North Carolina Newspapers

    -
From the N. C. Planter.
Rotation of Crops.
This is an important subject, and one
that cannot be too urgently pressed upon
the consideration of farmers. A writer, who
seems to be well acquainted with the sub
ject, says. The word rotation, when applied
to agriculture, signified a succession of diffe
rent crops instead of a succession of the same
crop. It is known that the preparatian of
elementary substances that enters into the
composition of plants, is not the same in all.
Probably it is not precisely the same in any
two plants. The soil containing the sub
stances for the grow,th of plants, imparts
them as needed, till nothing remains, when
the plants will cease to grow. Supposing a
particular ingredient for a particular plant,
were line, it is evident that when the lime
is all exhausted, or drained from the soil,
that plant can no longer be produced on it
So also of plants, and all other substances
which compose them.
. t r -
. ' , ,, . , ,
It is stated that scattering a few lettuce
seed in different parts of the garden is a rem-
tdy for the cut worm
The worms ret
tin -
der the leaves of the lettuce
them, and do not touch any
and
live on
other nlant.
Scatter the lettuce seed freely, and wtfwn
the plants get in the way, pull them up.
General Direction for Preserving Fruit
remaps tne present, season a lew gene-
ral hints on preserving, for the use of a
younsr housewife, may not be unacceptable.
Several of the directions mav appear need-
, , . i " - rr ,
less; but there may be some ine.xperienc d
narcmic T.rv uT hnm thpv ni'l r Kai rmimf'fi 1 1
v.o.. - " v "v..v......
1
T m-nni tilt n ' . i "i 1 ti.v 4 1 ......... - . . V. '
ucic.ujvm,,- ..u iu. uivjiuijjuac uc
elean and dry especially bottles
2. Never place a preserving pan flat on
the fire, as this will render the preserves
liable to burn to, as it is called; that is to
say, to adhere closely to the in tal, and then
to burn; it should always rest on a trevet,
or on the lower bar of the kitchen range.
3. After the sugar is added to them, stir
the preserves geutly at first, and mor. quic
ly towards the end, without quitting them
until they are done; this precaution will pre
vent their being spoi'ed.
4. All preserves should be perfectly clear
from the scum as it rises.
5. Fruit which is to be preserved in syrup
must first be blanched or boiled gently, un
til it is sufficiently softened to absorb the
sugar; and a thin syrup must be poured on '
it at first, or it will shrivel instead of re-;
lnaininw plump and becoming clear. Thus. I
if its weights of sugar is to be allowed, and
boiled to a Evrnn. with a nint. f n-dor n
the Dound. or.lv half the weight must I.p ta -
ken at first, and this not to be boiled with
' --m
the water more than fifteen or
twenty niin- a
utes at tiie commencement ot tbe process.
a r Ai. : x , . j
jjan, ui me .uiiauinig sugar must ue u-
ded every time the syrup is ieboiled; unless
it snould De otherwise directed in the re
ceipt. 6. To preserve both the true flavor and
thp enlr fif frmt. in fh iima xA cra 1
them rapidly until they are well reduced, i
before the sugar is added, and quickly after! 1
j .1, . uiiw; mici 1
wards; but do not allow them to become so j
much thickened that the sugar will not dis- '
solve in them easily, and throw up its scum. I
In some seasons the juice is so much richer !
than in others that this effect takes place
almost before one is aware of it; but the '
drop which adheres to the skimmer, when it 1
is held np, will show the state it has reached. :
7. Overuse tin, iron or pewW spoons or'
- ' r, ., ! la Ui ,
skimmers for preserves, as they will convert j
the color ot red tnut into a dingy purple,
and impart, besides, a very unpleasant !
flavor. j
8. When cheap jams or jellies are required !
make them at once with loaf sutrar. but use '
that which is well refined alwavs for rre-
serves in general.
It is a false economy to
nni-flliQaa n-n f .ttA rv. 1 - .... I . il.A i
J""1"'1' """r"ul R,1'U' "s """e 18 great;
waste from it in the quality of scum which it
throws up.
9. Pans of copper or bell metal are the
proper utensils for preserving fruit. When
used, they must be scoured brio-ht with sand.
Tinned pans turn and destrovt.hn olnr of
the fruit that is nut into them. A stpwrmn
- . . . . . J
made of iron. rnntA . fi.- ; ,
Va for
c '
and took all the stores i lie y then broke into
HlXTS Ab:ut Making Preserves. It the cabin and took everything that they couid
is not generally known that boiling fruit a lay their hands on. Such articles as they
longtime, and skimming it well, without the wanted were kept and Lhe rest thrown over
sugar, and without a cover to the preserving boai'd-
pan, is a very economical and excellent way)
.'1 .....
-economical, because the bulk of the scum
rises from the f. uit, and not from the susrar
H tne latter is good; and boiling it without a
. - ..... . . . a
cover, allows the evaporation of all the wa
t.PTV Tin rt aa h art fwim tVio rra ac Vaarv 1
firm and well flavored. The proportions,
are, three-quarters " of a pound of fruit.
Jam made in this way, of currants, straw
berries, raspberries or gooseberries, is ex
cellent. To Preserve Fruits Without Sugar or
Vinegar. At a meeting of the Horticultu
ral Soci ty, Mr Lovejoy, butler to J. Thome
Esq., of Mawljey House, South Lambeth,
obtained a medal for preserving damsons,
greengage plums, gooseberries, rhubarb,
cherries, black and red currants, raspberries
and mulberries all without sugar or vine
gar. The specimens exhibited were as
plump and transparent as when first gath
ered. Thev were preserved as follows: Pick
the fruit from the stalks; put them into the
bottles. Put one. drachm of alum into four
gallons of boling water; let it stand till it is
cold; then fill the bottles with this liquor,
bung them tight; put them into a copper of
cold na'er and heat to 176 degrees; and
then tie them over with bladder and seal
them. Southern Cultivator.
All should feel an interest in Agriculture.
The Terrible Massacre on an American
--- Whale Ship.
Thrilling Retails Confession of the Murders
Stents on Shipboard Sufferings of a wounded
'cer, &-e. '
Hnras announced by telegraoh yesterday
tliat the mutineers of the whale-ship Junior, of
New Bedford, had been committed for trial at
Boston, and that five, of them had made written
confessions, in which they exhonerate the rest.
The names and apes of the prisoners are as
follows: Cyrus W. Plnmer, of Providence, 24 j
Jacob Wright, of New York city, 26; William
Sampsoi., of Buffalo, N. Y., 27; Joseph Brooks,
ofTJtica, X. Y., 23; William II. Cartha, of
Albany, N. Y., 20; Adam Connell, of New
York, "40; H Stanley, of Penfield, N. Y., 23;
William Herbert, of Newark. N. J., 18;
Plummer was the instigator and leader of the
Mutiny 1 hose who have confessed their guilt
are Plnmmer Hall Carthn Herbert and Burns
the latter still at large The Boston Herald,
referring to their appearance in court stiy";?.
Ihe prisoners, who are all American, are not
a very forocions looking set of men. riammer,
the ringleader, has an evil eye, on close
inspection of his aspect, bat hardlv any of them
wonld be selected in a crowd as fit heroes for
the "Pirate's Own Book." They were chain
ed in conples by their wrists, and the legs of
each were chained together. Plummer had
hi? coat off and a blue flannel shirt on. The
remainder were decentlv dressed and all looked
clean and in good hsalth. They did not appear
very anxious m regard to. their condition, but
during the long delay before the commissioner
took his seat on the bench, they talked and
laughed with each other as if the rattling of
1 chains upon their arms and legs was a rather
H plensant joke. . 7 "
As regards the murders and butchery on
board the Junior nothing equal to it can be
. found in the annals of crime on the high seas.
; It appears from more detailed accounts than
heretofore published that on the n'orning of
Saturday, Decmber 25th 1857, every thing
wore the usual appearance until about one
(o'clock, when the cabin was attacked by five
(men, led on by Cyrus Plumnvr, who shot the
captain with a whnlinggnn . Ynree balls passed
under bis ribs and entered theside of the ship
, 1 ,,e captain sprang up in his berth and said,
! w,,at ,s tn,s? 1 inmmer replied,
"Oo-ld-n yon, it is me He then seized the
captain Iy Ins nair and crajrered him from his
, hJrth ancaed tlie hers to cnt llinl
I ...... . . ' . ... ..
witn their hatchets, lie struck him three or
with their hnteiii'ts TTi strnr-fc liiin
. - . t . .
tour times witu his hntciiet, and tlien let mm
fall on the floor. The mate was shot by a
whaling gun in the hands of John 1 1 .1 1 1 alias
i Wm. J'ajne, at the same time the captain
; was. The gnn was so close to him as to bnrn
the skin on his left cheek, and three balls
entered his shoulder He was stunned, and
; when he came to himself he called the steward,
who was met at the door by Hall, who
threatened to cut him down. lie went into the
second mate's berth and fcund him dressing
himself. He had been shot also. The third
mate was out of his berth on the deck, dying.
He went to the captain's room and fonnd him
' self stepping in blood, and being barefooted this
j natnrallly caused a thrill of horror. He called
! the boy to bring a light, and 'found the cap-
tain lying on the floor dying. He got the cap
tain's revolver and loaded it with the intention
of si 1 ont in rr f li ri n crli-flfir-r. TMip mnfp foiiiiit
the ship 011 fire in the cabin and called for help
to see how many were cn the side. Nobody
came, and he told the mutineers to come and
Put out tne "re- They answered him with
' oaths and told him to come up on the deck or
lthPy won,d snoot ;m- "e Eot a bnn?
they wonld shoot h;m. He cot a bung borer
' and went into the hold to get some water, and
, hoping to shoot thp ringleuder. He was two
t be hold Sre davs when thev made nrosnosais
1 . . . . .w . .
to lnm to taice the saip into port, ana lie
' accepted them,
The third mate had the boarding knife run
through him several times by (Corn!'us Burns,
aud Cartha struck at the second mate with
another boarding; knife. The mate cangl t t!ie
J,niff.n,,dI bf"t. ,h.e P,?i"t,OVer, a XT"
C"tll ' f,',.mf"' ,hTe b"nst w,,,h, " voc
pistol. At this time I came on deck, saw the
captain and third mate were dead, ad the
second mate wounded. Between cue and two
o'clock Saturday morning all the foremast
hands, not engaged in the mutiny, were roused
from their berths and informed by the mutineers
t,mt the sfliP was in their possession, ard that
the caP,ain ancl tl,ird mate were dead- 'l he
"""""rs then made the sailors come on deck
andT temSeve.S m.vlf and he
second mate. hen we came 011 d. ck tie
rwoad mate waB scizL.d and pntin the fo ecaMle
Pi nmmer set a watch over him. At this time
there was a fire below, caused by the discharge
of guns in the berths, and all liHiids except two
at each hach, were sent below to extinguish
il- As soon as the fire was subdued, a reef
! tukle was ,,e,lt te captain's ankle, the body
was hauled on deck,
ana then throwu over
board.
A ftpr H.psp mo ltrC
had been disposed of.
nlinimer ordered the shin to herd W. N. W '
thinking he was steering for Cape Horn, but he
! wasin fact heading for Lord Howe's Iland.
' After this the ship was steen d 'or Cape Howe,
! Australia, and made the land Jaunarj 3, 1858.
' Ou. the same day all hands were made to come
J J .1 1 .1 . I
I on uixk auu inrow overuoaru evrviniug
j pertaining to
the whaling voyage. The
I noeers men oroKeout in
mutineers then brokeout the slops m the shin
1 l,e exP'lle"ce ' tlie mate during the bve
rlf) Vfi that 1 1 . U..IC- In tin.. Ixk'.l miic-t ham t-irw.n
one. of the most fearful ever encountered by
host all hope from any other power, he prayed
1 linn mi. Oil lie UL'U 111 liHV. WIltMl III" lllitl
mortal. On the second day, when he had
to uoa lor water, and heard a stick moving on
a cask in such a way he thought there must be
water in it. It was with great difficulty that
he procured water, having to tear off his shirt
collar, dip it into the water cask and suck it
liy crawling about he found a cask of bread
with the buu-r up. and extracted sustenance
therefrom. His shoulder mortified from the
effects of his wound. The wound was dressed,
and his life saved by tbe mutineers in order to
save themselves from destruction, lie con
sented to work the ship iu order to save his
own life, and the ship for the owners. When
these bloody murders were committed the
Junior was about four hundred miles from
Australia, off the Cape of Good Hope
The crew left the ship in two whale boats,
taking everything of value they could find, aud
I nded t oXinety Miles Btacb, where six of them
left and went into the interior; the other four
sailed for Twofold 13ay, where they gave them
selves out as A merican on the voyage from
Melbourne to Sydeney Suspicions being
excited they were arrested, but for want of
evidence were discharged. They continued in
this locality some time, leading a gay and
reckless live. Plummer, who culled himself
Captain Wilson, became qjite a ladies' man
and when arrested was on the eve of marriace
When the men left the ship they imposed a n
onth on the mate to take the ship:: 1 B New
Zetland. Had he done this there wot have
been much time elapsed for the men to look oat
for their safety, but of course disregarding an
oath thus imposed, he bore for tae( nearest
port. He first shaped bis course tot Hobart
Town, but meeting a vessel, was Jf ised to sail
for Sydeney, and did so. On bis -arrival his
story excited the deepest sympathy, snd by the
earnest efforts of the English authorities all the
men but two were arrested and given over to
the A merican consul for transhipment to this
country under the extradition treaty!;
What could have led the mutineers to the
commission of so fearful a deed doca bot fully
appear, but they were probably , indneed to it
by the machinations of the seaman-.TMummer,
who had once before engaged in a similar deed,
and passed part of his life as an Australian
nushman, to which mode of living he probably
wished to return, and induced .the others to
join him. ?
The English authorities a'e .. oken . of in
terms of the warmest praise, as . the case has
there been most thoroughly ex: mined and trans,
niitted with an exactness extremely unusual. An
English guard was sent over in tlter-ship which
brought the mutineers to this country, and day
and tiight have the prisoners been most carefully
watched. They are manacled in the most heavy
manner and have worn the same irons ever since
theyltft Sydeney. Beside their confession, which
appears to have been gratuitously given, there
is ample testimony to convict lliemofthe crime.
hv-; -
A Slaver in our Tpxt.
A slave brig, called the Eelgr' arrived
at
this port vesterday afternoon'fn i"- c
charge
of
L.iewt. J. M. Bradford, U. S. NJUteut. Brad
ford is a citizen of Atftbama,aiid Is'tiieuten'
nnt on board the U S brig DoIfihiiV, Lieut. J
N. Alaflitt commanding. Liieut. AlaQitt very
kindly writes us that, the Dolphin captured this
vessel, which he terms au American slaver,
after a long chase, on the evening of the 21st
inst., off the North Coast of Cuba, lat 23 30,
long. 80 20. When first discovered the slaver
was sailing under English colors, but perceiv
ing the Dolphin, whom he took to be an English
vessel of war, he hoisted American colors.
When he discovered his egregious and fatal
error, he made the most strenuous efforts to
escape; but a few well-directed shots from the
Dolphin brought him to reason, and he sur
rendered at discretion. The slaver, still deem
ing the Dolphin an Englishman, did not antici
pate a search or visitation while he displayed
American colors.
Iiieut. Maffitt writes that their cruise has
been anything but pleasant, as they find the
yeliow fever prevailing wherever, duty calls.
The following is a list of the officers of the
U. S. brig Dolphin:
J. N. Maffiitt, Ijieutenant Commanding; - J.
y. Bradford, 1st Lieutenant; E. P. Williams,
2d Lieutenant; C. C. Carpenter, 3d Lieuten
ant; J. M. Browne, Passed Assistant Surgeon;
A. F. Crosman, Acting Master.
Prom Lieut. Bradford we learn that the Echo
had 318 Africans on board when captured
twelve have since died, and the balance are
suffering somewhat from dysentery. Suspicions
were first excited by the Echo's suddenly haul
ing off from the coast, and npo 1 the firing of
blank cartridges, hoisting the American flag.
V he Doiphin then gave chase, and proving her
self the better tailor brought ' the Echo to
Lieut. Bradford, with a force of sixteen men,
boarded the Echo, and lound litr in the hands
of a crew of nineteen men, Americans, English
and Spaniards, neither v.f whom would ac
knowledge themselves in command. A portion
of this crow were transhipped to the Dolphin,
who took them to Key West, whei.ee they will
b S n to tl is port Ly steamer. -
Lieut. Bradford, with Lieut. Carpenter, six
murines and ten seamen, constitute the prize
crew in charge of the Echo, and are now at
quarantine in our harbor The cargo, generally
speaking furnishes good specimens of negroes.
Our thanks are tendered to Lieut. Maffitt
and Lieut. Bradford for their kind courtesies.
So far as Lieut. Maffitt is concerned, who has
heretofore brilliantly identified himself with
this port, bis many friends will deem this ex
ploit ai sea as entirely refuting the opinion
which the Naval Board formed of him, that as
an officer of the Coast Survey he was unfit for
du'y at sea.
The event has caused is rrneh excitement in
our community as the success of the Cable, and
speculation, as to the result of ti;e capture, the
fate of the cargo, and the general bearing of
the affair, is great. Much curiosity Is also ex- 1
cited, and many are anxious for an opportunity
to observe the African in his native state. It
is fortunate for the -comfort of the officers in
charge that the rigidity of the quarantine laws
will spare tnem much importunity and annoy
ance. Charleston Mercury, Aug. 28.
YoUaG America. 'Young man,' inquired
a puzzled traveller at a point of his journey
where the way diverged in different direc
tions, 'which of th?se roads will take me to
Manchester?'
'Neither, sir but if you vrait nn hour the
stage will be along to take you to town for
n ii ti rt ir
'You appear to be a shrewd, boy, but not I
,. , V i i -xi I- u. '
particularly cuargeu wnu maimers. uuw
ohl are you?'
'I'm hoe i' around my fifteenth year and
as for being shrewd, they reckon me that
away round here. I have knocked the spots
off of old Dabol, and beat the schoolmaster
playing 'seven up' and parsing, but when
you talk about being charged with manners
1 m well loaded and rammed too!
'Have you any parents living?' '
Parents living? If you mean the old man
and worn .n no I thank you, they slid and
left me to play the thing alone,'
'With whom do you reside I mean with
whom do you live?'
'Wellthar! if you call living being bound
out till you're one and twenty to one of the
meanest men ever set down to biled din
ner, I live up the hill there the old Waggon
er's who farms it with me and a yoke of
roan stags.'
My young friend, -your early culture seems
to have been sadly neglected. Have you
ever enjoyed Sabbath privileges?
You'd better think so; there ain' to hedge
hog nor a wood-chuck within three miles of
here but Waggoner has the meat, and I
have the hide and tallow.
What may I call your name, my lad?'
'You can't make any mistake; call me
what you have the most of; but my genuine
name is Alph Chesbro for quick they call
me cheesey. But I have wasted more time
than common; I can hear the old man giv
ing tongue, and I must worm off or the old
boy will be h re and lick us both. So cap
tain, consider me yours; and if you'll eddy
around some Sunday I'll show you fun to
pay the ruin!
KNOW-NOTHING DECEPTIONS
A FALLACY EXPOSED.
It is said that every evil with which society
is afflicted is imposed With a view of eliciting
through its operations some corresponding bene
fit. Hence tbe common expression that bles
sings come in disguise. Shakespeare under
stood this law even in its personal application.
He says.
-'Best men are moulded oat of faults
And. for the most, become much more the belter
For beiag a little bad."
, We have on this principle, some hopeB of the
know-nothings. They are just now bad and
faulty enough incincere, deceptive, tricky;
"Their siu's not accidental, but a trade."
But the? must and will reform. Reduced as
they are to a skeleton, diseased, deformed and
on the brink of desolation one wonld suppose
that the day of repentance had coiae that if
we are ever to witness the blessings which their
evil life has been permitted to conceal, they
must soon appear. Their council at Albany
the other day-
"Resolved, That, beleiving in the principles
that the will of the people constitutionally ex
pressed is the supreme law of the laud, we have
received with satisfaction the recent rebuke of
the inhabitants of Kansas to the national nd-
ministration, for its unjust and wicked deter
mination to fasten a pro-slavery constitution
on a people wishing to come into the Union as
a free State, and upon an equal footing with
the other States ef the federal government.'
I, We take it for granted that the know-nothings,
when they adopted this resolution, knew
perfectly well that Kansas had no slaves, and
that the question of slaves, was not, in any
practical sense, involved in the Lecompton is-
sue.
ine objection, then that JTwas tlie de-
termination of the. administration fasteo to a pro-
Slavery constitution upon a people wishing to
come into the Union as a free State,' was not
only a gross irisreprefentation but a bold at
temot to commit a fraud upon the people of tbe
United States.
II. The know-nothing council admit that
the majority of the people of Kansas were op
posed o slavery. They know that theoretical
ly, under the Dred Scott decision, slavery exis
ted in the Territory, and that admission into
the Union under the Lecompton constitution
was the quickest process by which they could
prohibit that relation in Kansas. That being
admitted the people had sovereign power at
once to change their constitution and thus
ive effi-ct to their opinions on the subject of
slavery. In other words the Lecompton con
stitution was presented to Congress early last
winter. Had the State been admitted long
ere this 29th of August, they could have framed
a new constitution and been a free State de
facto et de jure. The know-nothings and re
publicans who were fully advised of these mat
ters opposed admission, and thus prevented the
people of Kansas from making a free-State con
stitution. They did this knowing all the while
that under the Federal constitution slavery
was permissible in the Territory.
III. On these facts is it not fair to infer
that the republicans and know-nothings by their
opposition to admission last winter intended
simply to keep up the slavery agitation and
defeat the will of the people of Kansas to make
a free State? We admit that a large majority
of that population are and were opposed to
slavery, but we maintain that tbey had so
managed by refusing to vote and by every
other conceivable means of keeping up excite
ment, that there was no other reasonable and
legal way of solving the problem than to re
ceive them iuto the Union thus compelling
them to settle their own domestic affairs in their
own way. This fair, just, and equitable meas
ure a measure which proposed to confer all
inmtr tijron tlio people of the new State Mr.
Douglass, Mr. Trumbull, Mr. Seward, and all
the northern and some of the Southern know
nothings opposed. If they had been honestly
hostile to slavery and sincerely desirous of ma
king Kansas a free State they could never have
opposed admission. We say the measure was
fair, because if the people desired slavery thev
could maintain it; if they opposed slavery, they
had ample power to prohibit it. Washington
Union.
The Latest Fashion.
A gentleman in this city has handed us for
inspection, a letter written by a yonng lady who
had been passing the winter on the Hudson.
Among the other secnes, she had been pres
ent at a private social dance near Albany, in
which a iliiss N , a talanted, elegant girl of
i twent', was also a gnest. 1 his young lady had
been noted for ''leading the fashion" in the
neighborhood, and having come home in the
last foreign steamer her appearance was anx
iously lookud for for it was calculated upon
all hands that her wardrobe wonld display Par
isian's styles "a little later than the latest.
About ten o'clock the lady in question entered
the drawing room, and as a matter of course,
all eyes turned upon her. She was attired n
a heavy "Pompadour," amply skirted, falling
in long fluted folds; and describing a circumfer
ence of some three yards around her pretty
feet. Tlie dress was low to admiration had
hanging sleeves open and slashed, with rich
lace uudersleeves and chemise,- a diamond
.onmcher ear-rings aud necklace and profuse
diamond hair ornaments. She flirted demurlv
with an iinmence painted fan, and occasionally
dropped, for the amusement of the daugters, a
lace monchoir. The dress was perfect admira
bly captivating, even to the embroidered silk
stocking, and the diamond-buckcled, red-heeled
shoes. Curiosity was on tiptoe the forms of
polite society were almost broke through, in
eagerness to scrutinize, to examine and inspect
the detail which constituted such a magnihcent
tout ensemble.
The night wore on still no words or look
from the pretty fashion leader gave token that
she was aware of the interest she excited. The
pretty little diuiond buckled, red shoes trippled
merrily throngh waltz and Scottish, quardrille
and cotillion, but no sign of weariness no sign of
consciousness was manifested, ine men were
growing crazy with admiration the women
with envy, when all at orce, in the whirl of the
wbltz, a diamond buckle flew off, and tbe little
shoe spun glittering to a distant corner of the
room. A dozen emulous yeutbs sprang for it
the foremost and most enterprising seized,
aud gazing abstactly into its interior, where
the warm pretty foot had so lately nestled, ex
claimed; " Wendell Cordwainer, Albauy, 1769"
The gipsey had been figuring in the wedding
gear of her defonct great-grand-mother, and
passing herself off all the while as a represen
tative of "ihe newest French Style." Detroit
Adcerttstt.
A correspondent of the Cleveland Review,
writing from Chicago, sys; "1 should say that
every real estate man is mortgaged for five
times what he can pay. As a general item
upon this point, I will Etate, upon the authority
of a friend who saw the records, that the
assessed valuation of the taxable property of
Chicago last spring was $36,000,000. while the
amount recorded upon bond and mortgage,
which it was pledged to secure, was over $109,
000,000.
Extracts from our European Files.
The Liverpool European Times, in an ar
ticle headed Agricultural Prospect,' says:
"Our reports from 11 qoarte s, North,
South, East, and Wet speaks of the harvest
as something splendid and prodigious. We
do not hear of a failure ill the wheat crop
in any direction. All ready the sickle is at
work in many districts and with a few weeks
of fine weather, the stackyards will be filled
up with an amount of golden grain such, as
they have seldom held and land blessed with
a plentiful supply of home growth rarely seen
and more rarely surpassed. Most earnest
ly do we hope for fair and propitious skies
that all in this good piomise may be fulfiled.
A rich harvest makes a happy and conten
ted people. It is good for the grower, Who
finds himself repaid by the abundance of
his crops for all his outlay of time and labor
and money. It is good for the consumer.
It gladdens the heart of the laborer, as it
fills his cottage with joy And it is good
for others beyond the grower and consumer-.
The interests of classes are so bound up i o
greater in atrading and commerc al country
like this that all nourish togetner ana au
suffer together. AV e have indeed, as it were
but one interest although with many branch
es aud subdivisions. Touch it in any part
and every nerve in the whole body thrills
a d is affected. We have not a doubt, then
that the glorious harvest upon whicl we
have just entered wi'l help greatly to place
the trade of the country on the momentary
part of the question. There will be no sud
den rush upon the Bank such as in years of
scarcity often shakes tbe country to its very
foundation. On that point we shall be guar
ded against danger and most thankful ought
we to be for it-'
The same paper of August 7th speaking
of tbe harvest is going on most prosperous
ly. All our accounts from all quarters speak
most favorably of our fair prospects. That
i3 of itself great news-for the poor -man.
But a goud harvest is more than meat to
this trading country. It begets commer
cial security. And at this moment when we
are still but slowly recovering from the mon
etary panic which set in upon us last year
this is a great point gained. All interest
are so bound up together in this country
that no one of them can be affected without
all the rest feeling the influence. A good
harvest induces a momentary calm which
in turn, makes trade healthy, and strengh
ens the hand of enterprise for its further un
dertakings. This is the new aspect which
the ever changing panorama of life presents
to us at the passing moment. We only hope
that as under such auspices of promise, the
pent up energy of the nation bursts forth
into new activity, it may not rush beyond
the legitimate channels of legitimate busi
ness into the wild Niagara torrent of mad
and dangerous speculation. This has always
punished itself, aud, we bvleive always will.
The London Economist, in its "note on
the crops,' says: "Harvest has now fairly
commenced, and by the end of next week
a large part of the wheat in the south of En
gland will be cut. Complaints are made
that the wheat is much laid and in such cases
the straw is brittle and the grain somewhat
mildewed. It is now certain that the great
heat of June produced premature ripening,
and that the ears are not well tilled in many
districts. The gravelly soils have suffered
the roost. Altogether farmers do not now
anticipate more than an average vield of
wheat.'
The 'Mark Lane Express' Review says:
Accounts differ much as to the probable
yield of wheat, but by universal consent the
light gravely soils have suffered by excessive
heat; and the liberal use of guano in such
localities will prove of little benefit. Spring
corn, though amended by recent falis, will
be under an average; beans and peas con
siderably so.
Looking at the prospects of the crops on
the continent, in the wheat growing coun
tries throughout the world, a rise, rather
than any further fall in pricr, may be expec
ted. The same Review states, in reference
to the foreign crops, that "the general re
ports leave the impression, that throughout
h ranee, Belgium, Holland Spam, and Italy,
they have been less favored in the wheat
crop than here. In the Principalities of Mal
dovia and Wallachia there is a diminished
bulk of grain. Russia, though late, is said
to have a fair promise, but in America the
Jast year's abundance is not expected."
Richmond Enguircr.
Effect of Titles. The New York Evening
Post, iu referring to the annual exercises of the
literary institutions and the number of graduates
thrown upon the country, gives the following
illustration of the magical effect which tbe
bestowal of titles sometimes produces:
"This is the season, too, for sowing the
annual crop of doctorates. In the morning
many persons will arise men and in the evening
will go to bed Doctors of Divinity or Doctors
of Civil and Canon Law, There are some cases
when the conferring of the degree of doctor of
divinity does great good. It sometimes puts a
sudden end to the complaints of a too fault
finding congregation. The story is told of a
clergyman in a New England village, who had
beeu in the same pastorate for many years, and
who found his influence at length sensibly dim
inishing. His people desired a change they
wanted a smarter man. .Some of his friends,
however, signed a petition, carried it to New
England college, aud finally the doctorate was
conferred on the aged pastor. The degree
worked like a charm, bis remaining years past
in peace among his people, and they followed
him lovingly to his burial."
A dry old crust of a fellow, who was un
happy with the preacher, because the "dry
vine,' as Charlyle would call him, could not
penetrate the thick ligament that covered
the crusty man's soul, signified to the minis -ter
his desire to have a pew nearer th e pul
pit. "Can't you hear?" asked the good man.
Yes," was the reply.
"Can't you see?"
"Yes."
"Then, why do you change?'
"Because," said the obdurate one, "I am
so far off that when your words get to me
Al n i , , , aa
iney are as uai as aisn water.
Very Tfeefui Iafok"inatio'4 5 . . r
"A man died in Boston from e ats of
growing in of a toe nail
" Did be? We regret r hear ft. We re
gret still more to hear that aiij one has lived
to a matore age without learning how to pre
vent "the growing iu of s toe nail, by which
we presume is meant that frequent occurrence
of the corner growing iuto tfce OTerlying flesfc
inconsequence of wearing shoes or boots too
tight. We have known cases of excruciating;
suffering arising from this caused and prfly last
week we rode down town in com-ftfy with a'
snrgeon on his way to operate on a toe that had
become inflamed from the corner of the nail,
growing into the flesh. Now to prevest tbiV
difficulty. Do not cut away the offendiug cor
ner of the nail, as is usually done, very shert'
but cnt a notch in the centre, quite down tor
tbe quick and keep that notch there or til tbe
difficulty is cured, which will sometimes be with
the first cutting. The philosophy of the reme
dy is that the cut breaks tbe arch, and natural
ly changes the curvature of the nail, aud makes
the corner turn up iustead of down.
rion Isaac Toucey, Secy of the Navy.
This sretitleman arrived in this city, from
New York, at noon, yesterday. At one o'clock
he visited the Navy Yard, escorted by the
Navy Agent, W. Badger. Esq., and a number
of other gentlemen. The usual salute of sev
enteen guns was fired. He then visited the
Lancaster, (now nearly ready for launching)
the Dry Dock aud Shcps. He then visited the
Receiving Ship, and expressed himself highly
gratified with the efficiency and activity dis
played by the men. On leaving the Receiving
Ship the crew manned the yards, and gave
him three hearty cheers.
In the' evening, his room, at the Qirard
House was crowded by gentlemen eager to ten
der their respects. The Secretary looks re
markably well after his journey, although very
many taking advantage of bis presence in this
city and New York, pressed him with business. 4
At ten o'clock last evening Secretary Tonccy
was serenaded at the Qirard Honse; by the
Philadelphia (Beck's) Silver Bar.d. There
was an immense concourse of people, blocking
up nearly the entire square from Eighth to
Ninth iu Chestnut street. After several patrJ
otic airs were played, the Secretary of the Navy
appeared upon the balcony, in front of the la
dies parlor, where he was introduced to the
citizens present by Mr Florence, member of
Congress from the First District.
Secretary Toucey acknowledged the compli
ment paid him, and said, breifly, he had deter
mined not to make speeches on his visit, as it
was one of official business, visiting the Navy
Yards of the United States, in pursuance of a
determination long formed and in fufilinent of
a duty. He spoke of the high character for
mechanical skill of our workmen, and of the
splendid specimens of onr mechanics, now afloat
anticipating the same success in the vessels now
in course of construction. The Hon Thos. B.
Florence and Wm. Badger, Esq.. being called
upon, addressed those in front of the Qirard
House, earnestly in commendation of the des
ervings of our mechanics, and the advantage
gained by the generous sympathy of the Secre
tary of the Navy, and the present Administra
tion, with our indnstrions and skilful toilers.
The scene was highly interesting, and but for
the lateness of the honr, we would gladly ela
borate our notice. Philadelphia Pennsylvanian.
.
t& Lieutenants Bradford and Crawford with
the prize crew of eight seamen and eight
marines, put abroad the captured slaver V.thn,
passed through here yesterday on their way to
Boston, to rejoin their vessel, the Dolphin"
Tbe Echo, aud the eaptnred slavers remain iu
Charleston iu the custody of the Marshal
Wil. Journal.
''I'm afloat! I'm afloat !" scramed a yonng la
dy of powerful Jungs ai.d fingers to match, as
she exercised both at the piauo.
"1 should think you were," grouled an old
bachelor, 'judging from the squall you are rais
ing.
IS no re ceiving bis Fall supplies of the above
1 artideR. Hf O.Hn snnnll t 'onntrir K.larl.ni a
prices which he is sure will make it tteir interest to
deal with bim. He has for sale,
80 china tea-sets,
1300 Doz. Common Cups and Saucers,
500 " Fine do. do.
100 " -Dishes,
200 Covered Dishes,
100 Doz. Pitchers,
800 " Plates,
1000 " Tumblers and Goblets,
T50 looking-glasses,
Coffee Mills, Toy Locomotives, and Yan -kee
Clocks by the box.
And other goods in proportion.
t3FIn order to give time to have goods WELL
PACKED, country merchants should buy their
Crockery FIRST.
Sept. 4, 2m
SCIIIEFFELIN, BROS. y CO.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IU
DRUGS, PAINTS, OILS, PERFUMERY,
&c.
170 William St., Cor. Beekman, N. Y.
Incite the attention of tbe trade to their large and
varied stock of DRIIOS. PATVTS nn a vru
FUMERY, &c '
In addition to their regular importation of Staple
Goods thev urn also rone! cini. A ; rani f.nm ik.
, v. . .in ine .sour
ces Of production and manufacture, supplies of Tooth,
unit iuu in uiufues, Bronzes, corks, Mortars
Sponges, French and English Perfumerp, Luton's
Extracts, and many other articles usually embraced
oner on the most advantageous terms
rAt- : . ". .
FCioou or oj man, will receive
prompt attention.
Sept, 4, 1858. 6m-pd-
Medical Institution of Yale College.
'I1 course ot Lectures for 1858-'9, will
. . . - -a0j, oeuwniuer 1010,
and continue four months.
Jonathan Knight, M. D., Prof, of the Princi
ples and Practice of Surgery.
Charles Hooker, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and
Fhysiology. J
enry Uronson, M. Prof, of Materia Medic
and 1 berapeutics.
Worthinn-ti.n J-I.l.. lr r n - r . r Ai. . wi
. O " - w.a7 , ill. AT ., X IUI, UL LU J. llCOlV
and Practice of Physic.
Beniamin fSlillfmnn T- r rt r-.. r -n : a
g ..... a ., ia. mt a a.. a a- vumuBUT
and Pharmacy.
r-uny A. Jwtt, M. Prof, of Obstetrics.
Lecture fees, $68 50; Matriculation, $5: Grad
uation, $15.
CHARLES HOOKER, Dean of the Faculty.
New Haven, Sept. 4, 1858. 4t pd.
..... -..
1
    

Page Text

This is the computer-generated OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It may be empty, if no text could be automatically recognized. This data is also available in Plain Text and XML formats.

Return to page view