North Carolina Newspapers

Remedy for the Chinch - Bos
We published recently a note from the Kon.
Abrara Rencher, stating that fish oil had been
found aw excellent remedy for the chinch bog
now destroying the corn. Mr Rencher has ad
dressed us another note on the subject, in which
he says he has found the remedy entirely suc
cessful, but that some of his neighbors complain
that it kills their corn. . So it does his corn,
says Mr R., if applied in too large a quantity,
lie says, "take a feather from the wing of a
chicken or goose, clip off a small piece of the
little end, dip the feathery part in oil, aud run
it down between the boot and the stalk of the
two lower blades, wipe off the oil remaining on
the feather on the outside of the stalk near the
ground. The oil kills the bugs it touches, and
the balance disappear." Mr Rencher adds: "I
have just returned from my cornfield, which
bordered on my wheat field for two hundred
yards, aud where the chinch bug appeared in
great force. Their ravages were arrested by
the application of the oil, and the corn looks
as well at this time as if there never had been
a bug upon it. However unsuccessful others
may be in the application of fish oil, I consider
myself indebted to it for the safety of my corn
field. I write this from fear that some persons
may be discouraged by an improper application
of the oil." Ral. Standard.
When to Catfccr Crops.
This is an important tonic. To cut
a, w
when it is ripe, and grain when ready to shell
oat, is from economy. Careful observations
and experiments, as well as chemistry, teach
us that all grass aud grain crops, to be consum
ed as food for man or beast, should be cut down
before maturity. Many of the roots, also, are
better for premature gathering. Potatoes may
well be ripened in the ground; and were it con
venient to make the separation, we should say
let grain, designed only for seed, remain upon
the native stalk, in the field, until nearly ready
to fall off. .As we have said, experiments care
fully made hare .proved conclusively that
wheat, for example, if cut six to twelve days
before full maturity, yields not only a greater
bulk and weight, but more and better flour
than if allowed to stand until 'dead ripe.' We
have frequently published the direct trials which
have established this fact, and will not take
space to repeat them here. Let ns look a little
into the reasons for such a result. It will not
be disputed that a pound of gum, or sugar, or
starch, is better food than the same amount
of wood or woody fibre. Much the largest
porportion of the nourishment of wheat or corn
or other grain, is derived from the starch it con
tains. More than three-fourths of the entire
bulk of wheat flour, for example, really pure
starcji. The same may be said of corn meal.
But all grains contain more or less of woody
fibre, iu the shell.
Wood, sugar, starch and gum, are composed
of precisely the same dementi, and these are
nearly in tiie same proportion. The difference
in form and properties is chiefly in the arrange
ment of the elements. Yet wood is nearly in
digestible, and of course fails, iu part to yield
nourishment, while sugar, starch, and gum, are
easily digested, and almost their entire elements
furnish nutriment.
Examine grain iu the milk, and it will be
found to consist almost t5tal!y of starch, gum
and sugar, the abundance of sugar giving it a
sweetish taste Let this grain ripen, and the
starch, gum and sugar, are hardened, and iu
part changed 'to woody fibre, that is, husk or
bran. But cut the grain while scarcely out of
the mi!k state, and you stop the natural change
into woody matter, and thus secure a larger
proportion of the desired starch, sugar and
gum. lts well known that the earliest flour
made from first-cut grain possesses a peculiar
sweetness. Corn picked while still soft, and
dried, retains its. sweetness. The only point to
be looked to is, not to cut grain before it at
tains its full development of material. This
point has been found to be just at the period
wheu it commences hardening. No grain should
be allowed to stand a day after it becomes so
solid as to require a gentle pressure to crush
the kernel between the thumb and finger-rails.
This rule applies to wheat, oats, corn and in
deed to all cereal crops. Gatherod at this
time,, which is usually eight to ten days, before
perfect ripening, there will not only be more
and better nutriment, but the yield of grain,
and especially of flour, will be from five to ten
per cent, greater, and often more, than if the
cutting had beea deferred ten to twelve days.
The-decidedly superior value of straw cut,
green, is auother important item to be taktn
into account. The increasingly high price of
bay, and the advance in the demand aud value
of stock, render it important to give more at
tention to preservation of straw. Wheat or
oat straw, and corn stalks, if left standing until
fully matured, are little better, and little else
than so much wood; but stop the ripening pro.
eess as soon as is practicable remove the grain
;i nd yo secure straw and stalks worth one
i mrtli to one-half their weight of hay, as the
i..tter is ordinarily cured. Would it not be
1 ctter to run the risk of getting a few pounds
I ss of grain by too early gathering, if thereby
i secure a greatly superior quality of feed iu
.. straw.
The,rea3ona for cutting grain early apply
v ;.a equal force to all crops gathered for for
, 'Taste a stalk of grass just as it is losin
i, . .lower aud you will.find it sweet, succulent and
i . ier. A few days afterward, it is more like
n t!ry piece of wood. But cut it down at the
ner period, dry it iu small masses to prevent
seating and fermentation, and it will retain
i.mch of its sweetness, and contain a large
proportion of sugar, starch and gum.
From tile New York Journal of Commerce.
The Hew Territory of Arizona
At the last session of Congress an effort was
made to procure a separate Territorial organi
zation of the Gadsden Purenase: under the
name of Arizona. The justice of the claim wa3
to a certain extent admitted: and bills creating
a separate Judicial District and Land offices,
passed both the Senate and the House. Owing
however, to some disagreement as to the details
of the bill, and the shortness of the session, it
tailed to become a law.
We learn that the residents of Arizona will
come before Congress at the next session with
new and stronger claims to a recognition as a
distinct Territorial people. They will set forth
in strong terms their grievances and necessities.
Their petition, then to the presented, will be
found below. It asks that the Gadsden Pur
chase may be erected into a separate Territory
nnder the name of Arizona, and for such other
legislation as may be deemed proper by Con
gress to place the people of that large district
of country on an equal footing with those of
Oregon and Washington Territories. The
Gadsden Purchase extends from the Rio Grande
to the Colerado of the West six hundred
miles in length by between fifty and sixty in
width embracing an area of about thirty
thousand sqnare miles: or say, two thirds a3
large as the State of New York. We are as
sured, .upon the competent authority, that the
impression which has m some way been ainaseu
throughout the country, that this great terri
tory is mostly a desert, is entirely erroneous.
The great emigration to California in the
early years of the gold excitement, traversed
the whole length of the "Purchase" without
difficulty. From the Rio Grande to Tueson,
two hundred and fifty miles, the country is un
surpassed for grazing purposes, and is well
watered and wooded. In the centre of the
Territory are the Valleys of Tueson, Colobozos
Santa Cruz, San Pedro and they will sustain
a population of tens of thousands. The San
Pedro Valley alone was reported by Lieutenant
Parke, of the United States Topographical En
gineers, to be capable of sustaining a popula tion
of several thousands. The valley of the Giia
River, which forms the greater portion of the
Northern boundary of the Purchase, is suscep
tible of cultivation throughout its entire extent.
The Pimas Indians, a large and semi civiliz
ed tribe, raise magnificent crops of cotton,
wheat and corn, in the Valley of the Gila. The
cotton is woven into blankets by hand, and the
fabric is most skilful, and even beautiful. The
portion of the Territory stigmatized heretofore
as a desert, contains, we are confidently assur
ed, almost fabulous mineral wealth in silver
and copper; and, at what appeared to be a most
unfavorable point, water has been found in
great abundance by sinking wells. A few
artesian wells in the western part of Arizona
will forever redeem that country from the name
of desert.
A late valuable work on Mexico gives, in its
appendix, statistics taken from the archives of
the Govenment at the City of Mexico, dating
back to the days of the Spanish Viceroys, which
prove that in acquiring the Gadsden Purchase
we become possessed of the richest mineral
portion of Sonora . This fact is confirmed by
the testimony of residents Mexicans, as well as
by the tradition of the country.
The silver mines lately opened at Arivoca,
Sopori, Sauta Rita, and Barbarsomeri, number
ing over one hundred distinct veins of rich ore,
are only an earnest of what will be seen under
the favorable auspices of a Territorial Govern
ment. In copper mining, already about two
millions of dollars is invested, and the ore of
the Arizona mine has been pronounced, in Lon
don, the richest ever sold in that market. The
Gila River mines and the Gadsonian mines are
proving themselves equally opulent.
The late decison of the Postmaster General,
iii favor of the mail route via El Paso and Fort
Yuma, invests this Arizona question with re
newed importance. This route runs through
the entire extent of the new Territory, and Will
require protection form the hordes of Apache
Indians, who for a century past have held un
disputed sway over one of the fairest, and, as
to its natural resources, one of the wealthiest
portions of our continent.
Tribute of Respect to the late Rev. Dr.
Mitchell. A meeting of the graduates of the
University of North Carolina residing in and
near Fayetteville was held on Tuesday, July
14, 4857, W. J. Anderson, Esq., presiding,
and Mr Geo. H JJaigh acting as Secretary.
The Chairman having announced the melan
choly intelligence on account of which they had
been called together.
Messrs W B Wright, John Winslow, W A
Iluske, W II Haigh, J C Huske, R P Buxton
P M Hale, R H Sanford, and B Fuller, re
presenting different classes, were appointed a
Committee to prepare resolutions suitable to
the occasion.
Rev Jos C Huske, Chairman, reported the
Whereas, Almighty God, by a painful and
most melancholy act of his Providence, has
brought to a sudden and sad end the life of our
former respected preceptor and friend, the Rev
Dr Elisha Mitchell, Professor in the Universi
ty of N C. ;
Therefore, Resolved, That we have received
intelligence of this mournful event with feelings
of pain and unmingled sadness.
Resolved, That as iu his life we have been
made debtors to him by his faithful instructions
and by his unwearied devotion to our best in
terests, so now in death we cherish his memory
in our hearts.
Resolved, That the Rev Dr Elisha Mitchell,
by jus great and varied learning, by his inde
fatible zeal in the pursuit of knowledge, by his
spirit of invincible perseverance in whatever he
deemed to be right, by his devotion to the du
ties of his profession, whether as a teacher of
science or as a teacher of the religion of the
gospel, by his devotion to the interests of his
pupils to the interests of the University of
which he was so distinguished a Professor, and
by his devotiou to the interests of the State at
nJ3C ?d in.a word. b7 long, honorable, and
usetulhfe of incorruptible integrity and fidelity
to duty, has made himself to be an ornament
and an xample to his profession and to his
tellow men m general.
Resolved That iu view of the eminent ser
vices which he has rendered the State, directly,
by the prompt and faithful discharge of par
ticular duties assigned him. aud less directly,
but not less effectively by his devotion to the
cause of education, the deceased has entitled
himself to a public testimonial of respect to his
memory; and we hereby pledge ourselves to
assist in any measure tending to that end
Resolved That a copy of these resolutions
be sent to the family of the deceased, with an
expression of our sincerest sympathy and condo
lence; and also, that a copy be sent to his breth
ren of the Faculty, and to each of the Literary
Soc.eties at Chapel Hill, with the request that
mcu in luatr arcnives
These resolutions were unanimously adopted
Geo. Haigd, Sec'y,
, ...
. ,
The superficial training of girls, in the pres
ent day, has formed the subject of much com
plaiut, aud no little ridicule. The object of
com pe lion has been to procure showy attain
ments in the easiest and cheapest way such
accomplishments being accepted by parents as
a criterion of success. No care 15 given, in
many cases, to an apprehension of the lesson ;
the sensation of what is taught being acquired
without the meaning, and the sound without
the idea. No pains are taken to it.flnence the
development of the mind, or to control its ope
rations. The memory is cultivated merely to
obtain a present impression, without regard to
the intellect that grows by mental aliirent, and
the feelings that adorn the female character
and prepare for social relations, are left wholly
to their own unregulated growth.
The consequence is that, in spite of extensive
teaching, girls leave school uneducated. There
is a difference between teaching and education.
The opportunities for improvement between
school and marriage are neglected for the ab
sorbing pursuits of fashiou and folly. How
many among youug women in our society, pos
sess true literary cultivation, with the refine
ment of nature that it produces, or artistic
taste, or elevation of manner, sentiments and
mind? How many among those who learn
music, become imbued with appreciation and
love of the art ? How many know how to read
without stammering and bungling? How many
know even the names of our standard authors ?
The empty pride and show and glitter and
dissipation of fashion? social life can never
conpensate, either tn K
within the fcp
of that intellec .... .
alone can dignify and e.alt.r. character, a..
make her maturity blessed' Without this train
ing, she will be found unguarded when time and
circumstances apply the test. The uncontroll
ed impulses that work so much misery, the in
adequacy of the intellect to simple duties in life
may be ascribed to defective training in
youth, rather than to any inherent feebleness
of nature. Even great stupidity is not commonly
a natural gift. An early habit of intellectual
application of the mind to worthy and dignified
pursuits, will ' in almost all cases, enable the
individual to meet all difficulties with a con
scious power to overcome them.
For the proper training of girls, simplicity of
living is important, and absence of ostentatious
display and extravagant expenditure. Every
thing ultra, especially in dress, should be ab
jured, while youth may be surrounded with soft
ening and refining influences. Licence or rude
ness should never be tolerated ; they arc utter
ly destructive to self respect. The love of dis
play leads to shallow and vulgar pretensions,
and should be guarded against as 'a pestiferous
passion '
If the best emis of education are kept in view
the acquisition of the strength .which per
ceives duty and is loyal to it, and is capable of
self-renunciation it will be seen that the sys
tem pursued in main- fashionable institutions is
worse than useless ; it is baneful and perni
cious. Counterfeit Baxk Notes. The Richmond
National American learns that counterfeit $10
notes on the Farmers' Bank have made their
appearanco in that city, and that in some in
stances, parties who ought to know them have
been deceived, and received them as genuine.
The signature of the President, Win. H. Mae
farland, is said to be admirably executed. The
Cashier's is rather poor imitation of the genuine.
Counterfeit $10's on the Bank of Cape Fear
(N. C.) are as plenty as blackberries iu August.
Chckch Struck by Lightning. Sabbath be
fore last a violent thunder storm parsed over
New Jersey. At Janiesburg, near amboy, the
Sabbath school of the Presbyterian Church
was holding its meeting in the afternoon, when
the fluid struck the bui'ding. It entered the
roof, making only a small hole, and descended
by the chandelier to the centre of the church,
where it exploded. Quite a large number of
adults, as well as children, were prostrated by
it, and their clothes burnt. Yet 110 fata! results
followed, although some hours, and even days,
followed before perfect restoration took place.
But the remarkable feature of it remains to be
told, and this is given by a clergyman who re
ceived it from one present. It is stated that
the ladies present who wore brass hoops in
their dresses were uninjured, hut the. hoops them
selves were melted. The electric fluid was thus
diffused and perhaps lives saved, by this novel
species of conductor.
A Heroic Woman. One of the most strik
ing incidents in the fearful tragedy near Quebec
was the conduct of Mrs Bloomfield, whose hus
band is in the employment of the Grand Trunk
Company at Toronto, in saving two children.
She held to a rope with one hand, keeping the
head of one child above the water with the
o.her, and holding the other up by fastening
her teeth in its dress. So heavy was the load
that her teeth gave way an! were lost, yet she
still retained her hold. At last a boat came
toward her, and men were screaming all around
her. to be taken on board. . She could not scream
but a man seeing her situation brought a boat
to her, telling them ahe needed help most.
Then her strength gave way at the prospect of
relief aud safety, and she came near drowning
before she could be lifted into the boat. She is
a slight, delicate woman iu appearance, and
one wonders how she was able to endure so
much. The children were not her own. One
of them aged eighteen months, is named Jaenie
as Mrs Bloomfield heard it called on board by
ns parents, wno were irom uiasgow. J is. pa-,
rents were lost.
9Ir. Clay on Distribution.
We have seen (says the Nashville Union) no
argument against distribution more forcible or
embraced in fewer words than the following,
taken from a speech of Mr Clay's delivered
June 11, 1832. . It states a fact that cannot
fail to lay hold upon the public mind. Read it:
"Making this inquiry; the first question which
presents itself is, whether it is expedient to pre
serve the existiug duties in order to accumulate
a surplus in the treasury for the purpose of sub
sequent distribution among the several States.
I think not. If the collection for the purpose
of such a surplus is to be made from pockets of
one portion of the people to be ultimately re
turned to the same pockets, the process would
be attended with the certain loss from the
dtarges.for collection and icili the loss also of
interest while the money is performing the nec
essary circuit, and it would therefore be unwise.
If it is to be collected from one portion of the
people and given to another it would be unjust.
If it is to be given to the Slates in their corpor
ate capacity, to be used by them in their public ex
penditure, 1 know of no principle in the constitu
tion iAicA authorizes the federal government to
become such a collector for the States, nor of
any principle of safety or propriety which admits
of "the United States becomiug such recipients
of gratuity from the general government."
A mastiff is said to be a lap-dog when he is
drinking. Of course he is.
t AY 1 1 T E ViLl E. H C.
l tt . -
V I iouthern Convention at knoxville
To ikt People of Slareholding Stales:
Fellow Citizens A session of the Southern
Convention will be held at Knoxville, Tennessee
on the second Monday, the.tcnth day of August
It will constitute another of the series that
have taken place periodically in the several
southern and south-western cities, attracting
large and influential delegations, actuated by
lofty patriotism, prepared to deliberate and act
with intelligence aud harmony.
The latest of these was at Savannah. There
but a few months since, delegations from ten or
twelve States enjoyed the courtesies and hospi
talities of a time-honored community, inter
changed the kindly greetings and friendly
offices of brother, advised and counselled togeth
er as in family circle on the danger that threat
en and the hopes and interests that encourage
and unite us.
For six days these deliberation lasted, em
bracing in their scope the wide field of the
social life and institutions of the South, its
education and literary policy, the various and
important ramifications of its industry, its poli
tical rights and necessities, or such of them at
least as rise higher than the cunning and often
deceptive platforms of parties and politicians.
Upon several most important matters select
committees were appoiuted to meet in the
recess of the Convention, to collect information
and prepare reports, to be hereafter committed
and considered.
Xooking primarily to the advancement and
ty of the South, the aims of the Conven
altogether "" ",;h and promo-
.,iuu. , govern
ment worth preserving must a shield and not
a sword and shall its obligations be preserved
and obeyed obligations without which it would
not, and could not have been formed, and with
out which and their faithful performance by all
of the parties to the great compact, it cannot
be, alid ought not to be maintained. Every
other purpose is of trifling importance in com
parison with the high moral and social objects
of the Convention They are intended to spread
far aud wide, correct enlarged and decided
views of our rights and obligations, and to unite
us together by the most sacred bonds, to main
tain them inviolate for ourselves and our pos
terity. The citizens of Knoxville are making liberal
preparations for the reception of the Conven
tion. It is a point readily accessible from the
North, South, East, or West, by the railroads
of Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia; and the
meeting will take place at a season when it will
be convenient and delightful to visit the moun
tain regions of the South, and to explore the
beauties of an almost virgin country.
1'elegatcs to the Savannah Convention are
without further appointment, invited to Knoxville-,.
and the Executives of the States and
Mayors, or other competent officers of cities
and towns, through all the slaveholding States
of the Union, are earnestly requested to make
additional appointments of delegates.
The aid of the press is solicited in calling
attention, editorially, to the meeting; at d of
railroad and steamboat companies, etc., in grant
ing the usual facilities of travel to the delegates.
By order of the Convention:
J. D. B. DeBow, of Louisiana.
W. G. Swan, of Tennessee.
J. Cochran, of Alabama.
Wm. Boulware, of Virginia.
Mitchell King, of South Carolina.
We always like, to tell a good stor
even if it is at our own cxprense.
Coming from East liaddam, on Tuesday,
;ith a friend, whose worst fault is in his intense
Republicanism, we arrived at an old house by
the roadside, not half as high as the well-sweep
which stood by it. Out jumped our compan
ion, to get a drink from the "moss-covered
bucket" which dangled at the end of the pole.
Presently a gray-haired old man came out from
the house with the proffer of a shining tin dip
per, which was politely refused. Noticing the
deep furrows on his face though his eye was
uudimmed and his step as elastic as ever, our
curiosity prompted us to inqnire his age, "I am
ninety-sir," he replied, "and last fall I climbed
my apple trees and sL'ook them as' usual?'
"Was you iu the Revolutionary War?" we
next inquired. "O, yes," said he, "I'w?sin
foui battles, and was taken prisoner in one and
confined on board a prison ship, in New York,
until peace was declared. I've talked with
Gen. Washington many a time-" "Do you
vote," we asked, as a thought of the pleasure
it would afford us to see and converse with a
man who had voted for every Democratic Pres
ident, from Washington down to Budianan,
glanced through our mind 1 "Well, I'll bet it
he docs, he did'nt vote for James Buchanan,"
exclaimed our friend with provoking confidence.
"Well, I'll bet he did," we retorted, with equal
emphasis. "What'll vou bet," said our friend,
I evidently not intending to back down ? "Just
as good a hat as Bcebe or Genin can make,"
said we, not at all frightened. "Done," said
our friend turning arouud, at the same time
toward the old man.
"Now who did you vote for," we both ex
claimed, simultaneously ! "Well, you see I've
always been a democrat," said he "I've voted
for Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe,
Jackson, Polk, aud President Tierce, and have
never seen any reason to change my principles
last fall I voted for Fremont !"
"What's your measure," said we to our friend
as we struck the horses a furious blow, and
started for Middletown, profoundly impressed
wan tne truth or the old saying ' once a man,
ciii.'it.'' Middlesex Conn.) Argus.
TKc Washington Union says: "The accounts
public and private from North Carolina are of
a character to justify the most sanguine expec
tations i regard to the result of the August
elections. If the delegation in the next Con
gress is not entirely democratic, it will not be
for want of exertions on the part of a democ
racy that appear to be annimated with the
conviction that an overwhelming victory is to
be the result of their patriotic labors,"
The North Carolinian, one of the most spir
ited of our exchanges, endorses these views of
the Union. Know Nothingism has been ra
pidly tumbling to pieces in the South, since
the Presidential election, and it is only in Ma
ryland that it is at all likely to maintain itself.
As long as the Plug Uglics and Rip Raps con
trol the polls of Baltimore, Maryland is bound
to be opposed to the Democracy, but in North
Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee, we shall be
disappointed if our victories are not overwhelm-
Middiesex L,onneticut) Jlrgus.
A young miss having accepted the offer of a
youth to gallant her home, afterwards fearing
that jokes might be cracked at her expense if
the fact should become public, dismissed him
when about half way, enjoining his secrecy.
"Don't be afraid," said he, "of my saying any
thing abont it, for I feel as much ashamed of it
as yon do."
SatiiKlay, July 18, IS57
32- C. C. McCrummen- is our duly authorized
agent for the colleaiion of all claims due this office.
Persons desirous of the immediate insertion of their
advertising favors must band them in by THURSDAY
AFTERNOON, otherwise they will not appear until
the succeeding week. Our friends will please liear
this in mind as we intend to make it a rule without
exception i
Third District.
For Clerk of County Court.
Philemon Taylor.
For Clerk of Superior Court.
T. J". 31 i ins.
With a modest reliance upon our own judge
ment and capability to form opinions upon mat
ters of party policy and principle and at the
same time with all due deference tc the suneri-
our democratic cotemporaries with whom we
unfortunately differ with regard to Kansas
matters, we most respectfully, decline the bit
which is sought to be pat in our mouth, and
beg leave, in all propriety and politeness, to
intimate that we recognize no authority on the
part of any party leader or organ to muzzle a
free and frank expression of onr opinion upon
this or any other subject. We find it necessary
to express ourself thus plainly and unequivo
cally because of the shadow of a coming event
which is beginning to darken 'he political heav.
A battle is soon to be fought between the
politicians and the people, and the conservatism
of the popular masses will at no distant day be
called upon to rescue and protect the country
from the fanaticism of tne North, the ultraism
of the South, reckless abolitionism, tyrannical
know nothingism and a distracted and divided
democracy. Whether or not this conservatism
will prevail against the odds whichwill be
brought to' bear in opposition no man can pre
sume to say. Alrcadj' the State of Georgia as
represented in convention by both parties has
taken a step that must be retraced, if the ad-
ministration sustains Gov. Walker, or the nn- j governments created and maintained armies
ion is gone, aud the South must sustain Geor-! led them to victory, and controlled turbulent
gia if e!ic takes the initiative step. The demo-' and lawless men by his dogmatic and imperious
Vj J cratic convention demanded in imperious tones
the 'recall of Walker from the gubernatorial
chair of Kansas. The "American" Convention
a few days afterwards passed a resolution de
nouncing Gov Walker, aud in the meeting of
which Hon. B. H. Hill, the know nothing Can
didate for Governor, was chairman, the follow
ing resolution was unanimously pa?sed::
6. That should the Constitutional Conven
tion now elected, and soon to assemble in Kan
sas, adopt a Constitution, Republican in form,
tolerating slavery, and without referring it
back to a vote of all the "resident inhabitants,"
then in the Territory, should present it to Con
gress for admission into the Union as a State,
and under pretence of that refusal to refer the
Constitution, back to a vote of all the "resident
inhabitants," Congress should reject the appli
cation, the American party of Troup county
shall consider tlil one of the contingencies in
the fourth resolution of the "Georgia Platform"
has transpired ; and though it has Len, and is
yet our doctrine, our feeling, and our hope, in
political action and principles, to know "No
North, no South, no East, no West," yet inva
ders may learn we know our firesides, and if
the malice of foes, or the folly of thoughtless,
or the treachery of pretended friends, will force
the necessity of the dread alternative, we shall
prefer the South without the Union to the
Union without the South.
The resolutions passed by the Mississippi de
mocratic convention are equally imperious aud
threatening, and we find these positions taken
by these two States applauded and endorsed
by two thirds of the Southern democratic press.
Now let ns present the approaching issue in
as brief terms as the character and importance
of the subject will permit: Every democratic
paper north of Mason's and Dixon's liuc sus
tains Gov Walker. The New York News, Mir
ror, the Pennsylvanian, the Michigan Free
Press, the Middlesex (Conn.) Arsrus. and a
score of other leading democratic journals who
stood with us hand and heart in defence of the
south and the national democracy. There is
not a democratic statesmen north of that line
who does not sustain the administration in the
appointment and retention of Walker in his
Does not the position assumed by the states
of Georgia and Mississippi, and endorsed by the
democrats in the south, at once and effectually
destroy and ignore the nationality of the demo
cratic party ? Andj with, the destruction of
that nationality at once ceases the stability of
the unioD.
Iu the event that the President fully sastains
Gov. Walker, what will these gasconading po
liticians do ? If they withdraw from the sup
port of the administration, where will they go ?
who and what will they support ? What do
they propose, if the President refuses to yield
to their demand ? Is all this thunder of in
dignation merely a vox et prelerea nihil! Or
is it the step initiative of a Southern confeder
acy, that political shadow which escapes just
as we are about to grasp it. If it is the lat
ter, why not let the people know it at once that
they may prepare for the denouement.
The issue is plainly this : The Administra
tion, the northern democracy and the conser
vatism of the masses, vs. Southern ultraists and
extremists. We do not class among the lab
ter those of our southern brethren who have'
merely censured Gov. Walker for transcending
what they conceived to be the bounds of his
position by the expression of his personal opin
ions. It can very plainly be perceived to whom
we have reference by the terms extremist and
The nationality of the democratic party, the
peace of the country and the stability of the
union are threatened and endangered by noisy
and brawling politicians. Will the people scci
unQ l&em, is the question.
baJ?WCat" f .StrllinS Germa traders
nave been practicing impositions on the citizens
dollar 1' t?, the teutof several thousand
dollars, by sellmg them fine broadcloths, &c,
at reduced prices, and throwing in lots of mi
nor articles as inducements to purchase, all of
which were of small real value. IVil. Herald.
A friend hands us the following "bill of sale"
made out by oqe of these gentry jn a late 'trans
action' with a citizen of Robeson. He pro
posed to the purchaser to buy six and a half
yards of broadcloth at seven dollars per yard
and get the following articles "thrown in," to
wit: 6 Calico dresses, 2 IMuslin Do, 1 DeLaine
Robe, 2 Vest patterns, 2 silk Handkerchief
I Table cover, 1 Dozen -spoons. Buttons and
thread in proportion. The buyer swallowed
the bait, bought a piece of shabby broad cloth
for forty five dollars, took the "boot" and
chuckled over his trcde, while the pedler vam
osed with a profit of over sixty per cent in his
pocket,. Both parties satisfied with the "bar-
Sharp transaction that.
jBQ'fGen. Walker passed through Augusta,
Geo., on the tth Inst, and, making a stay of a
few hours, addressed the peoule, who had made
a call upon him at his hotel. A very large'
crowd was assembled and the ex-Nicaraguan
President defended himself from the charge of
lillibusterism, and made quite an impression
upon those who heard him.
The editor of the. Constitutionalist thus
sketches the personnel of the General:
"It is difficult, iu looking upon General Walk
er, to realize that he is the veritable Gen.
Walker who has occupied so much of the at
tention of the world since 1855, and extorted
the admiration even of enemies by the remark
able talents, which he has exhibited in his ro
mantic career. In face and figure he is utterly
insignificant and unmarked. There is no re
markable dignity 01 impressiveuess in his ad
dress, no remarkable intelligence in his face,
no emotion in his countenance at any time, and
no speculation in his eye. He is simply a short
light man, with, light hair, grey eye?, ai.d a
placidity which cannot be ruffled. It is difficult
to realize that this small man is the General
Walker who has borne so prominent a part in
the important events which have occurred in
Central America within the last two years;
; Wi''-
Ex Nihilo Ninih est. Our classic neigh
bor of the Argus must certainly be reduc
ed to great straits for editorial material. We
prcccive that among his varied accomplishments
he includes, that of rhyme critic. Verily so
wonderful a genius is hiding his liht under a
bushel of typographical stuff and editorial non
sense. He is a mighty Nimrod, if his autobi
ography be true ; a slangwhanging pettifog
ger, as many a bored jury can attest ; a pedan
tic knight of the quill, as his mystified and
wearied readers will testify ; a stump-ranter
and retailer of "smut" not a whit inferior to
Brownlow, as many a blushing auditory will
admit ; and, last though not least,- newf-paper-rhyme
critic. With such a multiplicity of call
ings, it is really no surprising'matter that he
should be smattcrer, pedant and literary snob,
with a dash of the political charlatan and no
small infusion of Munchauscnifcra in his composition-
The fact that nothing wonderful has
ever appeaiv
d iu the columns
of the Argus
proves the declaration of our neighbor that
"truth is more wonderful tiin fiction." The
democrats of Cumberland have this advantage
of their knownothing friends, that if the former
have a paper without an editor, the latter have
a brace of editors without a paper. We owe
an apology to our readers for descending to thi3
contest, but in fighting a chimney-sweep one
must use cinders.
Arrival Extraordinary. The fast sailing
clipper Batteau, Capt. Stephen McNeiJl, from
the upper Cape Fear, reached the remote vicin
ity of this place on Friday evening the 10th
iust with freight and passengers on the hurri
cane deck President and chief engineer of the
Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Co.; with
their carpet bags &c. The passage was made
in good paddling time, the captain having only-
landed his passengers and baggage at Jones'
and avoided that dangerous Scylla and Char-
ybdis by placing his craft upon the shoulders of
the crew and conveying it around the abut
ments. On arriving at Cross Creek Lock, not
being provided with the new submarine armor,
the gallant captain came to anchor, made fast
to a grape vine, landed his passengers and
walked them a mile or two to their, destination.
A salute of thirteen dam guns was fired by the
Campbellton Light Artillery in honor of their
safe passage though the dangers that circum
vent those who "go down to the sea in ships,"
and a meeting of the citizens of Wilmington
was called to congratulate the hardy adven
ture's upon their successful exploration.
Elsbury Johnson, for whose -arrest Gov.
Bragg offered a reward of three hundred dol
lars, was pursued and captured in Carter coun
ty, Teun., last week, by Henry E. Lane, of
Henderson county, where Johnson stands charg
ed with rape, and was brought back and lodg
ed in jail at Hendersonville.
J83rCorn is selling at Greensboro for $1,05
per bushel, and flour for $3,12 per hundred.

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