YOl j. XXXIX.
It mav be from overwork, bat
the chances are its from an in
With a well conducted LIVER
one can do mountains of labor
It adds a hundred per cast to
' ones earning capacity.
It can be kept In healthful actios
by. and ooly by - -
TAKE NO SUBBTITUTE.
¥1 S. COOK,
ORAHAM, N. C.
Office Patterson Building
DAMERON & LONG
B. 8. W. DAMEKON. J. ADOLPH LONG
Vbone SflO, 'Phone 1008
Piedmont Building, Holt-Nicholson Bldg.
Burlington. W.C. Graham. N. O.
DR. WILL JLIAML JK.
. . . PEtfTIST ...
Graham . . - - Nerth Carolina
OFFICE IN f M MONB BUILDING
ACOB A. LONG J. ELMER LONG
LONG & LONG,
Attorneys and Counselors at I. -w,
JOH N H. VERNON
Attorney and Counselor-at-Law
tONES—Office 65J Residence 331
- BUALINGTON, N. 0.
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WHITE HOLLAND HINTB.
Why White Holland raisers strain
their gizzard to breed that variety np
to high Uronze weights is a puzzler.
Bronze standard is thirty-six pounds
for cock, twenty for hen, twenty-live
for cockerel and sixteen for pultet,
while the White Holland to twenty
eight pounds for cock, eighteen for hen,
twenty for cockerel and fourteen for
These weights" "are all too high—
Heavyweights are flabby, unprollflc
breeders and not the market call.
Thanksgiving and Christmas showed
birds from ten to fifteen pounds, lira
Photo by C. 11 Barnlt*.
i FINE FLOCK AFIELD.
[ weight, the popular demand, turks from
twenty-five to thirty-five pounds selling
■low from 8 to 7 cents lop and mainly
bought by hotels and restaurants.
The White Holland ia naturally
medium sized, and as such ia at its
best for breeding and market, and big
size is a detriment to its propagation.
Afield a flock is a pretty sight Their
pure white plumage. Jet black beard,
red head and neck tinged with bluish
white, pink shanks and graceful, alert
movements inspire even a pessimist to
At market their creamy color, curves
end satiny skin quickly attract the buy
er, and no expert epicure, after feast
ing on their Juicy, tender sweet meat,
will fall to pronqunce it the best turk
jSM ' . -tIM
I W '
Photo by C. M. B&rnits.
A BPOBT AOTBtrr. '
•y ever, ft Is the most gentle and do
mestic of turkeys, requires no large
territory for roaming, bean confine
ment better and matures for holiday
market quicker than the big boned
The bens are prolific layers and, be
ing so gentle, are fine sitters and moth
To beget strong progeny a breeder
should have s good sized head; neck,
strong and long and graceful; back,
broiid and descending gracefully to
long tall; breast wide, full, ronnd,
deep; body, egg shaped, with rpund
end front; wings, large and strong;
caruncles, feet, thighs, large; shanks,
thick,:long, straight, well set
Male and ben should be well match
ed, ben more refined of course, as fe
males usually are.
For best results mate adulta, eight
bens or less. To the gobbler avoid
overfat and inbreeding, and let mother
turkey batch the poults and ran the
Don't fret That won't pay the debt
Just feed and water Biddy right
She'll knock that mortgage oat of
Don't feed on* kind of grain nor In
trodoce a ration too quickly, and don't
neglect to feed well and regularly the
Don't depend much on burglar
alarms. A well fed. well trained bull
dog or collie Is the beat defense
Tent gleet is an offensive, contagions
disease that originates In the cloaca
and before discovery generally spreads
to the fowl's oviduct, rectum and rent
The mucous mepibrane becomes hot,
red and swollen. There Is a thin, yel
lowish. very offensive discharge which
dings to the feathers around die vent
Mocks the passage and causes sores
and deep ulcers on the outer skin-
Like roup, vent gleet has Its own pe
culiar. very disagreeable odor. The
wurenviit swarms with microbes, and
tb.' disease nuicklv spreads from fowl
GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1913.
B Tuwi. DUlnrecnon is necessary.
The victim sbonld be quarantined mid
quick treatment given, for the disease
is often fatal, and when treatment la
delayed or the fowl recovers ltseir.lt Is
generally afterward worthless as a
| The affected parts should be thor
oughly cleansed in rqal warm water
strong with bicarbonate of soda and
held in the hot solution for ten min
utes dally while swelling and inflam
mation al% extreme. An injection of
a 1 per cent solution of carbolic add
should be given, and a wad of cotton
wet in this solution should be Inserted
several times a day.
The external sores Bhould be well
dusted with bornelc acid.
To stop discharge'we have found
nothing better than five grain capsules
of Venetian red, four to the dose, as of
ten as conditions indicate.
Bread soaked in milk spiced with a
little cinnnamon is good diet
FEATHERS AND EGGSHELLS.
When a lantern ia taken Into a poul
try house at night the heps think It's
sunrise and come down off the roost.
A (mall electric flash light Is better, ns
there is no danger of flre. The quick
flash bewilders the chickens. You are
through your errand before they can
Jump down and thus spend the night
on the cold floor.
A farm journal advises Its rend
ers to buy dead horses and grind them
up for their hens. Such a practice
would soon destroy an egg seller's
business reputation, and any one do
ing such a stunt should l>e reported to
the board of health.'
If yonr bens loaf In a corner during
cold weather you should ge(. them hun
gry and then make tbem scratch their
grain ont of litter. We have never
seen a hen lay well In winter that did
not exercise well.
While tbe prodnction of eggs Is vast
ly Increasing, tbe appreciation of eggs
as an article of diet Is much higher
and, with tbe Increase in population
and meat prices, the demand for eg;;s
Is really greater than the supply. Mil
lions of people are now solving this
egg problem by tilling tbe family egg
basket from a back lot flock.
Both tbe hen ana rooster have a rev
erence for tbe egg. When they de
generate Into egg fiends It Is nearly al
ways because some human teaches
them the trick. Too few nests, too
■mall a nest, high nests, open top
nests, absence of shell making material
are mainly responsible for egg eating.
There Is an old saying that the tall
can't wag tbe dog. This Is rather re
versed In tbe case of some of our leg
horns bred for show, for some of the
roosters, especially, are about all tall.
This means less eggs, less vitality and
An order for day old Incubator
chicks was shipped from Bloomlngton,
111., to Saskatchewan. Canada, and,
though five days In transit, were in
fine shape on arrival. They ship bet
ter than eggs for hatching.
The usefulness of many a good breed
er, as well as his beauty, is often de
stroyed by freezing of the comb and
wattles. Move tbe rooster Into tbe
middle of the roosting flock at night or
sleep him In a cozy covered box.
Two Sbamokin (Pa.)' neighbor* had a
■crap over a hen that would fly over
tbe fence. Tbe owner, a woman,
ilalmed ber neighbor killed tbe hen
rnd had blm haled before cntirt. where
he was found not guilty, and tbe trial
coat the county Just 4OO. Next!
A good feed of onions la tine for the
flock occasionally, as.onions are good
worm killer* and good for llrer trnn
ble, some flocks being predisposed to
the latter ailment. They should be fed
raw and not too generously at first, es
peclally where flocks do not have plen
ty of greens. As they are apt to flavor
the egg, feed them when hens are nol
In fail lay. ~r
WILLIAM 9WirTB WATERLOO.
William Swift was ever boasting
That in speeding his outfit
There was naught on earth could atop
Nothing that his car couldn't hit.
be had smashed so many ganders,
Pups and piglets, old sows, 100,
rbat the farmers held a meeting
To consider what to do.
After talking o'er tbe matter
They ware almost In despair.
When a preacher from a comer
Thusly did address the chair:
"Ifr. Chairman, I've a hen, str.
That came over In the ark.
1 have tried tn vain to kill her.
But ao hatchet made a mark.
"Let us place her In the road there
Right beside old Darby creek.
And we'll then see what will happen
Te this auto fiend so slick."
Down the road came William swiftly,
Laughed with glee to see that ben.
Turns a little Mt more gas on,
Coin" a hundred miles Just then.
Bang! tbe buss car hits the henlet;
Bmashl bounds back against a pole.
Billy and his old wrecked auto
Drop Into tbe awlmmlng hole.
Brother, does an auto slaughter—
Quick, raa to the preacher neart
has lota of rubber roosters.
Loving gifts from members dear.
C. U. BARNITZ. '
Veterinarians seem to agree that tbe
•arum treatment la a fairly eucceaaful
preventive of bog cholera, but that In
tbe strict senae It ia not a cure.
There (boo Id be a place for every
tool on tbe farm, and when tbey do
not keep tbelr places look for tbe
cause. It may be Just carelessness.
Moldy bay la J nit aa fit tor gtock to
aat aa moldy food la for folka to eat.
Folks won't eat moldy food, and anl
mala ought not to be made to eat
It is not a tmi practice to treat the
wheat Med to a liquid spraying of one
pound of formaldehyde In forty gal
lone of water. It win prevent the
A hungry nit can smell an ear of
corn a long way, and It beats all what
Ingenuity tbe rodent will exercise to
get to It In case It does not happen to
be within eaay reach.
Becorde of Ice formation on tbe Had
eon river show that not since IMS ha*
the lee been eo thin at this season of
the year. Because of tbla condition a%
ice famine la much feared.
CARE OF THE EWES
AT LAMBING TIME
The busiest time In the whole year
for the sheep raiser ia when tbe lamba
are IHug dropped? nlong In tbe latter
part of the wluter. The actual proflta
of the whole year's sheep raising are
really being made at this time, and the
•hepberd la forced to work about twen
ty-four hoars out of every twenty-four
for a week or two.
During February and .March, and
sometimes during the of Jan
uary, the good shepherd finds that
practically every hour of his time Is
being taken up by the lambing ewes,
i.nnteni In hand, he must visit the
sheep once or twice during the night.
When they nre being allowed to run In
tbe ojien bis task Is two and three
A Minnesota correspondent of
Ainerlcun Agriculturist nay* he
finds Shropshire* good, hardy sheep,
easily wintered. Storms and cold
do not affect them as much as
aomCbreed*. They also inuke very
good mothers. Last spring lie ruined
135 lambs from eighty-live ewes.
The best, time for lambs to come on
Mie average fur 111 Is the Ist of May,
as tho ewes nre usually on grass
and have lots of milk at that time.
The Shropshire wether shown was
grand olmmplop at the Chicago In
ternutional Live Stock Exposition
of 1912. He was bred by J. and D.
J. Campbell. Woodvllle, Ont.
times us difficult its when the sheep are
being corraled In sheds and pens every
In order that help and care may be
given every ewe mid lamb that may
need It, try to visit every sheep In tbe
flock about three or four times daily.
During the day. 1/ she sheep bapiien to
be- on pasture, constant watchliwt Is
necessary, us the ewes ure likely to
drop their lambs in some remote part
of tbe pasture.
Early In the winter mouths In which
the lambs ure to be expected If Is wise
to set apart as milch of tbe sheep sheds
and shelters us citu possibly be spared
and divide them nil into temporary
pens. These should, be used for the
ewes Immediately after they have drop
ped their lambs. Lust year I took a
apace four feet wide nlong the east
wall of a long sheep shed and fenced It
off from the rest of the Interior, says u
Kentucky shepherd In Farm Progress
By dividing this long space Into little
pens five feet long I inude room for a
dozen ewes and their lamba,
A space 4 by 5 Is plenty big enough
to hold a mother and her lamb com
fortably for a night and a day. When
a ewe und lamb are brought In I put
tbem In these peu>> fur the night. A
little feed for the mother and a bucket
of water to help allay ber feverish
thirst ure all the attention she wiy
need for the next twenty-four hours.
.When the weather Is raw and bad
leave them lu the pens longer than
when the ground is firm mid the sun la
ont. A cold rain on the tender skin of
a young lamb Is about the worst thing
that can happen to him.
. The Care of a Churn.
There Is u great difference In the ap
pearance of churns after tbey have
been used a while. Some get dark col
ored and InXe their fresh, clenii look.
Moreover, there Is often more or less
of a mildewed appearance.' owing. It Is
supposed, to tbe fact that a much used
churn never has n chance .to become
thoroughly dried out Neglect to keep
it scrupulously clean Is fatal to any
wooden utensil, since It will quickly
absorb odors, and once permeated It Is
next to Impossible to overcome the con
fitloa entirely. All tbe Inside at n
churn should bo regularly treated to a
good scrtldlng 'with boiling water.
There Is no necessity of so treating the
tarnished outer surface, which If
wl|ied off rrlfh a clofh wrung out of
cold water will preserve Its prlxtine
freshness Indefinitely. A stiff brush Is
better than a cloth to tue in cleansing
Csre of Dairy Utansils.
Flush the sepiralor with plenty of
good old water Immediately after use
Take Hie bowl ap.ni uud wash with
wann water and washing |Minder until
•li parts are ciesm-d. Then rinse thor
ouglily with scalding hot wafer and
place them in tlie clean milk supply
tank to drain. itiu«e all the dip|>ers.
can*, at nil tiers and palls with cold wa
ter, then wash them thoroughly with
hot water, washing powder mid a
brash until all traces of milk are re
moved. Ifluse with thoroughly hot wa
fer. Never wljie tbem off with a cloth.
I* they do not need It. but Incline on a
Hean shelf or,over a trough eo tb.it the
water enn drain nIT rendlly.
Sho.a Per Flat Fast.
Flat feet to horse* are often eaoaed
br allowing the hliops to remain on too
Iviig. A shoe for a flat footed horse
should be wide In the wetland con
caved well so aa not to lunch the sole
of the foot. Pnt a g'**l piece of aole
leather lieneulh tbe shoe and apply
•owe good horse olutn>ent.
"Toong mau. I saw jon pnt your arm
•round my daughter's waist last even
"And I suppose yon noticed bow ahe
■trugglad "-Detroit Journal •
Be (coming ont of hotel)— What book
la that you're wading through? Ten
nyson, eh? She—Did you notice the
particular poein I was rending? lie—
Xo Why? Slie—llc-.iuse It's odd you
should -fanre used the word 'wading."
I'd Ju»«l got fo the middle of Ibe
Brook " - Boston Transrip*
IN THE SHEEPFOLD.
Select sheep that mature early
Keep only tbe best of your
flock and only what you can
projiei'ly feed mid core for.
Sheep urejfe missing strong
link in farmer's sy-eiem
of crop rotation and stock pro
Buying sheep from the stock
yards and placing them in one's
breeding flock nt home Is risky
Any building where the sheep
get their backs wet and tbelr
feet muddy Is not what could
properly be called shelter.
The farmer who is keeping
abreast of the times recognizes
In the sheep a sure profit maker
and soil bnljdor in a single ani
Because the sheep wear warm
con's of wool is no reason why
the.v should be exposed to pierc
ing winds, bitter cold and chill,
CORN LACKS PROTEIN.
Animals Fad Exoluelvely on That Qi;aln
Will Starve te Death.
President Ilenry J. Waters of the
Kansas Agricultural college in un ad
dress before tbe American Boclety of
Animal Nutrition at the Interactional
IJve Stock exposition. Chicago, said
corn Is deficient In two ways—lt Is defi
cient in ash. and it does not contain
enough lit the right sort of ash mate
rial; It has not enough protein, and
more than half tbe protein It has Is not
■ultnble or is Incapable of producing
President Waters showed that a pro
tein once built up iu animal body, such
as meat scraps, dried blood, milk case-
In, eggs, otc., are complete proteins and
produce growth when fed to other ani
mals. A large proportion of tbe vege
table proteins derived from bonus, pens,
linseed lueai, clover and alfalfa, appear
to be complete and are capable of mak
Weanling pigs weighing about forty
five pounds at the Kunaas Agricultural
college were fed one lot on corn and
another ou corn and alfalfa paature 111
aummer and alfalfa hay In winter. In
every caae the pigs were put Into tbe
experiment at weaulng time weighing
about forty-five pounda. being March
pigs. The experiment began nlmuf
July 1. In each experiment one group
fed on corn alone In a dry lot did not
thrive. At leaat one pig (lied eacb year
Claims are made by the breeders
of the pure bred Mulefoot hogs
that compared with other breeds
they are hardier, have greater vi
tality, mature earlier and coat lesa
to make the first 2M pounds. Tbe
sows are gentle, kind mothers and
usually very prolific, raising large „
litter* of pigs, which. If turned out.
will hustle fur their living or will
grow and thrive, puylng big returns
under aood caro and .attention. The
Mulefout sow pictured Is owned by
John li. Dunlap, Wllllainsport, O.
Hhe has won several championships.
of what the veterinary experts declar
ed to lie starvation,
tbe fact that they were offered all the
corn they'would eat. When pigs on
oilier rations were weighing'J.V)|Kiunds
eacb and were fat and ready for mar
ket, the p|gs on corn alone were thin
aud scrawny, weighing forty to sixty
When ash alone was added to tbt
corn (lie results were not perceptibly
better. Ash was mnde up from yeur
to year on different formulas, but ul
ways with alsiut the same result. Ap
paretiily (be corn needed something
else Instead of or In addition ,to
tbe ash. When n complete protein
was added lo the corn In tbe fortn ul
blood serum, tankage or alfalfa, tbe
pigs mentioned uniformly made gain
ruirfdly. grew lustily aud developed In
"Hklmiullk is one of tbe beat sup
pleuients' to corn now known," said
President Waters. "There Is no tjues
Hon whatever that Its value Ilea In lt>
protebi »»r asli foment or ls»Hi.* ttj
wjiurnthifj tin- two and feeding tli
protein n» raaoin. with com to one l»:
iiml Hit' null miU migtir with -oro to mi
other lot. we are In a fair way to de
tertnfre » hl> li U (lie moat raluab.ecou
Ml It 111-fit "
'l'lii- rcxnlta nt Manhattan »bow thai
tlii* milk wltliont >-am-ln containing n»li
and *»|far lihh nut produced Iwttcr re
aulta tli.in corn alone. The pig* art
until rift)', welching about forty tirr
pound*. Tltey bare mnde no gain* Id
lire weight In aliout all mttntli* ami
are tlilu and ncrawny. The pig* fed
corn aud cam-In, the protein of the
milk. woUli -VI. to JWO poundu and
are fat and ready for market.—Kan*a»
Watering the Sheep.
Where nhuep are watered In a trough
either Indoor* or out fbe water mtlat be
nib out of the Irouitb dally and freali
water |-ut In. All tr.iah, blta of atraw.
•lired i of foddur. etc.. munt be cleaned
out. iltale wnler, dirty and ullray.* In
not (It 'for any animal to drink. The
•beep la pnrtlculnrly aeiultire concern
In* both feed and drink, and (tale wa
ter doe* not ap)ie«il to It
Vanity of Elephant*.
Klephsif** are pmwlouutely fond of
Barry mid delight to *e« tbeunwlvee
decked out wltb gorgeoo* trapping*
The native prime* of India are rery
particular In chooalag their atate eie
pbant* and will girt fabulou* *um» foi
an animal that exactly meeta tb* *om»
what fnnctfnl atandarda they hare
erected. For thene they bar* made
(loth* of allk ao baerily embroidered
With told that two man are hardly
able to lift then.
OF STREET TREES
Firs! Grant Full Authority to
BET TIIE LEADING CITIZENS.
A Largo M:isure of Succeas Depends
Upon Clioicb of Proper People te
Take Charge—Co Slow at ths Start.
An Outline to Follow.
By HINIIY N. CASTIB.
I might summarize the method of
procedure it* fuliowu:
First —lf authority bim not nlwmJly
been grunted over tbe street trees and
parkway areas of your town, secure an
act of your stalo legislature grunting
Second.—Have your city authorities
pass aiijmll.muce establishing u street
tree commWloii uiujer the provision of
the stale actN-^
Third.—Have the commission organ
ize and draft such ordinances as will
be necessary in the execution of Its
Fourth.—Cut busy. Plant, prune, cul
tivate, water and systematically care
for all the street trees of your city,
the exleul at your work to lie com
mensurate with the appropriations
granted by the city and tbe Income
from work done fur citizens.
Now, having provided the necessary
legal machinery lo set in motion your
street commission, you still have phys
ically to plant the trees. The best
ordluance in Ihe world never yet plant
ed a tree and never will, mid upon Hie
Intelligent or lack of Intelligent work
ing out of llio powers conferred by the
ordinance depends the success or fail
ure of municipal coutrol of street trees.
A word or two as to tbe formation
of your commission. Pick carefully
your members. They should ho men
or women of sufficient public spirit to
be .willing to give tbe necessary even
ing once each week for tbe first yelir
or so until plans arc well formulated
and operations running smoothly.
All should tie citizens of recognized
influenco In the .community whose
plans and workings will command the
respect of Its citizens. Let as little as
posfflhle of the appropriations made for
the maintenance of the commission be
used in running the machinery. Unless
trees nre planted, pruned and repaired
PROrEII WAY TO PI. A NT HllAtlK TItKEH NKAII
the romuilMtlon In not securing the re
null* clinlml. no mutter how smoothly
the machinery rune nor how exc 'Hit
lire the pin in* dcvined. Again, go
lit first. Experience IN H great ten' her.
and yon will need lots of teaching.
Hotter plant 100 trees the first yatu
liul learn the dlfllcttltlMi connected
therewith than to ptlerapt to plant
I,oo> and make a failure of It.
As a result of experimenting and ex
perience aft«r much thought the Nor
folk (Vs.) CQUimlKNlon adopted the fol
lowing general outline for lt« guidance,
which mar nerve us pointers to other*:
The plan* of the commlnloii look to the
protection of all trees on the atreeta Com
mencing with thoae In ths inoat axpnaad
altuatk>na and llubls to greater dannige,
to aave alt the trera worth saving and to
let even Inferior troea continue to grow
until It la In • poaltlon to aulistltuls tet
ter treea therefor; to refrain from •• I
tlng out treea upon any of the etreata In
the downtewn and other aectlona of the
ottjr that are liable to come Into business
ttae within the next dacad*,~ pr»a-rvTng
the treea already growing, but adding no
/ e>penaa In aettlng out '>thera that may
have to he removed within aueh period;
to" eommencc a syatematlo planting of
tree* upon the at reel ■ and boulevards
having the greater iimnunl of travrl and
ftlllng l utreeta In the thickly aet'
(led raaMpftUal portions of the rlty where
publlo spirited cltlxena hove' already act
out • number of treea, thereby rmplai-
Ing euch sections'. to lake under the eare
of the commission alt Ireea of recent
planting, whether planted by the commie
■lor. or not. pruning, mntrhlna and wa
tering euch tree* the tame aa If they had
been ptahted by the commission; to ar
range with the school hoard for the plant
ing of treea around all school ground'
and upon the atreeta contiguous thereto
for the dletanre of at least one block from
the school grounds, aa a permanent and
•continuous object lesson In the school
children, and hy the formation of com
mltteea of teachers and Chilean to Inter
act them In the growth, protection and
care of the treea. to croaa section the
ctty with much traveled strecta fully
planted with treea and then from year to
year nil In the intervening atreeta so as
to make complete ureas of the city as
rapidly a* poealhls and to be ready al
waya to respond to the request of cltl
xena who are willing to pay the Initial
coat In order to get tree* growing sooner
than tha commission would otherwise
plant them- Address Defore American
"Are there any musician* la your
family?" "Uitther' Why, my father
la an adept at Mowing bU own trum
pet, mother is equally expert at harp
ing on one atrlng, my mother-in-law
has to play second fiddle, and Aunt
Tabltbh leads u . humdrum existence,
while grandpa gives • solo on hjs na
sal organ every night without the
stops, uncle upends bis time wetting
his whistle, Itarry Is fond or his pipe,
and Gertie la forever ringing the
changes m bar lover*T
***?■' "■' 1,1 11 ■ lll,l
; PLAYGROUND PARAGRAPHS. ;;
Play counts for morala, for it [
> is in eur play .that we chooas ■.
■ thinga according to our ohar- ■■
\ acter, and by choosing we make !
■ *ur character.—Elmer Ellaworth ■ ■
| Brown, United States CemQtls- \)
, , sioner of Education.
\ Happy hearts and happy faoos,
. Happy play in grassy placee—
' That was how in ancient ages
\ Children grew to kings and sages. ))
—Robert Louis Stevenson. ..
Of all mathoda of serving ) )
' • those the conditions of whose • ■
| lives are narrow and hard I \
knew of none more important
•• than the creation, in great ag- ••
|) gregationa of population, of ])
■. breathing apacea.—Bishop Pot
• ■ ter
\ \ Ha who helpa a child helpa ] \
■ ■ humanity with p distinctness.
■ with an immediateness, which no '
[ [ other help given to human crea- )
■ • turea in any other atage of their •
'' human lifs can ever gTvc again..
!! —Phillips Brooks.
• • Ths modern city child has loat ■ -
\ j hia moat precloua birthright, \'
.. the back yard. Dr. Wooda ..
■ ■ Hutchinson,
FRONT YARD PLANNING.
When Bpace Is Bmall Great Cars Must
On a lot of fifty feet the house is
usually wltllln .twenty feet of tbe side
walk. Small grounds like this should
never have shrulis dotted over tbein or
be cut up with beds, as this makes the
front yard look cluttered.
All planting, uulemi It be of trees,
should be close to tbe house In a way
to cover tbe underpinning as much as
possible or on 'he line lietween lots
Shrubs in the 1 kground, with hardy
herbaceous plants, bedding plants and
annuals' In front, nre most desirable.
If you use more than one color, avoid
those that clash, sucb as several
shades of red. Use enough white to
bring out tlie mixture.
The inusslug of several plants of one
color Is most effective. If you uue yel
low have the plants dwarf and In the
front. If blue enters Into your plant-
Ing that should be at the farthest point.
Avoid straight lines as far as possible.
Oraceful curves give much more natu
ral effect und a lietter perspective.
STREET TREE PRUNING.
A Few Hints For This Important Part
of Maintenance Work.
The work of pruning should be lie
gun at the top of the tree and com
pleted at the bottom. In this way the
desired farm can lie lietter secured,
and there la less danger of accident.
The men employed should lie careful
not to do more damage by breaking
and bruising thnn they do good by
pruning. A rope properly adjusted
about the waist and fastened to a
stout limb alsive the workman Is an
excellent inpnns of sustaining the prin
cipal weight of the while moving
about through the tree. The form and
dlrectlou of the cut when removing
branches depend upon tho position of
the branch on tho tree and upon
whether It Is to Imi (Imply shortened
or entirely removed.
Erect branches aft shortened by cut
ting tbem at an angle, tliua preventing
■the undue entrance of water, while
«ldo branches are cut perpendicularly
for the same reason.
FRANCE'S GOOD IDEA.
Municipal Employment Bureau te Be
Tried In Paria.
Tho French government passed a low
In I!XH authorizing the establishment
of free municipal employment bureaus.
Nothing was done a bout (lie matter
until last year, .when the minister of
lajior aroused new Interest In Uio es
tablishment of these bureaus, which
had been worked out so successfully In
(■ertnaiiy, Belgium, Switzerland, etc.
He invited the prefects to consider Hie
matter, and the prefect of the Seine
has bccu instructed to present definite
plana to (he municipal council for the
establishment of sucb a bureau In one
of (he dlstrictt of Paris.
The plan Is tocmdtict the burenu on
very democratic lines, in have It con
trolled by a commission eotnjsmcd of
. the workmen and employers and [ire
tided over by a man of special quallfl
A Ihidl Trse Census.
Tho shade tice committee of tb- city
jf t*lilliid4)l|iliUi tww mllnnHtcln ro]K)rt
to tlif I'nlrnioiilit park V-oi u jij l hh lon
compiled from T'M)O2 onril*. giving a
Census of Iron i iltoul 2,000 mill-* of ]
•idewalk mid to. rlliliig 110,101 K|«v| '
(Drill. Of these .Vl.'tOO are kUuhlliik ,
unprotected by any gnard« anil aro Ha- j
lile to be Injured. wtitlo thousands of '
other* arc strangled by guards thai j
(bay bam outgrown. Many Irwi have
died owing to Improper pinntlng anil
lack of care. An appropriation of SM,- j
400 la Hiked for. or about 40 cents |*r
existing tree. The coat of pruning and
-leaning h.ia averaged 00 centa and
•praying 70 centa - Country Gentle
Nature Study and Progress.
More and more of naturo study la
being lntrodmnl Into wbool* from tbe
blKbext to tbe lowest, and no email
part of It consists of studies In plant
life, added to which Is tbe experience
gained In tbe school garden or field
•todies along botanical lines. In tbe
next generation a marked Improvement
will be seen In tbe general appreciation
»f parka, street trees and other means
*t making tbe town beautiful along
itrictly horticultural Hues.
Then waa almost ss little acted aa
opoken drama In tbe streets. 4 bar*
given my Impression of tbe song less
neaa of Spain, In Madrid a* elsewhere,
but If there waa no street singing there
was often street playing by pathetic
bands of blind minstrels with guitars
and mandolins. The blind abound ev
erywhere in Spain in that profession of
street beggary which I always encour
aged, believing, as I do, that comfort
In this unbalanced world cannot be
too COn*l»nft» wntauUrt of misery. Af
• 'i ■»'« " Si". ">;•/' •'•H'j
. ,_, v - - -v; - v.
Madam, Read McCall's
The Fashion Authority 1
McCAIX'3 k « km. .rtirtle, hand. ]
J®m«ly illustrated 100-paga imiiUfr I
that h addini to tho happi- I
MM and afficiency of 1,100,000 I
wewiH each month.
Xach fmue in brimful or f/whion*, finer- I
work, Interesting short sturle*, and scorea fi
of labor-saving and money-savin* Men
for women. There fcre more titan fiO of f:
Ibe newest designs of tlt e celebrated . I ;)
McCALL PATTKIINS In each f*usT^
McCALL PATTERNS are fiitmros for I
style. lit. simplicity and economy. Only !
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. The publisher* of McOAIX'B will spend I
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month* in order to keep licCA I.L'H head I
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maeaclnr* nt i«rl--e. However, I
IfrCALI/t* U &Ky 60c a year; positively I
worth 91.00. , !wSK|
Ym Meet Awv (W f»mra frw I
from your first copy of 11 cCALL'S. If you I
THE fctALL COMPANY, 236 Wot 376 St. fcw Tsrk I H
HOTE—A*k l« i free copy of M cCA I iJOe
( lui w» i rem uw ciukifin Simple coyy end po- J 3
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The Charlotte Daily Observer, is
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newspaper betifen Washington, D. -
C. and Athiuta, Ga. It givesall the
news of North Carolina besides the
complete Associated Press Service.
The Semi-Weekly Observer issued
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year gives the reader a full report of
the week's news. The leading Semi-
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CHARLOTTE, N. C.
LIVES OF CHRISTIAN MINISTERS
This book, entitled as above,
contains over 200 memoirs of Min
isters in the Christian Church
with historical references. An
interesting volume—nicely print
ed and bound. Price per copy:
cloth, $2.00; gilt top, $2.60. By :
mail 20c extra. Orders may be
sent to -
P. J. Kkrnodlk, I
1012 E. Marshall St.,
- » Richmond, Vh.
Orders may be leftatthisVlßce.
i I i
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• ikh. tt«o «ri..-opt a*. -'A f
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