-tHE KjfinrH CABQLINIAN, FAYETTEVILii, N. C. F V It 31 KItS’ DICP A ItT3IKN T An ArfCif Aiv»n(ar«“« Kane's Arctic Expklitlbh aKounds in adven ture# like the following, which makes one shiver to read. Dr Kane and an Esquimaux hunter take a trip after j “I started witli Hans arid five dogs, all wri : could muster frbiri our disabled pack, and I reached the ‘Piimacley Eerg’ in a single hour’s I run. But where was the water? Where were I the seal? The floes had closed, and the crusli- fhlnrse Sii^ar fane am! fcorsla Syrup. i nrtk all that told of our intended luTht" ME.sar.s. Editors—I feel it my duty to make j ''*8 gl'ound. known (o the Southern public the result of my ; ’’Ascendirig'a bez^, hoWeVer, we could see Syrup making from the Chinese Siig.nr Millet,! to'the Xorth and west the dark cloud stratus, in hopes that others wlio have sown this valu^, which Tj'etbkens water. It ran through our old able variety of the Millet, may be induced to : battle-gifonrid,'the 'Berg Bolt’—the labyrinth work it hp into Syrup this season. 1 of our wandering after the frozen party last 1 send you a few joints of the Cane and a ! winter. I had not been over it Irince, and the samp,e of the Syrup, of which I have made feeling it gave me was anything bet joyous several barrels. '.Jr „ i r i ^ In a couple of hours we emerged upOn a plain nuliiitftcd to the eye, and smooth BU a billiard-table. I'eathers of young frosting gave a plu.'ih like h^ to its surface, and toward tlie horizon dark columns of frost-smoke pointed open water. This ieo was firm _ ten. tags and the Cabinet. The following letter appeared in the York Herald of january 8, 1857 : 'Portico, 373 F. street. tVasliington, January 5, lS5i 'i iliformed you by telcgTapIi, oii the 1 Xew MI^ELLANEOn^ ITEMS- Laying raies by steam.—Two engineers on the Virginia Ceritral railroad liave contrived a j machine for laying railroad tracks by steam, gj. > According to tlie Account published, it doesal! '■January, that Genera! Cass himself told me the ; of Srr-ding the road Premiership had been tendered him. I now “I’d putting ihc tails and chairs inform you, on the same authority, that he iia.- accepted the appointment of Secretary of State It has cost me two dollars, which plea.so credit ' me in subscription to the Herald. i q,, mi,„vsdav, the following gentlemen were I also toward two communications, embracing g^llot of the two Hisses, lavin^ in The machine used is si.xty-two feet in land it is estimated tluit it will lay track a : rate of ten feet a ininnto. the tirig poEi'tion. leu^th, the 1 obtained my start of sect! during the Spring of lSo5, from I). lledmond. Esq., oftlicSonth- c’n Cultivator. I considered it a‘liiiinbng,’froji, iis close rc-semblance in seed and growth to the Guinea Corn, until inv children, towards fall i dearlv to the memoirs— FIFTY year's of EVENT: Political,'ToeticaL, and iiistoricai.; With anecdotes of Remarkable Men. i BY JOllN 'fiA'RNEY. j which, riot having been published, I request j may be'returned to rile by mail—I having en-1 closied to you the requisite stamps to -prepay rfie postage. I am your obedient servant, | counties, as JOHN 15ARNKV ; report, is $521,731 made the discovery of its being to their taste equal to the true Sugar Cane. This year I planted one patcli another 3Iay 18th, near Calhoun cnougi Ir; ddr experience satisfied us that it was April I not a'recent freezing. We pushed on without J5th, j jigiftaTlon ; cheering our.selvcs with the e.xpec- o‘'don conn-Ttation of coming every minute to 'tlie seals, tv, on ianu that would p*oduce, during a sonable ’ year, forty bu.sliels of Corn end this year not over twenty bushels. sea I We passed a second V‘c-grbwtli, it ivas riot sa jier adre 'strong as the 6nc we had jirt'c'i'me '6Ver, but whs stfll kafe & '^arty like ours. On we Went at a bHsker gallop, maybe for another mile, when llaiis sang out at the top of his voice, ‘Pnsey! pnsey mut! seal, seal!’ At the .sama instant the dogs bounded forward, and, as I looked up, I saw crowds of grev j Trustees of the University of North-Carciina: Thomas Settle, Jr., of Rockingham. Dr. R. Dillard, of Chowan William W. Holden, of Wake. R. A. Hamilton, of Granville. Dr. J. F. B. Hardy, of Buncombe. Pennsylvania.—The total valuation of the i Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, for all the I counties, as shown by the auditor general’s 304—on which there is a FAFETTEVILLE, Ni 'C, Satiir.'lay, .January 17. IS57. C. C. McCki:.mmk.\ is our duly niithorir.ed agout for tlie collection of all claims due this office. Seed sown c-arelcssly in drills, thre^ tce’t apart, covered with a one-liorse plow; inten ding to ’’chop out” to a stand of one stalk six inches apart in the row; but failed to get a good stand as the seed came up badly from the deep and irregular covering Worked out, same as for Corn, plowing twice and hoeing once. suggestion of Gov. Hammond, of South Carolina, I determined to give the Syriqwnak. inga fair trial; consequently ordered ffom the Messrs. Wiuship, of Atlanta, a very complete Horse-power Mill, with vertical iron rollers, that has worked admirably, crushing out juice for eight gallous of Syrup per hour, worked bv two mules, with one hand to jmt in the Cane, and a boy to drive. On the 13tli of this month, finding the seed fully ripe I had the fodder pulled, and the seed heads cat. Yield of fodder per acre, 1,100 to 1,800 Ibsl Yield of seed per acre^ H ^bsliels of 36 lbs | to the bashei. | First trial of Mill, It) average canes gave 20 1 quarts of juice. 606 average canes, passed atibe through the rollers, gave 38 gallons 1 qnaf't birjuice; passed : , . a second time through, gave 2 gafens of juice - ^ ’’T."'''' the 40 gallons, 1 quart, gave 8 gri^bBs thick 1‘ Syrep. I «»'’>'?•' now to see their e-xpressive faces—were 1 carefully measnred au eighth of ai* a'A'-g hav- "’''id' ing the best canes, and the be.st stand; another icharacteristic expression, eighth having the poorest stand The Te.shlt I give below, the canes having passeii once tliron AVe have tiiade iiiquiry in regard to the cor-! rectness of the stafenientSBOntaincd in the fore going letter, ail'd feel fully authorised to .say that they are entirely wlthbfct foundation. Wefe'el equally well assured tliat no one nieni- ber'of the cabinet lias yet been selected, and that all statements to the contrary are mcrclv specnlations or conjectures. tax a.ssessmcnt of $1,049,907 75. 'The nluni- I her of taxable inhabitants is 582,185, The j amount of stocks held by incorporated criitpan- ies i.s $1,724,490. A’'aliie of railroads arid canals, $33,305,010. .liatrimouiai tluindler iin hiS Travels- among the Ladies, -A Lion During tlic past year, a man calling himself ; MARYi.ANn.—The finances of Maryland are repre.sented to be in a very excellent condition. There is said to be a balance in the ITeasnrv from the receipts of last year, of about $238,- I 000, which, added to the surplus remaining of j the previous year, gives a total .surplus in the Dr. S. Thrasher Ryoiis, has been sejdnrning in treas'iiry of nearly $000,000. The receipts of netsik, the rough or hisped seal of the whalers ’ A'ork, and niOviiSg in fe'sp'cctablo circles. | I flic State for the year are about $1,230,375 disporting in a sea of water. I hardly welcomed the spectacle, frli'eri I saw that wc had ^as-sed upbn i View belt 6'f ice that tvas ‘dbvronsly Vlnsafe. To the right, and left iwd friint, was one great expanse of sriow- Soweried ice. The nearest solfd floe wits a mere lump, Ahi'ch stood like an fsland in the white ievci; I’d tiftri ftak itripbssible we had to keep lip bur gait. AA^e urged on the dogs with whip and voice, the ice rolling like leath er beneath the sledge runners; it was more than a mile to the lump of solid lee. Fear gave to the poor beasts their utmost speed, our voices were soon hushed to silence. The suspense, unrelieved by actibu bh hfrdrt was intolerable. AA'e knchl Dial tli'cre wris no He rcfiTcsented liimsel'f as a i'riaia of wealth, and as he lived rill'd aiqiearcd well, tlies'c 'ci'rciimstai'- 'ces seeiried to conrirm his repre.'icntiti'ons, tho’ recently dovelbp'cd facts shew him to have been, not only ajerefriyDidd!cT,bnt a deep-dyed scoun drel, capable of perpetrating any crime. He is about forty-five years of age, about four feet and eleven ii.c-hes high, arid weigh.s about 170 poniid-S, has black hair inclined to curl, eyes dark with a snakish expression, Ronmn nose, and rather oval face. He is man of superior addrc.ss, is highly educated i t speaks French with fluency, cdiivei'Scs ititclli- gently upon rill topics, plays the piano forte with gbod taste, and is e.xtreniely engaging is his nlauiiefs. So fai- ris it can be ascertained, and the disbursements about $1,003,290. ti-siiERMEN’S rircK.—Tlic \arnionth Regis ter, say.s the fishermen at that place are now doing a good business in mining for eels. Large quantities of these fish are every day sent to New York market via railroad, where they bring from five to si.x cents per pound before being dressed. The largest quantity! are taken in Orleans, no less than fire toiu ■ from that town being shipped at onr depot one I day last week. This business affordc eiiiplov- I nient for something like one hundred riien in that place, and they arc enabled to clear j about $3 per day for an ordinary day’s tabor. TAPE FEAR AAD KEEP RIVERS. Ao. 3. For the coHr.se which we have pursued upon this subject we have been grcptly riialigned, and in some instances vaguely threatened. It therefore behooves us to .say a word or trfo in reference to ourself before entering upon the subject proper. In this matter we have no more pc/'s'ciirtf interest than has any other indi vidual discorinected with tlie scheme. Only as a unit in tlie State; a .single citizen and a ta.x- paycr, have we the slightest .solfi.shiq;.ss to dic tate a woixl or point a sentence. ,We cannot therefore be charged with interested m'dlives in examining and e.xposiiig this deceitful sclteme of public spoliation. Nor will we use, ii'i A'efcT- ence to our future course, the ar^mcntuvi btl f' absurdum put in requisition by ihe AA'iliningtoii Joiihial, that as ‘wc arc in for it we may as well go ahead.’ AA'c entered upon it with an earnest de.sign to do onr duty towards the good old State of our adoption. The people here and elsewhere have so far sustained us, and we j hands and under precisely the .same iinspices in arc gratified to find that the Legislature i.s be-(and under which it has arrived at its present ginning to lift the veil, which has .so long shut ! utter and nndenied failure. dams is admitted by the engineer, who rccom mends their removal to more practicable sites The washing an-ay and cutting round, rotting down, removals, &e. &c. have now been going on for eight years—all, however, providential and beyond the ken of mortal man, owing to the ‘‘unprecedented” freshets. “The work was done according to contract;” app'r'eved by the engineer;^ paid for, wa.slied away and. floated d'ow;! to AF^iimiiigton, ri'l ''acccrdiiig to con- Asjde from the practical w6rk it.self, the AA ilmington Journal, so tenderly susceptible on the subject and delicately’ admonitory to wards ns, says—“Tilings }mvc been kept cloak ed up smothered up—hocus jiocussed up toe much. AA e here-;—t^rose at least who own stock are about as badly iii the dark a.s anybody else.’’ A pertinent admission truly. Further, savi the Journal—“AA’e bear that such a company of contractors !iris taken such a work, to be done in .siicri a vinnvcr, giving bond Ac. The work is neither done in time nor manner sped fled: yet somehow the contracter.s get paid, and no man has ever yet heard of a bond being .Slic'd out.” Alas for the gullibility of hrman nature! Did our friend ever read (and that he has been an extensive reader we, can buj admit) of a case or any number ^f cases where in contractors niid directors were identical per: sons? If not, in the coarse of a long and use- fnl life, w-liicli we heartily wi.sli him, be may oliance to read about .some such thing, AA’itli all the serious admissions of the Jo.'.r- nal in its late issue, ami witli all the stern and stubborn of the case, it is proposed to continue tliis disastrous enterprise in the same RHOREISLAAIt I.VITER STATES SEVATOR. Aicstcrday tlie legislature of Rliode Island, in joint convention, elected Hon. .lames F. remedy but IB dSitbli Ine fi'oe'. Aim tilat every-j“lienies of rascality to thing depended upon otit dAgS; Aflfl oA!’ 'dogs I irbmen out of money witli whom lie alone. A moment’s check wouiii jjiurige Dm iadvertsing | Simmons (black republican) to the Senate of whole concern into the rapid tide-way. No in tiie iriorning piipefs. So svstema-: T nited States, in tlie place of Senator James, wliose term of service expires on tlie. 4tli of Alai'cli nc.xt. Air. Simmons rcpi'espiited Rhode Island in tlie Senate from 1843 to 1847. for wives tie and extensive, indeed, Imvc been ids scherae.s, that scarcely a week passed that lie had not advertised. Once in ccmnuinicatioii with a lady, savs the N. Y Tribune, lie would obtain a knowledge PUiFic iMiiiainiov. The New Y'ork Journal of Commerce makes AA’c must liave passed some fifty of them, breast i ■‘cr pecuniary circumstances, and if slie liad i the following mention of a movement in tliat high blit of water, mocking u.s by their self-1'''’ould continue tiie acquaintance, in-; citv _h the roller. BEST EIGHTH OF A-X ACRE. A'ield of juice from 3,315 Canes ^38 gAiion* “ of .syrup from 253 gals, juice SSJ “ Kates per acre of syrup, 46}} •« POOREST EIGHTH OF AN ACRE. A'ield of juice from 2,550 Canc.s, 170 gallons. of syrup from 179 gals, juice, 43 J “ Rates per acre of syrup, 343 “ AV eight of 30 selected Canes, 49J lbs “ “ Juice pre.ssed out, 25| “ “ “ Cruslied Cane, 23 " Loss in crashing, | o AVeiglit of crushed cane dfifetl in ill* .siin fli “ The following tests were made at the mill, by Dr. Robert Battey, of Rome, Ga., a gradn. ate of the Philadeipliia College of Fliarmacv: Specific gravity of juice, 1.085 “ 'yup; 1.332 “ “ N. Orleans syrup, 1.315 Thermometer applied to syrup, 77 deg. " “ juice, 70 “ Saccliarometcr “ juice, 25J “ The juice should lie placed in the boijets im^ mediately after being pressed out, then bbiled slowly,until the green scrum ceases to rise; then stir in a tea-spooonfiil of air-slacked lime to five gallons of juice; continue skimming arid boiling until the .syrup thickens and hangs down in flakes 011 the rim of tlic dipper. I have made the clearest syrup by simply boiling and skimming, without lime or other clarifiers. The lime is reqnisite to neutralize a portion of the acid in the jdicC; the tfite prOptfrtion mnst be determined by weli-cOnUtlcted e'.xpett- meiits. The cost of making the Syrup in npper Geor gia, in my opinion, will not exceed ten to fif teen cents per gallon. 'rhislshall be able to test another season, by planting sm! working np fifty acres of tlie cane. I am satisfied that this plant ttfll enable every farmer and planter in the Soiitlicfif States to make at home all tlie Syrnp reqiiif*d for family use; and I believe tliat onr Chf«ists twill soon tcacli us liow to convert the S^frip into Sugar, for export, as one of the stapfes at onr fitv^red clime. Obtaimng such nnlookod for success, with the Chinese Sugar Cane, I concluded to tr/ «nr common Corn, From a “new ground,” plaisted S by .3, .one stalk to a lull, a week be yond t&e foastii^^eiu’ stage, I selected thirty stalks. AYeigiit-of30 stalks, 35| lbs “ ■“ jsfiee, 15J " “ “ erftsbed stalks, 19J “ Loss in crnslixBg,' | “ Yield of Syrnp, 1| pts. The Syrnp of a pecBfnSr disagreeable taste, entirety nnfit for table nse. RICHAi^D PETERS. September, 1856. complacency, “Tliis deSperale ra'ce AgairiSt fille 'c'duitt not last. Tile Foiling'dif tfi'e tougfi salt writer ibe lefriiied Blit- dBgs, AHil *heii tvithiii lifty hriebs from tlie floe they paused. The left liand run ner went through; our leader, Toodlaraick, fol lowed; and in one second the entire left of the sledge was submerged. My first thouglit was to liberate tlie dogs. I leaned forward to cut ' wliicli i.s cniiUcntly calculated to be attended gratiate himself in her favor, made a formal en-1 beneficial results : ^gement, advi.se licr as to the employment of | “ A movement in tlii.s citj’among California df her means, olfer his .services in making invest' | morciianfs, sliipjier.s, and others, interested in teentS fbr her, accept lier money, pocket it and the trade of tlie Pacific, to move the obstruc- discontinne Ills Visits. In one instance wliicli has come to our kriowiedge, lie ivas engaged to tw o ladies in this city, botli of whom were getting tlieir wedding out the liglit of public scrutiny from tlie inner temple of this enterprise. As to divers threat- eniiigs n-liicli have come to oiir ears, wc can only •say that an tionesl man never makes tliem and a brave man never fears tliem. AA’e pass them by^As "airy notliings,” trifles w hich can neither aeier nor urge us on. AA e have asj'et but icon n 011 r explontilofi of tliese stream.s; and many a nook has yel to be searched, and many a sung little Cove peeped into, and, withal, not a few trihiliarUs to tliese rivers explored to their foiiiiLain heads before onr task is done. AA’e hops that we rife not too aliegoricai. In the first place, let us ask a. sUnpie ques tion, merely a question. AA’Ii'cii the Inst appro priation w-as asked for, was il riqt distinctiv and po.sitivcly stated that tlie siiia tlicii demanded w-a.s avtply svffident to enmphie the. work and close the entcr|iri.se with abundant success? Furtlicrmore, w as it not then promised to tlic Legislature that no more State aid would be asked to prosecute the worii? AA’e mir’lit AA'iis there ever such au act of wilful, delibe rate self blinding? And is there another state and another people in all this broad union wliich would so long have submitted to sncIi a palpable imposition, to call it by nB harsher name? I, AVe know of experienced and capable engin eers who have declared that it was impossibU to luck and dam the Cnpe Fear without the expenditure of such vast sums of money as would impoverish any people and bankrupt any State uiider tlie sail. These, belt remember ed, ate (he opinions of men who were uninflu enced by aiiy wislics, designs, ho{>es or antici pations '.•bmiected with any project to that pur: pose; arid wliether they were riglit of riot, let tlie feiglityears of labor, the half millioR and mdfe already expended, and the rotten, dilapi dated, useless gtrnctnre answer. Tliis rallying cry of “Road and River both,’’ is ail ganiinoii, and everybody knows it. The Iayottcvilie coriimrinity lia.s been long enough lioaxcd and tricked witli this and other dt-lu- swer tliese qneric.s ourself, urit wc leave the res-! sions. 'j'lic people of onr generous and tinic- tioii.s to her progres.s in population and settle ment, has already been noticed in onr columns. The names a.ssociated in tlic entcrpri.so afford a giirantcG of its respectaliiiity and integrity. The dresses made by the same drcs.sniakcr. It is , plan of operations a]rpi:afs tri bo tlioroiighly to f oor Tood’s traces, and tlie next minute was! *'bt'tfl'"'ing la.st summer he eloped w illi the Gnform liie eastern world of the nature and Pigs thrive best if a little char'c'ritd ic mixed with their food in tlie trough. The C^ooal is promotive of parity of the blood, a gi«ri1tlestdr cratuiri in raising healthy swine. swimming in a little circle of pasty ice and water alongside him. Hans, dear, good fellow drew liearto help me; uttering piteous expres sions in broken Englisli; but I ordered him to throw liimscif on his belly, with his hand.s and legs extended, and to make for the island bj- cogging liim-sclf forward witli tiis iack-kflife. In the meantime—a mere instant—I was floun dering about witli sledge, dogs and lines, in confused puddle around me. “I suceeded in cutting poor Tood’s lines and letting him scramble t6 the ice—for the poor fellow was drowning me with his piteous cares- ses-arid made way for tlie sledge; but I found thitt it w-odid ttbt buoy me, and that I had no rcScBdrce but to try trie circumference of tlie hole. ArOtiudthis I paddled faithfully, tliri miserable ice alway.? yielding wlicn my hopes of a lodgment were greatest. During this pro- co.s I enlarged my circle of operations to a very uncomftfrtritflti diameter, and was beginning to feei weaker after every effort. HanS, mead- while, had reached the firm ice, and was ffn his' knees, like a good Moravian, praying rdricflie- rently in Englisli and Esquimaux; at every fresii crushing in of the ice he would ejaeriiate, ‘God!’ and when I recommenced my paddling he recommenced his prayers. “I wris rteatty gone. My knife had beerf fOst in cutting out iltfe dogs, and a spare one, which I carried in my (bowsers pocket was so envel oped in the wet Akins that I could not reach it I owed my extrication at last to a newly bro ken team-dog, w'A’o was still fast to the sledge, and in striigling Carried one of the ruunere chock against tlie edge of the circle. All my previons attempts to use the sledge as a bridge had failed, foi it bfbke through to the niucli greater injury of thw ice. I felt that it was a Fast chance. I thre# myself on my back, so as to tessoii as much ari possible my weight, and pfeced the nape Of tny neck against the rim of thfe edge of the ice, and fhen, with caution, slow ly bCiri my feg, a!rid pTriCiug the ball of my mo- easrifribe^ fotfS the sledge, I pressed steadRy a'ga'irist fh'e’ rtniner, listening to the half-yieldiriw cftftnsh' iff tlie ice beneath. “Present^ I felt my hbad was pillowed by tlie ice, arid that my wef ftrir juniper was sliding up to the soirFirte. Heift iSalme my shoniders— they were fairiiy Oh (ftie mbfe decided push, and I was lanriChed rip’ i«i‘ the iCA and safe. I reached the ice-floe, ari'd #aS ftictibhed by Hans with frightful zeal. We saverf ri’A' the dogs; but the sledge, kayack, tent, guns, snow-shoes, and everything besides, was left behind. Tlie thermometer at eiglit degrees will kriep them frozen fast in Ihe sledge until we eaa' Cotne arid cut them out.” wife of a citizen, accompanied her ton neiglibor-' capaliilify of California resources, to open the ing city where he stole her jewelry and then left., land.s to settlement - and cultivation, and bv It is .said also, tliat lie iias niari-ieil several ri-ifrii;, ^ rfls.'ins Cf c. gend tvagon;roail overland, gnarilcd ponses to other.s. If tliese as.snrances and these promises were made, and tlic work as it nqw .stands is inconqiiete, and incapatile of compfe- tion with tlie .sum then obtained, with wliat a inarvelioiis degree of assurance doc.s the Com pany now come forward and pray the Legisfa- ture for a .still greater amount! And docs it not certainly cap the clima.x of impudence, when, ackiiowiedging tiie ab.solnte failure of this wooden work of con.structioii, tliey recom mend tliat Slone dams be substituted and a large amount ajipropriatcd for the jnirposc? It may not strike otiieriSas it does orirsclf; init rcaliy, despite ou:’ .'iidiguatioii, we can but smile at tlio effrontery of tlie thing. 1’iirtlicrmore,—granting that the Legislature and having po.ses.sed Idmself of tlioir means, lias j by government troops, (a. bill for which is al left them to take care of tlicmselve.s. Recently, j re.KL’before Congress,) and additional .Tnd ' ■Billion dollars (and it will He accidentally formed the acquaintance of a lady ! dies per accommodations for emigrants by sea, I rcry least) for the exccu- who contemplated going to California with her i to secure to the State a healthy emigration.! 'r*-® hands will Tlie committee have an office at 160 Peari '^die niaced’ Intn tl.» J N.";.' al.’.'. ■street, from whicli tiiey propose to furnish in formation to emigrating parties. THi.7 Jeove- ment includes tlie friends of Oregon also.” family. He volunteeied lii.s advice and assi.s- tanee, and she gave him $1 100, to make the necessary preparations for their departure and procure tickets. Soon after giving trie tnoney, the lady acci dentally learned Lyon’s character, and as he was mis.-sirig, she cau.sed a warrant to be Lssued for His arrest. Horrible KiijirrstitinR. Tlie lirbwnsville (Teias) Flag notices a case of superstitiolis barliarism widch almost snrpasse.s belief. It is said to haye occurred ill Aiatamofas, Mexico, about a month ago: it seems that a young lady of Ala'tairiora.s was taiicn' .'!iei‘, and an bid lady of tlie neigh- borliobd, reported tb' iiave s'omc skill in the virtue of frerb.s, (Vas solicited to visit and ad- mini.steA to trie patient. From soirie cause or other the old lady faffed tb' rittfcrid, arid suspi cions repbfts werie 011-01111(0(1 tliat the bid lady had bewitclicd tlie young one. Tho aijthoritie.s were petitioned to compel the attendance of the old one. Officers Aefe sent tb fake her before licr supposed victim, and these miserahly ignoAant wfetchc.s rofibrted tliat they, on sev- erial occasions Soldiers of (he tVa r of IS12. AFa.siiingtov. Jan. 8.—A Convention of the Soldiers of the AA’'ar of 1812 lias been held lierc, and resoiiitions adopted urging Congress to pa.s,s tiie Revolutionary Pension Bill. A erect a monument to tlic Madison. A vote of thanks it be placed? Into tlie hands of iliosc very men under whose “skilful management,-” “able supervision,” and “scientific engineering” tlie present notable failures were broiiglit about. AA'e have no offensive qjiarges to make a- gainst tliese gentlemen. Tlicy doubtless did their be.st in tlie premises to aceompligh this great scheme. But it is as inCyitribfo as death tliat tliere was either a most d'eplorabfe defi ciency of judgment and tlie mb.st lamentabie in grave committee wa.s appointed to devi.se moans to ' , r r> -1 ^ > CBP'icity soj/icicAc/c, or aslill more grave and memory of President, i 1 i i serious imputation ninsi rest np'on soitwbodn was returned to 1 , , , ‘ . " n r .1 - I • 1 r , -'^Bd here we ra-av as we remark that the Conuicss for tlieir liaving doiiferred upon Gen I , . ' v-iuai^ umi, me ■ ,snb«t.n,.f.„i ♦..,.1. of eyery declaration and ' every assertion we have hitherto made AVinficld Scott the title of Lieutenant General. After adjourning, tlie members of the Conven tion called individually upon President Piefei'. BATH S'TATEMESTS. Bank of Cape Fear, Sept. 30, 1856—Capitaf stock $1,591,900, notes in circniation $1, 5'6'.5', 094, specie $491,631, notes and bonds iliscdrin ted $2,406,779. Bank of the State, 5ov. 22, 1856—Capital- $1,500,000, circniation $989,568, specie $3’iL i "dj 085, notes discounted $2,056,751. Bank of AJaclesboro’, Nov. 22, 1856 Capi tal $3^4,'86’0‘, circulation $617,900, specie repaired to her domicile and §40,823, notes di.scounted $731,160. could not find h'br at home, Imt fbrind instead a sOS'pi’cioris looking black cat. After several effo'fts, however, tlicy found tlie old woman at homri, ffikfead of Iier cat, and she was taken to the pfrisence of the invalid. Bnt her herbs failing to res't'bre the sick to' heafth, rind the meddlesome black cat’persistinn- in following its owner, ari'd being by tii'e riein-h- bors fonri'd iri the room 6f t'he invalid iristeacrof her mistress, fixed the bpiriiohs' fast in the minds'di* ftiese ignbrant people, that the old woman and hiack cat wei’e oh’e arid the same pcrson-^that she being a witbh cbnid take the form of the cat arid res'nnie her own shape at will—that the invalid was a victim to her dia bolical art. AFith the^ convictions, it is .said they sought out th;e unfortunate old creature' and actually tied her up, and with thongs cruei ly flogged her"to death as a witch. In justice to the civil authorities bf Mata- moras, we are happy to state that they were Dot a party to the tragic part of this singular Iransactioii, and that they vvere prompt in ar resting the actors.—But wiiat a mournful pic ture does it present ik this cElightened age! - substantial triitli can be establislied. Pettifogging ingenuity may pick a trifling flaw, and unblushing effrontery may boldly deny a cliarge—bnt tile truth must out, and so far as in us lies wc will bring it out. Ill onr last we put a series of pertinent ques tions to the company. But a moody, perhaps a “dignified” silence Is their response. Ah, I gentlemen! tliat game may do for tliick-pated editors and slippery politicians, Imt it wont answer in this instance. Do tlie people of Nofth Carolina know, and if knowing do they reflect nyion it, that in pro portion to the population' and wealth of tliis Bank of Charlotte, June 7, 1856—Capital $300,606, circniation .$202,329, specie $43,942 “o®® taxes arc paid for works of intenial 69, nbtes discounted $252,208, general profit and loiis forsix months preceding date, $38,6V6 7.1 [Tlie statement of this Bank for thb 6 months curling 10th Dec., 1856, docs not ifp- pear in tiie Report, although we learii it ri’es duly forwarded.] Bank of AViimington, Kov, 8, 1856—Capital $5.02,300, circulation $434,169, specie $60,187’, notes discounted $381,590. Commercial Bank of Wilmington, Nov, f. 1856—Capital $350,000, circulation $157,97*6', specie $62,246, notes discounted $347,108. Bank of Fayetteville, Nov. 10, 1856 Capi tal $380,000, circniation $308,977, specie $48 401, notes discounted $662,393’,' pkofit aria loss $T6;58f. . , , Bank of Ciarendori'at Fayetteville, Nov. 10, 1856—Capital $400,020, specie $44,036, notes discounted $178,121, profits $14,314. In a pool acro.ss a road in the county of Tip perary is stuck np a pole, having affixed to it a board, with this inscription: “Take notice, that when the water is over this board the roatp ik impassable.” improvement than iri any other state in the Union? Yet it is uri¥tis'pntably the case. And upon whom does the bu'rcferi' 6f this taxation fall? Ail, the people can aririvrisr fH'at question too promptly! And for what work ik a large proportion of the extra tax imposed? For eiglit years’ fruitless labor upon a costly struc ture, which at the time it sliould iiave been completed is rotting and decaymg,' and in whose constrncfion the artizari arid' the engineer reaped the only emolument'. Tliere is not a Bunkum declairaer in the Legislature wlio does not rant and rave about' “the Heavy burden of popular taxation,” and' tKerie is not a calm thinking, sensible man in tHatJbody who does not see and know the ultimate tendency of this increased and nnjrist imposition. But to the W’ork anon. The inefficiency of thc.se wooderi locks and dams to secure the desired riav’igition is too palpable to be denied by any brie, even though he possessed ^e ignorance, want of judgment and effronteriy' of the entire'Navigation compa ny. And the injudicious location of several' lionored tdwn Iiave never witheld tiieir warm sympatl)ic.s, aye and tlieir more substantial as sistance, frb'm works of public utility nor front works tb prove beiiefic al to other communities. Yet every call from her has been nnaiiswered; and now we see with just indignation, every public enterprise and every pitiful scheme of local benefit and private emolument, bandei^ in one coininon opposition to licr interests, nav in one indivisible and dishonorable coalition against iier very e.'-’i.'itence. For many years tlic pco|ilo of ri’ayetteviflc, agniitsi their own intercBt,s, against the Convictions of tlieir own jiidgiriaiif; fur.c e:;tended a willing and helping Inind to scheme upon sclieuie of public work and comiiinnity benefit; and now wlicii the pit iful boon, not of money, not of State capital, but merely of endorsement upon bonds amply secured to sliicid tlie State from contingent IoB,s,' 12 asficrl; thriy find tlieif formet beneficia ries giving tliem stones for bread' auH tci'ifeuii for fislie-s. Tins “River and Road” trick is too transjiarent. Some are gullible enough to be deceived by it; .some arc cunning enough to use it as an artful dodge, and others are stupid enough to believe tliat it is feasible. But u-e,' BOt we iiidividnally, but “tee the people” have lauglit the conjuror at his tricks. Ibis is merely incfdental to tlic subject in hand. As we stafeij in our last issue, we arc opposed to tlie Riyer,' rood or no road, and we sliull not again alln'ile to the subject during the coiitiimaiice oTorirsUctures upon the Naviga tion Company. The Wilming'ton jcnrnal speaks of "the main diflicillty” as being'frie washing away of the ailu^faf deposits at the aimtments of tho dams. The Jonrnal k'rio'ws ris well as we do that this diflBcnlty” is brit a ‘trifle light as air’compared with graver and'mo'fe momentoas considerations farther doWn in tlid dcptlis of this scheme than we have yet penetrated. But we have no war to make upon our contemporary. AA’e agree too well upon the main issue to quarrel about trifles. Did' we Wish any material aid in the prosecution of this matter, we need but refer to divers back issues of our cotemporary to vali date neafiy all we have said. Rut yet, in reference even to this minor dif ficulty, pcfmit us to submit a few facts. From Smiley’s falls, forty miles above Fayett'eviUe to Cold Water, the banks of the Caftri ^ear are allavial formations, and forming iHiles in va rious places composed of .{'5t^irig but loose, Hght, shifting saud. ^risitild Hills for miles on either side the river a're b^ken and undu lating, with numerous' rireets and branches emptying in the main stream. Down these sand valley tobutaries iiHriiense quantities sand are constantly flbwlng wfth the waKr, and are deiiositrid iri tile sluggish pools whenc* they cannot escaji^; thus slowly but surely shallowing and rendering nnnavigable those portions outlie river which receive them. Many years woni4' not elapse before dredging mach- woulil’bc found absolutely necessary, and wiiere those machines would empty tHe ' sand is a qiiestlon beyond onr soliHion Those immense quantities’of sand were for merly, from time immcrijonal, 'either vfashed down the stream into the Atlantic, or washed np against the bauis, themselves foi’miri» n ew snores, amt, uniti '■’Wn by the fre«( which the river miles in various that permanent thes* banks and will it notfclic’wl the pools wil clioked up w'itf. fonnerly boriiq aJ i. iiqiie.stionr.ijlJ •ubject. It makes no dij] may be. h i,. what influcr. .. uial tiursuit ami e-f facts spcai- jjj haviii- disi.;..cd aj liiu.s far invcsiig.A,,, II vroiiiij CfiiMirc ; :. ! ijie t| might. ■ :.L!lif4ri..iis laiiarv Rucli a f’-f'em of "ll ulii-riy c'lnfJ ■"US r!io liave been ’->e, its Victi!':- AA liat an cnornic the State, and tliroJ would the erection I and dams lie, and would intervene lici such a gigantic wou ninicr a burden of ta whicii tvonid '.artll enormous salaries: ! eUTV _ ,.s; , lii-cctoj .hty': never earned '.aif Jo.-’en rA:jroaii.';| .lie actmil cxiicnsc, :es of the Dec[) Ri| made BOureo.: of revq arc no vague .surnii.s any linnort minded tnttrtsted considc."," tliii work, and ho praphccT of its ftterJ completion be 'esolvj -ors, lliroeig* a vetiJ resolve to riiit upon [ iiecauee 'o%r attaekl it 1! r. laalter wliicli and .heir conscience^ Tile of tlie .State .nid j etteville alone. A\’e’ oulfi not wiiiinglr 1 iniglii olht-n ire J:: should ve iitfori e.l of doing ’ll.:.' aid-4i . •'iilliien :e ns te. dt M li.al wi.- !:;i ,■ .,,11,1 ,lope oi ’..per; to haii .''gl”!etare. R'ealtl S tlic (|i:aur;jj'ifd colJ -owlomli’ig i-.iiiglc lisi| a.'iy single hamlcd, fc: •viicii tile eves of * 1.- opened, they wU vailj ea:i llieii ri».ise our an# voire Tiu: Ff.oii.e LsvIlil.ATI KK ! (lajor Lul A fricn'l ;ii Rairiglij 'vi'ii tlir prink'd r ■'iie ('n|)e Fes',-n;! D^ Ur uni’e a un in- .\t'i . .ll «. Wisn ';'i;rit a i.'ii . 'lai] existed lore 'lief', trtdiing .'.mi rnp,.- - , in the inaltrrol 'his Jiniiing d'->wn, jialtri' iiididing the.se dccayedl tnres. Tlie report saj completing the inqiroJ woo'lri' ikims, ici*i:r gT 'vi'i|l;'bv Ji r ' respeclf'i’y advise, .intnirnis m d guard vr - . ' : .j.i.Oin , o: in rouod I’erhiips V, c m;i v not IIU tneaniiiL'I.'* li"‘ .-iljovc- aipi-no ether c.ini.'.ructij Vi Ooiicii dan;:, loes sJ iHonts will Cl ■it {4.')t),0([ stonr locks: gra.''d-Hai] cost $i,l>”'0,600. Ifwc knowledge the ingeniiitl arc Wrong, and tlic repd ‘'CO will suffice to remoJ rcpince tliem witli eton| walls, and alsttments, sive history cruhiswork flOO——$1,2(3 Taxes—Taxes-—Taxes- '.ion—Popalar i-'iiiiguntiJ —Ii.H M Flit. Hud w( ‘jsh the entire report. , AA’'c learn that tlii.s 1 has greatly advanced in ■realize for some of our 1 some margin. AVe are I modity of our own can export, and we iKipe th to go higlier, as Eomc th ■and TurpeHtiae aiht Carolina products. The witli poverty and barren| a source of wealth and 1 •aW’The exceeding su Hon .Mr I’aiiic is evideri iiaving bean offered the j 500 for his vote in Ceii;i wliose intelligence is ret appromlicd, and as Mr tiic indignity upon the si the character of North licly made ‘.lie avowal ofl ■vilh »®“\Ve cail the aUen| the third eiiitorial article Tc.stigatioii’: into I’ne Rlv-rr NaWga’i r he;

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