North Carolina Newspapers

    J '
' V
FAK3IERS' DEPARTMENT.
Tranulantln and Treatniont of Crape Vine?.
Df.au Sir.: In compliance with your request
for information on the Cultivation of the Vine,
I will respectfully state that my experience
convinces me that a rich, deep dry soil, is by
far the most conducive to the vigorous growth
and longevity of the grape vine. The iiumer-ja
ous vineyards in various situations in the viciu-
ity of Cincinnati afford good opportunities for
observation and comparison. The Cataxcla is
the variety chiefly cultivated. I consider the
best mode of preparing the ground for a vine- '
yard is to trench it with the spade to the i
depth of two feet, which costs about $200 per j
ncre: although good preparation-is made With
a sub-soil plonV. at much less cost Strong j
plants (two v:ars old, if possible) s'j-e better i
for planting than cuttings, as they are more j Uy doubtful, but that the policy of both gov-ceitas-R
lo grow, and bear en's yest OoneT. ermnents is continually aggressive is taught
Wli'oii the vineyard is in bearing-, I jfind it to be !
.'good practice to manure Well every other vear. j
1 apply 20 two-horse k:tds to I Ike acre, and i :
spade it in G inches deep; this covers it better I
than the plow, P.mt makes it look neater. I j tism, not that the struggle was between the ; Certainly it is proper for an individual Chris
prune close in clear dry weather in February cross and the crescent, not that Russia was j tiau to utter Ids abhorrence of any anti
leaving one cane of 10 or eyes to make ! strong and Tui key weak, but solely thet the J Christian practice or institution, even though it
bearing wood for the next year-. 1 beir down banner of the Muscovites, though hastening to may not Hourisli in his immediate vicinity; and
the canes and tie them V the stakes Marh j overthrow the Ottoman dynasty, was still main- j it would seem to be equally proper for an asso
when the buds are fully swollen and near brrak- j t-aiiti. the independent exercise of the sover- j ciation of Christians to do the same. Especially
ing out; by deferring the tying until this time, ; cigtity wfcfeh belongs to National existence. lis this the case where the influence of opinion,
the breaking of the terminal buds is insured,: In a contest in which Russia represents the and, above all, of religious opinion, is so strong
and the vines remaining free to the agitation of j spirit of absolutism, and the question does not and the need so crying as with regard to slavery echoes; the wheels spun aroUnd with incon
the winds, are less liable to injure from frost ' turn en that of non-intervention, when France j in this country. We would suggest, then, to ceivable Velocity, driving our sharp prows
and sleet than when tied earlier. I keep the i d Russia'unite to keep down the rising hopes j those members of the Young Men's Association through the placid Water at a rate of thirty
ground clean and loose with the hoe and fre-' of Europe, this country may direct her sym- ! who have hitherto resisted the adoption of the j miles an hour. The Streamer gains a little
quent use of the one-horse harrow, by which ! pathy in a different quarter than at any pre- resolutions in question, that it might perhaps j but it is Only a momentary advantage, for 'the
means I ensure an earlier and vigorous growth i vious period. i be better to allow them to pass. It is by no ! hands' of the Oreufc Blower, leaving the heavy
When the shoots have grown from 10 to 15 j England has np to the present moment been means clear that opposition to so simple an j logs of wood, are soon bringing down tables,
inches in length, 1 tie from 2 to 4 to the stakes, I the open foe or sere t rival of this Republic expression of sentiment on such a subject can , chairs, looking-glasses-, and whatever else was
from which I select bearing wood for the fol-i even when bound in the closest commercial ! conduce to the usefulness -of their society. If j light and dry, dipping them into the tar barrels
lowing rear. I then pinch off all the lateralities. Two terrible wars attest the uncompro-1 the resolutions bore anything of a political or j and thrusting them into the fufhaccs The
shoots, as soon ns the third leaf is developed I mising political hostility which has prevailed i secular character, such opposition might be 1 Great Blower now shoots ahead a foot or two ;
beyond the last bunch of grapes. I avoid dis- ; against this country on the part of the English ' justified; but as they are confined to a tleclara
turbing the foliage during the time of blooming. ! governments and if this is not su(ient, the aid ; tiou of Christian feeling and Christian duty, we
When the fruit is well set, I watch it closely : !.
if the weather is showery and mildew appears j to the Abolitionists and disunionists here, will ; the meeting ot the association this evening.'
it is best to roll the ground with a heavy roller : show the persistency and stubborn nature of! It would seem from the above that these
and make it as solid and impervious to rains as this opposition. But at the moment when a ; men, or at least a portion of them, have de
possible, and let it remain so all summer. I i general alliance t?f European despotisms against ! dared, in spite of the greatest presumption and
also make shallow cross drains to lead the , the liberal element in England a.y result in a .'.arrogance, that it is the duty of every organi-
water into drains, which are made at every 4 or :
fi rows, through which the water passes into j
One lars-e deen cross fJrain at the uA of tlio!
l 1 -.., w - v t I
allow the laterals to make more foliage than
usual, with a view to keep up a healthy circu -
........ . "
lation in the fruit branches, and. also to atToHl
vineyard. AY hen the foliage becomes injured j national compliment that will be one of the most siml''y a domestic institution, to be estab
by frequent showers and scorching sunshine, I ! graceful acts cf the Presidency of Gen Pierce I lisJ,t;d or abolished in each State by the sover-
shade and protection to the fruit. I am care-! would be Strange if Great Britain should adopt I nuuibers ca" oal? be estimated by millions; and
ful to keep the vines tied to the stakes to pre- ' this principle which takes from her so much ofias tl,e i"ti tutioi not in a declining but a pre
vent the winds from breaking the shoots inten-j the prestige 0 her naVal supremacy while si,0 vailing condition, was in existence while Gui
ded for the year's bearing, and to give a free ' accepts the return tf her Arctic flotsam, as an Savior was upon this carthj and yet lie, the
circulation to the air, as well as a neat appear- j offering of eternal national amity. This would S'reat !icad 'ot' tllc -,'-ult;1' did not recognise it
mice. By this mode of cultivation I saved ! be a strange alliance, but we live in an age j ! as a sin against his Father, the minds and con-One-fifth
of my crop of grapes the past season, j which the progress of centuries seem to slirink sciences of these politico-religious prigs should,
which was an average of more than one hun-
dred gallons per acre. One bushel of bunches!
of grapes yields nearly four gallons of wineJ
M..r.l, .i;flV.r... ,r .:, tu .t. i
'i-ii uiuviviivt. vy I V - i . 1 I lU.i IJl u I tun . L J tllV
cause of the rot, and some gentlemen of much
practical experience now declare that vineyards
planted on a dry gravelly subsoil will escape
the rot. This has proved to be the case the
past seavon with many vineyards thus planted,
but it is not invariably so j
Tllfi vinf In its tl ro sf ii f . ttl-inr.a iiHninwl -
forest trees, and flourishes and bears ft-i.it be-1
........ ... v . ..-n ,...,.10 uiuunu u.i, .
neath their thade on our cold swampy clay
lands. I consider the rot to be caused it sonic
degree by the influence of the atmosphere, the
sudden changes from heat to cold, and frequent!
showers alternately with hot sunshine, which
injures the foliage and thereby impairs the cir
culation of the.sap. The rot soon follows, and
continues its ravages as long as the weather
remains wet and unfavorable. I know of many
instances where branches of vines having been
BCcidently protected from the sun and we;
weather, have borne fine, perfect fruit, while
other branches of the same vines that were
exposed lost nearly all their fruit. I would
suggest to amateur cultivators'to erect copings
of from one to two feet in width over their
grape trellises; they will also protect the vines
from the late spring frosts and doubtless enable
them to irrow the JTerbenwnt , Ohio, and other
tender varieties with better Rticceks. The co
ping should be proportional to the height of the
trellis; a high trellis will require a broad coping.
Very respectfully yours,
JIOBEBT N'EALE.
J'attni Office Effort.
Hr, Buchanan and kan$ag.
Some of the Know nothing papers (says the
Nashville Union) profess to believe that Mr
JJuehanan will not h& true to the South on
KJisas matters.. AVe tell these papers that to
be true to the south, it is only necessary hc i
sliou'd Iwi true to the constitution. The dem
ocratic party does not expect iww desire that
the incoming administration shall Anything
to make Kansas a slave or a free State; that is
exactly the policy- we'oppose. Nor do they
care what Mr Buchanan's private views may be
on the abstract question of slayery, so he recog
nises and enforces its constitutional rights.
The Democracy stand upon national, jwot sec
tional principles: and all they ask for is ti&t no
outside in.flueBce shall be brought to bear upon
this question, bi that it shall be left solely to
those Yiham it concerns, yiz: The ftflfte of tht
Teritory thMsehxs,
ErROPEAS ALLIANCES.
The next great war in Europe will unques
tionably involve principles far deeper than the
last. The road to India, and the balance of
power in Europe are abstractions which may
interest diplomatists, but can hardly rouse the
enthusiasm of the masses. The balance of j and the safoe time, among the spiritual and
European preponderance is about to be settled, ! political heathens, tracts and Testaments-, Gar
and when tiie delicate line is traced tlmt sways i risou's speeches and Sumner's oratioHs. In
back and forth to include the town of Polgrad
, ,
the diplomatists of the Paris Conferences, it will
be the last of that portentious phrase.
rl-1 . .. .1 . . i r .. 1 : j t :
i....iT" j. -i i . t , I
i.ngmra, aa manner in wind, the j
great powers range themsclvt sin reference to j
te Neufchatcl difficulty. The Persian war !
inay soon involve England and Russia in ,os-j
j tilities, but this is trot because one of these!
powers is constitutional avd the other absolute, ;
uut because they are rivals- for the scepter of j
t,,c Last, and both anxious to enlarge the
sphevu of their political and commercial iniiu -
L'"ce Asia. Which of the two is the greater
filibuster, or annexes on the largest scale, may
0,1 every page of modern history.
Li the last war Russia had the sympathy of
lne people of tiie United States, not becmise j
,nu Czar was the leader of European ubsolu-j
and comfort given by English public opinion '
great war, England appears ready to begin a !
real entente cordiale toward her old colonies.
The return nf the Resnlnto i
II .in (I. I1T illlLi 111 :
j while the assertion of the perfect freedom of
1 the seas as a pendant to the propositions of the
t 1 '
Paris Conference is the most important. ltl
' within a few years and the course of time hur -
ries alone- as if hasfMiii.r fo thp wm-M's rrmat
period.
- .
.
The Xrwly Invented War Jlathinei
A correspondent of the New York Journal of
Commerce, alluding to the "Infernal Machine"
which Gen. AATalker's friends have recently pur-
army in Nicaragua, thus ex-
plains its einciency ana deadly instrumentality:
In form it resembles a common grindstone, !
, , , , ..t smn 1
i era"k' a"U 7 ' I
j ounce uau;s every miuuie, auenueu uy oniy two
j men. Every machine is calculated to destroy
,' three fegime'itfi of soldiers, in the same space
o, ume. at can uc a.recicu wun the same :
ease as a commoiUifle is handled. - j
rtM. . 1 - ..... . -ti 1 -1 :
xne iiivenior; a j aiiKce, 15 now in
1.' ! ,. .1
j.i.0ianu .
experimenting before the Admiraiity, and a
great many old Generals, of all countries, who j
evince much interest, aud have written him let. i
' ;
ters expressive of their wonder and astonish-i
ment One distinguished Polish General ex
presses iinnseii to the inventor, "that as
soon
as this deadly weapon becomes in use, wars and ;
f.
iiiii.uio ui in a inuM ccusc. xne iTUii, or m;i-
Ainit me iicai jiiuiupcuu cuinuisiuu win in-j '"nuutio n mcac iissuciaiiuiis nave ren
voi Ve the antagonism of principles, is seen to I dered most efiicleut service to the cause of black
seine extent in the hostile attitude of Russia ! republicanism as anti-slaverv emissaries and
1 . . . 1 1 UIIU IVI UllVlllnlO llllll tilt Ut.lO UliU KHV m-'"q
chine discharges, without report, and sends the ) , , ...... , . .
. ,, ., . , ' ; minded woman 111 his dany worshipping, assures
ball three times the distance of the ordinary;,. .... tI ,, , A. ... Ao
.,, , , his disciples of the Young Men's Christian As-
rifie or oannon, as the case mav be. The i - ... 1
, , sociation that there is nothing political or sccu-
british government has offered the inventor', . . ... , l i-
IIMM crni- nwv if I .-. . . .. . . . 1 . T
Jiviinj;, 11 lit an vmuigc ins ma
chine to discharge a 64 pound shot. This he
is now doing, and informs his agent here that
hc shall accomplish it. The Russian minister
at London is anxious for the patent, but he
says to ins menus, "i. mean no other nation
shall have it, but England and 1113- own coun
try." - " - '- i "uercu
Prui-;,-,!.!. l.ir. :.. 17.... 1. . v -1
me iigni iv liic iiiicnciiu vjtuYciHmeuc at
Washington. Experiments were made with
one and seven lb. carronades, before our naval
and other officers, by order of the Secretary of!
fetate, which proves all I have related above,
and to the entire satisfaction of those presents
One of these "infernal machines," placed upon
the deck of a vessel, one of the Commodores
remarked, "would sink a frigate in three min-
utes " Such a constant discharge of balls, just
as fast as they can be handled and rolled in, be -
sides tlis gre3t distance aud out of reach of the
enemy's guns would destroy a ship.
V ," 1 . t , ,
A anaaH pocket telegraph apparatus has been
, , V 1 1 . 1
can be attached to th 'ire at any pqint along
the line, at the instant ud a message sent as
dcsied.
Snow has fallen to the depth of five inches
on a level ana tour feet in uauKs, in rurcue-
ft . 1 1 r . a. a.
viile.
TJJE KDRTti CAROLINIAN, f A YETTEVILI.E, N. B.
YOCjrc SIEX'S CBRISTIAX ASSOCIATIONS
There is a large, and we- fear, an increasing
class of very foolish young men in several of
our northern cities who have" undertaken- to
unite piety with politics Christianity with
black republicanism and to distribute, at one
' many instances they have formed themselves
;. , ,, J wicTuacnei
Association?'7 -and if the statements of the
opposition prepare to be credited, not a few of i
1 1 1 1- 1 1 1 n 1 1 1 1 ,.y 4 1 i
. ...I... rii i n - - . . i
pmuu.m.-,. A,,e inuouuci.on 01 anti-siaver.y
resolutions into the Young Men's Associate j
of Sew ork is thus noticed in the Tribune -of j
that city : I
"On -Monday evening last a member of the
Young .Men's Christian Association of this city,
at a meeting of that body, offered resolutions
j declaring skvery to be a sin against God, and
ja sin of such a character and such relations to
I the American people as toj make it the duty
j of every organization of American Christians to
bear a testimony against it. The paspajf of
til resnl nt.icjtis vf 4.k.v.4u.1 nnt
that slavery is not u sin, but that itrSa ot a
sin for which the Christians of New York are I
directly responsible. That, it seems to us, is
hardly a good reason against -the resolutions.
hardly see w hy they should not be adopted at j
nation of American Christian to bear testimony 1 which, quick as a flash, burst into aloud report
against slavery as "a sin against God." l-Vsjandat the -same instant (how long that in
the franiers of our constitution regarded slaverv
i cSn vvi11 ot" lhe l'eulle; as the institution is
' "I'llovea of protected, and sustained by Chris-j
'. . -.. .
titui people and Christian associations whose
! vve think, have rested satisfied with the present
.condition ot things
Vs to the abstract qnes-j
itionswhctherinvoiuutaryserviU.de is expedi-
! .nt. nr inoxnedietit. nrofitable or unoroOtable.
j or whether it can be introduced into this or j
t!iat jegree cf latitude with advantage; we have !
; ,intIl;,1P Pnv, ill1t ... fVmlil, nnrl i.lmrisai-i
j w - - 1 j i L '
cal young gentlemen undertake to denounce as
sinful an institution which has been legalized
- ,ess t- nft gtat anU which is ex
M hl v re IliscU hy tlie constitution which
th arc bouild to lcct a,,d 8nWort. we are
they are bound to respect and support, we are
more disposed to regard their opposition, not
as zeal without knowledge in the service
God, but as One of the attending symptoms
of
of
tha(. chl.onic j,oIitieai dis;ase which a few weeks
,rn ,.,.Miloil to SIIi;ll :l Sf...ioua esteut in -so
0 1
flf tl,f. tmrthi'i-n Stnt.es.
say thc apolo.ist3 of tiesc young gen-
Ucmeiij thero is ))0t anfl caiulot hc alivthiug
1 t, , m.,, i,t dooorv
political 111 the simple affirmation that slavery
T1 nlli,nsnnh(!r of the
Tribune, who appears to oscillate between Four-
...... . .......... o 1 1.
1 lerism, spin iuaiii-;!u, 11 ee-ioveisin, uiaciv-i cjiuo-
llf-fintvin niwl llio nr-f-nrililtn' to TO.fi(dier.
..v.."'.'. ., . . . 4 v . . v. v . . . . 1 .v vw. v.... w " .
ion.l tn nltomntu villi tln A 1 strniuf
" 4
the same time intimating that it is the duty of
individaal Christians to hold slavery in utter
abhorrence as on anti-Christian practice." The
assurances of the Tribune carry upon their face
their own contradiction. If it be admitted that
slavery is a sin against God, if this dogma
should be successfully engrafted upon the Chris
tian mind of the north, we create at once a
; scctional politico-religious party which no effort
j of patriotism could resist, and which would
pass away with our nationality, glorv, power,
and prosperity. If slavery be a sin against
Go(i much fPrenter ih
e sin to vote for a
candidate for office who holds that the institu
tion is eminently civiiiziing and Christianizing
in its effects; or to have fellowship with the
ministers or members of a church who counte
nance the sin; or to have social, political, or
j commercial intercourse with a neonlp
I to this sin? Mr Greely recommends a very
simple and very direct plan lor making-, these
J Y'oung Men's Christian Associations most effi-
I cient recruiting shops for the cause of black-
? 1 01 DiatK-
republicanism; and, although many of its nipm-
bers have patriotism enough and Christian
spirit enough to protest against all attempts to
unite the political with the religious element,
there is too much reason to fear that they have
! been inveigled into associations with many peo-
, l
churches of the political priesthood.
111c i 1 ivi. k j iui vii si 111 1( 1 1 v 1 fin
r - -
BA&OX 3TCXCH1CSES IX AMERICA.
A correspondent of Harper's Weekly cora
mnnicates a conversation between himself and
Baron Munchausen, during which that illtfr
trioas nobleman confessed the authorship tiftb
London Times' veracious report Of "'Gfc'drgia
Railroad DneiIing."-TThe Baron's next tetter
(he has been engaged and sent to America as
a
regular correspondent of a distinsuished
t j - n -n . Vt
xODdon journal will contain an eqnally au-
uientic and uot less interesting account ot a
Steamboat Rare on the Mississinni. We rive
itto the readers of the Georgian & Journal in
advance of the next steamer:
"I started from Louisville, on the splendid
steamer Great Blower. Onr voj-agc was quiet
aisd an marked by incident untill we had passed
Cairo, when on one fine morning, we saw a
large steamer close in our wake, which proved
be the Screamer, of St. Louis, bound for New
Orleans. It was a fine sight to see her plow
up the water, and bellow from hef great steam
pipes as she rapidly gained o ns; but, from the
increasing speed of both boats, and the excite
ment among our two hundred passengers, I
soon discovered thst we were racing. You
may imagine my Fear, Sir at this discovery, and
how gladly I would have got ashore, if that
hajl been possible.
uar rival was now ttirectiy opposite us; the
boats nearly touched; the captain of the Sreain-
er shook his first three times at the captain of
the Great Blower; the captain of the Great
Blower showed his teeth, with a half bitten
oath and .a 'quid of tobacco between them, atvd
then both "captains rushed below. Immediately
I saw the hands rolling barrels of lard and tar
towards the furnaces. A thick black smoke
belched Forth in heavy volumes from the chim
neys; the steam-pipes groaned hoarsely ; making
the vast forests on either side roar with the
but the noise of ases is heard; the Streamer
men are cutting away their hurricane deck, and
pitching the white, dry pine into the glowing
grates. I lie pipes are rea-hot ; tue salty-valves
are fastened down-, when suddenly "
The Baron wiped his forehead and groaned-.
Suddenly; Sir, there came a deep, heavy sound
as of rumbling under the crust of the cartll,
I stant!) I saw the hurricane deck where I
vvas standing rise slowly at first (though all in
the same second of time,) and then shoot with
j great velocity; Carrying myself and fifty others
at least live hundred feet into the air. Our
a: .1.4. : .1 o -1. .. T l . 1 1 .
flight was so rapid, Sir, that I voluntarily put
my hand to my hat to keep it ffom flying off
in doing which, it came in contract with a
Yankee's nose, and would ydu believe it, Sir,
he drew his revolver, and ejecting a hugh lump
of tobacco from his mO!jth; said . 'darn your
eyes, 1 11 lix your hash when we git down agin."
"As you may imagine; I endeavored to get
down first; but, on alighting, I fouud that long
haired; saffron-faced rascal up to his knees
in
j the swamp, with his revolver cocked, and wait-
' iug for me; He threw me another revolver
with an oath, telling lilc td say my prayers
qk, and fire as soon as he hadconnted three:
"I was reeigning mvself quietly to my fate
whenaud would you believe it; sir a htige
piece of the boiler, which had been driven up
higher than ourselves, came down upon his head
and crushed the varmint into the swamp.
"I thanked Providence for my deliverance,
and was glad to gdt du another steamer that
Was passing:"
"And what became of the other boat?" i
aafeed.
"They were both blown up, Sir, and one of
them sank; but the two captainsfell down upon
the same wreck. A quarrel immediately eiifittedj
each swearing the boat Was his. They were
both pointed to a shattered plank with the
letters Kit upon it, and gesticulating furiously."
" 'Fool?' says one; 'don't you see"ER stands
for Great Blow 1211."
" 'Villian!' says the other; gnashing his Ueth,
'can't you spcel S-c-r-e-a-m-t3-R Screamer!
"Out came the bowie-knives. Blood flowed.
A fearful lunge from his adversary sent the
captain of the Great Blower reeling OvfefbOardj
aud in a few minutes we were far away from
this awful scene, which is of almost daily oc
currence on the Missippi river!"
University of North Carolina.
Wc learn that at the late meeting of the
Board of Trustees, held in this city, the follow
ing appointments were made:
Mr John Kimbcrly, Professor of Agricultural
Chemistry.
Mr H. II. Smith, Professor of Modern Xan-
guages.
Mr Samuel S. Jackson and Mr Peter E.
Sprnill, Tutors
Directors of the Ixsaxe Asylum. The
following gentlemen have been appointed by
the legislature, D'rectors of the Insane
Asylum : Dr. Columbus Mills, E. J. Erwin,
Dr. N. J. Blow, John. A. Taylor, A. M. Lewis,
Dr. Chas. E. Johnson, W. W. Ilblden, Ed.
Cantwell, and Kemp P. Battle
Sad Casualty. The Bedford Sentinel states
that on Sunday the 28thf Mr. Win. Gibbs, was
violently thrown from his buggy, and his foot
becoming entangled in the foot-board, he was
dragged some two hundred yards his horse
having taken fright and ran iway. He was
shockingly mangled about the head, besides
having his leg broken, and sustaining other
injuries. Medical assistance was -immediately
rendered, but death terminated his sufferings
on the Thursday following the accident.
MISCELLANEOUS ITEM
Mexico. t is stated that President Combn
f6rt, in iew of the fact that he is surrounded
with difficulties, has sought for means' to secure
at least tfiSnie future for Mexico, and lias propo
sed to life United States an alliance whiehshall
strengthen i?t government and bring the influ
ence oftttir Own to bear upon the re-organization
of that republic.
- .. . .
The X ew Orleans Chief of Police has adopted
the plan of affixing placards upon the breasts
and backs of notorious thieves, burglars and
pickpockets, on which is printed, in large let
ters, the nature of the offieucc for which they
have been convicted. .They are then marched
through the streets, and made a public exhibi
tion. Accounts from Copenhagen speak of fr"esh
obstacles in the settlement of the Sound duet
question. The United States object to the
capitalization plan; England seeks to spread
the payment over a large period, and Prusia
hesitates 011 a definite decision.
It is stated that the Bessemer iWjn process
does not fully answer the expectations that
were at first entertained of it. The !?irm?u-
harn (England) Journal does uot anticipate
any important change in the irttn manufacture
in conswejuehte of it.
The Cincinnati Times computes that bwtween
sixty and aeventy thousaud hogS have fallen
victims Vo what is called the hog cholera, du
ring the past six months, in that city and the
surrounding region.
The Buffalo papers notice the apbe'arnhcc of
twO neVv bogus bills counterfeit threes On the
Connecticut Bank, of Bridgeport-, dated dune 1,
1856; and fives on the Ontario Bank-, altered
from ones.
The fifth annual meeting of the U. States
Agricultural Society will be held at the rooms
of the Smithsonian Institute, in the city of
Washington, January 14, 1857.
A Louisiana correspondent of the Journal of
Commerce says the sugar crop of that State
will fall short of 100,000 hhds. the present
year. In 1853 the yield was 495,000 hhds.
It is suggssted, in an English paper, that tht
name of the Arctic vessel, Resolute, should, hi
acknowledgement of her restoration to England
by the tjnited States, be chauged to Angld-
Americ'ah.
AasAssiNATio-. Details have been fefceived
of the execution of Melauo, the soldier who at
tempted the iifb of the King of Naples: He
maintained his courage to the last, denied reso
lutely that hg belonged to any politicat party;
said that he had meditated the act " ever since
the King perjttred himself," and finaH-Vj Oti his
way to execution and On the scaffold repeated
the phrase. " It is glorious to die fdr our
country and for liberty."
It is a singtilai1 fact that when the Indian
swears he sweafS iii fengtiSh. There are 110
oaths in the Indian vcruaciilaf:
Breach of Promise: A breach of promise of
a very aggravated character is published in the
Newark pape'rS; A young man employed in a
clothing establishment, in that city seduced,
under premise of marriage, a respectable young
lady, ailti then declined to fulfill the engage
ment. He, however, to relieve himself of her
importunities, fixed on the 26th ult. as tht! day
tit the marriage. But in the meantime tic had
paid his addresses to a wealthy cdllsiii hi New
York, and on Tuesday they were married. His
victim, however, was a wart! of his treachery;
and on the very evening tifltis tfeduirig the de
ceiver was arrested and locked tip in" the Tombs,
where he still remains, and Where he should
spend the remainder of his Wretched life:
. . ja
Discovery of a burIed CIty. The tidndon
Athenteuhi a tin ounces the discovery Of a buried
Greek City ifi Hit Levant by Mr Newton, Brit
ish Vice CCuSul at Cos. The Gordon steam
frigate" has been sent out with the neccessary
apparatus for excavations together with cameras
and photographic chemicals.
Dangerous Counterfeits. We learn frdtn
the Weekly News, that the town of Madison,
N. C, was flooded a few days ago with coun
terfeit notes of the denomination of Sixes, and
some Tens, on the farmers Bank of North
Carolina. As a large quantity of North Caro.
lina money circulates in Petersburg, it would be
weii fdr tidr subscribers to read carefully the
following "Detector," which we find in the
News:
We have compared a genuine and counterfeit
six together, and find this difference: On the
left of the eagle, on the genuine, are the words.
"Elisabeth City," and on the right is the date
The counterfeit is blank on each side of the
eagle. The genuine reads "will pay six dollars
to bearer on demand at Greensboro. The
counterfeit reads "will pay six dollars to bear
on demand, Elizabeth City." Such is a rep
resentation of the notes shown us.
Appeal to a Jury. Gentlemen of tfee Jory
I'quote from Shakspeare, when I say to you,
"To be or not to be licked -that's the ques:
tion." My client is a national stnmp machine;
he flings his wrath in pailsful, and it is danger
otis to ran a snag against his interest Let me
be made fodder for a fool, and chowder for a
powdermill, if he is guilty, notwithstanding the
criminal absurdities alleged against him. Do
you believe that my client is so destitute of the
common principles of humanity- so full of the
fog of human nature so wrapped in the moral
insensibility of his being, as deliberately to pick
up a tater and throw it at the nasal pertuber
auce of the prosecutor? No, not while you
can discern a star in the Northern sky while
the waters of the. Ohio roll, and the race of buf
faloes nestle on the Rocky mountains, this im
mutable principle will' remain that my client
is a gentleman, tater or no tater!
How to " Peg Out" Prematurely. Begin
life with flattering' prospects ; work hard and
gain confidence. Become ambitious in bringing
yourself forward to accomplish some end which
will make. you popular and help your purse. Min
gle with the eminent aud honorable, and by your
manners, your ambition, your talent, win the
honor of being ." one among them." Then let
some facied cloud pass over your brow. Be
come dispirited, aud let imaginrry ills haunt
ftnd hover around you. Analyze in a false
light every word, look, smile, that may be given
by your most intimate friends, and discover in
thfem a fluent duplicity, dislike and irony Then,
wil'A all these hypochondriacal ideas whirling in
yeur brain, turn cold as ice to friends, be inde
pendent of their good will, (though still hurt
by their imaginary hatred,) and feeling " alone,'
drown yeur desolating sorrow in thebowl. Quaff"
till ydar brain ift bursting with joyful excite
ment and defy your fancied enemies to steal
from your lips so sweet a friend. Drink day
after day, until your libations are observed by
others till you win the name of a "jolly
fellow" till you stagger in the street. Drink
till the eyes are swollon and red, and the checks
puff out in full, round, roseate look. Mingle,
then, with the low drink with the mean, aud
repulse the hand that would redeem you. When
your parse gives out, tell your character good
bye ; speak of life as a miserable burlesque upon
a better place, and that better place too good
for yourself. Totter along reconize no one
on yonrway still drinking, on borrowed funds;
and on some cold morning, when the cocks are
crowing and honest, sensible people are going
to work, doing their share of the destiny of
creation, be found lying up in the corner made
by some protuberant gable cud, sleeping the
sleep that knows no waking.
That's the way we've seen it tried.
FxrLosiofc ok A Lady. M. Bragelouc tells a
story of a yOuhg English lady w ho had the"
pretension to believe that She knew how to '
speak French a la mode:
She bought one of those air crinolines, order
ed it hdme, and put it on, for the first time, for
soiree. Ut the cloth, it appears was defective;
for the first time she sat down after the arrival
of the party; a formidable noise started the
people present; and the lady sprung to her feet
flat as a balldon collapsed; Lille a true Briton
she did hot lose her presence df ihindj and added
tranquilly," " Oh ! that is nothing" at all it is
only my memnfyn'c that is deranged !"
A?r EjtiXEx'f Max Dead. Our western ex
changes fecol-d the death of Elder J. T. John
son, of the Christian denomination, one of the
most estimable men and eloquent and dis
tinguished divines of the Western States, tie
was a brother to Col. Richard M. dbhnson,
Vice-President of the United Sfatco. and was
at one time, before entering the ininistry, one
of the Judges of the Court of Appeals in
Kentucky. He served in various departments
of-public,duty, and always witff the highest hon
ors. The papers unite in according to him tlid
possesion of the noblest traits that adorn hu
manity. The loss of such a man, they say is
indeed a public misfortune. lie leaves host Of
friends antt adinirers throughout the Western
aud So'ithcfri States;
THE Wages of Treason. The three infa
mous apostates Of the Pennsylvania Legislature
have probably secured what they bargained
for, but they have 110 idea of the punishment
which is to follow their offence. To-mght lhe"
Democratic Union Club of xCew York will
express their sentiiiicnts Of this :ttRt-iohs piece
of political Simony. The rising Voice of the
Democracy will overwhelm these three venal
wretches,- and ttre hope that even Simon Came
ron, whose name is synonymous with all that
is c'drrtipt and profligate in politics, may feel
that the seat tn the Senate which he has pur
chased, only elevates him to be the surer aim
of popular execration.
As Unfortunate Max. Sheriff Ansel
Wright, of Tfot'thamptou, Mass, is something
of n wrtgr A few days ago, a seurty-Iooking
stranger presented him with a paper, earnestly
begging for money. Believing him an impostor.
Mr. Wright handed back the paper saying :
" I presume you wouldn't have asked me if you
had known my situation ; for whether you be
lieve it or no, every bit of the property I have
in the world is in the hands of the Sheriff."
The astonished stare of the fellow's eyes at that
moment was a sightto see.
Justice from an Enemy.
The New York Tribune rejoices over the
election of Geu. Cameron in Pennsylvania,, but
takes the occasion to rebuke the meanness of
tbose who have indulged in personal assaults
on Col. Forney. The Tribune says:
"While we rejoice in this result, we cannol-
join In the personal cry against his principal
competitor, Col. Forney. Forney committed
some grate errors in early life, but he is still
a young man, and we trust, though defeated
now, he has an honorable career yet before him.
He ia a most thorough-going partisan of pro-
slavery democracy, and for twenty years has
devoted all his energies to the elevation of Mr
Buchanan to the presidency a result which
he has done more than any other man to
achieve. He fought us with desperate efficien
cy throughout the late canvass, and we think
not always fairly; but since we did what we
honestly could on the other side, and he has
just enjoyed a defeat, we will consider the
amount sqared and start afresh. It gives us
pleasure at this time to remember and attest
that throngh the long and trying contest for
Speaker of the present House, Col. Forney
presided over the disorganized, anarchical, often
tumultuous assemblage, with eminent dignity,
ability, and strict impartiality. His position
for eight weeks was one of the most trying we
ever observed, and he met its responsibilitica
j with unswerving fidelity."
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