North Carolina Newspapers

    TERMS, $2 00 TER ANNUM,
" THE NOBLEST MOTIVE IS THE PUBLIC GOOD."
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME XX.
FAYETTEVILLE, N. 0., SA3DAY, DECEMBER 4, 1858.
KO. 1,021.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Single copy, in advance, per annum $2.00
" " at the end of the year 3,00
No subscription will be received for less than six
mouths.
Sixty cents per square of If! lines, or less, for the
first, and 80 cents for each subsequent iusertiou, for
any period under three months.
For three months, $4 00
For six months, 6 00
For twelve months, 10 00
Other advertisements by the year on favorable
terms. Advertisers are particularly requested to
state the number of insertions desired, otherwise they
will be inserted until forbid, and charged accordingly.
jZSr-JOB WORK of all kinds executed neatly and
promptly.
MARTIN" & PEARCE.
LEGAL ZNTOTJ'
WRTGIIT AND FULLER.
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
C ELEMENT O. WRIGHT and BARTHOLOMEW
I FULLER have associated themselves together
for the practice of their profession, l'ronipt atten
tion given to all business committed-to their charge.
They will practice in the counties of Cumberland,
Harnett. Sampson, Robeson and Bladen.
Nov. 13, lb58. tf
TROY & FULLER,
Attorneys and Counsellors
AT LAW.
LU.MBRKTOX N'. C.
"jOBERT E. TROY & JOHN P. FULLER.
.1 V formed an association for the practice of
profession in Robeson cm., only R. E. Troy
also attend the Courts of Bladen and Columbus
J. P. Fuller those of Cumberland.
Their Office in Luniberten will be kept o)
ai.t, t imes.
January 9. IWR. 83-tf
have
their
will
, ami
en at
.1. A. SPKAISK.
ATTORNEY" AT LAW,
VTTENPS the Courts of Cumberland, Ih.mctb
v ake and .1 oh n.-ton .
Address, Toomer, Harnett Co., X. C.
Feb. Hi. 1H.";. f-5-y
ATT0 2JNEY AT Ij W.
Can be fouinl at the Office formerly occupied
hy Dr. Gilliam, on How Street.
F A Y E TT E V E L I- E , . f.
June 2l), 1S58. tf
LAW iNOTlCE.
rpiIE RUBSCIM P. ERS having associat ed themselves
toirether in tin; pr ictice of Law, under the name
and style of CAMERON & ,SIIA, will attend the
Cointy and Sup -rior Courts of Moore. Montgomery.
Anson. Richmond and Rolic-on. All business en
trusted to them will receive; their nnit attention.
Address Cameron a:id Sl'aw, Attorneys at Law,
IL ft ; K i n LTiiam. li ii'hmona eon u t v. . t
Jmi. V. Cmki:i.v.
May 1, IS-IX. ly
J so. V. Shaw.
AUCTIONEER A- COMMISSION MERCHANT,
E;ist Side of Gillespie- Street,
F.lVKTTKt II.I.K, N. C.
Nov. 13. 1S.-.8
W. II T U R L I i(ITO X ,
(ir .K i nl "omiiiisioii T'l i f lin in.
NORTH WATER STREET,
IVilmi.uglon , JY. C,
ILL give personal attention to the sale or ship
ment of all co'isignments of Naval Stores or
country produce, and any other business en-
d to his care, will be promptly attended to.
il 18. 18.-7. ly -
w
other
trusts
Apt
,15. JAMES 1 A VIS, Wing
decide! on lu'Tinanentlv locutincr in the
Town of Fayetteville, respec tfully offers his servi
ces to the citizens of this place and surrounding
country. In all the various branches of his Pro
fession", including the manufacture of Mineral
Teeth, Ik is satisfied, after an extensive exneri
. enee. to which is added a thorough Dental educa
tion, that he can give entire satisfaction as far as
it is in the power of Dentistry. All irregularities
of the Teeth treated in a proper and careful man
ner, as well as diseases of the inmitltyt None but
the proper metals are made use of in the various
operations. Charges will be moderate, that the
benefits of the Profession may be placed within
the reach of all who may feci an interest in the
preservation of the Teeth.
tOtUee over Houston's Jewelry Store, where
Jio will be found at ali times.
May l. 1S5S tf
3VTrtx-Tolo Factory,
-' ; ' ; ,
IJV GEO. LAUDER,
Two Doors above C. T. Haigh & Son's Store,
Fayette ville, N. C.
Oct. 1, 1856. ly.
in nnnLus- TALLff wanted, for
iyVVU which the highest cash price will be
paid
A. M. CAMPBELL.
Oct. 1, 185(5.
tf
White Lead and Linseed Oil, for
Bale by
Aug. 15,
S. J. HINSDALE.
03-tf
CASTORS
(18 patterns,) Cake Baskets, Candlesticks,
Cups, Tea Sets, Goblets, Spoon Holders,
Butter Dishes, Butter Knives, Mo
lasses Cups, Napkin Bungs,
Tea Bells, Pie Knives,
Suinxr Tono-s, and
Spoons.
AND
SPOOLS,
FORKS,
of all sizes. For sale low at the "Crockery Store."'
()ct. 2. -3m " W, N, TIL, LINIIGAST.
mm
JAMES MARTINE is no' receiving a large and
general assortment of every tiling in the "above line.
ALSO
A p: imc article of Rio. Laguira and Java COFFEE;
Crushed and Brown Sugar ; Sugar House Syrup and
.Molasses.
All of which is offered on as good terms as can be
ha.l in this market.
Nov. 27. tf
Paints, Oils, tfce.
SPERM. Refined. Lard, Linseed and Tanner's OIL ;
WHITE LEAD ; Burning Fluid ; Putty ; Window
Glass and Sash of all sizes.
A l.SU
A fresh supply of Pond's Pain Destrover.
For sale by JAS. MARTINE.
Nov. 27. tf
Stoves, 3ieet-Iron,
TIX-WAKK, &c.
ON hand, a large assortment of Box and cooking
Stoves; Tin-ware; Sheet-Iron ; Lead Pipw. Al
so the C-Ed Ilomiiiloil CoS5'e !'." For sale by
tf JAMES MARTINE.
NEW FIRM AND NEW GOODS.
rMlE subf-crihers have formed Copat tnership under
l the name of
GOLDSTON A3 FULLER,
And offer for sale a large and well selected stock of
groceries;, hard-'iVare. i i t ) llow -v a r e .
SADDLERY, BOOTS. SHOES, COTTON
YARN, SHEETINGS. &c,
To which they call the attention of their friends and
customers generally. Store one door East of II. &
E. J. Lillv.
G. V. 1. Goi.nsrox. A. W. Filler.
Nov. 20. -1 in Town papers 1 ni.
ni-:w miY woods.
W. 32AC1XTYRE.
HAS RECEIVED
Cloths, Cassiineres, S itinetts, Twecles,
Kent'k Jeans, Kerseys, Linse3s, Flannels,
Blankets, ilerinoe's Bonib'zines, Alpaecas
jTuslin DeLanes, Calicoes, Ging-hams,
Brilliantcs, jTarseiles, Silk Velvets, Silk
llobes, Silk Dress Goods. Jaconets,
Xain-sook, Swiss, Taiiton, Book Muslins,
Silk Illusion, Lace Veils, Silk fringes,
L:ice, Edgings, Braids, Tapes, Bonnet
Bibbons, Table Damasks, Napk ns,
Towels, Diapers, Irish Linen Shirting,
Sheetings, Bedticks Shawls,
Cloaks, Mantillas, Challices,
Elastic, Enameled, and Bibbon Belts,
Bonnets, Col'd Flats, Iiuciies, Artificials,
Extension skirts, skirt cord,
Brass, spring, ratan, Whalebone.
Cotton seine twine, nett twine,
Cotton cards. Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes
and Gaiters.
Oct. 23. tf
USEFUL ARTICLES.
ILUID, Oil and Lard L imps:
Brittania and Brass Candlesticks;
Superior Steel Sautters;
Brittania Castors, Tea Pots and ColTee Pots;
IJiittania SPOONS and LADLES;
Brittania Coruaiunion Sets (ioblcts and Cups;
Tinned Lou Spoons and Ladles;
Planished Tin Coii'ee t'rns and Pots. Tea Pots;
Oyster and Beef Steak Dishes, and Dish Covers;
Waitkhs. of all sizes and shapes.
Fixe Seissons; large tor cutting, small for embroid
ery ; R izors and Pocket Knives;
for all purposes;
COFIiTOK I1I.IS,
Iron and Stone Morters;
Stone Crocks; Tin Ware;
Cedar Tubs, Peils, Churns and Bowls;
Coun'er Scab::-, to weigh J to 51o lhs:
Family Scales, to t-eigh every ounce to 4 lb;
Cocoa Dippers; Hair and Wire Seives;
Table Mats; Feather Dusters:
Dust Pons; Curtain Pins;
Hand and Tea Bells,
Music Portfolios: Ladies Work Boxes; Rosewood
Toilet Boxes;
Ladies' Leather Bags, (large:)
White Satin Beads and White Cut Beads, for
fancy work;
Porte Monaies. entirely of leather, a superior article;
Electric Polishing Powder; Boy's Saws; Corkscrews.
A great variety of other useful articles, too tedious
to mention. Come uud soe for yourselves at the
"Crockerv Store.'' W. N. TILLING HAST.
Oct. 2." -Km
THE SUCBSRIBER
IS now receiving one of the largest and most care
fully selected stocks ever offered by him in this
market, comprising every style and quantity of
LADIES', GJZ.VTS, MISSES7 AJVD BOYS'
BOOTS, SHOES, GAITERS, S,-c.
AXD, IN' FACT. EVERYTHING USI ALI.Y SOLD IX HIS I.TXE.
Planters and all others who desire to purchase a
superior article of
No. 1 BROGANS,
are respectfully solicited to call and examine his stock.
Having just returned from the North, and exam
ined my Goods carefully before purchasing, I flatter
myself that I am now prepared to stsll them upon as
good terms as they can be bought in this market.
LEATHER of all descriptions, and for all pur
poses, constantly on hand.
The above articles will be sold cheap for cash.
31. FAULK.
Oct. 23 tf
KNIVES AND FORKS.
WmflUTE HAXD, with 2 prong steei. FOKKS, at
SI and 1 25 per Set;
Do., with 3 prong do., SI 50, SI 75, and
32 per set;
And a variety of others at 75 cts. to 2 50 per set
some of which are of scperiou quality.
Ivory handle Knives, with steel or plated Forks,
or alone at S3 to 6 50 per set or dozen.
tor sale at the-Crokery Store"
- . W. N. TILLINGHAST.
Oct. 2, 2m
teg
L UTTERL OITS LINE.
TEAMER "FANNY" leaves Fayetteville every
Monday and Thursday mornintr. at 15 minutes
after Sun rise; and Wilmington, Tuesday and Friday,
at o'clock. carrying paasengers and freight.
Steamer 'SOUTHERNER, with a full comple
ment of Flats, m ikes one or more trips per week, as
circumstances may require.
The accident to the Steamer "ROWAN" will be
repaired in a few days. Sha will then take her place
in the line. T. S. LUTTERLOH.
Oct. 3. -tf
rilliE undersigned owns a tract of LAND which
A he wishes to sell. It is situated 15 miles a
bove Fayetteville, o:i the west side of Cape Fear, on
Tanthum's Creek, and joins the lands of Susan L..
Conoly, and others, containing Two Hundred and
Fifty-eight (2-"8) acres. About Fifty acres is cleared,
and the balance well timbered. Some line swamp
lands, easily drained. Terms made easy aad persons
wishing to purchase may call on me at the store of E.
F. Moore & Co.
JAMES BELL.
Fayetteville, Nov. C, 1858. tf
LAJVD FOR SALE.
TOIIN T. GILIORR,now offers
' " lor sale a portion ot his swamp lands in the
county of Cumberland, about 14 miles below Fay
etteville, and ahut li miles east of the Cape Fear
Itiver. The entire swamp has been successfully
drained of the large body of water by which it was
heretofore covered. The land is apparently level,
being free from ridges (which are so common to
swamp lands generally) whilst there is an abundance
of fall, by which the rain water can be carried off
by ordinary ditches. A small portion of the land
has been in cultivation about 7 years and those
persons who have seen the crops, regard the land
as equal in fertility to any they have seen in this
state or elsewhere. The location is healthy, the
neighborhood good, and the access to Fayetteville
and Wilmington easy by means of a good road li
miles in length leading directly to the river. Besides
this, it is within 3 miles of a beautiful little village,
upon a high and healthy Bluff, at the river, with a
Store, Ware-house and first rate landing. All which
afford many conveniences to the neighborhood. As
several persons have spoken of purchasing, this is
deemed a proper time (o cali their attention to the
subject, in as much as there is a crop xow growing
upon a small portion of the land, by which they can
judge of its production. jCfll easonable terms will
be given to the purchaser.
Sept. 10, 1SSS. tf
NOTICE.
The subscriber wishing to change his position will
oiler for sale on Thursday the second of December
the following valuable property, viz :
IOOO ACItKS OF LAND
lying on the west side of the Cape Fear fifteen miles
above Fayetteville, adjoining the lands of John C.
Williams, and others. Said land is level and healthy
with convenient improvements on it; further descrip
tion is unnecessary as the land will show for itself.
It will be sold all together or in small tracts, to suit
purchasers; also o:i the same day I will offer for sale
my stock of Horses. Cattle. Sheep, Ac, one Timbei
Wagon, two Koad Wagon's, one Carriage, farming
utencils. and other things two tedious to mention.
The subscriber will take pleasure in exhibiting the
land to iiny persons who may wish to visit them.
Terms made known on day of sale.
Oct. 30, tf ALEXANDER WALKER.
FOR SALE.
rIIE following valuable real estate, the prop
L erty of E. C. ilall dee'd. is offered for sale and
consists of the following tracts:
That desirable place known as Rome, containing
about 2(0 acres with all the improvements. This
place will be sold entire or divided, to suit purchas
ers, it being probably one of the best business stands
in the country, and is very desirable to those' wish
ing to enter the mercantile business.
No 2, Consists ef a Lot and Brick Store (2 tene
ments in Campbellton,on Bridge Street nearClaren
don Bridge, r.nd is a very desirable stand for business
No 3, Is 3 acant lots in Campbellton, known in City
plot. asNos 10!), Ill, 112, an half of lot 113.
No 4, Is a dwelling houscand lot on Ilaymount,
Corner of Plankroad and Adams St. Avery desira
ble residence for the whole year.
No 4, Is a Corn Mill and Steam Engine and Boiler
of !0 or 15 horse power. This is well worth the at
tention of those living where water power is not a
vailahlc, and will be sold at a great bargain
For terms apply to J. II. HALL, Assignee.
Aug. 1, 1S57. Gl-tf
LAND FOR SALE.
rIIIE Sabs
L Acres of
tseriier Utter- for Sale Seven Hundred
f
GOOD TURPEXTIXE AjVO FARMING I.ASD,
situated in L'obeson county, directly on the Southern
Plank Road, twelve miles lrom Fayetteville.
If not disposed of privately by January 1st, it will
be sold at public Auction on or about that time, of
which due notice will be given.
Tekm.s will be ma le easy and accommodating to the
purchaser.
Address the subcriber at Montrose P. O.
NEILL SINCLAIR.
Nov'r 13, 185S. tJan 1 pd.
DQBBlfU HOUSE.
HIS CONVENIENT and well furnished
Establishment was opened for the reception
of boarders on the 1 2th inst. The subscriber will
spare no pains to make all comfortable who may stop
at her house. Regular boarders will here tind the
quiet comfort of home, combined with' the advantages
to business men of a Hotel.
The stables of Mr W. C. Troy are in the rear of the
Hotel, and travellers may entrust their horses to his
care, with the assurance that the best treatment will
be bestowed upon them.
MARY ANN POTTER.
Oct. 23rd. 185S. 3m
T. W ADD ILL
HAS TAKEN" CHARGE OF THE
FAYETTEVILLE HOTEL
With efficient aid in the
S ,1 u,uv-' 1 1 UV I(11 llliCll 19, UIIU 1113
own supervision of the entire Es
tablishment, he hopes to give sat
isfaction to the Patrons of the House.
Raleigh and Warsaw four-horse lines of Stages
arrive and depart from this House Daily, and the
Salem Stage Tri-weeklv.
Fayetteville, N. C. Oct. 9, -3m
A0TICE TO SOLDIER'S WIDOWS.
rBIHE WIDOWS OF MEXICAN Soldiers,
BL and tho Widows of Soldiers who died
IX SERVICE in the war ot 1812, can have their
pensions continued by calling on the undersigned.
Congress having made additional provision for
them.
Give me the management of your claims, and
the money shall come at once, or no charge.
JXO. M. ROSE.
Agt. for Pensions.
Fayetteville, June 19, 1858. tf
Dr. Frank William's Rye Whiskey.
R MITCHELL has made arrangements with Dr.
Frank Williams, to be constantly supplied with
his celebrated RYE WHISKEY, which can be had at
his Store at all times, by wholesale or retail.
Oct. 1C, 1S58, tf.
J. C. STEDMAN AND Jf W. HORNE,
UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE OF
STEDMAN & HORNE, JR
TTAVE-'associated themselves together in a gener-
a u'w-cij, provision, liquor ana Barter Bust- i
ness, and are now receiving a well selected Stock of i
fi in tk..:. 1 : - i . , .... !
uuuuo hicu imc, muicu mey are wining to ex
change for mouey or produce.
Their stock consists in part of the folio win sr arti.
0 -
cles : j
Brown, Crushed, and Loaf Sugar ; Rio,
Laguira and Java Coffee ; Butter, Cheese, i
and Crackers ; Lard, Pork, and Western
Bacon ; Xo. 1, Mackerel, in Bbls, Hfs. and
Kits ; Tobacco, Snuff and Ciirars : Foreie-ii
and Domestic Wines and Liquors.
Hay street, Fayetteville, N. C. j JNOV" "u'
-3m
HEDLEY'S
PTENT CHEMICAL GREASE
FOR AXLES, MILL GEARING, Sfc.
THIS Grease for Stages, Wagons, Carts. Carriages,
Mill Gearing, Heavy Bearings, &c, is found to
be the best in use. It is warranted to stand any tem
perature. It combines the body and fluidity of Tal
low. Beeswax and Tar, keeps the Axles always cool
and does not run off, and is unsurpassed in durability.
Manufactured by J. Headley, New York.
A consignment on hand, and for sale at the office
of the " Carolinian," Market square. In 21b. boxes,
price 25 cents per box.
Nov. 20. 1858. tf
IAM now receiving my usual FALL STOCK of
GOODS, consisting in part of
Raisins, whole, half and quarter boxes,
Citror, Currants. Dried Figs, Prunes,
Pickles mid Sauces of all kinds,
Cantcn Ginger and other Preserves,
Sardiies, Lobsters, Vermiceli, Maccaroni,
Cinnamon, Mace, Cioves, Nutmegs,
Cocoa and ether Nuts,
And, inde-'d, every thing kept in a store of this kind.
Confvctionaries of all kin.is constantly 011 hand at
wholesale aud retail, aud for sale low for CASH,
MRS. M. BANKS,
Nov. IS. 4t. Greeu Street.
10
BBL'S. IRISH POTATOES. 10 Bbl's Large
Flat MULLETS. 15 Boxes very fine CHEESE.
For sal: by J. R. McDUFFlE.
Nov. 13. 4t
CARRIAGE FACTORY.
A. A. M'KETHAN
KEEPS constantly on hand a large assortment of
Vehicks of every description, which are well
and faithfully made and finished in the lightest and
neatest styles. His facilities for doing carriage
work are ;rkatek than any establishment South.
which enables him to sell his work on the most favor
able terms.
Nov. 13. 1858. tf
STATE OF NORTH CAliOLINA.
MONTGOMERY COUNTY.
Court of Picas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term,
1858.
M. B. McRae, vs. Martin A. Mallocli.
ORIGINAL attachment levied on the defendant's
undivided interest in 92 acres of land.
"It appoarf iusj to the satisfaction of the Court, that
the defendant M A Mai loch is not an inhabitant of
this State : on motion, it is therefore ordered by the
Court that publication be made in the North Caroli
nian, a newspaper published in the Town of Fayette
ville, for six successive weeks, notifying the said M
A Malloch, to be and appear at our said Court of
Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for the County
aforesaid, at the Court House i 11 the Town of Troy, on
the first Monday in January next, then and there
to be and appear to plead or replevy, or final judg
ment will be entered against him to satisfy Plaintiffs
debt, interest and cost.
Witness. John McLennan, clerk of our said court at
office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D
1858, this Oct. yth 1858.
JOHN McLENNaN, C. C. C.
Nov. 20, 6t
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
MONTGOMERY COUNTY.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Terra,
1858.
T. Bostick, vs. James B. Malloch.
ORIGINAL attachme.it levied on the defendant's
undivided interest in 92 acres of land.
It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, that
the defendant, J B Malloch, is not an inhabitant of this
State : on motion, it was ordered by the Court that
publication be made in the North Carolinian, a News
paper published in the town of Fayetteville, for fix
successive weeks, notifying the said J B Malloch to
be and appear at our said Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, to be held for the county aforesaid, at the
Court House in the town of Troy, on the first Monday
in January next, to plead or replevy, or final judgment
will be entered against him to satisfy Plaintiff's debt,
interest and cost.
Witness. John McLennan, clerk of our said Court at
office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D
1858, this Uth Oct, 1858.
JOHN McLENNAN, C. C. C.
Nov. 20.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
MONTGOMERY COUNTY.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term,
1858.
T. Bostick, vs. Martin A. Malloch.
ORIGINAL attachment levied on the defendant's
undivided, interest in 1)2 acres of land.
It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court, that
the dfendnt, M A Malloch, is not an inhabitant of
this .tate: on motion, it was ordered by the Court
that publication be made in the North Carolinian, a
Newspaper published iu the Town of Fayetteville. for
six successive weeks, notifying him to be and appear
at our said Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be
held for the county aforesaid, at the Court House in
Troy, on the first Monday in January next, to plead or
replevy, or final judgment will be entered against him
to satisfy Plaintiff's, debt, interest and cost
Witness, John McLennan, clerk of our said Court at
office in Troy, on the first Monday of October, A D
1858, this 9th Oct.. 1858.
' JOHN McLENNAN, C. C. C.
Nov. 20. 6t
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
MONTGOMERY COUNTY. .
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Oct. Term,
1858.
William Ringstaff and wife, Williamson Chappell
and wife Patience, vs. Murdoch B. McRae. Row
land Chappell, Executors of Joseph Blake.
Petition for account and Settlement.
TT appearing to the satisfaction of the court that
-ML William Ringstaff and wife, Williamson cnappeu
and wife Patience, are not inhabitants of this State :
on motion, it is ordered by the Court that publica
tion be made in the North Carolinian, a newspaper
published in the Town of Fayetteville. for six succes
sive weeks that they be and appear at the next Term
of this Court, to be held for the County aforesaid, at
the Court House in the Town of Troy, on the first
Monday in January next, then and there to plead
answer to this petition, or the same will be held pro
confesso as to them.
-Witness. John McLennan. Clerk of our said Court
at office in Troy, on the first Monday In October A. D.
1858. JOHN MCL.KNJNAi, C1C1K.
flov. 20. 6t
THE X0RT1I CAKOLINIAN.
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
Materials for Paper.
(From the New York Scientific American.)
When readinp- and writing became com
mon and paper was demanded in sncb large
quantities, the consequent increased intel
ligence of the people taught them more, and
more the value of economy, and it was fear
ed that in time rags would become so scarce
that the price of paper would rise enormous
ly. This actually happened three years
ago, and the price of paper rose from two
to three cents a pound all over the world.
The London Times offered a very large
piemium for any Substitute which will make
the same quality of paper afaless price ; this
set fresli men at work and stimulated those
who were already in the field of discovery,
and this newspaper is now printed on paper
made from cotton and beet residue, but we
are not aware that they have been so fully
satisfied as to pay the premium. Dr. Coll
yer, at London, discovered that the refuse
of the beat sugar manufactories mixed with
cotton could be made into excellent paper ;
and we believe that the general impression
is that paper has been made from the refuse
alone. There is an abundance of this ma
terial in Europe.
In France, Belgium and Germany there
are 3000 beet sugar manufactories, which
give an annual refuse of 300:f,00 tons, and
there is about 100,000 more obtained from
the refuse of distilleries, so that the sup
ply may be regarded for the present as al
most illimitable. Very little change is re
quired in the machinery for manufacturing
paper from it, and it obviates the use of sixe.
It is said to contain about 56 per cent, of
fibre, 30 parts of albumen and cellulose,
and 10 parts of fixed salts. We are inclined
to think, however, that in estimating the
ino- which introduction of beet residue
will cause, some important considerations
have been omitted by the discoverer, and
his friends. In our opinion, from an exam
ination of the residue and the paper manu
factured from it and cotton mixed, the fibre
of the beet plays but a very small part, and
it is the mucilaorc wh;ch does the business.
We have not seen any paper of beet resi
due alone ; the sample which have come un
der our notice all containing more or less
cotton, and in proportion to the- amount of
cotton is the superior quality of the paper.
The beet residue, therefore, seems to us to
play the part of a mucilaginous medium in
stead of an aqueous one, the tendency of
which is to blind the cotton fibres better
together, to produce a sizing and face and
save material b' preventing the escape of
the small and finer cotton fibres lrom the
pulp, and by filling up the interstices be
tween the fibres ; but the amount of fibre
which it contributes, we are convinced, is
small. It is, for all this, a great discovery,
aud produces an excellent paper, which can
be printed dry ; and by varying the propor
tions of beet and cotton, any quality of par
per can be obtained. The printing paper
for newspaper is made from equal quantities
of each, and is worth about thirteen cents
per pound in this market. Mr Winchester
of 211 center street, in this city, is intro
ducing it into th;s country.
Another material that we wish to notice
is reed. We have seen some most excellent
wrapping paper made from Carolinian reeds
by a manufacturer in the neighborhood of
this city. It was strong, and when unbleach
ed had a pleasant brown color. The experi
ments are not yet concluded, and we have
many doubts whether any fine paper can be
made from them ; but if a good wrapping
paper and the coarser varieties can be made,
it will leave a quantity of rags to be better
employed ; and therefore we wish success to
the experimenter. We are not by any means
sanguine, however, respecting the ultimatum
of any of the new materials which are pro
posed for paper-making ; but as cotton and
hemp can be cheaply cultivated, the proper
method of cheapening paper will bo to pay
attention to the cultivation of cotton, and
spread its geological distribution, so that the
raw material will cost so little that it can be
used directly to make pulp without having
to be passed through other manufacturing
processes, as well as in a manufactured state.
This seems to us to be the idea which should
be propagated, as it would not only reduce
the price of the materials known, but would
also save the labor and expense of reducing
the rags, washing and bleaching, and sim
plify the process of paper-making by about
one-third.
Durable Woodhs Watrk Pipes. Some
wooden pipes laid down for conducting water
at Springfield, Miss., by Charles Steams, Esq,
appear to demonstrate the fact that they are
more durable in certain situations than pipes
made of lead. This plan is to lay them at
such a depth as to prevent atmospheric action
upon them. In sandy or porous aartb he lays
them six feet deep, iu compact soil four feet
deep, and iu peaty or swampy soil three feet
deep. Iu one place heavy lead pipe was laid
through a wet meadow, and it required repairs
in four years and had to be lifted in ten. It
was replaced by wooden pipes which have now
been twenty years in use, and are in good con
dition yet. lne aqueduct pipes which supply
SpnngOeld with water have been in use four
teen years, and are still in good order. They
are bored logs, the opening being seven inches
in diameter, and charred on the iaside surfaces
by forcing flame through them . The charring
ol the surfaces of wooden pipes or boards has a
wonderful effect in preserving them from de
composition. It is undoubtedly true that timber sunk be
neath the surface of the earth, and kept from
contact with the air, endures for centuries
VVe have seen an oak log taken from the bed
of a river, in which place it must have remained
for hundreds of years, owing to the depth of
sand which covered it, and yet it was as fresh
as when first submerged. Cedar logs taken
from the Jersey swamps, in which they have
reposed for a thousand years, are found to be
fresh and strong. Wooden pipes are cheaper
than those of metal, and arc preferable if they
can be rendered as durable. Sci. American.
"Sam Slick" on Downing Street.
At the Manchester Athenaeum soiree on
Thnrsday, the Honorable 'Judge Haliburton in
dulged in a highly sarcastic vein of bnmor ns he
depicted " that place iu London, not put down
in the show-books for the stranger, but well
worth any one's while to see, and which nag
called Downing Street. " Speaking of the
prevailing influence of the spot, he said they
would find the ait there so drowsy that , they
coirld scarcely keep their eyes awake. (Laugh-"
ter.) Almost everybody in that plarc is fast
asleep. The very sentries there have orders
from the Horse Guards to keep in perpetual
motion, or otherwise they would drop asleep.
(Continued langhter.) . You have heard a
great deal about chloroform and the surgical
operations performed upon patients under its
influence. In many cases death has occurred
during the operntion ; bat 1 venture to assert
that, if a man were taken to Downing Street,
he would sleep so soundly that his leg might
be cut off before he awoke. (Renewed laugh-
. .. lVlinn -.. ..-.-.,....-J r r I 1 1 - C t fl lift tl
of the worthies in that sleepy hollow, he turns
over in his bed and asks what you want. If
yon tell him that we have five colonies with five
different laws, with live different sets of custom
houses, and five different currencies, he replies,
" What is that to us ? Call again next week."
(Lnughter.j And so he tnrns over and goes
to sleep again ; and it always would be the same.
There mnst be a great event to awaken the
Government to do anything. For instance,
there had been a dreadful mutiny in t!;e Fast
Indies, and it had resulted in the establishment
of a new government for that country. In
Canada, also, there was a rebellion, and that
rebellion had produced a responsible govern
ment. Recently the Government had been a
wakened out of its trance by the discovery of
gold in A'aneou ver's Island, and had found tho
truth of what he asserted in Manchester two
years ago. Sir Roderick Murchison, the great
geographer, had found the position of the island,
and told the Government where they might
diecover it on the map ; and they had placed a
cross with a pencil upon it, so that they might
know where to look for it again. (Ijuujjhter.)
The Government had now found that the dis
tance from Liverpool to Canton, by way of
Panama, was 13,900 miles ; by way of the Can
adian lakes it was only 1,000 miles ; so that
there would be a saving of 2,900 miles by the
latter route. (Hear, hear.) This was one of
his predictions, which had been considered
Utopian ; but he felt no hesitation in boldly
proclaiming that the trade with China would
hereafter pass through Canada. In a:icouver s
Island a magnificent vein of coal had been dis
covered, close to the water, only forty feet from
the surface, and nine feet thick, and forming a
coal mine for the whole Pacific. He congrat
ulated the people of this country and of the col
ony upon this event. (Hear, hear.)
Commencement.
The word commencement is so often wrong
ly interpreted, that, our readers may not
take it amiss if we give its proper significa
tion. The verb to commence, iu its collegiate
sense, is peculiarly technical, and means " to
take a degree, in a university or college. "
Formerly the verb was much used. For in
stance, in Winthrop's Journal we find this
passage: "Nine Bachelors commenced, at
Cauibridp-e, " -iid i the Historical Sketch
of the First Church in Boston, the following :
" Charles Chauncy was afterwards, when
qualified, sent to the University of Cam
bridge, where he commenced. Bachelor of Di-
viuity. " Trumbull, too, in his
Progress
of Dullness, " has this couplet :
" A scholar see him now commence.
Without the aid of books or sense. "
Commencement, then, is the time when
students iu colleges commence Bachelors, or
the day on which degrees are publicly con
ferred. The manner in which this season
was commemorated at Cambridge iu " ye
olden times, " was far different from that
which at present obtains there. In his al
manacs, Nathaniel Ames was wont to insert,
opposite the days of Commencement week,
remarks which he deemed appropriate to
that period. His notes for the year 1764,
were these : . N
" Much ta'k and nothing said. "
" The loquacious more talkative than ever
and fine harangues preparing. "
"Much money, suuk,
Much liquor drunk.
IIi3 only note for tho year 17G5 was
this :
" Many Crapulae to Day, ,
Give the Head-ache totheGay. "
Commencement day was generally consid
ered a holiday throughout the Bav province,
ana in uoston, tne metropolis, the shops were
usually closied and little or no business M as
done. About ten days before commence
ment, a body of Indians from Natick men,
women and papooses commonly made their
appearauce at Cambridge. 1 roy
n tug.
Cojihox Unbelief. On hearinsr a cler
man remark that " the world was full
of
change," Mrs Partington said she could hardly
bring her mind to believe it, so little found its
way iuto her pocket.
He who has a thousand friends has not a
friend to spare. And he who has an enemy
shall meet him everywhere. Tht Persian.
Mr and Mrs Brewer, of Wayne county Ken
tucky have twentv-two children. Theirs is,
perhaps, the most "extensive Brewery in the
West.
An old lady relating an account of a distin
guished old lawyer, who was said to be the
father of the New York bar exclaimed, "Poor
man! he had a dreadful set of children.'
    

Page Text

This is the computer-generated OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It may be empty, if no text could be automatically recognized. This data is also available in Plain Text and XML formats.

Return to page view