TERMS, $2 00 TER ANNUM, " THE NOBLEST MOTIVE IS THE PUBLIC GOOD." PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. VOLUME XX. FAYETTEVILLE, N. 0., SA3DAY, DECEMBER 4, 1858. KO. 1,021. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Single copy, in advance, per annum $2.00 " " at the end of the year 3,00 No subscription will be received for less than six mouths. Sixty cents per square of If! lines, or less, for the first, and 80 cents for each subsequent iusertiou, for any period under three months. For three months, $4 00 For six months, 6 00 For twelve months, 10 00 Other advertisements by the year on favorable terms. Advertisers are particularly requested to state the number of insertions desired, otherwise they will be inserted until forbid, and charged accordingly. jZSr-JOB WORK of all kinds executed neatly and promptly. MARTIN" & PEARCE. LEGAL ZNTOTJ' WRTGIIT AND FULLER. ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, C ELEMENT O. WRIGHT and BARTHOLOMEW I FULLER have associated themselves together for the practice of their profession, l'ronipt atten tion given to all business committed-to their charge. They will practice in the counties of Cumberland, Harnett. Sampson, Robeson and Bladen. Nov. 13, lb58. tf TROY & FULLER, Attorneys and Counsellors AT LAW. LU.MBRKTOX N'. C. "jOBERT E. TROY & JOHN P. FULLER. .1 V formed an association for the practice of profession in Robeson cm., only R. E. Troy also attend the Courts of Bladen and Columbus J. P. Fuller those of Cumberland. Their Office in Luniberten will be kept o) ai.t, t imes. January 9. IWR. 83-tf have their will , ami en at .1. A. SPKAISK. ATTORNEY" AT LAW, VTTENPS the Courts of Cumberland, Ih.mctb v ake and .1 oh n.-ton . Address, Toomer, Harnett Co., X. C. Feb. Hi. 1H.";. f-5-y ATT0 2JNEY AT Ij W. Can be fouinl at the Office formerly occupied hy Dr. Gilliam, on How Street. F A Y E TT E V E L I- E , . f. June 2l), 1S58. tf LAW iNOTlCE. rpiIE RUBSCIM P. ERS having associat ed themselves toirether in tin; pr ictice of Law, under the name and style of CAMERON & ,SIIA, will attend the Cointy and Sup -rior Courts of Moore. Montgomery. Anson. Richmond and Rolic-on. All business en trusted to them will receive; their nnit attention. Address Cameron a:id Sl'aw, Attorneys at Law, IL ft ; K i n LTiiam. li ii'hmona eon u t v. . t Jmi. V. Cmki:i.v. May 1, IS-IX. ly J so. V. Shaw. AUCTIONEER A- COMMISSION MERCHANT, E;ist Side of Gillespie- Street, F.lVKTTKt II.I.K, N. C. Nov. 13. 1S.-.8 W. II T U R L I i(ITO X , (ir .K i nl "omiiiisioii T'l i f lin in. NORTH WATER STREET, IVilmi.uglon , JY. C, ILL give personal attention to the sale or ship ment of all co'isignments of Naval Stores or country produce, and any other business en- d to his care, will be promptly attended to. il 18. 18.-7. ly - w other trusts Apt ,15. JAMES 1 A VIS, Wing decide! on lu'Tinanentlv locutincr in the Town of Fayetteville, respec tfully offers his servi ces to the citizens of this place and surrounding country. In all the various branches of his Pro fession", including the manufacture of Mineral Teeth, Ik is satisfied, after an extensive exneri . enee. to which is added a thorough Dental educa tion, that he can give entire satisfaction as far as it is in the power of Dentistry. All irregularities of the Teeth treated in a proper and careful man ner, as well as diseases of the inmitltyt None but the proper metals are made use of in the various operations. Charges will be moderate, that the benefits of the Profession may be placed within the reach of all who may feci an interest in the preservation of the Teeth. tOtUee over Houston's Jewelry Store, where Jio will be found at ali times. May l. 1S5S tf 3VTrtx-Tolo Factory, -' ; ' ; , IJV GEO. LAUDER, Two Doors above C. T. Haigh & Son's Store, Fayette ville, N. C. Oct. 1, 1856. ly. in nnnLus- TALLff wanted, for iyVVU which the highest cash price will be paid A. M. CAMPBELL. Oct. 1, 185(5. tf White Lead and Linseed Oil, for Bale by Aug. 15, S. J. HINSDALE. 03-tf CASTORS (18 patterns,) Cake Baskets, Candlesticks, Cups, Tea Sets, Goblets, Spoon Holders, Butter Dishes, Butter Knives, Mo lasses Cups, Napkin Bungs, Tea Bells, Pie Knives, Suinxr Tono-s, and Spoons. AND SPOOLS, FORKS, of all sizes. For sale low at the "Crockery Store."' ()ct. 2. -3m " W, N, TIL, LINIIGAST. mm JAMES MARTINE is no' receiving a large and general assortment of every tiling in the "above line. ALSO A p: imc article of Rio. Laguira and Java COFFEE; Crushed and Brown Sugar ; Sugar House Syrup and .Molasses. All of which is offered on as good terms as can be ha.l in this market. Nov. 27. tf Paints, Oils, tfce. SPERM. Refined. Lard, Linseed and Tanner's OIL ; WHITE LEAD ; Burning Fluid ; Putty ; Window Glass and Sash of all sizes. A l.SU A fresh supply of Pond's Pain Destrover. For sale by JAS. MARTINE. Nov. 27. tf Stoves, 3ieet-Iron, TIX-WAKK, &c. ON hand, a large assortment of Box and cooking Stoves; Tin-ware; Sheet-Iron ; Lead Pipw. Al so the C-Ed Ilomiiiloil CoS5'e !'." For sale by tf JAMES MARTINE. NEW FIRM AND NEW GOODS. rMlE subf-crihers have formed Copat tnership under l the name of GOLDSTON A3 FULLER, And offer for sale a large and well selected stock of groceries;, hard-'iVare. i i t ) llow -v a r e . SADDLERY, BOOTS. SHOES, COTTON YARN, SHEETINGS. &c, To which they call the attention of their friends and customers generally. Store one door East of II. & E. J. Lillv. G. V. 1. Goi.nsrox. A. W. Filler. Nov. 20. -1 in Town papers 1 ni. ni-:w miY woods. W. 32AC1XTYRE. HAS RECEIVED Cloths, Cassiineres, S itinetts, Twecles, Kent'k Jeans, Kerseys, Linse3s, Flannels, Blankets, ilerinoe's Bonib'zines, Alpaecas jTuslin DeLanes, Calicoes, Ging-hams, Brilliantcs, jTarseiles, Silk Velvets, Silk llobes, Silk Dress Goods. Jaconets, Xain-sook, Swiss, Taiiton, Book Muslins, Silk Illusion, Lace Veils, Silk fringes, L:ice, Edgings, Braids, Tapes, Bonnet Bibbons, Table Damasks, Napk ns, Towels, Diapers, Irish Linen Shirting, Sheetings, Bedticks Shawls, Cloaks, Mantillas, Challices, Elastic, Enameled, and Bibbon Belts, Bonnets, Col'd Flats, Iiuciies, Artificials, Extension skirts, skirt cord, Brass, spring, ratan, Whalebone. Cotton seine twine, nett twine, Cotton cards. Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes and Gaiters. Oct. 23. tf USEFUL ARTICLES. ILUID, Oil and Lard L imps: Brittania and Brass Candlesticks; Superior Steel Sautters; Brittania Castors, Tea Pots and ColTee Pots; IJiittania SPOONS and LADLES; Brittania Coruaiunion Sets (ioblcts and Cups; Tinned Lou Spoons and Ladles; Planished Tin Coii'ee t'rns and Pots. Tea Pots; Oyster and Beef Steak Dishes, and Dish Covers; Waitkhs. of all sizes and shapes. Fixe Seissons; large tor cutting, small for embroid ery ; R izors and Pocket Knives; for all purposes; COFIiTOK I1I.IS, Iron and Stone Morters; Stone Crocks; Tin Ware; Cedar Tubs, Peils, Churns and Bowls; Coun'er Scab::-, to weigh J to 51o lhs: Family Scales, to t-eigh every ounce to 4 lb; Cocoa Dippers; Hair and Wire Seives; Table Mats; Feather Dusters: Dust Pons; Curtain Pins; Hand and Tea Bells, Music Portfolios: Ladies Work Boxes; Rosewood Toilet Boxes; Ladies' Leather Bags, (large:) White Satin Beads and White Cut Beads, for fancy work; Porte Monaies. entirely of leather, a superior article; Electric Polishing Powder; Boy's Saws; Corkscrews. A great variety of other useful articles, too tedious to mention. Come uud soe for yourselves at the "Crockerv Store.'' W. N. TILLING HAST. Oct. 2." -Km THE SUCBSRIBER IS now receiving one of the largest and most care fully selected stocks ever offered by him in this market, comprising every style and quantity of LADIES', GJZ.VTS, MISSES7 AJVD BOYS' BOOTS, SHOES, GAITERS, S,-c. AXD, IN' FACT. EVERYTHING USI ALI.Y SOLD IX HIS I.TXE. Planters and all others who desire to purchase a superior article of No. 1 BROGANS, are respectfully solicited to call and examine his stock. Having just returned from the North, and exam ined my Goods carefully before purchasing, I flatter myself that I am now prepared to stsll them upon as good terms as they can be bought in this market. LEATHER of all descriptions, and for all pur poses, constantly on hand. The above articles will be sold cheap for cash. 31. FAULK. Oct. 23 tf KNIVES AND FORKS. WmflUTE HAXD, with 2 prong steei. FOKKS, at SI and 1 25 per Set; Do., with 3 prong do., SI 50, SI 75, and 32 per set; And a variety of others at 75 cts. to 2 50 per set some of which are of scperiou quality. Ivory handle Knives, with steel or plated Forks, or alone at S3 to 6 50 per set or dozen. tor sale at the-Crokery Store" - . W. N. TILLINGHAST. Oct. 2, 2m teg L UTTERL OITS LINE. TEAMER "FANNY" leaves Fayetteville every Monday and Thursday mornintr. at 15 minutes after Sun rise; and Wilmington, Tuesday and Friday, at o'clock. carrying paasengers and freight. Steamer 'SOUTHERNER, with a full comple ment of Flats, m ikes one or more trips per week, as circumstances may require. The accident to the Steamer "ROWAN" will be repaired in a few days. Sha will then take her place in the line. T. S. LUTTERLOH. Oct. 3. -tf rilliE undersigned owns a tract of LAND which A he wishes to sell. It is situated 15 miles a bove Fayetteville, o:i the west side of Cape Fear, on Tanthum's Creek, and joins the lands of Susan L.. Conoly, and others, containing Two Hundred and Fifty-eight (2-"8) acres. About Fifty acres is cleared, and the balance well timbered. Some line swamp lands, easily drained. Terms made easy aad persons wishing to purchase may call on me at the store of E. F. Moore & Co. JAMES BELL. Fayetteville, Nov. C, 1858. tf LAJVD FOR SALE. TOIIN T. GILIORR,now offers ' " lor sale a portion ot his swamp lands in the county of Cumberland, about 14 miles below Fay etteville, and ahut li miles east of the Cape Fear Itiver. The entire swamp has been successfully drained of the large body of water by which it was heretofore covered. The land is apparently level, being free from ridges (which are so common to swamp lands generally) whilst there is an abundance of fall, by which the rain water can be carried off by ordinary ditches. A small portion of the land has been in cultivation about 7 years and those persons who have seen the crops, regard the land as equal in fertility to any they have seen in this state or elsewhere. The location is healthy, the neighborhood good, and the access to Fayetteville and Wilmington easy by means of a good road li miles in length leading directly to the river. Besides this, it is within 3 miles of a beautiful little village, upon a high and healthy Bluff, at the river, with a Store, Ware-house and first rate landing. All which afford many conveniences to the neighborhood. As several persons have spoken of purchasing, this is deemed a proper time (o cali their attention to the subject, in as much as there is a crop xow growing upon a small portion of the land, by which they can judge of its production. jCfll easonable terms will be given to the purchaser. Sept. 10, 1SSS. tf NOTICE. The subscriber wishing to change his position will oiler for sale on Thursday the second of December the following valuable property, viz : IOOO ACItKS OF LAND lying on the west side of the Cape Fear fifteen miles above Fayetteville, adjoining the lands of John C. Williams, and others. Said land is level and healthy with convenient improvements on it; further descrip tion is unnecessary as the land will show for itself. It will be sold all together or in small tracts, to suit purchasers; also o:i the same day I will offer for sale my stock of Horses. Cattle. Sheep, Ac, one Timbei Wagon, two Koad Wagon's, one Carriage, farming utencils. and other things two tedious to mention. The subscriber will take pleasure in exhibiting the land to iiny persons who may wish to visit them. Terms made known on day of sale. Oct. 30, tf ALEXANDER WALKER. FOR SALE. rIIE following valuable real estate, the prop L erty of E. C. ilall dee'd. is offered for sale and consists of the following tracts: That desirable place known as Rome, containing about 2(0 acres with all the improvements. This place will be sold entire or divided, to suit purchas ers, it being probably one of the best business stands in the country, and is very desirable to those' wish ing to enter the mercantile business. No 2, Consists ef a Lot and Brick Store (2 tene ments in Campbellton,on Bridge Street nearClaren don Bridge, r.nd is a very desirable stand for business No 3, Is 3 acant lots in Campbellton, known in City plot. asNos 10!), Ill, 112, an half of lot 113. No 4, Is a dwelling houscand lot on Ilaymount, Corner of Plankroad and Adams St. Avery desira ble residence for the whole year. No 4, Is a Corn Mill and Steam Engine and Boiler of !0 or 15 horse power. This is well worth the at tention of those living where water power is not a vailahlc, and will be sold at a great bargain For terms apply to J. II. HALL, Assignee. Aug. 1, 1S57. Gl-tf LAND FOR SALE. rIIIE Sabs L Acres of tseriier Utter- for Sale Seven Hundred f GOOD TURPEXTIXE AjVO FARMING I.ASD, situated in L'obeson county, directly on the Southern Plank Road, twelve miles lrom Fayetteville. If not disposed of privately by January 1st, it will be sold at public Auction on or about that time, of which due notice will be given. Tekm.s will be ma le easy and accommodating to the purchaser. Address the subcriber at Montrose P. O. NEILL SINCLAIR. Nov'r 13, 185S. tJan 1 pd. DQBBlfU HOUSE. HIS CONVENIENT and well furnished Establishment was opened for the reception of boarders on the 1 2th inst. The subscriber will spare no pains to make all comfortable who may stop at her house. Regular boarders will here tind the quiet comfort of home, combined with' the advantages to business men of a Hotel. The stables of Mr W. C. Troy are in the rear of the Hotel, and travellers may entrust their horses to his care, with the assurance that the best treatment will be bestowed upon them. MARY ANN POTTER. Oct. 23rd. 185S. 3m T. W ADD ILL HAS TAKEN" CHARGE OF THE FAYETTEVILLE HOTEL With efficient aid in the S ,1 u,uv-' 1 1 UV I(11 llliCll 19, UIIU 1113 own supervision of the entire Es tablishment, he hopes to give sat isfaction to the Patrons of the House. Raleigh and Warsaw four-horse lines of Stages arrive and depart from this House Daily, and the Salem Stage Tri-weeklv. Fayetteville, N. C. Oct. 9, -3m A0TICE TO SOLDIER'S WIDOWS. rBIHE WIDOWS OF MEXICAN Soldiers, BL and tho Widows of Soldiers who died IX SERVICE in the war ot 1812, can have their pensions continued by calling on the undersigned. Congress having made additional provision for them. Give me the management of your claims, and the money shall come at once, or no charge. JXO. M. ROSE. Agt. for Pensions. Fayetteville, June 19, 1858. tf Dr. Frank William's Rye Whiskey. R MITCHELL has made arrangements with Dr. Frank Williams, to be constantly supplied with his celebrated RYE WHISKEY, which can be had at his Store at all times, by wholesale or retail. Oct. 1C, 1S58, tf. J. C. STEDMAN AND Jf W. HORNE, UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF STEDMAN & HORNE, JR TTAVE-'associated themselves together in a gener- a u'w-cij, provision, liquor ana Barter Bust- i ness, and are now receiving a well selected Stock of i fi in tk..:. 1 : - i . , .... ! uuuuo hicu imc, muicu mey are wining to ex change for mouey or produce. Their stock consists in part of the folio win sr arti. 0 - cles : j Brown, Crushed, and Loaf Sugar ; Rio, Laguira and Java Coffee ; Butter, Cheese, i and Crackers ; Lard, Pork, and Western Bacon ; Xo. 1, Mackerel, in Bbls, Hfs. and Kits ; Tobacco, Snuff and Ciirars : Foreie-ii and Domestic Wines and Liquors. Hay street, Fayetteville, N. C. j JNOV" "u' -3m HEDLEY'S PTENT CHEMICAL GREASE FOR AXLES, MILL GEARING, Sfc. THIS Grease for Stages, Wagons, Carts. Carriages, Mill Gearing, Heavy Bearings, &c, is found to be the best in use. It is warranted to stand any tem perature. It combines the body and fluidity of Tal low. Beeswax and Tar, keeps the Axles always cool and does not run off, and is unsurpassed in durability. Manufactured by J. Headley, New York. A consignment on hand, and for sale at the office of the " Carolinian," Market square. In 21b. boxes, price 25 cents per box. Nov. 20. 1858. tf IAM now receiving my usual FALL STOCK of GOODS, consisting in part of Raisins, whole, half and quarter boxes, Citror, Currants. Dried Figs, Prunes, Pickles mid Sauces of all kinds, Cantcn Ginger and other Preserves, Sardiies, Lobsters, Vermiceli, Maccaroni, Cinnamon, Mace, Cioves, Nutmegs, Cocoa and ether Nuts, And, inde-'d, every thing kept in a store of this kind. Confvctionaries of all kin.is constantly 011 hand at wholesale aud retail, aud for sale low for CASH, MRS. M. BANKS, Nov. IS. 4t. Greeu Street. 10 BBL'S. IRISH POTATOES. 10 Bbl's Large Flat MULLETS. 15 Boxes very fine CHEESE. For sal: by J. R. McDUFFlE. Nov. 13. 4t CARRIAGE FACTORY. A. A. M'KETHAN KEEPS constantly on hand a large assortment of Vehicks of every description, which are well and faithfully made and finished in the lightest and neatest styles. His facilities for doing carriage work are ;rkatek than any establishment South. which enables him to sell his work on the most favor able terms. Nov. 13. 1858. tf STATE OF NORTH CAliOLINA. MONTGOMERY COUNTY. Court of Picas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term, 1858. M. B. McRae, vs. Martin A. Mallocli. ORIGINAL attachment levied on the defendant's undivided interest in 92 acres of land. "It appoarf iusj to the satisfaction of the Court, that the defendant M A Mai loch is not an inhabitant of this State : on motion, it is therefore ordered by the Court that publication be made in the North Caroli nian, a newspaper published in the Town of Fayette ville, for six successive weeks, notifying the said M A Malloch, to be and appear at our said Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the County aforesaid, at the Court House i 11 the Town of Troy, on the first Monday in January next, then and there to be and appear to plead or replevy, or final judg ment will be entered against him to satisfy Plaintiffs debt, interest and cost. Witness. John McLennan, clerk of our said court at office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D 1858, this Oct. yth 1858. JOHN McLENNaN, C. C. C. Nov. 20, 6t STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, MONTGOMERY COUNTY. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Terra, 1858. T. Bostick, vs. James B. Malloch. ORIGINAL attachme.it levied on the defendant's undivided interest in 92 acres of land. It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, that the defendant, J B Malloch, is not an inhabitant of this State : on motion, it was ordered by the Court that publication be made in the North Carolinian, a News paper published in the town of Fayetteville, for fix successive weeks, notifying the said J B Malloch to be and appear at our said Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the county aforesaid, at the Court House in the town of Troy, on the first Monday in January next, to plead or replevy, or final judgment will be entered against him to satisfy Plaintiff's debt, interest and cost. Witness. John McLennan, clerk of our said Court at office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D 1858, this Uth Oct, 1858. JOHN McLENNAN, C. C. C. Nov. 20. STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, MONTGOMERY COUNTY. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term, 1858. T. Bostick, vs. Martin A. Malloch. ORIGINAL attachment levied on the defendant's undivided, interest in 1)2 acres of land. It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, that the dfendnt, M A Malloch, is not an inhabitant of this .tate: on motion, it was ordered by the Court that publication be made in the North Carolinian, a Newspaper published iu the Town of Fayetteville. for six successive weeks, notifying him to be and appear at our said Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the county aforesaid, at the Court House in Troy, on the first Monday in January next, to plead or replevy, or final judgment will be entered against him to satisfy Plaintiff's, debt, interest and cost Witness, John McLennan, clerk of our said Court at office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D 1858, this 9th Oct.. 1858. ' JOHN McLENNAN, C. C. C. Nov. 20. 6t STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, MONTGOMERY COUNTY. . Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term, 1858. William Ringstaff and wife, Williamson Chappell and wife Patience, vs. Murdoch B. McRae. Row land Chappell, Executors of Joseph Blake. Petition for account and Settlement. TT appearing to the satisfaction of the court that -ML William Ringstaff and wife, Williamson cnappeu and wife Patience, are not inhabitants of this State : on motion, it is ordered by the Court that publica tion be made in the North Carolinian, a newspaper published in the Town of Fayetteville. for six succes sive weeks that they be and appear at the next Term of this Court, to be held for the County aforesaid, at the Court House in the Town of Troy, on the first Monday in January next, then and there to plead answer to this petition, or the same will be held pro confesso as to them. -Witness. John McLennan. Clerk of our said Court at office in Troy, on the first Monday In October A. D. 1858. JOHN MCL.KNJNAi, C1C1K. flov. 20. 6t THE X0RT1I CAKOLINIAN. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C. Materials for Paper. (From the New York Scientific American.) When readinp- and writing became com mon and paper was demanded in sncb large quantities, the consequent increased intel ligence of the people taught them more, and more the value of economy, and it was fear ed that in time rags would become so scarce that the price of paper would rise enormous ly. This actually happened three years ago, and the price of paper rose from two to three cents a pound all over the world. The London Times offered a very large piemium for any Substitute which will make the same quality of paper afaless price ; this set fresli men at work and stimulated those who were already in the field of discovery, and this newspaper is now printed on paper made from cotton and beet residue, but we are not aware that they have been so fully satisfied as to pay the premium. Dr. Coll yer, at London, discovered that the refuse of the beat sugar manufactories mixed with cotton could be made into excellent paper ; and we believe that the general impression is that paper has been made from the refuse alone. There is an abundance of this ma terial in Europe. In France, Belgium and Germany there are 3000 beet sugar manufactories, which give an annual refuse of 300:f,00 tons, and there is about 100,000 more obtained from the refuse of distilleries, so that the sup ply may be regarded for the present as al most illimitable. Very little change is re quired in the machinery for manufacturing paper from it, and it obviates the use of sixe. It is said to contain about 56 per cent, of fibre, 30 parts of albumen and cellulose, and 10 parts of fixed salts. We are inclined to think, however, that in estimating the ino- which introduction of beet residue will cause, some important considerations have been omitted by the discoverer, and his friends. In our opinion, from an exam ination of the residue and the paper manu factured from it and cotton mixed, the fibre of the beet plays but a very small part, and it is the mucilaorc wh;ch does the business. We have not seen any paper of beet resi due alone ; the sample which have come un der our notice all containing more or less cotton, and in proportion to the- amount of cotton is the superior quality of the paper. The beet residue, therefore, seems to us to play the part of a mucilaginous medium in stead of an aqueous one, the tendency of which is to blind the cotton fibres better together, to produce a sizing and face and save material b' preventing the escape of the small and finer cotton fibres lrom the pulp, and by filling up the interstices be tween the fibres ; but the amount of fibre which it contributes, we are convinced, is small. It is, for all this, a great discovery, aud produces an excellent paper, which can be printed dry ; and by varying the propor tions of beet and cotton, any quality of par per can be obtained. The printing paper for newspaper is made from equal quantities of each, and is worth about thirteen cents per pound in this market. Mr Winchester of 211 center street, in this city, is intro ducing it into th;s country. Another material that we wish to notice is reed. We have seen some most excellent wrapping paper made from Carolinian reeds by a manufacturer in the neighborhood of this city. It was strong, and when unbleach ed had a pleasant brown color. The experi ments are not yet concluded, and we have many doubts whether any fine paper can be made from them ; but if a good wrapping paper and the coarser varieties can be made, it will leave a quantity of rags to be better employed ; and therefore we wish success to the experimenter. We are not by any means sanguine, however, respecting the ultimatum of any of the new materials which are pro posed for paper-making ; but as cotton and hemp can be cheaply cultivated, the proper method of cheapening paper will bo to pay attention to the cultivation of cotton, and spread its geological distribution, so that the raw material will cost so little that it can be used directly to make pulp without having to be passed through other manufacturing processes, as well as in a manufactured state. This seems to us to be the idea which should be propagated, as it would not only reduce the price of the materials known, but would also save the labor and expense of reducing the rags, washing and bleaching, and sim plify the process of paper-making by about one-third. Durable Woodhs Watrk Pipes. Some wooden pipes laid down for conducting water at Springfield, Miss., by Charles Steams, Esq, appear to demonstrate the fact that they are more durable in certain situations than pipes made of lead. This plan is to lay them at such a depth as to prevent atmospheric action upon them. In sandy or porous aartb he lays them six feet deep, iu compact soil four feet deep, and iu peaty or swampy soil three feet deep. Iu one place heavy lead pipe was laid through a wet meadow, and it required repairs in four years and had to be lifted in ten. It was replaced by wooden pipes which have now been twenty years in use, and are in good con dition yet. lne aqueduct pipes which supply SpnngOeld with water have been in use four teen years, and are still in good order. They are bored logs, the opening being seven inches in diameter, and charred on the iaside surfaces by forcing flame through them . The charring ol the surfaces of wooden pipes or boards has a wonderful effect in preserving them from de composition. It is undoubtedly true that timber sunk be neath the surface of the earth, and kept from contact with the air, endures for centuries VVe have seen an oak log taken from the bed of a river, in which place it must have remained for hundreds of years, owing to the depth of sand which covered it, and yet it was as fresh as when first submerged. Cedar logs taken from the Jersey swamps, in which they have reposed for a thousand years, are found to be fresh and strong. Wooden pipes are cheaper than those of metal, and arc preferable if they can be rendered as durable. Sci. American. "Sam Slick" on Downing Street. At the Manchester Athenaeum soiree on Thnrsday, the Honorable 'Judge Haliburton in dulged in a highly sarcastic vein of bnmor ns he depicted " that place iu London, not put down in the show-books for the stranger, but well worth any one's while to see, and which nag called Downing Street. " Speaking of the prevailing influence of the spot, he said they would find the ait there so drowsy that , they coirld scarcely keep their eyes awake. (Laugh-" ter.) Almost everybody in that plarc is fast asleep. The very sentries there have orders from the Horse Guards to keep in perpetual motion, or otherwise they would drop asleep. (Continued langhter.) . You have heard a great deal about chloroform and the surgical operations performed upon patients under its influence. In many cases death has occurred during the operntion ; bat 1 venture to assert that, if a man were taken to Downing Street, he would sleep so soundly that his leg might be cut off before he awoke. (Renewed laugh- . .. lVlinn -.. ..-.-.,....-J r r I 1 1 - C t fl lift tl of the worthies in that sleepy hollow, he turns over in his bed and asks what you want. If yon tell him that we have five colonies with five different laws, with live different sets of custom houses, and five different currencies, he replies, " What is that to us ? Call again next week." (Lnughter.j And so he tnrns over and goes to sleep again ; and it always would be the same. There mnst be a great event to awaken the Government to do anything. For instance, there had been a dreadful mutiny in t!;e Fast Indies, and it had resulted in the establishment of a new government for that country. In Canada, also, there was a rebellion, and that rebellion had produced a responsible govern ment. Recently the Government had been a wakened out of its trance by the discovery of gold in A'aneou ver's Island, and had found tho truth of what he asserted in Manchester two years ago. Sir Roderick Murchison, the great geographer, had found the position of the island, and told the Government where they might diecover it on the map ; and they had placed a cross with a pencil upon it, so that they might know where to look for it again. (Ijuujjhter.) The Government had now found that the dis tance from Liverpool to Canton, by way of Panama, was 13,900 miles ; by way of the Can adian lakes it was only 1,000 miles ; so that there would be a saving of 2,900 miles by the latter route. (Hear, hear.) This was one of his predictions, which had been considered Utopian ; but he felt no hesitation in boldly proclaiming that the trade with China would hereafter pass through Canada. In a:icouver s Island a magnificent vein of coal had been dis covered, close to the water, only forty feet from the surface, and nine feet thick, and forming a coal mine for the whole Pacific. He congrat ulated the people of this country and of the col ony upon this event. (Hear, hear.) Commencement. The word commencement is so often wrong ly interpreted, that, our readers may not take it amiss if we give its proper significa tion. The verb to commence, iu its collegiate sense, is peculiarly technical, and means " to take a degree, in a university or college. " Formerly the verb was much used. For in stance, in Winthrop's Journal we find this passage: "Nine Bachelors commenced, at Cauibridp-e, " -iid i the Historical Sketch of the First Church in Boston, the following : " Charles Chauncy was afterwards, when qualified, sent to the University of Cam bridge, where he commenced. Bachelor of Di- viuity. " Trumbull, too, in his Progress of Dullness, " has this couplet : " A scholar see him now commence. Without the aid of books or sense. " Commencement, then, is the time when students iu colleges commence Bachelors, or the day on which degrees are publicly con ferred. The manner in which this season was commemorated at Cambridge iu " ye olden times, " was far different from that which at present obtains there. In his al manacs, Nathaniel Ames was wont to insert, opposite the days of Commencement week, remarks which he deemed appropriate to that period. His notes for the year 1764, were these : . N " Much ta'k and nothing said. " " The loquacious more talkative than ever and fine harangues preparing. " "Much money, suuk, Much liquor drunk. IIi3 only note for tho year 17G5 was this : " Many Crapulae to Day, , Give the Head-ache totheGay. " Commencement day was generally consid ered a holiday throughout the Bav province, ana in uoston, tne metropolis, the shops were usually closied and little or no business M as done. About ten days before commence ment, a body of Indians from Natick men, women and papooses commonly made their appearauce at Cambridge. 1 roy n tug. Cojihox Unbelief. On hearinsr a cler man remark that " the world was full of change," Mrs Partington said she could hardly bring her mind to believe it, so little found its way iuto her pocket. He who has a thousand friends has not a friend to spare. And he who has an enemy shall meet him everywhere. Tht Persian. Mr and Mrs Brewer, of Wayne county Ken tucky have twentv-two children. Theirs is, perhaps, the most "extensive Brewery in the West. An old lady relating an account of a distin guished old lawyer, who was said to be the father of the New York bar exclaimed, "Poor man! he had a dreadful set of children.'