A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER -Devoted ta Politics, the Markets, Foreign and Domestic News, Literature. Agriculture, and General Informaiion--TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
WILLTAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor. jr
PAIETTEYILLE, K. C, SATURDAY, JANUAHY -13, 1855.
VOLUME XV NO. S8.
OF" SrBSCRIPTION TO THE CAROLISIAX.
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CLUJ1 R.1 TE S, IWARIABLY AWAJVCE:
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: - Bates of Adertistor :
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SA11 advertisements mnst be handed in by Friday
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day's paper, and should have the desired nnmlwr of in
sertions marked on them, ortherwise they will be in
serted till forbid and charged accordins-ly.
"WM." J. YATES.
FAYETTEVILLE POST OFFICE.
Raleigh Mail, (2 horse coach.)
Due Daily at Ci a. m. Closes daily at :ii p. m.
Warsaw Mail (4 horse coach.)
Due daily, except Sunday, at 0 o'clock, a. m.
Closes daily, except Saturday, at 3 p. m.
Cheraw Mail, (Snlkey.)
Due Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 1J a. m.
Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 12J p. m.
Wilmikhton' (via FJizabethtown) Snlkey.
Due Sunday, Vt'ednesday, ar-rt Friday, at 1 a. m.
Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 9 p. m.
Salek Mail, on Plank Road, 2 horse hack.
Due Sunday, Wednesday and Friday, at 3 p. m.
Closes Monday. "Wednesday and Friday, at 3 j p. m.
Marion C. II. (via Lumber! on) Snlkey.
Due Tuesday and Saturday, at 10 p. in.
CIokcs Wednesday and Saturday, at 9 p. m.
Swift Islaxu Mail (via Troy).
Due Tuesday at 6 p. m. Closes Tuesday at 9 p. ni.
Mail to Strickland's Depot.
Due Tuesday at 2 p. ui. Closes Tuesday at 2 p. m.
Mail to Ei.izarethtowx (via Terebinth.)
Due Wednesday at 7 p. in. Closes Monday at 9 p. tn.
J. E. liRYAX, P. M.
M AHBLE F A C T O IS. Y,
P,V GEO. LAUDEK.
Kearly opposite to E. W. Willklngs" Auction Store,
Favettcville, X. C.
Oct. 1, 1S.13.- y
NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
Opposite the Cape Fear Bank.
JONES Is, LETT
Have now in Store a Ir.rge and handsome Stock of
FA EE & WINTER GOODS,
Selected during the past month, by one of the firm,
in the New York Market, comprising a large Stock of I
Staple and Fancy DRY HOODS,
Foots, Shoes avd Umbrellas,
Together with a largo assortment of fine FAMILY
GROCERIES, Confectioneries. Ac. all of which they
an prepared to olfcr to their customers, and all ihose
wishing to purchase select goods, at the lowest market
prices. .5T0r- Produce taken in exchange for goods.
REFBEX JONES. '- W. LETT.
Sept. 1, 1S.V1. y-pd
A. 33. Campbell,
AVCTIOSEKR & COMMISSION MERCIU5T,
East side of Gillespie street,
Faykt rKvii.LE, N. C.
October 1, 1854.
The undersigned has now i.i Store his Fall and Win
ter stock of GOODS, consisting of a general assort
DRY GOODS A.D GROCERIES,
Hats, Caps, Bonnets, Boots and Shoes, Sa'tinets. Cas
simres. Einseys. Flannels. Muslin-de-Eains, Alpaccas.
Shawls. Cravats. Sec. Cod'ee. Sugar, Molasses. ToWae
co. &-;. &:. Also, a general and well selected stock
of READY-MADE CLOTHING, consisting of Coats,
Vests. Pants. Shirts and Under-shirts.
Adamantine: sperm aud pearl Candles; pepper, spice,
salaratus, starch, line chewing tobacco, Ac.
Produce taken in exchange for Goods at market
prices. R. D. DAVIS.
North side of Person St., next door to F. D. Breece.
X. B. All persons indebted to me by note or ac
count are respectfully requested to call and settle im
mediately, aft longer indulgence will not be given.
Oct. 1, 1&4 y K. J). D.
A man with a small family to take charge of my
Plantation near Favettcville. on the first of Jannary
ncxt, as an Overseer. Evidence of sober and indus
trious habits will be required,
Dec 2d. tf .FXO. WADDILL, Jr.
BRICK MASON AND PLASTERER,
Fiy-tc--llIc, Si. C.
Persons wanting work done in his line will be
promptly attended to by addressing him at the Fayette
viile Post Ollice.
Fayetteville, Jan"y 28, 1854 lv-pd
FEARCE &. F-EIIOITSOSJ,
Wholesale dealers in Foreign and Domestic
Hals, Caps, Foots, Shoes, Umbrellas, o.nd
North side Hay street, Fayettkvii.le, X. C.
jJK?"- Strict attention paid to orders.
B. F. PEARCE.
July 15, 1854 J. B. FERGUSON.
Hyson, Imperial and Oolong, all of first qunlitv.
for sale by M. X. SMITH."
Nov. 9, 19-tf
The firm of G. W. I. GOLDSTON & CO. is this
day dissolved by mutual consent. , ' ?
G. W. I. GOEDSTOX. .
,. 11. W. GOLDSTON.
.Nov. 17 th, 1854. .
THE RUT5SCRD3ER having"purchased the interest
; " GoWstn n the late firm of G. W. I. Gold
ston & Co., will still continue to carry on the
Grocery Mrwre BnriueH
at the old stand. He invites all his friends to call on
him when they come to market, and he will try to
make himself useful.
'. " " ' G. W. I.'GOLDSTOX. '
Xov. 17th, 1S$4. 20-tf: . 5
FALL STOCK, 1854.
STARR & WILLIAMS
Have now in Store a LARGE STOCK OF
J)R Y GOOD S,
Ilats, Ca;-s, Boots, Shoes, Silk and Straw.
Bonnets, Umbrellas, and Ready-made
Which will be sold to WHOLESALE BUYERS,
exclusively. . 1
The attention of Merchants is particularly invited to
this Stock. Orders solicited and satisfaction guar
antied. J. B. STARR.
J. M. WILLIAMS.
Aug..' 16, 1S54. SOT-tf
"' 1 8 5 4.
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
Our Fall and Winter Stock of
HARDWARE. BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS,
RE.ll) Y-MA I)E CLOTIILYG,
Is now in Store and ready for inspection, embracing
by far the largest and most extensive assortment we
have ever ottered to the trade, and is well worthy the
examination of every Merchant visiting this place.
Particular aiteution paid to orders.
HALL fc SACKETT.
August 1), 1851
rrnr firm and nejy goods.
PEARCE & FERGUSON
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter Stock of
TIat, Caps, Bonnets, Umbrellas, Parasols,
Boots, and Shoes, &c. Vc.
With an extensive assortment of Ready-made Clothing.
All of which they offer to purchasers at low prices
and upon accommodating terms.
From long experience!, and by strict, attention to
business, thev hope to merit a share of public patronage.
B. F. PEARCE.
J. B. FERGUSON.
Favettcville, Aug, 17, 1S54. 8()7-tf
SIIEMWELL A- McDONALD,
(Successors to P. Sheniwel,)
Dealers in' Staple axo Fancy
BOOTS AND SHOES. HATS AXD CAPS,
Also a general assortment of Straw A Silk BONNETS.
In addition to our stock now on hand, which is verv
good, we will in a few days receive a new supply of
Which we will sidl low for cash or on reasonable time
to punctual customers.
W. B. SIIEMWELL.
a. x. McDonald.
Fast side Greeit Street.
Fayetteville, Sept 23, 1854. y
J A M E S KYLE
Is now receiving his Fall Supply of
Roofs and Shoes, Hals, Cops, Umbrellas, -r
Among which are.
French and English Merinos, very cheap,
Muslin dcLnins and Alpaccas.
Brocade, plaid anil plain Silks.
Musliu ami Bobinct. Sleeves and Collars.
Merino and other Shawls, long and square,
Calico and Ginghams,
Silk arid Cotton Handkerchiefs,
Best made Boltinar Cloths.
A large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING,
With many other Goods, all of which being purchased '
uv tue pactcage ar tlie late r-um-ol jinces. will be
oll'ered wholesale or retail at very low prices.
" September 15, 1854.
PALL AXD WITER GOODS.
J. $- T. WAD DIET.,
II A V STREET.
Are now receiving their Fall and Winter GOODS,
consisting of a large and well selected stock of
Blacksmith & Tur
ments, 1 1 ATS and CAPS,
Boots ami Shoes,
Saddlery and Leather,
Heavy articles in the
and staple Dry Goods.
This Stock wc arc ireparejl to job or retail
Fayetteville, Oct. 24, 1854.
JCSfWe ask the Planters and Turpentine:
men to examine onr Kerseys, Negro Blankets, I
Ilats tind Shoes.
Bl'TTKH) n utw supply.
100 Firkins (Valley Virginia) Butt-erf
50 " Ashe county Butter.
Nov 24. 21-tf GEO. McNEILL.
I have now in Store (received within two weeks
past) the LARGEST STOCK of
ever offered iit this Market, comprising a gen
eral assortment of
BLUE and FINK PRJXTJSd,
Dinner, Tea, and Toilet Ware.
These G oods were imported to my own order,
exi'Ressly to suit the Fayette villo Wholesale
: I have as nsunl, a good supply of
CHINA avd GLASS WARE.
JGST" Orders will be carefully filled at the
W. N. TILLING n AST.
Dec. 9, 1854.
lOOO Spirit Tnrpenfipe Cnxks,
JV0 W OJ" HAJD AJVD FOR SALE,
At $2 25, cash. Interest will be chaiged on accounts
for Barrels after .50 days.
Orders , for Barrels left at the Store of Messrs Cook
& Johnson, or at James G. Cookrs, will be attended to.
,' i ALSO
125,000 BRICK will be ready for delivery about the
I5th of 'October from my Brick Yard in Campbellton.
G. W. LAWRENCE.
Mary's Garde:;, Sept. 28, 1854 , .. 18-tf ' ; '
: Persons indebted to the subscribers by account
must positively pay np. Longer indulgence cannot
be given. ' ,
BRYAN & YATES.
"BILLIARD, TABLES FOR SALE.
I have TWO good Billiard Tables' with all the fix
tures, which I will dispose of on reasonable terms if
application be made soon. . '
. JAMES riALES,
- Sept. 9, 1854. 810-tf ; Vr -' :
MAIiE AND FEDIAIiG
SCHOOL. - '
The Trustees of the CAPE FEAR ACADEMY gff
notice that the Institution will open on Wednesday
the i!2d of January, 1855. under the charge of A. G.
Walcott. A. M-, Principal, and suitable female Teach
ers. Mr Walcott takes charge of the Institution high
ly recommended from one of the first institutions in
the city of New York, having been one of the Princi
pals of said institution for the last three- years, aud a
Virginian hy birth aad education. ,;
Ttrm of Tuition:
For the Primary Classes, per session, $6
For the higher branches, " $12 and $20
One half payable in advance, the other at the close
' . ' ' of the session.
Board famished at the Steward's Hall, aud in the
vicinity, at $S per month.
. Location for health, salibrity and morality surpas
sed by few; situated a distance of three miles from the
Cape Fear River. Ac. ';-
JOHN T. COUNCIL
Prospect Hall. Sec"y of Board Trustees.
Jan. 1. 1855.
The subscriber respectfully begs leave to annnnnce
to the Ladies of Fayetteville and vicinity, that the
numerous solicitations he has had to give instructions
on the Piano, have induced him to devote part of his
time to it. He is now prepared to commence giving
Lessons, and will be happy to receive, applications.
His terms will be verv moderate.
PiT- Particular attention will be paid to the tuning
and repairing of Pianos.
January tith. 27-ft
NEGROES FOR. SALE.
The .subscriber, as Executrix to the last Will
and Testament of Jos. W. Evaus, will expo.se to public
sale at the Market House in Fayetteville, on the 2lth
day of January. 1K55, upon a credit of six months, the
following S LAVES: Eliza, aged 28 years, an excellent
cook, and well trained servant; Maria, aged six years,
child of Eliza; and Handy, aged 15 years, a valuable
Purchaser will be required to give bond with good
security before the property is changed.
JANE M. EVANS. Executrix.
Jany fi. 1855. 27-:;t
N O T I C 12 .
I have this day purchased the entire interest of R. S.
Cain in the linn of Council. Cain & Co.
JOHN T. COUNCIL.
Dec. 27, 1851.
The firm of Council, Cain &. Co. is this day dissolved
by mutual consent. Those indebted to the late linn
will plea-e cull an. 1 settle those indebted by account
by giving their notes or otiierwise.
The business will be continued by Council v Ray,
and the business of the late firm will be closed by
JOHN T. COUNCIL.
Dec. 27, 185 1. 27-4 1
Desirable Tuuu P'opert y for Sale.
M We will sell our newly IMPROVED LOT,
on the corner of Cool Spring Street and Cooi
Spring Alley. The buildings have all Ih-cu
constructed in the last 12 months. tvery thing iu neat
order, aud ready for the reception of a funf.lv.
J. & T. WADDILL.
Jan'v 1, 155.
The exercises of this School will be resumed the 1st
day of January, under the supervision of Jiev. W. L.
Wallace, late of Furmaii University, S. C, who comes
t us arrayed with the very best recommendation as
to scholarship and gentlemanly lwnring. The Acad
emy is a large two-storied building, situated in a beau
tiful anil healthy place on the lhuleusville road, 12
miles from Luiuhcrton. X. "., in the neighborhood of
Cnpt. E. Ashley, Dr. J. McK. A 1 ford, Colonel John A
Bol.uul. .fos'li Thompson. Townson A Price. Neur
to tin- Academy is a large and commodious building
built for the express purpose of entertaining boarders,
now kept by Dr. John S. Kolaiid, a very excellent and
Every convenience is made to render the School
prosperous and nourishing. There will be three classes:
l.-t. Embracing Spelling & Beading, per session, i-'t
2d. English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography,
Philosophy. Astronomy, Botany. Composi
tion, Elocution, great care to writing,
3d. Latin. Greek. Algebra. Geometry, Survey
ing, Logic and Rhetoric, with original
propositions aud problems given to test
scholarship, per session of 5 months, $12
JOSEPH THOMPSON, Pres't.
Jonx Tayi.oh. Sec"v.
bccinbcr 27lh. ' 2fi-3t
The next session of this Institute will commence on
the 1st Monday in January next, nnder the super
vision of the liev. G. B. Scott and Lady. His success
during the former session has clearly evinced that he
is second to none in his profct-siou as a teacher, and
his equal we have not iound. Airs Scott is an experi
enced ami. we doubt not. an etlictual teacher. Eitbits
will be made to have the Steward's Hall in the occu
pancy of a suitable incumbent.
Tuition pavable one-half in advance.
W. H. WILLIS, Treas.
December If., 1854 24-4 1
Suitable for Pbysieians or Planters, a good assort
ment just received and for sale by
J. X. SMITH,
nec. 16. 24-lm
The Subscriber takes this method of informing per
sons indebted to him cither by note or account, that
longer indulgence cannot mid will not be given. All
notes and accounts not cashed by the 10th of January,
1W5, will be placed iu the hands of officers for collec
tion. PETER P. JOHXSOX.
December 16, 185 J. 24-3t
KOIt C orKHSI COLDS ! 1
Wistar's Cough Lozenges,
Bose and Lemon Gum Drops,
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
Wistar's Balsam, of Wild Cherry,
Pure Cod Liver Oil, (R, & C)
For sale by J. N. SMITH, Druggist.
The HOUSE AND LOT opposite the residence of
E. J. Hale, Esq, now occupied by J. E. Bryan.
Also, three line building LOTS on Haymount, join
ing the residence of T. S. Lntterloh and Win. Broad
foot, Esq'rs, having on them numerous fine shade trees
and convenient to the purest water in the county.
Apply to GEO. S. HODGES.
December 16, 1854 24-6t
I have just received a few dozen "Wide Awake"
nATS for men, boys and children.
j DAVID GEE.
- December 16, 1854 St
The next session opens January Sth. Terms as
heretofore. ... .
A. R. BLACK, Principal.
Carthage, Dec 20. 3t. ; -WM. M. BLACK, Assistant.
" - y-, ;-j; ALMANACS,
" A good supply jf Farmers & Planters and - Turner
& Hughes, for sale at the Fayetteville Book Store, by
. . v i -. ; A. E, TAYLOR. ,.
FAYETTEVILLE. JV". C.
Bank of the State.
. A general annual meeting of the stockholders
of the Bank of the State, was held at their
banking house in Raleigh on the 1st inst.
The following gentlemen were elected directors
on the part of the private stockholders: Geo. W.
Mordecai, John II. Bryan, Jos. B. G. Ilonlhac,
Wm. : Pearce, Bat. P. Moore, Alfred Jones,
Win. Boy lan. .
Gov. Bragg appointed Wm. R. Pool and
L. O'B. Branch, directors on behalf of the
n ,Tlie following resolution was passed at this
meeting: " .. ...
Resolved, That so much of the Bye-Taws as pro
vides that the general meeting of the stockhol
ders shall be held on the first Monday in January,
at which time the election of directors shall take
place, be repealed, and hereafter the general
meeting of the stockholders of the bank shall be
held on the first Monday in July in each and
every year, and that the election of directors of
the bank shall hereafter be made on the first
Monday in July in each and every year.
Da. Graham in Statf. vrisojc. Pr. Robert
M Graham, convicted of the manslaughter of
Col. Loring at the St. Nicholas Hotel in Au
gust last, and sentenced to the State prison for
seven years, was (says the New York Tribune)
yesterday taken from the Tombs and conveyed
to Sing Sing. It is understood that Graham
will be placed in the medical department of the
prison as assistant physician. The convict, be
fore leaving, spoke kindly of the efficient war
den of the city prison, Mr John Gray, from
whom and his assistants he has received many
favors during his incarceration.
Sad OccrRREXcE. We are pained to state,
that on Tuesday of last week, Col. Abxf.r Par
ker, of Red mountain, in this county, committed
suicide hy cutting his throat with a razor. He
died, as we learn, in fifteen minutes after com
mitting the act. He had been deeply afflicted
in the loss of all his children by consumption;
and. to this was added about twelvemonths ago
a severer affliction in the loss of his wife. Op
pressed with grief for these bereavements, he
was also afflicted with a tendency of blood to
the head, frequently indicated symptoms threat
ening apoplexy. These preyed upon him, and
it is supposed that his mind was upset, aud in
a fit or derangement the fatal act was perpetra
ted. Col. Tai ker was about sixty-one years of age,
and was highly esteemed in the cotinty for his
intelligence, public spirit, and hospitality.
His loss will be mourned by a large circle of
friends and acquaintances. Jlillslcrovgh Re
corder, Jan. 3.
Brutal mtrher ok a wife. The New York
Express of Tuesday gives the following particu
lars of the brutal murder of a wife by her
husband still another victim of rum's doings:
"Last evening, about seven o'clock, Thomas
Hammond was arrested by Sergeaut Dwyer and
Officer McCarty, in the basement of 34 Trinity
Place, for "the murder of his wife. 'Shortly after
the occurrence,' says Captain Ilalpin, of the
First Ward police, 'I entered the basement, and
the picture there presented was heart-rending
in the extreme. There lay the deceased on the
bed, all covered with blood, with tlte right cheek
iinl temple completely beat in, where deceased
had been knocked against the stove, with several
of tlte same cuts in her face and body. Hammond
was found lying alongside of the deceased, with
his arm around her person, and he perfectly
reckless or unaware of the deed which he had
committed. The walls and floor were covered
with blood, and everything in disorder, as if a
struggle had taken place. A child: of the ac
cused, six years of age, was the only witness to
what occurred. Hammond is thirty-four years of
age, of intemperate habits, a native of Ireland,
and was a hard-working ma n.'"
A Cim.n Beatex to Death by its Parents.
Last evening we accompanied Coroner Dela
vau, who was called to hold an iutpicst upon
the body of a child named Paulina Bear, aged
four years and three months, alledgcd to have
been beaten to death by her parents. We pro
ceeded to a dirty-looking hovel in ljathbury s
court, running south from Bedford street, be
tween Fifth and Sixth streets, and found our
selves among a number of German and Irish
families. The body of the child was laid out
in the garret. It was almost a skeleton, and
from head to foot, bore the most dreadful marks
of brutal treatment. There were cuts and
bruises upon its legs and arms. The abdomen
was nearly black, while the frontal bone of the
head appeared to be fractured. It was truly
a shocking sight.
The jury being empannellcd, the following
facts were elicited:
The mother of the child, who is a German !
woman, was married to a man named Francis
Bear, a cooper by trade, last August. About
two months ago, the couple took up their re
sidence in a house with an Irish family, named
Mann, in Lathbury's court. There, about five
weeks ago, the child, Paulina, then a fine,
hearty-looking girl, was taken ill with the
diarrhoea. No Doctor was procured, and the
little girl was left to suffer with the disease.
This alone would haye been a quantum svfficil
of brutality ; but two of the witnesses, Ann
Mann and Catharine Grantz, testified positively
that the chilu was repeatedly beaten by both
Bear and his wife, but particularly by Bear.
On. Christmas day, and afterwards. Miss
Grantz interferred when Bear was beating the
child in a savage manner. On a certain day
the witness did not recollect the precise time
Mrs Mann was alarmed by hearing the screams
of the poor child, as Bear was beating her with
a strap, a shoe, and other things. She went up
stairs and found the child lying naked on the
floor, and'tcrribly cut and bruised. She took
the child down stairs, and gave it some gin to
revive it, and thefl did all in her power to re
lieve its sufferings. Soou after this, Bear and
his wife removed to the opposite side of the
court, to a house chiefly occupied by a German
family, named Neiberd. : There th6 child died
about twelve : o'clock on Saturday. ; Bear left
the house : last Thursday, and has not been
beard from since. -Philadelphia, United States
Gazette. - ' " : . ,
CUMBERLAND COUNTY COURTS.
A Fill to create a Court ' of Common Picas for
the County of Cumberland, and for other pur
poses. ' ' '"' '"'' ' ' -; '.
Sec. 1 Be it enacted by the General Assembly
of the State of North CaroIina,and it is hereby
enacted by the authority of the same, That on
the first Thursday of August, which shall be in
the year, of our Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and fifty-five, and every four years there
after, polls shall be opened nt the several elec
tions or precincts in the county of Cumberland,
under the same rules and regulations as elections
for members of the General Assembly are con
ducted, for the election of some person of integrity,
ability and learning in the law, to be the Judge
of the Court of Common Pleas, of said county,
and all persons qualified to vote for members of
the House of Commons in said county,"" shall
be entitled to rote at said election, and the
person having the highest number of votes in
said election, shall be chosen, and the sheriff
shall cause the same to be certified to the Gov
ernor, who shall, commission him accordingly.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the per
son so chosen shall hold his office for the term
of four years, and until his successor is chosen
and qualified, and in case of a vacancy in said
office from any cause, or of disability of the in
cumbent, the county court of Cumberland, twen
ty justices being present, shall proceed to elect
some person of integrity, ability and learning
in the law to fill such vacancy or to act until
such disability be removed; but no person shall
be competent to act as Judge, or perform any
judicial act, until he shall have taken the oath
appointed for the qualification of public officers,
and an oath of office before some Judge of the
Superior or Supreme court, or in open court in
the county court of Cumberland : Provided,
however, that any person elected nnder this act
may be removed from office upon impeachment.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That there
shall be held in the county of Cumberland,
quarterly, on the firt Tuesday of September,
December, March and June, a Court of Com
mon Pleas, over which said judge shall preside,
which may continue its sitting from day to day
ten days, if the business of the court require it,
and which shall have cognizance of all actions
and pleas, civil and criminal, of which the coun
ty court of Cumberland now has jurisdiction;
aud the said judge shall be competent to hold
the term of said' court, and shall and may take
cognizance, and have full power and authority
and jurisdiction to hear, try, and determine all
causes of a civil nature whatever, at common
law, where the defendants, or one of them, re
side in his county, where the original jurisdic
tion is not by any act of the General Assembly
confined to a single magistrate, or to the
Supreme or Superior court, of all penalties in
curred by violation of the penal statutes of the
State, or the laws passed by the Congress of
the United States, whereby jurisdiction is given
to the courts of the several States, of suits for
dower, partition of land, filial portions, lega
cies, and distributive shares of intestates, and of
all matters relating thereto; he shall have
power to try, hear, aud determine all matters
and things relating to orphans, idiots, and luna
tics, and the management of their estates in
like manner as courts of chancey exercise juris
diction, and to the extent to which the county
courts now exercise the satae, to try, hear, and
determine all criminal cases where judgment
upon conviction, shall not extend to life, limb,
or member, and all other cases where jurisdic
tion and power is given by law to the Courts of
Pleas and Quarter Sessions of this State; the
said Judge hall have ex vjflcio, within his county
the power and authority of a Justice of the
Peace to arrest, commit, bind over or bail any
offender of the law to the court having jurisdic
tion of the offence.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That he shall
have the power and authority as is by law con
ferred upou any Judge of the Superior Court,
to take the acknowledgment or probate of any
deed or bill of sale, or any other instrument
which may by the laws of this State be required
to be registered, he may take the privy examina
tion of any feme cover t who may be a party to
any deed or instrument requiring registration,
in the same way as is now required by law, ami
the same upon his order shall be admitted to
registration, and shall be to oil intents valid
and of like force as if taken before any Judge
of the Superior or Supreme Court; he may in
vacation graut writs of recordari facias Ltquelum ,
or false judgmeuts, to remove auy proceedings
which shall be had before auy justice of his
cotity into the said counrt of Common Pleas,
under the same rules and regulations as are
now prescribed by law for the removal of the
cases to the Superior Court,, and hereafter no
writ of false judgment shall run from the
Superior Court of Cumberland to any magistrate
of said county, to remove aiiy proceedings be
fore him to the Snjerior Court, but the same
shall be returnable into the court of Common
Pleas. He may issue commissions to take the
testimony, shall have exclusive power to grant
administrations, or take the probate of wills,
which he may do in vacation, twenty days notice
having been given iu two or more public papers
of the day appoiuted for such purpose, for all
persons having interest thereiu to be present?
Provided, however, that if objections be made
to the probate of auy , will, and an issue of rfe-,
visavit vel non be tendered, the same shall stand
for trial at the next succeeding term of the
court, and have the preference over all other
causes on the docket; he shall have the power
of appointing guardians, - and shall have, exer
cise and enjoy all the power, authority and
jurisdiction, criminal and civil, which now is or
hereafter may be conferred on the said Court
of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, (except as is
hereafter reserved to the County Courts) under
the same rules, regulations and usages as now
exist. 1 - " ..
Sec. " 5. Be it further enacted, That the Court
of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county of
Cumberland, shall hereafter be styled the Comi
ty Court of Cumberland,' and shall be held by
the justices thereof, ; twenty at least being pre
seritj who may. be competent to net,, and shall
have exclusive power of levying taxes, binding
out orphans, appointing overseers of roads,
patrols, licensing retailers and transacting the
county business. The said ; court shall sit on
the first Mduday of September, ' December,
March and June, and shall continue in sessiou
one day ; the said ' justices shall elect a chair
man who shall preside over their deliberations,
aud if by any casualty the court do not meet on
that day, or there he any imperious necessity
for an extra session, the said chairman shall
have power to convene the? said court on reason
able notice; the said court shall have power at
its meeting to take bonds of the sheriff, coroner,
conMable, elerbs or - other ; officers as now re
quired by law, and shall have, retain and enjoy
all the anthority and power they now have, by'
any law touching the election and qualification
of public officers j the said court at its session
in June 1855, shall draw the number of jurors
required by -law as heretofore, and shall issue
writs of scire facias to the sheriff of Cumber
land county, to summon the same to the Sep
tember term, 1855, of the Court of Common
Pleas, and regularly every court thereafter,
shall in like manner draw jurors and issue writ
of scire' facias, retnrnable ii; like , manner, and
in case the wanty eonrts- dmli neglect to draw
said jurors, the sheriff attended by three free
holders, shall proceed to drnw the jnrors in like
manner, and shall certify the same to the County
Court Clerk who shall issne writs accordingly.
Sec. 6. Be it farther enacecd, That the clerk
of the County Court shall ear officio be clerk of
the court of Common Pleas, and shall authen
ticate the acts of the" said court with the seal
of the County County Court, whenever the same,
by any existing law or usage, may be necessary.
Sec. 1. Be it further enacted, That the said
Judge may be selected from the State at large,
but he shall reside in the county of Cumberland ;
he shall be paid out of the county funds such
snm as the County Court may direct, .'not-less
thau three hundred dollars per annum, payable
quarterly; he shall be entitled to receive the
sum of two dollars on every sait or action
brought, to be paid by the plaintiff', and laid in
the bill of cost; on every indietment two dol
lars, to be taxed against every defendant. In
case he he convicted j awd if case of acquitalfl,
or insolvencies on conviction, to be paid by the
county trustee on the certificate of the clerk; on
every grant of administration, two dollars; on
the appointment of every guardian, one dollar.
An execution may issue therefor. .
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That from and
after tlte first of June 1855, there shall no ap
peal be allowed to the Cotinty or Superior
Conrt of Cumberland from the decision or judg
ment of any single magistrate, bnt appeal may
and shall lie granted to the Courts of Common
Pleas under like roles as now arc observed and
required in appeals to the said conrt.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That there
shall be no appeal allowed to the Superior
Conrt for any judgment, sentence decree of
the Common Pleas, but when, any party shall
be dissatisfied therewith, he may appeal there
from to the Supreme Court; and the same shall
be granted and certified trntfef the same rule
and regulations as are now prescribed by law,
in case of appeals from the Superior Court to
the Supreme Court.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That after
the June Term, 1855, of Cumberland County
Court, the trial and appearance docket, and all
papers connected with any cause or petition,
civil or criminal, pending in said court undis
posed of, shall be removed into the court of
Common Pleas, and stand there for trial, in
like manner as if originating there, and all wit- .
nesses recognized shall be bound over to said
court, and witnesses under mibprena, and parties
under obligation to Vie and appear before the
County Court, shall be held to appear at the
court of Common Pleas.
Sec. 11. Be it further enncted, That here
after, all jurors of the regular panel, and all
witnesses sntninoiird to attend any term of the
Superior Court, Court of Common Pleas or
County Court, when snch juror or witness re
sides more than ten miles from the courthouse,
shall be allowed a per diem compensation of
one dollar and fifty cents, and in addition to
their mileage, pix cents per mile for every mile
travelled to and from the said courts, by the
usual way of travel.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That when
anj enpiasad satisfaciendum shall issne upon the
judgment of a single magistrate, and the party
therein he miudcd to avail himself of the acts
in force for the relief of insolvent debtors, he
shall give bond for his appearance at the next
term of the Court of Common Pleas, in the like
manner, ami under the same rules and regulations
as are now prescribed and in force, directing said
bonds to be given, conditioned for his appearance
at the County Court.
Sec 13. Be it further enacted, That tho
County Attorney, appointed by the County
Conrt, shall attend the Conrt of Common Pleas
in like manner, and be entitled to receive the
same fees for like services R6 are now allowed
by law in the County Court.
Sbc. 14. Be it further enacted, That nothing
herein contained shall be so const rned as to
prevent the Judge of the said conrt from prac
ticing as an attorney in any other court.
Later fraa Earape.
The royal mail steamer Asia has arrived.
She sailed from Liverpool on the 23d nit.
The political and war news is of an unim
The intelligence from the Crimea possesses
no marked interest. No further fighting had
taken place. The allies were still busy in their
attempts fully to invest Scbastopol. The bom
bardment continued, but the fire was not brisk
Large reinforcements had reached the allies.
The Russians also had been heavily reinforced.
The movement of Omer Pasba had been at
tended with considerable success.
We have further accounts of very severe
storms in the Black Sea.
The French and English troops were suffer
ing extremely from the severity of the weather,
Prussia has sent a special envoy to London,
Rumor says that he is intrusted by his gov
ernment with a proposition for an alliance with
the western powers.
The two . houses of the British Parliament
are wholly absorbed with the war question.
The debates arc of the most interesting and evcu
exciting character. '
A ' Beautiful Present. We had the pleas
nre of beinr present at an interesting scene in
the Chapel of Greensboroogh Pemale College,
on Wednesday evening the 27th December; on
which occasion, the Facnlty and Pupils of tho
Institution presented the Re,' C. F. Decms
D. D., late President, a beautiful and costly
set of plate, as a testimonial of their love; anil
a reward for his antiriug efforts to promote the
welfare of the1 College during the' last fou
ye&rsjr--Greensboto' Patriut. v " v