TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Single copy, in advance, per annum $2,00
. , at the end of the year
Single copies, five cents.
No subscription w ill be received for leE3 than six
months. . !
Hates of .Axlvertisiii. ' ' i
Sixty cents per square of 16 lines, or less, for the ,
uri, ana 3i cents ror eacn subsequent iutruvu, iwr
any period under three months.
, For three months, , . . 4 . . $4 00
For six months, . . . ... 6 00
For twelve months, . . . . 10 00
Other advertisements by the year on , favorable
terms. Advertisers are particularly requested to
state the number of insertions defired, otherwise tbey
will be inserted until forbid, and charged aw orCinsly.
Jdll WOBK of all kinds executed neatly and
Pt0mptly- , SIKCTLAIR & II ASKS
. CLE3IENT G. WRIGHT,
3?ay ottoTTillo, W.
WILL practice in the counties of Bladen, Samp
son and Cumberland. Prompt attention given
to all business committed to his charge. , '. :
April 2, 1858. tf , .. 1 ' .
W. S. NORMENT.
ATTOftNEY AND COUSNEUJK IT UH
LUMBERTON, C. 1
T-I ttt.t. ATTF.Xl) the Conntv and Superior Courts,
iVV rtrT?rtiM.mi. Cumberland. Bladen and Colum-
i.n. aii 4iainf s intrusted to his care, will receive
ii roinot attention. Office in the Court Uouse.
Ju'.y 1, lj'J.
ATTORNEY AND CQUNSELOU AT LAW,
WILL PKACTICK in the Courts of Robeson,
rMimtrHiKl. Columbus and Bladen. Office at
Lumberton, Kobcson co N. C.
July f, 185!. w.Iim.
, ri uit j;. isviJiJ, win iu bcuh "
Jo! "UiKu?t. and all desiring his eervicts
will call soon or wait until his return.
Ag. 11. d-lt. w-tf j
AUCTIONEJilt" COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Fast Side of Gillespie Street,
" I A V KTT E VI I.I.E , N. C. .
NOV., 13. !"' '
W ILMINC.TON, N. C.
WILL "ive yuo;npt and personal attention
i'....,,r.,mf!ii9 of Spirit Turpentine,
Tar, TurpenUne, and all country produce fwrralc.
OKFI; K up "tairs over the Store of Mr V
uUhu and joining Lutterloh s wliarr. onu
: June 18, 1859.
Klt. .TATaES DAVIS,
jUt ilt-ci.h d on l.t-rinauently loc.-inng
Teeth, he satisli.-a, after an extensive
which i.s added a thorough l'emai
tbnt ho can mventi
iro satistaction as
Town of Fiivi-ttevillc. respectfully offwrii.Iiis orvi
cs to the citlzou of thi place and ' surrounding
country. In nil the various branches f hi 1 ro
fe.io.i, including the manufacture of Mineral
:., ,-,r ,f Dentistry. All irregularities
of the Teeth treated in a proper anil-careful man-
lier, as well as diseases of the mouth, . .cnie but j
u inntuU nro made use of in the various
L.: ... , (i,ff. will be moderate, that -the
benefits of the Profession may bo placed
the reach of all wlio may ieei an juiwcbi
..r.,.rv:illiin nt tllO 1 Of
t t ie 1 oetn.
i ,;,,.,.,..,- Houston's Jewelry btore, wtiere i
bo will be tumid sit all times.
ilvy 15, 1858
IT GEO. IiAtTDER,
Two Doors above C. T. Haigh & Son's Store,
Fayetteville, N. C.
i Oct. 1, 185S. ly. .
'ST FIXISIIED. A SUPERIOR STILL UAl'-and
WORM to work fifteen Barrels, wlncn I will t-ell on
reasonable terms. Apply soon.
- JAMES MARTINE.
Fayettville. May 19, t w'tf
AMES KYLE IS NOW RECEIVING A
; OF ' , , ,
TT' TTI Ct (t (Y? Xf
II ATS, SHOES, BOLTING CLOTHS, &c.,
All of which will te offered by Wholesale or Retail
as low as the same quality can be had in this State.
March 12. 1859. -tf
DROPPED fromroy Sulky, on the Fayetteville
and Centre Plank Road in about 11 milesof Fay
etteville, my Medical bags, containing a pocket case
of Instruments &c. The finder will be liberally re
warded by addressing the ubecriber at FayetteviPe
Jury 23d 1859. " JXO. M. McLEAN.
PERM. Refined. Lard, Linseed and Tanner's OIL
T WHITE LEAD : Burnine Fluid : Putty; Window
Glass and Sash of all sizes.
' also ':.
A fresb supply of Pond's Pain Destroyer.
For sale by . JAS. MARTINE.
' Nov. 27. tf
TIIE UNDERSIGN, will receive sealed proposals
for the repairs of the Jail. In Lumberton, until
the first dav of October, .1859. The bids must be sent
to Eli Wisbart, at Lumberton, Informations may -be
received from either member or the Commltte. or
from a copy of the speciCcatious left at the County
Court clerks offee
V. S. Morrison,
T. J. Mosrisy,
Sep. 2, 1859.
Fresh Arrival !
Spring aim Summer Goods !
i . J. A
"S now receiving
his Second Stock of Spring and
Summer Good, embracing all the
. . - I ' t oCCH AS .;,."'
SUMMER SILKS, G REN A DINE S,
! ORGANDIES, &c.
With a great variety of new syle goods for Travelling
," Dresses tDtl Dasteraaldo a complete assortment of
AlUUuM.i'G DllES GOODS.
A large 'and varied assortment of Silk and Lace Man
tles,' Ciiantilly, ..ace Points, Black and White ;
Berage, M mtles, Stella Shawl?.
A few jof those Bp lend id French embroidered and
Lace Sets, Collars nd Sleeves.
Douglas & Sherw jod's New Style Corsets, (with
Bustle ad Skirt.-St1 pporters attachod.) , - -''"
A great variety lit new lyl-. lie jj Pklrt;'tt.t u.c.
' la the kbove biocI: may be found a srieat. many new
and desirable styles! just out. The public generally
are invited, to call curly and examine lor themselves
J I T J. A. PEMBEHTON.
April 23. : ' ' -tf
P."&. V. Mcl.AUIilX
ATTET10 TO TiiEiU LARGE
and desirable Stock of j " i '. 7 t-;
CONSISTING IN PART OP
150 Bags of Ilia;
Laguara and Java Colfce j
100 Bold, and Ilhlls
Sugar (assorted )
2't llhds.' MolasHes
30 i" Bapon,
500 Sacks Salt :
(Sids and Shoulders
1 Z.f Prt-AO TAKohiA
125 1 Sperm,
Adamantine and Tallow Candles;
Soap, (ibsorted ;)
1U(I Bags Shot,
1000 Lbs.' Bar Lcatl
G0i Bblsi. Snuff, (
Eagle Mills ;)
25 Kegs Soda ;
25.0 Nails ;
GENERAL ASSORTMENT -OF
It A UDWA
R K A N 1 CUTLEUY
of all descriptions :
1 murivin f-n cr I i a fi Ctrnnna a rift lrtn-inn Trnn
iilister uerman ahd Uast toleel :
Coopers' t do.;
Corn SUcfJerf and
Buckelti, Brooms dnd Pails
qnalitv ;) Plow
Hollow Ware :
Cot tou Varus and
hptl Jute Rope, (all
tiines and Bed Cords
Sheetings at Factory Prices :
All of Which will He sold low for cash, orf on usual
time to'prvmpt payipg customers.
Country, njerchantk are respectfully requested to
call and ejainue
oar stock oetore pnrcnasinjr else-
where. - f I
D. & W. McLAURIN.
March 5 185D.
ARE MADE TO
COD AKD CX7EE THE
lTlvnlirt. Fa t li
it li i-o i
j hull J i 1 :
fr, JHolliers, ir'tiysf clans,
hi, r-ul ti-lr l-.lTect,
;r or iiuir virtues. j-
TUB CI" RE OP !
Headache', Foul Stomach.
Pittbhctw, Va May 1. 1S55.
: I have bi-ii rvpeatrtily cured of the
!v ciui have by a, doxe or two of your
Ph. .T. A Atf. Fir
w.ii-l i,c.i ii. ln- anj- t:j
HIIs. It fh-iu to nnw
at .ncf. If tfcey vill
I KD. -W
prom a foul btouisirli, m Inch tliey cleanse
uro others as they to me, the fact w
ours witli great r.sjifCt,
1'KKliLK, Cierk of Sttamer CTarion.
jers nnd I-ivcr Complaints.
pTKUioR. Washington, 1.C, 7 Kch.,l50.
l'KI".U:1 JTCNT UP TIIK 1
Sir.: I luve uwJ job
I'llm in my lym-i-Hl atnl liospital prao-
tictf "t'r wise? yhi inadf th'ejii, anil ennuot hesit:ito to Fay they
re tin Lfnt csttlmrtic iv
i eiupiDy. llieir reiriilannp action on
the litrr is ijiiii k utid d
iduil, cr ii-k Guentlv they are an aduiira
if rcDirdii fot deratiprim-u; of tluit ortran. ludecd, I hare
H-ldi'tii fi:ii'l iii case of litlivus tJi.vasKao obstinate that it did not
t l iitei na.Iy V'-nrs,
ALO-SO HALL, II. D., llitsu-ian if the Marine Hospital.
IysenteryL Kelnx, and Worms.
I'ost (OiTKit, Ifri!X?iP, l,iv. Co.. Mich., Nov. 16, 1S55. i
Dr. A i f.i : Your l'ill
are the jicr tectum of medicine. They
ij.-ivt- d.'uv my wl'v mr re
g(XHt tliiiu 1 en u t-U vou. f-he La.i been
ri'-k and pin i 0.2: away At moi:ths. Went olT to Ik.- ditctnred at
rrrat i"Xm-uc, but r1 1
M irt ttcr. She tlicn coiiii-.eii-t 1 t:thiiar
yciit riils. w liti-ii n dui-fd lier, ly expelling larire quantities
of worm? rn) fmni h4r lodv. Th- uftei wurd.s cured Ler and
our two cislilrcti -i 1,,.
h:i, it ha l. Bind my wili'
wliil.' otheiv an in.d us
fuly denteiy. One-t-f our ncihlior
Trreil him with two iloses of oiir rills.
haiil from five to twenty dollars doctors'
hills. aid Ift n:u-h t
then. f"urli a nu'dii ini :tx yi ni .-. liii li Hctuullv rool and
raw. wnlnjtit bfiiijr cured entirely even
lioliect, w ill Ik prized In
ire. U EU. .1 . u III r J J, i similiter.
' Jndijrestion ail
d Impurity of the Blood.
Pr-wi i.'i r. J. I'. H
I'miur of Aiivfid (Vivrcft. i!-sinn
Db. Avr.it : I have n-4l y
ur Pills with extraorlinni v tucceRB
in my jhmily mid anion
To recn'-if tho oi-t!
sre the v.-rt 1 cM renn-ii
: th"!e 1 am called to visit in nitres.s:
wf dijicHtii.ii ninl purify tin- hint id they
. I have t-ver kit- w n. jir.d 1 ctit; cii.ifi-
to my fih-nrtM. Yimrx, .i. V. HIMi.S:
., W ytijuNc Cc. X. Y., tk t. -Ji. 1.r. j.
your l nili.ntk- i'i"!t; in my pr;:ctice.jiud
uruntiw tv cleansu the s sit-in uud iia
L!od. " . -
JOHN C.. MKACHAJ1, M. I. j
Urntly recoliiUM-nd Iheli
ni:d t!. in ,u -Xv-elieut 1
rii'v It'.- Snilltallis ttl thi
Scrdfnl.t,. Kin-;' i:vil. Tetter,;
, mid Salt iihetim.
a Xercuit't of '. Li.vi, H1,. 4. ISf.fi. 1
IVt. At tit: Your 1'iIIJ rv the ir.r;n oi" all tlmt incut in
n'-licinc. jThev haveciiit d my little dimulitrr of tti-er"UK wires
opn her lnmls aud f
Her mother haw lie-'n 1
-t that h.ui prt.v. d itu iii ilU for yt-ai -kJ
f trrit vt.u.ly af:ioi.'tt with hi. itches ai d
it: her li:r. Afreronrchi:d witscniej,!
uud thev Iiuve curi-tl her.
AsA .MOUUl'.lDOB. 1
Nenralcia. and (.'nut.
pimi'lea on li.-r nkiii ntm
he also tried 3 ;iur l'il
F,imt (he litr. Or
At tv ix. .. th- X; U,i..l t't-is. i,",ivl.
t l 1'tl.UM
ba lrvuht me If 1 did
tl-d in my limb nnd 11-1
wiiitb ecdjd in rliri.n.i
tlie lfit'-iiii-inx. the
the ii'hi.c of your e-cell
I tried mur 'HiU. Th.
IJot -j:, aviSa!I. (i,;.. .';ui. t".. iJ-yt
I Im- uiir.at-rul l.,t iik- n !.. f yt.ur i.ill
oot rt-pi rl my cue to you. A cold.f'. t-
' . : ..Vi
!i.e;te f;r-w miiNf and viw. nnill, t v L
. ... I-.. I . it . - T :f.
rtlflllllHllKlil. ' A..r,. lttiefr.lii...- I
nr.'ui on excruiMiitinir iieiirn ia .c pHtr.a.
Metering i:i the nt of tljein J am wow entilely well
ur e.tecto were slow. lct cure, l'.v nciv
'-ii. Mjvill III I'.ti: Elilt'i f. IT. IJHl K'l. M", t
n.R, Ha ton IJoroB, !,. ft Pec., 1SS5.
D. Arr.B: I hnve nt-
niatk- lioutt a painful tl.-aso that hud ari; ite I ne f i v. mis.
i 'Vtiiirvir enrea i-y your rum oi isn-n-
VI. CK.Vr t'i.U'i Lh..
For Dropsy, Pletltora,
or kindred Com-
plain tit. rvuuiim ait aenro pitre
-they are an ex.-elUut
retiMlly, r .
Fir Coslivenessl or Cunliiitioii, Rod
itr l'il I, they
re ait-ealjJe hikI i tlt-ctUid
Fits, Stijiprp.ioii, Parrtlj sis, Iiillammation,
and even lien Tne, m
it fitrti'ti Hi 11 :., li.ttve been
cured ly tli nlteiutive ait,K-ii of tlieso I'i::
Most of the pills in tnit
k't contain Mercury, Ahirli, nltlionh
a valuable rtuiedy in Fkillul hamla, in tlanpt r.ntn in a pi. Hie J ill,
fn. in the dntiullul ronseq
eureti that frequently follo itrf inoui-
'1'heMi cuuUlu tu mercury or luiuuial auhntanc -
AYEll'S CHERRY PECTORAL
( TOa THE RAPID CURE OF
( OIGHS, COLDS, (HOARSENESS, INPLl'EN
ZA, BHOiVCIIIIS, AVIIOOPIXQ COUGH,
CHOUP, AtSTIISIA, INCIP1EAX
f ! CONSUMPTION, ::
ti. diler1! f TP6 rUonta in adranced stages
-v. t-."Tk r V1lhnc itB virtwe. Thron short
V !?,r Tl bn 1,amlt of th8 American States,
on hT? J lre V,e Canii,i " f ivilied conn-eff-
.ndwIrK1 '"' 1 x,rienre of its
danmsriMis dieeaW f h- .:"" ..'.""V
fento and yonnic person. Parents -should have it Ur-ajriiin-t
the InsMiou. enetoy that steals upon them nnprepL
We bare abuodaTit crotinds to belier 'the Cherkt 4SaI
are more Iitm by the onsuniptlona It prevents tlian. thoeait
cares.. Kp it by yen, said cure your colds while they are earZ
Ae, nor neglect them nfetil no Lnman skiU can mater the in.
exorable canker that, fastened on the viUls,eaUi your life a-air
. All know the dreadful fatality of lung disorders, and as ttier
know to tlie virtue of this remedy, we need not d more than
innr thm it is still u.tde the best it ran t. We ppare no
ctwt, no care, no toil to ji -odure it the most perfect ( aihh and
thu nfTortt thtse who r iy on it the test agent which onr'skiU
can furnifcb tr their ewr ,
PREPARri BY DB. J. C. 4 YES,
Practical and Analytical Chemist, LowelL 2Iass. ' !
A.iU SUJ.D II. r
.S. J. HINSDALE, "
Fayetteville, N. C.
Fcb?y 19, 1839. ljr
V : 7"' -.roimy oi iu vietnry over th mb-
le nd dr,Kep.,n,. U.seasi, of the throat ln.;
hl and danrertms dieealM nf th. "
BOOTS & .SHOES.
FALL AND WINTER STOCK.
,S. T. HAWI.RV5- i SON , -
ARE receiving a large stock 1 Boots and, Shoes,
mbracin": every variety of fetyle and quality.
Uents , JJdys and X outis UaJ ISools, trailers
V Shoes, ' . . V"."4.
Light, Double-Sole, and Quilted Bottoms.
Ladies', Misses, and Children's, fine heeled
-In great variety. '
Slippers and Shoes,-
A superior article, made to our "order ; Single and
Double Sole . --
A larsre sutudv of Black and- Russet ; sinzle and .
doable hole j purchased direct from Manufacturers at
rcUactdcasU pricetj will Iw.soldpIuPt; W''-
Iraveling j TrunJcs ; Leather of all ' kinds ;-
.Shoc-Fhuiinns of every description s:lv -
- All of whih we oiler low for ..cash, or otfasual lime i
to prompt custumeiSi .1 . . w . " . "
Aug..2o, XfSjii. - - 4-tw 1-td
FiiLL GOODS -
TT17" E'aIrE RECElVINGr-IN ADDITION
t V w ?! present stock the following goods,-. ' L.
S5 Bags Coffee, Rio, Laguira ; and Java.
50 Bbls tnd llhds,! Sugar, different grades;'; i
40 Boxe.Soap, assorted qualities. - '",
15 Ilall Blils Eagle-Mills Snuff, in" small bladders.
20 Boxes aud Kegs Sup'er Carbonate Soda.." :
. 20 "; Stewarts Candy.' v
35 .Candles, Adamantine and Sperm,
5 Bales Bagging, Duudec and Gunay.
2 Tons Hollowwaie. - ,
200 Saclis Liverpool Salt. ' --
500 Lbs Bar Lead, ;
50- Bagi shot. " -
100 Keg Nails ' -i -,"-
! j ALSQ ; . .'. J.
AND CDTLEKY. ,
Sailcllqry, Collars, Wliips, &c.-,
SHOES AND SOlili 1j OATH CR. "
; GjNGER, PEPPER and; spice - -
' 'Window SGlass, Putty and White .Lead.' . . "
Cigars'j Careen and Black .Tecs.: '
'Bale Hope and Twine. ' ' ' i ,' "
Manilla Rope, Sash Cord Sc. j " '-
Brooms, buckets, Pails and Matches. ' e ""
Cotton Yarns and Sheetings utj factory prices.
And a goot many other articles not mentioned, and
expect to :mke. such additions to lour stock? as the
trade require. We will sell at wholesaled retail.'
low for cash i or on time to oromDt'navin'or customprs.
or exchange or country produce.' t .
Persons waiiting goods in our line, are reaucsled to
examine our stock before purchasing. .
J PEMBERTON &. SLOAN. .
E. L. PEMBKIfTON'.
w-4t-is - d-3t
HE PALL OF 1859.
rpiIE subscriibers Lave received paost of their pur
X chases! ir the annroacliino' Fall Trad. mhra..
cing a largt-aiid geuerai u'oKmentl of .
tioorcrie, Hollow -Ware,
Ey the Ton or less! ;
icr, CalfSkias, sioo Findings.
generally wanted for manufacture of
In great tai-ty, aad SADULER yT HARD-WARE .
They have rtL-o added largely by Direct Importation
from the Manufactures iu Europe to their
Department', Ijly which th'ey are enabled ' to "save to
their customers the Northern Jobjiers': Profits, and
they are dis-jpofeed to Fell at a small advance on cost on
their usual I terms. They solicit an examination of
their gouds by
the Trade generally.? '
o the above variety of Goods, which in
constitute one of the largest if not
The Largest Stotk to be Found In North 1 ;
Carolina, . " ' '
uridersifrnid are Sole. Agents in this place . for
Wm. Carter & Sou. of Chatham Co-, for the sale
Messrs. C. &
Son are manufacturing Shoes from
by themselves except the. outer sole:
they have all the receut improvements in machinery,
and are makiog j - v . ' - .
A Shoe That Planters Will Ftnd Superior
in every rospeit to any ever offered- for sale in this
section, and atj
a reasonable price, uairanu see 11
GEO. W. WILLIAMS &, CO.
n 1 j . - o . -.
August 9, ; 4
hJ . U-ll i w-out ;r
Fall and Winter Goods', '1 859:'.;
arje nowi receiving and by 1st Scptemberwill
e in store OUR ENTIRE STOCK OF FALL
INTEji GOODS, comprising a large assort-
STAPL'EiAND FANCY DRY GOODS,
i Boots and Shoes, Hats and Eonnets,- "
HE A D Y 31 AD E C LOTH ISG, T &.f
All of which wf! are disposed to selluat at the lowest
market pnce$ for cash or good
H. & E. J. LILLY
d-lt I w-(t
AX AW AY; from tlie subscriber on the 8th inst, a
negro bo v named MANUEL. Said negro is -
bout 25 years qld, (i feet 1 or two inches high. . He is
supposed to bejin the neighborhood of II. "Brown
in Kobeson coqaty, where ' he was; last Veen. ' I will
give the above jreward of twenty dollars for-his deliv
crv to me within sixtv davs from this date. I. will
cive an additional reward of
$20 for " evidence sum-
cient to convict any white maa of harboring said n
JAMES McNATT. :
KIU J -
Aug 20, 1S5SU w-tf
AS I am determinod to emigrate to the West, I of
fer my land for sale, containing Nine Hundred
Acres more .or! less, . located on the Turnpike rbad
leading from Fayetteville , to Rockingham, Twehty
four miles frorri the former and twenty eight from the
latter, and also between four and five miles from the
r!pni..r Plank rhad. On the above tract of land there
I is a small Farn of good upland cleared,- with alf the
Euildings necessary lor a smau iarmer uu
are also about Jen acres of good Swamp land, ut
down and ditchSed, ready for clearing nprall of which
is well adapted! to the production of Corn, Cotton &c.
i There is alsolan excellent Mill Site, on this land on
a never ceas;n Stream, the dam of -which is partly
made. Any! person wishing to go into Turpentine,
would do well !to" call and examine for themselves,
as it is not inferior to any in the State, for .Turpen
tine. If the above mentioned land, is not sold-bj e
15th, of Octobrr, I will offer it at public sale, of which
due notice willjbe given. Any person wishing to in
quire into the particulars,- may address me -at Mont
rose, P.O., or may find mo at any time,? at my-resi-
uence. ' . " -
j. j, jonNSOX. :
.Aug. 27, 1859;
6-tw,, . 1-td pd.
1 A AAAS. TALLOW WANTED.
J-y aWVJVl which
the highest cash price will be
nt i lane 4j
A. ii. CAMPBELL,
:l -WEDSeSDAT MQRNIXG SEPT'R 7,
THE CONSTITUTION IN A STATE AND
To e!io - that his theory is the only tract one,' Mr
tys: And if -it -be true as stated by
: the Pre- Jnt in a special message to Congress! that
slavery :ied in Kansas by virtue of the Constitu-
tioni o . j United Stated; "and -that therefore,. . Kari-.
gas is a!
.is time as .much a slave' State fts Georgia
'jrclina, why does it notxist .' in Pemi-
sylvan u ;
fi irtue of the same Constitution V and
, bo tit: ll t to pns,p his points by quoting, from . the
CVilSon-thc IfehohdftRKri' --.W,
States which slall be . made in pursuance thereof,
I dltrtimdwvhictihallTma under
the avthointy of theiJuitcd States, shall be the
jnenie law cf tJie larid and the" judges.. in every
State shall fee bound thereby, any thing in the Con
stitution t laws vf uny State, to the contrary not
withstanding." ' ' ' , ' j. 'I .-" -
, Nowthii is a very plausible theory, but will , not
stand tne t;t: - inc distinction between the etlect
,-4'whicli the- Qmstihtioh has in 'a State 'and-Territorv
is - this l ; lliat the Constitution in . a- Territory
reigns supre: ie for the protection of the property of
a' citizen of t e States,, the United States,.- and for
lhepreservat on of society, This suf3reme protec
tive authority , as the Supreme Court have: decided,
arises ex nect sitale rej--rit arises from a necessity
to protect soc jty until the sovereignty of the people
begin, and tha first act of soveighty of the people, is
the creation oia Constitutor!, by. , which they are
made a ipso fato, ua distinct political community,''
and then the sovereignty of the Constitution ceases,
except so. far at; the iJbrbid den pfwers '-' reserved
in the- Constitiiion are concerned, and in one. other
instance, viz ; that the form of government adopted
by the people, bfc " Republican." One instance, we
think, ;wilL servato' show the difference between" the
effect of'the Conltitution upon a State , and Terri
A Territorial If jrislature can not make a' disposi-
tion oithe land o
a Territory and why ? Because
it is the property
bf the people of the United States
I held by the Go veil
lmeut as trustee to the use of the
id States, and a Territorial legis
ent of the - general -. go verninent,'-
people of the TJhi
lature, which is a
can not convey ciper the -legal or equitable title to
any other save-thk cestui que use. and if it make a
disposition of tlie; lands,-"It violates its
trust. But a
SUite -Legislature hiay dispose of the property of the.
State, and here.Jes the distinction.
If Mr Doaglajt "could first establish his point that
sThe terri tori esVare distinct political communities,
iand that thcy arc as sovereign and independent as
Jt -y 1 esrStfc linrn he could prbvoVa great
jdcaL Euuch is rit the case.., ..The people of the
Terri toriesW and upon the footing and equality of
the p,coplrv bf the States generally. They are not
distinct political communities, and there is no dis.
tinction between Federal and local authority in the
Territories. -We think, we have proven this to the
satisfaction of all, at least to our own satisfaction.
- "Vcrma3r hereafter take up some of the minor
points of J udge Douglas' theory, hut as we have dis
posed of the most prominent we do not consider it
necessary to continue it regularly;
Aurora Bokeallis. On the night . of the 1st'
inst., our citizens were wonderfully surprised, those
of them who got up at 1 o'clock A.M., and found
to be broad day" light. It seems . that the heavens
presented the appearanee , usual 'to. it Jmmediately
before tho sutl rises; and the light 'Was so powerful
that writing could be distinctly read -by a person
standing upon the street. It was said to have been
produced by the Aurora Boreallis, or nothern liglits,
but this time-it appears they were universal, cover
ing .the' whole canopy without tliat flickering usual
ly manifested by theni! We were .asleep afnd did'nt
- B3rThq Editor of the . ?f ewberri Progressr-vrho
"attended a. costume Jll ;at--jBeaufoff,. ahd seeing
MisV Dobbin, of our Town, who it appears personi
fied the : Maid of the MisCpayd: her heT-rfollowing
high" compliment : ' . - ' ; . ;"." -"-
She was -dressed in . pure white, and had a. white
veil festooned at the tog of the head, which: fell to
the floor enveloping her whole person, and causing
her to look more like ' those rterre'stiaK forms which
we.read of in '. fairy tales" as sporting oh ; the white
capped waves of the .sea than' anything! earthly.
Not only - was she divine . t6 dookt upon, " but her
sparkling wit and comlinessx)f bearing attracted and
imprisoned a train of admirers. ' C. must, .confess
to a little partiality in her; favor, , and If - she . was
annoyed that so much of her time way . monopolized
by us we van only retort thatvh":sfl she looked and
acted less lovely it might have been different. ;
- v-; .j . r - ..y---.-r . "
A Chain of Citiess. The chaia of cities extend
ing alon oarAtlantie seaboard,: it is. expected
will shpw.a great-increase; ia the Census tb; be
taken next year. The population, at $he. "last
censas in;1850 was; J," - - ".,
.-;-Baagor 14,000;.-Portland ''20.000; - Ports
mouth, N U 10,000; Boston 137,000; ;Frovi-,
deoce 43,000; New-HaTen 20,009;' Brooklyn
128,000v-XewYotk 51&;000; Newir1c 38,000;
Philadelphia 406,000; Wilmington; Del., 14,
000; lialtimore 169,000 Washington 0,000:
Alexandria 8,800; Richmond . t,590;; Peters
burg 14,010; JSorfolk; 30,700; Wilmington, JN U
8,000; Charleston .43,000; Savannah 16,000;
Mobile 20,000; New Orieags 150,000; Galves
ton 4,200. . ':
, -v - V
. J5f" Stella, the Washington , correspondent of
the Newborn Daily JDelta, writes as follows t
Speaking of Douglas prospect for the rpresi
dency reminds'iBe of another ;name whnh , is now.
being' mentioned 'in " the same ' connection, - and
which I learn will at the proper time be hoisted by
the Administration Organt- th.e Constitution.' I
allude to the name of Franklin Pierce..,.-. That he is
to be the . administration candidate I -have no
doubt." Kest assured that this is no bare assertion
as time will show." -
Good luck tathe Constitution, va.y it never
select a worse man"-' His nomination would un
donbtedly result m an unparalleled victory,.. : ,
. " The Opposition"t.hare, themselves, to acknowl
edge yranklin' lJierce to . be the model Presi
dar . '-.'' -" f " - " ' ' " "
Estopped. . ;
. We clip the following from the Raleigh Standard
which, we fully endorse and commend it to the care
ful notice of our rcadersL After opposing and re
futing the arguments of Mr Douglas it says i ;
The opposition ' in this State and elsewhere in
the South, are estopped from saying one : word in
condemnation of the doctrines of Senator ' ouglas
The Seward doctrine of the Wihnot Proviso was
their doctrine as a national party up to 1 1854, when
they dissolved and enlisted under the banner of
Know-Nothingism ; and even "then, with all the
j odor of nationality which they claimed, they
ignored the question of slavery, r, As Whigs, they
were willing to see the South excluded from all the
common territories, or rather they acted with a
party which always voted thus in Congress to ex
elude us ; as Know Nothings they had nothing to
say, but were willing to stand by and see the Free
soiiers triumph. As JF7iig,' majiy' of their " own
leading orators and organs, including the Raleigh
Register, admitted the W draot .Proviso to be von
stitutional KnawNikingt they would not see
that thtr South had rights in the Territories, but
ignored their very existence. . As V 'Oppositionists"
thev are now ready." if not to exult over at least Jto
aouiesce in the election" of Seward. " Mr lielL I of
Tennessee, says he will act with the Black Kepubli
cans in a certain event; and" the Raleigh Register
declares that as between a national Democrat and a
black Republican for President, it would make no
choice ! With " their hands on their moutlis, aud
with their mouths in the dust, let them be thank
ful to the national Democratic party for its past ex
ertions and present efforts to protect the Constitu
tion and perpetuate the Union, and to secure to
them and tliLir posterity -equal rights and privelcges
as citizens of a commonfcountry. - If the national
Democracy cannot command justice for the South,
it is quite certain that the "opposition," controlled by
Seward, -will not If there is nothing to hope for
from the Democracy," then" there is .no ground . of
hope,' Let those (if there bo any,) who think there
is no ground of hoper either make up their minds
to resist like men, or prepare td lie down under the
Insults and indignities which the Abolitionists will
put upon them. If Seward is elected, squatter
sovereignty and Territorial sovereignty will be triv
ial things, compared with the aggressions which he
will make upon us. Under his administration, and
those of the same stamp who may succeed him, the
States must become either slave "or free I i That is
his doctrine and that is the policy which, his tri
umph would inaugurate. : -We repeat, our only
hope is' in the national Democratic party. That
party will nominate, a sound and true man at Char
leston. As wevalue our rights,- and as we would
perpetuate the Union as our fathers "formed it, let
us rally to the nominee and elect him. m - r
Of course, as between the ttvo, or in fact be
tween Mr Bates, Bell or Botts, we would prefer
Mr Douglas' theory. Their is entirely antago
nistic to the Constitution and destructive of the
best interests of the South.
Their doctrine is that Congress has a right to
abolish slavery in the Territories, ahd if this right
was once conceded, the next and inevitable, result
would be a right to abolish it in the States.
The Wilmington Journal. ;
This ably conducted and truly creditable paper,
entered on its sixteenth year, on the 2nd inst.. as
a weJeky'paperVand niiieth y'ear'a's a "daily. The
Daily Journal is, as its Editor says, the faflier of
dailies in the State, and indeed as a dailey we are
net at all ashamed of our worthy sire, nor would
we. wish to disown our connection with it. i ,
The Journal is in a very - flourishing condition
financially, whilst its influence is wido and power
ful. , Of its ability, those who read it can attest to
its merit and strength. Long may. i flourish;, and
continue; to l$e the patiiarchial dailey of the State,
having a numerous and ghntlejnanly family, ;
' - .'.-I- . ,- A ' I"
W ..i . .. , L
Challenge Declined. r-We learn that the
responsible Editor of the Greensboro Patriot was
challenged by J. I. Scales, for some remarks made
by him in his paper disrespectful of that gentle
man."" Mr Long, the Editbr, refused or declined
to accept; he was then challenged by the friend
of Mr Scales but would not except, f So .we have
heard. " - ' , i .' ' ( .'' 't A
New: Steamer. Wo'learn that the new. S tam
er built by Thosj S. Lutterloh, a description of
which has been given in our paper, leaved to-day
for Wilmington on her first trip.- She is ttmfinekt
boat ever put upon the Cape Fear river, and we
trust her enterprising, owner may .'have abundant
SUCC33S with her. What's her name? y j
What will we do ? is the question which meets
us 'from our opposition friends. They 'say, we
have no regular democratic doctrine regarding
Territorial power. ;
v;.It is a-great error to think this j we have a set
tled principle, worthy of maintaining.: The doc
trine of democrats is, that Co ngress has no right
to abolish slavery, neither , has . its agent. We
don't ask for slave code, but we do hold that tho
Southern emmigrant has rights equal to tho North
ern, an d that his property or his rights to remove
to a Territory shall not be abridged whilst itHe
Territory is the common property of the States.
5 An aged lady,-named Winney SingTetary,
died in this Town on '.the 1st inst, she was between
96 and 100 years of age,' and remembered distinctly,
many incidents of the Revolutionary war. ' '
Died of Caxcek.- -We have to' record the death
of Squire Malcolm McColmah oft, this oounty. W;e
have not heard his precise age.' : He 'resided in the
vicinity of Galatia, near this town, and was an agejd
and much esteemed citizen, and the oldest Magis
trate in the county. - ; !
The Cheat Eastebk. This mammoth .vessel is
at length - completed and will .make her first trip,
after a short trial one, to. Portland Maine sometime
the ensuing month. We presume an immense num
ber of persons will visit Portland at thetime she
is expected to arrive .there, to see the largest steam
ship ever built Her (dimensions and tonnage are
thus given, ia a Parliamentary; return ! just issued: -
Length . 697.6 L
. Breadth ; ; - -. - 2.8
Depth of hold , ; :., . . 31.-6
Tonnage exclusive of engine room 'I ' "! ' .. 13,344
Gross tonnage . r 1915
Steameb Buesed. The Steamer Cowan, owned
by T. S. Lutterloh, Esq., was burned On Saturday
night, on Cape Fear river, jat Piney Bluff. There
was about 500 bbla of spirits turpentine 'lost, but
no lives., We have not learn 3d what insurance there
was upon the Boat or cargo. - 1 ?
erThe Cocnty Court is in session at present
i ' m i..,i..'.a i-m'n vesterdav after
III XVYfUy CaU&iU$ hcuiui- - i i
noon, i The ; result H uite a .uumDer, ci wwjui
are ia Town. v ' ' - , il.
Effect of Emancipation cnitlio ill;
We find the
the London limes, in the Southern Vk : i ;
Fireside : .' .
"There is no blinking the truth. V- i .
bitter experience years of bope dcf. ru ."
self-devotion unrequited, of property, f Lui .IV. .
tlon, of prayers unanswered, cf mi', ri: . ' -rided,
of insults unresented, of jconti::.!. ly :
tientry endured have conviucefj t:- f t!
trath. It must be spoken ouf, h)L V.y ; 1
energetically, despite the wild moikir " f i. 1 -ing
cant.'-pThe freed West India h'io !
wiltknot till the soil forlvagc3; thefrcc i o;i . r t;
ex-slave is as -obstinatcaa his lire. lie ..1
not cultivate lands, which he hauo i; t b; . '.'
for his own yams, mangoes au:d t . t :
These satisfy 1 his wants ; he dop i; t i . f :
yours. Cotton, and sugar, and cof, , ; 1 l
Ibacco he carC3 little fqr then. At
matters it to hira that the Lun'
sunk his thousands and tens -of ( tl.oi: -.t. : .
millsi machinery and plant, which n rt t: ;
on the languishing estate that for year hat
only returned beggary and debts. lie cuts Lii
yams and sniggers at 'Backra.,
j We know not why this shoald bo ; but it
is so. '-The negro has been bought with a pi iro
the price of English taxation and I'n;;!; h
toil. lie has been 'redeemed fpom botnln-c
by the sweat and travail of some milliojucf
hard-working Englishmen. Twenty millions t f
pounds sterling one hundred millions cf dol
larshave been distilled from the brains ami
muscles of the free English laborer, of every
decree, to fashion the West Indian negro into
a 'free and indepedent laborer.' 'Free ami in
dependent' enough he has becctnd, God knows;
but laborer he is not ; and, so far as we can
see, never will be. lie will siig hymns ami
quote text$ but honest, steady industry ho
not only detest but depiscs. We wish t
Heavens that some people in England neither
government people, nor parsons, por clergymen
-j-but, some just-minded, honesjt-hcarted and
cear-sigl:ted men, would go out to some uf I'.iu
island say Jamaica, Dominica or Antique
not for a month or three months, but for a y -ur
would watch the precious pro'ege of I'ulish
philanthropy, the freed knegro, in his daily
habits; would watch him as he lazily phtnl ;
his little squatting ; would see hipi as he proud
ly, rejects figricultural or domestic service, or
acjcepts it only at wages ludicrously di.spojor
tionate to the value of his work. Wc wi Ji,
too, they would watch him whije, with a hid )
thicker than that of hipnopotarcjus and a body
to which fervid heat is com fart rather than
an annoyance, be dronirfgly loulngcs over tho
prescribed task on which! the int'repid Iungli .h
man, nninured to the burning fjun, consinuej
his impatient energy and too often sacrlSecs
his life. We wish they vjould go out and view
the negro iu all the blazonry o'f his idknc
his pride, his ingratitude, contemptuously sneer
ing at the industry of that race which mado
him free, and then come home! and teach the
memorable lesson of their experiences to the
fanatics who have perverted him into what ho
is." j 1
We rejoice to see thci London. Time s, teach
ing wholesome truths op tho subject of free
negro labor in the rigiht quarter. Another
step in the same direction, and public opinion
wjll be all right in England,
off from the sun, so that our trlobe has con-
Lfe8sedly travelled "already oho hundred millions
of miles from its birth place, and no absurdity
exists in tho supposition that it has not yet
Ceased receding, though at ft constantly dimin
ishing rate, which may or may riot reach the 0
point before it arrives at such a distance as to
be uninhabitable; when following tho analogy
of all other known perturbation. and ccentrici
ties among the different bodies of the univcr ,
it will undoubtedl v l retrace its steps to a point
much nearer than any it has ,ocjcupied dtirin;
the historic period, and so move
like a mighty pendulum forever,
back and forth,
perhaps thousands of ages at each heat.
perchance having run its course
into the sun as man, who spr
dust, returns a dnst agaiu to b
in the form of nebulous matter,
densed into a habitable globe .
Herald. t will fall back
ngs from tho
and again con
Destruction or a City vy as Eartiiquak n
The Kntrlisn papers recei?capy mc r.ma an
nounce the entire distruetion
city of Erzroora, in Turkey, by repeated shock ?
of earthquake within the last three month.
The first earthquake occurred June 1st, and a
letter from one of the missionaries of the Amer
ican board gi8 a vivid description of the r. I
great shock, lie says; ) j
'The first. shock; which wa3 not very Fcvcro
was felt about 8 o'clock A hi, June 1st, and at
10 o'clock A M, the following day came tho
fearful earthquake, which laid jin ruins 2,0C()
houses nearly destroying 1 ,6001 bore, end in
juring 1,300 others ; leaving according to i1 a
accounts of Turkish officials over l,Z0U hot: :,
unharmed ; but 1 do not believe that thtrj
are 109 houses in Erzroom as sound os Uk j
were before the, earthquake. The shock v, i
not only felt throughout the city, but the villa
ges on the plaio, and even at Hassan 11 all ah,
twenty miles to the east. j
" According to official j returns, 370 dead
bodies have been taken out from the ruhn
about 20ft wounded, and CO are missing. Tha
heavy shock, which did the mischief, is Fair,
to have continued about eight seconds, nnd it
vifas followed by there others Jcsa eevcre(th
same day. Shocks, more or Ics3 severe wero
also felt at intervals during eight consecutive
days, since which there has been perfect quiet,
and the work of building and repairing is nov
going on as rapidly as possible.
were injaried, thongh several hardy c ' ; .
with life. One . woman, sister oroi.r . ..i
t, Tt TTohannes.. feelingl the vav;. ; t
Ind from of the hoose, seizetl her tuo hit:
children and escape in time to sco roof a::d v. .
-vlftwn with a crash wheHs thc III
sittinir yPart of another house,! a jjoii!
-Miliapd bat no one wa rjiirr.;
two mission houses wcro injured, h.:l
: A cc ept ed T h o Rev.. N. S h c t v, r 1 1 , c,
ingdon, Pennsylvania, has ecctc 1 c. c
the church at Ilathcrfcrdton, 11. C.:rc
It is a singular fact that tho aesirucuuu
almost entirely. confiued to the MosIcm (:! r
of the city, and only twelre ; Chn,;ti.in . -Ui
-Vnna , of oar Protestant fn