North Carolina Newspapers

    NORTH CAROLINIAN.
FAYETTBVILLE, N C
SATURDAY, November 13, 1858.
TO OUR READERS.
To the patrons and friends of the North Caro
linian vre tender a cordial greeting on our acces
sion to the labors and responsibilities of its edito
rial tripod. In assuming this charge we feel that
we have a work before us to which are attached
both arduous duties and high privileges. Our duty
will lie to vindicate the cause of truth without fear
or favor, a.irl to aid in the advancement of educa
tion and every available good ; and our privilege
will be to feel that our means for 'usefulness are
widely extended, and that we occupy a position
whose influence may, if rightly directed, contri
bute in some degree to the welfare of society and
of our country.
As we are not yet sufficiently familiarized with
local ttffairs so as clearly to define our position in
relation to them, we will at present limit ourselves
to, a brief sketch of the general principles by which
we will be guided in our editorial career.
The Democratic banner under which the Car
olinian has so long and nobly .fought will still
wave, freelv as ever, to the breeze. Confident in
the soundness of that political faith of which such
men as Jefferson, Henry and Calhoun were the
exponents, and which counts for its champions the
wisest and purest statesmen enshrined in the his
tory of our country, we feel proud to enroll our
nitnes as its ardent supporters, believing as we do,
that whatever is patriotic in the past, politic in the
present, or desirable fur the future, owes a nurture.
if not an existence to the free and geneious fount
of Democratic institutions. In the discussion of
politics we will endeavor to avoid all rancor or
vindictiveiiess, and deal with each question that
may arise on its own merits, without personal
prejudice, and aim to impart to the paper a high
toned gentlemanly spirit, not at all inconsistent
with a warm regard for the party, md a hold and
determined suupport of its principles.
Hut while the Carolinian will be essentially a
Democratic sheet, it will be something more, We
propose to make it a valuable aid to the business
man by the accuracy and fulness of our commer
cial reports and statistics : to the farmer, by de
voting considerable space to articles on agricul
ture and the state of the markets, more especially
such as have reference to the soil, climate, and
production' of this region of the South : to the
general reader, by a varied correspondence, by
judieious selections from our exchanges, and relia
ble local intelligence ; and to our fair readers by
an occasional story, poetry, and an entertaining
melange of wit and humor ; so that in the count
ing house, on the farm, or at the fireside, the Car-
the first place to drive much capital from the State
for investment. : In several of the States it is per
mitted to loan money at a much higher rate of in
terest than six per cent ; consequently when money
is scarce the lender can do better by sending his
money where he can obtain for it, its proper mark
et value. In this way money is carried out of the
State in seasons of scarcity, when its abstraction
from circulation here works the greatest incon
venience. Moreover, there is in every community
many persons who think it not wrong to evade the
usury law. These loan their money at a higher
rate of interest than the law allows, taking care
however to evade its penalties. The scarcity of
money brought about very often by the operation
of the usury law compels the borrower to resort to
this class, who are known as ' shavers." Now
the " shaver is induced to charge an exorbitant
rate of interest, first because money being scarce is
necessarily high, and secondly because in evading
the law he runs the risk of being made to suffer
the penalties of usury. He charges.therefore an ad
ditional per centage to cover the risk thus incurred.
So that the borrower at least is taxed to indemnify 1
the lender for the risk he runs in evading the law.
Now it will be generally conceded that the usury
law is enacted to protect the borrower. It is mani
fest however, that its operation is injurious to the
borrower, inasmuch as it raises the rate of interest
which he has to pay. When it is recollected, that
excepting loans by Banks, by far the largest
amount of money is loaned by note shavers, it will
be evident how futile have been the attempts of
the legislature to fix the price of monry.
members. In the October election eigh;
members were elected fifty-three RepuC
and thirty-two Democrats. The election
, , .. i vt V 1- XT, W
iook place yesteroav in i-new aiiiw. no i
Massachusetts. Delaware, Illinois,' iwiciijo- tj
..,i:.. tVto, rstiima rM I and
in all nrrihnhilitv. roKiilted in the electiorf V has
"t 1
one Republicans and fifteen Democrat lSSf.
will Tnnlrn (ho etrinirt I 4 it the naltlpil Sll. x
" - "I-!'" " I " L
ted stand as follows :
Elected in October.
Do November, -
The States yet to elect are Alabama? C
ticut, California, Georgia, Kentucky. L Vnnec
Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi. Ne Hsiana,
shire, North Carolina. Rhode Island,, T& p&mp
1 exas, and lrginm, which elect eighty-f tessee,
bers. In the present House they stand ai J mem-
Dem. Iiepf. Allows :
67 7Am.
Add already elected. - - 47 1044k 12
9-t M.t 111. a XT"T A . . II V JS nnkfnfDII tf fVi PAFO ttllv Ctnltlfv til ft BCtOfS
j e i x ayenevuie sau vv c&lciu aiuuau. auurenugw, u , J - j -
x "We are srlad to learn that the proper spirit m the farce, and must bring with them inevt
T K II - V. .. .1 .... 1 n .-, r- ;.v krk Woctopn nnrtinn
of the state, in regard to State aid to the
Fayetteville and Coalfields Rail Road. We
have heard bat one opinion upon the subject,
which is that, under the circumstances the
road is entitled to aid, as its completion will
materially assist in developing the resources
of our State.
We believe the members elect from this
county are favorably disposed to this enter
prise. Salem Press.
DO
i
THANKSGIVING DAY.
Govornor Bragg has issued a Proclamation ap
pointing Thursday 25th inst., "a day of solemn. and
public thanksgiving to Almighty God for past
blessings, and of supplication for his continual
kindness and care over us, as a State and as a Na
tion." The 25th has also been appointed as a day
of thanksgiving by the Governors of Maine, New
York, New Jersey, Illinois, and Missouri, ia those
States.
CUMBERLAND COUNTY FAIR.
As the columns of the Carolinian were closed
before the conclusion of the Fair last week, we
were unable to lay before our readers the particu
lars of the exhibition. We now congratulate the
officers and members of the Agricultural Society,
on their success, as evidenced by the number and
variety of the articles on exhibition. On the first
and second days, the weather was all that could
be wished for, and the grounds, especially on
Thursday, were graced by the presence of a large
number of the lovely daughters of Cumberland
and the surrounding counties. The Fair was also
visited by five military companies in uniform,
under the command of Col. C. E. Leete, and Ma
jors 11. M. Orrell and H. T. Brantly, accompa
nied by the La Fayette Sax Horn Band, which
discoursed sweet sounds," much to the gratifica
tion of the visitors.
Joel Williams, Esq., President of the Society,
read the Annual Address, which was listened to
with marked attention. The List of Premiums
awarded by the several Committees and prepared
for publication, by the indefatigable Secretary,
John P. McLean, Esq., will be found on our third
page.
The receipts during the exhibition amounted to
114 111
In the States yet to elect, the Rent
gain two members in Connecticut, and
f rats will, in all probability, gain six met
the South Americans nr Kentuckv, ,
Georgia, North Carolina, and Marylanc
result will make the next Congress stal
crats 118, Republicans 11J, South An
In no contingency can the Republican
control of the next Congress."
Complimentary. We left New
family on board the schooner "Ned,
Henderson, and arrived at WTilmi
rough passage of sev
when our little ones were in a IfelpJ
they were tenderlj' cared for by Cfci-
Mates, Messrs Scarbrough and A
table failure, disgrace and loss. Charleston
Medical Journal, November.
- -
The Federal Courts.
The Journal of Commerce, pasf.es a high eu-
Iciam upon the prompt and fearless administra-
tion of justice in the f ederal uouns which ...
nrnt9 in striking contract to the inefficiency
f man f thi State Courts in the Northern
J l Ul MIB J V mw
.
Tt h KP.n the fashion of many Republican
nrinfc Binrf th Dred Scott decision, to indulge
, l,Ti',.
ged in gross vituperative aimcss upu
eral Courts in an habitual strain of sneering
disparasement. The injustice of these "ac9
is manifest to every one acqnainted with the
personnel of the Supreme and District Courts
and the conduct of public business therein. In
inteTity. learnins, firmness and industry, onr
cerninc the liie ana caretr ui fi,
offer now these hurried and imperfect hints
to invite attention to the noble record of art,
and art commemoration, which the Art As
sociation has offered to the memory of Jas
per, and to awaken the attention and recol-
lections of any oi our elder reauers. isnus.
Courier.
From the ireneral tone of our exchanges we
are led to believe that a spirit pervades most
of the country in favor of the State's render
ing aid to the Fayetteville and Coal-fields Rail
road. We are very glad of this. It is a work
that onght to be poshed to completion as soon
rut- rr.i. :..oc, rF thlc Stnte We
h J almost said, of the Southern Atlantic states ; Federal Jndges are surpassed by no Judiciary
12
may
emo-
rsfiom
snnessee.
Such a
Demo-
icans o.
have the
demand this. There is doubtless treasure
locked op in the Cape Fear and Deep River re
gion of more value than all the gold of the n
reka Stat. Let's have it in market at an
early day, by all means. Iredell Express.
A Handsome Present. The Presbyterian
Church, in this place was presented with a
handsom Rabtismal bowl on Sabbath last.
The present was from the fair students of the
Concord Female College. Ibid.
thy sons of Maryland. Under the
of the weather-beaten mariner we
hearts as ever beat in human bo
' nature's noblemen." May their v
life, though sometimes stormy, be er prosperous
than rJorth
For the North Carclinia
Self-Made Men
No State is more remarkabl
Carolina, in the production of salf-made men.
It generally happened that they income so after
thev became citizens of other Stiles. One of
the Senators of Tennessee, bornji our State,
is a distinguished example. S Iitor Allen of
Wfrr.
Bible Agent. It gives us sincere pleasure
Lafter a to announce that the Rev. Wm. H. Bobbitt,
i;:Wh appo .hi "AE Cinri-.h. i n. toenail a"?,. oTe'
Society, for the State of North Carolina.
The friends of the Society and of the Great
Cause which is committed to it, have reason
to rejoice in this appointment, and we congrat
ulate the Board on the wisdom of their choice,
ilir Bobbitt is well and widely known in his
own Conference, having occupied several of
the most important stations in the State, and
be is distinguished among his brethren for
talents, prudence and experience. In this
community, he is greatly esteemed by christians
of all denominations.
We understand that Mr Bobbitt will begin
his Agency about Jan'y first. iV. C. Presb.
an the
hree wor-
fo estpnor
innd as kind
three of
vp.ge through
in the world. These qualities are to be seen
trt the best advantage in the disposal oi crimi
nal business. It is rarely that a culprit es-
of Uncle Sam. The Grand
Jurors are men of substance and position; the
rtatit inrnra are eomrtoseu of the best men in
thpoommnnitv. The trials are conducted with
GnePd imnartialitv and dignity; the counsel are
not allowed to "dawdle" away the time in im
mnterial cross examination and prolix "sum-
mings up." In a word, the judges do not fear
the bar. the patties on trial or outside public
opinion, and the result is that they jrive a prac
til illnstration of the inst and fearless adram-
:..: r lour . '
UOWts'WWiii'Uo'Y.";!? to imitate.
Ohio is another, and the cataV
But when
five become so
evv and well
;ue
might
be
ep.
extended by a number of othp
we look for self made men who
in our own State, we find but
might the Poet say
" How hard it is to clrmb the
We know of none more eminently so than
our well tried friend. W. Wa H olden. He
was rocked in the cradle of'Jgrty. it is true,
which some may sneer at; but, V) j dint of genius,
application and, perseverance, ie has become
the architect of his own for ,une. Without
means, he struggled tor years against the ills
of poverty. He toiled in the j nrsnit of his oc
cupation both night and day, until his indomi
table energy placed him whereha now stands.
As a politician, we can truly sAy that he stands
in the foremost rank. He hasfeerved the Demo
cratic party with a zeal and Ability that few
- j -
can boast of. When our pa
consternation and dismay.
seen at his post, sustaining;
lold
gave back in
n was still
ng flag
The Sandstone of North Carolina. The
old North State has long been known to be
rich in her minerals; but the development of
these natural resources is due, in a great mea
sure, to the exemplary efforts of Professor Em
mons, the talented state geologist and mineral-oo-ist.
At the late Fair in Ilaleigh, the utility
of the North Carolina sandstone for architectu
ral purposes, was highly reccommended, and
the effect cf its use in building, we are pleased
to see, has been well illustrated by William
Percival, Esq., a Richmond architect of talent
and education, who is becoming well known
and appreciated in our southern states.
We have long since advocated the taking
advantage of the fact that there is more in
Virginia and North Carolina Earth, than is
dreampt of in our ('fogy') world's philosophy."
Richmond Enquirer
A Beautiful Building Material. We had
an opportunity, while in Raleigh a few days
ago, of inspecting some very beautiful brown
Sand Stone. A specimen from Orange county
was of a light brown, approaching a cream
color ; this specimen was wrought, in one in
stance, into the capital of a column ; well
1 " - 'M;rrQf lifting
University of Alabama.. We are sorry to
see that this institution of learning is so bad
ly patronized by the people of our own State.
With large and well selected libraries, with
a chemical and philosophical apparatus f econd
to that of no college in the Union, and with
an able and efficient board of Professors equal
to all the demands for a high collegiate stan
dard of education, and yet we Snd by its cat
alogue the number of its students this year
amounts only to seventy-five, distributed as fol
lows: Seniors twenty-six. Juniors twelve, Soph
omores twenty-eight, and Freshmen nine.
This marked decrease in the number of the
students who enter the college this year speaks
badly for our State pride and shows, we think
a want of appreciation of a home education,
where the influences that surround the student
and the principles that govern him are those
very influences and principles that he has been
brought up under and which will continue to
govern in the theatre of his future life and la
bors. State Universities are a source of pride
and an object of patronage in every other
State where they exist more, it would seem
than in Alabama. From Alabama we send an
nually some 200 students to colleges in other
States while to our own University we can at
the opening of the scholastic year of 1858
furnish but the pitiful number ot nine Fresh
man Mobel Mercury.
uijiuwirw. .j uswuTTiuu
will be made from time to
r.bv of our sheet, so tnat it
pleasing appearance ;
commensurate
agreeable, visitor.
Important changes
time in the typograr
in. iv nresent. a clear an
l ! 1 rouble, nor expense
'with our means, will be spared to render it equal,
in point of mechanical execution, to any weekly
paper in the South.
Ti.n t,r,.linian is no new candidate for public
fuvor. It enters on no ungenerous rivalry
but to reap a harvest
It
fairly
ith
where it will
,i l If fi.rtv vonr' acouaiiuance w
sow me M'ln- j- - a
it has endeared it to the hearts of some of its pa
trons, we trust the old ties will become more firm-
lv cemented, and newer
-i- . i
.,-,,,,., . StiilHUIILT as ll ni'tss "o
' .. e i r..
relv on our Democratic irieuu iui
embarked in this en-
k OTJR NEW SENATORS
It is not easy to guess what recommendation
will be most influential before the next Legislature,
in makiug a choice among the various candidates
for Senators. If ability and genuine taiem, ...
give more prominence to one name than another,
Cumberland County is a fair competitor in the per
Hon. Warren Winslow. If
tOU OI - . 1 T ., g, i-
theoarty should fail to unite upon any of its' North Carolina,
snecial favorites for the distinguished position ot
and vet stronger ones
.-s, the organ of several
Senator, no happier compromise
than
could be made
counties, we
i:i.......i i,..ti-.ii!iir. : we have
terprie with afinu belief that the Democrats of
our district are both able and willing to sustain a
ell-conducted journal; and that in proportion vo
will be our reward.
ob-
w
our deservini
v. t!,L-, this opportunity of expressing our
u;!tlns to (i. W. Wightman, Esq., for the valu
ulde and c Uic ient aid he has accorded us since our
connection with the establishment ; to our breth
ren of the press who have given us such flattering
notices in advance, wc tender our sincere thanks,
and trust that future acquaintance may ripen the
flowers of esteem of which such promising buds are
already apparent; and to our many friends whose
cordial good wishes have crowded on us from all
.,-,i V :o, onlv sav. that where such warm
hearts are united with patronizing
is no such word as fail.'
macT. fiacea hi me vapn
to withstand every shock
levelled at the great pnncip
He did it ably and gallantl
himself the honors of a triump
corded to him, whilst his oppo
admire the boldness and abili
r.,c ofbieved. o man had
few have done as much, for
1 . .- ti:
North uarouna. rn&numc
as prominent before the clem
naiioidsite for a seat in the 1
we can truly say that few ar
that hirh position than W.
understands our political relal
none is better instructed in
whilst at the same time, his
rendered him familiar, in an
t xtt aijht.tva Planter. Ve have wlti, tue wants ot tne peopi
. , xt i ,Kor of this periodical, oonld not fail to take a high s
received tuw u luhuti itiuwv . i i-c
contains several well written articles on agricul- ate. et T he
t a 1 4i., rt ntOfOCr T 1 I laiuivi i -- 0 -
. - i i 1 4 Xf
and planter. Published at ltauign, oy . m. , , wUh those of our mo1
.., , l..lT.t ,-iot onmim. I y . - , i .
Gorman, at tne iov price oi uut- ------ lorg Us style good, nis iuea:
r-jT From the same publisher, we have received er ' tlOH .Ald judgment not s'
..... -- ' . . . r UI
copy of a Pamphlet entiUed A vinuioauou iiiat ne ,s a tavorue in ima
roT
Methodist Confekexce. The St. Louis Con
ference of the Methodist Church Sonth, which
met on the 11th, had reported to it by the
Committee on Sabbath Schools, 104 Sabbath
Schools 110 superintendents 231 officers, 668
teachers, 5, 170 scholars, 15,257 volumes of
books in libraries. Concerning the appointment
of agencies for Sabbath Schools, Bishop Pierce
said:
"T'lio QTgtom of Methodist Sabbath Schools
to bestow this honor upon Mr Winslow, who
in point of solid argument, experience ana ntness
as a legislator, has no superior among the public
men of the State.
democracy.
He won for
cheerfully ac-
ents could but
-i -.
y uy wmcn u
done more and
the democracy of
s now considered
icratic party as a
. S. Senate; and
more suitable for
IV Holden. He
ions at home, and
if foreign policy,
rsuits in lite have
niiuent degree,
Such a man
,nd in the Sen-
on he stands
Site. His ad
sions, compare
finished ora
iclear. and bis
ssed by any.
: i l
ion none win
i. t Prnfflsslnn ncfunst the uniust accusa- ,unv.
: A -i.w. Slivered bv William We often complain that the
UOU5 UUllliliiicu in on I , - , F ,IJ
T?ouf rollerrp. .riven trom US Oil account oi
SIL aivc o 1 . . f,i
r ven for lis operation. i ne
niwl.vis- we are too ant to thill
Hooner. D.D., I,L..D.
in June, 1857. By ' An Advocate.'
hands, "there
THE USURY LAW.
NO. I.
More than seventy years ago, Jetemy Bentham.
th tcret English reformer, demonstrated to the
world the folly of attempting, by legislative enact-
to tiv the mice to be paid for the use of
mnnr Til A world however WB -,t tl
condition to be convijfii-
retain" " ' fififfT -"- r Progressive
country, (witness the Atlantic cable and the Brit
ish ocean steamers, which have already made in
roads upou our carrying trade) has had the good
sense to repeal the laws restricting the rate of in-teres-t,
and money like any other commodity now
commands in London or Liverpool, just what it is
worth. The time has been when the price to be
paid for the entertainment of 44 man and beast "
was fised by law. In fact, 44 free trade," which
means the right of every man to buy and sell to
the l?st advantage, is a plant of very modern
growth. It has scarcely yet, even in the most en
lightened countries, attained perfection. In North
Carolina, very little has been done towards ame
liorating the law so as to allow free trade in money.
The law restricts individuals from receiving more
th.ui ix per cent interest, but allows Banks to take
a fraction more than that, by permitting them to
take interest on a loan hi advauce. Why the
Banks should receive at the hands of the Legisla
ture more consideration in this respect than indi
viduals, it is difficult to perceive. Besides this,
they are permitted to flood the country with paper
promises to pay on demand, which are not always
performed, as the history of the late financial cri
sis willl show. The circulation of this paper ena
bles the Bauks to make some eight or ten per cent
per annum, whilst private individuals are restricted
by law to tix. lhe effect of this restriction ij ua
The Fourth Annual Fair of the Kobeon
County Agricultural Society will be held at Ked rch y
Springs on the 17th, 18th, and 19th inst. Uur Thls js ot the work of
thanks are due to the Executive Committee for ' ;f , , ,jne Wl do right.
nolitplv sendiner us an honorary badge, and an in- f , Jackdaw politicians, whJ
i? vu?i- I....1 ....-;t ion tlifir chief obiect. alt
VliailOll to unriiu in. i.... i aim piuoiv.--. w -
. j. .i ft
rw The Fourth Annual Fair ot tne sampm
County Agricultural Society, will be held at Clin
ton, on the 2d 3d and 4th of December next.
We have received a like favor from the Execu
tive Committee of this Society.
The North Carolina Conference
the M
II o
th December.
i"ne South Carolina Conference of the M. E.
Church will be held in Charleston, and commence
on the 1st of December. Professor A. M. Shipp,
of the North Carolina University, is expected to
deliver an Address bcfoie the Historical Society
of the Conference.
The limits of the Conference includes the State
of South Carolina, and a portion of our own State.
THE RECENT ELECTIONS.
The black flag of the opposition unfurled in
Pennsylvania, now overshadows the North from
the Kennebec to the Potomac, and the evil day
so long predicted, when the North and South
should stand divided upon a single issue seems to
be at baud. The late elections in the States of
New York, Massachusetts, Iowo, Michigan and
Illinois, indicate that the Government must soon
fall into the hands of the Black republicans. What
action the South will take in such an event, will
depend upon the magnanimity of its rulers.
The Democracy have lost five members of Con
gress in New York, fortunately they had none to
lose in the other States, which will reduce the
democratic majority in Congress to ten. Mr
Douglas has succeeded in defeating the Black re
publican in Illinois, and will undoubtedly be re
turned to the Seuate. We annex an estimate from
a Washington paper showing the complexion of
the next Cougiess :
44 The House, including Orrg m, consists of 237
i.usii otneis out m u.uci w
Our Legislature is about to
Imve a I a rare democratic majority
i Senators to elect. Upon wh
bodv of the representatives of the
stow this distinguished ho"p?f
thv urn rat eaaam -TT-r
i.oiuen", have done yecma
deed, their hands are hard and t
service of the party Every shaftj
sition has been leveled at them. es
mars them was received while ba1
cause. Large timbers were hewn
secure breast-works thrown arouni
cratic party by them, and behind'
have Siood and fought for and wi
and disconsolate, but now the gretf
phant democracy. The questio
crats in this Legislature to 'sol
those srentlemen shall he rpwarY4
have it in vour power to pull a,
of the Temple : but after doink
some danger that the Temple mtv
I he people have never failed to
Reid whatever he wanted, and
acter of the Charlotte Convention
they are willing and anxious to do li
to W. W. Holden.
Others have claims as far as ability
cerned ; but these gentlemen have lii
r.t. " i . .
coiiuuence ui ine peopie, logeiner wit4
tude of meritorious service. We won
fore admonish the Legislature to weigt
value and importance of these well tritl
crats and look with ceaseless vigilanci
cnoice ot tne people.
MANY DEM OCR
tive talent is
limited sphere
ason is quite
that we have
y Jrave just
na intellect,
line latter-day
peonle, the
is the work
make place
ivs tryiug to
mselves in
nvene
: we
I two U
- will this
eople be
very nne Tnaeeu une'f than tnat i'rdm
Orange, of a rich brown tint, and .susceptible
of a very high degree of finish.
These are believed to be tne mosi oeauuiui
building material, of their kind, found in the
United States, and is destined, we hope, to
prove a source of wealth to both the proprietors
and the State. Weldon Patriot.
Ji-wor-,
and
k; in
in the
the oppo-
scar that
; in our
own, ana
he demo-
Jliem they
the weak
triuui-
the deir.r,-
whether
t. lou
pillars
ere uot
on us
vid S.
har-
that
honors
Lis con
ety. the
inulti
there
ell the
The Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1858.
Our beloved city has again been scourged by
the terrible pestilence, under which, for seveu
.. , - ii J WT l
vears. it nas ouiimaiiy suuereu.
Sentember issue went to press, tne dumoer oi
deaths from yellow fever had been so small, the
infected district so narrowly circumscribed, and
the diffusion of the poison so slight, that we
thought it advisable to wait for further revela
tious before noticing the phenomena of its ori
gin and spread. Since that date it nas em
braced the whole city within tne mesnes oi us
inextricable net, and assumed a degree of ma
lignancy seldom if ever before witnessed here ;
it has spared no condition or raiiK, shown it
self utterly careless of all distinctions of age,
or sex, or race, and has occasionally even bro
ken through the immunities, hereditary or ac
ouired. which have hitherto been securely pur
chased by birth and long residence The mor
tality has already (October 25) exceeded that
for the whole of" 1854 one of our hitherto
most fatal years and more than six hundred
victims have been swept off, within ten weeks,
by it alone. It has presented, too, certain pe
culiarities of type and feature which render it
well worthy of special study; its steady march
uninfluenced in a large proportion of cases by
any and all forms of treatment, the absolute
uncertainty of all prognosis, the insidiousness
of its progress and suddenness of termination,
as well as many obscure and curious anomalies
which have been very generally observed, niake
it one of tJiWJE8lAwfistiii!r. if melanciioiy.
rcanioH-"1"-") 5"1H"J' " dentin the work
to suprentend its econom;. Preachers are at
fault as much as parents The Sabbath School
is the ground work of household piety of
Scripture discipline and government. An al -
sence of this piety at the hearth ot nome oi
this discipline and government is the origin
of great evils in this world I is to be remem
bered that one of the first principles of the
Church is this that personal responsibility
cannot be transferred to any otuer persons,
whether it be parent, teacher or preacher.
The Mayor of Portsmouth, a., hi
mined put a stop to the habit of sw
on the streets, for which indecency
already fined a great many persons.
out respect to rank or condition,
and disastrous, epidemics by which we have
ever been visited. We must leave detail for
other pens, however, and we douOt uot mat
before long its peculiar nistory wm ub
o the sad collection wnicu u seems uu. hx
forever to be enlarging
Hitherto those who have fallen have ,been
members of the lower and comparatively un
oMn for classes. The gap has scarcely been
v. c - . . . -
noticed, and soon filled. 15ut death nas mib
season robbed us of some who could illy be
on.rpH the charmed circle ot acclimation nas
DLFUIvw
been unusually contracicu, auu nut a.
little suspecting their, danger, have discovered,
when too late, that they were oeyona us paic.
The loss of valuable lives, or the fear of per
sonal hazard, may perhaps awaken tnose wuo
are in authority" to some lively sense of the
danger and the remedy ; therp is yet a hop
that a real protective quarantine, not a tniug
of straw, a cordon sanataire too strong to break
and too stubborn to yield, may save us from
the serious calamities which the future threat
ens. The present system has been proved over
and over again to be rotten to the core ; crip
pling and embarrassing commerce always, t
hie nerer vet warded off the plague, and should
tie re fore be at once forever abolished. Abso-
i non-intercourse with all infected ports, or
ee trade, is the only rational, the only legiti-
ate and safe principle oi legislation up wo
ust be upon a belief in the contagiousness ai
he dreaded disease, and proceeumg
th nniversal admission oi tins iruun,
fficiency, not expediency, is the sole point at
sue, so long as tney are anempvcu
rccd. AU hair measures, au cuuiptui.
Sergeant Jasper and the Flag.
Our histories e-ive its but little informa
tion concerning the gallant Jasper, whose
well known and characteristic act of daring
in rescuing the fallen flag of Fort Sullivan,
is so worthily commemorated in Leutze s
picture, now in possession of the Carolina
Art Association, and on exiuuitiou m tutu
gsllery. Eamsay's account is? in these
words (p. lob :)
" In the beginning of the action the flag
staff was shot away ; Sergeant J asper, of
the Grenadiers, immediately jumped on the
beach, took up the flag and fastened it on a
sponge staff. With it in his hand he mount
ed the merion : and thongh the ships were
directing; their incessant broadsides at the
spot, lie deliberately fixed it. The day af
ter the action President Kutledge presented
him with a sword as a mark of respect for
his distinguished valor."
A note to Ramsey's account gives some
particulars of the stand of colors presented
some days aiterwarus to vui. iiiumuic oin
tment, by Mrs. Rarnard Elliott, the worthy
wife of one of the actors in this noble combat.
One of these flags was resr led by Jasper, at
Wi3Mh, with 3 dsring and a deliberate
eonrao-e ennal to that displayed at Fort Sul
W- 1 M f - ,
livan, and in his dying moments he recorded
his satisfaction at the iulhlltnent ot the
pledo-e which had been given with and tor
, , ti .1 : :
these colors, on Denait oi juoui.rw
ment.
Can any of our readers or friends give us
any new information concerning the sword
presented to Jasper, or the colors borne by
him when mortally wounded at Savannah.
The flag, according to a traditional and long
accepted opinion, is in the Tower of London,
but we have not at hand any direct testimo-
nv on this nriint.
What became of the ort OUlllvan uag,
and on what other occasions, if any, Deiore
nr after the action at Fort Sullivan, was
that flae- or one of similar device displayed?
- ?? - - - .... A i-
A belief has also prevailed to some extent
we know not at present on wnai au
thoritv that tho tra ant Jasoer died witn
J O . T T 1 . C.
out. offsnnnjr. This is not correct, ne ieu
two daughters and a son, the two former of
whom married it is believed. The son died
in early maturity, and Ms grave is marked
in the cemeterv adioininorthe Bethel Metho-
this city. The
widow of Jasper, by a subsequent marriage
was the mother of our venerable friend and
fellow citizen, Samuel Jasper Wagner, whose
recollections of the testimony and relations
of his mother confirm the account here given.
W shall endpavor to trace out and ar
range all authentic records and reports con-
The Election of Douglas What are
the Prospects.
The news of the Illinois election came to us
when we were surrounded by the staunch rep
resentatives of Virginia agriculture, from all
quarters of the State. With perhaps a aolitarj
exception among the many to whom it was
naturally a subject of remark, the seutiment oi
satisfaction at the result seemed universal. We'
need not say for ourselves, we felt deeply grat-.
ified to know that the place in the Senate ot
the United States, once occupied by the author
of the Kansas Nebraska Hill, was not to be'
dishonored bv a man whose cardinal creed was
bitterness against the South, and whose out
spoken designs were to violate her rights and1
crush out her spirit.
And yet we need not say, that Our gratinca-'
tion would have been more intense bad Judge'
Douglas been to us, in every respect, the same'
Douglas he was twelve months since. Then he
had no cause to suspect that personal ends could
tempt him from the great cause of the Con
stitution. Then we had reason to believe that
he esteemed the safety of the country, the sanc
tity of the Constitution, the unity of the Dem-
oc -'3 uarty upon its platform of principles as
fcenotfi . J--. .oiift:eiaLions.
It is very different now. After his triumph,,
we say what we should have hesitated to say
before it, that we cannot accord to him much'
more than that he was a choice of evils, until
he has demonstrated, by some better evidences
than he has perhaps had occasion to exhibit,,
that he yet regards the unity of the party and
the sacredness of Southern rights, under the
Constitution.
As Democrats, it is impossible to shut out
from our affections a mau who has done such
service as illustrates almost his whole record.
As Virginians, we cannot forget that he broke
down the Missouri Compromise. As men, we
can feel only pleasure at his gallant bearing"
against all toes, and at all times.
Yet, at the most exigent period, he was
guilty of contumacy forgot the great fact that
the Democratic party was the only hope of the
country, and toon sides witn tne worst ?oe at'
the Constitution, the country, smtl the South..
The melancholy fact stands out against him
that, on the main issue made by the North, or
rather by the fanatical leader? of the North
throughout an t-rftire session of :ugrcss, not
a solitary vote of Douglas-' stands ri?vrded witln
the representatives of the Sonth.
Do we say this to rpro;ieh him, r to dis
parage the value vf his triumph? Nothing is
farther from our mind , We say it, if pcrchanoo
what we siy ny reach him, to remind- him
that there is ground for suspicion in the-South,,
of being swayed by personal ends alone. We
say it, because we believe the period has arrived,
when he may settle at once and forever tl o
question whether r not the Democracy may
place their cutire and undivided confidence nu
him?
Any man mny be pTosd at the triumph he hns
achieved. Whether justly r not, the Admin
istration was charged with exeytiwg its influence
against him and there can Vie no doubt that the
strength of its apparent support was given to
his opponents. Vet he has succeeded triuui-
f il u-
ily if, by a course of conciliation and self
forgetful ness, he shows that he wishes to see
its integrity maintained, then will he find no
great difficulty in being restored to all the
confidence he lost during the piist session of
If on the other hand he use his
triumph in a spirit of arrogance or conceit.
and dictate terms of reunion with the great
Democratic party, keeping alive the question
which every dictate of a prudent policy suggests
should go into the dead past, he may make up
his mind to drop, if not all, at least the great
part of the sympathy which was extended him
from the South during the late election, lie
must find friend in some other direction than
among the people of the 'oiilh.
Nor is the obligation ot fraternity and con
ciliation upon Judge Doiglas alone. Th
President owes it to the harmony of the Dem
ocratic party, through which he has beeu
clothed with the high honors he Jears. to do
his part in the work of reconciliation. It in
volves no sacrifice of principle to stop that semi
official course of abuse with which the W ash
iugtou Union has so long teemed against Doug
has. It involves no sacrifice of principle to ex
tend a cordial recognition to the servit-t'3 and
abilities of the author of the Nebraska Kansas
Bill. It involves no compromise of dignity or
honor to forget a family jar, when every dis
turbing cause is removed.
We cannot blind ourselves to the fact that
the enemies of the Democratic party are coun
ting on division and discord in our ranks as
the. sure pledge of victory to themselves. What
that victory would prove to the country, un
fortunately needs little evidence. As little is
needed, to show that they hav a strength not
to be despised. It is time we were gathering
all our hosts, and planting our banner. In the
name of the country, we hope for a cordial
union of the Democracy, upon Jhe basis of those
common principles held by ail in a generous
tOHfoiifig and frstcrnei -spirit r-Wttb- such a
union we are safe, and the country witn us.
Without it, we are given over to the enemy.
and the country is at the mercy of a recKiess
and unscrupulous fanaticism. Petersburg Press.
ii ' vt. . 1 1
ta"ke it at once into the great Democratic
A Remarkable Operation. The report of a
successful operation for removal of " Exostosis
of the Orbit," contributed by Dr William E.
Aikin, of Winnsboro, South Carolina, to the
Charleston Medical Journal and Review, for
November, is remarkable in many respects, and
is, we believe, the first clearly recorded case of
complete success in this operation.
This case snows not, oniy patience, perseicr
ancefand skill, but ingenuity and versatility of
resources in the application of instruments under
difficulties that would have deterred many older
operators. Charleston Courier.
MONEY THROWN AWAY.
The last number of the "Spirit of the Aire"
contains a statement of the amount of money
spent annually in this State for intoxicot ng
drinks, and reckons up the enormous sum ot two
millions one hundred and ninety thousand hl
lars, or an average of six thousand dollars prr
day. What untold benefits would accrue fs iu
a judicious investment of only a portion of the
amount, by improving and elevating the moral
condition of the poor of our State, instead of
tliHS perverting its uses to the repletion of nr
pauper houses, insane asylum and prison cells;
rvt. as tliA nbnve nnnor cans MTToW lonfiT WOllld
it take ns to pay off our State debt, if tins
amount was annually appropriated to the pur
poses? A very few years indeed." Salisbury
yfatchman.
I
    

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