introduced bills
regulating the laws of descent and concerning
ejectments. A resolution was passed authoriz
ing the public Treasurer to raise by loan or
otherwise $100,000. The invitation to visit
Wilmington was accepted.
To-day (Wednesday) the committee on Banks
made a favorable report on the bill incorporat
ing the "People's Bank." Mr McDuffie intro
duced a bill providing for the election of a
Chairman or Judge of the County Court by the
people. An excellent idea we think. A bill
to incorporate the Whiteville Plank Road Com
panj was introduced by Mr Jones. Mr Nor
ment reported a bill concerning the destruction
of sheep by dogs.
The Councillors of State were elected to day,
viz : M. T. Hawkins, O. R. Kenan, Owen
Holmes, Sand. L. Love, Benj. Trollinger, L.
Stowe, Wm. Badham.
In the Senate, Mr Graham made another
speech in favor of his Convention movement, and
was replied to by Mr Brogden. After which the
bill proposing to call a Convention wras reject
ed, and the Free Suffrage Bill was passed.
Distress among the Laboring Classes. We
hear on all sides, complaints on account of the
lack of employment for laboring people. Em
ployers are compelled to dismiss them; and
they who upon the even high wages, found it
diflicult to support themselves and their fami
lies under the present high price of provisions,
are turned loose upon society without any means
of support whatever. Unquestionably the gen
eral distress among he poor is real; and the
general aud wide spreading complaints we hear,
are well founded. We cannot blame the em
ployers. Under existing circumstances, it was
perhaps, not so much of prudence, as it was
absolute necessity, to discontinue their opera
tions. If they could not pay, it would have
doue their workmen no good to continue on.
The calamity, for such it certainly, is seems to
have been inevitable. 2V. Y. Express.
A good joke. Perhaps the best joke of the
season is the fact that after the election in
Lynn, Massachusetts, it was discovered that
one of the newly-elected aldermen, chosen by
the know-nothings, was an Irishman, and had
lately changed his name from Connelly!
us, plankroad?, &cf
I 1 A 1,1 Jt
T - - "
- . . -
oVernorv M 1 ..
11 J xx
o ttfb Edi
appears Jo be
: . 1 v '
the Speaker o
The statements made, from tfcl
State, may be implicitly relied
listory of the
To the Editors of the Standard
Gentlemen : The following
connection with the Speaker of the Senate e
ercising the powers of Governor, may not bje
uninteresting at this time. It'may have a ten
dency to reconcile those who seem to be afraid,
less the present Legislature are setting a dan
gerous precedent in the action they lately had
on the retirement of Gov. Kcid, and Mr Speaker
Winslow's assuming the duties of Governor nnil
Uov. 15ragg snail quality. ?
As a matter of history it may do som& good
to make it public lor that purpose it, is "at
In 1781, September 13th, Gov. Burke was
captured aud taken prisoner to South Caroliua;
subsequently he escaped, and arrived in Salem
on the 30th of Jaunary, 1782, with the hope 01
there meeting the General Assembly of the
State. During the captivity, Alexander Martin,
then Speaker of the Senate, exercised the
Governor. Uwing to the peculiar
situation of the country, the Legislatare did 1
11 -w .t 101 a ri..
not assemble. On the 12th of Apnf, uov.
Burke wrote to Gen. Green lnformingtiQ ot
the nwtftiarlv anrlasantsitRation 4nX he.
was placed. He said to him that he fiadtaTTy '
determined to leave the administration of the
Government in the hands of the Speaker of the
Senate, and retire to some distant country
indeed, if he could pass the enemy's line, he did
not know but that he would surrender himself
asrain a prisoner.
On communicating his intention to Mr Speak
er Martin, the SpeaVer replied, that he only ad
ministered the Government by virtue ot his
office as Speaker, and that his term would soon
expire, and if Gov. Burke resigned, there would
be no executive left.
In this state of affairs, Gov. Burke continued
to administer the government from the 12th of
April, (the time he wrote to Gen. Green,)
until the Legislature assembled, and Martin
was elected Governor.
Again in 1799, the latter part of the month
of September, Gov. Davie accepted the appoint
ment of Minister to France. Mr Benjamin
Smith, the then Speaker of the Senate, exer
cised the powers of the Governor until the next
election, lie signed public documents as Speak
er of the Senate, &c. At the meeting of the
General Assembly, Mr Benjamiu Williams
was elected Governor. Mr Smith was not a
member of the Legislature when the election of
Mr Williams took plack being the acting
Governor by virtue of his office of Speaker of
the preceding session.
A case still more in point occurred in 1805
The General Assembly met on the 18th Novem
ber. Alexander Martin was elected Speaker
of the Senate. On the 23d of November, Gov
Turner, the incumbent of the Gubernatorial
chair, was elected Senator in Congress. On
the 25th, Nathaniel Alexander, of Mecklenburg
County, was elected Governor; not being pre
sent, a messenger was dispatched to inform him
thereof. It seems that Mr Alexander reached
Raleiirh about the 18th of December following
for on the 19th the Speaker of the Senate
laid before the House the following lettef
To the Hon. Alexander JMarlin, Speaker of
the Senate: ,
Wk-.ms-VWVl m u m .i.j mm tlWJwt ..'pi . i
Executive duties of my office, and AAie Con
stitution having in this case provided that those
duties shall devolve upon you, it is therefore mv
request that you perform them.
Dec. IS. 1805.
In looking over the Journals of the Senate
of that time, we find the following :
19th IJee., Thursday afternoon. The House
met according to adjournment ; the Hon. Alex
ander Martin being engaged in the discharge of
duties incident to the Executive department,
the Hon. Joseph Riddick was appointed Speak
er pro tern.
Friday Dec. 20. The House' met Mr
Speaker Martin in the chair.
Saturday, Dec. 21. The House met Mr
Speaker Martin adjourning the House sinedic,&c.
Mr Martin continuing to exercise the powers
of Governor until the recovery of Mr Alexander.
The American Arctic Expedition. We
copy the following from the Baltimore American:
"Serious fears are entertained for the safety
of the Grinnell expedition under Dr. Kane.
When last heard from, Dr. Kane was at Uper-
navik, which is within the Arctic circle, and in
deg. north; he then was on
his way to Cape Alexander, which is in latitude
about 77 deg. north, longitude about 75 deg.
west, and intended to proceed thence as far to
the north as the ice would permit, and then
make his way by land toward the long and anxiously-sought
geographical pole of onr earth."
We perceive by the New York papers that
the chamber of commerce of that city have
adopted resolutions recommending to Congress
that an expedition be sent in search of Dr.
The Baby Show. The last scene in the Ba
by Show line came off at the Georgia Fair in
Augusta, on Friday. Much anxiety was mani
fested by the crowd to see the forluTate little
ones. The Constitutionalist understands that
there were some seven entries, aud that more
premiums would have been awarded had the con
ditions of the Society been complied with re
quiring them to be dressed in homespun. Pre
miums were awarded to three in the following
1st. The daughter of Mrs Jackson Turpin,
aged 2 years, a silver pitcher worth $50.
2d. A fine-looking boy of Mrs. G. McLaugh
lin, 18 months old, a silver pitcher worth $25.
3d. A fat, ruddy and handsome boy of Mrs
D. B. Plumb, 10 months old, a silver goblet
worth $10. fa
JK- The whig papers refer to Mr Hoke's
declaration that there would be no danger of a
charge of the basis of representation byan un
limited Convention: and Mr Orhom Qtnted
lL - A I t 1 -.
max ue apprenenaea no
to the basis
irora sucn a convention. W it rw not
Mr Graham provide in his bill that the Con
vention he proposes shall not touch the basis?
If there is no wish in the West to change it,
why not calm the apprehensions of Eastern men
by so amending the bill as to limit the Conven
tion in this respect? Mr Cherry might vote
for the bill with this amendment, but could Mr
Gilmer? "There's the rub." Standard.
Mount Yernox. Mr John H. Washington
declines the request of an association of ladies
of Richmond and Manchester, to sell Mount
Vernon, and enable them to secure to Virginia
the "Home aiad Tomb of Washington." He
says he is entirely unwilling that it should pass
from his possession except to the State of Vir
ginia or the United States.
pean War. J
The New,yiirk 'uner,
eral Webb) TtluMp nome
n the 1lcihl!, pre
nts his viewf of ttie war,
and sef s fonth the
Rritish loss atf Inkf rmann
eater uau tlijrt of
Wntprloo. considering: the
The British race, he says, again demonstrated
its nredominance, but never aiu ivussinn 1 roups
No assault can be made without
;Bnt. reinforcemeuts. the rear ot the allies ue-
o , 1 lm.n. i;..no Tin
ino- too much exposed on their
furth'cr says :
"The battle demonstrated the invincibility of
the allied army fighting side by side after cen
turies of hostility ; and although thus far the
English army, with less than half the strength
of the French, has been compelled to do nearly
all the fighting, incurred the greatest exposure,
aud won nearly all the glory of the campaign,
there can be no reasonable doubt that in an
emergency the French will nobly and gallantly
do their duty. The English public are getting
somewhat restive under the operation of the
present alliance with France, and it admits of
I - m 1 1 . 1 a 1
no doubt but tnat alliance is aestinea to ue 01
much shorter duration than the press affect to
"John Ball is made to stand the brunt of the
fight, and to receive all the hard blows, while
France claims equal honor and credit from bat-
iu uv nc uici. nunc nci oiii u wuituv
- x, e e t.-
exposing to the fire of the enemy a few of her
rican guerillas. The English press teel with
e pefepiem tins subject, ,but they auto ieeii
... . . . 1 1
at in the present position of European" aH3r
every sacrifice of feeling must be tamely sub
mitted to, rather than incur the risk ot a brush
with France. Should the death of Louis Na-
uolean, or the wily diplomacy of Russia, suc
ceed in breaking up that alliance, the position
of England would be tearful m the extreme;
and then all classes in that country would fee
the wisdom of those among her statesmen who
now openly proclaim that the most necessary as
well as the most natural policy 01 Lnglanu is to
build up the closest possible alliance with the
Bunker Hiii Truly American.
The election vestcrday in Charlestown was a
contest between the citizens with an open no
mination, and the know nothings; and the for
mer carried every ward. Timothy T. Sawyer
was elected mayor by 3C1 majority; and the
citizeus's board of aldermen. This ticket also
for common conncilmen and other officers was
carried, with few exceptions, in every ward.
A la rre collection waited upon the mayor
elect; and he was congratulated in the name ot
the citizens, by 11. C. llutchins, Lsq., in a hap
py manner, who stated that men of all parties
had united to meet and defeat the inhospitable
and proscriptive know nothing party. Mr Saw
yer, in reply, said that so far as the rejoicing
had reference to the defeat of the party of the
know nothings, he was heartily with them; and
was ready to thank God that one step had been
taken to break up that dangerous association.
In his opinion, knowT nothingism is founded upon
selfishness and kept alive by narrow-mindedness
and prejudice; and although it claims to be
American, it is opposed to liberty and charity,
without which the name American is an empty
sound. Shall the noble and generous spirit of
native born citizens be exchanged for servile
submission to the dictation of a secret society?
God forbid that it should be so! He was glad
that in a place sacred to liberty, political and
religious, such an inglorious idea should meet
with its first decided rebuke; and he hoped that
scheme would be effectually and completely
overthrown. He rejoiced that it was decided
that here the stranger even may still look for
kindness and protection, because the heart of
the people would be kept open and free. Bos
ton I'ost, 12th inst.
Narrow Escape of the Steamship IVashington.
On the night of the 14th ult., as the U. S.
steamer Washington was proceeding along the
British channel, she was ran into by a brig
under full sail, boring with its bowsprit a hole
as large as a man in her left side, leaving there
in the broken splinters of her bow. Striking
again, her broken timber bored, in another part
of the steamer, a second hole with snch force,
that the whole bowsprit of the brig remained
in the steamer. Happily, this damage in the
steamer was six feet above the water. A let
ter in the N. Y. Tribune says:
"Yon can easily imagine what an excitement
seized upon everybody. But the officers did
not lose their presence of mind; and the first
thing ordered was to post a watch near the
boats armed with loaded pistols, to shoot any
one who should try to seize upon them without
an order from the captain. In the interior of
the vessel the chief engineer directed the neces
sary repairs, and by his orders the holes were
stopped with mattresses outside. The captain
himself, suspended on ropes above the water,
worked for four hours, until the work was done.
The brig was lost sight of in the darkness of
Adulterated Brandy. Prof. Mapcs state
that nearly all the French brandy now import
ed, is made of four-fifths beet root rum, and
one-fifth grape brandy. The fashion used to be
to import the brandy and mix it here with cheap
liquor, but the French have taken the wind out
of our sails. The Professor said there was a
mistake about old brandy being healthy the
liquor least deleterious to the human stomach
is pure spirit. He had tried all kinds enough,
lie thought, to constitute him a Judge.
Awful Death. Early yesterday morning, a
milkman who was coming into the city, saw a
man hanging by one of his heels from the fence
of the Catholic Cemetery, on the North side
On approaching him, he was found to be dead.
His face had turned perfectly black. On sub
sequent examination, it was discovered that he
had apparently been in the cemetery, had wan
dered around it, and was attempting to climb
the fence, when he slipped, and caught one foot
by the heel between two of the pickets of the
fence. .His struggles to release himself must
have been desperate. He had torn off his coat
and vest, apparently by pulling them over his
head. The muscular contractions all over hfs
body were very great. When discovered, he
had the appearance of having been dead several
hours. He is supposed to be a German.
Chicago Trib., Monday 9lh.
A captain of a slaver, a few days since, hav
ing made a safe delivery of his cargo, on arriv
ing at Havana, the agents declined paying his
wages. Tbi3 Yankee gentleman, who engaged
in the business in New York, when the vessel
was fitted and furnished, iu great wrath at the
dishonest treatment of his friends and employers,
called on the Captain General with his com
plaint, requesting him to enforce the payment
of his just dues. The General was a good deal
surprised at the sturdy assurance of the private
and ordered him to prison, w here he will remain
perhaps nntil he is paid off.
There are seven Uni versalists clergymen elect
ed to the next Massachusetts Legislature. They
are all members of the Know Nothing order.
I 17 V,
M rive J
m 1avxa. lhe steamer Calmj
at TSJeYT 1 oik on tlie 17th with
to tf712t-h A Spanish war stea
d at HAanafcn the 8th with XJai
Culloch, mate, and four men belonjmij; to the
American Schooner J. G. White, which was
captured a few weeks since at Baracoa, having
arms and munitions of war on board. The
steamer had the schooner in tow. The prisoners
were sent toiail to await their trial. Another
account states that the Captain of the schooner
is confined on board, and that the crew has
been set at liberty. -
Man Shot. On yesterday, a man by the
name of Seth Jones, while in a state of intoxi
cation, shot another man by the name of Quinn,
through the shoulder. Quinn, we learn is not
dangerously wounded. Jones has been arrested
aud confined in jail The'affair happened above
the Rail Road. It il. Journal.
Tork! Pork! We have had any quantity of
Pork offered to us within the last week. The
article appears to be uncommonly abundant, and
yet the farmers who have it, generally persist
in demanding 7 cents, and in some cases eight.
A great deal of bacon will be made for market,
upon the supposition that high prices will pre
vail in the Sprinar. This expectation may not
be realized, and those who are now refu
may regret it. Salisbury Watchman.
SdCIDE OF A StrrOSED INCENDIARY. The
Charleston Standard savs:
1 .Ha r.psi fin rii si 1111:1 rii js:i vs:
np-paslenger train ofars on Thnr&ay, and was
"f 'V irc iiiuimmi oeiure iuc
instantly crushed to death, is reported to have
told a negro that he was the incendiary who
caused the conflagration at Columbia, and
knowing that he would certainly be hung if de
tected, he intended to commit suicide. He was
a German cigar-maker, and was missed from
Columbia ou the night of the fire."
SnocKiNG Homicide. On Monday niirlit the
11th inst., in Mecklenburg comity, three broth
ers, John. James and David Sharp got into a
fracas, at the residence of the former, which re
sulted in the death of John, who was hor
ribly mangled with knives. One of the others
got his arm broken, and both received several
bad cuts. The survivors have fled, and the
Sheriff and his posse are now iu pursuit of them.
We forbear further particulars until th mat
ter shall have undergone legal investigation.
Poisoning by Visiting Cards. In a recent
journal we have observed reports of four cases
of poisoning in children by the introduction of
visiting cards into the mouth. They all recov-
lercd, though the symptoms were of an alarming
character. It should be generally known that
in the manufacture of cart's, in the enamelling
and coloring, virions salts of arsenic, copper
and lead are used, which are capable of produ
cing very serious sickness and even death.
Children should not be allowed to play with
Florida. Gov. Broome, in his recent mes
sage to the legislature of Florida, recommends
a repeal of so much of the constitution and
laws as renders ministers of the Gospel and
bank officers ineligible to the office of governor,
senator, or representative, and prevents a gov
ernor, judge, or chancellor from being elected
to any office in the State or either house of
Congress until one year after the expiration of
their term of office.
Murder in a Ball Room. The Macon (Ga.)
Beacon, of Nov. 15, learns from a gentleman of
IWnmbns that o most outrageous murder .wasy
perpetrated in that town, on Saturday night
last, by Joseph Nash, on the person of a son of
Judge Whitfield, It appears that young Whit
field was talking to a lady in the room, which
roused Joseph Nash's auger, when he caught
him hy the hair and cut his throat, killing him
A mail contract has been made by the
of the Post Office Department, to carry the
mails between Charleston and Augusta, in" four
horse post coaches, from aud after the 1st Jan
A Large yield. We are informed that Col.
Cathey, of II a v wood Co., one of the most skil
ful and enterprising Farmers of the State, rais
ed, during the past season, ninety-five bushels
and three pecks oj corn to the acre! This speaks
well lor the West. Hal. Register.
From Oregon there is news that a powerful
tribe of Indians had commenced war on the
whites, by massacreing a whole train of emi
Miixard Fillmore. A dispatch from Buffalo,
dated the 12th mst. says :
"A gentleman of this city has positively as
serted that Millard Hillmoreis a member of the
Know Nothing or American party. The ques
tion, however, notwithstanding this positive
assertion, is open for disputation. The Ex
President makes no denial. Those best posted
Defixisg his rosmox- Commodore Stock
ton is out in a letter in favor of the know-nothing
doctrines. None but native Americans, he
says, should hold office, and foreigners should
be required to reside here 21 years before na
turalization. Trial of one of the Ward Jurors for Per
jury. The regular term of the Harden (Ky.)
Circuit Court is now progressing in Elizabeth
town. Thos. M. Yates, one of the jurors who
granted the verdict of not guilty in the Ward
case, is upon trial for perjury. He was indicted
by the grand jury, along with some several
others of his precious confederates.
A Windfall Mr William W. Rilbv, of
this city, lias recently received information of
the death of an uncle in South Carolina, the
Hon. John M. Purcell, who has left him a very
comiortaoie legacy oi ssu.uuu. 3lr liilby is a
gilder in the employ of Messrs. Ferris & Boyd,
ana a young man. Chicago Democrat.
Henry Clay. The Winchester (Ky.) Chron
icle says that it was in the V inchester court
that Henry Clay made his first and last speech
es at the bar.
Hard times in N ew l ork. In spite of the
hard times in New "iork, a large dealer in laces
says he has never before sold so many or such
expensive laces as during this season. Owing
to the numerous defalcations, undoubtedly adds
Kossuth on the War. Kossuth has deliver
ed a sp?ech in England on the war and the
errors ot the allies. His view is that the only
means or securing the west of Europe against
i.urencroaciimenis oi llussia is the reconstruct
lion oi 1 oland. followed bv th restoration nf
the other lately subjugated aud suppresed na
tionality oi the continent.
A western editor, in answer to a comolaint
of a patron that he did not give news enough,
told him when news was scarce to read the
Bible, which he had no doubt would be news to
A mine of block tin is said to have been
discovered in Upshur county, Virginia, the ore
of which yields eighty per cent, pure metal. ,
vernor or llan lcrruory.
"Vfe understand that the President has nomi-"
hltrfd to th
Senate Brevet Lieut. Col. Edward
f the United States army, to be
Utah, in the place of Governor
wjis appointed bv President Fill
more. Colonel fett ptoe, who is in lineal rank a .
captain of, artillery, and who has been twice bre
veted for gallant and meritorious conduct in the
battle of Cerro Gordo and Chepultcpec, is, of
course, well known to the whole country in that
relation. In addition to this, all who are ac
quainted with him, either personally or in his
official capacity, bear testimony to the dignity
and manliness of his character, his intelligence;
his extensive information upon subjects Lot con
nected with his profession, his tmiuent discre
tion, and to the conscientious and religous tem
per of his mind. All these are qualities which
signally fit him for the delicate and important
duty ol governor of a Territory so peculiar in
its condition aud population as Utah.
We do not apprehend that the substitution of
Col. Steptoe for Governor Young will be atten
ded with' any inconvenience. We confide much
in the practical good sense of the inhabitants of
Utah, notwithstanding their peculiar hiRtitn-,
tions, and not less iu the combined moderation,
firmness, and sagacity of Col. Steptoe, who has
been for some time encamped with his command
near Salt Lake City. 11 ash. U-iuon.
Ou Thursday 4th duy of January, ISj.1, at the late
residence of iu. B. JIani, dce'd., on a credit of t-ix
nionilis, 1 will otiir for cale TKN likely NUGliOKS, 4
ilen, two Women and lour Children two men o"ld
imItWA niidd"aged--beluiiring tofiiid Iv-tate.
J N O. McA KILL Adm'r.
Dec. 10, ISM. 2t
The fuhscribcr. having at the last Term of the (Vurt
of l'leas and Quarter tocssions of the County of Cum
berland, qualified as Executor of Hugh .Mcl'iierson,
deceased, hereiij- notilies all persons indebted to the
estate, to conic forward and make payment; and all
those having claims against said estate, to present
them within the time prescribed by law, or this notice -will
be plead iu bar ol their recovery.
C. A. .Mc.MlLLAN, Exe'r.
Dec. 9th, 1854.
"Will Ik! sold at the Market House in the Town of
Favetteville, on Monday the 1st dav of January hfxt.
on a creditor six months, all the personal property 01
the lute Hugh Mei'herson, deceased, viz: .
1 liorae, l.uguy and Harness,
1 Cart and Harness, '
Household Furniture, Vc.
Will be rented at th; same time and place, for one
year from t lie 1st day of January next, tin; two bri.ck
Stores ou the cast side of Green street, ami (he Planta
tion two miles north of Favetteville, containing about
C. A. McMILLAN, Exe'r.- .
Dec. 9th, 1854. 21-:it
A C A 11 D .
The subscribers have sold out their slock of Hoods
entirely, with the. express purpose of settling up their
business. All indebted to us. by note or account, -arc
notilied that they must settle up by the first of January
uext. or lhey will lind their papers iu the hands ot offi
cers for col l-ct ion. We can be found at Mr A. M.
Campbell's flico, and he is authorised to receipt lor
us iu our absence.
McDO7ALI & McMASTER.
Fayetteville, Dec. Hi, 2t.
The Subscriber takes this method of informing per:
sons indebted to him either by note or account, that
longer indulgence cannot and will not In given. All
notes and accounts not caslieu iv tin; Kiln ol January,
1H;V, will be placed in the handd of officers lor collec
PETER P. JOHNSON. '
December 10. 1854. 24-ot
I wm peril nt public sab; (if not privately dispo
of) 011 Monday 1 he lirst day of January next, at 12
o'clock, at the Market House in the town of Favette
ville. a negro woman about 21 vears old. with a likelr
bov child 4 vears old.
Terms, six months credit note with approved
curity will be required.
WM. J. TO EAR.
December Hi, 1854 3t
von. cove ii i coi.ijsjx
"Wistar's tCough Lozenges.
Rose and Lemon (iuin Drops,
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
'VYistar's lialsam of Wild Cherry,
Pure Cod Liver Oil. (P.. .V CA
For sale by J. N. SMITH, Druggist.
Suitable for Physicians or Planters
a good assort-
merit just received and for sale by
Dec. 1G. 2 1-1 iu
The HOUSE AND LOT opposite the residence
E.J. Hale, Ecj. now occupied by J. E. Pryau.
Also, three line building LOTS on llayinoiiiit. join
ing the residence of T. S. Lutterloli and Win. Droad
foot, Es("rs. having oat them numerous line shade trees
and convenient to the purest water in the countv.
Apply to GEO. S. HODtiES.
December i(", lts4: 21-Ct
I have just received a few dozeu
HATS for men, boys and children.
December Hi, 1854
The next session of this Institute w ill commence on
the 1st Monday iu January next, under the super
vision of the Jicv. G. H. Seott and Lady. His success
during the former session has clearly evinced that he
is second to none in his profession as a teacher, and
his equal we have not found. Mrs Scott is an experi
enced and, we doubt not. an effectual teacher. Efforts
will be made to have the Steward's Hull iu the occu
pancy of a suitable incumbent.
Tuition payable one-half in advance.
W. H. WILLIS, Trep-a.
Deceinlcr 1G. lKr4 24-4t
G U A NO
GO tons PERUVIAN GUANO,
just received, and
for sale by
RAY & PEAECE.
December 1G, 1854
By an order granted at the December Term of the
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, held in and for
the county of Cumlerland, 1 will sell, on the second
day ot January, I&.jd, at the Court House door in
the town of Fayetteville. at 11 o'clock, a.' m., tin;
NEGROES Ephraim, Anderson, and lien, belonging
to the minor heirs of J no. Gavins, for a division, a
part of said heirs having liecome of full age are now
desirous of receiving their respective shares of the
estates belonging to them, now under the control and
management of their guardian. Alexander D. McLean.
Said heirs could not ascertain their respective shares
without the sale of said negroes.
Anderson and Pen are number one turpentine hands;
Ephraim is a number one turpentine barrel cooper.
Auv information concerning said negr cs can be ob
tained by calling on Col. N. King and John Green.
Terms of sale, six months credit, notes and approved
security will be required of purchasers.
J. W. AfcLEOD, Commissioner.
Dec. 9, lS.ri Upd.
By virtue of a decree of the County Court of Cum
berland, at December Term ls54, the undersigned as
Administrator of Alexander McLcod. will proceed to
sell on the premises. 950 ACRES OF LAND, more or
less, situated in CumWrland County, on the north side
of Cape Fear Kiver, adjoining tne tana or John A.
Cutts, John Matthews ana others, me auove lands
are valuable for turpentine, and abound in excellent
timber, and are within sis or seven miles of the Cape
Fear River. The sale will be on the 13th day of Janu
ary, JXoo, ana on creun i uiuuius, purcuasers
giving bond and approved peenrity.
Dec. 9th, 1834. Ct-pd