North Carolina Newspapers

    jNuiail CAROLINIAN.
FAYETTEVILLE. N C
SATURDAY, December 3rd, 1859.
Cash Systkm. From and- after the 12th day of
August none other than cash subscriptions will be
received for the Daily or Weekly North (Carolinian,
aii'l the names of all persons who have not pair
iheir arrearages will be stricken from, our mail
books on the first day of January next. We are
compelled, to this course in consequence of the targe
amunit of money which is now due this establish
ment. A'i monies mailed to its will be at ttur risk.
DEMOCRATIC COUNTY
coxvi;x'i ion.
We are requested to announce, that in pursuance of
the recommendation of thu 1 lemoeratie State Execu
tive Committee, a convention of the Democracy of
Cumberland will bp held in the town of Fayetteville,
the I'.th of December, for the purpose of appointing
delegates to a democratic State Convention to be
held in Raleigh on Thursday, March ,6th, 18(10 ;
and also for the appointment ofDclegates to a Dis
trict Convention, to le heldatsuch time and place as
may hereafter be designated, to select Delegates to
represent this District in the next National Demo
cratic Convention. Also to appoint a Democratic
Executive Committee for the county of Cumber
land. l-if SVe are requested to state that there will be
a meeting of the Democracy of Harnett county, at
the Court House in Toomer, on Tuesday of Decem
ber Court, at 2 o'clock.
ATTKNT.'OW
Democrats will remember that on next Tuesday
the County Convention is to assemble at the Town
Hall; when we trust there will be a proper repre
sentation from the ounty and full Attendance from
'ion. We would not let tl is opportunity pass
without inviting all who are opposed to northern ag
gression anil fanaticism to be present with us, al
though they have not heretofore identified them
selves with our party, tic vert heles we trust they
may not put oil tho day 1 -Niger. Their duty is
plain ami (he attempt of journals kiid leader son
the other side to lead then; on as a scounting part,
while the battle is in iis highest with the contend
ing forces of the North ;:i." jouth, we tiust will
prove of l.o avail
Suspension of Trad.
AV'e publish to-day, in another column, an oditorir
al from the Charlotte Iiulletin, which is well worthy
the consideration of our merchants. We need not
say that the views of the Bulletin meet with our
entire approval.
The duty of our merchants is unmistakable; the
plea that New York, Boston, or Philadelphia, are
cheaper markets will not do. Our merchants have
made them what they are the quantity of trade
nlwa3s governs the price. This being the case, our
duty to build up a market in our own midst if im
perative. We can boast of harbors equal if not su
perior to the North. We have Charleston, Norfolk,
and New Orleans, where any ship may gain an
entry, and all that is required to m ike these cities
cheap markets, is, let us patronise them letjUskeep
our money in the South and the South will keep us.
We have been feeding No-iln-ru abolitionists for
vears ; they have grown fat ujn-n our means, and
they have began to think that we arc dependent
upon them for our merchandize.
There is n"t the slightest doubt, hut a course like
(hat advocated by (he Bulletin, would have a won
del ful i ffei i u.icn the No:th; at all events, it is
worth a trial.
KoN I.NTEKt ot SE WITH THE NoKTU. T1)0 RichutOUd
Whig cordially appro. es a ugg".Mi.)ii for the forma,
tioa of voluntary as-ocia ions throughout Virginia
and the South, bound together by a suinuiDD pledge
among th -msel yes. neUher to oai, wear buy or use
any article whatsoever niaiitifaciiucd at, or imported
from the. North" ,
Supreme Court Judge.
We notice that the Newbern Progress, recommentls
the appointment of Judge Mauley, to the vacant
seat, on the supreme bench. The Judge is a very
duo Gentleman, and would do very well, being a
thorough .lawyvr. But we do think that Journals
ought not to t ike up the question. It is better thai
the Governor and his council be altogether releaved
of outside sentiments. For our part, we are willing
o leave the matter to their judgement, having entire
confluence"! n fins wisdom.
Orouf we Nor to have on::? It is a r.'marka.
ble fact that we have not a law in this State making
a crime as that committed by John Brown, treason,
Indeed, we Itayti no such State oiVenco as treason
known in our code. This matter should be look
ed to ta the next legislature. A State is a sovereign
ty, and should have a statute punishing any person
who would conspire or attempt to overthrow its
government. We make tliis timely suggestion and
trust it inay-be acted upon,
Gone Auain. AVe learn that the Lock and Dam
at Red Rock, oh the Cape Fear River, which was
about finished, has taken a short voyage to th-e At
lantic ocean ria. Wilmington.
In all honesty, if this work can be made to stand
put it forward ; but if It Is to continue its sudden
voyages, as it has heretofore, it ought to be put a
.stop to. The people have paid enough money into
the .(. in g fund, and they can bear very little
move.
The Maine Senate Mtitalns one Democratic Sena
tor, and a local paper recommends, for getting that
Bl iek 'Republicanism is a destitute of magnanimity
as principle (hat it would be magnanimous in the
Opposition to make him President of the body.
Con-idcring that five just men could have paved
Sodom and Gomorrah, the suggestion is undoubted
ly a good one. "A little salt savoreth a heap,"
rjsitso?sAi., At a recent meeting of the Trustees
of Davidson College held in Charlotte, Alexander
Melver, Esq., of Carthage, Moore county, was unan
imously elected Professor of Mathematics in the room
of Major I). II. Hilh
"Js JJk a 'Republican ?' So late as a yea go,
! i the 12th of October, UnJS, the New York Tribune
said;
"Old John Brown, of Oss iwatomie, and ninetcen
tei'.ths of his co-defenders of freedom in Kansas,
were and are li-publican, and migrated there under
the impulse of Jiepubllcan idea and convictions.
To da' Old John Brown wiil pay the penalty of
his infamous course, upon the scaffold, of course
any attempt by the abolitionist to rescue him will
be as vain and futile as the deed committed by
Urown proved itself. Daily Carolinian, 27 inst, 1
Let us Unite.
We hare said it, and ve propose to show that it
i.s indispensible for the people of the South, without
distinction of party to unite in opposition to North
ern fanaticism.
There can be no doubt but at this time many
Northern "men believe that the South is dmded
within herself to such an extent, that any thing pro
posed or advocated by them, to one of the parties,
would be eagerly accepted. From this they take
encouragement, and continue not only to make war
upon us and our dearest rights, but they absolutely
gain converts to their doctrine in the North, through
a false and foolish impression that the South will
bear a?J, and suffer oil.
The outrageous sentiment uttered by Northern
journals, in reference to Brown and his "heroic"
deeds, can surely not pass unnoticed by us. We
have our families and our fire-sides to protect, and
certainly, our individual and social rights transcend
all party feeling and outside considerations.
The Northern people who imagine that the oppo-
sition party of the South will unite with them or
have any feeling in common with theirs, will learn
that at least, upon our huljviduaj rights, ave are oxf.
and l'Xitku.
For our own part, although we have opposed and
denounced the opposition, in unmeasured terms, we
can but express our knowledge of their nationality
and their steadfast adkearance to southern and
northern rights. And if at any time they may be
lead into the support and conntenance of men who
aru not eminently sound, we feel confident that it is
merely through the excitement of party feeling, and
not because of any'error in their minds upon the all-
absorbing question, which at present engrosses the
serious any prayerful attention of all good men in
our country
Now, upon one thing we stand equal, viz: upon
the fearless and impartial construction of the Con.
stitution, ami the security of our lives and property,
to the extent guaranteed by that instrument.
Where then, in national affairs, is there a necessi
ty for a division ? Can we of the South afford to
devide our strength, when such a division must un
questionably result in the triumph of that sectional
party, whose history began in iniquity, and whose
end must be attained at the cost of our blood.
Is the old question that hackneyed question of
"distribution" or specific duties, or interference
by Congress In the affairs of a Territory, or the one
hundred little minor questions which have been
mooted from time to time, by ambitious politicians
for the purpose of capital. Are these things to prevent
a union of all the South when her highest and most
daored rights are violated ? For the sake of the
South, nay, for the sake of peace, humanity, and
the perpetuity of the Union, we trust not. No one
can be so blind as not to see the issue which must
and will be placed before the country in the next
campaign. The question is a clear one, and we shall
all be compelled to take sides, either by action or
non-action, for thoso who are not with the
South in that campaign will be compelled, from the
force of circumstances, to be against her.
In that terrible conflict, no neutral forces can pos
sibly be recognized, but the steel of every free man
from Maine to Texas, must be found battling either
for or against the union of the States,
We can not for one moment believe that the south
will submit to the election of a Black Republican
as President We know that there are a few men,
with whose weakness we sympathize, and to whose
opinion we can but pay due regard, that think it
would be time for the South to secede, upon tho
commission of some overt act by the Republicans,
by which our rights should be infringed.
The folly of this must be seen at a glance, for
were we to sanction the inauguration of a Black Re
publican, our hands in the event of any such act
would be coriipletcly secured. The army and Navy
would be transferred from the hands of a friend to
that of ar. enemy. Their emmesaries would be
found all through the south, and we can now form
i)o idea of the power they would wield.
We can pride in the just reputation which North
Carolina has of being a conservative Slate, but we
can also pride in the noble, free and independent
spirit of her sons, and we are confident should a
Black Republican be elected as President, she would j
take immediate steps to secure her rights, or abandon
the Union.
Jy There is no room in Charlotte for ''two
women to take hold of one man."
A Census was taken on last week, to ascertain,
the number of marriageable people in the City,
and the result shows the marriageable condition of
sixty young ladies, and oh, horrors ! Sixty five
young men ; consequently, five young men will have
to take hold of oue woman, thus reversing the order
of things.
The Editors of the Bulletin, (both unmarried
men,) notwithstanding the bad plight into which
they are placed by a revelation of this unfortunate
state of affairs, give Tent to their feelings, by pro
posing a compromise in the difficulty into which
the five odd follows are placed.
"Young ladies encourage these unfortunate fel
lows and let them understand that you are kindly
tlisposed, and are only waiting to be asked.
By the wa-, we would like to know from those
who took the census whether they include iu the
count Widows and Widowers. As the coun: now
stands live men wjll be compelled to look abroad or
grieve to death for the want of the mate.
We move that the five who shall be ruled out
settle the affair by drawing straws. Call a conven
tion gentlemen and let the ladies know your deter
mination, ami who have been ruled out.
NORTHERNERS AT CABIN POINT VA.
We learn from the correspondence of the Peters
burg Express, that some forty northerners have
some there for the purpose of cutting wood, their
conduct is such as to create suspicion that they are
Brown sympathizers, and are there for no good.
TRIUMPH OF CONSERVATISM.
We notice a paragraph going the rounds amongst
our Opposition exchanges, under the above caption,
where the result of the State election of New- York
is styled a conservative triumph. Conservative
forsooth, there arc but three conservativ e men elect
ed in that State, and they were elected by the Dem
ocrats, and if the American vote contributed to the
election of these men, it unquestionably assisted in
the election of those who are the bitterest fanatics
in the North.
Do our Opposition friends consider the result of
the election a conservative triumph ? Then the elec
tion of Seward as Senator is a triumph for if they
have done anything they have secured Seward's re
election. This is what we should call conservatism
w ith a vengeuce.
Th.e most important election to conservative men
was the Legislature, for that election, was to decide
the return of the blackest vilian that has ever
breathed, to a scat too sacred and honorable for one
of his stamp. Yet he is returned, and it is claimed
that the Americans hold the balance of power in
New York if that be so, they are responsible.
Justice Daniel, of the United States Supreme i of Alexander Carpenter. This is the first judicial ex
Court, is seriously ill in Washington, ' edition which has ever taken place iji the Territory.
This new
nd govern-
work devoted to the advancement of t
ment, has made its first appearance up!
our table.
When its prospectus was issued we I
to remark that its editor, Hon. T. B.
Pa., was well able to make it a standai
tk occasion
jorenee. or
work, and
we are happy to say that this numberfjpas met
nay, even surpassed our expectations. n the first
page is a perfect steel engraving ofqpr worthy
Chief Magistrate, J as. Been anan. I -Its
content treats upon the following subjects :
1. Saludittory; 2. The relation of tluj Democra
ic Party to the Government of the United States ;
j 3. History of the Two Years Amendment to the
Constitution of Massachusetts, ccc. ; 4. I he Out
break at Harper's Ferry; d. The San Juan Ques
tion ; 0. James Buchanan ; 7. The Appalachian
Group of Indian Tribes a political element; 8. The
United States Coast Survey ; 9. The production of
cotton and its influence on Modern civilization; 10.
Invocation; 11. City of Washington : 12. Quarter-
y3 opsis of our Foreign Commercial Relations ;
13. Alfred Tennyson; 14. Rifles; 13. British No
velists; 10. Death of Governor Hamilton ; 17. Stan
wix; 18. On the Probable 11 of the value of Gold,
&C.
Was ever a queen so favored of all the earth as
"little Vic?" A Cashmere shawl tent and solid
gold bedstead, presents to her Majesty from the Ma
harajah of Cashmere, have been brought to Wind,
sor Castle. These magnificent gifts, valued at S150,
000, will be inspected by the public in the guard
chamber of the Castle, after their fornfapresenta
tion to the Queen by Col. Willoughbv, of the East
j iaJLi House.
The Uxiveksitv Magazine. This very able pe
riodical is upon our table, containing some highly
j interesting and instructive matter. We have had
but a moment to glance over its pages, and conse
quently can form but an imperfect notion of its real
merits, but taking it for granted that it is as good as
usual, we must state that we think it an honor to
the University, and the young gentlemen who con.
duct its columns.
THE COURSE OF THE SOUTHERN OPPOSI
TION. There is not a particle of truth in the statements
fabricated here, and circulated elsewhere, that the
Southern Opposition propose affiliating with the De
mocracy on organizing the House. Letters from
Gii.mek, Vance, Etheridge, Harris, Davis, and others,
explicitly deny any such purpose. If the Pennsyl
vania delegation meditate, as proposed, and invite a
free conference of all the elements opposed to the
Administration, for the purpose of organization on
ly, it is probable that Southern men will unite with
out hesitation. Several have expressed their readi
ness to do so.
The above is a special despatch to the New York
Tribune, and we confess that it does surprise us not
a little.
That John A. Gilmek and Vaxcb of Noiirn Cak-
, olina should be found in such a plan i.s enough.
We do trust that these men ma- see the wickedness
and treason of such conduct, and change their
minds. Their friends in the south ought to caution
them against such an unwarrantable and unreasona
ble course. We did think Gilmer bad enough, bu
had no idea that he would pursue such aline of
conduct as that alleged in the above paragraph. As
for Davis he is nothing more or less than a Black
Republican.
All Mad.
They seem to be very anxious to prove 11 J ohn
Brown a lunatic. Iloyte, who was one of his coun-
cel. has srone all the wav to Ohio, and hat. foon.l tb-it
old Brown's great grand-father and his aunt, also
JoWo nmi, aitu two oi hit cuuurcn were lunatics,
and that it is a peculiar trait in their character to
get crazied. j
The object of Iloyte is to gain Brown a repreave i
through this plea. The New York Tribune believes !
firmly in his insanity, and religiously docs not be
lieve that even this fact will effect anything in h's
favor. We think as the Tribune does that it will
be of little avail.
Wli3r was it, however, that Grcely gave money to
an insane man for his " Kansas work ?" and it the
Tribune is earnest in the plea of insanity why do
we find the following eulogy to Brow n in the same
number of that paper :
'; Among the manyjarticlcs in connection with flic
great eveut of the day that so interests and absorbs
the minds of all who love Freedom, "The Harper's
' Ferry Insurrection, I have vainly looked lor a
suggestion of a practical plan as a tittiag testimonial
to the hero that so nobly fought and bled for the cause
of oppressed humanity.
liostou, Worcester, and other places, have called
meetings publicly to express their sympathies, ami
r,,i-.-oIi miMvsis iii niil nt' tlip wifn iiiid t'ainilv c.f'ltu.
heoric victim of Slavery, and its inseparable corrup-
tion, But how comes it that no public effort has been
made here for the same good puruose ? Is our citv
incapable of appreciating Freedom's cause, and sym
pathizing with its martyrs ? Had John brow n been
successful in his sulime effort to free Virginia h oiu
the curse of slavery, I have no4 doubt tut this city
would have been among the (irst, if not the first, to
celebrate the gieat event, aud make the welkin ring
with outbursts of joy aud exultation over Freedom's
victory, and shouts of glory, and songs of praise in
honor to the conquering hero."
If John Brown is insane, the Tribune is worse
than insane. If there is any insanity'it is found in
the latter.
N 0N-INTERC0 URSE S US PENSION 0 F
TRADE.
AYe observe that several of our Southern exchan
ges are discussing the propriety, Editorially and
through contributions from their Correspondents,
of carrying out a non-intercourse policy between the
Merchants of the South and Importers and Jobbers
at the North, suspending entirely the trade that has
been carried on between the Commercial and Mer
chantile communities of the two.sections.
We believe that there is wisdom in this line of
policy and that if the proposition is sustained and
strict non-intercourse observed, it will be productive
of incalculable good to the South.
On Wednesday last one of the most prominent
business men of Charlotte, who had been called on
by an Agent of a New York House, remarked that,
it was his impression he had made out his last bill
for Goods in the New York market that it was
very probable he would hereafter make his purchas
es in Baltimore or further South.
In reply to the above expression of an opini m,
the Agent remarked that he had discovered that
manj Merchants throughout the South had come to
a similar determination, and that if that line of poli
cy should be adopted generally throughout the
Southern and Western States, it would produce a
great change in the conduct and sentiment of the
people of the North that it would undoubtedly
bring about a reaction, and cause a more healtv sen
timent than c-onkl be effected by any other line of
policy. ,
We hesitate not to express our opinion that it is,
under existing circumstances, absolutely right and
indispensably necessary that every community
throughout the South should promptly eject these
Northern Drummers who are flooding the South,
unless they are well known and vouched for by some
one or more of our leading Merchants or gentlemen
of character and position. The people of Mecklen
burg Charlotte, especially ought to be vigilant J
ana act vvitn calmness out uetermination.
St. Lou's, Mo., Monday, Nov. 28, 1859-.
The Utah mail of the 3d inst., brings accounts of
the execution of Thomas R. Ferguson for the murder
The National Dkmockatic RevieI
STRANGERS FROM THE NORTH. For :ho North Carolinian.
It strangers from the North, visiting the South, (lnvs r,,Ffl. , T.-n
find themselves the elects of suspicion and an iml 1 v, T ' C ' kkk, Dec. 1, L, ,9
noying surveillance, they must put it down to the I ' J' blNCL uu Esq. str : At a meeting held at
account of the depraved state of public opinion in i 'Hri P"ace according to request, the following pci
the quarter whence they hail. If the people of the S0Is were appointed delegates to the Convention to
South have comp tn "l
coming from the North, as prima JijeU 'an incoiid
diary and an enemy, upon whom tile burthen must'
be thrown of proving, the contrary character, it is '
because the- behavior of Northern people hr.ve
iorcett upon the ."south such a conclusion and sudi ;
a wary course. Doubtless in some cases, innocent I
meaiwill be the subject of this suspicion and sor-
-,.zit. i :n - - -i I
irU.(inr, uini wui nnu ineir tune m i no .-soutn any-
.i . . T
tning i.ut i-leasant. Hut thev must retk-et th:it we
cannot do away with a general rule because it
- I i ;n , e i i -c
work.- 1 1 aru in a few exceptional cases, and if,
,.-t '- ,. i - l .i in
when tiiev return to their homes, they will set to
, , . , - .
work anu remove the cause ot tiieir annovmr
. . ,, . ... ., -,, , ., . - -
treatment in the South, they will find on their next
vtsit to it, that they will be treated as "the fellow ;
citizens" of the people of the South, and not as j
their watched and suspected enemies. I
Jlalei'ji Jicyigt.tr' J
United States Cikcuit Cot ht. This tribunal,
says the Ral. Standard, is in session here this week,"';
His Honor Judge Biggs presiding. Judge Wayne '
and Mr District Attorney Dick are expected, but j
had not arrived on Monday evening. Mr Marsal
Jones is in attendance. j
We learn that the case of Wilkinson, chr-.rged I
with robbing the mail, will probably be tried; and!
that Williams, formerly Postmaster at Elizabeth'
City, who made his escape at the last term of the
Court, has surrendered himself, is in town, and will !
receive his sentence. !
notice to Leave
a mail was here frot
-Last week, says the Standard,
New York, of the name of San-
1 burn, whose business appeared to be that of sellin"
! L1 - . . II.-. .4.;. ,i i - .i .
viooi j juiieo. l is com ei saiion on UK: suojecT OI
slSvery was n'ot wJiat it should have been ; where-
upon our Mayor had a talk with him and advised
him to leave. He did so on the next morning's
train.
Sr.wi-nr.
Aotioe was given in the
Legislature, the 10;h instant, by Mr. Orahrm, of
till, fill 1!VI i H tv, i'll.--t w .1, of ! bill . ..In. 111. i.vLlliur
, laWjS aiUfit tl,e introduction of skives from abroad
j into the State ; and to legalize the holding of blacks
in bondage iutro-uiced from foreign countries.'
( 'ol in
d i.o i
The Ice Speculation. The St. Anthony (Min
nesota) Express says that a firm in .Minneapolis is
engaged in building eight large i.-e boats, w hich they
intend to load with ice at the foot of Lake Pepin
during the winter, and run in the spring to Mem
phis, i'enn., and other southern markets. The
boats wiil lie each 123 Ret long. 2'2 feet wide, and
feet deep; they will hold, in the aggregate, about
2.800 tuns.
The Bai.oon Ascension Inoei in;ti:i.v Postponed.
Prof. Low e has conluded not to go to Europe this
winter, The "more convenient season"' or which
he was waiting, is vet far in the dim distance. The
balloon bubble has been pricked, the farce has
0, 1 " -...-i.ii:,!.. i in-
been piayeu out, a very gooii speculation has neeii
made out of it, mid the Prof,
and those w ho are
lire having a- trood
"up to snuff in everything
laugh at te gullibility of the public. Tho bolloon,
or what remains of it, is said to be near the this
Company's Works, but one might almost as well
try to find a needle- in a hay stack a to discover
its precise locality.
Sale of Puoeeutv. The sale of the prope
ofDrJolmS. Porter, dee'd in this county, v
place last Friday. A friend who was present
tv
forms us that Cattle brought from Slo
j head, Mules x IDT (o 2o;T a Mare used by "tl
to Ho iier
le-
eeased as bis saoUle-nagj ;.).), torn 4 to b-t cents
per bushel. The land (rather inferior quality) sold
at from s t to sS per acre. The sale was on it credit
of 12 months, w ith interest.
Thef negroes, in all, ranging in age from 0 months
to 55 years, were valued bv persons appointed for
that purpose at s--tjj7j. There 'were eleven men
in the lot. The Will of (lie deceased riovidc- that
I the negroes shall have months io choo
i. 'aster
JJ"J? Z! VL
l-., u,
high
; Davie county last week ne 'roes brought '.
,'VV
prkvs; one, a field hand, isKUb,
a girl Hi ye n s old 14-; in. They
traders. t ' nrlotte Democrat.
another JsltiUU;
were bought by
Wake Fouhkst Co: i.e-;e.
tees of this institution, have
adm-tting all young minister.
ed with any of the evangelical
advantages of I hi- College, jVce
i.ml of Trus
a reso!,:,i:!i
;ospvl oonmv t
!:iatio:i, to tin-
pa--et
of (he
lU'iiou;
of ;
tl-
:i.
to t'..
uch lib
puhdic era l it v, we
ihu,
mii.-t coniii
Halt iyii .
Certainly
it is very liin-ral
the Trustee
and
credit
Ins'itnti m.
Wake . Fore.-t " f
l".!',.1 V.lL"
are anu uirection ol tiie ha
i..q(ist Church
Ail tins oia
The i-'aculty is an abl
Ct-n riot te Democrat.
iia comiiC-
tent one,-
CATCHING WHALES,
the whole number of vessel' eng:ur.
Tn lof,
the busines
't in
four
war
about, in i, oi winch d-'iii, or
seventu
were
American, and :5nt, or three sevenths,
were loreisrn. So that twentv-iive vea rs .. Yan
i
kee enterprise was ahead of the rest of the vvovd a
4 to 'e. In lSD'.t, the whole number is estimated at
! ,,f 'hich (51 are Americ
1 showing ankee enterprise sti
I dant ; for we have added 261
in, and 2ot) foreign ;
ii':re m
ti
ie
asceu
lieet i i ; s to our
a grun ol oo per cent., w hile our foreign competi
tors have fallen off ? 1 ships a loss of G'.t per cent.
In the value of the catch, the increase is sti!!
greater, being about $12,:J h),0(m.) in .V.!, against
$4,oO,0(K in df about 175 per cent. This how
ever, is in a great measure owing to the :fTivanced
value of oil and bone, which has increased
late years. Scientific Artiaan.
inuc
h of
A Corr
SENOiJKS.-
Bai.oon to Cahhv Ti:n TnorsAxn Pas
Pro!". John W ise, of Lancaster, develops
uie iouow u:g : -t cuuic 1001 oi atmospnere weighs
1-- ounce nearly. Displace a bulk of it equal to a
balloon of 200 feet diameter, and we gain a buoyant
force and uplifting power of 157 tons. Now. to make
a balloon of that size would be no difficult task, or
even of 400 feet in diameter, which would have a lift
.1... i-n. - l l-i... ,
ing and carrying power ot i, -'ot) tons. A balloon of
such dimensions would have a superfice of oo-J.fin
square feet, and if made of sheet copper, weighing one
pound per square foot, would have a lifting and car
rying power of over two millions of pounds, capable
of transporting, at a mile per minute speed, allowii'm
for weignt of gas, ballast, provisions, etc., ten thou
sand human passengers."
Sknator from Ticx.vs. .Ye are pleased to learn by
a despatch to the Charleston Mercury, tliat Louis T,
Wigf'all, of Texa-. has been nominated by the Ibino
cratic caucus as their candidate tor the United .States
Senate. Gov. Houston, it is thought, will be the on
position candidate. Tho despatch to the Mercury
states that Col. Wig-fall is a Calhoun Democrat, but
opposed te re-opening the slave trade. We hope his
election may soon he announced. S". Carolinian.
Conversions. A letter punished in the Press
d' Orient, announces the conversion to Roman Cath
olicism of an entire district in Bulgaria, which num
bers not less than thirty thousand souD.'who hitherto
belonged to the Greek Church. Thev have addres
sed a letter announcing the fact to the French Con
sul, who promised (lie uew converts the protection of
of France, in caso thev should be moleM-d in the ex
ercise of their new faith. It is said that ether districts
of Bulgaria are only- waiting to see the issue of this
religious movement before following the example.
Arkansas. The Fort Smith Times, of the 20th
ult., speaks as follows of the progress of improve
ment in Arkansas :
It i.s a fact remarked by ever)' one acquainted
with this Western country, that there never has
been a time in the historv of this eounfrv when her
prospects were so flattering. AYe believe we f an j
say with s;-fetv that tnc-ro has been at least one j
hundred freight wagons loaded in this citv this
week for the Tndi
ties.
an coun
ntrv nid
ing coun -
Another Ticket. A Mississippi editor norm-
nates' the following as a Compromise ticket :
For T'vr-dont. Hon. JohrsiH. Savnrre. of Tonnes
See; for V ice-Dresident, lion.
Alabama. Columbia Guardian
A. B. Meek, of
Dr J II Williamson T W Dcvan- S F lit-,.
, x, , T , I" , r i , ' w ?, , i
A" Aiarsh J- L- lolar; u 1uUc, ul u ln- Alder- ;
"iiin, j. ji. toy, u. onus, Isaac wmamsou, ana a. :
A. Mcivaskill.
- - r ,
,r A- Salisbury, Nov. 2 ah 18o0
Mr. EniTon : You left too soon to see the fun.
t
In ofnH.A mnvmitir f IdTit W-W fl lllflll l Htfk li'itun
, , - : "
. "! yV-e' -T - T T i J"r
'abolitionist; and said he hoped to live to see the dav
. ', , , - , ,
t nit every slave, owner should have his head cut oil
, - 7 , 4 -
oy them. In about ten minutes I saw- lam with a
"it.. i f ii i- ti
coat ot tor and feathers on him, and he on a rail tro-
nimseit an
coat ot tor and Feathers on him, and he on a rail go-
mg to the creek, where he was taken and ducked,
several times, and then let loose ; then the town an
thorities had him taken up and put in jail, where
he remains, awaiting his trial.
1. S. Uscar the slave was convicted, and will be I
sentenced next week. - !
forrc-nomlrncc. -
Intcrcicw with Jl-itJu-r-
Our Pdtilmrg (Pa.)
The, llefu'jc aj- )ii ayaiii
t'rd hi riou ! f'.s (Jf;iuri i(ir,
'.V f II I' I til U I ft 1 li
in I'nis'iunj !!'- -ii,"ii ii cirroKjc atxi i ,tx
f""jc hc'irccu tci lL.nuiibL$ The Sunday lts
SLifjcr Litis.
PiTTsui-ut:. Monday, Nov. 20, lr?-'!).
Deaji Ca!i: i.imax: Rutherford i.s still in prison.
I had an interview with him in his cell on Frida y
i"iiT I ri
- -
last.
OS Op
He bears his confinement
with much
hil-
ln
an
eases his
ol;1 with the flattering unc
tion mat out ol tins sore trial good to him will
eventually come. From my heart 1 hope so. to .
' I found him engaged in leading the Book of Com-
mon Praver. As vou possiblv may be aware, he i.s
by profession an Episcopalian, although by no means ;
as stringent as some in that denomination, recog- 1
nizing in the universal Church of Christ a powerful ;
j engine lor the cufrancuisement oi the world from
; error and vice. Our conversation turned naturally ,
! on his late trial ; about which he talked with be
coming calmness and resignation. He found fault, :
! however, with the partiality of the Court, in ruling
! out testimony of the utmost importance to him, and
I which, if it had been admitted, would have gone far ;
towards explaining away those suspicious circum
! stances that undoubedly weighed so heavily with
j the jury. 1 learned many things in this interview
: which i should like to tell you, but regret that at
! pec-sent this would be to the prejudice and injury of
; Mr. Rutherford's cause. Let it suffice, that they
; were extenuating, and if confirmed by affidavits
' should insure a new trial, in case one i.s applied f r.
i Mr. Rutherford is comparatively very comforta
I blv provided for in jail. His cell is one of the
cleanest and best fitted up; it is carpeted, and
boasts an easy arm cnair and a snug, clean ne t, as
welt as a iHlie tame. riling materials ami oooiis
are in abundance, and his friends supply him .villi
the current news. Nourishing food is iikew ise a
i - i i . - : . r .1 1 ....... .
I Rut what are (he comforts and even luxuries of life
i ii Aurv w incline euio, over m.s leuow i isoiiei s.
I to a man who is confined within an eight bv ten eel
i and especially to one w ho has been accustomed to
! m-tivitv and iwi i'ecl freedom ? Ho does not sav
mucli, but it reipiires no superhuman perception to '
detect the physical and mental distress which he;
j suil'c.s conceal it as he may with a veil of. philoso-
j jdiy. His wile, although at first estranged, is now
:iS devoted as woman could be. 1 lor health is .-light-
111!
rove.!, and she freuuently visits the prison.
The Sunday carriage case, about the re- 'i:t of
in- i which so m.ich interest is felt in
this com::) mitv.
was argueo. bclore Uie Supreme t on
Pittsburg o:i Friaav last. James Neh
t
sitting in
the plain-
tiil' in erro.-, who is the
n of
i;
work employee!
by John L Logan, Esq., was fined twentylive dol
lars by mayor Weaver, under the Acts of Assembly
of I7i'-1 a-iui for following his "worldly em
ployment' b drhiug his mnsicrs family to church
on Sunday, Oct. 2d. Mr Logan, not relishing the
decision of his honor, appealed the case to ihe Su
preme Court. Arguments were made by Mes.-rs R
15. (.'arnahrm an 1 it. Ah Knight for the plaint lif'in t-i -
I ror, an i by .Messrs T. Si. ! Io ward nd 1 1 oi i. '1 no W ii - '
iinimiir ttte-u'.-temfant I.i error. "Too redoubtable
I 'J'hom is" appeared hi ihe list without any previous
announcement, stating that he was there on behalf
of a "number of his fellow citizens." ile made a j
argument, the urntc ot wo ton was cunt unci in !
-age from Coleiidgo: "I would not have a '
Sunday, but 1 Would like to know on w'u u.
i;.le of right private carriages ought to be al-.
1 to run, and pubii. coaches be co.upclled to
a pa
Pari
prki
low;
stuuU sun. on tn.it
o
, lion. R .:.t M.-iviiigh: I-ilio.ve 1 Mr Wiih.in-. If
rose i;i ;i p is.- i . , an i ins w-or-ls were cou..eq.ie;iil v
disjoiiueti and hi;, ideas mixe i. 11 is speech, as re
ported ia the I i p. i !,, was certainly i.i better garb
and form than the gentleman uttered if. Vs a livii
end triing, the following bust, olfred oy somj em
inent Honorable, at a la to i'oton cele'ir.aiion does
only impartial justice : "flic Reporters they re
port every tuing, and improve everything thev do
report. ' This was uii.j ie.-tion:Uly true in -Mr Mc
Kuights case, yet 1 ovcrncird him complaining that
the report was unfair and meagre! How ungener
ous to tiie reporter. The fact of the matter is that
Mr iiclvuight is no match in debate
li:lii be ''Ulillnl ('iilst'U!1'! bo'l oiih
i in debate fur Mr W'i'.-
eilher in mind or
t the poor figure
language and he ft-It m.irtiiied
which lie made. Vou will remember that these
two gentlemen were rival candidates for Congress
from this district last fall and that Mr
was elected the prime cause being the
McKi.i.-bt
Anti-it.-nl-
roa
1 Tax sentiments, of Mi
V. this county not be
ing ready to repudiate her just debts.
The Court has not yet delivered its doei.io;i in
the case. I will venture to predict, however, that
Mayor V'e ivers illiberal and strained construction
of the law will not be sustained that the right of a
man, to have Lis servant to drive him and his fami
ly to church oil the sabbath day, or anywhere- else,
will remain intact. Further than this. I believe
that the city passenger cars will run on Sunday be
fore long, despite the endeavors of a few l'uritaniea 1
enthusiasts and purbiined politicians to prohibit it.
If the Supreme Court decides the carriage case as 1
have predicted, the passenger cars cannot be stopp
ed for aii)-thing short of a breach of the peace, that
is, a suuini-m noine to niuuei or tusiui o tne public
worship; or if they are prohibited on the ground of
..u:..: . ... : ... i :.. i i- . i , .
woruiy einpio) ment it wm Oo at the sacnuje ot
an equal, impartial administration of the law. The j
loo-couenee uj iocs, v.oum oe mat me sun nay act
wouia he wipeu trom the statue book a result
winch every good christi
and citizen would deplore.
IMPULSE.
Anotiikr IIkko for Oli.ii Iki.i.and. According
to the News from JHome, an Irish paper published
in Philadelphia, there has long been a tradition ex
isting in Ireland, that the green spot would some
day be delivered from England's brutal tyranny, by
;m" O'Donnell. The prophecy had it that this
O'Donnell was, "a red haired man of small saturc,
with a natural sign on his arm. He will start
from Spain, and vanquish the English in a ter
rible battle South of Ireland." Tiie above likeness is
said to correspond with 'that of Marshal O'Donnell,
the foremost man in Spain at the present day. It
is added that the Irish sa!or, on hoard of the
Tirhish fleet at Gibraltar,
believe that the Marshal is
milking his vast warlike preparation more with a
view to Ireland than Morocco. We thought all the
time that Marshal JcAahon was to he the libera
tor of his ancestors' Countrymen. He must not let
the Spanish Irishman get ahead of him.
Crime Among FroiTivE Negroes. Canada, that
portion cursed by the population of runaway negroes
is beginning to feel the legitimate effects of the servile
fugitive emigration- Of lft persons convicted at the
Kent County assizes, recently held at Chatham, 7
were negroes. Levi Harris, negro, was sentenced to
the the penitentiary for five years for an assault with
:i attempt to commit a rape
e.i-oe, was sentenced to the
Henry W
iOu warn.
m:entarv
( years f i manslaughter, and two of L
I to the crime, were sentenced to jail
s sons, partict
or four moral
j c.ich
Wm. Chapman was sent .n -ed to be hung on
the 10th of December fur rape. A s .d commentary
upon the elfor-s of the managers of the under
ground railroad.
L0CALJfE7S.
J. C. Coplln vs. Chas- Casady.
Action for aault and battery. JohnJOoplin Hworn.
Myself aad Casady, came home to our boarding house
, ?, ' J touther' and he rather "," M"
W U,at 1 Lad DOt so much riht in the Lou'ea9
he. We called each other liars, when he picked up a
chair and struck me.
Mrs. Urowu testiliel. Said she would not sware to a
lie, rover seen the blow struck, dont know anything
about it. After the f.v.n,;.,i;.,., c
ii.,,.... i,. , ,
llOilOT IlOlinl tiller- i. i
".niiuiiu.i yj i niuiLi'o. ii in
i .-. " "'uuner
case. State pi, Chas.
' eiy oi tu peace Coplin testiiid. that
he wa i limliW f,. i.
oouuy tear ami tremble ofCaadv Rleitr
out .all !ii nbri.t i ciipt
i 1 lM ,,lt; n,gat, because ot tear "o ill will
U,.., , " -0 111 VIU against
; aa(iy, Oa?ady wasbonmi n,-.. ; i i.
, ,, , J )uml o er in the sum of tifty
j ., J l "mnu over in the sum of fif ty
i ' ' ourt to answer to both elm
arges .
State vs James Marshal, on information of Mar
tin Butler. -
the compiament charge that James Marshall had
disci
mru
d a pistol iu his face, whilst standiu near
j to 11 mb fortunately the cap only took etlect.
j This occurred at Campbellton on Monday night,
j where they had been enjoying themselves Marshal
' X' lu'.MIul i.. ....... i 1
wco.t . iu .ui.- n i no cuarge at court.
;tatk vs. Joseph Messi.ew iiiti:, white man
information of Marv. bis win- to.b.-f i,..,o
on
surety of the peace. '
Joseph whipped his wife, was put iu prison, and
! at his hearing yesterday before the Special .Justice,
had a long talk with Mary, and promised not to
beat her again ; whereupon, Mary quashed the pro
ceedings. Joseph seems to have a good, q iiet wife
an t n lie whips tier again he ought to sutler se i rel
Iv.
Z-i "Charlotte Lane, f. n., vs. John Lomax,
-Complaineiit charges that John had shot an
. n.
Ox,
me property of sual Charlotte, i.ud
shoot . , r.
uea!t.-(u-d to
W hen the c;!s(
me to be tried. Charlotte could
not i inn
her cot rage up to the sticking point, to
p osecute Uear John. John agreed h
pav ("St, and
v nai-iotte said she reckoned she would lei him Ii
his time, if he'd he a good boy.
Gas
AM) its i-.n cor
Our town was lighted
Gas is a exeat instil mion
up with gas lasfnight.
md has a wonderful c'feot .,;,,, both darkness and
darkies. The farmer has left us for a season; the
latter w ere out , last evening. The houses
and .stores of our citizens were beautifull v illumina-
ted, presentiu
a very cheering apnearauce mom
'.
vc and animating than we have ..v.-r ,.,-o ..! )
Fayetteville.
-itcssrs aterhouse a Bo wis le
erve great credit
for their de:
patch in this work. Tin
'.' began, wim
get an-.- stock
I'htL' encouragement could hardly
taken
o-.y, it is earnestly sou
fo
Ocu Packs;. Hereafter we will
issue our pa: x
at a re:. u!a hour in the
nit:.) new arrangements
moruiUj.
for th.st
, as we have en'.ci ed
purpose. We will
a'e ac.-uuts of (he
in.1, made a partial
oe a-.de tin- winter to give a -c
prne.-ciHsigs ;tt Vahiiigt..n, h:
ngi eem.-ii' to have a daily letter f
is about the be- t time to sub.cri
in 't
e. Ilii,
.;ir dailv
iugs an 1
ipe
r, tiiat you may be p !
e l upon I:::
Uo,
s in
e metropolis.
---
Pei's-.nal.- ! 'Vring our trip w est, v. e had the
pleasure of forming the acquaintance of o.ir a'co
and disling-.tished Senator, if.:, d". ii. ( 'iiugmaii.
Mr C. was on his way to visit his mother in fore
leaving for his seat in the S-. na'e.
i .ie Hon. vEKi-.N Wivs
It
P "'11 Vc:
ti ii.i
carl y,
the c;
v t-r V .:-hln.
as it is epi
qiitol.
n. ii.
I there
wid
will
be needed
ic warm -1 r.
tl,
at
Pkhs.-nai..-1
aeiit. of ihe i
home. Sv W
I jit at.
iciii.j
Fran
-qua.
e U iu.d.iw,
i'oo, ili-i ju.--
lavoiiie i.i
late ll.ig
I returned
this id. -ice
is a vnci
. it-ii ls are pleased to
see in, ii lo...-ivin
we
11.
1):
All I.KTTI It OlFiCIL We i: amil.t-d sM-l'dnV
jsaysthe Wasbuigtoii Cons! it. U inn of Tues la ', .1
catalogue of ariicies which have ae, -omnia ed iu the
aboe named .id . -c .-im-c 1 S 1 . The Department has
used ciery i-ilort to restore them to their proper
owners, ami oemg unabh: io deii.cr them, they are
now to be sold for the postage; the proceeds, if any,
after paying charges, to be deposited ill the- l liilcd
Stales Treasury, subject to order, should the proper
owners hi-reallcr be found. ,
The catalogue embraces coats, socks, drawers,
glove.-, scarfs, suspenders, patent inhaling t ube, gold
pens, pencils, of all kinds of small jewelry imagina
ble, uiider.-leeves, fans, handkerchiefs, boxes of dis
secting insirumeuls, pocket Bibles, childivo's dres
ses, l.ice ecliais, books, buttons, cloth, pulses, ,-dip-
pers, chemises, bed quilts, boots, shirts, gaits for
game fowls, corn field hoe, black silk basque, hoods,
.shawls, gaiters, cigar case, snuif box, spectacles,
i fal.-e teeth, night caps, brogans, aprons, pantalettes,
i ear trumpet, shoulder bracts, silk Hag, razors, ! Ml
; catechisms, watch crystals, nipple glasses, blemi veils,
i edgimr, arid a thousand other things too numerous
j to mention. No puaw-broker's lmp ever excelled,
1 in variety, the collection .,f th-: Head Letter (hlicc.
ORIGIN OF FRAN K.I NO LETTFJ1S.
In the twenty-third volume of the Parliamentary
History of England is. the following very curious,
anecdote concerning this privilege. It 'oceurreit in
the debate on the Post oliice bill in the year HiOu :
"Col Titus reported the bill for the settlement of
the post oilicp, with the amendments.
"Sir Walter Earle delivered a proviso for the li t
ters of all members ot l'arhaineut logo tree, lui iug
their sittings.
j 'Su- Ilcneage Finch said it was a poor mendicant
j movis... and below the honor of the House.
Mr Pvm
ooke also ii gainst lue iroio. .Mr
i iJi-inkl
i
iKleV. My Jloscawcii. ;ir ico. i 'owning anu Ser
jeant Charlton f.r it; tbt. bitter saying : -The
Council's letters w ent free.'
"The question being called f r, the Speaker, Sir
llarhottle Grimstone, was unwilling to put it, saying
he was ashamed of it ; nevertheless the proviso was
carried and made part of the bill, which was order
ed to be engrossed.
'The Lonts subsequently disagreed to this pro
viso, and it was ultimately thro.inout.
"At a subsequent period, how ev er, both Houses
did not feel it below their honor to secure to them
selves this exemption from postage."
- -
AxoTHKU Fli n AcciDKNT. A most di.-trcssiiig
and heart rending accident, says the Norfolk Day
Rook, occurred last night about 7 o'clock to a litt le
' girl, the daughter of a Mrs. Litson, living on tueeu
, street, bv tne upsetting of a fluid lamp, by which
the child was dreadfully burned, and its life" des
paired of. It does seem strange to us, tha,t parents,
knowing how dangerous it is to handle fluid, will
allow their small children to carry tlu lamps from
room to room, and run the ri.-k of loosing their
lives.
An Indian's Comment. When Gov. Tallmadgo
came out to Fond du Lac, then a Territory, his new
home was graced by several grown daughters. The
Indians were "there and thereabouts" at the time
and frequently were met by members of the Gov
ernor's family. It was an era in female Jdress when
the bustle w as a desired accession of grace and out
line, but new to the aboriiness. A grave" old chief
om- day was a-ke.l what he thought of the Govern-
01 S U.iU
i.ity 'uii
I.li-i -. "i-reuy squaws, nice w
backs broke." What would
tine squaws,
the ( h.l chief
-prcad crino-
siiv now i;i these mouern nays ot wu.e-;
line '.
Fhf.e Nlgroes i" Al.ai5A.ia. The Montgomery
yitil says : ''The sentiment is universal, that tho
first of January, 18G2, inu at find uo single fvea
negro within the limits of Alabama,
    

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