"From the Memphis Appeal.
The Future of anti-Slavery The South
and the Northwest.
There are in the commuuity two classes of
extremists. One of these regards the question
of slavery, about which there has been so much
agitation in the public mind, and which has
several times treated the integrity of the Union,
as virtually settled. They adduce in support
of their view of the matter, the fact that there
is an evident softening of the back-bone of Ab
olition a giving way and caving in on the sub
ject as evinced in the late declarations of
Horwin, Greeley, and others who are supposed
to speak by the card, and to utter the true
feelings of the Black Republican party, when
they admit that Congress has uo right to refuse
firlmissioii into the Union of a State, because
the Constitution under which she applies recog
nizes slavery. These philosophers, who are to
be found chiefly among the leaders of the
Southern Know-nothing faction, find in this
belief cause for hopeful self-gratulation and
rejoicing. They argue that the Northern op
ponents of the Democracy, having thus shown
a willingness to admit tiie right of a State to
do what the Democratic part has always con
tended "one hud a right to prevent, it argues
a sense of returning conservatism on their part,
wnich is sufficient ground to warrant the con
clusion that they are tired of the long, and it
must be acknowledged, not altogether unsuc
cessful war they have waged upon the Southern
section of the Confederacy and its rights and
i ii s t i tu t io ns sick of conquest an dj? r ew illiiig
' irSfl'Treaily'woa "in tie cause of freedom."
Whether they really mean to coneede the point,
or this is only a ruse de gurrc to lull the South
into a feeling of security, these hopeful leaders
do not stop to inquire. It is sufficient for them
that they make a show of peaceful intentions.
They seize upon the occasion to declare the
slavery question virtually settled that it must
soon be finally settled. They see no reason
why "good men" of all parties who are opposed
to the Democracy may not mute upon a plat
form of principles, entirely ignoring the slavery
question, for the purpose of snatching the Gov
ernment from the hands of the odious Democ
racy. This union of the elements of opposition
once formed, and everything appears coi'eur de
rose. There is no danger to be apprehended
from thus placing the Government under the
control of Black Republican?. The future is
all radiant with hope and promise.
There is another class of extremists who re
gard the aspect of affairs in quite another and
different light. To them the present is dark
still deeper lines of gloom. They look despoud
ingly upon every thing. They have seen Ab
olition, like a little speck iipon the far off
Northern horizon, gradually growing and
spreading until its dark shadow looms angrily
up to the zenith and threatens to break with
devastating fury upon the South. They regard
a triumph of the Black Republican principles
as inevitable and near at hand, and argue that
having once gained power, the North will use
it for its own aggrandizement at the expense of
the South. They contend that having tri
umphed upon the question of slavery, the next
step will be to inaugurate an oppressive and
unjust tariff system which will build np and
enrich the North while it crushes out the ener
gies and life of the Sonth. They look upon
the defeat of the Democratic principle of equal
rights to every section and the triumph of the
anti-slavery, high-tarifi policy, as unavoidable
and pour forth a lugubrious lamentation over
the approaching degradation ud ruin of the
Now while ail will readilv see that both of
these classes of political philosophers cannot be
right, we think that there is good reason to be
lieve that neither of them is correct in its views,
and that neither the result desired by the Op
timists, nor that anticipated by the Pessimites
is likely to happen. For in the first place, if
the idea of the Optimists that the slavery ques
tion is virtually settled, be, as we do not believe
it is, conect, then we do not for a moment be
lieve there is a remote possibility of the forma
tion of an opposition party upon any platform
other than that of democracy, which will at all
likely to succeed in attracting to its support a
majority of the people. For the population of
all tiat vast retrion of country which we call
the great Northwest, although deeply imbneJ
with the anti-slavery sentiment, is apart from
the slavery question, thoroughly democratic.
The history of all their political struggles, an
terior to the recent embittered controversy upon
the subject of slavery, shows this. They knew
that the principles and policy of the Democrat
ic p'rty are b?st adapted to promote and pro
tect their interests as nn agricultural people,
and hence with the single exception, .we have
mentioned, they are in feeling and sentiment as
thoroughly and completely Democratic as the
Southern States of the Confederacy. Take this
question out of the way, then, and what reason
is there to believe that they would not heartily
unite with the South in support of the princi
ples of Democracy? While therefore we do
not believe that the question of slavery is set
tled, or that its agitation will soon cease, we
are still more sure that the hopes of those who
look to a defeat of the Democratic party as a
result likely to follow, are altogether unground
ed and fallacious.
On the other hand should any change ever
place the Black Republicans in possession of
the Government, no other or greater danger
awaits the South than such as may result from
their wicked and unjust anti-slavery policy.
The same great Northwest which stood as a
breakwater for the South against the waves of
abolition fanaticism in the last Presidential
canvass, opposes an eternal and impassable
barrier to the inauguration of the high-tariff
system which ihe Pessimists predict will fill up
the "measure of Southern degradation and ruin.
The'Nortliwest will never consent to be a party
to a policy so suicidal . Identity of interests,
resulting from similarity of pursuits, unites the
South and the Northwest in common opposi
tion to every restriction upon trade and com
merce. And while we do not anticipate the
happening of either of the contingencies to
which vve have alluded, it is to the Democracy
of the great and growing Northwest that the
South must look for aid in the great struggle
through which she is passing with the encmiee
of her institutions. But in the meanwhile let
us not forget that the danger is not past. There
is a lull in the storm, but clouds still hang upon
the political horizon. The foe still lurks in the
vicinity and it is well to be weary and vigilant
not giving way to despondency and gloom
nor vauntingly proclaiming invincibility. But
above all things let the Democracy of the South
omit no opportunity to court a friendly alliance
with those who are illustrating their devotion
to the cause of the Union and the principles of
the party by a manly and determined struggle
against the foes of both.
CgThe old nursery rhyme of Mr and
Mrs Spratt has thus been improved by a
A wife, to dress in tbe mode, I gnrss,
Picks a lmsbaud'e bones quite e'ean;
And poor Mr Spratt will cry "no fat!"
As his -wife will eri-no-line.' i
From the Democratic (N. II.) Standard.
It has been one of the standing objections
to Democracy with the opposition, that it
occupies only for a limited time precisely
the same ground. If the theory of Democ
racy is correct, why should its measures
change? or why the Democrats of to-day
ignore the party measure of a past age,
and frequently strike off on a new line of
policy? To the unthinking those who, if
left to themselves, would become mere pe
trifactions and fossils these questions may
seem to have force; but not so with clear
headed, intelligent, and thinking men, Prin
ciples, it is true, never change. Truth is
eternal; an abstract right to-day cannot be
come abstractly wrong to-morrow. Not so
with measures the application of principles.
The same act which would be to-day in ac
cordance with established principle, to-morrow,
under a new combination of circum
stances, or under entirely new circumstances
might be very unjust, and plainly violate
the same principles which previously it had
carried out. Every day adds, or should add
to the world's stock of knowledge. Every
day should furnish additional light to guide
the statesman as well as the moralist and
divine. In the world's progress, new wants
new relations, new duties growing out of
Jthef rcJations and new field&jDilJUbojc
j are constantly being aeveiopeu aiimJygTtm-m
and the party, political or religious, which
should close its eyes to these facts, and
blindly press forward in the same beaten
path forever, would not only be unfaithiul to
its high missions, but would outlive its use
fulness, and should be wiped off from the
fair face of creation. As the mariner pur
sues his course, jjoverned by his charts, his
observations, and his unerring needle, he
constantly opens new objects to view, makes
new headlands, and new stars rise above the
horizon, while those behind sink out of sight;
and although his general course may be
precisely the same, all his surroundings are
constantly changing, requiring the constant
exercise of his judgment, and the most care
ful vigilance to meet the exigences every
day coming up in his progress. The states
man is a navigator on the sea of political
economy, and, no less than the literal ma
riner, he is required to take constant obser
vations, to examine his constantly changing
relations with reference to surrounding cir
cumstances; and while following the same
great leading principles, he must look well
to it that his measures are properly modified
by the changing circumstances which ever
There are but two great parties in the
country, and always have been the Demo
cratic and the Opposition. The Opposition
has never been truly a yos'uice, but rather
a negative party. They have never struck
out for new measures, for new developments
for progress. They have believed the oppos
ite of the Democrats; and this has been about
the extent of their creed. Democracy has
asserted principles the Opposition has es
sayed to controvert them. Democracy has
contended for a strict construction of the
Constitution the Opposition hu ridiculed
such construction; still, they have changed
just as often and quite as fast as the De
mocracy, yet always keeping a respectful
distance behind. Like the human shadow,
the Opposition has followed the Democratic
Party, yet always maintaining its true rela
tive position, on the side opposite the greatest
How the North Supplies the South with
No little surprise has, at times, been mani
fested at the want of success of every attempt
to establish literary papers in the South, and at
the failure of almost every weekly journal which
has ever been issued Some have asserted that
people of the South were not a reading people;
that, absorbed, in business or devoted to pleas
ure they neither had time to devote to litera
ture uor inclination tor such relaxation, bucli
an impression can only be entertained by those
ignorant of the habits and the partialities of
The inhabitants of New Urleans ana ot the
South are liberal contributors to Northern
journals. Instead of nourishing those which
have their origin here, ar.d would reflect boutli-
ern opinion ana southern intellect, tney are
regular readers of such as are published in
Northern cities and contain the trashiest pro
ductions of even Northern intellect. A brief
summary of the weekly sales of Northern news
papers in this city will establish this assertion.
In the facts condensed it is also worthy of note
that the New York Ledger a Journal that
contains ouly the whipped syllabub of litera
ture has the widest circulation.
A few months since the following weekly
sale of papers published in Northern cities was
made in New Orleans; Harpers Weekly, 1500
copies; New York Ledger 500; Police Gazette
500; Frank Leslie 400; Ballou's Pictoral 350;
New York Clipper 300; .New York Herald 150;
and several other weeklies of New York and
Boston, ranging in number of copies sold from
250 to 500 copies each, making iu all a total
sale of 5800 copies per week.
Household Words, by Dickens, is sold, to the
number of 100 per month.
The American monthlies, published at the
North, reach a circulation of 5000 copies in
New Orleans, of which Harper's has a circula
tion of 3000 copies. The total expense of these
publications to this community is $45,000 per
Here is the secret of the want of success of
home journals of a literary character. The
North has possession of the field. Thirty-two
thousand of our population, allowing only four
persons to a family into which these journals
go, are brought constantly and habitually in
contact Northern mind. We need not say
that the character of most of these Northern
journals, indeed, of almost all of them except
Harper's is such as is ill-calculated to improve
the taste, develop thought or purify the heart
Still less do they communicate valuable knowl
edge, or aim at any thing higher t'nau to cater
to morbid sensibilities.
If we desire to create a Southern literature
we must first determine to foster home journals
instead of those published in the free States,
and nourish them into a prosperity that will
react upon Southern mind and incite it to ac
tivity. A comparison, which we are able to make,
will give the views here expressed still greater
force. Two first class magazines are published
in the Southern States Russell's Magazine,
published in Charleston, and the Southern Lit
erary Messenger, published in Richmond.
These will compare favorably with any Mag
azines of the country. The latter has been
regularly issued for twenty-five years. Of these
journals there are but fifty-five copies circulated
in mis city torty ot ltusstll's and fifteen of
The fact is, the South has but little literature
because it shows no liberality to Southern pro
ductions, and is content, while beratinghe en
croachments of the North, to pay tribute to
every enterprise which any literary adventurer
of the Free States may undertake. v
The Comet What it i3. and is to be.
The Washington Union lias a storv about
the Comet (now visible, morning and evening)
that tells all that need be known:
"Notwithstanding the preseiiC3 of the moon,
which materially diminishes the iM iliaucy of this
celestial visitor, it is quite a conspicuous object,
and multitudes of star gazers are uightly turn
ing their gaze in that direction. It may be
readily seen by the naked eye on any clear
evening, from about 7 io 8 o'clock, although
it is, of course, viewed to much better advan
tage with a telescope, even of a low power, not
magnifying more than 10 or 20 times.' It is
now situated near the hind foot of Ursa Major,
and is moving towards Arcturus; or, in other
words, it is near the horizon, and ranging with
the two stars known as the pointers, the comet
being about as far to the left of the pointers as
the North Star is to their right.' The JSail is
tolerably well defined, aud about 3 degrees in
length . . --j!kT
This comet wafirst discovcrcda. ,
'JPCV-. tuSC , uy i iuiV UONATI, 111 1 lOTtMlce, Italy.
It was first seen in this country by Henry M.
Parkhurst, of Perth Amboy, N.J., on the
20th of the same mouth, uo information having
then been received here of its discovery m
rope. One or two niirhts afterwards it
discovered TVv Miss Maria Mitchell, of Nan-
tucket, Mass., who also supposed that it had
not previously lieen seen. Thus there were
i - i j . i . : .. r . . .
u" c 'uei"
while :t was so f:ii it. nulv to he visible with
g'iolnno or nlmiii. t.hf s;.e- nfnstar of thn
eleventh ma-riiitude. A verv striking charac-
istic of this comet, wheu it was first discovered
was its extremely slow motion. The ereat
distance of the comd, and the direction
of its motion as seen from the earth, com-
i.;pH t i-oiwW iia . nnon rn i, t ri.uiiirii' nw.
f 1.1.1 raiT ci-iiM I iriiicoiiiiuiifui r
small. In coi.senuence of this slow -
ness of motion, it was very difficult for ; raiin was very nign. Mr nuicu resuivcu, at
astronomers to fix upon its orbit with much ! a' early age, to devote himself to the editorial
accuracy, and there has been considerable diff- i profession, and prepared himself with an eye
erence of opinion upon that subject It has I single to that cud. His reading was very ex
already been visible in this country ilirougli a ! tensive, and few men of his age were better
telescope for two months aud a half; and ' not-j critical scholars. Of unwearied industry and
withstanding the numerous observations that ; singularly matured intellect he accomplished
have been made, it is doubtful whether or not j '""re than most young men. Besides occasion
it has passed iis perihelion, or the point where 1 ' contributions to the newspapers of his native
it is nearest the sun. According to the ele- j county, he very early published much in the
mcuts as calculated by Mr. George Seakle, ; lolumns of the Boston Post, to which paper he
assistant at the Dudley Observatory, it passed j has ever since been an occasional and welcome
its perihelion on the loth inst., the orbit, as ; correspondent. Thus trained and practised,
calculated at the National Observatory here1 j Mr Hatch left college with a brilliant reputa-
. I:: : ! : i I - i . I . i
gives a result nearly similar; according to tli
orbit as calculated at the cambrid-'C 'Observa-.i
torv. it should not reach its perihelion atitil !
about the 20 inst.; but Mr. Paukhubst assigns
it a neriod about a week later than that. ,ilie '
.aid tuaii 1 11 .1 1 . . lie
let will be approaching both
sun until October, (or at i
states that "the com
the earth and the s
least not materially receding from the sun,) !
an.l will not probablj reach its maximum ofcepted a situation in the editorial staff of the
tiiAerenl brightness before tha middle of Octo- j Charleston Courier, where he has ever since
ber. It will therefore continue to grow more J labored with marked assidnity. We leave his
conspicuous until it begins to be again merged ' record there to abler and more intimate pens.
in the twilight, lint il will very soon change I
its course to the South, and . me-itatrpidly
that it is not likely that it will be seen so late.
My last observations seemed to indicate a de- j
cidedly elliptical orbit." He thinks that the I
orbit cannot be parabolic, as a parabolic orbit!
wouid not correspond with the observed po-;
sitious of the comet iu June aud July last. An j
elliptical orbit, the ellipse being of moderate;
eccentricity, wonld give a period of revolution '
around the sun much shorter than a parabola, j
The elements correspond very nearly with I
those of the first comet of 1827, and with those
of the comet of 17G4. This would make the
period of revolution about 31 years, and allow
of two revolutions between 1764 and 1827, as
a difference of half a year iu the period of rev
olution may be readily accounted for by per
turbations If this be the conect period, its
next return may be expected about 1889 or
Terrible Adventure of an Aeronaut, j
The Detroit Tribune says: i
"We have learned full particulars of the !
balloon ascension at Adrian, on 1 hursday, its !
subsequent descent, and us second ascens.on
and runaway with the aeronaut wnue
his control It is a biicf narative,
The hrst nscensiou took nlace about 9 o'clock !
in the morning. It was on the occasion of a j
large Sunday school celebration at Adrian. :
i'he balloon was a very large and well construc
ted one, being about the height of a two-story
building when inflated and ready to cut loose
from its fastenings. Messrs Daxsister and
. i . . i . . i ... i i... .i .
1HCRSTON iook seals ill ine car aiiiieneu io me n - , .. ,
n i a i ri, . ,i 0(i;i a f,0, figures is more elevatin than all the plays
balloon and ascended safely and steadily. Alter , , . r . J
remaining about 40 minutes in the air, sailing ?,ver wrc-ten. Take Shakespeer for instance,
towards Toledo all the time, they alighted 1 coPle think he's grate things, but I con
in the woods in the town of Riga, Lenawee tend he is quite the reverse to the contrary.
County, near Knight's station on the Southern
Road, distant about li" miles west of loledo
Several men came to the assistance of ths ad
venturers, and they proceeded to prpsrr:the
balloon for packing, to be taken back to
In doing this the monster balloon was t urned
over and partially upside down to disentangle
the netting and to reach the valve. To do
this, Mr. Ira Thurston one of the aeronauts,
took off his coat, and got astride of the valve
block. He ihen suggested that the car be de
tached from the balloon while he held it down
with his weight. This proved a fearful calcu
lation for no sooner was the still inflated body
relieved of the weight of the car than it shot
into the air with the suddenness of a rocket,
taking Mr. Tiurston along with it, seated up
on the valve ol the balloon, and holding on to
the collapsed silk of the air-hip in that portion
of its bulk! In this perfectly helpless condition
the ill fated man sped straight into the sky in
the full sight of his companions, more helpless
than himself. So far as is known, there was
no possible means for him to secure his descent
whether safe or otherwise, 'ihe part of the
balloon filled with gas was full twelve feet
above him, so that there was no chance for
him to cut its sides aud allow the gas to escape.
He could only cling to his precarious hold and
go whithersoever the currents of air should
Without regulation or control of ary kind
the balloon continued to mount upward, sailing
off in the direction of this city and Lake Erie.
The fatal ascension took blace about 11 o'clock
and at a few minutes pass noou it was seen
in the town of Bliss field, Lenawee Co., ap
parently full three miles high and about the
size of a star in appearance. It was still go
ing up and on! At 1 o'clock it was dimly
visible, going in the direction of Maiden, as
ascertained by compass bearings taken by par-
ties observing it. What is his exact fate baf
fles conjecture; but that it is horrible, almost
beyond precedent, there can be no doubt. There
is not one chance in a million for a successful
Mr Thurston was an experienced balloonist,
having built several, and this being his thirty
seventh ascension. He was formerly a resi
dent in the vicinity of Lima aud Rochester, in
Western New-York, but has lately resided in
Adrian, wher he was extensively engaged in
business r.s nurseryman. He leaves an inter
esting da.) j Uer about 17 years of age.
THE MISS NO .ERONAUT, THURSTON, HEARD FROM.
The Detioit Tribune says:
"We have made careful and extended inquires
upon the other side sufficient to justify us in
stating that the balloon has come to the earth,
aud further, that in all probability it was
emplyl From a gentleman who was at Baptiste
Creek on Saturday afternoon between 3 and
4 o'clock, we learn that a large biloou was
seen to descend to the ground in the vicinity
of a large tract of woods, across a wide marsh,
some three miles from the station, early in the
The balloon was seen at Chatham ttbout 2
o'clock Saturday afternoon, so it was thought
by the telegraph operator. It was about as
large in appearance as a kite, and was thought
to be such until the news of the affair reached
It is a little singular that Mr. Bannister,
comoaniou of Mr. Thurston at the time of this
. -w. ars. aco mane an
made an ascent
from the same place, wlieo, throwing out uin.
too freely, he almost immediately rose ont of
sight, and was not heard from for two days.
His balloon became unmanageable, and him-
jself nearly perished with cold, having frozen
i both hands and feet. He twice saw Lake Erie
j Pass beneath him, finally landed in Pennsylvn-
nia, near tfeaver, having made, involuntarily,
the longest trip ever made in America.
James Lewis Hatch.
I . It is with deep grief that we announce the
death of Mr J. H. natch, one of the editors of
J the Charleston Courier.
j Mr Hatch was a native of Oxford County,
j 'n t'e State of Maine, and has deceased at the
j early se of twenty-five years He was educa-
i teil at Uowtloiii ooneirc, in u is native otate
j where lie was graduated in ieo
a wruer, inrn ms suusuijucci uisijry nas
fui'j endorsed. His future promise was large.
Mr Haich connected himself with the Charles-
ton Standard in December, 1854, with which
paper he continued about two years. It is but
I ' - uw.v . - j . ' isu
simple justice to say that the Standard was,
during that period, at the height of its pros-
pol ity and iufluciice. 1 n January, 1867, he ae
in nis private cnaracier Air iiatcn was ot
modest demeanor, great engergy of purpose,
strong attachments and sympathies- Those
traits which distinguish ar.d adorn the man
were most conspicuous. He was of a genial
temperament, and amid his friends most com
panionable. The writer of these few inadequate
lines knew Mr ilatchere lie had passed from
the student to the man, and has known him,
with but brief intermission, ever since. The
mournful tidings of his death deprive the hand,
th.it was never unconcerned in his behalf, of
the 'lower it would fain command.
Shows and Morality.
Artemus Ward, showman, writes a letter
to the Cleaveland Pla ndealer, in which he
maintains that wax figures are more eleva
ting than the drama. Hear him:
"I'm travelin with a tent which, is better
nor hirin halls. My show consists of a se
rious of wax works, a panetamy called a
Grand Mjvin Liarea of the War in the Cry-
mcar, comic sonjrs and the Canoraroo, which
last little cus3 continues to conduct himself
in tle most 0utrageou3 styles. I started
oufc tl H of makins, m show
i ...... I i ..i , 4. I A .7 1 T .. . I t
Jiurei utuKuiiruir, uub i in tuiupeiieu. IO
sware so much at that air infernal Canaceroo
that i'm fraid tnis desine will be flustrated
to some extent. And while speakin of mor-
amy renames me mat sum lolKs turn up
their noses at shows like mine, saym they is
low and not fit to be patronized by people
of high degree. Sure I maintain that this
is unlernal nonsense. I maintain that wax
'What sort of sense is there to King Leer
who goes round cussin his darters, chawin
hay and throwin straws at folks, and larfin
like a silly old koot and making a ass of
himself ginerally? Thare's Mrs Macbeth
she is a nice kind of woouian to have, ain't
she, a puttin old Mac, her husband, up to
slaying Dunkun with a chees knife, while he
is payin a friendly visit to their house. O
it's highly morality i spoze, when she larfs
widely and zez 'gin me the daggers i'l let
his bowels out,' or words to that effeck i
say this is all strickly proper, i spoze? hat
Jack Fawlstaf is likewise a immoral old cus3
take him how ye may; and Himlet is as crasy
as a loon. Thare's Richurd Thurd peple
think he is grate things, but i look upon him
in the lite of a monster. He kills everybody
he takes a noshun to, in cold blood, and
then goes to sleep in his tent. Bimeby he
wakes up and yells for a hoss, so he can go
orf and kill sum more people. If he is not
a fit spesimen for the galleries then i should
like to know ware yu find uin. Thare's
lergo who is more ornery nor pizttm. See
how shameful he treated that highly respec
terble injun gentlemun Mister Otheller,
making him for to beleave his wife was tu
thick with Casheo. Obsarve how lergo got
Casheo drunk as a biled owl on corn whisky
in order to carry out his sneakin desines.
See how he wurks Mister Otheller's feelings
up so that he goze and makes poor Desdo
mony swaller a piller which causes her death.
But i must stop. At sum future time L shall
continue my remarks on the drammer, in
which i show the vast superiority of wax
riggers, snaix and other fixins in a interlec-
tooalpint of view''
BURNING OF THE AUSTRIA.
Halifax, Sept. 27. The bark Lotus arrived
yesterday with twelve of the sixty-seren pas
sengers saved from the Austria.
The Anstria sailed from Bremen on Satur
day, the 4th instant, with a total number of
passengers and crew estimated at between 550
Passengers report that on Monday, the 13th,
a little after two o'clock in the afternoon, a
dense volume of smoke burst from the after en
trance of the steerage. The speed of the Tea
se! was instantly checked one half, at which
speed she continued, until the magazine explo
ded, when the engineers it is supposed, were
The fire next burst through the deadlights
amidships, traveling aft with fearful and alarm
The ship was provided with eight of Francis'
metalic !ife boats, each capable of holding fifty
persons. One of these was now let down on
the port side, but it was instantly crushed.
Another which was lowered on the starboard
side, was swamped from the numbers rushing
All the first cabin passengers were aft on
the poop deck, exeepting a few gentlemen,
who must have been smothered in the smoking
Many of the second cabin passengers were
also on the poop, but a large number were shut
up in th? cabin by the flames.
Some were pulled up through the ventilators,
(lint the greater number-jmU
1 ... y. ...... ... ,i - ii: r.. rri
aiiu aciv intir nupniiuiz iuic. tic iub
woman drawn np said six had already suffoca
ted. Several men and women on the poop, jump
ed into the sea by twos and threes, prefering
to drown rather thah be roasted alive.
Some of the women who leaped into the'sea
were already in flames, and others hesitated, till
driven at last to the terrible alternative by the
advancing flames and intolerable heat. In
thirty minutes from the breaking out of the
fire not a soul was left on the poop.
The French baik Maurice, Capt. Ernest
Reuard, came aTonr.side about 5 o'clock, P.
M., and rescued forty passengers, who were
chiefly takers off the bowsprit, but some were
struggling in the water.
At 8 o'clock, P. M., one of the metalic life,
boats of the Austria, came up with twenty-two
persons on board, including the first and second
officers. Subsequently four men were picked
up uoating on a piece ot broken boat
Both the second and third officers are horri
Aiauy oi me maie
passengers saved are
Only six woman were saved, and three
those shockingly burnt.
A Norwegian Bark went alongside the
steamer next morning, and sent a boat out.
The Austria was a new vessel, and one of the
most magnificent on the ocean.
Her passengers were chiefly wealthy Ger
man merchants, returning from the Continent
after spending the summer. The Austria's
cargo was very valuable being made up al
most entirely of costly silk and velvet fabrics.
statemrnt of tiieo. g. glaubernkler.
At about 1 P. M., September 13, being in
my state-room, I heard the cry of "fire!" Has
tening on deck, I saw the flames breaking
through the middle deck The Captain was
trying to get the people out of the second boat
on the port side, to have it lowered. I hasten
ed to the fore deck to keep the people from the
bo-it. After a few minutes I turned around to
go to the quarter-deck, Lut could not get
through the fire. I remained on the forecastle
of the ship, all the time going ouward against
the wind. With the assistance of a sailor I
cut down the jib sail to throw into the water
to use in checking the progress of the fire, but
the people on deck did not understand our in
tention and merely threw them into tho water.
I tried to discover something with which to
save the passengers, but nothing was to be
found. .The spars had been thrown overboard,
and the buckets being near the pipe were all
on fire. In about half an hour the foremast
fell, and shortly after the mainmast, and at
about the same time the engine appeared to
stop. The ship, which thus far had been head
ing west, gradually turned to the north, and
finally to the northeast. Soon after the boiler
seemed to collapse, and ten minutes after the
magazine exploded. By the turning of the
ship the flames and smoke drove me to the fore
castle. The suffering then became intense,
our only hope now being in two vessels in the
distance, one of which afterwards proved to be
the Maurice, approached us slowly; the other,
further off, steering west, tock no notice of ns,
although she was signaled to do so by the Cap
tain of the Maurice. Having taken my stand
on the chains on the starboard side, I gradually
advanced forward to make room for others. At
about 5 o'clock, the Alaurice sent off a boat,
and as soon as it came near, I jumped into the
water and reached it. Seven others were taken
in, and the boat returned to the bark. Two
boats belonging to the bark continued to ply
to and from the steamer, picking np all they
could, until the darkness made it impossible to
find more of the sufferers. Soon after sunset
the first officer, and about a dozen others, came
to the bark, having saved themselves by a life
boat. Later some Swedish sailors came in
part of a boat, and Mr Brew and a German in
part of another boat.
.. Mr Glaubernkler' account -of the .origin of
the Ore coincides with that of Mr lirew iu every
Preparations for the Railroad Celebra
tion in Statesville, N. C.
In pursuance of notice, the citizens of
Iredell county met at the Court House on
Saturday, the 11th inst., and on motion R.
R. White was called to the Chair, and R. F.
Simonton and P. C. Carlton appointed Sec
retaries. The Chairman stated the object of the
meeting was to consider the propriety of
celebrating the completion of the Western
North Carolina Railroad to this place, and
if resolved upon to appoint the necesary com
mittees, and make all needful arrange
ments. R. F. Simonton offered the following
resolutions, which were unanimously adop
ted: Whereas, The railroad will in a few days
be completed to the town of Statesville,
and it has been customary for each county
in this State to celebrate such occasions:
Therefore, be it
Resolved, That the citizens of Iredell cel
ebrate on the 14th of October the comple
tion of this great work to this town.
Resolved, That we will prepare a dinner
for the guests attending the celebration,
with public speaking, and other demonstra
tions suited to the occasion.
Resolved, That we cordially invite all the
citizens of Iredell to unite, and that we
have a celebration which has not been ex-
celled in Western North Carolina.
Resolved, That we cordially invito th
citizens of the State to meet with us on this
On motion of E. M. Campbell, Dr. Jno.
Allison, L. Q. Sharp and E. B. Drake, were"
appointed a committee to procure speakers
for the occasion.
Rosolved, That the following be a com
mittee to solicit edibles, and to superintend
the dinner on the day of the celebration:
R. M. Allison, R. F. Simonton, A. M.
Walker, H E Davis, R R White, M F
Freeland, R N Freeland, M Stirewalt, Ja.s
SRickert, J W Woodward, C A Carlton,
H W Ayer, J C Barkley, $ R Adams
Silas Bost, L N Alexander, Eli Bost, Thos
Morrison, P Little, Lee W Morrison, II
E Robinson, A Cl irk, Jacob Parker, Andrew
Allison, Jr., Abs Sherrill, J W Long, J F
Goodman, TLC Donalson, J M Lewis, J
F Davidson, Moses A White, J A Kerr, E
Burkhead, A F Mellon, R R Templeton,
Thomas E Grey, J M Grey, J L Mills, H A
Mills, A F Morton, Sidney Mills, Edwin
Falls, J C Hargrave, George S Robinson,
T A Patterson, M. H. Brandon, J F Cham
bers, Dr. J R B Adams, J E Montgomery,
Wilford Turner, Geo. A Eagle. R H Hill
Wm M Allison, A B FGaither, John Dalton,
W Linster. Rev. B CIeffff, P. Tomlin, K D
xwiin.WJ Colvrt Jacob Fraley, Azel
Deakens, J. W Williams H E Allen, Hufu
Fiemster, W F Morrison, Silas Keaton,
M Johnson, Dr. Long, Col Campbell, Col
MRickert, Milton Graham, DrHllyburton
A R Morrison; R M Brady, Mosses Reamer
Resolved, That the Committee on Pro-"
vissions meet at the Railroad Office, in States-
ville, on Tuesday of the October Court, at
12 o'clock, to complete their arrangements
On motion of J B Andrews,
Resolved, That the officers of the Ind'pt
Iredell Blues be a committee to invite the
different military companies and the brass
On motion of R. M Allison, it was
Resolved, That all the citizens of Iredell
county are requested to furrish such provis
ions (ready cooked,) as they may choose,
and that they report to the committee on
Provisions what they expect to contribute.
On motion Col T A Allison was unani
mously chosen Marshal of the day.
Resolved, That these proceedings be pub
lished in the Iredell Express, with a requist
that other papers in the State copy or notice
The Chairmun declared the meeting ad
journed. R. R. White, Ch'm.
R. F. Simonton, 0 ,
Trinity Bay, Sept. 28. No signals yes
terday. Electrical indications unchanged.
The London Times tninks there are two
fractures in the cable, near the abrupt deep
water between two and three hundred miles
from shore. Shares have declined.
McL. McKay, Esq., one of the
Commoners from Cumberland and Harnett,
was here a day or two last week, and Maj.
John T. Gilmore, the Senator from that dis
trict, has been sojourning for several days
past with his relatives near this City. Stand.
The author of the following pathetic lines
lft last week for Frzier river on a raft.
When lovely woman veils hr bosom
With muslin fashionably thin,
What man with eyes could e'er refuse 'em
From casually peeping in ?
Anil when his ardent gaze returning.
Tbe dry goods heave two deep drawn sighs,
Would not his finger ends be burning
Tc press his hat down o'.er his eyes T
X-A.STID FOR S-A-XE.
The Subscribers wish to sell their lands, situated on
the west side of Cape Fear River, 12 miles below
Fayetteville. and on Gray's Creek. There is two
tracts; th 3 river tract contains Four Hundred and
Twenty or Tiiirty acres, with a srood Dwelliuir house
and all other necessary out houses, and a good new
tnst mill on tiray's Creek a never failing stream,
also about One Hundred acres of good Swamp land,
and very easy to drain. The back tract contains
Oas Hundred and Five or Ten acres, with good im
provements in tbe way of newly cleared land, a good
dwelling house and all necessary out houses, with a
good black-smith and wood shop. It is an excellent
stand for a good Blacksmith. For further infor
mation addres either of the subscribers at Gray's
Creek, Cumberland county.
11A.N L. BUTLER.
Sept, 18. 3t-pd
SEW FALb AXD WIVTEIl DRY OOOOS.
ALEX. JOHNSON, Jh.
HaS received and is this day receiving a large
&TOCK OF GOODS,
embracing all the newest styles of
Ladies Dress Goods, Cloaks, Shawls,
Basques, Bonnets, Ribbons, Flowers,
-: and Trimmings, of all kinds.
A very desirable stock of
Ready-Made Clothing, Cloths, Cassi-
meres, Vesting, Hats, Caps, Boots,
Shoes, Umbrellas, &c, &c.
Together with many articles not deemed necessary
Alt of which will be offered low for CASH, or on
time to such as pay when called on.
ALEX. JOHNSON. Jr.
uayetteviue ept. za, i8.
WILMINGTON, CHARLOTTE &
RUTHERFORD RAIL ROAD CO.
The Regular Annual Meeting of the Stockholders
of the Wilmington, Charlotte &, Rutherford Railroad
Company, will beheld in ihe Town of Wilmington, on
Thursday, the 14th day of October next.
H. W, GUION. Pres't.
Sept. 18, 1858. tm
CORN AND WHISKEY.
1000 BUSHELS good White Corn.
150 Bbls. Whiskey.
20 " Apple Braody.
15 " N. E. Rum.
For Sale for CASH by E. F. MOORE & CO.
Sept. 10 4t
GROCERIES AT WHOLESALE.
InAVE just received in store my Fall Stock, em
bracing the following articles, viz:
125 Bags Coffee.
65 Bbls. and Hhds. Sugar assorted.
65 " Pork.
50 Boxes good Tobacco.
15 " Candy.
30 4 Bbls. Snuff Eagle Mills.
75 Jjoxes Crackers.
All of which will be sold for CASH, or cn short
time to the best of men. E F MOORE & CO.
Sept. 10. it