North Carolina Newspapers

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of IVrrn-cjit LncN by
P-r:;s ;s;l ;ov' r.
I'A" Ii . IH'K'.V. VX, ESO., OF .1 A OK .SOX, .' ORTTTAM I TON
CO., N". C.
There nre large bodies of land lying in cast
er': and middle Virgin::! ami North Carolina,
iii'-'i have hc-cn s much reduced by. continued
(.rr.p..;;irr) j.Iantin.t tobacco, cotton, and sowing
outs, ns no longer to ji-.iy the cost of cultivation
and are "turned i;;t as waste lanos."' 1
by a v (.:" mod rate expeiii
s 1 1
Denature oi iaif-r
.-M:sc principles of ogri-
c rcciabae;!, a:id iiave their pro-
- increased fro-m 100 to I;"0 per cent.
ClltiOIl tO (-Oil!
c.::!fi:ro, may !
i;nt! i ven
'i'iiev r :i 1 1 I r
laade tniiv v;
hesitnle lo .--.iv, ;iS the res;;
that they will give a in
cv.:rse of live yen r.s' culti
., lived il' !ii c!(;;i ii:
1 amis.
'IhU U t!
whl.-!i I ha.
iuablc, and I do not
t of my ox pcricncc,
"a tor profit in . the
"atiou tiian can l;e
a; y t- c j t our rich rici
From the Journal of Commerce, Jr
Uho is "E. Miriam.'"
Tor a long period this mysterious name haso
m.oearcd in the public prints, in connectioi
; with almost every conceivable subject, and magy
curious enquiries are made respecting his idsn
! tity, abode, manner of life, &c. Having iues
; tigated the subject, we are enabled to gtfe a
j satisfactory answer to some of these. A jiote
I to the "Philosopher of Brooklyn Heights" as
' (inrnMlmos f:i mil i:lH V Stvlfd. elicit-ud tllfc
i following reit! v :
j Office, corner of Midah and )
I Columbia streets, Brooklyn. j
L My Dear Sir: I received your memoranda at
dinner time vesterdav. I am at home every
evening, and shall be glad to see you lit the
office wliich is a retired place. If you will
knock at the door the messenger will open it.
Yours truly, K, M eMail
In accordance with this direction, we found
a.Mnaii two story brick building, Originally in
. tended frir i. ..riv.nri 1(-mc (!-i.f.toi int mi flip
j v2rge ot the Heights, with no visible entrance,
! except through a small gateway in the ndjoiu
i ing fence. An entrance effected the veritable
"E. JMeriam"' was discerned by the dim light of
I several tallow candles, with piles of boxes
i reaching to the ceiling, and two assistants busi-
ly engaged in obeying orders. One side of the
The Select Committee "appointedi 'i
me the charter of the Cape FeatDe-p
River Navigation Company.. an,l Vi.-- . " ,
acts of the Assembly granting then, aid.' to Bee
u u.e conu.uons or those grants have been com
plied with," have Instructed the undersigned to
submit the following report: jT' : .
The acts under which the "Cape Tear and
DeepRiver Navigation compai, Wng organized
limit the capital stock to $200,000, of which
individuals were to subscribe $120 000 and
uie tiaie me resiuuejantl it is further prrfcSed
therein, that "whenever the company shl f-snb-
scribe and pay into the. hands of the tre$rer
of the company $30,000, the GovernorKliall
subscribe, iind the treasurer of the State shall
pay into the hands of the treasurer of the com
pany $20,000; and they shall continue to sub
scribe and pay in, in that proportion, until
the whole capital stock shall have been sub
scribed for and paid in." This provision seems
to have been faithfully observed by the com
pany until two-thirds of the stock had been
paid. But being unable longer to induce
prompt payment by the individual subscribers
the company with the view of getting posses
sion of the balance of the State subscri
i:i.:t'i:)'.l I have
increase' the
; 1 1 1 1 1 i y
of such
apartment was exclusive! v occupied with pitreon !
hubs, filled with papers on a great varietv of i borrowed $40,000, and paid the same in
IO!,:.-s. and thuiitrh there was ai.nareut eonfn- l,1-'- u, ; n.iing uiai nus was a so
si.m on everv side, the well trained snbordina-! tiaI compliance with that
a !
1 ") an 1
'.' ij'.'.l t i:-
0!ll I tO .J bll
'ioiiabdv greater
1 1 ' i s of w
iau that
M V.
i e a;
cult nre i
s su'isf antiai
t j memorandum, at the word of command. This
- was the chief business office of the "meteorolo.
;,, gist," as designated by the city directory. Ob.
!v as ' sc'I Vitions upon the weather constitute an cb-
comjwny by various persons, impifgning the
efficiency of the general management of its
concerns but the same is not, in the opinion of
the :; committee, referred to them Vy the terms
of the resolution under which they hare been con
stituted as such, and they have, therefore, not
investigated the same, and wish to be under
stood as expressing no opinion in relation
thereto. .
Having performed the duty assigned them
by reporting the facts and their opiuion to the
HoQse, your committee ask to be discharged
from the further consideration of the sdbject.
Respectfully submitted.
JNO. BAXTER, Chairman.
Discoveries in Africa.
(The discoveries" of Dr. Livingstone in Africa
a,re considered of great commercial value. He
lived with a tribe of Bechuauas for eight years
and in co-operatiotf with Mr Oswald, discovered
Lake Ngami. He traced by himself the course
of the great river Zambesi, in Eastern Africa,
extending two thousand miles.
This immense stream, whose discovery is the
great fruit of the journey, is in itself an enigma
without parallel. But a small portion of its
waters reach the sea-coast. Like the Abysinian
Nile, it falls through a basaltic cleft, near the
middle of its course, which reduces its breadth
from one thousand to twenty yards. Above
falls it spreads out periodically into a
o, filling hundreds of lateral channels;
ifSTntra'fujuii -stream f a totally differ
1 m. .1.. a - t i
to subscribe and cause to be paid the rernSin4c' ' a 1 ' ruouu,s seeiu lo ue Closing.
ine soutiiernmost was navigable when the
- - : - "
t tfi r-n , aTrnifve, requested
.1-' (:
in th
If t.r
. s.:'', : 1 1 1 ; t c
v :- be
!, d.rawn i y .hn
;.iy as j.ossibi",
, and t ;;!. ;s:g cv
has no .-ap, i. w
t casr.: burn i' oi
.-lb!.', folhtw cac
!, and gi (; or
the st iff clav, w
i: . . r 4-1 . : ... j,..- fi.!
,room-sira w m vrmcii tiicsc ,' u,ii"""u'i,;- "Tndimi;
! ( f !.. Mtl,.AC..l,n.-n if 1,.,..-. f.-
"row it') retains any sap i u."v.'nn.n, io nu-ic iiuwuuai iui cmj
turned under fermentation
:;.- the s-traw to rot, let the
m;I v.-it ii tiie largest-sized
or f'.'ar Iiorses, runnii'g
sa -, liot less lha n ten
tv under. If the
.o!i'j,li as
with a
day iioni l lib to l b;0 and makes an immense
volume of solid pages, nearly all stereotyped,
t lie plates forming several loads of metal.
In continuing these records, the indefatigable
Mr Meriam rises regularly at every hour thro'
the night, awaking at the striking of the clock.
A fait hful dog formerly did the service of the
clock, but he unfortunately feli down stairsone
day, and expired soon after. The books are
i ii cr portion of stock reserved to the State.
But this requisition, his Excellency, Gov. Reid
very properly declined acceding to. The
company then made a payment of $5,000 on
this debt, and the balance ($35,000,) was as
snnifd by individuals, who to facilitate the
work, agreed to advance this sum for the de
linquent stockholders, "release the company
from all claim which they might have on it
for reimbursement," and look only to the col
lections that might thereafter be made from
those for whom they had advanced, for their
indemnity; and in the execution of this agree
ment, they substituted their own note for the
corporation. Upon these facts appearing to
lies our am. more
iii aces of t he Him and air ;
. rid of ' ha surp! us wa t et oi
i vy raii.s in ot her p. riods o:
bout the middle of J
;ds are about half-u'n
"e l'oi'M..-d their seeds,
t , at I he rate of a b;;
!::: numerous varh
US, CXecpl the bli
verv lit. h' vine. u:iV:i'
ri.ti. ;ii written un every morn ins: before sunrise bv !
...11 j 7 - . 1 . .1 . -. . , ii r. . . n . .
,ri;; clerks, of whom there are three, except during;1"0 I11 auinor.ry, me oaiance or tne fttate
the sessions of the State Legislature, when the lVuon was ln t,,e compat.y iJut
)cr is increased to six. Two of them re- 1 - """ . . cUM.,.i.u.. u.
this debt by private persons as aforesaid, the
line ioilov., and
every win:
to the general
ad enable it to
winter, a
the YC:U
mi.', wnen l ne ;
... ,
e . a
acre, with any
peas common
i ei-
in e-
i 1".'
U'h, ;
i wa
uumoer is increased lo six. i wo ot tiiem re
,lf-; main constantly at Albany durinsr that time.
and transmit intelligence of the proceedings to I comliauy continued to recognize it as its own,
this city each day.
before they I i-ueew loriv 3iunicipai uazette, compris
land broad- i '"- niemorandas and compilations of all matters
concerning the public weal, is a. formidable
work, which requires Mr Meriam's constant at
tention. One volume has been published, con
taining 1,140 ouarto pages, of which S00 copies
are on hand; also 1,200 copies of the second ! fuml ,lcri' fl'0! other sources, which inclnd-n-.u
t of the samo vnlnm, nnd S5ft nrbHtb.,,,,1 I '"vcst, amounts to more than $20,000 of
pages of a second volume have just been print-1 tIie cniPy's capital has bhen diverted from
ed The ex.,one nf nP wnB iinr uv . i10 I the objects contemplated by the charter, and
i ' " - - - f - -
'c-aved,'-' which hav
I i L t i e shade. In all
have the most vine,
if the hind has 'much
tern under the peas
ianai-r noi, over tnr
and had, from time to time, reduced it by pay
ments to about $8,000, for which the parties
interested have an existing judgment against it.
Of the payments thus made, about $21,000
was collected from the defaulting stockholders,
for whose benefit the debt was created, and
residue was paid out of the general corporate
Portuguese first arrived in the country, three
hundred years ago, but it has long since ceased
to be practicable.
The Quillimanc mouth has of late years been
impassable, even for a canoe, from July to
February, and for two to three hundred miles
up the river, navigation is never attempted in
the dry season. And in this very mouth of
July, when the lower portion of the river, after
its April freshets, has sunk to a mere driblet,
above the falls the river spreads out like a sea
over hundreds of square miles. '1 his with fre
quent cataracts and the hostility of the natives
would seem to beau effectual bar to the high
hopes of fat trade in which English merchants
and journals are now indulging.
During this unprecedented march, alone and
among savages, to whom a white face was a
miracle, I)r Livingstone was compelled to
struggle though indescribable hardships. The
hostility of the natives he conquered by his
intimate knowledge of their character and
Bechiiana tongue, to which theirs is related.
Misny of his documents were lost while cross
ing a river, in which he came near losing his
of weeds. I j -Ncxv
York Anti-Assessment Committee' and I rencraI1-v aPlropritcd for the protection of ir.
t b.e second by a "public fund'' respecting
vidua Is against their own improvident contracts:
i i
''i' .j'"".;' I which Mr M. is probablv best informed. ' j suul h lt t!,e Stilte sustai,,s a loss Co-extensive
Y 7 ' : These volumes contain cooions memoranda i w,th hcr i,,tercst in the company, and the pub-
m to- mm . ,. . , . .., - . ., . , , .....
ou i iit-iiiYcn iii i ui; eujiM nieiii oi tne laciiuies
iii water ana rub
ds and ' rc' !!Ce!;ing lightning, on laud and water; earth-j
,( i quakes, salt, birds, and minerals; all the acts in
: a ' i
it' r
a a ! ;
r ot
an. i win
! c
d ;V
ca u
t ie
m;:s :-...;iSti
eai a- th;. viae
i.U to turn tie.
i ie iiu:.;.., t :; l;i
as are useful
uaiaiei-'s sail,
a ; vo vein en t , a
i . i e
e t :
u-d iii- to tramole
s, othi. rwise it is cxtremly
:n u.d.i r. i'o soon as t ins
--s should be taken off, for
in s'uuiiiig the bind from
,i most important matter in
relation to this city, which .have been passed
frou! time immemorial; all the charters of the
tv, from 1057 to the present da, in chronolo
gical order; everything relating to taxes, as.
sesments and improvements; ditto with regard
t qiairi to life-saving clforts, Hurl (late, and the har-
j bor, and quarantine; the whole histoi-' of the
eit the b
-h;-l per acre.
mi ui'-y OVe"- !
aniiounceiiient of the fact, in September, 18-iS,
oni:' list of vessels dost roved bv
... " i 4??no nnn m.-.!, it,n cnv,.-.,i ,.,i;i:n.-,n i.
c. The object in view is represented " " -
until now; a
id in
s, an
vines, ieav
si ances. l-'roui e:
I think pen.; but little i
which family' it nuked 1
man nre for wheat.
.V fti-r this mass of vi:a
uei. voii iiave a
t iioroa
. i
a i
1 1 e
a haif ot
c'o ver-Sced
ami h-t the
of deioia:r
giving the soil a lar:
d o ihi-i vegetable
ice iu the u.,e of both
iifei'ior to clover (to
longs) as a specific
has been turned an
ovei which sow a
and six
both in
; to be "public utility," or to spread before
i public men, in a compact form, all necessary
sub- ! i:i'nl'1!!:ltio:i on important subjects. In addition
to the laoorious service thus voluntarily nssum-
which no other man could be induced to
ed and v.
perform for any ordinary compensation
md water.
wheat per acre.
1 1 arrow
work b liu:.
TiiL return
records are kepi of the wind-vane,
guage, attached to the office.
Mr .Meriam's dwelling house is a curiosity.
-iOt less tnan ten thermometers an
and live different lightniii"
u-'jienu soniewiiat. on the
d field," but I venture to alii nil that it will
a' v reoay a!! h1 bor and outlay, and astonish
re. ult from
lit 1 v
I ii.u f.
ai.t tin;
in .
O 1-;
: ia
wan lur- great increase oi crops
lime a;iil clover, and I do not
e the two met hods for renova
a!; but where il.-iir is not to be
ion tnat
ii' i e.- ci
iei'a is no application tnat can compart
ioui.iit on well-. '.rained land (if it neei
a. nine." wua plaster, peas, ami ueeo tillage
mine is
o vaiiuJ'Ie as a good marl
eOidhaiug myself to interior
er lime nor marl can be
: ri-
ii UOi
e exposed.
rochs are iu requisi-
I j tion, to protect tne lives of its inmates. The
will of! casu!'- observer would suppose that Providence
oualitv of the M"USt lli,ve f:me sl,e(-,ial design for evil, to
1 ' ' - i. i :e r. i i
j e- ui i-i uu, n posioie, uy every precaution.
The thermometers are for different exposures,
j and affixed to them are the famous "wires'' in.
.j tersecting the atmosphere irregularly, in all di-
rections. Were the garden a cornfield, crows
I would never disturb it. These wires, being
connected with the thermometers, afe supposed
1 to communicate to these instruments the pre
cise temperature prevailing. The extremities
i are immersed in "saiine batteries," or pits of
water impregnated with salt, "to give galvanic
j action to the wires." The peculiar state of the
j temperature at certain periods is regarded as
I indisputable evidence of "terrene agitations"
j eitherjiear or remote, Uy what process cf rea.
e r
i the
so :
w a s
.! !
1 urge ill!
!T iii the June follow -y
in October, will
j soiling, we do not precisely understand. Mr
M. is uow sixty-two years of age; was never
more vigorous, and regards his manner of life
as conducive to health. The nocturnal air baths
are considered peculiarly favorable. His sea
son for labor varies from fifteen to oiglrteen
hours, and in very cold weather twenty-two
hours per iii!, most of which is spent in the of
fice, among dingy manuscripts. The loft of this
Where the. not snu acts so injuriously on a bare j ounuing is tuiuiiy wcciijjicu u.w ui mc The roots of the young clover being ! Journal of Commerce, labelled for ready refer
prolectcd fret.n hard frosts and sudden changes j ence, and secure from dust. Their appearance
in the m.niure, it f hoots lorwar.l with the ear-! timss uisposed, is not nniiKe mat oi an unaer-lh-
-t. wariulh of spring, and smothers all weeds. ! taker's shop.
When weeds mature their seeds, they draw j Mr Meriam's biography remains to be writ
upon t'ae fertility df land" equal to most crops, j ten. Posterity may do him better justice than
(."lover gives a crop as profitable as any other cotemporary generations. Of his beneficence,
and it is ali returned to the laud iu the drop-!"0 better illustration can "be given than the in
1 i lgs of the stock w hilo grazing upon it. ccssant care bestowed upon the birds, flocks of
which constantly resort to his window, even
at couies
f sown er
s to shade the land pretty well
to lands I speak of. It should
;e i'i;st year at ali; in the Feb
dn ss it with ail the manure to
to apply ail me via ashes
reach. This season or time in the year
for applying manure iu our country,
the. hot snu acts so injuriously on a bare
Conundrum : Why are bunkum
the IiOgisiture like certain lovls'l
cause they anger well for bores.
orators mi 1 lll'JL wnmy easons,ior their supply of seed
I ... i 1. : , ... i j. i
Ans. Be -f c pui-juuhcu uy me Dnshel, and never
fails. ihe other oay a lame bird appeared and
excited much sympathy.
to arise from the completion of. an important
State enterprise. v'v
At the session of the General Assembly,
holden in 1S52, a fin ther mbscript ion of 80,
000 was made in behalf of the State, and tlie
same was paid to and expended by the company
previous to the last session of this body. The
company then applied for additional aid, and by
Ihe 5th chapter of the statutes of that session,
provision was made for the State's endorsing
the bonds of the company to the amount of
on the several
expressed. Among others, the company was
required "not to sell the bonds for less than
their par value;" and to apply the proceeds
thereof "exclusively in the first instance to the
completion of the navigation." Both of these
conditions have bee. disregarded. Of the
bonds tl ius endorsed by the State, $200,000 in
value were sold on six months time, the com
pany paying interest, but receiving none, which
is equivalent to a loss of 3 per cent., amounting
to 0,000. The remaining bonds of $100,000
were sold for $80,000 in cash, and a steamboat,
'Southerner,' and five lighters. From the
evidence before them, your committee have
unanimously come to to the conclusion, that
repaired, as per contract, these boats will not
be worth more than $10,000; and it being ad
mitted by the officers of the company that the
boat constituting about in value of the
w hole, is too large to pass the company locks,
and that the same were purchased without ex
amination, the committee can view the matter
m no other light than a mere evasion of that
clause of the statute forbidding the sale of these
bonds under par.
The non-observance of the other provision of
the act is equally as palpable. Instead of ap
plying tlie money realized from the sale of these
bonds "to tlie completion of the said navia
tion," $25,575 thereof was appropriated to the
payment of interest acruing on them, and an
other debt of the company, and to the payment
ot dividends on preferred stock.
ni ... ...
i ne representatives ot tlie State in the f-ene-
ral meeting of the stockholders, as well as in
the board of directors, were cognizant of the
action of tiie company in the several particulars
complained of, and in each case a majority of
them assented therete.
Arguments and explanations have been heard
by your committee from the president, attorney
and other officers of the company, in which the
necessities and honest purposes of'the company,
were pressed upou their consideration. But
conceding all this to be true, (and your com
mittee do not wish to be understood as attribu
ting any moral delinquency to any one,) they
are nevertheless constained to saj, that the
company has, in the several particulars enume
rated, exceeded its powers, misapplied the
funds obtained from and by aid of the State
and consequently has forfeited its franchise ii'
the State chooses to impose so heavy a plenty.
Other allegations have been made against tlie '
life also; but he has memorada of the latitudes
of a multitude of cities and towns, rivers and
mountains, which will go far to fill up the
"unknown regions" iu our atlases.
Towards the interior he found the country
more fertile and more populous. The natives
worshipped idois, believed in transmigrated ex
istence after death and performed religious
ceremonies in groves and woods. They were
less ferocious and suspicious than the seaboard
tribes, had a tradition of the deluge, and more
settled governments. Some of them practised
inoculation and use quinine, and all were eager
for trade, being entirely dependent on English
calico, for clothing, a small piece of which
would purchase a slave. Their language was
sweet and expressive. Although their woman
on the whole, were not well treated, a man
having as many wives as he chose, they were
complete mistresses of their own houses and
gardens, which the husband dared not enter in
his wife's absence. They were fond of show
and glitter, and as much as $150 hud been giv
en for an English rifle. On the arid plateau of
the interior, watermelons supplied the place of
water for some months in the year; as they do
on the plains Hungary in summer A Quaker
tribe on the river Zanga never fight, never have
consumption, scrofula, hydrophobia, cholera,
small-pox, or measles. These advantages, how
ever, are counterbalanced by the necessity of
assidious devotion to trade and raising children
to make good their loss from the frequent in
roads of their fighting neighbors.
Important to Wheat Gkowers is North Caro
i.iNM.At a meeting of the Scientific Associa
tion iu Albany, this summer, some private
conversation ensued upou the comparative
merits of the grains grown in the West. North
and South. It was observed that Southern
flour had largely the preference in the West
Ind ies and South America, on account of its
being dryer and keeping better in hot climates
A gentleman who attended the World's Pair
in London, at once remarked that the Bnest flour
he ever sa w was made of North Carolina wheat
and ground at mills in New York. Beiip'
solicted to submit the observation to writing
Dr. Elvvyn, of Philadelphia, well known for the
interest -he takes in agriculture "and everything
connected with the useful arts, at once drew up
a certificate of which the ensuing is a copy.
" I have been desired by Dr. Gibbon, of
North Carolina, to record the following facts
as interesting to the wheat growers of that
State. While acting as chairman of the
committee ' on articles used as food' durin
the exhibition at the Crystal Palace, I was
struck with the quality of the bread offered for
examination by Ilecker & Brother, of New
York. It was the whitest and best I ever saw.
I asked being a farmer the Tery natural
question, as to where they procured their
grain ; and was told that the bread was made
of flour from North Carolina wheat ; and to my
further astonishment, was also informed that,
in their opinion, the best wheat in the United
States was that of North Carolina.
v v . A- D ELWYN.
Albany N. Y., August 25, 185G."
" use 1 sjother Suing: for bcr own
An iuteresting-v, cornns case is set to
come up before Judgiblack tOKjay. The
facts involved are, as wele.. about these . A
man and his wife, residents orOfland Qhio,
by the name of Crawford, seperatedi each'
other about a year ago. They bad tliireecun-
dren? The wife says the husband, after fi vel
days watching succeeded in stealing the children
from her. The father brought them to this city
and placed them in the Catholic asylum here.
The father came with a letter of introduction
or recommendation from the Bishop of the
diocese of Cleveland loathe Bishop of Yincennes.
The mother, learning that her children had
been removed, soon after set out in search of
them and for ten long mouths sought them in
various parts of the country. At Logan-sport,
Indiana, she learned that they had been brought
to this place ; hither she hastened. On Wed
nesday last, she visited the asylum. With
what emotions of heart and anxiety of soul she
entered the building can be better imagined
than described. Many of the children were at
play, but bcr little darlings were not in the
play grounds. One of the little fellows directed
her attention to the basement rooms. Upon
going in, she saw one that she fancied might
be her own babe.
Ampng so-raany children, and In such an ex
cited state of mind, she was almost ready
to distrust herself. She inquired the name of
the little cherub. " Willie Crawford," answered
one of the pupils. The mother needed no fur
ther evidence. She sprang to the child, a
bright little fellow of about two years and a
half, and darted away from the room and ran
away with her darling. Some of the attendants
made pursuit, overtook the mother, and were
about to take the child from her, when some
persons on the street interfered in the mother's
behalf. She then applied to an attorney, who
procured a writ of habeas corpus for the
children, and they are now in the custody of
the sheriff, and the trial is set for to-day.
The lady is intelligent, and seems to be an ac
complished Woman. She is of the same reli
gious persuasion as her husband, though not at
this time an active member of the church. The
childrcu resemble her very much in features.
They are aged respectively six, four, and two-
and-a-half years, and manifest much affection
for the mother.
Under the statute the father has the right
to dispose of the children, unless they ate very
small, where there is incompetency in the
mother to take care of her offspring. But in
this case it would seem most cruel nnd nnnat
ural to deprive the mother of her family, as
the father would indicate he desired to do ;
and we are glad to learn the Bishop here, who
has charge of the insitution, will not oppose
the return of the children to their mother. We
think this course is dictated by a popular sense
of the relation sustained by mother and child,
and we know it wil be sustained by the com:
munity. Vincennes Gazette, Jan. 5lh.
Saturday , J miliary 31, 1 857 .
e"C- ,c- McCkcmmkn-is onr duly autborizeif
agent for the collectiou of all claims due this office.
.to Advertisers.
lfS dsirtt -f tbs immediate insertion of tbeir
pTFWTTB,t-b,Bd thot" in b' THURSDAY
AI- IbKNuoN, otherwise tUev will not appear until
he succeeding Wc,k. Our friends will ptJe a,
this in i mind as we intend to make it a rule without
The Boomerang. This curious weapon, pe
culiar to the native of Australia, has often
proved a puzzle to men of science. It is a
piece of carved wood nearly in the form of a
crescent, from thirty to forty inches long, point
ed at both ends, and tlie corner quite sharp.
The mode of using it is as singular as the
weapon. Ask a black to throw it so as to let
it fall at his feet, and away it goes full forty
yards before him, skimming along the surface
at three or fr feet from the ground; when it
suddenly rises in the air 40 or GO feet, describinn
a curve and finally dropping at the feet of the
thrower. During its course it revolves rap
idity on a pivot, with a whizzing noise. It is
wonderful so barbarous a people have invented
so singular a weapon, which sets the laws of
progression at defiance. It is very dangerous
for an European to try to project it at any
object, as it may return and strike himself. In
a native's, hands it is a formidable weapon,
striking without the projector being seen. It
was invented to strike the kangaroo, which is
killed by -it with certainty.
Skatlns, Sleighing ami getting Slewed.
As some poet, out west of course, has ex
pressed it in a descriptive sonnet respecting cold
weather in his parts:
"First it blew and then it anew,
And then it thew and then It frit'
All these hyperborean gradations have been
gone through with lately in this locality; and
the boys, lads, youths, juveniles, young folks,
small fry, mother's joys and father's prides, have
had their fill of snow, snow-balling, sleighing,
skating (. castera, while Wir elders imbibed
divers compounds to "keep the cold out.'y
Chips says that the mercury followed his
spirits and town property down severnl degrees
below zero last week, but getting ashamed of
sinking as low as town property was Evidently
ly subsiding, it began to creep back to a more
respectable position. We have enjoyed but one
sleigh ride this winter but ye Gods, what a
ride! With a fleet and sinewy reindeer (which
somegreen'utis insisted was a lean and stunted
ox) and mounted on our light and airy sleigh
(which envious Iagos called a goods box moun
ted on two peeled saplings) we sped, like the
storm god mounted on a cloud, through the
whirling, eddying snow flakes (mingled' to-be-sure
with occasional conglomerates of numer
ous flakes singularly formed into ponderous
spheres greatly resembling the missiles called
snow balls) and had not onr gallant reindeer
stopped to graze upon a bunch of Iceland moss
or a bundle of fodder we do not precisely re
member which, owing to obstructed vision at
the time, caused by congealed spheroids, we
might have been riding still.
We learn that the Cape Fear River was fro
zen over some miles above this place, to the
thickness of three inches a thing which has
uot occurred since Cornwallis crossed the
river on the ice during the revolution. While
we are writing a warm rain is falling, and a
rapid thaw going on.
how to drain ditches. The commissioners
or those having charge of seweraire. should m'
mence early in tire spring, not waiting for tho
summer heats, and in the first place do not at
tempt to make the water run up hill, for with
out the aid of an earthquake you certainly will
not succeed. Reverse the thing and that ditch
will cleanse itself. Try it and see.
Occupation. Some writer says : " What a
glorious thing is occupation for the human
heart." There is some truth in this remark.
But if the author should frequently have two
days work to do in one, he might feel disposed
to change the appellative " glorious'' somewhat.
A Fearful Passage.
We have been informed by Mr. P. E. Frazee,
Sr., who was a passenger on board the steamer
Marion, which left New York on Saturday
afternoon at three o'clock, for Charleston,
where she arrived yesterday morning, that the
trip was in the greatest degree fearful. Du
ring Saturday night a storm came np, and the
steamer was compelled to lay to off Cape Hat
teras for twenty-six hours, in consequence of its
violence. The cold, was so intense that five
horses were frozen to death and the deck and
ccmbings, masts, sails, rigging", and every por
tiou of the vessel exposed, were covered with
ie to the thickness of six or seven inches. The
steamer Black Warrior, from Havana, bound
to New York, passed the Alarion rfhile she was
lying to, and Mr. Frazee informs us that she
was literally covered with ice.
- We take this occasion to state that Mr.
Frazee speaks in the most complimentary man
ner of the skill and superior management of
the Marion by the officers during the preval
ence of the gale, when every passenger on board
had concluded it almost impossible for the ves
sel to outlive the storm. Capt. Foster, and
Mr. ihoraas, the Pilot, proved thetnselve
worthy the responsible positions they ""PJt
and their vessel one of the staunch' craft now
plying between New York and narleston.
When the Marion left e York, the ferries
on the East River ytre suspended, and persons
were passing from Brooklyn to New York on
the ice. Qclumiia Times
We have looked with some interest, not tin
mingled with occasionally some degree of as
tonishment, upon the petty contentions and un
neighborly wranglings going on between ouc of
our neighbors -and some of the Wilmington
presses. And we are satisfied that the commu
nities of both places are heartily sick and tired
of it. That the best, rf
the body of the people of both communities, wc
do not doubt for a moment. That there is a
common bond of interest, a mutual dependence
existing between these sister towns, no one will
deny; and that from the people of Fayettcviile
towards the citizens of Wilmington there is not,
has not been and cannot be, anght but feelings
of popular amity and public friendship, we as
sume the province of declaring.
And the reiterated declaration on the part
of our brethren of the Wilmington press, that
their fellow citizens entertain the same regard
for our people, is an ample guaranty that there
is, as there ought to be, a community of good
feeling and unfeigned freiridship between us.
Why then these petty bickerings and petu
lant contentions between the declared represen
tatives of popular sentiment? Why these warm
professions of friendship accompanisd with per
petual stiletto thrusts? The people of other
communities must imagine a wonderful degree
of brassy hypocricy to exist between the two
places, assuming their public journals to be ex
ponents of popular feeling. Surely no good
can acrue to either party from such a course of
action, and a multiplicity of evils may follow its
We are a liUIe sorry that our neighbor in
variably gets a drubbing, and we only wish that
some Dominie Birch would come in and sound
ly thrash the whole trio,
rWe have received a copy of the St.
rants City Advertiser, published in Minesota,
and find it a well edited 'and sprightly sheet.
St. Pauls is a rapidly growing western city,
and bids fair to rival Chicago in its business
We publish in another column the report
of the Committee of Investigation appointed by
the Legislature to examine into the affairs of
the Cape Fear & Deep River Navigation Com
pany. As will be seen from the report, there
is a clear forfeiture of the charter on the part
of the company and that the State should
avail herself of this opportunity to get rid of
the vile encumbrance all sensible men must
agree. We hope yet to see this burlesque upon
internal improvements numbered among the
exploded humbugs of the day.
-Tbe Giraffe that tallest of the beasts in
the Oak Citr menagerie, in a playful rebuke of
our re"'ssness in tlje matter of exchange, as
sores us that he does'nt "kick everything with
long years nor eat everything that'a
- w (jitCH.
It's a merciful dispensation of providence in
favor of some of the "assembled wisdom'-' that
such is tlie case, or his hoofs wonld be wonder
fully exercised, to say nothing of his gastrono
mic feats. By the way the animal seldom wun
ders .down our way; finds more verdure "
and tender shoots in the City of Oaks perhaps.

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