States acquire a new territory at their joint ex
pense, both equality and justice demand that
the citizens of one and all of them shall have
the ri.rht to take into whatsoever is recognized
;,t w thp wmmon construction To
prirmiplg hU Ruidemjpublicconduct, I con-texpbsedi This class of vessels of light draught, I ing 'theifcains ecssary te accomplish important
xiuer ii clear inai unuer .uc - mi "" -vjt "".' " K ua? national -obiects mtrus
Congress may appropriate money for the construc
tion of a uiilitaav road through the Territories-of.
the United States; when this is absolutely nedes-J
of the States against
have summarily connci-u . --jrr. "W. i. ..f.,,
ves already in the Territory, wouia nave ieen
f r,wa imnstice. and contrary to tne
H II It t 1, III " ' ' "J - - - r m
practice of the older States of t he Union which
have abolished slavery. !
A territorial government was established tor
Utah ly act of Congress approved the 9th Sep-
omber 1850. and the constitution and laws
of the United States were thereby extended!
over it "so far as the same, or any provisions
thereof., may be applicable." This act provided
for the appointment by the President, by and
with the advice and consent of the Senate, of a
govewmr. who was to be ex-officio superinten
dent of Indian affairs, a secretary, three judges
f the siinreme court, a marshal, and district at-;
torney. Subsequent acts provided for the ap-jl
pointment of the officers necessary to extend
rmr land nnd our Indian system over the Terri
tory Hriirham Young was appointed the' first
govern' r on the 20th September, 1850, and
has he'd the office ever since. Whilst Govern
or Ycnnghas been both governor ana supenn-
tionr "will not be great, and they will require bu-1
a comparati vely small expenditure to keep them
id commission, in the time of neace thev v. it
jlforeign invasiop. The constitution has conferred 'prove as effective as much larger vessels, and of-
upon Congress power "to declare war, "to raise tea more usetal. Une of theai should be at
kind support armies," "to provide and maintain' Jevery station where we maintain a squadron and
ble in coast defence?
c eosTd"f xlrerr-rnstra4.
u navy, ana to call iorin ine uiiiuia io - repei-
nvasions. lhese high sovereign powers neces
sarily involve important and responsible public;
duties, and among them there is none so sacred
and so imperative as that of preserving our soil
from the invasion or a toreign enemy. Ihe con-
titution hs, therefore, lett nothing on this point
ro construction, bu expressly requires that "the.
U. S. shall protect each of them the States
igainst invasion. Mow, it a military road overt
mr own Territories be indispensably necessary
to enable us to meet and repel the invader it
follows as a necessary consequence not only that
we possess the power, but it is our imperative
duty to construct such a road. It would be an
ibsurditv to invest a government with, the un-i
limited power to make and conduct war, and
.t the same time deny to it the only means oi
reaching and defeating the enemy at the frontier
11 C 1 III . 1
pree ur our suouiu oe constantly employed onfl
r i-niio aim racmc coast.". Economy,!!
utility , and efficiency combine to recommends
them as almost indispensable
ii ... : . " lutocii
praan vessels would be of incalculable advantage
,to the nval servn-e, and the whole cost of thir
leonstnietion would not exceed 2 30ft nan ,J
tendent of Ii.dian affairs throughout this peri'div ithout Buch a road it is quite evident we can-
ad of heS,1ot "protect uantornia ana our racinc posses-
he has been at the same time the head of thel,lot "protect
church called the Latter-Day Saints, and pro-Melons "agauibt invasion
fesses to govern its members and dispose of their
property by direct inspiration and authority
from the Almighty. His power has been,
therefore absolute over both Church and State
The people of Utah, almost exclusively be
long to this church, and believing with a lanat
ical spirit that he is governor of the Territory
by devine appointment, they ooey his co'i-raanu
ns if these were direct revelations from Heaven
If therefore, he chooses that his government
naflmWiffo-btTfssien- wttfrt ft merlllu9wg-Jq.euabje itto blockade the ports at;
of the United States, the member? of the mor
mon church yield implicit obedience to his will
Unfortunately ex:sting facts leave but littlej
doubt that such is his determination. Without
entering upon a minuite history of occurrences
it is sufficient, to say that all the officers of the
United States judicial and executive, with the
single exception of two Indian agents, have
found it necessary for their own personal safety
to withdraw from the territory, and there no
longer remains any
Neither end of these routes. After ail, therefore,
we can only rely upon a military road ih rough
bur own territories; and ever since the origin ot
the government Cougress has been in the prac
tice of appropriating money from the public trea
sury tor the construction of such roads.
Ihe difficulties '.nd the expense of construct-'
ing a military raiiroad to connect our Atlantic!
land Pacific States have heon orintlv pr(ruAMtirl 9
. r j "--sr
ine distance on the Arizona route near tho 2Adm
the despotism of Brigham Young. Ihis being
the condition of affairs in the Territory, I could
not mistake the path of duty. As Chief Exe-j
cutivc Magistrate I was bound to restore the
supremacy of the constitution and laws within
its limits. In order to effect this purpose I
appointed a new Governor and other federal!
officers Mr Utah ami sent with them a military 1
force for their protection and to aid as a posse
mmi.tfitii, in case of need, in the execution of
t' e laws.
With the religious opinions of the Mormons,
so Ion" as they remained mere opinions, however
deplorable in themselves and revolting to the mor-a
al and religious sentiments of all Christendom, I
had no right to interfere. A -tions alone, when
in violation of the constitution and laws of the
IT. S. become the legitimate subjects for the ju
ris'iietion of the i"il magistrate. 3ly mstruc-4
tion to Governor Gumming have therefore been J
frame.l in strict accordance with these principles.
At thir date a hope was indulged that no neces-
ther means transport men and munitions of war!
from the Atlantic States in sufficient time sue
oessfully to defend these remote and distant poi-j
nons ot the republic
ijxperience has proved that the routes across
the iuhmus of Central America are at best but a
very uncertain and unreliable mode of couiniuui j
cation. But even if this were not the case, theyi
would at once be closed against us in the event!
f war with a naval power so much stronger than
government in U.ah butjparallel of north latitude, between the westernjj
oounddary ot I exas on the Itio Grande and the
eastern boundary of California on the Colorado.
trom the best explorations now within our know-Si
ledge, does not exceed four hundred and seventy!
miles, and the face of the country is, in the main!
ravoraoie. f or obvious reasons the gov t ought not
to undertake the work itself by means of its own
igents. This ought to be committed to other
agencies, which Congress might assist either by
grants of land or money, or by both, upon such
siteruis and conditions as they may deem most
beneficial for the cou. try. Provision might thus
be made not only for the safe, rapid, and ecoiiom-i
icai transportation of troops and munitions of
war, but also or the public mads. The coiuiner-I
.The report of the Secretary of the Intent
1 r . "
jwurmy oi grave consideration. It treats of the5
numerous, important, and diversified branches off
iomestic administration intrusted to him by law.
Among these the icost prominent are the rmbli.l
jlands and our relations with the Indians
Onr system for the disposal of the public lands
Joriginating with the fachers of the republic, hasll
ibeen improved as experience pointed the way,U
ana graauauy auaptea to tnegrowtn and settle-fl
ment of our western States and Territories. It'
has worked well in practice. Already thirteen
States and seven Territories have been carved out
of these lands, and still more, than a thousand
millions of acres remain unsold. What a bound-
iless prospect this presents to our couutry of fu
ture prosperity and power I
We have heretofore dispose! of dbd,862,464
acres of the publieland.
Whilft the public lands as a source of revenue
are of great importance, their importance is fa
greater as furnishing homes for a hardy and in
dependent race of honest and industrious citi-!
zens, who desire to subdue and cultivate then
lsoil They ought to be administered mainlvll
ilJ;.i i-i-Z c . i "II
wiiu a view oi promoting mis wise ana penevo-
lent pDucy. In appropriating them for any
Mother ' purpose, we ought to use even greater
economy than if they had been converted into
money and the proceeds were already in the pub
ilic treasury. To squander away this richest and
noblest inheritance which anv people have ever!
enjoyed upon objects of doubtful constitutionality
or expediency, would be to violate one of the!
most important trusts ever committed to anyl
people. . Whilst I do not deny to Congress the!
power, when acting bona fide as a proprietor, to
give away any portions of them for the purpose
btr increasing the value of the remainder, yet,
considering the great temptation to abuse this
power, we cannot be too cautious in its exercise
AchuJ settlers under existing laws are pro
tected against other purchasers at the public sales.
in their right of pre-emption, to the ex ten
of a quarter section, or 160 acres of land. The
remainder may then by disposed of at public or
jentered at private sale in unlimited quantities
speculation has of late years prevailed to a
great extent in the public lands. The conse
quenee has been that large portions of themjl
have become the property of individuals and
jial interests of the whole cuutry, both EastCOmpanies, and thus the price is greatly enhanc
nity might ex'-t for employing the military in re
storing and maintaining the authority of the law;
hut this hone has now vanished Gov. Young
has. by proclamation declared his determination
to maintain hi power by force, and has already
com nit.fod acts of hostility against the U States.
Un!e he -should retrace his steps the Territory
of Utah will h- in a state of open rebellion. He J
has eomm'tfed theie acts of hostility nothwith
standing Maior Van Vliet, an officer of the ar
md West, would be greatly promoted by such a
oad; and, above all, it would be a powerful ad-f
litioiial bond ot union. And although advanta-j
ges ot this kind, whether postal, commercial or.
political, cannot conter constitutional power, yet
.t. ... . i. -i- . -
nmy may luruisii auxiliary argument s in ia vor ?tion.
ed to those who desire to purchsse for actual set
tlement. In order to limit the area of specula
tion as much as possible, the extinction of the
Indian title and the extension of the public sur-
1- i . 1 . 1 j i . - 1 c I
jsveys ougut to seep pace wim me hub ui emigra
expediiinga work which, m my judgment, is
clearly embraced within the war-making power.
ror these reasntis I caimneud to the frieiid'yj
consideration ot Congress the subject or the 1 a-
Cine railroad without finally committing myself
ro any particular route. i
Ihe report of the Sec v of the Treasury . will
luruish a detailed statement ot the condition ot
the public finances and of the respective bran-
lf Congress should hereafter grant alternate
sections to States or companies, as they have done
heretofore. I recommend that the intermediate!
sections retained by the government should be
subject to pre-emption by actual settlers. !
It ought ever to be our cardinal policy to re il
,serve the public lands as much as they may beS
tor actual settlers, and this at moderate prices. JJ
v e shall thus not only best promote the prosper!
sted to us by the constitu-
n iianJ nr.r.,.;.Jllr ...K JO mav be necessarv for
tmj-common. defence. In the" present "cWinjfj
th Country it is oar duty to confine our appro
priations to objects of this character, unless in
cases where justice tu individuals may demand
a diSerent course. In all eases care ought to be
taken that the money granted by Congress shall
be fcith folly and economical applied.
V Under the federal constitution, "every bil
whi Ji ahall have passed the House of Represen
tatives and the Senate shall before it becomes a
law," be approved and signed by the President;
and if not approved, "he shall return it with his
objections to that house in which it originated."
In order to perform this high and responsible
duty, sufficient time must be allowed the .Presi
dent to read and examine every bill presented to
him for approval. Unless this be afforded, the
constitution becomes a dead letter in this par
ticular ; and even worse, it becomes a means of
deception. Our constituents, seeing the Presi
dent's approval and signature attached to each
act of Congress, aie induced to believe that he
has actually performed this duty, when, in truth,
nothing is, in many cases, more unfounded.
From the practice of Congress, such an exam
ination of each bill as the constition requires,
has, been rendered impossible. The roost impor
tant business of each session is generally crowded
into its last hours, and the alternative pr-sented
to the President is either to violate the constitu
tional duty which he owes to the people, and ap
prove bills which, for want of time, it is impos
sible he should have examined, or by his refusal
to do this, subject the country and individuals to
great loss and inconvenience.
Besides, a practice has grown up of late years a
to legislate in appropriation bills, at the last heirs 9
ot the session, on new and
"Hus practice constrains the
sifr measures to becoioo 1:
. : . .
not. approve, or to incur tne risK ot stoppi
wneels ot the government by vetoing an appro
priation bill. Formerly, such bills were confined
to specific appropriations for carrying into effect
existing laws and the well established policy of
the country, and little time was then required by
the President for their examination.
For my own part, I have deliberately determi
ned that I shall approve no bill which I have not
examined, and it will be a case of extreme and
most urgent necessity which shall ever induce
me to depart from this rule. I therefore respect
fully, but earnestly, reccommend that the two
C. C. McCrpmmkn- is our duly , authorized
agent for toe collection of all claims due this office.
j '.V TO .!TERTISERS.
Persons desirous of the immediate insertion of their
advertising favors must hand them in by WEDNES-
)AV MO IiNlXCr. otherwise tao will not appear until
the succettdiiijr veek. Our friends will please heal
this in mind as we intend to make it a rule tcitivi
"There is a time to Mourn."
As a testimony of the high estimation, in which
our late Editor was held, by all connected with this
Office, as well as by his many warm friends in this
place, we contiuue for the present week the drapery!
of Mourning around our columns.
important subjects. I
President either to I
W9 which he does 1
days previous to the adjournment of each session
within which no new bill shall be presented to
him for approval. Under the existing joint rule
one day is allowed; but this rule has been hith
erto so constantly suspended in practice, that
important bills continue to be presented to him
up till the very last moments of the session. In
a large majority of cases no great public incon
venience can arise from the want of time to exa
mine their provisions, because the constitution
has Declared that if a bill be presented to the
President within the last ten days of the session
he is not rexuired to return it, either with an
approval, or with a veto, "in which case it shall
not be a law." It may then lie over, and be ta
ken up and passed at the next session. Great
inconvenience would only be experienced in re
gard to appropriation bills; but fortunately, under
the late excellent law allowing a salary, instead
of a per diem, to members of Congress, the ex
pense and inconvenience of a called session will
be greatly reduced.
T cannot conclude without commending to
your favorable consideration the interest of the
people of this District. Without a representa
tive on thefloor of Pngress, they have for this
very reason peculiar claims upon our just regard
To this I know, from my long acquaintance with
them, they are eminently entitled.
Washington, Dec. 8, 1857.
FAYETTEVILLE, N C
FRIDAY, ii ceiu!t iv 1 8. I 857 .
T if The following Couching lines weiwiitten hy
the lamented Wightmnw.tmd iuMipliei ih this pa- -
per last December Wc deem it due to hi- memory
to re-publish them:
ome! Where is my home? alone wanderer. cried,
As he stod on the strand in the still e'en-tide;
And methought that t n echo's sad- eadence replied
From afar o'er the free he dark rolling tide
On the foam, on the foam, is thy hon.e. is thv
Then the wanderer joyfully sailed far away
O'er the waters, and watch'd the bright -waves in
As they merily danced in the smile of the day,
Or decked, each its crest, with a star's tiny ray.
Rut he found not r. home on the blue rolling deep.
Where the winds never rest and the waves never
Where the storm-spirit vigils of death ever keep..
The late William F. Wightman, Esq.
The last number of this paper, conveyed to it
readers, the melancholy announcement, of the sud
den 'ath of its Editor: By the brevity of that no-
Uice, the . eadcr could readily understand, how imex-
fpi'ctCTJ, ttivtl tk&t uitf JijaMcet musthave
een to its writer: It came to us "like a clap ofi
thunder, from a clear sky." We wore comnlefclv
unnerved, and scarce knew, how to record the sad
event which had filled our heart,' and that of th
public with awful consternation.
The sudden manner of-Mr. Wightman'-s death,
the circumstances-which brought it about, and his
connection as the Editor of this nuDcr. all. all.
A. L '
were calculated to unnerve the stoutest heart, and
at the same time, bid us, touch lightly, lesi, wc
Ionic! Where is my home? the lone wanderer cried
As he strayed through the forest, a streamlet beside;
And an echo, as soft a the voice of a brine,
O'er the murmuring -brooklet sccm'J gently to glidt
Here's thy home! E'er rotun through' thy
green forest home!
The wanderer dwelt in the green boweied wood.
Where the forest oak king in his Majesty stood;
Where the Turtle dove mated and lovingly cood,
And the Mocking-Bird gleefully sung to her brood;
'iuthe'fonnd not a home in the '.leaf curtained sha :e.
Where the wavering sunbeans so steathiiy I'laycd;
And no voice of affection called sweet from the glado
Or mingled love's tones with his own as he play'd.
Home! "Where is my home? the sad wand'rer cr .ee.
As he moved with the throng on the busy
might do injustice to a sincere friend: a noblo and
. mm mm v
houses would allow the Fresiuens at least two jggeuerou.s heart; an intelligent and highly cultiva
cues on ne puouc service uevoiveu upon maijtyofthe new States and Territories, and the
v't . i .i i i 3 1 . ... . i-' K . ,.-..... .v 3l i v .... .
ray, serif, to utifi by tne commanding general to iuvt' " ,,m,u " 1111 g"v 1 j "-" lcri " "p-jgpower ot the Union, but shall secure our homes
purchne' provisions for the troops, had given hr.ii Ip-ars that the amount ot revenue received trout Sf.tr our posterity for many generations.
the strongest assurances of the peace intentions 1'dl sources into the trea-ury daring the fiscal! The extension of our limits has brought wuh-
of the government, and that the troops would ye:ir ending June 30th, 18oi, was Stj-5,t)4 l,-gin our jurisdiction many additional and populous
only he employed as a posse comltatus when call-1 13 07. which amount, with the balance of $19,-tribea of Indians, a large portion of which are
ed' on by the civil authority to aid iu the exe -j!UL,.iJo 4o remaining m the treasury at thecom-lwilj, untraceable, and difficult to control. Pre
etition of the lnws. jf.ueiiceinent of the year, made an aggregate forjdatory and warlike in their disposition and hah
mi - .ii- .i . -i ii- 3.U . r.e 1... .e i '-J- nr-iu W : .i . . - .i
I here is no reason to oeueve mat uov. ioanj;i": ' j'. vuu,"U-,u wns, il is nopossioie auogeioer io restrain tnentg0f tnjs Town, to Miss Ma ry Sullivan
hs long contemplated this result. He knows i"e puouc ex pen mm re iui mc ut' .y gtrom committing aggressions on eacli other, asg In New Hanover county, on the 9th inst., by the
that the continuance of his despotic power de-g''nding June 30. 1857, amounted to S70,822,-weIl as upon our frontier citizens and those en-fRev. Colin Shaw Mr Arch'd N, McDonald of Fay
pends upon the exclusion of all others from the 724 85 ot which 5,943, 890 9 1 were applied toi,rating to our distant States and Territories. ietteville to Miss Ellen J. only daughter of the late
Territoav. exeont those who will acknowledge hisSme redemption ot the public debt, including ln-g-Hence expensive military expeditions are fie-K James Anders
divine mission and implicitly obey his will; andftcrest and premium, leaving in the treasury atJquently necessary to overawe and chastise the
that an enlightened public opinion there would tbe commencement ot the present nseal year,3more lawless and hostile.
soon prostrate institutions at war with the lawsf July 1, l8o7, 17, 10,114 -7- H The tribes of Cherokees, Choctaws, Chicka
both of Cod and man. He has therefore for3 The receipts into the treasury tor the hrstsaws anj creeks, settled in thw terrirory set apart
several years, in order to maintain his independ-Squ-rter ot the present nscai jear, comiueucingator them west of Arkansas, are rapidly ad van
ence, been industriously employed in collectingaJ uly 1 1857, were V-0,y-J.olJ 81, ana tne es-(in in education and in all the arts cf civiliza-
led mind, and whose loss will be keenly felt by his
numerous warm friends, and by that party, whom
he had so faithfully served, up to the time of his
The writer, became acquainted with the deceased,
soon after ho came to this place; and there exist
between them, from that time to his departure,;
hence, relations of the most friendlv character.
For the last few months, having had control, of
the Financial department of the Office, thereby
being thrown in close and daily intercourse with
him, we thus had some, opportunity, to judge- of
the worth of his character: lie possessed a child
like simplicity, joined to a high order of talent, re
fined by cultivation, which was remarkable. Yet
we could occasionally observe, that a dark cloud, I
eemed to hang over his mind, which would tem
porarily, obscure the brightness of the lumiiuiry
within. We then attributed, this peculiarity, to a
naturally melancholy mood, not at all suspecting.
that it tended to derangement. But alas! the last
awful tragic act of his life, too thoroughly -convin-
es us, that he must have been laboring under ahal-
t ; x . ii . -i t .i
tucmauoii oi mteuecr, anu irom that cause, was
induced to drink the fatal poison, which extinguished
the spark of life, thus terminating his earthly ca
reer. (He said to a friend, a s-hc.rt time since,
"I believe that I shall go deranged.")
We think it, probable that the young man Elliot,
who fell a victim at the same time, was overcome
PLANTATION FOR RENT.
and fabricating arms and munitions of war. andltimated receipts of the remaining three quartersftion and self government : and we mav indulsreB The plantation lying on the west side of the Cape
in disciplining the Mormons for military service. to June 30, 1858, are S3G,750,000, inaki..gwiththe agreeable anticipation that at no very d'is-lFea.r 1Vlv?1jIemilps .beW Fayetteville, known
As superintendent of Indian affairs he has hadfthe balance before stated an aggregate ot SW-Vftant day they will be incorporated into the Un
an opportunity of tampering with the Indian 3oU .034 OS, tor tne service oi tne present nscai alon as one 0f tne sovere; n States.
tribes, and exciting their hostile teelings againstSear. il it will be seen from the report of the Post
the U S. This, according to our information, The actual expenditures during the first quar-Tasler General that the Post O nice Department
he has accomplished in regard to some of thesefter of the present -fiscal year were S23;714,528-f st;n continues to depend or. the treasury,
tribes, while others have remained true to theirld, ot wnicn a,oo,o-oj wereappiiea o theas ,t has been compelled to do for severa
allegiance, and have communicated his intrigues" eueuipnu.i .. f""" ucu" w,,-,uu,u.- "m
ian agents. He has laid in a store of Jrest and premium ine probable expendituresliueans
tions Their ranid srrowth and exnansion arell The next Session will commence on the second
will conceal, "and then take to the mouutains,lthe public debt, maKing an aggregate ot 74,-f0f the pestoffices. and the lenirth of nnst ro-.id II The location of the School is unusually healthy,
estimated oaiance in theC0ImuencinI with the 1827 th&t in the midst ot amoral and intelhge
JvP.ar TiUct, on iinrtArfonf vm-in rhnBrt a "H fTT ft ATm mT. f ITHmTmiTril
to our Indian agents. He has laid in a store of Jrest and premium j.ne prooaoie expendituresaiueans of sustaining and extending its opera-R V t IX J II t U Vm KlO IllU 1 VJ.
provisions for three years, which, in case of ne-for tne remaining inree quarters to oytn June,tions Their rapid growth and expansion arell The next Session
cessity, he has informed Major Van Vliet, he'1858, are s51,248,530 04, including interest onshown by a decennial statement of the numberXMonnay in January
and bid defiance to all the powers of the govern-lo6J,0o8 41, leaving an estimated balance in thelcounuenc.inur w:tn tn , ,7 Tn h.. rBin the midst of a moral and intelligent community
a . . i. i a . i. . . u i
treasury at iue ciuse oi me present uscai YearSjlcr
of 426,875 67. Qin i
i ml . !! -11. ..." Si
ine amount oi tne puouc oeot at the eom
jre were 7,000 post offices : in 1837. 11.177:
1847, 15.146: and in 1857 thev number 26.-
ra -r ... J
IUOO. in tniS vear. .Tn nnst .-fh,..a hsun Wn
established and 704 discontinued, leaving a net
imcrease ot 1,021. The postmasters of 368 offi
Ices are appointed bv the President.
ine length of post roads in 1827 was 105,336
Bill 1 I H 1T1 I -V 1 1 "I . - -9 t M mw
mated expenditures for the is ' .LLTZTZ: "Tc, 10' l?JT
of the present fiscalttfifn ZuZ , ! "e
- two oaus inciuaincr mi m
A great part of all this may be idle boasting;
but vet no wise cnvniment will litrhtlv estimate
the efforts which maybe inspired by such phreu-lmencement of the preseut fiscal year was 829,-
ftied fanaticism as exists amonor the Mormons in 10b0,3ob JO
Utah. This is the first rebellion which has ex-1 The amount redeemed since the 1st July was
isted in our Territories, and humanity itself re-l$3, 895,232 22 leaving a balance unredeemed
quires that we should But it down in such a man-Sat this time of 25.165,154 51
ner that it shall be the last. To trifle with itl The amount of esti
would be to encourage it and to render it formid-remaining three quarters
ii ii , , ., . M -ii : ii i i -1 - i - . . n
able. w e ought to go there with sucn an im-ayear win, in an prooaomty, oe increased trotnlluf railroirl nn .1. -i 15 1 ,
posing force as to convince these deluded peoolelthe causes set forth in the report of the Secrata-ll nru" 1 Z ICh 'i16, maiJ9 are transported.
that resistance would be vain, and thus spare thelry. His suggestion, therefore, that authority
effusion of blood. We can in this manner bestSshould be given to supply any temporary defi-,
convince them that we are their friends, not their jciency by the issue of a limited amount of trea-:
enemies. In order to accomplish this object .it Isury notes, is approved, and 1 accordingly re
will be necessary, according to the estimate ofjeommend the passage of such a law.
the War Department, to raise four additional J As stilted in the report of the Secretary, the
regiments: and this I earnestly reccommend tojtariff of March 3, 1857, has been in operation
Congress. it the present moment of depressionflfor so short a period of time, and under circuui-
in the revenues of the country I am sorry to beflstances so unfavorable to a just-development of
obliged to reccommend such a measure; but Illits results as a revenue measure, that I should
fed confident of the sunDort of Congress, cost Iregard it as inexpedient, Jit lea6t for the present.
what it may, in suppressing the insurrection andlto undertake its revision. I
in restoring and maintaining the sovereignty ofl 1 transmit herewith the repcrw made to me52,763 to be carried to the Xf VlTZ Z
the constitution and laws over the Terr tory ctjby the secretaries or w ar and tne navy, ot tneiparlnient in the aceount8 f . ' ''t " - "I
Utah fllnterior and of the Postmaster General. Theylx commend to vonr c"rreDt yearj
Ut.atl , . . t, Lu -j : f,f ;fnMnai!;l ,Tm, tttoJon! consideration the report ofl
1 reccommend to congress tne esiaonsnmentMun vuuutiu "T"""" ....v.-!.,,, tne department in relation to the establihnu
pnu sugge.suous wuicu i. eumu.uU w -jioi tne overland mail rout fr...
ble consideration of Congress. river to San Francisco, California "Fi
a iairr AI1K3 uv ri.uui ujuiiuvvi k -
of a territorial government over Arizona, incorpo
rating with it such portions of New Mexico as
they may deem expedient. I need scarcely ad-
1 The late
m x - . - . f 'm - - w u tuijiieuirv rpviiisinn nine
i . . ... . j wr jj..: i : .i ho rimirr. itr rnoiL j - - , . j - - .
uuce argument m support or tnis recoinmenaa-.jioui auuiuuuai inucuw, u iuv i... - juave une goou enect should it cause both the
tion. We are bound to protect the lives and the
property of our citizens inhabiting Arizona, and
these are now without any efficient protection.
Their present number is already considerable,
and is rapidly increasing, notwithstanding the
disadvantages under which theylaboi. Besides,
the proposed Territory is believed to be rich in
mineral and agricultural resources, especially in ft!
silver and copper. The mails of the U. S. tofsi
cantovnia, are now carried over it throughout its supply ta pressing wants
CAIM1L. ailO r 111 J r.nl., ,n 1 I. .1
... . umc ia M1UWU LI f UtJ
nearest, and believed to be the best to the
- - - "" maiia aie tiansporicu.
1 he expenditures of the A
uscai year ending on the 30th .Tnno 1n7 J
I.. 1 j t i ,.. " . ' "-
C-J y lue uc"tor, amounted to 11,507.-
htJ. To de.fraw tt
tn thn sHi ,.f j . . . i
olo " u,c epaiiinent on tne 1st July.
t856, the sum of 8789,599 : the gross revenue
oi the year, including the annual allowances tori
ile twnsporuition of free mail matter, nrodncedi
w.uoa.noi ; and the remainder was supplied byl
v Kvivuiuuuu inm too rro.jun.n a-t iii
Uulft , , , ..vouoi ui j,awv,-
ww. granted by the act nf f!
. " y act or xMarch 3,1857. leavinci
At New Orleans, on the 26th of Nov. hv the
Rev. Mr Afoynaghan, Thomas D. Watts, formerly ipretty much in the same way, and from the affection
Iwhich he hau tor Mr. Wightman could not bear
the idea of surviving him. He had been at tin
same College in Georgia, with Mr. W. where they
We have' thought proper, thns delicately to al
lude; to the circumstances, connected, with the
death of these two, who wore found together in
the same bed last Friday morning, at the Shemwell
House. The written record of their determination
to commit suicide, only strengthens our conviction
that they were both led to the terrible act, while
under an aberration of mind
Those well acquainted with Mr. Wightman,
knew best how to appreciate his many virtues,- and
although at times, he wrote articles seemingly
offensive, to those unacquainted with the purity of
his motives, yet, those of his political opponents,
who were intimate with him, often expressed their
admiration of his talents, and their appreciation
of the sincerity of his friendship.
Strange to say, on that 1 hurt-day, for the first
time during Mr. Wightmaii's Editorial supervision,
the Carolinian failed to make its appearance to its
town and couutry readers on the usual, day of pub
lication, with the exception of the Saturday of the
week, of our last County Fair at which - time the
day was changed. On Thursday, perplexing hin
Irances over which we had no control, crowded
aronnd us. Little did we think that very paper
From the places
Where wrong trampled right, and pride wr
fnl. powttr anlare to trrany .KrjtlV ride;
. Dut.no echoing answer came back to his .ear,
d he-' found-not a home in the city's gr-at .s;rt,
Where Liove had no resting place. !r il- -v i'--"..
Where Friendship's deceit, and Ilcligrm Is art,
And selfishness reignetb supreme m t:.e ao:ii..
And ho turned with a s id' full of sai:icss away.
s where man is his brother man s
Where vice revels wantonly day after day,
.ud honor and truth are the words of the play.
... 1 . i i
'Iome! where is my iKme: tne lono wammrcr r-iy.im.
.s he sat in the church -ynnl an old tomb beside;
Where the rank grass itself has aii witaerca an i
And the Autum wind swept with a moan by his
And a traige chilling whisper crept fuiut from the
To his oar as be U-r.t down his sorrcw-bow u m i;i
n the sorrowloss house of the calm sleeping dead
tood at the gloom-curtaincu
jatbered him, o'er;
Viid the days and the nights come and wont us
But he wandered Tfwav nevermore novwion ..
rF'This Paper will coiit'tnuo to be published i
isual. The Editorial department is at present in
barge of the subscriber, who, will attend to itfc
luties, until other arrangements aro made, when
rhc public will be apprised.
rhcu the wanderer et
. -1 ,1 -1 C ?i .1 . ..1 .-.r. l..v
Villi ttl VCll OI as Uilliinn in;
The President's Message.
This able Document occupies so large a space oi
our paper, that we are obliged to omit Congression
al andotlur interesting m liter . We hope our rea
ders will cive the Message an attentive peru
lt is every way worthy. It is a ho
t iu itself.
as the MOONE Y PLACE, is offered for rent one
year from the first of January next. Or it would
be rented tor a term ot years to a good tenant.
or terms apply to JiLlZA MOONEY.
Fayetteville N. C.
Dec. 17, 90-3t
The course of instruction, it is hoped, is sufficient
ly ample and thorough; embracing all the studies
preparatory to the University and other Colleges m
the State, and also such other branches as those
not exnectine to take a classical course may prefer.
nWhilst a high degree of mental culture is our chief!
aim, the moral and physical development ot the;
Students shall not be neglected. I
a. . iir... r,.mr. o-v-w. vmituma nrvitr.a . j -
ecreutry oi j ''..v. f..1."110 ",e iopie to return to the praetice ofl
ing this increase or tne army, uuuer cii0L.iIa wiae and radicious eeonr,n.w k..i. ui: . j
circumstances, to be mdiepensable. ijpnvate expenditures. "'1
1 would call the special attention of Congiess An overflowing treasury has led to habits ofl
t3 tne recommendation oi vue " ' "'jjpriHiigamy ana extravagance in our legislation
Elementary English, $8 00
Higher English and Arithmetic, 12 50
Languages and higher Mathematics, 17 50
Contingencies per Scholar, 50
Students will be charged from time of entering to'
the end of the Session. rso deduction made for
absence except from sickness or other unavoidable
pause. - - --'..- i
Board, including lights, fuel, washing, &c, can
fee had in the best families in the village and vicin
ity at from $7 to $9 per month.
ULEHEiNT DOWD, A. B., Principal.
Dec. 17, 90-4t
ONCE MORE TO THE BREACH!
DANIEL W. JOHNSON, Principal..
JOHN M. JOHNSON, Assistant.
ROCKINGHAM, N. V.
AJACl VtSTJO Urn 1111(7 l-7V W t-MM. it ruiiicuiU
ilMonday, January 11th, 1858. While the Teachersl
jfreturn their thanks for the very liberal patronage!
wnicn nad been extended to them, their unexnect-1
:ed success during the past session enables thein to0
SAV thn( lmiuinA. (Vi onlinnl m'll k1 palail Tl,i
j J -MwiutlCftltCl IUC 31UUll ITiil UCOtH-VKU. JM
ue ior scholars no longer. 31 one need come
none shall continue who do not wish, who are not
etermined to become first rate schollars. We
iNavy in tavor ot the construction oi ieu it has induced Uonoress to make the laraTmrIgain call attention to the fact that there is a flour-H
war steamers of liirht drausht. Jbor. some yere.j.r,rjatun8 to obiects for whi. di th..n ..i.iishine Female School in th villaxre. thus affordin.o-M
i. in -j ' ....... ?: J vu a.1 " . T ' . .
the government nas been omigea ou iuuj wv-pave provided nad it been necessarv to raise iho e opportunity ot pending sons and daughters!
. i - i . : n,i;..;.)n-ila tnl . . . J . ,e -rto tin. ..i ti n i i . r
oii-ino tit tiiro eneh stpiimers t TO 111 individuals tOSanimint nf rpvpnnp rxinnul tn mi .1 i the same place. The well known health of Rock-
.. m r : -,...v-.v iUeui oy in--;i. . , . . - n
gKoui uiaK.es ii unnecessary to say anytning upou i
At the present mo-crease1 taxatkm or by loans. We are now "com fS,Btw
isel in the navy which fnelled tn RiDie in nnr pjrnr an4 v il J
Mr Leak's AartDunoemsnt.
We received a few days since, a letter from W.
P. Leak Esq,, requesting us to announce him as a
candidate for Governor at the ensuing election.
Mr W. Stands on a plank (land distribution) which
is no part of the Democratic platform. lie floated
n this same plank several years ago when he nt
tempted to try his hand for Congress. After tha
elcction he found himself landed on the banks of
Salt River. We think he will be in the same pro-
licamcnt after the Gubernatorial election only
moreso. iiUt as It IS our uocmue, mat eerv man
in this free country shall have a fair hearing we
give his Letter to the public:
Rockingham, Dec. G, ISjI.
Mr Editor. You are authorized and refiu-c-
tcd to announce mjself a Democratic Camlldat!
for Governor, at the ensuing uiiueniaionai
My views, npon the public land question
ire too well understood to require any comment
it the present. At the-proper time, they wul
not be withheld.
Respectfully, yocrs, fcc,
W. P. LKAK.
FAYETTE VI L LK M A R K HT.
Corrftcd iveeldtf for Ikt JVurti i'arclinia:
Bacon 11 Lard
Coffee 12 a 14 MoJ asses
was to be clad in mourning, and to contain the sadlCotton 10 a lty oalt
announcement of the sudden death, of its Editor,
Wm, F. Wightman Esq. , -
Mr. W. was a native of , South Carolina, hut had
pent mst of 'his life in Georgia: lie was about
26 years of age. Alas! ?4The silver cord is loosed;
the goldenbowl is broken ; the pitcher is broken af
the fountain, and the wheel is broken at the cis
tcrn;" yes ! "his body, has returned to the dust, and
his spirit to God who gave it,"
To those, (if any there are) who may oe disposed
1o judge harshly, or magnify his faults, we par
ticularly commend, the concluding lines, of an
apology which he offered two weeks since, for the
errors of his paper : T. ...-'
- " Let him alone, unto whose lot
Mishaps have never fallen say, .
Misfortune is a fault. " t
b ine ;
Cfn ' '
Oats ! '
yFlax Seed .
o 25 Peach Brandy
5 00 Apple
4 75 (Whiskey
"4 50 - - Do. liortlic r.i
h s Y'cl.lw d
REMARKS. Spts. Turpentine has declined to
33 cents. Cotton fh down. Corn m demand fit
motations. Flour no change. Pork, sells from
MS to 10 cents. Rags 1 cent lower with gales at i
Corrected weekly by Geo. Sloans
WILMINGTON MARKET,, Dee. IC
Turpentine, Sales yesterday of 5"K bbl. at '-
23 for virgin and yellow dip, und 1 25 for Uiird.
The late Moses S. EUlOtt KbbL,t chs4nKed hands at S2 !( for virgin an J yc1,:Z
We have already briefly alluded to the 6Ubjectlhp, and 9 1 30 tor hard, pcr iO bbls. .Spirits
of this Notice, We have been informed that hefl"?
, . , cii- t. 3 i"- ;."vj. .iu web i. iid morn-
was of highly respectable parentage; that he metl- Rosin, further sales vcstcr.kiv of .51)0 1,V.1
with a serious loss of property by fire in Georgia. jCommon at $1 for large bbls. Corn, the carg' "of
.. i..il,.;i . ... i Il .ni 1 !..!. ,1
and that other reverses followed in quick succession
So true it is .
"tew are sou tar j. woes:
1750 bushels, reported a day or two since a onr
market, has changed hands wt tiJ cents per bushels.
botlt a, M bushels receded yesteraay, but rjonu
sold. Flour, 30 bbls Fayetteville swift-rSne Kold
from wharf this morning at $5 75 per bbl. cash.
Wheat, 1,000 bushels red sold yesterday at
15 per bushel.
Thev love' a tram;
They tread each other's heal's.'
Mr E. ca me to this 1 own about a year ago. He
1 . t tnan AnA AZ T .
appeareu io w a uiapwrnon,. warn
the Imeiit wj have no armed vessel in the navy which fpeiled to twuse in our career, and tn fu-rntjn;,.ii w!?S,fct . . - . . ifSWarted aad generous. He was beWed ' by his
o J atta fV, rlr, of China We have iimP nnHitnrwitl, K 'a TT private lamuies, or at tne noteis, um Having no relatidn i. AJ-
. - u w a ?i.ii 7 . . . , ?. : "i niKiiaiive: ana .o to BJU nr nwinth. - . rae'i""- I
Eon- eX -ripn . i bUt teW mUlCU C'ta ,T y , 7 ; "r" P?""u-ng " J pledge my co-opera-f Tuition per session of twenty weeks, fof
.i. ". - - deeply convinced mefof Norfolk, although many millions of foreign ?tlOD to the extent of my constitutional cemTOten-!Primay EieKsh.
. """umma rxtwers eranted : and domestic commerce annuaiiy pass iu uuuu-'-cy. ...... inttermediate, T
to yongress is tne only true, as well as the onlv of these harbors. Some of onr most valoaMeui-fl . U oaKbfc to be obbenrad at thnA .ti.tl..lf Latin, Greek, French, and kirfiar Mathe- ;Ji!- - ... for small children at her Kesideac on .Vnmfcrd
IITfi ; .i - . Jl . 1 1.1. ihna ltt rt. LI!- , ... . amatina I ..Mr- riuu i w -
naiiai taisjtteresra aaa moet vainerauiw jwmia r xinra puouo economy ages D9t consist ia Withhold
I- A first rat MTT'II
jhe labored under disadvantages We have thought f apply at
COW. For particular
theory f tbc occ9titution.
. J W. il. nrnrr Knlonru. .n1 li. ... fl, lt 1 CJ. II. DlVl. Will OHPtl .1 '.hOOf
17.5(Ked to comrmt surcrue. xie waa nariea witfl ,Ma-,w Afondiv 4ti