North Carolina Newspapers

    From the Southern Cultivator.
mvrs FOR. THE flOXTII.
The Plantation. Plow or break up
your lands as deep as possible, using the
best turning and sub-soil plows. Haul out
manure, scatter it thickly and turn it deep
ly under. Remember the action of man
ure is generally upward, and it should there
fore, be buried deeply, so that the volatile
element may benefit the soil through which
they rise; and to prevent their rapid dissi
pation by contact with the atmosphere.
Ditch your gullied hill sides,on the horizon
tal system, and save your lands from racing
off into the creek bottoms. Plow your hill
sides as deep as possible, to assist in Retain
ing the soil. Ilcpair old buildiigs--erect
new ones look over and repair, year farm
implements take good are ofyoajfetock,
and keep all work animws in prooer condi
tion for the hard labor they M ill have to ac
complish the. coming season.
The Vegetable Garoex. Sow early
varieties of English peas during the first
lortnignt in .anuary, ana continue to sow
a succession every weet during tue spring
and early summer. ioe and earth them
up in dry, warm weather, and set a row of
sticks to support the vine as soon as they
require it.
Where English peas are wanted in large
quantities for market, it will be found too
laborious a task to stick them. For that
purpose they may be planted in single rows
2 J to 3 feet apart, and left to Itamble on
the ground. Amongst the score of varieties
t of English peas, the extra early is one of the
best, yielding a fair crop of good sized pods.
Dwarf imperial, if planted at the sametime,
will succeed them, and Prussian blue will
come at last, and stand the heat better than
most other peas.
Cabbages, Lnttucc, Radishes, Salsify,
Spinage, Parsnips, Beets, etc., may now, be
sown on the ground properly prepared.
Choose a warm exposure spade, manure
and pulverize your beds, well, and do not
plant your seed too deep.
If you have cabbage plants saved during
autumn in a pit; recollect to give them full
air, whenever the weather proves mild, that
they may not become too weak. By doing
this, you will have plants ready-, for trans
planting daring the month of February.
Turnips should now be sown for spring
use. As they stand a good cieal of cold,
with a slight protection, the bed should be
covered slightly, with pine tops. The flat
Dutch and red topped Dutch are the best
varieties for erly use. Colza or Rape
Till f
siioulu be sown now, it tne season proves
favorable, you will nave a supply ot excel
lent greens for the
March.
table in the beo-inninar of
If onions (black seed) have not been sown
vet, it should be done at once
Irish potatoes may now be planted for
early crops. Plant the sets eight or ten
inches apart, on course litter, long manure
or straw, in the bottom of deep trenches,
three feet apart. Put a handful of manure
on each set and cover it with five or six in
ches of earth. I la nl the earth well, wall
about the steins as they advance in growth
but do not cover the tops with dirt.
Prepare all your garden implements for
use, this month; and your ground spaded or
plowed thoroughly, turning deeply under all
the manure or vegetable matter that you
can obtain. Be sure never to stir the ground
or plant any seed, especially on stift' land,
when the soil is wet.
Hot bets should be prepared the latter
part of this month, in order that you may
have a good supply of cucumber, cabbage,
tomato and other plants for spring opera
tions. The Orchard. Plant immediately all
the finest varieties of apples, pears, peaches,
plums, apricots, nectarines, quinces, pom
granates, figs, grapes, tee., giving the pref
erence, in all cases, to trees and vines raised
in the South. One tree set out now, is worth
two set out a month hence.
Strawberry beds may be planted any time
before March, but the sooner the better.
Ocu Receipt for Ci;rixo Beef and
Pork. The receipt, which originated with
us, and has now had many years of trial, we
believe to be unsurpassed, as a pickle.
Nearly all the modern receipts which have
appeared in the different agricultural jour
nals, partake in some" instances., almost
identically of the ingredients and proportions
set lorth in ours, which we first laid before
our readers some fifteen or eighteen years
ago. At this period in the season, when
farmers and others will soon be putting down
their winter's, and we may add their next
year's supply of meat, it may be of service
to re-publish the receipt, which, is as follows:
Water, one gallon; salt, one and a half
nnnrirls? lrnun cnn-. l,..ir t -i
half
i V v..n, u,iU pouuu; saipetre,
in uuua, poiasu, nait ounce
In this raito the pickle to be inerenso! in
any quantity desired.
Let these be boiled together until all the
dirt from the salt and sugar (which will not
be a little) rises to the top and is skimmed
off. Then throw the pickle into a large tub
to cool, and when cold, pour it over your
beef or pork, to remain the usual time, say
from four to six weeks, according to the size
of the pieces, and the kind of mea- Th
meat must be well covered with the pickle,
and it should not be put down for at least
two days after killing, during which time it
should be slightly sprinkled with powered
saltpetre.
Several of our friends have omitted the
boiling of the pickle, and found it to answer
equally as well- It will not, however, an
swer so well. By boiling the pickle it is pu
rified for the amount of dirt which is thrown
off, by the operation, from tie salt and and
suo-ar would surprise one not acquainted
with the fact. I
Admission oz xvansa?.
The report in the Senate on the Admission
fff Kansas. '
The report submitted in the U. S. Senate
on Thursday, by Mr. Green, from the ma
jority of the committee on territories, on the
Lecompton constitution, (and which was ac-
Icompanied by a bill for the admission oT
Kansas, is a very elaborate document, and
gbBS into a full history of the movements in
Kansas from the inception of the territorial
goernment down to the present time. The
Union gives the following abstract of it :
After summmo: up the evidence, mostly
derived from official sources, the committee
say that appears to them, from the official
evidence adduced, "that the opposition in
Kansas to the Lecompton convention con
sisted of persons eiiffaored in insurrection,
rebellion . and revolution. Some few are
knowiTT,tre citizen sjpfthe United States.
Whether others are cifcizen?wiens, whether
in allegiance or not, they are all known to
be enemies of the government, and openly
engaged in attempts against law and order
i?i the territory, and against the peace and
quietude of society. Many of them have
been shown by Gov. Walker to be hired
mercenaries sent out by the abolition so
cieties of the, East; and ill working in con
cert tu aecoplisht;4frhsas what t!fce Su
preme Court and public sentiment have de
cided Congress has no power to do; that is,
to prohibit slavery in the Territory of Kan
sas; and more than that, to prevent the
people of the Territory from exercising the
privilege of deciding that question for them
selves in their own way; to do which they
have gotten up military organizations of a
rebellious character, have committed the
most revolting outrages against persons and
property, threatening to deluge the land in
blood, alienating one section of the Union
from the other, and endangering the exis
tence of free government. Such are the
characters, such are the objects and dange
rous results of the opponents of theLecomp
ton constitution. But without regard to
these insurrectionary movements, the regular
legal convention of Kansas, in pursuance of
law, assembled and adopted the constitution
now betore the committee, which is tho
roughly republican in form. Out of defe
rence to those who might be opposed to Afri
can slavery, and to avoid all pretexts of
complaint on the part of opponents, the con
vention submitted the question of slavery or
no slavery to a direct vote of the bona fide
inhabitants of the Territory. That election
was ordered for the 21st December, 1857,
when it was accordingly held and resulted as
follows" :
. Constitution with slavery 6,22G votes.
Constitution without slavery 5613 "
Making an ao-rre2ate of G,795 "
An opportunity has consequently been
afforded to the people of Kansas to decide
this question of slavery for themselves, and
that decision is now before us with all the
sanction of law. No real or valid exception
can be taken to any other part of the con-
has well said in his message : " In fact the
general provisions of our recent State
constitution, after an experience of eighty
years, are so similar anu so excellent tnac id
would be difficult to go far wrong at the
present day in framing a new constitution. "
The constitution conforms precisely to what
Governor Walker said would meet his most
cordial approval, and that he should devote
his whole time in addresses every day to the
people in the Territory to insure its adop
tion. The committee further say that they do
not approve the ordinance accompanying the
constitution, and report against its accep
tance; but they do not regard it as any part
of the constitution, if the State be admitted
into the Union as recommended. In con
clusion, they express the opinion that Avhen
a constitution of a newly formed State
created out of our own territory is presented
to Congress for admission into the Union it
is no part of the duty or privilege of Con
gress either to approve or disapprove the
constitution itself, and its various provisions,
or any of them, but simply to see whether it
be the legal constitution, of the new State,
whether it be republican in form, whether
the boundarie3proposed be admissible, and
whether the number of inhabitants is suffi
cient to justify independent State organiza
tion. Believing that the paper presented is
the legal constitution of Kansas, that it is
republican in its form, that the boundaries
proposed by it are admissible; and, conced
ing the sufficiency of its population the com
mittee recommend the admission of Kansas
into the Union upon the constitution pre
sented, and report a bill accordingly.
The bill as follows :
Whereas, the people of the Territory of
Kansas by their representatives in conven
tion assembled at Lecompton, in said Ter
ritory, on Monday, the fourth day of Septem
ber, one thousand eight hundred and fifty
seven, having the right of admission into the
Union as one of the United States of Ame
rica, consistent with the federal constitution,
in virtue of the treaty of cession by France
of the province of Louisiana, made and con
cluded on the 30th day of April, 1803, and
in accordance with the act of Congress ap
proved on the 30th May, A. D. 1854, en
titled "An act to organize the Territory of
Kansas and Nebraska;" did form for them
selves a constitution and State government,
republican in form, and the said convention
has, in their name and behalf, asked the
Congress of the United States to admit the
Territory into the Union as a State, on an
equal footing with the other States : j
Be it enacted by the Seriate and House of
ty
eprcscntativesofthe United States of America
in
Congress asspmhlnJ . That the State of
Kansas shall be, and is hereby declared to
be, one of the United States of America, and
admitted into the Union on an equal footing
with the original States, in all respects
whatever; and the said State shall consist
of all the territory included within the fol
lowing boundaries, to wit : Beginning at a
p.vint on the western boundary of the0 State
of Missouri, where the thirty-seventh par
allel of latitude crosses the same; thence
west on said parallel to the eastern boun
dary ol New Mexico; thence north, on said
boundary to latitude thirty-eight; thenre
following said boundary westward to the
eastern boundary of the Territory of Utah,
on the summit of the Rocky Mountains;
thence northward on said summit to the
fortieth parallel of latitude; then cast on
said parallel to the western boundary of the
otate oi Aiissoun; thence south-: with the
western boundary of said State to the place
oi Degmning. rrovidcd : That nothing
herein contained respecting the boundary of
said State shall be construed to impair "the
right of person or property now pertaining
to tne Indians m said .territory, so Ion- as
such rights shall remain unextinguished by
treaty between the United States and such
Indians, or to include any territory which,
by treaty with such Indian tribes, is not
without the consent of said tribe to be in
cluded within the territorial limits or, juris-
diction of any State or Territory, but all
such territory shall be excepted out of the
boundaries, and constitute no part of the
State of Kansas until said tribe shall sig
nify their assent to be included within said
State, or to affect the authority of the gov
ernment of the United States to make any
regulations respecting such Indians, thtir
lands, property or other rights; by treaty,
lawvpr : otherwise, which it would ave """Hn
competent to make if " this act nad:Treh
passed. - . j
Sec. 2. And le it further enacted. That tl
State of Kansas is admitted into the Union
upon the express condition that said State shall
never interfere - with the primary disposal of
the public lands, or with any regulations which
Congress may fmd'necessary for securing the
title in said lands to the bona fide purchasers
and grantees thereof, or impose or levy and tat,
assessment or imposition of any descriptioji
whatever upon them or property of the Unite$
States, within the limits of said State; aufl
nothing in this act shall be construed as an
assent by Congress to all or to any of the prop
ositions or claims contained in the ordinance
of the said constitution of the people of Kansas,
nor to deprive the said State of Kansas of tjie
same grants which were contained in the act of
Congress, entitled "An act to authorize the
people of the Territory of Minnesota to fona a
constitution and State government, preparatory
to admission into the Union on an equal foot
ing with the original .States," approved Feb.,
26, 185.7. i
Sec. 3. And be it. further enacted, That until
the next general cet-sus shall be taken, and an
appointment of representation made, the State
of Kansas shall be entitled to one representa
tive in the House of" Representatives of the
United States.
Mr. Douglas presented a written report,
giving, at considerable length, the reasons
which induced him to dissent from the conclu.
sious of the majority of the committee. lie
states that he has seen no satisfactory evidence
that the Lecompton constitution is the act and
deed of the people of Kansas, or that it ern-
the Lecompton convention was not clothed
with competent authority to establish a con-
itution w thout the consent of Congress, which
had been expressly withheld iu this case; and
hence the convention only had such power as
the territorial legislature could rightfully con
fer, and no more. That, was, the power to
form a constitution and send it to Congress in
the form of a memorial for admission, which
could be accepted or rejected according as it
embodied or did not embody the popular will.
He argues that all the proceedings of the
convention should have been held in strict obe
dience to the authority of the territorial gov
ernment, while in fact they were declared to be
in force and to take effect in defiance ol tne
authority cf the territorial government, as well
as without the consent of Congress. He be
lieves that the only lawful election which has
been held on the adoption of the constitution
was that held on the 4th of January, 185b,
which was held in obedience to a law passed by
the Territorial Legislature, that Legislature
having been established by Congress with full
legislative power over all rightful subject. with
in the territory. The people of Kansas having
repudiated the Lecompton constitution at that
election, he cannot consent to the passage of a
bill imposing that constitution upon -them
against their will.
Mr. Cel'amer submitted a minority report,
embodying the views of himself and Mr. Wade,
which expressed the opinion that :to admit
Kansas into the Union under the Lecompton
constitution would be "but to give success to
fraud and encouragement to iniquity, and to turn
over that people not to an election legally and
fa'irly conducted, but such State- officefand
legislators as said Calhoun shall hereafter pro
claim, and on such contingency as he shall de
termine; and his long, mysterious, and inexcusa
ble indecision and reserve but encourages ex
pectations in ootn parties, one ot wlach is cer
tainly doomed to disappointment. "
The several reports were ordered to be print
ed, and Mr. Green gave notice that on some
early day, after the Senators should have an
opportunity to read the reports, he should call
up the subject for consideration.
.
The Army and Navv of Spain. A Wash
ington lettpr-writer, to show that Spain, is not
the "sick-man" generally supposed, gives cer
tain statistics of the eountrj'. The Spanish
population is 11.000,000. The army numbers
160,000 men, the light rcgi.uents armed with
Miuie rifles, and the artilery being one of the
finest in th world. The navy is as follows:
Two line oi oatiie snips, nu guns; 4steam
frigates, 141: 1 steam brig, 2 pivot guns; 8
steam schooners, 16 pivot guns; 5 frigates., 183
guns; 2 corvettes, 54 guns; 19 brigs, 156guus;
5 schooners, 11 guns; 3 side-wheel steamers,
68 guns; 29 ditto, 168, guns, and nine store
ships, 28 guns; besides gun-boats and the usual
small craft belonging to a large fleet. Th foreign
commerce of Spain amounted in 1855 to $114,
156,240. Her commerce with the United
States for the year 1851 amounted to over
seventy-nine millions of dollars, greater than
that of France with us. I
Statement by General Calhoun.
l asihxgton City, Feb. 17, 1858.
To the Editor of the Union :
Sir : 1 have already commuuicated to the
Committee on Territories in the Senate a fall
statement of facts connected with the applica
tidb of Kansas for admission into the Union as
'State. I need not repeat those "facts in this
jjperas they will doubtless reach the public
itf n few da vs. It is with reluctance that I
refer to matters pertaining solely to the local
politics of the Territory in which I live, and
w;ith which, to some extent, I have been con
nected; ; but the various and contradictory
statements that have been made by unscru
pulous and irresponsible letter-writers to the
public pres, touching the discharge of my
duties as president of the constitutional con
vention, make the duty imperative.
Excitement, conflict, and great confusion
must nff.;s;irilv attend the organization of
.- j
government for a community brought together
from all parts of the world, and actuated by
different objects, motives, and prejudices. No
Territory ever organized in the United States
has suffered more from causes of this character
than Kansas. The conflict about the shaping
of our institutions, so constantly directed by
persons and parties outside of the Territory,
has forced within its limits a class of popula
tion from every portion of the Union, most
dissimilar iu character and with the strongest
predisposition to collision. That disorder and
eon fusion, the violation of individual and pub
lie Wghis and duties, should Tesult from such
causes, may be deplored, but couid not be pre
vented Good men have sought the peaceful
remedy to these controversies in the ballot-box.
Bad men have leeH governed by no scruples as
to' public or private action. In the periodical
addresses put forth by the law-and-order or
democratic party of Kansas every foreign in
fluence has been repudiated, and every effort
made to procure for Kansas the quiet, peace
ful settlement of all cpustious of public policy
by the fair and honest expression of the popular
will. To the fullest exteut these recommeuda- ;
tioi.s have not probably prevailed with their
own party friends, who, in opposition to a party
knowing and respecting no law, may have been
driven to the extremity of wrong and the viola
tion of public right and duty. But it is not
my object to go into a full examination of this
subjeet. My object now is to place myself
right before the public on the subject of the
election returns for members of the legislature
in Leavenworth county, the statements iu
reference to which have been so conflicting and
contradictor'.
. On the 13th of January, the day before I
opened the returns of the Kansas elections for
and under the constitution, I was called upon
by several gentlemen from Lawrence, headed
by Doctor or Governor Robinson, and asked if
1 would be governed, iu determining the result
of the election in Leavenworth county, by the
sworn statement of one of the judges of election
at the precinct known as the " Delaware
Crossing. " I replied, no ! That I couid not,
and would not, go behind the election returns,
it was then stated that the question was as to
the legality of returns, and fraud was charged,
on wha: information 1 did not learn, upon the
ground that; the returns sent to me were not
the true returns as approved and signed by
the judges of election. To give the full op
portunity of submitting testimony as to the
legality of the returns, I toid the gentlemen
that, as the legislature would have no duties to
perform until after the decision of the question
of admission, then; could be no necessity for
the immediate issunng oTcertincaTesncnr tiexr-
tion m that or any other case, ifud that the
difficulty which they suggested couid, iu the
mean time, be fully investigated.
This statement I made the next day in the
presence of the gentlemen who were present at
the opening of the returns. 1 also authorized
Gov Denver to state that if the judges of
election wouhl furnish me, under oath, a state
ment that the return made was false and fradu
lent, I would treat such statement as a cor
rected return, and be governed by it in giving
certificates of election. I knew nothing of the
Delaware Crossing returns, only that public
rumor had given to the democratic party a ma
jority at that precinct of some three or four
hundred. I supposed the returns from that
precinct were in my office, and was undeceived
only when all the returns were opened and they
were not found. 1 hese returns were ot great
importance, as they determined not only the
political complexion of Leavenworth county,
but of both branches of the legislature. As
they stood at the opening of the returns, with
out the Delaware Crossing vote, the republi
cans had a majority iu Leavenworth county,
and consequently, a majority of both branches
of the legislature.
In order to ascertain the truth, I sent a mes
senger to that precinct to see the judges of
election and learn the facts as to. the charge of
fraud -in the return lu the mean time, the
sealed returns from that precinct were put into
my hands by Mr. Diefeudoit, one of the com
missioners for Leavenworth county, and on the
same day that the messenger returned from
Delaware Crossing precinct. I received the
returns and the messenger's report at Weston,
Missouri, on tiie 21st. day of January. The
messenger brought to me the following sworn
statement of the judges and clerks of the pre
cinct iu question :
Tekri.okv .of Kansas, )
County of Leavenworth. j
The undersigned, judges and clerks of the
election held for State officers and members - of
the Statelegislature, held at the precinct known
as Delaware Agency, on the 4th day of January,
A. D. 1858, do hereby certify that the returns
made by us of said election were correct and
genuine, and that any statement made by any
person as to ihe vole of said precinct can only
be determined, as to its truth or falsity, by u
reierence to said returns made by us as mana
gers and clerks of said election at said precinct.
r ks oi s.uu eiecuou at saiu
JOXDA Y, )
)UE F. GARRETT, J
U. GR INTER, )
ISAAC MONDAY
TSIEODOl
Judges.
JAMES C
W. C. WILSON. )
JAMES FINDLAY,
Clerks.
Territory of Kansas, )
County of Johnson.
Before me, Sani'I Suiters, an acting justice of
the peace in and for the county and Territory
aforesaid, personally appeared Isaac Monday,
Theodore G. Garrett, James C. Grinter, Win.
C. Wilson, and James Findlay, who, being
sworn, deposeth and saith that the foregoing
statement is true, to the best of their knowledge
and belief.
ISAAC MONDAY,
THEODORE F GARRET.
JAMES C. GRINTER,
W. C. WILSON,
JAMES FINDLAY.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this
eighteenth day of January, A. D. 1858.
SAMUEL M S ALTERS. J. P.
j " Territory of Kansas, )
'County of Johnson. j
Before me, Samuel Walters, personally
ap-
peared 2neodore F. Garrett, who, being sworn,
says that on the 11th day of January he was
arrested in Leavenworth coonty, under, as it
was said, a warrant, and taken to Lawrence by
an armed party often or eleven, and, while he
was under arrest, a proposition was made to
hira to make a new poll-book, (by some one of
the free-State party in Lawrence, and he thinks
by a man named Ewinjr.V which poll-book
should
be made out, so that Gen. Calhoun
receive it. which denonent. beinsr in
would
durance, told him or them he
supposed would
be all right.
THEODORE F. GARRETT.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this the
eighteenth day of January, 1858.
SAMUEL M.SALTERS. J. P.
These depositions impressed my mind fully
that the returns placed that day in my hands
were true. I entertained no particle of doubt
about the result, when, in 'die presence of
Colonel Starks and others, I opened the re
turns and found a majority of 319 votes for the
democratic party. I concluded, as a matter of
course, that the depositions of the judges and
clerks were made with a full knowledge of the
contents of the returns, then for the first time
in my possession. The returns, together with
the depositions of the judges and clerks, I sent
to my office at Lecompton, by Mr. Brooks, one
of the clerks in the surveyor-general's office.
I am informed, in a letter from Mr. Brooks,
that he placed them in the hands of General
Maclean. the chief clerk in the surveyor-general's
office, on the 27th day of 'January. It
once said to my friends, and others who ap
proached me on the subjeet, that the democratic
party had a majority in the legislature, and
authorized the publication of such a statement.
I came to Washington with no particle of doubt
on my mind as to the result. On the Saturday
night after my arrival in Washington, I called
to nav mv respects to an old friend, Jude
Douglas, and before leaving he placed in my
hands a paper he had just received from Kansas.
The paper contained what purported to be the
depositions of the judges of election for the
precinct of Delaware Crossing; and in winch
the judges de iosed that there were but f'riy
three vote? polled at that precinct. I could not
act, or form my opinion upon a newspaper pub
lication; but I immediately informed my friends
that if the statement so made should prove true,
they must inevitably control my action. I have
received and opened a return from the Dela
ware Crossing precinct, which gives to the
democratic party a majority of 319 votes, and
would thus secure a majority to the democratic
legislative ticket of Leavenworth county, and
a majority on joint ballot in the legislature,
under the constitution. If the judges of elec
tion at that precinct furnish to me. as I inform-
ed Gov. Denver before leavinir Kansas, a re
liable and sworn statement that but forty-three
votes were polled there, I should make myself
a party to the fraud if I declined to be governed
by the oaths of ihe judges. It is a question
going to the legality of the returns. Of that I
may judge and determine. I shall do so; and,
in my determination, I shall be governed by
u'.stice and trutn and the niriir. Jt it Fhai'. as
it probably will, place the government of the
State of Kansas in the hands of my enemies,
no one will regret it more; but yet no one, not
even a black republican, could perform the duty
with more of the consciousness ot right than I
shall feel in the honest discharge of my official
duties. I have written to Gov. Denver to pro
cure the sworn statements of the judges of this
controverted precinct and to have them taken
and unbiassed exhibition of facts. By the
sworn statements,, so procured, I shall be
governed in giving the cert ificates of election to
the members of the legislature from Leaven
worth county J. CALHOUN.
From the Raleigh Standard.
Governor Rencher.
We have received t he-Santa Fe Gazelle of
the 12th December, containing the fiirst mes
sage of Governor Rencher to the Legislature
dt New Mexico. This document, like every
thing which emanates from Gov Rencher's pen
is characterized by clearness and ability; and
the suggestions and recommendations made
therein appear to be well suited to the con
dition of ihe people of the Territory. The
Governor presents in a few words the correct
idea of our federal form of government, and
then proceeds to consider the vast undeveloped
resources of the Territory, and to suggest the
best means for bringing out these resources.
We are pleased also to observe that he refers
to the importance of public instruction and
recotrends common schools for the masses.
On this subject he sayes: "But I should do
great injustice to this interesting occasion if 1
failed to bring to your favorable notice the
great cause of education. 2s ot simply the edu
cation of the rich, by the endowment of col
leges; bat education of the masses by common
schools. In a government like ours, depend
ing essentially, as it "does, upon public opinion
it is all important that public opinion should
be enlightened. Public schools, therefore for
the education of those who are not able to edu
cate themselves, ought to be the first duty of
every statesman and patriot. While rt is the
best means of promoting every other improve
ment in the State, it is the only sure means of
preserving our free institutions, and of trans
mitting them unimpaired to our ostcrity." .
These are noble and enlightened sentiments,
every way worthy of the man and of the State
of which he is a native.
A correspondent of the Washington Union
writes as follows from Saute Fe :
" Gov. Rencher stems so far to give entire
satisfaction to all parties Indeed, that must
be an unreasonable people whom he will not
please, for a nobler old Roman I never knew
His message is an excellent document, and
shows a full appreciation of the necessities and
capacities of the Territory. I fear there is little
likelihood of its recommendation in regard to
raising a revenue being effected. Like all com
munities as this is, taxation is a bugbear which
affrights all who contemplate it. In private,
members of all parties admit its necessity, yet
they have a mental determination uot to attempt
it themselves, however glad they would be to
see their opponents undertake it. No party
has ever had the moral courage to attempt it,
and the territorial bonds though a ridicnrously
small amount, are not worth 30 percent. And,
an ad zalortm assessment f one mill on the dollar
would extinguish them, and establish the credit
f the Territory.
Speaking of the governor reminds me that he
is ably seconded by his accomplished and amia
ble wife. Polished, yet unassuming and char
ming in conversation, 6he at once conciliates
the good will of the most intractable."
Fashionable Women. "Read the biogra
phies, of oar great and good men and women,"
says an exchange ; "not one of them bad a
fashionable mother. They nearly all sprung
from plain, strong minded women, who had
aboutas little to do with fashions as with 'the
changing cloulds." - -
SH1KE8FE1KE.
It has been said that no man ever did so mach
to excite curiosity, or so little to gratify it as
Shakespeare. We believe this to be true. No
man except Napoleou, ever was so much- writ
ten about, or ever gave occasion to -the publi
cation of so much downright nonsense. We
have been told that he was indifferent to fame
because he says nothing about himself in his.
plays, as if it were possible to lug in himself in
Ins dialogue that he wrote for money, as if all
authors do not do the same that he had no
education, as if the evidences of a highly culti
vated mind were not ' strewed more thickly
througout his works, than through any other
productions of the human mind.
The proof that he cared nothing about post
humous fame is made to consist iu his not pub
lishing his plays before his death. Now men
who talk in this way seem to have overlooked
entirely the preface of Hemingaud CondelJ, the
players who published the first edition of his
works, seven years after his death They say,,
in their quaint Elizabethan style "It has bene
a thing, we confesse, worthie to have bene wish
ed, that the author himselfe had lived to have
to get forth and overseen his own writiugs."
7'uere is the whole secret at once. The author
died before he could publish his works, and
that is the reason he did not "oversee and set
them forth." It is probable as well he did not,
for the omission has given rise to many volumes
of delicious nonesense. The errors and obscuri
ties in Shakespeare are innumerable. They
are exactly such as are made every day, in
every priuting. office in the countr', and such
as would make obscure the most luminous work
in the world were they not corrected by compe
tent proof readers. We have no doubt the
publication of Collier gave the true key to the
greater part of them.
It is really, however, very strange that noth
ing is known of Sikespcare personally and that
we and scarcely any mention ot turn in contem
peraueoas publications. -Perhaps after all, he
was "nobody at all" like Junius. We believe
that somebody has undertaken to prove that.
wr II lirt l .. .1 .l i 1
en, naieiy proeu mat mere never was
such a man,as Napoleon. Richmond JVhii
Beci:-icns of the Supreme Court
Pearson, J. In Doe ex Don, Gibbs v Ben
son, from Hyde, affirming the judgment. . In
Walstou v Myres, from Pitt, reversing the
judgment, venire de novo. In Porter v Tolson,
in equity, from Carteret ; also, iu Levister v
Hilbard, in equity from Franklin, decree for
plaintiff's. In Shuford v Davidson River M.
Comp. in equity from Henderson. Also, iu
Miller v. Moore, in equity, from Henderson.
Also, in Steel v Black, in equity, from Cabarrus,
decree for redemption, &c. In Wincoff v Krim
inger, in equity, from Cabarrus, dismissing the
bill. In Bost v Host, in equity, from Cabarrus,
declaring the rights of the defendant.
Battle J. In Bains v Drake, from Nnsh,
affirming the judgment. In Worrell v Vinson,
from Northampton, judgment reversed, vevirt
de novo. In Thompson v Morris, from O.ai'ge,
judgment affirmed. In Wetinorev Click, from
Davie, judgment reversed and venire de novo.
In Gillespie v Shuleberrier, from Iredell, pro
ceeding of Superior Court affirmed. In Dnn
gau v Phifer, from Cabarrus, judgment affirm
ed. In Ford v Lock, from Rowan, judgment
affirmed. In Cain v Hawkins, from Davie, or
der affirmed. In Smith v Cheek, petition for
writ of error petition dismissed. In Johnson
v Johnson, in equity, from Yadkin, declaring
the plaintiff s intestate entitled and directing a
reference. In Griffin v Simmons, from, Wash
ington, rcVcrsinjrhe order. In Casey Casey,
in equity from Wayne, declaring the rights of
the parties
Raleigh 'Standard.
Warm Bathing. The wann bath is a grand
remedy, and will cure the most virulent of dis
eases. A person who may be in fear of havii.g
received infection of any kind, as for instance
having visited a fever patient, should snccdlv
plunge into -a warm bath,, suffer perspiration
to ensue and then rub dry dress securely to
guard against cold, and finish off with a cup of
strong tea by the fire. If the system has im
bibed anv infectious matter, it will ccrtainlv be
removed by this process, if it be resorted to
before the infection has time to spread over the
system And even if some time has since elap
sed, a hot bath will be pretty sure to remove
it. "Sledical Journal.
-Going to "Spread Herself." We find the
following "hoop" rolling the rounds of our ex
changes; it is from the San Francisco Globe:
As a newly married couple, evidently from
the country, were prominadiug Montgomery
street last evening their curiosity was sud
denly aroused by the appearances of some mys
terious looking articles dangling ill a large
window. They eyed them with the deepest
conscern first on one side then on the other,
until at length the husband having completely
exhausted his immaginative powers, drawled
out:
"Well, Sal, consarn my picter if them ain't
the cussedest looking things I ever hearn of."
Then twisting himself about, and giving the
contents of the window another look, he added
"What on earth kin they be? What do you
tgueis the ibrued things are?"
"Why Jake don't you know krineline and
hocpsT'
"Do you tell!" ejaculated Jake softly
"Them's 'em, is they?" and he again ran his
eyes about the strange apparel.
"I think theyars so sweet,", ventured Sal,
when at the same moment, a lady dressed in
the very height and breadth of the fashion
rushed along.
Jake had seen enough. His mind was made
up. Sal. must have "krineline" Without say
ing a word he started-to enter the store, but
was stopped at the door by her with all sorts
of entreaties not to carry the joke any further.
But Jake was de'ermined. lie had taken a
fancy to the goods, and could not rest until his
better half was supplied with them. She drew
back, but it was of no avail. He gathered her
arm tightly in his own, and making a long
stride into the establishment, exclaimed;
"Come along, old gal, you're my wife now,
and ef you shan't spread yourself."
An Incorrigible Boy. John A-
-was
a good natured fellow, not without wit, averse
to toil and spending most of his time in manipu
lating those rectangular forms of pasteboard
which T. Crehore devises, and where the Amer
ican Eagle sits on the ace of spades. John's
father was dead, but his uncle, a Boston citizen
frequently gave him good advice. "John,''
said he one day, "be industrious, and with your
talents yon can make anything out of yourself.
Suppose you have no capital. Look at old
Billy Gray! He came into this city with a
pack on his back, and went out with a million
of dollars!" That's nothing to my case uncle,"
said the incorrigible John, "I came into this
city with two packs in my pocket, and am going
out without a. red cent.
    

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