North Carolina Newspapers

and fomt-niiezn
.The following is the nroceedintrs of the
on the :20th inst. in relation to th Fn ""$iP f"
irage Bill:
The hour of twelve
.4 - 1 1 A .1
me nruceeiteii 10 me
omer, being the motion ol -Mr (iraliam to'"'"
out Mr Boyd's Free Suffrage bill eoncer a
Convention. rj
Mr Lane called for a division, and liofed
that the questmn be first taken on striking ut-
I Late frm Fnrn
having arrived, tl39en
consideration ot tne si"-,a
ras arriveu iroin
The following is ari abstract of her
Mr Boyd demanded the veas and nays
Those who voted to strike out are egsrs
Cherry;, Christian, Davis, Freeman, G lf r.
Graham, llaughton, Lane, McCleese, MiUlH
Morisey, Kayner, Thomas of Davidson, Wi.s,
Wiley, and Wiuslow of Pasquotank. 10.
Those who voted against striking on ire
Messrs liiggs, Bower, ISoyd, lirogden, ( lafV,
Coleman, Collins, Cunningham, Drake, Iiitfn,
Eborn, Faison, Fennel!, Fisher. Fonville. Gis,
Herring, Hoke, Jones, McDowell, Martin, JiO,
OldScld, Person, Sanders, Speight, TijlOr,
Thomas of Jackson, Walker, Wilder afcd
Wood :n. ' T$
So the Senate refused to strike out. f
. Mr Gilmer now moved to amend tbe b '1 ty
a'ddinir the following : :
l)c it. further macted, (throe-fifths of the hole
number of members of each House ooncurrngp
that the third section of the fourth "''article jpf
the amended ( 'ouil.tution, ratified by the VCe
of the people on the sec ond Monday of Ncei
Wv 1 '-'-", La ropo'-iloJ, and tlnit th folio icr
be inserted in its stead: Taxation shall be tioil
and uniform throughout the State, and all pr
r,er1y other than slaves shall be taxed in pro
portion to its value; which shall be ascerta ud
in such manuer'as may be prescribed by -'a.
Every slave- who has attained the ago of twlfe
years shall he assessed with a tax equal to, and
not exceeding that assessed on land ol the
value of three hundred dollars. Slaves u dlr
that au-e shall not be subject to taxation; anil
other taxable property may be exempted t 'oni
taxation i v the oie of a majority of the w 10k
number of'membcra elected to each IIousJ df
the (Jcncral Assembly. A capitation tax e aaJ
to the tax assessed on land of the value of tl re?
hundred dollars, shall be levied on every w lite
male inhabitant between the ages of twenty-ne
and forlv-hve years; but nothing herein iOtt
tained shall prevent exemptions of taxable p-lls
in eases of budilv infirmity, or prevent taxe; oa
incomes, salaries and licenses.
quest ion on
said amendment was dcci led
e, veas II, nays 35.
now moved to amend the bill bf.
in I lie nc'"aii
Mr l'erson -out ail alter tlte words "as lollows7 inj
the t'tli line of Cue first section of the priu ecj
bill, and inserting; the following : All free wl ite
men of the- age -of twenty-oue years, who ret
citizens of this
habitants of
State, and who have been in-1
the same for ouc year iuiuiediat !y
the day of any election, and vUo
have paid public taxes within the same tit .er
shall be entitled to vote for a member of tier.
Senate in the district in which they reside.
The. amendment was rejected. "
Those who vpted for it are Messrs Cher J,
Christian, Clark-, Dav is, Eaton, Eborn, Freenun,
Gilmer, (iraham, llaughton, lloke, Lane, Ac-
news :
Later accounts from Sevastopol leave affairs
there, in reference to the allies, about as they
were before. There had been no further fight
ing, though the bombardment was continued.
Reinforcements were almost daily arriving. The
condition of the troops was favorable, and the
siege still continued. The Russians were also
being largely reinforced, and were busily engag
ed in strengthening their positions; so, also,
were the allies.
The weather was very cold and unpropitions.
Heavy storms continued in the Black sea, and
there were further accounts of shipwrecks.
The most iniDortant news by this arrival is
the fact that Austria has at last determined to
inin the allies. She has already cousumated
tho alliance and ioined England and France
ncrninst Russia Prussia, it is said, will also
do the same. This gives a new and decided
feature to the whole question. The fact of
this alliance has caused much rejoicing through
out England and France.
Accounts from Spain represent affairs as
i-omnarativelv ouiet. Mr Soule had reached
Affairs on the Danube were quiet. Omer
Pasha was still operating in Asia.
Affairs in Hungary were much agitated, and the
recent alliance of Austria is not relisuecLj-
It is expected tu ptana wht ie aAtieu uy
the allies, and brought to act with them.
The Greatest activity was displayed m the
war and navy departments both in France and
England. Turkey had also despatched more
troops to the seat of war. The French govern
ment had, however, been put to tne greatest
strains for the want of vessels. Several thous
and additional troops had embarked at Toulon,
and it was believed that the allies would have
100,000 men in the Crimea by the middle of
The Russians have been entirely driven from
the dominions of Turkey.
It is stated that the Russians in the Crimea
were suffering terribly for the want of supplies.
Great distress during the winter is predicted.
Five divisions of troops are to be sent to
Omer Pasha.
It is believed that Prussia has consented, or
wilt consent, to join the western powers.
The report is again renewed that the Czar is
desirous of openiug negotiations for peace.
Beyond the alliance petween Austria and
the allies, the news is not of an important character.
It is reported that one of the conditions of
the treaty between Austria and the western
powers is that she shall declare war against
Russia within four weeks.
Mr.ll..n-dl Mitrdioll MjM'ki.v Prc, i
r, Thomas of Davidson, Wiggins, Wilt'.
uud Wittslow of P.- '22. f
Those who voted against it are Y a Big;.
Power, Html, Hrogden, Coleman, Cu i
iiiugUiTm, Drake, Faison,' Fvveiieil, FisheaJtf'o i
ville, Gravos, Herring, Jones, MarlTuTlH.-j,
Mdiield,- Sanders, Speight, Taylor, Thomas -f
Jackaion, Walker, Wilder and Wood 25.
Mr II ;utvniu;i men moved to amend as f
lows : Provided that no one but, a naturalize 1
citizen shall be entitled to vote for a membtr
of either branch of the General Assembly if
this State.
Those who voted for this amendment au
Messrs Cherry, Christian, Cunningham, Davi.,
Eaton, Eheru, Freeman, Gilmer, (! t""
Graves, llaughton, Lane, McCleese, Mitchel .
.Morisey, Ravner, Thomas of Davidson, Wiggins
Wiilev and Winslou' of P. 20.
Those who voted against it are Messrs 'Biggs
Bower, Boyd, Brugdeu, Coleman, Collins
Drake, Faison. Fennel, Fisher, Fonville, ;Hcn
in, lloke, Jones, McDowell, Martin, SIills:
"Oidiield, Person, Sanders, Speight, Taylor
Thomas' of Jackson, Walker, Wilder;; ant
Wootl sIO.
. Mr Mitchell then moved to amend the 6111 bv
strikiii"- out and inserting a bill offered byfliim.
litis the same bill offered by Mr GrahaniiWith
the - exceotiou of the preamble, and witlrthe
further exception that it provided for
,1 v.i . 1.. 1
venuon on tne two-inirus princiiie. i.
Mr Cherry moved to amend the amendsaent
'of .Mr-Mitchell by adding the following Mfn
mhlitional section, to wit : J'e it further coatltd,
That no delegate elected shall be permittadto
take a seat in the Convention called b;
jirovisions of this bill, until he shall have t:
and subscribed the following oath oraflirma!
1 t A do solemnlv swear. Cor aflirm. a:
case may be,) that I will in no manner
ever alter, chamrc. or ameiid the basis o
mentation in the General Assembly of the
of North Carolina as it now exists.
The amendment was rejected,
nav's 31.
The amendment of Mr Mitchell, the question
being on striking out, , was also lost, ycas17,
nays 31. f
Mr Ashe moved as an amendment "thaino
tax shall be imposed and levied by the Genfral
Assembly on real estate, which shall exceed the
liruriiirtiini fn tin. -i t i..M t -i y of six CCIltSOn
the huadreei
cents on t
nays 2y.7
The question now recurring on the passage
of the F i 1 1-: E S i F F RA G E B J LL its first
Increasing- tbe ray.
The last Argus has a very sensible article on
the proposition to increase the pay of members
of Congress and Supreme Court Judges. The
Argus expresses our sentiments exactly. We
make the following extract from the article :
"The nav already received by those in the
employment of the general government, whether
on the iieucii, in me nans oi legislation, or
elsewhere, is sufficiently high to secure the ser
vices of the best talent m the country: and to
iucrease that pay, we fear, would be but hold-
uiir out temptatiocs to demagogues anu un
principled schemers to supplant the meritorious !
end deserving, and worm themselires into place
imd nati'ouuge.
' Mo doubt gentlemen of a liberal tarn who go
to Washington as members of either house of
Congress, lind their per diem insufficient to sup
port" themselves and families, as they could
ivish, in that expensive metropolis: but they
are not sent there, as we take it, to exercise
io rights of hospitality, or to vie with the
fniuioTis of aristocratic governments in princely
expenditure. The offices of Senator and Re
presentative were created for the benefit of the
people, not for the profit and convenience of
"the incumbents: and while we regard the pre
sent compensation provided by law as amply
sufficient for those who may fill those offices,
lie do not think it by any meaus too high.
True, many go to Congress at the present rates
of pay, for no other purpose than to make
money and they accomplish their object.
Qthers spend all, and more than all, that they
get: and this they would do if the compensation
were three times as high as it is. It isjust,
4 i ii -1 ii
wise anu proper, men, to ouserve a reasonable
a Ipon-i juean neither raising the pay too high on the
taite i
doHitis value of land to twenty
ch poll' Negatived, yeas p. 9,
determined in the affirmative,
the whole number of Senators
reading, it wa
three-fifths of
voting fur it.
" Those who voted for it are Messrs Ashe,
3iggs, Bower. Boyd, Brogden, Christum, Clark,
Coleman, Collins, Cunningham, Viri-Sy Drake.
Kbrn, Faison, Fennel'l, Fonville, Fisher,
J-Veemun, (5 rave?, Rcrrimr. lloke, Jones, Mc
Dowell. Martin Mill nir,,l,l Person, fean-
ders, Speight, Tavlor Thomas of Jackson,
Walker, Wilder, and Wood 34. ) ;
rnose who voted a-r.-iinsit. it. nre "fessrs Cherry,
hton. Lane, Mc
J1 ;.;. 1ii,-u-r Thomas tof
:in s. 1 i 'ill,, j. i .1 ' 1 l'i n slo-ir , f
j-aioii, it it.. nr.,
C7.-tw, Mitchell
Davidson, Wi
Pa i u ot a nk 1
Dcmotrrats in Roman, Whigs in Italics.
Un motion ol Mr Wilder, the bill was nolr
taken up anu in;
for Motif lav the
de the special order of the da
ft" day oi January next. ,
.Be hand, nor depressing it too low on the other
"- Iji England, we believe, the Members of
Pjarliament receive no compensation whatever,
o&t of the Treasury; and in the better days of
te Roman Republic Members of the Senate
received nothing for their services but the salt
tt seasoned their porridge : and hence the
!w6rd salary, from the latin sal salt. But
ftfuriee and luxury have increased, and the
mianing of words has been changed, until
salary signifies not only an anuuJ allowance of
salt wherewith to season a public agent's food,
bit the food itself and a good many extras
Upon the whole we think the architects of
injr Constitution hit upon a more happy design
n tis respect than the English or the Romans.
rhcy provided that "Senators and Represcnta-
tffcs shall receive a compensation for their ser
.'icses to be ascertained by law, and paid out of
tb4 treasury of tlie United States," and that
rac judges, both or tlie Suj)reme and interior
jjonrts, shall hold their ofijees during good be
ttfior; and shall, at stated times, receive for
Iber services, a compensation, which shall not
e lliminished during their continuance in office"
-Wisely leaving it to Congress to fix the rates
t fjfliese compensations under the salutary res-
1 'alnts of enlightened public opinion. This has
leeh done: and the rates fixed upon we repeat,
latte secured the best talent of the country
si-id! why raise them? As a general rule, the
L,3si services will be secured to every govern
ment by the payment of such salaries arid fees
a? shall be sufficient to furnish a comfortable
a,tfl economical livelihood, but not a luxurious
a4JOi)dance, to those in public employment. He
dines like Ciucuilus labors not like cato.
'essace of the Governor of Iowa. Gov.
istead, of Iowa, in his annual message,
;ly urges the prohibition of all bank notes
sr 1U; cautions tne legislature against
ing unnecessary bank charters; recom-
s a stringent liquor license law in prefer-
eieto prohibition, 'and suggests the endow
mt-f si State lunatic asylum. ,
The Iaitiuom - ; . -: -
We have seen nothing to cope with the an
nexed among the literary productions of this
remarkably productive age. A foreigner whom
a few old fogy lKok-worms know as w iiiiam
Shakspeare, attempted to describe a similar
scene which once occurred in presence of an
excellent individual named Maebetb;.bnt the
operators in his case being mere old women, who
ought to have been burned as witches, Shaks
peare's bungling attempt to describe their cer
emonies must fail before the labors of a genius
which is excited by the sublime spectacle of an
initiation conducted in impressive and manly
style by men and patriots. We borrow the
poem from the Nashua (X. II.) Gazette:
Scf.xe Interior of a Lodge of Know-rwlhings
Time, Mid-night Grand Master in the Chair
-Candidates supported ly two ushers Tin
shaving-pot boiling over a spirit lamp, on a table,
beside a marrow-bone and cleaver.
Brothers! 'tis the mystic hour
For the exercise of power, -
Lo! the sacred fire is hot
Boils the sacred shaving pot,
As within its brim I fling
Every native offering;
Bunch of wool from Afric skull
Feather from a full-fledged gull : ' :
Do wn new plucked frota callow -goose
Lnibleni fit fornsJx.use-
Uouble.oubTe, toil aud trouble
In the tin pot squeak and bubble
Omnes solemnly
If I read the omens clear,
Happy auspices are here,
Let the candidate appear.
(The Candidate is brought fortc&rd)
Stranger ere you swear obedience
We must know your antecedents.
If it's politics you mean,
Everything by turns I've been
I have been a locofoco,
But I found that that was no go
Wooley-head and silver gray,
Putty-head iu a small way,
Wild-cat, Pizzariuctum, too,
And free-soiler.
That will do.
Brother renegade, I greet you
Joyed I am as such to meet you.
Now mark my words and their intent,
And bow your head if you assent.
Can you a questioner put by?
And can you on occasiou lie?
( Candidate botes.)
Can you all orders blindly.follow?
And have you a capacious swallow?
Don't you believe that some years hence
Popes will appoint our Presidents?
Don't you believe the Jesuits thrive
Because in secret they contrive?
You hate confessionals? I see
Yon do but you'l confess to me.
Don't you believe the Romish priests
Are sworn to slaughter us like beasts?
That all the Irish arms are hiding
In all the shanties they abide in?
That all the Irish girls combine
To purchase arsenic and strychnine?
That in know-nothings lies our hope
To fight the Devil and the Pope?
, - - - n
( The Uandulale bows repcaicaiy.j r
Now lift the bone and cleaver high in air
Aud full obedience to our order swear.
(Candidate obeys.)
The ordeal's past and you I here proclaim
A know-nothing in intellect and nauie.
Aroaud you see a band of brothers true
None of these honest men know more than you.
From different parties they have faliea away,
And now go in for plunder and for prey;
Like vou they're bound our lead to blindly follow
Like "you. they have a most capacious swallow;
They bolt whatever prodigy we name
A gate or saw-mill, it is all the same,
Honors we'll make as equal as we can;
Where each expeefs to be a congressman
If not a governor. Our signs are few
And easy to be learned even by you.
The arrin is this you'll Ret it in a minute:
Then you must shake ycur head there's nothing in it!
JNext a wise look lor wisdom s our proiessiou
A good stuffed owl will aid you in expression
Minerva's bird and ours no soaring lark
But one that goes a mousing in the dark.
Hut lo! Hie night ii verging into day
Freeborn Americans! let's sneak away
Down the backstairs, and then we'll cut and run,
And vanish through dark alleys, one by one.
Exeunt onnes.
Trouble Feared in the M. E. Church.
Another breach is expected in the Methodist
Church. Rev. Dr. Bond, editor of the New York
Christian Advocate, iu noticing the opposition
to the appropriations of missionary money to
the preachers laboring in their slave-holding
conferences, says:
"We have seen strange things in the lapse of
three score years and ten, but this caps the
climax of the marvellous; and though we are
no prophet, nor the son of a prophet, we venture
to predict that mischief is now brewing in our
church agitations, convulsions and disruptions,
such as we have never witnessed before."
Melancholy Suicide. The Easton. (Pa.)
Argus says :
"Mrs Samuel Grotz. of this borough, was
found dead in the attic of her late res
Tuesday last, with evidence of sel f-des a ueu'o n
ller mind, it is said, was impaired by a rong
continued melancholy. She was the mother of
two small children, whom she guarded with
maternal solicitude even at the moment when
her anguished heart contemplated death. They
were found by the neighbors securely fastened
to chairs, out of the way of harm by fire -How
in-eat must have been the burden of that grief
The .se.ihch vow Dr. Kane. -W
following in the Baltimore Sun :
"It is stated that a son of Judge Kane, who
on Tuesday last reached his majority, will offer
his services to the President to go in seach of
his absent brother. Commodore Paulding
tenders his services in any capacity the Secre
tary of tlie Xavy may please to designate.
Lieut. GriQin, who commanded the Rescue in
the first expedition, also offers his services, as
do many others. The expedition will be made
np of volunteers."
Cn.t i iTt ' liiMwii 1 1 mr aiiTinr
A J rencnTjapernns traces me sensations oi a
whether from real or fancied causes-
proved stronger
than a mother's love
for her
reader of advertisements
The first advertisement. lie don't see it.
The second insertion. He sees it, but don't
read it.
The third insertion. lie sees it.
The fourth insertion. He looks at the prize.
The fifth insertion. He speaks of it to his
The sixth insertion She is willing to buy.
The seventh. He purchases.
What tee law deems luxuries for a wife.
A novel case has just been decided in. New
York, which involves a curiosity in medico-jurisprudence.
A mesmeric physician sued a hus
band for services rendered the wife iu his ab
sence, and the supreme court say that iu the
8tb act of Cushing's Reports is their opinion in
the case, viz: that the law does not. recognise
the dreams, visions, or revelations of woman in
a mesmeric sleep as necessaries for a wife, for
which the husband, without his consent, can be
made to pay. These are fancy articles, which
Hiosp who hfivp monev ot tneir own to disnos
i .. - i i r L
are not necessaries, uiuwu lo me iw, ior wmcn
the wife can pledge the credit of her absent hus-baud.
Extracts from the speech of Hon. Asa Biggs, de
livered in the Senate on the 1 3th inst., in op
position to Gov. Grahanis bill calling a Con
vention, and in reply to the speech of that gen
tleman in favor of the bill :
"The Free Suffrage bill is now under con
sideration. The Senator from Orange proposes
to strike out that bill aud substitute the 0112
he has proposed; which provides, first, to sub
mit to the people the question of Convention
or no Convention, and secondly, if a majority
of the people decide in favor of Conventiou the
Governor is to issue writs for the election of
delegates, a Convention is to be organized, and
the delegates arc to have unlimited power to
alter and amend the Constitution iu any and
every particular; and this bill of his the Senator
contends can be constitutionally passed by a
majority of votes iu each house of the General
If never before, certainly now the question is
fairly presented between Free Suffrage and an
open, unlimited Convention, as proposed by the
Senator. Much has been heretofore said about
limited Conventions, and excuses have some
times been attempted for opposition to Free
Suffrage, by the argument that it can be better
done by a limited Convention than legislative
enactment. Such issues cannot now be made,
such evasions canuot now avail any thiug. This
i Convention question is now placed antagonistic
Ito Free Suffrage."
- T thoofit i-rasJ our )oast iu X?r4l Cairo
lina that we were a law-abiding people. I do
not deny the power of the people, as was so
forcibly said by Mr Gaston, "of rising in their
might and upturning the fundamental principles
of government the sacred right of revolution,"
but I suppose the emergency ought to be great
to justify it. Has that emergency arisen iu
North Carolina? Can it be that because one
party, so long iu power in the State, has been
turned out and another put in, the sacred right
of revolution is to be exercised? Is it expected
that this appeal to North Carolinians iu the
west is to be favorably responded to? They
have to change their wholcharacter if they
can be brought into line to follow in the lead of
the Senator from Orauge iu this revolutionary
"And now in regard to my Eastern friends.
What does the Senator's bill propose? An
open unlimited Convention. Are you prepared
for this? Will vou be satisfied because the
Senator from Orange tells 3011 he don't think
there is any danger of changing the basis? How
loug since a certain address issued from this
City on the subject of a Convention, signed by
a large number of distinguished men, the larger
portion of which was devoted to a denunciation
of the present basis, and a Conventiou desired
to change that basis? It is evident that there
was a "treaty of peace," in the language of the
Senator, between the east and west in 1835.
It was not a treaty made between landholders
and non-landholders, or between landholders
aud slave owners, as he would have us believe,
but a treaty between east and west on the
basis question, aud can not but deprecate the
attempt to break that treaty, coming as it does
from the distinguished gentleman" from Orange.
It is not significant of good for the character
of the State if it shall be countenanced. Ill
feeling will be engendered, sectional strife will
once more be heard, which all supposed had
been buried by the compromises of 1835."
"But it may be said that I am endeavoring
to stir up party feelings unnecessarily. Far
Srou. it. - The subject of Free Suffrage iias beeu
urged, it is true, generally ty the Ueiaocratic
party, but it is well kuiwn that a large, number
of Whigs have cordially approved it. Is there
any doubt iu the mind of any gentleman that a
considerable majority of the people desire it,
and am I to be told that I am against the peo
ple when I advocate this measure so ardently
desired by them, and contest a measure iuteuded
to defeat it? It will not satisfy mc for the
Senator to say that he is not against Free Suf
frage, when he says' so with certain qualifica
tions, which he must know are impracticable.
He says the land holder is now protected, then
for what does he want a Conventiou? But sir,
the Senator has argued the question by separat
ing the people of the State into three classes,
land-holders, non-land-holders, and slave-owners,
as though we had three separate and distinct
classes of the kind. Is it not true that many
of these landholders are slave-owners, and many
of these non-landholders are slave-owners, and
does land pay all the tax? Why he would
make the landholders only his English squire,
who pays all.
How is it as to the amount of public taxes
paid by land and other subjects of taxation. I
have not been able for want of time to get the
aggregate lrom the Camptroiler s report for
this year, but I refer to his report of 1850, and
I suppose this will as well show the relative
amount. The aggregate tax collected from
land is $33,405 91, from other subjects $123,
731 17. There is some difference between this
and paying all, and how is it when a comparison
is made between the tax ' collected from land
and slaves? Slaves by the Constitution pay a
tax as persons and property."
"And is the State of North Carolina to be
agitated, is the strife engendered for many long
years before 183o to be agaiu stimulated, are
we to have the bitter excitement which preced
ed the Convention of 1835 again, and for what?
Because of the fear entertained by the Senator,
that if Free Suffrage passes without some other
security to landholders, there- is danger to
hem? Why the landholders nay not one-
fourth of the aggregate of taxes, and can it be
seriously supposed that the representatives of
the people paying on other subjects of taxation
the other three-fourths with landholders, who
make up the aggregate, will be induced to sin
gle out the land, and place upon it "unreason
able exactions :" And are we to have a new
element in this agitation to distract aud dis
turb the feeling naturally arising, that to at
tain the end in view, the Constitution is tram
pled down? Has any great emergency arisen
to require revolution ? Entertaining therefore
the opinion I do, that the measure of the Sen
ator is wrong and unconstitutional in principle,
that it is altogether calculated to stir up strife
without yielding any benefit or advantage to
the State, I conclude by earnestly repeating
'trtntuliir Kai! Road AfiiuuU
A singular accident occurred at the Depot
of the W. & R. Rail Road Company last night.
The evening train came in as usual, and on ar
riving at the very heavy grade just north of the
depot, the brakes were attempted to be applied
and the motion reversed, so as to stop the pro
gress of the cars; but some accident occurring
to tlie machinery, it was found impossible to do
so, and the train came rushing down the plane,
past the depot, aud so on to the wharf, where,
meeting a piece of timber placed at its edge
for the prevention of just such accidents, the
Locomotive and tender bounced over into the
River, thereby breaking the connection with
the train, and opposing such other obstacles as
to arrest its progress. It was most iortunate
and providential that the coupling irons con
necting the engine with the cars broke, else the
eutirc train, loaded with passengers, would
have been probablv precipitated into the River,
causing a fearful loss of life. As was, however,
but oue person received injury. Mr Quarles,
tbf Midi A .rent who pnrauir from thecal' and
l.rok-e his arm One inau went over with the
Locomotive into the River, but was saved
Thfi r!i.-iiiper and fireman iumped off before
reaching the wharf.
An examination into the causes of this acci
dent will, of course, be had, and the guilty per-
sons, it any, will be promptly disciiargcti. v uen
an accident on a Rail Road occurs through the
The suburibt r. Lavi
of l'leas ai.d Quarter
berlaud. qualiliid as
decciu-t-d. hereby uotil
estate, to come lor w 11
tl:o;-e having claims ;
them within the time y
will be plead in bur 01
Dec. 9th, 1854
n the hft-iTt-rni of'Ihe Court
etdtfW of 1 IV Ton lit v of '-
T uor or iiujJTi Sid'hem'".
4 all jH-r.ns ,,!, (0 the
MaadBaike V'.niM-nt; and all
1KI Hlil ..- if. 1,, prfffCIlfc
iLed. l y law, n u.L- notice
r recovt'i.
3lc.MlLL.VN. Kxe'
m 3V4i
Will bo sold at theill ,;tt House m the 1 om (,r
Fayetteville, on Momiijl,e lf-tt'.av ' January nrXt.
oa a eredit of six monthlf 11 the ntjx nal prop" ily ' f
the late Hugh Mcrhcidpj ecvoaod. viz:
1 Horse, Uiifrgy aiiw James-,
1 Curt and llanws.-
Household Fnruitm ? Ac.
Will be rented at the me time and place, for one
year from the 1st day of.J.nuary iwt, tlie two brick
Stores on the east si tie of een street, and the Planta
tion two miles north of Eihj. ttcville. containing about
10 acres. fi f
q a. McMillan, v.wr.
Dec. 9th. lh"4. 11 .- t-ZU
Tlie Subscriber takes &t , method of informing -per
sons indebted to him eitfcei by note or account,
loiiiicr indulgence cuini'jjta' d will not
1K"5. tioii.
ami accounts not cltt
will bc placed in the
be j'.'.ven.
d by tlie H'th ol Jaruiai v,
.ands of otneers for colkc-
December HJ, ISjI.
wilful negligence, or f default of the engineer, it
is our opinion that he ought to be hung.
v lMV-ta will lo initio ta rccovcr the Locomo
tive and tender from the bed of the River, where
they now lie. IVil. Herald, Dec. 23.
Fayette- ille anil Southern IlaiU Road.
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of the Fay
etteville aud Southern Flank lload Company will be
held at the Town Hall, in this place, oil Thursday the
tth day of January, 1855, at 12 o'clock, M.
Applications wiU be received for Toll-keepers, by
the board, for both Toil Houses.
YVM. ilcL. :.IcKAY, Secy.
Fayetteville, Dec. 22. 1854. 2t
All persons indebted to me, either by note or ac
count, are requested to call and settle by the first of
January; they will lind their accounts in an
ollieer's hands.
December 2, 1854 3m
I will sell at public sjel j if not privately dif-poscd
f) 011 Monday the liisfdt y of (January next, at l-
it1 :
,vi..i.- ot tiw'vfn vl.-..t- lft,tit in tli. town of Fayette-
ville. a nero woman $tbdut! :1 yer old, with a likely
noy chilli 4 veajrs lti. .ft
Term viv ninnt.lH fl -il nrt v i 1 ll a imrovetl se
curity will be required.
December 1. 1854
to Elijah Fuller, dee'd. are
All persons indebted
requested to make payment by the loth Jan y 1!n., or
they will tind their papers in the hands of an ollicer.
It is hoped this notice will be sufficient.
D. A. RAY, Adm'r.
Dec. 20, 1S54. 2t
Will be e-iven for the deliverv to me, or for the f ou-
linement in the Jail of Cumberland county, of DAVID
KOOKEII. who runaway from me about the middle of
last. Juno. Hooker is about 5 feet 10 inches hiizh.very
black, has fine white teeth, speaks pleasingly when
conversation, is about 40 years old, and in walking
bends forward considerably. He is a blacksmith by
trsiili- T have his Indentures ior two years trom hrst
of Mav. 1S51, for costs and charges in a State case
agaiast hirn iu the Superior Court of Cumberland
county. All persons are cautioned not to employ him
without my cousent.
December 23. 1851 tf
The subscriber designs chaniiins his present business
and takes this method of notifying all Uiose indebted to
him to come forward aud settle uu by note or other
wise, or they will lind their accounts in the hands of
collecting officer.
December 23. 1S51 "t .
Hay Street, Fayette ville, IV. C,
K Will be open for the accomodation
roil coitiBh
Wistar's 'CmiflAi-
Wistar's Habitant
Jayne s Expt ettji
l'u re Cod Li ci t
For sale bv J
.lad Lt'UKH . Gum Drops,
Cherry " ctoral.
Dec. 1C.
f Wild Cherry,
1. (It, .t (.)
N. SMITH, Druggist.
AND L( T V mosite the residence
now oceuph I by J. K. JJrvan.
E.J. Hale, Es,
Also, three tine building L' TS on lbivmount
insr the residence of T. S. Lit
foot, Esq'rs, having oa tlienii
ind convenient to the purest
Apply to
December 10. 1854
.terlo'u and Win. rro:il-
uimcrous line shade trees
' ater in the county.
24 Gt
W 1 11 K A V A ICE.
I have just received iu ft dozen
HATS for men, boys and 6hl ren. -
December 10. 1854
Wide Awake'"
TUp next session of this lo tute will commence oh
the 1st Monday in JanuaJ'y iext, under the super
vision of the Rev. G. R. ."COtt md Lady. His sucet ss
during the former session It? ft -learly evinced that he
is second to .none in his tr fi -ion as a teacher, anil
his equal we have not fouLj Mrs Scott is an experi
enced imd, we doubt not, aii f'.-ctual teacher. Knurrs
will be made to have the 3VK iiiFb Hall in the Occu
pancy of a suitable iiicimdietit
Tuition payable one-half f if ; Ivance.
W. II. WILLIS, Treas.
December H, 1E54 :? ; t . -
lfs'SfCJ gues'ts, on Monday, the first day of January,
Situated on one of the principal Streets
of the Town, and within a few minutes walk of the
Dost Office, Telegraph Office. Ranks, and other busi
ness places, and yet, sufficiently retired to be clear of
the annoyance and buttle incident to a more central
It is newly erected, handsomely furnished, and care
ful attendants secured with especial view to the com
fort of patrons.
Spacious Stables attached, and experienced Ostit i s
in attendance.
Carriages will be in waiting on arrival of Steam
Boats, for the accomodation, of passengers.
A share of public patronage is resp.-etfiilly solicited.
Doc. 23, 1854. 25-3m
I?y an order granted at tut December Term of the
Court of Pleas and Quarter S'io'nfi,, held in and for
the county of Cumberland. '3" .'ill sell, on the second
day of January. 1K55. at . Court House door iu.
the town of Fayetteville, Jii 1 q'thu )c. a. m., the
XEGUOES Epliiaim. AndUi l, and F n. belonging
1-,, irt. m i tt. rr IIT-1fIOT .TIIt. rr 1 tTWf1- 1 I' iUll V 1 S ! ( Tl , it.
part of said heirs having beijfM of lull age are 'now.
desirous of receiving Their i'ectiTe shares of the
estates belonnin-j; to tin in. lioViunilcr the control ami
management -of their guardiim Ue.Sliler IK .McLean.
Said heirs could not nscert it ) heir respective share
without the sale of said Derm's
Anderson and Ren are niiiioA one turpentine haiuls;
Ephraim is a number oue tuipi i tine Lariel cooper.
Any information couecrnh'i'- id nejirois can 1 e ob
tained by calling on Col. N. Kfi : and John Green.
Terms" of sale, six months iirj t, notes a ml npprux cil
security will be required of palt takers.
J. W. ci KOD, .Commissioner.
Dec. 9, 1S54 23-4jt-.p;.
Ry virtue of a decree of th ounty Com t
norland, at December ferni the until
. I am now ready to receive from all persons who
xow pay hy tuk tor crossing the oiaremion
Rridge, the next year's xay; and they are notiiied
that unless payment "is made by the 15th day of Jau'y
next, they will be excluded.
No person who has not paio up the last year's Toll,
and all other dues to the Company, will be allowed a
yearly contract after the 15th of January next.
"' ;rj.7NKW applications will be received until the
first day of January next.
Sec'y F. & X. p. n. Co.
December 23. 1854. 2t
The undersigned will sell, on accomodating term-,
situated near the Centre Plank Road and convenient
to Little River. The above Lands comprise a body of
5,000 acres one hundred and fifty thousand tirst
year's boxes being cut thereon and some of the linest
Timber Land in the country. They will sell with the
land a TWENTY BRL. STILL of best quality. Also.
Shanties, Stables and all other conveniences neccssary
for carrying on the business. A bargain can be had by
applying soon. For further information address John
B. DeGraft'eureid. Pittsboro.
Dec. 19, 1854. 25-tf
TUe Board of Superintendents of the Common Schools
of the County are requested to meet at the office of the
Chairman, on Thursday, the. 4th day of Jan'y, 1855,
(that being the 1st Thursday.) at 12 o'clock.
Returns of the number of children in tln several
districts, for the year 1854, niut be handed lo the
Chairman before or by the 4th Jan.
Dee. iG, 1854. 2t
f fiim
gned as
.rod, will procci d to
OF LAND, more or
tyfcott the ma lli side
the lard of John A.
P. The al'ove la nils
abound in excellent
'.Mi miles of I lie Capo
ne 13th day.of Jaiiu-
months, purchasers
, - .i
McLEOD, Adm'r.
Administrator of Alexander M"
sell on tlie premises. !5) ACItE
less, situated in Cumberland $tMi
of Cape Fear River, adjoinfeij
Cutts. John Matthews and tL
are valuable for turpentine.
timber, and are within six orjW
Fear River. The sale will be aif
ary, 1855, and on a credit of
giving bond and approved setup
Dec. Utlll.sor. ri
: :
A C A 11
The subscribers have sold nul l! 'ir slock of Goods
entirely, with the express purposy if settling up their
businVss. All indebted to us, by'i te or ai i-oiint. me
notified that they must settle Jhe firt-t of January
next, or they will find their par; in th: hands of offi
cers for collection. We can b Lumpa Mr A. M.
CaniplM ll's Office, and he is autjici sed to receipt for
us in our absence. I ' J
Favetteviile, Dec. 10, 1851. 2t.':
my protest against this revolutionary movement."
Are Know Nothings Abolilioxists? The
following is the response which the Maine
Temperance Journal, a Maine Law, abolition
paper, gives to the above question:
"The anti-slavery element has controlled the
On the 27th of November last a negro who calls
himself JACOlJ was taken up and committed to the
Robeson Jail. Said negro is alout twenty years old.
low and thick set; he says that he belongs to Dr. Thos.
Smith of R laden county. The owner will please come
forward, pay all eharges, and take bis property.
R. KING, Sheriff.
Lumberton, X. C, Dec. 11, 1854. 3t
Would inform his friends and the public, that he has
removed from his old stand on Greeu street to the
Store formerly occupied by Mr P. Montague, on Huy
street, near tin: Market Square.
lie has on hand a well selected Stock of
Dry Goods, Groceries, Shoes and Boots, JYegro
Bla n Iris. Ke r r ? ; a ho llLicLsitijJj -Tt
ssavwiiii i,' ' "i"1! iff
. . .'. ,t-
.UKSJU. AL till!; '
Suitable for-Physicians or Pliiytrp, a good assort
ment iust received and for tale rs 1
- IT - , . . , . . .
J. IX. ,.V1 1111,
Dec. 16.
Notice is hereby given that applfptidU'will be made
to the iiri'aiit Genxral AR-eiiiIl - W :nrwr i.anu to
be located either in Favetteville.ffV lmmglon or som:
ther eligible and suitable placa,' l lie called "lliu
Rank of Sand," alios, The WiVd ;jit lSMk; to l,e u
bank of discount and deposit. ItJ).,l be oi gamzi l as
follows: After the stock has bi-en :t Ken, eaeii suo
scriber shall assign over to the Qot ptrollcr of Public
Accounts, certificates of stock tOJ . " amoui.i oi ins
subscriiition. in any one or more 41 iono mg com
panies: The Western Railroad Cf Pny,- tlie t ap.:
Fear and Deep River Navigatio.oipany. ih.-'lar
River Navigation Company, the iolma , City Land
Company. These certificates ofs"tl are to remain iu
the Office of the Comptroller as r'r',y for the ulti
mo redemption of all bills put id rcnlat!on by ti.
Rank. In addition to this, each ? criler of stock
will bo required to pay the entiru amount of his Mib
scription uito the hands of the Pn'l'c Treasurer in
ppocle ent ninetv-nine and thres quarters per cent.
The l'uv"CTeasurer will upon theo-?snization of the
Rankpr.Yd forthwith to sign jab . transfer to the
Presidenind Directors of the bank fc.Ha to the amount
of its Capital stock, and such wgnjfo. shall !f nn-d
and declared an assumption on thi wft of the State to
pay six and a quarter per cent, on I amount called
for on the face of the bill, in case the Rank Fhould be
come insolvent. A pwLion wilia- ' inserted in
the charter allowiiia Rank totreieem Its notes in.
copper cents. ThjT Vion it if tbfg?. will prove
Another Guano Island. The New York
Post announces the discovery of another guano
island with at least a million of tons on it, the
locality of which is yet a secret. Measures are
now taking for the organization of a company
to bring the gnano to market. We hope it
will make the article a little cheaper aud more
accessible to the American farmer.
large number off
anti-Nebraska men will take their seats in the
next Cougress who but for this order, could not
have been elected. If the conductors of the
Tribune do not know this fact, they are know
nothiugs in reality." If they will take time to
inform themselves with regard to election re
turns in Maine, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Penn
sylvania, Illinois, and Wisconsin, to say noth
ing of Massachusetts and New York, they will
see, unless they are as blind as bats, that the
'pro-slavery wire icorkcrs' do not control this
new party.
Sausage Cutters,
And a great variety of other articles well suited to the
Retail and Rarter Trade much the largest stock he
has ever ottered in this market which he will sell on
reasonable t;rms. or exchange for Produce of almost
any kind. A call from old friends and the public is
respectfully solicited.
. W. 11. CARVER, llav st.
Dec. 23, 1854. 25-tf
of erreat servic.
market. In
to count out;
the effec
the North w
large quantities
&n tons PERUVIAN GUAXO, just received, and
for tale by
DcccinVr 10. 1834 '3t
fee yuiine aioncy
r Idil mtich time
xnrhj to rallv from
onclly, brokers from
e to transport such
of the precious metals, that they
wouH present but little money at us counters tor re
demption. They would Hud it cheaper to transmit
their funds to the North in the shape of exchange pur
chased at almost anv prior t which it is likely to
rule. It is evident that the plan proposed would go
far to make monev plentiful. hici ah will admit to
be the great drsidralvm at xms l..uC. ... ...
fully accomplished by allowing the issue of
dreil dollars in bills for every quarte, ofado.lar m
Rpecic deposited with the Public I teasurer. It .s ) ev i
dent that these bills would readily circulate at the.r
par value, since the security for final redemption
would be ample.
Dec 23. I nVJ. il

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