W&at is the Monro Doctrine.
Speculations are ever and anon indulged in
relation 10 the Monroe Doctrine, and in many
cases views every way erroneous are expressed.
It is under these circumstance that the Nation
al Intelligencer has devoted an elaborate arti
cle to the subject. It is too long to give in
detail, bat its chief points will bo read with
interest. The historical Monroe Doctrine con
sisted of two declarations, the first of which
grew out of the discussions which took place in
123, and earlier, between our Government and
that of Russia and Great Britain in regard to
the proper limits of our Northwestern territory.
The leading Powers of Europe up to that
time had been accustomed to consider the un
occupied portions of the Western World as
still open, in point of public law to settlement
and colonization as derelict territory, upon
which they might enter and which they might
subsequently hold, on condition of occupying
he land. For the sake of rebutting this pre
tention, at least so far as it might be held to
restrict our territorial claims In the Northwest,
the Administration of Monroe took the occa
sion to assert "as a principle, in which the
rights and interests of the United States were
involved, that the American Continents, by the
-free and independeut condition which they
have assumed and maintain, are henceforth
not to be considered as subjects for future col
onization by any European Power." It is well
known that Mr. John Quincey Adams was the
author of this "principle;" and the motives by
which he was influenced in propounding it are
elaborately set forth in the corespOndence he
had at that periqd with Mr. Hush, our able
JtHif argument was, in brief, that the South
American States and Mexico, by virtue of their
independance, had acceeded to all the proprie
tary rights formerly enjoyed by Soain, and
since the United States claime(j to extend their
jurisdiction to the Pacific, and thus over the
whole of Northwestern Territory which they
had not yet actually occupied, it hence resulted
that both the Northern and Southern Conti
nents of America had passed uuder the civil
domi nion ot the several States among which
they were parcelled. In other words, it was
contended that the flag of some Power now
covered and protected all the territory of the
western World, which being thus preocupied
by civilized nations, would henceforth be accessi
ble to Europeans and to each other only on
the footing of so many independent sovereign
ties, claiming and asserted a jurisdiction which
shielded the whole continent from encroach
ments under the old and long-recognised rights
of discovery and settlement. The "Monroe
Doctrine," under this head, had that extent,
aud no more.
The second branch of the declaration made
by President Monroe, in his Annual Message
of 1S23, related to the apprehended attempt
of the European Powers combined in the Holy
Alliance, to re-subjugate the Spanish American
States which had thrown off allegiance to the
lhese Powers had solemly declared at Yerona
in lb'2-2, their resolution to repel the maxim of
rebellion, in whatever place, or under whatever
form it might show itself," as before at Trop-
pan they had publicly announced "that the
European States have undoubted right to take
a Hostile attitude in recrard to those nations
in which the overthrow of Government might
operate as an example." Who does not see
that a blow aimed at the Spanish provinces, in
pursuancetof principles such as these, was
equally directed at us, as the revolted provin
ces of Great Briain, and in which, if any where
the, "overthrow of government" might be deem
ed to operate as on "'example" calling- for
chastisement? At the same time Great Brit
ain, by virtue of her constitutional principles
of civil liberty, was equally averse to such a
policy as was espoused by the Holy Alliance,
and moreover, had already entered into favor
able commercial relations with the Spanish
American Republics which she was unwilling
to renounce or to subject anew to the hazards
and interruptions of war.
Under these circumstances it was that Mr.
Canning, then the British Secetary for foreign
affairs, proposed to Mr. Rush "that the Gov
ernment of the United States should go hand
in hand with England" in resisting any attempt
directed to the re-subjugation of the revolted
colonies of Spain; and it was in consequence of
Zueh a previous concert of views between the
two governments, as well as in obedience to
obvious considerations of publie policy, that
Mr. Monroe declared, in 1823, that the United
States would consider any "attempt on the
part of the Allied Powers to extend their system
to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous
to our peace and safety."
1 he brief explanation shows the origin and
defines the purport of the celebrated Monroe
Doctrine, and from a source Jevery way relia
ble. Th3 Intelligencer adds;
To him that makes the requisite inqniry noth
ing is easier than to understand what was sig
nified" by the declarations actually made by
Mr. Monroe in 1823, and the "virtues" of the
"doctrine" then promulgated are apparant
enough, if considered in connection with the
questions to which they were applied by the
cautious and conservative statesmen of the era.
But in respect to the modern version of the
doctrine which assumes to claim Mr. Monroe
for its Dutative father, and which asserts the
undoubted right and imperious duty of the
United States to exercise a protectorate over
the whole Continent of North and South Amer
, ica, we take leave to say that, if defensible
a.ny vr"- y rfcC j.UVio rtVtt. or- expediency,
-it should be allowed to rest on them for its
Bifficient vindication, and not seek to disguise
its entangling origin under the honored named
of a man whose declarations afford it neither
foundation nor pretence for the paternity which
The State Fair.
The sixth annual Fair of the North Carolina
Agricultural Societv will commence near this
City to-day, Tuesday.
On Monday evening at five o'clock there
were 217 entries of articles for Floral Hall,
200 for Mechanic's Hall, 88 for Planter's Hall,
anKl 153 of live stock. These entries are .larger
than those made up to the same time at any
former Fair; and we learn also that there are
seventy-five more members ot the oociety en
rolled than were enrolled up to the same time
at the last Fair.
All the indications are that the Fair will be
eminently successful. Our Reporter, Mr Spel-
man, is on the ground, and we expect to give
full accounts in our next of the Fair itself and
of the meetings of the State Society. Raleigh
Execution of ax Indian.. An Indian was
lately hung in Texas for the murder of a child
When on the scaffold he said he was going to
Arkansas, and wished the other Indians to send
his gun to him after he should get there.
N. C. State Stocks. Sales in New York
on Friday last of $2000 North Carolina 6's at
96 and of 3000 on Saturday at the same price.
Virginia 6's are selling at 93 and Tennessee
6's at 92.
i. From the - Wilmington Journal, r
Election of Judges by the People.
Unquestionably the people are or ought to
be the sources of all power in a republican
country, and the good of the people'is or ought
to be the end and object of its exercise of such
power. These are propositions which no one
will controvert. How the people are to exer
cise their inherent and inalienable powers, what
checks and balances they themselves are to im
pose, what balance wheels they are to introduce
into their governmental machinery for the pur
pose of giving steadiness and uniformity to its
motion; these are questions which mature de
liberation and extended experience alone can
answer, and the conclusions to which different
persons, honestly reasoning from the same prem
ises may be brought, may be as different as
the persons themselves, their different modes of
thought or me aiuereni siana-points irom wnicn
they may look.
Although all admit that the majority must
govern, yet no one is willing to assert that all
questions should be referred to the unrestrained
action of mere majorities. All good constitu
tions, that of the United States and of our
State among the number, provide certain limits
to the powers of the majority, so as to protect
the rights of minorities. There are certain
things that no majorities in congress can do
that no majority of our representatives in the
General Assembly of the State can do, because
to do them would be to violate those safeguards
that the constitution of the United States and
of the State have throwu oronnd the minorities.
Neither is it possible, or it possible, is it expe
dient in all cases for the people to- exercse t
reetlr . the powers they undoubtedly possess.
They confide them, they must, from the nature
of things, confide them to their agents and
representatives. The people cannot meet en
masse to make laws, or to do various other
things. But it is sometimes thought that the
people mar, by their organic law, known as the
constitution, have delegated certain powers to
their representatives which might, with proprie
ty and advautage be resumed and taken into
their own hands, among the rest the power of
electing Judges This has been done in several
of the States. In addition, therefore, to the
deductions of reason, we have the lessons to be
derived from the experience of others to assist
in guiding us to a just conclusion on this point
the real matter being to find out how it will
work. It appears to ns a perfectly open ques
tion, so far as principle is concerned, whether
the people exercise their powor of appointing
Judges themselves directly, or whether they
exercise it through their representatives. The
dependence or independence of the Judiciary
depends less unpon the mode of election than
upon the tenure of office. Let the term be a
sufficiently long one, and no re-election. The
iudependunce of the Judiciary must be secured,
and no other consideration should be taken
into the calculation until this has been provi
It may be that under the system existing in
JNorth Carolina, we sometimes get different
Judges from what we ought to have, but when
we compare our Courts with those of New
York, where a different system exists, we feel
reluctant to rush hastily into an experiment
which has worked so badly there, where, with
few exceptions, the Courts have no dignity
' the law has no rower and the nnbhc no tro
tection where, in fact, existing grievances are
so intolerable that the people demamiia Con
vention for the purpose of gettinaTtof the
whole patent improved systemAmder whose
blessings they are groaning.
We know that there is more than one Judge
on the Ucnch of TCorth Carolina. . who fmioieg
himself rather the maker than the administra
tor of the laws who in charges is fond of telling
the Jury in particular, and the world in general,
not only how the laws are, but How, in his
opinion, they ought to be ; that prejudices of the
most obnoxious character have been carried
upon the Bench and distorted the judicial vision.
All this we say without impugning the honesty
of purpose of any member of our judiciary;
while we must express our opinion that such
infirmities of temper ought to exclude any man
from the Bench. We don't think that such
persons could ever be elected by the people.
But the pliant demagogue might; or that virtue,
which, on the Bench, might be superior to all
other temptations, might be swerved, by the
hope of a re-election, to persuade itself into
seeing things in that light that might best suit
the views of those to whom the appeal would
have to be made at the polls. This, however,
applies equally to the elections by the Legisla
ture or by popular vote. There would be
electioneering brought to bear either way. The
real question, after all, is the term and tenure.
The people are honest they mean to do right .
This we admit in its fullest sense. It is not
only their desire, but their interest to do right.
So may two honest parties in Court mean to
do right. Both plaintiff and defendant may
think themselves right, and they appeal to the
laws as administered by the Courts to decide
between them. Merely meaning right is not
all, for perfectly honest parties may honestly
disagree, and their disagreement must be re
ferred to some tribunal which ought to be not
only disinterested but so situated as to place it
beyond the reach of outside motive or influence,
and free to decide the case upon its own merits.
Suppose A, the plaintiff, B, the defendant, C,
the judge. Suppose further, that u, the de
fendant, stands in place of, or represents the
majority, or a controlling influence in that ma
jority, to which C, the judge, is shortly to ap
peal for re-election; we ass, would not the
Judge be subjected to an influence, a ' tempta
tion that it would be more prudent to guard
frail human nature against. Admitting that
we all mean right, some circumstances must
have their influences, even w'thout our knowing
it. This question of the election of Judges re
quires mature deliberation and careful handling.
Change is not necessarily either progress or
improvement, neither is it necessarily the re
verse. American Muscle-Out Door Sports?
Everybody remembers Dr. Franklin's argu
ment applied to the little French Abbe, who
deplored the degeneration of man and animal
life in America, sandwiching the diminutive
....... Ub... siaiwart lanKee sKippers;
and then when the Abbe had concluded his ex
pected essay, bidding him look at his Ameri
can neighbors. It may be said by an admirer
of the witty Dr Ilolmes that the proSi-ss of
accay had not advanced so far in Franklin's
days, and that there was then left bone and
muscle enough to astonish the little French
Abbe, and demolish his theory.
But now it is plain to see the ravages of the
climate of America, the shrunken ribs, the
elongated and emaciated limbs, and the con
tracted jaws that do not afford room for the
natural number of teeth, all give the signs of
natural weakness of our constitution, and of a
race soon about to run out. So much for one
class of theorists. Another, haviDg to do with
the stalwart farmers of the West, or the lum
bermen of Maine, describe the race of men on
this continent in very different terms. i
We suppose that there is some truth on both
Vvrriety f faroilies. such a diversify of modes
of life, such differences of condition s and there-
iore, sucq extremes in the appearance of men.
We find here the utmost neglect ef very rule
of health, persisted in until disease invades en
tire families, and is propagated with the utmost
care. On the other hand, there artfisituations
where it is impossible for any one tolive other
wise than in accordance with nature." We find
then here men with an - excess of ttfalth . and
muscle, and others with a terrible deficiency.
The specimens from which Dr Holmes and
his school have drawn their notions as t& the
downward tendency of th race are taken from
the indolent, pampered and often-times vicious
youth of our large cities, "Young America,"
as the fanny papers call them, or else from the
class of speculating, ismatic aud dyspeptic Yan
kees so intent on money making as tO: wiar out
the body by anxiety and neglect. feW . 5
We do not deny that thee are foraPmg here
peculiarities in bodily figare, and thatHliere
will be a aatioual type, the outline of which
perhaps, may be traced, but wo do ot ihiuk
that there is any reason to fear degeneration,
if we are only true to ourselves, andoaf destiny
and institutions. .
To the inhabitants of this and every other
city and large town we nrge the necessity of
physical exercise and out-door sports, tt they
will degenerate. . We feel it a duty to -encour-age,.8
far as possible, this movement which
has begun in our city, and have demoted a
special department to this subject
om-aoor diversions a subject wh
tinue to be a speciality in The Da
be fostered ii every posslbtewby;
Our German fellow-citizens h
great service, as a nation, by keipin
societies, "The Turners," for physic
And then we have military and tatffet com
panies, base ball clubs, in competition with the
Jingiisn cricket ; rowing cluJs, and otner asso
ciations of a similar object Natnr takes care
of the children. If they get out ill the open
air they play, run and room instinctively; and
there is an equal necessity for the- exercise in
later years, but unfortunately reason is inferior
to instinct in all that concerns what belongs to
the physical nature. We use our biphest fac
ulties to gratify the meanest propensities, and
health is sacrificed at the shrine of fOiibition or
wealth, without the slightest consideration.
The ancients were practically far wser than
we moderns. The bath and the gjmnasium
were public institutions, and the rigor and
courage, mental and physical, of jlie Greeks
and Romans, are due to these causes rather
than to climate or race. Every man has the
power, to a greater or less degree, of making
lilmcnlf "lonitlTT nronltriT anl tvica "mnrl nKr.f
himself "healthy wealthy and wise'nd about
in the proportion he pleases.
If Americans choose they can generate
to any desired degree by indolence icglect of
air and excercise, eating excessive Quantities of
food, cooking that food improper!?, stuffing
their stomachs with saleratus, disuse of ablu
tions and abuse of their bodily and; rental fac
ulties. It is within the power of eali individ
ual to preserve or regain health tb, a degree
almost astonishing, and when thisfourse be
comes general the -national tone, aifa standard
of strength and appearance will bejfeifated to
the highest pitch. I-
A bad example to refer to, but Aire is much
to be learned, much to be gained iyy watching
the euects ot phj'sicai training oii't.e persons
of the two athletes who are atlthis moment
preparing to maul each other aswize fighters
until no semblance of the human prm is visible.
We merely poiut to their examplkto show to
what degree of health and vior-Jrt I'm yJf
taiued ioh hmuu r"J r-iiu-
ing, or out-aoor sports
We maintain that such judicious exercises
should be encouraged, not for the purpose of
beastly prize fighting, but as a patriotic object;
and that the honor and welfare of the country
as well as our own comfort, health and happi
ness, may be maintained. It is necetsary as
an instrument to drive away dyspepsia; head
ache, weak backs and crazy isms from out of
the land. N. Y. News. S
Election Anecdote. The following story
is told of a revolutionary soldier who was run
ning for Congress: It appears that our hero
was opposed by a much younger man, who had
never "been to the wars," and it was the wont
of old "revolutionary" to tell the people of the
hardships he endured. Says he:
"Fellow-citizens, I have fought and bled for
my country I helped to whip the British and
the Indians. I have slept upon the field of
battle with no covering but the canopy of Ilea-
ven. I have walked over frozen ground till
every footstep was marked with blood."
Just about this time, one of the "sovereigns,"
who had become very much affected by this
tale of woe, walks up in front of the speaker,
wiping the tears from his eyes with the extrem
ity of his coat tail, and interrupting him, says:
"Did you say you fought the British and
"Yes," responded the old "revolutionary."
"Did you say that you had slept on the
ground, while serving your country, without
"Yes, sir, I did."
"Did you say yon had followed the enemy of
your country over frozen ground till evey foot
step was marked with blood?" j--
"Yes," exnltingly replied the speaker!
"Well, then" says the tearful "sov"eign,"
as he gave a sigh of painful emotion, JJ'll be
d d if I don't think you've done enoigh for
vnnr PiMintrv nnr! I'll va(p frr frlir ntjff 'tfi'A'n "
Armv T.ifp in TTtah
A writer from the camp at Salt Lake
letici uiittu uiafc nugusi, Bays: .
The army camp is about to be moted a- few
miles to a point wbere preparations fare being
made tor the winter. Huts are bein built
there of clay, in the shapo of large size bricks
and dried in the sun (adobe.J Each officer is
to have a room 15 feet square and 7 feet high
the earth for a floor, and perhaps heaven for
a ceiling, in a part at least, for though a sort
of roof will be made, it will be a holy one. The
Mormons are at work making the adobes- at
least one hundred Mormons are now at work,
and they have contracted to make one mill'00
and a half of them. After they are completed
the troops will move and it will take the sol
diers a month to make their preparations for.
This war is a capital thing for the Mormons:
they sell their vegetables, &c, at their own
price, pretty generally, (though every day an
officer is detailed to attend to the nrices of
things brought to the camp to sell,) then they
require Mormon prices for their labor in short
it is a fine tiling for the Mormons to have the
troops out here to eat all they want to sell
As to Brigham, he fairs sumptuously every
day. His house is very fine; it is said to have
cost sixty thousand dollars. On the enpalo
is a bee-hive, beautifully carved in wood. 1
this house he attends to business, receives visi
tors, and here resides Mrs. Brigham Xo 1. In
the house next to this all the other Mrs i5nT
hams live say fifty or sixty. '
sides. There is no nation which
irh U eon-
. Colission of two Steamers.
' Yesterday at about 1 o'clock, a colission,
of quite a serious character took plach about
five miles below and near. Craney Island, be
between the U. S. steamer Artie, coming from
Washington, and the City of Richmond, of the
Union Steamship Line,
It appears, that the City of Richmond accor
ding to rule, bore to the right when nearing
the Artie; but the pilot of the latter, by mis
take or miscalculation, took the wron course
and ran plump into the City of Richmond, strik
ing nearly at right angles, on the larboard
side abreast of the smoke stack, causing a ter
ific crash, staving in the planks carrying away
the mizen mast, smoke stack, pipes, part of the
gunwale and other timbers injuring the steam
drum and otherwise damaging the ship iu a
We learn that every sutable offbrt was made
by Captain Mitchell of theC. of R. to avoid
the collision, and that after the accident took
place he immediately directed his atention to
the safety of his passengers. The iniured stea
mer however, kept afloat, and in good time was
towed back torher wharf, where a large num
ber of persons had assembled to learn the nar-
ticulars of the disaster.
We are gratified to state that no Jive's were
lost and no person was severaly injured by the
accident; but there were some very narrow es
capes. 1 he mate of the damaged ship was
knocked down and slightly injured on one arm.
ut. west, wno was on board was assendinsr
to the tipper deck at the time and although the
(mast; smoke 8tack. &C. came thnnrforinor rinwn
V?!55lW1E.!0JS" hf5 nead, he escaped without tninry .
- - xne damage, including the detention, to-n.
posed to amount to about $3,000; and consid
ering the circumstances attending the affair,
it is remarkable that the ship did not go to the
bottom, thereby causing hot only a heavy lqss
of property, but a serious destruction of life.
The Artie proceeded uninjured to the Na
vy. Yard, and after her arrival Commodore
Dormin, on learniug the particulars of the col
lision, promptly despatched the boatswain of
the Yard over to Captain Mitchell, who af
ter a short interview, was informed that Cap
tain Dormin proposed that the ship be towed
immediately over to the Yard, to receive - such
repairs as will enable her to proceed on her
voyage to Philadelphia with her freight, which
includes 1400 bbls flour; and the work to be
completed at the expense of the Government
when she returns. Nor. A rgus, 1 6th.
A Wedding ix Syria. The bride and
groom were conducted into separate apart
ments, where each was gorgeously attired;
the bride in a perfect blaze of jewels and
cloth, of gold, wearing a gilded miter on her
head, ornamented with" diamond stars and
crescents. Her hands, face and feet, which
before had been dyed with henna, were cov
ered with gold foil, cut in odd shapes and
figures; and her eyebrows and eyelids were
stained black with, khol.' Beneath a hezy
veil of gauze, spangled with gold, she tot
tered to a raised throne. After seating
herself, several attendants gathered around
and arranged not only the folds of her robe
but her very eyelids, which she carefully
closed, accompanied by a caution not to
open them. Her hands were then placed
on her knees, and a slave stationed at her
back, holding in her hand a drawn sword.
A little wax doll like creature, sitting per
fectly motionless, and rigged up as she was
the fijrr the throne looked now as much
weil -ein bo con-
This little couple were mere children
the bride being nine and the groom twelve
years of age!' Not uncommon ao-es, how
ever, for the perpetration of matrimony in
tins country. -
On reaching Keby Daub, we
were shown into a large upper apartment,
where the bride sat on a raised throne as
immovable as a statue, and completely en
veloped in a large red sheet. An alter,
adorned with silver censers fuming with in
cense, and tall candlesticks ornamented
with, guilt leaves, stood in front of her,
while a sheathed sword hnng over her head.
On their arrival, the little groom
was led up stairs to the bride, whose veil he
raised to obtain a first glimpse of her face
then suddenly extinguished the only light
ed candle, afterward making a mock attempt
to re-light it. In total darkness the whole
company, bride, groom and all, rushed down
stairs. The little pair were placed undcr a
canopy; the torches were lighted, and amid
the shrill screaming of the women the beat
ing of the tambourine and "tom-tom." ac
companied by the blowing of a loud whistle,
the nrocession aerain moved on. The torch-
lfd tlx train, then & lonsr string of
turbans, and in their midst the canopy held
aloft by four bearers, while the white sheet
ed thronr followed behind.
A Desperate Duel and Happy Riddance.
- The following extract from a private letter
written by one of the soldiers in the Army of
Utah gives the particulars of one of the most
desperate duels on record. The tragedy oc
curred in Cedar valley, during the first week
in September. The writer says:
The parties to this sanguinary affair were
two gamblers from St. Louis, Kucker and Peel.
What gave rise to the difficulty was that, in
the course of a game for $1000. Kucker played
a secreted card, and was detected by Peel, who
took the money Rucker forfeiting the pile by
the fafce play
The ensuing clay the parties met at the Sut
ler's store; while there, some remarks by a
third party revived the subject of the game,
and the quarrel of words between Rucker and
Peel took a more serious turn. Peel said that
there was but one way to settle the matter
they must fight. They adjourned outside the
store, and taking their stations about ten yards
apart, drew their revolvers, and fired. Both
fell at the first shot Rucker shot in the breast,
and Peel in the shoulder. One of Peel's fingers
was taken off by the shot. The second shot
took effect in both. Rucker then raised np on
his knee and fired twice, both balls hitting
Peel. The latter bleeding from six wounds,
struggled up from the ground, and resting his
revolver on his arm, and taking deliberate aim,
shot Rucker to the heart. Peel is not expect
ed to live; indeed as I write, a rumor prevails
that he is dead.
Both these desperadoes came out from the
States last spring, and both had thousands of
dollars of the soldiers' money, which they had
won in a "professional way." Their death is
not likely to be regretted among the soldiers.
Not so Obvious. "I can't bear children,"
said Miss Prim disdainfully.
Mrs. Partington looked up at her over
her spectacles mildly .before she replied,
"Perhaps if you could you would like them
abkesf OF COUNTERFEITERS SEIZURE OF
JLWELVB 1HOUSAND DOLLARS CT BOGtTS B-RK
oills, the Dies, Plates-, Presses, &c. For
some time past the Deputy Superintendent of
ot Police has been on the alert to effect ike
arrester -unknown parties, who, he became
aware, were manufacturing and putting into
circulation large quantities of counterfeit bank
OI1IS. HIS nrineinnl ncsiatunti tMroi-a
TXT ,1- , ' , " " , .
a.uu oergeanii xjeneris, ana these gen-
biciuen ere recently lea to believe that the
manufacturing of the money was earried on at
vne juott Haven, about a mile north of Harlem
Bridge, by two well known rogues- Sergeant
Lefferts and Policeman McDougall watched
the suspected parties and house for several days
unu n.gnis in succession, and finally their sua
p.nuus were greatly connrmed. Tney accor
dingly gave notice at headquarters, and late
last Friday night a force of police, ' beaded by
Captain Walling, started for the house, and at
o ciock on the following morning they arrived
iuiuiug open me tioors entered, and imme
diately arrested the two men, Leonard Barker
alias James C. Watson, and James Jones. The
premises were then searched, and $12 000 in
counterfeit $10 bills on the Ogdensburg'h Bank,
JN . . were seized. These bills are well exe
cuted and all ready for circulation. Besides
these, a large quantity of the counterfeits in
different stages of completion were found; also
bank note paper in abundance. In the cellar
tne officers found the dies, plates, and chemi
cals used in the business, besides the printing
press, and in short, all the apparatus necessary
fqr'eoun terfgiting. Plates for counterfeiting
to another, coats of arms of the different States
impressed on isinglass for transferring to bank
bills, engravers' tools, &c, were also found.
Books describing the bills of every bank in the
country, and giving fac similes of the officers of
them were also fonnd, and in a closet, one of the
police fonnd a quantity of the counterfeit Turk
ish money discovered a few days before at a
printers in Duane street. The two prisoners
together with the above named articles, were
brought to this city, and the former were taken
before Justice Quackenbush yesterday afternoon
and locked up for examination. The bills on
the Ogdensburgh Bank are well executed, but
the paper used is thicker and of inferior quality
to the genuine issue. All of them are dated
March 4, 1858. The two prisoners undoubted
ly have numerous confederates in different parts
of the country through whose instrumentality
they circulate the bogus money, and it is to-be
hoped that the arrest of some of them, at least
will be effected.
Why he closed Show.
Artemus Ward has written a letter to
Cleavland Plaindealer. In it he says:
"Here in the Buzzum of my family can
enjoy myself at peas with awl mankind and
the wimmin folks likewise- I go down to
the villao-e occasionaJj and take a little old
Rvp fnr ?hf stuuimiicks sake, but i avoid
spiri fcus-ifck ers as a general thing. No man
ever see me intossikated but onct and that
air happened in Pittzburg. A parsel of
onary cusses in that mizzerable sity bursted
inter the hawl during the nite and aboosed
my wax works shameful. I did'nt obsarve
the outrejus transacchun ontilthe nextevenin
when the people begun for to kongregate.
Suddenly they kommensed for to larf and
holler in a boystirous style. Sez i gud peple
wats up? Sez they thems grate wax works
isnt they old man. -'I immediately looked
ter where the wax works wus and my blud
biles as i think of the site which then met
my Gaze I hope ter be degrabberid if them
afoursed rascals hadnt gone and put an old
kaved iu hat onter George Washington's hed
shuved a short black klay pipe inter his
mouth. His nose they painted red and his
trowsis legs they hed shuved inside his
1 1 r
jiywax figger of Napoleon Bonypart
2 rTUrcate1- His sword was
was drawh klean down over hiai2e and he
was placed m a stooping Posishu iookjna.
zactly as tho he was drunV as a bned owF
General Taj-low was standing on his hei
and ,Wingfield's Skott's koat tail was pined
over his hed and his trowsis wer kompletely
rotn off frum hisself. My wax works repre
senting the Lords Last Supper was likewise
afoozed. Three of the Postles wer under
the table and two of urn had on old tarpaw
lin hats and ragged pee iackets and wer
smoking pipes. Judus lskarriot had on
a kocked hat and was parently drinkin, as
a Bottle Whisky was settin before him. This
ere spectercal was too much for me. I klosed
the show and then drowndedmy sorrers in
the flowin Bole.
"Probly ile rite you again befour i take
my departure on the Summer kampain.
Very respectly Yurcs,
ARTEMUS WTARD,T. K.
Skillful Surgical Operation. Some eight
months ago, Mr. Addison Holden, of Leas
burg, N. (J. while shooting a fowling piece,
had the misfortune of getting a percussion cap
buried in one of his eyes near the pupil; the
eye soon inflamed and he suffered the most ex
cruciating, pain from tW-r-The-yoang" ms wm
taken to the most eminent Surgeons in our
State aud operated on, but to little effect,
farther than to modify the excitement and al
lay the pain the buried cap remained, until a
few days ago Doctor Wootten, of Danville,
Va., who happened to be passing through
Leasburg, met Mr. Holden in the road, and
learning the condition of his eye, got out of
his sulky and cut the cap out with his pen knife!
The operation was one that required the nicest
skill in optical surgery, and, it was performed
by a master hand.
At Portland, Maine, a cute Yankes adver
tised a lecture on the "Humbug of Spiritual
ism," tue point of which would be "letting the
cat out of the bag;" admission five cents only.
A large audience gathered at the City Hall on
Wednesday evening, and the lecturer, &ftt.fc
icw wurus on uie nature oi numuug, ragrjraoi
beneath his desk a bag, which he pTouTpHY
opened, and out sprang a veritable cat The
audience, fortunately for the lecturer, relished
the joke, aud, amid the burst of applause that
followed, he let himself out of the ldcture-room .
" V ermonters live to a great age, as is
well known. There are two men so old that
they have forgotten who they are, and ther
are no neighbors who can remember-
JasBoon, aged eighty--g' n
mate of the poor-hou hTa famii con
ennntv. North 1 .m-i'l,rJ -j
J , ini three children, itiss
to $150,000, and no mistake.
Sow to Move a Stubborn fiorse
A large crowd collected to witness the efforts
of greatly excited rustic, Whose horse bacf
delioerateyjjUtunseJf down, andV rcfusad ost
perempterjjyjjfaj ren make an effort td
aoso. TheafirmaTiLnaiitarii the-ttm.
fiVfrlpd about th MrTrfl HmU'. w.J
back, but ittaiettft 3 4XW
countryman, being, but" him an -fjl-c - Jsf J'5-
Became exasperuieu, a J y "J? -ex UJlgi(riV' , ,v.t.j;r
gentler means, betook nipisen .taOTMWW.-nTeas ""
nres. Borrowing a stoartr whirr from a" passi
. .3 i e t. .i i i !.l .
of muscle, and sncb rapid succession-, that the"
neighborhood resounded with the noise of the
lash, so that many imagined Christmas was at
hand, with its usual accompaniment of urchins
and fire crackers. But desperate expedients,
like more gentle measures, proved also futile,-. .
and the countryman was about to leave horse-'"
and eart in despair when a shrewd old darkey
appeared about sixty-five yards distant, with a
measure of corn, which he shook in auite a
lively manner. No sooner did Dobbin hear
the sound, than he leaped to his feet, and get
ting a sight of the cereal which he had so lone
needed, started rapidly for the object of his
intensest desire. The negro, to keen ud the'
sport, took to his heels, the horse and cart fol
lowing, and the crowd following the horse and
cart altogether forming a most exciting scene.
1 1 J X 1 11 . . . . .
wnicn seeiujm to ue rainer increasing than di
minishing when we last saw them tarn from
Gill street into Halifax lane: Petersburg ( Va
express. . jsr-.4- 4- ' v
-Ave ucn umuur, yc ucen tarn
What a eniwar-worM we're i. O
Men are sleeping, flatlnu'rinldp;.'
Just as they have always bet- ,J
Reanx are Rt.riit.timr. rianVlipfi nniKxintf.
Misses toiling night and day, V
Boys are sporting, girls are frizzing,
Grandmas fitJgetting away.
Tom is crying, Mary singing,
Jack is laughing merrily,
Dust is flying, tea bells ringiug,
These have music Bure forjrie; . " -.
Peasants toiling, rich meivridrnff, '
Starinsr with a lordly phTzji
Rogues through every crfUT are gliding
Zounds, how queer a world it is!
Marrying, some in marriage given,
Others like the world of old,
All but me are feasting, living
Would that wives were to be sold?
Others have their dears in plenty.
And their bosoms heave with 1over -j
Tve had chances, nineteen, tvreatj
But I dare not one improve.
Brokers shaving, siieriirs dunning,
Politifio pull your sleeve, '
Print''"' scolding, wits are punning,
jail birds begging for reprieve,
.Preachers warring, idiots ranting,
Bacchus, too, bath devotees.
Yonder wretch your wife's gallanting,
What a duced fool he is!
Lawyers spouting, client list'ning,
Doctors prating of their skill,
Patients groaning, school boys whistling,
Striving all old time to kill.
Pedagogues, of science telling,
Milliners of pretty things
Lovers stroll with bosoms swelling,
List'ning while the night bird sings,
Clonds are lowering, tempests howling,
Friends suspectings foes are glad,
Children screaming, mistress scowling,
Merry bosoms now are sad.
Presto! they are gone forevor,
All is gay as it has been,
Sunbeams shine, the girls oh. never!
What a curious world we're in ! "
COME TO THE FAIR!
CUMBERLAND COUNTY AGRICULTURAL FAIR.
The Fifth Annual Fair of the .Cumberland
County Agricultural Society will be held at
Fayetteville on the 3d, 4th and 5th days of
The Executive Committee take pleasure in
announcing that the Society is now in a more
prosperous condition than at any previous pe
riod of its history. No pains will be spared to
make the arrangements for the Fair complete;
and we now appeal to the people of our County
to come forward and prove that they have
county pride enough, with industry, enterprise
and public spirit to back it, to make this Fair
excel any previous one and to rank far ahead
of any other County Fair in the State.
The importance of such an institution for ad
vancing the interest of t,he Farmer, the Mechan
ic and the manufacture, canndt be doubted. It
has for its object the creation .of an honest and
audible spirit of emulation among them, by in
tive8dng tne'r eu"orts to excel in their respec
ment anarLm0e,,ts- This is an age of improve
to keep palce f'.faDd "l IS. the interes 0-a
accomplishing that'o,,, n? ?mpf tant step in
sustain exhibitions of to ba',d up B.nd
where all may meet together?,,11 -e"terPri8,e
works, compare notes, increase & 8
and take fresh courage in thp'r rnRn?.?W c "Set
suits. An institution having such objec?n
view cannot fail to meet the approbation ana
support of all.
We now invite our fellow-citizens to come
and join with us, and to bring with them for
exhibition every thing they may have; and we
promise to do everything in our power to make
tne occasion one ot interest, profit and pleasure
to every one. We trust that our citizens gen
erally will exert themselves to make every de
partment of our exhibition complete.
We look to the ladies to fill Floral Hall.
They have always performed this part well,
and as the time is rapidly approaching, we hope
they will be ready again to prove that those
who look to them in a good cause never . look
We Invite the citizens of the surrounding
counties to come and compete with ns for the
premiums, and we assure them we will endeayor
to give satisfaction to all.
A A McKethan,
Johw C Smith,
Jas, P Hodges,
S J Hinsdale,
Jno. P. McLean,
J A Worth,
W McL. McKay,
J G Cook,
H L M TROVER,
J W Pearce,
D Mc Arthur,
Arch. A. McKethan,
CLOTHING! CLOTHING !!
GR4.HAM, is now receiving, a fine Stock of
READY MAD t CLOTHING,
to suit the
FALL Sf WINTER
OF THE LATEST STYLES.
He would solicit his customers and- friends to give
hhn a call, as he offers his Clothing low ert.
GARMESTS CUT IN THE LATEST .
Tin Ut e.,mr aaat i am nn MarK'
lie uiav ivuuu j
Oct. . sm
The WUmhgfaA Comp
aercd by the Board of Director of this Com
Wtjany that a seventh instalment of TEN pSr cent.
r.h nam'tal Stork snlipcTi bed te callea in. ana tMi
the same shall be dueJand payable on the 15th day of
November HSM'T w. rrej-
ar ' - im
Dpi -Pranlc William Rye. Whiskey. . . -
R MITCHELL has made arrangements with.Dr.
Frank Williams, to be constantly supplied ftlfh
his celebrated RYE WHISKEY, which can be had.
his Store at all times, by wholesale or retail. - . '
0t. 16, 1858, tf - . ,
nun uciurc, auuie nuu ueiOW, WllU SUCn Btregtlt--- -. ,
r jit -