v-" . -.r..iri-
. W , ...... : .1 ' "Ow. ' 1
fc - Wfi V1. --F
i j . - - -s. jet
r f"- ' 1 -
rst year by
cioTTWestern New York, J .r-2HLa8
"Rar,: ita retiriner President,said:
Manas the "greatest enemy tbat'fruit trees
have to contend with. The first thing be,
does is procuring young trees, rwmch havef
cerhaps, badlcBoptd "at
the roots by some other Jndividnildf his
species is to crowd them in ttf T small hole
in the hard soil.; They ireftf nnfreqnent-
ly choked and destroyed tW
a dense crowtn ot weeas
them; or, if they survive th
assaults are made upon th
shapes. He tfiims them up in
nral form, tears oft the bark witUWijrees
in plowing, or breaki them down in hisgreat
care to avoid iniurincr ah adtacent Mil of
corn, that has not cost him v one hundredth
part as much as tho tree; or in order to pre-;
vent the waste of thegrass which. has '.been
allowed to grow in the inclosure, , he care
lessly turns in his cattle, which to avoid the
erxor he has committed in trimming tip, by
shortenipg them down to the ground. If
some insect were to destroy its millions an
nually, a general shou of war would be
raised against it; but because it is all done
by man himself, it is ascribed merely to bad
luck, and forgotton. All this arises from
the want of proper appreciation of the value
and importance of fruit-trees. And so long
as fruit-trees are given the least chance on
the list of cultivated articles, it is not at all
surprising that they, and especially dwarf
pears, which absolutely require good-cultivation,
are pronounced a "humbug." We
have not unfrequeutly seen farmers who,
after expending half a : dollar each on the
trees of a young orchard, including setting
them out would destroy one half by choking
them with a crop of oats and clover, be
cause they could pot "afford" to lose the
use of a small strip of land where they stood
and so the loss' on the trees was at least
ten times as much as the oats and clover
were worth. If any one had undertaken to
raise corn or potatoes ii the mklst of a field
of oats, or in a dense clover meadow, his
friends could easily rescue him from the pun-
j-h.m'nt of any crime, on the plea of "msan
lr . . ' L.ist summer I sent a man to dress
nit n fruit garden planted with potatoes,
a;;d he very carefully and neatly hoed the
potatoes, but neglected the trees, one of
which was equal in value to the whole crop
of potatoes. He acted only in accordance
With the general feelino-, that fruit trees are
of little value, and must take care of themselves.
Onitad Synod ota Prcsbftn
y T CHnrch in tJ United Gtates.
i Rnoxville, Tenn., Tuesday, April 6.
The Synod resumed the consideration -.of the
report from "the Committer on Bills and
overtures. - " - - ' . .. -
. i. he discussion lasted, throughout' the
morning session and a portion of the after
noon. ' - ,
A motion -fas made to strike out . the sec
ond section, which: failed." . The vote then
was-taken and carried "tor its aaop
For ih (ajtquarter of a'cpntury few . ocb
have occupied a more distinguished : posttic
among the statesmen of England than Edward
Jeoffroy; fourteeuth Earl oT'Derbj, now,' for
the' second time, JPrnne Minister oi ungiaqu?
He Was horn at KnowsIey Fark, witmn a lew
miles ofLiverDOoI. iu '1799; wareducated at
Eatou and Olfrrd, and entered- "the t House rf
Commous m I21. llis graua-iatnerr ia t
centriv old Earl of Derby, was more lac
for his aviary, coueclioir of rare aod cui-i3
animals, welt stocked- wiue -cellars;; and race
The third section was then read. and-
mopsly adopted. - -: " ' --"--
The fourth was read, and aR-er a few re-
it was adopted Kaanimouslv without ament
f-AL.i.'" rr clmJ il .1 :
lilt; if.Mi wariut?ii rrau
1; Mr MLain4pbjected to this, as pro-
i posing JCO; d rr jnisjntotne vjo: ocnooi iw
Lhastuy , and ttfat6o by a committee.
ur. xoya saia it. was not-me jommwc,
bfwe the ynod, whojsettled the conditions
tanrr principles oi tnis union. . .
. Eev. McLain: Dbthe Synod ac for md
Fresbvterv. and areftwe to be: voke67ang
TianWittfi than for his politicarservkesf-and
School Church ; without
To Grow Grape Cuttings. Have you
a choice grape cutting .that you want to
grow? Then go to the' woods, dig some
roots of a wild crape vine, cut them into.
pieces of about six inchps long, cut your
choice grape vine or cutting into pieces of
only one, or at most two buds; insert the
lower end by the common cleft grafting
method into the piece of wild vine root; plant
it in earth leaving the bud' of the cutting
just level with the top of the ground. Eve
ry one so made will grow, and in two years
become bearing plants. .
Trim Grape vines. ;If it has been ne
glected till now, trim whenever it is mild
weather enough to do it with comfort.
For Cattle and Horses-: Mix occasionally
one part of salt with four parts of wood ash
es, and give the mixture of different kinds
of stock summer and winter. It promotes
their appetites and tends to keep them in a
healthy condition. It is said to be a guard
against botts in horses and cattle, and rot
Dairy Secret. Have ready two pans
in boiling water, put the milk in one and
cover the other overjt. This will occasion
a great increase in the thickness and quantity
of the cream.
taken, into the Old
our consent. .
My, Boyd said i If your Presbytery ap
proves our' acton they are bound.
Kev.vMr While said his presbytery was
opposed to the proposition and. thai
not ready ta vote. -T -t
if Brother Rovd's position be correct-
am present in this Synod with the Idea that
my Presbyte is bound by my action. If
notrthen.Jfe are enacting the merest farce.
I represent my Presbytery and have powrer
to transfer or disolve it. I never did believe
in the doctrine of instruction; it is too dem
ocratic for me.
Dr. Boyd said: Brother Ross is partly
right and . partly wrong. We act as a dis
tinct body; and what we say or do, is done
officially. And if these brethren are in
structed to pursue this course, then their
Presbyteries are bound by their action; but
otherwise they are not. .
RevI Mr White said: We have no author
ity to take our Presbyteries into the Old
School, or anywhere else, not specified in
our commissions. I object, because it pro
vides for merging our Presbytiries into the
Synods of the General Assembly, where
they, by their geographical limits, properly
belong. The effect of which would be, to
remove some of our Presbyteries to nowhere.
If we are to have union, let it be union, but
if absorption, be it so.
After a few more remarks from several of
the brethren, the vote was taken, showing
ten in the affirmative-
Rev. Mr Parish moved a consideration
yet expressed a-willingness to acquiesce m
Dr Boyd felt indifferent, inasmuch as there
was no principal involved. . He proposes to
lay it over till morning.
Rev. Mr Parish moved to recommit the
5th and 6th articles to the committee car
ried. Dr Ross read a'report of education. The
report was received and made the order of
the day for to-morrow at ten o'clock, A. M
The Committee on Finance made a report,
assessing fonrllarVevery hundred com
municants in eaeh"t"bytery, for the pur
pose of raising a fund for meeting the con
tingent expenses of the Synod. The report
was received and adopted.
The Committee on Church extension made
a report, which was received and made the
order of the day for 3 o'clock P M to morrow.
The Committee on Church -Polity made a
report, which was received and adopted, -Synod
then adjourned, till 9 o'clock to-morrow
morning. Closed by prayer, by Dr.
fattier Lord btanlev. bemtc- then alivei he: ae
auired hia early fame as a debater and a states
njau under the uame of E. !. Stanley. The
dfafftof th former in 1834, give hioi, the coat
tesLXitie X Ijord tstaniey, and at bis lather s
de'cYase, i$ 1 8M , he succeeded to : .the family
honors and immens wealth. -. The earldom was
created by Richard III, in 145v and in iineat
descent the present is tne fourteeuttr Karl of
Derby, and has become the freroier j Kail o
England since the Earldom af Shrewsbury ibe
caine extinct. . ' e
Whert Mr .'Stanley first entered the political
rena,- he attached himself to the whig arty,
and took. an active partiu the opposition. to th;
admitiistraion of the Earl, of Liverpool. In"
J 2T&4.octe. office as ;. under secretary for - the
colonies mfcffbrge Canning's miiMstry..ffss-;av.'
pointed' ch iff 6eretary for Ireland iuJgCp J
Lord Gray's cabinet, and by the-side 'tiUt'
! Brougham, Lyjidhurst, 1 iiomaa-JJHbmjjtov:!
uaxiiy, ana ura .iuuii ivuji, tuu$rn:tr"
iudgcause of ruxsitSTmMU' h- tv
sajaTrffefee'to the passage i w-?T
,cs in the Zississippi and Arkansas .
- dispatch from St.' Louis confirms the ac-r-iis
of floods in the Mississippi and Arkau-
rt rivers. JJrom tne mouth or White river to
r TjQuisjana line, bat-few places escaped. -
X Flntations have bf submerjred, and' the
t ;y)ition is 4lmeuee. At iNapoleon,, the
.r is bigherban during- the flood of 1844.
other dispatcfrj dated Vicksburg, , April 3.
f The river towns of Napoleon and Prentiss,
Jte learn froh accounts received here this morti-
h$i have been lonudated in consequence of the
elkbt to whiab the river has risen.
sVTha levees below Napoleon are reported to
Mm, ye i ven away, thereby causing the whole
. . I . iri. to 1 1 dnr H 1 1 1 ir 1 tir i ( li i n n Pj Tt 1 fill ni.1
.. j lit? llfci iu nun pa iiiu, 1 inviica
af-.itjias ever beeri Renown at points between
this city and Memphis. OupOsity Biis'point it
hasTiseu eight inches within the xst twelve
buurs. . - ' ' -7' . ' " - - - ;
J Large quantifies "of -freight, intended for
-ts above", havHbees brooglit hither from
aiming" wiiiuii avviwtou wun water.
A lawyer built himsellan ofiice in the 'form
of an hexagon, or six squy-e The novelty of
the structure attracted th attention of - some
Irishmen wh was pafsimjfcy; they made a full
stop and viewed the buildng verv critically.
The lawyer, somewhat dis-Asted at their curi
osity, lifted up the window,! put his head out
and adderssed them: - -
"What do you stand the for - like a "pack
of blockheads, gazing at mypffice do you tae
it for a church?"
: "Faix," answered'one of hem. "I was think
ing so till I saw the devil pike his head out of
the windy." )
Doctor, looking learned nd scakinor slow:
" MOTl3S0 . .
The firm, of BROWN & WARD is this day
dissolved by mutual consent. Those indebted to
the firm are hereby notified to call and settle with
out delay, from tho fact that collections must bo
made in some way. ANGUS D. BROWN.
EVERETT L. WARD.
- Lumberton, N. C, April 2, 1858;
The Subscriber will continue the
Merchantlle business at the old tand of B. & W.
and 'vliile returning thanks for past favors solicits
a continuance of the same.
ANGUS D. BROWN.
R E. Li. WARD S compliments to the
customers and friends of Messrs Brown
"Well mnrinpr wlinf tnnf I? rl TTllll -Wont
traded? Is ita moler or n incisor?" Jack &, Wrd: requesting one favor only at your handij.
- nmi ii in un nu mi Aueus u, wnen you come m
short and sharp: It is m the opi-er tier, on
the larboard side bear a hfpd, yon swab, for
it is nipping my jaw like aiobster."
An Irishman attendingja Quaker meetino-
cveard a yonng friend maki the followinsr an
Hiionncernent: "Brethreil and sisters, T m
a danchter of the Lord."
A -resrdefitaArcoenty, Miss., funishesfc Fa;t aJ1 he' jabers nr,' ilwill he lontr
lfrlluwing particulars to a Memphis paper: , beforp , S yonr fa,hf.r-in-law." criet
Lumiterton. and supply yourselves with Staple
Hnd Fuiscy Dry Goods', Groceries, etc.; add Mr
W's regrets that h will soon part with his friends
by moving to the We.-t; but is glad to say that Uf
will leave them in good hands.
April ID. 4t
f jvia' occasioii to visit Carson's Landing with
his finily, (ijs resideiice issome ten miles from
the rfer, ) to procure passage for a feroaie rela-
before yon'll se your fathfr-in-law." eried Tat.
NOTICS TO COITTHACTORS.
RiNcrrAR Fact Thrj Cnnstitnt?on of the
United Ptates names the'4th of Mnroh for the
injimrnrntion of the President. Upon ertres-
. tivejiipoii some ascending boat; as far as Mem-R;on Gf rlmbts as to vMt conrs shon'd be
1 lie found his return suddenly cut oif id j adopted, shonld the 4 fiJareh fall on Snndnv.
:pfeIC completely hemmed in, by the rapid j ?T waq aoert?ied thai- it would not fall on
4x.oi-. water, consequent upon the oreakare , ganjav for 300 years
tvye. in a short time the whon?
vnjjstent, -a& flooded. Xarsre
iic:v..-Jcv At I XSfh tfttt :.er? Tirftre cV?h4
form bill of 1832. In the following year bfJypnMt'y covered, and nearly all the live s
The Uvtpjt TCifcAROEo
toek tjfi'n hflWewTne4 RtWiNt
Th.bll or the ad-
'nesta into the
tw Jh f3sntp
exchaiiired the onerous duties of the Irish ofueeiswept away; ail, in fact, save the tew who con- i nA w;il n,is; thw honso so thnt hB Ttn'on mnv
or the secretaryship of the colonies, being' Jgreguted u;on-liul( patcltes of rising ground, j fc reirardeafHH(n?!itfnGr of thirtv-two Pttes.
theu about the same age as Ins eldest son Lortf here ana there, ot some tew feet in extent. .
- i.il many piaces private uweiiini?s luruisneu
shelter to man and beast. As in cases cf don-
To Preserve Eggs. To every two gal
lons of water add one pint of salt. Stir
it until the salt is dissolved and put in the
eggs and they will keep for twelve months
fresh as when packed.
The Kitchen. We will give to intellect
to morality, to religion, and to all virtues,
the honor that belongs to them, and still it
may be boldly affirmed that economy, taste,
skill and neatness in the kitchen have a
great deal to do in making life happy and
Nor "is it indispensably necessary that a
house should be tilled with luxuries. . All the
- qualifications for good housekeeping can'be
displayed as well on a small scale as on a
'A small house can be more easily kept
.dean, than a palace. Ecomomy is most
' needed in the absence of abundance. -
. Taste is as well displayed in placing the
, dishes on a pine table," as in arranging: the
folds in a damask curtain, and skilful cook-
..ing is as readily 'discovered in a nicely baked
potato, or a respectable johnny-cake, as in
;.a nut browp, sirloin or a brace of canvas-
backs. : - ;'' . " '' ' "'"-
, Tha charm of good house-keeping is in
,; the order, econemy and taste displayed in
; attention to little things; and these little
tthmga have a wonderful influence.
, A dirty kitchen and bad cooking have driv
r. en many a one .from home to seek for com
fort and happiness somewhere else.
J Domestic economy is a science a theory
i of life which all sehsihlo women ought to
study, and practice. None of our' excellent
: girls are fit to 4e , married until they are
rt thoroughly educated in the deep and pro
r foand sciences of the kitchen. ' ,,'--
, See to it, all ye who are mothers, that your
daughters are all accomplished by an experi-
jBasntal knowledge of good heug-keeping.
The bank of Grafton, Grafton, Mass., was
robbed on the 7th inst., of $12,000, consisting
of seven thousand dollars in notes, and the res
idue in notes of the denomination of 50's, 10's
and 5's. The Boston Journal furnishes the
The cashier left the office abont ten o'clock
in the morning to go to the post office, and on
making up his accounts at 2 o'clock, found the
amount above named, which was contained in
two packages, to be missing. The bank is lo
cated in the second story of the building, and
when the Cashier left he locked the outside
door, of the banking room, but he left the vault
with the key in the door.
As it was known that the cashier and teller
were the only officers usually present during
that part of the day and that the teller was
absent on a visit to this city, it is Btirraised
that some one knowing to these facts was se
creted in the attic of the building, awaiting the
departure of the cashier for an opportunity to
effect the robbery.
It cannot be ascertained that there were any
strangers in the town yesterday, and no one of
a suspicious character is known to have visited
the bank. A young lad, of rather an evil rep
utation, residing in Grafton, has been arrested
on suspicion but the evidence against him pives"
scarcely any cine' as to who the guilty party
may be. It is not likely, however,, that the
deed was " committed -by any professional
hand, as a quantity . of bills and coin more
easily disposed of than the packages stolen,
were left untouched in the bank vault.1
- The name of the boy who is arrested,, is Al
bert Stockwell. He was privately" examined
and rerranded for further examination." The
evidence against him, however, rests on very
slight grounds. The cashier is held in $20,000
bonds to the bank, which will, of course, secure
the institution from loss.
Stanley, who now holds the same office in thai
newly formed cabinet. When it was propose,
by the ministry to appropriate the surplns reve
nues for the established church in ' Irelaudl'or
the establishment of a national school sysenn
Mr. Stanley differed with his colleagues And,
finding himself in a minority, he and Sir James
Graham, Lord "Ilipou, and the' Inke of jKich
mond, uiitil theu identified with the whifs, se
ceded faoui the party, and ultimately formed a
union with the conservatives, under sir Robert
In 1841, Mr. (then become Lord) Stanley
accepted oihee as colonial secretary in sir Rob
ert's second administration. In 1844, xluring
the the lifetime of his father he was summoned
by writ to tiie House of Lords as Baron Stan
ley, where his wonderful debuting power whs
effectively employed inthe service of his col
It was believed that there were serious dif
ferences of opinion between Lord Stuulev and
Sir Robert l'eel on questions of foreign policy,
the chief management of which was then con
tided to the Earl of Aberdeen; but the split
between the two great conservative statesmen
took place on the subject of the repeal of jtbe
com laws, Lord Stanley retiring from the cabi
net, and taking the leadership of the protec
tionists and the remnants of the tories. There
was no more bitter opponent of Lord John Rus
sell's whig ministry (1846-'52) than the bold
and chivalrous Stanley ; and on their resigna
tion in February, 1852, the Queen sent for the
Earl of Derby to form a cabinet, which he did
by cubing to his aid almost the same men as
he has now chosen. For the most they had
never held office before, and tho' many of them
Disraeli, Waipole, Packington, and Sugden,
wera men of ability audpower, they were
wsioiiy iiiexpeneneeu, ana were peculiarly un
fitted to cope with a House of Commons, a ma
jority of which was kiiowu to be of decidedly
free trade opinions. .
Finding that he was too weak in the House
to be able to carry on the business of the couu
try with advantage, Lor Derby dissolved Par
liament and appealed to the people. The re
sult was, the return of a House still .more deci
dedly opposed to protect.oniam than its prede
cessor. In December, 1852, the Derby cabinet
resigned, after nine mouths tenure of office, un
der circumstances of peculiar difficulty and em
barrassment. From that date to the present
overthrow of the Palmerston administration
Lord Derby in the Lords, and Air. Disraeli in
the Commons, have let a most bitter and nu
compromisii g opposition to her Majesty's gover
ment. On every question of importance; the
Crimean war; the mutiny in India; law reform;
in short, on every question, foreign or (lometic
Lord Derby brought to beurall his vast powers
as au orator; his varied acquirements and ad
mirable qualities as a debater, to defeat the
As a statesman Lord Derby certainly ranks
among the first men of the age and as an
accomplished scholar and as a refined gentle
man, he is net surpassed by any. In private
life he is much esteemed by those whom he ad
mits to his intimacy; but his haughty exclusive
ism and austere assertion of the privileges of
his order render him far from popular. At the
death of the Duke of Wellington, hevwas elec
ted by a unanimos vote Chancellor -of the Uni
versity of Oxford, which is one of the most en
vied positions in the United Kingdom, and is
only conferred on the most eminent men of . the
day. - '.-'.- '; ' '; - ;s '
Windfall. The origin of this term is
said to be the following: Some of the no
bility of England by the tenure of their
estates, were forbidden felling, any of the
trees upon them, the timber being reserved
for the use of the rovaV navv. Such trees
as fell without cutting, were the property of
iu occupant; a tornado, therefore, was
quite a joyful event to those who had the
occupancy of extensive forests, and the wind
fall was sometimes of very great value.
A lady, paying a visit to her daughter who
was a young widowasked her f why she wore
the widow's garb so long.' Dear mamma,
don't you see? replied the daughter; 'it saves
me the expense of advertising for a husband
as every one can see I am for sale by
rat contract, .
The following sample of -'darkev" talk
.characteristic and amusing: - "
"So you bad a bad susancide at ' your house
lass night, Sam," said a eolored gemniand on
meeting his colored crony, waiter at a hoteh -
"Oh yes, Lemuel, dat we "had it Ttlmoss
scart me into takin' a drink. :. ne was jfst from
California, wid heeps of newspapers. He cam
oberde-Jerecipelus by de Nigsrerauge ront and
pntup at our house prehioo to his 'ribal.' I
tort de man wag oa ob ns he(3 bekase he gub
me a shilling. as Soon as he laid eves ,on .me
from dat rnmit j tnck br him for" fear-sum in
terested pngson might set a hold ob him, De
next morning', as the chamber maid was asrwone
up stairs wid a sknttle ob coal for her breakfass;
she smelt lodlnm, passinsr' the man's . do;" soon
as she. smelt dat she smelt a rat. She knocked
to de man's do' but no answer .'Den she. knock
ed to de man's do' bnt no answer. Deri she
broke de do' down, and darlaiddemnn wid del
boots on. and in he troat was a sticking in a
bottle of lodlnm. She hollered' and we, all
ketched hold ob de bottle to pnl it ont. but it
wasn't no use. We had to send for the sturgeon.-
Pe sturgeon cum, aid made a decision
here in de neck, nie borox, which j-eached as
de eqoilbrum reached into ,de ;sarafosrus, and
puttinsr a cortven in de, lecission, gnb it a poke
wid a dipatehlus, when out flew de bottle, and
all wns safe,'' '. U - 4.- '. ., -. '.
"What was safe, Sam, de man?'
''No de bottle de man was ded afore de
stnrjreon-cnm; but he had to do sumfin to "earn
a feeler." - . '
"Wns dere anything found in de pockets
Sam?" - - - . ,
; ''How do you 'spose I know? Do yon tink
I'd put my hand in to feel. What yon mean
to insiewate." v - ,
"Oh, nnffin only I neber seed yon hab sich
good close on afore, data all"
ble tenements, somewhat elevated, whites occu
pied one end of the building, negroes the other
while in the intermediate porch, cattle would
be huddled as thick as they could stand. In
very many instances, however, the houses them
selves were deserted, the owners having been
compelled' to betake themselves to dugouts,
boats aud rafts, or whatever came first to baud.
The suffering and distress of the inhabitants
is described as having been severe Hi the ex
treme Our informant states that up to the
time he left, fears were entertained that the
leveewould give way in other places below the
first break, and all who could render any effect?
iye service, were busily employed catching drift
wood, aud piling it upon the levee, and using
all other means in their power to raise it, so as
to curb the impetuous flood. '
Another dispatch from St. Louis, dated Fri
Fuller acconts from below-state that mnch
damage has-been done by a great rise in the
Mississippi and Arkansas rivers From the
mouth of White river to the Louisiana line,
there are bnt few places that will escape being
submerged. Whole cottou plantations are now
. The town of Napoleon is completely inunda
ted from the depth of two to ten feet.
The south -side of the Arkansas river has
overflowed, caused immense destruction of prop-
perty; the JNorth side is comparatively safe.
The river is failing, now, but. the back water
froi the Mississippi extends 80, miles from its
The levees on the east side of the Mississippi
have not yet given away.
Louisiana Sugar Crop.
''We have received the annual statement of P
A Champomier relating to the Sugar crop of
Louisiana. being prepared with much care,
after an examination of each parish to ascertain
the actual amour t of sugar produced; this pub
lication is looked to by sugar dealers with con
siderable interest. After referring to the ad
verse circumstances attending cane culture du-
rinsr the last vear or two, the author sneaks of
the present.condition of the crop with hopeful
anticipations He says :
"As to the coming crop. I will venture no
speculative suggestion. -The number of acres
planted may be less than last year, but the rat
toons which failed almost totally then, now
give promise to more than supply the deficiency
of plant cane with on ordinarily propitious sea
son and the absence of the unusual circum
stances which have weighed so heavily on the
sugar interest of the State for the last three
years. I have a conviction that the energy of
our planters will enable them to overcome any
ordinary dithcnlties, and that the result will
show that the depreciators of Louisiana as a
sujrar producing country, are very much in
In giving a recapitulation of the products of
the several parishes, it is found that 1,294 su
gar hrnses have given an aggregate production
of 219,691 hogsheads of sugar, weighing 301,
666,10ft pounds, allowing 1,100 pounds to the
hogshead. This includes 240,308 hogsheads,
made under the old process, and 39,388 refined,
clarified, and cistern. Steam is used on 835
plantations,, and horse power on 359. 7'he
production of molasses hus been in about the
same proportion a3 in former seasons, if. not
more 'abundantso that the entire crop of mo
lasses is put down at 19,518,190 gallons,
against 4,8.82,380 ,the year previous. The
Louisiana sugar crop for the last ten. years is
as follows : . -
"Before, the 'Ver '1858 'is' over ?t " wtjl probnWv
consist of thirtv-foor States. "rTn','!isand
Oresron are torte admitted Tn another yppr
we mnv have " Onifrn comp',er'd of pnrt
of Michigan and WiseoMS?" nrtnlx!rr for ad
mission. Then will corrie JNcbrnska nnd per
haps, "Wnsh'ngton, and the Texns will nmb
ablv be asking for a separate State to h rnodo
ont of part of their extensive terr'torv. The
changes are f.iir that within four or five vpa's,
the Union will consist of thirty-six . or thirty
eight States Petersburg Express.
Proposals will he received at the
f the WeMern Railroad Company
j in Fayette ilie, unil the 2i) of April, at n;n, for
jhij-ing 11 milos of Track, commencing at Fnyette-
ville. tjpcifacainui-i can he seen at me engineer's
Oiii.-e iu Fayettevili.-, on and after the loth inst.
W. A. KUTER,
- Ch. Eng. W. R. K.
April 10, 1353. 2t
The adrenal . meeting ot' the Stockholders of the
Five-iv51ii?sr",Br- i'Junk Road Company, will
i'Stu' p!ae Iff thWa Uall, on the-29tli inst., at 11
,cSs. - JNO. M. HOSE. U1K.
i & W, P. R. Co.
April 10 185S, 2t
1: .Pi! -nr '
ts fjf C& a&si.A!si a
AKEN UP bv the Subscriber on the 30th
March, a Grey HORSE, supposed to be
10 or 12 years old, has marks of gear. Said Horse
when taken uu was conmicr from the course of
-V . : ). .;V
T Save HarnM.
It is the harv side of leather thnt ' cracks;
and if harness is made f if doubled so tht the
fleshv sides are ontward. nnd (if sinsrle so that
the r.f ir s'de is next to the horse, it will not
pracfc I'hft moisture of the horse will soften
the hnirv ?nV- and the bend Vveing so that, the
flwel.r c.ri ta nn r.'e ontpide of the segment of
the circle, no provocsi'on s given to the inside
of the rircln, to crnck. vT.Ton harness hive
lasted twentv venrs nncrflked, SiT"1 n7 ns
means. The harness mnkpr will obt-Tt Trt
beennse he cannot nn infe trlenther In. n np
otherwise eonld. Bnt stirmp-leathers nre made
so, and so are shoes, and why not. harness!
New Cavatuav Coinage Canada has jnst
adonted a recimnl rnrrencv. The new co:ns
have been prepared at the "Enelish mint, and
the first consignment is daily expected to arrive.
The silver coinace consists of five ten nrd 20
cent pieces. Cents have also been struck
As yet no quarters have been coined; bnt the
conveniences atendinr their nse will soon add
Jlhem to the list. This change will he an ac
comodation, not onlv in Canada, bnt a'so in
our frontier States, between w'iose Inhabitant?
and the Canadians a larcre end inreneinc bus
iness intercoursa exists. Petersburg Express.
' " m-n
The Chinese offlial censns of 1.925. stated
the population of that immense empire .it l.ree
hnndred and sixty-seven million six hundred
and'thirtv-two thousand nine hnndred a"d five.
That of Japan is variously estimated at from
twenty-five to fiftv millions, while that of Rinm
is not more thfcn five millions. The three mav
be estimated in ronnd numbers, nt pomethitio-
MKe tonr nnndrert monons l ne snprhc?ai ex
tent, of these nations is from one and three
fourths to two millions of square miles.
Crop of 1848,
Crop of 1853,
y The Crops.
We have recently passed through four coun
ties in East Tennessee, (says the Knoxville
Whig,) and we were somewhat- particular to
notice the prospect for wheat the coming har
vest. The prospects are cheering iu the high
est degree, and, while the quality of the yonng
wheat is so very good and promising, the
quantity promises a yield never before realized,
should the season he favorable.
The appearance of the wheat crop (says the
Atlanta Intelligencer) in Tennessee and Chero
kee Georgia, we are assured by several gentle
men who" have paid much attention to it, is re
markably fine, giving promise of an abundant
harvest. If no jnishap befalls it, the crop must
exceed that of any previous 3'ear. .
.The Danville (Va) Republican states that
tobacco is coming in freely, and bears raue.h
Wtter prices than the most sanguine could bare
hoped tor. . r . - -;
About ZaiesviJIe, Ohio, the peach prospects
are said to be good, notwithstanding the wail
ings of the croakers.
The grasshoppers are said to be very bad in
the vicinity of San Antonio, Texas, and in most
of the counties southwest of that ooint. : Seri
ous apprehensions are entertained by the plant
ers that the crops will be destroyed, - "
The Trinity (Texas) Advocate says that veg
etation is just commencing m that portion of the
State. It is thought that the fruit bas been
seriously injured Tj the heavj frosts. "
B'There are in the city of New York near
lv 40.000 womai who sew for a living. About
13.000 of these are shirt makers, 11,000 ra l
oresses aud vesrmtkers. 4.400 c!o;ik and mM
tilla makers, 3000 dressmakers suid ni"lH"erc.
besides those employed in other brnrj'-iie- of
neenieworK. .Most ot tt't-si1 w??nan ii;iv tf-cn
out of employment during the past winfr-r;ouly
about, 3000 of them, it is s-iid, have had wor k
to do during this period. Sh;rt makers ee -rally
receive 25 cents a day. The introduction
of sewing machines has thrown a great many
out of employment.
A Sailor's Greatest Wantt. We remember
once seeing a specimen of a senior's letter, which
ran in this wise: 'Dear Jack 1 want you to
send me some pigtail tobacco a tarpaulin hat
and a pair ofdnck trowsers. Yon must be sure
and send the pigtail. The hat you can sret
at Old Snigger's in Cheapside If you forjret
everything else don't forget the pigtail. The
trowsers they sell at Pewter Jimmy's are well
sewed. Send me lotts of pigtail.
Your friend, T. M.
. N. B. l?e sore and remeber the pigtail. The
last you sent me from Swab's had no strength
P. S. Don't forget the pigtail.
NEW DRY GOODS.
H i just received and offers for Sale,
uperfiue Cloths, Cassiiners, Satinets, Kentucky
Jeans, Tweeds, Denims, Linen Drilling, Irish
Linen, Shirting, Sheetings, liedticks, Pril
liantees, Ginghams, Fancy Print Cambrick,
Jaconet, Swis Tarlton Nan took Muslins,
Euauiled lelts. Mu.-lin Collars, Cupes,
and Under Sleeves.
MITS, GlaOVSS, G-AITNIiETS,
Hosery, lluches, Artificials, llibbons,
Tweeds. Tapes, Coats Spool Cotton,
Silk Mapolitan Craid, Straw
Bonnets, Moleskin & J
Gaiters, Boots, Shoes, Sc Ploro Matting
It i' SPECTPUL LY
'pVtsi inform llis, fri?nd.s and
J!r3& the public t.-!lt 11 V s ""W"
r UX- opening and rece. vil,S'113
i M SPUING AXL
i.4 i fffJ0 Stock cf Clothing
sri J.t-''- Consisting oi ercy vti-
;" - riely of Styles
A' largo usorhn.'tit of Gentlemen's furnishing
Goods; ulso a su)'Iy of Cliildreu'w and Youlhs
Chthing; all ofwhiJh wdl be sold cheap for casb
or to pnunpt paving t uaitomers.
April 10, 18.38. - tf
Spring and &i
A celebrated dandy was one evening
in company, with &.youngJady, and.observ
ingher kiss her favorite poodle, lie ad van
ced and begged, the like favor, remarking
that she ought to have as much chanty for
him as she had shown the dog. "Sir," said
the belle, "I never kissed my dog when he
was a puppy." The fellow took the hint;
and was off instanter.
CUMBERLAND COUNTY AGRICUL
Farmers of Cumberland and Harnett, allow
us to remind you of the fact,-that if you wish
to compete successfully. for the premiums to be
awarded at the next Agricultural Fair, nw is
the time to commence the work. When the
time arrives for holding the Fair it will be too
late to sow your seed. And as the Committee
are anxious that the next Exhibition shall be
the best, and have determined to spare no pains
in securing so desirable an object, we hope that
a simple suggestion will be sufficient to secure
the hearty occupation of all. .
There is no Farmer, let his means be ever so
limited, or his farm ever so small, but may
make some of the productions of his fields or
garden not only profitable to himself, but cred
itaole to the exhibition.
Due notice will be given of the time for hold
ins the next Fair. The list of premiums will
be published as soon as revised, and will be
made liberal to every branch of industry.
Let us all aniteip -the worjc, and success will
crown oar efforts.
' FTKTTiviLLB, March 30 858.
i jrf rrr ir "wy.un T.
ONE OF THE .MOST MAGNIFICENT
l.VD FAZXCY DRY GOODS,
. lio.n.tts, lre.-s Triminiiiirs;
.urn.' i the most beautiful Ko'bes
u'Oiuiis, uii tiie fis'uion.
'.".U-iivi Mrtfi.ftnicnt of
CLOTH !NG, i I AKUW Ai.'i;, C U T L Ii X ,
Fanning I ii.p!'-iiiciit. Boots, .Vhoes, Straw,
ljetf i,o i! and Pana inn Hats, Trunks,
Carpet lias aud- Valiecs, Para
sols, Sn shades. Fans, aud
Afaking in nil ore of the handsomest assortments
ever exhibited in this market. Ladies and Gen
tlemen of Luuibcrtoii, and liobeson County in
geneinl, :iro very respectfully solicited to give an
S, W. ERRANT.
Lumberton, Iiobcsou Co., N. C.
ylpril 10, 2t.
BACON, IiARD, AND PORK.
BUDS. DAOuN. well hmoked.
20 Ubls. Leaf Lard. -
75 " Mess l'orli.
3." Sacks Coifce. -
25 libls Sugar.
40 Boxes Jaady.
3.) No 1 Soap.
Oranges, Raisins, fcc.
The above goods wire bought of Commission Mer
chants, and very cheap for Cash, and. will be sold
cheap for Cash only. E. F. MOORE. .
April 3. 1858 - tf
WHISKEY AND BRANDY".
BBLS Corn Whiskey,
30 13 bL Apple Brandy,
15 " Domestic do,
15 " N. E. Hum.
The above Whiskey is the pure Corn Whiskey
selected by myself with care, and equal to any
made in the State, and will be sold at the lowest
market price for Cub. ' h- F. 3100KL-
April 3, 1858 - tf
Subscriber has on hand and
'ojp-e , Sw.irs, Tea,Mokisses, Syrup, Saltjron ,
Steel, Naih, Horse Shoes Sf Nads, Axes,
Hoes, Shovels, Sjiadcs, 1 orfes, irace-.
chains, Black Smith Tools, Broun
soap, Candles, Candies, Sole
Leather, Negro Shoes,
Hats, Blankets &f
Collars, Glass Sf Putty,
Cotton Bugging, Manilla '
Rojie, White Lead, Common
ami fine Cigars, 4 Tobacco,
Powder, and Shot, and Vinegar,
and many articles not enumerated: aM m waut can be
,UBJlied'as cheap as can be bought ,n g
Oct. 31, ' , , ;