North Carolina Newspapers

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A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER-- Devoted ta
Hie Markets, Foreign and Domestic News, Literature, Agrienlture, and General In formation- TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
WILLIAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor. J
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, SATURDAY, JATfUARY 6, 1855.
VOLUM E XV N 0 .. 827.
mm.
iri UvJa
I - HV n I M I H th 'tt
TERMS
Of SUBSCRIPTION TO THE CinOLIXIAX.
For a single copy, if paid in advance, per annum, $2 00
" at the end of 3 months, 2 50
" " at the end of G months, 3 00
" " " at the end of .the year, 3 50
No subscription will be received for a shorter, period
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With the view of extending the circulation and en
hancing the usefulness of the paper, the proprietor of
fers the following remarkably low
CLITB RATES, L VARIABLY I.Y ADYAJYCE:
5 copies of the Carolinian, 1 year, SS 00
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Letters on business must be addressed to the under
sijjne ..,ui must be post paid.
4 Rales of Advertising:
Sixty eents per square of li) liues for the first and
thirty cents for each subsequent insertion, unless the
advertisement is published for more than two months,
when it will be charged
For three months, ----- $4 00
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$?$f All advertisements must be handed in by Friday
10 o'clock, a. m.. to ensure their insertion in the next
dav's paper, and should have the desired number of in
sertions marked on them, ortherwise they will be inr
Berted till forbid and charged accordingly.
WM. J. YAT1S.
HAIL 4EKAXCEGE3TS.
FAYETTEYILLE POST OFFICE.
Rai.eigii Mail, (2 horse coach.)
Due Pally at Pi a. iv. Clones daily at 3$ p. m.
Warsaw Mail (4 horse coach.)
Iue daily, except Sunday, at G o'clock, a. in.
Closes daily, except Saturday, at 3 p. m.
ClIEKAW 1 ATT., (SlllkcV.)
Pue Tuesdny. Thursday and Saturday, at 1J a. m.
Closes Su:iJ;.y, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 12 p. m.
Wilmington- (via Eliznbcthtown) Sulkey.
Due Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 1 a. m.
Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 9 p. m.
Sai.eu Mail, on Plunk Road, 2 horse hack.
Pue Sunday. Wednesday and Friday, at .'5 p. m.
Closes Monday. Wednesday and Friday, at 3 p. ni.
Mauion C. II. (via Luinberton) Sulkey.
Pne Tuesday and Saturday, at 10 p. m.
Closes Wednesday and Saturday, at ! p. m.
Swift Island Mail (via Troy).
Due Tuesday at C p. v.. Closes Tuesday at 9 p. m.
Mail to Sit.ickland's Dr.i-nT.
Pue Tuesday at 2 p. m. ( 'loses Tuesday at 2 p. m.
31 ail to EuzAnETiiTowx (via Terebinth.)
Due Wednesday at 7 p. m. Closes Monday at 9 p. m.
J. E. BRYAX, 1. M.
M A II IS Im E F A C T O II V,
BY CEO. LAUDER.
Nearly opposite to E. W. Willkings' Auction Store,
l-'avetteville, N. 0.
Oct. 1, 1S53. " y
NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
JONKS"& LETT
Have now in Store a large and handsome Stock of
FALL & WINTER GOODS.
Selected during the past month. I.y :i of the firm,
iu the Now Vork Market, comprising a large Stock ol
Staple and Fancy J) R Y ti O O I) S,
Bonis, S'n.cs and Umbrellas,
Together with a large assortment of fine FAMILY
GROCERIES. Confectioneries, lie, all of which they
ari prepared to offer to their customers, and all tbosi
wishing to purchase select goods, at the lowest market
prices. .;Je? 1'roduce taken in exchange for goods.
REUBEN JONES. J. W. LETT.
Sept. Ui, IS.it. y-pd
A. Ca!8isf II ,
AlCTIOSHKR &; COMMISSION 51 EIICIIAXT,
East side of Gillespie street,
Fayetteville, X. C.
October 1. 1S5L
BARGAINS! BARGAINS!!
The undersigned has now in Store his Fall Win
ter stock of GOODS, consisting of a general assort
ment of
DRY GOODS A.YD GROCERIES,
Hats, Caps. Bonnets. Boots and Shoes, Sa'tinets, Cas
simres. Liuseys, Flannels. Mtislin-de-I.uitis, Alpaccas.
Shawls. Cravats, lte. Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Tobac
co, &c. See. Also, a gen'-ra! and well selected stock
f READY-MADE CLOTHING, consisting of Coats,
Yeats. Pants, Shirts and Under-shirts.
Adamantine, sperm aud pearl Candles; pepper, spice,
fialaratus, starch, fine chewing tobacco, &c.
Produce taken in exchange for Goods at market
prices.
R. D. DAVIS,
North side of Person St., next door to F. D. Breece.
X. B. All persons indebted to me by note or ac
count are respectfully requested to call and settle im
mediately, as longer indulgence will uot be given.
Oct. 1, 1854 y It. D. D.
WASTED.
A man with a small arnily to take charge of my
Plantation near Fayetteville. on the first of' January
next, as an Overseer. Evidence of sober and indus
trious habits will be required,
Dec 2d. tf JXO. WABDILL, Jr.
DAVID McDUFFEE,
BRICK MASON AX I) PLASTERER,
PayeHtvi'.Ic, IS. C.
Persons wanting work done in his line will be
promptly attended to by addressing him at the Fayette
ville Post Office.
Fayetteville, Jan"y 28. 1854 ly-pd
PEARCB fc KKIUJUSO.V,
Wholesale dealers in Foreign and Domcst'e
DRY GOODS,
Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Umbrellas, and
READY-MADE CLOTHING.
Jforth side Hay street, Fayettkvili.e, N. C.
J59 Strict attention paid to- orders.
B. F. IEARCE,
July 15, 1854 J. B. FERGUSON.
TEA S ! TEAsJ;
Hyson. Imperial and Oolong, all of first quality,
for sale by J. N. SMITH.
Nov. 9. 19-tf
DISSOLUTION;
The firm of G. W. I. GOLDSTOK & CO. is this
day dissolved by mutual consent.
(I. W. I. GOLDSTON.
R. W. GOLDSTON.
Nor. 17 th, 1854.
rT,"BT.?UJSCRlBER J'aviug purchased the interest
; 1 GoWston- in the late firm of G. W. I. Gold-
Rton & Co., will still corutinue to carry on tht;
Grocery nnd Hardware Busflfecs
fcimhlu.d Ban ne iny,te8 ?8 f"ens to call on
So. ir, G-.T-.J- GOLDSTON.
.uy Z9-t
PALL STOCK, 1854.
STARK & WILLIAMS
i
Have -now in Store a LARGE STOCK OF
, ; DRY GOODS,
Hats, Cja-s, Roots, Shoes, Silk and Straw
Bonnets, Umbrellas, and Ready-made
Clothing,
"Which w U be sold to WHOLESALE BUYERS,
exclusively.
The attenion of Merchants is particularly invited to
this Stock. Orders solicited and satisfaction guar
antied. '
' J. D. STARU.
J. M. WILLIAMS.
Aug. 1G, 5854. 807-tf
1 8 3 4.
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
Our Fall nnd Winter Stock of
DRY GOODS,
HARDWARE, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS,
Ronnets, and
READ Y-MADE CI. O TIIIJ'.'G,
I now in Store and ready for inspection, embracing
by far the largest aud most extensive assortment we
have ever offered to the trade, and is well worthy the
examination of every Merchant visiting this place.
Particular attention paid to ordevs.
HALL & SACKETT.
August 19, 1ST) 4
FALL, 1854.
JVZTTr FIRM AND NEW GOODS.
1'EARCR & FERGUSOX
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter Stock of
R Y G O O I) S ,
Hats, C:!1?, Roimofp, Unjhrellas Parasols,
Hoots, and Shoes, &c. fcc.
With an extensive assortment of Ready-made Clothing.
All of which they offer to purchasers at low prices
and upon accommodating terms.
From long experience, and by strict attention to
business, thev hop;; to merit a share nfjuiblic patronage.
li. F. PEARCE.
J. B. FKKGUSON.
Fayetteville. Aug, 17. 1S54. M'7-tf
SIIKMWKLL & 3LDOXALI),
(Successors to P. Sheaiwill.)
DF.Ai.r.r.s in Stai'jk as: Fancy
DR V GOODS,
BOOTS AND SHOES. HATS AXD CAPS.
ALo a general asor:niT.t of Straw A- Silk BONNETS.
In addition to our st..t-k now on hand, which is v rv
good, we will inafi u days receive a new supply of
SEAS O.Y.I TsLE GOODS,
Which we will sell low :br cash or on nnPonnbb Mm,.
tl lUIIctUal CU.-tOIHiT.
W. B. SIIEMWELL.
a. x. McDonald.
East side Green Street.
Fayetteville. Sept 23. 1S51. y
J A M E S K V L E
1 now ri-civirg his Fall Supply of
DRY GOODS,
Boris end Slurs, Caps, Umbrellas,.
Antony which are.
French and English Merinos, very cheap.
Muslin k Lai us and Aipuceas-.
Brocade, plaid and plain Silk".
Muslin ami Bob? uot. Hfc-vcs and Collars.
Md-ino and other Shawls. .,ng and square,
Calico and Giiigham-.
S'.il: arid Cotton Haii'llicr'-hiefs.
Be-t made Bolting CT-t!i.
A large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING.
With many other Goods, ail of vbicb being purchased
? package at the hue reduced .ric-s. will be
offered wholesale or retail at very low prices.
September 15. 1S54.
-MRS. WALTON
Will return from the North the first of October with a
very large stock of
MILLIXEItY FAXrv GOODS,
And the latest style of DRESS TRIMMINGS and
PATTERNS; Cloth and Velvet Mantillas, Talmas, and
Cloaks: Collars. Ucder-Sh eves, ivjd inside Capos.
Also a very handsome assortment j HEAD-DRESSES
and CAPS.
She returns thanks for former patronage, and hopes
her patrons and friends will call before purchasing
elsewhere,
Fayetteville, Sept. 30, 1S54 jrj-tf
lALL AXD WIXTISH. GOODS.
J. cr
T. WAD DILL,
HAY STREET.
Arc now receiving their Fall and Winter GOODS,
consisting ofa large and well selected stock of
GROCERIES
Hardware,
Cutlerv,
Blacksmith & Tur-jn-ntiiic
Tools.
Agricultural Imple
ments, II ATS and CAPS,
Boots and Shoes,
Saddlery and Leather,
Heavy articles in the
Drug line,
K ea dy-m a d e Clothing,
and staple Dry Goods.
This Stock we are prepared to job or retail.
Fayetteville, Oct. 24, 1854.
JEST" Wo ask the Planters and Turpentine
men to examine our Kerseys, IS'egro Blankets,
Hats and Shoes.
HIT'J KK, a. new supply.
100 Firkins (Valley Virginia) Butter.
50 " Ashe county Butter.
Nov 24. 21-tf GEO. McNElLL.
BariXzen Ware.
I have now iu Store (received within two weeks
past) the LARGEST STOCK of
EA R THEN WA R E
ever offered in this Market, comprising a gen
eral assortment of
BL UE and FINK PRINTED,
WHITE GRANITE,
BLUE EDGED,
FAINTED, and
CREAM COLORED
Dinner, Tea, and Toilet Ware.
These Goods were imported to my own order,
kxpbf.ssly to suit the Fayetteville Wholesale
Trade
I have as nsnnl, a good supply of
C IIINA and GLA S S WA RE.
JB Ordeks will be carefully filled at the
lowest priees.
W. N. TILLIXGIIAST.
Dec. 0. 1854. 2?,-tf
lOOO Spirit Tnrpeuline Casks, ,
JYOW OJY IIAJYD AJ"D FOR SALE,
At S2 25", easta. Interest will le changed on accounts
for Barrels after 30 days.
Orders for Barrels left at the Store of Messrs Cook
fc Johnson, or at James G. Cook's, will be attended to.
ALSO -
125,000 BRICK will be ready for delivery about the
15th of October from my Brick Yard in Campbellton
-. '. G. W. LAWRENCE.
Mary's Garden, Sept. 28, 1&V4 : , r - ; 13-tf
, TWENT lf-KIVK DOLLtlS SEWARD
Will be given for the delivery to me, or for the con
finement in the Jail of Cumberland county, of DAVID
BOOKER, who runaway from me about the middle of
last Juue. Booker is about 5 feet 10 inches high, very
black, has fine white teeth, speaks pleasingly when in
conversation, is about 40 years old, and in walking
bends forward considerably, nc is a blacksmith by
trade. I have his Indentures for two year from first
of May, 1854, for costs and charges in a State case
agaiast him in the Superior Court of Cumberland
county. All persons are cautioned not to employ him
without my consent.
T. R. UNDERWOOD.
December 23, 1854 tf
NOTICE. ...
The subscriber designs changing his present business,
and takes this method of notifying all those indebted to
hini to come forward and setJe up by note or other
wise, or they will find their J-.-"6uuts in the hands of a
collecting officer.
D. T. TAYLOR. .
December 23 1S54 St
NOTICE.
On the 27th of November last a negro who calls
himself JACOB was taken up aud committed to the
Robeson Jail. Said negro is about twenty years old.
low aud thick set; he says that he belongs to Dr. Thosi
Smith of HI ad en county. The owner will please come
forw ard, pay all charges, and take his property.
R. KING. Sheriff.
Jumberton, N. C, Dec. 11, 1854. 3t
REMOVAL.
II. CAR YER
TI'
Would inform his friends and the public, that he has
removed from his old stand on -Green street to the
Store formerly occupied by Mr P. Montague, on Hay
street, near tue .Market Square.
He has on hand a well selected Stock of
Dry Goods, Groceries, Shoes and Boots, Negro
Btankcls, Kerseys; also ElacJcsmUh's Tools,
Corn Sicllers and Straw Cutters,
Sausage Cullers,
And a great varietv of other articles well suited to the
Retail and Barter Trade much the largest stock he
has ever 'ottered in this market which he will sell on
reasonable terms, or exchange for Produce of almost
any kind. A call from old friends aud the public is
respectfully solicited.
"W. IT. CARVER, Ilav st.
Dec. 23, 1851. 25-tf
G IT A NO.
GO tons PERUVIAN GUANO, just received, and
for sa le bv t
RAY,& PEARCE.
December 1, 1S54 3t
DORBIX IIOUSj:,
Hay Street, Fayetteville, N. C,
i'l e open for the accomodation of
n ; guests, on Monday, the urst day ot January,
't ia--..-
Situated on one of the principal Streets
of the Town, and within a few minutes walk of the
Post OSiee, Telegraph Oflice. Banks, aud other busi
ness places, and yet sufficiently retired to be clear of
the annoyance and bustle incident to a more central
location.
It is newly erected, handsomely fnrnished, and care
ful attendants secured wiib et-pecial view to the coui
tort of patrons.
Spacious Stables attached, and 'experienced Cttlcrs
in attendance.
Carriages will be in waiting on arrival of Steam
Boats, for the accomodation of passengers.
A share of public patronage is respectfully solicited.
POWERS & CO.
Dec. 23. IS51. 25-3m
BAUGAISSl BAHCAINSI ItARGAIKSI
The undersigned will sell, on' accomodating terms,
all their TURPENTINE BANDS AND FIXTURES,
situated near the Centre Plank Road and convenient
to Little River. The above Lands comprise a body of
i 5.000 acres one hundred and fifty thousand lirst
year's boxes being cut thereon and some of the finest
Timber Land in the country. They will sell with the
land a TWENTY" BBL. STILL of best n,ualit; . Also.
Shanties, Stables and irll other conveniences necessary
for carrying on the business. A bargain can be had by
applying soon. For further information address John
B. DeGrafteureid. Pittsboro.
PALMER & DEGRAFFEXREID.
Dec. 19. JS54. 25-tf
KOT1CE.
All persons indebted to me, either by note or ac
count, are requested to call - and settle by the first of
January; otherwise they will find their accounts in an
ollicers hands.
W. S. FOWLKES.
December 2, 1854 3m
LAST SOTICK.
All persons indebted to Elijah Fuller, dee'd. are
requested to make payment by the lath Jan'y 1855, or
they will find their papers in the hands of an otlicer.
It is hoped this notice will be sufficient.
D. A. RAY, Adm'r.
Dec. 20, 1854. 2t
SOTICE.
Debts due the estate of Judge Strange (on account of
the late sales) will lie put in the hands of an officer for
collection, unless settled by the 1st Jnnry next.
Nov 24. 21-tf GEO. McNEILL. Adm'r.
- NOTICE.
The nndersigned having obtained Letters of Admin
istration on the estats of Miss Flora Bolin at December
Term, 18.34, of Cumlierlaud Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, hereby notifies all persons having claims
against the estate of his intestate, to present them duly
authenticated within the time prescribed by law, or
this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery.
And those indebted to said estate are requested to
make immediate payment.
JOHN L. BETHEA.
December 9th, 1854 tf
LOOK AT THIS.
On Person Street, 5 doors east of Cape Fear Bank.
v IIO US TON0 VERB Y
Respectfully return thanks to the citizens of Fayette
ville and surrounding country for the liberal patronage
they have received, and hope t by strict attention to
business to merit a continuauce of the same.
They have on hand the following articles, viz :
Saddles of different kinds, Buggy and Carriage
Harness of different qualities, Road Wagon
Harness, snch as breeching, &e
Saddle Bags, riding Bridles of different styles and pri
ces, Martingales, Halters and Halter Bridles; a large
assortment of Buggy Whips; also drover's, dray and
wagon whips of a good article; wagon Bridles, Collars
and Harness of the very best material and workman-!
ship: Carpet Bags, Trunks, Buffalo and Bear Skins for
saddle and trunk covers.- Horse Blankets, aud a good
many other articles. - ,
They will warrant all work to be of ood workman
ship and material.
Those wishing to purchase articles tn our line are
requested to call and examine our Stock before pur
chasing elsewhere. J . ; ' ';
Fayetteville. Dec. 2, 1854. Cm , -
P. S. We particularly request all those in
debted to us to come forward and settle, as we are in
need of money and mast have it. -
. ' " HOUSTON A OVERBY.
WILL I AM B O W,
. Dealer iu
DRY GOODS AND GROCERIES,
FAMILT IK.OVISIOKS A. .
Foot of Ilaymouvi, Faycttecille, - N. C.
October T, 1854 f ".'-
N 0 RTH CAROLINIAN.
FAYETTEVILLE.
Wreck of a troop ship. Great loss of Life.
u the 20th of September, the Enzlish troon
ship Charlotte, from Calcutta to Queenstown,
was wrecked on a reef iu Algoa bay. At the
time there were on board of the Charlotte a
detachment of the 27th regiment, consisting of
ine iofiowing officers: Uapt, Stapylton, Uapt.
Warner, Lieut. Maguire, Ensign White, Dr
KMd, 1G8 rank and file, 14 women, and 21
children. The unfortunate ship struck on a reef
i4 the sight of crowds of spectators, who ren-
nireu every assistance possible wittrlifc-boats
aid Manby's apparatus, but in spite of all their
elbrts she soot! ;went- to - pieces, and all the
(liildren who were oh 'board, excepting one,
perished. On the srirrivorsbeing mustered, it
was ascertained that out of 168 rank and file
about 18 were saved. Of the crew, which con
sisted of 24, only Capt. Affleck, his son, the first
mate, ship's butcher, cook, steward, and two
others were saved. The total drowned is thus
stated: Rauk and file, 62; women, 11; chil
dren, 26; crew, 18 total, 117.
L.i.ixoirf Legislature Democratic. The fn
sioiiists iu the Illinois legislature, who have been
for tome time jubilant over their majority of
one ii joint ballot, have had the tables turued
on tleiu handsomely, by the miscarriage of a
movement intended to benefit one of themselves.
It setms that Air Lineolu, a member from San
gamon county, seeing that he held the balance
of pover in tne election of United States sen
ator to succeed General Shields, conceived the
idea f becoming a candidate himself, and with
that tiew (not liking to rote for himself) re-si-iued,
intending to slip in a friend who would
carry out his purpose. But some how or other
thethiiiggot out among the democrats, and
they, preferring General Shields to Mr Lincoln,
or anybody else at this juncture, organized
themselves effectively, carried their candidate,
changed the complexion of the legislature, and
secured, in all probability, the return of the
gallant soldier and statesman whom it was the
darling object of the fasionists to defeat.
Wifsh. Uttio-n.
DrThe National Intelligencer publishes a
protest from Mr Molina, the Costa Ilican
Minister, against the proposed expedition of
Col Kinney, and takes occasion to say that
its original advocacy of the scheme was in
ignorance of the fact that Costa Rica had
claims in that quarter.
Sentence of Arkisox. The motion for a
new trial iu the case of Win. IX Arrisou, the
young medical student, convicted at Ciuciunati
of "murder iu the first degree" in causing t he
deaths of Mr and Mrs Allison, by means of an
iufernal machine," having leeii refused, he
whs called up on Saturday last, to receive sen
tence, when he addressed the court in a cool
collected manner, giving some of the reasons
why lie desired a new trial, and declared that
he could establish his innocence. When he
concluded, Judge Flinn, in the presence of a
crowded court room, sentenced lain to lie hunir
on the 1 1 tli of May next. The prisoner heard
his terrible doom without the least apparent
emotion, and was conveyed back to prisou in
charge of a strong guard.
Gone to the wars. Last week (savs the
Boston Telegraph) a young American engineer,
of talent and skill, who had successfully served
in the navies of England, Russia and the Unit
ed States, sailed from this port for Europe, in
response to tenders made him by the Kmperor
of uli the Russias atruin to enlist in his service.
The offers were of the most advantageous and
flattering character. lie took with hiin some
(if teen or twenty - young men, whom he had
enlisted as associates, and who for a few months
back have been in training under his experienced
and skilful instruction. It is well known that
the Emperor has long appreciated American
talent, and is now making it available when
ever possible.
Remarkable Death. A correspondent furn
ishes the following account of a singular acci
dent and death which occurred in a neighbor
ing county a short time since :
Adam Mong, of Pendleton county, residing
near Mallow's Mill, left his house a few days
ago, and called at a store in order to purchase
some articles; and among others, he bought an
axe and placed it in his side pocket, underneath
his overcoat. . He left the store and returned
homeward. After having travelled some two
miles be came in sight of his house, when he
dismounted, complaining very much of a pain
in bis side. His wife saw his manner and came
to his assistance, very much alarmed. lie en
deavored to allay her excitement by telling
her that it was only a retnrn of his old com
plaint, "the stitch in the side.' After reach
ing his home, his son discovered blood upon his
pantaloons. After examination it was dis
covered that the axe had cut entirely through
the abdomen, and peuetrated the intestines !
Medical aid was immediately called in but all
efforts that skill and .science could effect were
unavailing. After lingering in great agony
for two days he expired. -,
Mr Long was a man of exemplary character
and deportment, and leaves behind him a heart
stricken widow, and four fartherless children.
Rockingham Register.
Collateral security in Arkansas. Banks
in Arkansas manage business in a rather primi
tive manner. Some one writes that before he
could get a fifty-dollar note discounted, he had
to" deposits as "collateral" two cook stoves and a
cross-cot saw. We would like to know the
difference between sneli a bank and a Chatham
street pawn broker's shop. ;
Dr. Brarihon, of Sheffield, England, has
been making some valuable experiments in soap
as; a means of art. He says that a drawing
may be exeeated with a bard point on a smooth
piece of soap,' almost as readily as an ordinary
drawing with a lead pencil. Every touch is
clear( sharp, and : well defined.- ' When the
drawing is finished, a cast may be taken from
the surface in, plaster, or, better still,, by press
ing the soap . firmly into heated gutta percba ;
in the latter, several impressions may be taken
without injuring the soap, so as to admit of
proofs being -taken and corrections made. It
wil even !ear being pressed into melted seal-big-wax
ifitboat injury.
. From the Raleigh Standard. '
Bantu and Currency. "
We pnblish below the first of a series of conv
mnnications on the subject of Batiks and Currency-
a sobject at this" time of much, impor
tance to the people of the State. These com
munications are from the pen of one of the ablest
men of this or any other State, and will be
read with interest by all, and with approval, we
donbt not, by many of our citizens. ... It is not
to be inferred, however, that in giving place to
the favors of correspondents, we are thereby
committed for or against the yiewt they ad
vance. Let free and full discussion be had,
and then let the people or their representatives,
as the case may be, decide for themselves j
To the Editors of the Standard ; ! -;
The numerous propositions, pending before
the Legislature in regard to Banks for the
renewal of charters and the increase of the capi
tal of the existing Banks, and the gfauting of
new charters, are calculated to excite, and have
excited in the public mind serious apprehen
sions as to the currency4 These fears are the
more alarming f rom what you say' in your last
paper "that the Committee on Banking have
determined to report all the bills on the subject
which had been referred to them, leaving to the
Legislature to decide which and how many
Banks should be established." And yon further
add, by way of information, that besides the
applications for the renewal of the charters of
the Bank of the State and the Bank of Cape
Fear, there are likewise applications for char
ters for the People's Bank, with & capital of five
millions Bank of Goldsborongh Bank of
Wilmington Bank of Plymouth Bank of
Clarendon Central Bar of North Carolina
Bank of Halifax, and the Ba nk of Pittsborough ;
to which may be added a general bill for Free
Banking. You do not state, nor have I been
able to learn the amount of Banking capital
which it is thus proposed to create. As two of
them arc to have five millions each, I take it
the other eight cannot be so modest as to ask
for less than a quarter of a million each, which
would be two millions more making in all the
sum of tilue millions of new Banking capital.
We have now ten Banks, with a capital as re
ported of five millions five hundred thousand
dollars in round numbers, with authority as I
believe to go to six hundred thousand.
If this is not calculated to alarm the most
hartfened Bank advocate, he must indeed be
Bank mad. Grant the two charters, as I un
derstand it is proposed, of live millions each
the one to be founded upon stocks, State bonds,
and Railroad stocks, and the other upon 1
know uot what, with a branch in each county
in the State, which shall be able to raise and
subscribe two hundred thousand dollars and
if it docs not end in another Mississippi bubble,
to the ruin of the enrre ncv, then I shall ac
knowledge myself a false prophet. I have no
fears that the Legislature .an be so inconsider
ate and so wanting in foresight, as to grant
these different applications; but it is because
they have been made, and as you say the Com
mittee on Banking have decided to report them
back to the body in which they originated,
that I have resolved to ask a place in your
much crowded columns. It is possible mv facts
and arguments may startle some, and excite the
displeasure of others; but I am resolved to
sneak out to speak the truth, and leave to
others to examine my facts, to correct t hem if
erroneous, to weigh my reasoning, answer it if
fallacious not by hard words or cmpt' de
nunciation, but by satisfying those who may
feel interested in the subject that I am wrong.
My object is the truth, and the protection of
the community against what 1 honestly believe
to be serious injury to the currency, and con
sequent loss to the people of the State.
PUBLIUS.
Vermont and the Fugitive Slave Law. ;
The Legislature of Vermont has passed the
following act, which is intended, no doubt, to
obstruct the officers of the Oencral Government
iu the execution of the fugitive slave law:
; Section 1. Every person who shall falsely
and maliciously declare, represent or pretend
that any free person within this State is a
slave, or owes service or labor to any person or
persons, with intent to procure or to aid and
assist in procuring the forcible removal of such
free persons from the State as a slave, shall
pay a line of three thousand dollars, and be im
prisoned in the State prison not less thau five
years: Frovidcd, That nothing iu this act shall
be construed as applying to any claim of service
from an apprentice for a fixed term.
Sec. 2. jio declaration, representation, or
pretense that any person, being or having been
in this State, is or has been a slave, shall be
deemed proved except by the testimony of at
least two credible witnesses, testifying to facts
directly tending to establish the truth of such
declaration, representation,' or pretense; and
every person who, upon any trial arising under
this act, shall falsely and wilfully represent or
pretend, with intent to aid any party accused
under this act, that any person was or is a
slave, or owes or did owe service or labor to
any person or persons, shall pay a fine of three
thousand dollars, and be imprisoued in the
State prison uot less than five years.
Sec. 8. On the trial of any prosecution aris
ing under this act, no deposition shall be re
ceived as evidence of the truth of any state
ment contained in such deposition.
Sec. 4. Every person who shall obstruct any
officer in the service of any warrant issued in
accordance with this act, or who shall aid in
the escape of any one arrested under this act,
while pnrsued by snch officer, or in his custody,
shall be imprisoned in the State prison not less
than one year ; :
'Sambo, I'se got a conumdibus to promulgate
to you.'
'Propel, darkey
Well, den, why an yon like a tree?' '
; 'Why ant I like a tree? I give dat np
'The reason why yen am; like a tree, is be
cause you am tbe'r green. Yah! yah t yah!'
'Julius, 1's got a connmdibns to propound
to you s '
'Expatiate den, Sambo.'-
'Well, den, why is yo like a tree?'
I gives dat up for sartin.'
; 'Den, darkey, I can demonstrate de fact. De
reason you am like a tree is, because you am a
low cuss.' '. , ' .
'Good-by, darkey; I exchange no more
salutations wid joa.' - " ' 1 -:j
IwrtSiitijiiw:;;.;;-;.;;.''
The Tribunal of Correctional Police lately
tried . a man named Morand for robbery. He
had, it appeared fallen in love with Mademoi
selle Celiue; but she would not consent to look
favorably on his passion,, unless he would fur
nish a room for her. As he was without a far
thing in the world, find had nbt ti place to
iodge in himself, her requirement was not easy
to fulfil. However, he set his wits to work, -and
hit upon a plan for getting a snpply of
furniture. He went to a respectable hotel,
and demanded a room on the first floor, because,
lie said, he had received on injury in the foot
which prevented him from going up .higker
His. appearance did not seem particularly pron
Ising to the concierge, and she called on him to
pay in advance, or at least to leave something
as a pledge. ? . . '. ..-
"It often happens," wl irhej "that people
without a sou in the world take a chamber,
and go off early the next morning without pay
ing; so leave your boots, which appear to be
good, and then I am sure you cannot go away !"
He consented to leave his boots. In the
dead of the night, he, by means of cords secfe--ted
beneath his blouse, let down into the street
the mattress, bed, bedding, chairs, table, clock,
and everything else the room contained; and
they were all carried off by an accomplice..
The man then let himself down into the street.
But as it struck him that it would be iiicouven
ient to walk without his boots, he resolved to
get them. Knocking loudly at the door, he
cried:
"Open open! some man is letting down fur
niture from a window!"
"What window?" cried the concierge, open
ing the door.
"On the first floor!"'
"Oh, that is the fellow who came in last
night I suspected him!" cried the woman,
and she rushed up stairs.
s The man then quietly took his boots, which
were in the lodge, and walked off The next
morning he wrote a flaming epistle to M'lle
Celine, offering her the furniture and his heart
But the police got a clue to his whereabouts,
and arrested him. The tribunal condemned
him to a year's imprisonment.
Tne True American Party.
Some of the political organs of the old whig"
party are talking of organizing a true American
parly. We are aware of the fact that the
whigs, asa puffy, never believed their own or
the democratic organization to be American, or
they would not have abandoned the one or
abused the other. But a large majority of the
American people have long and truly felt, thnt
the democratic party was the true American
party of the country. It has only been by de
ception, trick and hombttg, that they hare ever"
even temporarily changed this opinion. If to
preserve the constitution in all its parts, to
keep the centripetal and ceutrifftgal forces of
the Federal Government in a just equilibrium j
if to regard scrupulously the rights of the States,
and to secure the greatest liberty to the citizen,
consistent with the requirements of the Con
stitution, and to regard with a jealous eye the
channels to the public Treasury, by which mj
dividuals and corporate bodies seek an entrance'
to it ; if to have preserved the national honor"
without a stain against foes and traitors at home;'
if to have done these filings, and others that
might be enumerated of equal significance, en
titles a part- to be called American, then does?
the demoeratie party truly merit the honor.
It has been the peculiar province of the
Democratic party to maintain the honor of these
United States, when fearfully and malignantly
assailed. To do this, it has On more than one
occasion, been forced to resort to the stern
ultimatum of war. And in these various strug
gles to preserve Unsullied the flag of oar country ,
it has met with internal resistance frjoin the
very men and the very party that are now talV-'
ing of organizing an American parly. An
American party, indeed I What for? To-side
with the enemy when his Armies and Navies
are thundering at 6W doors? An American
party, to rob one half of this Union to enrich
the other? An American party, to desecrate
and defile that instrument, upon the preserva
tion of which, in alf its parts, depends all that
is worthy to be called American? It is that
what an American party should be? We have'
had already a touch of that American party
under the old and otherwise respected cognomen
of Whig.., We want no more of it, however'
specious the pretext,-however' plausible the shape"
in which it ctfmes to us.-
Ifthe Demoefatic parfv cannot pilot the".
Government safely throngu the breakers and
quicksands that lie in its pathway, we despair of
finding another more competent to do this. It
has certainlv. in the past.- been the "cloud bv
day and pillow of fire by night'? to our fathers,
who lave, by devotion to its chart and un
wearied and uiireittkted zal in support of its
great doctrines, decided its destiny and con
summated its glory. Such a party was not
born in a day, and cannot be killed in a day. A
party that boasts as itsfatfrer a JeffersoiiMadi
son, Monroe and Jackson, a mother like the
Constitution, and snch a history as the Demo
cratic Party, will not "pale its ineffectual fires"'
before the rush lights that every six or eight
years flash up through the sockets of the old
Whig skeleton.
It is one of the besetting sins of Whiggery,
.that it has1 no "local habitation," -and, some
times, not even a name-alwoys changing;:
never settled on any platform for eight years
at a time. , The Demoefatie party, however it
may have been affected by a domestic question
(and in thfes respect it is faf less affected thai
the Whig) it has its national platform its or
ganic systen,- ifr which ate embodied principle
and polity' to be applied to the government of
the conntry, all of Which,- so long bitterly op
posed by the Whigs, have lived to gain their"
silent if not public approbation.
- While, then, onr principles live, as fresh as in
the days of Jackson, and with faf less opposi
tion -while they look to the Constitution for rt
basis, and to the hearts of th people for sup
port, a party will be found to incorporate them
and perpetuate them. Such a party is Amer'
can party enough for vs. MUledgeriUe - Federal
Union. v.-" ''"'' "j1
The world holds its breath while it gazes on
this appalling carnage of the Crimea. - End ri
it may; on which sidoever Victory may toDallv
declare. If will be won at a price never befbtV
paid for human irium-: ' -' : '";.-
4" s
'It. ..'J,
    

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