" THE NOBLEST, MOTIVEBSTPIPUBLIC GOOD."
TERMS, $2 00 TEIl ANNUM,
PAYABLE IN AD.VANCE.
FAYETTEVILLEv:N.' -.C,;S;V MARCH 12, 1859.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
. r,. l r- l .. .. ...... o nn
Olugie copy, ia luimiiti;. aamuux i,iro
" at the end of the year 3,00
' : ; Single copies, five cents.
Vn enTieprintimi u-i 1 1 he received frr lues ttintv kit
! ' . Jtates of" A.tlvertising.
: Sixty cents pjr square of lt liues, or less, for the
first, and 30 cent forcach subsequent insertion, for
any period under three montns. t
- For three months, v":tfV . - $4 00.
For si x months, .. . . , , . 6 00
For twelve months, . . . . I ". 10 00
Other advertisements by , the year on .favorable
terms. -Advertisers ..are panicmany requesieu to
ptate the number of Insertions desired, otherwise they
V'il! be inserted gntil forbid, and charged accordingly.
Vf JOB WORK of all kinds executed neatly and
' promptly! .':.--.'. i , -.
; - . . SINCLAIR & PEARCE. i.
J. W. LKTT
justteceived a iargeanqg?rai oiu s tbe inmmorMnl wnrlrl attended as t rQ,, fc,on8-l:
DRri oods, aepression.uiuu-H-., ,.,...,,-,.... " u -f t:,rrew -V. fie-eei -J"
,.vith almost everything desirable in the revenues, added 10 Hie l increased xpenm- ; -. . - - ----?J ..
I 1 !U tureQf a trreat and raipidly-expauding coan-1 Wn ------ - uur. pomicaimg-
ly Groceries always to be had . , . . a m6 so mai v nretEXtu for acaio : , -"!- ""H-sure. no patriot would like
1 AT LETT'S,! raisin. the old clamor for hiffh protective tariffsj '?ffn' -V1 .. I. ' 'J
ov- .... m l . j r 4 i . iur uihii k i nil . i.nn n-nnn iromns
THE X0 iiTlL OAlt 01 IN i AN.v
FAYETTEVILLE. N. C.
XX of Goods
Boots and Shoes
' Prime Fimi
Goods sold it the lowest prices
changed for cduntry produce.
August 28,' IIS58. ly pd
Extracts from the Speech of the Hon.
; Alfred M. Scales, of N. C.
Mr Scales said: Mr Chairman : The recent
iwjr1 policy, it was strengthened
U. uded bythcact of 1824. aad then a
V Sf 1828, .when if reached the
s !?UiIUS0,ent, unequal, and ; oppressive
Congr;s5 a measure io fraught -j vith mischief,
EoigqaUind unjust. It was iustlv stvUrl the
1 T . : j-
ihe people felt its bur
facturers I We of the Sontb and West, and .revulsion, it becomes one of special iuteresfand
the agricultural interest. of the North. I Agri- importance. 1 .
culture is emphatically the great business of f js there, then, V cecessity for this increase ?
Our people ; it is the prime source of our wealth Has the present tariff been fairly tcsled ? Can
and power as a nation. Oar cotton is the great an bie say that it may hot yet meet all the'
uiuuvii power ui iraue : ii is me King oi cum
merce and manufactures ; it is the currency
f in topertX'uti only since tlu
for CASH, or
Nfi W iff iT i AND C AP : J STOR E
1 WRIGHT AND FUIXER.
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
LE ENT G. AV RIGHT and 15ARTI1QLOMEW
FL'LLKU have associated theiu?ehes together
for the practice of their profession.- Prompt atten
tion given to all business committed. to -their charge.
They, will practice in the counties of Cumberland,
Harnett, Sampson, Robeson and Jjlauen.
Subscriber will open on the first of March, at
.J. A. SPEAKS, )
, ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ATTENDS the Courts of Cumberland, Drriett,
1 '.Vake and Johnston.
Address, Toomer, Harnett Co., N. C.
Feb. 16. 1856.
a t to ::n a y at l a w.
Can be found at the Office formerly occupied
by Dr. Gilltam, on iiovv Street.
F1YETTETILLE, S. C.
' June 26, f858. tf
"MIE SUBStJlilBBRS having associated themselves
together iu the nr ctice of Law,' under the name
and style of CAMIiUON' & SUA v, ,. will attend the
Oo.mty and Superior Courts of Moore. Montgomery.
Anson, Richmond and Robeson. All business en
srusted to them will receive their prompt attention.
Address Cameron and S'eaw, Attorneys at Law'.'
Rockiitgtiam. -Richmond counTy i. C.
Jm. Y. Camkuoj.'. - - Jno. D. Shaw.
Ihvy 1,' lfCiV iy
P . J. SX " C . All.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
FAYETTEVILLE. N. C,
OFFICElXEXT DOOR TO DR S KOBtSSOX LP STAIRS.
"i:7ILL practice in the CSurts of Robeson, Cum
II (berlandllarnett, and Richmond.
. j3fS? Prompt attention given to all business entrust
ed to bim. " -
A. M. JOHNS )N,
irsrECTOu of- spiri,tuiujentjxe
- . - . WIBEEOCSES t
. :ear tuk flovb warehouse,
i I 1 . ' -and- ' ?-
Convenient fur Wagons.
Ml Dus!nsss entrusted to my care will receive my
rer.oual aud prompt "attention. When not enga;
. ... . - . . , . j. ' .
and SDecihc auues. me irieuus ui uns njm . nrpc! ri - 1 1." ' . ,7 :. "7 .
' have denicted ia the most gloomy and dismaU it" t ?ou-
colors the present condition of the country.
' They point us to the exhausted state of the
1 TrMnnrv - the insufficiecv of the reveonea to
1 ... j
trii1; we Btornrcalmed the troubled
li'un 011IV since the 1st nf .In v. ISO .
nations, always in demand,' always redeemable ; ard this Tliiie has jiad to encounter all the sad
in silver, gold, or what ywu wiirXWe ask for it efffcts of the revujsion. Business of all kinds
and our other products, no protection ; but we has been greatly depressed .; our trade has been
ask to be let alone. M&t, sir, this great iutei est 4 crippled"; onr irnportatio is have fallen off ; and,
or the people is to belle Ucrd andordened to : as matter of course, our receipts from customs
baud up a much stnaljer oiie, and which is priu- j haye dirainis:ied. 'J.hen, sir, this tariff has not
cjpally confined to oue section - thus repudia-1 been fairly tested. I The Secretary admits this,
ting the principle of the greatest good to he The revulsion is now fast passing away. Trade
bf. nuinuer, or mat-stiH more important ; everywhere js reviving ; a new life and energy
r-wpu uii euuai ana exact justice to all. is
- 1 w "o vv
tins. ;sir. nirht ? is it Juct; ? . w.ii eii.t J
O jfctww w in llVU auv j IlllSI MHSS
uaae- t,ne- ratrinsr tumult . cease.
uiiseis-preyaileclj and a compromise was poucy, m the future as in the past, meet with
meet the demands of the Government j the J"--' .ija was entered into-in 1833. By tue lnaignaut tebuke of the American people,
creaks of turpyotic aeoi ; toe can jtruptcy. y t
merchants, the suspeusioSrt of the manufactories;
the sad and destitute condition of thousands of
operatives, without means, without work; and
without bread ; in fine, o the death-like torpor
which has settled upon very class? of business ;
and with an air of triumph proclaim these are
the fruits of ad valorem duties and a tariff for
X the old; did stand of ' David Gee," next door to
Alex. J6hnson Jr., on East side of Green street, the.
largest and bist assorted stock of Hats, Caps, Chil-
dreuV Goods.; Umbrellas, Canes. Ac, that has ever been
brought to thib market. In all his purchases he will
be guided by la desire to mive his frierids and custom
ers the full benefit -of evervtbinsr which seems most
inviting in. style, uost substantial in manufacture,
and most reasonable in price. ! ; .
7p33r See future advertisement.
The attention of country merchants are invited to
my "Wholesale Departmeat.
February 13. ; -tf
TIME ANNIHILATED ! ! !
Cream Actually Frozen in Three Minutes.
' XKW .
I'ATEXT AFPLIEU FOR. ' ;
ber, after careful study and various ex
. has succeeded in constructing a Free-
izer, which for
quality of its
tail to becomd
The President, in his lannaal message, and
the Secretary of the Treasury, in his annual
reports, botn for 1851 ind 1858, have ably
reviewed the whole subiect, from which it will
be seen that whatever causes may be- assigned,
it certainly cannot be found eithsr, in the tariff
of 1846, or that of 1851; The Secretary has
gone more info detail in this matter, and os.it
is sufficient for my purpose to show that theire
is no connection betweeri the present tariff and
the revulsion, I will consent myself by , giving
a few extracts from the report on this particu
lar head, which demonstrate beyond controversy
the truth of my position. 1 quote from his
last report, on page 6 : f j . I . f
' The revulsion was not? confined ; to the United
States, or even to this contjjient. 'It swept over the
world, and was felt with equal, perhaps greater, se
verity in other countries ityin our jown. These re
sults have been too universal to have been: brought
about by a reduction of about tiveully per cent, upon
the rates ot duty in the Unijted States ; being
nmplicity, durability,: rapidity and : .lnrtbm of about five uer cent unon our imnortations."
production, is unequaled, and cannot: , The foreign producer and manufacturer
I have not been benefitted" by. the reduction. ! At all
W e t' K 1 V ) a ,, u tliu u Iiiva nnt. lwf.n t i I'ccp r v (ef frim I ti t vnnpril
Calamity which haa come, ipoa the producers and
a universal tavorite. I
he incredulous, there will be
ions Of this Freezer, at No. 9
street, to provb its ability to do ail that is claimed for
it. 'iizes trotu .i to -o quarts. b-iia ior a circular, i
Tho nnd rsiLrnfd will ilisj.ose of his stock of Mas-
str a reezersJ ri"w on iiand. hoou tavoraoie terms
h.. 1. H)HKLi. .iauutacturer.
No. 9 Piatt street. New York.
Also Manufacturers' Wholesale Ae:ent for the cele
brated '-Old Dominion7' Coffee and Tea Pots, and
Arthur s 7 ri.tteut elt-sealmg Cans and Jars
Feb:y 2(5, 185'J. 1m
..t th Wivr. houst;. cau be toiiud at the store oi i
ohnsou, Gillespie btrett
March 5, (ISj9.
AUCTIOKER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
East Side of Gillespie Street,
' FAyETXEVILX.E, N. C.
1. X. M'DOXALD S VARIETY STORE. "
laken of all sizes, singly or in groups
experienee in the Art, our pictures are
ed by those ot any operator in the coun-
a call, examine our specimens, and
X not excel !
trv. Give ua
judge for yourselves. Who would be- without the
likeness of thd
JAMES -D AlVlS", .having
decided on iteruianentlv I k ati jir in the
Town of Fayetteville.TespectfuUv blFers his servi
ces to the citizens of this place arjd s.urr.uuding
country. In all' tke various lirunches of his Pro-I
fessii'wV, "including the manufacture of Mineral:
Teeth, he is satiiuHl, alter an extensive expert
iipo. to wfiicb is atlilc.l a tborousrh Dental educa
tion, that "ho. can give iMii re satisfaction as far
it is iu the power ot Dehiistry. All irregularities
of the' Teeth treated in a proper and careful Vinn
ner, as well as diseases of the mouth, Noiu but
the nroner metals are made use of in the various
operations. 5 Charges will be moderate, that the j
benefits of the Profession may be placed within j
the reach of all jWho miiy feel, an interest in the
preservation of the Teeth. ;'
i-yOSce-ove jHoust;ii's Jewelry Store, where
lie. will be found iit all times.
May 15, 1858 tf
and Belles Le
Feb. 2fi. 18.10.
manufacturers of similar articles iu our own country
" The importations for the, llscal year euding June
30. 158, the. first and only fiscal year of the present
tariff, amount to $282,613,1150, being S78 274.991 less
than the importations of th last year of the tariff of
1846.'?. ;;- . ; I j
. ; Now, sirj the friends of protection al ledge
that the low duties of tb!e tariff of 1851 in
crease our importations, jbring the foreign in
competition with the domestic article, dimiuish
itn value, and thus militate asrninst the interest
ofonr home manufactures. This is their WiiJ Wb0 tbe whole weight of the Administration,
wasfclieged, te manufacturers having succeed
ed i facing themselves on a permanent foot
ing, ?oold VeT welt afford to be generous, aiid
give in theiadhesion to a tariff upon strictly
rev iae principles. Such was the memoxable
con stanM such1 wa4 the sacred compact which
dro e bacjf the tide Of disunion and again shed
the aoliglt of peace? and amity ipver bur glori
ous jud tfood-boagbtj Union a- Union which
can defy he Powers of earth, and which no
unl ijlowid hand dar ever profane so long as,
tro toitfelf. 'to its coinstitutional powers, and
the )rotettion of all alike, it docs but aim at
atu accopplish the great objects of its fouuda-
ill ahy one say, dare any one assert, that
. L i r i :
in lilintf toere wereino wrongs, no Duraens.
uo grievances l ptiati i be tola that your man
nfa iiaresflourished.'that the revenues increased,
an be isked to take this as an evidence of the
pr -perity of the country during the operation
of besdhigli tariff acjs? I answer as the South
an Wst might have answered :! " Your man
uf ctans have flourished, but ut our expense :
yofreTeuuus iur u niue lucieaseu,. uut we paiu
ection secured, for tbe
upon condition that, at
: years, it should be aban-
litfd This, sir,' with them, was a dying strug-
The then recent elections! showed that
r days were numbered. The people had
Ven ; and their voice wus not to be disre-
ded Hence, they sought not to save but
rotract its existence. Mr. Clay, the great
ier and champion Of protection, saw its ex-
knntv. nnrf. with a naternal ! anvietv had
i-jw t-. s ( ; I
ksed theicomproiuise, as the -ouly meuus of
fprolongtng .life. He says : :
How can this system! be maintained against num-
rr't'vr''fe" ". jjvcchum '" party - mat uares advocate It in
snwrcwiMDueiior .eigu y earscipijttifilstlon-nd ruin ?
eveAta.an annual graduated reduction, ntilT But, ir71t-ist)h4eBaecr lyri;bnte
theipiratlnof the time,, after which, as it f zealons of the protectionists, "'with more 'ieal
than discretion, that the duty does not enhance
the prjee of the article. Need this be answered l
Is it not absurd upon its face ? I will let the
great advocates o protection speak for them
selves.) Mr. Clay, iu 1853, said :
" In general, it may be taken as a rule that the duty
upon, au. article forms a portiou of its price." - i
Mr. 'Adams, as chairman of the Committee
on Manufactures, in 1832, made a report, from
which the following extracts are tukeu :
. ' The djctrine that duties of impost cheapen the
price of tlje articles upon which they are levied, seems
to conflict with the first dictates of common s-ense. It
is certainly contrary to the natural course of things
that an addition to the cost should be a reduction of
the price ot an article."
Again, sir, in the same report, he says :
" But the duty upon. the article from abroad enabled
the domestic producer to enter into competition with
the importer from abroad. o long as this competi
tion continues, the duty operates as a bounty or pre
mium to the domestic manufacturer. The duty con
stitutes apart of the price of the whole mas of the
article in the market. By whom is it paid1? C rta uly
by the purchaser of the article whether of foreign or
domestic manufacture. Upon otfe it is a bounty, up
on the other a burden ; and a repeal of the tax must
operate as an equivalent reduction of the price of the
article, whether foreign .or domestic." ,
In 1824, Mr. Webster said :
" To begin with iron. The! amount of our own
manufactures ia, I? think, seventeen thousand' tons.
Tbe present duty on the imported article is fifteen
dollars per ton ; and' as this duty causes, of course,
an equivalent augmentation in the, price of the home
manufacture, the whole increase of price'fis equal to
$7o0.)00 annually, which . th -consumer has to pay,
over ana above what he could supply himself at with
out tne tax ; and this to support a business that can not
support itself." .
Again, s.f, it is urged that we
tie friends jf pro
nnf ttioll" rKllv
extiratiou of eigh
se they love?!
"t jl S e 2: e s,
WILSON. Xi C. ,
rplIIS Institution comprises Sqhools of Languages
tics, -.Natural Sciences. Music. Uesigna
trt's.- It has a heaithy lofeation. ample
'ommodious buildings. The pupils are
heir entrance only. The studeuts in the f
ment. . If, then, as shown conclusively K from I
the.fe facts and Bgurem, it be trae that oorji
por tat'iopsV,grea tfy' ralleiTSff; f, if This 1?sk
even In tire importation of iron : if there '
been a decline in '-price of articles, indifferently,
whether imnrtrted in lircre. nr small nuantiliuo .
.. 1 or- - .w.i.i,ivg 1
and lastly, if this financial distress has swept
over all nations ; surely all will admit, that the
tariff , is in no way responsible, and 'that the
cause of the revulsion mist be sought some
where else. I
The first tariff bill was passed in 1189. It
will be remembered that-f we had just passed
through the glorious yet (long and bloody war
of our independence; that a heavy debt had'
accumulated upon our hands ; that our resour J
ces had been crippled ; our tiredit exhausted ;
.. j . r.. ..... '.!; . - ' i
uiiu uur luaiiuinuiui es Jsi, in uneir Uliancy.
iiere, tnen, were circumaftauces, it ever they
Male Depart 111 .'ht have the military drill! without extra j can occur, which called jkuuly for protection
expose; , Tht young ladies board, with the Rectors fts the boasted panacea ot alt'fiuaucial ills, and
family. For circulars apply to Prof. R ADO Lit 1? E, .. 1. i. f,u i. r -v - "
Wilson T C ' i 1 ; the only hope of the manufactures; cet, sir
EBT.S. Mess Reef; ;
l'xlo. " Pork;
t) do. ?to. lillerring : -'
Smoked Salmon and Mackerel :
Cheese, putter and Crackers.
Red and White SCUPPERNOXG WINE.
For sale by C. E. LEETE
March 5. -2t J
ITS GEO. LAUDER,
Two Doors above 0. T. Haili & Son's Store,
Fayetteville, N. C.
'Oct. 1, 1858 ly.
of the Subscri
it, and are rea
March 5,. 18
BY TUE USE OF TIIK
CIIEMICiLL COL D WA TER SO A P,
) Ef E.PTS ipr making the above valuable, labor-
saving And economical SOAP, Canibe obtained
er, who is the general'Azent for North
Sef era! families in Fayetteville have tried
ny tci give their testimonials of its effi-
B. W. SMITH,
a! amethan i
T" EEPS constantly on hand a larjre assortment of
J-- Vehicles of every description, ,wh;ch are well
and faithfully made and finished in the lioutest and
NEATKST Styles. His facilities for dooitr nrrhin-e
work are oreatek than an y
which enables him to sell
; Nov. -13. 1858.
his work ou the most favor-
(JirRilXTIiKE i BAICMjai,
A itr i .1.. . ' i' t, . . t 1 . . 1 . ti
L ivtiMirnj very nnc ttoeK or m iu.mi
-tX AND .SUMMER ftOODS. co .s sting of Men's
Lors and Yonits- COATS, PAT4LO0S AM) VLSTS.
- Also, a fine assortment of
1 lain anil U ,r
' ' Shirts, ' 1
. ic.; Ac. &c. , -
Warranted to sell lower than any Clothing Merchant
Store, two doors above f4 Carolinian V Office.
.Fayetteville, Mareh, 1859. -tf
side Person stneetl
March 5, 1851)
, ' As"
LBt gs bite
in tne night.
fi the lied you slumber,
e ix-skcts crawl
" chamber and hall,
uads without number.
bedhtbads JUSTD CIL'lIliS
For Sale at reduced prices, at the Auction Store
of . A. M; CAMPBELL.
Aug 21, 1858. i tf ;
TUlf T.V WONDERFUL WITn WHAT
Animals, in rfioh every, spveies of Vermin, are utterly
destroyed and (J
Oil receipt of $
On receipt of $
vc. Axt.. art
Sold by Dmgg
March 5, 1851. 6
, . 1 A . 1 j . t ii .
lm 1 'y mat act ine wise men 01 uiat uay, anima
ted by .111 equal and sincere regard for every
portion of the country, refused to build up one
interest at the expense of another ; and hence,
laid a tariff solely for thef purpose of raising
revenue. They saw that the prosperity of the
country depended upon increasing our- trade
and buildiug up our commerce, and to this end
they endeavored, so far as practicable, to cut
off all restraints and checks upon it, and well
did the result prove the wtisdom of their policy .
The highest fate of ad valor em duty imposed
by this tariff was only fifteen per cent., and that
only on one article. With this exception, the
average rate-u2 valorem4& not exceed ten per
centum'. : I ; ! s
By a reference to the dSebates on this tariff
act, it will be seeu that the leading and prima
ry object of the statesmen of that day was rev
enue, and not protection jfor protection sake.
Northern and southern men alike declared,
that sueh duties, and no more, should : be
levied, as would raise a sufficiency of revenaa;
and that these duties ought to be so levied, as
tct henr ns npfirlv pnnal Rs'wns nrapt Irfthle unnn
WJI.OVER.BY rcspectfullv in- . r . t .. ,
forms his old lrienda"ai.d natrona. ! " 10 eneci mem in proport!Qft to.
that he still keeps i on hand a tl,eir amount of property. It is. refreshing t
suPEEi"it assortment op j compare the sentiments, tjins expressed bv men'
Saddles, Bridles, Whips. Trunks, ' whose patriotism was broad enough to take in'
Traveling Bags, and Harness. k TT.,;r, i 'r .i
the views and opinions of Jatter-day statesmen,
whose political vision is jhemmtd in by the
boundaries of their own State, and whose pa
triotism seems to be confined to the same nar
row limits. This tariff continued in existence
for many successive years,! with a few slight
modifications ; and I belieye it was not until
near the close of Mr Madison's f administration
that any ad valorem duty higher than twenty
was levied. In
only increase the present tar;ff.
t should return to specific duties. It is said that
it is the only mode by whicli we can prevent
frauds upon . the revenues. I Now, sir, if this
were, true, still it would be entitled to but little
weight, unless it could be clearly shown that
tbe advantages ; thus, derived were-of. more im
portance, and therefore to- be. moYe regarded,
than the wrongs and injustice inflicted upou tbe
tax-payer by ajsystem'of specific duties;
A specific duty, as I understand it, is one
that is levied upon .a giveu class of articles,
without regard to valuation. For example :
we win suppose a quantity 01 oioaucioths 1m
ported into tbe Uiiited States which were of KePabnc whose age scarcely exceeds his own ;
different value," and ranging according to qual
ity,; from one to ten dollars per yard : a duty
of one dollar per yard is levied upon the whole ;
so that ten yards of the cloth at ten dollars
would have to pay as much as, and no more
than-. the larticldjit ten dollars per pard.
From this it will be sccu tUut were we. iu
t nil Wr1 41 L3 IV. 1 n c I . . m n't-r - r M.-iit lA.t l.la nn.l 1 i
raising revenues, to couuue ourselves to speclUC appriatious necessary to carry them into effect ouht
duties, it would operate very unequally and i:r -! to be disbursed under the strictest accountabilitv.'
justly upon the consumer. The poor man who,
tor want of means, w-ould pay a tax to the
Government of one hundred per cei:t.; while
he who had the ability to purchase the highest
priced article, would pay a duty of only ten per
cent. - It is universally conceded, that, in laying
a direct tax upon the people, it should be laid
in proportion to the value! of property : and no
man would dare assert before the people, that
10 G O U IS A C2 10 IIO M K
made of the latest styles and best
. quality for sale cheap, five doors
east or the Cape b ear JJank, south
I TO AUL VEIt
in the ir-holes come out,
s lull Mice and Rats,
ite of Cat-.
Gailv skip abouti
per cent, was levied, in the vear 1816, we
may b said to have inaugurated, for the first
time, the policy of protection for protection
sake ; and here let me call! the special atten
tion of those gentlemen who look unon Detec
tion as a sort of e qua 11091 in government. tofprter has to Dav to tbe arovernmeni
. . . ..... 1 " Ul .1 " :
last the united South', and against the iacreaecd
dangers o cijvil war ?"' j . ,
mTagain at tbe same time, when lie
expresses bis" purpose and the objects
compromise : ' : -
Now; give as time : cease all fluctuations and ag-
itaionft for nine years, and the manufacturers will
strata themselves against all foreign competition.
I ai aaxious to find oat gome principle of mutual ac
eoBmodation; to satisfy,' as far. as practicable, both
naries : to increase the stability of legislation, and.
at me future day, but not too distant, when we take
iat view the magnitude-of. the interests involved, to
Winrdown the rate of duties to the revenue standard,
pur which our opponents have so long contended."
How. sir, was this compromise kept ? Most'
faithfully on the part of those opposed to pro
tection, for eight Jong years ; bat when the
time expired, and thy were to reap the fruits
of their contract, tnus taitniuuy periormea on
their part, the protectionists (and pome of them
the very men who, .eight years j before, had
pledged themselves to the compromise) repudi
ated their part of it. . . I ,
; As I have already intimated, this system de
mands of the government a bounty or premium
for the support of the protected classes, which,
a I humblv conceive, is in-direct violation.
of the spirit of the Constitution, arid totally at
rar with the great objects for which the Fede
ral Union was established.
y0w, sir, I take it that no man can be found
tbo'will dare assert that Congress has the pow
er to use the revenues, whether collected by di
rect taxation or by imposts, for any such pur
pose. " Where, then, is the. distinction ? - In
vbatdoes it consist ?j It is true that the boun
ty or premium secured to tbe manufacturers
does not go into, the Treasury ; bpt it is, nev
ertheless, paid, and tiiust operate as it tax upon
the consumer. To afford this protection, tbe
importations of foreign goods are! prohibited,
except1 a duty that will so enhance the price
of tbe foreign articlel as not only tb enable the
home Manufacturer to compete with ic, but to
realiiaftherefrom lare profits. The consumer
who o3ght have, obtained the foreign article,
witlpw duties, at a! greatly reduced price, i$
thn: forced to. purchase it at the price enhanced
M higher, duties ; and thus actually to pay
So tbe pockets of the manufacturer a tax, ay,
, ft tttA, llltll VUUIU Uu IlgllVIUUJ uiiuvvihjw-
wnally levied for no purpose, save the ex-
ses of the Government, economically admm-
ered. ' ' . ! ' . - -1 1
To illustrate this, iwe will suppose a cargo; of
ton goods brought from a foreign port, which
iraDorter without .'any duty could afford ito.
$1 at twentv cents'ber yard : a duty of five
ner vnrrl ia levied nnd nlliei?ted : this.
lWi-in. s, L r o-nnrla ! the present policy
I I. ' i ' l . L. ..... T. nMAnn.tintt TA t nit C1 IIP .Of Tlie
twenty-five cents per yard, the manufacturer. c? luc ' "r 1 VirJ
p the hoL article bUng thus enabled to demand?; a r tic e ; P lhat the lower the goods the lower
P' d receive for his g'oods the same price, and, w,'i1be the tax- . - . 4 . . ,. '
h ting no duty to pay of course i in addition The next question that claims our attention
I. i.fa uuuaiy. 10 Pfy Ul. yourfce' . ...... ;s tbe nresent tar ff. It is urcrcd bv many who
LUR nrnhla thol- tha nrhnla ot. tUrenf.V ireilLS-l f : .
be iii;usiusr itself iiifi ell classes of
For ide mohtbs.of October and No-
yeibber in 1858', the receipts"; from customs at
the single port; ef New York bave exceeded
tbo!se. for the saine months during the year 1857,
by nearly two million dollurs. Will: not these
reejt Rtilt c!tniiune to ereasej-aii'd may we
.'Utfttajcoiate I.iiuifw'henn.bofcl ; r ti e fevv:--sion
have "passed Tujte away, tl.e"i ftui l. .
will y ield an abundance of revenue to meet Tall
ine iicue&sury e.xpenuunres 01 ine vjovernineut t
Air, Chairman, I sojeinnlv aver, here hi ; my
place to-day, that, if this Union is to be de-
Strbved' . if t he mflmlwre npn tn lie iiiinnt.nmllv
and ruthlessly torn from the body ; if anarchy
and confusion are to take the place of Ctwahd
order ; liberty to be supplanted by oppression
and t rraiiny, and this great Republic, greater
titan G-recce or. Rome, is to become what Rome
now is, it. will be our own doing. And history
record the charge to. our infamy that,
011, even thou, hast destroyed thyself." And
equal solemnity declare that, in ray
opi6ion-iu this as well as all other republican
Governments, one of, the greatest dangers to be
gnashed against is the corruption which, .pring
ing'iip in the very heart of the Government,
diffuses. itseif like aJ deadly poison through all
the -members , and arteries uf the Government,
Until the whole b.t cly politic is diseased..
Permit roe to call the attention of the ITouse
to an extract froihj of Mr. Jefferson's message,
in ji-'efereiHe to economy. It breaths the spirit,
of' purity and patriotism, ai.d will apply to us
witlj equal, if not greater, force and propriety
" (Joasidi-ring the general tendency to multiply of
fices salid dependencies, .to increase xpenses to the ul
timate ternt of burden which the citizen can bear.it
bchopvesiis to avail ourselv. s of every occasionwhich
preschits itself for takingoff the surcharge, that it may
nevejr be seen here, that after leaving to labor the'
.maljest portion of its earnings ou which it can sub
sist, government shall itself consume. the residue of
whaB.it was intended to guardV" .
If.tKere was this tendeucy to extra vaganca
during", "Mr. Jefferson's administration -the
purest and-, brightest period ot our nisiory
which' ' called . forth from bim such earnest ,
remOiistrance andi such, unceasing vigilance,,
how I much more 1 are we filled upon at the
present time, when the exj tnditures are greatly
increased; and the opponi.nities for extrava
gance have greatly multiplied, to watch with
sleepless vigilance, the Treasury to investigate
well . the appropriations, and lop off every dol
lar ivhieh x-aii be shown to be unnecessary ? !
have been much gratified;? sir, to know that the
President is withj us in this reform. He is a
statesman of the! Jefferson in scliool, and of
large experience. j! lie lias ;rowii no with the
and, in show'.iig bis apprectation of the subject,
has pot only invited us to a rigid scrutiny into
all the Departments, but promised us his best
aid. Let us hear lum. After exhorting Cou
"gress to the practice of the most rigid economy,
he says : ' - - I ,
" The objects of expenditure should lie limited iu
Again, sir, he says : !
I iuvite . Congress to institute a rigid scrutiny to
ascertain wTiether the expenses in all the Departments
cannot be still further reduced ; and I promise" them
all the. aid in my power in pursuingthe investigation."
Then, sir, with the President with us; with
the dry on every side that there must be re
trenchment, shall we not commence the work,
and rid the Government of manv. abuses which
the man who owned a small tract of land worth j have been for years growing up, and which can
$500, should pay as much tax upou it as he i only live by the sanction of Congress ?
;who had one worth $5,000,000. .He would not - Rut, sir, it will be ask eel, where we shall
do it because, in the first place, it would be '. commence : What shall we cut down ? I an
wholly impracticable, as the tax might reach a ! swer.l commence with those appropriations for
point so as to render the ploor man utterly una- which .Congress is alone responsible ; those
ble to pay it ; and in the next place he would ; large! and. extraordinary demands upon the
not do it, because it would be obviously unjust i Treasury which have robbed it of its substance.
Isow, sir, in laying, imports, which are but a
and added so much to make up the large amount
of the public expenditures. Enter, with a bold
substitute for direct taxes, and which are, uud : and fewrless step, the wide and undefined bonnd-
must be, paid by the consumer, I suppose it will ! ary of your t contingent fund, which of late
not be deuied, they ought to be so levied as to years bas increased ko much ; explore the al
apfiroxlmate, as' nearly as possible, this univer-: most bounless field of appropriations for claims,
sally admitted principle in direct taxatiou. f If, ' were so mauy greedy, hungry, and fraudulent
then, tlits be so, it is in direct violation of this claimants and their agents find pasture, and
h.innlnla f n Is,,,., ainnifiA t, n.i . Jt t m 1 , ... ...Cl.v... 1.,M lit flia . if 1 mo tSfl-itV, liutvlinpoiia u 1)1 uTtrilVn.
regard to quality or value ; to require bim who gauce ' on your part have thrown iu a reckless
is onlv able to Durchase au article of small val- 'profusion around j them. Look to your prfu-
neto pay tbe same tax to the Government, as' tjing ;5iyoar. exploring expeditions ; your coast
he who, with mofe means, was able and.thought surveys j your . employes and their salaries ;
proper to bay an.article of the highiiBt price ; your French spoliation bill, involving an appro
and best quality ; in short, to require the man ; priation of millions of dollars ; the homestead
who has a tract of land worth only $500r' to; bill ;. and lastly, by way of testing our sinceri
oav iust as much as his more wealthy neisrhbor, i ty. our franking privilege, our mileage,) and our
' . . .. - - - . 1 1 T ! .: -. II .1. I T a. -
With a tract worth $5,000,000. . . . salaries, .iiei us anvesugaie au tueie.j r.et us
touches. Mice. Moles. GrduDd' Mice',
II iL.. 11 . u
vovus. .uosquitoes. leas, insects on
Uat Roacb, &c. Exterminator,
mm u-uu. Birrm!BIUO
Eleirle Powder for lusects.
by mail,: to
es, as toliows :
any address in the
ii' To avoid this, and to apply the principle as prune with an unsparing haud ; and when we
just laid down, of taxation in prppor'tion - to get through we ' will 'exhibit to the public an.
property, tne lJemocraiic pariy nas Mau5ura'eu j "'i'v. .".. - .v.. v., ...un, o.iU oanS
- nf nn ad vatoremHurin. which to tne vioveriunent or millions oi dollars. Al-
Mf -: Vard wnnlrl bve afforded Lint iutO llis Fe oPPeo 1,0 uo u proteciiou aim u-
fcock;ta oio.KrJ." T; iSei. the iin- A'es, that there exists a present necessity ior its
! r " ) -mr - t: rovifini
In order I
revisal a&d iRcrease.
X llu kJi t iui j 1. 1
i- . : --.i
rress, estimates i uc service. i s
tne au couaition oi me country., aanng. tne w lo wnat extent tins system may oe car' 1 rKot th' ;nfj.i dpfi'it in i tht Treasury for the The receipts from the present tarilT, daring
operation ot that tariH Jpr can 1 better , do fm.i will here read an extract from the report v. goth'of June. 1860. will 1 the next fiscal year, will amount, according
tnisthan by quoting the language of Air UJay,rJ-ie oecretary of the Treasurer,! under Air. i - J ST6 This sum, as the Secre- the estimates of .the Treasurer, to about
coo S speecn for pro ec tip n,.n -tne - yean rwn.cn i may; add, is but anotner eyi- - ' ' ,L remarks, should beprovided six mollion dollars J which., together with
aooo.: Alter staling jtue prosperity :,ui w r?- nie gross injustice ana lutoierauie uui- t - ' 'i.' , - LttKi h an 'increase of the : receipts trom -paOUC. lands aud miscellai
country up to that time, wliich I will ; do him pens of the tariff off 1842 : " j i T. ' t nZn ihe xneuditrM. sources. : wib iciake the sum of $61,000,
the justice to say he did .not attribute to the 'At least two-thirds! of tbe present tariff (of 1842) IV T' A j- .: :.. .oi.to. nA This ouo-ht to be sufficient, aud. if orooerlv
low rates of duty, he procedds to describe the I ff"? no into the Treasury, but to the protected " . " -T 1 1 Llt t,o" ' eenncmiicaliV
condition of,tbe country dat.o? the eight years f ib.onn"? "It SZ , onr constituents. 1 purposes of the. Government.
ih'n Vhnl x j . . T . i . a. . . i '. . : . . j ,
d Electric Powder, (sent postage paid) years since the adoption of the bresent Constitution
1 . 1 .
uewiruv me vermin on an v wremisea.
!ts and Dealers every where.
ncipai wepoi, liroadway, N, T.
y man on appli-
S. S. Circular!, terms, &c.,i sent
which exhibited a scene of the most wide-spread dis-
j may and desolation, it would bei exactly the term of.
j seven years "which immediately i preceded the estab
lishment of the tariff of 1824." j
; Having once iugrafted tha protective system
ter this, we will then enter the Departments,
and where ever jthere is an abuse, kp it off.
Wherever there is a dollar-unnecessarily spent,
save it j to tbe Treasury. Aluch can J be done,
even here ; but I cannot go oO much into de
tail. We have our committees, who are better
posted np on these subjects ; they will jaid us in
making such reforms as Will not injure the pub
used, wilt be sufficient for all the
2 on a box each r f lh i i o i ' t I .r CT 3 " at our hands the most serious and
KJXI, a UOX each Of the Rat. Roach. (t In ghnrt. Rr. f T wapa in anf anu form nf aPVPn Mff a nnf lno. 4han Q. aaa AAA 5.S.:' V 5? AAA' "U UeUiaUUa ttV UUi Uttuuo
Evidence or CiviuzAnoK. The 'Minepota
papers say that the Indians in that part of the
; - . .
couniry aic i-infc rjjiuiy ciTinzeo, au tnoFe IU
qm is not loss than S8i.non.onn nrwhiVh 27.noo.- . . .. r r
W are paid into the Treasury upon the imports and earnest consideration It is a Wy"
$34,000,000 to the protected classesl in enhanced iriar the taxes upou the people, ot increasing
tirio.na nf nimiiai. Anmwf, ..i:.i ? . .. , -r -- .. t i . n-Utlo under all circum-
..vivi. - tJ - r .Tneir uurueus . uu . num. - - .. - , . : , , z .. . :
Kow, sir, who ari the principle contributors K stances it wonld be one of deep interest, yet at ; the neignnornooa ot u,lfettleu.enU :drtiikinR
o uch gigantic annuities, extorted by lezisla- a time like this, when the country is just re- j whiskey, chewing tobacco, lying, stealing and
J : i .rj .l . . . .,. . : l. lti. rtiaacrrniiQ - cirniinnir enrn irrwhitemar
u luuDj-nuu oiu i vuo uortnern maou- covering irom uw uuccta v u i- o MVu.
k - ' f