tf vCv X r
- - 1 r - fc. . - 11 i- i - ... f . ., . . ... -m ... i . ., . wry. - , - -
? Methodist Eriscopal kurch South.
INTERESTING DISCISSION ON PRESS AND ORNAMENT.
At the General Conference, held at Nashville
on the 13tlrinst., the Rev. J. Lusk called np
the resolution on dress, laid on the table Wed
nesday, 12th inst.
Rev. C. K. Marshall wanted to know wheth
er it would not suit the brother to let the mat
ter lie over, and come up hereafter in connec
tion with t he resolution of Dr. Drake about
lining the hymns, instrumental music in churches
riding circuits on horseback or in waggons, etc
The resolution in question recommends the
striking out from the Discipline, sec. 8, on page
108, entitled "Of Dress."
The Rev. Mr Lusk said there was a glaring
inconsistency ir. the chinch. We stood, as a
church, in direct conflict with the rule. It
was a standing evidence of an awful apostacy.
It was a scandalous inconsistency. W hat class
of Methodists conformed to this rule? Go in
to our churches in Louisville, Nashville, Char
leston, New Orleans, and gold was seen every
where, in every form that it would be seen upon
a bioadwuy dandy in New York. Such was the
laxity of administration, that candidates would
he received into the. church, though loaded
down with a weight of gold under which they
could scarcely walk. Persons would be taken
into full connection, would be licensed to preach
would be recommended to the travelling con
nection, though wearing gold in every form. It
was a reproach. It was thrown up to us in
every part of the connection. Why, then, re
tain the rule, which was a dead letter? That
we might revive it? As well think of reviving
n Egyptian mummy, that had been sleeping
three thossand yearsi If we retain the rule,
we retain it in constant violation of it. Let
the brethren wear gold if they pleased; he cared "j
noi nowmiicii tnev vrear: but omr it ttmce
ue rule, w e mmmrimmmmmrmK. goo:
'one; we would keep ft fa the Discipline; but we
would not observe it. One brother said to him
he would wear his gold spectacles, and still
vote for retaining the rule. The glass would
magnify just as much if set in steel or iron.
The speaker continued to declaim in a most
edifying manner about gold studs, gold sleeve
buttons, and gold spectacles, and gold watch
chains, and gold-headed canes, and five hun
dred dollar diamond breast-pins; and his style
rose to the sublimity of his theme, and his speech
throughout was fraught with a most refreshing
fervor. Methodist preachers, he said, would
haste to meet the rich, loaded down with jew
elrv, when they came forward to join the church
while the poor and afflicted were neglected and
uncarcd for, &e.
llev-. B. M. Drake had read in an old book
that tiiose who compared themselves among
themselves, and measured themselves by them
selves, were not wise. He was sorry to see his
respected brother doing so. Whether the
standard were right or wrong, he (Mr Lusk)
was for bringing it down to the practice of our
people. This was not the course to be pursued.
lie had known instances of improvement in
respect to dress through the influence of that
section . lie hardly expected to hear his broth
er say he did not care how much gold people
wore. It was ridiculous to acknowledge that
the superfluity of dress was wrong, and then
expunge the rule against it because it did not
come up to the standard. He would have no ob
jection to change that section into the strongest
ianguagc of Scripture, but was not prepared
for striking out all that concerned the subiect
The llev. J. E. Edwards, of Petersburg, Ya.
felt a little surprise at the remarks he had
heard. They were levelled not against dress,
but against gold spectacles, buttons and canes.
this was the staple of the brothers whole ar -
gument. lfl understand the General Rule, it
is against the putting on of gold simply as an
ornament, which certainly dues not apply toil
fsucit things as s(cctncfcs ana canes.
these things were forbidden, there
word in the Scripture against men wearing, but
only "the women;" so that on Scripture ground
we miixht claim an exemption from the law.
The brother's remarks were unfortunate He
charged us with pressing to embrace the rich,
ami receive, them into the church, while we
passed by the children of poverty and sorrow.
I it-pel the imputation and will till I die! Per
haps some of us are not as particular, in regard
to superfluity of dress and ornament, in receiv
ing persons into the church as we should be;
but the evil certainly does not prevail in our
section of the country, to the extent indicated
in the brother's remarks. I am opposed to
striking out. Let the section stand, and bring
"up the people to the standard. If we cannot
lo it. let us have the satisfaction of knowing
that we have done what we can. J
The lU v Leroy M. Lee, of Richmond, Ya., j
citd not feel a great deal of interest in the mat- i
ter, thongh he had to use his gold spectacles
to see what was iu the Discipline. He did not
understand it, and never had understood it.
What ornament was superfluous? Who could
tell? The language ceitainly allowed some or
nament; who should say at precisely what point
ornament came superfluous? When was orna
jnent superfluous, in style, in quality, in quanti
ty, in value? The best way to treat the whole
subject was to omit the section. It was to va
giK3 fit! indefinite Where was the rule? llev.
S P Richardson Here it is in the General rue
"The putting oa of gold and costly appa
rel." Rev Dr. Lee continued Will you tarn a
rerson out for wearing gold spectacles or a
I . . . . i t I I . . -1. i. n n j-itAi I r i it it'
UirHM win: liuic luu uti uv-i -
-Where is the man that can stand up and say lie
ever did it, and with the approval of his breth
ren? Who can define and limit this matter?
We sometimes make a great clamor about
gold. We may carry as many twenty dollar
gold pieces in our pockets as we please, but if
ilwuid happen to stick a little bit of it
about here somewhere (laying his hand npon
his breast), somebody is greatly scandalized.
We may store up as laaeh gold as we can in
our coffers, but if we should nsake fl hole in a
go'.a uciiar ana hang it to a uuiton-uoie, suujc
one would imme-iliately be offended. I heard
the eccentric Mr Marat say, that when some
one asked him why ho dul not preach, against
dress, he replied that when he went tir.d-shoot--ing
he always tried to shoot oif the feathers.
I never did preach against dress- I always
fomut enough else to preach about; I prefer to
preach Christ and him crucified. We ha-ve a
i-ule which we cannot execute. It does no
good, aud nevgr did any. J am for erasing it,
Rev. L. Pearce fiaia he lenpw rnn
lady expelled for wearing fa feer bonnet aa ar
iificial gower which cost twelve tnd-a-half cents'
"We have no standard but the opiuioo f the
preacher who executes the Discipline.
Rev. M J Black well I &ca sorry that ikis
question has been sprung upon us. We are
joaking l'ie natter worse and worse as we
proceed with it; but I must be permitted to
say that some strange arguments have been
offered -on one s:3e of the question. A brother
from Virginia says there is nothing improper
3 he ise of gold spetae'e" and gold headed
Mi,?, ami vet admits t;.ut. the wearing of
an ri:u!iH:tit. is prohibited in i
1 - 1
feriuturte. Vci, sir is cct the gclu placed J
friend Dr Lee from Virginia, tells us that he hasj
. . 1 f I J 1 1 1 1. ! 1 . T
a certain nnmoer oi rjoiu cionars in ms pocKei.
Very good; and probably God designed that
lie should have them, for I suppose that the
Lord designed that gold should be used as a
circulating medium in the transaction of busi
ness. But, Mr President, I wish it distinctly
understood, here and elsewhere, that I cannot
reach tlose sisters in the Church who are vio
lating our rules by wearing jewelry, while some
of our distinguished ministers are walking about
with flue gold headed canes, wearing gold spec
tacles, and with elegant gold watch-chains
swinging from their watch fobs. I hope we
shall come directly to a vote on the question.
I am not in favor of indefinite postponement.
Rev. David Doggett, D. D., editor of the
Qnarterly Review, was unwilling that Dr Lee's
speech should go forth as an exponent of the
sentiments of Virginia on this subject.
Dr. Lee I only intended to give my own.
Dr Doggett resumed I know they are his
own I cannot agree with him. I hope the sec
tion will ever be retained, at least substantially.
It is the standing voice of the Church against
excess in that direction. It is no time now to
suppress that voice. If ever there was a period
when the testimony was needed, it is now. I
ara an advocate for good taste, but the foolish
and expensive fashion to which the world is
driving with locomotive velocity ought to be
arrested. Brother Lusk spoke of the discrep
ancy between the practice and the ride, and
would have the rule suppressed because it is
not observed. But, because we are wrong, does
it follow that the rule is wrong?' I believe the
testimony of the Church on this subject is right
because it is founded on the Scriptures on the
deep and unalterable principles involved in
the verv genius ct cnrislianitv. 1 none Uie i
i i . :&j - .fl .aii&jMaam
tUKJ V! .11 -i J 1 1 i n ll in l j I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 IX, ii paimui
to me that, at this particular period, there is a
tendency to set at defiance all our former stan
dards. The Rev. Dr. Charles F. Deems, ofWilming
ton, N. C, was in favor of expunging, but culd
not adopt the logic of statements of the mover.
We should not have it in the book of Discipline
becausewe were a Chnrch. He concurred in
deprecating the tendency to superfluity, but did
not think this section would check it. It was
lifting a straw to the whirlwind. The rule
might do for some little ba id, the parasite of
an established church, that dared not call itself
a church: but for us it was
would do for the regulation
of a society, but
for the Church to assume to be the mantuama-j
Ker, milliner ana tauor of ner members, was a
contemptible desecration of her sacred office.
The motion to strike out the section conies from
Mississippi, a reforming conference. The great
the good, whom we no longer see among us
Dr Winans struck a blow at the "enormous
bonnets." The speaker would move this as
equally useless. Let ns try, said he, to get
the tiue sap of grace circulating through the
tree, and it will put fourth such leaves as shall
be the beauty of Zion, but it is useless to go
about pulling off this leaf and that, etc. I hope
the church will no longer give a form of fashion
to her members.
Under the force of the previous question,
1 -l.-l n
moved by E. Wadsworth, the subject was indefi
Bishop Souie, with reference to the foregoing
said: It is made the duty of the preachers to
read the General Rules (with reference to su
perfluous ornaments) once a quarter in every
society, and once a year in every congregation.
Has this been done? and may it not be that the
neglect on the part of the preachers on this
important point in the instructions may have
j contributed in some degree to the increase of
superfluity of ornament in the Church? Jf 1 his
j had been carried out faithfully hy th ptCachers
think titers would been an improvgd
ii j condition of things in respect to tins matter,
ajThe brother said this section had done no good.
I think very differently. At least, sir, fifty
years ago it did good. The Methodists of that
day were a simple people under the observance
of their rules. They knew each other wiieu
they met. They came out from the world, sir
they were separated from the world.
Silas Wright's Wealth. The Daily Wis
cotisis edited by Cramer, formerly of Albany,
speaking of the wealth of the most eminent
American statesmen, concludes his list with
t!3 following reference Lo Silas Wright: "Silas
Wright, with his estate of $4,000, was really
wealthier than many others are with $100,000.
He owed no man anything; he met his obliga
tions with the utmost promptness, and never
indulged in any luxury that he could not pay
for. He was a model of republican simplicity.
It should also be understood that he was
not mean in saving money. There was some
thing glorious in witnessing a great statesman
like Silas Wright, never asking a pecuniary
favor or even accepting one; yet possessing on
ly an income that could support him and his
wife in frugality. When he was elected Gov
ernor of the great State of New York, he was
known to be too poor to furnish his own house.
His rich friends got together and without his
knowledge made up a subscription which wae
tendered to him as a gift, in order to furnish
his mansion. This he respectfully but kindly
declined, saying with a true Roman grandeur,
that he could not consent to receive such a
favor from any one even from his most esteem
ed friends he was elected by the people lo be
governor of the State of New York, and he
considered it his imperative duty to live on
whatever income the people had appended to
that office, and he did live on that income while
he was governor, in good style, but with no
ostenation. Such an example on the part of
so eminent a man as he was, is one of those
precious legacies, that the young men of the
present clay should bear in mind as no true
greatness can ever be achieved so long as they
are the pecuniary slaves of even thsir nearest
friends. When a public man receives favors
that he cannot repay, he loses that sturdy inde
pendence so essential to usefulness, and an en
during popularity. 'L've within your own in
come,' is more important to one who aini3 to
be an influential aud useful statesman, than any
The Ohio Contested Election. Not
withstanding Mr Gilmer's speech in favor of
his friend, Mr Campbell, Black Republican,
that gentleman if it b.e allowable to call a
Black Republican a gentleman has been
unseated tiud Mr Vallanriigham, Democrat,
has been declared entitled to the seat. Camp
bell, it will be recollected, secured his elec
tion by illegal free negro votes. Sujph is the
man Mr Gilmer chose to defend. Verily
the ne dark lantern of our State is grow
ing darker and darker. Ral. Standard,
The Tcrf iv EtjLAj. We learn that
"ChaTlesteu" and "Priores&" base both been
entered for the Goodwood races, which are to
eoiiie off ot! the 2.0th of Julv next Both ani-
s arc said to be in Hue
condition. C'i. - fe'
on the head
GREENSBORO FEMALE COLLECT!
Tuesday and Wednesday of last week - wfre
occupied in examining the several classes in tfvis
Institution. The numerous spectators whq wire
pieseui, were wen pieasea wun me extr
All concede ability and fidelij to the.' Faculty.
In this College, the minds of ybung ladies (jFe;
thoroughly educated, both iu the solid andcr
namental branches. .f
The Annual Sermon, by the Rev. Wm. II:
Bobbitt, of Fayetteville, was noticed last week.
His theme was the "Friendship of Jesus." The
large audience paid marked attention to the
learned Minister, as he eloquently portf&yed
the great love of Christ, and enforced th,
trines of Christianity. . -
On Wednesday afternoon, the large 'College,
chapel was filled, to enjoy- a literary treafe.by
listening to the Address of Duncan K. M-cTWe
Esq., of Raleigh. Nor were they disa fainted.
Mr. McR's Address was one of markedpity, j
piUYIU iiilll LU i lipe SUUlill, VCIjfU t.ll
cieiit and modern literature. His style f de
livery is fluent and fasinatiug. In all Iiterftry
circles, he will take position as a polished, ; In-j
leingent, ana intellectual gentleman. wenave
not learned whether his Address is to be pub
lished or not.
The Concert, which came of! on Wednesday
night, was one of the best we have, ever - atwu
ded. The voung ladies acquitted themselves
most handsomely, and did great credit toe
skill and taste of their several musiclc
tors, in the performance of several -a,
pieces, the young ladies exhibited a'prof
in the science of vocal and instrumental!
which is but seldom attained. Thl
estimated to be at least or ; thousand V
present at the Concert. The commotTiousV
v V; .
e! was denselj' crowded ; andall
ue well nip.
Thursday was devoted to the Grartualig
oxprcises Tn-flro vrmn.r l.nlipq read CofllPO'
sitious and received" Diplomas. The convposi-
tions were highly creditable to the foung fadies j
who produced them. The Graduating class j
after r spI vimt ilipir Diiilnmns orpa tlvsiiBorised
Pres Jones, by the presentation of a' most
Tim O r;i dn i tin r Pvpvr-Isoa wprp pnnfllldffd bv
an Address from "the Rev. Turner, M. Jones, j
President of the Faculty, to the Graduating
class, dir. J's Address was appropriate to the
occasion, and in all respects, in good taste,
abounding in good sense, delicately and beau
tifully ; expressed. giving suitable advice to
those young ladies who had rone through the
prescribed College course of study, and received
the CoIIeire honors: and who
were about ,to
to enter upon
bid adieu to their College days
the bright but uncertain future.
The last, ha? been a very prosperous year in
this College. None of his predecesors has giv
en more general satisfaction than has President
Jones; and with a full and competent Faculty,
harmoniously laboring together, the Institution, of those on board, compelled to stop and sub
has been blessed with a goodly number of pu-i mit to detention until a boarding officer was
pils, there being 157 iu attendance the past satisfied in regard to such questions as it was
year. Nor would we let the occasion pass to ais pleasure to propound.
give expression to the general feeling of the , Besides the instances above cited, officially
friends of the College, in grateful acknowledge- ecinmunicatcd with the President's message, in
ment to the Rev. Joshua Bethel and Lady, who i reply to a call of the Senate, each successive
occupy the responsible posts of .Steward andjarrival from the infested quarter brings intelli
Stcwardess in this Institution. Tho place is genee of new and additionaiaggressions of like
one of great labor and care; and probably as character committed by the same Power on
difficult to satisfactorily fill as any position , vessels bearing the flag of the United States,
connected with the College. We believe Mr.j Tr has occasiona-llv hannpnpd hprp.tofnre. nn-
and Lady hnve succeeded, to the entire
in interested ill the DrOSDeritV
of the Institution
. We subjoin the subjects, of the Graduating
Compositions, with the names of the young la
dies who read them:
Salutatory Addresses Mi?s Annie Flood
Home, Mother and Heaven M
Annif AI. FJo.xl.
V rr i I xnv llrnthcr1 1. r
F. Pearce." G reensboro.il.
c charm me last 0:1 earth, and greet
me lirst in Heaven"
Guilford. "What were
urie A. Tatu:n,
without Mem -
Litiht" Jliss Virginia M. Gregory,
Washington. Leaves have their time to fall
Miss Martha A . Richardson Johnston. The
Power of a word Miss Apphia D Brooks
Chatham. "Material Beauties may fade away,
but those of Mind can ne'er Decay" Miss Lucy
J, ArmGeld, Iredell, In contemplation of crea
ted things, by steps we may ascend to God
Miss Laura L. Thomas, G reensborongh. The
dignity of labor Aiss Eliza C. Hussy, David
son. Charms strike the sight, but merit wins
Soul Miss Jlurtha L. Melton, Iredell. "Hope
springs eternal in the Human breast, man nev
er is, but always to be blessed" Miss
M. Woollen, Grecnsboron!h. "Weep with
them that weep" Miss allie A. Bailey,
Mocksville. Valedictory Addresses Miss Sal
lie A. Bailey.
Greensboro' JPat riot .
Wealth of cur Statesman.
Jefferson died comparatively poor. Indeed,
if Congress had not purchased his library, and
givpn for it five times its value, he would with
difficulty have kept the wolf from his door.
Madison saved money, and w as comparatively
rich. To add to his fortunes, however, or rath
er to those of his widow, Congress purchased
his manuscript papers, and paid thirty thousand
dollars for them.
James Monroe, the fifth President of the
! United States, died so poor that his remains
found a resting place through the charity of
one of the citizens.
John Qiiincy Adams left some hundred and
fifty thousand dollars, the result of industry,
prudence and inheritance. He a man of
method and economy.
Martin Van Barer is very rich. ThTougliOatr
his political life he has studiously looked out for.
his own interest. It is not believed that he
ever spent thirty shillings in politics. His
party shook the bush, and he caught the bird.
Daniel Webster squandered some millions in
his lifetime, the product of his profession and
his political speculations. He died, leaving
his property to his children, and his debts to
his friends. The former eold for less than
twenty thousand dollars.
Henry Clay left a very handsome estate. It
probably exceeded one hundred thousand dol
lars. He was a prudent manager, and a scru
pulously honest man.
James K. Polk left about one hundred and
fifty. thousand dollars fifty thousand of which
he saved from the Presidency of four years.
John Tyler is worth fifty thousand dollars.
Before he reached the Presidency he was a
bankrupt. In office, he husbanded his means
and then married a rich wife.
Zachary Tayler left one hundred and fifty
Millard Fillmore is a wealthy man, and keeps
his money in a very strong and safe box.
Ex-President Pierce saved some fifty thou
sand dollars from his term of service. But he
had a wav of his own.
A Printer's Toast. Woman the fairest
work of creation the edition being extensive
let no man be without a copy.
Our only eWeot'on to the work is that there
are too raanv
ncj leuud cop-
ics io the siarkct
From the IVashington Union.
Aggressions by British Cniiser3. -
We publish below the Report and Resolu
tions laid before the Senate on Friday, by Mr
Mason, the Chairman of the Committee on For
eign Relations, in regard to the late aggressions
which hare been committed by British cruisers
against American vessels in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Report, it will be perceived, takes strong,
and we need not say able, ground against the
admissibility of the pretension on which it is
supposed these proceedings have been author
ized bythe British Government, and contests
the right of search or visit as having no founda
tioiuin the law of nations, and as involving a
derogation of the sovereignty of the United
States. 1 he historical relations and national
importance of the subject combine to command
for the document that attentive perusal to which
it is entitled no less for its ability than for the
immediate interest awakened in the question by
The document accompanying the Message of
tne i resiaent snow a series or aggressive acts
on the commerce of the United States in the
Gulf of Mexico, and off the West India Islands
by the naval forces of Great Britain of a char
acter so marked and extraordinary as to have
fixed the attention of the country.
4 i .......
.American vessels, pursuing me paths of lawful-commerce
on the high seas, or passing near
i,iC 'H tiu cuzthiM i rum one aoraestic port to
. i. .1 i n f . 1
HiiuLiierj unucr me nag oi tneir countrv have
Vibeeii pursued, fired into, and compelled to stop
fci I i i i - r e -r-
frfhTfrrTltlfrMhff n Pr'Trf- qne4theresnlt. of these communications is laid before
ioned as to thpir rlftinnHrm trio!- r.r-n-n n,i
- - -- - uu.v.a.L.u.. v.mv.l III f - tl t V. 1
the character of their crew;
required to submit
lo an examination of their sea-papers, and to a
searching into the objects and purposes of their
In another instance American vessels, an-
chored in the harbor of a friendly Power, at the
i 1 "g'lu ii.i vx i anue, in tne lsianu oi iuoa
nave been subjected to a -public inquisition by
same foreign Power, and in like manner re-
quired to exhibit their papers, and submit to
questions as to their destination, the cause of
their absence from home, and the number and
character of their crews.
It' would appear from the letter of the Consul
of the United Statesat Havana (a document
accompanying the message) that no less than
fifteen American vessels lying in the harbor, or
in port at Sarua La Grande, were made to
undergo this humiliating system of espionage,
whilst six vessels on the high seas, in the Gulf
of Mexico, bearing their country's flag, were,
as above stated, by actual exhibition and use of
force, endangering in some instances the lives
der circumstances of misapprehension, or rais
! rniist.riw-tinn of rrWa np fmm ntlipr mid tit-p
causes, that vessels of the United States have
been subjected by the armed force of foreign
Power to visitation and search, in violation of
international law and in derogation of the inde
pendence of our flag; and in isolated cases the
honor of the country may have been sufficiently
v icilitw twl b- .1 t ' - 1 ti
oy reouke of the officer offending; but the con
tinuous and persevering character of the ag-
j gressiuns now brought to the notice of the
! ccuntrv. committed hv a. Powsr with whom wr
are at peace, and almost within sight of our own
shores, are sufiiecut to arouse the just indigna
tion of t lie people, and to call, in the opinion of
the committee, for the most prompt and efficient
measures'to arrest at once, and to end. fixedly
and fcrever, the commission of like indignities
to our flag.
The documents accompanying- the message
disclose the fact that these acts of visitation
and examination of American vessels were
sought to be justified under the plea of necessi
ty for the suppression of the slave trade, sup
posed to be or actually carried on between
(Africa and the Island of Cuba.
The committee will not go into any inquiry
in reference to such alleged necessity. It is
sumcient for them to know that the assent of
the United States, although often invoked, has
never been yielded to any such system of policy
on the seas. They rest on the position, not to
be controverted, that by no principle of inter
national law can a vessel, under the flag of its
country, be visiied or detained on the high
seas in time of peace by any foreign Tower, un
der any pretext, or any purpose whatever,
without the consent of those over whom the
Without going at largc'into the questions
heretofore involved as to the right of indepen
dent nations, on that common highway of the
world, the open sea, the committee nevertheless
deem this a lit occasion to declare the princi
ples always maintained by the United States
as regulating the use of the open or high seas
in time of peace, and from which are derived
rights to the people of the United States ad
mitting of no restraint or qualification, and to
be maintained at whatever cost.
There is no right
of visitation, far less of
search, tube exercised in time of peace by any
nation on the ships or vessels of other nations,
nor can there be so long as the sentiment of the
civilized world, touching the freedom of the
seas, is respected by civilized men. Such a
claim, therefore, having no foundation in law or
in the comity of nations, can never be tolerated
by an independent Power but in derogation of
her sovereignty. Neither is there any distinc
tion to be drawn in the claim of right between
risitation at sea by the armed vessels of a for
eign Power, when unattended by examination
or search or such visitations when so attended.
The offence and violation of public law consists
in the visitation, without regard to its purpose
when claimed as a right against the will of the
party subjected to it; for were it otherwise
there would follow of course the correlative
right to arrest and detain the vessel until the
visitation is effected.
The committee find these principles admitted
and enforced by the opinions and the decisions
of the most eminent judicial authorities both in
this country and in Great Britain. The case
of the "Mariana Flora," in the Supreme Court
of the United States, reported in 11 Wfeeaton
page 1, and in England the case of 'Le Louis,'
decided by Lord Stowell in 1817, and reported
in Dodson'6 Admirality reports, vol. 2, page
210.) They are founded on two simple ele
meutary principles of public law: First, in the;
equality of all independent States; and, second
the common use, by a!! recognised States, of
the open sea as a highway in time of peace. j
Such are the rights and i-uaitics cf csri
citizens navigating the bceati which have been
flagrantly violated and outraged by armed ves
sels of a foreign power, in time of profound
peace, and in some instances, almost within sight
of bar own-shores. Indignant as the American
people are and ought to be at the character
and persistent repetition of such aggressions,
yet their ofecurf ence and gravily will opportune
ly supply the occasion to end, now and forever
all future question as to this right of visitation
at sea between the United States and the offen
ding Power. And the committee refrain only
from recommending at oncesnch additional leg
islation as would be most effectual to protect
the commerce of the country from aggressions
of the character thus brought to theVotice of
the Senate, from the fact that the President
(as shown by the letter of the Secretary of the
Navy accompanying the message) ha3 already
ordered all the disposable naval force of the
country into the infested quarter, with orders
'to protect all vessels of the United States on
the high seas from search or detention by the
vessels of war of any other nation. These are
preventive measures only, and temporary in
their character, but, in the judgment of the
committee, go to the full extent of the power
of the Executive in the absence of legislative
provisions. It is believed, however, that they
will arrest for the present, further like offences
in the quarter whence they have proceeded.
It appears further from these documents that
the altered state of the relations between the
United States and Great Britain which must
arise from the aggressive conduct of her armed
vessels has already been brought to the notice
of that Power by communications from the Sec
retary of State, addressed to the British Minis
ter here and to the iliinister of the United
States at London. It cannot be known, until
f rnnnrocanoTfart hfi p.r.fs in niiesllOn "frill be
V.'t V i 'U , ..v" -
avowed or disavowed by the Government heTcTr
responsible. It is the earnest hope of the com
mittee thai the course of that Government will
be of a character to satisfy the just demands
of this Goverment, and at the same time to fur
nish a guarantee against the repetition of the
offence. Nothing short of this, in the opinion
of the committee, will be compatible with peace
ful relations between the two countries.
In the present posture of the affair, therefore
the committee forbear from recommending any
additional legislation to enable the President
to protect American vessels on the high seas
from the aggressions of foreign Powers; but
they will not forbear the declaration that such
legislation must be promptly supplied, should
the result show that it is needed to afford con
stant and full immunity to our vessels engaged
. 1 1. :u ( n
in lawful commerce on uie mgu e uiu an
arrest, molestation, or detention, under any pre
tence or from any qnarter.
In conclusion, the committee recommend the
adoption of the following resolutions:
Resolved, As the judgment of the Senate,
that American vessels on the high seas, in time
of peace, bearing the American flag, remain
under the jurisdiction of the country to which
they belong; and therefore, any visitation, mo
lestation, or detention of such vessels by fore
or by the exhibition of force, on the .part of a
foreign Power, is in derogation of the sovereign
ty of the United States.
"Resolved, That the recent and repeated vio
lation of this immunity, committed by vessels
of war belonging to the navy of Great Britain
in the Gulf of Mexico and the adjacent seas,
and otherwise forcibly detaining them on their
their voyage, requires, in the judgment of the
Senate, such unequivocal and final disposition
of the subject by the Governments of Great
Britain and the United States, touching the
rights involved, as shall preclude hereafter the
occurrence of like aggressions.
IlasoJveL That llm Snalo fully orM-- -
the action of the Executive in sending a naval
force into the infested seas, with orders "to
protect all vessels of the United States on the
high seas from search or detention by the ves
sels of war of any other nation." And it is
the opinion of the Senate that if it become
necessary such additional legislation should be
supplied in aid of the Executive power as wili
make such protection effectual."
A Blue Bird i.v a Bottle. The West
Roxbury (Mass.) Gazette gives the following
"Oue of our neighbors happening to have a
large bottle, bethought himself of placing it in
the branches of a tree near his house, for the
birds to build in. After a short time the mem
bers of his family'perceived a pair of blue birds
continually, day after day, flying about and
coming up to the mouth of the bottle, as if
endeavoring to get in. After this had lasted
about a week the gentleman one day took a
hammer np to the tree to knock off the neck
of the bottle, so that the birds might enter,
when npon doing so a blue bird flew out. The
prisoner had undoubtedly succeeded in making
his way in, but from the slippery ascent to the
neck had been unable to escape, and had pro
bably been supported by food brought there by
his two outside brethren."
Lord Napier is understood to emphati
cally disclaim having bad any knowledge what
ever of the obnoxious proceedings in the Gulf
of Mexico, and to express the belief that the
Ministry were, equally ignorant ot the move
ments which have created so much sensation
over the country. When this matter first be
rame the topic of newspaper comment, he im
mediately addressed the Admiral on the sta
tion, enclosing the criticisms, and urging prompt
and decided measures for arresting every such
1 1 M 1 . .
cause 01 compiainc. j rom tnis Tact, wnicn is
undoubted, it is supposed no special orders were
issued authorizing the offensive acts of visita
tion, and that it was undertaken with indiscreet
zeal by the commanding oflSer, who thus hoped
to signalize his consequence by superior efforts.
In this view of the case, there will be no diffi
culty in the way of an explicit disavowal by
Free Negbos. Ninety-nine in a hundred
make a precarious living by contentedly per
forming the most menial offices, or live in idle
ness or wretchedness. We can hardly fail to
attribute this to characteristics ot their own.
We see the blacks daily driven from avocations
once deemed almost exclusively their own. It
is long since they have flourished in any of the
trades, if they ever pursued them with success.
Within a few years they have eeased 10 be
hackney coachmen and draymen, end they are
now almost displaced as stevedores. They are
rapidly losing their places as barbers and ser
vants. Ten families employ white -servants
where one did twenty years ago. Whatever
explanation may be given of these facts, the
facts themselves cannot be denied; and what is
to be done with onr colored population, nnless
they can be induced to return as colonists to
the native land of their. race, or seek some other
tropical region, baffles the wisest of us to say.
- Philadelphia. North American.
What is the best line to
lead a man with?
And the best line to lead a
woaaa with is
From the Wil. Journal. L.'... '
Elizabethtown, May 21st, 1358.
Gentlemen: Your favor has been received,
iuforming me of ray unanimous nomination a3
the Democratic candidate for this Senatorial
District, and requesting that I will consent to
the use of my name by my friends at the ap
This renewed manifestation of the partiality
of my former constituents, wholly unsolicited
arid uri expected on my part, has placed me
under lasting obligations, and the only return I
can make is to accede to your request, with the
promise that my humble abilities shall be nsed
to sustain that party, upon the success of which
depends the future existance of our go vernment:'
Yours, very respectfully,
s. t. Mcdowell.
T. L. Vail, Esq., Dr. A. Y. Powell, and Wm
D. McNeill. Esq.. Committee.
Frrrn the Wilmington Journal.
Clintox, N. C, May 29th, 1858.
In accordance writh previous noO;e, the del
egates to the Democratic County Convention
for Sampson County assembled in the Court
House, to nominate candidates for the Legisla
Wm. S. Devane, Esq., was appointed Chaii
man, and Amos Royal was requested to act
as Secretary. The Districts were called, wheii
the following delegates appeared aud enrolled
their names, viz:
Clinton Thos. Chesnnt, Henry
James C. Robinson, James Armstrong.
Taylor's Bridge Amos Herring, R.
D. Mathis. J
Tuikey Not represerted.
Little Coharie II. L. Spell, Wm. C. Butler
R. Ill Riehe.
Piney Grove Juo. C. Dimes, R. R. Belb,
Hall's John D. Herring.
Viesibrook's Wm. Daughtry.
Mingo Wm. Daughtry as proxy.
Dismal Not represented.
McDaniel's Cross Roads S. Melvin, Lot
Riche, L. II. Riche.
T. II. Holmes, Esq., former Senator, ad
dressed the Convention in a very appropriate
manner, stating that in consequence of ill health
it would be impossible for him to become a can
didate again and withdrew his name from tliff
Convention. O. P. White, Esq., also declined
becoming a canidate.
On motion the chairman appointed A. Her
ring, A. Brown, R. R. Bell, L.Richc, and II.
Moore, a committee to draft resolutions for the
action of the Convention.
The committee retired, when on motion, R.
C Holmes, Esq., was requested to take the
chair while Mr. Devane should address tho
Convention, who entertained the meeting with
one of his best speeches, particularly setting
forth the inexpediency of the "Distribution''
question iu a very forcible and eloquent man
ner. The committee returned a nd submitted the
following report which was unanimously adapted
1st. Resolved, that we still adhere to the
principles f the D'-mccratic party as set forth
in the platforms of the late State and Natior.al
Conventions; aud arc more convinced siiue
the agitation of the "Kansas" question in Con
gress, that it is the only party upon which tho
salvation of the Union can depend with safety.
2d Hesoived, That we approve of the nomi
nation of Judge Ellis as our candidate for Gcv-
emor; and that by his triumphant election we
will convince the North that we still adhere to
the protection of onr institutions, and that
they cannot procure our destruction by re-crae-ting
the burdens of a high Protective Tariff.
3d Resolved, 7 hat we pledge ourselves to
smmnrt thfi iinminiMc -of thiu Contention, nml
to use every honorable means in our power to
4th. Resolved, That in rom'natirg candi
dates for the Legislature by this convent oa, the
majority rule shall' be adopted, aud that each
District be entitled to three votes.
The Convention proceeded to ballot for can
didates which resulted in the selection of A.
A. McKoy, Esq, for the Senate, and Wm.
Kirby and Col. Franklin, J. Faison for the
On motion the chairman appointed II. Moore
R. II. Riche and J. Herring a Committee to
wait upon nominees and request their accap
tance. Messrs, Kirby and Faison appeared and ac-,
cepted the nomination. Mr. McKoy being
absent the Chair appointed A. Herring, HJtj.
Spell and J. C. Williams a Committee to wait
on him when he returns and request his accep
tance. Resolved, That the Wilmington Journal and
Raleigh Standard be requested to publish
the proceedings of this Convention.
Resolved, That the thanks of the Convention
are tendered to the Chairman and Secretary
for their services.
The Convention then adjourned in great
harmony, and each delegate seemed determin
ed to work more devotedly for the cause of
Wm. S. DEVANE, Ch'mn.
Amos Royal, Sec'y.
Novel Method to Prevent Potato Rot.
Some Belgian boys, a few years since, for amuse
ment inserted some peas into potatoes and plant
ed them. The result was "an unuual yield of
peas and a crop of tubers perfectly sound, tho'
in a field were the potatoes were badly affected.
Acting on the hint, Mr Jackson, of Leeds,
England, developed the theory that the potato,
being deficient iu nitrogen, wonld receive an
equivalent of that article from the pea during
the time of growing, and so its tendency to dis
ease would be counteracted He then tried
the experiment, inserting four or five peas into
each potatoe, carefully avoiding injury to the
eyes, and then planting in the usual way. The
result was perfect success an unusual yield of
both peas and potatoes, aud the latter perfectly
free from disease. The tubers were found
healthy the next spring, and were again planted
with the same results.
Hot Bread. The following is from Dr Jno.
G. Bunting, who has been experimenting with
Alexis St. Martin, the man with a hole in his
stomach, through which can be seen all the
processes or 6tages through which the different
articles of food most pass in the act of diges
"Hot bread never digests. Bear this in
mind, reader, if you are accustomed to cat the
light and tempting biscuit at tea. or the warm
loaf, Brhich looks so appetizing upon your dinner
table. Hot bread never dierests: after a nnr
season cf tumbling and working about in tbe
stomach, it will begin to ferment, and JrVX
eventually be passed ont of the stomach, a$T -
unwelcome tenant of that delicate organ, mi-J
never digests, never becomes assimilated to, or
absorbed by. the organs that appropriate nu
trition to the body. It is a first rate dyspepsia
producer. Tbe above is troth, as it has been
repeatedly proved from actual observation
through the side of Alexis St. Martin."
A blowing machine has jast been pattented.
It is got up on the principle cf a newly elected
alderman. It will doptjess succeed.